kecilkan semua  

Teks -- Ezekiel 44:1-31 (NET)

Tampilkan Strong
Konteks
The Closed Gate
44:1 Then he brought me back by way of the outer gate of the sanctuary which faces east, but it was shut. 44:2 The Lord said to me: “This gate will be shut; it will not be opened, and no one will enter by it. For the Lord, the God of Israel, has entered by it; therefore it will remain shut. 44:3 Only the prince may sit in it to eat a sacrificial meal before the Lord; he will enter by way of the porch of the gate and will go out by the same way.” 44:4 Then he brought me by way of the north gate to the front of the temple. As I watched, I noticed the glory of the Lord filling the Lord’s temple, and I threw myself face down. 44:5 The Lord said to me: “Son of man, pay attention, watch closely and listen carefully to everything I tell you concerning all the statutes of the Lord’s house and all its laws. Pay attention to the entrances to the temple with all the exits of the sanctuary. 44:6 Say to the rebellious, to the house of Israel, ‘This is what the sovereign Lord says: Enough of all your abominable practices, O house of Israel! 44:7 When you bring foreigners, those uncircumcised in heart and in flesh, into my sanctuary, you desecrate it– even my house– when you offer my food, the fat and the blood. You have broken my covenant by all your abominable practices. 44:8 You have not kept charge of my holy things, but you have assigned foreigners to keep charge of my sanctuary for you. 44:9 This is what the sovereign Lord says: No foreigner, who is uncircumcised in heart and flesh among all the foreigners who are among the people of Israel, will enter into my sanctuary. 44:10 “‘But the Levites who went far from me, straying off from me after their idols when Israel went astray, will be responsible for their sin. 44:11 Yet they will be ministers in my sanctuary, having oversight at the gates of the temple, and serving the temple. They will slaughter the burnt offerings and the sacrifices for the people, and they will stand before them to minister to them. 44:12 Because they used to minister to them before their idols, and became a sinful obstacle to the house of Israel, consequently I have made a vow concerning them, declares the sovereign Lord, that they will be responsible for their sin. 44:13 They will not come near me to serve me as priest, nor will they come near any of my holy things, the things which are most sacred. They will bear the shame of the abominable deeds they have committed. 44:14 Yet I will appoint them to keep charge of the temple, all of its service and all that will be done in it.
The Levitical Priests
44:15 “‘But the Levitical priests, the descendants of Zadok who kept the charge of my sanctuary when the people of Israel went astray from me, will approach me to minister to me; they will stand before me to offer me the fat and the blood, declares the sovereign Lord. 44:16 They will enter my sanctuary, and approach my table to minister to me; they will keep my charge. 44:17 “‘When they enter the gates of the inner court, they must wear linen garments; they must not have any wool on them when they minister in the inner gates of the court and in the temple. 44:18 Linen turbans will be on their heads and linen undergarments will be around their waists; they must not bind themselves with anything that causes sweat. 44:19 When they go out to the outer court to the people, they must remove the garments they were ministering in, and place them in the holy chambers; they must put on other garments so that they will not transmit holiness to the people with their garments. 44:20 “‘They must not shave their heads nor let their hair grow long; they must only trim their heads. 44:21 No priest may drink wine when he enters the inner court. 44:22 They must not marry a widow or a divorcee, but they may marry a virgin from the house of Israel or a widow who is a priest’s widow. 44:23 Moreover, they will teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to distinguish between the ceremonially unclean and the clean. 44:24 “‘In a controversy they will act as judges; they will judge according to my ordinances. They will keep my laws and my statutes regarding all my appointed festivals and will observe my Sabbaths. 44:25 “‘They must not come near a dead person or they will be defiled; however, for father, mother, son, daughter, brother or sister, they may defile themselves. 44:26 After a priest has become ceremonially clean, they must count off a period of seven days for him. 44:27 On the day he enters the sanctuary, into the inner court to serve in the sanctuary, he must offer his sin offering, declares the sovereign Lord. 44:28 “‘This will be their inheritance: I am their inheritance, and you must give them no property in Israel; I am their property. 44:29 They may eat the grain offering, the sin offering, and the guilt offering, and every devoted thing in Israel will be theirs. 44:30 The first of all the first fruits and all contributions of any kind will be for the priests; you will also give to the priest the first portion of your dough, so that a blessing may rest on your house. 44:31 The priests will not eat any bird or animal that has died a natural death or was torn to pieces by a wild animal.
Paralel   Ref. Silang (TSK)   ITL  

Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Levites relating to Levi and the priesthood given to him,a tribal name describing people and ceremonies as sacred
 · Levitical relating to Levi and the priesthood given to him,a tribal name describing people and ceremonies as sacred
 · levitical relating to Levi and the priesthood given to him,a tribal name describing people and ceremonies as sacred
 · Zadok a son of Azor; the father of Akim; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ahitub II; high priest Zadok I in David's time,father of Jerusha, who was the mother of King Jotham,the chief priest Zadok II; son of Meraioth II,a man who was one of David's military elite from Aaron's clan,son of Baana; one of those who helped rebuild the wall,son of Immer; one of those who helped rebuild the wall,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to keep God's law,a Levite who served as Nehemiah's scribe


Topik/Tema Kamus: Temple | Vision | Ezekiel | PRIESTS AND LEVITES | CRITICISM | Priest | Sin | EZEKIEL, 2 | Church | Levites | Minister | Memphis | Breeches | LINEN | Idolatry | SACRIFICE, IN THE OLD TESTAMENT, 2 | Sweat | CIRCUMCISION | Wool | Regeneration | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Eze 44:2 - Shall not be opened Shall not ordinarily stand open.

Shall not ordinarily stand open.

Wesley: Eze 44:2 - No man None of the common people.

None of the common people.

Wesley: Eze 44:2 - The Lord That glory which was the visible sign of his presence.

That glory which was the visible sign of his presence.

Wesley: Eze 44:3 - He The king might sit before the Lord, others might not.

The king might sit before the Lord, others might not.

Wesley: Eze 44:3 - Bread That part of the sacrifice, which was allowed to the offerer.

That part of the sacrifice, which was allowed to the offerer.

Wesley: Eze 44:4 - He Christ in the appearance of a man.

Christ in the appearance of a man.

Wesley: Eze 44:5 - The entering The persons who may, and who may not enter.

The persons who may, and who may not enter.

Wesley: Eze 44:5 - The sanctuary Taken here for the courts, rather than the house itself.

Taken here for the courts, rather than the house itself.

Wesley: Eze 44:6 - Let it suffice Let the time you have spent on your sins suffice.

Let the time you have spent on your sins suffice.

Wesley: Eze 44:7 - Bread Either the meal-offering or first-fruits of corn and dough, and the shew - bread.

Either the meal-offering or first-fruits of corn and dough, and the shew - bread.

Wesley: Eze 44:7 - They The whole nation of the Jews.

The whole nation of the Jews.

Wesley: Eze 44:8 - Have not kept You have not observed the laws I gave you for the keeping of my holy things, house, sacrifices, and worship.

You have not observed the laws I gave you for the keeping of my holy things, house, sacrifices, and worship.

Wesley: Eze 44:8 - Have set You have substituted others in your rooms.

You have substituted others in your rooms.

Wesley: Eze 44:10 - Are gone away By their idolatry.

By their idolatry.

Wesley: Eze 44:11 - Ministers Servants employed in the lowest work.

Servants employed in the lowest work.

Wesley: Eze 44:11 - Sanctuary Not the temple itself, but about the courts of it.

Not the temple itself, but about the courts of it.

Wesley: Eze 44:11 - Having charge They shall be porters to open and shut, and sweep, and go on errands.

They shall be porters to open and shut, and sweep, and go on errands.

Wesley: Eze 44:11 - To minister To wait on the priests.

To wait on the priests.

Wesley: Eze 44:12 - Iniquity The punishment of it.

The punishment of it.

Wesley: Eze 44:13 - Shall bear their shame They shall be dealt with according to their abominations, and bear the punishment thereof.

They shall be dealt with according to their abominations, and bear the punishment thereof.

Wesley: Eze 44:15 - That kept the charge Were constant, zealous, and faithful in their priestly office.

Were constant, zealous, and faithful in their priestly office.

Wesley: Eze 44:16 - Into my sanctuary Both to the altar, to the temple, and the high-priest into the holy of holies.

Both to the altar, to the temple, and the high-priest into the holy of holies.

Wesley: Eze 44:16 - Come near To set the shew - bread on, and to take it off.

To set the shew - bread on, and to take it off.

Wesley: Eze 44:16 - To minister To offer sacrifice at the altar, and incense in the house. God will put marks of honour upon those who are faithful to him in trying times, and will, ...

To offer sacrifice at the altar, and incense in the house. God will put marks of honour upon those who are faithful to him in trying times, and will, employ those in his service, who have kept close to it, when others drew back.

Wesley: Eze 44:17 - And within In the temple.

In the temple.

Wesley: Eze 44:19 - Shall not sanctify By the law, common things, touching holy things, became consecrated, and no more fit for common use.

By the law, common things, touching holy things, became consecrated, and no more fit for common use.

Wesley: Eze 44:20 - To grow long Priding themselves in it, as Absalom.

Priding themselves in it, as Absalom.

Wesley: Eze 44:20 - Shall only poll When the hair is grown, they shall cut the ends of their hair, and keep it in moderate size.

When the hair is grown, they shall cut the ends of their hair, and keep it in moderate size.

Wesley: Eze 44:21 - Drink wine Or any other strong liquor, when they go either to trim the lamps or set the shew - bread in order, or to offer incense in the temple, or when they go...

Or any other strong liquor, when they go either to trim the lamps or set the shew - bread in order, or to offer incense in the temple, or when they go to the altar to offer a sacrifice, which stood in the inner court.

Wesley: Eze 44:24 - Shall judge Shall determine the controversy.

Shall determine the controversy.

Wesley: Eze 44:24 - Assemblies Publick congregations.

Publick congregations.

Wesley: Eze 44:26 - Cleansed After for seven days he hath kept from the dead.

After for seven days he hath kept from the dead.

Wesley: Eze 44:26 - They The priests, who are about the house of God, shall appoint seven days more to this defiled person for his cleansing before he is admitted into the san...

The priests, who are about the house of God, shall appoint seven days more to this defiled person for his cleansing before he is admitted into the sanctuary.

Wesley: Eze 44:28 - It The sin-offering: but under this one, all other offerings are couched.

The sin-offering: but under this one, all other offerings are couched.

Wesley: Eze 44:28 - For an inheritance Instead of lands and cities.

Instead of lands and cities.

Wesley: Eze 44:30 - And the first So soon as the first-fruits are ripe in the field, your vineyards, and olive yards.

So soon as the first-fruits are ripe in the field, your vineyards, and olive yards.

Wesley: Eze 44:30 - Every oblation Whether free - will offering, or prescribed.

Whether free - will offering, or prescribed.

Wesley: Eze 44:30 - The first of your dough 'Tis conceived this was of every mass of dough they made, and of the first of the dough, which every year they first made of the new corn, as by the c...

'Tis conceived this was of every mass of dough they made, and of the first of the dough, which every year they first made of the new corn, as by the custom of the Jews at this day appears.

Wesley: Eze 44:30 - That he The priest may bless, and pray for thee.

The priest may bless, and pray for thee.

JFB: Eze 44:2 - shut . . . not be opened (Job 12:14; Isa 22:22; Rev 3:7). "Shut" to the people (Exo 19:21-22), but open to "the prince" (Eze 44:3), he holding the place of God in political c...

(Job 12:14; Isa 22:22; Rev 3:7). "Shut" to the people (Exo 19:21-22), but open to "the prince" (Eze 44:3), he holding the place of God in political concerns, as the priests do in spiritual. As a mark of respect to an Eastern monarch, the gate by which he enters is thenceforth shut to all other persons (compare Exo 19:24).

JFB: Eze 44:3 - the prince Not King Messiah, as He never would offer a burnt offering for Himself, as the prince is to do (Eze 46:4). The prince must mean the civil ruler under ...

Not King Messiah, as He never would offer a burnt offering for Himself, as the prince is to do (Eze 46:4). The prince must mean the civil ruler under Messiah. His connection with the east gate (by which the Lord had returned to His temple) implies, that, as ruling under God, he is to stand in a place of peculiar nearness to God. He represents Messiah, who entered heaven, the true sanctuary, by a way that none other could, namely, by His own holiness; all others must enter as sinners by faith in His blood, through grace.

JFB: Eze 44:3 - eat bread before the Lord A custom connected with sacrifices (Gen 31:54; Exo 18:12; Exo 24:11; 1Co 10:18).

A custom connected with sacrifices (Gen 31:54; Exo 18:12; Exo 24:11; 1Co 10:18).

JFB: Eze 44:4-6 - -- Directions as to the priests. Their acts of desecration are attributed to "the house of Israel" (Eze 44:6-7), as the sins of the priesthood and of the...

Directions as to the priests. Their acts of desecration are attributed to "the house of Israel" (Eze 44:6-7), as the sins of the priesthood and of the people acted and reacted on one another; "like people, like priest" (Jer 5:31; Hos 4:9).

JFB: Eze 44:7 - uncircumcised in heart Israelites circumcised outwardly, but wanting the true circumcision of the heart (Deu 10:16; Act 7:51).

Israelites circumcised outwardly, but wanting the true circumcision of the heart (Deu 10:16; Act 7:51).

JFB: Eze 44:7 - uncircumcised in flesh Not having even the outward badge of the covenant-people.

Not having even the outward badge of the covenant-people.

JFB: Eze 44:8 - keepers . . . for yourselves Such as you yourselves thought fit, not such as I approve of. Or else, "Ye have not yourselves kept the charge of My holy things, but have set others ...

Such as you yourselves thought fit, not such as I approve of. Or else, "Ye have not yourselves kept the charge of My holy things, but have set others as keepers of My charge in My sanctuary for yourselves" [MAURER].

JFB: Eze 44:10-11 - Levites . . . shall . . . bear Namely, the punishment of

Namely, the punishment of

JFB: Eze 44:10-11 - their iniquity . . . Yet they shall be ministers So Mark, a Levite, nephew of Barnabas (Act 4:36), was punished by Paul for losing an opportunity of bearing the cross of Christ, and yet was afterward...

So Mark, a Levite, nephew of Barnabas (Act 4:36), was punished by Paul for losing an opportunity of bearing the cross of Christ, and yet was afterwards admitted into his friendship again, and showed his zeal (Act 13:13; Act 15:37; Col 4:10; 2Ti 4:11). One may be a believer, and that too in a distinguished place, and yet lose some special honor--be acknowledged as pious, yet be excluded from some dignity [BENGEL].

JFB: Eze 44:10-11 - charge at the gates Better to be "a doorkeeper in the house of God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness" (Psa 84:10). Though standing as a mere doorkeeper, it is in ...

Better to be "a doorkeeper in the house of God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness" (Psa 84:10). Though standing as a mere doorkeeper, it is in the house of God, which hath foundations: whereas he who dwells with the wicked, dwells in but shifting tents.

JFB: Eze 44:15 - Zadok The priests of the line of Ithamar were to be discharged from ministrations in the temple, because of their corruptions, following in the steps of Eli...

The priests of the line of Ithamar were to be discharged from ministrations in the temple, because of their corruptions, following in the steps of Eli's sons, against whom the same denunciation was uttered (1Sa 2:32, 1Sa 2:35). Zadok, according to his name (which means "righteous") and his line, were to succeed (1Ki 2:35; 1Ch 24:3), as they did not take part in the general apostasy to the same degree, and perhaps [FAIRBAIRN] the prophet, referring to their original state, speaks of them as they appeared when first chosen to the office.

JFB: Eze 44:17 - linen Symbolical of purity. Wool soon induces perspiration in the sultry East and so becomes uncleanly.

Symbolical of purity. Wool soon induces perspiration in the sultry East and so becomes uncleanly.

JFB: Eze 44:18 - bonnets Turbans.

Turbans.

JFB: Eze 44:19 - not sanctify the people with their garments Namely, those peculiarly priestly vestments in which they ministered in the sanctuary.

Namely, those peculiarly priestly vestments in which they ministered in the sanctuary.

JFB: Eze 44:20 - Neither . . . shave . . . heads As mourners do (Lev 21:1-5). The worshippers of the Egyptian idols Serapis and Isis shaved their heads; another reason why Jehovah's priests are not t...

As mourners do (Lev 21:1-5). The worshippers of the Egyptian idols Serapis and Isis shaved their heads; another reason why Jehovah's priests are not to do so.

JFB: Eze 44:20 - nor suffer . . . locks to grow long As the luxurious, barbarians, and soldiers in warfare did [JEROME].

As the luxurious, barbarians, and soldiers in warfare did [JEROME].

JFB: Eze 44:21 - Neither . . . wine Lest the holy enthusiasm of their devotion should be mistaken for inebriation, as in Peter's case (Act 2:13, Act 2:15, Act 2:18).

Lest the holy enthusiasm of their devotion should be mistaken for inebriation, as in Peter's case (Act 2:13, Act 2:15, Act 2:18).

JFB: Eze 44:28 - I am their inheritance (Num 18:20; Deu 10:9; Deu 18:1; Jos 13:14, Jos 13:32).

JFB: Eze 44:30 - give . . . priest the first . . . that he may cause the blessing to rest (Pro 3:9-10; Mal 3:10).

Clarke: Eze 44:1 - The outward sanctuary The outward sanctuary - In opposition to the temple itself, which was the inner sanctuary.

The outward sanctuary - In opposition to the temple itself, which was the inner sanctuary.

Clarke: Eze 44:2 - This gate shall be shut This gate shall be shut - It was not to be opened on ordinary occasions, nor at all on the week days: but only on the Sabbaths and the new moons. Se...

This gate shall be shut - It was not to be opened on ordinary occasions, nor at all on the week days: but only on the Sabbaths and the new moons. See the account of the gates (4) in the explanation of the plan

This verse has been adduced by the Roman Catholics to prove the perpetual virginity of the mother of our Lord; and it may be allowed to be as much to the purpose as any other that has been brought to prove this very precarious point, on which no stress should ever be laid by any man. Mary was a virgin when she brought forth Jesus.

Clarke: Eze 44:5 - Mark well, and behold Mark well, and behold - Take notice of every thing; register all so fully that thou shalt be able to give the most minute information to the childre...

Mark well, and behold - Take notice of every thing; register all so fully that thou shalt be able to give the most minute information to the children of Israel.

Clarke: Eze 44:7 - The fat and the blood The fat and the blood - These never went into common use; they were wholly offered to God. The blood was poured out; the fat consumed

The fat and the blood - These never went into common use; they were wholly offered to God. The blood was poured out; the fat consumed

Clarke: Eze 44:7 - Because of all your abominations Because of all your abominations - Several MSS. of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s read their abominations, referring to the strangers mentio...

Because of all your abominations - Several MSS. of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s read their abominations, referring to the strangers mentioned before.

Clarke: Eze 44:10 - And the Levites that are gone away far from me And the Levites that are gone away far from me - This refers to the schism of Jeroboam, who, when he set up a new worship, got as many of the priest...

And the Levites that are gone away far from me - This refers to the schism of Jeroboam, who, when he set up a new worship, got as many of the priests and Levites to join him in his idolatry as he could. These, on the return from the captivity, should not be permitted to perform the functions of priests in the new temple; but they might be continued as keepers of all the charge of the house - be treasurers, guards of the temple, porters, etc.; see Eze 44:11-15. The whole of these passages refer to the period of time when the second temple was built.

Clarke: Eze 44:16 - Come near to my table Come near to my table - To place the shew-bread there, and to burn incense on the golden altar in the holy of holies.

Come near to my table - To place the shew-bread there, and to burn incense on the golden altar in the holy of holies.

Clarke: Eze 44:17 - No wool shall come upon them No wool shall come upon them - The reason is plain; wool is more apt than linen to contract dirt and breed insects; linen breeds none; besides, this...

No wool shall come upon them - The reason is plain; wool is more apt than linen to contract dirt and breed insects; linen breeds none; besides, this is a vegetable, and the other an animal substance. It was an ancient maxim, that whatever was taken from a dead body was impure in matters of religion, and should not be permitted to enter into the temple. The Egyptian priests always wore linen on their bodies, and shoes of matting or rushes on their feet. The Mohammedans never write the Koran upon vellum or skin of any kind, as they would consider that as a defilement.

Clarke: Eze 44:20 - Neither shall they shave their heads Neither shall they shave their heads - The priests of Isis shaved their heads close to the skin; the priests of Budhoo do so still, their ordinances...

Neither shall they shave their heads - The priests of Isis shaved their heads close to the skin; the priests of Budhoo do so still, their ordinances oblige them to shave their heads every tenth day. To let the hair grow long would have been improper; therefore the Lord commands them to poll - cut the hair short, but not to shave.

Clarke: Eze 44:22 - Neither shall they take for their wives a widow Neither shall they take for their wives a widow - This was prohibited to the high priest only, by Moses, Lev 21:13, Lev 21:14.

Neither shall they take for their wives a widow - This was prohibited to the high priest only, by Moses, Lev 21:13, Lev 21:14.

Clarke: Eze 44:25 - And they shall come at no dead person to defile themselves And they shall come at no dead person to defile themselves - Touching the dead defiles a Hindoo now, as it formerly did a Jew; and they must bathe t...

And they shall come at no dead person to defile themselves - Touching the dead defiles a Hindoo now, as it formerly did a Jew; and they must bathe to become clean again.

Clarke: Eze 44:28 - I am their inheritance I am their inheritance - Those who affect to form their ecclesiastical matters on the model of the Jewish Church have with one consent left this out...

I am their inheritance - Those who affect to form their ecclesiastical matters on the model of the Jewish Church have with one consent left this out of the question. They will not live on the free-will offerings of the people; but must have vast revenues, and these secured to them by law. That every minister of God should be supported by the altar I grant; but I think, instead of that method of paying the parochial clergy which I see is so much objected to, and breeds so much dissension between the pastors and their flocks, it would be better, on these accounts, to assign them a portion of land adequate to their supply, or let the state maintain them as it does its other officers. In Israel God was their inheritance and their possession; but they had the breast and shoulder of all sin-offerings and trespass-offerings, and all dedicated things were theirs; and they had a portion of all the dough that was prepared for bread. These were considered as the Lord’ s property, and these he gave to them; and this is always implied in the Lord’ s being their inheritance and their possession. They had a plentiful support

Hitherto tithes have been thought the best mode of paying the clergy, and providing for the poor of each parish; but these matters have undergone such alterations since the time of their institution, that some emendation of the system is at present absolutely necessary

There should be a public acknowledgment of God in every nation, and this should be provided for by the state in a way the least burdensome to the people, that all may rejoice in the benefit. Happy the nations that have a Bible so correct, and a Liturgy so pure, as those in the British empire! In such cases, a religion established by the state is an unutterable blessing to the nation; only keep it to the Bible, and to the Liturgy, and all, under God, will be well; but when the sermon is against these, all is bad.

Defender: Eze 44:2 - shall not be opened This "east gate" has, indeed, long been completely sealed. Whatever reason the Muslim rulers of Jerusalem may have had for this action at the time, th...

This "east gate" has, indeed, long been completely sealed. Whatever reason the Muslim rulers of Jerusalem may have had for this action at the time, the most remarkable testimony of this verse is that "the Lord, the God of Israel, once entered in by it." That is, the Creator, Jehovah , the God of Israel, had become a man, that He might actually enter the temple through the eastgate, the gate through which Ezekiel had just seen the shekinah glory come into the house (Eze 43:4). In the new temple, the gate will be open again, and the God/man, the King of Kings, Jesus Christ, will enter thereby."

Defender: Eze 44:3 - for the prince The gate will also be open for "the prince" (see note on Eze 34:24), probably King David. The "prince" cannot be the Lord Jesus, for he has "sons" (Ez...

The gate will also be open for "the prince" (see note on Eze 34:24), probably King David. The "prince" cannot be the Lord Jesus, for he has "sons" (Eze 46:16)."

TSK: Eze 44:1 - the outward // looketh the outward : So called in opposition to the temple itself, which was the inner sanctuary. Eze 40:6, Eze 40:17, Eze 42:14; 2Ch 4:9, 2Ch 20:5, 2Ch 33:5...

the outward : So called in opposition to the temple itself, which was the inner sanctuary. Eze 40:6, Eze 40:17, Eze 42:14; 2Ch 4:9, 2Ch 20:5, 2Ch 33:5; Act 21:28-30

looketh : Eze 43:1, Eze 43:4, Eze 46:1

TSK: Eze 44:2 - because because : Eze 43:2-4; Exo 24:10; Isa 6:1-5

TSK: Eze 44:3 - for // the prince // to eat // he shall enter for : Eze 46:2, Eze 46:8; 2Ch 23:13, 2Ch 34:31 the prince : It is probable that the prince mentioned here and elsewhere, does not mean the Messiah, bu...

for : Eze 46:2, Eze 46:8; 2Ch 23:13, 2Ch 34:31

the prince : It is probable that the prince mentioned here and elsewhere, does not mean the Messiah, but the ruler of the Jewish nation for the time being. For it is not only directed where he should sit in the temple, and eat his portion of the sacrifices, and when and how he should go out; but it is also ordered (Eze 45:22), that at the passover he shall offer a bullock, a sin offering for himself and the people; and to guard him against any temptation of oppressing the people, he had a provision of land allotted to him (Eze 45:8), out of which he is to give an inheritance for his sons (Eze 46:18). These appear plainly to be political rules for common princes, and for a succession of them; but as no such rules were observed under the second temple, the fulfilment of it must still be future. Eze 34:24, Eze 37:25; Zec 6:12, Zec 6:13

to eat : Gen 31:54; Exo 24:9-11; Deu 12:7, Deu 12:17, Deu 12:18; Isa 23:18, Isa 62:9; 1Cor. 10:18-33; Rev 3:20

he shall enter : Eze 40:9, Eze 46:2, Eze 46:8-10

TSK: Eze 44:4 - the way // the glory // and I fell the way : Eze 40:20,Eze 40:40 the glory : Eze 3:23, Eze 10:4, Eze 10:18, Eze 10:19, Eze 11:22, Eze 11:23, Eze 43:4, Eze 43:5; Isa 6:3, Isa 6:4; Hag 2:...

TSK: Eze 44:5 - mark well // concerning // and mark well // the entering mark well : Heb. set thine heart, Eze 40:4; Exo 9:21 *marg. Deu 32:46; 1Ch 22:19; 2Ch 11:16; Pro 24:32 *marg. Dan 10:12 concerning : Eze 43:10,Eze 43:...

mark well : Heb. set thine heart, Eze 40:4; Exo 9:21 *marg. Deu 32:46; 1Ch 22:19; 2Ch 11:16; Pro 24:32 *marg. Dan 10:12

concerning : Eze 43:10,Eze 43:11; Deu 12:32; Mat 28:20

and mark well : Psa 119:4

the entering : Psa 96:8, Psa 96:9; Act 8:37

TSK: Eze 44:6 - thou shalt say // let it suffice thou shalt say : Eze 2:5-8, Eze 3:9, Eze 3:26, Eze 3:27 let it suffice : Eze 45:9; 1Pe 4:3

thou shalt say : Eze 2:5-8, Eze 3:9, Eze 3:26, Eze 3:27

let it suffice : Eze 45:9; 1Pe 4:3

TSK: Eze 44:7 - ye have brought // strangers // uncircumcised in heart // when // the fat // broken ye have brought : Eze 44:9, Eze 7:20, Eze 22:26, Eze 43:7, Eze 43:8; Lev 22:25; Act 21:28 strangers : Heb. children of a stranger, Isa 56:6, Isa 56:7 ...

ye have brought : Eze 44:9, Eze 7:20, Eze 22:26, Eze 43:7, Eze 43:8; Lev 22:25; Act 21:28

strangers : Heb. children of a stranger, Isa 56:6, Isa 56:7

uncircumcised in heart : The introduction of uncircumcised persons to eat of the peace offerings and oblations, would have been a gross violation of the Mosaic law; but, as there was no law to exclude ""the uncircumcised of heart,""who were circumcised and ritually clean, this seems to point out a new and different constitution. Lev 26:41; Deu 10:16, Deu 30:6; Jer 4:4, Jer 9:26; Act 7:51; Rom 2:28, Rom 2:29; Col 2:11-13

when : Lev 3:16, Lev 21:6, Lev 21:8, Lev 21:17, Lev 21:21, Lev 22:25; Mal 1:7, Mal 1:12-14; Joh 6:52-58

the fat : Lev 3:13-17, Lev 17:11

broken : Gen 17:14; Lev 26:15; Deu 31:16, Deu 31:20; Isa 24:5; Jer 11:10, Jer 31:32; Heb 8:9

TSK: Eze 44:8 - ye have not // charge ye have not : Lev. 22:2-33; Num 18:3-5; Act 7:53; 1Ti 6:13; 2Ti 4:1 charge : or, ward, or ordinance, and so Eze 44:14, Eze 44:16, Eze 40:45, Eze 40:46...

ye have not : Lev. 22:2-33; Num 18:3-5; Act 7:53; 1Ti 6:13; 2Ti 4:1

charge : or, ward, or ordinance, and so Eze 44:14, Eze 44:16, Eze 40:45, Eze 40:46; 1Ch 23:32; Ezr 8:24-30

TSK: Eze 44:9 - -- Eze 44:7; Psa 50:16, Psa 93:5; Joe 3:17; Zec 14:21; Mar 16:16; Joh 3:3-5; Tit 1:5-9

TSK: Eze 44:10 - the Levites // bear the Levites : Eze 44:15, Eze 22:26, Eze 48:11; 2Ki 23:8, 2Ki 23:9; 2Ch 29:4, 2Ch 29:5; Neh 9:34; Jer 23:11; Zep 3:4; 1Ti 5:22 bear : Gen 4:13; Lev 19:...

TSK: Eze 44:11 - they shall be // having charge // shall slay // and they they shall be : As few, if any, of those who, before the captivity, had been guilty in these respects, lived to witness the restoration of the temple ...

they shall be : As few, if any, of those who, before the captivity, had been guilty in these respects, lived to witness the restoration of the temple service; and as it does not appear that their descendants were thus degraded for the idolatry of their ancestors; it is probable that a thorough reformation of the whole church, or the prevalence of pure religion among the converted Jews, is here predicted.

having charge : Eze 44:14, Eze 40:45; 1Chr. 26:1-19

shall slay : 2Ch 29:34, 2Ch 30:17, 2Ch 35:10,2Ch 35:11

and they : Num 16:9, Num 18:6

TSK: Eze 44:12 - they ministered // caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity // therefore // and they shall they ministered : 1Sa 2:29, 1Sa 2:30; 2Ki 16:10-16; Isa 9:16; Hos 4:6, Hos 5:1; Mal 2:8, Mal 2:9 caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity : He...

they ministered : 1Sa 2:29, 1Sa 2:30; 2Ki 16:10-16; Isa 9:16; Hos 4:6, Hos 5:1; Mal 2:8, Mal 2:9

caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity : Heb. were for a stumbling-block of iniquity unto, etc. Eze 14:3, Eze 14:4

therefore : Eze 20:6, Eze 20:15, Eze 20:23, Eze 20:28; Deu 32:40-42; Psa 106:26; Amo 8:7; Rev 10:5, Rev 10:6

and they shall : Eze 44:10,Eze 44:13

TSK: Eze 44:13 - they shall not // bear they shall not : Num 18:3; 2Ki 23:9 bear : Eze 32:20, Eze 36:7

they shall not : Num 18:3; 2Ki 23:9

bear : Eze 32:20, Eze 36:7

TSK: Eze 44:14 - -- Num 18:4; 1Ch 23:28-32

TSK: Eze 44:15 - the sons // when // they shall stand // the fat // the blood the sons : Eze 40:46, Eze 43:19, Eze 48:11; 1Sa 2:35; 1Ki 2:35; 1Ti 3:3-10; 2Ti 2:2; Rev 2:1, Rev 2:8, Rev 2:12, Rev 2:18, Rev 3:1, Rev 3:7, Rev 3:14,...

TSK: Eze 44:16 - They shall enter // to my table // keep They shall enter : Rev 1:6 to my table : To place the shew-bread there. It is observable, that the table in the sanctuary is mentioned rather than th...

They shall enter : Rev 1:6

to my table : To place the shew-bread there. It is observable, that the table in the sanctuary is mentioned rather than the altar of incense; perhaps intimating the change in the external institutions of Divine worship which should take place before the accomplishment of the prophecy. It is not easy to determine, whether any external regulations, with respect to Divine ordinances, answerable to these predictions, will be made among the converted Jews, when reinstated in their own land, or not. Eze 41:22; Mal 1:7, Mal 1:12

keep : Num 18:7, Num 18:8; Deu 33:8-10

TSK: Eze 44:17 - they shall they shall : Exo 28:39, Exo 28:40,Exo 28:43, Exo 39:27-29; Lev 16:4; Rev 4:4, Rev 19:8

TSK: Eze 44:18 - bonnets // linen breeches bonnets : Exo 28:40,Exo 28:41, Exo 39:28; 1Co 11:4-10 linen breeches : Exo 28:42, Exo 28:43; 1Co 14:40, with anything that causeth sweat, or, in sweat...

bonnets : Exo 28:40,Exo 28:41, Exo 39:28; 1Co 11:4-10

linen breeches : Exo 28:42, Exo 28:43; 1Co 14:40, with anything that causeth sweat, or, in sweating places, Heb. in, or with sweat.

TSK: Eze 44:19 - they shall put // sanctify they shall put : Eze 42:13, Eze 42:14; Lev 6:10,Lev 6:11 sanctify : Eze 46:20; Exo 29:37, Exo 30:29; Lev 6:27; Mat 23:17-19; 1Co 3:5, 1Co 3:6

TSK: Eze 44:20 - shave // nor suffer shave : Lev. 21:5-24; Deu 14:1 nor suffer : Num 6:5; 1Co 11:14

shave : Lev. 21:5-24; Deu 14:1

nor suffer : Num 6:5; 1Co 11:14

TSK: Eze 44:21 - -- Lev 10:9; Luk 1:15; 1Ti 3:8, 1Ti 5:23; Tit 1:7, Tit 1:8

TSK: Eze 44:22 - Neither // a widow // put away // that had a priest before Neither : This was prohibited only to the high priest under the law; but is here extended to all the priests, perhaps to intimate the superior sanctit...

Neither : This was prohibited only to the high priest under the law; but is here extended to all the priests, perhaps to intimate the superior sanctity of the times to which it refers.

a widow : Lev 21:7, Lev 21:13, Lev 21:14; 1Ti 3:2, 1Ti 3:4, 1Ti 3:5, 1Ti 3:11, 1Ti 3:12; Tit 1:6

put away : Heb. thrust forth, Deu 24:1-4

that had a priest before : Heb. from a priest

TSK: Eze 44:23 - -- Eze 22:26; Lev 10:10,Lev 10:11; Deu 33:10; Hos 4:6; Mic 3:9-11; Zep 3:4; Hag 2:11-13; Mal 2:6-9; 2Ti 2:24, 2Ti 2:25; Tit 1:9-11

TSK: Eze 44:24 - in controversy // they shall keep // in all // and they shall hallow in controversy : This seems to intimate, that controversies, in the period predicted, will be generally decided by arbitration, according to the law o...

in controversy : This seems to intimate, that controversies, in the period predicted, will be generally decided by arbitration, according to the law of God; and not by litigations before human tribunals, according to the laws of man. Deu 17:8-13; 1Ch 23:4; 2Ch 19:8-10; Ezr 2:63

they shall keep : 1Ti 3:15

in all : Lev. 23:1-44; Num. 28:1-29:40; Neh. 8:1-18

and they shall hallow : Eze 22:26; Isa 58:13, Isa 58:14

TSK: Eze 44:25 - -- Lev 21:1-6, Lev 22:4; Mat 8:21, Mat 8:22; Luk 9:59, Luk 9:60; 2Co 5:16; 1Th 4:13-15

TSK: Eze 44:26 - -- Num 6:10-21, Num 19:11-13; Heb 9:13, Heb 9:14

TSK: Eze 44:27 - unto the inner // he shall offer unto the inner : Eze 44:17 he shall offer : Lev. 4:3-35, 8:14-36; Num 6:9-11; Heb 7:26-28

unto the inner : Eze 44:17

he shall offer : Lev. 4:3-35, 8:14-36; Num 6:9-11; Heb 7:26-28

TSK: Eze 44:28 - I am their inheritance I am their inheritance : Eze 45:4, Eze 48:9-11; Num 18:20; Deu 10:9, Deu 18:1, Deu 18:2; Jos 13:14, Jos 13:33; 1Pe 5:2-4

TSK: Eze 44:29 - eat // dedicated eat : Lev 2:3, Lev 2:10, Lev 6:14-18, Lev 6:26, Lev 6:29, Lev 7:6; Num 18:9-11; 1Co 9:13, 1Co 9:14; Heb 13:10 dedicated : or, devoted, Lev 27:21, Lev ...

TSK: Eze 44:30 - first // all the firstfruits // that he may first : or, chief all the firstfruits : Exo 13:2, Exo 13:12, Exo 22:29, Exo 23:19; Num 3:13, Num 15:19-21, Num 18:12-18, Num 18:27-30; Deu 18:4; 2Ch 3...

TSK: Eze 44:31 - -- Exo 22:31; Lev 17:15, Lev 22:8; Deu 14:21; Rom 14:20; 1Co 8:13

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Eze 44:1 - Then // Back // outward sanctuary // It was shut Then when the altar was measured, and directions given for consecrating it at first, and for the perpetual use of it for future. Back from the inn...

Then when the altar was measured, and directions given for consecrating it at first, and for the perpetual use of it for future.

Back from the inner court, where be had been viewing the altar, to the outer part of the same court, and to the east gate thereof: others say it was to the templegate eastward and that the temple is called

outward sanctuary in respect of the holy of holies.

It was shut when, or by whom, the prophet says not, but he found it shut.

Poole: Eze 44:2 - Shall not be opened // No man // The God of Israel hath entered in // the Lord, the God of Israel // It shall be shut Likely the prophet was somewhat surprised, and wondered that the door should be shut; and while he museth on it the Lord speaks to him out of the te...

Likely the prophet was somewhat surprised, and wondered that the door should be shut; and while he museth on it the Lord speaks to him out of the temple, and informs him, and satisfieth him.

Shall not be opened i.e. shall not ordinarily stand open, but be shut till occasion requires it should sometimes be opened.

No man none of the common ordinary sort of people, or none but the prince, God’ s vicegerent, and the ministering priests.

The God of Israel hath entered in: what was the glory of the God of Israel , Eze 43:2 , is here

the Lord, the God of Israel that glory was the visible sign of his presence. His glory is himself, and where that entered he entered, i.e. gave evidence of a more than ordinary presence there.

It shall be shut either kept shut with bars, or, by a prohibition, be as if it were shut, that none should enter thereby.

Poole: Eze 44:3 - For the prince // He shall sit // To eat bread // He shall enter For the prince for the king, say some; if so, then the door shut was the door, not of the temple, but of the east gate of the priests’ court. T...

For the prince for the king, say some; if so, then the door shut was the door, not of the temple, but of the east gate of the priests’ court. The high priest, and the second priest, say others, and indeed this is most likely.

He shall sit: the king might sit before the Lord, others might not, and the priests stood ministering, as Heb 10:11 . Perhaps the high priest might have some privilege to sit, when others might not.

To eat bread: if understood of the king, it was his eating of the sacrifice, that part of it which was allowed to the offerer. If this prince be the high priest, this bread was the show-bread, which it seems he might sit and eat in or near the porch of the gate, whereas other priests were bound to eat in the common refectory, as appears, Eze 42:13 .

He shall enter he may, it is his privilege; or he shall, that is, it is his duty to enter at this, and to come out at it, that the people may know which way to look, when they would see their high priest enter to make atonement: which may be mystical, and include our looking to the great High Priest.

Poole: Eze 44:4 - Then // He // The way of the north gate // Behold // The glory of the Lord Then when he had been informed of the reason why the east gate was shut, and when he perceived he must not go out thereby. He the angel, or Christ ...

Then when he had been informed of the reason why the east gate was shut, and when he perceived he must not go out thereby.

He the angel, or Christ in the appearance of man.

The way of the north gate to the north gate of the inner court, whence he had a prospect of the temple, though no door to it on that side.

Behold through the windows of the temple he did discern that brightness and lustre which filled the temple.

The glory of the Lord & c.: see Eze 1:28 43:2 .

Poole: Eze 44:5 - The ordinances // Mark well // The entering in // The sanctuary The whole of the first part of this verse is found at Eze 40:4 , where it is explained. The ordinances the prescribed rules for persons and things...

The whole of the first part of this verse is found at Eze 40:4 , where it is explained.

The ordinances the prescribed rules for persons and things in and about the temple; these ordinances are called laws in this verse.

Mark well set thy mind, that thou mayst comprehend them all.

The entering in not so much the gates and porches, through which the entrance is to the house, as the persons who may, and who may not, enter.

The sanctuary taken here largely for the holy courts, rather than for the house itself.

Poole: Eze 44:6 - The rebellious // Let it suffice you The rebellious: see Eze 2:3,6-8 . Let it suffice you let the time you have spent on your sins, your many great sins and abominations, let it be tho...

The rebellious: see Eze 2:3,6-8 .

Let it suffice you let the time you have spent on your sins, your many great sins and abominations, let it be thought enough, nay, too much, as 1Pe 4:3 ; do so no more.

Poole: Eze 44:7 - Ye have brought // Strangers // Uncircumcised in heart // Uncircumcised in flesh // My bread // The fat // The blood // They // have broken my covenant Ye have brought either by abusing your power you have licensed, or by conniving you have permitted, to come into my holy courts. Strangers foreigne...

Ye have brought either by abusing your power you have licensed, or by conniving you have permitted, to come into my holy courts.

Strangers foreigners and heathen, who had their idols in the very courts of the temple, and there worshipped their idols, as Eze 8:5,10,14,16 .

Uncircumcised in heart the worst of them, profane and impious.

Uncircumcised in flesh: no uncircumcised one should come into the court of the people, but you have brought them into the very sanctuary at the times of public worship, and when you have been offering my bread, &c. Some think that the profane carelessness of the Jewish rulers was such, that they suffered uncircumcised ones to be priests among them, and to approach to God’ s altar. This was done in Solomon’ s degenerate days, and in the days of Ahaz, Manasseh, Amon.

My bread either the meat-offering, or first-fruits of corn and dough, and the show-bread.

The fat which was taken off the sacrifices and burnt.

The blood how let out, received into vessels, sprinkled and poured out, the priests and rulers of my house, through a sinful familiarity with heathens, have given them courage to ask, and you have not zeal and courage enough to refuse them, but you have satisfied their forbidden curiosity, and showed them all these things; or, as was said, have advanced some to be priests in my house, and suffered others to be priests of idols, standing and worshipped in my courts.

They the whole nation of the Jews, the people of the land,

have broken my covenant turned idolaters, mixed with heathens, forsaken me and my law, taking example from your practices, or complying with your superstitious and idolatrous inventions.

Poole: Eze 44:8 - -- You have not observed the laws I gave you for the careful and exact keeping of my holy things; house, sacrifices, and worship. You have substituted ...

You have not observed the laws I gave you for the careful and exact keeping of my holy things; house, sacrifices, and worship. You have substituted others in your rooms, made officials, and surrogates, and curates to look to the gates, and these have let in the profane and unclean; your pride, or covetousness, or laziness, hath taken you off from your duty and your charge; or you have, as you saw good, consecrated persons, whether fit or unfit, whether approved or not approved by me. So you have profaned my name, and violated my law, Num 18:4 .

Poole: Eze 44:9 - -- Now God renews his former law against the permitting of the wicked and heathens to enter his sanctuary. None, of what quality soever, what interest ...

Now God renews his former law against the permitting of the wicked and heathens to enter his sanctuary. None, of what quality soever, what interest soever they make, though princes, nobles, learned, travellers, that come to view nations and the rarities of them; none of these, or such like, shall on any colour of pretence be brought into my sanctuary. Perhaps Solomon showed Sheba’ s queen too much, we are sure Hezekiah showed the ambassadors too much, yet we read not that either of them showed the sanctuary.

Poole: Eze 44:10 - The Levites // Far from me // When Israel went astray // They shall bear their iniquity The Levites priests intended here, and indeed the sons or posterity of them are here intended; for this apostacy among them was elder than the eldest...

The Levites priests intended here, and indeed the sons or posterity of them are here intended; for this apostacy among them was elder than the eldest of them all.

Far from me: idolaters go far from God, for they depart as an adulterous wife from her husband; their hearts and affections are far from God, they fall to heathenish idolatry.

When Israel went astray: it may be worth our while to inquire what time, or near what time, this was. I doubt Baal-peor, Nu 25 , or from Solomon’ s time, when there was somewhat of this sin among the priests. But of Rehoboam’ s time it is said, 2Ch 12:1 , all Israel forsook the law of the Lord . And in Ahaz’ s time, when the altar at Damascus so pleased him and the high priest Uriah, that presently an altar like that is made and set up between God’ s house and altar; and orders, or, in our language, injunctions, from the king to the high priest, and from him to the inferior priests and Levites, who obey, 2Ki 16:16 : and Manasseh carried the apostacy higher. Now account from any of these; from the last of them to the first return out of captivity is one hundred and fourteen years, to which we must add the twenty-five years which each priest must be ere they enter the priest’ s office, it will amount to one hundred and thirty-nine years, and to these add forty-four ere this temple was repaired, it will be one hundred and eighty-three years too great an age for any of the priests to be of; therefore, as I said, the priests that are now degraded are the children of those apostate priests who were as Zec 1:5,6 , said of the fathersdead.

They shall bear their iniquity shall bear the punishment of this their apostacy, be debased to meanest services, subjected to others, and be deprived for ever ministering at the altar. So 2Ki 23:8,9 ; and so God executed his threat against Eli’ s house, 1Sa 2:13 .

Poole: Eze 44:11 - Ministers // In my sanctuary // Having charge at the gates // Ministering // They shall slay // The sacrifice for the people // Stand before // To minister unto them Ministers servants, employed in the lowest and least honourable work. In my sanctuary not the temple itself, but about the courts of it. Having ch...

Ministers servants, employed in the lowest and least honourable work.

In my sanctuary not the temple itself, but about the courts of it.

Having charge at the gates shall be porters to open and shut and sweep, and ready to go on errands.

Ministering probably made to learn the arts of mason or smith, to mend and repair, to fetch wood and water with Jebusites.

They shall slay do that servile work for the sacrificing priest.

The sacrifice for the people all the sacrifices the people bring.

Stand before Hebrew expression of servants’ attendance.

To minister unto them to wait on and obey the priests.

Poole: Eze 44:12 - Ministered // Caused the house of Israel // Lifted up mine hand // Their iniquity Ministered acted as priests to idols, and in the name of idolatrous worshippers sacrificed to the idols. Caused the house of Israel ; were first occ...

Ministered acted as priests to idols, and in the name of idolatrous worshippers sacrificed to the idols.

Caused the house of Israel ; were first occasion of fall to some, when their example was followed; and in after-times they seduced, persuaded, and urged them to serve their idols, and sacrifice to them, for this was the gain of the idol priests.

Lifted up mine hand sworn against them, that they shall suffer for this their iniquity. This lifting up the hand is the form of an oath, Exo 6:8 Deu 32:40 Eze 20:5 .

Their iniquity the punishment of this sin; so it is Eze 14:10 18:19,20 23:35,49 .

Poole: Eze 44:13 - They shall bear their shame They shall never be admitted to the office, nor employed in the proper work of a priest that ministers to me. They shall not come into the temple, m...

They shall never be admitted to the office, nor employed in the proper work of a priest that ministers to me. They shall not come into the temple, much less into the oracle, nor have any part in the offering up of sacrifices on the altar, though they have meat, drink, and lodging about the temple; yet, as discarded servants, that are retained lest they starve.

They shall bear their shame they shall be little regarded, but disesteemed, and put to shame, and this shall be part of their punishment. They shall be dealt with according to their abominations, i.e. their apostacy and idolatry, and bear the punishment thereof.

Poole: Eze 44:14 - -- See Eze 44:11 .

See Eze 44:11 .

Poole: Eze 44:15 - The priests // Sons of Zadok // Kept the charge // Went astray // To offer unto me the fat and the blood The priests so called from their office. The Levites; by descent from Levi, Jacob’ s son. Sons of Zadok who was of Eleazar’ s family, to ...

The priests so called from their office. The Levites; by descent from Levi, Jacob’ s son.

Sons of Zadok who was of Eleazar’ s family, to whose father Phinehas a covenant of salt insured the high priesthood, and all the honour, privileges, and advantages thereof, Num 25:12,13 .

Kept the charge were constant, zealous, and faithful in their priestly office, and their duties in it.

Went astray: this may possibly refer to that transgression in the matter of Baal-peor, of which Num 25:3 Psa 106:28-30 . See Eze 44:10 . They shall come near to me: see Eze 40:46 .

To offer unto me the fat and the blood to offer expiatory sacrifices, to make atonement and intercede for the people. This honour God put upon them for their integrity and constancy in the things of God.

Poole: Eze 44:16 - They shall enter // To my table // To minister unto me // They shall keep my charge They shall enter the high priest and the other priests shall have right and liberty of entering, into my sanctuary; both to the altar, to the temple,...

They shall enter the high priest and the other priests shall have right and liberty of entering, into my sanctuary; both to the altar, to the temple, and the high priest into the holy of holies.

To my table to set the shew-bread on, and to take it off.

To minister unto me to offer sacrifice at the altar, and incense in the house; this the priests did in their course; and of this line the high priest alone, once a year, in the day of expiation, went in to minister to the Lord in the holy of holies.

They shall keep my charge: see Eze 44:8 .

Poole: Eze 44:17 - When they enter // At the gates of the inner court // With linen garments // No wool // In the gates of the inner court // And within When they enter: they must put on their priestly garments in the chambers that are appointed for vestries to them, where they put off the garments wh...

When they enter: they must put on their priestly garments in the chambers that are appointed for vestries to them, where they put off the garments when the service was done, and where they put them on when they approached to the altar, Eze 42:14 .

At the gates of the inner court where the altar of burnt-offering stood, and where the temple, which is included, stood.

With linen garments according to the law, Exo 28:42,43 .

No wool the reason hereof is given in the next verse.

In the gates of the inner court about the altar of burnt-offering.

And within in the temple itself, in every service of both.

Poole: Eze 44:18 - -- This verse recounts but two garments of linen, the bonnet and the breeches, but Exo 28:39 1Sa 2:18,28 14:3 , mention a linen coat, or ephod; so they...

This verse recounts but two garments of linen, the bonnet and the breeches, but Exo 28:39 1Sa 2:18,28 14:3 , mention a linen coat, or ephod; so they had three linen garments, and a girdle of fine twined linen about to gird the coat fast, yet so as not to make them sweat, or smell offensively.

Poole: Eze 44:19 - -- See Eze 42:14 , where this verse is explained, yet here are two things that verse hath not, of which a word. The utter court: this tells us in whic...

See Eze 42:14 , where this verse is explained, yet here are two things that verse hath not, of which a word. The utter court: this tells us in which court stood the chambers, wherein the priests did attire themselves, into which also they retired to unclothe themselves of the priestly garments. The chambers were in the court next to the court of the people, as Eze 42:14 . They shall not sanctify: by the law, common things touching holy things became consecrate, and to be no more for common use. If the priests’ consecrated clothes touched the people’ s, they must part with them, this would be inconvenient; so some. Or lost the people should think themselves the holier for such contact, and grow proud of it; so others. The Chaldee paraphrast frames it to the last clause of the 14th verse of the 42nd chapter, they in holy vests shall not intermix with the people; this would be a profaning the holy vests. Or else thus, they shall not come out to bless the people in their priestly garments, but, having finished the sacrifice and all belonging thereto, they should change garments, and in their ordinary garments come out to the people, and bless them in that form, Num 6:23,24 .

Poole: Eze 44:20 - Nor suffer their locks to grow long To shave their heads was forbidden , Lev 19:27 21:5 . Hair is given for an ornament, and the priests should not disfigure themselves, nor imitate i...

To shave their heads was forbidden , Lev 19:27 21:5 . Hair is given for an ornament, and the priests should not disfigure themselves, nor imitate idolatrous heathens.

Nor suffer their locks to grow long priding themselves in it, as Absalom, giving ill example by such excess. Shall only poll their heads; when the hair is grown somewhat, they shall trim, cut the ends of their hair, and keep it in moderate size; beside, long hair was a token of a Nazarite’ s vow, and God would have all holy things and persons kept unmixed and distinguished from other common things.

Poole: Eze 44:21 - Any priest // Wine // When they enter into the inner court Any priest any one, on any pretence. Wine or any other strong intoxicating liquor. When they enter into the inner court when they go, either to t...

Any priest any one, on any pretence.

Wine or any other strong intoxicating liquor.

When they enter into the inner court when they go, either to trim the lamps, or set the shew-bread in order, or to offer incense in the temple; or when they go to the altar to offer a sacrifice, which stood in the inner court: this prohibition you have Lev 10:9 , which see, and it was to prevent all indecencies in the service.

Poole: Eze 44:22 - -- God allowed them to marry, only directs that it be not to one of ill fame or divorced, Lev 21:13,14 , nor the widow of any deceased common person; y...

God allowed them to marry, only directs that it be not to one of ill fame or divorced, Lev 21:13,14 , nor the widow of any deceased common person; yet a priest might realty a priest’ s widow, but a virgin is rather commended to their choice; and whether widow or virgin, it must not be as Moses married a daughter of a strange people, or as they did in Babylon, Ezr 10:18 , &c.; and possibly this of Ezekiel was designed as a rule to direct Ezra in reforming this disorder when they came from Babylon. Nor were they at liberty to marry any of any tribe, but it must be one of their own tribe too.

Poole: Eze 44:23 - They shall teach // Between the holy and profane // Between the unclean and the clean They shall teach by their place they were bound to instruct the people, Lev 10:10,11 ; this was part of their work, to read the law, expound it, and ...

They shall teach by their place they were bound to instruct the people, Lev 10:10,11 ; this was part of their work, to read the law, expound it, and resolve questions arising about it. They were to be, as ministers ought now to be, apt to teach , 1Ti 3:2 .

Between the holy and profane whether legally and ceremonially so, or morally and really so, that they might keep the people from pollutions.

Between the unclean and the clean the same thing in other words, only this seems to require priests’ patient instructing, till the people have learned to difference unclean and clean.

Poole: Eze 44:24 - In controversy // They shall stand in judgment // Shall judge it // According to my judgments // They shall keep // Mine assemblies // Shall hallow my sabbaths In controversy in doubts about lawful and unlawful, in pretences of right and wrong in all contests. They shall stand in judgment if the controvers...

In controversy in doubts about lawful and unlawful, in pretences of right and wrong in all contests.

They shall stand in judgment if the controversy be brought to them, they shall hear and consider.

Shall judge it shall determine, end the controversy, and reconcile parties.

According to my judgments not as they favour and affect, or disaffect and hate, but according to what God hath by his laws in that behalf directed.

They shall keep priests first, and people with them.

Mine assemblies public congregations for worshipping of God.

Shall hallow my sabbaths with holy care observe the sabbaths, as days of holy work, to be spent in secret, family, and public worship of God, as he requires.

Poole: Eze 44:25 - They // But for father // They may defile themselves They the priests, who come near to minister before the Lord, shall come at no dead person neither touch, nor come into the room, nor attend the fun...

They the priests, who come near to minister before the Lord,

shall come at no dead person neither touch, nor come into the room, nor attend the funeral of the dead; for this would be a legal and ceremonial defilement, and it is prohibited Lev 21:1 . The Jews tell us that he who comes within four cubits of the dead is defiled; and the law, though it determine not at what distance such are defiled, it doth determine that they are unclean till evening by touch or coming near the carcass of any but man, and the defilement by coming near a dead man lasted seven days.

But for father & c: the priest was indulged in the death of so near relations, as Lev 21:2,3 , where they are reckoned up as ill this verse.

They may defile themselves mourn for them, touch them, be at their funerals, and show their natural affections to them.

Poole: Eze 44:26 - After he is cleansed // They After he is cleansed after that for seven days he hath kept from the dead, by which the Jews accounted a man was cleansed, for as nearness did defile...

After he is cleansed after that for seven days he hath kept from the dead, by which the Jews accounted a man was cleansed, for as nearness did defile, so absence did cleanse in this case.

They the priests, who are about the house of God,

shall reckon unto him seven days shall appoint seven days more to this defiled person for his cleansing, before he is admitted into the sanctuary.

Poole: Eze 44:27 - The sanctuary // To minister // Sin-offering During the days of his uncleanness he kept out of the sanctuary; when the days of purifying are fulfilled he then may go in. The sanctuary not the...

During the days of his uncleanness he kept out of the sanctuary; when the days of purifying are fulfilled he then may go in.

The sanctuary not the temple itself, but, as the next words have it, the inner court.

To minister to execute the priest’ s office.

Sin-offering: it is not said what this should be, nor doth that Lev 6:21 refer to this. I think rather that, Lev 4:3 , a young bullock was to be this sin-offering in purifying as it was in consecrating him, Eze 43:19 .

Poole: Eze 44:28 - For an inheritance // I am their inheritance // Ye shall give them no possession // I am their possession Sin-offering being mentioned immediately before, gives the occasion of repeating the provision made for the priests, for under this one all other of...

Sin-offering being mentioned immediately before, gives the occasion of repeating the provision made for the priests, for under this one all other offerings are couched; and if the Lord do so expressly require a defiled priest to bring his sin-offering, in which the ministering priests had their share, he would expect the same of all Israel, which would amount to a great sum.

For an inheritance instead of lands and cities.

I am their inheritance God is the inheritance of all his people, but especially of his priests; and so what is given to God, by him is assigned to his officers.

Ye shall give them no possession as the rest of the tribes had.

I am their possession the peculiar blessing of God on them, and their share in his offerings, was a very rich possession.

Poole: Eze 44:29 - Every dedicated thing We must not think that the whole of these were eat, God had his part, and the priest his part too; somewhat of each came to the priest. Every dedic...

We must not think that the whole of these were eat, God had his part, and the priest his part too; somewhat of each came to the priest.

Every dedicated thing as first-fruits, and tithes, &c., the priest had part of them.

Poole: Eze 44:30 - And the first // Every oblation // Of every sort // The first of your dough // That he And the first so soon as the first-fruits are ripe in the field, your vineyards and olive-yards, &c.; nay, redemption money for the first-born of man...

And the first so soon as the first-fruits are ripe in the field, your vineyards and olive-yards, &c.; nay, redemption money for the first-born of man was theirs.

Every oblation whether free-will offering or prescribed.

Of every sort of what sort soever, whether of flock, or herd, &c.

The first of your dough: it is conceived this was of every mass of dough they made, and of the first of the dough which every year they first made of the new corn, as by the custom of the Jews at this day appears, who, since they cannot give to the priest, will burn a little cake of every batch in the oven.

That he the priest, may bless and pray for thee.

Poole: Eze 44:31 - -- This was forbidden to all the Jews, much more to the priests, Exo 22:31 Lev 22:8 .

This was forbidden to all the Jews, much more to the priests, Exo 22:31 Lev 22:8 .

Haydock: Eze 44:2-3 - Opened // Shut // Lord // Porch Opened. No man perfectly understands the Scriptures but the Son of God, Matthew xi. 27. (St. Jerome) --- This also insinuates, that Mary ever rema...

Opened. No man perfectly understands the Scriptures but the Son of God, Matthew xi. 27. (St. Jerome) ---

This also insinuates, that Mary ever remained a pure virgin. (St. Augustine, &c.) (Worthington) ---

Shut, even for the prince. Some (Haydock) kings of Juda claimed the privilege of entering by it at any time, and passed through a part of the court assigned to the priests, 2 Paralipomenon vi. 12., and 4 Kings xvi. 18. This shall be no longer tolerated. The gate might be opened in the week days if the prince wished to offer sacrifice, but not else, except on the sabbaths, chap. xlvi. 1, 12. ---

Lord, in peace offerings and religious feasts. ---

Porch. Each had two doors, chap. xlvi. 2. (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 44:4 - Face Face. This astonishment and attention (ver. 5.) intimate the mysteries of the Church, prefigured by the Jewish rites. (Worthington)

Face. This astonishment and attention (ver. 5.) intimate the mysteries of the Church, prefigured by the Jewish rites. (Worthington)

Haydock: Eze 44:5 - Ways Ways, or "the going in," and all that concerns the temple and sacrifices.

Ways, or "the going in," and all that concerns the temple and sacrifices.

Haydock: Eze 44:7 - Flesh // Doings Flesh. People of this description were not to enter the temple, which is here called the sanctuary, even though they adored God. In some cases pa...

Flesh. People of this description were not to enter the temple, which is here called the sanctuary, even though they adored God. In some cases pagans were admitted into any part, except the most holy. Epiphanes (Calmet) and Pompey forced their passage thither, to the great sorrow of the Jews. (Josephus, Jewish Wars i. 5.) See Ecclesiasticus lii., and Acts xxi. 28. ---

During the plundering of the city, the Chaldeans did the like; (Lamentations i. 10.; Haydock) and while idols were set up, all rules were neglected. ---

Doings. You observe the exterior, and not the spirit of religion.

Haydock: Eze 44:8 - Yourselves Yourselves, out of ambition, contrary to the regulations of David. (Calmet)

Yourselves, out of ambition, contrary to the regulations of David. (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 44:10 - Levites Levites, or priests, (Haydock) who were seduced by Jeroboam, or offered victims on the high places, 4 Kings xxiii. 9. Such lost their privileges and...

Levites, or priests, (Haydock) who were seduced by Jeroboam, or offered victims on the high places, 4 Kings xxiii. 9. Such lost their privileges and were condemned to serve in the meanest offices. It seems the race of Ithamar was alone guilty, and the threat against his house was now put in execution, 1 Kings ii. 39., and iii. 14., and Leviticus xxi. 17., and 2 Esdras vii. 64. (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 44:11 - Slay Slay. Levites might do this, but the priests poured the blood round the altar, ver. 15. They could not well slay all the victims.

Slay. Levites might do this, but the priests poured the blood round the altar, ver. 15. They could not well slay all the victims.

Haydock: Eze 44:15 - And Levites And Levites, of the higher order. (Haydock) --- No simple Levites wee of this family. It enjoyed the high priesthood form the time of Solomon.

And Levites, of the higher order. (Haydock) ---

No simple Levites wee of this family. It enjoyed the high priesthood form the time of Solomon.

Haydock: Eze 44:17 - Court // Linen Court; that is to do duty. --- Linen. Wool might have been taken from a dead sheep, which would render the person unclean. (Calmet)

Court; that is to do duty. ---

Linen. Wool might have been taken from a dead sheep, which would render the person unclean. (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 44:18 - Sweat Sweat, or so as to make them perspire. Septuagint, "girded violently." (Haydock) --- They must have liberty to move, (St. Jerome) and have the gir...

Sweat, or so as to make them perspire. Septuagint, "girded violently." (Haydock) ---

They must have liberty to move, (St. Jerome) and have the girdle about their breast. (Braun.)

Haydock: Eze 44:19 - Sanctify // Sanctify Sanctify, by exposing them to the danger of touching the sacred vestments, which none were to touch but they that were sanctified. (Challoner) --- ...

Sanctify, by exposing them to the danger of touching the sacred vestments, which none were to touch but they that were sanctified. (Challoner) ---

Sanctify here means to defile, Exodus xxx. 29., (Calmet) and xxix. 37. Holy things must be done in holy places. (Worthington) ---

Divine religion has different clothing for the ministry, from what is used in common life. (St. Jerome) (Exodus xxviii. 40.) (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 44:20 - Shave Shave, like the priests of Isis. (Juvenal vi.)

Shave, like the priests of Isis. (Juvenal vi.)

Haydock: Eze 44:21 - Wine Wine. Leviticus x. 9. The priests on duty abstain from wine. (Josephus, Jewish Wars vi. 15.)

Wine. Leviticus x. 9. The priests on duty abstain from wine. (Josephus, Jewish Wars vi. 15.)

Haydock: Eze 44:22 - Widow Widow. Moses laid this restraint upon the high priest, Leviticus xxi. 13. (Calmet)

Widow. Moses laid this restraint upon the high priest, Leviticus xxi. 13. (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 44:25 - Unclean Unclean, attending the funeral, which inferior priests alone might do, Leviticus xxi. 10. (Menochius)

Unclean, attending the funeral, which inferior priests alone might do, Leviticus xxi. 10. (Menochius)

Haydock: Eze 44:27 - Day Day, after the seven first, (Calmet) though this would be a new regulation. (Menochius)

Day, after the seven first, (Calmet) though this would be a new regulation. (Menochius)

Haydock: Eze 44:28 - No No. This is omitted in Hebrew, Septuagint, &c. God was their portion. (Calmet) --- They had no land but what lay near their cities. (Haydock)

No. This is omitted in Hebrew, Septuagint, &c. God was their portion. (Calmet) ---

They had no land but what lay near their cities. (Haydock)

Gill: Eze 44:1 - Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary // and which looketh toward the east // and it was shut Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary,.... The prophet was brought by his divine guide, from the altar of burnt offerin...

Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary,.... The prophet was brought by his divine guide, from the altar of burnt offerings, which stood before the house, where he had given him the dimensions of it, and the ordinances concerning it, to the temple or holy place, called the outward sanctuary, in distinction from the inward sanctuary, or holy of holies; and to one of the gates of it, which was a gate of the inner court:

and which looketh toward the east: the eastern gate, and was the same he had been at before, and therefore is said to be brought back the way of it; see Eze 43:1,

and it was shut; when he was there before, it was open; for he saw the glory of the Lord enter into the house by the way of it; but now it was shut, and for that reason, because he had entered into it; signifying, among other things, that he would never return, or remove from thence any more. The Misnic doctors d interpret this of one of the little doors to the great gate of the temple, that had two little doors, one in the north, the other in the south; that which was in the south no man ever entered in by, and this they say is understood here; but it is not a little door, but a gate here spoken of, and that the eastern one; of which more in the following verses.

Gill: Eze 44:2 - Then said the Lord unto me, this gate shall be shut // it shall not be opened // and no man shall enter in by it // because the Lord the God of Israel hath entered in by it // therefore it shall be shut Then said the Lord unto me, this gate shall be shut,.... In time to come, as Jarchi interprets it, in the latter day; it was shut, and it should conti...

Then said the Lord unto me, this gate shall be shut,.... In time to come, as Jarchi interprets it, in the latter day; it was shut, and it should continue to be shut:

it shall not be opened; any more; though it has been, yet hereafter no more:

and no man shall enter in by it, into the house of the Lord,

because the Lord the God of Israel hath entered in by it; the same with the glory of the God of Israel, Eze 43:2,

therefore it shall be shut; no one being to enter after him. Various are the sentiments of expositors concerning this gate. Some of the ancients have interpreted it of the Virgin Mary, by whom Christ came into this world in human nature, being born of her, a virgin, who had never known man, and as is thought never did after the birth of Christ; nor were any afterwards born of her; no man might come into the world by her, by that self-same way the incarnate God did, and for that reason. This sense is approved of, not only by Papists, but by many Protestant writers. Others understand it of the Scriptures, the word of God, which as it is a sealed book to men learned and unlearned, so a gate shut up; it cannot be opened by a mere natural man, or be understood by the light of nature; none can open it but the Lion of the tribe of Judah; who gives the spiritual knowledge of it to whom he pleases, the perfect knowledge of which is reserved to a future state; and there are some things in it which will be always shut, and ever secrets; as the modus of the subsistence of the three Persons in the Godhead; the generation of the Son, the procession of the Spirit, and the union of the two natures in Christ; see Isa 29:11, others think that the gate of heaven, or the way to eternal glory and happiness, is meant; which was shut by the sin of man, and could never be opened again by any mere man; but Christ by his blood has opened the way into it; and has entered into it, not as a private, but public person, representing all his people; and none but those that belong to him, that are members of him, shall enter there; as none but Christ personal, so none but Christ mystical: but I am rather of opinion, since this whole fabric, as we have seen, is an emblem of the church of Christ on earth in the latter day, the way into that is designed here; and its being shut signifies, that, as the church is a garden enclosed, a spring shut up, and is only for the use of Christ, and should be a chaste virgin to him, he should have all her heart, affection, and faith; so it should not be pervious unto others; no natural or unregenerate man should enter into it; and when the Lord shall have taken up his residence in the church in the latter day, in a more spiritual and glorious manner than ever, there shall no more come into her the uncircumcised and the unclean, Isa 52:1, and especially in the New Jerusalem state nothing shall enter that defiles, or makes an abomination, or a lie, Rev 21:27 none but those that are Christ's, that are true members of his, and one with him; and this sense agrees with what follows in this chapter, and receives light and confirmation thereby; in which the Lord complains of the Israel and church of God in these its present declining times, that unregenerate persons were admitted into the sanctuary of the Lord, to communicate with the saints, and officiate there, Eze 44:7 and commends such who are faithful ministers and members, who are established therein, Eze 44:15.

Gill: Eze 44:3 - It is for the prince: the prince shall sit in it to eat bread before the Lord // he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same It is for the prince: the prince shall sit in it to eat bread before the Lord,.... Or, "as for the prince, the prince shall sit in it" e; in the gate ...

It is for the prince: the prince shall sit in it to eat bread before the Lord,.... Or, "as for the prince, the prince shall sit in it" e; in the gate which is shut to others: not the high priest, as Jarchi, though he might have a particular seat in the temple, as Eli had in the tabernacle, 1Sa 1:9, where he might eat the bread and flesh of holy things: nor the political prince, the king of Israel, though he might have a place in the temple peculiar to himself; see 2Ch 6:12, 2Ch 24:31, and the Jews say only the kings of the house of David were allowed to sit in the sanctuary: but the King Messiah, as Kimchi and Ben Melech rightly interpret it, is here meant; who before, in this prophecy, is called David a Prince, Eze 34:24, he who is the Prince of peace; Michael the great Prince; the Prince of life, and the Prince of the kings of the earth; the Messiah the Prince. Such who interpret the gate of the gate of heaven understand this of Christ's sitting down there at his Father's right hand, on the same throne with him, having done his work, and being at ease, and in honour; and of his enjoyment of glory there, as the heavenly glory is sometimes signified by a feast, by sitting down at a table, and eating bread in the kingdom of God, Mat 8:11, and so it may intend his being in the presence of God with the utmost delight and joy; having that glory he had with him before the world was, and all power in heaven and in earth; dispensing gifts and grace to men, and receiving honour and glory from them, and seeing the travail of his soul with satisfaction: but why may it not be understood, more consistent with the scope of the vision, of his sitting in his church, at his table there with his saints, eating with them, and they with him, in his word and ordinances before the Lord? see Son 1:12,

he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same; which some explain of Christ's ascension to heaven, and descent from thence in the same way; he went up to heaven in the eastern part of the world, from the mount of Olives, to the east of Jerusalem; and in like manner shall he descend, and his feet shall stand on that mount, Act 1:11, but it may be interpreted of his going in and out of his church at his will and pleasure; and affording his gracious presence and fellowship with himself in his house and ordinances,

Gill: Eze 44:4 - Then brought he me the way of the north gate before the house // and I looked, and, behold, the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord // and I fell upon my face Then brought he me the way of the north gate before the house,.... The north gate of the inward court, whither he was brought from the east gate, whic...

Then brought he me the way of the north gate before the house,.... The north gate of the inward court, whither he was brought from the east gate, which was shut: this, and what follow, may have some respect to the churches in these our northern parts of the world, in their now declining circumstances, which are aptly represented in some following verses; but will hereafter be filled with the glory of the Lord, as follows:

and I looked, and, behold, the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord; as he had seen at the eastern gate, Eze 43:2,

and I fell upon my face; as he had done before, under a sense of the greatness and glory of the divine Majesty, and of his own vileness and unworthiness; see Eze 43:3.

Gill: Eze 44:5 - And the Lord said unto me, son of man // mark well // and behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine ears all that I say unto thee // mark well the entering in of the house, with every going forth of the sanctuary And the Lord said unto me, son of man,.... This is still the voice of the Lord speaking out of the house to the prophet, Eze 43:6, mark well; or, "...

And the Lord said unto me, son of man,.... This is still the voice of the Lord speaking out of the house to the prophet, Eze 43:6,

mark well; or, "set thine heart" f; be attentive to what is about to be said, as being of great concern and importance:

and behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine ears all that I say unto thee; heart, eyes, and ears, are all to be employed in the most diligent manner in regarding the things hereafter delivered; the same expressions exciting attention were used at the first of this vision, Eze 40:4, concerning all the ordinances of the house of the Lord, and all the laws thereof; See Gill on Eze 43:11,

mark well the entering in of the house, with every going forth of the sanctuary; the way of entrance into the Gospel church, and the manner of exclusion from it, and the laws and rules concerning these; the prophet is bid particularly to observe these well, because it was in these things God's professing people chiefly offended, as appears by what follows; they were not so careful as they should have been in the admission of persons among them, or in the exclusion of delinquents.

Gill: Eze 44:6 - And thou shalt say to the rebellious, even to the house of Israel // thus saith the Lord God, O ye house of Israel, let it suite you of all your abominations And thou shalt say to the rebellious, even to the house of Israel,.... This is a character of literal Israel from the beginning, Deu 9:24, and frequen...

And thou shalt say to the rebellious, even to the house of Israel,.... This is a character of literal Israel from the beginning, Deu 9:24, and frequently given it in this prophecy, Eze 2:2, Eze 3:9 and well agrees with these declining churches in the latter day, and even in our times; it represents them as rebellious, because of their disregard to the ordinances of God's house, and to the laws and rules of it; and are not only called "rebellious", but "rebellion" g itself; expressive of the greatness of their sin, and the aggravations of it:

thus saith the Lord God, O ye house of Israel, let it suite you of all your abominations; that is, let the abominations you have committed, will worship and superstition, paying a regard to the doctrines and commandments of men, be sufficient; stop and proceed no further; relinquish those things which are so abominable in my sight; let the time past suffice to have wrought them; cease entirely from them; see 1Pe 4:3, these abominations are more particularly expressed in the following words.

Gill: Eze 44:7 - In that ye have brought into my sanctuary strangers // and uncircumcised in heart // and uncircumcised in flesh // to be in my sanctuary, to pollute it, even my house // when ye offer my bread, the fat and the blood // and they have broken my covenant, because of all your abominations In that ye have brought into my sanctuary strangers,.... Unregenerate men, who are in a state of alienation and estrangement to divine and spiritual t...

In that ye have brought into my sanctuary strangers,.... Unregenerate men, who are in a state of alienation and estrangement to divine and spiritual things: strangers to God; to the true knowledge of him in Christ; to the fear and love of God; to the true grace of God in conversion; and to communion with him: strangers to Christ, to his person and offices; to the way of peace, life, and salvation by him; to his righteousness; to faith in him, love of him, and fellowship with him: strangers to the Spirit; to his person, to regeneration and sanctification by him; to the graces of the Spirit, faith, hope, love, humility, self-denial, &c.; to the things of the Spirit, which they neither know nor savour; and to the several offices he performs, as a comforter, the Spirit of adoption, an earnest and sealer: strangers to their own hearts, and the plague of them, and sin that dwells in them: strangers to the nature of sin, and the exceeding sinfulness of it; to the deceitfulness of sin, and the consequences of it; to true repentance for it, and to the right way of atonement of it, by the blood of Christ: strangers to the Gospel of Christ, and the truths of it; and to the saints and people of God:

and uncircumcised in heart; who never were pricked in the heart for sin, or felt any pain there on account of it; never had the hardness of their heart removed, or the impurity of it discovered to them; never were filled with shame and loathing because of it; or ever put off the body of sins in a course of conversation; or renounced their own righteousness:

and uncircumcised in flesh; carnal, as they were born; men in the flesh, in a state of nature, mind and savour the things of the flesh, and do the works of it; having never been taught by the grace of God to deny ungodliness, and worldly lusts, and to abstain from fleshly ones: or, who put their trust in the flesh, in outward things, in carnal privileges, and external righteousness: these the Lord complains were brought

to be in my sanctuary, to pollute it, even my house: either to be members here, and partake of all the ordinances and privileges of the Lord's house; or to officiate here as priests and ministers of the Lord:

when ye offer my bread, the fat and the blood; which, under the law, were the Lord's; and here signify the ministry of the word and ordinances, the goodness and fatness of the Lord's house; and especially the ordinance of the Lord's supper, that feast of fat things; in which Christ, the true and living bread of God, whose flesh is meat indeed, and whose blood is drink indeed, is represented to the faith of God's people:

and they have broken my covenant, because of all your abominations: that is, have broken the rule of the divine word and everlasting Gospel by such abominations; by admitting such ministers and members, the one to administer, the other to partake of, Gospel ordinances: this is the true state of the case of most of the reformed churches in our days; it is to be feared that there are multitudes of unregenerate ministers in them; that they are full of carnal professors; and notorious it is that the ordinance of the Lord's supper is prostituted to wicked persons, and to answer ends it never was designed for; which must be an abomination to the Lord.

Gill: Eze 44:8 - And ye have not kept the charge of mine holy things // but ye have set keepers of my charge in my sanctuary for yourselves And ye have not kept the charge of mine holy things,.... That is, have not kept and retained the holy doctrines of the Gospel; nor observed the holy o...

And ye have not kept the charge of mine holy things,.... That is, have not kept and retained the holy doctrines of the Gospel; nor observed the holy ordinances of it, as they were first delivered:

but ye have set keepers of my charge in my sanctuary for yourselves; meaning either, that such as were in public office did not attend to it; but were idol shepherds, and left the flock, their care and charge, to others, to surrogates and curates, to do their work for them; while they indulged themselves in sloth and idleness: or that the members and hearers set up preachers for themselves, according to their lusts, agreeable to their own carnal sentiments, without any regard to the will and glory of God.

Gill: Eze 44:9 - Thus saith the Lord God // no stranger uncircumcised in heart, nor uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter into my sanctuary // of any stranger that is among the children of Israel Thus saith the Lord God,.... This that follows is the law and rule to be observed, and which will be observed by the churches in the latter day, thoug...

Thus saith the Lord God,.... This that follows is the law and rule to be observed, and which will be observed by the churches in the latter day, though so little regarded now:

no stranger uncircumcised in heart, nor uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter into my sanctuary; of these See Gill on Eze 44:7 unregenerate men may not be admitted members of a Gospel church; for that is holy, and holiness becomes it; but they are unholy, and as unfit to be received as swine into a king's palace; saints and they cannot talk together, their language being different, they are barbarians to one another; nor can they walk together, being not agreed in sentiment and practice; besides, such persons disquiet the churches of Christ by their quarrelsome behaviour in it, and immoral conversation out of it; and are dangerous and infectious persons, whether heterodox in principle, or immoral in life: and much less should such be admitted to public service, to preach the word, and administer ordinances; since they should be holy that bear the vessels of the Lord, his name, and Gospel; they are blind and ignorant, and so not apt and fit to teach others; they are dumb, and cannot speak to cases they are strangers to, as those of wounded consciences, tempted and deserted, or backslidden ones; they will bring in strange doctrines, foreign to the Scriptures, and the experience of saints; and it is no wonder they are unsuccessful in their ministry, and churches do not thrive under them; to which, among other things, we must impute the great decline of religion, even among Protestant dissenters, who, it is to be feared, have too many of this character among them: but there should not be here

of any stranger that is among the children of Israel; though they are among them, nay, though they are the children of them, and have had a religious education; yet being strangers to the grace of God, should not be admitted members, and much less ministers, of the churches of Christ.

Gill: Eze 44:10 - And the Levites that are gone away far from me // when Israel went astray, which went astray away from me after their idols // they shall even bear their iniquity And the Levites that are gone away far from me,.... These Levites were priests, as appears from Eze 44:13, who professed themselves Gospel preachers, ...

And the Levites that are gone away far from me,.... These Levites were priests, as appears from Eze 44:13, who professed themselves Gospel preachers, ministers of the reformed churches; but departed from the reformation principles; erred from the faith; and either mixed it with the doctrines of men, or wholly dropped, concealed, or dissembled it; departed from the word of God, as the rule of faith and practice; and set up their own reason as their guide in matters of religion; were gone off from the pure worship of God and his ordinances, and entirely neglected the discipline of his house:

when Israel went astray, which went astray away from me after their idols; though there may be an allusion to some apostasy of literal Israel, under the Old Testament, and from whence language may be borrowed to express this; either to the Israelites joining themselves to Baalpeor in the fields of Moab, in the time of Phinehas, who was zealous and faithful to the Lord, from whom Zadok descended after mentioned: or to the defection in the times of Jeroboam and Rehoboam, when all Israel forsook the word of the Lord: or to the times of Ahaz, when Uriah the priest made an altar like to that at Damascus by the king's order; and which idolatrous practices increased in the times of Manasseh; when, no doubt, many of the priests and Levites, either through fear of kings, or on account of gain, and for the sake of their livelihood, departed from the Lord and his worship: but the reference is to a defection in the times of the New Testament, and in the latter days of those times; not to the falling away of the church of Rome, and its departure from the faith and order of the Gospel, predicted 2Th 2:3, though, no doubt, some truly godly ministers have been carried away with the errors of that church, and afterwards restored, as these Levites: but the case here referred to is the declension in the reformed churches; their formality; their great imperfection in the service of God; their departure from the doctrine of faith they once heard and received, which they are called upon to repent of; their defiling themselves with superstition and will worship, and going after the idols of their own hearts, corrupt reason, the doctrines and inventions of men, and carnal rites and ceremonies; see Rev 3:1,

they shall even bear their iniquity; that is, the Levites, priests, or ministers; they shall bear the shame and disgrace, when they come to see their errors, and the punishment and chastisement of their sin, of which hereafter.

Gill: Eze 44:11 - Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary // having charge at the gates of the house // and ministering to the house // they shall slay the burnt offering, and the sacrifice for the people // and they shall stand before them to minister unto them Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary,.... Though degraded from their office as priests and ministers of the word, yet being restored from their...

Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary,.... Though degraded from their office as priests and ministers of the word, yet being restored from their sins and errors, shall have a place in the house of God, and do their work there in a less honourable and a more servile way; as in former times, when ministers had sinned foully, and were degraded from their office, upon repentance they were not restored to that, but only admitted to lay communion; see 2Ki 23:9,

having charge at the gates of the house; like those sort of Levites who were porters and doorkeepers in the temple, or like our sextons or pew openers now:

and ministering to the house; employed as the Gibeonites were in hewing wood and bringing water for the use of the sanctuary, or in repairing of it; learning and exercising the business of smiths, masons, and carpenters:

they shall slay the burnt offering, and the sacrifice for the people; not bring it to the altar, and offer it there; only slay it, and skin it for the priests; which is not to be understood literally, there being no such sacrifice in Gospel times; but to denote the menial service and inferior post that such shall be employed in; if they have no trade, they shall learn one, in order to get a livelihood for themselves, and be serviceable to the interest of religion in a lower way; but ministers of the word they shall not be:

and they shall stand before them to minister unto them; either before the priests, whose servants they shall be, or before the people; signifying that those that sin publicly shall be rebuked before all.

Gill: Eze 44:12 - Because they ministered unto them before their idols // and caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity // therefore have I lifted up mine hand against them, saith the Lord // and they shall bear their iniquity Because they ministered unto them before their idols,.... Had officiated for them in the priest's office, their idols being in the courts of the Lord ...

Because they ministered unto them before their idols,.... Had officiated for them in the priest's office, their idols being in the courts of the Lord at the same time; or preached unto them false doctrines, such as are not agreeable to the word of God; and led them into superstition and will worship, and confirmed them therein:

and caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity; or, "were for a stumbling block of iniquity" h; unto them the means of their stumbling and falling; by their ministrations, teaching them unsound doctrine; and by their practices and example, leading them into a way of false worship, and dissoluteness of life and conversation; who ought to have been examples to them in word and conversation, in faith and purity:

therefore have I lifted up mine hand against them, saith the Lord; to smite and afflict them, and chastise them for the same; or, "upon them", or "concerning them" i; and so it may be expressive of an oath, of which lifting up the hand is a sign; wherefore, that what the Lord had said of them might be believed and expected, he swears to it:

and they shall bear their iniquity; which is repeated for the confirmation and certainty of it; see Eze 44:10, what is meant by it follows.

Gill: Eze 44:13 - And they shall not come near unto me, to do the office of priest unto me // nor to come near to any of my holy things in the most holy place // but they shall bear their shame, and their abominations which they have committed And they shall not come near unto me, to do the office of priest unto me,.... To bring the sacrifice to the altar, and offer it there; to sprinkle the...

And they shall not come near unto me, to do the office of priest unto me,.... To bring the sacrifice to the altar, and offer it there; to sprinkle the blood, or burn the fat, or the incense; to intercede for the people, or bless them; see Hos 4:6,

nor to come near to any of my holy things in the most holy place; to do any business, either in the holy or in the most holy place; to offer holy things, or eat of them. The sense is, that these degraded ministers, who had sinned so greatly, and had fallen so foully, though restored by repentance; yet should not preach the word, nor administer any ordinance:

but they shall bear their shame, and their abominations which they have committed; that is, the shame of their abominations, of their abominable principles and practices, which they have held and maintained; being publicly disgraced and degraded, and so notoriously distinguished.

Gill: Eze 44:14 - But I will make them keepers of the charge of the house // for all the service thereof, and for all that shall be done therein But I will make them keepers of the charge of the house,.... To be watchmen or porters in it; to open and shut the doors of it; to sweep and keep it c...

But I will make them keepers of the charge of the house,.... To be watchmen or porters in it; to open and shut the doors of it; to sweep and keep it clean; to repair and mend it, and to do such like works, as it follows:

for all the service thereof, and for all that shall be done therein; in a servile way; but not as priests or ministers of the word.

Gill: Eze 44:15 - But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok // that kept the charge of my sanctuary, when the children of Israel went astray from me // they shall come near to me to minister unto me // and they shall stand before me, to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord God But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok;.... The priests who were of the tribe of Levi, whom the Lord chose and separated, to minister to him, ...

But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok;.... The priests who were of the tribe of Levi, whom the Lord chose and separated, to minister to him, and so had a lawful call to this office, and were regularly invested with it; and design true and lawful, as well as faithful, ministers of the word; these are called the sons of Zadok, who descended from Eleazar the son of Aaron in the line of Phinehas, to whom the Lord promised the everlasting priesthood, and who was put into this office by Solomon in the room of Abiathar, 1Ki 2:35, his name signifies "righteous", and was a type of Christ; who, as a divine Person, is essentially righteous; as man, truly and perfectly so; and, as Mediator, God's righteous servant; and who, by his obedience and sufferings, is the author of righteousness to his people; who are his spiritual seed and offspring; children given him of his Father; who have his sonship and adoption through him, and are born of him, his Spirit, and grace; and these are made righteous by him, through his righteousness imputed to them, and may be rightly called sons of Zadok: and this agrees with all the saints; and who, under the Gospel dispensation, are all priests, and offer up themselves, souls and bodies, and their spiritual sacrifices of prayer and praise, unto God by Christ; though all have not a right to preach the word, and administer ordinances, as ministers lawfully called have, and who seem to be more particularly designed here; and such as are regenerated persons, and justified by Christ's righteousness, and preach the doctrine of free justification by it, are the only fit persons for such an office:

that kept the charge of my sanctuary, when the children of Israel went astray from me; that kept and held fast the pure doctrines of the Gospel, committed as a sacred depositum to them, without mixture, and without wavering, with courage and valour; though a greater number were on the other side, and though they were reproached and persecuted for it; and who taught the people to keep the ordinances of the Gospel as they were first delivered, in faith and love, and without sinister ends, and so administered them themselves; and such faithful ministers and members of churches, especially in a time of great declension and general defection, God takes notice of, and has promised them great and good things; see Rev 2:7.

they shall come near to me to minister unto me; in holy things to his people, which is called ministering unto him; as to pray to him for them; lo preach to them in his name, and administer ordinances: all the saints indeed are priests, and may draw nigh to God through Christ; men are at a distance from him, through sin; there is no coming near to him but by Christ; and this coming near is not local, but spiritual, and includes all acts of worship, particularly prayer; and is a great favour and blessing:

and they shall stand before me, to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord God; which, under the law, were both the Lord's; the one was burnt, and the other sprinkled, on divers things, and in various places: here it may respect the administration of the ordinance of the Lord's supper, that feast of fat things, and which may be eminently called the goodness and fatness of the house of God; and in which the blood of Christ is represented as shed for the remission of sins, and as spiritual drink indeed to believers; and the sacrifice of Christ is commemorated, the feast being kept in remembrance of that.

Gill: Eze 44:16 - They shall enter into my sanctuary // and they shall come near to my table to minister unto me // and they shall keep my charge They shall enter into my sanctuary,.... Both to officiate, and to participate, which strangers and uncircumcised persons might not do, Eze 44:9, an...

They shall enter into my sanctuary,.... Both to officiate, and to participate, which strangers and uncircumcised persons might not do, Eze 44:9,

and they shall come near to my table to minister unto me; which some understand of the altar of burnt offering, which was as a table, and the sacrifice on it was the food of the Lord, Lev 3:11, others, the altar of incense; see Eze 41:22. Kimchi interprets it of the table of shewbread; but, whatever is meant in the letter, the mystical sense is, the ordinance of the Lord's supper, called the Lord's table, 1Co 10:21, a table richly spread, and well furnished with spiritual provision: here Christ himself sits, bids his people welcome, eats with them, and they with him; and here all the saints are guests, and ministers in particular officiate:

and they shall keep my charge; continue to do so; for this they did before, Eze 44:15, but now should be confirmed in their office, and never be displaced, as others; they that honour God he will honour, 1Sa 2:30.

Gill: Eze 44:17 - And it shall come to pass, that when they enter in at the gates of the inner court // they shall be clothed with linen garments // and no wool shall come upon them, while they minister in the gates of the inner court, and within // they shall be clothed, and minister And it shall come to pass, that when they enter in at the gates of the inner court,.... The priests before described; when they enter the right way in...

And it shall come to pass, that when they enter in at the gates of the inner court,.... The priests before described; when they enter the right way into a true Gospel church, consisting of such who are internally renewed, and have an inward work of grace upon their hearts, and are inward court worshippers; either as private Christians, to pray together, to praise the Lord, to hear his word, and sit down at his table; or as public ministers, to preach the Gospel, and administer ordinances:

they shall be clothed with linen garments; meaning not the outward conversation garments of the Lord's people; nor their inward garment of sanctification; but the robe of Christ's righteousness, and garments of salvation; that fine linen, clean and white, which is the righteousness of the saints; and which, though but one, serves for many; and answers not only all the purposes of a garment, but even of many, of change of raiment: like a garment, it is on, and not in, the saints; it is put upon them by imputation; and, like a garment, it covers them, protects them from all injuries, keeps them warm and comfortable, and beautifies and adorns them; and is compared to linen for its whiteness and purity; see Rev 3:18 and in this all the people of God, ministers and private Christians, perform all their services in the house of God; making mention of this, and of this only, whereby they become acceptable unto God, Psa 71:16,

and no wool shall come upon them, while they minister in the gates of the inner court, and within; it is certain that the priests under the law had wool upon them in the time of their ministry; for the purple, blue, and scarlet, as the Jewish writers k observe, were all of them dyed wool; of which, with other things, the girdle common to all the priests, and the ephod and breast plate of the high priest, were made, Exo 28:5, and which they wore in their common service: to the Jews in general it was not lawful to wear a garment of linen and woollen, Lev 19:19 and therefore, as Josephus says l, to the priests only it was allowed to wear such a garment; and it is common with the Jewish doctors m to observe, that

"the priests were not clothed to minister in the temple but with wool and linen;''

indeed, on the day of atonement, the high priest, when he went into the holiest of all, had only linen garments on him; and of the service of this day Jarchi interprets the text; but Kimchi rightly objects, that the holiest of all cannot be called a court; and besides, it is said in the plural number,

they shall be clothed, and minister; whereas only the high priest went into the most holy place; and therefore he truly observes, that this is a new thing to be done in future times: and this is true of the spiritual priesthood of saints and ministers of the Gospel, who are to have no wool upon them in their ministrations, whether in a more private or public way; who are, and should profess to be, justified by the righteousness of Christ only, without any works of their own to be joined with it; which to do is unnecessary, indecent, and dangerous: wool is observed to be the clothing of brute beasts, and therefore not a fit emblem of the clothing of saints; and likewise of such as are most slow, and sluggish, and inactive n, and so an emblem of sloth; and which ought not to be in any of the people of God, and especially in ministers, who of all men should not be slothful in business, but fervent in spirit, serving the Lord. It may be further observed, that clothes made of wool are heavy, and render unfit for business, and cause sweat, which is offensive; and which seems to be a reason, Eze 44:18, why wool should not be upon them, only linen garments wore by them; that they might be more quick and expeditious in the dispatch of business, and avoid everything that gives offence, that the ministry may not be blamed: woollen clothes are also liable to moths, and worms, and to contract filth; and may signify that the priests of the Lord should be clear of carnal and sensual lusts; these should not be upon them, or they under the predominance of them, and particularly avarice; they should feed the flock, and not fleece it and clothe themselves with the wool of it, Eze 34:2. The phrase, "and within", or "in the house", seems to denote some place distinct from the inner court, even the more inmost place of the temple, the holy of holies; which signifies heaven itself, into which only the high priest entered once a year, typical of Christ's entering into heaven; and who has opened a way, and given all his people, who are priests unto God, boldness to enter there also by prayer, in the exercise of faith and hope; and which service they perform in the righteousness of Christ, and that only; see Heb 9:8.

Gill: Eze 44:18 - And they shall have linen bonnets upon their heads // and shall have linen breeches upon their loins // they shall not gird themselves with anything that causeth sweat // they shall not gird themselves loosely And they shall have linen bonnets upon their heads,.... Denoting gravity and modesty, subjection to God, and authority among men under him; and also p...

And they shall have linen bonnets upon their heads,.... Denoting gravity and modesty, subjection to God, and authority among men under him; and also purity of doctrine, and clearness of light and knowledge:

and shall have linen breeches upon their loins; expressive of chastity; see Exo 28:40,

they shall not gird themselves with anything that causeth sweat; so not with wool, which is apt to cause sweat; and is thought to be the reason why it is forbidden in the preceding verse; and so this girdle must be different from the priest's girdle under the law, for that had wool in it: sweat is of an ill smell, and very offensive; and may denote unsound doctrine and immorality in life and conversation, which give offence, and cause the ministry to be blamed, to which is opposed the girdle of truth and holiness, Eph 6:14. The Talmudic doctors interpret this of the place of girding, which is liable to sweat; and they say o,

"they used not to gird neither below the loins, nor above the arm holes; but over against, or about the armholes;''

which is observed by Jarchi and Kimchi on the text; and the Targum is,

"they shall not gird upon or about the loins, but about the heart;''

that is, about the breast or paps; hence Christ our great High Priest is described as girt about the paps with a golden girdle, Rev 1:13 so these are girt that are made priests by him; denoting their hearty zeal and affection for the truths of his Gospel, and the honour of his name, and their readiness to serve and glorify him: or,

they shall not gird themselves loosely p; in a negligent manner, which is both indecent, and hinders business.

Gill: Eze 44:19 - And when they go forth into the utter court // even into the utter court to the people // they shall put off their garments wherein they ministered, and lay them in the holy chambers // and they shall put on other garments // and they shall not sanctify the people with their garments And when they go forth into the utter court,.... Out of the inner court where they minister, when they have done their service: even into the utter...

And when they go forth into the utter court,.... Out of the inner court where they minister, when they have done their service:

even into the utter court to the people; out of the church into the world, where the people are, doing their business, whether good men or bad:

they shall put off their garments wherein they ministered, and lay them in the holy chambers; the north and south chambers; See Gill on Eze 42:13, Eze 42:14,

and they shall put on other garments; which are their outward conversation garments, which are proper to appear in before men, for the honour of religion; though not sufficient to appear in before God, and render acceptable unto him:

and they shall not sanctify the people with their garments; the garments of the priesthood were reckoned holy, whatsoever was holy, that which it touched accounted holy also; and therefore, to preserve a difference between the priests and the common people, they were not to wear their holy garments but in the time of service; or lest any superstitious notion should obtain among the people, that they were sanctified by touching their clothes; as the Papists give out, that if a man is buried in a monk's cowl, he shall be saved: or the sense is, that they should not possess the minds of the people with a notion of any real sanctity in their garments; or that their conversation garments, or good works, can be of any service to them: this may be opposed to works of supererogation.

Gill: Eze 44:20 - Neither shall they shave their heads // nor suffer their locks to grow long // they shall only poll their heads Neither shall they shave their heads,.... As the priests and worshippers of Isis and Serapis did, as Jerom on the text observes; and as the Romish pri...

Neither shall they shave their heads,.... As the priests and worshippers of Isis and Serapis did, as Jerom on the text observes; and as the Romish priests now do, from whom the Lord's faithful ministers must be distinguished:

nor suffer their locks to grow long; as the Nazarites, that a distinction might be preserved between those who were and were not such; or rather, after the manner of women, their locks hanging down, and flowing about their shoulders, as a token of levity, wantonness, effeminacy, pride, and vanity; see 1Co 11:14,

they shall only poll their heads; observe a medium between both; neither shave their heads close, nor let their hair grow long, but keep it in an even moderate length; for which reason godly men of the last age among us were called "round heads".

Gill: Eze 44:21 - Neither shall any priest drink wine // when they enter into the inner court Neither shall any priest drink wine,.... That is, to excess, immoderately, so as to be inebriated with it, Lev 10:9, should not be given to it, and gr...

Neither shall any priest drink wine,.... That is, to excess, immoderately, so as to be inebriated with it, Lev 10:9, should not be given to it, and greedy of it, and drink it so as to disguise themselves: this is reckoned among the qualifications of a Gospel minister, 1Ti 3:3, otherwise it is not forbidden good men, or ministers of the word, to drink wine, for health's sake, and for the refreshment of nature, provided it is done in moderation, 1Ti 5:23, and particularly care should be taken that they drink it in such a manner,

when they enter into the inner court: to attend divine service, since immoderate drinking affects the memory; and such may forget the law and doctrines of the Lord they are to deliver or hear; and may put them upon saying and doing that which is improper and indecent: drunkenness in any Christian professor is abominable, especially in a minister of the word; and when it appears in his ministration, it is scandalous to the last degree.

Gill: Eze 44:22 - Neither shall they take for their wives a widow // or her that is put away // but they shall take maidens of the seed of the house of Israel // or a widow that had a priest before Neither shall they take for their wives a widow,.... Who has been not only another man's, but at her own will, and done her own pleasure, and been her...

Neither shall they take for their wives a widow,.... Who has been not only another man's, but at her own will, and done her own pleasure, and been her own mistress, and so not easily brought into subjection, and to behave as becoming her station:

or her that is put away; or, "thrust forth" q; out of doors; whose husband has given her a bill of divorce; since she may be suspected of having done some ill thing:

but they shall take maidens of the seed of the house of Israel; virgins, and not of the families of unconverted persons, who have been brought up in an irreligious way, but of godly families, and who have had a religious education:

or a widow that had a priest before: and so used to religious exercises, and to the manner of living of such persons. All good men should be careful whom they marry, and especially ministers of the Gospel; who are here supposed and allowed to marry, contrary to the church of Rome, which forbids her priests to marry. It is observed by some, and with great propriety, that in the latter days antichristian churches will be disowned; and that godly faithful ministers will become pastors, and take the care of such churches, who are like a chaste virgin espoused to Christ, and such who have had faithful pastors over them before. This seems to refer to the law concerning the marriage of the high priest, Lev 21:13, and what is there enjoined him is here enjoined all the priests of the Lord; and therefore, as Kimchi rightly observes, this is a new rule respecting future times.

Gill: Eze 44:23 - And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the profane // and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the profane,.... Persons and things; not in a ceremonial, nor merely in a moral, bu...

And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the profane,.... Persons and things; not in a ceremonial, nor merely in a moral, but in an evangelical sense, between truth and error; between the doctrine which is according to godliness, and that which is corrupt and unsound, and eats as cloth a canker; between holy worship, and superstition; between holy duties, and profane and Heathen rites and ceremonies; and between persons sanctified by the Spirit and grace of God, and unconverted ones:

and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean; impure persons, doctrines, and manners, and those which are agreeable to the word of God; the sense is, that they shall take pains to instruct persons in the knowledge of divine things, and shall do it truly, faithfully, and sincerely.

Gill: Eze 44:24 - And in controversy they shall stand in judgment // and they shall judge it according to my judgments // and they shall keep my laws and my statutes in all mine assemblies // and they shall hallow my sabbaths And in controversy they shall stand in judgment,.... When any controversy arises among the saints concerning civil things, this shall not be carried i...

And in controversy they shall stand in judgment,.... When any controversy arises among the saints concerning civil things, this shall not be carried into a court of judicature, of the men of the world; but it shall be brought before the church, and there heard, tried, judged, and determined; the ministers of the word there presiding, who shall give the definitive sentence, and stand to it, and abide by it, 1Co 6:1 and when any controversy arises about the doctrines of the Gospel, or modes of worship, or rules of discipline, they shall rise up, discuss the point, determine the question, pass the sentence, and not depart from it:

and they shall judge it according to my judgments; not according to their own judgments, or according to their own fancies, or the reasonings of their own minds, but according to those directions and rules given in the word of God; which is profitable for the settling and establishing true doctrine, and the reproof and correction of error, and for the instruction of men in the paths of righteousness:

and they shall keep my laws and my statutes in all mine assemblies; which assemblies are the churches of Christ, gathered according to Gospel order; where the saints assemble together for divine worship, and where the Lord grants his presence; and where his word is preached, and his ordinances administered, and so called his; and of which assemblies Gospel ministers are the masters, and where they preside; and whose business is to observe the laws and statutes the Lord has made, and to interpret them unto the people, and enforce them on them, and see that they are kept by them:

and they shall hallow my sabbaths; such times as are appointed for divine worship; these they shall keep holy themselves, in the exercise both of private and public worship, and shall exhort and stir up all with whom they are concerned to do the same.

Gill: Eze 44:25 - And they shall come at no dead person to defile themselves // but for father, or for mother, or for son, or for daughter, for brother, or for sister that hath had no husband, they may defile themselves And they shall come at no dead person to defile themselves,.... Shall not come into places where they are, nor touch them, nor attend their funerals, ...

And they shall come at no dead person to defile themselves,.... Shall not come into places where they are, nor touch them, nor attend their funerals, Lev 21:1, that their work might not be interrupted, or they through grief and sorrow be made unfit for it, Mat 8:22, this, in a spiritual sense, may signify, that they should have no conversation or fellowship with men dead in trespasses and sins; and should abstain from all dead works, as all sinful ones are:

but for father, or for mother, or for son, or for daughter, for brother, or for sister that hath had no husband, they may defile themselves; by coming near them, touching them, at least attending their funerals, because of their near relation to them, and that natural sympathy and affection that must be in them: all sorrow and mourning for dead relations is not forbidden saints, nor ministers of the word; provided it is in moderation, and not to excess, and is not for gracious persons, as those without hope; and should as little as possible break in upon the duties of their office, 1Th 4:13.

Gill: Eze 44:26 - And after he is cleansed // they shall reckon unto him seven days And after he is cleansed,.... From any sin or iniquity, failing and imperfection, that he has been guilty of at such seasons, in mourning for the dead...

And after he is cleansed,.... From any sin or iniquity, failing and imperfection, that he has been guilty of at such seasons, in mourning for the dead, by a fresh application of the blood of Christ, which cleanses from all sin; typified by the water of separation, made of the ashes of the red heifer, by which those who were in this way ceremoniously unclean were cleansed, Heb 9:13,

they shall reckon unto him seven days; that is, seven days shall be reckoned from the time of his cleansing, before he enters on public service again: according to the old law, seven days were reckoned from the defilement to the purification; here seven more are numbered after the purification is made; and therefore, as Kimchi truly notes, this is a new law or rule, to be observed in after times.

Gill: Eze 44:27 - And in the day that he goeth into the sanctuary // unto the inner court, to minister in the sanctuary // he shall offer his sin offering, saith the Lord God And in the day that he goeth into the sanctuary,.... Into the house and church of God, after his cleansing, and when the seven days from thence are up...

And in the day that he goeth into the sanctuary,.... Into the house and church of God, after his cleansing, and when the seven days from thence are up:

unto the inner court, to minister in the sanctuary; among the inward court worshippers, to minister in things to them; to preach the Gospel, and administer Gospel ordinances:

he shall offer his sin offering, saith the Lord God; though he has been privately cleansed in the fountain of Christ's blood, in which he has washed for sin and uncleanness; yet when he comes into the house of the Lord, he must acknowledge his sins and imperfections over Christ the sin offering; which he must bring in the arms of his faith, and so enter into the courts of the living God, and do the service of the sanctuary.

Gill: Eze 44:28 - And it shall be unto them for an inheritance // they shall have an inheritance // I am their inheritance // And ye shall give them no possession in Israel And it shall be unto them for an inheritance,.... Either the sin offering, or the priesthood, and the perquisites belonging to it: or, they shall h...

And it shall be unto them for an inheritance,.... Either the sin offering, or the priesthood, and the perquisites belonging to it: or,

they shall have an inheritance r; but what shall it be? God himself:

I am their inheritance; the Lord is the portion and inheritance of his people, who are made priests unto him, whether in a private or public capacity; they are heirs of God, he is their portion in the land of the living, and forever: God in all his perfections is theirs; and though incommunicable, they have the use and advantage of them, so far as they are capable and stand in need of them; as his eternity, immutability, omniscience, omnipotence, omnipresence, grace, mercy, goodness, truth, and faithfulness: he is theirs in all his persons; God the Father is their covenant God and Father; the Son of God is their Head and Husband, their Saviour and Redeemer, Mediator and Peacemaker, their Prophet, Priest, and King; his blood, righteousness, sacrifice, and faithfulness, theirs, and even all that he is and has: the Spirit of God is their convincer and enlightener, their quickener and sanctifier; their Comforter, and the Spirit of adoption to them, the seal and earnest of their future glory; and God under every character is theirs, as the God of nature and providence, and as the God of all grace; and this is an inheritance rich and large, a soul satisfying portion, an inconceivable and an inexhaustible one.

And ye shall give them no possession in Israel; so the priests and Levites had none under the law, but were provided for in another way, Num 18:20, the Lord's people and priests, under the Gospel dispensation, for the most part are the poor of this world, who have no share in the possessions of it; their good things are not here, but in the world to come, and in God himself: "I am their possession"; the Lord is enjoyed by them now; his love is shed abroad in their hearts; they have fellowship with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ, and communion with the Holy Ghost; and which is infinitely better than all the possessions of this world; and besides, provision is made for their outward maintenance, as follows:

Gill: Eze 44:29 - They shall eat the meat offering, and the sin offering, and the trespass offering // and every dedicated thing in Israel shall be theirs They shall eat the meat offering, and the sin offering, and the trespass offering,.... Which were typical of Christ; the meat offering, or rather brea...

They shall eat the meat offering, and the sin offering, and the trespass offering,.... Which were typical of Christ; the meat offering, or rather bread offering, it being made of fine flour, was a type of Christ the bread of life; and the sin and trespass offerings pointed at his being made sin and a sacrifice for it; which the people and priests of the Lord in a spiritual sense eat, feed, and live upon by faith: and besides, as the priests under the law had a part in all these offerings, whereby they and their families were maintained, Lev 2:3, so it is the will and ordination of Christ, that as those that ministered about holy things, and waited at the altar, should live of them, and partake with that, so they that preach the Gospel should live by it, 1Co 9:13,

and every dedicated thing in Israel shall be theirs; or, "every devoted thing" s; that is, to holy uses, what the people willingly offer to support the interest of religion; signifying that the ministers of the word shall live upon the free contributions of the people.

Gill: Eze 44:30 - And the first of all the first fruits of all things, and every oblation, of all of every sort of your oblations shall be the priests // ye shall also give unto the priest of your dough // that he may cause the blessing to rest in thine house And the first of all the first fruits of all things, and every oblation, of all of every sort of your oblations shall be the priests,.... Suggesting, ...

And the first of all the first fruits of all things, and every oblation, of all of every sort of your oblations shall be the priests,.... Suggesting, that their offerings or contributions, which should be made out of their substance, should be in proportion to it, and early as well as free; see Pro 3:9,

ye shall also give unto the priest of your dough; either of the first they made of the new corn of the year, or a piece or cake of whatsoever at any time they made; signifying, that the ministers of the word, that communicate spiritual things to men, should partake of their carnal ones, and have a part and share with them in all good things, in all the enjoyments of life, 1Co 9:11,

that he may cause the blessing to rest in thine house; that is, that he, the priest or minister of the word, that partakes of the above things, and is comfortably provided for and supported, may pray to the Lord for such who liberally contribute to him; that a blessing may come and abide upon them and their families, and prosperity and success may attend them in their worldly business and employments of life; as well as they and theirs may be blessed with all spiritual blessings, with grace here, and glory hereafter.

Gill: Eze 44:31 - The priests shall not eat of anything that is dead of itself, or torn // Whether it be fowl or beast The priests shall not eat of anything that is dead of itself, or torn,.... They shall have no need to eat of such things, being plentifully provided f...

The priests shall not eat of anything that is dead of itself, or torn,.... They shall have no need to eat of such things, being plentifully provided for with better; nor will it become them so to do through avarice, not allowing themselves to enjoy what is liberally given them. Here the Jewish doctors t observe that it is said, the priests shall not eat of these things, suggesting that Israelites might; this puzzles them, therefore they say, Elijah will explain this verse; and the gloss says, till Elijah comes, and explains it to us, we know not how to explain it. In the mystic sense it may signify, that the priests of the Lord should have no communication with such as are dead in sin, or are given to rapine and violence, and should abstain from everything of this kind themselves.

Whether it be fowl or beast; whether Pharisees and high flown professors of religion, or earthly and worldly persons, and such that are immersed in carnal pleasures, in sensual and brutish lusts. The allusion is to the law in Lev 17:15, which was common to all Israelites, priests and people.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Eze 44:3 Heb “to eat bread.”

NET Notes: Eze 44:4 The word הִנֵּה (hinneh, traditionally “behold”) indicates becoming aware of something and has been tr...

NET Notes: Eze 44:5 The Syriac, Vulgate, and Targum read the plural. See D. I. Block, Ezekiel (NICOT), 2:618.

NET Notes: Eze 44:6 The LXX reads “house of rebellion.”

NET Notes: Eze 44:7 The Greek, Syriac, and Latin versions read “you.” The Masoretic text reads “they.”

NET Notes: Eze 44:8 This word is not in the Hebrew text but is supplied from the context.

NET Notes: Eze 44:9 Tobiah, an Ammonite (Neh 13:8), was dismissed from the temple.

NET Notes: Eze 44:10 Heb “will bear.”

NET Notes: Eze 44:12 Heb “will bear.”

NET Notes: Eze 44:15 Zadok was a descendant of Aaron through Eleazar (1 Chr 6:50-53), who served as a priest during David’s reign (2 Sam 8:17).

NET Notes: Eze 44:19 For a similar concept of the transmitting of holiness, see Exod 19:12-14; Lev 10:1-2; 2 Sam 6:7. Similar laws concerning the priest are found in Lev 1...

NET Notes: Eze 44:20 Letting the hair grow was associated with the taking of a vow (Num 6:5; Acts 21:23-26).

NET Notes: Eze 44:22 Heb “from the offspring of the house of Israel.”

NET Notes: Eze 44:23 This task was a fundamental role of the priest (Lev 10:10).

NET Notes: Eze 44:24 Heb “sanctify, set apart.”

NET Notes: Eze 44:25 This law was part of the legal code for priests (Lev 21:1-3).

NET Notes: Eze 44:26 One medieval Hebrew ms, the LXX, and the Syriac along with Lev 15:13, 28 read the verb as singular.

NET Notes: Eze 44:28 See Num 18:20; Deut 10:9; 18:2; Josh 13:33; 18:7.

NET Notes: Eze 44:30 Heb has in addition “from your contributions,” a repetition unnecessary in English.

NET Notes: Eze 44:31 For this law, see Lev 7:24; 17:15.

Geneva Bible: Eze 44:2 Then said the LORD to me; This gate shall be ( a ) shut, it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter in by it; because the LORD, the God of Israel,...

Geneva Bible: Eze 44:7 In that ye have brought [into my sanctuary] ( b ) strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my sanctuary, to pollute it,...

Geneva Bible: Eze 44:8 And ye have not kept the ( c ) charge of my holy things: but ye have set keepers of my charge in my sanctuary for yourselves. ( c ) You have not offe...

Geneva Bible: Eze 44:10 And the ( d ) Levites that have gone away far from me, when Israel went astray, who went astray from me after their idols; they shall even bear their ...

Geneva Bible: Eze 44:15 But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that ( e ) kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall...

Geneva Bible: Eze 44:20 Neither shall they ( f ) shave their heads, nor allow their locks to grow long; they shall only cut [the hair of] their heads. ( f ) As did the infid...

Geneva Bible: Eze 44:25 And they shall come near no dead person to defile themselves: but for father, or for mother, or for son, or for daughter, for brother, or for sister t...

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Eze 44:1-31 - --This chapter contains ordinances relative to the true priests. The prince evidently means Christ, and the words in Eze 44:2, may remind us that no oth...

Matthew Henry: Eze 44:1-3 - -- The prophet is here brought to review what he had before once surveyed; for, though we have often looked into the things of God, they will yet bear ...

Matthew Henry: Eze 44:4-9 - -- This is much to the same purport with what we had in the beginning of ch. 43. As the prophet must look again upon what he had before seen, so he mus...

Matthew Henry: Eze 44:10-16 - -- The Master of the house, being about to set up house again, takes account of his servants the priests, and sees who are fit to be turned out of thei...

Matthew Henry: Eze 44:17-31 - -- God's priests must be regulars, not seculars; and therefore here are rules laid down for them to govern themselves by and due encouragement give...

Keil-Delitzsch: Eze 44:1-3 - -- The Place of the Prince in the Sanctuary. - Eze 44:1. And he brought me back by the way to the outer gate of the sanctuary, which looked toward the...

Keil-Delitzsch: Eze 44:4-16 - -- The Position of Foreigners, Levites, and Priests in Relation to the Temple and the Temple Service. - The further precepts concerning the approach to...

Keil-Delitzsch: Eze 44:17-31 - -- Requisites for the Administration of the Priests' Office, and the Obligations and Privileges of that Office. - Eze 44:17. And it shall come to pass...

Constable: Eze 33:1--48:35 - --IV. Future blessings for Israel chs. 33--48 "This last major division of the book focuses on the restoration of ...

Constable: Eze 40:1--48:35 - --C. Ezekiel's vision of the return of God's glory chs. 40-48 The Book of Ezekiel begins with a vision of ...

Constable: Eze 43:13--47:1 - --4. The temple ordinances 43:13-46:24 Instructions (statutes) designed to maintain holiness in th...

Constable: Eze 44:1-3 - --The east gate 44:1-3 44:1-2 Ezekiel's guide next took him back to the east outer gate (cf. 40:6-16). The gate itself, on the east side of the gate com...

Constable: Eze 44:4-14 - --The ordinary priests and their service 44:4-14 The emphasis on the holiness of God that has marked this vision continues strong in this pericope and t...

Constable: Eze 44:15-31 - --The Zadokite priests 44:15-31 44:15-16 The Levites from Zadok's branch of the priestly family, however, would have special privileges since Zadok and ...

buka semua
Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) The name Ezekiel means "(whom) God will strengthen" [GESENIUS]; or, "God will prevail" [ROSENMULLER]. His father was Buzi (Eze 1:3), a priest, and he ...

JFB: Ezekiel (Garis Besar) EZEKIEL'S VISION BY THE CHEBAR. FOUR CHERUBIM AND WHEELS. (Eze. 1:1-28) EZEKIEL'S COMMISSION. (Eze 2:1-10) EZEKIEL EATS THE ROLL. IS COMMISSIONED TO ...

TSK: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) The character of Ezekiel, as a Writer and Poet, is thus admirably drawn by the masterly hand of Bishop Lowth: " Ezekiel is much inferior to Jeremiah ...

TSK: Ezekiel 44 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Eze 44:1, The east gate assigned only to the prince; Eze 44:4, The priests reproved for polluting the sanctuary; Eze 44:9, Idolaters inca...

Poole: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) BOOK OF THE PROPHET EZEKIEL THE ARGUMENT EZEKIEL was by descent a priest, and by commission a prophet, and received it from heaven, as will appea...

Poole: Ezekiel 44 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 44 The east gate assigned only to the prince, Eze 44:1-3 . The people reproved for steering strangers to pollute the sanctuary, Eze 44:4-8 ...

MHCC: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Ezekiel was one of the priests; he was carried captive to Chaldea with Jehoiachin. All his prophecies appear to have been delivered in that country, a...

Matthew Henry: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of the Prophet Ezekiel When we entered upon the writings of the prophets, which speak of the ...

Matthew Henry: Ezekiel 44 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In this chapter we have, I. The appropriating of the east gate of the temple to the prince (Eze 44:1-3). II. A reproof sent to the house of Israe...

Constable: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title and Writer The title of this book comes from its writer, Ezekiel, t...

Constable: Ezekiel (Garis Besar) Outline I. Ezekiel's calling and commission chs. 1-3 A. The vision of God's glory ch. 1 ...

Constable: Ezekiel Ezekiel Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. Exile and Restoration. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1968. ...

Haydock: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE PROPHECY OF EZECHIEL. INTRODUCTION. Ezechiel, whose name signifies the strength of God, was of the priestly race, and of the number of t...

Gill: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO EZEKIEL This book is rightly placed after Jeremiah; since Ezekiel was among the captives in Chaldea, when prophesied; whereas Jerem...

Gill: Ezekiel 44 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO EZEKIEL 44 This chapter treats of the eastern gate of the temple being appropriated to the use of the prince, Eze 44:1, of the sin ...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #02: Coba gunakan wildcards "*" atau "?" untuk hasil pencarian yang leb?h bai*. [SEMUA]
dibuat dalam 1.14 detik
dipersembahkan oleh
bible.org - YLSA