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Teks -- Esther 7:1-10 (NET)

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The King Has Haman Executed
7:1 So the king and Haman came to dine with Queen Esther. 7:2 On the second day of the banquet of wine the king asked Esther, “What is your request, Queen Esther? It shall be granted to you. And what is your petition? Ask up to half the kingdom, and it shall be done!” 7:3 Queen Esther replied, “If I have met with your approval, O king, and if the king is so inclined, grant me my life as my request, and my people as my petition. 7:4 For we have been sold– both I and my people– to destruction and to slaughter and to annihilation! If we had simply been sold as male and female slaves, I would have remained silent, for such distress would not have been sufficient for troubling the king.” 7:5 Then King Ahasuerus responded to Queen Esther, “Who is this individual? Where is this person to be found who is presumptuous enough to act in this way?” 7:6 Esther replied, “The oppressor and enemy is this evil Haman!” Then Haman became terrified in the presence of the king and queen. 7:7 In rage the king arose from the banquet of wine and withdrew to the palace garden. Meanwhile, Haman stood to beg Queen Esther for his life, for he realized that the king had now determined a catastrophic end for him. 7:8 When the king returned from the palace garden to the banquet of wine, Haman was throwing himself down on the couch where Esther was lying. The king exclaimed, “Will he also attempt to rape the queen while I am still in the building!” As these words left the king’s mouth, they covered Haman’s face. 7:9 Harbona, one of the king’s eunuchs, said, “Indeed, there is the gallows that Haman made for Mordecai, who spoke out in the king’s behalf. It stands near Haman’s home and is seventy-five feet high.” The king said, “Hang him on it!” 7:10 So they hanged Haman on the very gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. The king’s rage then abated.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ahasuerus king of Persia after Darius
 · Esther second queen of Ahasuerus
 · Haman son of Hammedatha; an Agagite; the Jews 'enemy during the exile
 · Harbona a man who was one of king Ahasuerus' chamberlains
 · Mordecai a leader among those who returned from exile with Zerubbabel,son of Jair of Benjamin; cousin and guardian of Queen Esther


Topik/Tema Kamus: Esther | BANQUET | Haman | Servant | Readings, Select | Tact | Mordecai | Israel | Courage | PERSIANS | PUNISHMENTS | Gallows | GARDEN | Palace | Hanging | Harbona | Feasts | God | Pride | King | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Est 7:3 - My life It is my only request, that thou wouldst not give me up to the malice of that man who designs to take away my life. Even a stranger, a criminal, shall...

It is my only request, that thou wouldst not give me up to the malice of that man who designs to take away my life. Even a stranger, a criminal, shall be permitted to petition for his life. But that a friend, a wife, a queen, should have occasion to make such a petition, was very affecting.

Wesley: Est 7:4 - Sold By the cruelty of that man who offered a great sum to purchase our destruction.

By the cruelty of that man who offered a great sum to purchase our destruction.

Wesley: Est 7:4 - Countervail His ten thousand talents would not repair the king's loss, in the customs and tributes which the king receives from the Jews, within his dominions.

His ten thousand talents would not repair the king's loss, in the customs and tributes which the king receives from the Jews, within his dominions.

Wesley: Est 7:5 - Who, &c. _The expressions are short and doubled, as proceeding from a discomposed and enraged mind.

_The expressions are short and doubled, as proceeding from a discomposed and enraged mind.

Wesley: Est 7:5 - Durst That is, to circumvent me, and procure a decree, whereby not only my estate should be so much impaired, and so many of my innocent subjects destroyed,...

That is, to circumvent me, and procure a decree, whereby not only my estate should be so much impaired, and so many of my innocent subjects destroyed, but my queen also involved in the same destruction. We sometimes startle at that evil, which we ourselves are chargeable with. Ahasuerus is amazed at that wickedness, which he himself was guilty of. For he consented to the bloody edict. So that Esther might have said, Thou art the man!

Wesley: Est 7:6 - Afraid And it was time for him to fear, when the queen was his prosecutor, the king his judge, his own conscience a witness against him. And the surprising t...

And it was time for him to fear, when the queen was his prosecutor, the king his judge, his own conscience a witness against him. And the surprising turns of providence that very morning, could not but increase his fear.

Wesley: Est 7:7 - Went As disdaining the company and sight of so audacious a person: to cool and allay his troubled and inflamed spirits, and to consider what punishment was...

As disdaining the company and sight of so audacious a person: to cool and allay his troubled and inflamed spirits, and to consider what punishment was fit to be inflicted upon him.

Wesley: Est 7:7 - He saw By the violent commotion of the king's mind.

By the violent commotion of the king's mind.

Wesley: Est 7:8 - Bed On which the queen sat at meat.

On which the queen sat at meat.

Wesley: Est 7:8 - Force Will he attempt my queen's chastity, as he hath already attempted her life! He speaks not this out of real jealousy, but from an exasperated mind, whi...

Will he attempt my queen's chastity, as he hath already attempted her life! He speaks not this out of real jealousy, but from an exasperated mind, which takes all occasions to vent itself against the person who gave the provocation.

Wesley: Est 7:8 - They The king's and queen's chamberlains attending upon them.

The king's and queen's chamberlains attending upon them.

Wesley: Est 7:8 - Covered That the king might not be offended or grieved with the sight of a person whom he now loathed: and because they looked upon him as a condemned person;...

That the king might not be offended or grieved with the sight of a person whom he now loathed: and because they looked upon him as a condemned person; for the faces of such used to be covered.

JFB: Est 7:4 - we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed That is, by the cruel and perfidious scheme of that man, who offered an immense sum of money to purchase our extermination. Esther dwelt on his contem...

That is, by the cruel and perfidious scheme of that man, who offered an immense sum of money to purchase our extermination. Esther dwelt on his contemplated atrocity, in a variety of expressions, which both evinced the depth of her own emotions, and were intended to awaken similar feelings in the king's breast.

JFB: Est 7:4 - But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue Though a great calamity to the Jews, the enslavement of that people might have enriched the national treasury; and, at all events, the policy, if foun...

Though a great calamity to the Jews, the enslavement of that people might have enriched the national treasury; and, at all events, the policy, if found from experience to be bad, could be altered. But the destruction of such a body of people would be an irreparable evil, and all the talents Haman might pour into the treasury could not compensate for the loss of their services.

JFB: Est 7:7 - he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king When the king of Persia orders an offender to be executed, and then rises and goes into the women's apartment, it is a sign that no mercy is to be hop...

When the king of Persia orders an offender to be executed, and then rises and goes into the women's apartment, it is a sign that no mercy is to be hoped for. Even the sudden rising of the king in anger was the same as if he had pronounced sentence.

JFB: Est 7:8 - Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was We do not know the precise form of the couches on which the Persians reclined at table. But it is probable that they were not very different from thos...

We do not know the precise form of the couches on which the Persians reclined at table. But it is probable that they were not very different from those used by the Greeks and Romans. Haman, perhaps, at first stood up to beg pardon of Esther; but driven in his extremity to resort to an attitude of the most earnest supplication, he fell prostrate on the couch where the queen was recumbent. The king returning that instant was fired at what seemed an outrage on female modesty.

JFB: Est 7:8 - they covered Haman's face The import of this striking action is, that a criminal is unworthy any longer to look on the face of the king, and hence, when malefactors are consign...

The import of this striking action is, that a criminal is unworthy any longer to look on the face of the king, and hence, when malefactors are consigned to their doom in Persia, the first thing is to cover the face with a veil or napkin.

JFB: Est 7:9 - Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows This eunuch had probably been the messenger sent with the invitation to Haman, and on that occasion had seen the gallows. The information he now volun...

This eunuch had probably been the messenger sent with the invitation to Haman, and on that occasion had seen the gallows. The information he now volunteered, as well it may be from abhorrence of Haman's cold-blooded conspiracy as from sympathy with his amiable mistress, involved with her people in imminent peril.

JFB: Est 7:10 - So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai He has not been the only plotter of mischief whose feet have been taken in the net which they hid (Psa 9:15). But never was condemnation more just, an...

He has not been the only plotter of mischief whose feet have been taken in the net which they hid (Psa 9:15). But never was condemnation more just, and retribution more merited, than the execution of that gigantic criminal.

Clarke: Est 7:2 - -- At the banquet of wine - Postquam vino incaluerat , after he had been heated with wine, says the Vulgate. In such a state the king was more likely t...

At the banquet of wine - Postquam vino incaluerat , after he had been heated with wine, says the Vulgate. In such a state the king was more likely to come into the measures of the queen.

Clarke: Est 7:3 - Let my life be given me Let my life be given me - This was very artfully, as well as very honestly, managed; and was highly calculated to work on the feelings of the king. ...

Let my life be given me - This was very artfully, as well as very honestly, managed; and was highly calculated to work on the feelings of the king. What! is the life of the queen, whom I most tenderly love, in any kind of danger?

Clarke: Est 7:4 - To be destroyed, to be slain To be destroyed, to be slain - She here repeats the words which Haman put into the decree. See Est 3:13

To be destroyed, to be slain - She here repeats the words which Haman put into the decree. See Est 3:13

Clarke: Est 7:4 - Could not countervail the king’ s damage Could not countervail the king’ s damage - Even the ten thousand talents of silver could not be considered as a compensation to the state for t...

Could not countervail the king’ s damage - Even the ten thousand talents of silver could not be considered as a compensation to the state for the loss of a whole nation of people throughout all their generations.

Clarke: Est 7:5 - Who is he, and where is he Who is he, and where is he - There is a wonderful abruptness and confusion in the original words, highly expressive of the state of mind in which th...

Who is he, and where is he - There is a wonderful abruptness and confusion in the original words, highly expressive of the state of mind in which the king then was: מי הוא זה ואי זה הוא אשר מלאו לבו לעשות כן mi hu zeh veey zeh hu asher melao libbo laasoth ken

"Who? He? This one? And where? This one? He? Who hath filled his heart to do thus?"He was at once struck with the horrible nature of a conspiracy so cruel and diabolic.

Clarke: Est 7:7 - Haman stood up Haman stood up - He rose from the table to make request for his life, as soon as the king had gone out; and then he fell on his knees before the que...

Haman stood up - He rose from the table to make request for his life, as soon as the king had gone out; and then he fell on his knees before the queen, she still sitting upon her couch.

Clarke: Est 7:8 - Will he force the queen Will he force the queen - On the king’ s return he found him at the queen’ s knees; and, professing to think that he intended to do violen...

Will he force the queen - On the king’ s return he found him at the queen’ s knees; and, professing to think that he intended to do violence to her honor, used the above expressions; though he must have known that, in such circumstances, the thought of perpetrating an act of this kind could not possibly exist

Clarke: Est 7:8 - They covered Haman’ s face They covered Haman’ s face - This was a sign of his being devoted to death: for the attendants saw that the king was determined on his destruct...

They covered Haman’ s face - This was a sign of his being devoted to death: for the attendants saw that the king was determined on his destruction. When a criminal was condemned by a Roman judge, he was delivered into the hands of the serjeant with these words: I, lictor; caput obnubito, arbori infelici suspendito . "Go, serjeant; cover his head, and hang him on the accursed tree."

Clarke: Est 7:9 - Behold also, the gallows Behold also, the gallows - As if he had said, Besides all he has determined to do to the Jews, he has erected a very high gallows, on which he had d...

Behold also, the gallows - As if he had said, Besides all he has determined to do to the Jews, he has erected a very high gallows, on which he had determined, this very day, to hang Mordecai, who has saved the king’ s life

Clarke: Est 7:9 - Hang him thereon Hang him thereon - Let him be instantly impaled on the same post. "Harm watch, harm catch,"says the proverb. Perillus was the first person burnt ali...

Hang him thereon - Let him be instantly impaled on the same post. "Harm watch, harm catch,"says the proverb. Perillus was the first person burnt alive in the brazen bull which he had made for the punishment of others; hence the poet said: -

- Nec lex est justior ulla, Quam necis artifices arte perire sua

"Nor can there be a juster law than that the artificers of death should perish by their own invention."

Defender: Est 7:10 - hanged Haman This amazing development is a remarkable testimony to the prevailing will of God, even though there is no direct mention of God in the narrative. Amon...

This amazing development is a remarkable testimony to the prevailing will of God, even though there is no direct mention of God in the narrative. Among other things, it is a remarkable illustration of Psa 9:16 - "the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands.""

TSK: Est 7:1 - banquet banquet : Heb. drink, Est 3:15, Est 5:8

banquet : Heb. drink, Est 3:15, Est 5:8

TSK: Est 7:2 - the king said the king said : Est 5:6; Joh 16:24

the king said : Est 5:6; Joh 16:24

TSK: Est 7:3 - let my life // my people let my life : Est 7:7; 1Ki 20:31; 2Ki 1:13; Job 2:4; Jer 38:26 my people : Est 4:8; Psa 122:6-9

let my life : Est 7:7; 1Ki 20:31; 2Ki 1:13; Job 2:4; Jer 38:26

my people : Est 4:8; Psa 122:6-9

TSK: Est 7:4 - we are sold // to be destroyed // But if we // the enemy we are sold : Est 3:9, Est 4:7, Est 4:8; Deu 28:68; 1Sa 22:23 to be destroyed : etc. Heb. that they should destroy, and kill, and cause to perish, Est...

we are sold : Est 3:9, Est 4:7, Est 4:8; Deu 28:68; 1Sa 22:23

to be destroyed : etc. Heb. that they should destroy, and kill, and cause to perish, Est 3:13, Est 8:11; Psa 44:22, Psa 44:23

But if we : Gen 37:26-28; Deu 28:68; Jos 9:23; Neh 5:5; Joe 3:6; Amo 2:6

the enemy : Est 7:6, Est 3:9

TSK: Est 7:5 - Who is he // that durst Who is he : Gen 27:33; Job 9:24 that durst : etc. Heb. whose heart hath filled him, Act 5:3

Who is he : Gen 27:33; Job 9:24

that durst : etc. Heb. whose heart hath filled him, Act 5:3

TSK: Est 7:6 - The adversary // this wicked // was afraid // before The adversary : Heb. The man adversary this wicked : 1Sa 24:13; Psa 27:2, Psa 139:19-22; Pro 24:24, Pro 24:25; Ecc 5:8; 1Co 5:13; 2Th 2:8 was afraid :...

The adversary : Heb. The man adversary

this wicked : 1Sa 24:13; Psa 27:2, Psa 139:19-22; Pro 24:24, Pro 24:25; Ecc 5:8; 1Co 5:13; 2Th 2:8

was afraid : Neh 6:16; Job 15:21, Job 15:22, Job 18:5-12; Psa 73:5-9, Psa 73:17-20; Pro 16:14; Isa 21:4; Dan 5:5, Dan 5:6

before : or, at the presence of

TSK: Est 7:7 - in his wrath // Haman // for he saw in his wrath : Est 1:12 Haman : Pro 14:19; Isa 60:14; Rev 3:9 for he saw : 1Sa 20:7, 1Sa 20:9, 1Sa 25:17; Psa 112:10; Pro 19:12; Dan 3:19

TSK: Est 7:8 - the bed // before me // they covered Haman’ s the bed : Est 1:6; Isa 49:23 before me : Heb. with me they covered Haman’ s : When a criminal was condemned by a Roman judge, he was delivered to...

the bed : Est 1:6; Isa 49:23

before me : Heb. with me

they covered Haman’ s : When a criminal was condemned by a Roman judge, he was delivered to the serjeant with these words: I , lictor , caput obnubito arbori infelici suspendito , ""Go, sergeant, cover his head, and hang him on the accursed tree.""Est 6:12; Job 9:24; Isa 22:17

TSK: Est 7:9 - Harbonah // one of the chamberlains // Behold // gallows // who had spoken // Hang him thereon Harbonah : Est 1:10, Harbona one of the chamberlains : Est 6:14; 2Ki 9:32 Behold : Est 5:14; Job 27:20-23; Psa 7:15, Psa 7:16, Psa 35:8, Psa 141:10; P...

Harbonah : Est 1:10, Harbona

one of the chamberlains : Est 6:14; 2Ki 9:32

Behold : Est 5:14; Job 27:20-23; Psa 7:15, Psa 7:16, Psa 35:8, Psa 141:10; Pro 11:5, Pro 11:6

gallows : Heb. tree

who had spoken : Est 2:21-23, Est 6:2

Hang him thereon : Est 9:25; 1Sa 17:51; Psa 7:15, Psa 7:16, Psa 9:15, Psa 9:16, Psa 35:8, Psa 37:35, Psa 37:36, Psa 73:19; Pro 11:5, Pro 11:6; Dan 6:7, Dan 6:24

TSK: Est 7:10 - Then was the king’ s Then was the king’ s : Jdg 15:7; Eze 5:13; Zec 6:8

Then was the king’ s : Jdg 15:7; Eze 5:13; Zec 6:8

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Poole: Est 7:2 - The banquet of wine The banquet of wine so it is called, to note that it was not designed for a feast to fill their bellies, but rather for a banquet to delight and plea...

The banquet of wine so it is called, to note that it was not designed for a feast to fill their bellies, but rather for a banquet to delight and please their palates with wine and other delicacies: See Poole "Est 5:8" .

Poole: Est 7:3 - And my people It is my humble and only request, that thou wouldst not give me up to the malice of that man that designs to take away my life, and will certainly d...

It is my humble and only request, that thou wouldst not give me up to the malice of that man that designs to take away my life, and will certainly do it, if thou dost not prevent it.

And my people and the lives (which is easily supplied out of the foregoing branch) of my people the Jews, of whom I am descended.

Poole: Est 7:4 - We are sold // I and my people // To be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish // I had held my tongue // The enemy could not countervail the king’ s damage We are sold by the craft and cruelty of that man, who offered a great sum of money to purchase our destruction. I and my people for we are all give...

We are sold by the craft and cruelty of that man, who offered a great sum of money to purchase our destruction.

I and my people for we are all given up to his malice and rage, without any exception of my own person.

To be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish: she useth variety of expressions to make the deeper impression upon the king’ s mind.

I had held my tongue because that calamity had neither been irrecoverable, nor intolerable, nor yet unprofitable to the king, for whose honour and service I should willingly have submitted myself and people to any kind of bondage.

The enemy could not countervail the king’ s damage his ten thousand talents, if paid into the king’ s treasury, would not repair the king’ s loss in the customs and tributes which the king receives from the Jews within his dominions.

Poole: Est 7:5 - Who is he? // where is he? // To do so Who is he? and where is he? The expressions are short and doubled, as proceeding from a discomposed and enraged mind. To do so i.e. to circumvent...

Who is he? and

where is he? The expressions are short and doubled, as proceeding from a discomposed and enraged mind.

To do so i.e. to circumvent me, and by subtlety to procure an irrevocable decree, whereby not only my estate should be so much impaired, and so many of my innocent subjects be destroyed without mercy, but my queen also should be involved in the same danger and destruction.

Poole: Est 7:6 - The adversary and enemy The adversary and enemy of the king, and of my person and people.

The adversary and enemy of the king, and of my person and people.

Poole: Est 7:7 - Went into the palace garden // He saw Went into the palace garden partly, as disdaining the company and sight of so ungrateful and audacious a person; partly, to cool and allay his troubl...

Went into the palace garden partly, as disdaining the company and sight of so ungrateful and audacious a person; partly, to cool and allay his troubled and inflamed spirits; and partly, to consider within himself the heinousness of Haman’ s crime, and the mischief which himself had done by his own rashness, and what punishment was fit to be inflicted upon so great a delinquent.

He saw by the violent commotion of the king’ s mind and passions.

Poole: Est 7:8 - Upon the bed // Will he force the queen also? // Before me in the house // They Upon the bed or, by or beside the bed ; on which the queen sat at meat, after the manner; where he was fallen upon his knees, and upon the ground,...

Upon the bed or, by or beside the bed ; on which the queen sat at meat, after the manner; where he was fallen upon his knees, and upon the ground, at her feet, as humble suppliants used to do, and as the queen did at the king’ s feet, Est 8:3 .

Will he force the queen also? will he now attempt my queen’ s chastity, as he hath already attempted her life? His presumption and impudence I see will stick at nothing. He speaks not this out of a real jealousy, for which there was no cause in those circumstances; but from an exasperated mind, which takes all occasions to vent itself against the person who gave the provocation, and makes the worst construction of all His words and actions.

Before me in the house in my own presence and palace.

They i.e. the king’ s and queen’ s chamberlains then attending upon them, covered Haman’ s face; partly that the king might not be offended or grieved with the sight of a person whom he now loathed; and partly because they looked upon him as a condemned person, for the faces of such used to be covered.

Poole: Est 7:9 - Harbonah // Had spoken good for the king Harbonah knew this either by his own observation, or by the information of some of his brethren, who were lately sent to Haman’ s house, Est 6:1...

Harbonah knew this either by his own observation, or by the information of some of his brethren, who were lately sent to Haman’ s house, Est 6:14 , where they might easily see it, or at least hear of it. And this he said, either out of a distaste which he had taken against Haman for his great insolency and barbarous cruelty; or in compliance with the king’ s inclinations, and the queen’ s desires.

Had spoken good for the king even to the saving of the king’ s life, Est 2:21-23 , and therefore deserved a better requital than this even from Haman, if he had not basely preferred the satisfaction of his own revenge before the preservation of the king’ s life.

Poole: Est 7:10 - The gallows that he had prepared // Then was the king’ s wrath pacified The gallows that he had prepared which stood in his own house, as was now said, and made the punishment more grievous and ignominious. Then was the ...

The gallows that he had prepared which stood in his own house, as was now said, and made the punishment more grievous and ignominious.

Then was the king’ s wrath pacified judgment being now most justly executed upon this abominable criminal.

Haydock: Est 7:1 - Drink Drink. Wine was only used at great feasts, Ecclesiasticus xxxi. 17. Water was served up first, from the river Choaspes only. The king and his elde...

Drink. Wine was only used at great feasts, Ecclesiasticus xxxi. 17. Water was served up first, from the river Choaspes only. The king and his eldest son were allowed to drink of "the golden waters," of which they alone had 70 fountains. (Atheneus xii. 2.) ---

Their wine was brought from Chelbon, near Damascus. (Ibid.[Atheneus?] i. 22.) (Ezechiel xxvii. 18.) (Calmet)

Haydock: Est 7:3 - People People. She was more concerned for these than for half of the kingdom. Hence all fasted and prayed, and Esther obtained their deliverance. (Worthi...

People. She was more concerned for these than for half of the kingdom. Hence all fasted and prayed, and Esther obtained their deliverance. (Worthington)

Haydock: Est 7:4 - Perish // King Perish. Three terms of the same import express the greatness of the misery. (Haydock) --- King. Whose revenue will be greatly impaired, (Calmet)...

Perish. Three terms of the same import express the greatness of the misery. (Haydock) ---

King. Whose revenue will be greatly impaired, (Calmet) and character injured, for having given such power to a monster. (Haydock) ---

The kings of Persia had taken many precautions not to be thus deluded, having appointed officers, who were styled "the eyes and ears" of the king, purposely to obtain all necessary information. But these eyes were often darkened; these ears were often deaf, (Calmet) and unwilling to act with fidelity; (Haydock) though their diligence in make secret transactions known, caused the people to look upon their kings as gods. (Apul. Mund. Cyrop. viii.) (Calmet)

Haydock: Est 7:5 - What What. Hebrew, "where, who durst entertain this design?" (Haydock)

What. Hebrew, "where, who durst entertain this design?" (Haydock)

Haydock: Est 7:6 - Astonished Astonished. Horror of a guilty conscience is the first punishment. (St. Chrysostom) (Worthington)

Astonished. Horror of a guilty conscience is the first punishment. (St. Chrysostom) (Worthington)

Haydock: Est 7:7 - Set Set. Hebrew, "of the palace," (Haydock) belonging to the queen. (Calmet)

Set. Hebrew, "of the palace," (Haydock) belonging to the queen. (Calmet)

Haydock: Est 7:8 - My own // Face My own. Hebrew, "will he force....in the house?" (Haydock) --- Those who know with what jealousy the Persians treated their wives, so at to punish...

My own. Hebrew, "will he force....in the house?" (Haydock) ---

Those who know with what jealousy the Persians treated their wives, so at to punish with death those who crossed the road before the queens, (Plut. Artax.) or touched them, will not wonder at the indignation of Assuerus, (Calmet) though his suspicions were groundless. (Haydock) ---

Aman wished to incline the queen to shew clemency, (Menochius) and intercede for him. He threw himself as a suppliant at her feet, as she lay on the bed at table. (Haydock) ---

Face. His crime was notorious; no trial was requisite, and the kings could treat their subjects as slaves. It was customary to cover the faces of those who were led to execution. Philotas was thus conducted into the presence of Alexander. (Curtius vi.)

Haydock: Est 7:9 - Harbona // Upon it Harbona. Cr.[Greek?], "Bougathan." (Haydock) --- He had been to call Aman to the feast. (Jos.[Josephus?]) --- Little dependance is to be had on ...

Harbona. Cr.[Greek?], "Bougathan." (Haydock) ---

He had been to call Aman to the feast. (Jos.[Josephus?]) ---

Little dependance is to be had on false friendship, when a man is disgraced. (Worthington) ---

Upon it. His body was perhaps afterwards exposed in the street, chap. xvi. 18. It is not clear that he was nailed to the cross, though this custom prevailed in the country, 1 Esdras vi. 11. Alexander crucified many satraps. (Curtius ix.) ---

The old Vulgate observes that the wife and ten children of Aman suffered with him, chap. ix. 6. (Calmet)

Gill: Est 7:1 - So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen. So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen. Or, "to drink with her" e, that is, wine; for in the next verse it is called a banquet of...

So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen. Or, "to drink with her" e, that is, wine; for in the next verse it is called a banquet of wine; so they did according to the invitation the queen had given them, Est 5:8.

Gill: Est 7:2 - And the king said again to Esther on the second day, at the banquet of wine // what is thy petition, Queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even to the half of my kingdom And the king said again to Esther on the second day, at the banquet of wine,.... This was the third time he put the following question to her, being v...

And the king said again to Esther on the second day, at the banquet of wine,.... This was the third time he put the following question to her, being very desirous of knowing what she had to ask of him; and it was of God that this was kept upon his mind, and he was moved to solicit her petition, or otherwise it would not have been so easy for her to have introduced it:

what is thy petition, Queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even to the half of my kingdom; see Est 5:3.

Gill: Est 7:3 - Then Esther the queen answered and said // if I have found favour in thy sight, O king // and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition // and my people at my request Then Esther the queen answered and said,.... Not rolling herself at the king's knees, as Severus f writes; but rather, as the former Targum, lifting u...

Then Esther the queen answered and said,.... Not rolling herself at the king's knees, as Severus f writes; but rather, as the former Targum, lifting up her eyes to heaven, and perhaps putting up a secret ejaculation for direction and success:

if I have found favour in thy sight, O king; as she certainly had heretofore, and even now:

and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition; not riches, nor honour, nor any place or post at court, or in any of the king's dominions for any friend of her's, was her petition; but for her own life, that that might not be taken away, which was included in the grant the king had made to Haman, though ignorantly, to slay all the Jews, she being one of them:

and my people at my request; that is, the lives of her people also, that was her request; her own life and her people's were all she had to ask.

Gill: Est 7:4 - For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish // but if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue // although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish,.... She makes use of these several words, to express the utter destruct...

For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish,.... She makes use of these several words, to express the utter destruction of her and her people, without any exception; not only the more to impress the king's mind with it, but she has respect to the precise words of the decree, Est 3:13 as she has also to the 10,000 talents of silver Haman offered to pay the king for the grant of it, when she says, "we are sold", or delivered to be destroyed:

but if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue: should never have asked for deliverance from bondage, but have patiently submitted to it, however unreasonable, unjust, and afflictive it would have been; because it might have been borne, and there might be hope of deliverance from it at one time or another; though it is said, slaves with the Persians were never made free g; but that being the case would not have been so great a loss to the king, who would have reaped some advantage by their servitude; whereas, by the death of them, he must sustain a loss which the enemy was not equal to, and which he could not compensate with all his riches; which, according to Ben Melech, is the sense of the next clause:

although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage; or, "for the enemy cannot", &c. the 10,000 talents offered by him, and all the riches that he has, are not an equivalent to the loss the king would sustain by the death of such a multitude of people, from whom he received so large a tribute; but this the enemy regarded not; and so Jarchi interprets it, the enemy took no care of, or was concerned about the king's damage; but there is another sense, which Aben Ezra mentions, and is followed by some learned men, who take the word for "enemy" to signify "distress", trouble, and anguish, as in Psa 4:1 and read the words, "for this distress would not be reckoned the king's damage" h, or loss; though it would have been a distress to the Jews to have been sold for slaves, yet the loss to the king would not be so great as their death, since he would receive benefit by their service.

Gill: Est 7:5 - Then the King Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen // who is he? and where is he // that durst presume in his heart to do so Then the King Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen,.... The words in the original text lie thus, "and the King Ahasuerus said, and he sai...

Then the King Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen,.... The words in the original text lie thus, "and the King Ahasuerus said, and he said to Esther the queen"; which doubling of the word does not signify, as Jarchi suggests, that before he spoke to her by a messenger, or middle person, but, now he knew she was of a royal family, he spoke to her himself; but it is expressive of the ruffle of his mind, and the wrath and fury he was in, that he said it again and again, with a stern countenance and great vehemence of speech:

who is he? and where is he? who is the man? and where does he live?

that durst presume in his heart to do so; that has boldness, impudence, and courage enough to perpetrate so vile an action: or "that has filled his heart" i; the devil no doubt filled his heart to do it, see Act 5:3, but the king had either forgot the decree he had granted, and the countenance he had given him to execute it; or, if he remembered it, he was now enraged that he should be drawn in to such an action by him; and perhaps till now was ignorant of Esther's descent, and knew not that she would be involved in the decree.

Gill: Est 7:6 - And Esther said, the adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman // then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen And Esther said, the adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman,.... Who was not only an enemy to her and her people, but an adversary to the king, by a...

And Esther said, the adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman,.... Who was not only an enemy to her and her people, but an adversary to the king, by advising and persuading him to that which was to the loss of his revenues, as well as of his reputation; also, she pointed at him, and gave him his just character; her charge of wickedness upon him, as it was true, it was honourably made to his face before the king, of which, if he could, he had the opportunity of exculpating himself:

then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen; gave visible signs of his confusion, consternation, and trouble of mind, by the fall of his countenance, his pale looks, his trembling limbs, and quivering lips, being struck dumb, and not able to speak one word for himself.

Gill: Est 7:7 - And the king, arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath, went into the palace garden // and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen // for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king And the king, arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath, went into the palace garden,.... Not being able to bear the sight of Haman, who had done ...

And the king, arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath, went into the palace garden,.... Not being able to bear the sight of Haman, who had done such an injury both to himself and to the queen; as also that his wrath might subside, and he become more composed and sedate, and be able coolly to deliberate what was fitting to be done in the present case:

and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; hoping that her tender heart might be wrought upon to show mercy to him, and be prevailed on to entreat the king to spare his life; and this request he made in the most submissive manner:

for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king; he perceived it both by the king's countenance, by the rage he went out in, and by the threatening words which he very probably uttered as he went out.

Gill: Est 7:8 - Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine // and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was // then said the king, will he force the queen also before me in the house? // as the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine,.... Being a little cooler, and more composed in his mind, see S...

Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine,.... Being a little cooler, and more composed in his mind, see See Gill on Est 1:5.

and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was; not the bed she lay on to sleep in the night, (for it cannot be thought that it was a bedchamber in which the banquet was,) but on the bed or couch on which she sat or reclined at the banquet, as was the custom in the eastern countries; now, "by", or "near" this, as the word may be rendered, Haman fell down, even at the feet of the queen, begging for mercy; and some think he might embrace her feet or knees, as was the custom of the Greeks and Romans as they were supplicating k; and so it seems to have been with the Jews, see 2Ki 4:27, and being in this posture, it might appear the more indecent, and give the king an opportunity to say as follows:

then said the king, will he force the queen also before me in the house?, that is, ravish her; not that he really thought so; it was not a time nor place for such an action; nor can it be thought that Haman, in such terror and confusion he was in, could be so disposed; and besides there were others present, as the next clause shows: but this he said, putting the worst construction on his actions, and plainly declaring his opinion of him, that he thought him a man capable of committing the vilest of crimes, and that his supplications were not to be regarded:

as the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face; the servants present, as a man unworthy to see the light; and they took what the king said to amount to a sentence of condemnation, and that it was his will he should die; and they covered his face, as condemned malefactors used to be; which was a custom among the Greeks and Romans, of which many instances may be given l; though Aben Ezra says it was the custom of the kings of Persia, that their servants covered the face of him the king was angry with, that he might not see his face any more, which was well known in the Persian writings.

Gill: Est 7:9 - And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king // Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman // then the king said, hang him thereon And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king,.... One of the seven chamberlains, see Est 1:10, his name, with Josephus y, is Sabouchada...

And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king,.... One of the seven chamberlains, see Est 1:10, his name, with Josephus y, is Sabouchadas.

Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. This man, perhaps, had seen it there, when he went with others to fetch Haman to the banquet, Est 6:14. The sin of Haman is aggravated by preparing a gallows for a man before he was accused to the king, or condemned, or had a grant for his execution, and for a man that had well deserved of the king for discovering a conspiracy against him, and whom now the king had delighted to honour:

then the king said, hang him thereon; immediately, being ready prepared, the king's word was enough, being a sovereign and tyrannical prince.

Gill: Est 7:10 - So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai // then was the king's wrath pacified So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai,.... Not within his house, Est 7:9, but more probably in his courtyard, in the s...

So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai,.... Not within his house, Est 7:9, but more probably in his courtyard, in the sight of his family and friends; or, it may be, the gallows was taken from thence, and set up without the city, where he was hanged: for so it is said in the additions of the book of Esther,"For he that was the worker of these things, is hanged at the gates of Susa with all his family: God, who ruleth all things, speedily rendering vengeance to him according to his deserts.'' (Esther 16:18)that he was hanged without the gates of Shushan; see Psa 7:15,

then was the king's wrath pacified; having inflicted punishment on such a wicked counsellor of his, and the contriver of such mischief.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Est 7:1 Heb “to drink”; NASB “to drink wine.” The expression is a metaphor for lavish feasting, cf. NRSV “to feast”; KJV &...

NET Notes: Est 7:3 Heb “If I have found grace in your eyes” (so also in 8:5); TEV “If it please Your Majesty.”

NET Notes: Est 7:4 The passive verb (“have been sold”) is noncommittal and nonaccusatory with regard to the king’s role in the decision to annihilate t...

NET Notes: Est 7:5 Heb “has so filled his heart”; NAB “who has dared to do this.”

NET Notes: Est 7:7 Heb “for he saw that calamity was determined for him from the king”; NAB “the king had decided on his doom”; NRSV “the k...

NET Notes: Est 7:8 Heb “where Esther was” (so KJV, NASB). The term “lying” has been supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons; cf. NAB, N...

NET Notes: Est 7:9 Heb “fifty cubits.” See the note on this expression in Esth 5:14.

Geneva Bible: Est 7:4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue...

Geneva Bible: Est 7:7 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath [went] into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther th...

Geneva Bible: Est 7:8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was ( d ) fallen upon the bed whereon Esther [was]. T...

Geneva Bible: Est 7:9 And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had sp...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Est 7:1-6 - --If the love of life causes earnest pleadings with those that can only kill the body, how fervent should our prayers be to Him, who is able to destroy ...

MHCC: Est 7:7-10 - --The king was angry: those that do things with self-will, reflect upon them afterward with self-reproach. When angry, we should pause before we come to...

Matthew Henry: Est 7:1-6 - -- The king in humour, and Haman out of humour, meet at Esther's table. Now, I. The king urged Esther, a third time, to tell him what her request was, ...

Matthew Henry: Est 7:7-10 - -- Here, I. The king retires in anger. He rose from table in a great passion, and went into the palace garden to cool himself and to consider what wa...

Keil-Delitzsch: Est 7:1-6 - -- The king and Haman came to drink ( לשׁתּות ), i.e., topartake of the משׁתּה , in the queen's apartment. Est 7:2-4 At this banquet of win...

Keil-Delitzsch: Est 7:7-10 - -- The king in his wrath arose from the banquet of wine, and went into thegarden of the house ( קם is here a pregnant expression, and is alsocombined...

Constable: Est 7:1-6 - --Esther's plea 7:1-6 This banquet probably took place in the afternoon since Haman had al...

Constable: Est 7:7-10 - --Ahasuerus' decision 7:7-10 The fact that his enemy sat in his presence at that very mome...

Guzik: Est 7:1-10 - Haman's End Esther 7 - Haman's End A. The second banquet. 1. (1-4) Esther finally makes her request: please spare my life! So the king and Haman went to dine ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Esther (Pendahuluan Kitab) ESTHER derives its name from the Jewess, who, having become wife of the king of Persia, employed her royal influence to effect a memorable deliverance...

JFB: Esther (Garis Besar) AHASUERUS MAKES ROYAL FEASTS. (Est. 1:1-22) ESTHER CHOSEN TO BE QUEEN. (Est. 2:1-20) MORDECAI, DISCOVERING A TREASON, IS RECORDED IN THE CHRONICLES. ...

TSK: Esther (Pendahuluan Kitab) This Book, which derives its name from the person whose history it chiefly relates, is termed in Hebrew, מגלה [Strong’s 04039] אסתר [Str...

TSK: Esther 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Est 7:1, Esther, entertaining the king and Haman, makes suit for her own life, and her people’s; Est 7:5, She accuses Haman; Est 7:7, T...

Poole: Esther 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 7 Esther maketh a petition for her own and her people’ s life, Est 7:1-4 . She accuseth Haman, who had determined to destroy the Jews,...

MHCC: Esther (Pendahuluan Kitab) We find in this book, that even those Jews who were scattered in the province of the heathen, were taken care of, and were wonderfully preserved, when...

MHCC: Esther 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Est 7:1-6) Esther accuses Haman. (Est 7:7-10) Haman hanged on his own gallows.

Matthew Henry: Esther (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Esther How the providence of God watched over the Jews that had returned out of captivity t...

Matthew Henry: Esther 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) We are now to attend the second banquet to which the king and Haman were invited: and there, I. Esther presents her petition to the king for her l...

Constable: Esther (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title of this book comes from its principle character, Esther. ...

Constable: Esther (Garis Besar) Outline I. God's preparations 1:1-2:20 A. Vashti deposed ch. 1 1. The ki...

Constable: Esther Esther Bibliography Archer, Gleason L., Jr. A Survey of Old Testament Introduction. 1964; revised ed., Chicago:...

Haydock: Esther (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF ESTHER. INTRODUCTION. This Book takes its name from queen Esther; whose history is here recorded. The general opinion of almost all...

Gill: Esther (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO ESTHER This book has its name from the person who is the principal subject of it; it is by Clemens of Alexandria a called the Book ...

Gill: Esther 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO ESTHER 7 Esther, being solicited by the king to tell him her petition, asks for her life and the lives of her people, who were sold...

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