kecilkan semua  

Teks -- Nehemiah 13:1-31 (NET)

Tampilkan Strong
Konteks
Further Reforms by Nehemiah
13:1 On that day the book of Moses was read aloud in the hearing of the people. They found written in it that no Ammonite or Moabite may ever enter the assembly of God, 13:2 for they had not met the Israelites with food and water, but instead had hired Balaam to curse them. (Our God, however, turned the curse into blessing.) 13:3 When they heard the law, they removed from Israel all who were of mixed ancestry. 13:4 But prior to this time, Eliashib the priest, a relative of Tobiah, had been appointed over the storerooms of the temple of our God. 13:5 He made for himself a large storeroom where previously they had been keeping the grain offering, the incense, and the vessels, along with the tithes of the grain, the new wine, and the olive oil as commanded for the Levites, the singers, the gate keepers, and the offering for the priests. 13:6 During all this time I was not in Jerusalem, for in the thirty-second year of King Artaxerxes of Babylon, I had gone back to the king. After some time I had requested leave of the king, 13:7 and I returned to Jerusalem. Then I discovered the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah by supplying him with a storeroom in the courts of the temple of God. 13:8 I was very upset, and I threw all of Tobiah’s household possessions out of the storeroom. 13:9 Then I gave instructions that the storerooms should be purified, and I brought back the equipment of the temple of God, along with the grain offering and the incense. 13:10 I also discovered that the grain offerings for the Levites had not been provided, and that as a result the Levites and the singers who performed this work had all gone off to their fields. 13:11 So I registered a complaint with the leaders, asking “Why is the temple of God neglected?” Then I gathered them and reassigned them to their positions. 13:12 Then all of Judah brought the tithe of the grain, the new wine, and the olive oil to the storerooms. 13:13 I gave instructions that Shelemiah the priest, Zadok the scribe, and a certain Levite named Pedaiah be put in charge of the storerooms, and that Hanan son of Zaccur, the son of Mattaniah, be their assistant, for they were regarded as trustworthy. It was then their responsibility to oversee the distribution to their colleagues. 13:14 Please remember me for this, O my God, and do not wipe out the kindness that I have done for the temple of my God and for its services! 13:15 In those days I saw people in Judah treading winepresses on the Sabbath, bringing in heaps of grain and loading them onto donkeys, along with wine, grapes, figs, and all kinds of loads, and bringing them to Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. So I warned them on the day that they sold these provisions. 13:16 The people from Tyre who lived there were bringing fish and all kinds of merchandise and were selling it on the Sabbath to the people of Judah– and in Jerusalem, of all places! 13:17 So I registered a complaint with the nobles of Judah, saying to them, “What is this evil thing that you are doing, profaning the Sabbath day? 13:18 Isn’t this the way your ancestors acted, causing our God to bring on them and on this city all this misfortune? And now you are causing even more wrath on Israel, profaning the Sabbath like this!” 13:19 When the evening shadows began to fall on the gates of Jerusalem before the Sabbath, I ordered the doors to be closed. I further directed that they were not to be opened until after the Sabbath. I positioned some of my young men at the gates so that no load could enter on the Sabbath day. 13:20 The traders and sellers of all kinds of merchandise spent the night outside Jerusalem once or twice. 13:21 But I warned them and said, “Why do you spend the night by the wall? If you repeat this, I will forcibly remove you!” From that time on they did not show up on the Sabbath. 13:22 Then I directed the Levites to purify themselves and come and guard the gates in order to keep the Sabbath day holy. For this please remember me, O my God, and have pity on me in keeping with your great love. 13:23 Also in those days I saw the men of Judah who had married women from Ashdod, Ammon, and Moab. 13:24 Half of their children spoke the language of Ashdod (or the language of one of the other peoples mentioned) and were unable to speak the language of Judah. 13:25 So I entered a complaint with them. I called down a curse on them, and I struck some of the men and pulled out their hair. I had them swear by God saying, “You will not marry off your daughters to their sons, and you will not take any of their daughters as wives for your sons or for yourselves! 13:26 Was it not because of things like these that King Solomon of Israel sinned? Among the many nations there was no king like him. He was loved by his God, and God made him king over all Israel. But the foreign wives made even him sin! 13:27 Should we then in your case hear that you do all this great evil, thereby being unfaithful to our God by marrying foreign wives?” 13:28 Now one of the sons of Joiada son of Eliashib the high priest was a son-in-law of Sanballat the Horonite. So I banished him from my sight. 13:29 Please remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood, the covenant of the priesthood, and the Levites. 13:30 So I purified them of everything foreign, and I assigned specific duties to the priests and the Levites. 13:31 I also provided for the wood offering at the appointed times and also for the first fruits. Please remember me for good, O my God.
Paralel   Ref. Silang (TSK)   ITL  

Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ammon the tribe/nation of people descended from Ben-Ammi, Lot's son,Territory of the tribe/nation of Ammon
 · Ammonite the tribe/nation of people descended from Ben-Ammi, Lot's son,Territory of the tribe/nation of Ammon
 · Artaxerxes a man who usurped the Persian throne 552-551BC (ZD74),a Persian king who must have reigned before 516BC (ZD74),King of Persia about 460-440BC (ZD74)
 · Ashdod a town on the western coast of the territory of Judah
 · Babylon a country of Babylon in lower Mesopotamia
 · Balaam the son of Beor,son of Beor of Pethor on the Euphrates River
 · Eliashib chief of a division of priests serving in David's sanctuary,son of Eli-O-Enai, (Hananiah Zerubbabel David),high priest in the days of Nehemiah,a Levite singer who agreed to put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Zattu clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani clan who put away his heathen wife,a chief priest; son of Joiakim
 · Hanan son of Shashak of Benjamin,son of Azel of Benjamin,son of Maacah; one of David's military elite,a Levite; head of a group of temple servants in Ezra's time,a Levite who helped Ezra explain the reading of the law,son of Henadad, a Levite who signed the pledge to obey the law,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to keep God's law,a man of God who had a room in the temple; son of Igdaliah
 · Horonite a resident of the town of Horonaim
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jehoiada a chief priest; father of Benaiah, head of David's body guard,chief priest under Athaliah and Joash,a prince of the house of Aaron who defected to David with his men,a man who was a counselor of King David,a chief priest in the time of Jeremiah,son of Eliashib the high priest in Nehemiah's time
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jew the people descended from Israel
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Levites relating to Levi and the priesthood given to him,a tribal name describing people and ceremonies as sacred
 · Mattaniah son and secondary successor of King Josiah,son of Mica/Micaiah; a Levite of Asaph,son of Heman the Levite and worship leader under Heman & David,an Asaph Levite supervisor of temple restoration of Hezekiah's,a layman of the Elam Clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Zattu Clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Pahath-Moab Clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani Clan who put away his heathen wife,ancestor of Hanan, assistant treasurer under Nehemiah
 · Moab resident(s) of the country of Moab
 · Moabite a female descendant of Moab
 · Moses a son of Amram; the Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them The Law of Moses,a Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them the law
 · Pedaiah a man of Rumah; father of Zebidah, the mother of King Jehoiakim,son of King Jehoiachin,a man of the half-tribe of Manasseh in Saul and David's time,a man who helped rebuild the wall of Jerusalem; son of Parosh,a man who stood with Ezra when he read the law to the assembly,son of Kolaiah of Benjamin; a returned exile
 · Sanballat a man who was an enemy of Nehemiah
 · Shelemiah a Levite who had charge of the east gate in David's time,a layman of the Binnui Clan who put away his heathen wife,father of Hananiah who repaired part of the wall of Jerusalem,a priestly treasurer over the storehouses under Nehemiah,son of Cushi in Jehoiakim's time; grandfather of Jehudi,son of Abdeel; an officer of King Jehoiakim of Judah,father of Jehucal, messenger of King Zedekiah to Jeremiah,son of Hananiah; father of Irijah, Zedekiah's sentry
 · Solomon the tenth son of David; the father of Rehoboam; an ancestor of Jesus; the third king of Israel.,son of David and Bath-Sheba; successor of King David
 · Tobiah head of a clan of returnees lacking proof of being Israelites,the Ammonite servant who helped Sanballat oppose Nehemiah
 · Tyre a resident of the town of Tyre
 · Zaccur father of Shammua, the Reubenite who spied in Canaan,son of Hammuel of the tribe of Simeon,a Levite of the clan of Merari,son of Asaph (Shimei Gershom Levi),a leader among the Bigvai Clan who returned from exile,son of Imri; one who helped rebuild the wall of Jerusalem,son of Henadad, a Levite who contracted to obey the law,son of Mattaniah; father of Hanan, assistant treasurer
 · Zadok a son of Azor; the father of Akim; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ahitub II; high priest Zadok I in David's time,father of Jerusha, who was the mother of King Jotham,the chief priest Zadok II; son of Meraioth II,a man who was one of David's military elite from Aaron's clan,son of Baana; one of those who helped rebuild the wall,son of Immer; one of those who helped rebuild the wall,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to keep God's law,a Levite who served as Nehemiah's scribe


Topik/Tema Kamus: Nehemiah | Reproof | Ezra | Israel | Sabbath | Zeal | Eliashib | Minister | Priest | COMMERCE | STRANGER AND SOJOURNER (IN THE OLD TESTAMENT) | GENEALOGY, 1-7 | BUYING | Harvest | Divorce | Traffic | Tobiah | Hittites | PRIEST, HIGH | Levites | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Neh 13:1 - That day Not presently after the dedication of the wall and city, but upon a certain day, when Nehemiah was returned from the Persian court to Jerusalem, from ...

Not presently after the dedication of the wall and city, but upon a certain day, when Nehemiah was returned from the Persian court to Jerusalem, from which he had been absent for some considerable time, in which some errors and abuses had crept in.

Wesley: Neh 13:1 - Not come Not be incorporated into the common - wealth of Israel, nor be joined with any Israelite in marriage.

Not be incorporated into the common - wealth of Israel, nor be joined with any Israelite in marriage.

Wesley: Neh 13:3 - Multitude All the heathenish people with whom they had contracted alliance.

All the heathenish people with whom they had contracted alliance.

Wesley: Neh 13:4 - Eliashib The high-priest.

The high-priest.

Wesley: Neh 13:4 - Chamber Of the chambers, the high-priest having the chief power over the house of God, and all the chambers belonging to it.

Of the chambers, the high-priest having the chief power over the house of God, and all the chambers belonging to it.

Wesley: Neh 13:4 - Tobiah The Ammonite, and a violent enemy to God's people.

The Ammonite, and a violent enemy to God's people.

Wesley: Neh 13:5 - Prepared By removing the things out of it, uniting divers small chambers into one, and furnishing it for the use of Tobiah when he came to Jerusalem: whom he s...

By removing the things out of it, uniting divers small chambers into one, and furnishing it for the use of Tobiah when he came to Jerusalem: whom he seems to have lodged there, that he might have more free communication with him.

Wesley: Neh 13:6 - But, &c. _Eliashib took the occasion of my absence to do these things.

_Eliashib took the occasion of my absence to do these things.

Wesley: Neh 13:6 - Came I From Jerusalem; where he had been once and again.

From Jerusalem; where he had been once and again.

Wesley: Neh 13:8 - Grieved me That so sacred a place should be polluted by one who in many respects ought not to come there, being no priest, a stranger, an Ammonite, and one of th...

That so sacred a place should be polluted by one who in many respects ought not to come there, being no priest, a stranger, an Ammonite, and one of the worst of that people; and that all this should be done by the permission and order of the high-priest.

Wesley: Neh 13:10 - Not given Which might be either, from this corrupt high-priest Eliashib, who took their portions, as he did the sacred chambers, to his own use, or employed the...

Which might be either, from this corrupt high-priest Eliashib, who took their portions, as he did the sacred chambers, to his own use, or employed them for the entertainment of Tobiah, and his other great allies. Or, from the people, who either out of covetousness reserved them to themselves, contrary to their own solemn agreement, or were so offended at Eliashib's horrid abuse of sacred things, that they abhorred the offering and service of God, and therefore neglected to bring in their tithes, which they knew would be perverted to bad uses.

Wesley: Neh 13:10 - Fled To his possession in the country, being forced to do so for a livelihood.

To his possession in the country, being forced to do so for a livelihood.

Wesley: Neh 13:11 - Contended I sharply reproved those priests to whom the management of those things was committed, for neglect of their duty, and breach of their late solemn prom...

I sharply reproved those priests to whom the management of those things was committed, for neglect of their duty, and breach of their late solemn promise.

Wesley: Neh 13:11 - Why, &c. You have not only injured men in with - holding their dues, but you have occasioned the neglect of God's house and service.

You have not only injured men in with - holding their dues, but you have occasioned the neglect of God's house and service.

Wesley: Neh 13:11 - Gathered To Jerusalem from their several country possessions.

To Jerusalem from their several country possessions.

Wesley: Neh 13:11 - Set Restored them to the exercise of their office.

Restored them to the exercise of their office.

Wesley: Neh 13:12 - Bought Out of the respect which they had to Nehemiah, and because they saw they would now be applied to their proper uses.

Out of the respect which they had to Nehemiah, and because they saw they would now be applied to their proper uses.

Wesley: Neh 13:13 - Faithful By the consent of those who knew them. Such he now sought out the more diligently, because he had experience of the perfidiousness of the former trust...

By the consent of those who knew them. Such he now sought out the more diligently, because he had experience of the perfidiousness of the former trustees.

Wesley: Neh 13:16 - Jerusalem The holy city, where God's house was; and where the great judicatories of the nation were. So this is added as an aggravation of their sin, that it wa...

The holy city, where God's house was; and where the great judicatories of the nation were. So this is added as an aggravation of their sin, that it was done with manifest contempt of God and man.

Wesley: Neh 13:17 - Nobles Their chief men and rulers; whom he charges with this sin, because though others did it, it was by their countenance or connivance: probably too by th...

Their chief men and rulers; whom he charges with this sin, because though others did it, it was by their countenance or connivance: probably too by their example. If the nobles allowed themselves in recreations, in idle visits and idle talk on the sabbath day, the men of business would profane it by their worldly employments, as the more justifiable of the two.

Wesley: Neh 13:19 - At the gates Out of a diffidence in those, to whom the keeping of the gates was committed.

Out of a diffidence in those, to whom the keeping of the gates was committed.

Wesley: Neh 13:22 - Cleanse Because the work they now were set upon, though common in its nature, yet was holy in design of it, and had respect unto the sabbath: and, because the...

Because the work they now were set upon, though common in its nature, yet was holy in design of it, and had respect unto the sabbath: and, because the day in which they were to do this was the sabbath - day, for the observation whereof they were obliged to purify themselves.

Wesley: Neh 13:22 - Gates The gates of the city; not daring to trust the common porters, he commits the charge of them upon the sabbath - days, to the Levites, to whom the care...

The gates of the city; not daring to trust the common porters, he commits the charge of them upon the sabbath - days, to the Levites, to whom the care of sanctifying the sabbath did properly belong.

Wesley: Neh 13:22 - Mercy Whereby he intimates, that though he mentioned his good - works, as things wherewith God was well - pleased, and which he had promised to reward, yet ...

Whereby he intimates, that though he mentioned his good - works, as things wherewith God was well - pleased, and which he had promised to reward, yet he neither did, nor durst trust to their merit, or his own worthiness, but, when he had done all, he judged himself an unprofitable servant, and one that needed God's infinite mercy to pardon all his sins, and particularly those infirmities and corruptions which adhered to his good deeds.

Wesley: Neh 13:25 - Cursed Caused them to be excommunicated and cast out of the society of God's people. This and the following punishments were justly inflicted upon them, beca...

Caused them to be excommunicated and cast out of the society of God's people. This and the following punishments were justly inflicted upon them, because this transgression was contrary both to a plain law of God, and to their own late solemn covenants.

Wesley: Neh 13:25 - Smote I caused to be beaten with stripes, according to the law, Deu 25:2, such whose faults were most aggravated; to whom he added this punishment over and ...

I caused to be beaten with stripes, according to the law, Deu 25:2, such whose faults were most aggravated; to whom he added this punishment over and above the former.

Wesley: Neh 13:25 - Plucked off Or, shaved them. The hair was an ensign of liberty among the eastern nations; and baldness was a disgrace, and token of slavery and sorrow.

Or, shaved them. The hair was an ensign of liberty among the eastern nations; and baldness was a disgrace, and token of slavery and sorrow.

Wesley: Neh 13:28 - And one, &c. _Said by Josephus to be that Manasses, who by Sanballat's interest procured liberty to build the Samaritan temple in mount Gerizim; to which those pri...

_Said by Josephus to be that Manasses, who by Sanballat's interest procured liberty to build the Samaritan temple in mount Gerizim; to which those priests who had married strange wives, or been otherwise criminal, betook themselves, and with, or after them, others of the people in the same or like circumstances.

Wesley: Neh 13:28 - Chased From my presence and court, from the city and temple, and from the congregation and church of Israel.

From my presence and court, from the city and temple, and from the congregation and church of Israel.

Wesley: Neh 13:31 - For good This may well be the summary of our petitions. We need no more to make us happy but this.

This may well be the summary of our petitions. We need no more to make us happy but this.

JFB: Neh 13:1 - On that day This was not immediately consequent on the dedication of the city wall and gates, but after Nehemiah's return from the Persian court to Jerusalem, his...

This was not immediately consequent on the dedication of the city wall and gates, but after Nehemiah's return from the Persian court to Jerusalem, his absence having extended over a considerable period. The transaction here described probably took place on one of the periodical occasions for the public readings of the law, when the people's attention was particularly directed to some violations of it which called for immediate correction. There is another instance afforded, in addition to those which have already fallen under our notice, of the great advantages resulting from the public and periodical reading of the divine law. It was an established provision for the religious instruction of the people, for diffusing a knowledge and a reverence for the sacred volume, as well as for removing those errors and corruptions which might, in the course of time, have crept in.

JFB: Neh 13:1 - the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever That is, not be incorporated into the Israelitish kingdom, nor united in marriage relations with that people (Deu 23:3-4). This appeal to the authorit...

That is, not be incorporated into the Israelitish kingdom, nor united in marriage relations with that people (Deu 23:3-4). This appeal to the authority of the divine law led to a dissolution of all heathen alliances (Neh 9:2; Ezr 10:3).

JFB: Neh 13:4-5 - before this The practice of these mixed marriages, in open neglect or violation of the law, had become so common, that even the pontifical house, which ought to h...

The practice of these mixed marriages, in open neglect or violation of the law, had become so common, that even the pontifical house, which ought to have set a better example, was polluted by such an impure mixture.

JFB: Neh 13:4-5 - Eliashib the priest . . . was allied unto Tobiah This person was the high priest (Neh 13:28; also Neh 3:1), who, by virtue of his dignified office, had the superintendence and control of the apartmen...

This person was the high priest (Neh 13:28; also Neh 3:1), who, by virtue of his dignified office, had the superintendence and control of the apartments attached to the temple. The laxity of his principles, as well as of his practice, is sufficiently apparent from his contracting a family connection with so notorious an enemy of Israel as Tobiah. But his obsequious attentions had carried him much farther; for to accommodate so important a person as Tobiah on his occasional visits to Jerusalem, Eliashib had provided him a splendid apartment in the temple. The introduction of so gross an impropriety can be accounted for in no other way than by supposing that in the absence of the priests and the cessation of the services, the temple was regarded as a common public building, which might, in the circumstances, be appropriated as a palatial residence.

JFB: Neh 13:6-9 - But in all this was not I at Jerusalem Eliashib (concluding that, as Nehemiah had departed from Jerusalem, and, on the expiry of his allotted term of absence, had resigned his government, h...

Eliashib (concluding that, as Nehemiah had departed from Jerusalem, and, on the expiry of his allotted term of absence, had resigned his government, he had gone not to return) began to use great liberties, and, there being none left whose authority or frown he dreaded, allowed himself to do things most unworthy of his sacred office, and which, though in unison with his own irreligious character, he would not have dared to attempt during the residence of the pious governor. Nehemiah resided twelve years as governor of Jerusalem, and having succeeded in repairing and refortifying the city, he at the end of that period returned to his duties in Shushan. How long [Nehemiah] remained there is not expressly said, but "after certain days," which is a Scripture phraseology for a year or a number of years, he obtained leave to resume the government of Jerusalem; to his deep mortification and regret, he found matters in the neglected and disorderly state here described. Such gross irregularities as were practised, such extraordinary corruptions as had crept in, evidently imply the lapse of a considerable time. Besides, they exhibit the character of Eliashib, the high priest, in a most unfavorable light; for while he ought, by his office, to have preserved the inviolable sanctity of the temple and its furniture, his influence had been directly exercised for evil; especially he had given permission and countenance to a most indecent outrage--the appropriation of the best apartments in the sacred building to a heathen governor, one of the worst and most determined enemies of the people and the worship of God. The very first reform Nehemiah on his second visit resolved upon, was the stopping of this gross profanation [by Eliashib]. The chamber which had been polluted by the residence of the idolatrous Ammonite was, after undergoing the process of ritual purification (Num 15:9), restored to its proper use--a storehouse for the sacred vessels.

JFB: Neh 13:10-13 - And I perceived that the portions of the Levites had not been given them The people, disgusted with the malversations of Eliashib, or the lax and irregular performance of the sacred rites, withheld the tithes, so that the m...

The people, disgusted with the malversations of Eliashib, or the lax and irregular performance of the sacred rites, withheld the tithes, so that the ministers of religion were compelled for their livelihood to withdraw to their patrimonial possessions in the country. The temple services had ceased; all religious duties had fallen into neglect. The money put into the sacred treasury had been squandered in the entertainment of an Ammonite heathen, an open and contemptuous enemy of God and His people. The return of the governor put an end to these disgraceful and profane proceedings. He administered a sharp rebuke to those priests to whom the management of the temple and its services was committed, for the total neglect of their duties, and the violation of the solemn promises which they had made to him at his departure. He upbraided them with the serious charge of having not only withheld from men their dues, but of having robbed God, by neglecting the care of His house and service. And thus having roused them to a sense of duty and incited them to testify their godly sorrow for their criminal negligence by renewed devotedness to their sacred work, Nehemiah restored the temple services. He recalled the dispersed Levites to the regular discharge of their duties; while the people at large, perceiving that their contributions would be no longer perverted to improper uses, willingly brought in their tithes as formerly. Men of integrity and good report were appointed to act as trustees of the sacred treasures, and thus order, regularity, and active service were re-established in the temple.

JFB: Neh 13:15-22 - In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine-presses on the sabbath The cessation of the temple services had been necessarily followed by a public profanation of the Sabbath, and this had gone so far that labor was car...

The cessation of the temple services had been necessarily followed by a public profanation of the Sabbath, and this had gone so far that labor was carried on in the fields, and fish brought to the markets on the sacred day. Nehemiah took the decisive step of ordering the city gates to be shut, and not to be opened, till the Sabbath was past; and in order to ensure the faithful execution of this order, he stationed some of his own servants as guards, to prevent the introduction of any commodities on that day. On the merchants and various dealers finding admission denied them, they set up booths outside the walls, in hopes of still driving a traffic with the peasantry; but the governor threatened, if they continued, to adopt violent measures for their removal. For this purpose a body of Levites was stationed as sentinels at the gate, with discretionary powers to protect the sanctification of the Sabbath.

JFB: Neh 13:24 - could not speak in the Jews' language, but according to the language of each people A mongrel dialect imbibed from their mothers, together with foreign principles and habits.

A mongrel dialect imbibed from their mothers, together with foreign principles and habits.

JFB: Neh 13:25 - cursed them That is, pronounced on them an anathema which entailed excommunication.

That is, pronounced on them an anathema which entailed excommunication.

JFB: Neh 13:25 - smote . . . and plucked off their hair To cut off the hair of offenders seems to be a punishment rather disgraceful than severe; yet it is supposed that pain was added to disgrace, and that...

To cut off the hair of offenders seems to be a punishment rather disgraceful than severe; yet it is supposed that pain was added to disgrace, and that they tore off the hair with violence as if they were plucking a bird alive.

Clarke: Neh 13:1 - On that day On that day - I am quite of Calmet’ s mind that the transaction detailed in this chapter did not immediately succeed the dedication of the wall...

On that day - I am quite of Calmet’ s mind that the transaction detailed in this chapter did not immediately succeed the dedication of the walls of Jerusalem. It is most likely that, when this dedication was ended, Nehemiah returned to Babylon, as himself particularly marks, Neh 13:6, for he did return in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes; and then, after certain days, supposed to be about the term of one year, he got leave to return to Jerusalem to see how matters were conducted: and there he found the evils which he mentions in this chapter, and which he redressed in the manner himself describes. See the introduction to this book

Clarke: Neh 13:1 - Should not come into the congregation Should not come into the congregation - That is, Ye shall not form any kind of matrimonial alliance with them. This, and this alone, is the meaning ...

Should not come into the congregation - That is, Ye shall not form any kind of matrimonial alliance with them. This, and this alone, is the meaning of the law.

Clarke: Neh 13:3 - They separated from Israel all the mixed multitude They separated from Israel all the mixed multitude - They excluded all strange women, and all persons, young and old, who had been born of these ill...

They separated from Israel all the mixed multitude - They excluded all strange women, and all persons, young and old, who had been born of these illegal connections.

Clarke: Neh 13:4 - Eliashib the priest Eliashib the priest - Perhaps this was a different person from Eliashib the high priest; but there is no indubitable evidence that he was not the sa...

Eliashib the priest - Perhaps this was a different person from Eliashib the high priest; but there is no indubitable evidence that he was not the same. If he was high priest, he was very unfaithful to the high charge which he had received; and a reproach to the priesthood. He had married his grandson to Sanballat’ s daughter: this produced a connection with Tobiah, the fast friend of Sanballat; in whose favor he polluted the house of God, giving him one of the chambers for his ordinary residence, which were appointed for the reception of the tithes, oblations, etc., that came to the house of God.

Clarke: Neh 13:6 - Was not I at Jerusalem Was not I at Jerusalem - Nehemiah came to Jerusalem in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes, and remained there till the thirty-second year, twelve year...

Was not I at Jerusalem - Nehemiah came to Jerusalem in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes, and remained there till the thirty-second year, twelve years: then returned to Babylon, and staid one year; got leave to revisit his brethren; and found matters as stated in this chapter.

Clarke: Neh 13:8 - I cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah I cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah - He acted as Jesus Christ did when he found the courts of the Lord’ s house profaned: He overth...

I cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah - He acted as Jesus Christ did when he found the courts of the Lord’ s house profaned: He overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of those who sold doves.

Clarke: Neh 13:10 - The portions of the Levites had not been given The portions of the Levites had not been given - Hence we find they were obliged to abandon the sacred service, and betake themselves to cultivate t...

The portions of the Levites had not been given - Hence we find they were obliged to abandon the sacred service, and betake themselves to cultivate the land for their support. This was the fault of the rulers, who permitted all these abuses.

Clarke: Neh 13:11 - Why is the house of God forsaken? Why is the house of God forsaken? - They had all solemnly promised, Neh 10:39, that they would never forsake the house of their God; but, alas, how ...

Why is the house of God forsaken? - They had all solemnly promised, Neh 10:39, that they would never forsake the house of their God; but, alas, how soon is this forgotten! Nehemiah used their own words here by way of reproof.

Clarke: Neh 13:13 - They were counted faithful They were counted faithful - They were reported to me as persons in whom I could confide; they had been steady in God’ s ways and work, while o...

They were counted faithful - They were reported to me as persons in whom I could confide; they had been steady in God’ s ways and work, while others had been careless and relaxed.

Clarke: Neh 13:14 - Wipe not out my good deeds Wipe not out my good deeds - If thou wert strict to mark what is done amiss, even my good deeds must be wiped out; but, Lord, remember me in thy mer...

Wipe not out my good deeds - If thou wert strict to mark what is done amiss, even my good deeds must be wiped out; but, Lord, remember me in thy mercy, and let my upright conduct be acceptable to thee!

Clarke: Neh 13:15 - Treading wine-presses Treading wine-presses - The Sabbath appears to have been totally disregarded.

Treading wine-presses - The Sabbath appears to have been totally disregarded.

Clarke: Neh 13:17 - I contended with the nobles I contended with the nobles - These evils took place through their negligence; and this I proved before them.

I contended with the nobles - These evils took place through their negligence; and this I proved before them.

Clarke: Neh 13:19 - When the gates - began to be dark When the gates - began to be dark - After sunset on Friday evening he caused the gates to be shut, and kept them shut all the Sabbath; and, as he co...

When the gates - began to be dark - After sunset on Friday evening he caused the gates to be shut, and kept them shut all the Sabbath; and, as he could not trust the ordinary officers, he set some of his own servants to watch the gates, that no person might enter for the purpose of traffic.

Clarke: Neh 13:20 - So the merchants - lodged without Jerusalem So the merchants - lodged without Jerusalem - They exposed their wares for sale on the outside of the walls.

So the merchants - lodged without Jerusalem - They exposed their wares for sale on the outside of the walls.

Clarke: Neh 13:21 - I will lay hands on you I will lay hands on you - I will imprison every man of you. This had the desired effect; they came no more.

I will lay hands on you - I will imprison every man of you. This had the desired effect; they came no more.

Clarke: Neh 13:22 - Spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy Spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy - By some Nehemiah has been thought to deal with God too much on the principle of merit. That he wi...

Spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy - By some Nehemiah has been thought to deal with God too much on the principle of merit. That he wished God to remember him for good, is sufficiently evident; and who does not wish the same? But that he expected heaven because of his good deeds, does not appear. Indeed, the concluding clause of this verse proves the contrary, and shows that he expected nothing from God but through the greatness of his mercy. Shame on those who, with this evidence before them, brand this good man with the epithet of workmonger! a man who, in inward holiness, outward usefulness, and genuine love to God and man, was worth ten score of such self-called believers.

Clarke: Neh 13:24 - Half in the speech of Ashdod Half in the speech of Ashdod - There were children in the same family by Jewish and Philistine mothers. As the Jewish mother would always speak to h...

Half in the speech of Ashdod - There were children in the same family by Jewish and Philistine mothers. As the Jewish mother would always speak to her children in Hebrew or Chaldee, so they learnt to speak these languages; and as the Ashdod mother would always speak to her children in the Ashdod language, so they learnt that tongue. Thus there were, in the same family, children who could not understand each other; half, or one part, speaking one language, and the other part another. Children of different wives did not ordinarily mingle together; and the wives had separate apartments. This is a better explanation than that which intimates that the same child spoke a jargon, half Ashdod and half Hebrew.

Clarke: Neh 13:25 - I contended with them I contended with them - Proved the fact against these iniquitous fathers, in a legal assembly

I contended with them - Proved the fact against these iniquitous fathers, in a legal assembly

Clarke: Neh 13:25 - And cursed them And cursed them - Denounced the judgments of God and the sentence of the law upon them

And cursed them - Denounced the judgments of God and the sentence of the law upon them

Clarke: Neh 13:25 - Smote certain of them Smote certain of them - Had them punished by whipping

Smote certain of them - Had them punished by whipping

Clarke: Neh 13:25 - And plucked off their hair And plucked off their hair - Had them shaven, as a mark of the greatest ignominy

And plucked off their hair - Had them shaven, as a mark of the greatest ignominy

Clarke: Neh 13:25 - And made them swear by God, saying, Ye shall not give And made them swear by God, saying, Ye shall not give - Caused them to bind themselves by an oath, that they would make no intermarriages with those...

And made them swear by God, saying, Ye shall not give - Caused them to bind themselves by an oath, that they would make no intermarriages with those who were not of the seed of Israel.

Clarke: Neh 13:26 - Did not Solomon Did not Solomon - Have you not had an awful example before you? What a heavy curse did Solomon’ s conduct bring upon himself and upon the peopl...

Did not Solomon - Have you not had an awful example before you? What a heavy curse did Solomon’ s conduct bring upon himself and upon the people, for a conduct such as yours?

Clarke: Neh 13:27 - Shall we then hearken unto you Shall we then hearken unto you - If God spared not Solomon, who was so much beloved of Him, shall we spare you, who by your conduct are bringing dow...

Shall we then hearken unto you - If God spared not Solomon, who was so much beloved of Him, shall we spare you, who by your conduct are bringing down God’ s judgments upon Israel?

Clarke: Neh 13:28 - One of the sons of Joiada One of the sons of Joiada - This was Manasseh, brother of Jaddua, son of Joiada, and grandson of Eliashib the high priest

One of the sons of Joiada - This was Manasseh, brother of Jaddua, son of Joiada, and grandson of Eliashib the high priest

Clarke: Neh 13:28 - I chased him from me I chased him from me - Struck him off the list of the priests, and deemed him utterly unworthy of all connection and intercourse with truly religiou...

I chased him from me - Struck him off the list of the priests, and deemed him utterly unworthy of all connection and intercourse with truly religious people.

Clarke: Neh 13:29 - Because they have defiled the priesthood Because they have defiled the priesthood - God, therefore, will remember their iniquities against them, and punish them for their transgressions. Th...

Because they have defiled the priesthood - God, therefore, will remember their iniquities against them, and punish them for their transgressions. These words of Nehemiah are to be understood declaratively.

Clarke: Neh 13:31 - For the wood-offering For the wood-offering - This was a most necessary regulation: without it the temple service could not have gone forward; and therefore Nehemiah ment...

For the wood-offering - This was a most necessary regulation: without it the temple service could not have gone forward; and therefore Nehemiah mentions this as one of the most important services he had rendered to his nation. See Neh 10:34

Clarke: Neh 13:31 - Remember me, O my God, for good Remember me, O my God, for good - This has precisely the same meaning with, O my God, have mercy upon me! and thus alone it should be understood Of ...

Remember me, O my God, for good - This has precisely the same meaning with, O my God, have mercy upon me! and thus alone it should be understood

Of Nehemiah the Jews speak as one of the greatest men of their nation. His concern for his country, manifested by such unequivocal marks, entitles him to the character of the first patriot that ever lived. In the course of the Divine providence, he was a captive in Babylon; but there his excellences were so apparent, that he was chosen by the Persian king to fill an office the most respectable and the most confidential in the whole court. Here he lived in ease and affluence; he lacked no manner of thing that was good; and here he might have continued to live, in the same affluence and in the same confidence: but he could enjoy neither, so long as his people were distressed, the sepulchres of his fathers trodden under foot, the altars of his God overturned, and his worship either totally neglected or corrupted. He sought the peace of Jerusalem; he prayed to God for it; and was willing to sacrifice wealth, ease, and safety, and even life itself, if he might be the instrument of restoring the desolations of Israel. And God, who saw the desire of his heart, and knew the excellences with which he had endowed him, granted his request, and gave him the high honor of restoring the desolated city of his ancestors, and the pure worship of their God. On this account he has been considered by several as an expressive type of Jesus Christ, and many parallels have been shown in their lives and conduct

I have already, in several notes, vindicated him from all mercenary and interested views, as well as from all false notions of religion, grounded on human merit. For disinterestedness, philanthropy, patriotism, prudence, courage, zeal, humanity, and every virtue that constitutes a great mind, and proves a soul in deep communion with God, Nehemiah will ever stand conspicuous among the greatest men of the Jewish nation, and an exemplar worthy to be copied by the first patriots in every nation under heaven

It has already been observed that, in the Jewish canon, Ezra and Nehemiah make but one book; and that both have been attributed, but without reason, to the same author: hence the Syriac version ends with this colophon - The end of the book of Ezra, the scribe, in which are contained two thousand three hundred and sixty-one verses

Defender: Neh 13:3 - mixed multitude The "mixed multitude" (Exo 12:38) consisted of descendants of mixed marriages between the children of Israel and those from other nations. Those in th...

The "mixed multitude" (Exo 12:38) consisted of descendants of mixed marriages between the children of Israel and those from other nations. Those in the original mixed multitude (from Egypt or Edom) were accepted in the family of Israel after the third generation (Deu 23:7, Deu 23:8). However, those from such marriages with Moabites and Ammonites (Tobiah was an Ammonite) had been precluded from acceptance until the tenth generation (Neh 2:19; Deu 23:3)."

Defender: Neh 13:4 - before this "Before this" probably refers to the considerable length of time it must have taken to accomplish the annulment of all the mixed marriages after the r...

"Before this" probably refers to the considerable length of time it must have taken to accomplish the annulment of all the mixed marriages after the renewed covenant. Nehemiah had to go back to Babylon after serving some twelve years in Jerusalem (Neh 13:6) and, while he was away, many people had already broken the promises of their covenant.

Defender: Neh 13:4 - Tobiah Tobiah was an Ammonite (Neh 2:10) and an inveterate enemy of the Israelites. It is amazing that Eliashib, the chief priest, would actually give Tobiah...

Tobiah was an Ammonite (Neh 2:10) and an inveterate enemy of the Israelites. It is amazing that Eliashib, the chief priest, would actually give Tobiah a residence in the temple chamber where the tithes and offerings of the people were supposed to be stored. Nehemiah cast Tobiah out as soon as he heard of it."

Defender: Neh 13:14 - good deeds Note that Nehemiah was not claiming his good deeds as merit toward salvation but praying that God would not forget all he had done in light of the see...

Note that Nehemiah was not claiming his good deeds as merit toward salvation but praying that God would not forget all he had done in light of the seeming repudiation of some reforms by the people."

Defender: Neh 13:23 - married wives Some of the Jews were actually marrying women of the Philistines, Ammonites and Moabites, and they were not even teaching their children to speak Hebr...

Some of the Jews were actually marrying women of the Philistines, Ammonites and Moabites, and they were not even teaching their children to speak Hebrew (Neh 12:24)."

Defender: Neh 13:28 - Sanballat Sanballat was the main leader of the opposition to Nehemiah and the rebuilding of Jerusalem, yet Eliashib had allowed one of his grandsons to marry hi...

Sanballat was the main leader of the opposition to Nehemiah and the rebuilding of Jerusalem, yet Eliashib had allowed one of his grandsons to marry his daughter. Corrupting the institution of the priesthood in this way was even more blameworthy than the other inter-marriages. Josephus says that this apostate later became chief priest of the rival Samaritan temple built by Sanballat on Mount Gerizim, after being expelled by Nehemiah."

TSK: Neh 13:1 - that day // they read // audience // the Ammonite // Moabite that day : Some suppose that the events recorded in these verses took place several years after those related in the preceding chapter, while Nehemiah...

that day : Some suppose that the events recorded in these verses took place several years after those related in the preceding chapter, while Nehemiah was absent at the Persian court; but the introductory language, on that day, seems rather to imply that they occurred immediately, or at least about that time.

they read : Heb. there was read, Neh 8:3-8, Neh 9:3; Deu 31:11, Deu 31:12; 2Ki 23:2; Isa 34:16; Luk 4:16-19, Luk 10:26; Act 13:15, Act 15:21

audience : Heb. ears

the Ammonite : Neh 13:23; Deu 23:3-5; Isa. 15:1-16:14; Jer. 48:1-47; Eze 25:1-11; Amo 2:1-3

Moabite : Neh 2:10, Neh 2:19, Neh 4:3; Psa 83:7-9; Jer 49:1-6; Amo 1:13-15

TSK: Neh 13:2 - Because // hired Balaam // our God Because : Mat 25:40 hired Balaam : Num 22:3-6; Jos 24:9, Jos 24:10 our God : Num 23:8-11, Num 23:18, Num 24:5-10; Deu 23:5; Psa 109:28; Mic 6:5

TSK: Neh 13:3 - when they // that they // the mixed when they : Psa 19:7-11, Psa 119:9, Psa 119:11; Pro 6:23; Rom 3:20 that they : Neh 9:2, Neh 10:28; Ezr 10:11; Jam 1:27 the mixed : Exo 12:38; Num 11:4

TSK: Neh 13:4 - Eliashib // having the oversight of // allied Eliashib : Neh 13:7; Neh 12:10 having the oversight of : Heb. being set over, Neh 12:44 allied : Neh 13:28, Neh 6:17, Neh 6:18

Eliashib : Neh 13:7; Neh 12:10

having the oversight of : Heb. being set over, Neh 12:44

allied : Neh 13:28, Neh 6:17, Neh 6:18

TSK: Neh 13:5 - a great // which was commanded to be given to the a great : Neh 10:38, Neh 12:44; 2Ch 34:11 which was commanded to be given to the : Heb. the commandment of the, Num 18:21-24

a great : Neh 10:38, Neh 12:44; 2Ch 34:11

which was commanded to be given to the : Heb. the commandment of the, Num 18:21-24

TSK: Neh 13:6 - But // was // the two // after certain days // obtained I But : Exo 32:1; 2Ch 24:17, 2Ch 24:18; Mat 13:25 was : Nehemiah came to Jerusalem in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes, and remained there till the thir...

But : Exo 32:1; 2Ch 24:17, 2Ch 24:18; Mat 13:25

was : Nehemiah came to Jerusalem in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes, and remained there till the thirty-second, being twelve years; then returned to Babylon; and probably, after about a year, got leave to revisit his brethren, and found matters as here stated.

the two : Neh 2:1, Neh 5:14

after certain days : Heb. at the end of days, Neh 2:5, Neh 2:6

obtained I : or, I earnestly requested

TSK: Neh 13:7 - understood // in preparing understood : Ezr 9:1; 1Co 1:11 in preparing : Neh 13:1, Neh 13:5; Lam 1:10; Mat 21:12, Mat 21:13; Act 21:28, Act 21:29

TSK: Neh 13:8 - it grieved // I cast it grieved : Ezr 9:3, Ezr 9:4, Ezr 10:1; Psa 69:9 I cast : Mar 11:15-17; Joh 2:13-17

TSK: Neh 13:9 - they cleansed they cleansed : Neh 12:45; 2Ch 29:5, 2Ch 29:15-19

they cleansed : Neh 12:45; 2Ch 29:5, 2Ch 29:15-19

TSK: Neh 13:10 - the portions // to his field the portions : Neh 10:37, Neh 12:47; Mal 1:6-14, Mal 3:8; 1Ti 5:17, 1Ti 5:18 to his field : Num 35:2

the portions : Neh 10:37, Neh 12:47; Mal 1:6-14, Mal 3:8; 1Ti 5:17, 1Ti 5:18

to his field : Num 35:2

TSK: Neh 13:11 - contended // Why is the house // place contended : Neh 13:17, Neh 13:25, Neh 5:6-13; Job 31:34; Pro 28:4 Why is the house : Neh 10:39; 1Sa 2:17; Mal 3:8-11 place : Heb. standing

contended : Neh 13:17, Neh 13:25, Neh 5:6-13; Job 31:34; Pro 28:4

Why is the house : Neh 10:39; 1Sa 2:17; Mal 3:8-11

place : Heb. standing

TSK: Neh 13:12 - brought // treasuries brought : Neh 10:37-39, Neh 12:44; Lev 27:30; Num 18:20-26; Deu 14:22 treasuries : or, storehouses, Mal 3:10

brought : Neh 10:37-39, Neh 12:44; Lev 27:30; Num 18:20-26; Deu 14:22

treasuries : or, storehouses, Mal 3:10

TSK: Neh 13:13 - I made // Shelemiah // Pedaiah // next to them // Zaccur // Mattaniah // counted // their office // to distribute I made : Neh 12:44; 2Ch 31:12-15 Shelemiah : Neh 3:30 Pedaiah : Neh 8:4 next to them : Heb. at their hand Zaccur : Neh 10:12 Mattaniah : Neh 11:22, Ne...

I made : Neh 12:44; 2Ch 31:12-15

Shelemiah : Neh 3:30

Pedaiah : Neh 8:4

next to them : Heb. at their hand

Zaccur : Neh 10:12

Mattaniah : Neh 11:22, Neh 12:35

counted : Neh 7:2; 2Ki 12:15, 2Ki 22:7; Luk 12:42, Luk 16:10-12; Act 6:3; 1Co 4:2; 1Ti 1:12; 1Ti 3:10

their office : Heb. it was upon them

to distribute : Act 4:35, Act 6:1

TSK: Neh 13:14 - Remember me // wipe not // good deeds // house // offices Remember me : Neh 13:22, Neh 13:31, Neh 5:19; Psa 122:6-9; Heb 6:10; Rev 3:5 wipe not : If thou wert strict to mark what is done amiss, even my good d...

Remember me : Neh 13:22, Neh 13:31, Neh 5:19; Psa 122:6-9; Heb 6:10; Rev 3:5

wipe not : If thou wert strict to mark what is done amiss, even my good deeds must be wiped outcaps1 . bcaps0 ut, Lord, remember me in thy mercy, and let my upright conduct be acceptable to Thee! By some, Nehemiah has been thought to deal too much with God on the principle of merit. That he wished God to remember him for good is sufficiently evident, and who does not wish the same? But that he expected heaven for his good deeds does not appear; for it is perfectly clear that he expected nothing from God but through the greatness of his mercy. Neh 13:22

good deeds : Heb. kindnesses

house : 1Ch 29:3; 2Ch 24:16, 2Ch 31:20, 2Ch 31:21; Ezr 7:20, Ezr 7:24, Ezr 7:27; Psa 122:6-9

offices : or, observations

TSK: Neh 13:15 - treading wine // burdens // I testified treading wine : Exo 20:8-11, Exo 34:21, Exo 35:2; Isa 58:13; Eze 20:13 burdens : Neh 10:31; Num 15:32-36; Jer 17:21, Jer 17:22, Jer 17:24, Jer 17:27 I...

TSK: Neh 13:16 - men of Tyre men of Tyre : Exo 23:12; Deu 5:14

men of Tyre : Exo 23:12; Deu 5:14

TSK: Neh 13:17 - I contended I contended : Neh 13:11, Neh 13:25, Neh 5:7; Psa 82:1, Psa 82:2; Pro 28:4; Isa 1:10; Jer 5:5, Jer 13:18, 22:2-23; Mic 3:1, Mic 3:9

TSK: Neh 13:18 - Did not your // ye bring more Did not your : Ezr 9:13-15; Jer 17:21-23, Jer 17:27, Jer 44:9, Jer 44:22; Eze 23:8, Eze 23:26; Zec 1:4-6 ye bring more : Lev 26:18, Lev 26:28; Num 32:...

TSK: Neh 13:19 - began to be // I commanded began to be : Lev 23:22 I commanded : Neh 7:3; Exo 31:14-17; Jer 17:19-22

began to be : Lev 23:22

I commanded : Neh 7:3; Exo 31:14-17; Jer 17:19-22

TSK: Neh 13:21 - I testified // about the wall // I will lay I testified : Neh 13:15 about the wall : Heb. before the wall I will lay : Ezr 7:26; Rom 13:3, Rom 13:4; 1Pe 2:14

I testified : Neh 13:15

about the wall : Heb. before the wall

I will lay : Ezr 7:26; Rom 13:3, Rom 13:4; 1Pe 2:14

TSK: Neh 13:22 - I commanded // cleanse // sanctify // Remember // spare me // greatness I commanded : Neh 7:64, Neh 7:65, Neh 12:30; 2Ki 23:4; 1Ch 15:12-14; 2Ch 29:4, 2Ch 29:5, 2Ch 29:24, 2Ch 29:27, 2Ch 29:30; Isa 49:23 cleanse : Neh 12:1...

TSK: Neh 13:23 - married // Ashdod // Ammon married : Heb. made to dwell with them, Neh 10:30; Ezr 9:2, Ezr 9:11, Ezr 9:12, Ezr 10:10, Ezr 10:44; 2Co 6:14 Ashdod : 1Sa 5:1 Ammon : Neh 13:1-3

married : Heb. made to dwell with them, Neh 10:30; Ezr 9:2, Ezr 9:11, Ezr 9:12, Ezr 10:10, Ezr 10:44; 2Co 6:14

Ashdod : 1Sa 5:1

Ammon : Neh 13:1-3

TSK: Neh 13:24 - could not speak // each people could not speak : Heb. they discerned not to speak each people : Heb. people and people, Zep 3:9

could not speak : Heb. they discerned not to speak

each people : Heb. people and people, Zep 3:9

TSK: Neh 13:25 - I contended // cursed // smote // plucked // made them // Ye shall not I contended : Neh 13:11, Neh 13:17; Pro 28:4 cursed : or, reviled, Neh 5:13; Deu 27:14-26; Psa 15:4; Luk 11:45, Luk 11:46 smote : Deu 25:2, Deu 25:3; ...

I contended : Neh 13:11, Neh 13:17; Pro 28:4

cursed : or, reviled, Neh 5:13; Deu 27:14-26; Psa 15:4; Luk 11:45, Luk 11:46

smote : Deu 25:2, Deu 25:3; Ezr 7:26

plucked : Isa 50:6

made them : Neh 10:29, Neh 10:30; Deu 6:13; 2Ch 15:12-15; Ezr 10:5

Ye shall not : Exo 34:16; Deu 7:3

TSK: Neh 13:26 - Did not Solomon // yet among // who was beloved Did not Solomon : 1Ki 11:1-8; Ecc 7:26 yet among : 2Sa 12:24, 2Sa 12:25; 1Ki 3:13; 2Ch 1:12, 2Ch 9:22 who was beloved : 2Sa 12:24

Did not Solomon : 1Ki 11:1-8; Ecc 7:26

yet among : 2Sa 12:24, 2Sa 12:25; 1Ki 3:13; 2Ch 1:12, 2Ch 9:22

who was beloved : 2Sa 12:24

TSK: Neh 13:27 - Shall we then // to transgress Shall we then : 1Sa 30:24 to transgress : Ezr 10:2

Shall we then : 1Sa 30:24

to transgress : Ezr 10:2

TSK: Neh 13:28 - And one // Joiada // Eliashib // son in law // Sanballat // I chased And one : Josephus relates, that this young man was named Manasseh; and that at his request, Sanballat and the Samaritans built their temple upon moun...

And one : Josephus relates, that this young man was named Manasseh; and that at his request, Sanballat and the Samaritans built their temple upon mount Gerizim, in opposition to that at Jerusalem, at which he officiated, in some measure, according to the Mosaic ritual.

Joiada : Neh 12:10, Neh 12:22

Eliashib : Neh 3:1

son in law : Neh 13:4, Neh 13:5, Neh 6:17-19

Sanballat : Neh 2:19

I chased : Neh 13:25; Psa 101:8; Pro 20:8, Pro 20:26; Rom 13:3, Rom 13:4

TSK: Neh 13:29 - Remember // because they have defiled // the covenant Remember : Neh 6:14; Psa 59:5-13; 2Ti 4:14 because they have defiled : Heb. for the defilings of, Lev 21:1-7 the covenant : Num 16:9, Num 16:10, Num 2...

Remember : Neh 6:14; Psa 59:5-13; 2Ti 4:14

because they have defiled : Heb. for the defilings of, Lev 21:1-7

the covenant : Num 16:9, Num 16:10, Num 25:12, Num 25:13; 1Sa 2:30; Mal 2:4-8, Mal 2:10-12

TSK: Neh 13:30 - cleansed // appointed cleansed : Neh 10:30 appointed : Neh. 12:1-26; 1Chr. 23:1-26:32

cleansed : Neh 10:30

appointed : Neh. 12:1-26; 1Chr. 23:1-26:32

TSK: Neh 13:31 - the wood // Remember the wood : Neh 10:34 Remember : Neh 13:14, Neh 13:22; Psa 25:7, Psa 26:8, Psa 26:9, Psa 106:4; Luk 23:42

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Neh 13:1 - On that day // In the audience of the people // Should not come into the congregation of God On that day not now presently after the dedication of the wall, and gates, and city, but upon a certain day, as that phrase is very commonly used in...

On that day not now presently after the dedication of the wall, and gates, and city, but upon a certain day, as that phrase is very commonly used in Scripture without any relation to the time or things mentioned next before it, to wit, when Nehemiah was returned again from the Persian court to Jerusalem, from which he had been absent for some considerable time, in which some errors and abuses had crept in, which now he endeavours to remove.

In the audience of the people partly because it was not only the priests’ , but also the people’ s, duty to study and understand God’ s law and their own duty; and partly that the people hearing that this was the express mind and will of the great God, might the more willingly yield to the following duties, some of which were attended with difficulty, and required self-denial.

Should not come into the congregation of God i.e. not be incorporated into the commonwealth of Israel, nor be joined with any Israelite in marriage relation, as appears from Neh 13:3 ; that practice being a plain comment upon this law. But of this and the next verse, See Poole "Deu 23:3" , See Poole "Deu 23:4" .

Poole: Neh 13:3 - -- i.e. All the heathenish people with whom they had contracted alliances. See Neh 9:2 Ezr 10:3 .

i.e. All the heathenish people with whom they had contracted alliances. See Neh 9:2 Ezr 10:3 .

Poole: Neh 13:4 - Eliashib the priest // The oversight of the chamber // Allied unto Tobiah Eliashib the priest the high priest, Neh 3:1 , or some other priest so called, there being divers Eliashibs in or about this time, Ezr 10:6,24,27,36 ...

Eliashib the priest the high priest, Neh 3:1 , or some other priest so called, there being divers Eliashibs in or about this time, Ezr 10:6,24,27,36 , though the first seems most probable, by comparing this verse with Neh 13:28 , and with Neh 12:10,11 .

The oversight of the chamber i.e. of the chambers, as appears from the following verse, and from Neh 13:9 , where it is called chambers , and from the nature of the thing, the high priest having the chief power over the house of God, and all the chambers belonging to it. The singular number for the plural.

Allied unto Tobiah the Ammonite, and a violent enemy to God’ s people. So this is noted as a great blemish to Eliashib, and as the cause of his other miscarriage, noted Neh 13:5 .

Poole: Neh 13:5 - He had prepared for him a great chamber He had prepared for him a great chamber by removing the things which were in it, and uniting divers small chambers into one, and furnishing it for th...

He had prepared for him a great chamber by removing the things which were in it, and uniting divers small chambers into one, and furnishing it for thee use of Tobiah when he came to Jerusalem; whom he seems to have lodged there that he might have more free and secret communication with him, this being in a place where the people might not come.

Poole: Neh 13:6 - All this time was not I at Jerusalem // Came I unto the king // After certain days All this time was not I at Jerusalem and Eliashib took the occasion of my absence to do these things, supposing that I would no more return thither. ...

All this time was not I at Jerusalem and Eliashib took the occasion of my absence to do these things, supposing that I would no more return thither.

Came I unto the king to wit, from Jerusalem; where he had been once and again.

After certain days Heb. in the end of days , or of a year , as that word oft signifies.

Poole: Neh 13:8 - It grieved me sore It grieved me sore that so sacred a place should be polluted by one who in many respects ought not to have come there, being no priest, a stranger, a...

It grieved me sore that so sacred a place should be polluted by one who in many respects ought not to have come there, being no priest, a stranger, an Ammonite, and one of the worst of that people; and that all this should be done by the permission and order of the high priest, who by his office should have punished and reformed these things in others.

Poole: Neh 13:9 - They cleansed the chambers They cleansed the chambers by such means and rites as were then usual in such cases. See Num 19:9 .

They cleansed the chambers by such means and rites as were then usual in such cases. See Num 19:9 .

Poole: Neh 13:10 - The portions of the Levites had not been given them // Were fled every one to his field The portions of the Levites had not been given them which might be either, 1. From this corrupt high priest Eliashib, who took their portions, as he...

The portions of the Levites had not been given them which might be either,

1. From this corrupt high priest Eliashib, who took their portions, as he did the sacred chambers, to his own use, or employed them for the entertainment of Tobiah, and his other great allies. Or.

2. From the people, who either out of covetousness reserved them to themselves, contrary to their own solemn agreement and covenant, Neh 10:37 ; or were so offended at Eliashib’ s horrid and manifest abuse of sacred things, that they abhorred the offering and service of God, as others did upon a like occasion, 1Sa 2:17 , and therefore neglected to bring in their tithes, &c., which they knew would be perverted to bad uses.

Were fled every one to his field to his possession in the country, being forced to do so for a livelihood.

Poole: Neh 13:11 - Why is the house of God forsaken? // I gathered them together // Set them in their place I sharply reproved those priests to whom the management of these things was committed, for neglect of their duty, and breach of their late solemn pr...

I sharply reproved those priests to whom the management of these things was committed, for neglect of their duty, and breach of their late solemn promise.

Why is the house of God forsaken? you have not only injured men in withholding their dues, but you have occasioned the neglect of God’ s house and service.

I gathered them together to Jerusalem, from their several country possessions, in which they were dispersed.

Set them in their place restored them to the exercise of their office.

Poole: Neh 13:12 - -- Partly out of the respect which they had to Nehemiah, and to his command; and partly because they saw they would be applied to their proper uses, an...

Partly out of the respect which they had to Nehemiah, and to his command; and partly because they saw they would be applied to their proper uses, and not abused, as they had been.

Poole: Neh 13:13 - Zadok the scribe // They were counted faithful // To distribute unto their brethren Zadok the scribe the ecclesiastical scribe, who was to keep the accounts of the receipts and disbursements. They were counted faithful by common fa...

Zadok the scribe the ecclesiastical scribe, who was to keep the accounts of the receipts and disbursements.

They were counted faithful by common fame, and the consent of those who knew them. Such he now sought out the more diligently, because he had late experience of the perfidiousness of the former trustees.

To distribute unto their brethren according to their several families, as the law had prescribed.

Poole: Neh 13:14 - Concerning this Concerning this: what I have done with an upright heart for thy house and service be pleased graciously to accept, and remember for my good, accordin...

Concerning this: what I have done with an upright heart for thy house and service be pleased graciously to accept, and remember for my good, according to thy promise.

Poole: Neh 13:15 - -- I protested against the action, and admonished them to forbear it.

I protested against the action, and admonished them to forbear it.

Poole: Neh 13:16 - Which brought fish // In Jerusalem Which brought fish which they might take in the sea near Joppa, or bring from Tyre to Joppa by sea, and thence to Jerusalem, which was but a small jo...

Which brought fish which they might take in the sea near Joppa, or bring from Tyre to Joppa by sea, and thence to Jerusalem, which was but a small journey.

In Jerusalem the holy city, where God’ s house and presence was, and where the great judicatories of the nation were. So this is added as an aggravation of their sin, that this was done with manifest contempt both to God and men.

Poole: Neh 13:17 - The nobles of Judah The nobles of Judah i.e. their chief men and rulers; whom he chargeth with this sin, because though others did it, it was by their countenance or con...

The nobles of Judah i.e. their chief men and rulers; whom he chargeth with this sin, because though others did it, it was by their countenance or connivance, and they should and might have punished and restrained it.

Poole: Neh 13:18 - All this evil upon us All this evil upon us which you so well and sadly remember, that I need not tell you the particulars.

All this evil upon us which you so well and sadly remember, that I need not tell you the particulars.

Poole: Neh 13:19 - When the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark // Some of my servants set I at the gates When the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark which was about sun-setting, by reason of the mountains which were round about and near Jerusalem, Psa 1...

When the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark which was about sun-setting, by reason of the mountains which were round about and near Jerusalem, Psa 125:2 .

Some of my servants set I at the gates out of a diffidence in those to whom the keeping of the gates was committed.

Poole: Neh 13:21 - I will lay hands on you I will lay hands on you I will punish you, and seize your goods. For this was a temptation to covetous or needy Jews, that lived in or near the city,...

I will lay hands on you I will punish you, and seize your goods. For this was a temptation to covetous or needy Jews, that lived in or near the city, to steal opportunities of buying their commodities, which then they might do with more advantage.

Poole: Neh 13:22 - That they should cleanse themselves // Keep the gates // According to the greatness of thy mercy That they should cleanse themselves partly because the work they were now set upon, though common in its nature, yet was holy in design of it, and ha...

That they should cleanse themselves partly because the work they were now set upon, though common in its nature, yet was holy in design of it, and had respect unto the sabbath; and partly because the day in which they were to do this was the sabbath day, for the observation whereof they were obliged to prepare and purify themselves.

Keep the gates either,

1. The gates of the temple. But a particular command was superfluous in that case, because it was their constant work and charge to do this, both sabbath days and every day. Or rather,

2. The gates of the city; for of them he spake last, Neh 13:19 ; and not daring to trust the common porters of these gates, not being able always to employ his men in that work, he committeth the charge of them for the present season, and upon the sabbath days, to the Levites, to whom the care of sanctifying the sabbath did properly belong.

According to the greatness of thy mercy whereby he intimates, that though he mentioned his good works as things wherewith God was well pleased, and which he had promised to reward, yet he neither did nor durst trust to their merit or his own worthiness; but when he had done all, he judged himself an unprofitable servant, and one that needed God’ s infinite mercy and indulgence to pardon all his sins, and particularly those infirmities and corruptions which adhered to his good deeds.

Poole: Neh 13:23 - Ashdod Ashdod a city of the Philistines, 1Sa 5:1,2 , &c.

Ashdod a city of the Philistines, 1Sa 5:1,2 , &c.

Poole: Neh 13:24 - -- Which their mothers instilled into them, together with their principles and manners.

Which their mothers instilled into them, together with their principles and manners.

Poole: Neh 13:25 - Cursed them // Smote certain of them // Plucked off their hair Cursed them i.e. caused them to be excommunicated and cast out of the society and privileges of God’ s people. This and the following punishment...

Cursed them i.e. caused them to be excommunicated and cast out of the society and privileges of God’ s people. This and the following punishments were justly inflicted upon them, because this transgression was contrary both to a very plain and express law of God, and also to their own late solemn covenants and promises, of which see Ezr 10 Ne 10:30 .

Smote certain of them i.e. I caused to be beaten with stripes, according to the law, Deu 25:2 , those whose faults were most aggravated by their quality or other circumstances; to whom he added this punishment over and besides the former.

Plucked off their hair or, shaved them . The hair was an ornament and ensign of liberty among the eastern nations; and baldness was a disgrace and token of slavery and sorrow. See Isa 3:24 Isa 15:2 Jer 48:37 Eze 29:18 .

Poole: Neh 13:27 - Shall we then hearken unto you? Shall we then hearken unto you? shall we justify our action by permitting or not punishing it? God forbid.

Shall we then hearken unto you? shall we justify our action by permitting or not punishing it? God forbid.

Poole: Neh 13:28 - Joiada // I chased him from me Joiada said by Josephus to be that Manasses who by Sanballat’ s interest procured liberty to build the Samaritan temple in Mount Gerizim; to whi...

Joiada said by Josephus to be that Manasses who by Sanballat’ s interest procured liberty to build the Samaritan temple in Mount Gerizim; to which those priests who had married strange wives, or been otherwise criminal, betook themselves, and with or after them others of the people in the same or like circumstances.

I chased him from me i.e. from my presence and court, and from the city and temple, and all the privileges of the priesthood, and from the whole congregation and church of Israel, whereof I am a member.

Poole: Neh 13:29 - -- That covenant made between me and his progenitors for themselves and their posterity, whereby I promised to give them an everlasting priesthood , N...

That covenant made between me and his progenitors for themselves and their posterity, whereby I promised to give them an everlasting priesthood , Num 25:12,13 , and they covenanted with me that they would faithfully and holily execute that sacred function according to the rules which I gave them, whereby, among other things, they were enjoined to keep themselves pure from all unlawful marriages, and from all other things which might pollute them or the priesthood.

Poole: Neh 13:31 - For the wood-offering and the first-fruits For the wood-offering and the first-fruits and particularly I took care for these things, because they had been lately neglected.

For the wood-offering and the first-fruits and particularly I took care for these things, because they had been lately neglected.

Haydock: Neh 13:1 - That day // Ever That day, is often used for an indefinite time. (Haydock) --- It is not probable that all this happened when the walls were dedicated. After that ...

That day, is often used for an indefinite time. (Haydock) ---

It is not probable that all this happened when the walls were dedicated. After that event, Nehemias rather went to court, and remained there about ten years. During his absence, many abuses crept in, which he endeavoured to remedy, (ver. 7.) perhaps on the solemn day of tabernacles, when the law had been read. ---

Ever, (Deuteronomy xxiii. 3.) so as to marry. (Calmet)

Haydock: Neh 13:3 - Stranger Stranger. Hebrew hereb, "mixture," (Haydock) infidel women and their offspring.

Stranger. Hebrew hereb, "mixture," (Haydock) infidel women and their offspring.

Haydock: Neh 13:4 - Over this things Over this things, &c. Or, he was faulty in this thing, or in this kind. (Challoner) --- He was the source of all this evil. Hebrew, "and before t...

Over this things, &c. Or, he was faulty in this thing, or in this kind. (Challoner) ---

He was the source of all this evil. Hebrew, "and before this Eliasib," &c. It is probable that he was a different person from the high priest, (Usher) who had married his grandson to the daughter of Sanaballat, the intimate friend of Tobias. (Calmet) ---

The latter was a persecutor, and prefigured heretics, as Nehemias did our Saviour, who drove traffickers out of the temple. (Ven. Bede in Esdras, L. iii. 19.) (Worthington)

Haydock: Neh 13:5 - He He. Eliasib, or Tobias. The original is also ambiguous. Eliasib probably permitted Tobias to furnish himself apartments in the temple, where, by ...

He. Eliasib, or Tobias. The original is also ambiguous. Eliasib probably permitted Tobias to furnish himself apartments in the temple, where, by law, he was not allowed to enter. Hence the priests, being deprived of their support, were forced to retire. (Calmet) ---

Tobias rented the apartments, and was steward of the priests' revenues. (Tirinus)

Haydock: Neh 13:6 - Days Days. Prefixed (chap. ii. 6.) I asked. Hebrew, "was required to attend by the king," for about ten years. After which period, I returned and f...

Days. Prefixed (chap. ii. 6.) I asked. Hebrew, "was required to attend by the king," for about ten years. After which period, I returned and found such disorders. Some believe that Nehemias had been at Babylon, a long while before the 32d year of the king.

Haydock: Neh 13:8 - And I And I. Nehemias acted as governor, and performed the duty which the high priest neglected. (Calmet)

And I. Nehemias acted as governor, and performed the duty which the high priest neglected. (Calmet)

Haydock: Neh 13:9 - Storehouses // Sacrifice Storehouses, which had been profaned by the presence of a pagan. (Menochius) --- Sacrifice. Hebrew mincha, "offerings of flour, fruits, and liq...

Storehouses, which had been profaned by the presence of a pagan. (Menochius) ---

Sacrifice. Hebrew mincha, "offerings of flour, fruits, and liquors," which were kept in the storehouses, as well as frankincense. Eliasib had caused these things to be removed, to make place for Tobias. (Calmet)

Haydock: Neh 13:10 - Country Country. Hebrew, "field," that he might cultivate it, (Haydock) and get food. (Menochius)

Country. Hebrew, "field," that he might cultivate it, (Haydock) and get food. (Menochius)

Haydock: Neh 13:11 - Pleaded // Have we Pleaded. Accusing them of treachery, in not opposing the wicked attempt. --- Have we. He placed himself in the number of the guilty, in order to ...

Pleaded. Accusing them of treachery, in not opposing the wicked attempt. ---

Have we. He placed himself in the number of the guilty, in order to soften the reproach. (Septuagint, &c.) (Calmet) ---

"Why is the house of God forsaken?" (Protestants)

Haydock: Neh 13:14 - And his And his. Hebrew, "its offices," and for the good of the sacred ministers. (Haydock)

And his. Hebrew, "its offices," and for the good of the sacred ministers. (Haydock)

Haydock: Neh 13:15 - Treading Treading. Syriac and Arabic, "travelling."

Treading. Syriac and Arabic, "travelling."

Haydock: Neh 13:16 - Tyrians Tyrians. Who had established themselves there, for the sake of commerce, though the chosen people ought to have kept them at a great distance, for f...

Tyrians. Who had established themselves there, for the sake of commerce, though the chosen people ought to have kept them at a great distance, for fear of seduction. (Calmet)

Haydock: Neh 13:18 - Fathers Fathers. Though warned by Jeremias, xvii. 21. (Menochius)

Fathers. Though warned by Jeremias, xvii. 21. (Menochius)

Haydock: Neh 13:19 - At rest // On the At rest. People travelling no longer. (Calmet) --- Hebrew, "shaded, or in the dark." Before Friday night on, the sabbath commenced, and then the ...

At rest. People travelling no longer. (Calmet) ---

Hebrew, "shaded, or in the dark." Before Friday night on, the sabbath commenced, and then the gates were shut. (Haydock) ---

On the. Hebrew, "before the sabbath." (Menochius)

Haydock: Neh 13:21 - On you On you. To punish you, (Calmet) for thus endeavouring to tempt the people. (Haydock)

On you. To punish you, (Calmet) for thus endeavouring to tempt the people. (Haydock)

Haydock: Neh 13:22 - Gates Gates. The Levites would more conscientiously discharge their duty, (Menochius) and restrain the people, so that they might keep the day holy. (Hay...

Gates. The Levites would more conscientiously discharge their duty, (Menochius) and restrain the people, so that they might keep the day holy. (Haydock)

Haydock: Neh 13:23 - Azotus Azotus. In the country of the Philistines.

Azotus. In the country of the Philistines.

Haydock: Neh 13:24 - Half Half. In the same family, some spoke the Philistine (Vatable) or Phenician language: others the Hebrew; which, though it resembled the other very mu...

Half. In the same family, some spoke the Philistine (Vatable) or Phenician language: others the Hebrew; which, though it resembled the other very much, was still sufficiently distinct to be noticed. The children might also speak a jargon, composed of both languages. It is probable that, at this time, many of the common people spoke the Chaldean language, so that it was necessary to interpret pure Hebrew to them, chap. viii. 8.

Haydock: Neh 13:25 - Curse // Shaved // That they Curse, or excommunicated them, (Calmet) the guilty parents. (Haydock) --- Shaved. Hebrew and Septuagint, "plucked off their hair," by the roots...

Curse, or excommunicated them, (Calmet) the guilty parents. (Haydock) ---

Shaved. Hebrew and Septuagint, "plucked off their hair," by the roots, for greater torment. Sometimes quicklime was then sprinkled on the head, (Calmet) as adulterers were treated at Athens. Schol. Aristoph.[Aristophanes?] ---

King Artaxerxes changed this punishment, and ordered that his officers should be forbidden to wear the tiara instead. Domitian caused the hair and beard of Apollonius to be shaven. (Philost. iii. 14.) (Calmet) ---

That they. Hebrew, "Ye shall not," &c.

Haydock: Neh 13:27 - Also be Also be. Hebrew, "hearken unto you;" (Protestants; Haydock) or "Have ye not heard the evils which fell upon our fathers (Calmet) for doing all?" &...

Also be. Hebrew, "hearken unto you;" (Protestants; Haydock) or "Have ye not heard the evils which fell upon our fathers (Calmet) for doing all?" &c. (Haydock)

Haydock: Neh 13:28 - One // Sanaballet // From me One. Manasses, brother of Jaddus. (Josephus, [Antiquities?] xi. 8.) --- Sanaballet, noted for his enmity towards the Jews, chap. vi. 1. He obtai...

One. Manasses, brother of Jaddus. (Josephus, [Antiquities?] xi. 8.) ---

Sanaballet, noted for his enmity towards the Jews, chap. vi. 1. He obtained leave of Alexander to build the famous temple on Garizim, for this son-in-law. He must have been 150 yeas old when Alexander laid siege to Tyre, the year of the world 3672. Esdras and Nehemias were noted for their great age. Yet some would suppose that there were two of the name of Sanaballet; and Josephus says that the one in question was appointed governor of Samaria by Darius, the last king of the Persians. This opinion is adopted by Usher, the year of the world 3972. (Tirinus, &c.) ---

But there is still a difficulty to know whether it be necessary. (Calmet) ---

From me. In revenge he set up an opposition altar. (Haydock) ---

He had contracted a marriage, which was unlawful for all, and entailed degradation upon priests.

Haydock: Neh 13:31 - Wood // Good // Amen Wood. Conformably to the regulations mentioned, chap. x. 34. (Calmet) --- Good. A just man may confidently beg for a reward. (Worthington) --- ...

Wood. Conformably to the regulations mentioned, chap. x. 34. (Calmet) ---

Good. A just man may confidently beg for a reward. (Worthington) ---

Amen, is not found in Hebrew, &c. The Holy Spirit records the praises of Nehemias, Ecclesiasticus xlix. 15. His political and moral virtues must ever assign him an exalted rank among the true Israelites. Like Jesus Christ, he rebuilt Jerusalem, reformed the nation, was the mediator of a new covenant, defended the rights of the priesthood and of all the people. (Calmet)

APOCRYPHA.

The third and fourth Books of Esdras, and the prayer of Manasses, (Worthington) are found in many Latin Bibles, (Haydock) and translated in that of Douay, (Worthington) as works of dubious authority. Calmet also inserts the third and fourth books of Machabees. (Haydock) ---

Protestants class under the same head the books of Tobias, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, and Machabees, (Worthington) with Baruch, and parts of Esther and Daniel, &c. (Haydock) ---

They acknowledge that they are, "holy and worthy to be read in the Church, but not sufficient to prove points of faith." The truth is, they find them too opposite to their creed; as St. Augustine (prædest. SS. C. xiv.) observes was the case with some heretics, who rejected the Book of Wisdom. (Worthington) ---

The pretence that these Books were not admitted by many ancient Fathers, would equally strike out of the canon the Epistle to the Hebrews, those of St. James and St. Jude, the second and third of St. Peter, and of St. John, and the Apocalypse, the authority of all which was formerly warmly controverted, (Haydock) and only admitted by degrees: (Worthington) paulatim tempore procedente meruit auctoritatem. (St. Jerome, in Jacobo.) ---

This holy doctor doubted (Prideaux) whether the book of Judith was canonical, till he found the decision of the Council of Nice. The declaration of the Church is the only sure rule by which matters of this nature can be decided. (Haydock) ---

"I would not believe the gospel, unless I were influenced to do it by the authority of the Catholic Church." (St. Augustine, contra ep. Fund. c. 5.) ---

This Church has spoken in favor of the controverted Books of the Old Testament, as much as for those of the New; so that the inconsistency of Protestants cannot pass unnoticed. If they had asserted that they appealed only to the private spirit, they might have been acceptable at least to fanatics; but now they attempt to follow the Catholic rule, and yet reject it the next moment! If we would relinquish all the parts 'of Scripture which have been called in question, what book would be safe? Some have been indeed more universally admitted, and may therefore be styled protocanonical, while the deuterocanonical books were recognized rather later; and after all difficulties had been maturely discussed, as has been the case with other articles of faith. But the declaration being promulgated sooner or later, does not alter the truth. The will of God, notified to us by his Church, is our infallible guide. This is the canon, or "rule," (Haydock) to regulate our imperfect knowledge. (St. Augustine, contra Faust. xi. 5., and contra Crescon. ii. 32.) ---

In this sense the Council of Carthage, (A.D. 419) styles these contested books, "canonical and divine:" and the ancient Popes, Innocent I and Gelasius, as well as St. Augustine, (Doct. ii. 8.) St. Isidore, (Etym. vi. 1.) and others, place them on a level with the other parts of Scripture, as has been done by the general Councils of Florence and of Trent. If the Jews did not admit them into their canon, it was because they were not extant in the Hebrew language, (Haydock) or known when the canon was closed by Esdras, (Huet; Du Hamel) or afterwards. (Haydock) ---

Besides, who sees not that the canon of the Church is preferable to that of the synagogue? (Worthington) ---

Otherwise how shall we receive the New Testament. (Haydock) ---

Many of the Fathers referred only to the Jewish canon, when they gave catalogues of the sacred books. (Calmet) ---

We shall find that they generally admitted the authority of what the Protestants style Apocrypha, and that they were far from considering them (Haydock) as "romances," (Fagius) or inducements" to vice and superstitious practices, under the semblance of virtue," (Button) as some have now the boldness to assert. They might well shew so much deference to the judgment of the majority of Christians, as to abstain from such censures. (Haydock)

Gill: Neh 13:1 - On that day // they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people // and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of the Lord On that day,.... Not when the wall of the city was dedicated, nor quickly after; for it cannot be thought that people should be so corrupted so soon a...

On that day,.... Not when the wall of the city was dedicated, nor quickly after; for it cannot be thought that people should be so corrupted so soon as this chapter shows; but when Nehemiah had governed them twelve years, and had been at Babylon, and was returned again, as appears from Neh 13:6, compared with Neh 2:1,

they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; for from the time of the reading of the law by Ezra, Neh 8:1 it became a custom to read the law publicly:

and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of the Lord; that is, be admitted to marry with any of the people of Israel; See Gill on Deu 23:3.

Gill: Neh 13:2 - Because they met not the children of Israel with bread Because they met not the children of Israel with bread,.... The same reason is given, and what follows in this verse is observed in Deu 23:4; See Gill...

Because they met not the children of Israel with bread,.... The same reason is given, and what follows in this verse is observed in Deu 23:4; See Gill on Deu 23:4, Deu 23:5.

Gill: Neh 13:3 - Now it came to pass, when they had heard the law // that they separated from Israel all the mixed multitude Now it came to pass, when they had heard the law,.... Or the law concerning the Ammonite and the Moabite, and which included other nations also, and f...

Now it came to pass, when they had heard the law,.... Or the law concerning the Ammonite and the Moabite, and which included other nations also, and forbad marriage with them:

that they separated from Israel all the mixed multitude; all of these, and other nations, they had contracted affinity with.

Gill: Neh 13:4 - And before this // Eliashib the priest // having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God // was allied to Tobiah And before this,.... Before the above law was read, and observed and acted upon: Eliashib the priest; whom some take to be a common priest; so Bish...

And before this,.... Before the above law was read, and observed and acted upon:

Eliashib the priest; whom some take to be a common priest; so Bishop Usher a; but he seems rather to be the high priest, by comparing it with Neh 13:28,

having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God; which has led some to the notion of his being a common priest; but chamber may be put for chambers, and those for the whole house or temple, which the high priest had the greatest concern in, and oversight of:

was allied to Tobiah; the servant and Ammonite, an inveterate enemy of the Jews, Neh 2:10, having married a daughter of Shecaniah, and his son a daughter of Meshullam, who were both priests, and so as it seems related to Eliashib, Neh 6:18.

Gill: Neh 13:5 - And he had prepared for him a great chamber // where aforetime they laid the meat offerings, the frankincense, and the vessels, and the tithes of the corn, the new wine, and the oil, which was commanded to be given to the Levites, and to the singers, and the porters, and the offerings of the priests And he had prepared for him a great chamber,.... In the temple, by throwing together several chambers, as Piscator observes: where aforetime they l...

And he had prepared for him a great chamber,.... In the temple, by throwing together several chambers, as Piscator observes:

where aforetime they laid the meat offerings, the frankincense, and the vessels, and the tithes of the corn, the new wine, and the oil, which was commanded to be given to the Levites, and to the singers, and the porters, and the offerings of the priests; see Neh 10:37.

Gill: Neh 13:6 - But in all this time was not I at Jerusalem // for in the thirty second year of Artaxerxes, king of Babylon, came I unto the king from Jerusalem // and after certain days obtained I leave of the king But in all this time was not I at Jerusalem,.... Nehemiah, who was absent all the while these things were done by Eliashib, or otherwise they would no...

But in all this time was not I at Jerusalem,.... Nehemiah, who was absent all the while these things were done by Eliashib, or otherwise they would not have been suffered:

for in the thirty second year of Artaxerxes, king of Babylon, came I unto the king from Jerusalem; after he had governed there twelve years, to whom he came to give an account of affairs there; this was not Xerxes, as some b have thought, for he reigned but twenty one years; but Darius Hystaspis, who reigned thirty six years, according to Ptolemy's canon, and with which Herodotus c agrees; he is called king of Babylon, because that, with the whole empire, was in the hands of the king of Persia, as it had been from the times of Cyrus:

and after certain days obtained I leave of the king; to return to Jerusalem again; not after five years, as Dr. Prideaux d thinks; for it is not likely that Nehemiah would stay so long ere he asked leave of the king to return to Jerusalem, which was so much his care, and on whose prosperity his heart was so much set; rather at most it was but a full year he stayed ere he got leave to return, as Vatablus and Piscator interpret it; in which sense the phrase of certain days is used in Lev 25:29, and in other places quoted by the last mentioned interpreter.

Gill: Neh 13:7 - And I came to Jerusalem // and understood of the evil that Eliashib did for Tobiah // in preparing him a chamber in the courts of the house of God And I came to Jerusalem,.... Through the king's leave, and with a commission from him: and understood of the evil that Eliashib did for Tobiah; was...

And I came to Jerusalem,.... Through the king's leave, and with a commission from him:

and understood of the evil that Eliashib did for Tobiah; was informed of the mal-administration of his office:

in preparing him a chamber in the courts of the house of God; whereby it was profaned and polluted.

Gill: Neh 13:8 - And it grieved me sore // therefore I cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber And it grieved me sore,.... That such a sacred place should be converted to common use, and to that of an Heathen, and of an enemy to the Jews and the...

And it grieved me sore,.... That such a sacred place should be converted to common use, and to that of an Heathen, and of an enemy to the Jews and their religion:

therefore I cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber; as being chief magistrate, and acting by commission under the king of Persia, and to regulate everything amiss, according to the Jewish laws, as well as those of the king, his power being, no doubt, as large as Ezra's, Ezr 7:25, by "household stuff" is meant what is movable in the house, as chairs, tables, vessels for dressing, caring, drinking, &c. there are various opinions about this with the ancients e.

Gill: Neh 13:9 - Then I commanded, and they cleansed the chambers // and thither brought I again the vessels of the house of God, with the meat offering and the frankincense Then I commanded, and they cleansed the chambers,.... By which it appears there were more than one, or that several were thrown into one; which was do...

Then I commanded, and they cleansed the chambers,.... By which it appears there were more than one, or that several were thrown into one; which was done not only by washing them, but as this was a ceremonial uncleanness, contracted by the habitation of an Heathen in them, their purification might be by the water of separation, Num 19:9

and thither brought I again the vessels of the house of God, with the meat offering and the frankincense; replaced them where they were before.

Gill: Neh 13:10 - And I perceived that the portion of the Levites had not been given them // for the Levites and the singers that did the work were fled everyone to his field And I perceived that the portion of the Levites had not been given them,.... The tithes, being removed to some other place, might be converted to anot...

And I perceived that the portion of the Levites had not been given them,.... The tithes, being removed to some other place, might be converted to another use; or the people, seeing what was done by Eliashib, neglected to bring them in, as judging they would not be properly disposed of; and besides, the Levites had deserted their station upon this:

for the Levites and the singers that did the work were fled everyone to his field; to look after their country farms, or to get their living by agriculture, since there was no care taken of them at Jerusalem; see Neh 12:28.

Gill: Neh 13:11 - Then I contended with the rulers // and said, why is the house of God forsaken // and l gathered them together // and set them in their place Then I contended with the rulers;.... The ecclesiastical rulers, the priests that were appointed over those chambers, Neh 12:44, he expostulated with ...

Then I contended with the rulers;.... The ecclesiastical rulers, the priests that were appointed over those chambers, Neh 12:44, he expostulated with them warmly, and chode them severely for their conduct:

and said, why is the house of God forsaken? no care being taken of the maintenance of the ministers of it, contrary to the promise made Neh 10:37,

and l gathered them together; the Levites and singers that were dispersed in the countries round about:

and set them in their place; in the temple, and in the course of their ministry there.

Gill: Neh 13:12 - Then brought all Judah the tithe of corn, and the new wine, and the oil, into the treasuries. Then brought all Judah the tithe of corn, and the new wine, and the oil, into the treasuries. When they saw a reformation made, and things were going ...

Then brought all Judah the tithe of corn, and the new wine, and the oil, into the treasuries. When they saw a reformation made, and things were going in their proper channel, and a right use would be made of their tithes, these given to proper persons, who were now reinstated in their office.

Gill: Neh 13:13 - And I made treasurers over the treasuries // Shelemiah the priest, and Zadok the scribe // and of the Levites, Pedaiah, and next to them was Hanan the son of Zaccur, the son of Mattaniah, for they were counted faithful // and their office was to distribute unto their brethren And I made treasurers over the treasuries,.... New ones, since the others appointed were either dead or unfaithful to their trust, Neh 12:44, Shele...

And I made treasurers over the treasuries,.... New ones, since the others appointed were either dead or unfaithful to their trust, Neh 12:44,

Shelemiah the priest, and Zadok the scribe; who also was a priest, as Ezra was both priest and scribe; one that besides his office as a priest was expert in the law, and capable of instructing others:

and of the Levites, Pedaiah, and next to them was Hanan the son of Zaccur, the son of Mattaniah, for they were counted faithful; had a good report of all that knew them, for men of fidelity and uprightness, and so fit for such a trust:

and their office was to distribute unto their brethren; to deliver to them their share in the tithes, first fruits, &c.

Gill: Neh 13:14 - Remember me, O my God, concerning this // and wipe not out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for the offices thereof Remember me, O my God, concerning this,.... Not in a way of strict justice, as if he thought he merited anything at the hand of God for what he had do...

Remember me, O my God, concerning this,.... Not in a way of strict justice, as if he thought he merited anything at the hand of God for what he had done; but in a way of grace and mercy, that he would graciously accept thereof, as done for the honour of his name, and overlook all failings and infirmities therein, see Neh 13:22

and wipe not out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for the offices thereof; for the support of the worship of God in the temple, and for the regulating of the wards and courses in it, both priests and Levites, and for the maintenance of them; which being done from a right principle, love to God, and with a right view, the glory of his name, might be truly reckoned good works: and which he desires might not be wiped or blotted out of the book of his remembrance, see Hos 6:10.

Gill: Neh 13:15 - In those days saw I in Judah some treading winepresses on the sabbath // and bringing in sheaves // and lading asses // as also wine, grapes, and figs // and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day // and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals In those days saw I in Judah some treading winepresses on the sabbath,.... Which was not a work of necessity, and so did not drive away the sabbath, a...

In those days saw I in Judah some treading winepresses on the sabbath,.... Which was not a work of necessity, and so did not drive away the sabbath, as the Jews express themselves, but might have been deferred to another day:

and bringing in sheaves; of wheat, it being the time of wheat harvest:

and lading asses; with goods to be carried from place to place, and sold on that day; this was contrary to the express law, for the ass was to rest, Deu 5:14,

as also wine, grapes, and figs: it being the time of ingathering the fruits of the earth:

and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day; besides those borne on asses, others were carried on men's shoulders; this was contrary to the law of the sabbath, which required that both men and beasts should have rest:

and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals; that is, the sabbath day; and if it was not lawful to sell food, then not anything else; so far from it, that according to the Jewish canons f, such that were in partnership might not discourse together of what they should sell or buy on the morrow, the day after the sabbath; and so far from gathering and carrying grapes and figs, that a man might not go into his gardens and fields to see what were wanting, or how the fruits were: now Nehemiah admonished the Jews of these evils they committed, and testified against them as breakers of the law, and called heaven and earth to testify against them, should they go on to violate it.

Gill: Neh 13:16 - There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish // and all manner of ware // and sold on the sabbath day unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish,.... From Tyre and Zidon, and the parts adjacent: these they brought from Joppa, and from the...

There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish,.... From Tyre and Zidon, and the parts adjacent: these they brought from Joppa, and from thence to Jerusalem, and had houses or lodgings near the fish gate or fish market, where they sold them:

and all manner of ware; or merchandise, which, being a trading city, they had from all nations:

and sold on the sabbath day unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem; or even in Jerusalem, the holy city, where stood the temple, and where the worship of God was kept, and where the magistrates lived, who should have been terrors to evildoers: indeed, the law of the sabbath was not binding on these Tyrians, but then they tempted the Jews to break it, by bringing their ware to sell.

Gill: Neh 13:17 - Then I contended with the nobles // and said unto them, what evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day Then I contended with the nobles,.... The rulers of the city, the civil magistrates, sharply reproved them for their neglect of duty: and said unto...

Then I contended with the nobles,.... The rulers of the city, the civil magistrates, sharply reproved them for their neglect of duty:

and said unto them, what evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day? by suffering servile works to be done in it, and things sold on it.

Gill: Neh 13:18 - Did not your fathers thus // and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon our city // yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath Did not your fathers thus,.... Profane the sabbath in like manner: and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon our city? suffered the...

Did not your fathers thus,.... Profane the sabbath in like manner:

and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon our city? suffered them to be carried captive into a strange land, and their city destroyed for their sins, and for this of sabbath breaking among the rest, see Jer 17:21,

yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath; additional judgments to those that had been already upon them for the same evil with others.

Gill: Neh 13:19 - And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath // I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the sabbath // and some of my servants set I at the gates, that there should be burden brought in on the sabbath day And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath,.... Or "were shaded" g; that is, as Jarchi interprets it, w...

And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath,.... Or "were shaded" g; that is, as Jarchi interprets it, when the shadows of the eve of the sabbath were stretched out upon the gates; the sabbath did not begin till sun setting, and the stars appeared; but before that, as the sun was declining, the shadows through the houses in Jerusalem, and mountains about it, spread themselves over the gates: and when it was near dusk, and as soon as it was so,

I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the sabbath; until sun setting the next day:

and some of my servants set I at the gates, that there should be burden brought in on the sabbath day; the porters being not to be trusted, being liable to be bribed and corrupted, which he knew his servants were not; and therefore, since it might be necessary on a few occasions to open the gates to let some persons in and out, and especially such who dwelt near, and came to worship, he placed his servants there, to take care that none were admitted that had any burdens upon them.

Gill: Neh 13:20 - For the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware For the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware,.... The Tyrians particularly, Neh 13:16 lodged without Jerusalem once or twice; one sabbath day or ...

For the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware,.... The Tyrians particularly, Neh 13:16 lodged without Jerusalem once or twice; one sabbath day or two, not being able to get into the city, such strict watch and care being taken to keep the gates shut; this they did, hoping the Jews would come out to them and buy their goods, though they were not admitted to bring them within the city.

Gill: Neh 13:21 - Then I testified against them // why lodge ye about the wall // if ye do so again, I will lay hands on you // from that time forth came they no more on the sabbath Then I testified against them,.... Against their continuance there, and threatened them, and called heaven and earth to witness what he would do to th...

Then I testified against them,.... Against their continuance there, and threatened them, and called heaven and earth to witness what he would do to them, if they did not depart:

why lodge ye about the wall? of the city, waiting an opportunity to get in, and tempting the Jews to come out and buy their ware:

if ye do so again, I will lay hands on you; beat them, or slay them, at least imprison them:

from that time forth came they no more on the sabbath; finding there was no likelihood of getting into the city, and that they were liable to be taken up and punished.

Gill: Neh 13:22 - And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves // and that they should come and keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day // remember me, O my God, concerning this also // and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves,.... From all ceremonial uncleanness, that they might be fit in a ceremonial sense to ...

And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves,.... From all ceremonial uncleanness, that they might be fit in a ceremonial sense to perform the duties of the office on the sabbath day:

and that they should come and keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day; not the gates of the city, his servants were placed there, nor was this the work of the Levites, and much less did this require a particular purification to fit for it; but the gates of the temple, that no impure person might enter there; and on that day it required the greater diligence, because of the number of people that came to worship:

remember me, O my God, concerning this also; with respect to his care to have the sabbath kept holy, as well as his concern for the honour of the house of God, and the maintenance of his ministers, Neh 13:14,

and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy; he desired to be dealt with, not according to any merits of his own, but according to the abundant mercy of God; that he would kindly and graciously vouchsafe to accept any good that he had done for his mercy sake, and forgive whatever was amiss in him.

Gill: Neh 13:23 - In those days also I saw Jews that married wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, and of Moab. In those days also I saw Jews that married wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, and of Moab. Ashdod, or Azotus, as it is called in Act 8:40, was one of the five...

In those days also I saw Jews that married wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, and of Moab. Ashdod, or Azotus, as it is called in Act 8:40, was one of the five cities of the Philistines; which, though none of the seven nations with whom marriage was forbid, yet it was very unfit and improper to marry with them, Jdg 14:3. This place was a mart of the Arabians h, where they sold their goods, to which the Jews might resort, and thereby be ensnared into such marriages; and which with the Ammonites and Moabites were unlawful, Neh 13:1.

Gill: Neh 13:24 - And their children spoke half in the speech of Ashdod // and could not speak in the Jews' language // but according to the language of each people And their children spoke half in the speech of Ashdod,.... Which they learned of their mothers, so that it was a mixed language they spoke, partly Jew...

And their children spoke half in the speech of Ashdod,.... Which they learned of their mothers, so that it was a mixed language they spoke, partly Jewish and partly Philistine; but some refer this not to their speech, but to the number of their children; that half of them, which Jarchi interprets many of them, spoke in the language of Ashdod, even as many as were most with their mothers, and chiefly brought up by them:

and could not speak in the Jews' language; not at all, or so much as to be understood well, which inclines to the last sense:

but according to the language of each people; their mothers were of, whether of Ashdod, or of Ammon, or of Moab.

Gill: Neh 13:25 - And I contended with them // and cursed them // and smote certain of them // and plucked off their hair // and made them swear by God, saying, ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves And I contended with them,.... Argued with them, faithfully admonished them, and sharply reproved them: and cursed them; assuring them that the cur...

And I contended with them,.... Argued with them, faithfully admonished them, and sharply reproved them:

and cursed them; assuring them that the curse of God would come upon them, unless they repented. Aben Ezra interprets it of excommunicating them, either with "Cherem" or "Niddui", which were two sorts of excommunication among the Jews; but it is a question whether as yet those were used by them:

and smote certain of them; ordered them to be beaten with rods or scourges, as transgressors of the law:

and plucked off their hair; or ordered it to be plucked off by the executioner that smote them; which sort of punishment, as it was painful, it was disgraceful and ignominious, see Isa 1:6,

and made them swear by God, saying, ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves; not intermarry with them; this they had sworn to before, Neh 10:29.

Gill: Neh 13:26 - Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things // yet among many nations was there no king like him // who was beloved of God // and God made him king over all Israel // even him did outlandish women cause to sin Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things?.... By marrying strange wives, by whom he was drawn into idolatry, 1Ki 11:3, yet among many nat...

Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things?.... By marrying strange wives, by whom he was drawn into idolatry, 1Ki 11:3,

yet among many nations was there no king like him; as not for grandeur and riches, so not for wisdom, and yet was ensnared by his idolatrous wives:

who was beloved of God; alluding to his name Jedidiah, which signifies beloved of the Lord, 2Sa 12:24

and God made him king over all Israel; which was a proof of his love to him, and so he was under the greater obligation to serve him, and him only, and yet his heart, through his wives, was turned after other gods:

even him did outlandish women cause to sin; and if so great and wise a man was enticed by them to idolatry, much more may you, and therefore it was very dangerous to marry with them.

Gill: Neh 13:27 - Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great evil // to transgress against our God // in marrying strange wives Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great evil,.... To suffer it to be done, and connive at it, and not punish for it: to transgress agai...

Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great evil,.... To suffer it to be done, and connive at it, and not punish for it:

to transgress against our God; his law, his mind, and will:

in marrying strange wives? forbidden by him, Deu 7:1.

Gill: Neh 13:28 - And one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest // son in law to Sanballat the Horonite // therefore I chased him from me And one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest,.... A grandson of the high priest; for the high priest here is Eliashib, according...

And one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest,.... A grandson of the high priest; for the high priest here is Eliashib, according to our version, and not Joiada his son, according to Dr. Prideaux i; the person designed, Josephus k makes to be Manasseh, the brother of Jaddua the high priest: was

son in law to Sanballat the Horonite; married a daughter of his, who was the avowed enemy of the Jewish nation; and for whom, according to the same writer, Sanballat obtained leave of Alexander to build a temple on Mount Gerizim; but this is to protract the age of Nehemiah and Sanballat to too great a length; besides, Eliashib seems to have been now high priest, and not even his son Joiada, and much less Jaddua, a grandson of Joiada:

therefore I chased him from me; drove him from his court, suffered him not to minister at the altar; banished him from the city, as Jarchi, and even from the land of Judea.

Gill: Neh 13:29 - Remember them, O my God // and the covenant of the priesthood, and of the Levites Remember them, O my God,.... The priests, and punish them: because they have defiled the priesthood; by marrying strange wives, and rendering themselv...

Remember them, O my God,.... The priests, and punish them: because they have defiled the priesthood; by marrying strange wives, and rendering themselves unfit to officiate in it:

and the covenant of the priesthood, and of the Levites; made with Levi, Aaron, and Phinehas, see Num 24:11, of the corruption of which, complaint is made, Mal 2:4.

Gill: Neh 13:30 - Thus cleansed I them from all strangers // and appointing the wards of the priests and the Levites, everyone in his business Thus cleansed I them from all strangers,.... Both people and priests from strange wives, obliging them to put them away, or flee their country: and...

Thus cleansed I them from all strangers,.... Both people and priests from strange wives, obliging them to put them away, or flee their country:

and appointing the wards of the priests and the Levites, everyone in his business: to do the work of their office in their courses and turns.

Gill: Neh 13:31 - And for the wood offering, at times appointed // and for the first fruits // remember me, O my God, for good And for the wood offering, at times appointed,.... Of which see Neh 10:34. Levites were appointed to receive the wood that was brought at the times an...

And for the wood offering, at times appointed,.... Of which see Neh 10:34. Levites were appointed to receive the wood that was brought at the times and by the persons fixed, and lay it up in its proper place, and carry it to the altar when wanted:

and for the first fruits; to receive and take care of them, and distribute them to the persons to whom they belonged:

remember me, O my God, for good; to bless him with all good things, temporal and spiritual, to keep him faithful, to make him useful in church and state, and protect him from all his enemies: or rather this may respect what goes before, that as to the wood offering and the firstfruits, that God would graciously remember him as to them, since the one was as necessary to the altar as the other was to those that minister at it.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Neh 13:1 Heb “it was found.” The Hebrew verb is passive.

NET Notes: Neh 13:2 Heb “bread.” The Hebrew term is generic here, however, referring to more than bread alone.

NET Notes: Neh 13:4 The translation reads the plural rather than the singular of the MT.

NET Notes: Neh 13:5 Heb “giving.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:6 Heb “to the end of days.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:9 On the usage of this Hebrew word see HALOT 478-79 s.v. כְּלִי.

NET Notes: Neh 13:11 Heb “and I stood them on their standing.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:13 Heb “brothers.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:16 The words “of all places” are not in the Hebrew text but have been supplied in the translation to indicate the emphasis on Jerusalem.

NET Notes: Neh 13:18 Heb “your fathers.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:19 Heb “caused to stand.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:21 This statement contains a great deal of restrained humor. The author clearly takes pleasure in the effectiveness of the measures that he had enacted.

NET Notes: Neh 13:24 Heb “people and people.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:25 Heb “give.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:26 Heb “gave.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:27 Heb “give a dwelling to.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:29 One medieval Hebrew MS, the Lucianic Greek recension, and the Syriac Peshitta read the plural הַכֹּהֲנ...

NET Notes: Neh 13:30 Heb “a man in his work.”

NET Notes: Neh 13:31 The words “I also provided for” are not included in the Hebrew text, but are supplied in the translation for the sake of clarity.

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:3 Now it came to pass, when they had heard the law, that they separated from Israel ( a ) all the mixed multitude. ( a ) That is, all who had joined in...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:4 And before ( b ) this, Eliashib the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God, [was] ( c ) allied unto Tobiah: ( b ) That t...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:6 But in all this [time] was not I at Jerusalem: for in the two and thirtieth year of ( d ) Artaxerxes king of Babylon came I unto the king, and after c...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:7 And I came to Jerusalem, and understood of ( e ) the evil that Eliashib did for Tobiah, in preparing him a chamber in the courts of the house of God. ...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:14 Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and wipe not out my ( f ) good deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for the offices thereof. (...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:15 In those days saw I in Judah [some] treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, a...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:18 Did not your fathers ( h ) thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:19 And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be ( i ) dark before the sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charge...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:22 And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and [that] they should come [and] ( k ) keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day. ...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:23 In those days also saw I Jews [that] had married wives of ( l ) Ashdod, of Ammon, [and] of Moab: ( l ) Which was a city of the Philistines and they h...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:25 And I contended with them, and ( m ) cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God, [saying], Ye shal...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:29 Remember them, O my God, because they have ( n ) defiled the priesthood, and the covenant of the priesthood, and of the Levites. ( n ) Punish them ac...

Geneva Bible: Neh 13:31 And for the wood offering, at times appointed, and for the firstfruits. Remember me, O my God, ( o ) for good. ( o ) That is, to show mercy to me.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: Neh 13:14 - A Libation To Jehovah III. Nehemiah's Prayer Occurs Thrice In This Chapter, At The Close Of Each Section Recounting His Reforming Acts. In the first instance (Neh. 13:14) ...

Maclaren: Neh 13:15-22 - A Libation To Jehovah Sabbath Observance In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, g...

MHCC: Neh 13:1-9 - --Israel was a peculiar people, and not to mingle with the nations. See the benefit of publicly reading the word of God; when it is duly attended to, it...

MHCC: Neh 13:10-14 - --If a sacred character will not keep men from setting an evil example, it must not shelter any one from deserved blame and punishment. The Levites had ...

MHCC: Neh 13:15-22 - --The keeping holy the Lord's day forms an important object for their attention who would promote true godliness. Religion never prospers while sabbaths...

MHCC: Neh 13:23-31 - --If either parent be ungodly, corrupt nature will incline the children to take after that one; which is a strong reason why Christians should not be un...

Matthew Henry: Neh 13:1-9 - -- It was the honour of Israel, and the greatest preservation of their holiness, that they were a peculiar people, and were so to keep themselves, and ...

Matthew Henry: Neh 13:10-14 - -- Here is another grievance redressed by Nehemiah. I. The Levites had been wronged. This was the grievance: their portions had not been given them, ...

Matthew Henry: Neh 13:15-22 - -- Here is another instance of that blessed reformation in which Nehemiah was so active. He revived sabbath-sanctification, and maintained the authorit...

Matthew Henry: Neh 13:23-31 - -- We have here one instance more of Nehemiah's pious zeal for the purifying of his countrymen as a peculiar people to God; that was the thing he aimed...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:1-2 - -- Public reading of the law, and separation from strangers . - Neh 13:1. At a publicreading of the law, it was found written therein, that no Ammonit...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:3 - -- This law being understood, all strangers were separated from Israel. ערב is taken from Exo 12:38, where it denotes the mixed multitude ofnon-Isr...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:4-5 - -- Nehemiah, on his return to Jerusalem, reforms the irregularities that hadbroken out during his absence. - Neh 13:4-9. While Nehemiah was at Babylon...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:6 - -- In all this, i.e., while this was taking place, I was not in Jerusalem; for inthe thirty-second year of Artaxerxes I went to the king, and after the...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:7 - -- At his return he directed his attention to the evil committed by Eliashib inpreparing a chamber in the court of the temple ( בּ הבין like Ezr ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:8-9 - -- This so greatly displeased him, that he cast out all the household stuff ofTobiah, and commanded the chamber to be purified, and the vessels of theh...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:10-14 - -- The payment of dues to the Levites, and the delivery of the tenths andfirst-fruits, had also been omitted. - Neh 13:10. "And I perceived that thepor...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:15-22 - -- Field-work and trading on the Sabbath done away with. - Neh 13:15. In thosedays, i.e., when he was occupied with the arrangements for worship,Nehem...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:23-24 - -- Marriages with foreign wives dissolved. - Neh 13:23 and Neh 13:24. "In those days Ialso saw, i.e., visited, the Jews who had brought home Ashdodite...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:25-27 - -- With these people also Nehemiah contended ( אריב like Neh 13:11 andNeh 13:17), cursed them, smote certain of their men, and plucked off their ha...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:28-29 - -- Nehemiah acted with greater severity towards one of the sons of Joiadathe high priest, and son-in-law of Sanballat. He drove him from him( מעלי ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 13:30-31 - -- Nehemiah concludes his work with a short summary of what he hadeffected for the community. "I cleansed them from all strangers"(comp. Neh 13:23., Ne...

Constable: Neh 7:73--13:31 - --II. THE RESTORATION OF THE JEWS chs. 8--13 One writer viewed chapters 8-13 (really 7:73-13:37) as the third part...

Constable: Neh 13:1-31 - --D. The Reforms Instituted by Nehemiah ch. 13 To understand when the events described in this chapter too...

Constable: Neh 13:1-3 - --1. The exclusion of foreigners 13:1-3 Discovery of the law that no Ammonite or Moabite should ev...

Constable: Neh 13:4-9 - --2. The expulsion of Tobiah 13:4-9 Eliashib was the high priest (3:1, 20; 13:28). He was evidentl...

Constable: Neh 13:10-14 - --3. The revival of tithing 13:10-14 Because the people had failed to bring their tithes to the te...

Constable: Neh 13:15-22 - --4. The observance of the Sabbath 13:15-22 Nehemiah discovered that foreign merchants were sellin...

Constable: Neh 13:23-29 - --5. The rebuke of mixed marriages 13:23-29 Nehemiah confronted this problem as Ezra had several y...

Constable: Neh 13:30-31 - --6. The summary of Nehemiah's reforms 13:30-31 Probably we should understand these verses as summ...

Guzik: Neh 13:1-31 - Nehemiah's Reforms Nehemiah 13 - Nehemiah's Reforms A. True worship leads to the nation's obedience. 1. (1-2) Hearing the law brings a call to obedience. On that day...

buka semua
Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) NEHEMIAH appears to have been the author of this book, from his usually writing in his own name, and indeed, except in those parts which are unmistaka...

JFB: Nehemiah (Garis Besar) NEHEMIAH, UNDERSTANDING BY HANANI THE AFFLICTED STATE OF JERUSALEM, MOURNS, FASTS, AND PRAYS. (Neh 1:1-3) HIS PRAYER. (Neh 1:4-11) ARTAXERXES, UNDERS...

TSK: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Of Nehemiah, the author and principal actor in the events recorded in this book, the Jews speak as one of the greatest men of their nation. His conce...

TSK: Nehemiah 13 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Neh 13:1, Upon the reading of the law, separation is made from the mixed multitude; Neh 13:4, Nehemiah, at his return, causes the chamber...

Poole: Nehemiah 13 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 13 Upon the reading of the law separation is made between Israel and the mixed multitude, Neh 13:1-3 . Nehemiah, at his return to Jerusalem,...

MHCC: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Old Testament history closes with the book of Nehemiah, wherein is recorded the workings of his heart, in the management of public affairs; with m...

MHCC: Nehemiah 13 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Neh 13:1-9) Nehemiah turns out the mixed multitude. (Neh 13:10-14) Nehemiah's reform in the house of God. (Neh 13:15-22) Sabbath-breaking restraine...

Matthew Henry: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Nehemiah This book continues the history of the children of the captivity, the poor Jews,...

Matthew Henry: Nehemiah 13 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Nehemiah, having finished what he undertook for the fencing and filling of the holy city, returned to the king his master, who was not willing to b...

Constable: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title This book, like so many others in the Old Testament, received its t...

Constable: Nehemiah (Garis Besar) Outline I. The fortification of Jerusalem chs. 1-7 A. The return under Nehemiah chs. 1-2 ...

Constable: Nehemiah Nehemiah Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF NEHEMIAS; commonly called THE SECOND BOOK OF ESDRAS. INTRODUCTION. This Book takes its name from the writer, who was cup-bearer t...

Gill: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO NEHEMIAH This book is, by the authors of the Vulgate Latin and Arabic versions, called the "Second" Book of Ezra, it being a contin...

Gill: Nehemiah 13 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO NEHEMIAH 13 This chapter relates the reformation of various abuses crept in among the Jews by Nehemiah, who removed the Moabites an...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #35: Beritahu teman untuk menjadi rekan pelayanan dengan gunakan Alkitab SABDA™ di situs Anda. [SEMUA]
dibuat dalam 0.68 detik
dipersembahkan oleh
bible.org - YLSA