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Teks -- Exodus 27:1-21 (NET)

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Konteks
The Altar
27:1 “You are to make the altar of acacia wood, seven feet six inches long, and seven feet six inches wide; the altar is to be square, and its height is to be four feet six inches. 27:2 You are to make its four horns on its four corners; its horns will be part of it, and you are to overlay it with bronze. 27:3 You are to make its pots for the ashes, its shovels, its tossing bowls, its meat hooks, and its fire pans– you are to make all its utensils of bronze. 27:4 You are to make a grating for it, a network of bronze, and you are to make on the network four bronze rings on its four corners. 27:5 You are to put it under the ledge of the altar below, so that the network will come halfway up the altar. 27:6 You are to make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood, and you are to overlay them with bronze. 27:7 The poles are to be put into the rings so that the poles will be on two sides of the altar when carrying it. 27:8 You are to make the altar hollow, out of boards. Just as it was shown you on the mountain, so they must make it.
The Courtyard
27:9 “You are to make the courtyard of the tabernacle. For the south side there are to be hangings for the courtyard of fine twisted linen, one hundred fifty feet long for one side, 27:10 with twenty posts and their twenty bronze bases, with the hooks of the posts and their bands of silver. 27:11 Likewise for its length on the north side, there are to be hangings for one hundred fifty feet, with twenty posts and their twenty bronze bases, with silver hooks and bands on the posts. 27:12 The width of the court on the west side is to be seventy-five feet with hangings, with their ten posts and their ten bases. 27:13 The width of the court on the east side, toward the sunrise, is to be seventy-five feet. 27:14 The hangings on one side of the gate are to be twenty-two and a half feet long, with their three posts and their three bases. 27:15 On the second side there are to be hangings twenty-two and a half feet long, with their three posts and their three bases. 27:16 For the gate of the courtyard there is to be a curtain of thirty feet, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine twined linen, the work of an embroiderer, with four posts and their four bases. 27:17 All the posts around the courtyard are to have silver bands; their hooks are to be silver, and their bases bronze. 27:18 The length of the courtyard is to be one hundred fifty feet and the width seventy-five feet, and the height of the fine twisted linen hangings is to be seven and a half feet, with their bronze bases. 27:19 All the utensils of the tabernacle used in all its service, all its tent pegs, and all the tent pegs of the courtyard are to be made of bronze.
Offering the Oil
27:20 “You are to command the Israelites that they bring to you pure oil of pressed olives for the light, so that the lamps will burn regularly. 27:21 In the tent of meeting outside the curtain that is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons are to arrange it from evening to morning before the Lord. This is to be a lasting ordinance among the Israelites for generations to come.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Aaron a son of Amram; brother of Moses,son of Amram (Kohath Levi); patriarch of Israel's priests,the clan or priestly line founded by Aaron
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel


Topik/Tema Kamus: Tabernacle | Altar | Sanctuary | Israel | Revelation | ARCHITECTURE | COURT | TABERNACLE, A | Curtains | TABERNACLE, B | Tapestry | HANGINGS | Priest | Prophecy | COURT OF THE SANCTUARY; TABERNACLE; TEMPLE | GATE, EAST | GRATE; GRATING | Oil | FILLET | CANDLESTICK | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Wesley: Exo 27:1 - -- As God intended in the tabernacle to manifest his presence among his people, so there they were to pay their devotions to him; not in the tabernacle i...

As God intended in the tabernacle to manifest his presence among his people, so there they were to pay their devotions to him; not in the tabernacle itself, into that only the priests entered as God's domestic servants, but in the court before the tabernacle, where, as common subjects they attended. There an altar was ordered so be set up, to which they must bring their sacrifices; and this altar was to sanctify their gifts; from hence they were to present their services to God, as from the mercy - seat he gave his oracles to them; and thus a communion was settled between God and Israel.

Wesley: Exo 27:2 - -- The horns of it, were for ornament and for use; the sacrifices were bound with cords to the horns of the altar, and to them malefactors fled for refug...

The horns of it, were for ornament and for use; the sacrifices were bound with cords to the horns of the altar, and to them malefactors fled for refuge.

Wesley: Exo 27:4 - The grate was set into the hollow of the altar, about the middle of it, in which the fire was kept, and the sacrifice burnt; it was made of net work like a sieve, and hung hollow, that the fire might burn the better, and that the ashes might fall through. Now, this brazen altar was a type of C...

work like a sieve, and hung hollow, that the fire might burn the better, and that the ashes might fall through. Now, this brazen altar was a type of Christ dying to make atonement for our sins. Christ sanctified himself for his church as their altar, Joh 17:19, and by his mediation sanctifies the daily services of his people. To the horns of this altar poor sinners fly for refuge, and are safe in virtue of the sacrifice there offered.

Wesley: Exo 27:9 - -- Before the tabernacle there was to be a court, enclosed with hangings of fine linen. This court, according to the common computation, was 50 yards lon...

Before the tabernacle there was to be a court, enclosed with hangings of fine linen. This court, according to the common computation, was 50 yards long, and 25 broad. Pillars were set up at convenient distances, in sockets of brass, the pillars filleted with silver, and silver tenterhooks in them, on which the linen hangings were fastened: the hanging which served for the gate was finer than the rest. This court was a type of the church, enclosed, and distinguished from the rest of the world; the inclosure supported by pillars, noting the stability of the church hung with the clean linen, which is said to be the righteousness of saints, Rev 19:8. Yet this court would contain but a few worshippers; thanks be to God, now the inclosure is taken down; and there is room for all that in every place call on the name of Christ.

Wesley: Exo 27:20 - -- We read of the candlestick in the 25th chapter; here is order given for the keeping of the lamps constantly burning in it. The pure oil signified the ...

We read of the candlestick in the 25th chapter; here is order given for the keeping of the lamps constantly burning in it. The pure oil signified the gifts and graces of the Spirit, which are communicated to all believers from Christ the good olive, of whose fulness we receive, Zec 4:11-12. The priests were to light the lamps, and to tend them; to cause the lamp to burn always, night and day. Thus it is the work of ministers to preach and expound the scriptures, which are as a lamp to enlighten the church. This is to be a statute for ever, that the lamps of the word be lighted as duly as the incense of prayer and praise is offered.

JFB: Exo 27:1-2 - altar of shittim wood The dimensions of this altar which was placed at the entrance of the sanctuary were nearly three yards square, and a yard and a half in height. Under ...

The dimensions of this altar which was placed at the entrance of the sanctuary were nearly three yards square, and a yard and a half in height. Under the wooden frame of this chest-like altar the inside was hollow, and each corner was to be terminated by "horns"--angular projections, perpendicular or oblique, in the form of horns. The animals to be sacrificed were bound to these (Psa 118:27), and part of the blood was applied to them.

JFB: Exo 27:3 - shovels Fire shovels for scraping together any of the scattered ashes.

Fire shovels for scraping together any of the scattered ashes.

JFB: Exo 27:3 - basons For receiving the blood of the sacrifice to be sprinkled on the people.

For receiving the blood of the sacrifice to be sprinkled on the people.

JFB: Exo 27:3 - fleshhooks Curved, three-pronged forks (1Sa 2:13-14).

Curved, three-pronged forks (1Sa 2:13-14).

JFB: Exo 27:3 - fire-pans A large sort of vessel, wherein the sacred fire which came down from heaven (Lev 9:24) was kept burning, while they cleaned the altar and the grate fr...

A large sort of vessel, wherein the sacred fire which came down from heaven (Lev 9:24) was kept burning, while they cleaned the altar and the grate from the coals and ashes, and while the altar was carried from one place to another in the wilderness [PATRICK, SPENCER, LE CLERC].

JFB: Exo 27:4 - a grate of network of brass Sunk latticework to support the fire.

Sunk latticework to support the fire.

JFB: Exo 27:4 - four brazen rings By which the grating might be lifted and taken away as occasion required from the body of the altar.

By which the grating might be lifted and taken away as occasion required from the body of the altar.

JFB: Exo 27:5 - put it under the compass of the altar beneath That is, the grating in which they were carried to a clean place (Lev 4:12).

That is, the grating in which they were carried to a clean place (Lev 4:12).

JFB: Exo 27:6-7 - staves . . . rings Those rings were placed at the side through which the poles were inserted on occasions of removal.|| 02282||1||11||0||@the court of the tabernacle==--...

Those rings were placed at the side through which the poles were inserted on occasions of removal.|| 02282||1||11||0||@the court of the tabernacle==--The enclosure in which the edifice stood was a rectangular court, extending rather more than fifty yards in length and half that space in breadth, and the enclosing parapet was about three yards or half the height of the tabernacle. That parapet consisted of a connected series of curtains, made of fine twined linen yarn, woven into a kind of network, so that the people could see through; but that large curtain which overhung the entrance was of a different texture, being embroidered and dyed with variegated colors, and it was furnished with cords for pulling it up or drawing it aside when the priests had occasion to enter. The curtains of this enclosure were supported on sixty brazen pillars which stood on pedestals of the same metal, but their capitals and fillets were of silver, and the hooks on which they were suspended were of silver also.

JFB: Exo 27:19 - pins Were designed to hold down the curtains at the bottom, lest the wind should waft them aside.

Were designed to hold down the curtains at the bottom, lest the wind should waft them aside.

JFB: Exo 27:20-21 - pure oil olive beaten That is, such as runs from the olives when bruised and without the application of fire.

That is, such as runs from the olives when bruised and without the application of fire.

JFB: Exo 27:20-21 - for the light . . . Aaron and his sons Were to take charge of lighting it in all time coming.

Were to take charge of lighting it in all time coming.

JFB: Exo 27:21 - shall order it from evening to morning The tabernacle having no windows, the lamps required to be lighted during the day. JOSEPHUS says that in his time only three were lighted; but his wer...

The tabernacle having no windows, the lamps required to be lighted during the day. JOSEPHUS says that in his time only three were lighted; but his were degenerate times, and there is no Scripture authority for this limitation. But although the priests were obliged from necessity to light them by day, they might have let them go out at night had it not been for this express ordinance.

Clarke: Exo 27:1 - Thou shalt make an altar Thou shalt make an altar - מזבח mizbeach , from זבח zabach , to slay: Septuagint, θυσιαστηριον, from θυσιαζω, to sacri...

Thou shalt make an altar - מזבח mizbeach , from זבח zabach , to slay: Septuagint, θυσιαστηριον, from θυσιαζω, to sacrifice or from θυω to kill, etc. See Clarke’ s note on Gen 8:20

Clarke: Exo 27:1 - Four square Four square - As this altar was five cubits long and five broad, and the cubit is reckoned to be twenty-one inches, hence it must have been eight fe...

Four square - As this altar was five cubits long and five broad, and the cubit is reckoned to be twenty-one inches, hence it must have been eight feet nine inches square, and about five feet three inches in height, the amount of three cubits, taken at the same ratio.

Clarke: Exo 27:2 - Thou shalt make the horns of it Thou shalt make the horns of it - The horns might have three uses 1.    For ornament 2.    To prevent carcasses, etc.,...

Thou shalt make the horns of it - The horns might have three uses

1.    For ornament

2.    To prevent carcasses, etc., from falling off

3.    To tie the victim to, previously to its being sacrificed

So David: Bind the sacrifice with cords to the horns of the altar; Psa 118:27. Horns were much used in all ancient altars among the heathen, and some of them were entirely constructed of the horns of the beasts that had been offered in sacrifice; but such altars appear to be erected rather as trophies in honor of their gods. On the reverses of several medals we find altars represented with horns at the corners. There is a medal of Antoninus on the reverse of which is an altar, on which a fire burns, consecrated Divi Pio , where the horns appear on each of the corners

There is one of Faustina, on which the altar and its horns are very distinct, the legend Pietas Augusta . All the following have altars with horns. One of Valerian, legend Consecratio ; one of Claudius Gothicus, same legend; one of Quintillus, same legend; one of Crispina, with the legend Diis Genitalibus ; and several others. See Numismatica Antiq., a Musellio, under Consecratio, in the index

Callimachus, in his Hymn to Apollo, line 60 introduces him constructing an altar of the horns of the animals slain by Diana

- πηξε δε βωμο

Εκ κεραων κ. τ. λ.

Martial has these words: Cornibus ara frequens .

Clarke: Exo 27:3 - Thou shalt make his pans Thou shalt make his pans - סירתיו sirothaiv , a sort or large brazen dishes, which stood under the altar to receive the ashes that fell throu...

Thou shalt make his pans - סירתיו sirothaiv , a sort or large brazen dishes, which stood under the altar to receive the ashes that fell through the grating

Clarke: Exo 27:3 - His shovels His shovels - יעיו yaaiv . Some render this besoms; but as these were brazen instruments, it is more natural to suppose that some kind of fire...

His shovels - יעיו yaaiv . Some render this besoms; but as these were brazen instruments, it is more natural to suppose that some kind of fire-shovels are intended, or scuttles, which were used to carry off the ashes that fell through the grating into the large pan or siroth

Clarke: Exo 27:3 - His basins His basins - מזרקתיו mizrekothaiv , from זרק zarak , to sprinkle or disperse; bowls or basins to receive the blood of the sacrifices, in...

His basins - מזרקתיו mizrekothaiv , from זרק zarak , to sprinkle or disperse; bowls or basins to receive the blood of the sacrifices, in order that it might be sprinkled on the people before the altar, etc

Clarke: Exo 27:3 - His flesh-hooks His flesh-hooks - מזלגתיו mizlegothaiu . That this word is rightly translated flesh-hooks is fully evident from 1Sa 2:13, where the same wo...

His flesh-hooks - מזלגתיו mizlegothaiu . That this word is rightly translated flesh-hooks is fully evident from 1Sa 2:13, where the same word is used in such a connection as demonstrates its meaning: And the priest’ s custom with the people was, that when any man offered sacrifice, the priest’ s servant came, while the flesh was in the seething, with a Flesh-Hook ( מזלג mazleg ) of three teeth (prongs) in his hand, and he struck it into the pan, etc.; all that the Flesh-Hook ( מזלג mazleg ) brought up, the priest took for himself. It was probably a kind of trident, or fork with three prongs, and these bent to a right angle at the middle, as the ideal meaning of the Hebrew seems to imply crookedness or curvature in general

Clarke: Exo 27:3 - His fire-pans His fire-pans - מחתתיו machtothaiu . Bishop Patrick and others suppose that "this was a larger sort of vessel, wherein, probably, the sacred...

His fire-pans - מחתתיו machtothaiu . Bishop Patrick and others suppose that "this was a larger sort of vessel, wherein, probably, the sacred fire which came down from heaven (Lev 9:24) was kept burning, whilst they cleansed the altar and the grate from the coals and the ashes; and while the altar was carried from one place to another, as it often was in the wilderness.

Clarke: Exo 27:4 - Thou shalt make for it a grate Thou shalt make for it a grate - Calmet supposes this altar to have been a sort of box, covered with brass plates, on the top of which was a grating...

Thou shalt make for it a grate - Calmet supposes this altar to have been a sort of box, covered with brass plates, on the top of which was a grating to supply the fire with air, and permit the ashes to fall through into the siroth or pan that was placed below. At the four corners of the grating were four rings and four chains, by which it was attached to the four horns; and at the sides were rings for the poles of shittim wood with which it was carried. Even on this there is a great variety of opinions.

Clarke: Exo 27:8 - Hollow with boards Hollow with boards - It seems to have been a kind of frame-work, and to have had nothing solid in the inside, and only covered with the grating at t...

Hollow with boards - It seems to have been a kind of frame-work, and to have had nothing solid in the inside, and only covered with the grating at the top. This rendered it more light and portable.

Clarke: Exo 27:9 - The court of the tabernacle The court of the tabernacle - The tabernacle stood in an enclosure or court, open at the top. This court was made with pillars or posts, and hanging...

The court of the tabernacle - The tabernacle stood in an enclosure or court, open at the top. This court was made with pillars or posts, and hangings. It was one hundred cubits, or about fifty-eight yards and a half, in length; the breadth we learn from Exo 27:12, Exo 27:18; and five cubits, or nearly three yards, high, Exo 27:18. And as this was but half the height of the tabernacle, Exo 26:16, that sacred building might easily be seen by the people from without.

Clarke: Exo 27:16 - And for the gate of the court And for the gate of the court - It appears that the hangings of this gate were of the same materials and workmanship with that of the inner covering...

And for the gate of the court - It appears that the hangings of this gate were of the same materials and workmanship with that of the inner covering of the tabernacle, and the outer and inner veil. See Exo 26:36.

Clarke: Exo 27:19 - All the vessels - shall be of brass All the vessels - shall be of brass - It would have been improper to have used instruments made of the more precious metals about this altar, as the...

All the vessels - shall be of brass - It would have been improper to have used instruments made of the more precious metals about this altar, as they must have been soon worn out by the severity of the service.

Clarke: Exo 27:20 - Pure oil olive beaten Pure oil olive beaten - That is, such oil as could easily be expressed from the olives after they had been bruised in a mortar; the mother drop, as ...

Pure oil olive beaten - That is, such oil as could easily be expressed from the olives after they had been bruised in a mortar; the mother drop, as it is called, which drops out of itself as soon as the olives are a little broken, and which is much purer than that which is obtained after the olives are put under the press

Columella, who is a legitimate evidence in all such matters, says that the oil which flowed out of the fruit either spontaneously, or with little application of the force of the press, was of a much finer flavour than that which was obtained otherwise. Quoniam longe melioris saporis est, quod minore vi preli, quasi luxurians, defluxerit - Colum., lib. xii., c. 50

Clarke: Exo 27:20 - To cause the lamp to burn always To cause the lamp to burn always - They were to be kept burning through the whole of the night, and some think all the day besides; but there is a d...

To cause the lamp to burn always - They were to be kept burning through the whole of the night, and some think all the day besides; but there is a difference of sentiment upon this subject. See the note on Exo 27:21

This oil and continual flame were not only emblematical of the unction and influences of the Holy Ghost, but also of that pure spirit of devotion which ever animates the hearts and minds of the genuine worshippers of the true God. The temple of Vesta, where a fire was kept perpetually burning, seems to have been formed on the model of the tabernacle; and from this the followers of Zeratusht, commonly called Zoroaster, appear to have derived their doctrine of the perpetual fire, which they still worship as an emblem of the Deity.

Clarke: Exo 27:21 - The tabernacle of the congregation The tabernacle of the congregation - The place where all the assembly of the people were to worship, where the God of that assembly was pleased to r...

The tabernacle of the congregation - The place where all the assembly of the people were to worship, where the God of that assembly was pleased to reside, and to which, as the habitation of their king and protector, they were ever to turn their faces in all their adorations

Clarke: Exo 27:21 - Before the testimony Before the testimony - That is, the ark where the tables of the covenant were deposited. See Exo 25:16

Before the testimony - That is, the ark where the tables of the covenant were deposited. See Exo 25:16

Clarke: Exo 27:21 - Aaron and his sons Aaron and his sons - These and their descendants being the only legitimate priests, God having established the priesthood in this family

Aaron and his sons - These and their descendants being the only legitimate priests, God having established the priesthood in this family

Clarke: Exo 27:21 - Shall order it from evening to morning Shall order it from evening to morning - Josephus says the whole of the seven lamps burned all the night; in the morning four were extinguished, and...

Shall order it from evening to morning - Josephus says the whole of the seven lamps burned all the night; in the morning four were extinguished, and three kept burning through the whole day. Others assert that the whole seven were kept lighted both day and night continually; but it appears sufficiently evident, from 1Sa 3:3, that these lamps were extinguished in the morning: And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep, etc. See also Exo 30:8 : And when Aaron Lighteth The Lamps At Even. It appears therefore that the business of the priests was to light the lamps in the evening; and either to extinguish them in the morning, or permit them to burn out, having put in the night before as much oil as was necessary to last till daylight

Clarke: Exo 27:21 - A statute for ever A statute for ever - This ordering of the lamps night and morning, and attendance on the service of the tabernacle, was a statute that was to be in ...

A statute for ever - This ordering of the lamps night and morning, and attendance on the service of the tabernacle, was a statute that was to be in full force while the tabernacle and temple stood, and should have its spiritual accomplishment in the Christian Church to the end of time. Reader, the tabernacle and temple are both destroyed; the Church of Christ is established in their place. The seven golden candlesticks were typical of this Church and the glorious light it possesses, Rev 1:12-20; and Jesus Christ, the Fountain and Dispenser of this true light, walks in the midst of them. Reader, hast thou that celestial flame to enlighten and animate thy heart in all those acts of devotion which thou professest to pay to him as thy Maker, Redeemer, and Preserver? What is thy profession, and what thy religious acts and services, without this? A sounding brass, a tinkling cymbal

Tertullian asserts that all the ancient heathens borrowed their best notions from the sacred writings: "Which,"says he, "of your poets, which of your sophists, have not drunk from the fountain of the prophets? It is from those sacred springs that your philosophers have refreshed their thirsty spirits; and if they found any thing in the Holy Scriptures which hit their fancy, or which served their hypothesis, they took and turned it to a compliance with their own curiosity, not considering those writings to be sacred and unalterable, nor understanding their true sense, every one altering them according to his own fancy."- Apologet

The reader’ s attention has already been called to this point several times in the preceding parts of this work, and the subject will frequently recur. At the conclusion of Exo 25:31 (See Clarke’ s note at Exo 25:31) we had occasion to observe that the heathens had imitated many things in that Divine worship prescribed by Moses; but in application to their own corrupt system every thing was in a certain measure falsified and distorted, yet not so far as to prevent the grand outlines of primitive truth from being discerned. One of the most complete imitations of the tabernacle and its whole service is found in the very ancient temple of Hercules, founded probably by the Phoenicians, at Gades, now Cadiz, in Spain, so minutely described by Silius Italicus from actual observation. He observes that though the temple was at that time very ancient, yet the beams were the same that had been placed there by the founders, and that they were generally supposed to be incorruptible; a quality ascribed to the shittim wood, termed ξυλον ασηπτον, incorruptible wood, by the Septuagint. That women were not permitted to enter this temple, and that no swine were ever suffered to come near it. That the priests did not wear party-coloured vestments, but were always clothed in fine linen, and their bonnets made of the same. That they offered incense to their god, their clothes being ungirded; for the same reason doubtless given Exo 20:26, that in going up to the altar nothing unseemly might appear, and therefore they permitted their long robes to fall down to their feet. He adds, that by the laws of their forefathers they bore on their sacerdotal vestments the latus clavus , which was a round knob or stud of purple with which the robes of the Roman knights and senators were adorned, which these priests seem to have copied from the breastplate of judgment made of cunning work, embroidered with purple, blue, etc. See Exo 28:15. They also ministered barefooted, their hair was trimmed or cut off, and they observed the strictest continency, and kept a perpetual fire burning on their altars. And he farther adds that there was no image or similitude of the gods to be seen in that sacred place. This is the substance of his description; but as some of my readers may wish to see the original, I shall here subjoin it

    Vulgatum (nec cassa fides) ab origine fani
Impositas durare trabes, solasque per aevum
Condentum novisse manus: hic credere gaudent
Consedisse Deum, seniumque repellere templis.
Tum, queis fas et honos adyti penetralia nosse,
Foemineos prohibent gressus, ac limine curant
Setigeros arcere sues: nec discolor ulli
Ante aras cultus: velantur corpora lino,
Et Pelusiaco praefulget stamine vertex.
Discinctis mos thura dare, atque, e lege parenturn
Sacrificam Lato vestem distinguere Clavo.
Pes nudus, tousaeque comae, castumque cubile,
Irrestincta focis servant altaria flammae.
Sed nulla effigies, simulacrave nota
Deorum Majestate locum, et sacro implevere timore

Punicor., lib. iii., ver. 17-31

This is such a remarkable case that I think myself justified in quoting it at length, as an extraordinary monument, though corrupted, of the tabernacle and its service. It is probable that the original founders had consecrated this temple to the true God, under the name of אל EL , the strong God, or אל גבור El Gibbor , the strong, prevailing, and victorious God, Isa 9:6, out of whom the Greeks and Romans made their Hercules, or god of strength; and, to make it agree with this appropriation, the labors of Hercules were sculptured on the doors of this temple at Gades. In foribus labor Alcidae Lernaea recisis Anguibus Hydra jacet , etc.

Calvin: Exo 27:1 - And thou shalt make an altar 1.And thou shalt make an altar The altar of whole burnt-offerings ( holocaustorum) is here described, which, however, it was called by synecdoche, ...

1.And thou shalt make an altar The altar of whole burnt-offerings ( holocaustorum) is here described, which, however, it was called by synecdoche, for not only entire victims were burnt there, but also parts of them only, as we shall see in Leviticus. The burnt-offerings received their name from their ascending, 147 whereby the Israelites were reminded that they had need to be purified, that they might ascend to God; and at the same time were instructed that whatever corruption there might be in the flesh did not prevent the sacrifices from being acceptable and of a sweet savor to God. It is clear that from the first beginning of the human race there were burnt-sacrifices, suggested by the secret inspiration of God’s Spirit, since there was no written Law; nor can we doubt but that by this symbol they were taught that the flesh must be burnt by the Spirit, in order that men may duly offer themselves to God; and thus they acknowledged, under this type, that the flesh of Christ must receive this from the divine power, so as to become a perfect victim for the propitiation of God; thus, as the Apostle testifies, he offered himself through the Spirit. (Heb 9:14.) But fuller mention of this subject will be made elsewhere. The altar was so constructed that the sacrifices might be cast upon a grate placed within it, and thus they were covered by its external surface. The ashes were received into a pan, so that they should not fall about upon the ground and be trodden under foot, but that reverence might be inculcated even towards the very remnants of their holy things. 148 That the victims were bound to the four horns, which stood out from the four corners, is plain from the words of Psa 118:27, “Bind the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns of the altar.” And this also is the beginning of a proper offering of spiritual sacrifices, that all the lusts of the flesh should be subdued, and held captive as it were unto the obedience of God. Wherefore even Christ, although in Him there was nothing which was not duly regulated, was nevertheless bound, in order to prove His obedience; as He had said, “Not as I will, but as thou wilt.” (Mat 26:39.) The altar was carried on staves, to obviate the necessity of having more than one; else there would have been danger of their being compelled, by the very difficulty of carrying it, to leave it behind after it was made, if they were setting about a long journey; and this would have been the seed or ground of superstition, whilst no other could be built which was not spurious.

Calvin: Exo 27:9 - And thou shalt make the court 9.And thou shalt make the court There were two courts divided from the sanctuary, one for the priests, the other common to the whole people. To the f...

9.And thou shalt make the court There were two courts divided from the sanctuary, one for the priests, the other common to the whole people. To the first chambers were annexed, in which the Levites dwelt, who were the keepers of the tabernacle; and thus sometimes the courts are spoken of in the plural number, and especially in the Psalms, (Psa 64:4.) It is the court of the people which is here referred to, where they consecrated the victims, offered their prayers, and were reconciled to God. In this manner the condition of mankind was shewn to the Israelites, by their being forbidden to enter the Temple, whilst at the same time they were reminded that men, although unworthy outcasts, are received by God, if only they seek Him simply, and with due humility, mindful of their own unworthiness. Hence the consolation in which David gloried, 149 “I had rather dwell in the courts of the Lord, than in the splendid tents of the ungodly.” The court was formed by four curtains, two of which, on the north and south sides, were 100 cubits long, and supported by 20 pillars, whose bases were of brass, and their capitals 150 and fillets of silver; on the east and west, each curtain was 50 cubits long, supported by 10 pillars. The length spoken of is not from the ground upwards, but from their opposite corners: for the court was twice as long as it was broad, as is said in Exo 27:18. There would be an appearance of contradiction in the fact that Moses afterwards speaks of two sides, and assigns fifteen cubits to each, if he did not immediately go on to mention the hanging or curtain, which covered the gate of the court, and which he sets at twenty cubits. Thus the measure will be correct, and the passage will be quite accordant; for, after he has said in Exo 27:13 that the curtain on the east side should consist of fifty cubits, he adds in explanation that there were two curtains at the sides of the door, and a third between them to cover the door, making up in all the fifty cubits. But the door was covered by the hanging, that the Israelites might reflect in themselves, whenever they went into the sanctuary, that it was no profane or common ( promiscuum) place; but if they came thither in purity and chastity, they might be assuredly persuaded that they were safe under the protection of God. Finally also the majesty of holy things was shewn them in this type, in order that they might reverently approach the worship of God; and they were reminded of their own unworthiness, that they might humble themselves the more before God, and that fear might beget penitence, whilst moderation in the desire of knowledge was recommended to them, that they might not be unduly inquisitive. The religion of the Gentiles also had its secret shrines with the same object, but for very different causes; for it was a brutal religion, for which veneration was sought by darkness, and the disguise of ignorance; whereas God, whilst He retained His people in modesty and simplicity, at the same time set before them the Law, from which they might learn whatever it was right and useful for them to know.

Calvin: Exo 27:20 - And thou shalt command the children of Israel Exo 27:20 And thou shalt command the children of Israel I have transferred these two passages from elsewhere, since they relate to the service of the ...

Exo 27:20 And thou shalt command the children of Israel I have transferred these two passages from elsewhere, since they relate to the service of the tabernacle; for the children of Israel are commanded to contribute as much oil as may be sufficient for the seven lamps. Now, since Divine illumination and the grace of the Holy Spirit were, as we have seen, the truth of this symbol, God requires pure oil, i.e., not muddy, or mixed with lees, for, had it been in any respect faulty, so much would have been detracted from the dignity of the mystery. Its purity, then, shewed that nothing mean or common was signified by it; that the Israelites also might bring with them pure minds, and duly prepared and disposed to consider the spiritual light. He again repeats, that the oil must be supplied seasonably at its proper hours, so that the lamps may be always burning; that thus the children of Israel might learn that nothing is more opposed to the worship of God than obscurity and darkness; and that it is not to be interrupted at intervals, 137 but that the direction of the Spirit should shine from heaven in a perpetual flow. Thus, in the second passage cited, He thrice reiterates the word “continually,” to shew that the true light should never be put out in any respect. This office God enjoins upon the priests, because they ought to be ministers of light when they are interpreting the Law, which David calls “the lamp of our feet, and the light of our paths.” (Psa 119:105.) But what is the meaning of the offering (of the oil) by the people, since men are possessed of no power for the spiritual enlightening of their own minds? I reply that, in the types of the Law, the several parts are not to be so scrupulously forced to the rule, as if there were nothing in the outward sign with which the reality did not correspond; and again, that although men having nothing of their own and of themselves to bring, yet, that they may more diligently exert themselves in their endeavors to serve God, they are justly required to dedicate themselves and all that they have to God. At the end, where the words “a statute for ever” are added, understand them to mean, until the real manifestation of those things, of which the candlestick and its lamps were a type. This point I have discussed in Genesis 138 It is called “a statute from the 139 children of Israel,” ( a filiis Israel,) since God requires its observance from them; unless it be preferred to translate it with Jerome, “Before ( coram) the children of Israel.” The exposition of others, “among ( apud) the children of Israel,” or from the fathers to the children, is harsher, and altogether forced.

TSK: Exo 27:1 - altar of shittim wood altar of shittim wood : Exo 20:24-26, Exo 24:4, Exo 38:1-7, Exo 40:10, Exo 40:29; 2Sa 24:18; 2Ch 4:1; Eze 43:13-17; Heb 13:10

TSK: Exo 27:2 - horns of it upon the four corners thereof // overlay it with brass horns of it upon the four corners thereof : The horns might have been designed not only for ornament, but to prevent the sacrifices from falling off, ...

horns of it upon the four corners thereof : The horns might have been designed not only for ornament, but to prevent the sacrifices from falling off, and to tie the victim to, previous to its being sacrificed. Exo 29:12; Lev 4:7, Lev 4:18, Lev 4:25, Lev 8:15, Lev 16:18; 1Ki 1:50, 1Ki 2:28; Psa 118:27; Heb 6:18

overlay it with brass : Num 16:38, Num 16:39; 1Ki 8:64

TSK: Exo 27:3 - his shovels // basins // fleshhooks // firepans his shovels : Lev 16:12; 1Ki 7:40, 1Ki 7:45; 2Ch 4:11; Jer 52:18 basins : Exo 24:6 fleshhooks : Exo 38:3; Num 4:14; 1Sa 2:13, 1Sa 2:14; 1Ch 28:17; 2Ch...

TSK: Exo 27:4 - a grate of network // rings in the four corners thereof a grate of network : Exo 35:16, Exo 38:4, Exo 38:5 rings in the four corners thereof : Exo 25:12

a grate of network : Exo 35:16, Exo 38:4, Exo 38:5

rings in the four corners thereof : Exo 25:12

TSK: Exo 27:5 - compass of the altar compass of the altar : Exo 38:4

compass of the altar : Exo 38:4

TSK: Exo 27:6 - staves for the altar staves for the altar : Exo 35:13-15, Exo 30:4; Num 4:44

staves for the altar : Exo 35:13-15, Exo 30:4; Num 4:44

TSK: Exo 27:7 - bear it bear it : Exo 25:28, Exo 30:4; Num 4:13, Num 4:14

TSK: Exo 27:8 - as it was showed as it was showed : Heb. he shewed, Exo 25:9, Exo 25:40, Exo 26:30-37; 1Ch 28:11, 1Ch 28:19; Mat 15:9; Col 2:20-23; Heb 8:5

as it was showed : Heb. he shewed, Exo 25:9, Exo 25:40, Exo 26:30-37; 1Ch 28:11, 1Ch 28:19; Mat 15:9; Col 2:20-23; Heb 8:5

TSK: Exo 27:9 - the court // hangings for the court : Exo 38:9-20, Exo 40:8; 1Ki 6:36, 1Ki 8:64; 2Ch 33:5; Psa 84:10, Psa 92:13, Psa 100:4; Psa 116:19; Eze 40:14, Eze 40:20, Eze 40:23, Eze 40:...

TSK: Exo 27:10 - sockets shall be of brass // fillets shall be of silver sockets shall be of brass : Exo 26:19-21 fillets shall be of silver : Exo 36:38; Jer 52:21

sockets shall be of brass : Exo 26:19-21

fillets shall be of silver : Exo 36:38; Jer 52:21

TSK: Exo 27:14 - hangings of one side hangings of one side : Exo 27:9, Exo 26:36

hangings of one side : Exo 27:9, Exo 26:36

TSK: Exo 27:16 - of blue // needlework of blue : Exo 26:31, Exo 26:36 needlework : Exo 28:39, Exo 36:37, Exo 39:29; Jdg 5:30; Psa 45:14

TSK: Exo 27:18 - length of the court // fifty every where length of the court : Exo 27:9-12 fifty every where : Heb. fifty by fifty

length of the court : Exo 27:9-12

fifty every where : Heb. fifty by fifty

TSK: Exo 27:19 - all the pins thereof all the pins thereof : Exo 27:3, Exo 35:18, Exo 38:20, Exo 38:31, Exo 39:40; Num 3:37, Num 4:32; Ezr 9:8; Ecc 12:11; Isa 22:23-25, Isa 33:20; Zec 10:4

TSK: Exo 27:20 - pure oil olive beaten // for the light // to cause the lamp // to burn pure oil olive beaten : That is, such oil as could be easily expressed from the olives, after they had been bruised in a mortar; and which is much pur...

pure oil olive beaten : That is, such oil as could be easily expressed from the olives, after they had been bruised in a mortar; and which is much purer than that obtained after the olives are put under the press. Exo 39:37; Lev 24:2-4; Jdg 9:9; Psa 23:5; Zec 4:11-14; Rev 11:4

for the light : Exo 25:31-37

to cause the lamp : Josephus says, that the whole of the seven lamps burned all night; and that in the morning four were extinguished, and three burned the whole of the day. Such might have been the practice in his time; but it appears sufficiently evident from Exo 30:8, and 1Sa 3:3, that they were anciently extinguished in the morning.

to burn : Heb. to ascend up

TSK: Exo 27:21 - the tabernacle of the congregation // without the veil // testimony // Aaron // evening // a statute for ever the tabernacle of the congregation : Exo 29:10, Exo 29:44; Lev 3:8; Num 8:9 without the veil : Exo 26:31-33, Exo 40:3 testimony : Exo 16:34, Exo 25:16...

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Poole: Exo 27:2 - The horns // His horns shall be of the same The horns were elevated above the body of the altar, in form either of pyramids or spires, or rather of horns, as the word signifies; nor is there an...

The horns were elevated above the body of the altar, in form either of pyramids or spires, or rather of horns, as the word signifies; nor is there any necessity; of departing from the proper signification. These were not only for ornament, but for use also, either to keep things put upon it from falling, or that beasts to be offered might be bound to them. See Psa 118:27 .

His horns shall be of the same of the same piece with the altar, for its use required strength. With brass; With plates of brass of competent thickness, both above the wood and under it, that the fire might not take hold of the wood.

Poole: Exo 27:3 - Basons // Flesh-hooks // Firepans Basons , to receive the blood of the sacrifices, which they were to sprinkle. Flesh-hooks , wherewith they took flesh out of the pot in which it was ...

Basons , to receive the blood of the sacrifices, which they were to sprinkle.

Flesh-hooks , wherewith they took flesh out of the pot in which it was seethed, as 1Sa 2:14 . But this seems not proper here, because the flesh was never boiled upon the altar, but in other places appointed for that use. And the Hebrew word is general, and may signify either tongs or fire-forks.

Firepans , in which they carried live coals from this altar to that of incense, as occasion required.

Poole: Exo 27:4 - A grate of net-work // Upon the net // Four brazen rings A grate of net-work , which was competently strong and thick, this being as it were the hearth of the altar, upon which they laid both the wood and th...

A grate of net-work , which was competently strong and thick, this being as it were the hearth of the altar, upon which they laid both the wood and the sacrifices, and it was full of holes, through which the blood and ashes might fall down into the place appointed for them.

Upon the net , or rather at , or beside , or under the net, for so the rings were placed, as their use shows, and the Hebrew preposition al is oft so used.

Four brazen rings , which were either,

1. Peculiar to the grate, which by these was carried apart from the altar, having the perpetual fire kept in it; for had it been carried with the altar, the cloth wherewith the altar was covered, Num 4:13 , would have been endangered by the fire. Or,

2. Common to the altar, to which these were fixed on the outside, as on the inside to the grate, that by them the grate might be both kept even and upright, and also carried together with the altar, and that with such caution that the fire included might not hurt the covering-cloth, which was not difficult to do.

Poole: Exo 27:5 - Under the compass // That the net may be even to the midst of the altar // beneath Under the compass , i.e. within the square and hollow space of the altar. That the net may be even to the midst of the altar , or, and the net shall...

Under the compass , i.e. within the square and hollow space of the altar.

That the net may be even to the midst of the altar , or, and the net shall be at (the Hebrew ad being here used for el , as Hos 14:2 Joe 2:12 Amo 4:6,8 ), the midst of the altar. And these words seem added to explain the word

beneath , to show that as it was not to be at the top, so neither at the bottom of the altar, but in the midst of it.

Poole: Exo 27:7 - The staves shall be put into the rings The staves shall be put into the rings , which seem to be the same both to the altar and the grate, though some allege that place for the contrary.

The staves shall be put into the rings , which seem to be the same both to the altar and the grate, though some allege that place for the contrary.

Poole: Exo 27:8 - -- i.e. Not one entire piece of.wood, but consisting of four several sides, hollow within, for easiness and conveniency of carriage in their wilderness...

i.e. Not one entire piece of.wood, but consisting of four several sides, hollow within, for easiness and conveniency of carriage in their wilderness state.

Poole: Exo 27:9 - hangings A court encompassing the tabernacle, Exo 40:33 , in the midst whereof the altar of sacrifices was placed, upon which the offerings were burnt in the...

A court encompassing the tabernacle, Exo 40:33 , in the midst whereof the altar of sacrifices was placed, upon which the offerings were burnt in the open air, which was most convenient. By the

hangings the court was distinguished and enclosed.

Poole: Exo 27:10 - Their twenty sockets // Their fillets On the twenty pillars the hangings were fastened by the hooks here mentioned. Their twenty sockets , or, bases , upon which the pillars stood. T...

On the twenty pillars the hangings were fastened by the hooks here mentioned.

Their twenty sockets , or, bases , upon which the pillars stood.

Their fillets , or, hoops , which encompassed the pillars at the top, being placed there, as it seems, for ornament only.

Poole: Exo 27:14 - These fifteen cubits These fifteen cubits , with the fifteen cubits Exo 27:15 , and the twenty cubits Exo 27:16 , make up the fifty cubits mentioned.

These fifteen cubits , with the fifteen cubits Exo 27:15 , and the twenty cubits Exo 27:16 , make up the fifty cubits mentioned.

Poole: Exo 27:17 - Their hooks shall be of silver Their hooks shall be of silver , all silver, not only covered with silver, as some unduly infer from Exo 38:17 .

Their hooks shall be of silver , all silver, not only covered with silver, as some unduly infer from Exo 38:17 .

Poole: Exo 27:19 - -- With the pins the tabernacle and curtains thereof were fastened to the ground, as tents usually are with wooden pins.

With the pins the tabernacle and curtains thereof were fastened to the ground, as tents usually are with wooden pins.

Poole: Exo 27:20 - To burn always Beaten out of the olives with a pestle, which is freer from dregs than that which is squeezed out with a press. To burn always i.e. at all the tim...

Beaten out of the olives with a pestle, which is freer from dregs than that which is squeezed out with a press.

To burn always i.e. at all the times. appointed; daily, though not continually; as the lamb offered only every morning and every evening is called a continual burnt-offering , Exo 29:42 . For that these were lighted only at the evening, may seem probable from the next verse, and from Exo 27:21 30:8 Lev 24:3 1Sa 3:3 2Ch 13:11 . But because Josephus and Philo, who were eye-witnesses of the temple service, and had no temptation to lie in this matter, expressly affirm, that some lights did burn in the day-time; and it may seem indecent and improbable that God should dwell and the priests minister in darkness, and there were no windows to give light to the tabernacle by day; it may be granted that some few burnt in the day, and all in the night, and that the latter is only mentioned in the places alleged, as being a more solemn time when all are lighted.

Poole: Exo 27:21 - The tabernacle of the congregation // Before the testimony // Shall order it The tabernacle of the congregation was so called, because there the people used to meet not only one with another, but with God also. See Exo 25:22 N...

The tabernacle of the congregation was so called, because there the people used to meet not only one with another, but with God also. See Exo 25:22 Num 17:4 . Others render it, in the tabernacle of witness , because there God declared his mind and will, and man’ s duty. Without the veil , to wit, the second veil, in the holy place.

Before the testimony ; a short speech for before the ark of the testimony , as it is elsewhere more largely called: compare Exo 25:16 .

Shall order it , to wit, the lamp, or the lights, taking care that there be a constant supply of them, and that they burn well.

Haydock: Exo 27:1 - Altar // Four square Altar, of holocausts, in the open air, before the tabernacle. (Tirinus) --- Four square, or five cubits in length and breadth, and three in height...

Altar, of holocausts, in the open air, before the tabernacle. (Tirinus) ---

Four square, or five cubits in length and breadth, and three in height, which the Rabbins measure from the grate, (ver. 5,) or middle of the altar's height. So high the altar was sunk in the earth, (Calmet) or was built of unhewn stone, on which the wood of the altar rested, being secured by plates of brass above, from the heat of the fire. It was hollow within, and had neither top nor bottom fixed to it. (Menochius)

Haydock: Exo 27:2 - It It. The altar, wood. The horns were for ornament, and were made of brass. Upon them also they might hang the grate, and instruments for sacrifice....

It. The altar, wood. The horns were for ornament, and were made of brass. Upon them also they might hang the grate, and instruments for sacrifice. (Calmet) ---

Some of the pagan altars consisted of the horns of animals, (Ovid) and were designed to shew what a number of victims had been offered in their temples. Their gods had frequently horns on their heads. (Spencer, Rit. iii. 4.)

Haydock: Exo 27:3 - Pans Pans, &c. The Septuagint have, "a crown or border, for the altar, and its covering, and its cups, and flesh-hooks, and fire-place, or pan." Heb...

Pans, &c. The Septuagint have, "a crown or border, for the altar, and its covering, and its cups, and flesh-hooks, and fire-place, or pan." Hebrew also has five terms; which Calmet renders: 1. a small kettle to receive the ashes under the grate; 2. fire-shovels; 3. bowls to receive blood ( mozrokoth, which term the Vulgate does not perhaps notice); 4. flesh-hooks; 5. chafing-dishes. The Protestant version has also the basins or broad cups, phialas, of the Septuagint (Haydock)

Haydock: Exo 27:5 - Midst Midst. Hanging down half way. On this, the wood designed to consume the victim, was placed. The Septuagint and Vulgate refer which to the rings,...

Midst. Hanging down half way. On this, the wood designed to consume the victim, was placed. The Septuagint and Vulgate refer which to the rings, and the present Hebrew refers to the grate, or net. But it seems to be inaccurate. The rings were fixed about the middle of the altar's height, to the same holes, through which the bars intended for its removal were put. The altar stood upon feet, which took up half the height, and let in air below the grate, to fan the fire, and to prevent the brass from melting. All the altars described in the table of Isis, are of this nature. (Calmet) ---

The Septuagint do not distinguish the grate from the hearth, or little altar, ( arula ) as they use the word hearth, escharaboth, (ver. 4. and 5,) and place it about the middle of the altar, or where the feet supported the box or frame of the altar, which was almost a yard high. The hearth may therefore denote the bottom of the frame, where the grate was suspended by four rings.

Haydock: Exo 27:9 - Court Court. This inclosed the tabernacle, and the altar of holocausts, being 50 yards long and 25 broad. At the bottom, or western end, there were ten p...

Court. This inclosed the tabernacle, and the altar of holocausts, being 50 yards long and 25 broad. At the bottom, or western end, there were ten pillars, and on the north and south 20, ornamented in the same manner, and supporting curtains of cotton. But on the eastern side, 10 yards were left, with four pillars in the middle, for an entrance, supporting a richer veil, and on either side three pillars of brass, adorned with circles of silver, as all the rest were. (Haydock)

Haydock: Exo 27:10 - Engraving Engraving. Hebrew and Chaldean, "circles," adorning the chaptrels, (Menochius; ver. 17,) or rather the body of the pillars. The chaptrels were cove...

Engraving. Hebrew and Chaldean, "circles," adorning the chaptrels, (Menochius; ver. 17,) or rather the body of the pillars. The chaptrels were covered with plates of silver.

Haydock: Exo 27:19 - Tabernacle Tabernacle, with respect to this court; for surely the utensils prescribed in the former chapter, were to be of gold. The Septuagint do not mention ...

Tabernacle, with respect to this court; for surely the utensils prescribed in the former chapter, were to be of gold. The Septuagint do not mention the tabernacle. (Calmet)

Haydock: Exo 27:20 - Pestle // Always // Majestate locum & sacro implevere timore Pestle. That it may be as free from dregs as possible; quasi luxurians defluxerit. (Columella xii. 20.) The Hebrew and Septuagint are silent abou...

Pestle. That it may be as free from dregs as possible; quasi luxurians defluxerit. (Columella xii. 20.) The Hebrew and Septuagint are silent about the pestle. The olives must, however, be a little bruised, before they will yield their oil. (Haydock) ---

Always: four of the seven lamps were extinguished every morning. ( Josephus ([Antiquities?] iii. 9); 1 Kings iii. 3.) Hecateus (ap. Eusebuis, præp. ix. 4) assures us, that a light was kept always burning in the tabernacle. The temple of Hercules, at the Straits, its priests and ceremonies, bore some resemblance with the tabernacle and usages prescribed by Moses. It was probably erected by the Phenicians. (Calmet) ---

"The wood seemed to be incorruptible. Women and swine are kept at a distance. White linen covers the priests at the altar; that which adorns their head is most beautiful, and brought from Pelusium. Et Pelusiaco præfulget stamine vertex. They offer incense in long ungirded robes, but the vestment in which they sacrifice, is distinguished with a Latus clavus, or with broad studs of purple, (like the Roman senators.) They go barefoot, their heads shaved, and they observe continence, castumque cubile. They keep a perpetual fire burning on the altars. But no images or statues of the gods have filled the place with majesty and sacred fear." Sed nulla effigies, simulacraque nota Deorum,

Majestate locum & sacro implevere timore. Sil. Italic. iii.

Haydock: Exo 27:21 - Aaron // Light Aaron. Here God declares that the sons of Aaron are chosen by him to perform this office. They were not anointed priests till chap. xxix. (Haydock...

Aaron. Here God declares that the sons of Aaron are chosen by him to perform this office. They were not anointed priests till chap. xxix. (Haydock) ---

Light. Thus God admonishes us to let our good works always shine before men. (Ven. Bede, Taber. iii. 1.)

Gill: Exo 27:1 - And thou shall make an altar of shittim wood // five cubits long, and five cubits broad // and the height thereof shall be three cubits And thou shall make an altar of shittim wood,.... This is a different altar from that made of earth before the tabernacle was built, Exo 20:24 and fro...

And thou shall make an altar of shittim wood,.... This is a different altar from that made of earth before the tabernacle was built, Exo 20:24 and from the altar of incense, Exo 30:1 this was to offer burnt offerings on, and was placed at the door of the tabernacle, in the court of the people, where they brought their sacrifices to the priests to offer for them: it stood in the open air, as it was proper it should, that the smoke or the sacrifices might ascend up and scatter. This altar was not typical of the altar of the heart; though indeed all the saints are priests, and every sacrifice of theirs should come from the heart, and particularly love, which is more than all burnt offerings; but the heart is not this altar of brass to bear the fire of divine wrath, which none can endure; nor does it sanctify the gift, it being itself impure: nor of the Lord's table, or the table on which the Lord's supper is set; that is a table, and not an altar, a feast, and not a sacrifice; is not greater than the gift, nor does it sanctify: nor of the cross or Christ, on which he died, bore the sins or his people, and sanctified them by his blood; but of Christ himself, who by his office as a priest, his human nature is the sacrifice, and his divine nature the altar; and he is that altar believers in him have a right to eat of, Heb 13:10 his divine nature is greater than the human, is the support of it, which sanctifies and gives it virtue as a sacrifice, and which makes the sacrifices of all his people acceptable to God. This altar of burnt offering is said to be made of "shittim wood", a wood incorruptible and durable; Christ, as God, is from everlasting to everlasting; as man, though he once died, he now lives for evermore, and never did or will see corruption; his priesthood is an unchangeable priesthood, and passes not from one to another, and particularly his sacrifice is of a continual virtue and efficacy:

five cubits long, and five cubits broad: the altar shall be square: as to the length and breadth of it, which were alike, two yards and a half each, according to the common notion of a cubit. The altars of the Heathens were made in imitation of this, they were square as this was. Pausanias makes mention of an altar of Diana, that was τετραγωνος "square", sensibly rising up on high. And this figure may denote the perfection of Christ's sacrifice, and the permanency of it; though the altars in Solomon's temple, and in the visions of Ezekiel, are much larger, and which also were square, 2Ch 4:1. Christ's sacrifice is large and extensive, making satisfaction for all his people, and for all their sins; and he is an altar large enough for all their sacrifices to be offered up to God with acceptance:

and the height thereof shall be three cubits; a proper height for a man to minister at; for as Aben Ezra observes, the height of a man is but four cubits ordinarily; so that a man serving at the altar would be a cubit, or half a yard more above it, and would have command of doing on it what he had to do.

Gill: Exo 27:2 - his horns shall be of the same // and thou shalt overlay it with brass Which were either for ornament, or for keeping what was laid upon the altar from falling off, or for the fastening of the sacrifice to them, and were ...

Which were either for ornament, or for keeping what was laid upon the altar from falling off, or for the fastening of the sacrifice to them, and were what criminals fled to for refuge, and laid hold on; and may denote the power of Christ, who is the horn of salvation to preserve his people from a final falling away, and from ruin and destruction, and his protection of those that fly to him for refuge; and these horns being at the corners of the altar may respect the four parts of the world, from whence souls come to Christ for everlasting salvation:

his horns shall be of the same; that is, made of the same wood as the altar itself and so may lead to observe the like things: or "upwards out of it" b, the altar; prominent from it, as the Arabic version, and so the sacrifices could be bound to them, Psa 118:27,

and thou shalt overlay it with brass; with plates of brass, that it may endure the fire, and preserve the wood from being burnt with it; this may denote not only the brightness, lustre, and glory of Christ, like the shining brass, but his great strength in bearing the sins of his people, and all the punishment due unto them, even the fire of divine wrath, without being consumed by it. Jarchi observes, that it was overlaid with brass, because it was to make atonement for the impudence of the forehead, which is as brass, Isa 48:4.

Gill: Exo 27:3 - And thou shall make his pans to receive his ashes // and his shovels // and his basins // and his flesh hooks // and his fire pans; which were a kind of censers in which coals of fire // all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass And thou shall make his pans to receive his ashes,.... Not to receive them in as they fell, but to gather them up in, and carry them away; and this wa...

And thou shall make his pans to receive his ashes,.... Not to receive them in as they fell, but to gather them up in, and carry them away; and this was done every morning about cockcrowing, not much sooner nor later c:

and his shovels; to throw up the ashes together to be put into the pans; Jarchi describes this vessel to be like the cover of a brass pot, with a handle to it; the same we call a fire shovel:

and his basins: to receive the blood of the sacrifice, and out of which it was sprinkled, as the word signifies, and may be rendered sprinkling basins:

and his flesh hooks; not such as were used to take flesh out of the pot, 1Sa 2:13 for there could be no use for such at the altar of burnt offering; but were, as Jarchi says, like hooks recurved, with which they struck into the flesh, and turned it upon the coals to hasten the burning of it; and with which very probably they kept the fire and the parts of the sacrifices in good order, until they were consumed:

and his fire pans; which were a kind of censers in which coals of fire were taken off from the altar of burnt offering, and carried to the altar of incense, as Jarchi and Ben Gersom observe, see Lev 16:12 but as censers did not belong to the altar of burnt offering, but to the altar of incense, Fortunatus Scacchus d is of opinion, that these were a larger sort of vessels, wherein the fire which came down from heaven was kept burning while the altar and grate were cleansed from the coals and ashes, and when the altar was had from place to place:

all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass; as being fittest for the use of this altar.

Gill: Exo 27:4 - And thou shalt, make for it a grate of network of brass // and upon the net shalt thou make four brazen rings in the four corners thereof And thou shalt, make for it a grate of network of brass,.... Or "sieve", as in Amo 9:9, it was a plate of brass with holes in it, to let through eithe...

And thou shalt, make for it a grate of network of brass,.... Or "sieve", as in Amo 9:9, it was a plate of brass with holes in it, to let through either the blood that drained from the parts of the sacrifice, or the ashes of it; for this was the focus or hearth, on which the sacrifice and the wood were laid and burnt: this, according to the Targum of Jonathan on Exo 38:4 was to receive the coals and bones which fell from the altar: and so may denote the purity of Christ's sacrifice, which was offered up without spot to God, and the use of him as the altar to sanctify our gifts, and take away the sins of our holy things:

and upon the net shalt thou make four brazen rings in the four corners thereof; by which, with chains put into them, the grate was fastened to the four horns of the altar, and the use of them was to let it down and hang in the middle of the altar, and to take it up when there was occasion for it; though some think these rings were not "in" the grate, but "by" it, as the particle may be rendered, a little lower than that, on the sides of the altar; into which the staves after mentioned were put, and with which the altar was carried when removed from place to place.

Gill: Exo 27:5 - And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath // that the net may be even to the midst of the altar And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath,.... That is, the grate was to be put within the square compass of the altar, in the holl...

And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath,.... That is, the grate was to be put within the square compass of the altar, in the hollow part of it, for the wood and sacrifice to be laid upon it:

that the net may be even to the midst of the altar; and as the altar was three cubits high, this net or grate was let down by chains to its rings a cubit and a half, and being of such a depth was capable of containing a great deal.

Gill: Exo 27:6 - And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood // and overlay them with brass And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood,.... Like those that were made for the ark, and for the same purpose: and overlay ...

And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood,.... Like those that were made for the ark, and for the same purpose:

and overlay them with brass; with plates of brass, whereas those for the ark were overlaid with gold.

Gill: Exo 27:7 - And the staves shall be put into the rings // and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear it And the staves shall be put into the rings,.... Not into the rings of the grate, as Jarchi and others: though Dr. Lightfoot f thinks these came out of...

And the staves shall be put into the rings,.... Not into the rings of the grate, as Jarchi and others: though Dr. Lightfoot f thinks these came out of each corner through the altar frame, and hung out of the frame, and in these the staves being put, made the frame and the grate sure together, and so they were also carried together; but it seems rather, that as the grate had rings peculiar to that, to let it down and take it up, and with which it was carried, with a purple cloth covered over it, Num 4:13 so the altar had rings peculiar to that on the sides of it, into which these staves were put:

and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear it; and which shows that the rings into which these were put were not the rings of the grate, for they were at the four corners of it, which hung upon the four horns of it; whereas the staves were on the two sides of it, in order to bear it from place to place, which was done by the Levites; and was typical of the ministers of the Gospel bearing the name of Christ, and spreading the doctrine of his sacrifice and satisfaction, in the world, which is the main and fundamental doctrine of the Gospel.

Gill: Exo 27:8 - Hollow with boards shalt thou make it // as it was showed thee in the mount, so shall they make it Hollow with boards shalt thou make it,.... The frame of it being made of boards of shittim wood, there was nothing within side but the grate, which wa...

Hollow with boards shalt thou make it,.... The frame of it being made of boards of shittim wood, there was nothing within side but the grate, which was put within the square, down into the middle of it, and so was light of carriage; though the Targum of Jonathan, and other Jewish writers, represent this hollow as filled up with dust and earth, to answer to the altar of earth Moses was before bid to make; but this seems quite contrary to the present direction: the hollowness of the altar may denote the emptiness of Christ when he became a sacrifice: he emptied himself, as it were, when he became incarnate, of all his greatness, glory, and riches, and became mean and poor for the sake of his people, that they through his poverty might be made rich, Phi 2:7.

as it was showed thee in the mount, so shall they make it; or, "as he showed thee" g, that is, God. Moses had a model of this altar showed him, and he was to be careful to instruct the workmen, and see to it, that they built it exactly according to the model.

Gill: Exo 27:9 - And thou shall make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward // hangings for the court of fine twined linen of one hundred cubits long for one side And thou shall make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward,.... This was a large court yard to the house of God, or tabernacle, whi...

And thou shall make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward,.... This was a large court yard to the house of God, or tabernacle, which stood in it at the upper end of it; it was enclosed, but open to the air; and in it, between the entrance into it and the holy place, stood the altar of burnt offering before described, and on one side of that the laver for the priests to wash in; into this the people of Israel were admitted, and where they brought their sacrifices and worshipped: it was typical of the visible church of God on earth, which, though an enclosure, and is separated from the world, yet consists of professors, good and bad, of real saints and hypocrites; as into this court Israelites of every character, sex, and state entered. In David's time it was divided into various courts, and what answered to it when the temple was built were the several apartments called the courts of the priests, where they sacrificed, and the court of Israel, where the men Israelites worshipped, and the court of the women, where they were by themselves; and in later times there was another court separate from these, called the court of the Gentiles, into which they might enter; and the description of this court begins with that side of it which lay full south: there shall be

hangings for the court of fine twined linen of one hundred cubits long for one side; for the south side; and these hangings, with the rest all around, made the court, and were the walls of it; and from hence we learn, that it was one hundred cubits or fifty yards long, according to the common computation of a cubit; though it was three hundred inches more, this cubit being three inches more than is commonly supposed. These hangings, vails, or curtains, for so in the versions they are differently called, were the enclosure of the court; they were made of fine linen, six times twisted, but not of various colours, and curiously wrought with cunning work, as the curtains of the tabernacle were; and according to the signification of the word, they were wrought full of holes, like eyelet holes, or in the manner of network; so that though they kept persons from entering in, they might be seen through, and through them might be seen what was doing in the court: and all this may signify that the visible church of God on earth is separated from the world, and should consist of men called out of it, and of such who are clothed with that fine linen, clean and white, the righteousness of the saints, and which is the righteousness of Christ, and who have both inward and outward holiness; and though none but those who are admitted members of it may partake of its ordinances, yet others may be spectators of what is done in it.

Gill: Exo 27:10 - And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass // the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass,.... On these pillars the hangings, rails, or curtains were set, and they w...

And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass,.... On these pillars the hangings, rails, or curtains were set, and they were for one side, the south side, in number twenty; and so must stand five cubits, or two yards and a half or more, distant from each other, since the length of the hangings were one hundred cubits: these, according to Philo the Jew h, were made of cedar, but if of wood, most probably of "shittim wood", as they are by most thought to be; though one would think, according to the plain and express words of the text, they as well as their sockets were of brass: and Josephus i expressly says they were of brass, and which seems fittest for the purpose: now though the church of God itself is a pillar, and so is every true member of it, 1Ti 3:15 yet ministers of the Gospel may be more especially designed, Pro 9:1 who are the principal support of the churches of God, and of the interest of religion; and are set for the defence of the Gospel, and are steadfast in the ministration of it:

the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver; the hooks on the pillars might be somewhat like our tenter hooks, and so Jarchi describes them, as having one end crooked upwards, and the other end fixed in the pillar; and as for the fillets, he says, they were silver threads round about the pillars; but whether they were upon the face or of them all, or on the top, or in the middle of them, he confesses his ignorance; only this he knew, that the word has the signification of girding or binding; and these fillets might not only be for ornament, but for the binding of the hangings to the pillars: and so Ben Gersom says, that they were silver threads, with which the curtains were bound to the pillars, that the wind might not separate them from them; and both the silver hooks and fillets may signify the word and ordinances as administered by the preachers of the Gospel, in which there is an union, conjunction, and communion between them and the churches.

Gill: Exo 27:11 - And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of one hundred cubits long // and his twenty pillars, and their twenty sockets of brass // the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of one hundred cubits long,.... The north and south sides of this court being equal,...

And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of one hundred cubits long,.... The north and south sides of this court being equal, the same length of hangings were for the one as the other:

and his twenty pillars, and their twenty sockets of brass; there went on this side the same number of pillars and sockets, and of the same metal:

the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver; just as they were on the south side.

Gill: Exo 27:12 - And for the breadth of the court, on the west side // shall be hangings of fifty cubits // their pillars ten, and their sockets ten And for the breadth of the court, on the west side,.... On the west end, the upper end of the court, near to which reached the holy of holies: shal...

And for the breadth of the court, on the west side,.... On the west end, the upper end of the court, near to which reached the holy of holies:

shall be hangings of fifty cubits: or twenty five yards and more, so that the court was but half as broad as it was long:

their pillars ten, and their sockets ten; which was a number proportionate to the hangings, and stood at an equal distance from each other, as the pillars for the sides, at five cubits, or two yards and a half, as commonly computed.

Gill: Exo 27:13 - And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward // shall be fifty cubits And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward,.... Which was the entrance into it: shall be fifty cubits; the east end and west end were o...

And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward,.... Which was the entrance into it:

shall be fifty cubits; the east end and west end were of the same measure.

Gill: Exo 27:14 - The hangings of one side of the gate // shall be fifteen cubits // their pillars three, and their sockets three The hangings of one side of the gate,.... Or entrance into the court: shall be fifteen cubits; or seven yards and a half: their pillars three, a...

The hangings of one side of the gate,.... Or entrance into the court:

shall be fifteen cubits; or seven yards and a half:

their pillars three, and their sockets three; and so stood at the same distance from one another as the rest of the pillars did, the distance of five cubits.

Gill: Exo 27:15 - And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits // their pillars three, and their sockets three And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits,.... On the other side of the gate, or entrance into the court, on the northeast side, as the ...

And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits,.... On the other side of the gate, or entrance into the court, on the northeast side, as the other may be supposed to be the southeast side, there was the same length of hangings:

their pillars three, and their sockets three; the same as on the other side of the gate.

Gill: Exo 27:16 - And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits // for it was of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needle work // their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits,.... Which, with the fifteen on each side, make the fifty cubits, the breadth of th...

And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits,.... Which, with the fifteen on each side, make the fifty cubits, the breadth of the court eastward, Exo 27:13, this hanging was better than the rest, much finer and richer:

for it was of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needle work: and was of the same as the hangings for the door of the holy place, Exo 26:36 this was a figure of Christ, and of the graces of the Spirit in him, and of his bloodshed, sufferings, and death; who is the door into the church, and to the ordinances of it, and leads on to the holy place, and even to the holy of holies, see Joh 10:9.

their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four: so that the pillars of this court at both sides and each end were sixty, twenty on each side, south and north, and ten at each end, west and east.

Gill: Exo 27:17 - All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver // their hooks shall be of silver All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver,.... This is observed, because only mention is made before of the pillars that wer...

All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver,.... This is observed, because only mention is made before of the pillars that were on the south and north sides of the court, as filleted with silver; but inasmuch as those at both ends, east and west, were to be so likewise, this is added:

their hooks shall be of silver, and their sockets of brass; no notice having been taken of the hooks to the pillars at both ends, though they were as necessary there as elsewhere, and must be supposed, and though the sockets are mentioned, yet not their metal, and therefore are in general included here.

Gill: Exo 27:18 - The length of the court shall be one hundred cubits // and the breadth fifty everywhere // and the height five cubits // and their sockets of brass The length of the court shall be one hundred cubits,.... And as may be concluded from the length of the hangings on each side: and the breadth fift...

The length of the court shall be one hundred cubits,.... And as may be concluded from the length of the hangings on each side:

and the breadth fifty everywhere; at both ends, and was the breadth of the hangings there, and which all around made the court:

and the height five cubits; or two yards and a half, and somewhat more; it was but half the height of the tabernacle, and hence that might be seen above it every way; so that, according to Bishop Cumberland, it contained one rood, twenty one perches, and twenty seven square feet, and was half an Egyptian aroura, which is the square of one hundred Jewish or Egyptian cubits: "of fine twined linen"; of which the hangings were made, and here called the court, as they properly were, for they made it:

and their sockets of brass; the bases on which all the pillars stood, upon which the hangings of fine twined linen were, were of brass; which seems to be repeated, that the foundation of this court might be observed to be different from that of the tabernacle; the foundation of that, or the sockets, into which the boards of it were put, being of silver.

Gill: Exo 27:19 - All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof // and all the pins thereof // and all the pins of the court shall be of brass All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof,.... Which either refers to the vessels belonging to the altar of burnt offering, and so ...

All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof,.... Which either refers to the vessels belonging to the altar of burnt offering, and so is a repetition of what is said, Exo 27:3 or rather to instruments that were used at the setting up and taking down of the tabernacle; such as hammers and the like, to drive the staves into the rings, and knock out the pillars from their sockets, &c., as Jarchi and Ben Gersom observe; for otherwise the vessels used in the sanctuary were of gold or silver, or covered therewith, and not of brass, as these are afterwards said to be:

and all the pins thereof; what these were is not easy to say; for there was nothing made of brass in the holy or most holy place, but the taches or clasps, with which the curtains of goats' hair were coupled together, and the sockets on which the five pillars were set at the entrance of the door of the tabernacle, Exo 26:11 and it is possible that those pillars might be fastened in their sockets with brass pins; for the clasps or taches can hardly be called pins:

and all the pins of the court shall be of brass; these were brass pins, or stakes fastened in the ground all round the court, to which cords were tied, and these fastened to the hangings; whereby they were kept tight and close, that the wind could not move them to and fro, as Jarchi and Ben Melech observe, and so Josephus k; see Isa 33:20.

Gill: Exo 27:20 - And thou shall command the children of Israel // that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light // to cause the lamp to burn always And thou shall command the children of Israel,.... Here begins a new section of the law; an account being given of the tabernacle, and its parts, and ...

And thou shall command the children of Israel,.... Here begins a new section of the law; an account being given of the tabernacle, and its parts, and the furniture thereof, next the several parts of service done in it are observed; and the account begins with that of the candlestick in the holy place, in order to which Moses is directed to command the people of Israel, whose business it was to provide for it:

that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light; for the light of the candlestick, to light up the several lamps in the several branches of it; and the oil to be brought and used there was not any sort of oil, as what is got out of fishes, as train oil, or out of nuts, as oil of almonds, but what comes from the olive tree; and this must be pure and free from lees and dregs, and must be beaten with a pestle in a mortar, and not ground in a mill, that so it might be quite clear; for being bruised and beaten, only the pulp or flesh of the olive was broken, but being ground in a mill, the stones were broken and ground, and so the oil not so pure.Jarchi and Ben Melech, from their Rabbins, observe, that after the first drop was pressed out, they put them into mills and grind them; but then, though the oil was fit for offerings, it was not fit for the light of the candlestick. Ben Gersom says, they put the olives bruised into a basket, and the oil dropped from them without pressing at all; and this was the choicest and most excellent for the light. The quantity to be brought is not fixed; but the measure fixed by the wise men of Israel, as Jarchi says, was half a log, that is, for every lamp; and this was the measure for the longest nights, the nights of the month Tebet, and so the same for all other nights:

to cause the lamp to burn always night and day, continually, as it was proper it should, that the house of God might not be at any time in darkness; as it would otherwise be, since there were no windows in it; and his servants minister in it in the dark, even in the daytime, at the altar of incense, and at the shewbread table, which is not reasonable to suppose; and though there are some passages of Scripture which seem to intimate as though the lamps only burnt till the morning, and then went out, and were lighted every evening; this difficulty may be solved, and the matter reconciled by what Josephus l relates, who must be an eyewitness of it, that three of the lamps burned before the Lord in the daytime, and the rest were lighted at the evening; and Hecataeus m, an Heathen writer, speaking of the golden candlestick, says, its light was unextinguished day and night, particularly the lamp which was in the middle; also the candlestick is by the ancient Jews, and by Nachmanides, said to have been never extinct.

Gill: Exo 27:21 - In the tabernacle of the congregation // without the vail, which is before the testimony // Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the Lord // it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations, on the behalf of the children of Israel In the tabernacle of the congregation,.... The reasons usually given for this name of the tabernacle are, either because the children of Israel gather...

In the tabernacle of the congregation,.... The reasons usually given for this name of the tabernacle are, either because the children of Israel gathered and met together here at certain times, or because here the Lord met with Moses, and his successors, as he had promised, Exo 25:22, but neither of them will hold good; not the first, because the place where the candlestick was, and which Aaron and his sons are here said to order, was in the holy place, into which only the priests entered, and therefore could not be called the tabernacle of the congregation, from the people of Israel being gathered and assembling there; not the latter, because it was in the most holy place, where the Lord promised to meet with Moses, and commune with him, even from between the cherubim over the mercy seat there: indeed, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation the children of Israel assembled, and there the Lord met them, and so the whole might be called from thence, and there seems to be no other reason for it, Exo 29:42 and this place was

without the vail, which is before the testimony; that is, without the vail which divided between the holy and the most holy place, and which vail was before the ark, where the law or the testimony was put; for the candlestick was in that part of the tabernacle which was without the vail, or in the holy place: and here

Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the Lord; that is, they were to take care that the lamps which went out might be lighted; and that they be kept clear and burning, they were to trim and snuff them, for which they had proper instruments provided for them, Exo 25:37. This points at the word of God, which shines as a light in a dark place, and is a lamp to the feet, and a light to the path, and to the constant application of Gospel ministers in preaching it, in order to enlighten men in all ages unto the end of the world:

it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations, on the behalf of the children of Israel; on whom it was incumbent to provide oil for the lamps, as long as the tabernacle and temple service lasted; and figured out either the maintenance of Gospel ministers by the churches, or the grace and gifts of the Spirit, with which they are furnished by the head of the church, often signified by oil in Scripture.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Exo 27:1 Heb “and three cubits its height.”

NET Notes: Exo 27:2 The text, as before, uses the prepositional phrase “from it” or “part of it” to say that the horns will be part of the altar &...

NET Notes: Exo 27:3 The text has “to all its vessels.” This is the lamed (ל) of inclusion according to Gesenius, meaning “all its utensils” ...

NET Notes: Exo 27:4 The noun מִכְבָּר (mikhbar) means “a grating”; it is related to the word that means a R...

NET Notes: Exo 27:5 Heb “to the half of the altar.”

NET Notes: Exo 27:7 The construction is the infinitive construct with bet (ב) preposition: “in carrying it.” Here the meaning must be that the poles are...

NET Notes: Exo 27:8 Nothing is said about the top of the altar. Some commentators suggest, in view of the previous instruction for making an altar out of earth and stone,...

NET Notes: Exo 27:9 The entire courtyard of 150 feet by 75 feet was to be enclosed by a curtain wall held up with posts in bases. All these hangings were kept in place by...

NET Notes: Exo 27:10 Heb “and.”

NET Notes: Exo 27:11 These bands have been thought by some to refer to connecting rods joining the tops of the posts. But it is more likely that they are bands or bind rin...

NET Notes: Exo 27:14 Here “will be” has been supplied.

NET Notes: Exo 27:15 Here the phrase “there will be” has been supplied.

NET Notes: Exo 27:17 Here the phrase “are to be” has been supplied.

NET Notes: Exo 27:18 Here the phrase “is to be” has been supplied.

NET Notes: Exo 27:19 The tabernacle is an important aspect of OT theology. The writer’s pattern so far has been: ark, table, lamp, and then their container (the tabe...

NET Notes: Exo 27:20 The word can mean “continually,” but in this context, as well as in the passages on the sacrifices, “regularly” is better, sin...

NET Notes: Exo 27:21 This is the first of several sections of priestly duties. The point is a simple one here: those who lead the worship use the offerings of the people t...

Geneva Bible: Exo 27:1 And thou shalt make an ( a ) altar [of] shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof [...

Geneva Bible: Exo 27:2 And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of ( b ) the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass. ( b ) ...

Geneva Bible: Exo 27:9 And thou shalt make the ( c ) court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward [there shall be] hangings for the court [of] fine twined linen of ...

Geneva Bible: Exo 27:10 And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets [shall be of] brass; the hooks of the pillars and their ( d ) fillets [shall be of] silver. (...

Geneva Bible: Exo 27:13 And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward [shall be] ( e ) fifty cubits. ( e ) Meaning curtains of fifty cubits.

Geneva Bible: Exo 27:14 The hangings of one ( f ) side [of the gate shall be] fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three. ( f ) Of the door of the court.

Geneva Bible: Exo 27:19 All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the ( g ) pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, [shall be of] brass. ( g...

Geneva Bible: Exo 27:20 And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive ( h ) beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always. ( h ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Exo 27:1-8 - --In the court before the tabernacle, where the people attended, was an altar, to which they must bring their sacrifices, and on which their priests mus...

MHCC: Exo 27:9-19 - --The tabernacle was enclosed in a court, about sixty yards long and thirty broad, formed by curtains hung upon brazen pillars, fixed in brazen sockets....

MHCC: Exo 27:20-21 - --The pure oil signified the gifts and graces of the Spirit, which all believers receive from Christ, the good Olive, and without which our light cannot...

Matthew Henry: Exo 27:1-8 - -- As God intended in the tabernacle to manifest his presence among his people, so there they were to pay their devotions to him, not in the tabernacle...

Matthew Henry: Exo 27:9-19 - -- Before the tabernacle there was to be a court or yard, enclosed with hangings of the finest linen that was used for tents. This court, according to ...

Matthew Henry: Exo 27:20-21 - -- We read of the candlestick in the twenty-fifth chapter; here is an order given for the keeping of the lamps constantly burning in it, else it was us...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 27:1-3 - -- The Altar of Burnt-Offering (cf. Exo 38:1-7). - " Make the altar (the altar of burnt-offering, according to Exo 38:1) of acacia-wood, five cubits l...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 27:4-5 - -- The altar was to have מכבּר a grating , רשׂת מעשׂה net-work , i.e., a covering of brass made in the form of a net, of larger dimensi...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 27:6-8 - -- The poles were to be made of acacia-wood, and covered with brass, and to be placed in the rings that were fixed in the two sides for the purpose of ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 27:9-11 - -- (cf. Exo 38:9-20). The Court of the dwelling was to consist of קלעים "hangings"of spun byssus, and pillars with brass (copper) sockets, and ho...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 27:12-16 - -- " As for the breadth of the court on the west side, (there shall be) curtains fifty cubits; their pillars twenty; and the breadth of the court towa...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 27:17-18 - -- " All the pillars of the court round about (shall be) bound with connecting rods of silver ."As the rods connecting the pillars of the court were o...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 27:19 - -- " All the vessels of the dwelling in all the work thereof (i.e., all the tools needed for the tabernacle), and all its pegs, and all the pegs of th...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 27:20-21 - -- The instructions concerning the Oil For the Candlestick, and the daily trimming of the lamps by the priests, form a transition from the fitting up o...

Constable: Exo 15:22--Lev 1:1 - --II. THE ADOPTION OF ISRAEL 15:22--40:38 The second major section of Exodus records the events associated with Go...

Constable: Exo 24:12--32:1 - --C. Directions regarding God's dwelling among His people 24:12-31:18 Having given directions clarifying I...

Constable: Exo 27:1-19 - --5. The tabernacle courtyard ch. 27:1-19 In this section Moses described the altar of burnt offer...

Constable: Exo 27:1-8 - --The altar of burnt offerings 27:1-8 The height of this altar was 5 feet. This height has...

Constable: Exo 27:9-19 - --The courtyard 27:9-19 The courtyard was 50 cubits wide by 100 cubits long (75 feet by 15...

Constable: Exo 27:20--29:1 - --6. The investiture of the priests 27:20-28:43 Here begins the revelation of those things that re...

Constable: Exo 27:20-21 - --The oil 27:20-21 These instructions concern the clear olive oil that the priests were to...

Guzik: Exo 27:1-21 - The Court of the Tabernacle Exodus 27 - The Court of the Tabernacle A. The altar of burnt offering. 1. (1-2) The basic structure of the bronze altar. "You shall make an ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) EXODUS, a "going forth," derives its name from its being occupied principally with a relation of the departure of the Israelites from Egypt, and the i...

JFB: Exodus (Garis Besar) INCREASE OF THE ISRAELITES. (Exo. 1:1-22) BIRTH AND PRESERVATION OF MOSES. (Exo 2:1-10) there went a man of the house of Levi, &c. Amram was the hus...

TSK: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) The title of this Book is derived from the Septuagint; in which it is called ΕΞΟΔΟΣ , " Exodus;" or, as it is in the Codex Alexandrinus, Ε...

TSK: Exodus 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Exo 27:1, The altar of burnt offering, with the vessels thereof; Exo 27:9, The court of the tabernacle inclosed with hangings and pillars...

Poole: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) SECOND BOOK OF MOSES CALLED EXODUS. THE ARGUMENT. AFTER the death of Joseph, who had sent for his father’ s house into Egypt, the children o...

Poole: Exodus 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 27 Of the brazen altar, Exo 27:1-8 . Of the court of the tabernacle, Exo 27:9-17 ; the length of it, Exo 27:18 . Of the lamps burning alway...

MHCC: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Book of Exodus relates the forming of the children of Israel into a church and a nation. We have hitherto seen true religion shown in domestic lif...

MHCC: Exodus 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Exo 27:1-8) The altar of burnt offerings. (Exo 27:9-19) The court of the tabernacle. (Exo 27:20, Exo 27:21) The oil for the lamps.

Matthew Henry: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Moses, Called Exodus Moses (the servant of the Lord in writing for him as well as ...

Matthew Henry: Exodus 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In this chapter directions are given, I. Concerning the brazen altar for burnt-offerings (Exo 27:1-8). II. Concerning the court of the tabernacle...

Constable: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The Hebrew title of this book (we'elleh shemot) originated from the...

Constable: Exodus (Garis Besar) Outline I. The liberation of Israel 1:1-15:21 A. God's preparation of Israel and Moses chs. ...

Constable: Exodus Exodus Bibliography Adams, Dwayne H. "The Building Program that Works (Exodus 25:4--36:7 [31:1-11])." Exegesis ...

Haydock: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF EXODUS. INTRODUCTION. The second Book of Moses is called Exodus from the Greek word Exodos, which signifies going out; becaus...

Gill: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO EXODUS This book is called by the Jews Veelleh Shemoth, from the first words with which it begins, and sometimes Sepher Shemoth, an...

Gill: Exodus 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO EXODUS 27 This chapter treats of the altar of burnt offering, and of all things relative to it, Exo 27:1, of the court of the taber...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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