kecilkan semua  

Teks -- Leviticus 12:1-8 (NET)

Tampilkan Strong
Konteks
Purification of a Woman after Childbirth
12:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 12:2 “Tell the Israelites, ‘When a woman produces offspring and bears a male child, she will be unclean seven days, as she is unclean during the days of her menstruation. 12:3 On the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin must be circumcised. 12:4 Then she will remain thirty-three days in blood purity. She must not touch anything holy and she must not enter the sanctuary until the days of her purification are fulfilled. 12:5 If she bears a female child, she will be impure fourteen days as during her menstrual flow, and she will remain sixty-six days in blood purity. 12:6 “‘When the days of her purification are completed for a son or for a daughter, she must bring a one year old lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or turtledove for a sin offering to the entrance of the Meeting Tent, to the priest. 12:7 The priest is to present it before the Lord and make atonement on her behalf, and she will be clean from her flow of blood. This is the law of the one who bears a child, for the male or the female child. 12:8 If she cannot afford a sheep, then she must take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, one for a burnt offering and one for a sin offering, and the priest is to make atonement on her behalf, and she will be clean.’”
Paralel   Ref. Silang (TSK)   ITL  

Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Moses a son of Amram; the Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them The Law of Moses,a Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them the law


Topik/Tema Kamus: Children | JOSEPH, HUSBAND OF MARY | Ablution | LAW IN THE NEW TESTAMENT | CLEANSE | Israel | Women | JESUS CHRIST, 4A | Birth | Clean | Defilement | UNCLEANNESS | Purification | Atonement | DEFILE; DEFILEMENT | Sanitation | Pigeon | Offerings | Sin-offering | SACRIFICE, IN THE OLD TESTAMENT, 2 | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Lev 12:1 - -- From uncleanness contracted by the touching or eating of external things, he now comes to that uncleanness which ariseth from ourselves.

From uncleanness contracted by the touching or eating of external things, he now comes to that uncleanness which ariseth from ourselves.

Wesley: Lev 12:2 - Seven days Not for any filthiness which was either in the conception, or in bringing forth, but to signify the universal and deep pollution of man's nature, even...

Not for any filthiness which was either in the conception, or in bringing forth, but to signify the universal and deep pollution of man's nature, even from the birth, and from the conception. Seven days or thereabouts, nature is employed in the purgation of most women.

Wesley: Lev 12:2 - Her infirmity Her monthly infirmity. And it may note an agreement therewith not only in the time, Lev 15:19, but in the degree of uncleanness.

Her monthly infirmity. And it may note an agreement therewith not only in the time, Lev 15:19, but in the degree of uncleanness.

Wesley: Lev 12:4 - In the blood of her purifying In her polluted and separated estate; for the word blood or bloods signifies both guilt, and uncleanness, as here and elsewhere. And it is called the ...

In her polluted and separated estate; for the word blood or bloods signifies both guilt, and uncleanness, as here and elsewhere. And it is called the blood of her purifying, because by the expulsion or purgation of that blood, which is done by degrees, she is purified.

Wesley: Lev 12:4 - No hallowed thing She shall not eat any part of the peace-offerings which she or her husband offered, which otherwise she might have done; and, if she be a priest's wif...

She shall not eat any part of the peace-offerings which she or her husband offered, which otherwise she might have done; and, if she be a priest's wife, she shall not eat any of the tythes or first fruits, or part of the hallowed meats, which at other times she together with her husband might eat.

Wesley: Lev 12:5 - Threescore and six days The time in both particulars is double to the former, not so much from natural causes, as to put an honour upon the sacrament of circumcision, which b...

The time in both particulars is double to the former, not so much from natural causes, as to put an honour upon the sacrament of circumcision, which being administered to the males, did put an end to that pollution sooner than otherwise had been.

Wesley: Lev 12:6 - For a son or a daughter For the birth of a son, or of a daughter: but the purification was for herself, as appears from the following verses. @@ A sin-offering __ Because of ...

For the birth of a son, or of a daughter: but the purification was for herself, as appears from the following verses. @@ A sin-offering __ Because of her ceremonial uncleanness, which required a ceremonial expiation.

Wesley: Lev 12:8 - The morality of this law obliges women who have received mercies from God in child bearing, with all thankfulness to acknowledge his goodness to them, owning themselves unworthy of it, and (which is the best purification) to continue...

bearing, with all thankfulness to acknowledge his goodness to them, owning themselves unworthy of it, and (which is the best purification) to continue in faith, and love, and holiness, with sobriety.

JFB: Lev 12:2 - If a woman, &c. The mother of a boy was ceremonially unclean for a week, at the end of which the child was circumcised (Gen 17:12; Rom 4:11-13); the mother of a girl ...

The mother of a boy was ceremonially unclean for a week, at the end of which the child was circumcised (Gen 17:12; Rom 4:11-13); the mother of a girl for two weeks (Lev 12:5) --a stigma on the sex (1Ti 2:14-15) for sin, which was removed by Christ; everyone who came near her during that time contracted a similar defilement. After these periods, visitors might approach her though she was still excluded from the public ordinances of religion [Lev 12:4].

JFB: Lev 12:6-8 - the days of her purifying Though the occasion was of a festive character, yet the sacrifices appointed were not a peace offering, but a burnt offering and sin offering, in orde...

Though the occasion was of a festive character, yet the sacrifices appointed were not a peace offering, but a burnt offering and sin offering, in order to impress the mind of the parent with recollections of the origin of sin, and that the child inherited a fallen and sinful nature. The offerings were to be presented the day after the period of her separation had ended--that is, forty-first for a boy, eighty-first for a girl.

JFB: Lev 12:8 - bring two turtles, &c. (See on Lev 5:6). This was the offering made by Mary, the mother of Jesus, and it affords an incontestable proof of the poor and humble condition of t...

(See on Lev 5:6). This was the offering made by Mary, the mother of Jesus, and it affords an incontestable proof of the poor and humble condition of the family (Luk 2:22-24).

Clarke: Lev 12:2 - If a woman have conceived If a woman have conceived - In the extent mentioned here the ordinances of this chapter have little relation to us: and to inquire into their physic...

If a woman have conceived - In the extent mentioned here the ordinances of this chapter have little relation to us: and to inquire into their physical reasons, as far as they related to the Jews, could afford but little edification; and to make such a subject sufficiently plain would require such minute examination and circumstantial detail as could scarcely be proper for several readers. All that is necessary to be said the reader will find on Lev 12:4.

Clarke: Lev 12:3 - And in the eighth day And in the eighth day - Before this time the child could scarcely be considered as having strength sufficient to bear the operation; after this time...

And in the eighth day - Before this time the child could scarcely be considered as having strength sufficient to bear the operation; after this time it was not necessary to delay it, as the child was not considered to be in covenant with God, and consequently not under the especial protection of the Divine providence and grace, till this rite had been performed. On circumcision see Clarke’ s note on Gen 17:10. Circumcision was to every man a constant, evident sign of the covenant into which he had entered with God, and of the moral obligations under which he was thereby laid. It was also a means of purity, and was especially necessary among a people naturally incontinent, and in a climate not peculiarly favorable to chastity. This is a light in which this subject should ever be viewed, and in which we see the reasonableness, propriety, expediency, and moral tendency of the ceremony.

Clarke: Lev 12:4 - The blood of her purifying The blood of her purifying - A few words will make this subject sufficiently plain 1.    God designs that the human female should bri...

The blood of her purifying - A few words will make this subject sufficiently plain

1.    God designs that the human female should bring forth children

2.    That children should derive, under his providence, their being, all their solids and all their fluids, in a word, the whole mass of their bodies, from the substance of the mother

3.    For this purpose he has given to the body of the female an extra quantity of blood and nutritious juices

4.    Before pregnancy this superabundance is evacuated at periodical times

5.    In pregnancy, that which was formerly evacuated is retained for the formation and growth of the fetus, or the general strengthening of the system during the time of pregnancy

6.    After the birth of the child, for seven or fourteen days, more or less according to certain circumstances, that superabundance, no longer necessary for the growth of the child as before, continues to be evacuated: this was called the time of the female’ s purification among the Jews

7.    When the lacerated vessels are rejoined, this superfluity of blood is returned into the general circulation, and, by a wise law of the Creator, becomes principally useful to the breasts, and helps in the production of milk for the nourishment of the new-born infant

8.    And thus it continues till the weaning of the child, or renewed pregnancy takes place. Here is a series of mercies and wise providential regulations which cannot be known without being admired, and which should be known that the great Creator and Preserver may have that praise from his creatures which his wonderful working demands

The term purifying here does not imply that there is any thing impure in the blood at this or the other times referred to above; on the contrary, the blood is pure, perfectly so, as to its quality, but is excessive in quantity for the reasons above assigned. The idle tales found in certain works relative to the infectious nature of this fluid, and of the female in such times are as impious as they are irrational and absurd.

Clarke: Lev 12:6 - When the days of her purifying When the days of her purifying - It is not easy to account for the difference in the times of purification, after the birth of a male and female chi...

When the days of her purifying - It is not easy to account for the difference in the times of purification, after the birth of a male and female child. After the birth of a boy the mother was considered unclean for forty days; after the birth of a girl, four-score days. There is probably no physical reason for this difference, and it is difficult to assign a political one. Some of the ancient physicians assert that a woman is in the order of nature much longer in completely recovering after the birth of a female than after the birth of a male child. This assertion is not justified either by observation or matter of fact. Others think that the difference in the time of purification after the birth of a male and female is intended to mark the inferiority of the female sex. This is a miserable reason, and pitifully supported

Clarke: Lev 12:6 - She shall bring - a burnt-offering, and - a sin-offering She shall bring - a burnt-offering, and - a sin-offering - It is likely that all these ordinances were intended to show man’ s natural impurity...

She shall bring - a burnt-offering, and - a sin-offering - It is likely that all these ordinances were intended to show man’ s natural impurity and original defilement by sin, and the necessity of an atonement to cleanse the soul from unrighteousness.

Clarke: Lev 12:8 - And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons - As the Virgin Mary brought only the latter, hence i...

And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons - As the Virgin Mary brought only the latter, hence it is evident that she was not able, i. e., she was not rich enough to provide the former; for such a holy woman would not have brought the less offering had she been capable of bringing the greater. How astonishing is this! The only heir to the throne of David was not able to bring a lamb to offer in sacrifice to God! How abominable must sin be when it required him who was in the form of God thus to empty and to humble himself, yea, even to the death of the cross, in order to make an atonement for it, and to purify the soul from all defilement

Clarke: Lev 12:8 - The priest shall make an atonement for her The priest shall make an atonement for her - Every act of man is sinful, but such as proceed from the influence of the grace and mercy of God. Her s...

The priest shall make an atonement for her - Every act of man is sinful, but such as proceed from the influence of the grace and mercy of God. Her sorrow in conception, and her pain in bringing forth children, reminded the woman of her original offense; an offense which deserved death, an offense which she could not expiate, and for which a sacrifice must be offered: and in reference to better things the life of an animal must be offered as a ransom for her life. And being saved in childbed, though she deserved to die, she is required, as soon as the days of her separation were ended, to bring a sacrifice according to her ability to the priest, that he might offer it to God as an atonement for her. Thus, wherever God keeps up the remembrance of sin, he keeps up also the memorial of sacrifice, to show that the state of a sinner, howsoever deplorable, is not hopeless, for that he himself has found out a ransom. Every where, in the law and in the Gospel, in every ordinance and in every ceremony, we may see both the justice and the mercy of God. Hence, while we have the knowledge of our sin we have also the knowledge of our cure. Reader, whilst thou art confessing thy own misery do not forget the Lord’ s mercy; and remember, be saves to the uttermost all that come through Christ unto him.

Calvin: Lev 12:2 - If a woman have conceived seed 2.If a woman have conceived seed This ceremony had reference to two points; for, first, the Jews were reminded by it of the common corruption of our ...

2.If a woman have conceived seed This ceremony had reference to two points; for, first, the Jews were reminded by it of the common corruption of our nature; and secondly, the remedy of the evil was set before them. There is little difficulty in understanding why a woman who has conceived and given birth to a child, should be pronounced unclean; viz., because the whole race of Adam is polluted and defiled, so that the woman already contracts uncleanness from the offspring which she bears in the womb, and is further contaminated by giving it birth. Hence it appears how foul and disgusting in God’s sight is our condition, since at our birth, and even before it, we infect our mothers. It has been almost universally, but very absurdly, considered that nothing is here condemned but libidinous intercourse between male and female; whereas the purification is not required except there be offspring; and to this the word תזריע , thazriang, refers, which can only be properly translated by insemination, and therefore it must be carefully observed that impurity in intercourse is not generally condemned here, but in generation. For the cohabitation of man and woman in itself, without reference to offspring, is a matter of shame and indecency; but here the procreation of children, which should remove this indecency, is accounted the cause of pollution, because the whole race of Adam is full of contagion. Hence the error of Pelagius 341 is clearly refuted, who denied that the sin of Adam was propagated among his descendants, and pretended that we contracted sin from our parents not by origin, but by imitation. For the mother would not be unclean if the children were pure and free from all defilement. Therefore God would by this rite teach His ancient, people that all men are born accursed, and bring into the world with them an hereditary corruption which pollutes their very mothers. If any object that holy matrimony is thus brought into disgrace and disrepute, the reply is easy, that if the marriage couch is free from stain, it is due to the indulgence of God. When therefore the husband and wife procreate children in lawful wedlock, it is not to be considered simply permitted, as if the generation were altogether without impurity, but by special privilege and indulgence; because the sanctity of marriage covers what otherwise might be imputed to blame, and purifies the very defilements of our guilty nature. Whence it is plain that marriage, through which the procreation of children becomes lawful, has nothing disgraceful about it. Yet it does not follow that the children who are thus engendered are holy and free from stain; for those who are born to unbelievers, remain under the guilt of the curse; and those who owe their birth to believers, are delivered from the common perdition by supernatural grace, and special adoption. And this God desired openly and distinctly to testify, by requiring a sacrifice for their purification. For although Moses seems only to speak of the mother, St. Luke, 342 his faithful interpreter, includes also the infant. If it be asked whether circumcision would not suffice to remove the stain of corrupt nature, I reply that hence it more clearly appears how great is our impurity, since God was not content with one symbol for its expurgation, but in order that He might exercise His people in continual meditation upon it, added another subsidiary sign, and did this especially because He knew how profound is men’s hypocrisy, with what self-complacency they flatter themselves in vice, how difficult it is to humble their pride, and, when they are forced to acknowledge their miseries, how easily forgetfulness creeps over them. Wherefore, when circumcision is expressly mentioned here, I presume it is by anticipation, lest the Israelites should object that circumcision was given them for the very purpose of altogether removing the curse; and therefore God signifies that, although circumcision should precede it, still the purification which He here enjoins would not be superfluous. The foolish comments of the Rabbins on this passage respecting seed, are both ridiculous in themselves, and unfitted by their filthiness for modest ears; since, as we have said, the simple intention of Moses was that the woman should undergo purification, if offspring should follow her intercourse. Now, since the Son of God, although He was not only pure, but purity itself, still was the representative of the human race, He subjected himself to the Law; and (as Paul teaches) submitted Himself to the Law, “to redeem them that were under the Law.” ( Gal 3:13) And, by this His voluntary submission to it, He abrogated the old rite; so that it is not now necessary to bring infants to the visible tabernacle with the sacrifices, but all purity is to be sought in Himself.

Calvin: Lev 12:4 - And she shall then continue 4.And she shall then continue The uncleanness of seven days in the case of a male, and fourteen days for a female, has reference to the hemorrhage, a...

4.And she shall then continue The uncleanness of seven days in the case of a male, and fourteen days for a female, has reference to the hemorrhage, as we shall also see elsewhere of the menstrual discharge. For the remainder of the time she is forbidden to take part in religious services, and to approach the sanctuary, (by which word the court is here meant,) and thus is accounted unholy, not only that she should herself lament her condition, but that her husband also, admonished by the sight, should learn to abhor and detest original sin. For this was a serious exhortation to repentance, when they acknowledged that they were contaminated in their offspring, wherein otherwise God’s blessing manifests itself. The question now arises, why the time of purification is double for a female child? Some ascribe this to a natural cause, viz., because the hemorrhage is then of longer continuance; and in truth it was a part of chastity and continence, that husbands should not then come near their wives. But inasmuch as the object of this ceremony was different, viz., as an indication of the curse on the whole human race, we must look more attentively in this direction. I know not whether the view is sound which some take, that the mother is more defiled by female offspring, because there is more disposition to vice in this sex. Perhaps, it is more probable, as some think, that it was because the woman was the beginning of the rebellion, when, being deceived by the serpent, she destroyed her husband with her, and drew her posterity into the same ruin. But it seems more correct to me that the punishment in regard to males was lightened and diminished by circumcision. For although in that symbol God consecrated both sexes, yet He honored males with special favor, by engraving His covenant on their flesh.

Wherefore, also, He expressly mentions their circumcision, whereby a dignity was imparted to them, which rendered them superior to females. At the end of the chapter; regard is had to the poor, lest, being burdened by too great an expense, they might be rendered less ready to obey the Law: whence we gather that God has no care for outward pomp and wealth, since the humble sacrifice of the poor, according to the measure of their poverty, is no less grateful to Him than the more valuable one of the rich.

Defender: Lev 12:2 - unclean seven days There were certain health reasons for these seemingly stringent rules, but probably the main factor was to foster continued recognition that the sin o...

There were certain health reasons for these seemingly stringent rules, but probably the main factor was to foster continued recognition that the sin of the first woman has been transmitted to all her descendants (Psa 51:5). All, therefore, are born to be sinners so that even their mothers need purification. It is noteworthy that Mary, the mother of Jesus, obeyed these laws for the purification of women after her divine Son was born. Even though He was born by miraculous conception free of sin, Mary recognized that she herself was not sinless and thus needed to obey the rules of purification (Luk 2:21-24)."

TSK: Lev 12:2 - If a woman // according If a woman : Gen 1:28, Gen 3:16; Job 14:4, Job 15:14, Job 25:4; Psa 51:5; Luk 2:22; Rom 5:12-19 according : Lev 15:19

TSK: Lev 12:3 - -- Gen 17:11, Gen 17:12; Deu 30:6; Luk 1:59, Luk 2:21; Joh 7:22, Joh 7:23; Rom 3:19, Rom 4:11, Rom 4:12; Gal 3:17, Gal 5:3; Phi 3:5; Col 2:11

TSK: Lev 12:4 - -- Lev 15:25-28; Hag 2:13; Luk 2:22, Luk 2:23

TSK: Lev 12:5 - -- Lev 12:2, Lev 12:4; Gen 3:13; 1Ti 2:14, 1Ti 2:15

TSK: Lev 12:6 - a lamb // of the first year a lamb : Lev 1:10-13, Lev 5:6-10, Lev 14:22, Lev 15:14, Lev 15:29; Num 6:10; Luk 2:22; Joh 1:29; 2Co 5:21; Heb 7:26; 1Pe 1:18, 1Pe 1:19 of the first y...

a lamb : Lev 1:10-13, Lev 5:6-10, Lev 14:22, Lev 15:14, Lev 15:29; Num 6:10; Luk 2:22; Joh 1:29; 2Co 5:21; Heb 7:26; 1Pe 1:18, 1Pe 1:19

of the first year : Heb. a son of his year

TSK: Lev 12:7 - make // be cleansed // a male make : Lev 1:4, Lev 4:20, Lev 4:26, Lev 4:31, Lev 4:35; Job 1:5, Job 14:4; Rom 3:23, Rom 3:26; 1Co 7:14; Heb 9:12-14 be cleansed : Lev 15:28-30 a male...

TSK: Lev 12:8 - she be not able to bring a lamb // make an atonement she be not able to bring a lamb : Heb. her hand find not sufficiency of a lamb, Lev 1:14, Lev 5:7, Lev 14:22, Lev 15:14, Lev 15:29; Luk 2:22, Luk 2:24...

she be not able to bring a lamb : Heb. her hand find not sufficiency of a lamb, Lev 1:14, Lev 5:7, Lev 14:22, Lev 15:14, Lev 15:29; Luk 2:22, Luk 2:24; 2Co 8:9

make an atonement : Lev 4:26; When burnt offerings and sin offerings were brought together, the sin offerings were first offered.

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Lev 12:2 - She shall be unclean // For her infirmity From uncleanness contracted by the touching or eating of external things, he now comes to that uncleanness which ariseth from ourselves. She shall ...

From uncleanness contracted by the touching or eating of external things, he now comes to that uncleanness which ariseth from ourselves.

She shall be unclean not for any filthiness which was either in the conception or in bringing forth, but to signify the universal and deep pollution of man’ s nature even from the birth, and from the conception. For

seven days or thereabouts, nature is employed in the purgation of most women.

For her infirmity i.e. for her monthly infirmity. And it may note an agreement therewith not only in the time, Lev 15:19 , but in the degree of uncleanness, which was such that she defiled every thing she touched, &c.

Poole: Lev 12:3 - -- Which law is here repeated, because the woman’ s uncleanness lasting for seven days, was one, though not the only, reason why the child’ s...

Which law is here repeated, because the woman’ s uncleanness lasting for seven days, was one, though not the only, reason why the child’ s circumcision was put off till the eighth day.

Poole: Lev 12:4 - She shall then continue // In the blood of her purifying // She shall touch no hallowed thing She shall then continue Heb. sit , i.e. abide, as that word is oft used, as Gen 22:5 34:10 , or tarry at home, nor go into the sanctuary. In the bl...

She shall then continue Heb. sit , i.e. abide, as that word is oft used, as Gen 22:5 34:10 , or tarry at home, nor go into the sanctuary.

In the blood of her purifying in her polluted and separated estate; for the word blood or bloods signifies both guilt, as Gen 4:10 , and uncleanness, as here and elsewhere. See Eze 16:6 . And it is called the blood of her purifying , because by the expulsion or purgation of that blood, which is done by degrees, she is purified.

She shall touch no hallowed thing she shall not eat any part of the peace-offerings which she or her husband offered, which otherwise she might have done; and if she be a priest’ s wife, she shall not eat any of the tithes or first-fruits, or part of the hallowed meats, which at other times she together with her husband might eat.

Poole: Lev 12:5 - -- The time in both particulars is double to the former, not so much from natural causes, because the purifications in female births are longer and slo...

The time in both particulars is double to the former, not so much from natural causes, because the purifications in female births are longer and slower, which if it were true, yet doth not extend to any such time as here is mentioned, as for moral reasons; either to be as a blot upon that sex for being the first in man’ s transgression, 1Ti 2:14 , or to put an honour upon the sacrament of circumcision, which being administered to the males, did put an end to that pollution sooner than otherwise had been; or to show the privilege of the man above the woman, and that the women were to be purified, sanctified, and saved by one of the other sex, even by the man Christ Jesus, without whom they should have still continued in their impurity.

Poole: Lev 12:6 - For a son, or for a daughter // For a sin-offering For a son, or for a daughter for the birth of a son, or of a daughter; but the purification was for herself, as appears from the following verses. F...

For a son, or for a daughter for the birth of a son, or of a daughter; but the purification was for herself, as appears from the following verses.

For a sin-offering either because of her ceremonial uncleanness, which required a ceremonial expiation; or for those particular sins relating to the time and state of child-bearing, of which she is justly presumed to be guilty, which might be many ways.

Poole: Lev 12:7 - -- For though there was a difference in the time of her uncleanness for the one and for the other, yet both were to be purl fled one and the same way; ...

For though there was a difference in the time of her uncleanness for the one and for the other, yet both were to be purl fled one and the same way; to note, that though all sins and sinners were not equal, yet all were to be cleansed by the same means, to wit, by Christ, and by faith. See 1Co 7:14 Gal 3:28 .

Haydock: Lev 12:2 - Child Child. By this manner of expressing himself, Moses excludes the blessed Virgin, as the ancient fathers and the moderns generally remark. She concei...

Child. By this manner of expressing himself, Moses excludes the blessed Virgin, as the ancient fathers and the moderns generally remark. She conceived without concupiscence, and was subject to none of the usual inconveniences of child-birth. (Suarez) ---

So that whether this law was instituted to expiate the former, or to purify the latter, she was not included. All other mothers were separated, at least seven days, and longer if their state required it; (Calmet) during which time, they were treated like those mentioned, chap xv. 19. After that period they were allowed to manage their affairs, as usual, but not to touch any thing sacred, nor suffer their husbands to approach them, till the expiration of 33 days more, ver. 4. (Menochius) ---

Euripides blames Diana for keeping such women at a distance from her altar, while she delighted in human sacrifices. (Iphigen. v. 380.) Censorinus says, "Prægnan ante diem quadragesimum non prodit in Fanum; & post partum pleræque graviores sunt, nec sanguinem interdum continent." (Grotius)

Haydock: Lev 12:3 - Eighth Eighth. Nothing but the child's health could retard the day, (Calmet) unless the parents were under the necessity of taking a journey, as they were ...

Eighth. Nothing but the child's health could retard the day, (Calmet) unless the parents were under the necessity of taking a journey, as they were in the desert, &c. (Haydock)

Haydock: Lev 12:4 - Sanctuary Sanctuary, or court of the tabernacle, where the women had probably a place apart. (Calmet)

Sanctuary, or court of the tabernacle, where the women had probably a place apart. (Calmet)

Haydock: Lev 12:5 - Days // Purification Days. In all 80, double the time required for a male child, as they infirmities of women continue so much longer when they bear a female. (Vales. s...

Days. In all 80, double the time required for a male child, as they infirmities of women continue so much longer when they bear a female. (Vales. sac. Philos. c. xviii.) Hippocrates allows forty-two days for the one, and thirty for the other. ---

Purification. Some copies of the Septuagint read, in her pure, others, in her impure blood; which Origen attempts to reconcile by observing, that she is deemed less impure during the last thirty-three or sixty-six days, than in the preceding ones. (Calmet) ---

During these, she was treated almost like those who were under the greatest legal uncleanness. (Chap. xv.; Numbers v.) Those who were under the less, might enter the court of the Gentiles, and did not infect others by their touch. (Josephus, contra Apion 2.) (Tirinus)

Haydock: Lev 12:6 - Lamb // Sin Lamb, to thank God for her happy delivery. --- Sin, or uncleanness, which was esteemed a legal offence. Perhaps this sacrifice was also designed t...

Lamb, to thank God for her happy delivery. ---

Sin, or uncleanness, which was esteemed a legal offence. Perhaps this sacrifice was also designed to expiate the sins she might have fallen into, (Menochius) since she was last able to offer one; and likewise the original sin of her female offspring. That of males was effaced by circumcision. (Haydock)

Haydock: Lev 12:7 - Blood Blood, which has caused her legal uncleanness.

Blood, which has caused her legal uncleanness.

Haydock: Lev 12:8 - Lamb Lamb. This was the case of the blessed Virgin: (Luke ii. 24,); so poor was she! (Menochius) --- It seems difficult to conceive, how all the women ...

Lamb. This was the case of the blessed Virgin: (Luke ii. 24,); so poor was she! (Menochius) ---

It seems difficult to conceive, how all the women of Palestine could present themselves before the tabernacle, 40 or 80 days after the childbirth. Perhaps the law regarded those only who lived in the neighbourhood. The priests explained to the rest what they had to do, whether they might defer bringing their offering till the next great festival, or they might send it by another hand. We read that Anna came to the temple after she had weaned Samuel, 1 Kings i. 21. (Calmet)

Gill: Lev 12:1 - And the Lord spake unto Moses // saying And the Lord spake unto Moses,.... The laws in the preceding chapter were delivered both to Moses and Aaron, but what follows in this only to Moses; b...

And the Lord spake unto Moses,.... The laws in the preceding chapter were delivered both to Moses and Aaron, but what follows in this only to Moses; but inasmuch as the priest had a concern in it, it being his business to offer the sacrifices required by the following law, it was no doubt given to Moses, to be delivered to Aaron, as well as to the people. R. Semlai remarks, that as the creation of man was after that of the beasts, fowls, fishes, &c. so the laws concerning the uncleanness of men are after those relating to beasts, &c, and they begin with the uncleanness of a new mother, because, as Aben Ezra observes, the birth is the beginning of man:

saying: as follows.

Gill: Lev 12:2 - Speak unto the children of Israel // if a woman have conceived seed // and born a man child // according to the days of the separation for her infirmity shall she be unclean Speak unto the children of Israel,.... For this law only concerned them, and not other nations of the world: if a woman have conceived seed; by lyi...

Speak unto the children of Israel,.... For this law only concerned them, and not other nations of the world:

if a woman have conceived seed; by lying with a man, and so becomes pregnant, and goes on with her pregnancy until she brings forth a child. The Jews from hence gather, that this law respects abortions; that if a woman has conceived and miscarries, eighty one days after the birth of a female, and forty one after a male, she must bring her offering m; but the law seems only to regard such as are with child, and proceed to the due time of childbirth, whether then the child is born alive or dead:

and born a man child; which is, generally speaking, not only matter of joy to the mother, but to the whole family, see Joh 16:21 then she shall be unclean seven days; be separate from all company, except those whose presence is necessary to take care of her in her circumstances, and do what is proper for her, and even these became ceremonially unclean thereby; yea, her husband was not permitted to sit near her, nor to eat and drink with her:

according to the days of the separation for her infirmity shall she be unclean; the same number of days, even seven, she was unclean on account of childbirth, as she was for her monthly courses, called here an infirmity or sickness, incident to all females when grown up, at which time they were separate from all persons; and the case was the same with a new mother; see Lev 15:14.

Gill: Lev 12:3 - And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised. And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised. Or the foreskin of his flesh, that is, of the man child born according to the la...

And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised. Or the foreskin of his flesh, that is, of the man child born according to the law, Gen 17:12 and this seems to furnish out a reason why a male child was not circumcised before the eighth day, and why it was then, because before that its mother was in her separation and uncleanness, and then was freed from it; and so the Targum of Jonathan. The circumcision of a male child on the eighth day was religiously observed, and even was not omitted on account of the sabbath, when the eighth day happened to be on that; see Gill on Joh 7:22, Joh 7:23. It is an observation of Aben Ezra on this place, that the wise men say "in the day", and not in the night, lo, he that is born half an hour before the setting of the sun is circumcised after six days and a half, for the day of the law is not from time to time.

Gill: Lev 12:4 - And she shall continue in the blood of her purifying three and thirty days // she shall touch no hallowed thing // nor come into the sanctuary // until the days of her purifying be fulfilled And she shall continue in the blood of her purifying three and thirty days,.... That is, so many more, in all forty; for though at the end of seven da...

And she shall continue in the blood of her purifying three and thirty days,.... That is, so many more, in all forty; for though at the end of seven days she was in some respects free from her uncleanness, yet not altogether, but remained in the blood of her purifying, or in the purifying of her blood, which was more and more purified, and completely at the end of forty days: so with the Persians it is said, a new mother must avoid everything for forty days; when that time is passed, she may wash and be purified n; and which perhaps Zoroastres, the founder of the Persian religion, at least the reformer of it, being a Jew, as is by some supposed, he might take it from hence:

she shall touch no hallowed thing; as the tithe, the heave offering, the flesh of the peace offerings, as Aben Ezra explains it, if she was a priest's wife:

nor come into the sanctuary; the court of the tabernacle of the congregation, or the court of the temple, as the same writer observes; and so with the Greeks, a pregnant woman might not come into a temple before the fortieth day o, that is, of her delivery:

until the days of her purifying be fulfilled; until the setting of the sun of the fortieth day; on the morrow of that she was to bring the atonement of her purification, as Jarchi observes; See Gill on Lev 12:6.

Gill: Lev 12:5 - But if she bear a maid child // then she shall be unclean two weeks // as in her separation // and she shall continue in the blood of her purifying sixty and six days But if she bear a maid child,.... A daughter, whether born alive or dead, if she goes with it her full time: then she shall be unclean two weeks; o...

But if she bear a maid child,.... A daughter, whether born alive or dead, if she goes with it her full time:

then she shall be unclean two weeks; or fourteen days running; and on the fifteenth day be free or loosed, as the Targum of Jonathan, just as long again as for a man child:

as in her separation; on account of her monthly courses; the sense is, that she should be fourteen days, to all intents and purposes, as unclean as when these are upon her:

and she shall continue in the blood of her purifying sixty and six days; which being added to the fourteen make eighty days, just as many more as in the case of a male child; the reason of which, as given by some Jewish writers, is, because of the greater flow of humours, and the corruption of the blood through the birth of a female than of a male: but perhaps the truer reason may be, what a learned man p suggests, that a male infant circumcised on the eighth day, by the profusion of its own blood, bears part of the purgation; wherefore the mother, for the birth of a female, must suffer twice the time of separation; the separation is finished within two weeks, but the purgation continues sixty six days; a male child satisfies the law together, and at once, by circumcision; but an adult female bears both the purgation and separation every month. According to Hippocrates q, the purgation of a new mother, after the birth of a female, is forty two days, and after the birth of a male thirty days; so that it should seem there is something in nature which requires a longer time for purifying after the one than after the other, and which may in part be regarded by this law; but it chiefly depends upon the sovereign will of the lawgiver. The Jews do not now strictly observe this. Buxtorf r says, the custom prevails now with them, that whether a woman bears a male or a female, at the end of forty days she leaves her bed, and returns to her husband; but Leo of Modena relates s, that if she bears a male child, her husband may not touch her for the space of seven weeks; and if a female, the space of three months; though he allows, in some places, they continue separated a less while, according as the custom of the place is.

Gill: Lev 12:6 - And when the days of her purifying are fulfilled, for a son, or for a daughter // She shall bring a lamb of the first year // for a burnt offering // and a young pigeon, or a turtledove, for a sin offering // unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, unto the priest And when the days of her purifying are fulfilled, for a son, or for a daughter,.... For a son forty days, and for a daughter eighty; but the ancient J...

And when the days of her purifying are fulfilled, for a son, or for a daughter,.... For a son forty days, and for a daughter eighty; but the ancient Jews formerly, that they might not break it, ordered, that the offering enjoined as follows should not be brought until the next day after the time was up: their canon runs thus t,"a new mother does not bring her offering on the fortieth day for a male, nor on the eightieth day for a female, but after her sun is set; and she brings her offering on the morrow, which is the forty first for a male, and the eighty first for a female; and this is the day of which it is said, "when the days", &c. Lev 12:6."

She shall bring a lamb of the first year; the Septuagint adds, without blemish, as all sacrifices should be, if not expressed; "or the son of his year" u; some distinguish between "the son of a year", as the phrase sometimes is, and "the son of his year", as here; the latter denoting a lamb in its first year, though something wanting of it, the former a full year old, neither more nor less:

for a burnt offering; in gratitude, and by way of thanksgiving for the mercies she had received in childbearing:

and a young pigeon, or a turtledove, for a sin offering; either the one or the other. With the Persians w, it is incumbent on a new mother, in Abam (the twelfth month), to bring twelve oblations for the sin which proceedeth from childbirth, that so she might be purified from her sins. It is an observation of the Misnic doctors x, that turtles precede pigeons in all places; upon which they ask this question, is it because they are choicer or more excellent than they? observe what is said, Lev 12:6 from whence may be learned, that they are both alike, or of equal value. But why a sin offering for childbearing? is it sinful to bear and bring forth children in lawful marriage, where the bed is undefiled? The Jews commonly refer this to some sin or another, that the childbearing woman has been guilty of in relation to childbirth, or while in her labour; and it is not unlikely that she may sometimes be guilty of sin in some way or other, either through an immoderate desire after children, or through impatience and breaking out into rash expressions in the midst of her pains; so Aben Ezra suggests, perhaps some thought rose up in her mind in the hour of childbirth because of pain, or perhaps spoke with her mouth; meaning what was unbecoming, rash, and sinful. Some take the sin to be a rash and false oath: but there seems to be something more than all this, because though one or other of these might be the case of some women, yet not all; whereas this law is general, and reached every new mother, and has respect not so much to any particular sin of her's, as of her first parent Eve, who was first in the transgression; and on account of which transgression pains are endured by every childbearing woman; and who also conceives in sin, and is the instrument of propagating the corruption of nature to her offspring; and therefore was to bring a sin offering typical of the sin offering Christ is made to take away that, and all other sin; whereby she shall be saved, even in childbearing, and that by the birth of a child, the child Jesus, if she continues in faith, and charity, and holiness, with sobriety, 1Ti 2:15 these offerings were to be brought

unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, unto the priest; to offer them up for her. When the temple was built, these were brought to the eastern gate, the gate Nicanor, where the lepers were cleansed, and new mothers purified y.

Gill: Lev 12:7 - Who shall offer it before the Lord // and make an atonement for her // and she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood // this is the law for her that hath born a male or a female Who shall offer it before the Lord,.... Upon the altar of burnt offering: and make an atonement for her; for whatsoever sin in connection with or t...

Who shall offer it before the Lord,.... Upon the altar of burnt offering:

and make an atonement for her; for whatsoever sin in connection with or that attended childbearing; as typical of the atonement by Christ both for sin original and actual:

and she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood; in a ceremonial sense, and according to that law be pure and clean:

this is the law for her that hath born a male or a female; enjoined her, and to be observed by her; and though now with the rest of the ceremonial law it is abolished, yet it has this instruction in it; that it becomes women in such circumstances to bring the freewill offerings of their lips, their sacrifices of praise, and in a public manner signify their gratitude and thankfulness for the mercy and goodness of God vouchsafed to them, in carrying them through the whole time of childbearing, and saving them in the perilous hour.

Gill: Lev 12:8 - And if she be not able to bring a lamb // then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons // the one for a burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering // and the priest shall make an atonement for her, and she shall be clean And if she be not able to bring a lamb,.... As everyone was not in circumstances sufficient to be at the expense of buying a lamb for this purpose, ha...

And if she be not able to bring a lamb,.... As everyone was not in circumstances sufficient to be at the expense of buying a lamb for this purpose, having none of their own:

then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons; which was a kind and merciful provision for the poorer sort; since it was necessary that by them the favour received should be acknowledged, as well as the sin attending them in such circumstances should be atoned for. This being the offering brought by the mother of our Lord, shows the state of poverty in which she was; and by this, and the circumcision of her child, and the presentation of it before the Lord at the time of her purification, it appears that they were both under the law, and obedient to it:

the one for a burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering; Jarchi observes, that in oblations the sin offering goes before the burnt offering, for sin being atoned for, the gift was accepted; but here the burnt offering went first, the reason is not very apparent:

and the priest shall make an atonement for her, and she shall be clean; equally the same as if she had brought a lamb, instead of young pigeons, or turtledoves.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Lev 12:2 See Lev 15:19-24 for the standard purity regulations for a woman’s menstrual period.

NET Notes: Lev 12:3 This rendering, “the flesh of his foreskin,” is literal. Based on Lev 15:2-3, one could argue that the Hebrew word for “flesh”...

NET Notes: Lev 12:4 The initial seven days after the birth of a son were days of blood impurity for the woman as if she were having her menstrual period. Her impurity was...

NET Notes: Lev 12:5 The doubling of the time after the birth of a female child is puzzling (see the remarks in J. Milgrom, Leviticus [AB], 1:750-51; and G. J. Wenham, Lev...

NET Notes: Lev 12:6 See the note on Lev 4:3 regarding the term “sin offering.”

NET Notes: Lev 12:7 Heb “from her source [i.e., spring] of blood,” possibly referring to the female genital area, not just the “flow of blood” its...

NET Notes: Lev 12:8 Or “she will be[come] pure.”

Geneva Bible: Lev 12:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a woman have conceived seed, and born a man child: then she shall be unclean ( a ) seven days; according...

Geneva Bible: Lev 12:4 And she shall then continue in the blood of her purifying three ( b ) and thirty days; she shall touch no ( c ) hallowed thing, nor come into the ( d ...

Geneva Bible: Lev 12:5 But if she bear a maid child, then she shall be unclean two ( e ) weeks, as in her separation: and she shall continue in the blood of her purifying th...

Geneva Bible: Lev 12:6 And when the days of her purifying are fulfilled, for a son, or for a daughter, she shall bring a lamb of the first year for a burnt offering, and a y...

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Lev 12:1-8 - --After the laws concerning clean and unclean food, come the laws concerning clean and unclean persons. Man imparts his depraved nature to his offspring...

Matthew Henry: Lev 12:1-5 - -- The law here pronounces women lying-in ceremonially unclean. The Jews say, "The law extended even to an abortion, if the child was so formed as that...

Matthew Henry: Lev 12:6-8 - -- A woman that had lain in, when the time set for her return to the sanctuary had come, was not to attend there empty, but must bring her offerings, L...

Keil-Delitzsch: Lev 12:1-2 - -- Uncleanness and Purification after Child-Birth. - Lev 12:2-4. " If a woman bring forth ( תּזריע ) seed and bear a boy, she shall be unclean se...

Keil-Delitzsch: Lev 12:3-4 - -- After the expiration of this period, on the eighth day, the boy was to be circumcised (see at Gen 17). She was then to sit, i.e., remain at home, th...

Keil-Delitzsch: Lev 12:5 - -- But if she had given birth to a girl, she was to be unclean two weeks (14 days), as in her menstruation, and then after that to remain at home 66 da...

Keil-Delitzsch: Lev 12:6-8 - -- After the expiration of the days of her purification " with regard to a son or a daughter, "i.e., according as she had given birth to a son or a dau...

Constable: Lev 1:1--16:34 - --I. The public worship of the Israelites chs. 1--16 Leviticus continues revelation concerning the second of three...

Constable: Lev 11:1--15:33 - --C. Laws relating to ritual cleanliness chs. 11-15 A change of subject matter indicates another major div...

Constable: Lev 12:1-8 - --2. Uncleanness due to childbirth ch. 12 The laws of purification begun in this chapter connect i...

Guzik: Lev 12:1-8 - Cleansing After Childbirth Leviticus 12 - Cleansing After Childbirth A. Ceremonial impurity after giving birth. 1. (1-4) When a male child is born. Then the LORD spoke to Mo...

buka semua
Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Leviticus (Pendahuluan Kitab) LEVITICUS. So called from its treating of the laws relating to the ritual, the services, and sacrifices of the Jewish religion, the superintendence of...

JFB: Leviticus (Garis Besar) BURNT OFFERINGS OF THE HERD. (Lev. 1:1-17) THE MEAT OFFERINGS. (Lev. 2:1-16) THE PEACE OFFERING OF THE HERD. (Lev. 3:1-17) SIN OFFERING OF IGNORANCE....

TSK: Leviticus (Pendahuluan Kitab) Leviticus is a most interesting and important book; a book containing a code of sacrificial, ceremonial, civil, and judicial laws, which, for the puri...

TSK: Leviticus 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Lev 12:1, The purification of a woman after childbirth; Lev 12:6, Her offerings for her purifying.

Poole: Leviticus (Pendahuluan Kitab) THIRD BOOK OF MOSES CALLED LEVITICUS THE ARGUMENT This Book, containing the actions of about one month’ s space, acquainteth us with the Lev...

Poole: Leviticus 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 12 Laws touching the uncleanness of women in child-bearing. Of a son seven days, and her purification thirty-three days, Lev 12:1-4 . Of a ...

MHCC: Leviticus (Pendahuluan Kitab) God ordained divers kinds of oblations and sacrifices, to assure his people of the forgiveness of their offences, if they offered them in true faith a...

MHCC: Leviticus 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Ceremonial purification.

Matthew Henry: Leviticus (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Third Book of Moses, Called Leviticus There is nothing historical in all this book of Leviticus exc...

Matthew Henry: Leviticus 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) After the laws concerning clean and unclean food come the laws concerning clean and unclean persons; and the first is in this chapter concerning th...

Constable: Leviticus (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The Hebrews derived the title of this book from the first word in i...

Constable: Leviticus (Garis Besar) Outline "At first sight the book of Leviticus might appear to be a haphazard, even repetitious arrangement of en...

Constable: Leviticus Leviticus Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan, and Michael Avi-Yonah. The Macmillan Bible Atlas. Revised ed. New York...

Haydock: Leviticus (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION. The Book is called Leviticus : because it treats of the offices, ministries, rites and ceremonies of the Priests and Levites. The H...

Gill: Leviticus (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO LEVITICUS This book is commonly called by the Jews Vajikra, from the first word with which it begins, and sometimes תורת כהנ...

Gill: Leviticus 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO LEVITICUS 12 This chapter treats of the purification of a new mother, the time of whose purification for a man child was forty days...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #20: Untuk penyelidikan lebih dalam, silakan baca artikel-artikel terkait melalui Tab Artikel. [SEMUA]
dibuat dalam 0.42 detik
dipersembahkan oleh
bible.org - YLSA