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Teks -- Mark 13:1-37 (NET)

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Konteks
The Destruction of the Temple
13:1 Now as Jesus was going out of the temple courts, one of his disciples said to him, “Teacher, look at these tremendous stones and buildings!” 13:2 Jesus said to him, “Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone will be left on another. All will be torn down!”
Signs of the End of the Age
13:3 So while he was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked him privately, 13:4 “Tell us, when will these things happen? And what will be the sign that all these things are about to take place?” 13:5 Jesus began to say to them, “Watch out that no one misleads you. 13:6 Many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he,’ and they will mislead many. 13:7 When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed. These things must happen, but the end is still to come. 13:8 For nation will rise up in arms against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and there will be famines. These are but the beginning of birth pains.
Persecution of Disciples
13:9 “You must watch out for yourselves. You will be handed over to councils and beaten in the synagogues. You will stand before governors and kings because of me, as a witness to them. 13:10 First the gospel must be preached to all nations. 13:11 When they arrest you and hand you over for trial, do not worry about what to speak. But say whatever is given you at that time, for it is not you speaking, but the Holy Spirit. 13:12 Brother will hand over brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rise against parents and have them put to death. 13:13 You will be hated by everyone because of my name. But the one who endures to the end will be saved.
The Abomination of Desolation
13:14 “But when you see the abomination of desolation standing where it should not be (let the reader understand), then those in Judea must flee to the mountains. 13:15 The one on the roof must not come down or go inside to take anything out of his house. 13:16 The one in the field must not turn back to get his cloak. 13:17 Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing their babies in those days! 13:18 Pray that it may not be in winter. 13:19 For in those days there will be suffering unlike anything that has happened from the beginning of the creation that God created until now, or ever will happen. 13:20 And if the Lord had not cut short those days, no one would be saved. But because of the elect, whom he chose, he has cut them short. 13:21 Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘Look, there he is!’ do not believe him. 13:22 For false messiahs and false prophets will appear and perform signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, the elect. 13:23 Be careful! I have told you everything ahead of time.
The Arrival of the Son of Man
13:24 “But in those days, after that suffering, the sun will be darkened and the moon will not give its light; 13:25 the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken. 13:26 Then everyone will see the Son of Man arriving in the clouds with great power and glory. 13:27 Then he will send angels and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.
The Parable of the Fig Tree
13:28 “Learn this parable from the fig tree: Whenever its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. 13:29 So also you, when you see these things happening, know that he is near, right at the door. 13:30 I tell you the truth, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. 13:31 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.
Be Ready!
13:32 “But as for that day or hour no one knows it– neither the angels in heaven, nor the Son– except the Father. 13:33 Watch out! Stay alert! For you do not know when the time will come. 13:34 It is like a man going on a journey. He left his house and put his slaves in charge, assigning to each his work, and commanded the doorkeeper to stay alert. 13:35 Stay alert, then, because you do not know when the owner of the house will return– whether during evening, at midnight, when the rooster crows, or at dawn13:36 or else he might find you asleep when he returns suddenly. 13:37 What I say to you I say to everyone: Stay alert!”
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Andrew the brother of Simon Peter
 · Daniel the prophet who wrote the book of Daniel,son of David and Abigail,head of clan (Ithamar Levi) who pledged to obey God's law,prophet who wrote the book of Daniel
 · James a son of Zebedee; brother of John; an apostle,a son of Alpheus; an apostle,a brother of Jesus; writer of the epistle of James,the father (or brother) of the apostle Judas
 · John a son of Zebedee; younger brother of James; the beloved disciple of Christ,a relative of Annas the high priest,a son of Mary the sister of Barnabas, and surnamed Mark,the father of Simon Peter
 · Judea a region that roughly corresponded to the earlier kingdom of Judah
 · Mount of Olives a ridge east of Jerusalem across the Kidron Valley and rising about 200 feet above the city (NIV note)
 · Peter a man who was a leader among the twelve apostles and wrote the two epistles of Peter


Topik/Tema Kamus: ESCHATOLOGY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, I-V | MARK, THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO, 2 | MILLENNIUM, PREMILLENNIAL VIEW | Jesus, The Christ | Prophecy | PAROUSIA | Andrew | Watchfulness | Earth | Israel | Jerusalem | Temptation | JESUS CHRIST, 4C1 | Commandments | CHRISTS, FALSE | Persecution | ESCHATOLOGY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, VI-X | Predestination | Antichrist | PERSON OF CHRIST, 4-8 | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Robertson , Vincent , Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Lightfoot , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Barclay , Constable , College , McGarvey , Lapide

Lainnya
Evidence

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Robertson: Mar 13:1 - Master, behold, what manner of stones and what manner of buildings Master, behold, what manner of stones and what manner of buildings ( didaskale , ide potapoi lithoi kai potapai oikodomai ). Mat 24:1 and Luk 21:5 te...

Master, behold, what manner of stones and what manner of buildings ( didaskale , ide potapoi lithoi kai potapai oikodomai ).

Mat 24:1 and Luk 21:5 tell of the fact of the comment, but Mark alone gives the precise words. Perhaps Peter himself (Swete) was the one who sought thus by a pleasant platitude to divert the Teacher’ s attention from the serious topics of recent hours in the temple. It was not a new observation, but the merest commonplace might serve at this crisis. Josephus ( Ant. xv. II, 3) speaks of the great size of these stones and the beauty of the buildings. Some of these stones at the southeastern and southwestern angles survive today and measure from twenty to forty feet long and weigh a hundred tons. Jesus had, of course, often observed them.

Robertson: Mar 13:2 - These great buildings These great buildings ( tautas tas oikodomas ). Jesus fully recognizes their greatness and beauty. The more remarkable will be their complete demolit...

These great buildings ( tautas tas oikodomas ).

Jesus fully recognizes their greatness and beauty. The more remarkable will be their complete demolition (kataluthēi ), loosened down. Only the foundation stones remain.

Robertson: Mar 13:3 - Over against the temple Over against the temple ( katenanti tou hierou ). In full view of the temple about which they had been speaking.

Over against the temple ( katenanti tou hierou ).

In full view of the temple about which they had been speaking.

Robertson: Mar 13:3 - Privately Privately ( kat' idian ). Peter and James and John and Andrew (named only in Mark) had evidently been discussing the strange comment of Jesus as they...

Privately ( kat' idian ).

Peter and James and John and Andrew (named only in Mark) had evidently been discussing the strange comment of Jesus as they were coming out of the temple. In their bewilderment they ask Jesus a bit to one side, though probably all the rest drew up as Jesus began to speak this great eschatological discourse.

Robertson: Mar 13:4 - Tell us, when shall these things be? Tell us, when shall these things be? ( Eipon hēmin pote tauta estai̱ ). The Revised Version punctuates it as a direct question, but Westcott and H...

Tell us, when shall these things be? ( Eipon hēmin pote tauta estai̱ ).

The Revised Version punctuates it as a direct question, but Westcott and Hort as an indirect inquiry. They asked about the when (pote ) and the what sign (ti sēmeion ). Mat 24:3 includes "the sign of thy coming and the end of the world,"showing that these tragic events are brought before Jesus by the disciples. See discussion of the interpretation of this discourse on Mat 24:3. This chapter in Mark is often called "The Little Apocalypse"with the notion that a Jewish apocalypse has been here adapted by Mark and attributed to Jesus. Many of the theories attribute grave error to Jesus or to the Gospels on this subject. The view adopted in the discussion in Matthew is the one suggested here, that Jesus blended in one picture his death, the destruction of Jerusalem within that generation, the second coming and end of the world typified by the destruction of the city. The lines between these topics are not sharply drawn in the report and it is not possible for us to separate the topics clearly. This great discourse is the longest preserved in Mark and may be due to Peter. Mark may have given it in order "to forewarn and forearm"(Bruce) the readers against the coming catastrophe of the destruction of Jerusalem. Both Matthew (Matthew 24) and Luke (Luke 21:5-36) follow the general line of Mark 13 though Matthew 24:43-25:46 presents new material (parables).

Robertson: Mar 13:5 - Take need that no man lead you astray Take need that no man lead you astray ( Blepete mē tis hūmās planēsēi ). Same words in Mat 24:4. Luk 21:8 has it "that ye be not led astray...

Take need that no man lead you astray ( Blepete mē tis hūmās planēsēi ).

Same words in Mat 24:4. Luk 21:8 has it "that ye be not led astray"(mē planēthēte ). This word planaō (our planet ) is a bold one. This warning runs through the whole discussion. It is pertinent today after so many centuries. About the false Christs then and now see Mat 24:5. It is amazing the success that these charlatans have through the ages in winning the empty-pated to their hare-brained views. Only this morning as I am writing a prominent English psychologist has challenged the world to a radio communication with Mars asserting that he has made frequent trips to Mars and communicated with its alleged inhabitants. And the daily papers put his ebullitions on the front page. For discussion of the details in Mar 13:6-8 see notes on Mat 24:5-8. All through the ages in spite of the words of Jesus men have sought to apply the picture here drawn to the particular calamity in their time.

Robertson: Mar 13:7 - Must needs come to pass Must needs come to pass ( dei genesthai ). Already there were outbreaks against the Jews in Alexandria, at Seleucia with the slaughter of more than f...

Must needs come to pass ( dei genesthai ).

Already there were outbreaks against the Jews in Alexandria, at Seleucia with the slaughter of more than fifty thousand, at Jamnia, and elsewhere. Caligula, Claudius, Nero will threaten war before it finally comes with the destruction of the city and temple by Titus in a.d. 70. Vincent notes that between this prophecy by Jesus in a.d. 30 (or 29) and the destruction of Jerusalem there was an earthquake in Crete (a.d. 46 or 47), at Rome (a.d. 51), at Apamaia in Phrygia (a.d. 60), at Campania (a.d. 63). He notes also four famines during the reign of Claudius a.d. 41-54. One of them was in Judea in a.d. 44 and is alluded to in Act 11:28. Tacitus ( Annals xvi. 10-13) describes the hurricanes and storms in Campania in a.d. 65.

Robertson: Mar 13:9 - But take heed to yourselves But take heed to yourselves ( Blepete de humeis heautous ). Only in Mark, but dominant note of warning all through the discourse. Note humeis here,...

But take heed to yourselves ( Blepete de humeis heautous ).

Only in Mark, but dominant note of warning all through the discourse. Note humeis here, very emphatic.

Robertson: Mar 13:9 - Councils Councils ( sunedria ). Same word as the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. These local councils (sun , hedra , sitting together) were modelled after that in Jer...

Councils ( sunedria ).

Same word as the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. These local councils (sun , hedra , sitting together) were modelled after that in Jerusalem.

Robertson: Mar 13:9 - Shall ye be beaten Shall ye be beaten ( darēsesthe ). Second future passive indicative second person plural. The word derō means to flay or skin and here has been...

Shall ye be beaten ( darēsesthe ).

Second future passive indicative second person plural. The word derō means to flay or skin and here has been softened into beat like our tan or skin in the vernacular. Aristophanes has it in this colloquial sense as have the papyri in the Koiné. Before governors and kings (epi hēgemonōn kai basileōn ). Gentile rulers as well as before Jewish councils.

Robertson: Mar 13:9 - Shall stand Shall stand ( stathēsesthe ). First aorist passive indicative second person plural of histēmi .

Shall stand ( stathēsesthe ).

First aorist passive indicative second person plural of histēmi .

Robertson: Mar 13:10 - Must first be preached Must first be preached ( prōton dei kēruchthēnai ). This only in Mark. It is interesting to note that Paul in Col 1:6, Col 1:23 claims that the...

Must first be preached ( prōton dei kēruchthēnai ).

This only in Mark. It is interesting to note that Paul in Col 1:6, Col 1:23 claims that the gospel has spread all over the world. All this was before the destruction of Jerusalem.

Robertson: Mar 13:11 - Be not anxious beforehand what ye shall speak Be not anxious beforehand what ye shall speak ( mē promerimnāte ti lalēsēte ). Negative with present imperative to make a general prohibition...

Be not anxious beforehand what ye shall speak ( mē promerimnāte ti lalēsēte ).

Negative with present imperative to make a general prohibition or habit. Jesus is not here referring to preaching, but to defences made before these councils and governors. A typical example is seen in the courage and skill of Peter and John before the Sanhedrin in Acts. The verb merimnaō is from merizō (meris ), to be drawn in opposite directions, to be distracted. See Mat 6:25. They are not to be stricken with fright beforehand, but to face fearlessly those in high places who are seeking to overthrow the preaching of the gospel. There is no excuse here for the lazy preacher who fails to prepare his sermon out of the mistaken reliance upon the Holy Spirit. They will need and will receive the special help of the Holy Spirit (cf. John 14-16).

Robertson: Mar 13:13 - But he that endureth to the end But he that endureth to the end ( ho de hupomeinas eis telos ). Note this aorist participle with the future verb. The idea here is true to the etymol...

But he that endureth to the end ( ho de hupomeinas eis telos ).

Note this aorist participle with the future verb. The idea here is true to the etymology of the word, remaining under (hupomenō ) until the end. The divisions in families Jesus had predicted before (Luk 12:52.; Luk 14:25.).

Robertson: Mar 13:13 - Be saved Be saved ( sōthēsetai ). Here Jesus means final salvation (effective aorist future passive), not initial salvation.

Be saved ( sōthēsetai ).

Here Jesus means final salvation (effective aorist future passive), not initial salvation.

Robertson: Mar 13:14 - Standing where he ought not Standing where he ought not ( hestēkota hopou ou dei ). Mat 24:15 has "standing in the holy place"(hestos en topoi hagiōi ), neuter and agreeing...

Standing where he ought not ( hestēkota hopou ou dei ).

Mat 24:15 has "standing in the holy place"(hestos en topoi hagiōi ), neuter and agreeing with bdelugma (abomination), the very phrase applied in 1 Maccabees 1:54 to the altar to Zeus erected by Antiochus Epiphanes where the altar to Jehovah was. Mark personifies the abomination as personal (masculine), while Luk 21:20 defines it by reference to the armies (of Rome, as it turned out). So the words of Daniel find a second fulfilment, Rome taking the place of Syria (Swete). See Mat 24:15 for this phrase and the parenthesis inserted in the words of Jesus ("Let him that readeth understand"). See also Mat 24:16-25 for discussion of details in Mar 13:14-22.

Robertson: Mar 13:16 - In the field In the field ( eis ton agron ). Here Mat 24:18 has en tōi agrōi , showing identical use of eis with accusative and en with the locative.

In the field ( eis ton agron ).

Here Mat 24:18 has en tōi agrōi , showing identical use of eis with accusative and en with the locative.

Robertson: Mar 13:19 - Which God created Which God created ( hēn ektisen ho theos ). Note this amplification to the quotation from Dan 12:1.

Which God created ( hēn ektisen ho theos ).

Note this amplification to the quotation from Dan 12:1.

Robertson: Mar 13:20 - Whom he chose Whom he chose ( hous exelexato ). Indirect aorist middle indicative. In Mark alone. Explains the sovereign choice of God in the end by and for himsel...

Whom he chose ( hous exelexato ).

Indirect aorist middle indicative. In Mark alone. Explains the sovereign choice of God in the end by and for himself.

Robertson: Mar 13:22 - That they may lead astray That they may lead astray ( pros to apoplanāin ). With a view to leading off (pros and the infinitive). Mat 24:24 has hōste apoplāsthai , so ...

That they may lead astray ( pros to apoplanāin ).

With a view to leading off (pros and the infinitive). Mat 24:24 has hōste apoplāsthai , so as to lead off.

Robertson: Mar 13:23 - But take ye heed But take ye heed ( Humeis de blepete ). Gullibility is no mark of a saint or of piety. Note emphatic position of you (humeis ). Credulity ranks no h...

But take ye heed ( Humeis de blepete ).

Gullibility is no mark of a saint or of piety. Note emphatic position of you (humeis ). Credulity ranks no higher than scepticism. God gave us our wits for self-protection. Christ has warned us beforehand.

Robertson: Mar 13:24 - The sun shall be darkened The sun shall be darkened ( ho helios skotisthēsetai ). Future passive indicative. These figures come from the prophets (Isa 13:9.; Eze 32:7.; Joe ...

The sun shall be darkened ( ho helios skotisthēsetai ).

Future passive indicative. These figures come from the prophets (Isa 13:9.; Eze 32:7.; Joe 2:1., Joe 2:10.; Amo 8:9; Zep 1:14-16; Zec 12:12). One should not forget that prophetic imagery was not always meant to be taken literally, especially apocalyptic symbols. Peter in Act 2:15-21 applies the prophecy of Joel about the sun and moon to the events on the day of Pentecost. See Mat 24:29-31 for details of Mar 13:24-27.

Robertson: Mar 13:25 - The stars shall be falling The stars shall be falling ( hoi asteres esontai piptontes ). Periphrastic future indicative, esontai , future middle indicative and piptontes , pres...

The stars shall be falling ( hoi asteres esontai piptontes ).

Periphrastic future indicative, esontai , future middle indicative and piptontes , present active participle.

Robertson: Mar 13:27 - Shall gather together his elect Shall gather together his elect ( episunaxei tous eklektous autou ). This is the purpose of God through the ages.

Shall gather together his elect ( episunaxei tous eklektous autou ).

This is the purpose of God through the ages.

Robertson: Mar 13:27 - From the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven From the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven ( ap' akrou gēs heōs akrou ouranou ). The Greek is very brief, "from the tip...

From the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven ( ap' akrou gēs heōs akrou ouranou ).

The Greek is very brief, "from the tip of earth to the tip of heaven."This precise phrase occurs nowhere else.

Robertson: Mar 13:28 - Coming to pass Coming to pass ( ginomena ). Present middle participle, linear action. See Mat 24:32-36 for details of Mar 13:28-32 (the Parable of the Fig Tree).

Coming to pass ( ginomena ).

Present middle participle, linear action. See Mat 24:32-36 for details of Mar 13:28-32 (the Parable of the Fig Tree).

Robertson: Mar 13:32 - Not even the Son Not even the Son ( oude ho huios ). There is no doubt as to the genuineness of these words here such as exists in Mat 24:36. This disclaimer of knowl...

Not even the Son ( oude ho huios ).

There is no doubt as to the genuineness of these words here such as exists in Mat 24:36. This disclaimer of knowledge naturally interpreted applies to the second coming, not to the destruction of Jerusalem which had been definitely limited to that generation as it happened in a.d. 70.

Robertson: Mar 13:34 - Commanded also the porter to watch Commanded also the porter to watch ( kai tōi thurōrōi eneteilato hina grēgorēi ). The porter or door-keeper (thurōros ), as well as all ...

Commanded also the porter to watch ( kai tōi thurōrōi eneteilato hina grēgorēi ).

The porter or door-keeper (thurōros ), as well as all the rest, to keep a watch (present subjunctive, grēgorēi ). This Parable of the Porter is only in Mark. Our ignorance of the time of the Master’ s return is an argument not for indifference nor for fanaticism, but for alertness and eager readiness for his coming.

Robertson: Mar 13:35 - -- @@The four watches of the night are named here: evening (opse ), midnight (mesonuktion ), cock-crowing (alektorophōnias ), morning (prōi ).

@@The four watches of the night are named here: evening (opse ), midnight (mesonuktion ), cock-crowing (alektorophōnias ), morning (prōi ).

Robertson: Mar 13:37 - Watch Watch ( grēgoreite ). Be on the watch. Present imperative of a verb made on the second perfect, egrēgora , to be awake. Stay awake till the Lord ...

Watch ( grēgoreite ).

Be on the watch. Present imperative of a verb made on the second perfect, egrēgora , to be awake. Stay awake till the Lord comes.

Vincent: Mar 13:1 - Stones Stones The spring-stones of the arches of the bridge which spanned the valley of Tyropoeon (the cheese-makers), and connected the ancient city of...

Stones

The spring-stones of the arches of the bridge which spanned the valley of Tyropoeon (the cheese-makers), and connected the ancient city of David with the royal porch of the temple, measured twenty-four feet in length by six in thickness. Yet these were by no means the largest in the masonry of the temple. Both at the southeastern and southwestern angles stones have been found measuring from twenty to forty feet long, and weighing above one hundred tons (Edersheim, " Temple" ).

Vincent: Mar 13:2 - Thrown down Thrown down ( καταλυθῇ ) Rather, loosened down. A very graphic word, implying gradual demolition.

Thrown down ( καταλυθῇ )

Rather, loosened down. A very graphic word, implying gradual demolition.

Vincent: Mar 13:3 - -- Note the particularity of detail in Mark. He adds, over against the temple, and the names of the four who asked the question. With the following ...

Note the particularity of detail in Mark. He adds, over against the temple, and the names of the four who asked the question. With the following discourse compare Matthew 24.

Vincent: Mar 13:6 - In In my name ( ἐπί ) Lit., upon. Basing their claims on the use of my name.

In my name ( ἐπί )

Lit., upon. Basing their claims on the use of my name.

Vincent: Mar 13:7 - Rumors of wars Rumors of wars Wyc., opinions of battles. Such as would be a cause of terror to the Hebrew Christians; as the three threats of war against ...

Rumors of wars

Wyc., opinions of battles. Such as would be a cause of terror to the Hebrew Christians; as the three threats of war against the Jews by Caligula, Claudius, and Nero. There were serious disturbances at Alexandria, a.d. 38, in which the Jews were the especial objects of persecution; at Seleucia about the same time, in which more than fifty thousand Jews were killed; and at Jamnia, near Joppa.

Vincent: Mar 13:7 - Troubled Troubled ( θροεῖσθε ) Θροέω is, literally, to cry aloud.

Troubled ( θροεῖσθε )

Θροέω is, literally, to cry aloud.

Vincent: Mar 13:7 - Earthquakes Earthquakes Between the prophecy and the destruction of Jerusalem (a.d. 70) occurred: A great earthquake in Crete, a.d. 46 or 47: at Rome, on the...

Earthquakes

Between the prophecy and the destruction of Jerusalem (a.d. 70) occurred: A great earthquake in Crete, a.d. 46 or 47: at Rome, on the day on which Nero entered his majority, a.d. 51: at Apameia, in Phrygia, a.d. 53; " on account of which," says Tacitus, " they were exempted from tribute for five years:" at Laodicea, in Phrygia, a.d. 60: in Campania, a.d. 63, by which, according to Tacitus, the city of Pompeii was largely destroyed.

Vincent: Mar 13:7 - Famines Famines During the reign of Claudius, a.d. 41-54:, four famines are recorded: One at Rome, a.d. 41, 42; one in Judaea, a.d. 44; one in Greece, a....

Famines

During the reign of Claudius, a.d. 41-54:, four famines are recorded: One at Rome, a.d. 41, 42; one in Judaea, a.d. 44; one in Greece, a.d. 50; and again at Rome, a.d. 52, when the people rose in rebellion and threatened the life of the emperor. Tacitus says that it was accompanied by frequent earthquakes, which levelled houses. The famine in Judaea was probably the one prophesied by Agabus, Act 11:28. Of the year 65 a.d., Tacitus says: " This year, disgraced by so many deeds of horror, was further distinguished by the gods with storms and sicknesses. Campania was devastated by a hurricane which overthrew buildings, trees, and the fruits of the soil in every direction, even to the gates of the city, within which a pestilence thinned all ranks of the population, with no atmospheric disturbance that the eye could trace. The houses were choked with dead, the roads with funerals: neither sex nor age escaped. Slaves and freemen perished equally amid the wailings of their wives and children, who were often hurried to the pyre by which they had sat in tears, and consumed together with them. The deaths of knights and senators, promiscuous as they were, deserved the less to be lamented, inasmuch as, falling by the common lot of mortality, they seemed to anticipate the prince's cruelty" (" Annals," xvi., 10-13).

Vincent: Mar 13:9 - Sorrows Sorrows ( ὠδίνων ) Rev., rightly, travail; for the word is used especially of birth-throes.

Sorrows ( ὠδίνων )

Rev., rightly, travail; for the word is used especially of birth-throes.

Vincent: Mar 13:9 - Shall ye be beaten Shall ye be beaten ( δαρήσεσθε ) The verb literally means to skin or flay , and by a slang usage, like our phrase to tan or hide...

Shall ye be beaten ( δαρήσεσθε )

The verb literally means to skin or flay , and by a slang usage, like our phrase to tan or hide, comes to mean to cudgel or beat.

Vincent: Mar 13:11 - They lead They lead ( ἄγωσιν ) Present subjunctive; better perhaps, may be leading. While you are going along in custody to the judgment-seat, ...

They lead ( ἄγωσιν )

Present subjunctive; better perhaps, may be leading. While you are going along in custody to the judgment-seat, do not be worrying about your defences.

Vincent: Mar 13:11 - Take no thought beforehand Take no thought beforehand ( μὴ προμεριμνᾶτε ) See on Mat 6:25.

Take no thought beforehand ( μὴ προμεριμνᾶτε )

See on Mat 6:25.

Vincent: Mar 13:14 - Abomination Abomination See on Mat 24:15.

Abomination

See on Mat 24:15.

Vincent: Mar 13:15 - Housetop Housetop See on Mat 24:17.

Housetop

See on Mat 24:17.

Vincent: Mar 13:19 - The creation which God created The creation which God created Note the peculiar amplification, and compare Mar 13:20, the elect or chosen whom he chose.

The creation which God created

Note the peculiar amplification, and compare Mar 13:20, the elect or chosen whom he chose.

Vincent: Mar 13:20 - Shortened Shortened See on Mat 24:22.

Shortened

See on Mat 24:22.

Vincent: Mar 13:22 - Shall shew Shall shew ( δώσουσιν ) Lit., shall give. A few editors, however, read ποιήσουσιν , shall make or do .

Shall shew ( δώσουσιν )

Lit., shall give. A few editors, however, read ποιήσουσιν , shall make or do .

Vincent: Mar 13:24 - Light Light ( φέγγος ) The word is used in the New Testament wherever the light of the moon is referred to. Compare Mat 24:29, the only oth...

Light ( φέγγος )

The word is used in the New Testament wherever the light of the moon is referred to. Compare Mat 24:29, the only other instance. It occurs also in Luk 11:33, but meaning the light of a lamp.

Vincent: Mar 13:25 - The stars of heaven shall fall The stars of heaven shall fall A rendering which falls very far short of the graphic original: οἱ ἀστέρες ἔσονται ἐ...

The stars of heaven shall fall

A rendering which falls very far short of the graphic original: οἱ ἀστέρες ἔσονται ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ πίπτοντες : the stars shall be falling from heaven. So Rev., thus giving the sense of continuousness, as of a shower of falling stars.

Vincent: Mar 13:27 - From the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven From the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven ( ἀπ ' ἄκρου γῆς ἕως ἄκρου οὐρανοῦ ...

From the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven ( ἀπ ' ἄκρου γῆς ἕως ἄκρου οὐρανοῦ )

From the outermost border of the earth, conceived as a fiat surface, to where the outermost border of the heaven sets a limit to the earth. Compare Mat 24:31. Mark's expression is more poetical.

Vincent: Mar 13:28 - Parable Parable See on Mat 24:32.

Parable

See on Mat 24:32.

Vincent: Mar 13:28 - Branch Branch See on Mar 11:8.

Branch

See on Mar 11:8.

Vincent: Mar 13:29 - Come to pass Come to pass ( γινόμενα ) The present participle, and therefore better as Rev., coming to pass; in process of fulfilment .

Come to pass ( γινόμενα )

The present participle, and therefore better as Rev., coming to pass; in process of fulfilment .

Vincent: Mar 13:33 - Watch Watch ( ἀγρυπνεῖτε ) The word is derived from ἀγρεύω , do hunt , and ὕπνος , sleep. The picture is of one ...

Watch ( ἀγρυπνεῖτε )

The word is derived from ἀγρεύω , do hunt , and ὕπνος , sleep. The picture is of one in pursuit of sleep , and therefore wakeful, restless. Wyc.'s rendering of the whole passage is striking: See! wake ye and pray ye!

Vincent: Mar 13:34 - A man taking a far journey A man taking a far journey ( ἄνθρωπος ἀπόδημος ) The A. V. is incorrect, since the idea is not that of a man about to go...

A man taking a far journey ( ἄνθρωπος ἀπόδημος )

The A. V. is incorrect, since the idea is not that of a man about to go, as Mat 25:14; but of one already gone. So Wyc., gone far in pilgrimage; and Tynd., which is gone into a strange country. The two words form one notion - a man abroad. Rev., sojourning in another country.

Vincent: Mar 13:35 - Watch Watch ( γρηγορεῖτε ) A different word from that in Mar 13:33. See also Mar 13:34. The picture in this word is that of a sleeping man ...

Watch ( γρηγορεῖτε )

A different word from that in Mar 13:33. See also Mar 13:34. The picture in this word is that of a sleeping man rousing himself. While the other word conveys the idea of simple wakefulness, this adds the idea of alertness. Compare Mar 14:38; Luk 12:37; 1Pe 5:8. The apostles are thus compared with the doorkeepers, Mar 13:34; and the night season is in keeping with the figure. In the temple, during the night, the captain of the temple made his rounds, and the guards had to rise at his approach and salute him in a particular manner. Any guard found asleep on duty was beaten, or his garments were set on fire. Compare Rev 16:15 : " Blessed is he that watcheth and keepeth his garments. " The preparations for the morning service required all to be early astir. The superintending priest might knock at the door at any moment. The Rabbis use almost the very words in which scripture describes the unexpected coming of the Master. " Sometimes he came at the cockcrowing, sometimes a little earlier, sometimes a little later. He came and knocked and they opened to him" (Edersheim, " The Temple" ).

Vincent: Mar 13:37 - Watch Watch The closing and summary word is the stronger word of Mar 13:35 : Be awake and on guard.

Watch

The closing and summary word is the stronger word of Mar 13:35 : Be awake and on guard.

Wesley: Mar 13:1 - -- Mat 24:1; Luk 21:5.

Wesley: Mar 13:4 - -- Two questions are here asked; the one concerning the destruction of Jerusalem: the other concerning the end of the world.

Two questions are here asked; the one concerning the destruction of Jerusalem: the other concerning the end of the world.

Wesley: Mar 13:9 - -- Luk 21:12.

Wesley: Mar 13:10 - -- Mat 24:14.

Wesley: Mar 13:11 - -- The Holy Ghost will help you. But do not depend upon any other help For all the nearest ties will be broken.

The Holy Ghost will help you. But do not depend upon any other help For all the nearest ties will be broken.

Wesley: Mar 13:14 - Where it ought not That place being set apart for sacred use. Mat 24:15; Luk 21:20; Dan 9:27.

That place being set apart for sacred use. Mat 24:15; Luk 21:20; Dan 9:27.

Wesley: Mar 13:19 - In those days shall be affliction, such as was not from the beginning of the creation May it not be doubted, whether this be yet fully accomplished? Is not much of this affliction still to come?

May it not be doubted, whether this be yet fully accomplished? Is not much of this affliction still to come?

Wesley: Mar 13:20 - The elect The Christians: whom he hath chosen - That is, hath taken out of, or separated from, the world, through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the...

The Christians: whom he hath chosen - That is, hath taken out of, or separated from, the world, through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.

Wesley: Mar 13:20 - He hath shortened That is, will surely shorten.

That is, will surely shorten.

Wesley: Mar 13:21 - -- Mat 24:23.

Wesley: Mar 13:24 - But in those days Which immediately precede the end of the world: after that tribulation - Above described.

Which immediately precede the end of the world: after that tribulation - Above described.

Wesley: Mar 13:28 - -- Mat 24:32; Luk 21:28.

Wesley: Mar 13:29 - He is nigh The Son of man.

The Son of man.

Wesley: Mar 13:30 - All these things Relating to the temple and the city.

Relating to the temple and the city.

Wesley: Mar 13:32 - Of that day The day of judgment is often in the Scriptures emphatically called that day.

The day of judgment is often in the Scriptures emphatically called that day.

Wesley: Mar 13:32 - Neither the Son Not as man: as man he was no more omniscient than omnipresent. But as God he knows all the circumstances of it.

Not as man: as man he was no more omniscient than omnipresent. But as God he knows all the circumstances of it.

Wesley: Mar 13:33 - -- Mat 24:42; Luk 21:34.

Wesley: Mar 13:34 - The Son of man is as a man taking a far journey Being about to leave this world and go to the Father, he appoints the services that are to be performed by all his servants, in their several stations...

Being about to leave this world and go to the Father, he appoints the services that are to be performed by all his servants, in their several stations. This seems chiefly to respect ministers at the day of judgment: but it may be applied to all men, and to the time of death. Mat 25:14; Luk 19:12.

JFB: Mar 13:1 - And as he went out of the temple, one of his disciples saith unto him The other Evangelists are less definite. "As some spake," says Luke (Luk 21:5); "His disciples came to Him," says Matthew (Mat 24:2). Doubtless it was...

The other Evangelists are less definite. "As some spake," says Luke (Luk 21:5); "His disciples came to Him," says Matthew (Mat 24:2). Doubtless it was the speech of one, the mouthpiece, likely, of others.

JFB: Mar 13:1 - Master Teacher.

Teacher.

JFB: Mar 13:1 - see what manner of stones and what buildings are here Wondering probably, how so massive a pile could be overthrown, as seemed implied in our Lord's last words regarding it. JOSEPHUS, who gives a minute a...

Wondering probably, how so massive a pile could be overthrown, as seemed implied in our Lord's last words regarding it. JOSEPHUS, who gives a minute account of the wonderful structure, speaks of stones forty cubits long [Wars of the Jews, 5.5.1.] and says the pillars supporting the porches were twenty-five cubits high, all of one stone, and that of the whitest marble [Wars of the Jews, 5.5.2]. Six days' battering at the walls, during the siege, made no impression upon them [Wars of the Jews, 6.4.1]. Some of the under-building, yet remaining, and other works, are probably as old as the first temple.

JFB: Mar 13:2 - And Jesus answering said unto him, Seest thou these great buildings? "Ye call My attention to these things? I have seen them. Ye point to their massive and durable appearance: now listen to their fate."

"Ye call My attention to these things? I have seen them. Ye point to their massive and durable appearance: now listen to their fate."

JFB: Mar 13:2 - there shall not be left "left here" (Mat 24:2).

"left here" (Mat 24:2).

JFB: Mar 13:2 - one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down Titus ordered the whole city and temple to be demolished [JOSEPHUS, Wars of the Jews, 7.1.1]; Eleazar wished they had all died before seeing that holy...

Titus ordered the whole city and temple to be demolished [JOSEPHUS, Wars of the Jews, 7.1.1]; Eleazar wished they had all died before seeing that holy city destroyed by enemies' hands, and before the temple was so profanely dug up [Wars of the Jews, 7.8.7].

JFB: Mar 13:3 - And as he sat upon the Mount of Olives, over against the temple On their way from Jerusalem to Bethany they would cross Mount Olivet; on its summit He seats Himself, over against the temple, having the city all spr...

On their way from Jerusalem to Bethany they would cross Mount Olivet; on its summit He seats Himself, over against the temple, having the city all spread out under His eye. How graphically is this set before us by our Evangelist!

JFB: Mar 13:3 - Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately The other Evangelists tell us merely that "the disciples" did so. But Mark not only says that it was four of them, but names them; and they were the f...

The other Evangelists tell us merely that "the disciples" did so. But Mark not only says that it was four of them, but names them; and they were the first quarternion of the Twelve.

JFB: Mar 13:4 - Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled? "and what shall be the sign of Thy coming, and of the end of the world?" They no doubt looked upon the date of all these things as one and the same, a...

"and what shall be the sign of Thy coming, and of the end of the world?" They no doubt looked upon the date of all these things as one and the same, and their notions of the things themselves were as confused as of the times of them. Our Lord takes His own way of meeting their questions.

Prophecies of the Destruction of Jerusalem (Mark 13:5-31).

JFB: Mar 13:5 - -- And Jesus answering them began to say, Take heed lest any man deceive you:

And Jesus answering them began to say, Take heed lest any man deceive you:

JFB: Mar 13:6 - For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ (see Mat 24:5) --"and the time draweth nigh" (Luk 21:8); that is, the time of the kingdom in its full splendor.

(see Mat 24:5) --"and the time draweth nigh" (Luk 21:8); that is, the time of the kingdom in its full splendor.

JFB: Mar 13:6 - and shall deceive many "Go ye not therefore after them" (Luk 21:8). The reference here seems not to be to pretended Messiahs, deceiving those who rejected the claims of Jesu...

"Go ye not therefore after them" (Luk 21:8). The reference here seems not to be to pretended Messiahs, deceiving those who rejected the claims of Jesus, of whom indeed there were plenty--for our Lord is addressing His own genuine disciples--but to persons pretending to be Jesus Himself, returned in glory to take possession of His kingdom. This gives peculiar force to the words, "Go ye not therefore after them."

JFB: Mar 13:7 - And when ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, be ye not troubled (See on Mar 13:13, and compare Isa 8:11-14).

(See on Mar 13:13, and compare Isa 8:11-14).

JFB: Mar 13:7 - for such things must needs be; but the end shall not be yet In Luke (Luk 21:9), "the end is not by and by," or "immediately." Worse must come before all is over.

In Luke (Luk 21:9), "the end is not by and by," or "immediately." Worse must come before all is over.

JFB: Mar 13:8 - These are the beginnings of sorrows "of travail-pangs," to which heavy calamities are compared. (See Jer 4:31, &c.). The annals of TACITUS tell us how the Roman world was convulsed, befo...

"of travail-pangs," to which heavy calamities are compared. (See Jer 4:31, &c.). The annals of TACITUS tell us how the Roman world was convulsed, before the destruction of Jerusalem, by rival claimants of the imperial purple.

JFB: Mar 13:9 - But take heed to yourselves: for "before all these things" (Luk 21:12); that is, before these public calamities come.

"before all these things" (Luk 21:12); that is, before these public calamities come.

JFB: Mar 13:9 - they shall deliver you up to councils; and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten These refer to ecclesiastical proceedings against them.

These refer to ecclesiastical proceedings against them.

JFB: Mar 13:9 - and ye shall be brought before rulers and kings Before civil tribunals next.

Before civil tribunals next.

JFB: Mar 13:9 - for my sake, for a testimony against them Rather "unto them"--to give you an opportunity of bearing testimony to Me before them. In the Acts of the Apostles we have the best commentary on this...

Rather "unto them"--to give you an opportunity of bearing testimony to Me before them. In the Acts of the Apostles we have the best commentary on this announcement. (Compare Mat 10:17-18).

JFB: Mar 13:10 - And the gospel must first be published among all nations "for a witness, and then shall the end come" (Mat 24:14). God never sends judgment without previous warning; and there can be no doubt that the Jews, ...

"for a witness, and then shall the end come" (Mat 24:14). God never sends judgment without previous warning; and there can be no doubt that the Jews, already dispersed over most known countries, had nearly all heard the Gospel "as a witness," before the end of the Jewish state. The same principle was repeated and will repeat itself to "the end."

JFB: Mar 13:11 - But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up, take no thought beforehand "Be not anxious beforehand."

"Be not anxious beforehand."

JFB: Mar 13:11 - what ye shall speak, neither do ye premeditate "Be not filled with apprehension, in the prospect of such public appearances for Me, lest ye should bring discredit upon My name, nor think it necessa...

"Be not filled with apprehension, in the prospect of such public appearances for Me, lest ye should bring discredit upon My name, nor think it necessary to prepare beforehand what ye are to say."

JFB: Mar 13:11 - but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye: for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost (See on Mat 10:19-20.)

(See on Mat 10:19-20.)

JFB: Mar 13:13 - And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake Matthew (Mat 24:12) adds this important intimation: "And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many"--"of the many," or "of the most," that is, o...

Matthew (Mat 24:12) adds this important intimation: "And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many"--"of the many," or "of the most," that is, of the generality of professed disciples--"shall wax cold." Sad illustrations of the effect of abounding iniquity in cooling the love even of faithful disciples we have in the Epistle of James, written about the period here referred to, and too frequently ever since.

JFB: Mar 13:13 - but he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved See on Mat 10:21-22; and compare Heb 10:38-39, which is a manifest allusion to these words of Christ; also Rev 2:10. Luke (Luk 21:18) adds these reass...

See on Mat 10:21-22; and compare Heb 10:38-39, which is a manifest allusion to these words of Christ; also Rev 2:10. Luke (Luk 21:18) adds these reassuring words: "But there shall not an hair of your heads perish." Our Lord had just said (Luk 21:16) that they should be put to death; showing that this precious promise is far above immunity from mere bodily harm, and furnishing a key to the right interpretation of the ninety-first Psalm and such like.

JFB: Mar 13:14 - But when ye shall see "Jerusalem compassed by armies"--by encamped armies; in other words, when ye shall see it besieged, and

"Jerusalem compassed by armies"--by encamped armies; in other words, when ye shall see it besieged, and

JFB: Mar 13:14 - the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not That is, as explained in Matthew (Mat 24:15), "standing in the holy place."

That is, as explained in Matthew (Mat 24:15), "standing in the holy place."

JFB: Mar 13:14 - (let him that readeth understand) Readeth that prophecy. That "the abomination of desolation" here alluded to was intended to point to the Roman ensigns, as the symbols of an idolatrou...

Readeth that prophecy. That "the abomination of desolation" here alluded to was intended to point to the Roman ensigns, as the symbols of an idolatrous, and so unclean pagan power, may be gathered by comparing what Luke says in the corresponding verse (Luk 21:20); and commentators are agreed on it. It is worthy of notice, as confirming this interpretation, that in 1 Maccabees 1:54--which, though aprocryphal Scripture, is authentic history--the expression of Daniel (Dan 11:31; Dan 12:11) is applied to the idolatrous profanation of the Jewish altar by Antiochus Epiphanes.

JFB: Mar 13:14 - then let them that be in Judea flee to the mountains The ecclesiastical historian, EUSEBIUS, early in the fourth century, tells us that the Christians fled to Pella, at the northern extremity of Perea, b...

The ecclesiastical historian, EUSEBIUS, early in the fourth century, tells us that the Christians fled to Pella, at the northern extremity of Perea, being "prophetically directed"--perhaps by some prophetic intimation more explicit than this, which would be their chart--and that thus they escaped the predicted calamities by which the nation was overwhelmed.

JFB: Mar 13:15 - And let him that is on the housetop not get down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of his house That is, let him take the outside flight of steps from the roof to the ground; a graphic way of denoting the extreme urgency of the case, and the dang...

That is, let him take the outside flight of steps from the roof to the ground; a graphic way of denoting the extreme urgency of the case, and the danger of being tempted, by the desire to save his property, to delay till escape should become impossible.

JFB: Mar 13:16 - -- And let him that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment.

And let him that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment.

JFB: Mar 13:17 - But woe to them Or, "alas for them."

Or, "alas for them."

JFB: Mar 13:17 - that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days In consequence of the aggravated suffering which those conditions would involve.

In consequence of the aggravated suffering which those conditions would involve.

JFB: Mar 13:18 - And pray ye that your flight be not in the winter Making escape perilous, or tempting you to delay your flight. Matthew (Mat 24:20) adds, "neither on the sabbath day," when, from fear of a breach of i...

Making escape perilous, or tempting you to delay your flight. Matthew (Mat 24:20) adds, "neither on the sabbath day," when, from fear of a breach of its sacred rest, they might be induced to remain.

JFB: Mar 13:19 - For in those days shall be affliction, such as was not from the beginning of the creation which God created unto this time, neither shall be Such language is not unusual in the Old Testament with reference to tremendous calamities. But it is matter of literal fact that there was crowded int...

Such language is not unusual in the Old Testament with reference to tremendous calamities. But it is matter of literal fact that there was crowded into the period of the Jewish war an amount and complication of suffering perhaps unparalleled; as the narrative of JOSEPHUS, examined closely and arranged under different heads, would show.

JFB: Mar 13:20 - And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh That is, no human life.

That is, no human life.

JFB: Mar 13:20 - should be saved: but for the elect's sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days But for this merciful "shortening," brought about by a remarkable concurrence of causes, the whole nation would have perished, in which there yet rema...

But for this merciful "shortening," brought about by a remarkable concurrence of causes, the whole nation would have perished, in which there yet remained a remnant to be afterwards gathered out. This portion of the prophecy closes, in Luke, with the following vivid and important glance at the subsequent fortunes of the chosen people: "And they shall fall by the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled" (Luk 21:24). The language as well as the idea of this remarkable statement is taken from Dan 8:10, Dan 8:13. What, then, is its import here? It implies, first, that a time is coming when Jerusalem shall cease to be "trodden down of the Gentiles"; which it was then by pagan, and since and till now is by Mohammedan unbelievers: and next, it implies that the period when this treading down of Jerusalem by the Gentiles is to cease will be when "the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled" or "completed." But what does this mean? We may gather the meaning of it from Rom. 11:1-36 in which the divine purposes and procedure towards the chosen people from first to last are treated in detail. In Rom 11:25 these words of our Lord are thus reproduced: "For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in." See the exposition of that verse, from which it will appear that "till the fulness of the Gentiles be come in"--or, in our Lord's phraseology, "till the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled"--does not mean "till the general conversion of the world to Christ," but "till the Gentiles have had their full time of that place in the Church which the Jews had before them." After that period of Gentilism, as before of Judaism, "Jerusalem" and Israel, no longer "trodden down by the Gentiles," but "grafted into their own olive tree," shall constitute, with the believing Gentiles, one Church of God, and fill the whole earth. What a bright vista does this open up!

JFB: Mar 13:21 - And then, if any man shall say to you, Lo, here is Christ; or, lo he is there; believe him not So Luk 17:23. No one can read JOSEPHUS' account of what took place before the destruction of Jerusalem without seeing how strikingly this was fulfille...

So Luk 17:23. No one can read JOSEPHUS' account of what took place before the destruction of Jerusalem without seeing how strikingly this was fulfilled.

JFB: Mar 13:21 - to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect Implying that this, though all but done, will prove impossible. What a precious assurance! (Compare 2Th 2:9-12).

Implying that this, though all but done, will prove impossible. What a precious assurance! (Compare 2Th 2:9-12).

JFB: Mar 13:23 - But take ye heed; behold, I have foretold you all things He had just told them that the seduction of the elect would prove impossible; but since this would be all but accomplished, He bids them be on their g...

He had just told them that the seduction of the elect would prove impossible; but since this would be all but accomplished, He bids them be on their guard, as the proper means of averting that catastrophe. In Matthew (Mat 24:26-28) we have some additional particulars: "Wherefore, if they shall say unto you, Behold, He is in the desert; go not forth: behold, He is in the secret chambers; believe it not. For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be." See on Luk 17:23-24. "For wheresoever the carcass is, there will the eagles be gathered together." See on Luk 17:37.

JFB: Mar 13:24 - But in those days, after that tribulation "Immediately after the tribulation of those days" (Mat 24:29). the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light.

"Immediately after the tribulation of those days" (Mat 24:29).

the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light.

JFB: Mar 13:25 - And the stars of heaven shall fall "and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after tho...

"and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth" (Luk 21:25-26).

JFB: Mar 13:25 - and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken Though the grandeur of this language carries the mind over the head of all periods but that of Christ's Second Coming, nearly every expression will be...

Though the grandeur of this language carries the mind over the head of all periods but that of Christ's Second Coming, nearly every expression will be found used of the Lord's coming in terrible national judgments: as of Babylon (Isa 13:9-13); of Idumea (Isa 34:1-2, Isa 34:4, Isa 34:8-10); of Egypt (Eze 32:7-8); compare also Psa 18:7-15; Isa 24:1, Isa 24:17-19; Joe 2:10-11, &c. We cannot therefore consider the mere strength of this language a proof that it refers exclusively or primarily to the precursors of the final day, though of course in "that day" it will have its most awful fulfilment.

JFB: Mar 13:26 - And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory In Mat 24:30, this is given most fully: "And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven; and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn,...

In Mat 24:30, this is given most fully: "And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven; and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man," &c. That this language finds its highest interpretation in the Second Personal Coming of Christ, is most certain. But the question is, whether that be the primary sense of it as it stands here? Now if the reader will turn to Dan 7:13-14, and connect with it the preceding verses, he will find, we think, the true key to our Lord's meaning here. There the powers that oppressed the Church--symbolized by rapacious wild beasts--are summoned to the bar of the Great God, who as the Ancient of days seats Himself, with His assessors, on a burning Throne: thousand thousands ministering to Him, and ten thousand times ten thousand standing before Him. "The judgment is set, and the books are opened." Who that is guided by the mere words would doubt that this is a description of the Final Judgment? And yet nothing is clearer than that it is not, but a description of a vast temporal judgment, upon organized bodies of men, for their incurable hostility to the kingdom of God upon earth. Well, after the doom of these has been pronounced and executed, and room thus prepared for the unobstructed development of the kingdom of God over the earth, what follows? "I saw in the night visions, and behold, one like THE SON OF MAN came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they [the angelic attendants] brought Him near before Him." For what purpose? To receive investiture in the kingdom, which, as Messiah, of right belonged to Him. Accordingly, it is added, "And there was given Him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him: His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and His kingdom that which shall not be destroyed." Comparing this with our Lord's words, He seems to us, by "the Son of man [on which phrase, see on Joh 1:51] coming in the clouds with great power and glory," to mean, that when judicial vengeance shall once have been executed upon Jerusalem, and the ground thus cleared for the unobstructed establishment of His own kingdom, His true regal claims and rights would be visibly and gloriously asserted and manifested. See on Luk 9:28 (with its parallels in Mat 17:1; Mar 9:2), in which nearly the same language is employed, and where it can hardly be understood of anything else than the full and free establishment of the kingdom of Christ on the destruction of Jerusalem. But what is that "sign of the Son of man in heaven?" Interpreters are not agreed. But as before Christ came to destroy Jerusalem some appalling portents were seen in the air, so before His Personal appearing it is likely that something analogous will be witnessed, though of what nature it would be vain to conjecture.

JFB: Mar 13:27 - And then shall he send his angels "with a great sound of a trumpet" (Mat 24:31).

"with a great sound of a trumpet" (Mat 24:31).

JFB: Mar 13:27 - and shall gather together his elect, &c. As the tribes of Israel were anciently gathered together by sound of trumpet (Exo 19:13, Exo 19:16-19; Lev 23:24; Psa 81:3-5), so any mighty gathering...

As the tribes of Israel were anciently gathered together by sound of trumpet (Exo 19:13, Exo 19:16-19; Lev 23:24; Psa 81:3-5), so any mighty gathering of God's people, by divine command, is represented as collected by sound of trumpet (Isa 27:13; compare Rev 11:15); and the ministry of angels, employed in all the great operations of Providence, is here held forth as the agency by which the present assembling of the elect is to be accomplished. LIGHTFOOT thus explains it: "When Jerusalem shall be reduced to ashes, and that wicked nation cut off and rejected, then shall the Son of man send His ministers with the trumpet of the Gospel, and they shall gather His elect of the several nations, from the four corners of heaven: so that God shall not want a Church, although that ancient people of His be rejected and cast off: but that ancient Jewish Church being destroyed, a new Church shall be called out of the Gentiles." But though something like this appears to be the primary sense of the verse, in relation to the destruction of Jerusalem, no one can fail to see that the language swells beyond any gathering of a human family into a Church upon earth, and forces the thoughts onward to that gathering of the Church "at the last trump," to meet the Lord in the air, which is to wind up the present scene. Still, this is not, in our judgment, the direct subject of the prediction; for Mar 13:28 limits the whole prediction to the generation then existing.

JFB: Mar 13:28 - Now learn a parable of the fig tree "Now from the fig tree learn the parable," or the high lesson which this teaches.

"Now from the fig tree learn the parable," or the high lesson which this teaches.

JFB: Mar 13:28 - When her branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves "its leaves."

"its leaves."

JFB: Mar 13:29 - So ye, in like manner, when ye shall see these things come to pass Rather, "coming to pass."

Rather, "coming to pass."

JFB: Mar 13:29 - know that it "the kingdom of God" (Luk 21:31).

"the kingdom of God" (Luk 21:31).

JFB: Mar 13:29 - is nigh, even at the doors That is, the full manifestation of it; for till then it admitted of no full development. In Luke (Luk 21:28) the following words precede these: "And w...

That is, the full manifestation of it; for till then it admitted of no full development. In Luke (Luk 21:28) the following words precede these: "And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh"--their redemption, in the first instance certainly, from Jewish oppression (1Th 2:14-16; Luk 11:52): but in the highest sense of these words, redemption from all the oppressions and miseries of the present state at the second appearing of the Lord Jesus.

JFB: Mar 13:30 - Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass fill all these things be done Or "fulfilled" (Mat 24:34; Luk 21:32). Whether we take this to mean that the whole would be fulfilled within the limits of the generation then current...

Or "fulfilled" (Mat 24:34; Luk 21:32). Whether we take this to mean that the whole would be fulfilled within the limits of the generation then current, or, according to a usual way of speaking, that the generation then existing would not pass away without seeing a begun fulfilment of this prediction, the facts entirely correspond. For either the whole was fulfilled in the destruction accomplished by Titus, as many think; or, if we stretch it out, according to others, till the thorough dispersion of the Jews a little later, under Adrian, every requirement of our Lord's words seems to be met.

JFB: Mar 13:31 - Heaven and earth shall pass away; but my words shall not pass away The strongest possible expression of the divine authority by which He spake; not as Moses or Paul might have said of their own inspiration, for such l...

The strongest possible expression of the divine authority by which He spake; not as Moses or Paul might have said of their own inspiration, for such language would be unsuitable in any merely human mouth.

Warnings to Prepare for the Coming of Christ Suggested by the Foregoing Prophecy (Mar 13:32-37).

JFB: Mar 13:31 - It will be observed that, in the foregoing prophecy, as our Lord approaches the crisis of the day of vengeance on Jerusalem and redemption for the Church At which stage the analogy between that and the day of final vengeance and redemption waxes more striking--His language rises and swells beyond all te...

At which stage the analogy between that and the day of final vengeance and redemption waxes more striking--His language rises and swells beyond all temporal and partial vengeance, beyond all earthly deliverances and enlargements, and ushers us resistlessly into the scenes of the final day. Accordingly, in these six concluding verses it is manifest that preparation for "THAT DAY" is what our Lord designs to inculcate.

JFB: Mar 13:32 - But of that day and that hour That is, the precise time.

That is, the precise time.

JFB: Mar 13:32 - knoweth no man Literally, no one.

Literally, no one.

JFB: Mar 13:32 - no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father This very remarkable statement regarding "the Son" is peculiar to Mark. Whether it means that the Son was not at that time in possession of the knowle...

This very remarkable statement regarding "the Son" is peculiar to Mark. Whether it means that the Son was not at that time in possession of the knowledge referred to, or simply that it was not among the things which He had received to communicate--has been matter of much controversy even among the firmest believers in the proper Divinity of Christ. In the latter sense it was taken by some of the most eminent of the ancient Fathers, and by LUTHER, MELANCTHON, and most of the older Lutherans; and it is so taken by BENGEL, LANGE, WEBSTER and WILKINSON, CHRYSOSTOM and others understood it to mean that as man our Lord was ignorant of this. It is taken literally by CALVIN, GROTIUS, DE WETTE, MEYER, FRITZSCHE, STIER, ALFORD, and ALEXANDER.

JFB: Mar 13:33 - -- Take ye heed, watch and pray; for ye know not when the time is.

Take ye heed, watch and pray; for ye know not when the time is.

JFB: Mar 13:34 - For the Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, &c. The idea thus far is similar to that in the opening part of the parable of the talents (Mat 25:14-15).

The idea thus far is similar to that in the opening part of the parable of the talents (Mat 25:14-15).

JFB: Mar 13:34 - and commanded the porter The gatekeeper.

The gatekeeper.

JFB: Mar 13:34 - to watch Pointing to the official duty of the ministers of religion to give warning of approaching danger to the people.

Pointing to the official duty of the ministers of religion to give warning of approaching danger to the people.

JFB: Mar 13:35 - Watch ye therefore; for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cock-crowing, or in the morning An allusion to the four Roman watches of the night.

An allusion to the four Roman watches of the night.

JFB: Mar 13:36 - Lest, coming suddenly, he find you sleeping See on Luk 12:35-40; Luk 12:42-46.

JFB: Mar 13:37 - And what I say unto you This discourse, it will be remembered, was delivered in private.

This discourse, it will be remembered, was delivered in private.

JFB: Mar 13:37 - I say unto all, Watch Anticipating and requiring the diffusion of His teaching by them among all His disciples, and its perpetuation through all time.

Anticipating and requiring the diffusion of His teaching by them among all His disciples, and its perpetuation through all time.

Clarke: Mar 13:1 - See what manner of stones See what manner of stones - Josephus says, Ant. b. xv. chap. 11: "That these stones were white and strong, Fifty feet long, Twenty-Four broad, and S...

See what manner of stones - Josephus says, Ant. b. xv. chap. 11: "That these stones were white and strong, Fifty feet long, Twenty-Four broad, and Sixteen in thickness."If this account can be relied on, well might the disciples be struck with wonder at such a superb edifice, and formed by such immense stones! The principal contents of this chapter are largely explained in the notes on Matt. 24, and to these the reader is requested to refer.

Clarke: Mar 13:6 - Saying, I am Saying, I am - The Christ, is added by eight MSS., Coptic, Armenian, Saxon, and four of the Itala.

Saying, I am - The Christ, is added by eight MSS., Coptic, Armenian, Saxon, and four of the Itala.

Clarke: Mar 13:8 - The beginnings The beginnings - For αρχαι, many MSS. and versions have αρχη, the beginning, singular.

The beginnings - For αρχαι, many MSS. and versions have αρχη, the beginning, singular.

Clarke: Mar 13:9 - Councils Councils - Συνεδρια, Sanhedrins. The grand Sanhedrin consisted of seventy-two elders; six chosen out of each tribe; this was the national c...

Councils - Συνεδρια, Sanhedrins. The grand Sanhedrin consisted of seventy-two elders; six chosen out of each tribe; this was the national council of state; and the small Sanhedrins, which were composed of twenty-three counsellors

Clarke: Mar 13:9 - Synagogues Synagogues - Courts of justice for villages, etc., consisting of three magistrates, chosen out of the principal directors of the synagogue in that p...

Synagogues - Courts of justice for villages, etc., consisting of three magistrates, chosen out of the principal directors of the synagogue in that place

Clarke: Mar 13:9 - Rulers Rulers - Or governors. The Roman deputies, such as Pontius Pilate, etc

Rulers - Or governors. The Roman deputies, such as Pontius Pilate, etc

Clarke: Mar 13:9 - Kings Kings - The tetrarchs of Judea and Galilee, who bore this name. See Mar 6:27.

Kings - The tetrarchs of Judea and Galilee, who bore this name. See Mar 6:27.

Clarke: Mar 13:10 - And the Gospel must first be published among all nations. And the Gospel must first be published among all nations. - Many of the Evangelistaria omit this verse. Its proper place seems to be after verse the...

And the Gospel must first be published among all nations. - Many of the Evangelistaria omit this verse. Its proper place seems to be after verse the thirteenth.

Clarke: Mar 13:11 - Neither - premeditate Neither - premeditate - This is wanting in BDL, five others, Coptic, Ethiopic, Vulgate, Itala. Griesbach leaves it doubtful. On this verse see Mat 1...

Neither - premeditate - This is wanting in BDL, five others, Coptic, Ethiopic, Vulgate, Itala. Griesbach leaves it doubtful. On this verse see Mat 10:19 (note).

Clarke: Mar 13:14 - Let him that readeth understand Let him that readeth understand - What he readeth, is added by D, and three of the Itala, perhaps needlessly.

Let him that readeth understand - What he readeth, is added by D, and three of the Itala, perhaps needlessly.

Clarke: Mar 13:15 - House-top House-top - See on Mat 24:17 (note).

House-top - See on Mat 24:17 (note).

Clarke: Mar 13:20 - Had shortened those days Had shortened those days - Because of his chosen, added by D, Armenian, and five of the Itala. See Mat 24:22.

Had shortened those days - Because of his chosen, added by D, Armenian, and five of the Itala. See Mat 24:22.

Clarke: Mar 13:30 - This generation This generation - Ἡ γενεα αὑτη, This very race of men. It is certain that this word has two meanings in the Scriptures; that given in...

This generation - Ἡ γενεα αὑτη, This very race of men. It is certain that this word has two meanings in the Scriptures; that given in the text, and that above. Generation signifies a period of a certain number of years, sometimes more, sometimes less. In Deu 1:35; Deu 2:14, Moses uses the word to point out a term of thirty-eight years, which was precisely the number in the present case; for Jerusalem was destroyed about thirty-eight years after our Lord delivered this prediction. But as there are other events in this chapter, which certainly look beyond the destruction of Jerusalem, and which were to take place before the Jews should cease to be a distinct people, I should therefore prefer the translation given above. See on Mat 24:34 (note).

Clarke: Mar 13:32 - Neither the Son Neither the Son - This clause is not found either in Matthew or Luke; and Ambrose says it was wanting in some Greek copies in his time. To me it is ...

Neither the Son - This clause is not found either in Matthew or Luke; and Ambrose says it was wanting in some Greek copies in his time. To me it is utterly unaccountable, how Jesus, who knew so correctly all the particulars which he here lays down, and which were to a jot and tittle verified by the event - how he who knew that not one stone should be left on another, should be ignorant of the day and hour when this should be done, though Daniel, Dan 9:24, etc., could fix the very year, not less than five hundred years before it happened: how he in whom the fullness of the Godhead dwelt bodily, and all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge, should not know this small matter, I cannot comprehend, but on this ground, that the Deity which dwelt in the man Christ Jesus might, at one time, communicate less of the knowledge of futurity to him than at another. However, I strongly suspect that the clause was not originally in this Gospel. Its not being found in the parallel places in the other evangelists is, in my opinion, a strong presumption against it. But Dr. Macknight, and others, solve this difficulty in the following manner. They suppose the verb οιδεν to have the force of the Hebrew conjugation Hiphel, in which verbs are taken in a causative, declarative, or permissive sense; and that it means here, make known, or promulge, as it is to be understood in 1Co 2:2. This intimates that this secret was not to be made known, either by men or angels, no, not even by the Son of man himself; but it should be made known by the Father only, in the execution of the purposes of his justice. I am afraid this only cuts the knot, but does not untie it.

Clarke: Mar 13:34 - Left his house Left his house - Οικιαν, family. Our blessed Lord and Master, when he ascended to heaven, commanded his servants to be faithful and watchful....

Left his house - Οικιαν, family. Our blessed Lord and Master, when he ascended to heaven, commanded his servants to be faithful and watchful. This fidelity to which he exhorts his servants consists in doing every thing well which is to be done, in the heart or in the family, according to the full extent of the duty. The watchfulness consists in suffering no stranger nor enemy to enter in by the senses, which are the gates of the soul; in permitting nothing which belongs to the Master to go out without his consent; and in carefully observing all commerce and correspondence which the heart may have abroad in the world, to the prejudice of the Master’ s service. See Quesnel.

Clarke: Mar 13:35 - Watch ye therefore Watch ye therefore - The more the master is expected, the more diligent ought the servants to be in working, watching, and keeping themselves in rea...

Watch ye therefore - The more the master is expected, the more diligent ought the servants to be in working, watching, and keeping themselves in readiness. Can one who has received the sentence of his death, and has no right to live a moment, need any admonition to prepare to die? Does not a prisoner who expects his deliverance, hold himself in continual readiness to leave his dungeon?

Clarke: Mar 13:36 - He find you sleeping He find you sleeping - A porter asleep exposes the house to be robbed, and well deserves punishment. No wonder that the man is constantly suffering ...

He find you sleeping - A porter asleep exposes the house to be robbed, and well deserves punishment. No wonder that the man is constantly suffering loss who is frequently off his guard

Our Lord shows us in this parable

1.    That himself, ascended to heaven, is the man gone from home

2.    That believers collectively are his family

3.    That his servants are those who are employed in the work of faith and labor of love

4.    That the porter represents the ministers of his Gospel, who should continually watch for the safety and welfare of the whole flock

5.    That every one has his own work - that which belongs to himself and to none other, and for the accomplishment of which he receives sufficient strength from his Lord

6.    That these servants and porters shall give an account to their Lord, how they have exercised themselves in their respective departments

7.    And that as the master of the family will certainly come to require this account at a time when men are not aware, therefore they should be always watchful and faithful. And

8.    That this is a duty incumbent on every soul of man, What I say unto you, I say unto All, Watch! If, after all these warnings, the followers of God be found careless, their misery and condemnation must be great.

Calvin: Mar 13:11 - Neither premeditate Mar 13:11.Neither premeditate This sentence, as well as the one which immediately follows, we have explained 131 under Mat 10:19 Our Lord’s design i...

Mar 13:11.Neither premeditate This sentence, as well as the one which immediately follows, we have explained 131 under Mat 10:19 Our Lord’s design in these words is, to relieve the disciples from that anxiety which interferes with the cheerful discharge of our duty, when we doubt our inability to sustain the burden. Not that he wishes us to fall asleep in indolent security, for nothing is more advantageous than to have such a consciousness of our weakness as produces humility and excites to prayer. But Christ advises us to cast all our cares into the bosom of our Father, so that, relying on his promised aid, we may pursue our course with cheerfulness. The promise is stated in different words by Luke; not that Christ will deliver his people from death, (for this must not always be expected,) but that he will give them a mouth and wisdom, to confound their adversaries. Now though Christ supplies them both with presence of mind and with ability to speak, yet I look upon these two words as connected by that figure of speech which is called hypallage; as if Christ had promised that he would guide their tongues, so as to enable them to make a wise and suitable reply.

He adds, that this wisdom will be victorious against all their enemies, because they will not be able to contradict, or to oppose it. Not that their impudence will yield the palm to truth, but because that truth, which they in vain strive to oppose, will triumph over their mad presumption. Would that all who are called upon to make a confession of their faith would rely on that assurance; for the power and majesty of the Spirit would be displayed in a different manner for overthrowing the ministers of Satan. Now that we are partly carried away by our own feelings, and, swelled with pride, rush on heedlessly, or advance farther than is proper, and partly confine ourselves within the limits of improper timidity, sad experience shows that we are deprived of the grace of God and the assistance of the Spirit. As Christ affirms, according to Matthew and Mark, that it is the Spirit of the Father that speaketh in us, (Mat 10:10; Mar 13:11,) and here declares that he will give a mouth, we infer that it is His prerogative to fortify us by the Spirit.

Defender: Mar 13:4 - the sign The great prophetic discourse given by the Lord Jesus Christ on the Mount of Olives is recorded in all three synoptic gospels. However, each account c...

The great prophetic discourse given by the Lord Jesus Christ on the Mount of Olives is recorded in all three synoptic gospels. However, each account contains some material not included in the other two. Consequently, one must carefully study all three accounts (Matthew 24-25, Mark 13, Luke 21) simultaneously to get the entire discourse. The account in Matthew is the most complete, and most of the study notes have therefore been placed there."

Defender: Mar 13:19 - beginning of the creation In Matthew's parallel account, he translated the Aramaic of Jesus' discourse simply by "the beginning of the world" (Mat 24:21), whereas Mark rendered...

In Matthew's parallel account, he translated the Aramaic of Jesus' discourse simply by "the beginning of the world" (Mat 24:21), whereas Mark rendered it by "the beginning of the creation which God created." Evidently the two phrases are synonymous, both expressing accurately the intent of Jesus' words. Since "world" is kosmos in the Greek, the beginning of the creation refers not just to the human creation but to the earth as a whole, including its atmospheric heavens (2Pe 3:3-6). Thus, when Mark used the same phrase, "beginning of the creation," in reporting Christ's words about the making of Adam and Eve (Mar 10:6), it is obvious that the human creation took place at essentially the same time as the earth's creation, not more than four billion years later, as evolutionists claim. This claim is on the authority of Jesus Christ Himself - the Creator (Col 1:16)."

Defender: Mar 13:20 - shortened those days As described in Revelation 6, Rev 8:1-13, 9, 13 and 16, both the persecutions of the Antichrist against believers and the plagues unleashed by God aga...

As described in Revelation 6, Rev 8:1-13, 9, 13 and 16, both the persecutions of the Antichrist against believers and the plagues unleashed by God against unbelievers in the coming tribulation period would result in depopulating the entire world if they continued indefinitely. But God has ordained that the whole period will only last seven years (see notes on Dan 9:25), with the most intense destruction in the last half of that period (Dan 9:26; Rev 11:2; Rev 13:5).

Defender: Mar 13:20 - elect's The "elect" are the same as the ones "whom He hath chosen" in this passage. Even during the awful tribulation period, God will preserve a remnant of b...

The "elect" are the same as the ones "whom He hath chosen" in this passage. Even during the awful tribulation period, God will preserve a remnant of believers alive to enter the great millennial kingdom age following the tribulation. Matthew used only the single word "elect" in reporting this promise of Christ, but Mark indicated further that, in the context of the tribulation, "elect" and "chosen of God" are synonymous terms."

Defender: Mar 13:32 - neither the Son This limitation obviously must apply only to Christ in His humanity. When He became a man, leaving His outward attributes of deity in heaven, "in all ...

This limitation obviously must apply only to Christ in His humanity. When He became a man, leaving His outward attributes of deity in heaven, "in all things it behooved Him to be made like unto His brethren" (Heb 2:17), except, of course, for sin. As a babe, He "increased in wisdom and stature" like any other human (Luk 2:52). Though, as a man, He acquired great wisdom in the scriptures and the plan of God, the time of the end depends in some degree on human activity (Mat 24:14), and only God in His omniscience can foresee this. In no way, however, does this compromise the deity of Christ. The problem is that we, in our finite understanding, can never comprehend fully the mystery of the divine/human nature of Christ, nor of the tri-unity of the Godhead. On some occasions, Christ clearly manifested His deity, on others His humanity."

Defender: Mar 13:37 - Watch The frequent injunction of Christ "unto all" to "watch" for His return seems to make it clear that it could come at any time. We do not need to watch ...

The frequent injunction of Christ "unto all" to "watch" for His return seems to make it clear that it could come at any time. We do not need to watch first for certain other events to take place, but only to watch continuously for Him. This is a great incentive to godly living and evangelism."

TSK: Mar 13:1 - as he // out as he : Mat 24:1, Mat 24:2; Luk 21:5-7 out : Eze 7:20-22, Eze 8:6, Eze 10:4, Eze 10:19, Eze 11:22, Eze 11:23; Mal 3:1, Mal 3:2

TSK: Mar 13:2 - there there : 1Ki 9:7, 1Ki 9:8; 2Ch 7:20,2Ch 7:21; Jer 26:18; Mic 3:12; Mat 24:2; Luk 19:41-44; Luk 21:6; Act 6:14; Rev 11:2

TSK: Mar 13:3 - as // Peter // privately as : Mat 24:3 Peter : Mar 1:16-19, Mar 5:37, Mar 9:2, Mar 10:35, Mar 14:33; Joh 1:40,Joh 1:41 privately : Mar 4:34; Mat 13:10,Mat 13:36

TSK: Mar 13:4 - -- Dan 12:6, Dan 12:8; Mat 24:3; Luk 21:7; Joh 21:21, Joh 21:22; Act 1:6, Act 1:7

TSK: Mar 13:5 - Take Take : Jer 29:8; Mat 24:4, Mat 24:5; Luk 21:8; 1Co 15:33; Eph 5:6; Col 2:8; 2Th 2:3; 1Jo 4:1; Rev 20:7, Rev 20:8

TSK: Mar 13:6 - many // and shall many : Mar 13:22; Jer 14:14, Jer 23:21-25; Joh 5:43; 1Jo 4:1 and shall : Mar 13:22; Mat 24:5, Mat 24:11, Mat 24:23, Mat 24:24; Act 5:36-39

TSK: Mar 13:7 - when // must when : Psa 27:3, Psa 46:1-3, Psa 112:7; Pro 3:25; Isa 8:12; Jer 4:19-21, Jer 51:46; Mat 24:6, Mat 24:7; Luk 21:9-11; Joh 14:1, Joh 14:27 must : 2Sa 14...

TSK: Mar 13:8 - nation shall // famines // these // sorrows nation shall : 2Ch 15:6; Isa 19:2; Jer 25:32; Hag 2:22; Zec 14:13; Rev 6:4 famines : Act 11:28 these : Mat 24:8 sorrows : ""The word in the original i...

nation shall : 2Ch 15:6; Isa 19:2; Jer 25:32; Hag 2:22; Zec 14:13; Rev 6:4

famines : Act 11:28

these : Mat 24:8

sorrows : ""The word in the original importeth the pains of a woman in travail.""Psa 48:6; Isa 37:3; Jer 4:31, Jer 6:24, Jer 13:21, Jer 22:23, Jer 49:24, Jer 50:43; Mic 4:9, Mic 4:10; 1Th 5:3

TSK: Mar 13:9 - take // councils // a take : Mar 13:5; Mat 10:17, Mat 10:18, Mat 23:34-37, Mat 24:9, Mat 24:10; Luk 21:16-18; Joh 15:20, Joh 16:2; Acts 4:1-21, 5:17-40, Act 6:11-15, Act 7:...

take : Mar 13:5; Mat 10:17, Mat 10:18, Mat 23:34-37, Mat 24:9, Mat 24:10; Luk 21:16-18; Joh 15:20, Joh 16:2; Acts 4:1-21, 5:17-40, Act 6:11-15, Act 7:54-60, Act 8:1-3, Act 9:1, Act 9:2, Act 9:13, Act 9:14, Act 9:16; Act 12:1-3, Act 16:20-24, Act 21:11, Act 21:31-40, Act 22:19, Act 22:20, Act 23:1, Act 23:2, Act 24:1-9; Acts 25:1-26:32; 1Co 4:9-13; 2Co 11:23-27; Phi 1:29; 2Th 1:5; Rev 1:9, Rev 2:10,Rev 2:13, Rev 6:9-11

councils : Συνεδρια , Sanhedrins, the grand national council, and smaller courts of judicature in each city. See note on Mat 5:22. For the fulfilment of these predictions, see notes on Matt. 24.

a : Mar 1:44, Mar 6:11; Mat 10:18; Luk 9:5

TSK: Mar 13:10 - -- Mar 16:15; Mat 24:14, Mat 28:18, Mat 28:19; Rom 1:8, Rom 10:18, Rom 15:19; Col 1:6, Col 1:23; Rev 14:6

TSK: Mar 13:11 - and deliver // take // shall be // but and deliver : Mar 13:9; Mat 10:17, Mat 10:21; Act 3:13 take : Exo 4:10-12; Jer 1:6-9; Dan 3:16-18; Mat 10:19, Mat 10:20; Luk 12:11, Luk 12:12; Luk 21:...

TSK: Mar 13:12 - -- Eze 38:21; Mic 7:4-6; Mat 10:21, Mat 24:10; Luk 12:52, Luk 12:53, Luk 21:16

TSK: Mar 13:13 - ye // but ye : Mat 5:11, Mat 5:12, Mat 24:9; Luk 6:22, Luk 21:17; Joh 15:18, Joh 15:19, Joh 17:14; 1Jo 3:13 but : Dan 12:12; Mat 10:22, Mat 24:13; Rom 2:7; Gal ...

TSK: Mar 13:14 - the abomination // where // let him // then the abomination : Dan 8:13, Dan 9:27, Dan 12:11; Mat 24:15-28; Luk 21:20-22 where : Lam 1:10; Eze 44:9 let him : Mat 13:51; Act 8:30,Act 8:31; 1Co 14:...

TSK: Mar 13:15 - -- Gen 19:15-17, Gen 19:22, Gen 19:26; Job 2:4; Pro 6:4, Pro 6:5, Pro 22:3; Mat 24:16-18; Luk 17:31-33; Act 27:18, Act 27:19, Act 27:38; Phi 3:7, Phi 3:8...

TSK: Mar 13:17 - -- Deu 28:56, Deu 28:57; Lam 2:19, Lam 2:20, Lam 4:3, Lam 4:4, Lam 4:10; Hos 9:14, Hos 13:16; Mat 24:19-21; Luk 21:23, Luk 23:29

TSK: Mar 13:19 - in those // from in those : Deu 28:59, Deu 29:22-28; Isa 65:12-15; Lam 1:12, Lam 2:13, Lam 4:6; Dan 9:12, Dan 9:26; Dan 12:1; Joe 2:2; Mat 24:21; Luk 21:22-24 from : D...

TSK: Mar 13:20 - for for : Isa 1:9, Isa 6:13, Isa 65:8, Isa 65:9; Zec 13:8, Zec 13:9; Mat 24:22; Rom 11:5-7, Rom 11:23, Rom 11:24, Rom 11:28-32

TSK: Mar 13:21 - -- Deu 13:1-3; Mat 24:5, Mat 24:23-25; Luk 17:23, Luk 17:24, Luk 21:8; Joh 5:43

TSK: Mar 13:22 - if it if it : Mar 13:6; Mat 24:24; Joh 10:27, Joh 10:28; 2Th 2:8-14; 2Ti 2:19; 1Jo 2:19, 1Jo 2:26; Rev 13:8, Rev 13:13, Rev 13:14, Rev 17:8

TSK: Mar 13:23 - take // behold take : Mar 13:5, Mar 13:9, Mar 13:33; Mat 7:15; Luk 21:8, Luk 21:34; 2Pe 3:17 behold : Isa 44:7, Isa 44:8; Joh 14:29, Joh 16:1-4

TSK: Mar 13:24 - -- Isa 13:10, Isa 24:20-23; Jer 4:23-25, Jer 4:28; Eze 32:7; Dan 7:10, Dan 12:1; Joe 2:30,Joe 2:31; Amo 5:20; Zep 1:14-18; Mat 24:29-31; Luk 21:25-27; Ac...

TSK: Mar 13:26 - -- Mar 8:38, Mar 14:62; Dan 7:9-14; Mat 16:17, Mat 16:27, Mat 24:30, Mat 25:31; Act 1:11; 1Th 4:16; 2Th 1:7-10; Rev 1:7

TSK: Mar 13:27 - shall he // shall gather // his elect // from shall he : Mat 13:41, Mat 13:49, Mat 24:31; Luk 16:22; Rev 7:1-3, Rev 15:6, Rev 15:7 shall gather : Gen 49:10; Mat 25:31, Mat 25:32; Joh 10:16, Joh 11...

TSK: Mar 13:28 - -- Mat 24:32, Mat 24:33; Luk 21:29-31

TSK: Mar 13:29 - know know : Eze 7:10-12, Eze 12:25-28; Heb 10:25-37; Jam 5:9; 1Pe 4:17, 1Pe 4:18

TSK: Mar 13:30 - that that : Mat 16:28, Mat 23:36, Mat 24:34; Luk 21:32

TSK: Mar 13:31 - Heaven // my Heaven : Psa 102:25-27; Isa 51:6; Mat 5:18, Mat 24:35; Heb 1:10-12; 2Pe 3:10-12; Rev 20:11 my : Num 23:19; Jos 23:14, Jos 23:15; Psa 19:7; Isa 40:8; Z...

TSK: Mar 13:32 - of // neither of : Mar 13:26, Mar 13:27; Mat 24:36-42, Mat 25:6, Mat 25:13, Mat 25:19; Act 1:7; 1Th 5:2; 2Pe 3:10; Rev 3:3 neither : Rev 1:1

TSK: Mar 13:33 - -- Mar 13:23, Mar 13:35-37, Mar 14:37, Mar 14:38; Mat 24:42-44, Mat 25:13, Mat 26:40,Mat 26:41; Luk 12:40, Luk 21:34-36; Rom 13:11, Rom 13:12, Rom 13:14;...

TSK: Mar 13:34 - as a // and to // and commanded // the porter as a : Mat 24:45, 25:14-30; Luk 19:12-17 and to : Rom 12:4-8, Rom 13:6; 1Co 3:5-10, 12:4-31, 1Co 15:58; Col 3:24, Col 4:1 and commanded : Eze 3:17-21,...

TSK: Mar 13:35 - -- Mar 13:33; Mat 24:42, Mat 24:44

TSK: Mar 13:36 - he find he find : Mar 14:37, Mar 14:40; Pro 6:9-11, Pro 24:33, Pro 24:34; Son 3:1, Son 5:2; Isa 56:10; Mat 24:48-51; Mat 25:5; Luk 21:34, Luk 22:45; Rom 13:11...

TSK: Mar 13:37 - I say I say : Mar 13:33, Mar 13:35; Luk 12:41-46

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Mar 13:1 - -- Mar 13:1,2 Christ foretells the destruction of the temple, Mar 13:3-23 shows what signs and calamities should go before, Mar 13:24-31 and what s...

Mar 13:1,2 Christ foretells the destruction of the temple,

Mar 13:3-23 shows what signs and calamities should go before,

Mar 13:24-31 and what should happen at the time of his coming,

Mar 13:32-37 no man knoweth the day or hour; we must therefore

watch and pray, that we may not be found unprepared.

Ver. 1,2. The perishing nature of the splendid and gay things of this world, are fitter objects for the meditation of such as are Christ’ s disciples, than the splendour and magnificence of them, especially when they are the privileges of a sinful people. Sin will undermine and blow up the most famous structures. It is a good thing for Christians not to set their hearts upon them. See Poole on "Mat 24:1" . See Poole on "Mat 24:2" .

Poole: Mar 13:3-4 - -- Ver. 3,4. Matthew puts two things more into the question, What shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world? The best of men have...

Ver. 3,4. Matthew puts two things more into the question, What shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world? The best of men have a great curiosity to know futurities, things that shall hereafter come to pass. All the other part of this chapter is spent by our Saviour in an answer to these three questions, according to St. Matthew, or this one question, according to Mark and Luke. Some have attempted curiously to distinguish betwixt the signs intended by our Saviour, as relating to each period. But certainly those interpreters do judge best, that think our Saviour intended to let them know, that the destruction of Jerusalem should be a type of the destruction of the world at the last day, and that the same things should go before the one, and be signs of it, that should go before the other. And whoso readeth the history of Josephus, of what happened before the destruction of Jerusalem, and after this time, will find that there were few or none of these signs, that are here mentioned, but came to pass before the dreadful destruction of that so famous place; yet we must doubtless look for many, if not all, the same things to come to pass before the general destruction of the world in the last day.

Poole: Mar 13:5-6 - -- Ver. 5,6. See Poole on "Mat 24:4" . See Poole on "Mat 24:5" . This is the first sign, fulfilled before the destruction of Jerusalem in part, and wh...

Ver. 5,6. See Poole on "Mat 24:4" . See Poole on "Mat 24:5" . This is the first sign, fulfilled before the destruction of Jerusalem in part, and which had been fulfilling ever since; and probably before the day of judgment the number of such impostors will increase.

Poole: Mar 13:7-8 - -- Ver. 7,8. Matthew adds pestilences. Luke saith, pestilences, and fearful sights and great signs from heaven. See Poole on "Mat 24:6" , and fo...

Ver. 7,8. Matthew adds pestilences. Luke saith, pestilences, and fearful sights and great signs from heaven. See Poole on "Mat 24:6" , and following verses to Mat 24:8 . Here are two or three more signs put together:

1. Wars, and rumours of wars; great commotions in nations, which though they may be at other times, yet probably may be more extraordinary before the day of judgment.

2. Famines, pestilences, and earthquakes.

3. Fearful sights, and apparitions in the air and the heavens. Such there were (as Josephus tells us) before the destruction of Jerusalem; and though these things be seen before the last day, yet it is most probable they will be greater before the day of judgment than at any time before; and for fearful sights, and great signs from heaven, they ordinarily go before some great judgment of God upon places, and therefore the observation of them by the heathen (as we learn by Livy and others) seems but to be a piece of natural religion; and Christ giving these things as signs of the approaching ruin, first of Jerusalem, then of the world, will make thinking Christians behold them with a religious fear, though not to undertake to expound them particularly or prophesy upon them.

Certainly we ought to look upon them as prognosticating some great work of God, and usually of judgment upon sinners.

Poole: Mar 13:9 - -- This, so far as concerneth those to whom Christ spake, can only be a sign of the destruction of Jerusalem; but so far as it concerneth others, it is...

This, so far as concerneth those to whom Christ spake, can only be a sign of the destruction of Jerusalem; but so far as it concerneth others, it is also a sign of the end of the world. It is the fifth sign he gives them; the persecution of the ministers of Christ and the saints of God, for the preaching and profession of the gospel. See Poole on "Mat 24:9" .

Poole: Mar 13:10 - -- I am prone to think that our Lord gives this not only as a sign of the destruction of Jerusalem, but of the end of the world, and the latter princip...

I am prone to think that our Lord gives this not only as a sign of the destruction of Jerusalem, but of the end of the world, and the latter principally; for before the destruction of Jerusalem (which was in less than forty years after Christ’ s death) the gospel was not preached to all nations, otherwise than as all signifies very many. And I do think that all places shall have the gospel preached to them before the day of judgment, after another manner than either it was possible it should be preached to them within forty years after the death of Christ, or than many places have had it preached amongst them to this day. For though the Holy Scriptures, and ecclesiastical historians, give us a somewhat large account of the gospel being preached in Europe, Asia, and in Africa, yet we have little account from any of them of its being preached in America. I am not wholly ignorant of what those writers tell us, of Thomas the apostle’ s preaching to the Indians, and of Trumentius and his colleague, but there are very few preachers that any stories give an account of gone to the Indians, whither I believe the gospel must go before that Christ comes to judgment.

Poole: Mar 13:11 - See Poole on "Mat 10:19" // take no thought See Poole on "Mat 10:19" . See Poole on "Mat 10:20" . By take no thought he means, take no anxious thoughts to disquiet yourselves.

See Poole on "Mat 10:19" . See Poole on "Mat 10:20" . By

take no thought he means, take no anxious thoughts to disquiet yourselves.

Poole: Mar 13:12-13 - See Poole on "Mat 24:9" Ver. 12,13. This is but an amplification of the fifth sign, given us Mar 13:9 , viz. a furious persecution, eminently made good in the Jewish persecu...

Ver. 12,13. This is but an amplification of the fifth sign, given us Mar 13:9 , viz. a furious persecution, eminently made good in the Jewish persecution before the destruction of Jerusalem; in the pagan persecution, for three hundred years after Christ; and in the popish persecutions at this day.

See Poole on "Mat 24:9" . See Poole on "Mat 24:10" .

Poole: Mar 13:14-20 - -- Ver. 14-20. See Poole on "Mat 24:15" , and following verses to Mat 24:22 , where we have before opened all these passages. This sign doth manifestly...

Ver. 14-20. See Poole on "Mat 24:15" , and following verses to Mat 24:22 , where we have before opened all these passages. This sign doth manifestly relate to the destruction of Jerusalem, and can have no relation to the end of the world. In our notes on Mat 24:13-51 , we have showed what is meant by the abomination of desolation, and to what place in Daniel it refers. Luke expounds it, Luk 21:20 , When ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, the Roman armies, abominable for the idols that in them were worshipped. The sign was this, When you shall see the lion, and armies besieging Jerusalem, be assured God will soon deliver it into their hands, whatever vain hopes men may suggest of their holding out or driving them away. Let every one of you with all imaginable expedition shift for yourselves. God will surely deliver up the city, when that time comes. And before the taking of the city, he tells them, there shall be such affliction (by reason of their intestine factions and divisions) as never any people experienced. As to these things, see the notes on Mat 24:15-22 .

Poole: Mar 13:21-23 - -- Ver. 21-23. See Poole on "Mat 24:23" , and following verses to Mat 24:25 . The history of Josephus, and those Roman historians who wrote the history...

Ver. 21-23. See Poole on "Mat 24:23" , and following verses to Mat 24:25 . The history of Josephus, and those Roman historians who wrote the history of those times that went immediately before the destruction of Jerusalem, and give us account of the taking of that city, are the best commentary on these verses. It hath been often said, that the Jews were in expectation of a Messias, and are so still. But by him they understood not a person who should be God man, and save his people from their sins, and set up a spiritual kingdom in the world, but a secular prince, who should come of the house of David, and restore them to their civil liberties. So that the name of Christ was a fair name to patronize any rebellious faction, where the leader would arrogate it to herself, especially if he could pretend to the house of David. Near the destruction of Jerusalem, several persons used these arts to draw people after them to defend themselves, and to stand up for their liberties. Our Saviour having discerned his disciples tinctured with this common error of the nation, and knowing what would come to pass, gives his disciples warning to avoid these delusions, and not to run after such pretenders, to their ruin and destruction.

Poole: Mar 13:24-27 - Then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory. And then shall he send his angels Ver. 24-27. The usage of these phrases, of the darkening the sun and the moon, and the falling of the stars, to signify the ruin of nations, and chan...

Ver. 24-27. The usage of these phrases, of the darkening the sun and the moon, and the falling of the stars, to signify the ruin of nations, and changes wrought in them; as in Isa 13:10 , as to the destruction of Babylon, and Eze 32:7 , to express the change the providence of God made by the destruction of Egypt, as also to signify the change made in the world by setting up the gospel, to which purpose they are used by Joel, Joe 2:31 ; hath given interpreters a latitude to interpret these verses,

1. With relation to the destruction of the Jews, which made a great change as to the Jewish church and state.

2. And with reference to the change made by setting up the gospel church.

But Mar 13:26,27 incline me rather to interpret them of the end of the world. For though those other expressions are used to express great changes and mutations, yet it is not said of any of them,

Then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory. And then shall he send his angels & c. Which phrases do so agree with those other texts, where Christ’ s second coming to judgment is expressed certainly, that I cannot but think our Saviour speaks here with reference to that. See Mat 13:41 1Co 15:52 1Th 4:16 Rev 1:7 .

Poole: Mar 13:28-31 - -- Ver. 28-31. See Poole on "Mat 24:32" , and following verses to Mat 24:35 , where we met with the same things almost word for word; so as more words ...

Ver. 28-31. See Poole on "Mat 24:32" , and following verses to Mat 24:35 , where we met with the same things almost word for word; so as more words need not be repeated here in the explication of these verses.

Poole: Mar 13:32-33 - -- Ver. 32,33. See Poole on "Mat 24:36" . See Poole on "Mat 24:42" . Ideo latet ultimus dies ut observentur omnes dies, God hath concealed from us ...

Ver. 32,33. See Poole on "Mat 24:36" . See Poole on "Mat 24:42" . Ideo latet ultimus dies ut observentur omnes dies, God hath concealed from us the knowledge of the last day that we might watch all our days. See the notes on Matthew, in what sense Christ saith he did not know the last day and hour. Watching is opposed to sleeping. There is a natural sleep, and a spiritual sleep, of which the apostle speaks, Rom 13:11 Eph 5:14 . The latter is here principally intended, to which the watching here commanded is opposed, and signifies an industrious, diligent care to keep ourselves from sin, upon a prospect of the last judgment, and the consideration of the uncertainty of the particular year or day when it shall be; together with such a bodily watching, as may be subservient unto that end, and fit us for prayer. But the watching principally intended, is a striving against sin, which is the spiritual sleep; and thus it is expounded by Luk 21:36 , compared with Mar 13:34,35 .

Poole: Mar 13:33 - See Poole on "Mar 13:32 See Poole on "Mar 13:32

See Poole on "Mar 13:32

Poole: Mar 13:34-37 - -- Ver. 34-37. In the Greek, those words, For the Son of man is are not, but those, or some such like, are necessarily to be understood to make up the ...

Ver. 34-37. In the Greek, those words, For the Son of man is are not, but those, or some such like, are necessarily to be understood to make up the sense. The watching here again twice called for is the same with that before mentioned. The sense of these verses is the same as before; the uncertainty of the time when Christ cometh to judgment should oblige all men to be diligent and industrious to keep themselves from sinning, that they may be ready at what time soever he cometh. He mentions only the four parts of the night, having spoken of sin under the notion of sleeping, and holiness under the notion of watching.

Lightfoot: Mar 13:3 - Upon the mount of Olives, over against the Temple And as he sat upon the mount of Olives over against the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately,   [Upon the mount ...

And as he sat upon the mount of Olives over against the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately,   

[Upon the mount of Olives, over against the Temple.] "The east gate of the Court of the Gentiles had the metropolis Sushan painted on it. And through this gate the high priest went out to burn the red cow." And, "All the walls of that court were high, except the east wall; because of the priest, when he burnt the red cow, stood upon the top of mount Olivet; and took his aim, and looked upon the gate of the Temple, in that time when he sprinkled the blood." And, "The priest stood with his face turned westward, kills the cow with his right hand, and receives the blood with the left, but sprinkleth it with his right, and that seven times, directly towards the Holy of Holies."  

It is true, indeed, the Temple might be well seen from any tract of Olivet; but the word over against; if it doth not direct to this very place, yet to some place certainly in the same line: and it cannot but recall to our mind that action of the high priest.

Lightfoot: Mar 13:7 - Be not troubled And when ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, be ye not troubled: for such things must needs be; but the end shall not be yet.  &nbs...

And when ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, be ye not troubled: for such things must needs be; but the end shall not be yet.   

[Be not troubled.] Think here, how the traditions of the scribes affrighted the nation with the report of Gog and Magog, immediately to go before the coming of the Messiah: --   

"R. Eliezer Ben Abina saith, When you see the kingdoms disturbing one another, then expect the footsteps of the Messiah. And know that this is true from hence, that so it was in the days of Abraham; for kingdoms disturbed one another, and then came redemption to Abraham." And elsewhere; "So they came against Abraham, and so they shall come with Gog and Magog." And again, "The Rabbins deliver. In the first year of that week [of years] that the Son of David is to come, shall that be fulfilled, 'I will rain upon one city, but I will not rain upon another,' Amo 4:7. The second year, the arrows of famine shall be sent forth. The third, the famine shall be grievous, and men and women and children, holy men, and men of good works, shall die. And there shall be a forgetfulness of the law among those that learn it. The fourth year, fulness, and not fulness. The fifth year, great fulness; for they shall eat and drink and rejoice, and the law shall return to its scholars. The sixth year, voices. (The Gloss is, 'A fame shall be spread, that the Son of David comes,' or, 'they shall sound with a trumpet.') The seventh year, wars; and in the going out of that seventh year the Son of David shall come."

Lightfoot: Mar 13:8 - These are the beginnings of sorrows For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be earthquakes in divers places, and there shall be famines and...

For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be earthquakes in divers places, and there shall be famines and troubles: these are the beginnings of sorrows.   

[These are the beginnings of sorrows.] Isa 66:7-8; Before she travailed she brought forth; before the labour of pains came she was delivered, and brought forth a male. Who hath heard such a thing? Does the earth bring forth in one day, or is a nation also brought forth at once? For Sion was in travail and brought forth her sons.  

The prophet here says two things: --   

I. That Christ should be born before the destruction of Jerusalem. The Jews themselves collect and acknowledge this out of this prophecy: "It is in the Great Genesis [Bereshith Rabba] a very ancient book: thus R. Samuel Bar Nachaman said, Whence prove you, that in the day when the destruction of the Temple was, Messias was born? He answered, From this that is said in the last chapter of Isaiah Isa 66:7, 'Before she travailed she brought forth; before her bringing forth shall come, she brought forth a male child.' In the same hour that the destruction of the Temple was, Israel cried out as though she were bringing forth. And Jonathan in the Chaldee translation said, Before her trouble came she was saved; and before the pains of childbirth came upon her, Messiah was revealed." In the Chaldee it is, A king shall manifest himself.  

"In like manner in the same book: R. Samuel Bar Nachaman said, It happened that Elias went by the way in the day wherein the destruction of the Temple was, and he heard a certain voice crying out and saying, 'The holy Temple is destroyed.' Which when he heard, he imagined how he could destroy the world: but travelling forward he saw men ploughing and sowing, to whom he said, 'God is angry with the world and will destroy his house, and lead his children captives to the Gentiles; and do you labour for temporal victuals?' And another voice was heard, saying, 'Let them work, for the Saviour of Israel is born.' And Elias said, 'Where is he?' And the voice said, 'In Bethlehem of Judah,' " etc. These words this author speaks, and these words they speak.  

II. As it is not without good reason gathered, that Christ shall be born before the destruction of the city, from that clause, "Before she travailed she brought forth, before her bringing forth came [the pangs of travail], she brought forth a male child"; so also, from that clause, Is a nation brought forth at once? For Sion travailed and brought forth her children; is gathered as well, that the Gentiles were to be gathered and called to the faith before that destruction; which our Saviour most plainly teacheth, Mar 13:10; "But the gospel must first be preached among all nations." For how the Gentiles, which should believe, are called 'the children of Sion,' and 'the children of the church of Israel,' every where in the prophets, there is no need to show, for every one knows it.  

In this sense is the word pangs or sorrows; in this place to be understood; and it agrees not only with the sense of the prophet alleged, but with a most common phrase and opinion in the nation concerning the sorrows of the Messiah; that is, concerning the calamities which they expected would happen at the coming of the Messiah.  

" Ulla saith, The Messias shall come, but I shall not see him. So also saith Rabba, Messias shall come, but I shall not see him; that is, he shall not be to be seen. Abai saith to Rabba, Why? Because of the sorrows of the Messias. It is a tradition. His disciples asked R. Eliezer, What may a man do to be delivered from the sorrows of Messias? Let him be conversant in the law and in the works of mercy." The Gloss is, "the terrors and the sorrows which shall be in his days." "He that feasts thrice on the sabbath day shall be delivered from three miseries, from the sorrows of Messiah; from the judgment of hell, and from the war of Gog and Magog." Where the Gloss is this, "'From the sorrows of Messias': for in that age, wherein the Son of David shall come, there will be an accusation of the scholars of the wise men. The word sorrows denotes such pains as women in childbirth endure."

Lightfoot: Mar 13:32 - But of that day and hour knoweth no man. // Neither the angels. // Nor the Son But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.   [But of that d...

But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.   

[But of that day and hour knoweth no man.] Of what day and hour? That the discourse is of the day of the destruction of Jerusalem is so evident, both by the disciples' question, and by the whole thread of Christ's discourse, that it is a wonder any should understand these words of the day and hour of the last judgment.  

Two things are demanded of our Saviour, Mar 13:4; the one is, "When shall these things be, that one stone shall not be left upon another?" And the second is, "What shall be the sign of this consummation?" To the latter he answereth throughout the whole chapter hitherto: to the former in the present words. He had said, indeed, in the verse before Mar 13:31; "Heaven and earth shall pass away," etc.; not for resolution to the question propounded (for there was no inquiry at all concerning the dissolution of heaven and earth), but for confirmation of the truth of the thing which he had related. As though he had said, "Ye ask when such an overthrow of the Temple shall happen; when it shall be, and what shall be the signs of it. I answer, These and those, and the other signs shall go before it; and these my words of the thing itself to come to pass, and of the signs going before, are firmer than heaven and earth itself. But whereas ye inquire of the precise time, that is not to be inquired after; for of that day and hour knoweth no man."  

We cannot but remember here, that even among the beholders of the destruction of the Temple there is a difference concerning the day of the destruction; that that day and hour was so little known before the event, that even after the event, they who saw the flames disagreed among themselves concerning the day. Josephus, an eyewitness, saw the burning of the Temple, and he ascribed it to the tenth day of the month Ab or Lous. For thus he; "The Temple perished the tenth day of the month Lous (or August ), a day fatal to the Temple, as having been on that day consumed in flames by the king of Babylon." Rabban Jochanan Ben Zaccai saw the same conflagration; and he, together with the whole Jewish nation, ascribes it to the ninth day of that month, not the tenth; yet so that he saith, "If I had not lived in that age I had not judged it but to have happened on the tenth day." For as the Gloss upon Maimonides writes, "It was the evening when they set fire to it, and the Temple burnt until sunset the tenth day. In the Jerusalem Talmud, therefore, Rabbi and R. Joshua Ben Levi fasted the ninth and tenth days." See also the tract Babylonian Taanith.  

[Neither the angels.] "'For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come,' Isa 63:4. What means 'the day of vengeance is in mine heart?' R. Jochanan saith, I have revealed it to my heart, to my members I have not revealed it. R. Simeon Ben Lachish saith, I have revealed it to my heart, but to the ministering angels I have not revealed it." And Jalkut on that place thus: My heart reveals it not to my mouth; to whom should my mouth reveal it?   

[Nor the Son.] Neither the angels, nor the Messias. For in that sense the word Son; is to be taken in this place and elsewhere very often: as in that passage, Joh 5:19; "The Son," that is, the Messias, "can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do": Joh 5:20; "The Father loveth the Messias," etc: Joh 5:26; "He hath given to the Messias to have life in himself," etc. And that the word Son is to be rendered in this sense, appears from Joh 5:27; "He hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man." Observe that, "because he is the Son of man."  

I. It is one thing to understand "the Son of God" barely and abstractly for the second person in the Holy Trinity; another to understand him for the Messias, or that second person incarnate. To say that the second person in the Trinity knows not something is blasphemous; to say so of the Messias, is not so, who, nevertheless, was the same with the second person in the Trinity: for although the second person, abstractly considered according to his mere Deity, was co-equal with the Father, co-omnipotent, co-omniscient, co-eternal with him, etc.; yet Messias, who was God-man, considered as Messias, was a servant and a messenger of the Father, and received commands and authority from the Father. And those expressions, "The Son can do nothing of himself," etc. Will not in the least serve the Arian's turn; if you take them in this sense, which you must necessarily do; " Messias can do nothing of himself, because he is a servant and a deputy."  

II. We must distinguish between the excellences and perfections of Christ, which flowed from the hypostatical union of the natures, and those which flowed from the donation and anointing of the Holy Spirit. From the hypostatical union of the natures flowed the infinite dignity of his person, his impeccability, his infinite self-sufficiency to perform the law, and to satisfy the divine justice. From the anointing of the Spirit flowed his power of miracles, his foreknowledge of things to come, and all kind of knowledge of evangelic mysteries. Those rendered him a fit and perfect Redeemer; these a fit and perfect Minister of the gospel.  

Now, therefore, the foreknowledge of things to come, of which the discourse here is, is to be numbered among those things which flowed from the anointing of the Holy Spirit, and from immediate revelation; not from the hypostatic union of the natures. So that those things which were revealed by Christ to his church, he had them from the revelation of the Spirit, not from that union. Nor is it any derogation or detraction from the dignity of his person, that he saith, 'He knew not that day and hour of the destruction of Jerusalem'; yea, it excellently agrees with his office and deputation, who, being the Father's servant, messenger, and minister, followed the orders of the Father, and obeyed him in all things. "The Son knoweth not," that is, it is not revealed to him from the Father to reveal to the church. Rev 1:1; "The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him."  

We omit inquiring concerning the knowledge of Christ, being now raised from death: whether, and how far, it exceeded his knowledge, while yet he conversed on earth. It is without doubt, that, being now raised from the dead, he merited all kind of revelation (see Rev 5:9; "And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain," etc.); and that he, conversing on earth before his death, acted with the vigour of the Holy Spirit and of that unspeakable holiness which flowed from the union of the human nature with the divine, the divine nature, in the meantime, suspending its infinite activity of omnipotence. So that Christ might work miracles, and know things to come, in the same manner as the prophets also did, namely, by the Holy Ghost, but in a larger measure; and might overcome the devil not so much by the omnipotence of the divine nature, as by the infinite holiness of his person, and of his obedience. So that if you either look upon him as the minister and servant of God; or if you look upon the constitution, as I may so call it, and condition of his person, these words of his, "Of that day and hour knoweth not the Son also," carry nothing of incongruity along with them; yea, do excellently speak out his substitution as a servant, and the constitution of his person as God-man.  

The reason why the divine wisdom would have the time of the destruction of Jerusalem so concealed, is well known to itself; but by men, since the time of it was unsearchable, the reason certainly is not easy to be searched. We may conjecture that the time was hid, partly, lest the godly might be terrified with the sound of it, as 2Th 2:2; partly, that the ungodly, and those that would be secure, might be taken in the snares of their own security, as Mat 24:38. But let secret things belong to God.

Haydock: Mar 13:2 - -- As Christ had frequently denounced the destruction of the temple, his disciples, surprised that so beautiful an edifice should be reduced to nothing, ...

As Christ had frequently denounced the destruction of the temple, his disciples, surprised that so beautiful an edifice should be reduced to nothing, wish on that account to shew him the grandeur and magnificence of it; upon which Christ exclaimed: There shall not remain a stone upon a stone. (Theophylactus)

Haydock: Mar 13:4 - When shall these things be? When shall these things be? The miseries that took place previously to the destruction of the temple and city of Jerusalem, were a figure of the ext...

When shall these things be? The miseries that took place previously to the destruction of the temple and city of Jerusalem, were a figure of the extreme calamity that will happen before the last day, in the reign of Antichrist: hence Jesus Christ speaketh indifferently of both. (Bristow)

Haydock: Mar 13:6 - -- At the destruction of Jerusalem there appeared many impostors, many who professed themselves to be the Christ, and assured the populace that their del...

At the destruction of Jerusalem there appeared many impostors, many who professed themselves to be the Christ, and assured the populace that their delivery was at hand. And in the Church many heresiarchs started up, and many came in the name of Christ; the first of these was Simon Magus, mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles, whom the people of Samaria received as the power and virtue of God. But it is remarkable from the time of our Saviour's passion, when they preferred the robber Barabbas to Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, they had no peace or quiet in the city, but constant tumult and dissension succeeded, to the very time of its destruction. (Ven. Bede) ---

So shall many seducers come towards the end of the world, who shall make themselves authors of sects, and shall gain many disciples: as followeth in plain words, ver. 22. of this chapter. (Bristow)

Haydock: Mar 13:9 - In the synagogues // For a testimony to them In the synagogues, or assemblies. The word is here taken for assemblies of judges, and of justice. --- For a testimony to them; i.e. that you may ...

In the synagogues, or assemblies. The word is here taken for assemblies of judges, and of justice. ---

For a testimony to them; i.e. that you may bear witness of me and my doctrine, and also against them. (Witham) ---

Some solicitude perhaps had seized upon the minds of the disciples, when they were informed by their divine Master, that they should stand accused before kings, and princes of the earth, for fear they should not be able, for want of human learning, to make a proper defence. Our Saviour therefore says: be not thoughtful beforehand; for when we are brought to the bar in defence of our holy faith, it is only necessary for us, under such circumstances, to make an offer of our will; Christ himself will speak for us: and in our answers will be infused the grace of the Holy Ghost: for it is not you that speak, but the Holy Ghost. (Ven. Bede)

Haydock: Mar 13:14 - -- Ven. Bede here gives a beautiful illustration of this passage in a spiritual sense. When, says he, we see the abomination of desolation standing wher...

Ven. Bede here gives a beautiful illustration of this passage in a spiritual sense. When, says he, we see the abomination of desolation standing where it ought not, that is, when we behold heresies and crimes reigning where we ought to see truth and virtue flourish, then let those who are in Judea, such a shave kept the true faith unpolluted, flee to the mountains; that is, rise to the height of perfection; and let those who are on the house-top, those who crucifying the works of the flesh, live according to the spirit, not descend any more to their former way of living according to the flesh. (Ven. Bede) ---

If all heresies tend to the abomination of desolation, that more particularly does which taketh away with other sacrament, and the external worship of God, the very sacrifice of Christ's body and blood; which being taken away, as St. Cyprian remarketh, no religion can remain. (St. Cyprian, on the supper of our Lord. Num. ii.)

Haydock: Mar 13:19 - -- Jospehus, the Jewish historian, relates the calamities that befell unhappy Jerusalem, about thirty-seven years after the death of Jesus Christ, which ...

Jospehus, the Jewish historian, relates the calamities that befell unhappy Jerusalem, about thirty-seven years after the death of Jesus Christ, which verified to the very letter the prediction: there shall be such tribulations as were not from the beginning. (St. Augustine)

Haydock: Mar 13:20 - -- This may be explained in a more general sense of the persecution of Antichrist, which will be dreadful beyond description, and executed in every part ...

This may be explained in a more general sense of the persecution of Antichrist, which will be dreadful beyond description, and executed in every part of the world. The time however allowed to him and his wicked agents to tread under foot the holy city, (Apocalypse xi. 2.) i.e. the Church of Christ, will not extend beyond forty-two months, or three years and a half. This space of time Christ has set apart to purify his Church, and try his servants; and therefore he allows them to fall under the power of this merciless tyrant; and it was given unto him, says St. John, speaking of this event, to make war with the saints, and overcome them. (Apocalypse xiii. 7.) We are admonished of the same by the prophet Daniel: (vii. 21.) I beheld, says he, and lo that horn (Antichrist) made war against the saints, and prevailed against them; and he shall speak words against the Most High, and shall crush the saints of the Most High ... and they shall be delivered into his hand until a time, and times, and half a time, (Daniel vii. 25.) i.e. a year, two years, and half a year, or three years and a half, the same with St. John. (Pastorini, p. 327 and 8.) ---

St. Augustine, speaking of this dreadful period, says: this persecution will be the last; it will happen towards the approach of the last judgment, and will fall upon the Church in every part of the world; that is, the whole city of Christ will be persecuted by the whole city of the devil, as far as both are extended upon earth. (De civit. lib. xx. chap. xi.) But our Saviour will put a stop to these calamities on account of his elect, unwilling that they should be tempted above their strength; for he will descend himself from heaven, and, as St. Paul tells us, will kill the wicked man, Antichrist, with the breath of his mouth, and shall destroy him with the brightness of his coming.

Haydock: Mar 13:24 - -- In the day of judgment the luminaries of heaven shall be darkened, not by the privation of their light, but by the approach of the true light of the w...

In the day of judgment the luminaries of heaven shall be darkened, not by the privation of their light, but by the approach of the true light of the world, i.e. the great Judge. And what cause for wonder can there be, that man should be terrified at the thoughts of the last day, when the angelic powers shall tremble; or, how will these mortal habitations of ours stand the shock, when the very pillars of heaven shall be moved? what will the tender osier suffer, when the lofty cedars of Paradise bend their head! (Ven. Bede)

Haydock: Mar 13:32 - -- But how can the Son be ignorant of that last day? Were this the case, we must thence conclude that his nature was imperfect: since he was under the ...

But how can the Son be ignorant of that last day? Were this the case, we must thence conclude that his nature was imperfect: since he was under the necessity of a second coming, and yet was ignorant when that time should be. But we must remember, that the meaning of this sentence is not, that Christ was really ignorant of this circumstance, but only that it was not then a convenient time to disclose the secret. (St. Augustine) ---

Not as if Christ were ignorant himself, as certain Eutychian heretics, called Agnoitæ, held; but because he knew it not as our teacher, to teach it others, as being not expedient. (St. Ambrose, de fide, lib. v. chap. viii.) ---

The Son of God is ignorant of this day, not according to his divinity, which sees and knows all things; but according to his humanity, which does not know it of itself, of its own light, but by revelation which is made to it by the divinity, which is intimately united to it. In natura quidem divinitatis novit, says St. Gregory, non ex natura humanitatis. See St. Matthew xxiv. 36.

Haydock: Mar 13:33 - -- Some will perhaps think, that it would have been much better, if the Almighty had not left the hour of death uncertain; as that case, they would not h...

Some will perhaps think, that it would have been much better, if the Almighty had not left the hour of death uncertain; as that case, they would not have been so solicitous with regard to its arrival. But St. Augustine, St. Gregory, and other saints assure us, on the contrary, that it is a very great mercy of God to keep us in this ignorance, that we may always be prepared for it. For, if we knew the precise period, this assurance would give occasion of living more unguardedly, and of sinning more freely. If, with this uncertainty of the hour of our death, we live notwithstanding, so very remissly; what should we do, were we assured that we were not to die for some years? Sts. Gregory, Augustine, and Bonaventure say, that God chose to leave us in this uncertainty, purposely to prevent all attachment to temporal things; that, seeing every hour, nay every moment, we may lose them, we may not be tied to them, but aspire to those we shall always possess, when once we have obtained them. Fool, says the Son of God to the rich covetous man, (Luke xii. 20.) this night thy soul shall be required of thee, and what then will become of all these riches thou hast amassed. (St. Bonaventure)

Haydock: Mar 13:35 - At even, at midnight, or at the cock-crowing, or in the morning At even, at midnight, or at the cock-crowing, or in the morning. These are generally referred to the different ages of man's life; infancy, youth, m...

At even, at midnight, or at the cock-crowing, or in the morning. These are generally referred to the different ages of man's life; infancy, youth, manhood, and old age. we are exhorted to be always in readiness, for we know not at what hour the Judge will come. (Nicholas of Lyra) ---

We are taught to watch, because we are charged with the care of our soul, which is the temple or house of God, and which is to be his temple for all eternity. (Bible de Vence)

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Gill: Mar 13:1 - And as he went out of the temple // one of his disciples // saith unto him, Master, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here And as he went out of the temple,.... The Ethiopic version reads, "as they went out"; Christ and his disciples: for when Christ went out of the temple...

And as he went out of the temple,.... The Ethiopic version reads, "as they went out"; Christ and his disciples: for when Christ went out of the temple, the disciples went out with him; or at least very quickly followed him, and came to him, as appears from what follows; though the true reading is, "as he went out": and the Syriac and Persic versions are more express, and read, "as Jesus went out": for having done all he intended to do there, he left it, never more to return to it:

one of his disciples: it may be Peter, who was generally pretty forward, and commonly the mouth of the rest, as this disciple was, whoever he was: the Persic version reads, "the disciples"; and Matthew and Luke represent them in general, as observing to Christ, the beauty and grandeur of the temple, as this disciple did: who

saith unto him, Master, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here. The temple, as repaired by Herod, was a very beautiful building, according to the account the Jews give of it, and its stones were of a very great magnitude; See Gill on Mat 24:1.

Gill: Mar 13:2 - And Jesus answering said unto him // seest thou these great buildings // There shall not be left one stone upon another // that shall not be thrown down And Jesus answering said unto him,.... The Persic version reads, "unto them"; and so Beza's most ancient copy but as that question is put by one, the ...

And Jesus answering said unto him,.... The Persic version reads, "unto them"; and so Beza's most ancient copy but as that question is put by one, the reply is made to him:

seest thou these great buildings? how beautiful and strong they are. The Vulgate Latin and Ethiopic versions, add the word all; and the sense is, dost thou take a survey of all these buildings, and of the whole of this stately edifice? and dost thou not admire the strength and grandeur of them? and dost thou not think they will be of long duration, and that the demolition of them is scarcely possible?

There shall not be left one stone upon another. The Syriac and Arabic versions add, "here": as in Mat 24:9, and so it is read in four of Beza's copies, and in others:

that shall not be thrown down; See Gill on Mat 24:2.

Gill: Mar 13:3 - And as he sat upon the Mount of Olives // over against the temple // Peter, and John, and James, and Andrew, asked him privately And as he sat upon the Mount of Olives,.... On the east of Jerusalem: over against the temple: where he could have a full view of it; the eastern w...

And as he sat upon the Mount of Olives,.... On the east of Jerusalem:

over against the temple: where he could have a full view of it; the eastern wall of the temple being lower than the rest; See Gill on Mat 24:3.

Peter, and John, and James, and Andrew, asked him privately; apart from the rest of the disciples, they being, especially the first three, his favourites, and very familiar with him.

Gill: Mar 13:4 - Tell us when shall these things be // and what shall be the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled Tell us when shall these things be?.... When the temple will be destroyed, and these fine buildings shall be demolished, and not one of these large st...

Tell us when shall these things be?.... When the temple will be destroyed, and these fine buildings shall be demolished, and not one of these large stones shall be left upon another:

and what shall be the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled? And what is the sign of his coming, and of the end of the world, as Matthew relates; See Gill on Mat 24:3.

Gill: Mar 13:5 - And Jesus answering them // take heed lest any man deceive you And Jesus answering them,.... His four disciples, Peter, John, James, and Andrew: "began to say"; or "said", a way of speaking frequent with this evan...

And Jesus answering them,.... His four disciples, Peter, John, James, and Andrew: "began to say"; or "said", a way of speaking frequent with this evangelist:

take heed lest any man deceive you; See Gill on Mat 24:4.

Gill: Mar 13:6 - For many shall come in my name // I am Christ // and shall deceive many For many shall come in my name,.... Taking upon them the name of the Messiah: saying, I am Christ; the word "Christ", is rightly supplied from Mat...

For many shall come in my name,.... Taking upon them the name of the Messiah: saying,

I am Christ; the word "Christ", is rightly supplied from Mat 24:5; otherwise in the original it is only, "I am"; which the Persic version doubles, reading it, "I am indeed, I am": he that was promised and expected, the true Messiah; he that was to come:

and shall deceive many; See Gill on Mat 24:5.

Gill: Mar 13:7 - And when ye shall hear of wars, and rumours of wars // be not troubled // for such things must needs be // but the end shall not be yet And when ye shall hear of wars, and rumours of wars,.... Among the Jews themselves, and with the Romans: be not troubled; keep your place, abide by...

And when ye shall hear of wars, and rumours of wars,.... Among the Jews themselves, and with the Romans:

be not troubled; keep your place, abide by your work, go on preaching the Gospel, without distressing yourselves about the event of things:

for such things must needs be: being decreed by God, foretold by Christ, and made necessary by the sins of the people:

but the end shall not be yet; of the temple, of Jerusalem, and of the Jewish state and nation; See Gill on Mat 24:6.

Gill: Mar 13:8 - For nation shall rise against nation // and kingdom against kingdom // and there shall be earthquakes in divers places // and there shall be famines // and troubles // These are the beginnings of sorrows For nation shall rise against nation,.... The nations of the world one against another, and the Romans against the Jews, and the Jews against them: ...

For nation shall rise against nation,.... The nations of the world one against another, and the Romans against the Jews, and the Jews against them:

and kingdom against kingdom; which is a synonymous phrase with the former, and what the Jews call, מלות שונות, "different words", expressing the same thing, often used in their commentaries:

and there shall be earthquakes in divers places; of the world:

and there shall be famines: especially in Judea, as in the times of Claudius Caesar, and at the siege of Jerusalem:

and troubles; public ones of various sorts, as tumults, seditions, murders, &c. This word is omitted in the Vulgate Latin, and Ethiopic versions.

These are the beginnings of sorrows; as of a woman with child, as the word signifies; whose pains before, though they are the beginnings and pledges of what shall come after, are not to be compared with those that immediately precede, and attend the birth of the child: and so all those troubles, which should be some time before the destruction of Jerusalem, would be but small, but light afflictions, the beginning of sorrows, in comparison of what should immediately go before, and attend that desolation; See Gill on Mat 24:7, Mat 24:8.

Gill: Mar 13:9 - But take heed to yourselves // for they shall deliver you up to councils // and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten // and ye shall be brought before rulers // and kings for my sake // for a testimony against them But take heed to yourselves,.... This does not so much regard their doctrine and conversation, they were to take heed to; in which sense this phrase i...

But take heed to yourselves,.... This does not so much regard their doctrine and conversation, they were to take heed to; in which sense this phrase is sometimes used; but the security of their persons and lives; and the advice is, to take care of them selves, as much as in them lay, how they came into the hands of the persecuting Jews, and exposed themselves to danger, when at any time it could be avoided:

for they shall deliver you up to councils; their greater and lesser sanhedrim; the one consisting of seventy one persons, the other of twenty three, and the least of three only; and before the greater of these, Peter and John were brought, quickly, after the ascension of Christ:

and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten; with forty stripes, save one, as the Apostle Paul was, five, times:

and ye shall be brought before rulers; governors of Roman provinces, as the same apostle was, before Gallio, Festus, and Felix:

and kings for my sake; for the sake of professing Christ, and preaching his Gospel; as some of the apostles were, before Herod, Agrippa, Nero, Domitian, and others:

for a testimony against them: both against the rulers and kings before whom they should be brought, and bear a testimony for Christ, and against the Jews, who should bring them thither; See Gill on Mat 10:17; see Gill on Mat 10:18.

Gill: Mar 13:10 - And the Gospel must first be published among all nations. And the Gospel must first be published among all nations. The Syriac version reads, "my Gospel"; the Gospel which Christ was the author, subject, and ...

And the Gospel must first be published among all nations. The Syriac version reads, "my Gospel"; the Gospel which Christ was the author, subject, and preacher of; this "must be published". There was a necessity of the promulgation of it by the will of God, the command and commission of Christ; and for the gathering in of the Jews, that were the elect of God, "among all nations" of the world, especially in the Roman empire; and that "first", or before the destruction of Jerusalem; See Gill on Mat 24:14.

Gill: Mar 13:11 - But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up // take no thought before hand // what ye shall speak // neither do ye premeditate // but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour // that speak ye // for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up,.... Lead to councils and courts of judicature, and deliver up to kings and rulers, to the civil magi...

But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up,.... Lead to councils and courts of judicature, and deliver up to kings and rulers, to the civil magistrate, to be punished by the secular arm:

take no thought before hand; be not previously anxious, and carefully solicitous, in a distressing way:

what ye shall speak: to kings and rulers, by way of apology for yourselves, and your own innocence, and in defence of the Gospel:

neither do ye premeditate; or "meditate", as the generality of copies read: Beza says in one copy it is read, "premeditate": and so in one of Stephens's, as we render it: this clause is omitted in the Vulgate Latin, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions:

but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour; whatever shall be immediately suggested to your thoughts, be put into your minds, and laid upon your hearts:

that speak ye; freely and boldly without the fear of men:

for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost: not but that they did speak, but they were not the principal authors, either of the matter they spoke, or of the words and language in which they spoke; they were only the instruments of the Holy Ghost; they spoke as they were moved by him: hence their wisdom and eloquence in their self-defence, were amazing, and their arguments strong and unanswerable; See Gill on Mat 10:19, Mat 10:20,

Gill: Mar 13:12 - Now the brother shall betray the brother to death // and the father the son; and children shall rise up against their parents, and shall cause them to be put to death Now the brother shall betray the brother to death,.... Signifying, that such should be the rage of men, particularly the Jews, against Christ and his ...

Now the brother shall betray the brother to death,.... Signifying, that such should be the rage of men, particularly the Jews, against Christ and his Gospel, that those that were in the nearest relation, were of the same flesh and blood, children of the same parents, should betray and deliver up each other into the hands of the civil magistrate, in order to be put to death:

and the father the son; and children shall rise up against their parents, and shall cause them to be put to death; things unnatural and shocking; See Gill on Mat 10:21.

Gill: Mar 13:13 - And ye shall be hated of all men // for my name's sake // but he that shall endure // to the end // the same shall be saved And ye shall be hated of all men,.... Not only of your friends and relations of your countrymen the Jews; but of all men, the generality of men, in, a...

And ye shall be hated of all men,.... Not only of your friends and relations of your countrymen the Jews; but of all men, the generality of men, in, all nations of the world, wherever they came:

for my name's sake; for the sake of Christ and his Gospel, they professed and preached:

but he that shall endure; reproaches, afflictions, and persecutions, patiently; or persevere in the faith of Christ, in the profession of his name, and in preaching his Gospel:

to the end; of such troubles, and of life:

the same shall be saved; if not with a temporal, yet with an everlasting salvation; See Gill on Mat 10:22, Mat 24:13.

Gill: Mar 13:14 - But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation // spoken of by Daniel the prophet // standing where it ought not // let him that readeth understand // Then let them that be in Judea flee to the mountains But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation,.... The Roman army encompassing Jerusalem, which was an abomination to the Jews, and an "impure s...

But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation,.... The Roman army encompassing Jerusalem, which was an abomination to the Jews, and an "impure sign" of their destruction, as the Syriac and Persic versions render it; and a desolating one to their nation, city, and temple:

spoken of by Daniel the prophet, in Dan 9:27. This clause is omitted in the Vulgate Latin, and was not found by Beza, in two of his copies, and is thought to be transcribed from Matthew:

standing where it ought not; round about the city, in the midst of it, and even in the temple: in one of Beza's exemplars it is added, "in the holy place", as in Matthew; and so it is read in the Ethiopic version:

let him that readeth understand; either the passage in Daniel, or the citation of it by the evangelist, when he shall see this come to pass: this seems to be rather the words of the evangelist, than of Christ; since this was not written (and so not to be read), but spoken by Christ; and since his usual phrase was, "he that hath ears, let him hear": though indeed the same exhortation is in Matthew, and may be understood of Christ, as it may refer to the written prophecy in Daniel, and indeed to the Gospel, which might be read before this event came to pass: See Gill on Mat 24:15.

Then let them that be in Judea flee to the mountains; they that are in Jerusalem, or in any of the cities and towns of Judea, let them make their escape, as soon as possible, to the mountainous parts of the country; where they may be more safe from, the devastations of the Roman army; See Gill on Mat 24:16.

Gill: Mar 13:15 - And let him that is on the house top // not go down into the house // neither enter therein // to take any thing out of his house And let him that is on the house top,.... On the battlements of the house, either for diversion or devotion: not go down into the house; in the inn...

And let him that is on the house top,.... On the battlements of the house, either for diversion or devotion:

not go down into the house; in the inner way by the stairs, or ladder within doors:

neither enter therein; being come down from the top of the house, by stairs, or a ladder without, which was usual:

to take any thing out of his house; to take care of his goods, or take any thing along with him, that might be useful in his flight, and journey, and stay abroad; See Gill on Mat 24:17.

Gill: Mar 13:16 - And let him that is in the field // not turn back again // for to take up his garment And let him that is in the field,.... At work, in any sort of business there, not turn back again: either to his own house, or rather to that part ...

And let him that is in the field,.... At work, in any sort of business there,

not turn back again: either to his own house, or rather to that part of the field where he laid down his clothes:

for to take up his garment; but let him flee without it, or otherwise he would be in great danger; See Gill on Mat 24:18.

Gill: Mar 13:17 - But woe to them that are with child // and to them that give suck in those days But woe to them that are with child,.... Who because of their burdens, would be very unfit for, and very incapable of fleeing with any haste; and ther...

But woe to them that are with child,.... Who because of their burdens, would be very unfit for, and very incapable of fleeing with any haste; and therefore very liable to fall into the hands of the enemy, and become their prey:

and to them that give suck in those days; who could not bear to leave their children behind, and yet would not be able to carry them with them; at least not without great trouble, and which would much retard their flight, and endanger their being taken by the enemy; See Gill on Mat 24:19.

Gill: Mar 13:18 - And pray ye that your flight be not in winter. And pray ye that your flight be not in winter. When days are short, roads bad, the weather inclement; and when to lodge in mountains, is very incommod...

And pray ye that your flight be not in winter. When days are short, roads bad, the weather inclement; and when to lodge in mountains, is very incommodious, and uncomfortable. The Persic version adds, "neither on the sabbath day"; See Gill on Mat 24:20.

Gill: Mar 13:19 - For in those days shall be affliction // such as was not from the beginning of the creation, which God created, unto this time, neither shall be For in those days shall be affliction,.... What with the close siege of the Romans; the fury of the zealots, and seditious; the rage of different part...

For in those days shall be affliction,.... What with the close siege of the Romans; the fury of the zealots, and seditious; the rage of different parties among the Jews themselves; the ravage of the sword, both within and without, together with dreadful plagues and famines:

such as was not from the beginning of the creation, which God created, unto this time, neither shall be; of which there never was the like in any age, and cannot be paralleled in any history, since the beginning of time, or the world was made, or any thing in it, down to that period; nor ever will the like befall any one particular nation under the heavens, to the end of the world; See Gill on Mat 24:21.

Gill: Mar 13:20 - And except that the Lord had shortened those days // no flesh should be saved // but for elect's sake, whom he hath chosen // he hath shortened the days And except that the Lord had shortened those days,.... Had determined that those days of affliction should be but few, and not last long; that the sie...

And except that the Lord had shortened those days,.... Had determined that those days of affliction should be but few, and not last long; that the siege should not be longer continued, and the devastations within and without be prolonged:

no flesh should be saved; there would not have been a Jew left; that nation and race of men must have been utterly destroyed from off the face of the earth:

but for elect's sake, whom he hath chosen; in Christ, unto eternal salvation; who were either then upon the spot, called or uncalled, or that were to spring from in succeeding times:

he hath shortened the days; he hath determined they shall be but few, that a remnant might be saved, and among them his elect; or from whom should descend, such as he had chosen, who should be saved with an everlasting salvation: though the people in general have been given up to blindness and unbelief, yet they are preserved as a distinct people in the world; and in the latter day will be called and converted, and all Israel shall be saved and therefore it was the will of God to shorten those days of affliction, that they might not be entirely cut off, but that a number might be left, as a stock for future ages; See Gill on Mat 24:22.

Gill: Mar 13:21 - And then if any man shall say to you // lo! here is Christ, or lo! he is there // believe him not And then if any man shall say to you,.... During those days of tribulation and affliction, or when shortened and at an end: lo! here is Christ, or...

And then if any man shall say to you,.... During those days of tribulation and affliction, or when shortened and at an end:

lo! here is Christ, or lo! he is there; the Messiah has appeared in such or in such a place, to deliver you from your national distresses and calamities, and from the Roman yoke and bondage:

believe him not; give no credit to such a report, for the reason following; See Gill on Mat 24:23.

Gill: Mar 13:22 - For false Christs and false prophets shall rise // and shall show signs and wonders // to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect For false Christs and false prophets shall rise,.... As there did, both before and after the destruction of Jerusalem: and shall show signs and won...

For false Christs and false prophets shall rise,.... As there did, both before and after the destruction of Jerusalem:

and shall show signs and wonders; as they pretended to do, and did, at least to the appearance of people:

to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect; who were chosen in Christ, unto eternal life; in consequence of which they truly believed in him, and were constant followers of him; but this was not possible: though such was the force of their deception, that there was apparent danger of it, were it not for the power and grace of God; See Gill on Mat 24:24.

Gill: Mar 13:23 - But take ye heed // behold, I have foretold you all things But take ye heed,.... The Persic version adds, "of them"; of the false Christs, and false prophets: for though the purposes of God, concerning the sal...

But take ye heed,.... The Persic version adds, "of them"; of the false Christs, and false prophets: for though the purposes of God, concerning the salvation of his elect, are infrustrable; his promises are yea and amen; his grace is efficacious and irresistible, and his power uncontrollable; and the salvation of his chosen ones certain; yet it becomes them to be on their guard against every deception, and temptation, and to make use of all means for their perseverance:

behold, I have foretold you all things; relating to the destruction of the temple, city, and nation of the Jews; the signs that would go before it, as the disciples had desired; the miseries and calamities that would attend it, and the danger they would be exposed to through false Christs, and false prophets; and therefore would be inexcusable, if they did not observe the caution he now gave them: and moreover, when all these should be accomplished, they would remember that he had told them of them beforehand; which would be a proof of his omniscience, and so an establishment of them in the truth of him, as the Messiah; See Gill on Mat 24:25.

Gill: Mar 13:24 - But in those days, after that tribulation // the sun shall be darkened // and the moon shall not give her light But in those days, after that tribulation,.... That is, after the destruction of the city and temple of Jerusalem, and the miseries and calamities att...

But in those days, after that tribulation,.... That is, after the destruction of the city and temple of Jerusalem, and the miseries and calamities attending it, in the times immediately following it; see Mat 24:29;

the sun shall be darkened: so the Shekinah, or glory of the divine majesty was withdrawn, and all the symbols of the divine presence were gone, when the temple was destroyed:

and the moon shall not give her light; the ceremonial law, which though abolished by the death of Christ, was observed by the Jews as long as the temple stood; but now ceased, particularly that principal branch of it, the daily sacrifice; See Gill on Mat 24:29.

Gill: Mar 13:25 - And the stars of heaven shall fall // And the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken And the stars of heaven shall fall,.... The Jewish Rabbins and doctors, who fell off from the written word, and compiled their "Misna", or oral law, t...

And the stars of heaven shall fall,.... The Jewish Rabbins and doctors, who fell off from the written word, and compiled their "Misna", or oral law, their book of traditions, and set it up above the Bible, the foundation of which was laid immediately upon their dispersion.

And the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken; the ordinances of the legal dispensation, which were shaken before, but now so shaken as to be removed; compare Hag 2:6 with Heb 12:26; See Gill on Mat 24:29.

Gill: Mar 13:26 - And then shall they see the son of man // coming in the clouds with great power and glory And then shall they see the son of man,.... Not in person, but in the power of his wrath and vengeance; of which the Jews then had a convincing eviden...

And then shall they see the son of man,.... Not in person, but in the power of his wrath and vengeance; of which the Jews then had a convincing evidence, and full proof; and even of his being come in the flesh, as if they had seen him in person: this shows, that the sign of the son of man, in Mat 24:30 is the same with the son of man:

coming in the clouds with great power and glory; not to judgment, but having taken vengeance on the Jewish nation, to set up his kingdom and glory in the Gentile world; See Gill on Mat 24:30.

Gill: Mar 13:27 - And then he shall send his angels // and shall gather together his elect // from the uttermost part of the earth, to the uttermost part of the heaven And then he shall send his angels,.... The ministers of the Gospel to preach it, and plant more churches among the Gentiles, since that at Jerusalem w...

And then he shall send his angels,.... The ministers of the Gospel to preach it, and plant more churches among the Gentiles, since that at Jerusalem was entirely broken up:

and shall gather together his elect; that is, he the son of man, or Christ, shall gather them by the ministry of his servants; or "they shall gather them", as the Ethiopic version reads; and as Beza says it is read in a certain copy: these ministers shall be the means of gathering such whom God has chosen from all eternity, to obtain salvation by Christ, out of the world, and unto Christ, and into a Gospel church state: even

from the uttermost part of the earth, to the uttermost part of the heaven; be they where they will, on earth, and under the whole heavens; See Gill on Mat 24:31.

Gill: Mar 13:28 - Now learn a parable of the fig tree // when her branch is yet tender // and putteth forth leaves // ye know, that summer is near Now learn a parable of the fig tree,.... Our Lord was now upon the Mount of Olives, in one part of which fig trees grew in great plenty, and one, or m...

Now learn a parable of the fig tree,.... Our Lord was now upon the Mount of Olives, in one part of which fig trees grew in great plenty, and one, or more, might be near, and in view; and it was the time of year, the passover being at hand, for its putting forth:

when her branch is yet tender; and soft and opening, through the sap now in motion:

and putteth forth leaves; from the branches:

ye know, that summer is near; from such an appearance on the fig tree; See Gill on Mat 24:32.

Gill: Mar 13:29 - So ye, in like manner // when ye shall see these things come to pass // know that it, or he So ye, in like manner,.... This is an accommodation of the parable to the present case: when ye shall see these things come to pass; the signs prec...

So ye, in like manner,.... This is an accommodation of the parable to the present case:

when ye shall see these things come to pass; the signs preceding the destruction of Jerusalem, and especially the abomination of desolation, or the Roman army surrounding it:

know that it, or he is nigh, even at at the doors; either that the destruction of Jerusalem is near; or that the son of man is just ready to come to take vengeance on it; or as Luke says, Luk 21:31, the kingdom of God is nigh at hand; or a more glorious display of the kingly power of Christ, in the destruction of his enemies, and a greater spread of his Gospel in the Gentile world; See Gill on Mat 24:33.

Gill: Mar 13:30 - Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass // till all these things be done Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass,.... Not the generation of men, in general, or Jews in particular, nor of Christians; but t...

Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass,.... Not the generation of men, in general, or Jews in particular, nor of Christians; but that present generation of men, they should not all go off the stage of life,

till all these things be done; which were now predicted by Christ, concerning the destruction of Jerusalem, the signs of it, and what, should immediately follow upon it; See Gill on Mat 24:34.

Gill: Mar 13:31 - Heaven and earth shall pass away // but my words shall not pass away Heaven and earth shall pass away,.... Which may be understood either affirmatively, as what will be at the second coming of Christ; or comparatively, ...

Heaven and earth shall pass away,.... Which may be understood either affirmatively, as what will be at the second coming of Christ; or comparatively, rather than any thing said by Christ should; and so shows the certainty and irreversibleness of his predictions, as it follows:

but my words shall not pass away; which is true of all the words of Christ he ever spake, and here particularly relates to those he had just delivered, concerning the calamities that should come upon the Jewish nation; See Gill on Mat 24:35.

Gill: Mar 13:32 - But of that day, and of that hour // knoweth no man // no, not the angels which are in heaven // neither the Son // but the Father But of that day, and of that hour,.... Of Jerusalem's destruction; for of nothing else had Christ been speaking; and, it is plain, the words are anaph...

But of that day, and of that hour,.... Of Jerusalem's destruction; for of nothing else had Christ been speaking; and, it is plain, the words are anaphorical, and relate to what goes before:

knoweth no man; nay, they that lived to see it, and have spoken of it, are not agreed about the particular day, when it was; much less did they know it beforehand, or could speak of it, and make it known to others:

no, not the angels which are in heaven; who are acquainted with many of the divine secrets, and have been employed in the imparting them to others, and in the executing divine purposes:

neither the Son; Christ, as the son of man; though he did know it as the Son of God, who knows all things, and so this; but as the son of man, and from his human nature he had no knowledge of any thing future: what knowledge he had of future things in his humanity, he had from his deity; nor, as man, had he any commission to make known, nor did he make known the day of God's vengeance on the Jews:

but the Father; who has the times and seasons in his own power, for the executing of any particular judgment on a nation, or the general one; See Gill on Mat 24:36.

Gill: Mar 13:33 - Take ye heed, watch and pray // for ye know not when the time is Take ye heed, watch and pray,.... This seems to be the principal reason why the day and hour of Jerusalem's destruction, though known by the Father, w...

Take ye heed, watch and pray,.... This seems to be the principal reason why the day and hour of Jerusalem's destruction, though known by the Father, were not made known to any man, neither to the angels, nor by them; nor to the son of man in the days of his flesh, nor by him when on earth; that his people might be upon their guard, against false Christs, and prophets, and their deception; and watch unto prayer, and in it, lest they fell into temptation, and that day should come upon them unawares:

for ye know not when the time is; the exact and precise time: for though the people of God had notice of it, and were sensible it was at hand, and did make their escape out of Jerusalem; yet they knew not the exact time, but that it might be sooner or later; and the unbelieving Jews were blinded, and in the dark about it to the very last; See Gill on Mat 24:42.

Gill: Mar 13:34 - For the son of man is as a man taking a far journey // Who left his house // and gave authority to his servants // and to every man his work // and commanded the porter to watch For the son of man is as a man taking a far journey,.... Or this case of the son of man's coming to take vengeance on the Jewish nation, is like a ma...

For the son of man is as a man taking a far journey,.... Or this case of the son of man's coming to take vengeance on the Jewish nation, is like a man that takes a journey into a far country. This puts me in mind of a question asked m by the Jews:

"what דרך רחוקה, "a far journey" from Modiim, and without.''

from Modiim, according to the Gemara n, and commentators o on this passage, was a place fifteen miles from Jerusalem; so that, according to them, fifteen miles were reckoned a far journey p.

Who left his house; and his goods in it, to the care and management of others during his absence:

and gave authority to his servants; to govern his house, and exercise power one over another, according to their different stations;

and to every man his work; which he was to do, while he was gone, and to give him an account of when he returned:

and commanded the porter to watch; his house, and take care that it was not broke open by thieves, and plundered of the substance that was in it. So Christ, when he ascended on high, went to heaven, the land afar off; left his house, his church, particularly in Judea, and at Jerusalem, to the care of his apostles, and gave authority to govern it, according to the laws, rules, and directions prescribed by him; and assigned every man his particular work, for which he gave him proper gifts and abilities; and ordered the porter to be on his watch, not Peter only, but all the apostles and ministers, whose business it is to watch over themselves, and the souls of men committed to their care.

Gill: Mar 13:35 - Watch ye therefore // for ye know not when the master of the house cometh // at even, or at midnight, or at the cock crowing, or in the morning Watch ye therefore,.... Against false Christs, and false prophets; over yourselves, and the whole church; for the words are particularly addressed to ...

Watch ye therefore,.... Against false Christs, and false prophets; over yourselves, and the whole church; for the words are particularly addressed to the disciples of Christ:

for ye know not when the master of the house cometh; when Christ, of whom the whole family in heaven, and in earth, is named, who is a Son in his own house, is an high priest over the house of God, and Lord of his church and people, whom he has bought with his blood, and provides for with his grace, and by his Spirit, when he will come to break up housekeeping with the Jews, and bring his wrath upon them to the uttermost: whether

at even, or at midnight, or at the cock crowing, or in the morning. This is agreeably to the division of the night among the Jews, who speak of the first watch, the middle of the night, the cock crowing, and morning, as distinct from each other. The three first of these we have in one passage q:

"every day they remove the ashes from the altar, הגבר בקריאת, "at cock crowing", or near it, either before, or after it; and on the day of atonement, מהצות, "at midnight"; and on the feast days, "at the first watch",''

the same with the evening here: and elsewhere the morning and cock crowing are distinguished r;

"for a last of the congregation, how long may a man eat and drink? until the pillar of the morning ascends, (or until it is morning,) the words of R. Eliezer ben Jacob; R. Simeon says, until cock crowing.''

And so the phrase, from cock crowing till morning, is used by them s. The Romans also divided the night in like manner, into evening, the dead of the night, or midnight, cock crowing, and the morning t. The allusion seems to be to the time of the president of the temple's coming into it, who had the management of the affairs of it, and of appointing to each priest his work: it is said u,

"whoever would remove the ashes from the altar, rose up early, and washed himself before the president came; but in what hour does the president come? not at all times alike: sometimes he comes, מקריאת הגבר, "at cock crowing", or near it, before it, or after it; and the president comes and knocks for them, and they open to him; and he says unto them, whosoever has washed himself, let him come and cast lots: they cast lots, and he is worthy whom he counts worthy.''

Such who understand these words of Christ's coming by death, or at judgment, apply these seasons to the several ages of men, as childhood, youth, manhood, and old age.

Gill: Mar 13:36 - Lest coming suddenly // he find you sleeping Lest coming suddenly,.... Unthought of, and unexpected, at an unawares: he find you sleeping; inactive in the exercise of grace, and negligent in t...

Lest coming suddenly,.... Unthought of, and unexpected, at an unawares:

he find you sleeping; inactive in the exercise of grace, and negligent in the performance of duty; unprepared for his coming, and unfit for service.

Gill: Mar 13:37 - And what I say unto you // I say unto all // watch And what I say unto you,.... The four disciples, Peter, James, John, and Andrew; who came privately to him, and put to him the questions, which occasi...

And what I say unto you,.... The four disciples, Peter, James, John, and Andrew; who came privately to him, and put to him the questions, which occasioned this long discourse; see Mar 13:3.

I say unto all. The Syriac and Persic versions read, "you all"; meaning all the rest of his apostles, and all his disciples and followers in Jerusalem, and in all Judea; who were all concerned in these things, and whom it became to

watch, and be upon their guard, and cast off all sloth and negligence; since they knew not soon the son of man would come, and all these evil things would be brought upon the Jewish nation, city, and temple: and the same exhortation is suitable to saints in all ages, times, and places, on account of the various snares, temptations, and evils, that they are liable to, the suddenness of death, and the uncertainty of the second coming of Christ.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Mar 13:1 The Jerusalem temple was widely admired around the world. See Josephus, Ant. 15.11 [15.380-425]; J. W. 5.5 [5.184-227] and Tacitus, History 5.8, who c...

NET Notes: Mar 13:2 Grk “not one stone will be left here on another which will not be thrown down.”

NET Notes: Mar 13:3 Grk “and James and John,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only...

NET Notes: Mar 13:4 Both references to these things are plural, so more than the temple’s destruction is in view. The question may presuppose that such a catastroph...

NET Notes: Mar 13:5 Or “Be on guard.”

NET Notes: Mar 13:6 That is, “I am the Messiah.”

NET Notes: Mar 13:7 Grk “it is not yet the end.”

NET Notes: Mar 13:8 See Isa 5:13-14; 13:6-16; Hag 2:6-7; Zech 14:4.

NET Notes: Mar 13:9 These statements look at persecution both from a Jewish context as the mention of councils and synagogues suggests, and from a Gentile one as the refe...

NET Notes: Mar 13:11 Grk “in that hour.”

NET Notes: Mar 13:12 Or “will rebel against.”

NET Notes: Mar 13:13 But the one who endures to the end will be saved. Jesus was not claiming here that salvation is by works, because he had already taught that it is by ...

NET Notes: Mar 13:14 Fleeing to the mountains is a key OT image: Gen 19:17; Judg 6:2; Isa 15:5; Jer 16:16; Zech 14:5.

NET Notes: Mar 13:15 The nature of the judgment coming upon them will be so quick and devastating that one will not have time to come down or go inside to take anything ou...

NET Notes: Mar 13:19 Suffering unlike anything that has happened. Some refer this event to the destruction of Jerusalem in a.d. 70. While the events of a.d. 70 may reflect...

NET Notes: Mar 13:20 Grk “the days.”

NET Notes: Mar 13:21 See the note on Christ in 8:29.

NET Notes: Mar 13:22 Or “false christs”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed...

NET Notes: Mar 13:24 Traditionally, “tribulation.”

NET Notes: Mar 13:25 An allusion to Isa 13:10, 34:4 (LXX); Joel 2:10. The heavens were seen as the abode of heavenly forces, so their shaking indicates distress in the spi...

NET Notes: Mar 13:26 An allusion to Dan 7:13. Here is Jesus returning with full judging authority.

NET Notes: Mar 13:27 Or “of the sky”; the Greek word οὐρανός (ouranos) may be translated “sky” or “heaven...

NET Notes: Mar 13:29 The verb γινώσκετε (ginwskete, “know”) can be parsed as either present indicative or present...

NET Notes: Mar 13:30 This is one of the hardest verses in the gospels to interpret. Various views exist for what generation means. (1) Some take it as meaning “race&...

NET Notes: Mar 13:31 The words that Jesus predicts here will never pass away. They are more stable and lasting than creation itself! For this kind of image, see Isa 40:8; ...

NET Notes: Mar 13:32 The phrase nor the Son has caused a great deal of theological debate because on the surface it appears to conflict with the concept of Jesus’ de...

NET Notes: Mar 13:33 The vast majority of witnesses (א A C L W Θ Ψ Ë1,13 Ï lat sy co) have καὶ προσεa...

NET Notes: Mar 13:34 Grk “giving.”

Geneva Bible: Mar 13:1 And ( 1 ) as he went out of the temple, one of his disciples saith unto him, Master, see what manner of stones and what buildings [are here]! ( 1 ) T...

Geneva Bible: Mar 13:9 But take heed to yourselves: for they shall deliver you up to councils; and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten: and ye shall be brought before ruler...

Geneva Bible: Mar 13:11 But when they shall lead [you], and deliver you up, ( b ) take no thought beforehand what ye shall speak, neither ( c ) do ye premeditate: but whatsoe...

Geneva Bible: Mar 13:13 And ye shall be hated of all [men] ( d ) for my name's sake: but he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved. ( d ) For me.

Geneva Bible: Mar 13:14 But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, ( e ) standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth underst...

Geneva Bible: Mar 13:19 For [in] ( f ) those days shall be affliction, such as was not from the beginning of the creation which God created unto this time, neither shall be. ...

Geneva Bible: Mar 13:32 ( 2 ) But of that day and [that] hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. ( 2 ) The latter day i...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: Mar 13:6 - A Libation To Jehovah The Credulity Of Unbelief Many shall come in My name, saying, I am Christ, and shall deceive many.'--Mark 13:6. When the Son of Man cometh, shall He ...

Maclaren: Mar 13:34 - A Libation To Jehovah Authority And Work For the Son of Man is an a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his ...

MHCC: Mar 13:1-4 - --See how little Christ values outward pomp, where there is not real purity of heart. He looks with pity upon the ruin of precious souls, and weeps over...

MHCC: Mar 13:5-13 - --Our Lord Jesus, in reply to the disciples' question, does not so much satisfy their curiosity as direct their consciences. When many are deceived, we ...

MHCC: Mar 13:14-23 - --The Jews in rebelling against the Romans, and in persecuting the Christians, hastened their own ruin apace. Here we have a prediction of that ruin whi...

MHCC: Mar 13:24-27 - --The disciples had confounded the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the world. This mistake Christ set right, and showed that the day of Christ's...

MHCC: Mar 13:28-37 - --We have the application of this prophetic sermon. As to the destruction of Jerusalem, expect it to come very shortly. As to the end of the world, do n...

Matthew Henry: Mar 13:1-4 - -- We may here see, I. How apt many of Christ's own disciples are to idolize things that look great, and have been long looked upon as sacred. They...

Matthew Henry: Mar 13:5-13 - -- Our Lord Jesus, in reply to their question, sets himself, not so much to satisfy their curiosity as to direct their consciences; leaves them still i...

Matthew Henry: Mar 13:14-23 - -- The Jews, in rebelling against the Romans, and in persecuting the Christians, were hastening to their own ruin apace, both efficiently and meritorio...

Matthew Henry: Mar 13:24-27 - -- These verses seem to point at Christ's second coming, to judge the world; the disciples, in their question, had confounded the destruction of Jeru...

Matthew Henry: Mar 13:28-37 - -- We have here the application of this prophetical sermon; now learn to look forward in a right manner. I. "As to the destruction of Jerusalem, e...

Barclay: Mar 13:1-2 - "A CITY'S DOOM" We begin with the prophecies of Jesus which foretold the doom of Jerusalem. The Temple which Herod butt was one of the wonders of the world. It was ...

Barclay: Mar 13:3-6 - "THE DANGERS OF THE LAST DAYS" Jesus was well aware that, before the end, heretics would arise; and, indeed it was not long before the church had its heretics. Heresy arises fr...

Barclay: Mar 13:7-8 - "HIS COMING AGAIN" Here Jesus unmistakably speaks of his coming again. But--and this is important--he clothes the idea in three pictures which are part and parcel of th...

Barclay: Mar 13:9-13 - "THE HARD WAY" Now we come to the warnings of persecution to come. Jesus never left his followers in any doubt that they had chosen a hard way. No man could say th...

Barclay: Mar 13:14-20 - "A CITY'S AGONY" Jesus forecasts some of the awful terror of the siege and the final fall of Jerusalem. It is his warning that when the first signs of it came people ...

Barclay: Mar 13:21-23 - -- See Comments for Mark 13:3-6

Barclay: Mar 13:24-27 - -- See Comments for Mark 13:7-8

Barclay: Mar 13:28-37 - "BE ON THE WATCH" There are three special things to note in this passage. (i) It is sometimes held that when Jesus said that these things were to happen within this gen...

Constable: Mar 11:1--13:37 - --VI. The Servant's ministry in Jerusalem chs. 11--13 The rest of Jesus' ministry, as Mark recorded it, took place...

Constable: Mar 11:27--13:1 - --B. Jesus' teaching in the temple 11:27-12:44 This entire section contains Jesus' teaching in the temple ...

Constable: Mar 13:1-37 - --C. Jesus' teaching on Mt. Olivet ch. 13 The Olivet Discourse is the longest section of Jesus' teaching t...

Constable: Mar 13:1-4 - --1. The setting 13:1-4 (cf. Matt. 24:1-3; Luke 21:5-7) 13:1 This discourse evidently followed Jesus' departure from the temple on Wednesday with His di...

Constable: Mar 13:5-8 - --2. Warnings against deceptions 13:5-8 (Matt. 24:4-8; Luke 21:8-11) Jesus first answered the disciples' second question about the sign of the end of th...

Constable: Mar 13:9-13 - --3. Warnings about personal danger during persecution 13:9-13 (cf. Matt. 24:9-13; Luke 21:12-19) These warnings also occur in other contexts of Jesus' ...

Constable: Mar 13:14-23 - --4. The coming crisis 13:14-23 (cf. Matt. 24:14-28) Having clarified what the sign of the coming destruction would not be, Jesus now explained what it ...

Constable: Mar 13:24-27 - --5. The Second Coming of the Son of 13:24-27 (cf. Matt. 24:29-31; Luke 21:25-28) These verses do not describe the destruction of Jerusalem but the Trib...

Constable: Mar 13:28-32 - --6. The time of Jesus' return 13:28-32 (cf. Matt. 24:32-41; Luke 21:29-33) Jesus began this discourse with exhortation (vv. 4-13), and He ended it the ...

Constable: Mar 13:33-37 - --7. The concluding exhortation 13:33-37 (cf. Matt. 24:42; Luke 21:34-36) Matthew recorded much more of what Jesus taught the disciples following His st...

College: Mar 13:1-37 - --MARK 13 E. JESUS INSTRUCTS THE DISCIPLES CONCERNING THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM AND THE SECOND COMING (13:1-37) There is a contextual link between ...

McGarvey: Mar 13:1-23 - -- CXIII. DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM FORETOLD. aMATT. XXIV. 1-28; bMARK XIII. 1-23; cLUKE XXI. 5-24.    a1 And Jesus went out from the tem...

McGarvey: Mar 13:24-37 - -- CXIV. THE SECOND COMING OF CHRIST. aMATT. XXIV. 29-51; bMARK XIII. 24-37; cLUKE XXI. 25-36.    b24 But in those days, aimmediately af...

Lapide: Mar 13:1-37 - --CHAPTER 13 1 Christ foretelleth the destruction of the temple. 9 the persecutions for the gospel : 10 that the gospel must be preached to all nati...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Lainnya

Evidence: Mar 13:2 Fulfilled prophecy . This prophecy was fulfilled in A.D. 70 when Titus destroyed Jerusalem. " Now the outward face of the temple in its front wanted n...

Evidence: Mar 13:4 For more signs of the end times, see Luk 21:7 .

Evidence: Mar 13:10 " The world can be witnessed to in a single generation. We can welcome Him back with our present of the finished task set by Him so long ago when He s...

Evidence: Mar 13:37 For how to use the Ten Commandments in witnessing, see Psa 51:6 footnote.

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

Robertson: Mark (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MARK By Way of Introduction One of the clearest results of modern critical study of the Gospels is the early date of Mark...

JFB: Mark (Pendahuluan Kitab) THAT the Second Gospel was written by Mark is universally agreed, though by what Mark, not so. The great majority of critics take the writer to be "Jo...