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Teks -- 2 Chronicles 34:1-33 (NET)

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Konteks
Josiah Institutes Religious Reforms
34:1 Josiah was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned for thirty-one years in Jerusalem. 34:2 He did what the Lord approved and followed in his ancestor David’s footsteps; he did not deviate to the right or the left. 34:3 In the eighth year of his reign, while he was still young, he began to seek the God of his ancestor David. In his twelfth year he began ridding Judah and Jerusalem of the high places, Asherah poles, idols, and images. 34:4 He ordered the altars of the Baals to be torn down, and broke the incense altars that were above them. He smashed the Asherah poles, idols and images, crushed them up and sprinkled the dust over the tombs of those who had sacrificed to them. 34:5 He burned the bones of the pagan priests on their altars; he purified Judah and Jerusalem. 34:6 In the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim, and Simeon, as far as Naphtali, and in the ruins around them, 34:7 he tore down the altars and Asherah poles, demolished the idols, and smashed all the incense altars throughout the land of Israel. Then he returned to Jerusalem. 34:8 In the eighteenth year of his reign, he continued his policy of purifying the land and the temple. He sent Shaphan son of Azaliah, Maaseiah the city official, and Joah son of Joahaz the secretary to repair the temple of the Lord his God. 34:9 They went to Hilkiah the high priest and gave him the silver that had been brought to God’s temple. The Levites who guarded the door had collected it from the people of Manasseh and Ephraim and from all who were left in Israel, as well as from all the people of Judah and Benjamin and the residents of Jerusalem. 34:10 They handed it over to the construction foremen assigned to the Lord’s temple. They in turn paid the temple workers to restore and repair it. 34:11 They gave money to the craftsmen and builders to buy chiseled stone and wood for the braces and rafters of the buildings that the kings of Judah had allowed to fall into disrepair. 34:12 The men worked faithfully. Their supervisors were Jahath and Obadiah (Levites descended from Merari), as well as Zechariah and Meshullam (descendants of Kohath). The Levites, all of whom were skilled musicians, 34:13 supervised the laborers and all the foremen on their various jobs. Some of the Levites were scribes, officials, and guards. 34:14 When they took out the silver that had been brought to the Lord’s temple, Hilkiah the priest found the law scroll the Lord had given to Moses. 34:15 Hilkiah informed Shaphan the scribe, “I found the law scroll in the Lord’s temple.” Hilkiah gave the scroll to Shaphan. 34:16 Shaphan brought the scroll to the king and reported, “Your servants are doing everything assigned to them. 34:17 They melted down the silver in the Lord’s temple and handed it over to the supervisors of the construction foremen.” 34:18 Then Shaphan the scribe told the king, “Hilkiah the priest has given me a scroll.” Shaphan read it out loud before the king. 34:19 When the king heard the words of the law scroll, he tore his clothes. 34:20 The king ordered Hilkiah, Ahikam son of Shaphan, Abdon son of Micah, Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah the king’s servant, 34:21 “Go, seek an oracle from the Lord for me and those who remain in Israel and Judah. Find out about the words of this scroll that has been discovered. For the Lord’s fury has been ignited against us, because our ancestors have not obeyed the word of the Lord by doing all that this scroll instructs!” 34:22 So Hilkiah and the others sent by the king went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum son of Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, the supervisor of the wardrobe. (She lived in Jerusalem in the Mishneh district.) They stated their business, 34:23 and she said to them: “This is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘Say this to the man who sent you to me: 34:24 “This is what the Lord says: ‘I am about to bring disaster on this place and its residents, the details of which are recorded in the scroll which they read before the king of Judah. 34:25 This will happen because they have abandoned me and offered sacrifices to other gods, angering me with all the idols they have made. My anger will ignite against this place and will not be extinguished!’” 34:26 Say this to the king of Judah, who sent you to seek an oracle from the Lord: “This is what the Lord God of Israel says concerning the words you have heard: 34:27 ‘You displayed a sensitive spirit and humbled yourself before God when you heard his words concerning this place and its residents. You humbled yourself before me, tore your clothes and wept before me, and I have heard you,’ says the Lord. 34:28 ‘Therefore I will allow you to die and be buried in peace. You will not have to witness all the disaster I will bring on this place and its residents.’”’” Then they reported back to the king. 34:29 The king summoned all the leaders of Judah and Jerusalem. 34:30 The king went up to the Lord’s temple, accompanied by all the people of Judah, the residents of Jerusalem, the priests, and the Levites. All the people were there, from the oldest to the youngest. He read aloud all the words of the scroll of the covenant that had been discovered in the Lord’s temple. 34:31 The king stood by his pillar and renewed the covenant before the Lord, agreeing to follow the Lord and to obey his commandments, laws, and rules with all his heart and being, by carrying out the terms of this covenant recorded on this scroll. 34:32 He made all who were in Jerusalem and Benjamin agree to it. The residents of Jerusalem acted in accordance with the covenant of God, the God of their ancestors. 34:33 Josiah removed all the detestable idols from all the areas belonging to the Israelites and encouraged all who were in Israel to worship the Lord their God. Throughout the rest of his reign they did not turn aside from following the Lord God of their ancestors.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Abdon a town of Asher east. of Achzib, given to the Gershonite Levites,a man who was the eleventh judge of Israel,the son of Shashak of Benjamin,son of Je-Iel of Gibeon in Benjamin; great uncle to King Saul,son (descendent) of Micah/Micaiah in King Josiah's time
 · Ahikam son of Shaphan; an official under King Josiah
 · Asaiah King Josiah's servant,head of a large influential family of Simeon in Hezekiah's time,son of Haggiah the Levite,a man (Shelah Judah) who returned from exile with his family,chief of the sons of Merari the Levite under David
 · Azaliah son of Meshullam; father of Shaphan, secretary to King Josiah
 · Baal a pagan god,a title of a pagan god,a town in the Negeb on the border of Simeon and Judah,son of Reaiah son of Micah; a descendant of Reuben,the forth son of Jeiel, the Benjamite
 · Benjamin the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Ephraim the tribe of Ephraim as a whole,the northern kingdom of Israel
 · Hasrah grandfather of Shallum the husband of Huldah the prophetess
 · Hilkiah father of Eliakim who was head of King Hezekiah's household,a high priest; son of Shalum /Meshulam,son of Amzi of Levi; forefather of returned exiles,son of Hosah; a Levite gatekeeper,priest leader of some who returned from exile with Zerubbabel,a man of Anathoth; father of the prophet Jeremiah
 · Huldah wife of Shallum; a prophetess
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jahath son of Reaiah of Judah,son of Libni of Gershom son of Levi,firstborn son of Shimei son of Gershon son of Levi,chief of Shelomoth and Izhar clans (Kohath Levi) under David,a Merari Levite overseer of temple repairs under Josiah
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Joah son of Asaph; record keeper of King Hezekiah,son of Zimmah one of the Levites of Gershon whom, along with his son Eden, King Hezekiah assigned to supervise the cleansing of the temple,son of Obed-Edom; a Levite gatekeeper whose descendants returned from exile,son of Joahaz; record keeper of King Josiah
 · Joahaz son and successor of Jehu, King of Israel
 · Josiah the son who succeeded King Amon of Judah; the father of Jeconiah; an ancestor of Jesus,son and successor of Amon, King of Judah,son of Zephaniah; custodian of the temple treasures that were returned from Babylon
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Kohathites members of the clan of Kohath of Levi
 · Levites relating to Levi and the priesthood given to him,a tribal name describing people and ceremonies as sacred
 · Ma-Aseiah a Levite worship leader in David's time,son of Adaiah; a commander who helped enthrone King Joash,a man who was a recruiting officer for King Uzziah's army,son of King Ahaz,a man who was governor of Jerusalem under King Josiah,a priest descended from Jeshua who put away his heathen wife,a priest descended from Harim who put away his heathen wife,a priest descended from Pashhur who put away his heathen wife,a layman of Pahath-Moab clan who put away his heathen wife,son of Ananiah; father of Azariah who helped repair the wall,a man who stood with Ezra when he read the law to the assembly,a Levite who helped Ezra explain the reading of the law,an chief who signed the covenant to keep the law of Moses,son of Baruch of Judah; a returned exile in Jerusalem,son of Ithiel of Benjamin,a priest who helped celebrate the completion of the wall,father of Zephaniah the priest in the time of Jeremiah,a false prophet in the time of King Zedekiah of Judah,son of Shallum, a gate keeper under King Jehoiakim
 · Manasseh the tribe of Manasseh.
 · Merari the clan of Merari of the tribe of Levi
 · Meshullam grandfather of Shaphan, King Josiah's secretary,son of Zerubbabel,son of Abihail; a founding father of one of the clans of Gad,son of Elpaal of Benjamin,son of Hodaviah of Benjamin,son of Shephatiah of Benjamin,a high priest; son of Zadok II,son of Meshillemith; a priest,a Kohath Levite overseer of temple restoration for King Josiah,one of the leaders Ezra sent to Iddo to ask for recruits,a man who opposed the Jews putting away their heathen wives,a layman of the Bani Clan who put away his heathen wife,son of Berechiah son of Meshezabel; a repairer of the wall,son of Besodeiah; a man who helped repair a gate in the wall,a man who stood with Ezra when he publicly read the law to the assembly,a priest who signed the covenant to keep God's law,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law,son of Joed of Benjamin; father of Sallu, a returned exile,a priest and head of the house of Ezra under High Priest Joiakim in the time of Nehemiah,a priest, head of the house of Ginnethon in Nehemiah's time,a man who was a gate keeper in the time of Nehemiah
 · Micah a man of Ephraim who made an ephod,son of Shime-i of Reuben,son of Merib-Baal of Benjamin,first born son of Uzziel son of Kohath,father of Abdon/Achbor whom King Josiah used as a messenger,the prophet of Moresheth under Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah
 · Moses a son of Amram; the Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them The Law of Moses,a Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them the law
 · Naphtali region/territority and the tribe of Israel,the son of Jacob and Bilhah,the tribe of people descended from Naphtali,the territory of the people of Naphtali
 · Obadiah a man who was in charge of king Ahab's household,son of Arnan, a descendant of Hananiah, Zerubbabel and David,son of Izrahiah of Issachar,son of Azel of Benjamin,son of Shemaiah; a Levite leader of a group of returned exiles,a Gadite officer who defected to David in the wilderness,a man of Zebulun in Saul and David's time,a prince King Jehoshaphat sent to teach the law around Judah,son of Jehiel; head of the Joab Clan group of returnees,a priest who signed the covenant to keep God's law,a gatekeeper in the time of Nehemiah
 · Shallum son of Jabesh; the assassin and successor of king Jeroboam,son of Tikvah; husband of Huldah the prophetess under Josiah,son of Sismai of Judah,son of King Josiah,son of Shaul son of Simeon,a high priest; son of Zadok II,son of Naphtali,son of Kore the Levite; a chief temple Porter under Nehemiah,father of Jehizkiah, chief minister of King Pekah,a Levite gatekeeper who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Binnui Clan who put away his heathen wife,son of Hallohesh, ruler of part of Jerusalem under Nehemiah; helped repair the walls of Jerusalem,son of Col-Hozeh; ruler of the Mizpah district under Nehemiah and helped Nehemiah repair Jerusalem's gates,father of Hanamel; uncle of the prophet Jeremiah,father of Ma-Aseiah, temple gate keeper in Jeremiah's time
 · Shaphan son of Azaliah; father of Gemariah;, a prince of Judah in the time of Jehoiakim,son of Azaliah son of Meshullam (OS); secretary to King Josiah,father of Jaazaniah, an idolatrous elder under Zedekiah
 · Simeon a son of Jonas and brother of Andrew; an apostle of Jesus Christ,a man who was one of the apostles of Christ and also called 'the Zealot',a brother of Jesus,a man who was a well-know victim of leprosy who had been healed by Jesus (NIV note),a man from Cyrene who was forced to carry the cross of Jesus,a Pharisee man in whose house Jesus' feet were washed with tears and anointed,the father of Judas Iscariot,a man who was a sorcerer in Samaria and who wanted to buy the gifts of the Spirit,a man who was a tanner at Joppa and with whom Peter was staying when Cornelius sent for him


Topik/Tema Kamus: Josiah | Shaphan | Influence | Israel | Revivals | Rulers | Covenant | TEMPLE, A1 | MUSIC | Word of God | Huldah | Asahiah | Zeal | Simeon | Hilkiah | Women | Ephraim | Liberality | Temple | Church and State | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Ch 34:3 - Young ln the sixteenth year of his age; when he was entering into the age of temptation, and had the administration of his kingdom wholly in his own power, ...

ln the sixteenth year of his age; when he was entering into the age of temptation, and had the administration of his kingdom wholly in his own power, and none to restrain him; even then he begins to be religious in good earnest.

Wesley: 2Ch 34:6 - Naphtali Which was in the utmost borders of the kingdom of Israel. For it must be remembered, that the ten tribes were now gone into captivity; and those who w...

Which was in the utmost borders of the kingdom of Israel. For it must be remembered, that the ten tribes were now gone into captivity; and those who were come in their stead were weak and few, and not able to withstand the power of Josiah.

Wesley: 2Ch 34:8 - The house The house of God, called the house by way of eminency.

The house of God, called the house by way of eminency.

Wesley: 2Ch 34:11 - Houses The chambers joining to the temple.

The chambers joining to the temple.

Wesley: 2Ch 34:12 - Musick All these here named, were skilful in instruments of musick. Which may be here mentioned, to intimate, that as they were skilful, so they were exercis...

All these here named, were skilful in instruments of musick. Which may be here mentioned, to intimate, that as they were skilful, so they were exercised in both employments, and did successively oversee the work, and praise God with their voices and instruments.

Wesley: 2Ch 34:19 - Rent his clothes Were the things contained in scripture new to us, as they were here to Josiah, surely they would make deeper impressions upon us than they commonly do...

Were the things contained in scripture new to us, as they were here to Josiah, surely they would make deeper impressions upon us than they commonly do. But they are not the less weighty, and therefore should not be the less regarded, because they are well known.

Wesley: 2Ch 34:32 - To stand to it He caused them to engage by an oath or covenant, that they would observe the laws of God, as his predecessors had formerly done, and which indeed they...

He caused them to engage by an oath or covenant, that they would observe the laws of God, as his predecessors had formerly done, and which indeed they were before obliged to do.

Wesley: 2Ch 34:33 - Even to serve The repetition shews, that this was the only thing his heart was set upon. He aimed at nothing in all he did, but to engage them to God and their duty...

The repetition shews, that this was the only thing his heart was set upon. He aimed at nothing in all he did, but to engage them to God and their duty.

JFB: 2Ch 34:1 - Josiah was eight years old (See on 2Ki 22:1). The testimony borne to the undeviating steadfastness of his adherence to the cause of true religion places his character and reign ...

(See on 2Ki 22:1). The testimony borne to the undeviating steadfastness of his adherence to the cause of true religion places his character and reign in honorable contrast with those of many of his royal predecessors.

JFB: 2Ch 34:3 - in the eighth year of his reign This was the sixteenth year of his age, and, as the kings of Judah were considered minors till they had completed their thirteenth year, it was three ...

This was the sixteenth year of his age, and, as the kings of Judah were considered minors till they had completed their thirteenth year, it was three years after he had attained majority. He had very early manifested the piety and excellent dispositions of his character. In the twelfth year of his reign, but the twentieth of his age, he began to take a lively interest in the purgation of his kingdom from all the monuments of idolatry which, in his father's short reign, had been erected. At a later period, his increasing zeal for securing the purity of divine worship led him to superintend the work of demolition in various parts of his dominion. The course of the narrative in this passage is somewhat different from that followed in the Book of Kings. For the historian, having made allusion to the early manifestation of Josiah's zeal, goes on with a full detail of all the measures this good king adopted for the extirpation of idolatry; whereas the author of the Book of Kings sets out with the cleansing of the temple, immediately previous to the celebration of the passover, and embraces that occasion to give a general description of Josiah's policy for freeing the land from idolatrous pollution. The exact chronological order is not followed either in Kings or Chronicles. But it is clearly recorded in both that the abolition of idolatry began in the twelfth and was completed in the eighteenth year of Josiah's reign. Notwithstanding Josiah's undoubted sincerity and zeal and the people's apparent compliance with the king's orders, he could not extinguish a strongly rooted attachment to idolatries introduced in the early part of Manasseh's reign. This latent predilection appears unmistakably developed in the subsequent reigns, and the divine decree for the removal of Judah, as well as Israel, into captivity was irrevocably passed.

JFB: 2Ch 34:4 - the graves of them that had sacrificed unto them He treated the graves themselves as guilty of the crimes of those who were lying in them [BERTHEAU].

He treated the graves themselves as guilty of the crimes of those who were lying in them [BERTHEAU].

JFB: 2Ch 34:5 - he burnt the bones of the priests upon their altars A greater brand of infamy could not have been put on idolatrous priests than the disinterment of their bones, and a greater defilement could not have ...

A greater brand of infamy could not have been put on idolatrous priests than the disinterment of their bones, and a greater defilement could not have been done to the altars of idolatry than the burning upon them the bones of those who had there officiated in their lifetime.

JFB: 2Ch 34:6 - with their mattocks Or, "in their deserts"--so that the verse will stand thus: "And so did [namely, break the altars and burn the bones of priests] he in the cities of Ma...

Or, "in their deserts"--so that the verse will stand thus: "And so did [namely, break the altars and burn the bones of priests] he in the cities of Manasseh, and Ephraim, and Simeon, even unto Naphtali, in their deserted suburbs." The reader is apt to be surprised on finding that Josiah, whose hereditary possessions were confined to the kingdom of Judah, exercised as much authority among the tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh, Simeon, and others as far as Naphtali, as he did within his own dominion. Therefore, it is necessary to observe that, after the destruction of Samaria by Shalmaneser, the remnant that continued on the mountains of Israel maintained a close intercourse with Judah, and looked to the sovereigns of that kingdom as their natural protectors. Those kings acquired great influence over them, which Josiah exercised in removing every vestige of idolatry from the land. He could not have done this without the acquiescence of the people in the propriety of this proceeding, conscious that this was conformable to their ancient laws and institutions. The Assyrian kings, who were now masters of the country, might have been displeased at the liberties Josiah took beyond his own territories. But either they were not informed of his doings, or they did not trouble themselves about his religious proceedings, relating, as they would think, to the god of the land, especially as he did not attempt to seize upon any place or to disturb the allegiance of the people [CALMET].

JFB: 2Ch 34:8 - in the eighteenth year of his reign . . . he sent Shaphan (See on 2Ki 22:3-9).

(See on 2Ki 22:3-9).

JFB: 2Ch 34:19 - when the king had heard the words of the law, &c. (See on 2Ki 22:11-20; 2Ki 23:1-3).

Clarke: 2Ch 34:2 - He declined neither to the right hand, nor to the left He declined neither to the right hand, nor to the left - He never swerved from God and truth; he never omitted what he knew to be his duty to God an...

He declined neither to the right hand, nor to the left - He never swerved from God and truth; he never omitted what he knew to be his duty to God and his kingdom; he carried on his reformation with a steady hand; timidity did not prevent him from going far enough; and zeal did not lead him beyond due bounds. He walked in the golden mean, and his moderation was known unto all men. He went neither to the right nor to the left, he looked inward, looked forward, and looked upward. Reader, let the conduct of this pious youth be thy exemplar through life.

Clarke: 2Ch 34:4 - The altars of Baalim The altars of Baalim - How often have these been broken down, and how soon set up again! We see that the religion of a land is as the religion of it...

The altars of Baalim - How often have these been broken down, and how soon set up again! We see that the religion of a land is as the religion of its king. If the king were idolatrous, up went the altars, on them were placed the statues, and the smoke of incense ascended in ceaseless clouds to the honor of that which is vanity, and nothing to the world; on the other hand, when the king was truly religious, down went the idolatrous altars, broken in pieces were the images, and the sacrificial smoke ascended only to the true God: in all these cases the people were as one man with the king.

Clarke: 2Ch 34:5 - He burnt the bones of the priests He burnt the bones of the priests - כומריא kumeraiya , the kemarim , says the Targum. See this word explained, 2Ki 23:5 (note).

He burnt the bones of the priests - כומריא kumeraiya , the kemarim , says the Targum. See this word explained, 2Ki 23:5 (note).

Clarke: 2Ch 34:6 - The cities of Manasseh The cities of Manasseh - Even those who were under the government of the Israelitish king permitted their idols and places of idolatry to be hewn do...

The cities of Manasseh - Even those who were under the government of the Israelitish king permitted their idols and places of idolatry to be hewn down and destroyed: after the truth was declared and acknowledged, the spade and the axe were employed to complete the reformation.

Clarke: 2Ch 34:9 - And they returned to Jerusalem And they returned to Jerusalem - Instead of וישבו vaiyashubu , "they returned,"we should read יושבי yoshebey , "the inhabitants;"a readi...

And they returned to Jerusalem - Instead of וישבו vaiyashubu , "they returned,"we should read יושבי yoshebey , "the inhabitants;"a reading which is supported by many MSS., printed editions, and all the versions, as well as by necessity and common sense. See the note on 2Ch 19:8, where a similar mistake is rectified.

Clarke: 2Ch 34:12 - All that could skill of instruments of music All that could skill of instruments of music - Did the musicians play on their several instruments to encourage and enliven the workmen? Is not this...

All that could skill of instruments of music - Did the musicians play on their several instruments to encourage and enliven the workmen? Is not this a probable case from their mention here? If this were really the case, instrumental music was never better applied in any thing that refers to the worship of God. It is fabled of Orpheus, a most celebrated musician, that such was the enchanting harmony of his lyre, that he built the city of Thebes by it: the stones and timbers danced to his melody; and by the power of his harmony rose up, and took their respective places in the different parts of the wall that was to defend the city! This is fable; but as all fable is a representation of truth, where is the truth and fact to which this refers? How long has this question lain unanswered! But have we not the answer now? It is known in general, that the cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii were overwhelmed by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius, about the seventy-ninth year of the Christian era. It is also known that, in sinking for wells, the workmen of the king of Naples lighted on houses, etc., of those overwhelmed cities; that excavations have been carried on, and are now in the act of being carried on, which are bringing daily to view various utensils, pictures, and books, which have escaped the influence of the burning lava; and that some of those parchment volumes have been unrolled, and facsimiles of them engraved and published; and that our late Prince Regent, afterwards George IV., king of Great Britain, expended considerable sums of money annually in searching for, unrolling, and deciphering those rolls. This I record to his great credit as the lover of science and literature. Now, among the books that have been unrolled and published, is a Greek Treatise on Music, by Philodemus; and here we have the truth represented which lay hidden under the fables of Orpheus and Amphion. This latter was a skillful harper, who was frequently employed by the Theban workmen to play to them while engaged in their labor, and for which they rewarded him out of the proceeds of that labor. So powerful and pleasing was his music, that they went lightly and comfortably through their work; and time and labor passed on without tedium or fatigue; and the walls and towers were speedily raised. This, by a metaphor, was attributed to the dulcet sounds of his harp; and poetry seized on and embellished it, and mythology incorporated it with her fabulous system. Orpheus is the same. By his skill in music he drew stones and trees after him, i.e., he presided over and encouraged the workmen by his skill in music. Yet how simple and natural is the representation given by this ancient Greek writer of such matters! See Philodemus, Col. viii. and ix. Orpheus, and Amphion, by their music, moved the workmen to diligence and activity, and lessened and alleviated their toil. May we not suppose, then, that skillful musicians among the Levites did exercise their art among the workmen who were employed in the repairs of the house of the Lord? May I be allowed a gentle transition? Is it not the power and harmony of the grace of Jesus Christ in the Gospel, that convert, change, and purify the souls of men, and prepare them for and place them in that part of the house of God, the New Jerusalem? A most beautiful and chaste allusion to this fact and fable is made by an eminent poet, while praying for his own success as a Christian minister, who uses all his skill as a poet and musician for the glory of God: -

Thy own musician, Lord, inspire

And may my consecrated lyr

Repeat the psalmist’ s part

His Son and thine reveal in me

And fill with sacred melod

The fibres of my heart

So shall I charm the listening throng

And draw the Living Stones alon

By Jesus’ tuneful name

The living stones shall dance, shall rise

And Form a City in the skies

The New Jerusalem

Charles Wesley.

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Clarke: 2Ch 34:14 - Found a book of the law Found a book of the law - See on 2Ki 22:8 (note).

Found a book of the law - See on 2Ki 22:8 (note).

Clarke: 2Ch 34:22 - Huldah the prophetess Huldah the prophetess - See on 2Ki 22:14 (note).

Huldah the prophetess - See on 2Ki 22:14 (note).

Clarke: 2Ch 34:27 - Because thine heart was tender Because thine heart was tender - "Because thy heart was melted, and thou hast humbled thyself in the sight of the Word of the Lord, מימרא די...

Because thine heart was tender - "Because thy heart was melted, and thou hast humbled thyself in the sight of the Word of the Lord, מימרא דיי meymera daya , when thou didst hear his words, ית פתגמוי yath pithgamoi , against this place,"etc. Here the Targum most evidently distinguishes between מימרא meymera , the Personal Word, and פתגם pithgam , a word spoken or expressed.

Clarke: 2Ch 34:28 - Gathered to thy grave in peace Gathered to thy grave in peace - See particularly the note on 2Ki 22:20 (note).

Gathered to thy grave in peace - See particularly the note on 2Ki 22:20 (note).

Clarke: 2Ch 34:30 - The king went The king went - See on 2Ki 23:1 (note).

The king went - See on 2Ki 23:1 (note).

Clarke: 2Ch 34:31 - Made a covenant Made a covenant - See on 2Ki 23:3 (note). And see the notes on that and the preceding chapter, 2 Chronicles 33 (note), for the circumstances detaile...

Made a covenant - See on 2Ki 23:3 (note). And see the notes on that and the preceding chapter, 2 Chronicles 33 (note), for the circumstances detailed here.

Clarke: 2Ch 34:32 - To stand to it To stand to it - It is likely that he caused them all to arise when he read the terms of the covenant, and thus testify their approbation of the cov...

To stand to it - It is likely that he caused them all to arise when he read the terms of the covenant, and thus testify their approbation of the covenant itself, and their resolution to observe it faithfully and perseveringly.

Defender: 2Ch 34:3 - he was yet young Josiah was only eight years old when his wicked father, Amon, was slain. Amon had spent very little time with Josiah; in fact Amon himself was only si...

Josiah was only eight years old when his wicked father, Amon, was slain. Amon had spent very little time with Josiah; in fact Amon himself was only sixteen years old when Josiah was born. After ruling only two years, Amon was slain at the age of twenty-four. Fortunately, Josiah had evidently been more influenced by the later reforms of his grandfather, Manasseh, than by his own immature and rebellious father. Josiah's training had perhaps been delegated to some faithful priest, but not even the latter would have had access to the Scriptures, which were accidentally recovered in the temple when Josiah was twenty-six years old, in the eighteenth year of his reign (2Ch 34:8, 2Ch 34:15). Nevertheless, he began his great reforms when he was only sixteen years old, illustrating God's faithful ability to raise up His servants and to keep His Word even under the most unlikely of human circumstances."

Defender: 2Ch 34:6 - even unto Naphtali Josiah's revivals extended far beyond his own nation (Judah, Benjamin, Levi) deep into the territories of the other tribes (see 2Ch 15:9, note; 2Ch 30...

Josiah's revivals extended far beyond his own nation (Judah, Benjamin, Levi) deep into the territories of the other tribes (see 2Ch 15:9, note; 2Ch 30:11, 2Ch 30:12, note). In fact only the tribes of Reuben, Gad and Dan are not specifically mentioned in 2 Chronicles as having come in some degree under the influence of Judah and Jerusalem and the true worship of God during the period of the divided kingdom."

Defender: 2Ch 34:14 - book of the law Some critics have popularized the notion that this was the time that the book of the law (especially the "Deuteronomic" document mentioned in the JED...

Some critics have popularized the notion that this was the time that the book of the law (especially the "Deuteronomic" document mentioned in the JEDP documentary theory) was first written and then made to look old. The "discovery" of the law was feigned by the priests, supposedly to gain influence over the king. This theory is best refuted merely by an open-minded reading of the Pentateuch, with its innumerable marks of authenticity, internal consistency, and archaeological confirmation."

TSK: 2Ch 34:1 - Josiah // eight years am 3363-3394, bc 641-610 Josiah : 2Ch 33:25; 1Ki 13:2; 2Kings 22:1-20; 1Ch 3:14, 1Ch 3:15; Jer 1:2; Zep 1:1; Mat 1:10, Mat 1:11, Josias eight years : ...

am 3363-3394, bc 641-610

Josiah : 2Ch 33:25; 1Ki 13:2; 2Kings 22:1-20; 1Ch 3:14, 1Ch 3:15; Jer 1:2; Zep 1:1; Mat 1:10, Mat 1:11, Josias

eight years : 2Ch 24:1, 2Ch 26:1, 2Ch 33:1; 1Sa 2:18, 1Sa 2:26; 1Ki 3:7-9; Ecc 4:13

TSK: 2Ch 34:2 - right in the sight // declined right in the sight : 2Ch 14:2, 2Ch 17:3, 2Ch 29:2; 1Ki 14:8, 1Ki 15:5; 2Ki 22:2 declined : Deu 5:32, Deu 17:11, Deu 17:20, Deu 28:14; Jos 1:7, Jos 23:...

TSK: 2Ch 34:3 - while he // to seek // purge // the high places am 3370, bc 634 2Ki 18:4 while he : 1Ch 22:5, 1Ch 29:1; Psa 119:9; Ecc 12:1; 2Ti 3:15 to seek : 2Ch 15:2; 1Ch 28:9; Pro 8:17; Mat 6:33 purge : 2Ch 33:...

am 3370, bc 634

2Ki 18:4

while he : 1Ch 22:5, 1Ch 29:1; Psa 119:9; Ecc 12:1; 2Ti 3:15

to seek : 2Ch 15:2; 1Ch 28:9; Pro 8:17; Mat 6:33

purge : 2Ch 33:17, 2Ch 33:22; Lev 26:30; 2Ki 23:4, 2Ki 23:14

the high places : 2Ch 30:14

TSK: 2Ch 34:4 - brake down // images // made dust // graves brake down : 2Ch 33:3; Exo 23:24; Lev 26:30; Deu 7:5, Deu 7:25 images : or, sun images, 2Ch 14:5; 2Ki 23:4, 2Ki 23:5, 2Ki 23:11 made dust : 2Ch 34:7; ...

brake down : 2Ch 33:3; Exo 23:24; Lev 26:30; Deu 7:5, Deu 7:25

images : or, sun images, 2Ch 14:5; 2Ki 23:4, 2Ki 23:5, 2Ki 23:11

made dust : 2Ch 34:7; Exo 32:20; Deu 9:21; 2Ki 23:12; Psa 18:42; Isa 27:9

graves : Heb. face of the graves, 2Ki 10:26, 2Ki 10:27, 2Ki 23:4, 2Ki 23:6

TSK: 2Ch 34:5 - he // cleansed he : 1Ki 13:2; 2Ki 23:16; Jer 8:1, Jer 8:2 cleansed : 2Ch 34:7; Num 35:33; Jer 3:10, Jer 4:14; Eze 22:24

TSK: 2Ch 34:6 - in // mattocks in : 2Ch 30:1, 2Ch 30:10, 2Ch 30:11, 2Ch 31:1; 2Ki 23:15-20 mattocks : or, mauls, 1Sa 13:20, 1Sa 13:21; Pro 25:18; Isa 7:25

TSK: 2Ch 34:7 - beaten // into powder // he returned beaten : 2Ch 34:1; Deu 9:21 into powder : Heb. to make powder he returned : 2Ch 31:1

beaten : 2Ch 34:1; Deu 9:21

into powder : Heb. to make powder

he returned : 2Ch 31:1

TSK: 2Ch 34:8 - the eighteenth // sent Shaphan // Maaseiah // recorder am 3380, bc 624 the eighteenth : Jer 1:2, Jer 1:3 sent Shaphan : 2Ki 22:3, 2Ki 22:12, 2Ki 22:14; Jer 26:24, Jer 29:3, Jer 36:10, Jer 39:14, Jer 40:11;...

am 3380, bc 624

the eighteenth : Jer 1:2, Jer 1:3

sent Shaphan : 2Ki 22:3, 2Ki 22:12, 2Ki 22:14; Jer 26:24, Jer 29:3, Jer 36:10, Jer 39:14, Jer 40:11; Eze 8:11

Maaseiah : Jer 21:1, Jer 29:21, Jer 29:25

recorder : 2Sa 8:16, 2Sa 20:24; 1Ch 18:15

TSK: 2Ch 34:9 - Hilkiah // they delivered // Manasseh // and they returned Hilkiah : 2Ch 34:14, 2Ch 34:15, 2Ch 34:18, 2Ch 34:20, 2Ch 34:22; 2Ki 22:4, 2Ki 23:4 they delivered : 2Ch 24:11-14; 2Ki 22:5-7; Phi 4:8 Manasseh : 2Ch ...

Hilkiah : 2Ch 34:14, 2Ch 34:15, 2Ch 34:18, 2Ch 34:20, 2Ch 34:22; 2Ki 22:4, 2Ki 23:4

they delivered : 2Ch 24:11-14; 2Ki 22:5-7; Phi 4:8

Manasseh : 2Ch 30:10, 2Ch 30:18, 2Ch 31:1

and they returned : Instead of wyyashuvoo , ""and they returned,""as the Keri has, we should, with the Kethiv, read weyoshevey , ""and the inhabitants of;""a reading which is supported by many MSS, printed editions, and all the versions, as well as necessity and common sense. 2Ch 34:7

TSK: 2Ch 34:10 - in the hand in the hand : 2Ki 12:11, 2Ki 12:12, 2Ki 12:14, 2Ki 22:5, 2Ki 22:6; Ezr 3:7

TSK: 2Ch 34:11 - floor // the kings floor : or, rafter the kings : 2Ch 33:4-7, 2Ch 33:22

floor : or, rafter

the kings : 2Ch 33:4-7, 2Ch 33:22

TSK: 2Ch 34:12 - faithfully // all // skill faithfully : 2Ch 31:12; 2Ki 12:15, 2Ki 22:7; Neh 7:2; Pro 28:20; 1Co 4:2 all : 1Chr. 6:31-48, 1Ch 15:16-22, 1Ch 16:4, 1Ch 16:5, 1Ch 16:41, 1Ch 23:5, 2...

faithfully : 2Ch 31:12; 2Ki 12:15, 2Ki 22:7; Neh 7:2; Pro 28:20; 1Co 4:2

all : 1Chr. 6:31-48, 1Ch 15:16-22, 1Ch 16:4, 1Ch 16:5, 1Ch 16:41, 1Ch 23:5, 25:1-31

skill : The verb skill is now obsoletecaps1 . tcaps0 he meaning is, ""every one who is skilful, maiveen , on instruments of music.""

TSK: 2Ch 34:13 - the bearers // and of the Levites // scribes // officers // porters the bearers : 2Ch 2:10, 2Ch 2:18, 2Ch 8:10; Neh 4:10 and of the Levites : 1Ch 23:4, 1Ch 23:5 scribes : Ezr 7:6; Jer 8:8; Mat 26:3 officers : 2Ch 19:11...

the bearers : 2Ch 2:10, 2Ch 2:18, 2Ch 8:10; Neh 4:10

and of the Levites : 1Ch 23:4, 1Ch 23:5

scribes : Ezr 7:6; Jer 8:8; Mat 26:3

officers : 2Ch 19:11; 1Ch 23:4, 1Ch 26:29, 1Ch 26:30

porters : 2Ch 8:14; 1Ch 9:17, 1Ch 15:18, 1Ch 16:38, 1Ch 16:42, 26:1-19; Ezr 7:7

TSK: 2Ch 34:14 - Hilkiah // a book // the law // Moses Hilkiah : 2Ki 22:8-20; Deu 31:24-26 a book : Literally, ""a book of the law of the Lord, by the hand of Moses,""i.e, as Dr. Kennicott understands it, ...

Hilkiah : 2Ki 22:8-20; Deu 31:24-26

a book : Literally, ""a book of the law of the Lord, by the hand of Moses,""i.e, as Dr. Kennicott understands it, ""in the handwriting of Moses;""for, says he, though there are fifteen places in the Old Testament which mention the ""Law of Moses,""and ""book of Moses,""yet this one place only mentions ""the book of the law in, or by, the hand of Moses."

the law : 2Ch 12:1, 2Ch 31:4, 2Ch 35:26; Deu 17:18, Deu 17:19; Jos 1:8; Ezr 7:10; Psa 1:2; Isa 5:24, Isa 30:9; Jer 8:8; Luk 2:39

Moses : Heb. the hand of Moses, Lev 8:36, Lev 10:11, Lev 26:46

TSK: 2Ch 34:16 - Shaphan // thy servants Shaphan : 2Ki 22:9, 2Ki 22:10; Jer 36:20, Jer 36:21 thy servants : Heb. the hand of thy servants

Shaphan : 2Ki 22:9, 2Ki 22:10; Jer 36:20, Jer 36:21

thy servants : Heb. the hand of thy servants

TSK: 2Ch 34:17 - And they // gathered together And they : 2Ch 34:8-10 gathered together : Heb. poured out, or melted

And they : 2Ch 34:8-10

gathered together : Heb. poured out, or melted

TSK: 2Ch 34:18 - And Shaphan read // it And Shaphan read : Deu 17:19; Jos 1:8; Psa 119:46, Psa 119:97-99; Jer 36:20, Jer 36:21 it : Heb. in it

And Shaphan read : Deu 17:19; Jos 1:8; Psa 119:46, Psa 119:97-99; Jer 36:20, Jer 36:21

it : Heb. in it

TSK: 2Ch 34:19 - the words // that he rent the words : Rom 3:20, Rom 7:7-11; Gal 2:19, Gal 3:10-13 that he rent : 2Ki 19:1, 2Ki 22:11, 2Ki 22:19; Jer 36:22-24; Joe 2:13

TSK: 2Ch 34:20 - Ahikam // Abdon // Asaiah Ahikam : 2Ki 25:22; Jer 26:24, Jer 40:6, Jer 40:9, Jer 40:14 Abdon : This person seems to have borne both the name of Achbor and Abdon. 2Ki 22:12; Ach...

Ahikam : 2Ki 25:22; Jer 26:24, Jer 40:6, Jer 40:9, Jer 40:14

Abdon : This person seems to have borne both the name of Achbor and Abdon. 2Ki 22:12; Achbor, Jer 26:22; Michah, Michaiah , מיכיה [Strong’ s H4321], as he is named in the parallel passage, is here called מיכה [Strong’ s H4318], Michah , merely by the omission of יה [Strong’ s H3050] yah , one of the Divine names.

Asaiah : This variation only exists in the translation; the original being uniformly Asaiah , or rather, Asayah . 2Ki 22:12, Asahiah

TSK: 2Ch 34:21 - inquire // that are left // great inquire : Exo 18:15; 1Sa 9:9; 1Ki 22:5-7; Jer 21:2; Eze 14:1-11, Eze 20:1-7 that are left : 2Ch 28:6, 2Ch 33:11; 2Ki 17:6, 2Ki 17:7, 2Ki 22:13; Isa 37...

TSK: 2Ch 34:22 - the prophetess // Hasrah // wardrobe // college the prophetess : Exo 15:20; Jdg 4:4; Luk 1:41-45, Luk 2:36; Act 21:9 Hasrah : Hasrah is most probably a mistake for Harhas ; as the Septuagint re...

the prophetess : Exo 15:20; Jdg 4:4; Luk 1:41-45, Luk 2:36; Act 21:9

Hasrah : Hasrah is most probably a mistake for Harhas ; as the Septuagint reads, both here and in the parallel place, Αρας , Aras , 2Ki 22:14; Harhas

wardrobe : Heb. garments

college : or, school, or second part, It is probable that Mishneh was either the name of a street, or a particular part of the city of Jerusalem.

TSK: 2Ch 34:23 - Tell ye the man Tell ye the man : 2Ki 22:15-20; Jer 21:3-7, Jer 37:7-10

Tell ye the man : 2Ki 22:15-20; Jer 21:3-7, Jer 37:7-10

TSK: 2Ch 34:24 - I will bring // all the curses I will bring : 2Ch 36:14-20; Jos 23:16; 2Ki 21:12, 2Ki 23:26, 2Ki 23:27; Isa 5:4-6; Jer 6:19; Jer 19:3, Jer 19:15, Jer 35:17, Jer 36:31 all the curses...

TSK: 2Ch 34:25 - Because // my wrath // shall not Because : 2Ch 12:2, 2Ch 15:2, 2Ch 33:3-9; 2Ki 24:3, 2Ki 24:4; Isa 2:8, Isa 2:9; Jer 15:1-4 my wrath : Isa 42:25; Jer 7:20; Lam 2:4, Lam 4:11; Nah 1:6;...

TSK: 2Ch 34:26 - as for as for : 2Ch 34:21, 2Ch 34:23

as for : 2Ch 34:21, 2Ch 34:23

TSK: 2Ch 34:27 - Because // thine heart // humble // didst rend // I have even Because : ""Because,""says the Targumist, ""thy heart was melted, and thou hast humbled thyself in the sight of the word of the Lord, meymra dyya ...

Because : ""Because,""says the Targumist, ""thy heart was melted, and thou hast humbled thyself in the sight of the word of the Lord, meymra dyya , when thou didst hear His words, yath pithgamoi , against this place.""Here meymra , the personal word, is plainly distinguished from pithgam , a word spoken.

thine heart : 2Ch 32:12, 2Ch 32:13; 2Ki 22:18, 2Ki 22:19; Psa 34:18, Psa 51:17; Isa 57:15, Isa 66:2; Eze 9:4; Eze 36:26

humble : 2Ch 32:26, 2Ch 33:12, 2Ch 33:19; Jam 4:6-10

didst rend : 2Ch 34:19; Jer 36:23, Jer 36:24

I have even : Psa 10:17; Isa 65:24

TSK: 2Ch 34:28 - I will gather // in peace // neither I will gather : 2Ch 35:24; 2Ki 22:20; Isa 57:1, Isa 57:2; Jer 15:1; Eze 14:14-21 in peace : Psa 37:37 neither : 1Ki 21:29; 2Ki 20:19; Isa 39:8

TSK: 2Ch 34:29 - the king // gathered the king : 1Sa 12:23; 1Ch 29:2-9; Mar 14:8 gathered : 2Ch 30:2; 2Ki 23:1-3

the king : 1Sa 12:23; 1Ch 29:2-9; Mar 14:8

gathered : 2Ch 30:2; 2Ki 23:1-3

TSK: 2Ch 34:30 - great and small // he read // the book great and small : Heb. from great even to small, 2Ch 15:12, 2Ch 15:13, 2Ch 18:30; Deu 1:17; Job 3:19 he read : 2Ch 6:1-11, 2Ch 17:7-9; Deu 17:18-20; N...

TSK: 2Ch 34:31 - In his place // made a covenant // and his testimonies // with all // to perform In his place : Instead of al omdo , ""in his place,""the parallel passage, 2Ki 23:3, has al haammood , ""by the pillar;""which is probably the...

In his place : Instead of al omdo , ""in his place,""the parallel passage, 2Ki 23:3, has al haammood , ""by the pillar;""which is probably the true reading, as the LXX in both places read τον στυλον , ""the pillar.""2Ch 6:13; 2Ki 11:4, 2Ki 23:3; Eze 46:2

made a covenant : This was expressed:

1.    In general, to walk after Jehovah; to have no gods beside him.

2.    To take this law for the regulation of their conduct.

3.    In particular, to bend their whole heart and soul to the performance of it; so that they might not only have religion without, but piety within.

2Ch 23:16, 2Ch 29:10; Exo 24:6-8; Deu 29:1, Deu 29:10-15; Jos 24:25; Neh 9:38, Neh 10:29; Jer 50:5; Heb 8:6-13

and his testimonies : Psa 119:111, Psa 119:112

with all : 2Ch 15:12, 2Ch 15:15, 2Ch 31:21; Deu 6:5; Luk 10:27-29

to perform : Psa 119:106

TSK: 2Ch 34:32 - caused // present // did caused : 2Ch 14:4, 2Ch 30:12, 2Ch 33:16; Gen 18:19; Ecc 8:2 present : Heb. found, 2Ch 29:29 did : Jer 3:10

caused : 2Ch 14:4, 2Ch 30:12, 2Ch 33:16; Gen 18:19; Ecc 8:2

present : Heb. found, 2Ch 29:29

did : Jer 3:10

TSK: 2Ch 34:33 - took away // the abominations // all his days // from following took away : 2Ch 34:3-7; 2Kings 23:4-20 the abominations : 1Ki 11:5-7 all his days : Jos 24:31; Jer 3:10; Hos 6:4 from following : Heb. from after

took away : 2Ch 34:3-7; 2Kings 23:4-20

the abominations : 1Ki 11:5-7

all his days : Jos 24:31; Jer 3:10; Hos 6:4

from following : Heb. from after

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ch 34:3 - While he was yet young While he was yet young in the sixteenth year of his age, when he was entering into the age and state of temptations and youthful lusts, and had the a...

While he was yet young in the sixteenth year of his age, when he was entering into the age and state of temptations and youthful lusts, and had the administration of his kingdom wholly in his own hand and power and none to rebuke or restrain him; yet even then he begins to be religious in good earnest.

Poole: 2Ch 34:6 - Even unto Naphtali Even unto Naphtali which was in the utmost and northern borders of the kingdom of Israel. For it must be remembered that the ten tribes were now gone...

Even unto Naphtali which was in the utmost and northern borders of the kingdom of Israel. For it must be remembered that the ten tribes were now gone into captivity; and those who were come in their stead were weak and few, and not able to withstand the power of Josiah.

Poole: 2Ch 34:8 - The land and the house The land and the house the house of God, called the house by way of eminency.

The land and the house the house of God, called the house by way of eminency.

Poole: 2Ch 34:9 - -- i.e. The Levites, who had gone abroad through all Josiah’ s kingdom to gather money for this good use, and now came with it to Jerusalem, to lo...

i.e. The Levites, who had gone abroad through all Josiah’ s kingdom to gather money for this good use, and now came with it to Jerusalem, to lodge it in the treasuries of the Lord’ s house.

Poole: 2Ch 34:11 - To floor the houses To floor the houses i.e. the chambers joining on the temple, or within the courts.

To floor the houses i.e. the chambers joining on the temple, or within the courts.

Poole: 2Ch 34:12 - -- Or, all these here named were skilful in instruments of music ; which may be here mentioned, either to their commendation, that they were fit for a...

Or, all these here named were skilful in instruments of music ; which may be here mentioned, either to their commendation, that they were fit for and careful and diligent in this employment, wherewith they were now intrusted, no less than in their own proper work; or to intimate, that as they were skilful, so they were exercised in both their employments, and did successively oversee the work, and praised God with their voices and instruments for his gracious and powerful help in carrying on the work.

Poole: 2Ch 34:32 - To stand to it To stand to it to own or maintain it, or persist in it, as this phrase is used, Deu 25:1 . He caused them to engage themselves by an oath or covenant...

To stand to it to own or maintain it, or persist in it, as this phrase is used, Deu 25:1 . He caused them to engage themselves by an oath or covenant, that they would observe and obey the laws of God, as his godly predecessors had formerly done, and which indeed they were before obliged to do. They complied with God’ s and the king’ s command, as to the outward acts of God’ s worship, though not with an upright heart, as appears by the history.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:3 - Boy // Cleansed Boy; 16 years old. D. --- The kings of Juda were in their minority, till they had completed their 13th year. Grotius --- Cleansed. Heb. and Sep...

Boy; 16 years old. D. ---

The kings of Juda were in their minority, till they had completed their 13th year. Grotius ---

Cleansed. Heb. and Sept. "in the twelfth year he began to purify," &c. H. ---

The work was not brought to perfection till six years afterwards, v. 8. C. T.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:4 - Idols Idols. Heb. chammanim, (H.) "statues of the sun." The term often denotes those open enclosures, where sacred fire was kept in honour of the sun. ...

Idols. Heb. chammanim, (H.) "statues of the sun." The term often denotes those open enclosures, where sacred fire was kept in honour of the sun. C. ---

Sept. "the heights above them." Syriac, "he destroyed the altars, idols, tigers, and temples, ( 5 ) the bracelets, little bells, and all the trees which had been consecrated to idols." Arabic, "the altars, idols, and leopards."

Haydock: 2Ch 34:5 - Priests Priests, whom he slew upon the altars, 4 K. xxiii.

Priests, whom he slew upon the altars, 4 K. xxiii.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:6 - He He. Heb. "with their swords, (C.; Protestants, mattocks) round about;" (H.) or, "and in their deserts," the inhabitants being removed. Sept. "in th...

He. Heb. "with their swords, (C.; Protestants, mattocks) round about;" (H.) or, "and in their deserts," the inhabitants being removed. Sept. "in their places around." Syriac and Arabic, "in their public places." All the interpreters have read differently from what we find in Hebrew at present. Some may wonder that Josias should act thus, out of his own dominions. But the few Israelites who were left, had placed themselves under his protection; and as he made no ravages, and the Cuthites did not adopt the former superstitious practices of the country, they were not concerned to see the altars destroyed; nor were the kings of Assyria informed of, or interested to stop, these proceedings. C. ---

Josias followed the directions of the priests and prophets; (M.) and many believe that the Assyrian monarch had given these territories to him, to hold, as his vassal; (T.) or God restored them to the lawful king, (v. 9) having promised all those countries to the family of David, for the express purpose of keeping up his own worship among his chosen people, and for exterminating idolatry. H.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:8 - Eselias Eselias, or Assia. This man is alone mentioned, 4 K. xxii. 3. C.

Eselias, or Assia. This man is alone mentioned, 4 K. xxii. 3. C.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:11 - Houses Houses, or apartments of the temple, which were gone to decay. H.

Houses, or apartments of the temple, which were gone to decay. H.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:12 - Of music Of music is expressed in Heb. and Sept. H. --- These Levites were chosen, because they were not so constantly employed in the temple, (C.) and they...

Of music is expressed in Heb. and Sept. H. ---

These Levites were chosen, because they were not so constantly employed in the temple, (C.) and they were not hired barely to inspect the works, and hence the expense was diminished.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:13 - Masters Masters: literally, "master porters." Prot. "officers and porters;" all Levites. H. --- Jahath, &c. directed them that carried burdens, (C.) as th...

Masters: literally, "master porters." Prot. "officers and porters;" all Levites. H. ---

Jahath, &c. directed them that carried burdens, (C.) as the Hebrew intimates; and in general, all the officers were chosen from the same tribe. H.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:17 - Together Together: literally, "melted down," as the Heb. and Sept. signify. Coin was not yet used. C. --- But the pieces of money, of whatever description,...

Together: literally, "melted down," as the Heb. and Sept. signify. Coin was not yet used. C. ---

But the pieces of money, of whatever description, were collected. H.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:22 - Hasra // Second Hasra. Olda's husband's grandfather is styled Araas, 4 K. xxii. H. --- Second part of the city, near the temple, or near the second gate, or be...

Hasra. Olda's husband's grandfather is styled Araas, 4 K. xxii. H. ---

Second part of the city, near the temple, or near the second gate, or between the two walls. D.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:28 - Peace Peace. The country enjoyed peace, as Pharao was gone; (M.) and Josias did not witness the evils here denounced. T. --- This was a blessing. W.

Peace. The country enjoyed peace, as Pharao was gone; (M.) and Josias did not witness the evils here denounced. T. ---

This was a blessing. W.

Haydock: 2Ch 34:33 - In Israel // They In Israel, who had fled into his dominions. See v. 6. C. --- They. Sept. "he," &c. Josias worshipped God with all his heart: but all Israel pai...

In Israel, who had fled into his dominions. See v. 6. C. ---

They. Sept. "he," &c. Josias worshipped God with all his heart: but all Israel paid him, at least, an external adoration. H.

Gill: 2Ch 34:1-2 - Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign,.... Of these two verses; see Gill on 2Ki 22:1; see Gill on 2Ki 22:2.

Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign,.... Of these two verses; see Gill on 2Ki 22:1; see Gill on 2Ki 22:2.

Gill: 2Ch 34:3 - For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet young // and in the twelfth year he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem from the high places, and the groves and the carved images, and the molten images For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet young,.... Being in the sixteenth year of his age; though Kimchi thinks it was the very year he ...

For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet young,.... Being in the sixteenth year of his age; though Kimchi thinks it was the very year he began to reign, which was the eighth of his age; and Jarchi observes, it may be interpreted, "though he was young, he began to seek after the God of David his father"; to pray unto him, to seek after the knowledge of him, and the true manner of worshipping him, what were his will, commands, and ordinances; the Targum is,"to seek instruction or doctrine of the Lord God of David his father,''to be taught his ways, such as David his great ancestor walked in, and whom he chose to follow:

and in the twelfth year he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem from the high places, and the groves and the carved images, and the molten images; which were made in the times of Manasseh; and though removed by him when humbled, were restored in the reign of Amon. Now Josiah purged the land from these, by putting them down, and destroying them; and this he did when he was twenty years of age, having now more authority, being out of his minority, and from under guardians, and one year before Jeremiah began to prophesy, Jer 1:1.

Gill: 2Ch 34:4 - And they broke down the altars of Baalim in his presence // and the images that were above them he cut down // and the groves, and the carved images and the molten images, he brake in pieces // and made dust of them, and strewed it upon the graves of them that had sacrificed unto them And they broke down the altars of Baalim in his presence,.... He not only ordered them to be broke down, but he went in person, and saw it done; these...

And they broke down the altars of Baalim in his presence,.... He not only ordered them to be broke down, but he went in person, and saw it done; these were the altars Manasseh had reared up to the idols; and though upon his humiliation he cast them out, they were rebuilt by Amon his son, see 2Ch 33:3,

and the images that were above them he cut down; sun images, as the word signifies; these Chamanim might be representatives of Cham or Ham, the son of Noah, the same with Jupiter Ammon; and there was another Heathen deity, Amanus, Strabo w speaks of, supposed to be the sun; see Gill on Lev 26:30, these, as Jarchi says, were in the form of the sun, and were set above the altars, over against the sun, to whom worship was paid; though some think this respects not place, but time, and that these were images in times past; in the preceding age, as the Tigurine version:

and the groves, and the carved images and the molten images, he brake in pieces; ordered them to be broken; the groves were statues, or images in groves, and thereby distinguished from those made of wood, and were carved, and from those that were of molten metal, and were placed elsewhere:

and made dust of them, and strewed it upon the graves of them that had sacrificed unto them, see 2Ki 23:6.

Gill: 2Ch 34:5 - And he burnt the bones of the priests upon their altars // and cleansed Judah and Jerusalem And he burnt the bones of the priests upon their altars,.... On which they sacrificed, in detestation of their idolatry, and to deter from it; and thi...

And he burnt the bones of the priests upon their altars,.... On which they sacrificed, in detestation of their idolatry, and to deter from it; and this he did according to the prophecy of him, above three hundred and fifty years before:

and cleansed Judah and Jerusalem; from idolatry, and all the monuments of it.

Gill: 2Ch 34:6 - And so did he in the cities of Manasseh, and Ephraim, and Simeon, even unto Naphtali // with their mattocks round about And so did he in the cities of Manasseh, and Ephraim, and Simeon, even unto Naphtali,.... Which though they belonged to the ten tribes, yet these bein...

And so did he in the cities of Manasseh, and Ephraim, and Simeon, even unto Naphtali,.... Which though they belonged to the ten tribes, yet these being carried captive by the king of Assyria, they that were left became subject to the kings of Judah; see Gill on 2Ki 23:19,

with their mattocks round about; or hammers or mauls, as Kimchi, or pick axes, such sort of instruments as were used in demolishing altars and images: the Targum is,"in the house of their desolation;''

and so other versions, "in their desolate places" x, which were become such, the inhabitants being carried captive, and few left behind.

Gill: 2Ch 34:7 - And when he had broken down the altars and the groves // and had beaten the graven images into powder // and cut down all the idols throughout all the land of Israel // he returned to Jerusalem And when he had broken down the altars and the groves,.... The statues or images in them: and had beaten the graven images into powder; and strewed...

And when he had broken down the altars and the groves,.... The statues or images in them:

and had beaten the graven images into powder; and strewed it on the graves of the idolaters:

and cut down all the idols throughout all the land of Israel; the sun images as in 2Ch 34:4,

he returned to Jerusalem; this tour of his throughout the whole land, and the things done by him, which are represented as done before the repairs of the temple were made, and the book of the law found and read, and the covenant he and his people made with the Lord, are spoken of in 2Ki 23:4, as if done after.

Gill: 2Ch 34:8 - Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house // he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah // and Maaseiah the governor of the city // and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder // to repair the house of the Lord his God Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house,.... The temple; this was in the twenty sixth year of his age, six ...

Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house,.... The temple; this was in the twenty sixth year of his age, six years this work had been doing before it was finished:

he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah: who only is mentioned in 2Ki 22:3 two more are added here, as follow:

and Maaseiah the governor of the city; the city of Jerusalem, a deputy governor under the king, a sort of mayor or provost:

and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder; who was over the book of memorials, as the Targum; the word may be rendered "the remembrances"; and, according to Jarchi, as every king of Judah had a scribe to write down the memorable things that happened in his reign, good or bad, so the scribe had one by him, to put him in mind of every transaction, from whom he wrote it down:

to repair the house of the Lord his God; that is, to give orders for the doing of it, to prepare for it, provide workmen, and appoint overseers of them: it had not been repaired since the times of Joash, which, according to the Jewish chronology y, was a space of two hundred and eighteen years.

Gill: 2Ch 34:9 - And when they came to Hilkiah the high priest // they delivered the money that was brought into the house of God // which the Levites that kept the doors // and also had gathered of the hand of Manasseh and Ephraim, and of all the remnant of Israel, and of all Judah, and Benjamin // and they returned to Jerusalem And when they came to Hilkiah the high priest,.... To whom they were sent to advise with about the repair of the temple: they delivered the money t...

And when they came to Hilkiah the high priest,.... To whom they were sent to advise with about the repair of the temple:

they delivered the money that was brought into the house of God; that is, the high priest, and the Levites the doorkeepers, gave it to the king's ministers; which money was either brought to the temple voluntarily, as the free gifts of the people, for the repairs; or rather what was collected by the Levites, sent throughout the land for that purpose, or it may be both:

which the Levites that kept the doors; of the temple; and received the money as the people brought it:

and also had gathered of the hand of Manasseh and Ephraim, and of all the remnant of Israel, and of all Judah, and Benjamin; they went throughout all the land of Israel and Judah, and collected money for the above purpose:

and they returned to Jerusalem; with it, which the high priest took the sum of, see 2Ki 22:4 of whom the king's ministers now received it.

Gill: 2Ch 34:10 - And they put it // in the hand of the workmen that had the oversight of the house of the Lord // and they gave it to the workmen that wrought in the house of the Lord, to repair and mend the house And they put it,.... The king's ministers did: in the hand of the workmen that had the oversight of the house of the Lord; whose business it was to...

And they put it,.... The king's ministers did:

in the hand of the workmen that had the oversight of the house of the Lord; whose business it was to inspect the temple, and see what repairs were necessary, and to overlook the workmen in making those repairs; the names of these overseers are in 2Ch 34:12,

and they gave it to the workmen that wrought in the house of the Lord, to repair and mend the house; that is, the overseers gave the money they received to the labourers, as the hire of their labour, and the reward of their work, and to buy materials with, as follows.

Gill: 2Ch 34:11 - Even to the artificers and builders gave they it // to buy hewn stone // and timber for couplings // and to floor the houses // which the kings of Judah had destroyed Even to the artificers and builders gave they it,.... To the masons and carpenters: to buy hewn stone; to put in the room of that which was decayed...

Even to the artificers and builders gave they it,.... To the masons and carpenters:

to buy hewn stone; to put in the room of that which was decayed or fallen down:

and timber for couplings; of boards, beams, and rafters:

and to floor the houses; the chambers, the apartments in the temple, which belonged to the priests and Levites:

which the kings of Judah had destroyed; the idolatrous ones, who had let them go to decay and ruin, taking no care of them.

Gill: 2Ch 34:12 - And the men did that work faithfully // and the overseers of them were Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites, of the sons of Merari // and Zechariah and Meshullam, of the sons of the Kohathites // to set it forward // and other of the Levites, all that could skill of instruments of music And the men did that work faithfully,.... The labouring men, as also their inspectors, see 2Ki 22:7. and the overseers of them were Jahath and Obad...

And the men did that work faithfully,.... The labouring men, as also their inspectors, see 2Ki 22:7.

and the overseers of them were Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites, of the sons of Merari; the third son of Levi:

and Zechariah and Meshullam, of the sons of the Kohathites; who had their name from Kohath, the second son of Levi:

to set it forward; to urge and animate the men to their work, to keep them constant to it, and see that they did it well:

and other of the Levites, all that could skill of instruments of music; these, when they were not employed in singing in the temple, attended this service, to look after the workmen at the repairs of it; and perhaps they might play, as some think, on their instruments of music, while the men were at work, that they might go on in it the more pleasantly and cheerfully.

Gill: 2Ch 34:13 - Also they were over the bearers of burdens // and were overseers over all that wrought in any manner of service // and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters // scribes // officers // porters Also they were over the bearers of burdens,.... Who carried the timber and stones to the workmen, to look after them, that they were not dilatory, and...

Also they were over the bearers of burdens,.... Who carried the timber and stones to the workmen, to look after them, that they were not dilatory, and that the workmen might not stand still for want of materials being brought to them to work with:

and were overseers over all that wrought in any manner of service; whether in the way of masonry, or in that of carpenters, or of such that served them, or in whatsoever way:

and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters; some to take the account of the money carried in and paid, who were the

scribes, according to Jarchi; and others who looked after the men, and kept them to work, who were the

officers; and others that let them in and out, called

porters.

Gill: 2Ch 34:14-28 - And when they brought out the money that was brought into the house of the Lord // and then Hilkiah the high priest found a book of the law of the Lord given by Moses house of the Lord And when they brought out the money that was brought into the house of the Lord,.... The Levites, who brought it out of the country into the temple, a...

And when they brought out the money that was brought into the house of the Lord,.... The Levites, who brought it out of the country into the temple, and from thence brought it to the high priest, who delivering it to the king's ministers, and they to the overseers, the repairs were begun:

and then Hilkiah the high priest found a book of the law of the Lord given by Moses house of the Lord,.... The Levites, who brought it out of the country into the temple, and from thence brought it to the high priest, who delivering it to the king's ministers, and they to the overseers, the repairs were begun: See Gill on 2Ki 22:8. From hence, to the end of 2Ch 34:28, is the same as 2Ki 22:8.

Gill: 2Ch 34:29-32 - Then the king sent and gathered Then the king sent and gathered,.... From hence, to the end of 2Ch 34:32, the same account is given of the reading of the law to the people, and of th...

Then the king sent and gathered,.... From hence, to the end of 2Ch 34:32, the same account is given of the reading of the law to the people, and of the covenant the king and they made to serve the Lord, as in 2Ki 23:1.

Gill: 2Ch 34:33 - And Josiah took away all the abominations out of all the countries that pertained to the children of Israel // and made all that were present in Israel to serve, even to serve the Lord their God // and all his days they departed not from following the Lord God of their fathers And Josiah took away all the abominations out of all the countries that pertained to the children of Israel,.... All their idols, as related in 2Ki 2...

And Josiah took away all the abominations out of all the countries that pertained to the children of Israel,.... All their idols, as related in 2Ki 23:4, &c.

and made all that were present in Israel to serve, even to serve the Lord their God; by his edicts, and by his example:

and all his days they departed not from following the Lord God of their fathers; not publicly and universally; otherwise there were great declensions and corruptions among them, as the prophecies of Jeremiah and Zephaniah show.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:1 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:2 Heb “and walked in the ways of David his father.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:3 Heb “purifying.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:4 Heb “and they tore down before him the altars of the Baals.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:5 Heb “the priests”; the qualifying adjective “pagan” has been supplied in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:6 “In their ruins” is the marginal reading (Qere) of the Hebrew text.

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:8 Heb “to purify the land and the house.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:9 The Hebrew consonantal text (Kethib) assumes the reading, “and the residents of.” The marginal reading (Qere) is “and they returned....

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:10 Heb “and they gave it to the doers of the work who were working in the house of the Lord to restore and to repair the house.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:11 Heb “of the houses that the kings of Judah had destroyed.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:13 Heb “[were] over the laborers and were directing every doer of work for work assignment and work assignment.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:16 Heb “returned still the king a word, saying.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:17 Heb “that was found in the house of the Lord.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:20 The parallel account in 2 Kgs 22:12 has the variant spelling “Acbor son of Micaiah.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:21 Heb “by doing according to all that is written on this scroll.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:22 Heb “and they spoke to her like this.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:25 Heb “angering me with all the work of their hands.” The present translation assumes this refers to idols they have manufactured (note the ...

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:27 Heb “Because your heart was tender.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:28 Heb “Therefore, behold, I am gathering you to your fathers, and you will be gathered to your tomb in peace.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:29 Heb “and the king sent and gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:31 Heb “words.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:32 Heb “and he caused to stand everyone who was found in Jerusalem and Benjamin.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 34:33 Heb “all his days.”

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:2 And he did [that which was] right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the ways of ( a ) David his father, and declined [neither] to the right hand...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:3 For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet ( b ) young, he began to seek after the God of David his father: and in the twelfth year he bega...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:4 And they brake down ( c ) the altars of Baalim in his presence; and the images, that [were] on high above them, he cut down; and the groves, and the c...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:5 And he burnt the ( d ) bones of the priests upon their altars, and cleansed Judah and Jerusalem. ( d ) Read (2Ki 23:16).

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:7 And when he had ( d ) broken down the altars and the groves, and had beaten the graven images into powder, and cut down all the idols throughout all t...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:10 ( e ) And they put [it] in the hand of the workmen that had the oversight of the house of the LORD, and they gave it to the workmen that wrought in th...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:11 Even to the artificers and builders gave they [it], to buy hewn stone, and timber for couplings, and to floor the ( f ) houses which the kings of Juda...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:12 And the men did the work ( g ) faithfully: and the overseers of them [were] Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites, of the sons of Merari; and Zechariah and ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:14 And when they brought out the money that was brought into the house of the LORD, Hilkiah the priest found a ( h ) book of the law of the LORD [given] ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:16 And Shaphan carried the book to ( i ) the king, and brought the king word back again, saying, All that was committed to thy servants, they do [it]. (...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:19 And it came to pass, when the king had heard the words of the law, that he ( k ) rent his clothes. ( k ) For sorrow that the word of God had been so ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:21 Go, enquire of the LORD for me, and for them that are left in Israel and in Judah, concerning the words of the book that is found: for great [is] the ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:22 And Hilkiah, and [they] that the king [had appointed], went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvath, the son of Hasrah, keepe...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:23 And she answered them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Tell ye ( o ) the man that sent you to me, ( o ) That is, to the king.

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:25 Because they have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, that they might provoke me to anger with all the works of their ( p ) hands; t...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:27 Because thine heart was ( q ) tender, and thou didst humble thyself before God, when thou heardest his words against this place, and against the inhab...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:28 Behold, I will gather thee to thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered to thy grave in peace, neither shall thine eyes see all the evil that I will bri...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:30 And the king went up into the house of the LORD, and all the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the priests, and the Levites, and all...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 34:33 And Josiah took away all the abominations out of all the countries that [pertained] to the children of Israel, and made all ( t ) that were present in...

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Maclaren: 2Ch 34:1-13 - A Libation To Jehovah Josiah Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem one and thirty years. 2. And he did that which was right in the...

Maclaren: 2Ch 34:14-28 - A Libation To Jehovah Josiah And The Newly Found Law And when they brought out the money that was brought into the house of the Lord, Hilkiah the priest found a book of th...

MHCC: 2Ch 34:1-33 - --As the years of infancy cannot be useful to our fellow-creatures, our earliest youth should be dedicated to God, that we may not waste any of the rema...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 34:1-7 - -- Concerning Josiah we are here told, 1. That he came to the crown when he was very young, only eight years old (yet his infancy did not debar him fro...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 34:8-13 - -- Here, 1. Orders are given by the king for the repair of the temple, 2Ch 34:8. When he had purged the house of the corruptions of it he began to fit ...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 34:14-28 - -- This whole paragraph we had, just as it is here related, 2Ki 22:8-20, and have nothing to add here to what was there observed. But, 1. We may hence ...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 34:29-33 - -- We have here an account of the further advances which Josiah made towards the reformation of his kingdom upon the hearing of the law read and the re...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 34:1-2 - -- Duration and spirit of Josiah's reign; agreeing with 2Ki 22:1, 2Ki 22:2, only the note as to Josiah's mother being here omitted.

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 34:3-4 - -- Extirpation of idolatry . In the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet a youth, being then only sixteen years old, Josiah began to seek the Go...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 34:5 - -- And he burnt the bones of the priests upon their altars, i.e., he caused the bones of the idolatrous priests to be taken from their graves and burnt...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 34:6-7 - -- 2Ch 34:6 and 2Ch 34:7 form a connected sentence: And in the cities of Manasseh ..., in their ruins round about, there he pulled down the altars, etc...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 34:8-18 - -- The cleansing and repairing of the temple, and the finding of the book of the law . Cf. 2Ki 22:3-10. - In the eighteenth year of his reign, when he...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 34:19-28 - -- The dismay of the king at the contents of the book which was read to him, and his inquiry of the prophetess Huldah as to the judgments threatened i...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 34:29-32 - -- The reading of the book of the law in the temple, and the solemn renewal of the covenant, to which the king assembled the elders of Judah and Jerus...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 34:33 - -- But not only his own subjects did Josiah induce to act towards God in accordance with the covenant; in all the districts of the sons of Israel he re...

Constable: 2Ch 10:1--36:23 - --IV. THE REIGNS OF SOLOMON'S SUCCESSORS chs. 10--36 "With the close of Solomon's reign we embark upon a new phase...

Constable: 2Ch 34:1--35:27 - --P. Josiah chs. 34-35 Like Amon's death, Josiah's was unnecessarily premature. However unlike Amon Josiah...

Constable: 2Ch 34:1-33 - --1. Josiah's reforms ch. 34 The godly in Judah may have regarded Josiah as the most likely candid...

Guzik: 2Ch 34:1-33 - Josiah and the Book of the Law 2 Chronicles 34 - Josiah and the Book of the Law A. The beginnings of Josiah's reforms. 1. (1-2) A summary of the reign of Josiah, the son of Amon. ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF CHRONICLES were also considered as one by the ancient Jews, who called them "words of days," that is, diaries or journal...

JFB: 2 Chronicles (Garis Besar) SOLEMN OFFERING OF SOLOMON AT GIBEON. (2Ch 1:1-6) HIS CHOICE OF WISDOM IS BLESSED BY GOD. (2Ch 1:7-13) HIS STRENGTH AND WEALTH. (2Ch 1:14-17) SOLOMON...

TSK: 2 Chronicles 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ch 34:1, Josiah’s good reign; 2Ch 34:3, He destroys idolatry; 2Ch 34:8, He takes order for the repair of the temple; 2Ch 34:14, Hilkia...

Poole: 2 Chronicles 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHRONICLES CHAPTER 34 Josiah’ s good reign, 2Ch 34:1,2 . He destroyeth idolatry, 2Ch 34:3-7 . He repairs the temple, 2Ch 34:8-13 . The book of...

MHCC: 2 Chronicles 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Josiah's good reign in Judah.

Matthew Henry: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Chronicles This book begins with the reign of Solomon and the building of the temple...

Matthew Henry: 2 Chronicles 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Before we see Judah and Jerusalem ruined we shall yet see some glorious years, while good Josiah sits at the helm. By his pious endeavours for refo...

Constable: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction For an explanation of the title, writer, date, scope, and purpose of this book, see my comments in my notes...

Constable: 2 Chronicles (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Chronicles) III. The reign of Solomon chs. 1-9 ...

Constable: 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE SECOND BOOK OF PARALIPOMENON. INTRODUCTION. As the former Book shews how David was chosen to rule over God's peculiar people, so this [Book]...

Gill: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES This, and the preceding, were but one book originally, but divided into two because of the size of it, so that this is...

Gill: 2 Chronicles 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES 34 This chapter begins with the good reign of Josiah, the reformation he made in the land, purging it from idolatry, 2...

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