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Teks -- Judges 17:1-13 (NET)

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Konteks
Micah Makes His Own Religion
17:1 There was a man named Micah from the Ephraimite hill country. 17:2 He said to his mother, “You know the eleven hundred pieces of silver which were stolen from you, about which I heard you pronounce a curse? Look here, I have the silver. I stole it, but now I am giving it back to you.” His mother said, “May the Lord reward you, my son!” 17:3 When he gave back to his mother the eleven hundred pieces of silver, his mother said, “I solemnly dedicate this silver to the Lord. It will be for my son’s benefit. We will use it to make a carved image and a metal image.” 17:4 When he gave the silver back to his mother, she took two hundred pieces of silver to a silversmith, who made them into a carved image and a metal image. She then put them in Micah’s house. 17:5 Now this man Micah owned a shrine. He made an ephod and some personal idols and hired one of his sons to serve as a priest. 17:6 In those days Israel had no king. Each man did what he considered to be right.
Micah Hires a Professional
17:7 There was a young man from Bethlehem in Judah. He was a Levite who had been temporarily residing among the tribe of Judah. 17:8 This man left the town of Bethlehem in Judah to find another place to live. He came to the Ephraimite hill country and made his way to Micah’s house. 17:9 Micah said to him, “Where do you come from?” He replied, “I am a Levite from Bethlehem in Judah. I am looking for a new place to live.” 17:10 Micah said to him, “Stay with me. Become my adviser and priest. I will give you ten pieces of silver per year, plus clothes and food.” 17:11 So the Levite agreed to stay with the man; the young man was like a son to Micah. 17:12 Micah paid the Levite; the young man became his priest and lived in Micah’s house. 17:13 Micah said, “Now I know God will make me rich, because I have this Levite as my priest.”
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Bethlehem a town 8 km south of Jerusalem,a town of Zebulun 10 km west of Nazareth and 15 km SW of Cana SMM,a town of Judah 8 km south. of Jerusalem
 · Ephraim the tribe of Ephraim as a whole,the northern kingdom of Israel
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Levite member of the tribe of Levi
 · Micah a man of Ephraim who made an ephod,son of Shime-i of Reuben,son of Merib-Baal of Benjamin,first born son of Uzziel son of Kohath,father of Abdon/Achbor whom King Josiah used as a messenger,the prophet of Moresheth under Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah


Topik/Tema Kamus: Bethlehem | Teraphim | Micah | Jonathan | ISRAEL, RELIGION OF, 2 | ISRAEL, HISTORY OF, 2 | PRIESTS AND LEVITES | JONATHAN (1) | EZEKIEL, 2 | MICAH (1) | JUDGES, PERIOD OF | GENESIS, 4 | Minister | EPHOD (1) | PIECE OF SILVER | NAMES, PROPER | Idol | Father | AMMON | Money | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Jdg 17:1 - There was, &c. _The things mentioned here, and in the following chapters, did not happen in the order in which they are put; but much sooner, even presently after th...

_The things mentioned here, and in the following chapters, did not happen in the order in which they are put; but much sooner, even presently after the death of the elders that over - lived Joshua, as appears, because Phinehas the son of Eleazar was priest at this time, Jdg 20:28, who must have been about 350 years old, if this had been done after Samson's death.

Wesley: Jdg 17:2 - Cursedst That is, didst curse the person who had taken them away.

That is, didst curse the person who had taken them away.

Wesley: Jdg 17:2 - I took it The fear of thy curse makes me acknowledge mine offence, and beg thy pardon.

The fear of thy curse makes me acknowledge mine offence, and beg thy pardon.

Wesley: Jdg 17:2 - Blessed I willingly consent to, and beg from God the removal of the curse, and a blessing instead of it. Be thou free from my curse, because thou hast so hone...

I willingly consent to, and beg from God the removal of the curse, and a blessing instead of it. Be thou free from my curse, because thou hast so honestly restored it.

Wesley: Jdg 17:3 - The Lord In the Hebrew it is, Jehovah, the incommunicable name of God. Whereby it is apparent, that neither she, nor her son, intended to forsake the true God;...

In the Hebrew it is, Jehovah, the incommunicable name of God. Whereby it is apparent, that neither she, nor her son, intended to forsake the true God; as appears from his rejoicing when he had got a priest of the Lord's appointment, but only to worship God by an image; which also both the Israelites, Exo 32:1, &c. and Jeroboam afterwards, designed to do.

Wesley: Jdg 17:3 - For my son For the benefit of thyself and family; that you need not be continually going to Shiloh to worship, but may do it at home.

For the benefit of thyself and family; that you need not be continually going to Shiloh to worship, but may do it at home.

Wesley: Jdg 17:3 - To thee To dispose of, as I say.

To dispose of, as I say.

Wesley: Jdg 17:4 - Restored Though his mother allowed him to keep it, yet he persisted in his resolution to restore it, that she might dispose of it as she pleased.

Though his mother allowed him to keep it, yet he persisted in his resolution to restore it, that she might dispose of it as she pleased.

Wesley: Jdg 17:4 - Two hundred Reserving nine hundred shekels, either for the ephod or teraphim, or for other things relating to this worship.

Reserving nine hundred shekels, either for the ephod or teraphim, or for other things relating to this worship.

Wesley: Jdg 17:5 - Of gods That is, an house consecrated for the service of God in this manner.

That is, an house consecrated for the service of God in this manner.

Wesley: Jdg 17:5 - Teraphim A sort of images so called.

A sort of images so called.

Wesley: Jdg 17:5 - One of his sons Because the Levites in that corrupt estate of the church, neglected the exercise of their office, and therefore they were neglected by the people, and...

Because the Levites in that corrupt estate of the church, neglected the exercise of their office, and therefore they were neglected by the people, and others put into their employment.

Wesley: Jdg 17:6 - No king No judge to govern and control them. The word king being used largely for a supreme magistrate. God raised up judges to rule and deliver the people, w...

No judge to govern and control them. The word king being used largely for a supreme magistrate. God raised up judges to rule and deliver the people, when he saw fit; and at other times for their sins he suffered them to be without them, and such a time this was; and therefore they ran into that idolatry, from which the judges usually kept them; as appears by that solemn and oft - repeated passage in this book, that after the death of such or such a judge, the people forsook the Lord, and turned to idols.

Wesley: Jdg 17:6 - His own eyes That is, not what pleased God, but what best suited his own fancy.

That is, not what pleased God, but what best suited his own fancy.

Wesley: Jdg 17:7 - Bethlehem judah - So called here, as Mat 2:1, Mat 2:5, to difference it from Bethlehem in Zebulun. There he was born and bred.

judah - So called here, as Mat 2:1, Mat 2:5, to difference it from Bethlehem in Zebulun. There he was born and bred.

Wesley: Jdg 17:7 - Of Judah That is, of or belonging to the tribe of Judah; not by birth, for he was a Levite; but by his habitation and ministration. For the Levites were disper...

That is, of or belonging to the tribe of Judah; not by birth, for he was a Levite; but by his habitation and ministration. For the Levites were dispersed among all the tribes; and this man's lot fell into the tribe of Judah.

Wesley: Jdg 17:7 - Sojourned So he expresseth it, because this was not the proper place of his abode, this being no Levitical city.

So he expresseth it, because this was not the proper place of his abode, this being no Levitical city.

Wesley: Jdg 17:8 - To sojourn For employment and a livelihood; for the tithes and offerings, which were their maintenance, not being brought into the house of God, the Levites and ...

For employment and a livelihood; for the tithes and offerings, which were their maintenance, not being brought into the house of God, the Levites and priests were reduced to straights.

Wesley: Jdg 17:10 - A father That is, a priest, a spiritual father, a teacher or instructor. He pretends reverence and submission to him; and what is wanting in his wages, he pays...

That is, a priest, a spiritual father, a teacher or instructor. He pretends reverence and submission to him; and what is wanting in his wages, he pays him in titles.

Wesley: Jdg 17:11 - Content Being infected with the common superstition and idolatry of the times.

Being infected with the common superstition and idolatry of the times.

Wesley: Jdg 17:11 - His sons That is, treated with the same degree of kindness and affection.

That is, treated with the same degree of kindness and affection.

Wesley: Jdg 17:12 - Consecrated To be a priest, for which he thought a consecration necessary, as knowing the Levites were no less excluded from the priest's office than the people.

To be a priest, for which he thought a consecration necessary, as knowing the Levites were no less excluded from the priest's office than the people.

Wesley: Jdg 17:12 - The young man Instead of his son, whom he had consecrated, but now seems to restrain him from the exercise of that office, and to devolve it wholly upon the Levite,...

Instead of his son, whom he had consecrated, but now seems to restrain him from the exercise of that office, and to devolve it wholly upon the Levite, who was nearer akin to it.

Wesley: Jdg 17:13 - Do me good I am assured God will bless me. So blind and grossly partial he was in his judgment, to think that one right circumstance would answer for all his sub...

I am assured God will bless me. So blind and grossly partial he was in his judgment, to think that one right circumstance would answer for all his substantial errors, in making and worshipping images against God's express command, in worshipping God in a forbidden place, by a priest illegally appointed.

JFB: Jdg 17:1 - a man of mount Ephraim That is, the mountainous parts of Ephraim. This and the other narratives that follow form a miscellaneous collection, or appendix to the Book of Judge...

That is, the mountainous parts of Ephraim. This and the other narratives that follow form a miscellaneous collection, or appendix to the Book of Judges. It belongs to a period when the Hebrew nation was in a greatly disordered and corrupt state. This episode of Micah is connected with Jdg 1:34. It relates to his foundation of a small sanctuary of his own--a miniature representation of the Shiloh tabernacle--which he stocked with images modelled probably in imitation of the ark and cherubim. Micah and his mother were sincere in their intention to honor God. But their faith was blended with a sad amount of ignorance and delusion. The divisive course they pursued, as well as the will-worship they practised, subjected the perpetrators to the penalty of death.

JFB: Jdg 17:3 - a graven image and a molten image The one carved from a block of wood or stone, to be plated over with silver; the other, a figure formed of the solid metal cast into a mould. It is ob...

The one carved from a block of wood or stone, to be plated over with silver; the other, a figure formed of the solid metal cast into a mould. It is observable, however, that only two hundred shekels were given to the founder. Probably the expense of making two such figures of silver, with their appurtenances (pedestals, bases, &c.), might easily cost, in those days, two hundred shekels, which (at 2 shillings, 4 pence each, is about 23 pounds) would be a sum not adequate to the formation of large statues [TAYLOR, Fragments].

JFB: Jdg 17:5 - the man Micah had an house of gods Hebrew, "a house of God"--a domestic chapel, a private religious establishment of his own.

Hebrew, "a house of God"--a domestic chapel, a private religious establishment of his own.

JFB: Jdg 17:5 - an ephod (see on Exo 28:6).

(see on Exo 28:6).

JFB: Jdg 17:5 - teraphim Tutelary gods of the household (see Gen 31:19 and see on Gen 31:26).

Tutelary gods of the household (see Gen 31:19 and see on Gen 31:26).

JFB: Jdg 17:5 - consecrated one of his sons who became his priest The assumption of the priestly office by any one out of the family of Aaron was a direct violation of the divine law (Num 3:10; Num 16:17; Deu 21:5; H...

The assumption of the priestly office by any one out of the family of Aaron was a direct violation of the divine law (Num 3:10; Num 16:17; Deu 21:5; Heb 5:4).

JFB: Jdg 17:6 - every man did that which was right in his own eyes From want of a settled government, there was no one to call him to account. No punishment followed any crime.

From want of a settled government, there was no one to call him to account. No punishment followed any crime.

JFB: Jdg 17:7 - Beth-lehem-judah So called in contradistinction to a town of the same name in Zebulun (Jos 19:15).

So called in contradistinction to a town of the same name in Zebulun (Jos 19:15).

JFB: Jdg 17:7 - of the family That is, tribe.

That is, tribe.

JFB: Jdg 17:7 - of Judah Men of the tribe of Levi might connect themselves, as Aaron did (Exo 6:23), by marriage with another tribe; and this young Levite belonged to the trib...

Men of the tribe of Levi might connect themselves, as Aaron did (Exo 6:23), by marriage with another tribe; and this young Levite belonged to the tribe of Judah, by his mother's side, which accounts for his being in Beth-lehem, not one of the Levitical cities.

JFB: Jdg 17:8 - the man departed . . . to sojourn where he could find a place A competent provision being secured for every member of the Levitical order, his wandering about showed him to have been a person of a roving disposit...

A competent provision being secured for every member of the Levitical order, his wandering about showed him to have been a person of a roving disposition or unsettled habits. In the course of his journeying he came to the house of Micah, who, on learning what he was, engaged his permanent services.

JFB: Jdg 17:10 - Micah said unto him, Dwell with me, and be unto me a father A spiritual father, to conduct the religious services of my establishment. He was to receive, in addition to his board, a salary of ten shekels of sil...

A spiritual father, to conduct the religious services of my establishment. He was to receive, in addition to his board, a salary of ten shekels of silver, equal to 25 shillings a year.

JFB: Jdg 17:10 - a suit of apparel Not only dress for ordinary use, but vestments suitable for the discharge of his priestly functions.

Not only dress for ordinary use, but vestments suitable for the discharge of his priestly functions.

JFB: Jdg 17:12 - Micah consecrated the Levite Hebrew, "filled his hand." This act of consecration was not less unlawful for Micah to perform than for this Levite to receive (see on Jdg 18:30).

Hebrew, "filled his hand." This act of consecration was not less unlawful for Micah to perform than for this Levite to receive (see on Jdg 18:30).

JFB: Jdg 17:13 - Now know I that the Lord will do me good The removal of his son, followed by the installation of this Levite into the priestly office, seems to have satisfied his conscience, that by what he ...

The removal of his son, followed by the installation of this Levite into the priestly office, seems to have satisfied his conscience, that by what he deemed the orderly ministrations of religion he would prosper. This expression of his hope evinces the united influence of ignorance and superstition.

Clarke: Jdg 17:1 - And there was a man of Mount Ephraim And there was a man of Mount Ephraim - It is extremely difficult to fix the chronology of this and the following transactions. Some think them to be...

And there was a man of Mount Ephraim - It is extremely difficult to fix the chronology of this and the following transactions. Some think them to be here in their natural order; others, that they happened in the time of Joshua, or immediately after the ancients who outlived Joshua. All that can be said with certainty is this, that they happened when there was no king in Israel; i.e., about the time of the Judges, or in some time of the anarchy, Jdg 17:6.

Clarke: Jdg 17:2 - About which thou cursedst About which thou cursedst - Houbigant and others understand this of putting the young man to his oath. It is likely that when the mother of Micah mi...

About which thou cursedst - Houbigant and others understand this of putting the young man to his oath. It is likely that when the mother of Micah missed the money, she poured imprecations on the thief; and that Micah, who had secreted it, hearing this, was alarmed, and restored the money lest the curses should fall on him.

Clarke: Jdg 17:3 - I had wholly dedicated I had wholly dedicated - From this it appears that Micah’ s mother, though she made a superstitious use of the money, had no idolatrous design,...

I had wholly dedicated - From this it appears that Micah’ s mother, though she made a superstitious use of the money, had no idolatrous design, for she expressly says she had dedicated it ליהוה layhovah , to Jehovah; and this appears to have been the reason why she poured imprecations on him who had taken it.

Clarke: Jdg 17:4 - A graven image and a molten image A graven image and a molten image - What these images were, we cannot positively say; they were most probably some resemblance of matters belonging ...

A graven image and a molten image - What these images were, we cannot positively say; they were most probably some resemblance of matters belonging to the tabernacle. See below.

Clarke: Jdg 17:5 - The man Micah had a house of gods The man Micah had a house of gods - בית אלהים beith Elohim should, I think, be translated house or temple of God; for it is very likely t...

The man Micah had a house of gods - בית אלהים beith Elohim should, I think, be translated house or temple of God; for it is very likely that both the mother and the son intended no more than a private or domestic chapel, in which they proposed to set up the worship of the true God

Clarke: Jdg 17:5 - Made an ephod Made an ephod - Perhaps the whole of this case may be stated thus: Micah built a house of God - a chapel in imitation of the sanctuary; he made a gr...

Made an ephod - Perhaps the whole of this case may be stated thus: Micah built a house of God - a chapel in imitation of the sanctuary; he made a graven image representing the ark, a molten image to represent the mercy-seat, teraphim to represent the cherubim above the mercy-seat, and an ephod in imitation of the sacerdotal garments; and he consecrated one of his sons to be priest. Thus gross idolatry was not the crime of Micah; he only set up in his own house an epitome of the Divine worship as performed at Shiloh. What the teraphim were, see the note on Gen 31:19; for the ephod, see the note on Exo 25:7; and for the sacerdotal vestments in general, see the note on Exo 28:4, etc

Clarke: Jdg 17:5 - Who became his priest Who became his priest - כהן cohen , which the Targum translates chumera . The word כהן cohen is the common name in Hebrew for a priest of...

Who became his priest - כהן cohen , which the Targum translates chumera . The word כהן cohen is the common name in Hebrew for a priest of the true God; but sometimes it is applied to idolatrous priests. When it is to be understood in the former sense, the Targum renders it cahen ; when in the latter, it uses the word כומרא chumera , by which it always understands an idolatrous priest. But that this was not a case of idolatry, and that the true God was worshipped here, is evident from the word Jehovah being used, Jdg 17:4, and oracular answers being given at this house, as we see from Jdg 18:6, etc.

Clarke: Jdg 17:6 - There was no king in Israel There was no king in Israel - The word מלך melech , which generally means king, is sometimes taken for a supreme governor, judge, magistrate, or...

There was no king in Israel - The word מלך melech , which generally means king, is sometimes taken for a supreme governor, judge, magistrate, or ruler of any kind; (see Gen 36:31, and Deu 33:5); and it is likely it should be so understood here

Clarke: Jdg 17:6 - Every man did that which was right in his own eyes Every man did that which was right in his own eyes - He was his own governor, and what he did he said was right; and, by his cunning and strength, d...

Every man did that which was right in his own eyes - He was his own governor, and what he did he said was right; and, by his cunning and strength, defended his conduct. When a man’ s own will, passions, and caprice, are to be made the rule of law, society is in a most perilous and ruinous state. Civil government is of God; and without it the earth must soon be desolated. There was a time when there was no king in England; and that was, in general, a time of scandal to religion, and oppression to men.

Clarke: Jdg 17:7 - Of the family of Judah Of the family of Judah - The word family may be taken here for tribe; or the young man might have been of the tribe of Judah by his mother, and of t...

Of the family of Judah - The word family may be taken here for tribe; or the young man might have been of the tribe of Judah by his mother, and of the tribe of Levi by his father, for he is called here a Levite; and it is probable that he might have officiated at Shiloh, in the Levitical office. A Levite might marry into any other tribe, providing the woman was not an heiress.

Clarke: Jdg 17:8 - To sojourn where he could find To sojourn where he could find - He went about the country seeking for some employment, for the Levites had no inheritance: besides, no secure resid...

To sojourn where he could find - He went about the country seeking for some employment, for the Levites had no inheritance: besides, no secure residence could be found where there was no civil government.

Clarke: Jdg 17:10 - Be unto me a father and a priest Be unto me a father and a priest - Thou shalt be master of my house, as if thou wert my father; and, as priest, thou shalt appear in the presence of...

Be unto me a father and a priest - Thou shalt be master of my house, as if thou wert my father; and, as priest, thou shalt appear in the presence of God for me. The term father is often used to express honor and reverence

Clarke: Jdg 17:10 - Ten shekels of silver Ten shekels of silver - About thirty shillings per annum, with board, lodging, and clothes. Very good wages in those early times.

Ten shekels of silver - About thirty shillings per annum, with board, lodging, and clothes. Very good wages in those early times.

Clarke: Jdg 17:11 - The Levite was content The Levite was content - He thought the place a good one, and the wages respectable.

The Levite was content - He thought the place a good one, and the wages respectable.

Clarke: Jdg 17:12 - Micah consecrated the Levite Micah consecrated the Levite - וימלא את יד vayemalle eth yad , he filled his hands, i.e., he gave him an offering to present before the Lo...

Micah consecrated the Levite - וימלא את יד vayemalle eth yad , he filled his hands, i.e., he gave him an offering to present before the Lord, that he might be accepted by him. He appointed him to be priest; God was to accept and consecrate him; and for this purpose he filled his hand; i.e., furnished him with the proper offering which he was to present on his inauguration.

Clarke: Jdg 17:13 - Now know I that the Lord will do me good Now know I that the Lord will do me good - As he had already provided an epitome of the tabernacle, a model of the ark, mercy-seat, and cherubim; an...

Now know I that the Lord will do me good - As he had already provided an epitome of the tabernacle, a model of the ark, mercy-seat, and cherubim; and had got proper sacerdotal vestments, and a Levite to officiate; he took for granted that all was right, and that he should now have the benediction of God. Some think that he expected great gain from the concourse of the people to his temple; but of this there is no evidence in the text. Micah appears to have been perfectly sincere in all that he did

I Have already remarked that there is no positive evidence that Micah or his mother intended to establish any idolatrous worship. Though they acted without any Divine command in what they did; yet they appear, not only to have been perfectly sincere, but also perfectly disinterested. They put themselves to considerable expense to erect this place of worship, and to maintain, at their own proper charges, a priest to officiate there; and without this the place, in all probability, would have been destitute of the worship and knowledge of the true God. His sincerity, disinterestedness, and attachment to the worship of the God of his fathers, are farther seen in the joy which he expressed on finding a Levite who might legally officiate in his house. It is true, he had not a Divine warrant for what he did; but the state of the land, the profligacy of his countrymen, his distance from Shiloh, etc., considered, he appears to deserve more praise than blame, though of the latter he has received a most liberal share from every quarter. This proceeds from that often-noticed propensity in man to take every thing which concerns the character of another by the worst handle. It cannot be considered any particular crime, should these notes be found at any time leaning to the other side.

Defender: Jdg 17:6 - no king in Israel Four times (Jdg 17:6; Jdg 18:1; Jdg 19:1; Jdg 21:25), we are told in this book that "there was no king in Israel in those days," indicating that the b...

Four times (Jdg 17:6; Jdg 18:1; Jdg 19:1; Jdg 21:25), we are told in this book that "there was no king in Israel in those days," indicating that the book must have been compiled either by Samuel or someone else of his or a later generation. The first and last of these references add that "every man did that which was right in his own eyes." With no centralized government, except for the spiritual center in the tabernacle at Shiloh, the judges were tribal leaders who managed to secure some following in tribes other than their own. Some of these judges (Jepthah and Samson) may well have exercised leadership contemporaneously over different groups of tribes in Israel. There are no clear chronological and genealogical summaries in Joshua and Judges as there are in the Pentateuch."

TSK: Jdg 17:1 - there was // mount am 2585, bc 1419, An, Ex, Is, 72 there was : It is extremely difficult to fix the chronology of this and the following transactions. Some think them ...

am 2585, bc 1419, An, Ex, Is, 72

there was : It is extremely difficult to fix the chronology of this and the following transactions. Some think them to be here in their natural order; others that they happened in the time of Joshua, or immediately after the ancients who outlived him. All that can be said with certainly is, that they happened when there was no king in Israel; that is, about the time of the judges, or in some time of the anarchy (Jdg 17:6.)

mount : Jdg 10:1; Jos 15:9, Jos 17:14-18

TSK: Jdg 17:2 - about // cursedst // I took it // Blessed about : etc. Houbigant renders this, ""and for which you put me to my oath." cursedst : Jdg 5:23; Deu 27:16; 1Sa 14:24, 1Sa 14:28, 1Sa 26:19; Neh 13:2...

about : etc. Houbigant renders this, ""and for which you put me to my oath."

cursedst : Jdg 5:23; Deu 27:16; 1Sa 14:24, 1Sa 14:28, 1Sa 26:19; Neh 13:25; Jer 48:10; Mat 26:74; Rom 9:3; 1Co 16:22

I took it : Pro 28:24

Blessed : Gen 14:19, Gen 24:30, Gen 24:31; Exo 20:7; Rth 3:10; 1Sa 23:21; Neh 13:25; Psa 10:3; 2Jo 1:11

TSK: Jdg 17:3 - I had wholly // a graven image I had wholly : Jdg 17:13, Jdg 18:5; Isa 66:3 a graven image : Exo 20:4, Exo 20:23; Lev 19:4; Deu 12:3; Psa 115:4-8; Isa 40:18-25, Isa 44:9-20; Jer 10:...

TSK: Jdg 17:4 - two hundred two hundred : Isa 46:6, Isa 46:7; Jer 10:9, Jer 10:10

two hundred : Isa 46:6, Isa 46:7; Jer 10:9, Jer 10:10

TSK: Jdg 17:5 - an house of gods // ephod // teraphim // consecrated // his sons an house of gods : or, as baith Elohim may also signify, ""a house of God.""Jdg 18:24; Gen 31:30; Ezr 1:7; Hos 8:14 ephod : Jdg 8:27, Jdg 18:14; Exo 2...

an house of gods : or, as baith Elohim may also signify, ""a house of God.""Jdg 18:24; Gen 31:30; Ezr 1:7; Hos 8:14

ephod : Jdg 8:27, Jdg 18:14; Exo 28:4, Exo 28:15; 1Sa 23:6

teraphim : Gen 31:19, Gen 31:30 *marg. Hos 3:4

consecrated : Heb. filled the hand, Exo 29:9; 1Ki 12:31, 1Ki 13:33, 1Ki 13:34; Heb 5:4

his sons : Exo 24:5

TSK: Jdg 17:6 - no king // right no king : Jdg 18:1, Jdg 19:1, Jdg 21:3, Jdg 21:25; Gen 36:31; Deu 33:5 right : Deu 12:8; Psa 12:4; Pro 12:15, Pro 14:12, Pro 16:2; Ecc 11:9; Jer 44:16...

TSK: Jdg 17:7 - of the family Beth-lehem-judah, Jdg 19:1, Jdg 19:2; Gen 35:19; Jos 19:15; Rth 1:1, Rth 1:2; Mic 5:2; Mat 2:1, Mat 2:5, Mat 2:6 of the family : That is, of the tribe...

Beth-lehem-judah, Jdg 19:1, Jdg 19:2; Gen 35:19; Jos 19:15; Rth 1:1, Rth 1:2; Mic 5:2; Mat 2:1, Mat 2:5, Mat 2:6

of the family : That is, of the tribe of Judah by his mother; and of that of Levi by his father.

TSK: Jdg 17:8 - departed // as he journeyed departed : Jdg 17:11; Neh 13:10, Neh 13:11 as he journeyed : Heb. in making his way

departed : Jdg 17:11; Neh 13:10, Neh 13:11

as he journeyed : Heb. in making his way

TSK: Jdg 17:10 - a father // I will give // a suit of apparel a father : Jdg 17:11, Jdg 18:19; Gen 45:8; 2Ki 6:21, 2Ki 8:8, 2Ki 8:9, 2Ki 13:14; Job 29:16; Isa 22:21 I will give : Jdg 18:20; 1Sa 2:36; Eze 13:19; M...

a father : Jdg 17:11, Jdg 18:19; Gen 45:8; 2Ki 6:21, 2Ki 8:8, 2Ki 8:9, 2Ki 13:14; Job 29:16; Isa 22:21

I will give : Jdg 18:20; 1Sa 2:36; Eze 13:19; Mat 26:15; Joh 12:6; 1Ti 6:10; 1Pe 5:2

a suit of apparel : or, a double suit, etc. Heb. an order of garments

TSK: Jdg 17:12 - consecrated // his priest consecrated : Jdg 17:5 his priest : Jdg 18:30; Num 16:5, Num 16:8-10; 1Ki 12:31, 1Ki 13:33, 1Ki 13:34

TSK: Jdg 17:13 - -- Pro 14:12; Isa 44:20, Isa 66:3, Isa 66:4; Mat 15:9, Mat 15:13; Joh 16:2; Act 26:9; Rom 10:2, Rom 10:3

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Jdg 17:2 - About which thou cursedst // Blessed be thou of the Lord About which thou cursedst i.e. didst curse the person who had taken them away, and that in my hearing, as it follows. I took it ; the fear of thy cu...

About which thou cursedst i.e. didst curse the person who had taken them away, and that in my hearing, as it follows. I took it ; the fear of thy curse makes me acknowledge mine offence, and beg thy pardon.

Blessed be thou of the Lord I willingly consent to and beg from God the removal of the curse, and a blessing instead of it. Be thou free from my curse, because thou hast so honestly restored it.

Poole: Jdg 17:3 - The Lord // For my son // A graven image and a molten image // I will restore it unto thee The Lord in the Hebrew it is Jehovah , the incommunicable name of God; whereby it is apparent that neither she nor her son intended to forsake the t...

The Lord in the Hebrew it is Jehovah , the incommunicable name of God; whereby it is apparent that neither she nor her son intended to forsake the true God or his worship; as appears from his rejoicing when he had got a priest of the Lord’ s appointment, of the tribe of Levi, Jud 17:13 ; but only to worship God by an image; which also it is apparent that both the Israelites, Exo 32:1 , &c., and Jeroboam afterwards, designed to do.

For my son either, first, For the honour and benefit of thyself and family; that you need not be continually going to Shiloh to worship, but may do it as well at home by these images. Or, secondly, That thou mayst cause these things to be made; to which end she restored all the money to him, as it here follows.

A graven image and a molten image many think this was but one image, partly graven, and partly molten. But it seems more probable that they were two distinct images, because they are so plainly distinguished, Jud 18:17,18 , where also some other words come between them. It is true, the graven image alone is mentioned, Jud 18:20,30,31 , not exclusively to the other, as appears from what is said just before; but by a common synecdoche, whereby one is put for all, especially where that one is esteemed the chief.

I will restore it unto thee to dispose of, as I say.

Poole: Jdg 17:4 - Yet he restored the money unto his mother // His mother took two hundred shekels of silver // Who made thereof Yet he restored the money unto his mother though his mother allowed him to keep it, yet he persisted in his resolution to restore it, that she might ...

Yet he restored the money unto his mother though his mother allowed him to keep it, yet he persisted in his resolution to restore it, that she might dispose of it as she pleased; and did actually restore it, as was said before; and now confirms the former restitution, and therefore is twice said to restore it .

His mother took two hundred shekels of silver reserving nine hundred shekels, either for the ephod and teraphim, or for other things relating to this worship, or for her own private use; being, it seems, cooled in her first zeal, and willing to have as cheap a religion as she could, as also her son Micah was, Jud 17:10 .

Who made thereof made them, either first, of that matter; or secondly, for that money.

Poole: Jdg 17:5 - An house of gods // An ephod // Teraphim // Who became his priest An house of gods i.e. an house or place consecrated for the service of God in this manner. An ephod an eminent part of the priestly garments, Exo 2...

An house of gods i.e. an house or place consecrated for the service of God in this manner.

An ephod an eminent part of the priestly garments, Exo 28:4 , which, some think, is here put for all of them.

Teraphim some sort of images so called, of which see Gen 31:19 Hos 3:4 .

Who became his priest because the Levites in that corrupt estate of the church neglected the exercise of their office, and therefore were neglected by the people, and others put into their employment. But this kind of priesthood was condemned, Num 16:40 18:2,7 .

Poole: Jdg 17:6 - No king // That which was right in his own eyes No king i.e. no judge to govern and control them. The word king being here used largely for a supreme magistrate; as Gen 36:31 Deu 33:5 . God raise...

No king i.e. no judge to govern and control them. The word king being here used largely for a supreme magistrate; as Gen 36:31 Deu 33:5 . God raised up judges to rule and deliver the people when he saw fit; and at other times for their sins he suffered them to be without them, and such a time this was; and therefore they ran into that idolatry from which the judges usually kept them, as appears by that solemn and oft-repeated passage in this book, that after the death of such or such a judge the people forsook the Lord, and turned to idols.

That which was right in his own eyes i.e. not what pleased God, but what best suited his own fancy or lusts.

Poole: Jdg 17:7 - Out of Beth-lehem-judah // He sojourned there Out of Beth-lehem-judah or, of Beth-lehem-judah ; so called here, as Mat 2:1,5 , to difference it from Bethlehem in Zebulun, Jos 19:15 . There he wa...

Out of Beth-lehem-judah or, of Beth-lehem-judah ; so called here, as Mat 2:1,5 , to difference it from Bethlehem in Zebulun, Jos 19:15 . There he was born and bred. Of the family of Judah, i.e. of or belonging to the tribe of Judah; not by birth, for he was a Levite; nor by his mother, for though that might be true, the mother’ s side is not regarded in genealogies; but by his habitation and ministration. For the Levites, especially in times of confusion and irreligion, were dispersed among all the tribes; and this man’ s lot fell into the tribe of Judah; which seems to be here noted by way of reflection upon that tribe, and as an evidence of the general defection, that a Levite could not find entertainment in that great and famous tribe, which God had put so much honour upon, Gen 49:8-11 , and therefore was forced to wander and seek for subsistence elsewhere.

He sojourned there so he expresseth it, because this was not the proper nor usual place of his abode, this being no Levitical city.

Poole: Jdg 17:8 - Where he could find a place Where he could find a place for employment and a livelihood; for the tithes and offerings, which were their maintenance, not being brought in to the ...

Where he could find a place for employment and a livelihood; for the tithes and offerings, which were their maintenance, not being brought in to the house of God, the Levites and priests must needs be reduced to great straits.

Poole: Jdg 17:10 - A father and a priest A father and a priest for, a father ; that is, a priest ; a spiritual father, a teacher or instructor, for such are called fathers: see 2Ki 6:21 8:...

A father and a priest for, a father ; that is, a priest ; a spiritual father, a teacher or instructor, for such are called fathers: see 2Ki 6:21 8:9 13:14 Isa 22:21 . He pretends reverence and submission to him; and what is wanting in his wages he pays him in empty titles.

Poole: Jdg 17:11 - The Levite was content // Was unto him as one of his sons The Levite was content being constrained by necessity, and infected with the common contagion of the superstition and idolatry of the times. Was unt...

The Levite was content being constrained by necessity, and infected with the common contagion of the superstition and idolatry of the times.

Was unto him as one of his sons i.e. treated with the same degree of kindness and affection.

Poole: Jdg 17:12 - Consecrated the Levite // Became his priest Consecrated the Levite to be a priest, for which he thought a consecration necessary, as knowing that the Levites were no less excluded from the prie...

Consecrated the Levite to be a priest, for which he thought a consecration necessary, as knowing that the Levites were no less excluded from the priest’ s office than the people.

Became his priest instead of his son, whom he had consecrated for want of a fitter, Jud 17:5 ; but now seems to restrain him from the exercise of that office, and to devolve it wholly upon the Levite, who was nearer akin to it.

Poole: Jdg 17:13 - I am assured God will bless me I am assured God will bless me So blind and grossly partial he was in his judgment, to think that one right circumstance would answer for all his sub...

I am assured God will bless me So blind and grossly partial he was in his judgment, to think that one right circumstance would answer for all his substantial errors, in making and worshipping images against God’ s express command, in worshipping God in a forbidden place, and in that he, being an Ephraimite, presumed to make a priest, &c.

Haydock: Jdg 17:1 - At that time // Ephraim At that time, is not in the Hebrew or Septuagint. It only means that the event which is recorded took place at some time, which the sacred writer do...

At that time, is not in the Hebrew or Septuagint. It only means that the event which is recorded took place at some time, which the sacred writer does not determine. We should conclude, that the histories which fill up the remainder of this book, ought to be placed after the death of Samson, (Serarius, &c.) if some passages did not determine us to allow that their proper order must be soon after the death of Josue and of the ancients. The grandson of Moses must, on the former supposition, have been extremely old, whereas he is said to have been a young man, ver. 7. The tribe of Dan was still straitened for room, chap. xviii. 1, &c. (Calmet) ---

Josephus, ([Antiquities?] v. 2,) who passed over the history of Michas. (Salien, in the year of the world 2622, the 22d year of Othoniel and Phinees. (Haydock) ---

Anarchy at that time prevailed, (ver. 6,) so that we need not wonder to behold such confusion among the Israelites. (Menochius) ---

Ephraim. The country was mountainous for nine miles. (Adrichomius)

Haydock: Jdg 17:2 - Mother // Swear // Lord Mother. A rich (Calmet) old widow, since she had grandchildren, one of whom was appointed to serve her domestic chapel. (Menochius) --- She had lo...

Mother. A rich (Calmet) old widow, since she had grandchildren, one of whom was appointed to serve her domestic chapel. (Menochius) ---

She had lost a sum of money, and was venting imprecations against the thief, when her son came and informed her that he had it safe, upon which she changed her curses into blessings. ---

Swear, may have another meaning, as if she had made a vow of this money. (Calmet; Menochius) ---

Lord. Hebrew Yehova, the title of God, which she gives to idols, (Menochius) or perhaps she preposterously adored both the true and false gods at the same time. (Calmet) ---

Many Protestants assert that her intention was good, in what she did. (Monceius; Grotius, &c.) ---

So willing are they to excuse all from idolatry but Catholics! (Haydock) ---

Almost all interpreters condemn Michas and his mother of superstition, and of acting contrary to the express orders of God, in appointing a priest who was not of the family of Aaron, &c. (Calmet) ---

Their graven image was an idol. But this is no proof against the sacred images of Catholics. (Worthington)

Haydock: Jdg 17:3 - God God. Hebrew pesel umaseca. The word thing, would perhaps be as well substituted, as (Haydock) all are not convinced that the woman was guilty o...

God. Hebrew pesel umaseca. The word thing, would perhaps be as well substituted, as (Haydock) all are not convinced that the woman was guilty of idolatry. (Cajetan) ---

The same figure might be both graven and molten. The image was first carved, and then covered with plates of gold, &c., in the more ancient times. (Calmet) ---

There might be two figures made by Michas. (Salien) ---

The Theraphim denote "images which foretel what is to happen." (Rabbins; Tirinus) ---

But this is not always the case. (Haydock)

Haydock: Jdg 17:5 - That....idols // Hand // Priest That....idols is added by the Vulgate. St. Jerome supposes that the ephod denotes all the sacerdotal vestments, and the theraphim whatever else wa...

That....idols is added by the Vulgate. St. Jerome supposes that the ephod denotes all the sacerdotal vestments, and the theraphim whatever else was requisite for priestly functions, ep. ad Marcel. Grotius is of opinion that these theraphim, or cherubim, are styled elohim, gods, (ver. 5) and that the altar, candlesticks, &c., are designated above by whatever was to be graven or molten. Michas had a mind to represent the tabernacle, with its ornaments, in miniature. By the theraphim he might imitate the urim, &c., at the expense of 200 sicles, while 900 might be set apart for the other ornaments. (Calmet) ---

Many think that he wished to have domestic gods, like the Lares or Penates. ---

Hand. That is, appointed and consecrated him to the priestly office. (Challoner) ---

He put in his hand the offerings which he had to make, as was customary, Exodus xxviii. 41. (Calmet) ---

Priest, contrary to all order. (Menochius) (Numbers iii. 10., and Hebrews v. 4.) (Calmet) ---

The anointing of his hands with oil, prescribed, (Leviticus viii.) could give him no authority. (Worthington)

Haydock: Jdg 17:6 - Himself Himself. Serarius thinks this took place before Heli was appointed to succeed Samson. But the opinion of Salien (Menochius) is more probable. For,...

Himself. Serarius thinks this took place before Heli was appointed to succeed Samson. But the opinion of Salien (Menochius) is more probable. For, though he places this history in the 22d year of Othoniel, yet we must remember that he attributes to him all the years of anarchy, so that this liberty was taken by an individual, when none had power or zeal enough to restrain it. How much would Phinees be mortified at this prevarication if he were still alive! (Haydock) ---

The title of king may be applied to the judges. But this book was probably written after the appointment of Saul. (Calmet)

Haydock: Jdg 17:7 - Another // Thereof Another, is not in Hebrew or the Septuagint but it refers to the former young priest, the son of Michas, whose place he took. --- Thereof. It is u...

Another, is not in Hebrew or the Septuagint but it refers to the former young priest, the son of Michas, whose place he took. ---

Thereof. It is uncertain whether this be spoken of the city or of the man. Some think that this Levite's mother was of Juda, though his father was the son of Moses, chap. xviii. 30. (Calmet) ---

He was poor, as the people neglected to pay tithes, and he imitated their irreligion, being of a fickle temper. He was yet single, (ver. 10 though he married among the Danites, chap. xviii. 30. (Menochius) ---

Being a Levite, he is esteemed fitter for the priesthood; so Protestants receive with joy an apostate Catholic priest. (Worthington)

Haydock: Jdg 17:10 - A father // Pieces, sicles // Double suit A father. So he styles him out of respect, as we do our directors. (Haydock) --- It is a title of dignity, Esther xvi. 11., 2 Machabees xiv. 37., ...

A father. So he styles him out of respect, as we do our directors. (Haydock) ---

It is a title of dignity, Esther xvi. 11., 2 Machabees xiv. 37., and 2 Paralipomenon ii. 13. (Calmet) ---

Pieces, sicles. ---

Double suit, one for summer and another for winter, (Menochius) or such as might be worn on common, or on sacred occasions, unless it rather mean a cloak and a tunic; (Calmet) a change of dress, chap. xiv. 13.

Haydock: Jdg 17:13 - Good Good. He was in hopes that the people would come and make their offerings with more zeal, so that he would derive greater advantage: the true charac...

Good. He was in hopes that the people would come and make their offerings with more zeal, so that he would derive greater advantage: the true character of superstitious misers, 1 Timothy vi. 5. (Calmet) -- He foolishly flattered himself that God would be pleased with his devotion; though he had done so many things contrary to the law. (Menochius) ---

Thus many form a religion to themselves, and would still claim the title of Christians. But the judge will drive them away with, I never knew you, Matthew vii. 23. They think that if they believe some things (which they are pleased to call fundamental, though the cannot agree what they are) they may form a "true Catholic church" out of all the contradictory heresies which have made such havoc in the world! Perhaps Michas thus deluded himself with the idea that his innovations were not fundamental. It is rather ridiculous to hear J. Wesley, and a late very weak defendant of his, (Mr. Slack,) refusing the title of Christian to Roman Catholics, while they prostitute it to almost every sectary. But heretics have, indeed, no just pretensions to it. See St. Athanasius, &c.

Gill: Jdg 17:1 - And there was a man of Mount Ephraim // whose name was Micah And there was a man of Mount Ephraim,.... This and the four following chapters contain an history of facts, which were done not after the death of Sam...

And there was a man of Mount Ephraim,.... This and the four following chapters contain an history of facts, which were done not after the death of Samson, as some have thought, and as they may seem at first sight, by the order in which they are laid; but long before his time, and indeed before any of the judges in Israel, when there was no king, judge, or supreme governor among them, as appears from Jdg 17:6 even between the death of Joshua and the elders, and the first judge of Israel, Othniel; and so Josephus e places them in his history, and the connection of them is with Jdg 2:10 and so accounts for the rise of idolatry in Israel, how it got into the tribe of Dan, and spread itself over all the tribes of Israel, Jdg 2:11 which brought on their servitude to Cushanrishathaim, in which time the Jewish chronology f places those events; but they were certainly before that, for the idolatry they fell into was the cause of it; yet could not be so early as the times of Joshua, and before his death; because in his days, and the days of the elders, Israel served the Lord; the reasons why they are postponed to the end of this book, and the account of them given here, are, according to Dr. Lightfoot g, that the reader observing how their state policy failed in the death of Samson, who was a Danite, might presently be showed God's justice in it, because their religion had first failed among the Danites; that when he observes that 1100 pieces of silver were given by every Philistine prince for the ruin of Samson, Jdg 16:5 he might presently observe the 1100 pieces of silver that were given by Micah's mother for the making of an idol, which ruined religion in Samson's tribe; that the story of Micah, of the hill country of Ephraim, the first destroyer of religion, and the story of Samuel, of the hill country of Ephraim, the first reformer of religion, might be laid together somewhat near. That the facts after related were so early done as has been observed, appears from the following things; the priest of the idol Micah made was a grandson of Moses, Jdg 18:30, the Danites' seeking to enlarge their possessions, related in the same chapter, was most probably as soon as they were driven into the mountains by the Amorites, Jdg 1:34. Mahanah Dan, from whence they marched, and had its name from their expedition, Jdg 18:12 is mentioned before in the history of Samson, Jdg 13:25 and therefore the expedition must be before his time. Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, was alive at the battle of Gibeah, Jdg 20:28 and Deborah speaks of the 40,000 Israelites slain by Benjamin at it, Jdg 5:8. This man with whom the idolatry began was of the tribe of Ephraim, and dwelt in the mountainous part of it:

whose name was Micah; in the original it is Micajehu, with part of the name Jehovah affixed to it, as Dr. Lightfoot h remarks, till he set up his image, and thenceforward was called Micah; but, according to Abarbinel, the former was his name while he was a child, and in his youth, and with his mother, being a diminutive term, and when he became a man be was called Micah, Jdg 17:5.

Gill: Jdg 17:2 - And he said unto his mother // the eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from thee // about which thou cursedst // and spakest of also in mine ears // and his mother said, blessed be thou of the Lord, my son And he said unto his mother,.... Who seems to have been a widow, and an ancient woman since Micah had sons, and one of them at age to become a priest:...

And he said unto his mother,.... Who seems to have been a widow, and an ancient woman since Micah had sons, and one of them at age to become a priest:

the eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from thee: which were taken away by stealth from her, though it may be rendered "taken to thee" i; which she had taken to herself out of the rest of her substance, and had separated and devoted it to religious uses; but Jarchi and Kimchi interpret it as we do, and which seems to be the best sense; of the value of this sum; see Gill on Jdg 16:5 and because the like sum is there offered, and was given to Delilah, hence some have thought, as Jarchi relates, that this woman was Delilah; but, as he observes, it is a mistake; for this woman lived long before the times of Samson and Delilah:

about which thou cursedst; which when she perceived was stolen from her, she fell into a passion, and cursed and swore, cursed the thief that took it, whether of her own family or another; or adjured her son, that if he knew anything of it, that he would declare it, suspecting him of the robbery; some think this refers to the oath she had made, that she would devote the silver to a religious use:

and spakest of also in mine ears; of the sum how much it was, and of the use she had designed it for; or rather the curse was delivered in his hearing, and cut him to the heart, and wrought that conviction in him, that he could not retain the money any longer, not being able to bear his mother's curse; though Abarbinel connects this with the following clause, "behold, the silver is with me"; as if the sense was, that she spake in his ears, and charged him with the theft to his face; saying, verily the silver is with thee, thou hast certainly taken it; upon which he confessed it, "I took it"; but the former sense seems best, that not being willing to lie under his mother's curse, he owned that the money was in his hands, and he had taken it from her:

and his mother said, blessed be thou of the Lord, my son; she reversed the curse, and pronounced a blessing on him, or wished one to him, and that without reproving him for his sin, rejoicing to hear of her money again.

Gill: Jdg 17:3 - And when he had restored the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother // his mother said, I had wholly dedicated the silver unto the Lord from my hand, for my son to make a graven image and a molten image // therefore I will restore it unto thee And when he had restored the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother,.... The whole sum, having embezzled none of it: his mother said, I had...

And when he had restored the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother,.... The whole sum, having embezzled none of it:

his mother said, I had wholly dedicated the silver unto the Lord from my hand, for my son to make a graven image and a molten image; this she had done either before it was stolen, and it troubled her the more, and caused her the rather to curse the man that had taken it; or after it was stolen, that if it should be recovered again she would appropriate it to such an use; so Abarbinel; and by the Lord, or Jehovah, she doubtless meant the true God; for she had no intention to forsake him, but to worship him in and by these images, and which she designed for the use of her son and his family, that they might not go so far as Shiloh to worship at the tabernacle there:

therefore I will restore it unto thee; for that use, and so gave him the money again, to be laid out in images, or to make images of it.

Gill: Jdg 17:4 - Yet he restored the money unto his mother // and his mother took two hundred shekels of silver, and gave them to the founder, who made thereof a graven image, and a molten image Yet he restored the money unto his mother,.... Gave it to her a second tithe, not as disapproving her idolatrous intention, as the sequel shows, but b...

Yet he restored the money unto his mother,.... Gave it to her a second tithe, not as disapproving her idolatrous intention, as the sequel shows, but being desirous to be entirely free of it, and not have his mind disturbed with it as it had been, and that she might do with it as she thought fit:

and his mother took two hundred shekels of silver, and gave them to the founder, who made thereof a graven image, and a molten image; the other nine hundred pieces she kept to herself, repenting of her vow, and being unwilling to part with so much money for such an use; or else they were laid out in an ephod, and teraphim, and what else were thought necessary for the idolatrous worship they were about to set up; though Kimchi is of opinion, that the two hundred shekels were what she gave the founder for making the images, and of the nine hundred the images were made; and indeed the images must be very small ones, if made out of two hundred shekels of silver only; some have thought there was but one image, called both molten and graven; because after the silver was melted, and cast into a mould, it was fashioned with a graving tool, as the golden calf was by Aaron; but they are manifestly distinguished and represented as two, Jdg 18:17 and they were in the house of Micah; in an apartment in his house, peculiar for them, as appears by the next verse; here they were put and continued.

Gill: Jdg 17:5 - And the man Micah had an house of gods // and made an ephod // and teraphim // and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest And the man Micah had an house of gods,.... Having two images in it, besides teraphim, which were a sort of idols; and the Targum is, an house of imag...

And the man Micah had an house of gods,.... Having two images in it, besides teraphim, which were a sort of idols; and the Targum is, an house of images, or idols; though it may be rendered "an house of God"; a temple, a place for religious worship:

and made an ephod; a priestly garment, a linen one very probably, not so rich an one with a breastplate to it as the high priest had, which was very costly. Ben Melech interprets it a girdle, and there was a curious girdle of the ephod, with which it was girt; this may be here put for the rest of the priestly garments which Micah provided:

and teraphim; which were a sort of household gods, like the Lares and Penates of the Romans, and by which consultations were made; See Gill on Hos 3:3, Hos 3:4, Zec 10:2 Micah proposed to have an oracle in his house, whereby he might consult the Lord about future things, and not be at the trouble of going to the tabernacle, and consult there by Urim and Thummim; and the same some take the teraphim to be:

and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest; or, "filled the hand" k of one of them; that is, with offerings, as Ben Melech interprets it; in which way priests were initiated, and consecrated to their office; see Exo 28:41 or, as Kimchi expresses it, he offered his offerings by the hand of one of his sons, and appointed him to be a priest, very probably his eldest son.

Gill: Jdg 17:6 - In those days there was no king in Israel // but every man did that which was right in his own eyes In those days there was no king in Israel,.... That is, no supreme magistrate, judge, or ruler, Joshua being dead and Caleb also, and the elders conte...

In those days there was no king in Israel,.... That is, no supreme magistrate, judge, or ruler, Joshua being dead and Caleb also, and the elders contemporary with them; for what the Samaritan Chronicle says l is without foundation, that Joshua a little before his death cast a lot in the presence of the congregation, to know who should govern after him, and the lot came to one Abel, of the tribe of Judah:

but every man did that which was right in his own eyes; which accounts for the idolatry of Micah, there being no supreme magistrate to take cognizance of his sin, and restrain him from it, or punish him for it according to the law of God.

Gill: Jdg 17:7 - And there was a young man out of Bethlehemjudah // of the family of Judah // who was a Levite And there was a young man out of Bethlehemjudah,.... As there were two Bethlehems, one in the tribe of Zebulun, Jos 19:15 and another in the tribe of ...

And there was a young man out of Bethlehemjudah,.... As there were two Bethlehems, one in the tribe of Zebulun, Jos 19:15 and another in the tribe of Judah, the place here designed, Judah is added to it, to distinguish it from the other:

of the family of Judah: which refers either to the young man, who was by his father's side a Levite, and by his mother's side, as Jarchi thinks, of the tribe of Judah, which seems very probable, though the genealogies of families were not reckoned from the mother; wherefore he might be so called because he had lived chiefly in the tribe of Judah, and particularly at Bethlehem; but Kimchi, and several other Jewish commentators, refer this to the city of Bethlehem, that was of the tribe of Judah, family being put for the tribe; or belonged to the children of Judah; though one would think there was no need to have added this, since it was fully expressed before by calling it Bethlehemjudah; the former sense therefore seems best:

who was a Levite; his father being, as before observed, of that tribe, though his mother might be of the tribe of Judah: and he sojourned there; that is, at Bethlehem; he was not a native, nor an inhabitant there, but a sojourner, it not being a Levitical city.

Gill: Jdg 17:8 - And the man departed out of the city from Bethlehemjudah // and he came to Mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah, as he journeyed And the man departed out of the city from Bethlehemjudah, to sojourn where he could find a place,.... Either being a man that had a rambling head, and...

And the man departed out of the city from Bethlehemjudah, to sojourn where he could find a place,.... Either being a man that had a rambling head, and of an unsettled mind, and could not easily fix any where; or else there being no supreme magistrate, to take care that the Levites had their due maintenance, for which there was a sufficient provision made by law; and the people being negligent of paying their tithes, there being none to oblige them to it, and they indifferent to the true worship of God, and prone to idolatry; this man was obliged to go abroad, and seek for a livelihood where he could get it, and sojourn in a place the most convenient for him:

and he came to Mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah, as he journeyed: not with a design to stay there, but called by the way, having heard perhaps that Micah was both a wealthy and an hospitable man, and he also might have heard of the new form of worship he had set up in his house.

Gill: Jdg 17:9 - And Micah said unto him, whence comest thou // and he said unto him, I am a Levite of Bethlehemjudah // and I go to sojourn where I may find a place And Micah said unto him, whence comest thou?.... For as he might ask for a meal, or for a night's lodging, it was but natural to put such a question t...

And Micah said unto him, whence comest thou?.... For as he might ask for a meal, or for a night's lodging, it was but natural to put such a question to him, as from whence he came, and what was his business in these parts? or whither he was going?

and he said unto him, I am a Levite of Bethlehemjudah; the tribe he was of was Levi, and so a Levite by tribe and office, and the place he came last from, and where he had sojourned awhile, was Bethlehem, a city in the tribe of Judah:

and I go to sojourn where I may find a place; the most convenient to abide in, where he could get a livelihood.

Gill: Jdg 17:10 - And Micah said unto him, dwell with me // and be unto me a father and a priest // and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by the year // and a suit of apparel // and thy victuals // so thy Levite went in And Micah said unto him, dwell with me,.... Hearing that he was a Levite, he thought him a fit man for his purpose, and would give some credit to, and...

And Micah said unto him, dwell with me,.... Hearing that he was a Levite, he thought him a fit man for his purpose, and would give some credit to, and put a better face upon his new form of worship, and therefore, without further inquiry after him and his character, invites him to make his abode with him:

and be unto me a father and a priest; a father to instruct him in the knowledge of divine things; so prophets were called fathers, and their disciples their sons; and a priest to offer sacrifices for him, and to consult before him by his teraphim upon occasion:

and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by the year; or yearly, which was but a small sum, a poor salary for a priest, at most amounting but to twenty five shillings, and scarce so much:

and a suit of apparel; or "an order of apparel" m; such as was fit for one of his rank and order as a priest to wear, so Jarchi and Abarbinel; or a couple of garments, as the Targum and Septuagint, a double suit of apparel, according to the order of the season, one for summer and another for winter, as Kimchi and Ben Melech:

and thy victuals; his meat and drink:

so thy Levite went in; into his house, and it looks as if the parley was made, and the bargain struck at the door, Micah being at it as the Levite passed by, or came to it upon his knocking at it; he went after his counsel and advice, as Jarchi, or to do his business, as Kimchi.

Gill: Jdg 17:11 - And the Levite was content to dwell with the man // and the young man was unto him as one of his sons And the Levite was content to dwell with the man,.... To continue with him; after he had made trial for some time, he liked his service, and his wages...

And the Levite was content to dwell with the man,.... To continue with him; after he had made trial for some time, he liked his service, and his wages, and way of living; it was all agreeable to him:

and the young man was unto him as one of his sons; as dearly beloved by him, and used as kindly and tenderly, as if he had been one of his own children; so strong were the affections of Micah to him, and so well pleased was he with his service.

Gill: Jdg 17:12 - And Micah consecrated the Levite // and the young man became his priest // and was in the house of Micah And Micah consecrated the Levite,.... Installed him into, and invested him with the priestly office; in like manner he had consecrated his son before,...

And Micah consecrated the Levite,.... Installed him into, and invested him with the priestly office; in like manner he had consecrated his son before, by filling his hand with sacrifices; see Jdg 17:5.

and the young man became his priest; and did the work and office of one; this was a very daring piece of presumption in them both; in Micah, to take upon him to consecrate a priest, who was himself of the tribe of Ephraim; and in the young man, to suffer himself to be put into such an office, which did not belong to him, for though every priest was a Levite, or of the tribe of Levi, yet every Levite had not a right to be a priest, only those who were of the family of Aaron:

and was in the house of Micah; and continued there.

Gill: Jdg 17:13 - Then said Micah // now know I that the Lord will do me good // seeing I have a Levite to my priest Then said Micah,.... Within himself, pleased with what he had done, and with what he engaged in: now know I that the Lord will do me good; that I s...

Then said Micah,.... Within himself, pleased with what he had done, and with what he engaged in:

now know I that the Lord will do me good; that I shall enjoy his favour, be a happy man, and prosper; and by this it appears, that notwithstanding the idolatry he had fallen into, he had not utterly forsaken the Lord, but worshipped him in and by his images; there was a mixture of the worship of God, and of the worship of images:

seeing I have a Levite to my priest; who was of the same tribe the priests were, and so the nearest to them of any, and which he thought would be acceptable to God, and an omen of good to himself.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Jdg 17:2 Traditionally, “bless.”

NET Notes: Jdg 17:3 Heb “to the LORD from my hand for my son to make a carved image and cast metal image.” She cannot mean that she is now taking the money fr...

NET Notes: Jdg 17:4 Heb “and it was in Micah’s house.”

NET Notes: Jdg 17:5 Heb “and he filled the hand of one of his sons and he became his priest.”

NET Notes: Jdg 17:6 Heb “Each was doing what was right in his [own] eyes.”

NET Notes: Jdg 17:7 Heb “There was a young man from Bethlehem of Judah, from the tribe of Judah, and he was a Levite, and he was temporarily residing there.”

NET Notes: Jdg 17:8 Heb “He came to the Ephraimite hill country, to Micah’s house, making his way.”

NET Notes: Jdg 17:9 Heb “And I am going to reside in a place I can find.”

NET Notes: Jdg 17:10 The Hebrew text expands with the phrase: “and the Levite went.” This only makes sense if taken with “to live” in the next vers...

NET Notes: Jdg 17:11 Heb “the young man became like one of his sons.”

NET Notes: Jdg 17:12 Heb “filled the hand of.”

NET Notes: Jdg 17:13 Heb “do good for me.”

Geneva Bible: Jdg 17:1 And there ( a ) was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name [was] Micah. ( a ) Some think this history was in the time of Othniel, or as Josephus writes, ...

Geneva Bible: Jdg 17:3 And when he had restored the eleven hundred [shekels] of silver to his mother, his mother said, I had wholly dedicated the silver unto the LORD from m...

Geneva Bible: Jdg 17:5 And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ( c ) ephod, and ( d ) teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest. ( c ) He...

Geneva Bible: Jdg 17:6 In those days [there was] no ( e ) king in Israel, [but] every man did [that which was] right in his own eyes. ( e ) For where there is no Magistrate...

Geneva Bible: Jdg 17:7 And there was a young man out of Bethlehemjudah ( f ) of the family of Judah, who [was] a Levite, and he sojourned there. ( f ) Which Bethlehem was i...

Geneva Bible: Jdg 17:9 And Micah said unto him, Whence comest thou? And he said unto him, ( g ) I [am] a Levite of Bethlehemjudah, and I go to sojourn where I may find [a pl...

Geneva Bible: Jdg 17:11 And the Levite was ( h ) content to dwell with the man; and the young man was unto him as one of his sons. ( h ) Not considering that he forsook the ...

Geneva Bible: Jdg 17:13 Then said Micah, Now know I that the LORD will do me ( i ) good, seeing I have a Levite to [my] priest. ( i ) Thus the idolaters persuade themselves ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Jdg 17:1-6 - --What is related in this, and the rest of the chapters to the end of this book, was done soon after the death of Joshua: see chap. Jdg 20:28. That it m...

MHCC: Jdg 17:7-13 - --Micah thought it was a sign of God's favour to him and his images, that a Levite should come to his door. Thus those who please themselves with their ...

Matthew Henry: Jdg 17:1-6 - -- Here we have, I. Micah and his mother quarrelling. 1. The son robs the mother. The old woman had hoarded, with long scraping and saving, a great sum...

Matthew Henry: Jdg 17:7-13 - -- We have here an account of Micah's furnishing himself with a Levite for his chaplain, either thinking his son, because the heir of his estate, too g...

Keil-Delitzsch: Jdg 17:1-10 - -- Jdg 17:1-3 A man of the mountains of Ephraim named Micah ( מיכיהוּ , Jdg 17:1, Jdg 17:4, when contracted into מיכה , Jdg 17:5, Jdg 17:...

Keil-Delitzsch: Jdg 17:10-13 - -- Micah made this proposal to the Levite: " Dwell with me, and become my father and priest; I will give thee ten shekels of silver yearly, and fitting...

Constable: Jdg 3:7--17:1 - --II. THE RECORD OF ISRAEL'S APOSTASY 3:7--16:31   ...

Constable: Jdg 17:1--21:25 - --III. THE RESULTS OF ISRAEL'S APOSTASY chs. 17--21 The following two extended incidents (ch. 17-21) differ from t...

Constable: Jdg 17:1--18:31 - --A. The idolatry of Micah and the Danites chs. 17-18 God undoubtedly included the story of Micah and the ...

Constable: Jdg 17:1-13 - --1. The idolatry of Micah ch. 17 The story of Micah (ch. 17) introduces the account of the settin...

Constable: Jdg 17:1-6 - --Micah's unlawful worship 17:1-6 The writer told us noth...

Constable: Jdg 17:1--19:30 - --A. The Reminder to Remember the Apostles' Warning vv. 17-19 vv. 17-18 "Forgetfulness of the teaching and warnings of God in Scripture is a major cause...

Constable: Jdg 17:7-13 - --Micah's Levite 17:7-13 Verses 1-6 stress the sin of self-styled worship. Verses 7-13 emp...

Guzik: Jdg 17:1-13 - Micah's Idolatry Judges 17 - Micah's Idolatry A. Micah makes a shrine for idols. 1. (1-2) He returns a large amount of stolen silver to his mother. Now there was a...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Judges (Pendahuluan Kitab) JUDGES is the title given to the next book, from its containing the history of those non-regal rulers who governed the Hebrews from the time of Joshua...

JFB: Judges (Garis Besar) THE ACTS OF JUDAH AND SIMEON. (Jdg 1:1-3) ADONI-BEZEK JUSTLY REQUITED. (Jdg. 1:4-21) SOME CANAANITES LEFT. (Jdg 1:22-26) AN ANGEL SENT TO REBUKE THE ...

TSK: Judges (Pendahuluan Kitab) The book of Judges forms an important link in the history of the Israelites. It furnishes us with a lively description of a fluctuating and unsettled...

TSK: Judges 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Jdg 17:1, Of the money that Micah first stole, then restored, his mother makes images; Jdg 17:5, and he ornaments for them; Jdg 17:7, He ...

Poole: Judges (Pendahuluan Kitab) BOOK OF JUDGES THE ARGUMENT THE author of this book is not certainly known, whether it was Samuel, or Ezra, or some other prophet; nor is it mate...

Poole: Judges 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 17 Micah stealeth money of his mother; then confesseth and restoreth it. She dedicates it to the Lord; maketh images: he sets them up in th...

MHCC: Judges (Pendahuluan Kitab) The book of Judges is the history of Israel during the government of the Judges, who were occasional deliverers, raised up by God to rescue Israel fro...

MHCC: Judges 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Jdg 17:1-6) The beginning of idolatry in Israel, Micah and his mother. (Jdg 17:7-13) Micah hires a Levite to be his priest.

Matthew Henry: Judges (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Judges This is called the Hebrew Shepher Shophtim , the Book of Judges, which the Syria...

Matthew Henry: Judges 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) All agree that what is related in this and the rest of the chapters to the end of this book was not done, as the narrative occurs, after Samson, bu...

Constable: Judges (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The English title, Judges, comes to us from the Latin translation (...

Constable: Judges (Garis Besar) Outline I. The reason for Israel's apostasy 1:1-3:6 A. Hostilities between the Israelites an...

Constable: Judges Judges Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan. Land of the Bible. Phildelphia: Westminster Press, 1962. ...

Haydock: Judges (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION. THE BOOK OF JUDGES. This Book is called Judges, because it contains the history of what passed under the government of the judge...

Gill: Judges (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO JUDGES The title of this book in the Hebrew copies is Sepher Shophetim, the Book of Judges; but the Syriac and Arabic interpreters ...

Gill: Judges 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO JUDGES 17 This chapter relates the first rise of idolatry in Israel after the death of Joshua, which began in Mount Ephraim, occasi...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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