kecilkan semua  

Teks -- Job 33:1-33 (NET)

Tampilkan Strong
Konteks
Elihu Invites Job’s Attention
33:1 “But now, O Job, listen to my words, and hear everything I have to say! 33:2 See now, I have opened my mouth; my tongue in my mouth has spoken. 33:3 My words come from the uprightness of my heart, and my lips will utter knowledge sincerely. 33:4 The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty gives me life. 33:5 Reply to me, if you can; set your arguments in order before me and take your stand! 33:6 Look, I am just like you in relation to God; I too have been molded from clay. 33:7 Therefore no fear of me should terrify you, nor should my pressure be heavy on you.
Elihu Rejects Job’s Plea of Innocence
33:8 “Indeed, you have said in my hearing (I heard the sound of the words!): 33:9 ‘I am pure, without transgression; I am clean and have no iniquity. 33:10 Yet God finds occasions with me; he regards me as his enemy! 33:11 He puts my feet in shackles; he watches closely all my paths.’ 33:12 Now in this, you are not right– I answer you, for God is greater than a human being. 33:13 Why do you contend against him, that he does not answer all a person’s words?
Elihu Disagrees With Job’s View of God
33:14 “For God speaks, the first time in one way, the second time in another, though a person does not perceive it. 33:15 In a dream, a night vision, when deep sleep falls on people as they sleep in their beds. 33:16 Then he gives a revelation to people, and terrifies them with warnings, 33:17 to turn a person from his sin, and to cover a person’s pride. 33:18 He spares a person’s life from corruption, his very life from crossing over the river. 33:19 Or a person is chastened by pain on his bed, and with the continual strife of his bones, 33:20 so that his life loathes food, and his soul rejects appetizing fare. 33:21 His flesh wastes away from sight, and his bones, which were not seen, are easily visible. 33:22 He draws near to the place of corruption, and his life to the messengers of death. 33:23 If there is an angel beside him, one mediator out of a thousand, to tell a person what constitutes his uprightness; 33:24 and if God is gracious to him and says, ‘Spare him from going down to the place of corruption, I have found a ransom for him,’ 33:25 then his flesh is restored like a youth’s; he returns to the days of his youthful vigor. 33:26 He entreats God, and God delights in him, he sees God’s face with rejoicing, and God restores to him his righteousness. 33:27 That person sings to others, saying: ‘I have sinned and falsified what is right, but I was not punished according to what I deserved. 33:28 He redeemed my life from going down to the place of corruption, and my life sees the light!’
Elihu’s Appeal to Job
33:29 “Indeed, God does all these things, twice, three times, in his dealings with a person, 33:30 to turn back his life from the place of corruption, that he may be enlightened with the light of life. 33:31 Pay attention, Job– listen to me; be silent, and I will speak. 33:32 If you have any words, reply to me; speak, for I want to justify you. 33:33 If not, you listen to me; be silent, and I will teach you wisdom.”
Paralel   Ref. Silang (TSK)   ITL  

Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Job a man whose story is told in the book of Job,a man from the land of Uz in Edom
 · Pit the place of the dead
 · pit the place of the dead


Topik/Tema Kamus: Elihu | Job | God | Philosophy | Agency | Conviction | Wicked | AFFLICTION | Afflictions and Adversities | Dream | Repentance | Prophets | Repentant Ones | Pain | Complaint | Stocks | Jesus, The Christ | Blasphemy | Ransom | Self-righteousness | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Job 33:3 - My words I will not speak passionately or partially, but from a sincere desire to do thee good.

I will not speak passionately or partially, but from a sincere desire to do thee good.

Wesley: Job 33:3 - Clearly What I speak will be plain, not hard to be understood.

What I speak will be plain, not hard to be understood.

Wesley: Job 33:4 - Life I am thy fellow creature, and am ready to discourse with thee upon even terms, according to thy desire.

I am thy fellow creature, and am ready to discourse with thee upon even terms, according to thy desire.

Wesley: Job 33:6 - Behold I will plead with thee in God's name and stead, which thou hast often wished, and I am God's creature like thyself.

I will plead with thee in God's name and stead, which thou hast often wished, and I am God's creature like thyself.

Wesley: Job 33:9 - Clean Not absolutely, for he often confesses himself to be a sinner, but no such transgression, as might give God just occasion to punish him so severely, a...

Not absolutely, for he often confesses himself to be a sinner, but no such transgression, as might give God just occasion to punish him so severely, as is implied, where he blames God for finding occasions against him, implying that he had given him none by his sins. And thus far Elihu's charge was just, and herein it differs from the charge of Job's three friends, who often accuse him, for asserting his own innocency; although they did it, because they thought him an hypocrite, whereas Elihu does it upon other grounds, even because Job's justification of himself was accompanied with reflections upon God.

Wesley: Job 33:11 - Marketh He narrowly prys into all my actions, that he may find matter against me.

He narrowly prys into all my actions, that he may find matter against me.

Wesley: Job 33:12 - Not just Thou art in the wrong.

Thou art in the wrong.

Wesley: Job 33:12 - Greater Not only in power and majesty, but also in justice, and wisdom, and goodness, and therefore thou dost foolishly, in censuring his judgments, thou cast...

Not only in power and majesty, but also in justice, and wisdom, and goodness, and therefore thou dost foolishly, in censuring his judgments, thou castest off that awe and reverence which thou shouldest constantly maintain towards thy sovereign Lord.

Wesley: Job 33:13 - He Useth not to give an account to his creatures of the grounds and reasons of his judgments or dispensations as being the supreme governor of all person...

Useth not to give an account to his creatures of the grounds and reasons of his judgments or dispensations as being the supreme governor of all persons and things, in whose will it becometh all men to acquiesce.

Wesley: Job 33:14 - Yet Although he doth not give men an account of his matters, yet he doth that which is sufficient for them.

Although he doth not give men an account of his matters, yet he doth that which is sufficient for them.

Wesley: Job 33:14 - Twice When once speaking doth not awaken men, God is graciously pleased to give them another admonition: though he will not gratify men's curiosity in enqui...

When once speaking doth not awaken men, God is graciously pleased to give them another admonition: though he will not gratify men's curiosity in enquiring into his hidden judgments, yet he will acquaint them with their duty. God speaks to us by conscience, by providence, and by ministers, of all which Elihu here treats at large, to shew Job, that God was now telling him his mind, and endeavouring to do him good. He shews first, how God admonishes men by their own consciences.

Wesley: Job 33:16 - Sealeth He imprints those instructions upon their minds.

He imprints those instructions upon their minds.

Wesley: Job 33:17 - Pride And God by this means is said to hide pride from man, because by these glorious representations of his Divine majesty to man, he takes him off from th...

And God by this means is said to hide pride from man, because by these glorious representations of his Divine majesty to man, he takes him off from the admiration of his own excellency, and brings him to a sight of his own weakness, and to an humble and ready submission to his will.

Wesley: Job 33:18 - Keepeth By his gracious admonitions whereby he leads him to repentance.

By his gracious admonitions whereby he leads him to repentance.

Wesley: Job 33:19 - Pain The second way whereby God instructs men and excites them to repentance.

The second way whereby God instructs men and excites them to repentance.

Wesley: Job 33:22 - The destroyers The pangs of death, here called the destroyers, are just ready to seize him.

The pangs of death, here called the destroyers, are just ready to seize him.

Wesley: Job 33:23 - A messenger A prophet or teacher. To expound the providence, and point out the design of God therein.

A prophet or teacher. To expound the providence, and point out the design of God therein.

Wesley: Job 33:23 - One, &c. A person rightly qualified for this great and hard work, such as there are but very few.

A person rightly qualified for this great and hard work, such as there are but very few.

Wesley: Job 33:23 - To shew To direct him to the right way how he may please God, and procure that mercy which he thirsts after; which is not by quarrelling with God, but by an h...

To direct him to the right way how he may please God, and procure that mercy which he thirsts after; which is not by quarrelling with God, but by an humble confession. and supplication for mercy through Christ the redeemer.

Wesley: Job 33:24 - He God.

God.

Wesley: Job 33:24 - A ransom Although I might justly destroy him, yet I will spare him, for I have found out a way of ransoming sinners from death, which is the death of my son, t...

Although I might justly destroy him, yet I will spare him, for I have found out a way of ransoming sinners from death, which is the death of my son, the redeemer of the world, and with respect to which I will pardon them that repent and sue for mercy. Observe how God glories in the invention! I have found, I have found a ransom; a ransom for poor, undone sinners! I, even I am he that hath done it.

Wesley: Job 33:26 - Render He will deal with him as with one reconciled to him through the mediator, and turning from sin to righteousness.

He will deal with him as with one reconciled to him through the mediator, and turning from sin to righteousness.

Wesley: Job 33:28 - Life His life which was endangered, shall be restored and continued. Yea, farther, God shall Deliver his soul from going into the pit of hell: and his life...

His life which was endangered, shall be restored and continued. Yea, farther, God shall Deliver his soul from going into the pit of hell: and his life shall see the light, all good, in the vision and fruition of God.

Wesley: Job 33:29 - Lo All these ways God uses to convince, and save sinners.

All these ways God uses to convince, and save sinners.

Wesley: Job 33:30 - To bring That he may save men from being forever miserable, and make them forever happy. "Lord, what is man, that thou shouldest thus visit him? This should en...

That he may save men from being forever miserable, and make them forever happy. "Lord, what is man, that thou shouldest thus visit him? This should engage us, to comply with God's designs, to work with him for our own good, and not to counter - work him. And this will render those that perish inexcusable, that, so much was done to save them, and they would not he healed." So Mr. Henry. Excellent words! But how much did God do to save them? Did he ever do any thing to save them? Did he ever design to save them? If not, how does that which was never done, no nor designed, "render them inexcusable?"

JFB: Job 33:2 - mouth Rather, "palate," whereby the taste discerns. Every man speaks with his mouth, but few, as Elihu, try their words with discrimination first, and only ...

Rather, "palate," whereby the taste discerns. Every man speaks with his mouth, but few, as Elihu, try their words with discrimination first, and only say what is really good (Job 6:30; Job 12:11).

JFB: Job 33:2 - hath spoken Rather, "proceeds to speak."

Rather, "proceeds to speak."

JFB: Job 33:3 - -- I will speak according to my inward conviction.

I will speak according to my inward conviction.

JFB: Job 33:3 - clearly Rather, "purely"; sincerely, not distorting the truth through passion, as the friends did.

Rather, "purely"; sincerely, not distorting the truth through passion, as the friends did.

JFB: Job 33:4 - The Spirit of God hath made me As He did thee: latter clause of Job 33:6 (Gen 2:7). Therefore thou needest not fear me, as thou wouldest God (Job 33:7; Job 9:34). On the other hand,...

As He did thee: latter clause of Job 33:6 (Gen 2:7). Therefore thou needest not fear me, as thou wouldest God (Job 33:7; Job 9:34). On the other hand, "the breath of the Almighty hath inspired me" (as Job 32:8); not as English Version, "given me life"; therefore "I am according to thy wish (Job 9:32-33) in God's stead" to thee; a "daysman," umpire, or mediator, between God and thee. So Elihu was designed by the Holy Ghost to be a type of Jesus Christ (Job 33:23-26).

JFB: Job 33:5 - -- Images from a court of justice.

Images from a court of justice.

JFB: Job 33:5 - stand up Alluding to Job's words (Job 30:20).

Alluding to Job's words (Job 30:20).

JFB: Job 33:6 - -- (See on Job 33:4; Job 31:35; Job 13:3, Job 13:20-21).

JFB: Job 33:6 - formed Though acting as God's representative, I am but a creature, like thyself. Arabic, "pressed together," as a mass of clay by the potter, in forming a ve...

Though acting as God's representative, I am but a creature, like thyself. Arabic, "pressed together," as a mass of clay by the potter, in forming a vessel [UMBREIT]. Hebrew, "cut off," as the portion taken from the clay to form it [MAURER].

JFB: Job 33:7 - hand Alluding to Job's words (Job 13:21).

Alluding to Job's words (Job 13:21).

JFB: Job 33:8 - thy words (Job 10:7; Job 16:17; Job 23:11-12; Job 27:5-6; Job 29:14). In Job 9:30; Job 13:23, Job had acknowledged sin; but the general spirit of his words was...

(Job 10:7; Job 16:17; Job 23:11-12; Job 27:5-6; Job 29:14). In Job 9:30; Job 13:23, Job had acknowledged sin; but the general spirit of his words was to maintain himself to be "clean," and to charge God with injustice. He went too far on the opposite side in opposing the friends' false charge of hypocrisy. Even the godly, though willing to confess themselves sinners in general, often dislike sin in particular to be brought as a charge against them. Affliction is therefore needed to bring them to feel that sin in them deserves even worse than they suffer and that God does them no injustice. Then at last humbled under God they find, affliction is for their real good, and so at last it is taken away either here, or at least at death. To teach this is Elihu's mission.

JFB: Job 33:9 - clean Spotless.

Spotless.

JFB: Job 33:10 - occasions For hostility; literally, "enmities" (Job 13:24; Job 16:9; Job 19:11; Job 30:21).

For hostility; literally, "enmities" (Job 13:24; Job 16:9; Job 19:11; Job 30:21).

JFB: Job 33:11 - -- (Job 13:27).

JFB: Job 33:11 - marketh Narrowly watches (Job 14:16; Job 7:12; Job 31:4).

Narrowly watches (Job 14:16; Job 7:12; Job 31:4).

JFB: Job 33:12 - in this View of God and His government. It cannot be that God should jealously "watch" man, though "spotless," as an "enemy," or as one afraid of him as an eq...

View of God and His government. It cannot be that God should jealously "watch" man, though "spotless," as an "enemy," or as one afraid of him as an equal. For "God is greater than man!" There must be sin in man, even though he be no hypocrite, which needs correction by suffering for the sufferer's good.

JFB: Job 33:13 - -- (Isa 45:9).

JFB: Job 33:13 - his matters Ways. Our part is, not to "strive" with God, but to submit. To believe it is right because He does it, not because we see all the reasons for His doin...

Ways. Our part is, not to "strive" with God, but to submit. To believe it is right because He does it, not because we see all the reasons for His doing it.

JFB: Job 33:14 - Translate, "Yet, man regardeth it not"; or rather, as UMBREIT, "Yea, twice (He repeats the warning) If man gives no heed" to the first warning. Elihu implies that God's reason for sending affliction is because, when God has communicated His will in v...

If man gives no heed" to the first warning. Elihu implies that God's reason for sending affliction is because, when God has communicated His will in various ways, man in prosperity has not heeded it; God therefore must try what affliction will effect (Joh 15:2; Psa 62:11; Isa 28:10, Isa 28:13).

JFB: Job 33:15 - slumberings Light is opposed to "deep sleep." Elihu has in view Eliphaz (Job 4:13), and also Job himself (Job 7:14). "Dreams" in sleep, and "visions" of actual ap...

Light is opposed to "deep sleep." Elihu has in view Eliphaz (Job 4:13), and also Job himself (Job 7:14). "Dreams" in sleep, and "visions" of actual apparitions, were among the ways whereby God then spake to man (Gen 20:3).

JFB: Job 33:16 - -- Literally, "sealeth (their ears) to Himself by warnings," that is, with the sureness and secrecy of a seal He reveals His warnings [UMBREIT]. To seal ...

Literally, "sealeth (their ears) to Himself by warnings," that is, with the sureness and secrecy of a seal He reveals His warnings [UMBREIT]. To seal up securely (Job 37:7).

JFB: Job 33:17 - purpose Margin, "work." So Job 36:9. So "business" in a bad sense (1Sa 20:19). Elihu alludes to Job's words (Job 17:11). "Pride," an open "pit" (Job 33:18) wh...

Margin, "work." So Job 36:9. So "business" in a bad sense (1Sa 20:19). Elihu alludes to Job's words (Job 17:11). "Pride," an open "pit" (Job 33:18) which God hides or covers up, lest man should fall into it. Even the godly need to learn the lesson which trials teach, to "humble themselves under the mighty hand of God."

JFB: Job 33:18 - his soul His life.

His life.

JFB: Job 33:18 - the pit The grave; a symbol of hell.

The grave; a symbol of hell.

JFB: Job 33:18 - perishing by the sword That is, a violent death; in the Old Testament a symbol of the future punishment of the ungodly.

That is, a violent death; in the Old Testament a symbol of the future punishment of the ungodly.

JFB: Job 33:19 - -- When man does not heed warnings of the night, he is chastened, &c. The new thought suggested by Elihu is that affliction is disciplinary (Job 36:10); ...

When man does not heed warnings of the night, he is chastened, &c. The new thought suggested by Elihu is that affliction is disciplinary (Job 36:10); for the good of the godly.

JFB: Job 33:19 - multitude So the Margin, Hebrew (Keri). Better with the text (Chetib), "And with the perpetual (strong) contest of his bones"; the never-resting fever in his bo...

So the Margin, Hebrew (Keri). Better with the text (Chetib), "And with the perpetual (strong) contest of his bones"; the never-resting fever in his bones (Psa 38:3) [UMBREIT].

JFB: Job 33:20 - life That is, the appetite, which ordinarily sustains "life" (Job 38:39; Psa 107:18; Ecc 12:5). The taking away of desire for food by sickness symbolizes t...

That is, the appetite, which ordinarily sustains "life" (Job 38:39; Psa 107:18; Ecc 12:5). The taking away of desire for food by sickness symbolizes the removal by affliction of lust, for things which foster the spiritual fever of pride.

JFB: Job 33:20 - soul Desire.

Desire.

JFB: Job 33:21 - -- His flesh once prominent "can no more be seen." His bones once not seen now appear prominent.

His flesh once prominent "can no more be seen." His bones once not seen now appear prominent.

JFB: Job 33:21 - stick out Literally, "are bare." The Margin, Hebrew (Keri) reading. The text (Chetib) reads it a noun "(are become) bareness." The Keri was no doubt an explanat...

Literally, "are bare." The Margin, Hebrew (Keri) reading. The text (Chetib) reads it a noun "(are become) bareness." The Keri was no doubt an explanatory reading of transcribers.

JFB: Job 33:22 - destroyers Angels of death commissioned by God to end man's life (2Sa 24:16; Psa 78:49). The death pains personified may, however, be meant; so "gnawers" (see on...

Angels of death commissioned by God to end man's life (2Sa 24:16; Psa 78:49). The death pains personified may, however, be meant; so "gnawers" (see on Job 30:17).

JFB: Job 33:23 - -- Elihu refers to himself as the divinely-sent (Job 32:8; Job 33:6) "messenger," the "interpreter" to explain to Job and vindicate God's righteousness; ...

Elihu refers to himself as the divinely-sent (Job 32:8; Job 33:6) "messenger," the "interpreter" to explain to Job and vindicate God's righteousness; such a one Eliphaz had denied that Job could look for (Job 5:1), and Job (Job 9:33) had wished for such a "daysman" or umpire between him and God. The "messenger" of good is antithetical to the "destroyers" (Job 33:23).

JFB: Job 33:23 - with him If there be vouchsafed to the sufferer. The office of the interpreter is stated "to show unto man God's uprightness" in His dealings; or, as UMBREIT, ...

If there be vouchsafed to the sufferer. The office of the interpreter is stated "to show unto man God's uprightness" in His dealings; or, as UMBREIT, "man's upright course towards God" (Pro 14:2). The former is better; Job maintained his own "uprightness" (Job 16:17; Job 27:5-6); Elihu on the contrary maintains God's, and that man's true uprightness lies in submission to God. "One among a thousand" is a man rarely to be found. So Jesus Christ (Son 5:10). Elihu, the God-sent mediator of a temporal deliverance, is a type of the God-man Jesus Christ the Mediator of eternal deliverance: "the messenger of the covenant" (Mal 3:1). This is the wonderful work of the Holy Ghost, that persons and events move in their own sphere in such a way as unconsciously to shadow forth Him, whose "testimony is the Spirit of prophecy"; as the same point may be center of a small and of a vastly larger concentric circle.

JFB: Job 33:24 - -- Apodosis to Job 33:23.

Apodosis to Job 33:23.

JFB: Job 33:24 - he God.

God.

JFB: Job 33:24 - Deliver Literally, "redeem"; in it and "ransom" there is reference to the consideration, on account of which God pardons and relieves the sufferers; here it i...

Literally, "redeem"; in it and "ransom" there is reference to the consideration, on account of which God pardons and relieves the sufferers; here it is primarily the intercession of Elihu. But the language is too strong for its full meaning to be exhausted by this. The Holy Ghost has suggested language which receives its full realization only in the "eternal redemption found" by God in the price paid by Jesus Christ for it; that is, His blood and meritorious intercession (Heb 9:12). "Obtained," literally, "found"; implying the earnest zeal, wisdom, and faithfulness of the finder, and the newness and joyousness of the finding. Jesus Christ could not but have found it, but still His seeking it was needed [BENGEL], (Luk 15:8). God the Father, is the Finder (Psa 89:19). Jesus Christ the Redeemer, to whom He saith, Redeem (so Hebrew) him from going, &c. (2Co 5:19).

JFB: Job 33:24 - ransom Used in a general sense by Elihu, but meant by the Holy Ghost in its strict sense as applied to Jesus Christ, of a price paid for deliverance (Exo 21:...

Used in a general sense by Elihu, but meant by the Holy Ghost in its strict sense as applied to Jesus Christ, of a price paid for deliverance (Exo 21:30), an atonement (that is, means of selling at once, that is, reconciling "two" who are estranged), a covering, as of the ark with pitch, typical of what covers us sinners from wrath (Gen 6:14; Psa 32:1). The pit is primarily here the grave (Isa 38:17), but the spiritual pit is mainly shadowed forth (Zec 9:11).

JFB: Job 33:25-28 - -- Effects of restoration to God's favor; literally, to Job a temporal revival; spiritually, an eternal regeneration. The striking words cannot be restri...

Effects of restoration to God's favor; literally, to Job a temporal revival; spiritually, an eternal regeneration. The striking words cannot be restricted to their temporal meaning, as used by Elihu (1Pe 1:11-12).

JFB: Job 33:25-28 - his flesh shall be fresher than a child's So Naaman, 2Ki 5:14, spiritually, Joh 3:3-7.

So Naaman, 2Ki 5:14, spiritually, Joh 3:3-7.

JFB: Job 33:26 - -- Job shall no longer pray to God, as he complains, in vain (Job 23:3, Job 23:8-9). True especially to the redeemed in Jesus Christ (Joh 16:23-27).

Job shall no longer pray to God, as he complains, in vain (Job 23:3, Job 23:8-9). True especially to the redeemed in Jesus Christ (Joh 16:23-27).

JFB: Job 33:26 - he Job.

Job.

JFB: Job 33:26 - shall see his face Or, God shall make Job to see His face [MAURER]. God shall no longer "hide His face" (Job 13:24). True to the believer now (Joh 14:21-22); eternally (...

Or, God shall make Job to see His face [MAURER]. God shall no longer "hide His face" (Job 13:24). True to the believer now (Joh 14:21-22); eternally (Psa 17:15; Joh 17:24).

JFB: Job 33:26 - his God's

God's

JFB: Job 33:26 - righteousness God will again make the restored Job no longer ("I perverted . . . right," Job 33:27) doubt God's justice, but to justify Him in His dealings. The pen...

God will again make the restored Job no longer ("I perverted . . . right," Job 33:27) doubt God's justice, but to justify Him in His dealings. The penitent justifies God (Psa 51:4). So the believer is made to see God's righteousness in Jesus Christ (Isa 45:24; Isa 46:13).

JFB: Job 33:27 - he looketh God. Rather, with UMBREIT, "Now he (the restored penitent) singeth joyfully (answering to "joy," Job 33:26; Psa 51:12) before men, and saith," &c. (Pr...

God. Rather, with UMBREIT, "Now he (the restored penitent) singeth joyfully (answering to "joy," Job 33:26; Psa 51:12) before men, and saith," &c. (Pro 25:20; Psa 66:16; Psa 116:14).

JFB: Job 33:27 - perverted Made the straight crooked: as Job had misrepresented God's character.

Made the straight crooked: as Job had misrepresented God's character.

JFB: Job 33:27 - profited Literally, "was made even" to me; rather, "My punishment was not commensurate with my sin" (so Zophar, Job 11:6); the reverse of what Job heretofore s...

Literally, "was made even" to me; rather, "My punishment was not commensurate with my sin" (so Zophar, Job 11:6); the reverse of what Job heretofore said (Job 16:17; Psa 103:10; Ezr 9:13).

JFB: Job 33:28 - -- (See on Job 33:24); rather, as Hebrew text (English Version reads as the Margin, Hebrew, Keri, "his soul, his life"), "He hath delivered my soul . . ....

(See on Job 33:24); rather, as Hebrew text (English Version reads as the Margin, Hebrew, Keri, "his soul, his life"), "He hath delivered my soul . . . my life." Continuation of the penitent's testimony to the people.

JFB: Job 33:28 - light (Job 33:30; Job 3:16, Job 3:20; Psa 56:13; Ecc 11:7).

JFB: Job 33:29 - -- Margin, "twice and thrice," alluding to Job 33:14; once, by visions, Job 33:15-17; secondly, by afflictions, Job 33:19-22; now, by the "messenger," th...

Margin, "twice and thrice," alluding to Job 33:14; once, by visions, Job 33:15-17; secondly, by afflictions, Job 33:19-22; now, by the "messenger," thirdly, Job 33:23.

JFB: Job 33:30 - -- Referring to Job 33:28 (Psa 50:13).

Referring to Job 33:28 (Psa 50:13).

JFB: Job 33:32 - justify To do thee justice; and, if I can, consistently with it, to declare thee innocent. At Job 33:33 Elihu pauses for a reply; then proceeds in Job 34:1.

To do thee justice; and, if I can, consistently with it, to declare thee innocent. At Job 33:33 Elihu pauses for a reply; then proceeds in Job 34:1.

Clarke: Job 33:3 - My words shall be of the uprightness My words shall be of the uprightness - As God has given me his Spirit, from that Spirit alone will I speak; therefore all my words shall be of uprig...

My words shall be of the uprightness - As God has given me his Spirit, from that Spirit alone will I speak; therefore all my words shall be of uprightness, knowledge, and truth

Clarke: Job 33:3 - Knowledge clearly Knowledge clearly - דעת ברור daath barur , pure science. I shall lay down no false positions, and I shall have no false consequences.

Knowledge clearly - דעת ברור daath barur , pure science. I shall lay down no false positions, and I shall have no false consequences.

Clarke: Job 33:4 - The Spirit of God hath made me The Spirit of God hath made me - Another plain allusion to the account of the creation of man, Gen 2:7, as the words נשמת nishmath , the breath...

The Spirit of God hath made me - Another plain allusion to the account of the creation of man, Gen 2:7, as the words נשמת nishmath , the breath or breathing of God, and תחיני techaiyeni , hath given me life, prove: "He breathed into his nostrils the breath of lives, and he became a living soul."

Clarke: Job 33:6 - I am according to thy wish in God’ s stead: I also am formed out of the clay I am according to thy wish in God’ s stead: I also am formed out of the clay - Mr. Good, and before him none other that I have seen, has most p...

I am according to thy wish in God’ s stead: I also am formed out of the clay - Mr. Good, and before him none other that I have seen, has most probably hit the true meaning: -

"Behold, I am thy fellow

I too was formed by God out of the clay.

The word כפיך kephicha , which we translate according to thy wish, and which, if Hebrew, would mean like to thy mouth; he considers as pure Arabic, with a Hebrew postfix, (Arabic) kefoo, signifying fellow, equal, like. Taken in this way, the passage is very plain, only לאל lael , by or through God, must be added to the last clause of the verse instead of the first, as Mr. Good has properly done.

Clarke: Job 33:7 - My terror shall not make thee afraid My terror shall not make thee afraid - This is an allusion to what Job had said, Job 9:34 : "Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear...

My terror shall not make thee afraid - This is an allusion to what Job had said, Job 9:34 : "Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear terrify me."Being thy equal, no fear can impose upon thee so far as to overawe thee; so that thou shouldst not be able to conduct thy own defense. We are on equal terms; now prepare to defend thyself.

Clarke: Job 33:8 - Surely thou hast spoken Surely thou hast spoken - What Elihu speaks here, and in the three following verses, contains, in general, simple quotations from Job’ s own wo...

Surely thou hast spoken - What Elihu speaks here, and in the three following verses, contains, in general, simple quotations from Job’ s own words, or the obvious sense of them, as the reader may see by referring to Job 13:27 (note); Job 14:16 (note), and Job 31:4 (note), and also to the notes on those passages.

Clarke: Job 33:11 - He putteth my feet in the stocks He putteth my feet in the stocks - See the note on Job 13:27.

He putteth my feet in the stocks - See the note on Job 13:27.

Clarke: Job 33:12 - In this thou art not just In this thou art not just - Thou hast laid charges against God’ s dealings, but thou hast not been able to justify those charges; and were ther...

In this thou art not just - Thou hast laid charges against God’ s dealings, but thou hast not been able to justify those charges; and were there nothing else against thee, these irreverent speeches are so many proofs that thou art not clear in the sight of God.

Clarke: Job 33:13 - Why dost thou strive against him? Why dost thou strive against him? - Is it not useless to contend with God? Can he do any thing that is not right? As to his giving thee any account ...

Why dost thou strive against him? - Is it not useless to contend with God? Can he do any thing that is not right? As to his giving thee any account of the reasons why he deals thus and thus with thee, or any one else, thou needest not expect it; he is sovereign, and is not to be called to the bar of his creatures. It is sufficient for thee to know that "he is too wise to err, and too good to be unkind."

Clarke: Job 33:14 - For God speaketh once For God speaketh once - Though he will not be summoned to the bar of his creatures, nor condescend to detail the reasons of his conduct, which they ...

For God speaketh once - Though he will not be summoned to the bar of his creatures, nor condescend to detail the reasons of his conduct, which they could not comprehend, yet he so acts, in the main, that the operation of his hand and the designs of his counsel may sufficiently appear, provided men had their eyes open upon his ways, and their hearts open to receive his influence. Elihu, having made the general statement that God would not come to the bar of his creatures to give account of his conduct, shows the general means which he uses to bring men to an acquaintance with themselves and with him: he states these in the six following particulars, which may be collected from Job 33:15-24.

Clarke: Job 33:15 - In a Dream - when deep sleep falleth upon men In a Dream - when deep sleep falleth upon men - Many, by such means, have had the most salutary warnings; and to decry all such, because there are m...

In a Dream - when deep sleep falleth upon men - Many, by such means, have had the most salutary warnings; and to decry all such, because there are many vain dreams, would be nearly as much wisdom as to deny the Bible, because there are many foolish books, the authors of which supposed they were under a Divine influence while composing them

Clarke: Job 33:15 - II. In a Visio

In a Vision of the night - in slumberings upon the bed II. In a Visio In a Vision of the night - in slumberings upon the bed - Visions or images presented in the imagination during slumber, when men are...

II. In a Visio

In a Vision of the night - in slumberings upon the bed - Visions or images presented in the imagination during slumber, when men are betwixt sleeping and waking, or when, awake and in bed, they are wrapt up in deep contemplation, the darkness of the night having shut out all objects from their sight, so that the mind is not diverted by images of earthly things impressed on the senses. Many warnings in this way have come from God; and the impression they made, and the good effect they produced, were the proofs of their Divine origin. To deny this would be to call into doubt the testimony of the best, wisest, and holiest men in all ages of the Church. Of one of these visions we have a remarkable account in this book, Job 4:12-21. And this vision seems to have taken place in the night season, when Eliphaz awoke from a deep sleep. There is this difference between the accidents of the dream and the vision: the former takes place when deep sleep falleth upon men; the latter, in the night, in or after slumberings upon the bed.

Clarke: Job 33:16 - Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth, etc. Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth, etc. - A dream or a vision simply considered is likely to do no good; it is the opening of the underst...

Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth, etc. - A dream or a vision simply considered is likely to do no good; it is the opening of the understanding, and the pouring in of the light, that make men wise to salvation. Serious alarms, holy purposes, penitential pangs for past sins, apprehension of death and judgment, discoveries of God’ s justice, of Christ’ s love, of the world’ s vanity, of heaven’ s excellence, etc., etc., etc., are often used by the Divine Spirit to withdraw men from their evil purpose, and to hide pride from man, Job 33:17; and of all these openings of the ear of the heart, and sealing instructions upon the conscience, we have numerous examples in the history of the Church, in the experience of good men, and even in the civil and providential history of all nations.

Clarke: Job 33:18 - He keepeth back his soul from the pit He keepeth back his soul from the pit - By the above means, how many have been snatched from an untimely death! By taking the warning thus given, so...

He keepeth back his soul from the pit - By the above means, how many have been snatched from an untimely death! By taking the warning thus given, some have been prevented from perishing by the pit - some sudden accident; and others from the sword of the assassin or nocturnal murderer. It would be easy to give examples, in all these kinds; but the knowledge of the reader may save this trouble to the commentator.

Clarke: Job 33:19 - He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, etc. He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, etc. - Afflictions are a fourth means which God makes use of to awaken and convert sinners. In the hand...

He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, etc. - Afflictions are a fourth means which God makes use of to awaken and convert sinners. In the hand of God these were the cause of the salvation of David, as himself testifies: Before I was afflicted, I went astray, Psa 119:67, Psa 119:71, Psa 119:75

Clarke: Job 33:19 - The multitude of his bones The multitude of his bones - By such diseases, especially those of a rheumatic kind, when to the patient’ s apprehension every bone is diseased...

The multitude of his bones - By such diseases, especially those of a rheumatic kind, when to the patient’ s apprehension every bone is diseased, broken, or out of joint

Some render the passage, When the multitude of his bones is yet strong; meaning those sudden afflictions which fall upon men when in a state of great firmness and vigor. The original, ורוב עצמיו אתן verob atsamaiv ethan , may be translated, And the strong multitude of his bones. Even the strong multitude of his bones is chastened with pain upon his bed; the place of rest and ease affording him no peace, quiet, or comfort

The bones may be well termed multitudinous, as there are no less than 10 in the cranium, or skull; upper jaw, 13; lower jaw, 1; teeth, 32; tongue, 1; vertebrae, or back-bone, 24; ribs, 24; sternum, or breast-bone, 3; os innominatum, 1; scapula, or shoulder-blades, 2; arms, 6; hands, 54; thigh-bones, 2; knee-bones, 2; legs, 4; feet, 54: in all, not less than 233 bones, without reckoning the ossa sethamoides; because, though often numerous, they are found only in hard laborers, or elderly persons.

Clarke: Job 33:20 - His life abhorreth bread His life abhorreth bread - These expressions strongly and naturally point out that general nausea, or loathing which sick persons feel in almost eve...

His life abhorreth bread - These expressions strongly and naturally point out that general nausea, or loathing which sick persons feel in almost every species of disorder.

Clarke: Job 33:21 - His flesh is consumed away His flesh is consumed away - As in atrophy, marasmus, and consumptive complaints in general.

His flesh is consumed away - As in atrophy, marasmus, and consumptive complaints in general.

Clarke: Job 33:22 - His soul draweth near unto the grave His soul draweth near unto the grave - נפש nephesh , soul, is here taken for the immortal spirit, as it is distinguished from חיה chaiyah , ...

His soul draweth near unto the grave - נפש nephesh , soul, is here taken for the immortal spirit, as it is distinguished from חיה chaiyah , the animal life. The former draws near to the pit, שחת shachath , corruption; perhaps he meant dissipation, considering it merely as the breath. The latter draws near לממתים lamemithim , to the dead; i.e., to those who are already buried. Mr. Good translates it the Destinies; and supposes the same is meant among the Hebrews by the Memithim, as among the Greeks by their Μοιραι ; the Latins, by their Parcae ; the Goths, by their Fatal Sisters; the Scandinavians, by their goddess Hela; and the Arabians, by Azrael, or the angel of death. I think, however, the signification given above is more natural.

Clarke: Job 33:23 - If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, etc. If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, etc. - The Messengers of righteousness; this is a Fifth method, אם יש עליו מלאך מל...

If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, etc. - The Messengers of righteousness; this is a Fifth method, אם יש עליו מלאך מליץ im yesh alaiv malach melits , "If there be over him an interpreting or mediatorial angel or messenger."One among a thousand, אחד מני אלף echad minni aleph . "One from the Chief, Head, or Teacher.

Clarke: Job 33:23 - To show unto man his uprightness To show unto man his uprightness - להגיד לאדם ישרו lehaggid leadam yoshro , "to manifest or cause to be declared to man his righteousn...

To show unto man his uprightness - להגיד לאדם ישרו lehaggid leadam yoshro , "to manifest or cause to be declared to man his righteousness:"to show unto Adam - men in general, the descendants of the first man - his purity and holiness; to convince him of sin, righteousness, and judgment, that he may be prepared for the discovery of what is next to be exhibited.

Clarke: Job 33:24 - Then he is gracious unto him Then he is gracious unto him - He exercises mercy towards fallen man, and gives command for his respite and pardon. Deliver him from going down to t...

Then he is gracious unto him - He exercises mercy towards fallen man, and gives command for his respite and pardon. Deliver him from going down to the pit - Let him who is thus instructed, penitent, and afflicted, and comes to me, find a pardon; for: -

Clarke: Job 33:24 - VI. By an Atonemen

I have found a ransom VI. By an Atonemen I have found a ransom - כפר copher , an atonement. Pay a ransom for him, פדעהו pedaehu , that he may not go down to th...

VI. By an Atonemen

I have found a ransom - כפר copher , an atonement. Pay a ransom for him, פדעהו pedaehu , that he may not go down to the pit - to corruption or destruction, for I have found out an atonement. It is this that gives efficacy to all the preceding means; without which they would be useless, and the salvation of man impossible. I must think that the redemption of a lost world, by Jesus Christ, is not obscurely signified in Job 33:23, Job 33:24. While the whole world lay in the wicked one, and were all hastening to the bottomless pit, God so loved the world that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him might not perish, but have everlasting life. Jesus Christ, the great sacrifice, and head of the Church, commissions his messengers - apostles and their successors - to show men the righteousness of God, and his displeasure at sin, and at the same time his infinite love, which commands them to proclaim deliverance to the captives, and that they who believe on him shall not perish, shall not go down to the pit of destruction, for he has found out an atonement; and that whoever comes to him, through Christ, shall have everlasting life, in virtue of that atonement or ransom price. Should it be objected against my interpretation of אלף aleph , that it cannot be translated chief or head, because it is without the vau shurek, אלוף alluph , which gives it this signification; I would answer, that this form of the word is not essential to the signification given above, as it occurs in several places without the vau shurek, where it most certainly signifies a chief, a leader, captain, etc., e.g., Zec 9:7; Jer 13:21, and Gen 36:30; in the first of which we translate it governor; in the second, captain; and in the third, duke. And although we translate אלוף alluph an ox or beeve, (and it most certainly has this meaning in several places), yet in this signification it is written without the vau shurek in Pro 14:4; Psa 8:7; Isa 30:24; and in Deu 7:13; Deu 28:4, Deu 28:18, Deu 28:51; which all show that this letter is not absolutely necessary to the above signification.

Clarke: Job 33:25 - His flesh shall be fresher than a child’ s His flesh shall be fresher than a child’ s - He shall be born a new creature

His flesh shall be fresher than a child’ s - He shall be born a new creature

Clarke: Job 33:25 - He shall return to the days of his youth He shall return to the days of his youth - He shall be born again, and become a child of God, through faith in Christ Jesus.

He shall return to the days of his youth - He shall be born again, and become a child of God, through faith in Christ Jesus.

Clarke: Job 33:26 - He shall pray unto God He shall pray unto God - Being now adopted into the heavenly family, and become a new creature, he shall have the spirit of prayer, which is indeed ...

He shall pray unto God - Being now adopted into the heavenly family, and become a new creature, he shall have the spirit of prayer, which is indeed the very breath and language of the new or spiritual life

Clarke: Job 33:26 - He will be favorable unto him He will be favorable unto him - He shall manifest his good will to him; he shall live under the influences of Divine grace

He will be favorable unto him - He shall manifest his good will to him; he shall live under the influences of Divine grace

Clarke: Job 33:26 - He shall see his face with joy He shall see his face with joy - He shall know that God is reconciled to him; and this shall fill him with joy, בתרועה bithruah , with exulta...

He shall see his face with joy - He shall know that God is reconciled to him; and this shall fill him with joy, בתרועה bithruah , with exultation: for, "being justified by faith, he has peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom he has received the atonement; and Rejoices in the hope of the glory of God.

Clarke: Job 33:26 - He will render unto man his righteousness He will render unto man his righteousness - So good and gracious is the Lord, that by his grace he will enable this convert to live to his glory, to...

He will render unto man his righteousness - So good and gracious is the Lord, that by his grace he will enable this convert to live to his glory, to bring forth all the fruits of the Spirit, and then reward him for the work, as if it were done by his own might.

Clarke: Job 33:27 - He looketh upon men He looketh upon men - אנשים anashim , wretched, fallen men. He shines into them, to convince them of sin; and if any, under this convincing li...

He looketh upon men - אנשים anashim , wretched, fallen men. He shines into them, to convince them of sin; and if any, under this convincing light of God, say, I have sinned against heaven and before thee, and perverted the right - abused the powers, faculties, mercies, and advantages, which thou didst give me, by seeking rest and happiness in the creature, and it profited me not - it was all vanity and vexation of spirit; ולא שוה לי velo shavah li , "and it was not equal to me,"did not come up to my expectation, nor supply my wants: -

Clarke: Job 33:28 - He will deliver his soul He will deliver his soul - He will do that to every individual penitent sinner which he has promised in his word to do for a lost world - he will de...

He will deliver his soul - He will do that to every individual penitent sinner which he has promised in his word to do for a lost world - he will deliver his soul from going down to the pit of hell

Clarke: Job 33:28 - And his life shall see the light And his life shall see the light - He shall walk in the light, as Christ is in the light; always enjoying a clear sense of his acceptance through th...

And his life shall see the light - He shall walk in the light, as Christ is in the light; always enjoying a clear sense of his acceptance through the blood of the Lamb. See another mode of paraphrasing these verses at the end of the chapter.

Clarke: Job 33:29 - Lo, all these things worketh God Lo, all these things worketh God - God frequently uses one, or another, or all of these means, to bring men, גבר gaber , stout-hearted men, who ...

Lo, all these things worketh God - God frequently uses one, or another, or all of these means, to bring men, גבר gaber , stout-hearted men, who are far from righteousness, to holiness and heaven

Clarke: Job 33:29 - Oftentimes Oftentimes - פעמים שלש paamayim shalosh , "three times over;"or as פעמים paamayim is by the points in the dual number, then it sign...

Oftentimes - פעמים שלש paamayim shalosh , "three times over;"or as פעמים paamayim is by the points in the dual number, then it signifies twice three times, that is, again and again; very frequently. Blessed be God!

Clarke: Job 33:30 - To bring back his soul from the pit To bring back his soul from the pit - Nearly a repetition of the promise in Job 33:28

To bring back his soul from the pit - Nearly a repetition of the promise in Job 33:28

Clarke: Job 33:30 - To be enlightened with the light of the living To be enlightened with the light of the living - An echo of Psa 56:13 : "Thou hast delivered my soul from death, that I may walk before God in the l...

To be enlightened with the light of the living - An echo of Psa 56:13 : "Thou hast delivered my soul from death, that I may walk before God in the light of the living;"and probably quoted from it.

Clarke: Job 33:31 - Mark well, O Job Mark well, O Job - Pay the deepest attention to what I have said, and to what I shall say.

Mark well, O Job - Pay the deepest attention to what I have said, and to what I shall say.

Clarke: Job 33:32 - If thou hast any thing to say If thou hast any thing to say - If thou hast any objection to make against what I have already stated, now answer, now speak freely; for it is my de...

If thou hast any thing to say - If thou hast any objection to make against what I have already stated, now answer, now speak freely; for it is my desire that thou shouldst stand clear of all charges.

Clarke: Job 33:33 - If not If not - Then I will proceed: listen carefully, keep silence, and I will teach thee what true wisdom is. Job was silent; none of his friends chose t...

If not - Then I will proceed: listen carefully, keep silence, and I will teach thee what true wisdom is. Job was silent; none of his friends chose to intermeddle farther; and in the next chapter Elihu addresses both Job and them

There are some various readings in the MSS. and versions on certain words in the concluding verses of this chapter, which it will be necessary to mention, as they, if adopted, will lead to a somewhat different paraphrase to that given, especially of Job 33:26-28

Job 33:26 For צדקתו tsidkatho , His righteousness, one MS. and the Chaldee have כצדקתו ketsidkatho , According to his righteousness

Job 33:28 For נפשו naphsho , His soul, which is the keri reading, and that which our translation has followed, נפשי My soul is the reading of many MSS., early editions, the Complutensian, Antwerp, and London Polyglots, the Jerusalem Targum, the Chaldee, the Vulgate, and Coverdale

For חיתו chaiyatho , His life, many MSS., early editions, the Complutensian, Antwerp, and London Polyglots, the Jerusalem Targum, Chaldee, Vulgate, and Coverdale, read חיתי chaiyathi , My life. Both of these are properly the kethib or textual readings in the best editions, but are directed by the Masora to be changed for the keri readings, or those inserted in the margin

For באור תראה baor tireh , Shall See the light, six of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s MSS. have תהיה tihyeh , and twenty-one have כאור caor , thus כאור תהיה caor tihiyeh , Shall Be As the light. The whole verse, by these various readings, will stand thus: - "He will deliver My soul from going into the pit, and My life Shall Be As the light."But if, with the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic, we read פדה padah , in the imperative mood, then the verse will read thus: - "Deliver Thou My Soul from going down to the pit, and My life Shall Be As the light.

On the Job 33:26, Job 33:27, Job 33:28, and Job 33:29 verses, the following paraphrase has been recommended

Job 33:26 He (Jesus Christ, the head and ransom price) shall pray unto God, (shall make intercession for the transgressors, for he is the Mediator between God and man). And he (God the Father) will be favorable, ( ירצהו yirtsehu , will manifest his good will towards him). And he shall see his face ( פניו panaiv , his faces, God the Father, Son, and Spirit) with joy, ( בתרועה bithruah , with exultation or triumph), for he will render unto man his righteousness, ( ושב לאנוש צדקתי yasheb leenosh tsidkatho , "He will restore to wretched man his righteousness;"i.e., he will create the soul anew, and restore to the fallen spirit that righteousness and true holiness which it has lost, and bring it again to its original state of perfection, through the grand atonement mentioned Job 33:24)

But when is it that wretched miserable man shall be brought to this state of salvation? This is answered i

Job 33:27 When God, looking upon men, seeth any of them saying, I have sinned and perverted that which is right, and it hath profited me nothing - has afforded nothing equal to my wishes, and the tribulation which I sustained in seeking happiness in forbidden things. Redeem my soul from going down to destruction, and my life shall see the light, or shall be as the light. This is the prayer of the penitent, which God has promised to hear

This is one of the best, the deepest, the most spiritual, and most important chapters which the reader has yet met with in the Book of Job. It is every way important, and full of useful information. It is a grand exhibition of the Way of salvation as revealed to patriarchs and prophets.

Defender: Job 33:6 - in God's stead Job had longed for a daysman to mediate between himself and God, and Elihu presumptuously claims to be such a mediator.

Job had longed for a daysman to mediate between himself and God, and Elihu presumptuously claims to be such a mediator.

Defender: Job 33:6 - formed Elihu condescendingly admits that he, like Adam, had been formed from the ground, even though his words (as he claimed) were constrained by "the spiri...

Elihu condescendingly admits that he, like Adam, had been formed from the ground, even though his words (as he claimed) were constrained by "the spirit within me" (Job 32:18). He also compared his origin to that of Adam by noting that "the breath of the Almighty hath given me life" (Job 33:4)."

Defender: Job 33:23 - messenger The Hebrew for "messenger" is the usual word for "angel." Some have interpreted this as a Messianic prophecy, with the "angel" and the "one among a th...

The Hebrew for "messenger" is the usual word for "angel." Some have interpreted this as a Messianic prophecy, with the "angel" and the "one among a thousand" being prophetic of the coming Messiah, who would provide the needed ransom. In context, however, it seems clear that the arrogant young Elihu is making these claims for himself."

Defender: Job 33:23 - interpreter This is not the usual word for an interpreter of the meanings of dreams or other revelations. It is more commonly translated as "mocker" - a type of i...

This is not the usual word for an interpreter of the meanings of dreams or other revelations. It is more commonly translated as "mocker" - a type of interpretation perhaps appropriate for Elihu, but hardly for the Messiah."

Defender: Job 33:24 - ransom This is the word for "atonement" or "covering." Elihu is promising Job forgiveness and restoration if he will only confess his sins. However, he says ...

This is the word for "atonement" or "covering." Elihu is promising Job forgiveness and restoration if he will only confess his sins. However, he says nothing at all about the real ransom, or atonement - namely, the shed blood of an innocent substitute. He was presenting himself as the inspired messenger, but hardly as the substitutionary sacrifice!"

TSK: Job 33:1 - hear hear : Job 13:6, Job 34:2; Psa 49:1-3; Mar 4:9

TSK: Job 33:2 - I // mouth I : Job 3:1; Psa 78:2; Mat 5:2 mouth : Heb. palate, Job 31:30 *marg.

I : Job 3:1; Psa 78:2; Mat 5:2

mouth : Heb. palate, Job 31:30 *marg.

TSK: Job 33:3 - the // my lips the : Job 27:4; Pro 8:7, Pro 8:8; 1Th 2:3, 1Th 2:4 my lips : Job 15:2, Job 36:3, Job 36:4, Job 38:2; Psa 37:30, Psa 37:31; Pro 15:2, Pro 15:7, Pro 20:...

TSK: Job 33:4 - -- Job 10:12, Job 32:8; Gen 2:7; Psa 33:6; Rom 8:2; 1Co 15:45

TSK: Job 33:5 - If // set // stand If : Job 33:32, Job 33:33, Job 32:1, Job 32:12 set : Job 23:4, Job 23:5, Job 32:14; Psa 50:21 stand : Act 10:26

TSK: Job 33:6 - I am // wish // in // I also // formed I am : Job 9:32-35, Job 13:3, Job 20:22, Job 23:3, Job 23:4, Job 31:35 wish : Heb. mouth in : Gen 30:2; Exo 4:16; 2Co 5:20 I also : Job 4:19, Job 10:9...

I am : Job 9:32-35, Job 13:3, Job 20:22, Job 23:3, Job 23:4, Job 31:35

wish : Heb. mouth

in : Gen 30:2; Exo 4:16; 2Co 5:20

I also : Job 4:19, Job 10:9, Job 13:12; Gen 2:7, Gen 3:19; 2Co 5:1

formed : Heb. cut

TSK: Job 33:7 - my terror // my hand my terror : Job 9:34, Job 13:21; Psa 88:16 my hand : Psa 32:4

my terror : Job 9:34, Job 13:21; Psa 88:16

my hand : Psa 32:4

TSK: Job 33:8 - hearing hearing : Heb. ears, Deu 13:14; Jer 29:23

hearing : Heb. ears, Deu 13:14; Jer 29:23

TSK: Job 33:9 - clean // innocent clean : Job 9:17, Job 10:7, Job 11:4, Job 16:17, Job 23:11, Job 23:12, Job 27:5, Job 27:6, Job 29:14 innocent : Job 9:23, Job 9:28, Job 17:8; Jer 2:35

TSK: Job 33:10 - he findeth // he counteth he findeth : Job 9:30, Job 9:31, Job 10:15-17, Job 13:25, Job 14:16, Job 34:5 he counteth : Job 13:24, Job 16:9, Job 19:11, Job 30:21, Job 31:35

TSK: Job 33:11 - putteth // marketh putteth : Job 13:27; Psa 105:18; Jer 20:2; Act 16:24 marketh : Job 31:4; Dan 4:35

TSK: Job 33:12 - thou // I will // God thou : Job 1:22, Job 34:10-12, Job 34:17-19, Job 34:23, Job 35:2, Job 36:22, Job 36:23; Eze 18:25; Rom 9:19-21 I will : Job 32:17, Job 35:4 God : Job ...

TSK: Job 33:13 - strive // giveth not account strive : Job 9:14, Job 15:25, Job 15:26; Isa 45:9; Jer 50:24; Eze 22:14; Act 5:39, Act 9:4, Act 9:5; 1Co 10:22 giveth not account : Heb. answereth not...

TSK: Job 33:14 - God // perceiveth God : Job 40:5; Psa 62:11 perceiveth : 2Ch 33:10; Pro 1:24, Pro 1:29; Isa 6:9; Mat 13:14; Mar 8:17, Mar 8:18; Luk 24:25; Joh 3:19

TSK: Job 33:15 - a dream // deep a dream : Job 4:13; Gen 20:3, Gen 31:24; Num 12:6; Jer 23:28; Dan 4:5; Heb 1:1 deep : Gen 15:12; Dan 8:18

TSK: Job 33:16 - openeth // sealeth openeth : Heb. revealeth, or, uncovereth, Job 36:10, Job 36:15; 2Sa 7:27; Psa 40:6; Isa 6:10, Isa 48:8, Isa 50:5; Luk 24:45; Act 16:14 sealeth : Neh 9...

openeth : Heb. revealeth, or, uncovereth, Job 36:10, Job 36:15; 2Sa 7:27; Psa 40:6; Isa 6:10, Isa 48:8, Isa 50:5; Luk 24:45; Act 16:14

sealeth : Neh 9:38; Rom 15:28

TSK: Job 33:17 - withdraw // purpose // hide withdraw : Job 17:11; Gen 20:6; Isa 23:9; Hos 2:6; Mat 27:19; Act 9:2-6 purpose : Heb. work hide : Deu 8:16; 2Ch 32:25; Isa 2:11; Dan 4:30-37; 2Co 12:...

TSK: Job 33:18 - keepeth // perishing keepeth : Act 16:27-33; Rom 2:4; 2Pe 3:9, 2Pe 3:15 perishing : Heb. passing

keepeth : Act 16:27-33; Rom 2:4; 2Pe 3:9, 2Pe 3:15

perishing : Heb. passing

TSK: Job 33:19 - chastened // pain chastened : Job 5:17, Job 5:18; Deu 8:5; Psa 94:12, Psa 119:67, Psa 119:71; Isa 27:9; 1Co 11:32; Rev 3:19 pain : Job 7:4, Job 20:11, Job 30:17; 2Ch 16...

TSK: Job 33:20 - his life // dainty meat his life : Psa 107:17, Psa 107:18 dainty meat : Heb. meat of desire, Gen 3:6; Jer 3:19; Amo 5:11 *marg.

his life : Psa 107:17, Psa 107:18

dainty meat : Heb. meat of desire, Gen 3:6; Jer 3:19; Amo 5:11 *marg.

TSK: Job 33:21 - His flesh // his bones His flesh : Job 7:5, Job 13:28, Job 14:20, Job 14:22, Job 19:20; Psa 32:3, Psa 32:4, Psa 39:11, Psa 102:3-5; Pro 5:11 his bones : Psa 22:15-17

TSK: Job 33:22 - his soul // his life his soul : Job 7:7, Job 17:1, Job 17:13-16; 1Sa 2:6; Psa 30:3, Psa 88:3-5; Isa 38:10 his life : Job 15:21; Exo 12:23; 2Sa 24:16; Psa 17:4; Act 12:23; ...

TSK: Job 33:23 - a messenger // an interpreter // one // to a messenger : Jdg 2:1; 2Ch 36:15, 2Ch 36:16; Hag 1:13; Mal 2:7, Mal 3:1; 2Co 5:20 an interpreter : Job 34:32; Psa 94:12; Isa 61:1-3; Act 8:30; 1Co 11:...

TSK: Job 33:24 - Then // Deliver // I // a ransom Then : Job 33:18, Job 22:21; Exo 33:19, Exo 34:6, Exo 34:7; Psa 86:5, Psa 86:15; Hos 14:2, Hos 14:4; Mic 7:18-20; Rom 5:20, Rom 5:21 Deliver : Job 36:...

TSK: Job 33:25 - His flesh // a child’ s // return His flesh : 2Ki 5:14 a child’ s : Heb. childhood return : Job 42:16; Deu 34:7; Jos 14:10, Jos 14:11; Psa 103:5; Hos 2:15

His flesh : 2Ki 5:14

a child’ s : Heb. childhood

return : Job 42:16; Deu 34:7; Jos 14:10, Jos 14:11; Psa 103:5; Hos 2:15

TSK: Job 33:26 - pray // and he shall // he will pray : 2Ki 20:2-5; 2Ch 33:12, 2Ch 33:13, 2Ch 33:19; Psa 6:1-9, Psa 28:1, Psa 28:2, Psa 28:6, Psa 30:7-11, Psa 41:8-11; Psa 50:15, Psa 91:15, Psa 116:1...

TSK: Job 33:27 - looketh // I // I have sinned // perverted // right // it profited looketh : etc. or, shall look upon men, and say I : Job 7:20; Num 12:11; 2Sa 12:13; Pro 28:13; Jer 3:13, Jer 31:18, Jer 31:19; Luk 15:18-22, Luk 18:13...

TSK: Job 33:28 - will deliver // see will deliver : etc. or, hath delivered my soul, etc. and my life, Job 33:18, Job 33:24, Job 17:16; Psa 55:23, Psa 69:15; Isa 38:17, Isa 38:18; Rev 20:...

will deliver : etc. or, hath delivered my soul, etc. and my life, Job 33:18, Job 33:24, Job 17:16; Psa 55:23, Psa 69:15; Isa 38:17, Isa 38:18; Rev 20:1-3

see : Job 33:20, Job 33:22, Job 3:9, Job 3:16, Job 3:20; Psa 49:19; Isa 9:2; Joh 11:9

TSK: Job 33:29 - all // oftentimes all : Job 33:14-17; 1Co 12:6; 2Co 5:5; Eph 1:11; Phi 2:13; Col 1:29; Heb 13:21 oftentimes : Heb. twice and thrice, Job 33:14, Job 40:5; 2Ki 6:10; 2Co ...

all : Job 33:14-17; 1Co 12:6; 2Co 5:5; Eph 1:11; Phi 2:13; Col 1:29; Heb 13:21

oftentimes : Heb. twice and thrice, Job 33:14, Job 40:5; 2Ki 6:10; 2Co 12:8

TSK: Job 33:30 - To bring // enlightened To bring : Job 33:24, Job 33:28; Psa 40:1, Psa 40:2, Psa 118:17, Psa 118:18 enlightened : Psa 56:13; Isa 2:5, Isa 38:17; Joh 8:12; Act 26:18

TSK: Job 33:31 - -- Job 13:6, Job 18:2, Job 21:2, Job 32:11

TSK: Job 33:32 - -- Job 15:4, Job 15:5, Job 21:27, Job 22:5-9, Job 27:5

TSK: Job 33:33 - hearken // I hearken : Psa 34:11; Pro 4:1, Pro 4:2, Pro 5:1, Pro 5:2 I : Job 33:3; Psa 49:3; Pro 8:5

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Job 33:1 - Hearken to all my words Hearken to all my words not only to what may please thee, but also to what may convince and reprove thee.

Hearken to all my words not only to what may please thee, but also to what may convince and reprove thee.

Poole: Job 33:2 - In my mouth Now I have begun to speak, and intend with thy good leave to proceed in my discourse with thee. In my mouth Heb. in or with my palate ; for both ...

Now I have begun to speak, and intend with thy good leave to proceed in my discourse with thee.

In my mouth Heb. in or with my palate ; for both tongue and palate are instruments of speech; and, that a man should speak plainly and distinctly, (which he designed to do,) it is necessary that his tongue should ofttimes touch the palate or roof of the month.

Poole: Job 33:3 - -- I shall not speak passionately or partially, as one resolved to defend what I have once said, whether true or false; but from an honest mind, or wha...

I shall not speak passionately or partially, as one resolved to defend what I have once said, whether true or false; but from an honest mind, or what I verily believe to be true, and from a sincere desire to do thee good. I shall not speak my own fancies or devices, but only that which by diligent study and Divine inspiration I know to be true, and this I shall do plainly and clearly.

Poole: Job 33:4 - -- I am thy fellow creature, made by God’ s Spirit, Gen 1:2 , and quickened by that soul which God breathed into man, Gen 2:7 , and therefore fit ...

I am thy fellow creature, made by God’ s Spirit, Gen 1:2 , and quickened by that soul which God breathed into man, Gen 2:7 , and therefore fit and ready to discourse with thee upon even and equal terms, according to thy desire.

Poole: Job 33:5 - Stand up I shall allow thee all freedom of discourse; I cannot terrify thee, as God would: I shall not reproach thee, nor cavil at thee, as thy friends have ...

I shall allow thee all freedom of discourse; I cannot terrify thee, as God would: I shall not reproach thee, nor cavil at thee, as thy friends have done.

Stand up to contend with me as thing adversary in this cause.

Poole: Job 33:6 - -- I will plead with thee in God’ s name and stead, and on his behalf, which thou hast oft wished that God would do upon equal terms, and laying a...

I will plead with thee in God’ s name and stead, and on his behalf, which thou hast oft wished that God would do upon equal terms, and laying aside his terrible majesty, &c. Or, I am as thou art with or towards God , i.e. God’ s creature like thyself, as the next words explain it.

Poole: Job 33:7 - -- Which was the condition of that disputation which thou didst offer to undertake with God, Job 9:34 13:21 .

Which was the condition of that disputation which thou didst offer to undertake with God, Job 9:34 13:21 .

Poole: Job 33:8 - -- I shall not charge thee with hypocrisy, as thy friends do, which God only can discern; but with those words which I have heard from thee.

I shall not charge thee with hypocrisy, as thy friends do, which God only can discern; but with those words which I have heard from thee.

Poole: Job 33:9 - -- Not simply and absolutely none, for he oft confesseth himself to be a sinner, as Job 9:1,2 , &c.; Job 14:4; but no such transgression or iniquity as...

Not simply and absolutely none, for he oft confesseth himself to be a sinner, as Job 9:1,2 , &c.; Job 14:4; but no such transgression or iniquity as might give God just occasion to punish him so severely, as is implied in the next verse, where he blameth God for finding occasions against him , implying that he had given him none by his sins. And thus far Elihu’ s charge was just and true, and herein it differs from the charge of Job’ s three friends, who oft accuse him, and that in words much like these, for asserting his own righteousness and innocency; although they did it because they thought him a secret sinner and a hypocrite, whereas Elihu doth it upon other grounds, even because Job’ s justification of himself was accompanied with reflections upon God, as hath been said.

Poole: Job 33:10 - -- He picketh quarrels with me, and watcheth over and searcheth after all my errors and frailties, as Job said, Job 10:6 14:16,17 ; severely markin...

He picketh quarrels with me, and watcheth over and searcheth after all my errors and frailties, as Job said, Job 10:6 14:16,17 ; severely marking what is amiss in me, that thence he may take occasion to punish me worse than mine iniquities deserve. Though I have endeavoured to be his friend and faithful servant all my days, yet he treats me like an enemy. This Job said Job 13:24 19:11 .

Poole: Job 33:11 - -- He narrowly pries into all my actions, that he may find matter for further severities against me.

He narrowly pries into all my actions, that he may find matter for further severities against me.

Poole: Job 33:12 - That God is greater than man I do not accuse thee of hypocrisy, nor rip up the former errors of thy life; but in this thou art unjust and much to blame, that thou boastest so mu...

I do not accuse thee of hypocrisy, nor rip up the former errors of thy life; but in this thou art unjust and much to blame, that thou boastest so much of thine own integrity, and chargest God with rigorous dealing, and callest him to an account before thy tribunal, and offerest to dispute the matter with him.

That God is greater than man not only in power and majesty, which thou acknowledgest, but also in justice, and wisdom, and goodness; and therefore thou dost very foolishly, and presumptuously, and wickedly in contending with him, and censuring his judgments: thou forgettest thy distance from him, and castest off that awe and reverence which thou shouldst constantly maintain towards thy sovereign Lord.

Poole: Job 33:13 - Why? // Dost thou strive against him // He giveth not account of any of his matters Why? upon what grounds and for what ends? What advantage dost thou expect from it? Dost thou strive against him to wit, in a judicial way? See Job ...

Why? upon what grounds and for what ends? What advantage dost thou expect from it?

Dost thou strive against him to wit, in a judicial way? See Job 8:6 .

He giveth not account of any of his matters he neither useth, nor is by any law obliged, to give an account to any of his creatures of the grounds and reasons of his judgments or dispensations, as being the supreme and absolute Governor of all persons and things, in whose will and pleasure it becometh all men to acquiesce. And therefore, O Job, thou exceedest all bounds of modesty, and humility, and reverence, and submission, which thou owest to thy Maker, in that thou presumest to demand a reason for his dealings with thee, and to quarrel with him for not giving it to thee at thy desire. Or, he answereth not all his words , i.e. he doth not say, or hath not said, all that he can to justify his actions, which he can do many more ways than we can imagine; but hath revealed so much of his will and ways to mankind as he hath thought meet, and as their narrow capacity can comprehend; as he declareth in the following verses.

Poole: Job 33:14 - For // God speaketh // Once, yea twice // Yet man // Perceiveth it not For or, nevertheless , as this particle is sometimes used. Although God doth not give men an account of his matters, yet he doth that for them which...

For or, nevertheless , as this particle is sometimes used. Although God doth not give men an account of his matters, yet he doth that for them which is much better, and which is sufficient for them.

God speaketh to wit, unto men by way of instruction or admonition, as appears from the following verses.

Once, yea twice again and again, or ofttimes, this number being sometimes put indefinitely, as below, Job 33:29 2Ki 6:10 Psa 62:11 . When one speaking doth not awaken men, God is graciously pleased to give them another admonition. So God, though he will not gratify men’ s curiosity in inquiring into his hidden judgments, yet he will supply their necessity, and acquaint them with their duty and interest so far as is fit, and they are concerned to know.

Yet man which is easily and fitly understood here from the former branch of this verse, as being the person to whom God speaketh, as appears from the next verse. And such supplements are not unusual in the Hebrew language, and especially in these poetical books, where the style is very concise and short, and many things to be understood.

Perceiveth it not through his inadvertency, or negligence, or dulness. Man therefore hath no reason to charge God as if he were deficient in his notices and manifestations of his will, but to accuse himself for not improving revealed things to his own advantage, but desiring rather to pry into God’ s secret counsels, which was Job’ s error.

Poole: Job 33:15 - In a dream // In a vision of the night // When deep sleep falleth upon men // In slumberings In a dream: this he mentions, as the usual way of God’ s revealing his mind and will to men in those days, before God’ s word was committed...

In a dream: this he mentions, as the usual way of God’ s revealing his mind and will to men in those days, before God’ s word was committed to writing, as Gen 20:6 41:1,28 .

In a vision of the night: this is added by way of explication and limitation, to show that he speaks not of every dream, but of those Divine dreams in which God was pleased to vouchsafe some vision or representation of his will to the mind of a man.

When deep sleep falleth upon men when men’ s senses are bound up, and their minds free from all distracting cares and business of the world, and wholly at leisure to receive Divine impressions.

In slumberings: this is added, because in this case the man is like one that slumbereth, or between sleeping and waking, or uncertain in which state he is, as Paul could not tell whether he was in the body, or out of the body, when he was in his ecstasy, 2Co 12:1,2 .

Poole: Job 33:16 - -- i.e. He revealeth his will to the ears and hearts of men, as this phrase is used, Job 36:10 Psa 40:6 Isa 1:4 ; and he imprinteth those instructions ...

i.e. He revealeth his will to the ears and hearts of men, as this phrase is used, Job 36:10 Psa 40:6 Isa 1:4 ; and he imprinteth those instructions which he hath revealed to their ears upon their minds, that after they have heard and received them they do not let them slip, as men commonly do most things which they hear, whether from God or men, but do retain and hold them fast, and are fully satisfied and assured of the truth and importance of them. Or, he sealeth their chastening , or correction , for so this word signifies as well as instruction, i.e. he gives them assurance of his purpose of correcting them for their sins, if they do not prevent it by a speedy repentance. Or, he sealeth it (i.e. his word conveyed to their ears and minds) with chastening them , i.e. he gives them assurance of the truth and reality of his revelation by striking them with a sacred dread and horror, as was usual in such dreams or night visions, as we see Job 4:13,15 ; which he did that they might remember it the better, and distinguish this from such vain dreams as are only the productions of man’ s fancy.

Poole: Job 33:17 - That he // From his purpose // Hide pride // pride // hide pride from man That he i.e. God, who was expressed Job 33:14 , and designed by this pronoun he both in the foregoing and following verses. From his purpose i.e. f...

That he i.e. God, who was expressed Job 33:14 , and designed by this pronoun he both in the foregoing and following verses.

From his purpose i.e. from the execution of his purpose. Heb. from his work , i.e. from his evil work as the Chaldee and LXX. understand it; from sin, which is truly and fitly called man’ s work, because it hath its rise in and from him, and is his own proper work, and very agreeable to his nature in his present corrupt estate; as, on the contrary, all the good that is in man is God’ s proper and peculiar work, and is generally ascribed to him in Scripture. So this is noted as the design of God’ s giving man this warning, to keep him from executing that evil work which possibly he had designed to do; of which see examples, Gen 20:5,6 31:24 .

Hide pride i.e. either,

1. To take it away, as God is said to hide sin, when he quite removes and forgives it, Psa 32:1 ; and sorrow is said to be hid , Job 3:10 , when it never is nor was; and understanding is said to be hid when it perisheth , Isa 29:14 . And

pride is here mentioned as the root of those evil purposes or works last mentioned; which for the most part proceed from haughtiness of spirit, whereby men scorn to submit themselves and their wills and actions to God’ s authority, and presume to advance themselves above God, and resolve to follow their own wills and lusts in spite of God, and with contempt of him. Or pride may be here put for all matter or occasion of pride. And God by this means is said to

hide pride from man because by these glorious and terrible representations of his Divine majesty to a man, he takes him off from the contemplation and admiration of his own excellency, which men are generally very prone to reflect upon, and brings him to a sight of his own nothingness and weakness, and to a sense of his dependence upon God, and to a humble and ready submission to his will and pleasure.

Poole: Job 33:18 - He keepeth back // his soul // his life // From the pit // From perishing by the sword He keepeth back to wit, by these gracious admonitions, whereby he leads them to repentance, his soul either the man, who is oft expressed by this p...

He keepeth back to wit, by these gracious admonitions, whereby he leads them to repentance,

his soul either the man, who is oft expressed by this part; or

his life as the next branch explains it.

From the pit i.e. from the grave, from death or destruction.

From perishing by the sword i.e. by some dreadful judgment of God which was ready to fall upon him.

Poole: Job 33:19 - With pain // The multitude of his bones with strong pain With pain or grief ; with some painful and dangerous diseases, or bodily distempers, which is the second way whereby God instructs men and excites t...

With pain or grief ; with some painful and dangerous diseases, or bodily distempers, which is the second way whereby God instructs men and excites them to repentance; which also was Job’ s case.

The multitude of his bones with strong pain the pain pierceth his very bones, even all of them. Or, even the strong multitude of his bones , i.e. his bones, which are both many and strong. Or, according to another reading, the contention of his bones (i.e. the pain of his bones, whereby God contends with him) is strong. This also was Job’ s case, Job 30:17 .

Poole: Job 33:20 - His life // Bread // Dainty meat His life i.e. his soul, as the next clause explains it; or his appetite, which is a sign and an act of life. Bread i.e. common and necessary food. ...

His life i.e. his soul, as the next clause explains it; or his appetite, which is a sign and an act of life.

Bread i.e. common and necessary food.

Dainty meat such as others do, and he formerly did, much desire and prize.

Poole: Job 33:21 - His flesh is consumed away // That it cannot be seen // That were not seen His flesh is consumed away through pain and pining sickness. That it cannot be seen because there is none left to be seen; but he who before was fa...

His flesh is consumed away through pain and pining sickness.

That it cannot be seen because there is none left to be seen; but he who before was fat and flourishing, is now become a mere skeleton.

That were not seen formerly, because they were covered with flesh and fat. But this clause, is and may be rendered thus, and his bones are broken , and are not seen ; which is to be metaphorically understood.

Poole: Job 33:22 - To the destroyers He seems to himself and others to be lost, and past all hopes of recovery; which he adds for Job’ s comfort in his desperate condition. To the...

He seems to himself and others to be lost, and past all hopes of recovery; which he adds for Job’ s comfort in his desperate condition.

To the destroyers to the instruments of death or destruction, whether it be angels, whom God sometimes useth in those cases; or devils, who have the power of death . Heb 2:14 ; or diseases, which by God’ s appointment are ready to give the fatal blow.

Poole: Job 33:23 - A messenger // One among a thousand A messenger either, 1. An angel sent to him from heaven upon this errand; for the angels are ministering spirits, Psa 103:20 Heb 1:14 , and are, and...

A messenger either,

1. An angel sent to him from heaven upon this errand; for the angels are ministering spirits, Psa 103:20 Heb 1:14 , and are, and especially in that time and state of the church were, frequently employed by God upon messages to men. But why then should he say one of a thousand angels , seeing any the meanest angel was very competent for this work? Or rather,

2. A prophet or teacher, for such are oft called by this name; as Jud 2:1 Mal 2:7 3:1 Rev 1:20 , and such persons are appointed by God for, and are most commonly employed in, this work. With him ; either,

1. With God to plead man’ s cause, and to pray to God for man. Or rather,

2. With man, who is expressed in the last clause of this verse, and of whom this same pronoun him is twice used in the next verse. Nor is it strange that the pronoun relative is put before the noun to which it belongs, but usual in the Hebrew language, as Exo 2:6 Pro 5:22 Pro 14:33 , and elsewhere. An interpreter ; one whose office and work it is to declare the mind of God unto the sick man, and wherefore God contends with him, and what God would have him to do.

One among a thousand a person rightly qualified for this great and hard work, such as there are but very few, scarce one of a thousand ; which expression is used to denote the rarity and fewness of persons, Ecc 7:28 . By which words he doth covertly reflect upon Job’ s three friends, and imply that they were not such persons, though they had undertaken to perform this office or work to Job; and withal, modestly intimates, that although he was in himself mean and inferior to all of them, (as he acknowledgeth,) yet he was selected by God for this work; which he saith not out of a desire of vain boasting of himself, but to dispose Job to a more diligent attention unto, and a more ready entertainment of his present discourses. His uprightness , or rectitude, or righteousness. His , i.e. either,

1. God’ s; to convince a man that God is just and right in all his dealings with him, though never so severe; of which Job was not yet convinced. Or rather,

2. Man’ s; to teach man his duty, or to direct him to the right way and method how he may please God, and procure that mercy and deliverance which he thirsts after; which is not by quarrelling with God, as Job did, but by a humble confession and hearty detestation and forsaking of his sins, and supplication to God for mercy in and through Christ the Redeemer, of whom Job spoke before. Or thus, to discover to man, that although he be afflicted, yet he is an upright and righteous person, and consequently in God’ s favour; about which good men oft doubt, and need the help of a skilful minister to satisfy them therein. But this seems not so well to suit Job’ s case, who was sufficiently and more than enough persuaded of his own integrity, and needed no minister to preach that doctrine to him.

Poole: Job 33:24 - Then // He // Deliver him // Is gracious unto him // And saith // I have found a ransom Then in that case, or upon the sick man’ s knowledge and practice of his duty. He either, 1. The messenger or interpreter last mentioned, who...

Then in that case, or upon the sick man’ s knowledge and practice of his duty.

He either,

1. The messenger or interpreter last mentioned, who is pitiful unto the sick man, and in companion to him doth all that he can for him, counselling and comforting him, and praying to God for his recovery in the following words,

Deliver him & c. for the sake of that ransom which thou hast revealed and I have discovered to him. Or rather,

2. God, who is oft in this book designed by this particle he , or him ; whose property and prerogative it is to be gracious unto man, and who alone can speak the following words with power and authority.

Is gracious unto him pardoning his sins, and delivering him from his dangerous disease, and from death and from the hell which attends upon it.

And saith to the angel or messenger.

Deliver him to wit, ministerially and declaratively; in which sense the acts of forgiving sins, and reconciling sinners, and saving souls, are ascribed to God’ s ministers; as Joh 20:23 2Co 5:19,20 1Ti 4:16 . Declare to him that I have pardoned and will heal him.

I have found a ransom: although I might justly destroy him, and should do it, if I were severe to mark what is amiss in him; yet I will spare him, for I have found out an expedient and a way of ransoming and redeeming sinners from death, both temporal and eternal, which they by their sins have deserved, which is by the death of my Son, the Redeemer of the world, which shall be in the fulness of time, and with respect to which I will pardon this sick man, and others that shall repent and sue to me for mercy, as he hath done.

Poole: Job 33:25 - Fresher than a child’ s // To the days of his youth Fresher than a child’ s i.e. more sound and tender. These joyful tidings delivered to him by God’ s messenger shall revive his spirit, and ...

Fresher than a child’ s i.e. more sound and tender. These joyful tidings delivered to him by God’ s messenger shall revive his spirit, and by degrees restore his former health and vigour.

To the days of his youth i. e. to the same healthful and strong constitution of body which he had in his youth.

Poole: Job 33:26 - He // Shall pray unto God // He will be favourable unto him // He shall see his face with joy // His righteousness He either, 1. The messenger; or rather, 2. The sick man. Shall pray unto God being engaged and encouraged to do so, either by the aforesaid graci...

He either,

1. The messenger; or rather,

2. The sick man.

Shall pray unto God being engaged and encouraged to do so, either by the aforesaid gracious message, or by his miraculous recovery through God’ s goodness.

He will be favourable unto him in hearing and answering his prayers, which before he seemed to neglect.

He shall see his face with joy either,

1. God will look upon the man with a smiling or well-pleased countenance; whereas before he either hid his face from him, or frowned upon him. Or,

2. The man shall then be imboldened and encouraged to look God in the face with comfort and joy; which before he was, not without cause, afraid to do; but now he shall find that God is reconciled to him by the blessed effects of it, both in his body and in his conscience.

His righteousness i.e. according to his righteousness, or the fruit of his righteousness; as on the contrary, iniquity is oft put for the punishment of iniquity. The sense is, he will deal with him as with one reconciled to him through the Mediator, and sincerely repenting of and turning from his former sins unto the serious practice of righteousness and true holiness, and therefore must needs be favourable to him, as he hath declared and engaged himself to be in such cases.

Poole: Job 33:27 - He looketh upon men // I have sinned // If any say, I have sinned // Perverted that which was right He looketh upon men either, 1. The sick man shall look upon and converse with mankind, his friends, or others, as he did before, and shall say, (as ...

He looketh upon men either,

1. The sick man shall look upon and converse with mankind, his friends, or others, as he did before, and shall say, (as the following word is and may be rendered,)

I have sinned & c., i.e. he shall confess to them that God was not to be blamed, but that he, by his own sin and folly, did bring that evil upon himself. And then he shall acknowledge God’ s great goodness to him, and shall add what follows in the next verse, He hath delivered my soul , &c., and my life , &c., as they render it. Or rather,

2. God diligently observes all mankind, and their several carriages, especially in sickness and distress.

If any say, I have sinned if there be any man that sincerely saith thus, God hears it, and will pardon and heal him, as it follows.

Perverted that which was right either,

1. I have judged perversely of the just and right ways of God, censuring his proceedings against me as too severe and rigorous, whereas in truth I only was to be blamed. Or,

2. I have perverted God’ s righteous law by bending it, and making it comply with my crooked ways; or, I have swerved from the right and good way of God’ s commands; or, I have made crooked paths. So he repeats in other words what he said in the former branch of the verse, I have sinned . It profited me not ; I got no good by so doing, as I vainly promised myself; but I got much hurt by it, even diseases, and griefs, and extreme dangers. This was the just fruit of my sins. It is a meiosis, whereby less is said, and more is understood, of which we have seen many examples before.

Poole: Job 33:28 - He // His soul // his life // Shall see the light He i.e. God, whose work alone this is. His soul himself; or, as it follows, his life His life : See Poole "Job 33:18" . Shall see the light i...

He i.e. God, whose work alone this is.

His soul himself; or, as it follows,

his life His life : See Poole "Job 33:18" .

Shall see the light i.e. shall enjoy, either,

1. Prosperity, which is oft called light, as darkness is put for affliction; or,

2. The light of the living , as it follows, Job 33:30 ; the light of this world, i.e. his life, which was endangered, shall be restored and continued. This is opposed to his going down into the pit, in the former branch.

Poole: Job 33:29 - Oftentimes with man All these ways and methods doth God use to awaken, and convince, and save sinners. Oftentimes with man either severally, one way with one, and ano...

All these ways and methods doth God use to awaken, and convince, and save sinners.

Oftentimes with man either severally, one way with one, and another way with another; or with the same man, trying several means one after another to bring him to repentance, and prepare him for deliverance.

Poole: Job 33:30 - -- i.e. That he may enjoy the light of life, and continue in the land of the living, out of which he was going.

i.e. That he may enjoy the light of life, and continue in the land of the living, out of which he was going.

Poole: Job 33:31 - Hold thy peace Hold thy peace attend to what I have further to say to thee with patience and silence.

Hold thy peace attend to what I have further to say to thee with patience and silence.

Poole: Job 33:32 - If thou hast any thing to say // I desire to justify thee If thou hast any thing to say for thy own justification, or in answer to the charge that I have already brought against thee. I desire to justify th...

If thou hast any thing to say for thy own justification, or in answer to the charge that I have already brought against thee.

I desire to justify thee to wit, as far as may consist with truth and justice. I do not speak with evil design, or a bitter mind, or as one resolved to condemn thee whatsoever thou sayest, and I shall be glad to hear any thing from thee which may make for thy just vindication.

Poole: Job 33:33 - -- i.e. What thy wisdom and duty is in thy circumstances.

i.e. What thy wisdom and duty is in thy circumstances.

Haydock: Job 33:1 - Destroyers Destroyers; the worms in the grave, (Haydock) or to sickness, (Menochius) "which bring on death." Pagnin mortiferis.

Destroyers; the worms in the grave, (Haydock) or to sickness, (Menochius) "which bring on death." Pagnin mortiferis.

Haydock: Job 33:3 - Sentence Sentence. Some editions have scientiam, "knowledge," with the Hebrew. (Calmet)

Sentence. Some editions have scientiam, "knowledge," with the Hebrew. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 33:4 - Spirit // Life Spirit. We are therefore equal. (Menochius) --- Thou canst not fear being overpowered with the divine majesty, in this dispute, chap. xiii. 21. (...

Spirit. We are therefore equal. (Menochius) ---

Thou canst not fear being overpowered with the divine majesty, in this dispute, chap. xiii. 21. (Calmet) ---

Life. Septuagint, "instruction." (Haydock)

Haydock: Job 33:6 - Formed Formed. Job had expressed a desire to plead before a man, chap. ix. 32., and xiii. 19., and xxxi. 35. Eliu offers himself to maintain the cause of ...

Formed. Job had expressed a desire to plead before a man, chap. ix. 32., and xiii. 19., and xxxi. 35. Eliu offers himself to maintain the cause of God. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 33:7 - Wonder // Eloquence Wonder ( miraculum. ) Hebrew, "terror," (Haydock) in allusion to Job's words, chap. ix. 34. --- Eloquence. Hebrew, "hand." (Calmet) --- Septuag...

Wonder ( miraculum. ) Hebrew, "terror," (Haydock) in allusion to Job's words, chap. ix. 34. ---

Eloquence. Hebrew, "hand." (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "the dread of me shall not cast thee down, nor my hand be heavy upon thee." Arrogant men esteem their own observations as something wonderful. (St. Gregory) (Worthington)

Haydock: Job 33:9 - In me In me. Job had not said so in express terms, though he had said something to the same purpose. But he had sufficiently explained himself, and Eliu ...

In me. Job had not said so in express terms, though he had said something to the same purpose. But he had sufficiently explained himself, and Eliu could not be ignorant that he only meant that his present sufferings were not proportioned to his guilt. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 33:10 - Complaints Complaints. Something similar had indeed come from Job's lips; (chap. xiv. 17., and xx. 21.) not that he pretended that God sought to find him guilt...

Complaints. Something similar had indeed come from Job's lips; (chap. xiv. 17., and xx. 21.) not that he pretended that God sought to find him guilty without cause; but he meant that He treated him as an enemy, for some secret purpose. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 33:11 - Stocks Stocks. Chap. xiii.14., and xiv. 16. Eliu interprets the words in the worst sense, though Job had only expostulated with God on the treatment which...

Stocks. Chap. xiii.14., and xiv. 16. Eliu interprets the words in the worst sense, though Job had only expostulated with God on the treatment which he received, testifying a great love and confidence in him. He acknowledges some want of knowledge, chap. xlii. 3. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 33:12 - Man Man: so that he is not obliged to explain his reasons. (Menochius)

Man: so that he is not obliged to explain his reasons. (Menochius)

Haydock: Job 33:13 - Because Because. Septuagint, "Thou hast said, Why has not He heard every word of my pleading or judgment." Aquila and Theodotion, "for all his words are ...

Because. Septuagint, "Thou hast said, Why has not He heard every word of my pleading or judgment." Aquila and Theodotion, "for all his words are unanswerable." Protestants, "He giveth not account of any of his matters." (Haydock)

Haydock: Job 33:14 - Time Time. One decision ought to suffice; and God had declared Job innocent, chap. i. 8., &c. (Worthington) --- His decrees are immutable; and yet thou...

Time. One decision ought to suffice; and God had declared Job innocent, chap. i. 8., &c. (Worthington) ---

His decrees are immutable; and yet thou wouldst have him to explain his conduct, as if he could be under a mistake, and correct it. He manifests his will, and it is our business to be attentive. We cannot expect that he should speak twice, though he does so frequently in his great mercy. Hebrew, "God speaketh once, and he regardeth not a second time." (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "But the second time, ( 15 ) a dream," &c. (Haydock) ---

Eliu specifies three methods by which God declares his will; (ver. 26) 1. By vision; 2. by afflictions; 3. by the voice of angels, or of preachers, ver. 19, 23.

Haydock: Job 33:15 - Beds Beds. It seems prophetic dreams were not then uncommon.

Beds. It seems prophetic dreams were not then uncommon.

Haydock: Job 33:16 - Instructeth Instructeth. Hebrew, "sealing," that they may not mistake such a favour for a common dream. (Calmet)

Instructeth. Hebrew, "sealing," that they may not mistake such a favour for a common dream. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 33:17 - Him Him. Septuagint, "his body from the fall [ of iniquity. ] " (Grabe) (Haydock)

Him. Septuagint, "his body from the fall [ of iniquity. ] " (Grabe) (Haydock)

Haydock: Job 33:19 - Also Also. This is the second method of instruction. Eliu pretends that Job had thus been visited by God, and had not understood his meaning.

Also. This is the second method of instruction. Eliu pretends that Job had thus been visited by God, and had not understood his meaning.

Haydock: Job 33:21 - Bare Bare. The skin will scarcely cover them. He will appear ghastly, like a skeleton. (Calmet) --- Hebrew, "his bones....shall stick out." (Protesta...

Bare. The skin will scarcely cover them. He will appear ghastly, like a skeleton. (Calmet) ---

Hebrew, "his bones....shall stick out." (Protestants) (Haydock)

Haydock: Job 33:23 - Angel // Man's Angel, by secret inspirations, (St. Thomas Aquinas; Tirinus, &c.) or a man sent by God, to announce the truths of salvation. (Mariana) --- Man's, ...

Angel, by secret inspirations, (St. Thomas Aquinas; Tirinus, &c.) or a man sent by God, to announce the truths of salvation. (Mariana) ---

Man's, or "to man." (Calmet) ---

Hebrew, "a messenger with him, an interpreter, one....to declare to man his uprightness." Protestants, (Haydock) "If there be any merit in him, the angel comforter, chosen from a thousand accusers, is ready to declare to the son of man his rectitude." Septuagint, "If there be a thousand destroying angels, not one of them shall hurt him; if the consider in his heart to be converted unto the Lord. Though he (the angel) lay before man his reproof, and shew his folly, He (God) will take hold of him, that he may not die. He will renew his flesh as the plaster of a wall, and fill his bones with marrow: ( 25 ) he will make his flesh soft, like that of an infant, and will place him in manhood among men." (Haydock) ---

But this is different from the Hebrew. (Calmet) ---

The intercession of angels is very powerful. The are represented as suggesting motives, which prevail on God to shew mercy, ver. 24. (Haydock)

Haydock: Job 33:25 - Consumed Consumed. Hebrew, "fresher than a child's," (Haydock) as was the case of Naaman, 4 Kings v. 14.

Consumed. Hebrew, "fresher than a child's," (Haydock) as was the case of Naaman, 4 Kings v. 14.

Haydock: Job 33:26 - And he And he. It is ambiguous whether this refer to God or to man. (Calmet) --- But both shall see each other with joy. The penitent will be restored t...

And he. It is ambiguous whether this refer to God or to man. (Calmet) ---

But both shall see each other with joy. The penitent will be restored to as much favour as if he had never sinned. (Haydock)

Haydock: Job 33:29 - Times Times, or often. God instructs man by visions, sickness, and the intercession and inspirations of angels, ver. 14. (Calmet)

Times, or often. God instructs man by visions, sickness, and the intercession and inspirations of angels, ver. 14. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 33:30 - Living Living, both soul and body, delivering them from adversity. (Calmet)

Living, both soul and body, delivering them from adversity. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 33:32 - Just Just, and to be so indeed. (Menochius) --- How much would his vanity be mortified, when Job answered him only with silence! (Haydock) though he urg...

Just, and to be so indeed. (Menochius) ---

How much would his vanity be mortified, when Job answered him only with silence! (Haydock) though he urged him to reply so often. (Worthington)

Gill: Job 33:1 - Wherefore, Job, I pray thee, hear my speeches // and hearken to all my words Wherefore, Job, I pray thee, hear my speeches,.... In the preceding chapter, Elihu directed his discourse to the three friends of Job chiefly, here to...

Wherefore, Job, I pray thee, hear my speeches,.... In the preceding chapter, Elihu directed his discourse to the three friends of Job chiefly, here to Job himself, and that by name; which none of his friends in all their discourses ever used; and in an humble suppliant manner entreats his attention to what he was about to deliver, and that for reasons which his address to his friends could furnish him with; and hence begins his speech with "wherefore", seeing he took not the part of his three friends, but blamed them; and because he had the Spirit of God in him, and was full of matter, and uneasy until he had vented it; and which he proposed to deliver in a plain and faithful manner, with sincerity and without flattery; on all which accounts be beseeches him to give him a diligent and attentive hearing:

and hearken to all my words; not to some of them only, but to all; he bespeaks his candid and constant attention, that he would hear him out, all that he had to say, with patience, and without interruption; and then judge of the truth, force, and pertinency of them; which he would not so well be able to do, unless he heard them all; for sometimes the proof, the evidence, and demonstration of a thing depends not on a single argument, but upon many put together; each of them alone being insufficient, at least may appear so, when all considered together give full satisfaction.

Gill: Job 33:2 - Behold, now I have opened my mouth // my tongue hath spoken in my mouth Behold, now I have opened my mouth,.... Begun to speak in order to give vent to the fulness of matter within him, which made him, like bottles of new ...

Behold, now I have opened my mouth,.... Begun to speak in order to give vent to the fulness of matter within him, which made him, like bottles of new wine, ready to burst; and since he had opened his lips, that he might speak and be refreshed, he desires Job to listen to him, and offers same things to his consideration to induce him to it:

my tongue hath spoken in my mouth: but does not every man's tongue speak in his mouth when he speaks? is there anything singular and peculiar in this, that can excite attention? it may be rendered, "in my palate" d; which, as it is an instrument of speech, so of tasting and trying food, see Job 6:30; and Elihu's sense is, that he had thoroughly considered what he should say, he had well weighed what he should speak, and should not deliver anything raw, crude, and undigested; he had palated his words, in order to discern whether there was anything in them perverse or not.

Gill: Job 33:3 - My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart // and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart,.... Not that the uprightness of his heart, or his own personal integrity, should be the subject of ...

My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart,.... Not that the uprightness of his heart, or his own personal integrity, should be the subject of his discourse; but what he should say would be in or out of the uprightness of his heart, with all sincerity and faithfulness; what would be the real sentiments of his mind, and not proceed from a double or insincere heart:

and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly; what knowledge he had of God, and of the perfections of his nature, and of his works in nature and grace, and of his dealings in a providential way with the sons of men; and what knowledge he had of Christ, his person, office, and grace somewhat of which speaks in this chapter; and such sort of knowledge is to be uttered, to be published, and made known to the good of others; and not to be concealed, and hid, or held, as in a prison, in unrighteousness; and to be uttered clearly, plainly, and distinctly, in words intelligible, and easy to be understood; and not in ambiguous terms, or in words of a double meaning; or which are abstruse and intricate, and serve rather to make the mysteries of Providence and grace more dark and obscure than to explain them; integrity of heart, and perspicuity of language, serve much to recommend a speaker, and both are expressed in this verse.

Gill: Job 33:4 - The Spirit of God hath made me // and the breath of the mighty hath given me life The Spirit of God hath made me,.... As a man; so every man is made by God, and not by himself; Father, Son, and Spirit, are his Makers or Creators, as...

The Spirit of God hath made me,.... As a man; so every man is made by God, and not by himself; Father, Son, and Spirit, are his Makers or Creators, as we read of them in the plural number, Psa 149:2; and this is a proof of the deity of the Spirit, who was not only concerned in the creation of all things, garnishing the heavens, and moving upon the face of the waters on the earth; but in the formation of man:

and the breath of the mighty hath given me life; the same with the Spirit of God, the allusion is to the creation of man at first, when God breathed into him the breath of life, and he became a living soul: life natural is from God, he is the God of our life, he gives all the mercies of life, and by him is this life preserved; and the whole is the effect of almighty power: now this is observed by Elihu to Job, to encourage him to attend to him without fear, since he was a man, a creature of God, as he was: it may be understood of his spiritual formation, the Spirit of God remakes men, or makes them new men, new creatures; this is done in regeneration, which is the work of the Holy Spirit; hence regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost, are put together; and being a work of almighty power, is proof of the deity of the Spirit of God; it is he that quickens men when dead in trespasses and sins, and makes them alive to God; which appears by their spiritual breathings after divine things, and by the exercise of their spiritual senses, and by their performance of spiritual actions; and now Elihu, being a man regenerated and quickened by the Spirit, might more justly claim the attention of Job, since what he should say was what he had heard, felt, and seen, as good man, one that had an experience of divine and spiritual things.

Gill: Job 33:5 - If thou canst answer me // set thy words in order before me // stand up If thou canst answer me,.... That is, when he had done speaking, after he had heard him out; if he thought he could make a reply to him, he gave him f...

If thou canst answer me,.... That is, when he had done speaking, after he had heard him out; if he thought he could make a reply to him, he gave him full liberty so to do, and tacitly suggests that he should give him an attentive and candid hearing, as he had requested of him:

set thy words in order before me; put them into the best form and order thou canst for thy self-defence, and level them at me; set them, as it were, in battle array against me; give them all the poignancy, strength, and three thou art capable of:

stand up; not out of veneration to him, but to denote freedom and boldness in himself; a presentation of himself with boldness, and standing and keeping his ground: the expressions are military; Mr. Broughton renders it, "stand to it".

Gill: Job 33:6 - Behold, I am according to thy wish in God's stead // I also am formed out of the clay Behold, I am according to thy wish in God's stead,.... So some persons are, as civil magistrates, the ministers of the word, the prophets of the Old ...

Behold, I am according to thy wish in God's stead,.... So some persons are, as civil magistrates, the ministers of the word, the prophets of the Old Testament, and the apostles of the New; see 2Co 5:20; and so in some sense was Elihu; he undertakes to be an advocate for God, to vindicate his justice in his dealings with the children of men, and clear him from the charge of severity towards them, and hard usage of them, and particularly Job; and whom he besought, as in God's stead, to be reconciled to his providential dealings with him; to bear his afflictions patiently, and wait the issue of them: or "I am as thou art"; so the Targum and Ben Gersom interpret it; one that belongs to God, a creature of God's, a sinful frail mortal creature, as Job was, and accountable to God; one that belonged to him both as the God of nature and providence, and of grace; and such an one Job seemed to have wished for, to dispute the point in question with; see Job 9:32;

I also am formed out of the clay; or "cut out" e of it; alluding to the potter, who, out of a mass or lump of clay before him, cuts a piece out of it to make a vessel of God is the potter, men are as clay in his hands, their bodies are bodies of clay, houses of clay, which have their foundation in the dust; reference may be had to the original formation of man, Gen 2:7, and may denote not so, much the pollution of his nature, clay being defiling, but the frailty of man, a vessel made of clay being brittle, and easily broken; see Job 4:19, Isa 64:8.

Gill: Job 33:7 - Behold, my terror shall not make thee afraid // neither shall my hand be heavy upon thee Behold, my terror shall not make thee afraid,.... To come near, join issue in a debate, and speak freely; this Job had wished for, and desired of God ...

Behold, my terror shall not make thee afraid,.... To come near, join issue in a debate, and speak freely; this Job had wished for, and desired of God that his fear might not terrify him, and his dread not make him afraid, and then he could talk and reason freely with him, Job 9:34; now Job had nothing to fear from Elihu, he was a man and not God, with whom there was no terrible majesty, as with God; he was but a clod of clay, and had nothing in him or about him to strike terror into him; he was no great personage, as a king or prince, nor in any civil authority, nor had so much as age to command an awe, much less could inject dread and terror:

neither shall my hand be heavy upon thee; which is not to be literally understood; Job could be in no fear of that, nor Elihu guilty of such rudeness; but figuratively, that he should not seek to afflict and distress him, or add to his affliction, and make it heavier, by hard words, severe reflections, and cruel reproaches; he seems to refer to Job 13:21; the Targum is,

"my burden upon time shall not be heavy;''

he promises not to aggravate things, but make them as easy as they would admit of.

Gill: Job 33:8 - Surely thou hast spoken in mine hearing // and I have heard the voice of thy words // saying Surely thou hast spoken in mine hearing,.... After the above preface, Elihu proceeds to the point in hand, and enters a charge against Job; which he t...

Surely thou hast spoken in mine hearing,.... After the above preface, Elihu proceeds to the point in hand, and enters a charge against Job; which he took up, not upon suspicion and surmisings, nor upon report, nor upon accusations received from others, but what he had heard with his own ears, unless he was greatly mistaken indeed, which he thought he was not:

and I have heard the voice of thy words; the sound of them, clearly and distinctly, and took in the sense of them, as he really believed:

saying; as follows.

Gill: Job 33:9 - I am clean without transgression // I am innocent // neither is there iniquity in me I am clean without transgression,.... This with what follows is supposed to be gathered from Job 10:6; for this is nowhere said by Job in express word...

I am clean without transgression,.... This with what follows is supposed to be gathered from Job 10:6; for this is nowhere said by Job in express words; though I rather think, since Elihu so peremptorily affirms that they were spoken in his hearing, that these words and the following did drop from Job's lips, in the controversy with his friends, though not recorded; for we are not to suppose that everything that was said on both sides is preserved, only so much as the Holy Ghost thought fit should be: no man is naturally clean, or free from sin; man came clean out of the hands of God, by sin is become unclean. This impurity is propagated by natural generation, and is in all without exception. Job expresses himself clearly on this point, and agreeably to it, Job 14:4; nor is any man clean by and of himself, or through anything he is capable of doing, in a moral, ceremonial, or evangelic sense, to make himself clean; as by moral actions, by ceremonial ablutions and sacrifices, or by submission to evangelic ordinances, or even by his own tears, repentance, and humiliation. Job seemed clearly and fully sensible of this, Job 9:30; see Pro 20:9; yet there are some persons that are clean through the blood of Christ, in which they are washed, and which cleanses from all sin; and through the righteousness of Christ imputed to them, in which they appear without spot or wrinkle, or any such thing; and through the sentence of justification pronounced on them, by which word spoken they are all clean; and through the grace of God bestowed on them, the clean water that is sprinkled upon them, by which they are cleansed from all filthiness, and hence said to have clean hearts and clean hands; and if Job meant it in this sense, as he had knowledge of his living Redeemer, he no doubt was such an one, Job 19:25, but not "without transgression": without transgression imputed he was, and such are all they whose persons are justified, and their sins pardoned; to those God does not impute sin, Psa 32:1; but they are not without the being nor commission of sin; for no man, even the best of men, are clear of it in this sense. Job might be free from the grosser sins of life, but not from indwelling sin, and the actings of it; we find him confessing sin, and disclaiming perfection, Job 7:20;

I am innocent; so he was, as to the charges brought against him by his friends, or the things it was insinuated he was guilty of, as hypocrisy, &c. or as to doing any injury to the persons and properties of men, or with respect to gross enormities, from which he had sufficiently cleared himself in Job 31:1; but not so innocent as to be free from all sin, as Adam was in his state of innocence, which is contrary to his own declarations in the passages before referred to; some, as Aben Ezra observes, interpret the word "covered" f, and as having the same sense with Psa 32:1; and in which sense it was true of Job, that his iniquities were covered; and others of his being covered with righteousness, with civil righteousness, as in Job 29:14; which was true of the exercise of it; and in an evangelic sense he was covered with the justifying righteousness of Christ; the Targum renders the word "washed", as he was in a spiritual sense. Jarchi interprets it "wiped" or "rubbed", and others combed and brushed, and so "neat" and "clean", which is the sense of several versions g:

neither is there iniquity in me; in a Gospel sense there is none in believers in Christ; their iniquities being removed from them to him, and are done away and made an end of by him; nor are they to be seen with the eye of vindictive justice; God has cast them behind his back, and into the depths of the sea, never to be seen more; but then there is iniquity in them, as considered in themselves; for men to say they have none shows pride and ignorance, and is inconsistent with the truth of grace. If Job is to understood in these expressions in an evangelical sense, or with respect to the grossest sins of life, or a vicious course of life (and indeed in no other sense can he well be understood, consistent with himself), he is not to be blamed for what he said, and I apprehend that Elihu does not blame him for saying these things in his own defence; but for insisting so much and so long upon his innocence and purity, and unspotted life; and especially for joining with it undue and unbecoming reflections on the Lord, for afflicting a person so holy and righteous, as follows.

Gill: Job 33:10 - Behold, he findeth occasions against me // he counteth me for his enemy Behold, he findeth occasions against me,.... That is, sought in order to find them; so Job in some places suggests, that God inquired after his sins, ...

Behold, he findeth occasions against me,.... That is, sought in order to find them; so Job in some places suggests, that God inquired after his sins, and sought diligently after them, that he might have something to bring against him; and because he could not find great sins, gross enormities, he sought after lesser sins; so some render the word, "staggerings", "totterings" h; frailties, failings, and infirmities; and because he could find none of late of a very heinous nature, he went back as far as the sins of his youth; see Job 10:6; and this in order to pick a quarrel with him; and so Mr. Broughton renders the words, "lo, he picketh quarrels against me"; or that he might have just reason to depart from him, or to break from him, or to break off friendship with him, or to break him to pieces in his estate, family, and health; all which senses some observe the words will bear: but it would be needless for God to seek in order to find occasions against men; there is enough ready at hand, the sins that are about them; and to represent the Lord as dealing thus with good men is to represent him as acting contrary to the declarations and methods of his grace; yea, as doing what wicked men do to good men, as the enemies of David, Daniel, and Jeremiah, did to them; nay, even as Satan himself does, who goes about and seeks for, and picks up accusations against the saints; this must be owned to be a very irreverent and unbecoming expression of Job's, and for which he deserved to be sharply rebuked, as well as for some following ones, and for which he afterwards was thoroughly humbled:

he counteth me for his enemy; this he had often said, but very wrongly; See Gill on Job 13:24, and See Gill on Job 16:9, and See Gill on Job 19:11.

Gill: Job 33:11 - He putteth my feet in the stocks // he marketh all my paths He putteth my feet in the stocks,.... This also he had said, Job 13:27; by which he would suggest not only that his afflictions were painful and disgr...

He putteth my feet in the stocks,.... This also he had said, Job 13:27; by which he would suggest not only that his afflictions were painful and disgraceful, and from which he could not extricate himself, being close fettered by them; but that they were inflicted on him as punishments, and he was treated as a criminal, as a malefactor, who had been guilty of some notorious breach of the law:

he marketh all my paths; looked narrowly at them, numbered and counted them; this also he had said, Job 13:27; meaning not only his natural and civil paths and steps, but his moral ones, that he could not step the least awry, but presently it was marked and observed, Job 10:14; but though God does take notice of the sins of his people, and chastises them for them, yet he does not mark them in strict justice, for, should he, they could not stand before him, Psa 130:3.

Gill: Job 33:12 - Behold, in this thou art not just // I will answer thee // that God is greater than man Behold, in this thou art not just,.... Here begins Elihu's answer, who does not deny that Job was a just man, both before God in an evangelic sense, ...

Behold, in this thou art not just,.... Here begins Elihu's answer, who does not deny that Job was a just man, both before God in an evangelic sense, and before men in a moral sense; he did not go about to detract from Job's general character, as a man that lived soberly, righteously, and godly in the world; but in this he was not just, nor is it to be justified, with respect to this thing, he could not acquit him of doing what was wrong; namely, insisting so much on his own innocence, and tacking therewith such unbecoming and undue reflections on the dealings of God with him; he did not give to God his due, he did not do him justice in representing him in this light; he did not say nor do the right thing, so Mr. Broughton translates the words,

"lo, here thou art not in the right;''

see Job 32:2;

I will answer thee; or "I must tell thee"; as the same writer renders the words, being able to make it clear and plain:

that God is greater than man: than any man, than the greatest of men, most famous for power, wisdom, or justice; he is not only greater in his power, faithfulness, goodness, grace, and mercy, but in his holiness and righteousness, wisdom and knowledge; and therefore can never do either an unjust thing, or an unwise one; and for man, who is both sinful and ignorant, even the best in comparison of him, to arraign him at his bar, is very arrogant and presumptuous; since he knows best what to do, and what are his reasons for so doing, and is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.

Gill: Job 33:13 - Why dost thou strive against him // for he giveth not account of any of his matters Why dost thou strive against him?.... A creature against the Creator, a man against his Maker, the clay against the potter; how absurd and stupid is t...

Why dost thou strive against him?.... A creature against the Creator, a man against his Maker, the clay against the potter; how absurd and stupid is this! and a piece of weakness and folly it was in him to desire to litigate the point with God, and dispute with him, as he often did, when men cannot answer him one of a thousand, as he himself owned, Job 9:3; and very sinful and criminal it is to chide with God, or complain of him, on account of any of his dealings with the sons of men, as well as it is vain and fruitless:

for he giveth not account of any of his matters; he is a sovereign Being, and does what he pleases in nature, providence, and grace, and is not accountable to any for what he does; in things temporal, he does all after the counsel of his will; he bestows riches and honours, wealth and health, gifts of natural wisdom and knowledge on some, and withholds them from others; and each of these are his own, and he may do with them as he pleases: so likewise in things spiritual, he loves, chooses, redeems, regenerates, calls by his grace, and brings to glory whom he thinks fit; the blessings of grace and glory are his own, and he disposes of them as seems good in his sight; and in all respects he acts according to his will in heaven and in earth; none can stay his hand, or hinder him from doing his pleasure; and none ought to say to him, what dost thou? or why dost thou thus? or, if they do, he is not obliged to give any reasons for his so doing. Some take this to be the thing Job strove and contended with God about, that he did not, and because he did not give an account of all his matters, or answer all his words; and particularly he did not show to him wherefore he contended with him; and others think the meaning is, that God does not reveal all his secrets to men, but only as much as he thinks fit to acquaint them with; secret things belong to him, and things revealed to men; the secrets of his own nature, and the modes of subsistence of the divine Persons in the Godhead, the secret reasons of divine predestination of men to life or death, and of his dealings with men in a providential way, afflicting the righteous, and suffering the wicked to prosper.

Gill: Job 33:14 - For God speaketh once, yea, twice // yet man perceiveth it not For God speaketh once, yea, twice,.... Or, "but God speaketh" i; though he is not bound to give an account of his matters, and the reasons of his proc...

For God speaketh once, yea, twice,.... Or, "but God speaketh" i; though he is not bound to give an account of his matters, and the reasons of his proceedings in a way of providence or grace; yet such is his condescension and goodness, that he makes use of various ways and means to make known his mind and will in his dispensations, if men were but attentive to them; he speaks once, in dreams and visions, as in Job 33:15; and twice, or a second time, by chastisements, as in Job 33:18; or he speaks frequently, again and again, see Psa 62:11; gives line upon line, and precept upon precept; if one way is without effect, he will take another; and if one warning and admonition is not sufficient, he will give another; so that though he is a sovereign Being, and not accountable to any, yet he does not act the unkind and unfriendly part Job had suggested:

yet man perceiveth it not: the voice of God speaking in one way or another; hearkens not to the admonition given in a dream or vision, nor hears the chastising rod, and him that has appointed it; he is deaf to all instructions; he understands not the mind and meaning of God in his dispensations; which is not owing to want of means of knowledge, but to the blindness and ignorance of his mind, to dulness of hearing, to negligence and inattention, and to the prevalence of sin and corruption: the words, "yet man", are a supplement to the text, and not in it, and some versions are without it, and understand the whole of God, rendering the words thus, "God speaketh once, and a second time he does not repeat it"; so the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Arabic versions: or "does not revise it", or "will not see it" k; to which agrees the Targum,

"and a second time he needs not to look upon it;''

and which rendering, as it suits with the context, so is more agreeable to the accents; but is differently applied, by some to the sufficiency of the word of God, that God has at once made known all truth, and there is no need to do it a second time; but certain it is, that God did at sundry times, and in divers manners, speak unto the fathers by the prophets; though indeed in these last days he hath spoken at once all his mind and will by his Son, so that no future revelation is to be expected; but though this is true now, it was not in the times of Elihu: by others it is referred to God's dealings with a proud man, that calls him to an account for his actions, to whom he speaks once, and reproves him for his boldness; but a second time he will not look at him, nor bear his pride and insolence: and by others to the unalterable decrees and purposes of God; what he has said or determined in his eternal mind is done at once, and remains invariably fixed; he has no need to look over a second time, or revise his first thoughts and designs, or reconsider them, whether it is proper to make any alteration in them or not, they are at once so wisely formed; and he has all things before him in one view in his all comprehending mind, so that there cannot possibly anything turn up unforeseen by him, to hinder the execution of his purposes, or cause him to make any change in them; no new thoughts, resolutions, or purposes, can arise in his mind, with whom there is no variableness, nor shadow of turning. This agrees well with his sovereignty, expressed in Job 33:13, and carries in it a strong reason enforcing what is there said. Though some take the meaning to be this, that God speaks once to a man, and admonishes and reproves him as he used to do, in the way expressed in the following verse; and if he regards it not, he do not speak to him a second time in that way, or no more by words, but now by blows or chastisements.

Gill: Job 33:15 - In a dream, in a vision of the night // when deep sleep lieth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed In a dream, in a vision of the night,.... That is, God speaks to men in this way, and which in those times was his most usual way; see Job 4:12; somet...

In a dream, in a vision of the night,.... That is, God speaks to men in this way, and which in those times was his most usual way; see Job 4:12; sometimes he spake to a prophet, a person in public office, and made known his mind and will in this manner to him, that he might deliver it to others, Num 12:6; and sometimes directly and immediately to persons themselves, as he did to Abimelech and Laban, Gen 20:3;

when deep sleep lieth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed; the former denotes a fast, heavy, and sound sleep, when the senses are all locked up, and there is not the least attention to any outward object; the latter a slight sleep, when a man is between sleeping and waking; and now at such a time, when he was laid on his bed in the night season, it was usual for God to come to him in a visionary way, and impress things on his mind; when it was called off front worldly and earthly thoughts and cares, and was calm and serene, and so fit to receive what intimations and instructions might be given this way; see Psa 4:4. Job had his dreams and night visions, though he seems not to have had any benefit by them, or to have understood them, but was scared and terrified with them, Job 7:14; to which Elihu may have some respect.

Gill: Job 33:16 - Then he openeth the ears of men // and sealeth their instruction Then he openeth the ears of men,.... Not the ears of his body, which remaining shut while things are presented to his mind in a dream or vision, but h...

Then he openeth the ears of men,.... Not the ears of his body, which remaining shut while things are presented to his mind in a dream or vision, but his internal ears; it is the same with opening the heart or understanding to attend to and receive the things delivered in this visionary way:

and sealeth their instruction; sends home the instruction given in this manner, and imprints it upon the mind, so that it is well remembered when awake, not only the dreams themselves, but the lessons taught and learnt there, as may be observed in the cases of Abimelech and Laban, Gen 20:3; the word signifies "chastisement" l as well as instruction, that being one way in which God teaches and instructs men, Psa 94:12; and so the sense may be, that God in a dream or vision makes it known to men, that if they regard not what he says to them, and repent not of their evils, and turn from them, he will correct and chastise them, and this he assures them of; and they may look for the certain performance of it, that he will visit their transgressions with a rod, and their iniquities with stripes; things that are sealed being sure and firm. Mr. Broughton renders the words, "and imprints why they are chastised."

Gill: Job 33:17 - That he may withdraw a man from his purpose // and hide pride from man That he may withdraw a man from his purpose,.... Or "work" m, his wicked work, as the Targum; either which he has begun upon, or which he designed to...

That he may withdraw a man from his purpose,.... Or "work" m, his wicked work, as the Targum; either which he has begun upon, or which he designed to do. Thus Abimelech and Laban were restrained from their intentions by a divine admonition in a dream, the one from taking Abraham's wife, as he intended, and the other from doing harm to Jacob, which he designed:

and hide pride from man; by pardoning his sins, in which there is always pride, so some; pardon of sin being expressed by covering it, Psa 32:1; or rather by repressing, weakening, and preventing it; and that by not suffering vain and proud men to perform their enterprises, but obliging them to submit to the will of God, and humble themselves under his mighty hand. These are the ends proposed, and which are effected through the Lord speaking to men in dreams, opening their ears, and sending instructions to them; and others also for their good follow.

Gill: Job 33:18 - He keepeth back his soul from the pit // and his life from perishing by the sword He keepeth back his soul from the pit,.... Or, "that he may keep back" n; for this is another end and use of God's speaking unto men; it is to preserv...

He keepeth back his soul from the pit,.... Or, "that he may keep back" n; for this is another end and use of God's speaking unto men; it is to preserve them for the present from going down to the grave, the pit of corruption and destruction; so called because the bodies of men, being there laid, corrupt, and are entirely destroyed by worms, and turn to rottenness and dust; and to preserve them from the bottomless pit of everlasting ruin and destruction; for the Lord's people are reproved by him, that they may not be condemned with the world, 1Co 11:32;

and his life from perishing by the sword; by the sword of men, which is one of God's sore judgments; or by the sword of the civil magistrate, the man spoken to being warned of God of committing these sins, which would bring him into the hands of such; or by the sword of divine justice; Jarchi interprets it of the sword of the angel of death; the word signifies a missive weapon, as a dart; so Mr. Broughton renders the words, "and his life from going on the dart": or, as another version has it, "lest it should go on under the cast of darts" o; the darts of an enemy in war, or the fiery darts of Satan, Eph 6:16.

Gill: Job 33:19 - He is chastened also with pain upon his bed // and the multitude of his bones with strong pain He is chastened also with pain upon his bed,.... This seems to be another way, in which God, according to his eternal purposes, speaks unto men, as th...

He is chastened also with pain upon his bed,.... This seems to be another way, in which God, according to his eternal purposes, speaks unto men, as the word "also" intimates; namely, by afflictions, and sometimes painful ones; which have a voice in them, and men of wisdom will hearken to it, Mic 6:9. Pain here signifies not pain of the mind, or a wounded spirit, which is very afflicting, distressing, and intolerable; but pain of the body, as the next clause shows; and this endured on the bed, it being so great as to confine a man to his bed, or is what he felt there, where he might hope for ease and rest; see Job 7:13;

and the multitude of his bones with strong pain; not with a slight one, but a very strong one, such as those felt who gnawed their tongues for pain, Rev 16:10. Jarchi interprets it, the multitude of his bones, which are strong; though they are hardy and strong, yet filled with exquisite pain; and not one, or a few of them, but a multitude of them, as there are a multitude of them in a man's body; even all of them, as Hezekiah complains, which must be very excruciating indeed, Isa 38:13; and which was Job's case; not only his flesh was in pain, through the sores and ulcers upon him, but his bones were pierced in him, and his sinews had no rest, and he was full of tossings to and fro, Job 7:3; and in this way he was, as other good men are, reproved and chastened by the Lord; and in which way he had spoke to him, as he does to others, and which should be attended to; and since such painful afflictions are but fatherly chastisements, they should be patiently endured, and the voice of God in them listened to, and before long there will be no more pain: the "Cetib", or textual writing, is, "the contention of his bones is strong"; through pain, or with which God contends with men; we follow the marginal reading.

Gill: Job 33:20 - So that his life abhorreth bread // and his soul dainty meat So that his life abhorreth bread,.... Through the force of pain he loses his appetite for food, and even a nausea of it takes place; he loathes it as ...

So that his life abhorreth bread,.... Through the force of pain he loses his appetite for food, and even a nausea of it takes place; he loathes it as the most abominable and filthy thing that can be thought of; even bread, so necessary to the support of human life, so strengthening to the heart of man, and what he every day stands in need of, and should pray for, and in health is never weary of; it may be put for all common and useful food:

and his soul dainty meat; the most rich and delicious; such as the tables of the great and rich are furnished with: "food of desire" p; or desirable food, as it may be rendered; see Dan 10:3; such as in the time of health the appetite craves and desires, and is fed on with delight and pleasure, but now had in the utmost aversion. Pains and diseases of body often produce such a nausea in men, Psa 107:17, and was Job's case, Job 3:24.

Gill: Job 33:21 - His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen // and his bones that were not seen stick out His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen,.... All being gone, none left to be seen, nothing but skin and bones; and this partly through the ...

His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen,.... All being gone, none left to be seen, nothing but skin and bones; and this partly through the vehemence of strong pain, and partly through the nausea of food; not being able to take anything for nourishment and the support of the fluids, and so quite emaciated:

and his bones that were not seen stick out: which before were covered with flesh and fat, so that they could not be seen; but now the flesh and fat being wasted, they seem as if they rose up in an eminence, and stood out to be beheld; this was also Job's case, being reduced to a mere skeleton, Job 19:20. Elihu, in this description of an afflicted man, seems to have Job chiefly in view, and by this would intimate to him that God had been, and was speaking to him by those afflictions, which he would do well to advert unto.

Gill: Job 33:22 - Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave // and his life to the destroyers Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave,.... Not the soul, strictly and properly speaking, for that does not, nor is it laid in the grave at death, ...

Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave,.... Not the soul, strictly and properly speaking, for that does not, nor is it laid in the grave at death, but returns to God that gave it; rather the body, for which it is sometimes put, and of which what is here said is true, see Psa 16:10; or the person of the sick man, whose disease being so threatening, all hope is gone, and he is given up by his physicians and friends, and seemingly is at the grave's mouth, and that is ready for him, and he on the brink of that; which were the apprehensions Job had of himself, Job 17:1; see Psa 88:3;

and his life to the destroyers; the destroying angels, as Aben Ezra, and so the Septuagint version: or destroying diseases, and so Mr. Broughton renders it, "to killing maladies"; or it may be to worms, which destroy the body in the grave, and which Job was sensible of would quickly be his case, Job 19:26; though some interpret it of those that kill, or of those that are dead, with whom they are laid that die; or of deaths corporeal and eternal, and the horrors and terrors of both, with which persons in such circumstances are sometimes distressed.

Gill: Job 33:23 - If there be a messenger with him // an interpreter // one among a thousand // to show unto man his uprightness If there be a messenger with him,.... Or angel, either with God, as some think; or rather with the sick man; by which messenger is meant not an angel ...

If there be a messenger with him,.... Or angel, either with God, as some think; or rather with the sick man; by which messenger is meant not an angel by nature, a created angel, though sometimes such are God's messengers, sent by him on errands to men, are interpreters of things to them, as Gabriel was to Daniel; of whom there are thousands, and who may be of service to sick men for their comfort and instruction, since it is certain they attend saints in their dying moments; yet this proves not that they are to be invoked as mediators between God and men: but rather a minister of the word is designed, who is by office an angel, a "messenger" of Christ, and of the churches; an "interpreter" of the Scriptures, and of the mind of God in them; and a spiritual, evangelical, faithful minister, is scarce and rare, one among a thousand; and his business is to visit sick persons, and to observe the "uprightness" and faithfulness of God in afflicting them, that they may quietly submit to and patiently bear the affliction; and to direct them for their peace and comfort to the uprightness or righteousness of Christ, for their justification before God; and to show them what is right for them to do in their present circumstances; whether the sick man be stupid and insensible of his case, and his need of righteousness, or whether he be a truly gracious man, yet labouring under doubts and fears about the truth of grace in him, the uprightness of his heart, and his interest in the righteousness of Christ: but it seems best to understand this of Christ himself, the angel of God's presence, the messenger of the covenant, who is with the sick man, and favours him with his spiritual presence; or is "for him" q as it may be rendered, is on his side, an advocate and intercessor for him with God;

an interpreter of his Father's mind, and with which he is long acquainted, he lying in his bosom; and of the sacred Scriptures, as he was to his disciples concerning himself; or an "orator" r, an eloquent one, never man spake like him, having the tongue of the learned given him as man; and who as a divine Person is the eternal and essential Word of God; who spake for his people in the council of peace and covenant of grace; and also as Mediator is the antitypical Aaron, can speak well for them on all occasions:

one among a thousand: the chiefest among ten thousand, angels or men; see Son 5:10;

to show unto man his uprightness; which to do is his office as Mediator, and especially as a prophet, even to show the uprightness of God, the rectitude of his nature, the righteousness required in his holy law; and this Christ has shown forth and declared in his being the propitiation for the sins of his people, Rom 3:25; by his Spirit he shows to man, and so to a sick man, his want of uprightness in himself, his need of righteousness from another; and brings it near him, and shows it to be perfect, complete, and suitable; as well as teaches to live soberly, righteously, and godly.

Gill: Job 33:24 - Then he is gracious to him // and saith, deliver him from going down to the pit // I have found a ransom Then he is gracious to him,.... To the sick man; either the messenger or the minister that is with him, who pities his case and prays for him; and by ...

Then he is gracious to him,.... To the sick man; either the messenger or the minister that is with him, who pities his case and prays for him; and by some the following words are supposed to be a prayer of his, "deliver me", &c. since one find in the Gospel there is a ransom for such persons. Rather Christ, who is gracious to man, as appears by his assumption of their nature and becoming a ransom for them, and who upon the foot of redemption which he has "found" or obtained, see Heb 9:12; pleads for the present comfort and future happiness of his people, in such language as after expressed, "deliver him", &c. Or rather God the Father is gracious to the sick man for his Son's sake,

and saith, deliver him from going down to the pit; addressing either the disease, so Mr. Broughton renders the word, "spare him (O killing malady) from descending into the pit", the grave, for the present his disease threatened him with. Or the minister of the word attending the sick man, who is bid to declare to him, as Nathan to David, and Isaiah to Hezekiah, that he should live longer, and not die for the present: or rather the address is to law and justice, to let the redeemed of the Lord go free, and particularly the sick man being one of them; and not thrust him down into the bottomless pit of everlasting ruin and destruction, for the reason following:

I have found a ransom; which is no other than Christ the Son of God; whom Jehovah, in his infinite wisdom, found out and settled upon to be the ransomer of his people; to which he agreed, and in the fulness of time came to give his life a ransom for many, and for whom he has given himself as a ransom price, which has been testified in due time: and this ransom is for all the elect of God, and is of them from sin, Satan, law, hell, and death; and the finding of it is not of man, nor is the scheme of propitiation, peace and reconciliation by Christ, or of atonement and satisfaction s by the sacrifice of Christ, as the word here used signifies, an invention of men; but is the effect of infinite wisdom, and a scheme drawn in the eternal mind, and formed in Christ from everlasting; see 2Co 5:19. Some take these words to be spoken by the Father to the Son, upon his appointment and agreement to be the ransomer and Redeemer, saying, "go, redeem him", &c. for so the words t may be rendered; and others think they are the words of the Son the messenger to his Father, the advocate with him for his people, as before observed.

Gill: Job 33:25 - His flesh shall be fresher than a child's // he shall return to the days of his youth His flesh shall be fresher than a child's,.... Being recovered from illness and restored to health, through the gracious dealings of God with him. Thi...

His flesh shall be fresher than a child's,.... Being recovered from illness and restored to health, through the gracious dealings of God with him. This is to be understood not simply and absolutely, but comparatively, or with respect to his former condition; that he, who before was reduced to skin and bone, is now become fat and plump; and whose flesh was dry and withered, now moist, succulent, and juicy; and whose skin was wrinkled, now soft and smooth, and sleek; and whose face was pale, now bloomy and ruddy. The Targum is,

"his flesh is weakened more than a child,''

and the Vulgate Latin,

"is consumed,''

referring to his former state:

he shall return to the days of his youth. His youth renewed, and he seem young again; become hale and robust as in his youthful days; see Psa 103:5.

Gill: Job 33:26 - He shall pray unto God // and he will be favourable to him // and he shall see his face with joy // for he will render unto man his righteousness He shall pray unto God,.... As the former verse expresses the condition of the body of the man recovered from sickness, this the frame of his soul, an...

He shall pray unto God,.... As the former verse expresses the condition of the body of the man recovered from sickness, this the frame of his soul, and the spiritual blessings enjoyed by him: some understand this of his praying in the time of his affliction, and consider it as one means of his recovery; and indeed a time of affliction is a time for prayer; and which brings a good man to it, who in health and prosperity has been negligent of it; such an one will make his application to God for deliverance, and not to the creature; and it is his mercy and privilege he has a God to pray unto, who can and will help him. But according to the course and connection of the words, it seems rather to respect what the good man would do, and the frame he would be in upon his recovery; who would entreat the Lord to make him thankful the mercy received, and accept of his thanksgiving for the same; that his affliction might appear to be sanctified unto him, and that he is much the better for it, more holy and more humble; and that he would manifest his pardoning grace to him for all the sins and transgressions he had been guilty of, his murmurings and repinings, and everything else during his affliction; and that he may make use of his health and strength given him in the service of God, and for the glory of his name;

and he will be favourable to him; which, if understood of the time of affliction, it may be interpreted of his laying no more on him than he will enable him to bear, and supporting him under it; of granting his gracious presence in it, and of his taking notice of him, visiting him, knowing, owning, and choosing him in the furnace of affliction, and manifesting his care unto him; and of the deliverance of him out of it. But if it respects the man as recovered out of affliction, it denotes further discoveries of the special care and favour of God to him, which are very enlivening and refreshing, strengthening and supporting; and of his gracious acceptance of his person, and of his sacrifices of prayer, praise, and thanksgiving, through Christ the Mediator and messenger of the covenant;

and he shall see his face with joy: that is, either God who is favourable to him, he looks with a smiling countenance upon the man now recovered, who before seemed to look upon him with frowns in his countenance, there being a change in the outward dispensations of his providence towards him, though none in his heart: his countenance beholds the upright with pleasure, whether they see it or not; he looks upon his people in Christ with the utmost complacency and delight, and particularly when they come to him in the exercise of grace, with their prayers, praises, and thanksgivings. Or the man recovered from illness, God being favourable to him, he beholds the face of God with joy, who perhaps had hid it from him in his affliction, which caused trouble; but now showing his face and favour, it causes joy and exultation, even a jubilee in his soul. He beholds him in Christ as the God of grace and peace; and through him can come to him, and look him in the face with comfort and pleasure, as nothing is more delightful to him than the light of his countenance;

for he will render unto man his righteousness: not the sick man recovered render to another man what is his right and due, or what he may have wronged him of; for which being reproved by the affliction, and convicted of, is desirous of making restitution: but God, who will render, return, or restore to the man recovered his righteousness, which is the foundation of his joy; not render to him according to his own righteousness, as the Targum, which would be but a poor recompense if strictly given; nor restore to him the righteousness he lost in Adam, which is but a creature righteousness; but the righteousness of Christ, as Mr. Broughton, which is the good man's or the believer's in Christ, because wrought out for him, imputed to him, and bestowed as a free gift on him. Now though this righteousness can never be lost, being an everlasting one, yet a sense of interest in it may, which is returned, restored, and rendered to a man, when that righteousness is afresh revealed to him from faith to faith; the consequence of which is peace and comfort, joy and triumph.

Gill: Job 33:27 - He looketh upon men // and if any say // I have sinned // and perverted that which was right // and it profiteth me not He looketh upon men,.... According to our version, and other interpreters, the sense is, God looks upon men as he does on all men in general, their wa...

He looketh upon men,.... According to our version, and other interpreters, the sense is, God looks upon men as he does on all men in general, their ways and their works; and particularly he takes notice of men under affliction, and observes how they behave; if they are penitent and confess their sins, he restores them to health, and does them good both in body and soul. But most carry the sense another way, and interpret it of the sick man recovered, who looks upon his friends and relations about him, and any others that come within his reach; of he goes about them, as Aben Ezra explains the word; or will accompany with men, as Mr. Broughton; or sets them in rows, as Gersom, in order, as at a levee, that he may the better address them; or he shall direct himself to them, as the Targum; or shall sing over them or before them, so Schultens t; in a joyful manner, in an exulting strain, express himself, as follows; for the phrase,

and if any say u, should be rendered, "and he shall say"; make the following confession of his acknowledgment of the goodness of God unto him;

I have sinned; against God and man, and that has been the cause of all my afflictions; I am now sensible of it, and ingenuously own it:

and perverted that which was right: have not done that which is right in the sight of God, nor what is just and right between man and man; have perverted the right ways of God, swerved from his commandments, and gone into crooked paths, with the workers of iniquity; and declined from, or perverted, justice and judgment among men;

and it profiteth me not; as sin does not in the issue; though it promises profit and advantage, it does not yield it; but, on the contrary, much harm and mischief come by it.

Gill: Job 33:28 - He will deliver his soul from going into the pit // and his life shall see the light He will deliver his soul from going into the pit,.... Into the pit of the grave; and then the soul is put for the man or for the body; or into the pit...

He will deliver his soul from going into the pit,.... Into the pit of the grave; and then the soul is put for the man or for the body; or into the pit of hell or perdition:

and his life shall see the light; or he shall live and enjoy outward prosperity here, and the light of eternal happiness hereafter; and so the Targum interprets it of superior light, or the light above, even the inheritance of the saints in light. These words have a double reading; the "Keri", or marginal reading, is what we follow; but the "Cetib", or textual reading, is, "he hath delivered my soul from going into the pit, and my life sees the light"; and which seems to be the better reading; and so the words are a continuation of the address of the man recovered from illness to his friends; setting forth and acknowledging, with joy and thankfulness, the great goodness of God unto him, that he had delivered him from the grave, and spared his life, and given him to enjoy great prosperity, both temporal and spiritual.

Gill: Job 33:29 - Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man. Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man. This is a summary or recapitulation of what goes before, from Job 33:15; God is an operating Be...

Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man. This is a summary or recapitulation of what goes before, from Job 33:15; God is an operating Being, he is always at work in a providential way: "my father worketh hitherto", Joh 5:17; sometimes on the minds of men in dreams and visions; and sometimes by affliction; and sometimes by his prophets, messengers and ministers of the word; he works with and by these, and all according to the internal workings and actings of his mind, his eternal purposes and decrees, which are hereby brought about: and these he works "oftentimes", or, as in the original, "twice" w; therefore when once is not sufficient, he repeats it in dreams and visions; when men are not admonished by one, he comes to them in another: and afflictions, when one does not bring men to repentance, or answer a good purpose, he sends another; and continues the ministry of the word, in which he waits to be gracious, till all his people are brought to repentance, and all his ends answered by it: and all this he works "with man", his darling object, the special care of his providence; and for whom his great concern is in redemption and salvation. He works with men distributively considered, with various men, in the several ways before expressed; and with men personally and individually; to one and the same man he has often appeared in dreams and visions, and on the same person has laid his afflicting hand again and again; and to the same individual has given line upon line, and precept upon precept. And because this is certain and to be depended upon as truth, and is worthy of notice and consideration, as well as is very wonderful and astonishing, that God should thus be mindful of man, and work with him and for him, "lo", or "behold", is prefixed unto it: the ends for which all this is done follow.

Gill: Job 33:30 - To bring back his soul from the pit // to be enlightened with the light of the living To bring back his soul from the pit,.... From the pit of the grave; at the mouth or on the brink of which he seemed to be in the apprehension of his f...

To bring back his soul from the pit,.... From the pit of the grave; at the mouth or on the brink of which he seemed to be in the apprehension of his friends, and having the sentence of death in himself; see Psa 90:3. Or "to turn away" x, or "stay his soul from the pit", as Mr. Broughton; prevent his going into it by removing his disorder, and restoring him to health, as in the case of Hezekiah, Isa 38:17. Or figuratively, from the pit of an unregenerate state, which may be compared to a pit or grave, because in it lie such who are dead in trespasses and sins; and which is a pit of corruption, or a corrupt state: men in it are corrupt and corrupters, corrupt both in principles and practices; and is an impure one, like to mire and clay; and a very uncomfortable one, a pit wherein is no water, no refreshment, no solid peace and comfort. In conversion, which sometimes is brought about by the above means, afflictive providences, as well as by the ministry of the word, souls are brought back from hence; are regenerated, quickened, and raised from the graves of sin, and live spiritually, as they are also secured from going down into the pit of hell and everlasting destruction:

to be enlightened with the light of the living; in a natural sense, to enjoy the light of living men, the light of the sun, and to live in health and prosperity, which is called light in opposition to affliction and adversity, expressed by darkness; see Est 8:15, Isa 8:22. And in a spiritual sense, to live a spiritual life, who before were dead in sin, to live a life of faith on Christ as their righteousness, and to live a life of holiness from him, and in newness of life to his honour and glory; and to have spiritual light into their state by nature, and their recovery and salvation by Christ; to see their need of him, his suitableness, worth, and excellency, and to have a glimpse of eternal glory; as also hereafter to partake both of eternal life and eternal light, called by our Lord "the light of life", Joh 8:12.

Gill: Job 33:31 - Mark well, O Job // hearken unto me // hold thy peace, and I will speak Mark well, O Job,.... Consider and weigh well what has been said; or rather attend to what is further to be said: hearken unto me; to what he was a...

Mark well, O Job,.... Consider and weigh well what has been said; or rather attend to what is further to be said:

hearken unto me; to what he was about to say; for he was full of matter, and had not yet vented all he had to utter:

hold thy peace, and I will speak; be silent and do not interrupt, and I will go on with my discourse.

Gill: Job 33:32 - If thou hast anything to say, answer me // speak, for I desire to justify thee If thou hast anything to say, answer me,.... Any thing to object to what he had delivered, or any answer to return to what he had charged him with: ...

If thou hast anything to say, answer me,.... Any thing to object to what he had delivered, or any answer to return to what he had charged him with:

speak, for I desire to justify thee. Elihu was a fair antagonist, and gave free liberty, time and space, to make whatsoever reply he thought fit, and which he should patiently and attentively hear: his view was not victory, but that truth might come out, and take place and prevail, having nothing more at heart than Job's good; and could wish it would appear that he was in all respects a just man, and even in that in which he thought he was not just; but could he fairly acquit himself it would be a pleasure to him.

Gill: Job 33:33 - If not, hearken to me // hold thy peace, and I shall teach thee wisdom If not, hearken to me,.... If he had no objection to make, nor answer to return, then he desires he would attend and listen to what he had further to ...

If not, hearken to me,.... If he had no objection to make, nor answer to return, then he desires he would attend and listen to what he had further to lay before him:

hold thy peace, and I shall teach thee wisdom. For though Job was a wise and good man, he might become wiser and more knowing; and indeed when instruction is given to a wise man, he will be yet wiser, Pro 9:9; and this may be received sometimes from persons inferior in age and abilities. Elihu proposed to teach him, as he did, natural, moral, and evangelical wisdom, especially the wisdom of God in his providential dealings with men, and what is man's highest wisdom under them; which is to be reconciled unto them, and patiently to submit, and to fear the Lord, and be careful not to offend him, which to do is wisdom and understanding.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Job 33:1 Heb “hear all my words.”

NET Notes: Job 33:2 H. H. Rowley (Job [NCBC], 210) says, “The self-importance of Elihu is boundless, and he is the master of banality.” He adds that whoever w...

NET Notes: Job 33:3 More literally, “and the knowledge of my lips they will speak purely.”

NET Notes: Job 33:4 The verb תְּחַיֵּנִי (tÿkhayyeni) is the Piel imperfect of the verb “to l...

NET Notes: Job 33:5 The Hebrew text does not contain the term “arguments,” but this verb has been used already for preparing or arranging a defense.

NET Notes: Job 33:6 The verb means “nipped off,” as a potter breaks off a piece of clay when molding a vessel.

NET Notes: Job 33:7 See Job 9:34 and 13:21.

NET Notes: Job 33:8 Heb “in my ears.”

NET Notes: Job 33:9 The word is a hapax legomenon; hap is from חָפַף (khafaf). It is used in New Hebrew in expressions like “to wash&#...

NET Notes: Job 33:10 The Hebrew means “frustrations” or “oppositions.” The RSV has “displeasure,” NIV “faults,” and NRSV &#...

NET Notes: Job 33:11 See Job 13:27.

NET Notes: Job 33:12 The LXX has “he that is above men is eternal.” Elihu is saying that God is far above Job’s petty problems.

NET Notes: Job 33:13 The MT has “all his words.” This must refer to “man” in the previous verse. But many wish to change it to “my words,R...

NET Notes: Job 33:14 The Syriac and the Vulgate have “and he does not repeat it,” a reading of the text as it is, according to E. Dhorme (Job, 403). But his ar...

NET Notes: Job 33:16 Heb “and seals their bonds.” The form of the present translation, “and terrifies them with warnings,” is derived only by emend...

NET Notes: Job 33:17 Here too the sense of the MT is difficult to recover. Some translations took it to mean that God hides pride from man. Many commentators changed •...

NET Notes: Job 33:18 Here is another difficult line. The verb normally means “to pass through; to pass over,” and so this word would normally mean “from ...

NET Notes: Job 33:19 The Kethib “the strife of his bones is continual,” whereas the Qere has “the multitude of his bones are firm.” The former is t...

NET Notes: Job 33:20 Heb “food of desire.” The word “rejects” is not in the Hebrew text, but is supplied in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: Job 33:21 Heb “are laid bare.” This is the Qere reading; the Kethib means “bare height.” Gordis reverses the word order: “his bone...

NET Notes: Job 33:22 The MT uses the Hiphil participle, “to those who cause death.” This seems to be a reference to the belief in demons that brought about dea...

NET Notes: Job 33:23 This is a smoother reading. The MT has “to tell to a man his uprightness,” to reveal what is right for him. The LXX translated this word &...

NET Notes: Job 33:24 This verse and v. 28 should be compared with Ps 49:7-9, 15 (8-10, 16 HT) where the same basic vocabulary and concepts are employed.

NET Notes: Job 33:25 The word describes the period when the man is healthy and vigorous, ripe for what life brings his way.

NET Notes: Job 33:26 Many commentators think this line is superfluous and so delete it. The RSV changed the verb to “he recounts,” making the idea that the man...

NET Notes: Job 33:27 The verb שָׁוָה (shavah) has the impersonal meaning here, “it has not been requited to me.” The meanin...

NET Notes: Job 33:28 See note on “him” in v. 24.

NET Notes: Job 33:29 The phrase “in his dealings” is not in the Hebrew text, but has been supplied in the translation for clarification.

NET Notes: Job 33:32 The infinitive construct serves as the complement or object of “I desire.” It could be rendered “to justify you” or “you...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:4 The ( a ) Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life. ( a ) I confess the power of God, and am one of his, therefo...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:6 Behold, I [am] according to thy wish in ( b ) God's stead: I also am formed out of the clay. ( b ) Because Job had wished to dispute his cause with G...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:7 Behold, my terror shall not make thee afraid, neither shall my hand ( c ) be heavy upon thee. ( c ) I will not handle you so roughly as these others ...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:9 I am ( d ) clean without transgression, I [am] innocent; neither [is there] iniquity in me. ( d ) He repeats Job's words, by which he protested his i...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:13 Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not ( e ) account of any of his matters. ( e ) The cause of his judgments is not always declared to m...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:14 For God speaketh ( f ) once, yea twice, [yet man] perceiveth it not. ( f ) Though God by various examples of his judgments speak to man, yet the reas...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:15 In a dream, in a ( g ) vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed; ( g ) God, he says, speaks commonly, eithe...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:16 Then he openeth the ears of men, and ( h ) sealeth their instruction, ( h ) That is, determined to send on them.

Geneva Bible: Job 33:17 That he may withdraw man [from his] purpose, and hide ( i ) pride from man. ( i ) He shows for why God sends afflictions: to beat down man's pride, a...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:20 So that his ( k ) life abhorreth bread, and his soul dainty meat. ( k ) That is, his painful and miserable life.

Geneva Bible: Job 33:22 Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave, and his life ( l ) to the destroyers. ( l ) To them that will bury him.

Geneva Bible: Job 33:23 If there be a ( m ) messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, ( n ) to shew unto man his uprightness: ( m ) A man sent from God to de...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:24 Then he is ( o ) gracious unto him, and saith, ( p ) Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom. ( o ) He shows that it is a sure ...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:25 His flesh shall be ( q ) fresher than a child's: he shall return to the days of his youth: ( q ) He will feel God's favour and rejoice; declaring by ...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:26 He shall pray unto God, and he will be favourable unto him: and he shall see his face with joy: for he will render unto man his ( r ) righteousness. ...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:27 He looketh upon men, and [if any] say, I have sinned, and ( s ) perverted [that which was] right, and it profited ( t ) me not; ( s ) That is, done w...

Geneva Bible: Job 33:28 ( u ) He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light. ( u ) God will forgive the penitent sinner.

Geneva Bible: Job 33:29 Lo, all these [things] worketh God ( x ) oftentimes with man, ( x ) Meaning, as often as a sinner repents.

Geneva Bible: Job 33:32 If thou hast any ( y ) thing to say, answer me: speak, for I desire to ( z ) justify thee. ( y ) If you doubt anything, or see opportunity to speak a...

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Job 33:1-7 - --Job had desired a judge to decide his appeal. Elihu was one according to his wish, a man like himself. If we would rightly convince men, it must be by...

MHCC: Job 33:8-13 - --Elihu charges Job with reflecting upon the justice and goodness of God. When we hear any thing said to God's dishonour, we ought to bear our testimony...

MHCC: Job 33:14-18 - --God speaks to us by conscience, by providences, and by ministers; of all these Elihu discourses. There was not then, that we know of, any Divine revel...

MHCC: Job 33:19-28 - --Job complained of his diseases, and judged by them that God was angry with him; his friends did so too: but Elihu shows that God often afflicts the bo...

MHCC: Job 33:29-33 - --Elihu shows that God's great and gracious design toward the children of men, is, to save them from being for ever miserable, and to bring them to be f...

Matthew Henry: Job 33:1-7 - -- Several arguments Elihu here uses to persuade Job not only to give him a patient hearing, but to believe that he designed him a good office, and to ...

Matthew Henry: Job 33:8-13 - -- In these verses, I. Elihu particularly charges Job with some indecent expressions that had dropped from him, reflecting upon the justice and goodnes...

Matthew Henry: Job 33:14-18 - -- Job had complained that God kept him wholly in the dark concerning the meaning of his dealings with him, and therefore concluded he dealt with him a...

Matthew Henry: Job 33:19-28 - -- God has spoken once to sinners by their own consciences, to keep them from the paths of the destroyer, but they perceive it not; they are not aware ...

Matthew Henry: Job 33:29-33 - -- We have here the conclusion of this first part of Elihu's discourse, in which, 1. He briefly sums up what he had said, showing that God's great and ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 33:1-3 - -- 1 But nevertheless, O Job, hear my speeches, And hearken to all my words. 2 Behold now, I have opened my mouth, My tongue speaketh in my palate. ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 33:4-7 - -- 4 The Spirit of God hath made me, And the breath of the Almighty hath given me life. 5 If thou canst, answer me, Prepare in my presence, take thy...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 33:8-12 - -- 8 Verily thou hast said in mine ears, And I heard the sound of thy words: 9 "I am pure, without transgression; "Spotless am I, and I have no guil...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 33:13-18 - -- 13 Why hast thou contended against Him, That He answereth not concerning all His doings? 14 Yet no-in one way God speaketh, And in two, only one ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 33:19-22 - -- 19 He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, And with the unceasing conflict of his limbs; 20 And his life causeth him to loathe bread, And hi...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 33:23-24 - -- 23 If there is an angel as mediator for him, One of a thousand, To declare to man what is for his profit: 24 He is gracious to him, and saith: D...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 33:25-28 - -- 25 His flesh swelleth with the freshness of youth, He returneth to the days of his youth. 26 If he prayeth to Eloah, He showeth him favour, So th...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 33:29-33 - -- 29 Behold, God doeth all Twice, thrice with man, 30 To bring back his soul from the pit, That it may become light in the light of life. 31 Liste...

Constable: Job 32:1--37:24 - --F. Elihu's Speeches chs. 32-37 Many critical scholars believe that a later editor inserted chapters 32-3...

Constable: Job 32:6--34:1 - --2. Elihu's first speech 32:6-33:33 Before Elihu began presenting his views (ch. 33), he first ha...

Constable: Job 33:1-33 - --Elihu's first response to Job ch. 33 This whole speech is an attempt to explain to Job w...

buka semua
Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) JOB A REAL PERSON.--It has been supposed by some that the book of Job is an allegory, not a real narrative, on account of the artificial character of ...

JFB: Job (Garis Besar) THE HOLINESS OF JOB, HIS WEALTH, &c. (Job 1:1-5) SATAN, APPEARING BEFORE GOD, FALSELY ACCUSES JOB. (Job 1:6-12) SATAN FURTHER TEMPTS JOB. (Job 2:1-8)...

TSK: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) A large aquatic animal, perhaps the extinct dinosaur, plesiosaurus, the exact meaning is unknown. Some think this to be a crocodile but from the desc...

TSK: Job 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Job 33:1, Elihu offers himself instead of God to reason with Job; Job 33:8, He excuses God from giving man an account of his ways, by his...

Poole: Job 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 33 He offereth himself in God’ s stead to reason with Job, Job 33:1-7 , who had too hard thoughts of God, who by his greatness giveth ...

MHCC: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book is so called from Job, whose prosperity, afflictions, and restoration, are here recorded. He lived soon after Abraham, or perhaps before tha...

MHCC: Job 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Job 33:1-7) Elihu offers to reason with Job. (Job 33:8-13) Elihu blames Job for reflecting upon God. (Job 33:14-18) God calls men to repentance. (...

Matthew Henry: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Job This book of Job stands by itself, is not connected with any other, and is therefore to...

Matthew Henry: Job 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Pompous prefaces, like the teeming mountain, often introduce poor performances; but Elihu's discourse here does not disappoint the expectations whi...

Constable: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title This book, like many others in the Old Testament, got its name from...

Constable: Job (Garis Besar) Outline I. Prologue chs. 1-2 A. Job's character 1:1-5 B. Job's calamitie...

Constable: Job Job Bibliography Andersen, Francis I. Job. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries series. Leicester, Eng. and Downe...

Haydock: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF JOB. INTRODUCTION. This Book takes its name from the holy man, of whom it treats; who, according to the more probable opinion, was ...

Gill: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO JOB This book, in the Hebrew copies, generally goes by this name, from Job, who is however the subject, if not the writer of it. In...

Gill: Job 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO JOB 33 In this chapter Elihu addresses Job himself, and entreats his attention to what he had to say to him, and offers several thi...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #16: Tampilan Pasal untuk mengeksplorasi pasal; Tampilan Ayat untuk menganalisa ayat; Multi Ayat/Kutipan untuk menampilkan daftar ayat. [SEMUA]
dibuat dalam 0.89 detik
dipersembahkan oleh
bible.org - YLSA