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Teks -- 2 Chronicles 32:1-33 (NET)

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Sennacherib Invades Judah
32:1 After these faithful deeds were accomplished, King Sennacherib of Assyria invaded Judah. He besieged the fortified cities, intending to seize them. 32:2 When Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had invaded and intended to attack Jerusalem, 32:3 he consulted with his advisers and military officers about stopping up the springs outside the city, and they supported him. 32:4 A large number of people gathered together and stopped up all the springs and the stream that flowed through the district. They reasoned, “Why should the kings of Assyria come and find plenty of water?” 32:5 Hezekiah energetically rebuilt every broken wall. He erected towers and an outer wall, and fortified the terrace of the City of David. He made many weapons and shields. 32:6 He appointed military officers over the army and assembled them in the square at the city gate. He encouraged them, saying, 32:7 “Be strong and brave! Don’t be afraid and don’t panic because of the king of Assyria and this huge army that is with him! We have with us one who is stronger than those who are with him. 32:8 He has with him mere human strength, but the Lord our God is with us to help us and fight our battles!” The army was encouraged by the words of King Hezekiah of Judah. 32:9 Afterward King Sennacherib of Assyria, while attacking Lachish with all his military might, sent his messengers to Jerusalem. The message was for King Hezekiah of Judah and all the people of Judah who were in Jerusalem. It read: 32:10 “This is what King Sennacherib of Assyria says: ‘Why are you so confident that you remain in Jerusalem while it is under siege? 32:11 Hezekiah says, “The Lord our God will rescue us from the power of the king of Assyria.” But he is misleading you and you will die of hunger and thirst! 32:12 Hezekiah is the one who eliminated the Lord’s high places and altars and then told Judah and Jerusalem, “At one altar you must worship and offer sacrifices.” 32:13 Are you not aware of what I and my predecessors have done to all the nations of the surrounding lands? Have the gods of the surrounding lands actually been able to rescue their lands from my power? 32:14 Who among all the gods of these nations whom my predecessors annihilated was able to rescue his people from my power? 32:15 Now don’t let Hezekiah deceive you or mislead you like this. Don’t believe him, for no god of any nation or kingdom has been able to rescue his people from my power or the power of my predecessors. So how can your gods rescue you from my power?’” 32:16 Sennacherib’s servants further insulted the Lord God and his servant Hezekiah. 32:17 He wrote letters mocking the Lord God of Israel and insulting him with these words: “The gods of the surrounding nations could not rescue their people from my power. Neither can Hezekiah’s god rescue his people from my power.” 32:18 They called out loudly in the Judahite dialect to the people of Jerusalem who were on the wall, trying to scare and terrify them so they could seize the city. 32:19 They talked about the God of Jerusalem as if he were one of the man-made gods of the nations of the earth. 32:20 King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz prayed about this and cried out to heaven. 32:21 The Lord sent a messenger and he wiped out all the soldiers, princes, and officers in the army of the king of Assyria. So Sennacherib returned home humiliated. When he entered the temple of his god, some of his own sons sons struck him down with the sword. 32:22 The Lord delivered Hezekiah and the residents of Jerusalem from the power of King Sennacherib of Assyria and from all the other nations. He made them secure on every side. 32:23 Many were bringing presents to the Lord in Jerusalem and precious gifts to King Hezekiah of Judah. From that time on he was respected by all the nations.
Hezekiah’s Shortcomings and Accomplishments
32:24 In those days Hezekiah was stricken with a terminal illness. He prayed to the Lord, who answered him and gave him a sign confirming that he would be healed. 32:25 But Hezekiah was ungrateful; he had a proud attitude, provoking God to be angry at him, as well as Judah and Jerusalem. 32:26 But then Hezekiah and the residents of Jerusalem humbled themselves and abandoned their pride, and the Lord was not angry with them for the rest of Hezekiah’s reign. 32:27 Hezekiah was very wealthy and greatly respected. He made storehouses for his silver, gold, precious stones, spices, and all his other valuable possessions. 32:28 He made storerooms for the harvest of grain, wine, and olive oil, and stalls for all his various kinds of livestock and his flocks. 32:29 He built royal cities and owned a large number of sheep and cattle, for God gave him a huge amount of possessions. 32:30 Hezekiah dammed up the source of the waters of the Upper Gihon and directed them down to the west side of the City of David. Hezekiah succeeded in all that he did. 32:31 So when the envoys arrived from the Babylonian officials to visit him and inquire about the sign that occurred in the land, God left him alone to test him, in order to know his true motives. 32:32 The rest of the events of Hezekiah’s reign, including his faithful deeds, are recorded in the vision of the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz, included in the Scroll of the Kings of Judah and Israel. 32:33 Hezekiah passed away and was buried on the ascent of the tombs of the descendants of David. All the people of Judah and the residents of Jerusalem buried him with great honor. His son Manasseh replaced him as king.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Amoz father of the prophet Isaiah
 · Assyria a member of the nation of Assyria
 · Babylon a country of Babylon in lower Mesopotamia
 · City of David the capital of Israel, on the border of Benjamin and Judah
 · city of David the capital of Israel, on the border of Benjamin and Judah
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Gihon a river in the Garden of Eden,a spring just southeast of Jerusalem
 · Hezekiah the son of Ahaz who succeeded him as king of Judah; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ahaz; king of Judah,forefather of the prophet Zephaniah,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law
 · Isaiah a son of Amoz; a prophet active in Judah from about 740 to 701 B.C.,son of Amoz; a major prophet in the time of Hezekiah
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Lachish a town of Judah 23 km west of Hebron & 40 km north of Beersheba (SMM)
 · Manasseh the tribe of Manasseh.
 · Millo a section of Jerusalem just north of the "City of David"
 · Sennacherib king of Assyria; enemy of King Hezekiah of Judah


Topik/Tema Kamus: Hezekiah | Jerusalem | Assyria | Israel | Siege | Seacherib | Sennacherib | Self-exaltation | Prayer | Isaiah | Infidelity | Millo | AMBASSADOR | Storehouses | HEZEKIAH (2) | God | Temptation | Gihon | King | JERUSALEM, 4 | selebihnya
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Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Wesley: 2Ch 32:1 - After, &c. _An emphatical preface, signifying, that notwithstanding all his zeal for God, God saw fit to exercise him with a sore trial. And God ordered it at th...

_An emphatical preface, signifying, that notwithstanding all his zeal for God, God saw fit to exercise him with a sore trial. And God ordered it at this time, that he might have an opportunity of shewing himself strong, on the behalf of his returning people. It is possible, we may be in the way of our duty, and yet meet with trouble and danger. God permits this, for the trial of our confidence in him, and the manifestation of his care over us.

Wesley: 2Ch 32:3 - To stop And withal to draw the waters by secret pipes underground to Jerusalem.

And withal to draw the waters by secret pipes underground to Jerusalem.

Wesley: 2Ch 32:21 - The Lord sent an angel The Jewish comment says the word of the Lord sent Gabriel to do this execution, and that it done with lightning, and in the passover night, the same n...

The Jewish comment says the word of the Lord sent Gabriel to do this execution, and that it done with lightning, and in the passover night, the same night wherein the first-born in Egypt were slain.

Wesley: 2Ch 32:25 - Lifted up For that prodigious victory over the Assyrians, for his miraculous restoration from sickness, and for the honour since done him by an embassy from the...

For that prodigious victory over the Assyrians, for his miraculous restoration from sickness, and for the honour since done him by an embassy from the great king of Babylon. All which probably raised in him too great an opinion of himself, as if these things were done for his piety and virtues.

Wesley: 2Ch 32:29 - Provided He repaired, fortified, and beautified them for the honour and safety of his kingdom.

He repaired, fortified, and beautified them for the honour and safety of his kingdom.

Wesley: 2Ch 32:30 - Stopped, &c. _A rivulet near Jerusalem consisting of two streams, the upper which was brought into one pool, called the upper pool, Isa 7:3, and the lower which wa...

_A rivulet near Jerusalem consisting of two streams, the upper which was brought into one pool, called the upper pool, Isa 7:3, and the lower which was brought into another, called the lower pool, Isa 22:9. The former he diverted and brought by pipes into Jerusalem, which was a work of great art and labour.

Wesley: 2Ch 32:31 - Wonder that was done Either the destruction of the Assyrians, or the going back of the sun. These miracles were wrought to alarm and awaken a stupid, careless world, and t...

Either the destruction of the Assyrians, or the going back of the sun. These miracles were wrought to alarm and awaken a stupid, careless world, and to turn them from dumb and lame idols to the living God.

Wesley: 2Ch 32:31 - God left him To himself, and suffered Satan to try him; that he might know he had infirmities and sins as well as virtues. O what need have great men, and good men...

To himself, and suffered Satan to try him; that he might know he had infirmities and sins as well as virtues. O what need have great men, and good men, and useful men, to study their own follies and infirmities, and to beg earnestly of God, that he would hide pride from them!

Wesley: 2Ch 32:33 - Did him honour It is a debt we owe to those who have been eminently useful, to do them honour at their death, when they are out of the reach of flattery, and we have...

It is a debt we owe to those who have been eminently useful, to do them honour at their death, when they are out of the reach of flattery, and we have seen the end of their conversation.

JFB: 2Ch 32:1 - After these things, and the establishment thereof That is, the restoration of the temple-worship. The precise date is given, 2Ki 18:13. Determined to recover the independence of his country, Hezekiah ...

That is, the restoration of the temple-worship. The precise date is given, 2Ki 18:13. Determined to recover the independence of his country, Hezekiah had decided to refuse to pay the tribute which his father had bound himself to pay to Assyria.

JFB: 2Ch 32:1 - Sennacherib . . . entered into Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities The whole land was ravaged; the strong fortresses of Ashdod (Isa 20:1) and Lachish had fallen; the siege of Libnah had commenced, when the king of Jud...

The whole land was ravaged; the strong fortresses of Ashdod (Isa 20:1) and Lachish had fallen; the siege of Libnah had commenced, when the king of Judah, doubting his ability to resist, sent to acknowledge his fault, and offer terms of submission by paying the tribute. The commencement of this Assyrian war was disastrous to Hezekiah (2Ki 18:13). But the misfortunes of the early period of the war are here passed over, as the historian hastens to relate the remarkable deliverance which God wrought for His kingdom of Judah.

JFB: 2Ch 32:2-8 - when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib . . . was purposed to fight against Jerusalem An account of the means taken to fortify Jerusalem against the threatened siege is given only in this passage. The polluting or filling up of wells, a...

An account of the means taken to fortify Jerusalem against the threatened siege is given only in this passage. The polluting or filling up of wells, and the altering of the course of rivers, is an old practice that still obtains in the wars of the East. Hezekiah's plan was to cover the fountain heads, so that they might not be discovered by the enemy, and to carry the water by subterranean channels or pipes into the city--a plan which, while it would secure a constant supply to the inhabitants, would distress the besiegers, as the country all around Jerusalem was very destitute of water.

JFB: 2Ch 32:4 - So there was gathered much people . . . who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the midst of the land "Where these various fountains were, we have now no positive means of ascertaining; though En-rogel, and the spring now called the Virgin's Fount, may...

"Where these various fountains were, we have now no positive means of ascertaining; though En-rogel, and the spring now called the Virgin's Fount, may well be numbered among them. JOSEPHUS mentions the existence of various fountains without the city, but does not mention any of them in this connection but Siloam. 'The brook,' however, is located with sufficient precision to enable us to trace it very definitely. We are told that it 'ran through the midst of the land.' Now a stream running through either the Kedron or Hinnom Valley, could, in no proper sense, be said to run through the midst of the land, but one flowing through the true Gihon valley, and separating Akra and Zion from Bezetha, Moriah, and Ophel, as a stream once, doubtless, did, could, with peculiar propriety, be said to run through the midst of the land on which the [Holy] City was built. And that this is the correct meaning of the phrase is not only apparent from the force of circumstances, but is positively so declared in the Septuagint, where, moreover, it is called a 'river,' which, at least, implies a much larger stream than the Kedron, and comports well with the marginal reading, where it is said to overflow through the midst of the land. Previous to the interference of man, there was, no doubt, a very copious stream that gushed forth in the upper portion of that shallow, basin-like concavity north of Damascus Gate, which is unquestionably the upper extremity of the Gihon valley, and pursuing its meandering course through this valley, entered the Tyropœon at its great southern curve, down which it flowed into the valley of the Kedron" [BARCLAY, City of the Great King].

JFB: 2Ch 32:5-6 - he strengthened himself He made a careful inspection of the city defenses for the purpose of repairing breaches in the wall here, renewing the masonry there, raising projecti...

He made a careful inspection of the city defenses for the purpose of repairing breaches in the wall here, renewing the masonry there, raising projecting machines to the towers, and especially fortifying the lower portion of Zion, that is, Millo, "(in) the original city of David." "In" is a supplement of our translators, and the text reads better without it, for it was not the whole city that was repaired, but only the lower portion of Zion, or the original "city of David."

JFB: 2Ch 32:6 - he . . . gathered them together . . . in the street That is, the large open space at the gate of Eastern cities. Having equipped his soldiers with a full suit of military accoutrements, he addressed the...

That is, the large open space at the gate of Eastern cities. Having equipped his soldiers with a full suit of military accoutrements, he addressed them in an animated strain, dwelling on the motives they had to inspire courage and confidence of success, especially on their consciousness of the favor and helping power of God.|| 11885||1||12||0||(See on 2Ki. 18:17-35; also 2Ki. 19:8-34).

JFB: 2Ch 32:18 - they cried with a loud voice . . . unto the people of Jerusalem . . . on the wall It appears that the wall on the west side of the city reached as far to the side of the uppermost pool of Gihon at that time as it does now, if not fa...

It appears that the wall on the west side of the city reached as far to the side of the uppermost pool of Gihon at that time as it does now, if not farther; and the wall was so close to that pool that those sent to negotiate with the Assyrian general answered him in their own tongue (see on 2Ki 18:27).

JFB: 2Ch 32:21 - an angel . . . cut off all the mighty men (See on 2Ki 19:35-37).

(See on 2Ki 19:35-37).

JFB: 2Ch 32:24 - In those days Hezekiah was sick to the death (See on 2Ki 20:1-11).

(See on 2Ki 20:1-11).

JFB: 2Ch 32:27-29 - he had exceeding much riches and honour (compare 2Ki 20:13; Isa 39:2). A great portion of his personal wealth, like that of David and Uzziah, consisted in immense possessions of agricultural...

(compare 2Ki 20:13; Isa 39:2). A great portion of his personal wealth, like that of David and Uzziah, consisted in immense possessions of agricultural and pastoral produce. Besides, he had accumulated large treasures in gold, silver, and precious things, which he had taken as spoils from the Philistines, and which he had received as presents from neighboring states, among which he was held in great honor as a king under the special protection of Heaven. Much of his great wealth he expended in improving his capital, erecting forts, and promoting the internal benefit of his kingdom.

JFB: 2Ch 32:30 - stopped the . . . watercourse of Gihon, and brought it . . . to the west side of the city, &c. (Compare 2Ki 20:20). Particular notice is here taken of the aqueduct, as among the greatest of Hezekiah's works. "In exploring the subterranean channe...

(Compare 2Ki 20:20). Particular notice is here taken of the aqueduct, as among the greatest of Hezekiah's works. "In exploring the subterranean channel conveying the water from Virgin's Fount to Siloam, I discovered a similar channel entering from the north, a few yards from its commencement; and on tracing it up near the Mugrabin gate, where it became so choked with rubbish that it could be traversed no farther, I there found it turn to the west in the direction of the south end of the cleft, or saddle, of Zion, and if this channel was not constructed for the purpose of conveying the waters of Hezekiah's aqueduct, I am unable to suggest any purpose to which it could have been applied. Perhaps the reason why it was not brought down on the Zion side, was that Zion was already well-watered in its lower portion by the Great Pool, 'the lower pool of Gihon.' And accordingly WILLIAMS [Holy City] renders this passage, 'He stopped the upper outflow of the waters of Gihon, and led them down westward to the city'" [BARCLAY, City of the Great King]. The construction of this aqueduct required not only masonic but engineering skill; for the passage was bored through a continuous mass of rock. Hezekiah's pool or reservoir made to receive the water within the northwest part of the city still remains. It is an oblong quadrangular tank, two hundred forty feet in length, from one hundred forty-four to one hundred fifty in breadth, but, from recent excavations, appears to have extended somewhat farther towards the north.

JFB: 2Ch 32:31 - in the business of the ambassadors who sent . . . to inquire of the wonder that was done in the land, &c. They brought a present (2Ch 32:23; see on 2Ki 20:12-13), and a letter of congratulation on his recovery, in which particular enquiries were made about...

They brought a present (2Ch 32:23; see on 2Ki 20:12-13), and a letter of congratulation on his recovery, in which particular enquiries were made about the miracle of the sun's retrocession--a natural phenomenon that could not fail to excite great interest and curiosity at Babylon, where astronomy was so much studied. At the same time, there is reason to believe that they proposed a defensive league against the Assyrians.

JFB: 2Ch 32:31 - God left him, to try him, &c. Hezekiah's offense was not so much in the display of his military stores and treasures, as in not giving to God the glory both of the miracle and of h...

Hezekiah's offense was not so much in the display of his military stores and treasures, as in not giving to God the glory both of the miracle and of his recovery, and thus leading those heathen ambassadors to know Him.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:1 - After these things After these things - God did not permit this pious prince to be disturbed till he had completed the reformation which he had begun.

After these things - God did not permit this pious prince to be disturbed till he had completed the reformation which he had begun.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:2 - When Hezekiah saw When Hezekiah saw - This was in the fourteenth year of the reign of Hezekiah; and at first the Jewish king bought him off at the great price of thre...

When Hezekiah saw - This was in the fourteenth year of the reign of Hezekiah; and at first the Jewish king bought him off at the great price of three hundred talents of silver, and thirty talents of gold; and even emptied his own treasures, and spoiled the house of the Lord, to gratify the oppressive avarice of the Assyrian king. See the whole account, 2Ki 18:13, etc.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:4 - Stopped all the fountains Stopped all the fountains - This was prudently done, for without water how could an immense army subsist in an arid country? No doubt the Assyrian a...

Stopped all the fountains - This was prudently done, for without water how could an immense army subsist in an arid country? No doubt the Assyrian army suffered much through this, as a Christian army did eighteen hundred years after this. When the crusaders came, in a.d. 1099, to besiege Jerusalem, the people of the city stopped up the wells, so that the Christian army was reduced to the greatest necessities and distress.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:5 - Raised it up to the towers Raised it up to the towers - He built the wall up to the height of the towers, or, having built the wall, he raised towers on it.

Raised it up to the towers - He built the wall up to the height of the towers, or, having built the wall, he raised towers on it.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:6 - Set captains of war over the people - in the street of the gate of the city Set captains of war over the people - in the street of the gate of the city - That is, the open places at the gate of the city, whither the people c...

Set captains of war over the people - in the street of the gate of the city - That is, the open places at the gate of the city, whither the people came for judgment, etc.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:7 - There be more with us than with him There be more with us than with him - We have more power than they have. (These words he quotes from the prophet Elisha, 2Ki 6:16). This was soon pr...

There be more with us than with him - We have more power than they have. (These words he quotes from the prophet Elisha, 2Ki 6:16). This was soon proved to be true by the slaughter made by the angel of the Lord in the Assyrian camp.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:9 - After this did Sennacherib After this did Sennacherib - Having received the silver and gold mentioned above, he withdrew his army, but shortly after he sent Rab-shakeh with a ...

After this did Sennacherib - Having received the silver and gold mentioned above, he withdrew his army, but shortly after he sent Rab-shakeh with a blasphemous message. This is the fact mentioned here.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:10 - Thus saith Sennacherib Thus saith Sennacherib - See all these circumstances largely explained 2 Kings 18:17-36 (note).

Thus saith Sennacherib - See all these circumstances largely explained 2 Kings 18:17-36 (note).

Clarke: 2Ch 32:17 - Wrote also letters Wrote also letters - See 2Ki 19:9, 2Ki 19:14.

Wrote also letters - See 2Ki 19:9, 2Ki 19:14.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:21 - The Lord sent an angel The Lord sent an angel - See 2Ki 19:36 (note), and the note there

The Lord sent an angel - See 2Ki 19:36 (note), and the note there

Clarke: 2Ch 32:21 - House of his god House of his god - Nisroch

House of his god - Nisroch

Clarke: 2Ch 32:21 - They that came forth of his own bowels They that came forth of his own bowels - His sons Adrammelech and Sharezer.

They that came forth of his own bowels - His sons Adrammelech and Sharezer.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:23 - Many brought gifts unto the Lord Many brought gifts unto the Lord - They plainly saw that Jehovah was the protector of the land

Many brought gifts unto the Lord - They plainly saw that Jehovah was the protector of the land

Clarke: 2Ch 32:23 - And presents to Hezekiah And presents to Hezekiah - They saw that God was his friend, and would undertake for him; and they did not wish to have such a man for their enemy.

And presents to Hezekiah - They saw that God was his friend, and would undertake for him; and they did not wish to have such a man for their enemy.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:24 - Hezekiah was sick Hezekiah was sick - See 2Ki 20:1 (note), etc., and the notes there.

Hezekiah was sick - See 2Ki 20:1 (note), etc., and the notes there.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:25 - Hezekiah rendered not again Hezekiah rendered not again - He got into a vain confidence, took pleasure in his riches, and vainly showed them to the messengers of the king of Ba...

Hezekiah rendered not again - He got into a vain confidence, took pleasure in his riches, and vainly showed them to the messengers of the king of Babylon. See on 2Ki 20:12 (note), etc.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:26 - Humbled himself Humbled himself - Awoke from his sleep, was sorry for his sin, deprecated the wrath of God, and the Divine displeasure was turned away from him.

Humbled himself - Awoke from his sleep, was sorry for his sin, deprecated the wrath of God, and the Divine displeasure was turned away from him.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:27 - Pleasant jewels Pleasant jewels - כלי חמדה keley chemdah , desirable vessels or utensils.

Pleasant jewels - כלי חמדה keley chemdah , desirable vessels or utensils.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:30 - The upper watercourse The upper watercourse - He made canals to bring the waters of Gihon from the west side of Jerusalem to the west side of the city of David.

The upper watercourse - He made canals to bring the waters of Gihon from the west side of Jerusalem to the west side of the city of David.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:31 - Of the ambassadors Of the ambassadors - See 2Ki 20:13 (note), and the observations at the end of that chapter.

Of the ambassadors - See 2Ki 20:13 (note), and the observations at the end of that chapter.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:32 - The vision of Isaiah The vision of Isaiah - See this prophet, 2 Chronicles 36- 39.

The vision of Isaiah - See this prophet, 2 Chronicles 36- 39.

Clarke: 2Ch 32:33 - Chiefest of the sepulchres Chiefest of the sepulchres - This respect they paid to him who, since David, had been the best of all their kings I shall subjoin a few things from ...

Chiefest of the sepulchres - This respect they paid to him who, since David, had been the best of all their kings

I shall subjoin a few things from the Targum on this chapter

2Ch 32:1. "After these things which Hezekiah did, and their establishment, the Lord appointed by his Word to bring Sennacherib, king of Assyria, and his army, into the land of Israel, that he might destroy the Assyrians in the land of the house of Judah, and smite their troops on the mountains of Jerusalem, and deliver all their spoils into the hands of Hezekiah and his people: wherefore Sennacherib came with immense armies, which could not be numbered; and having pitched his camps in the land of the tribe of Judah, besieged their fortified cities with his armies, hoping to overthrow them.

2Ch 32:8. Hezekiah said-"His help is the strength of the flesh; but our auxiliary is the Word of the Lord.

2Ch 32:16. "His (Sennacherib’ s) servants spoke blasphemy against the Word of the Lord God.

2Ch 32:18. In the Jews’ speech - "In the language of the holy house.

2Ch 32:21. "And the Word of the Lord sent Michael, and the angel Gabriel, and destroyed them on the night of the passover with a destructive fire; and burnt up their breath within their bodies, and consumed every soldier, captain, and prince, in the army of the king of Assyria; and he returned with shame of face into his own land.

The destruction of God’ s enemies, and the support and salvation of the faithful, is in every instance in this Targum attributed to the Word of the Lord, personally understood. See the note on 2Ch 34:27

2Ch 32:24. "In those days was Hezekiah sick near to death; but he prayed before the Lord who spoke to him by his Word to preserve him and to add to his life fifteen years.

2Ch 32:31. "The king of Babylon sent, that they might inquire concerning the miracle that had been done in the land; that they might see the two tables of stone which were in the ark of the covenant of the Lord which Moses had placed there with the two tables which he had broken on account of the sin of the calf which they made in Horeb. The Word of the Lord permitted him to show them these; neither did he suffer for it; that he might try him, and see what was in his heart.

Thus God speaks after the manner of men: he either brings, or permits them to be brought, into such circumstances as shall cause them to show their prevailing propensities; and then warns them against the evils to which they are inclined, after having shown them that they are capable of those evils. To know ourselves, and our own character, is of the utmost importance to our religious growth and perfection. He who does not know where his weakness lies, is not likely to know where his strength lies. Many, by not being fully acquainted with their own character, have been unwatchful and unguarded, and so become an easy prey to their enemies. Know thyself is a lesson which no man can learn but from the Spirit of God.

Defender: 2Ch 32:1 - Sennacherib king of Assyria came The invasion of Judah by the Assyrians began in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah's reign (2Ki 18:13). Eight years earlier (2Ki 18:10, 2Ki 18:11), ...

The invasion of Judah by the Assyrians began in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah's reign (2Ki 18:13). Eight years earlier (2Ki 18:10, 2Ki 18:11), Israel had fallen to the Assyrians and had been carried captive into Assyria. Although it is not mentioned specifically, this invasion no doubt caused many refugees from the northern kingdom to flee south into Judah, a factor which would have contributed still further to the permanent representation of all twelve tribes of Israel in the land of Judah. However, because of Hezekiah's revival, the wicked Assyrian hordes would not be allowed by God to conquer Judah as they had Israel."

Defender: 2Ch 32:5 - another wall without Remains of Hezekiah's outer wall have been excavated in recent times, thus confirming still further the historicity of the Biblical records."

Remains of Hezekiah's outer wall have been excavated in recent times, thus confirming still further the historicity of the Biblical records."

Defender: 2Ch 32:7 - more with us Hezekiah had perhaps heard or read about Elisha's host and the miraculous deliverance of Samaria (2Ki 6:16-23; 2Ki 7:6-7)."

Hezekiah had perhaps heard or read about Elisha's host and the miraculous deliverance of Samaria (2Ki 6:16-23; 2Ki 7:6-7)."

Defender: 2Ch 32:19 - gods of the people This equating of "the God of Jerusalem," who is the true God of creation, with "the gods of the people of the earth," who are evil spirits and whose i...

This equating of "the God of Jerusalem," who is the true God of creation, with "the gods of the people of the earth," who are evil spirits and whose images are mere constructs of men's hands or men's philosophical speculations, is actually blasphemy. Such action cannot go unpunished forever. It is forbidden in the very first of God's Ten Commandments (Exo 20:3-5)."

Defender: 2Ch 32:21 - sent an angel See note on 2Ki 19:35.

See note on 2Ki 19:35.

Defender: 2Ch 32:21 - slew him there See note on 2Ki 19:7."

See note on 2Ki 19:7."

Defender: 2Ch 32:24 - a sign See note on 2Ki 20:11."

See note on 2Ki 20:11."

Defender: 2Ch 32:30 - brought it straight down See note on 2Ki 20:20."

See note on 2Ki 20:20."

TSK: 2Ch 32:1 - these things // king of Assyria // win them these things : 2Ch 20:1, 2Ch 20:2; 2Kings 18:13-37; Isa. 36:1-22 king of Assyria : 2Ki 15:19, 2Ki 17:6, 2Ki 18:11, 2Ki 18:19, 2Ki 18:20; Isa 7:17, Isa...

these things : 2Ch 20:1, 2Ch 20:2; 2Kings 18:13-37; Isa. 36:1-22

king of Assyria : 2Ki 15:19, 2Ki 17:6, 2Ki 18:11, 2Ki 18:19, 2Ki 18:20; Isa 7:17, Isa 7:18, Isa 8:6-8, Isa 10:5, Isa 10:6; Hos 11:5

win them : Heb. break them up, Isa 10:7-11, Isa 37:24, Isa 37:25; Mic 2:13

TSK: 2Ch 32:2 - he was purposed to fight he was purposed to fight : Heb. his face was to war, 2Ki 12:17; Luk 9:51, Luk 9:53

he was purposed to fight : Heb. his face was to war, 2Ki 12:17; Luk 9:51, Luk 9:53

TSK: 2Ch 32:3 - took counsel // to stop took counsel : 2Ch 30:2; 2Ki 18:20; Pro 15:22, Pro 20:18, Pro 24:6; Isa 40:13; Rom 11:34 to stop : 2Ki 20:20; Isa 22:8-11

TSK: 2Ch 32:4 - who stopped // the brook // ran through the midst of // kings // find who stopped : This was prudently done; for, without water, how could an immense army subsist in ar arid country? No doubt the Assyrian army suffered ...

who stopped : This was prudently done; for, without water, how could an immense army subsist in ar arid country? No doubt the Assyrian army suffered much through this; as a Christian army did, through the same cause, 1,800 years afterwards.

the brook : 2Ch 32:30, 2Ch 30:14

ran through the midst of : Heb. overflowed

kings : The Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic read king, in the singular number. 2Ch 32:1; 2Ki 18:9, 2Ki 18:13, 2Ki 19:17; Isa 10:8

find : 1Ki 3:9, 1Ki 3:16, 1Ki 3:17, 1Ki 19:21

TSK: 2Ch 32:5 - he strengthened // that was broken // another wall // Millo // darts he strengthened : 2Ch 12:1, 2Ch 14:5-7, 2Ch 17:1, 2Ch 17:2, 2Ch 23:1, 2Ch 26:8; Isa 22:9, Isa 22:10 that was broken : 2Ch 25:23 another wall : 2Ki 25:...

he strengthened : 2Ch 12:1, 2Ch 14:5-7, 2Ch 17:1, 2Ch 17:2, 2Ch 23:1, 2Ch 26:8; Isa 22:9, Isa 22:10

that was broken : 2Ch 25:23

another wall : 2Ki 25:4; Jer 39:4

Millo : Jdg 9:6; 2Sa 5:9; 1Ki 9:24, 1Ki 11:27; 2Ki 12:20

darts : or, swords, or weapons, 2Ch 26:14, 2Ch 26:15

TSK: 2Ch 32:6 - he set captains // in the street // comfortably to them he set captains : 2Ch 17:14-19; 1Ch 27:3, 4-34 in the street : Ezr 10:9; Neh 8:1-3, Neh 8:16 comfortably to them : Heb. to their heart, 2Ch 30:22; Gen...

he set captains : 2Ch 17:14-19; 1Ch 27:3, 4-34

in the street : Ezr 10:9; Neh 8:1-3, Neh 8:16

comfortably to them : Heb. to their heart, 2Ch 30:22; Gen 34:3; Isa 40:2 *marg.

TSK: 2Ch 32:7 - strong // be not afraid // for there strong : Deu 31:6, Deu 31:7, Deu 31:23; Jos 1:6-9; 1Ch 28:10, 1Ch 28:20; Isa 35:4; Dan 10:19; Zec 8:9, Zec 8:23; Eph 6:10; 2Ti 2:1 be not afraid : 2Ch...

TSK: 2Ch 32:8 - an arm // with us // to fight // rested // upon the words an arm : Job 40:9; Jer 17:5; 1Jo 4:4 with us : 2Ch 13:12, 2Ch 14:11; Psa 46:7, Psa 46:11; Isa 8:10, Isa 41:10; Act 18:10; 2Ti 4:17, 2Ti 4:22 to fight ...

TSK: 2Ch 32:9 - Sennacherib // Lachish // power am 3294, bc 710 Sennacherib : 2Ki 18:17; Isa 36:2 Lachish : Jos 10:31, Jos 12:11, Jos 15:39; Isa 37:8; Mic 1:13 power : Heb. dominion

am 3294, bc 710

Sennacherib : 2Ki 18:17; Isa 36:2

Lachish : Jos 10:31, Jos 12:11, Jos 15:39; Isa 37:8; Mic 1:13

power : Heb. dominion

TSK: 2Ch 32:10 - Thus saith // siege Thus saith : 2Ki 18:19; Isa 36:4 siege : Heb. strong-hold

Thus saith : 2Ki 18:19; Isa 36:4

siege : Heb. strong-hold

TSK: 2Ch 32:11 - to give over // The Lord our God to give over : 2Ki 18:27; Isa 36:12, Isa 36:18 The Lord our God : 2Ch 32:15; 2Ki 18:30, 2Ki 19:10; Psa 3:2, Psa 11:1-3, Psa 22:8, Psa 42:10, Psa 71:11...

TSK: 2Ch 32:12 - Hath not // taken away // Ye shall worship // one altar Hath not : 2Ch 31:1; 2Ki 18:4, 2Ki 18:22; Isa 36:7 taken away : This was artfully maliciouscaps1 . mcaps0 any of the people had sacrificed to Jehovah...

Hath not : 2Ch 31:1; 2Ki 18:4, 2Ki 18:22; Isa 36:7

taken away : This was artfully maliciouscaps1 . mcaps0 any of the people had sacrificed to Jehovah on high places (2Ch 31:1); and Hezekiah had removed them, as incentives to idolatry. Hence Rabshakeh insinuates that by so doing he had offended Jehovah, deprived the people of their religious rights, and that, consequently, he could neither expect the blessing of God, nor the cooperation of the people.

Ye shall worship : Deu 12:13, Deu 12:14, Deu 12:26, Deu 12:27

one altar : 2Ch 4:1; Exo 27:1-8, Exo 30:1-6, Exo 40:26-29; 1Ki 7:48

TSK: 2Ch 32:13 - I and my // were the gods I and my : 2Ki 15:29, 2Ki 17:5, 2Ki 17:6, 2Ki 19:11-13, 2Ki 19:17, 2Ki 19:18; Isa 10:9, Isa 10:10, Isa 10:14, Isa 37:12, Isa 37:13, Isa 37:18-20; Dan ...

TSK: 2Ch 32:14 - among // your God among : Isa 10:11, Isa 10:12 your God : Exo 14:3, Exo 15:9-11; Isa 42:8

TSK: 2Ch 32:15 - deceive // persuade // much less deceive : 2Ki 18:29, 2Ki 19:10 persuade : 2Ch 32:11; 1Ki 22:22; Isa 36:18; Act 19:26; Gal 1:10 much less : Exo 5:2; Dan 3:15; Joh 19:10, Joh 19:11

TSK: 2Ch 32:16 - yet // against yet : Job 15:25, Job 15:26; Psa 73:9 against : Joh 15:21

TSK: 2Ch 32:17 - He wrote // to rail // As the gods He wrote : 2Ki 19:9, 2Ki 19:14; Neh 6:5; Isa 37:14 to rail : 2Ki 19:22, 2Ki 19:28; Isa 10:15, Isa 37:23, Isa 37:24, Isa 37:28, Isa 37:29; Rev 13:6 As ...

TSK: 2Ch 32:18 - they cried // to affright they cried : 2Ki 18:26-28; Isa 36:13 to affright : 1Sa 17:10, 1Sa 17:26; Neh 6:9

they cried : 2Ki 18:26-28; Isa 36:13

to affright : 1Sa 17:10, 1Sa 17:26; Neh 6:9

TSK: 2Ch 32:19 - spake // the God // the work spake : 2Ch 32:13-17; 1Sa 17:36; Job 15:25, Job 15:26; Psa 10:13, Psa 10:14, Psa 73:8-11, Psa 139:19, Psa 139:20 the God : 2Ch 6:6; Psa 76:1, Psa 76:2...

TSK: 2Ch 32:20 - Hezekiah // the prophet // prayed Hezekiah : 2Ki 19:14-19; Isa 37:1, Isa 37:14-20 the prophet : 2Ki 19:2-4; Isa 37:2-4 prayed : 2Ch 14:11, 2Ch 20:6-12; Psa 50:15, Psa 91:14, Psa 91:15

TSK: 2Ch 32:21 - the Lord // angel // cut off all // the leaders // with shame // he was come // slew him the Lord : 2Ki 19:20, 2Ki 19:35-37; Isa 10:16-18, Isa 37:21, Isa 37:36, Isa 37:37, Isa 42:8 angel : 2Sa 24:16; Psa 18:50; Dan 3:28, Dan 6:22; Mat 13:4...

TSK: 2Ch 32:22 - Lord // guided Lord : Psa 18:48-50, Psa 37:39, Psa 37:40, Psa 144:10; Isa 10:24, Isa 10:25, Isa 31:4, Isa 31:5, Isa 33:22; Hos 1:7 guided : Psa 48:14, Psa 71:20, Psa...

TSK: 2Ch 32:23 - gifts // presents // he was magnified gifts : 2Sa 8:10, 2Sa 8:11; Ezr 7:15-22, Ezr 7:27; Psa 68:29, Psa 72:10; Isa 60:7-9; Mat 2:11 presents : Heb. precious things, 2Ch 9:9, 2Ch 9:10, 2Ch ...

TSK: 2Ch 32:24 - Hezekiah // gave him a sign Hezekiah : 2Ki 20:1-3; Isa 38:1-3 gave him a sign : or, wrought a miracle for him, 2Ki 20:4-11; Isa 38:4-8, Isa 38:21, Isa 38:22

Hezekiah : 2Ki 20:1-3; Isa 38:1-3

gave him a sign : or, wrought a miracle for him, 2Ki 20:4-11; Isa 38:4-8, Isa 38:21, Isa 38:22

TSK: 2Ch 32:25 - rendered // his heart // therefore 2Sa 24:1, 2Sa 24:10-17; 1Ch 21:1, 1Ch 21:12-17 rendered : Deu 32:6; Psa 116:12, Psa 116:13; Hos 14:2; Luk 17:17, Luk 17:18 his heart : 2Ch 32:31, 2Ch ...

TSK: 2Ch 32:26 - Hezekiah // pride // so // days 2Ki 20:16-19; Isa 39:6-8 Hezekiah : 2Ch 33:12, 2Ch 33:19, 2Ch 33:23, 2Ch 34:27; Lev 26:40, Lev 26:41; 2Ki 20:19; Jer 26:18, Jer 26:19; Jam 4:10 pride ...

TSK: 2Ch 32:27 - exceeding much // treasuries // pleasant jewels am 3278-3306, bc 726-698 exceeding much : 2Ch 1:12, 2Ch 9:27, 2Ch 17:5; Pro 10:22 treasuries : 1Ch 27:25-31 pleasant jewels : Heb. instruments of desi...

am 3278-3306, bc 726-698

exceeding much : 2Ch 1:12, 2Ch 9:27, 2Ch 17:5; Pro 10:22

treasuries : 1Ch 27:25-31

pleasant jewels : Heb. instruments of desire

TSK: 2Ch 32:28 - Storehouses // stalls // cotes Storehouses : 2Ch 26:10 stalls : 1Ki 4:26 cotes : 2Sa 7:8

Storehouses : 2Ch 26:10

stalls : 1Ki 4:26

cotes : 2Sa 7:8

TSK: 2Ch 32:29 - possessions // God possessions : 2Ch 26:10; Gen 13:2-6; 1Ch 27:29-31; Job 1:3, Job 1:9, Job 42:12 God : 2Ch 25:9; Deu 8:18; 1Sa 2:7; 1Ch 29:12; Pro 10:22; 1Ti 6:17, 1Ti ...

TSK: 2Ch 32:30 - Hezekiah // stopped // Gihon // And Hezekiah Hezekiah : Or, ""Hezekiah stopped the upper going out (motza , i.e., the egress into the open air), of the waters of Gihon, and brought them underne...

Hezekiah : Or, ""Hezekiah stopped the upper going out (motza , i.e., the egress into the open air), of the waters of Gihon, and brought them underneath (lemattah , by a subterraneous course), to the west of the city of David.""See note on 1Ki 1:45.

stopped : 2Ch 32:4; Isa 22:9-11

Gihon : 1Ki 1:33, 1Ki 1:38, 1Ki 1:45

And Hezekiah : Jos 1:7, Jos 1:8; Psa 1:1-3

TSK: 2Ch 32:31 - in the business // ambassadors // the wonder // left him // to try him // that he might am 3292, bc 712 in the business : 2Ki 20:12, 2Ki 20:13; Isa 39:1, Isa 39:2-8 ambassadors : Heb. interpreters the wonder : 2Ki 20:8-11; Isa 38:8 left h...

TSK: 2Ch 32:32 - goodness // in the vision // in the book am 3278-3306, bc 726-698 goodness : Heb. kindnesses, 2Ch 31:20, 2Ch 31:21 in the vision : Isa. 36:1-39:8 in the book : 2Kings 18:1-20:21

am 3278-3306, bc 726-698

goodness : Heb. kindnesses, 2Ch 31:20, 2Ch 31:21

in the vision : Isa. 36:1-39:8

in the book : 2Kings 18:1-20:21

TSK: 2Ch 32:33 - slept // chiefest // did him // And Manasseh slept : 1Ki 1:21, 1Ki 2:10, 1Ki 11:43 chiefest : or, highest did him : 2Ch 16:14; Gen 50:10, Gen 50:11; Num 20:29; Deu 34:8; 1Sa 2:30, 1Sa 25:1; Pro 1...

slept : 1Ki 1:21, 1Ki 2:10, 1Ki 11:43

chiefest : or, highest

did him : 2Ch 16:14; Gen 50:10, Gen 50:11; Num 20:29; Deu 34:8; 1Sa 2:30, 1Sa 25:1; Pro 10:7

And Manasseh : 2Chr. 33:1-20

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ch 32:1 - After these things, and the establishment thereof After these things, and the establishment thereof an emphatical preface, signifying, that notwithstanding all his pious care and zeal for God, yet G...

After these things, and the establishment thereof an emphatical preface, signifying, that notwithstanding all his pious care and zeal for God, yet God saw fit to exercise him with a sore trial and calamity; which yet he turned to his great honour and advantage. He designed and bragged that he would win them all, and did actually win many of them, 2Ki 18:13 .

Poole: 2Ch 32:3 - To stop the waters of the fountains To stop the waters of the fountains with earth or other things cast into them; and withal to derive the waters by secret paths and pipes under ground...

To stop the waters of the fountains with earth or other things cast into them; and withal to derive the waters by secret paths and pipes under ground to Jerusalem.

Poole: 2Ch 32:4 - -- Which was a scarce commodity in this country, and the want of it might much annoy the Assyrian army.

Which was a scarce commodity in this country, and the want of it might much annoy the Assyrian army.

Poole: 2Ch 32:5 - The wall that was broken by Joash // Up to the towers // Millo The wall that was broken by Joash 2Ch 25:23 , and not since repaired. Up to the towers either, 1. As high as the towers, or the tops of the wall. O...

The wall that was broken by Joash 2Ch 25:23 , and not since repaired.

Up to the towers either,

1. As high as the towers, or the tops of the wall. Or,

2. As far as the two towers, or gates, which were made in the form of towers, and had the use of towers, to wit, that of Ephraim and the corner gate, both mentioned above, 2Ch 25:23 . Or, brought up engines or instruments of defence upon the towers .

Millo of which see 1Ki 9:24 11:27 .

Poole: 2Ch 32:9 - -- Of this and the following verses, See Poole "2Ki 18:17" , &c.; See Poole "2Ki 19:10" , &c.

Of this and the following verses, See Poole "2Ki 18:17" , &c.; See Poole "2Ki 19:10" , &c.

Poole: 2Ch 32:15 - -- Seeing I have destroyed so many nations, and some of them stronger than you, in spite of all their gods, it is not probable that your God should def...

Seeing I have destroyed so many nations, and some of them stronger than you, in spite of all their gods, it is not probable that your God should defend you, which none of the rest could do for their people.

Poole: 2Ch 32:23 - -- Or, of all those nations which were not very remote from Canaan, and heard these matters.

Or, of all those nations which were not very remote from Canaan, and heard these matters.

Poole: 2Ch 32:24 - -- Of which see a more particular account 2Ki 20:1 .

Of which see a more particular account 2Ki 20:1 .

Poole: 2Ch 32:25 - His heart was lifted up // Upon Judah and Jerusalem His heart was lifted up for that prodigious victory over the Assyrians, above, 2Ch 32:21 , and for his miraculous restoration from sickness, and the ...

His heart was lifted up for that prodigious victory over the Assyrians, above, 2Ch 32:21 , and for his miraculous restoration from sickness, and the confirmation of that work by a strange and supernatural motion of the sun, and by the honour since done him by an embassy from the great and potent king of Babylon; all which probably raised in him too great an opinion of himself, as if these things were done, if not by his power, yet, at least, for his piety and virtues. And instead of walking humbly with God, and giving the glory of all entirely to him, he took the honour to himself, and vain-gloriously showed his riches and precious treasures to the Babylonish ambassadors, 2Ki 20:12 , &c.

Upon Judah and Jerusalem who might justly be punished for Hezekiah’ s sin, because they followed him in it, as they confess in the next verse.

Poole: 2Ch 32:29 - He provided him cities He provided him cities Heb. he made , &c. Either he purchased them to himself by his gold or silver; or he repaired, and fortified, and beautified t...

He provided him cities Heb. he made , &c. Either he purchased them to himself by his gold or silver; or he repaired, and fortified, and beautified them for the honour and safety of his kingdom. But the former sense seems to agree better with the following words.

Poole: 2Ch 32:30 - The upper water-course of Gihon // Brought it straight down The upper water-course of Gihon a rivulet near Jerusalem consisting of two streams, the upper, which was brought into one pool, called the upper poo...

The upper water-course of Gihon a rivulet near Jerusalem consisting of two streams, the upper, which was brought into one pool, called the upper pool , Isa 7:3 ; and the lower, which was brought into another, called the lower pool , Isa 22:9 . The former he diverted and brought by secret pipes into Jerusalem, which was a work of great art, and labour, and policy, and therefore is here commended.

Brought it straight down whereas before it fetched a compass, and thereby might have been beneficial to the Assyrian host.

Poole: 2Ch 32:31 - God left him // That he might know God left him to wit, to himself, and his own impotency and corruption. God withdrew from him those supplies and assistances of his Spirit which would...

God left him to wit, to himself, and his own impotency and corruption. God withdrew from him those supplies and assistances of his Spirit which would certainly and effectually have kept him from that sin, and suffered Satan to tempt him, and him to fall into the sin of pride and ostentation.

That he might know either,

1. That God might know it. So it is spoken of God after the manner of men; whereof we have had many instances. Or,

2. That Hezekiah might know that he had infirmities and sins as well as virtues; and therefore that the great mercies which he had received were not the effects of his own merits, as he might be prone to believe, but of God’ s free grace.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:1 - Truth Truth, and sincere piety of the king, God was pleased to put him to trial; (T.; M.; D.) or, "after these things were established." Junius --- Senna...

Truth, and sincere piety of the king, God was pleased to put him to trial; (T.; M.; D.) or, "after these things were established." Junius ---

Sennacherib attacked Juda when Ezechias had been fifteen years on the throne, and till that time had paid the stipulated tribute, 4 K. xviii. 13. C. ---

He now probably refused to pay it any longer. Salien, the year of the world 3319. M.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:2 - Jerusalem Jerusalem; as many cities had fallen. The king entered into an agreement with the Assyrians, who soon broke it.

Jerusalem; as many cities had fallen. The king entered into an agreement with the Assyrians, who soon broke it.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:3 - City City. The torrent Cedron afforded the only good supply of water. It was often dry, and was only three steps across, when full of melted snow or rai...

City. The torrent Cedron afforded the only good supply of water. It was often dry, and was only three steps across, when full of melted snow or rain. The waters of Siloe and Gihon were collected in it. Yet it was no difficult enterprise for the king to turn the stream, and introduce the waters through the rock into a large reservoir, in the city, by the canal, which is mentioned 2 Esdras ii. 14., and Ecclesiasticus xlviii. 19. The besieged were more frequently deprived of water, Judith vii. 6. Babylon was taken by Semiramis, Cyrus, and Alexander, after they turned aside the waters of the Euphrates; and Cזsar obliged the town of Cahors to surrender, by intercepting the springs. Frontin. iii. 7. C.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:4 - Land Land, Cedron, on the east; (C.; M.) or it may be the Gihon, which supplies Siloe, v. 30. T.

Land, Cedron, on the east; (C.; M.) or it may be the Gihon, which supplies Siloe, v. 30. T.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:5 - Without // Mello // Arms Without, of less strength. --- Mello, the palace, which was strongly situated, and Ezechias added fresh fortifications, 2 K. v. 9. --- Arms. Heb...

Without, of less strength. ---

Mello, the palace, which was strongly situated, and Ezechias added fresh fortifications, 2 K. v. 9. ---

Arms. Heb. "darts."

Haydock: 2Ch 32:6 - Gate // Heart Gate, where there was a room for assemblies, 2 K. xviii. 24. C. --- Heart, in the most affectionate and pathetic manner. H.

Gate, where there was a room for assemblies, 2 K. xviii. 24. C. ---

Heart, in the most affectionate and pathetic manner. H.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:7 - More More: God and his angels, from whom he expected relief, and was not disappointed, 4 K. vi. 16., and xix. 35. C.

More: God and his angels, from whom he expected relief, and was not disappointed, 4 K. vi. 16., and xix. 35. C.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:9 - Lachis Lachis, whence he sent Rabsaces. Other blasphemous letters were dispatched from Lobna, (v. 17) when Sennacherib was forced to go to meet Tharaca, 4 ...

Lachis, whence he sent Rabsaces. Other blasphemous letters were dispatched from Lobna, (v. 17) when Sennacherib was forced to go to meet Tharaca, 4 K. xix. 9.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:12 - His altars His altars. Rabsaces was ignorant of the law, and upbraids the king for a commendable action. C. --- Thus our adversaries foolishly blame us for ...

His altars. Rabsaces was ignorant of the law, and upbraids the king for a commendable action. C. ---

Thus our adversaries foolishly blame us for keeping holy days and abstinence. H.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:17 - He He (Sennacherib) wrote, when he was going towards Egypt. Both master and servant employed the same fallacious argument; as if the true God and ido...

He (Sennacherib) wrote, when he was going towards Egypt. Both master and servant employed the same fallacious argument; as if the true God and idols were all upon a level, and as if past success were a sure proof of future victories, v. 19. H.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:21 - Army // Disgrace // Sword Army. Heb. "camp." --- Disgrace. The Jews pretend that he was deprived of his beard and hair, (S. Jerom, Trad.) misapplying the text of Isaias vi...

Army. Heb. "camp." ---

Disgrace. The Jews pretend that he was deprived of his beard and hair, (S. Jerom, Trad.) misapplying the text of Isaias vii. 20. C. ---

Sword, to prevent their being offered as victims, to appease the idol and the people. R. Solomon) Lyranus ---

This happened some months after the king's return to Ninive, when he had cruelly oppressed the captive Jews and Tobias, i. 24. T.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:23 - Many Many; probably strangers, 3 K. viii. 41.

Many; probably strangers, 3 K. viii. 41.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:24 - Sign Sign. See 4 K. xx.

Sign. See 4 K. xx.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:25 - Up Up, by riches, and the splendid embassy from Babylon. C. --- Prosperity is more dangerous than adversity. W. --- Few are able to bear good fortun...

Up, by riches, and the splendid embassy from Babylon. C. ---

Prosperity is more dangerous than adversity. W. ---

Few are able to bear good fortune with moderation. H.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:27 - Arms Arms. Heb. "shields." Sept. "arsenals."

Arms. Heb. "shields." Sept. "arsenals."

Haydock: 2Ch 32:30 - Underneath Underneath the walls of the city, making them run westward, C. xxxiii. 14.

Underneath the walls of the city, making them run westward, C. xxxiii. 14.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:31 - Wonder // Left him // Heart Wonder, at the defeat of Sennacherib; (Grotius; D.) or rather the retrogradation of the sun, as the Chaldeans studied astronomy with diligence. M. ...

Wonder, at the defeat of Sennacherib; (Grotius; D.) or rather the retrogradation of the sun, as the Chaldeans studied astronomy with diligence. M. T. C. ---

Left him, in punishment of his vanity. H. ---

Heart. How feeble is man when destitute of the divine assistance! M. ---

God permitted, therefore, the king to be tempted, (C.) that he might know himself, and that others might have a true idea of him. D.

Haydock: 2Ch 32:33 - Above Above, for distinction's sake: (C.) meriti prזrogativa. S. Jerom, Trad. M. --- The cell was either higher than the rest, or a sort of pyramid w...

Above, for distinction's sake: (C.) meriti prזrogativa. S. Jerom, Trad. M. ---

The cell was either higher than the rest, or a sort of pyramid was erected over the tomb of Ezechias. C.

Gill: 2Ch 32:1 - After these things, and the establishment thereof // Sennacherib king of Assyria came and entered into Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win them for himself After these things, and the establishment thereof,.... What are recorded in the preceding chapters, when matters were well settled, especially with re...

After these things, and the establishment thereof,.... What are recorded in the preceding chapters, when matters were well settled, especially with respect to religion and temple service, and when Hezekiah was well established in the throne of his kingdom, had fought with and defeated the Philistines, and cast off the Assyrian yoke, and was in very prosperous circumstances; for it was in the fourteenth year of his reign that what follows was done:

Sennacherib king of Assyria came and entered into Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win them for himself; or to break them, or into them; or through them y to break down the walls to take them, and join them to himself, as the Targum, and he did take them, see 2Ki 18:13.

Gill: 2Ch 32:2 - And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come,.... Into the land of Judah, which he perceived and understood by reports brought to him: and that he ...

And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come,.... Into the land of Judah, which he perceived and understood by reports brought to him: and that he was purposed to fight against Jerusalem; to besiege it and take it, if possible; this he saw was his design, by taking the fenced cities in his way, and coming forward with his forces.

Gill: 2Ch 32:3 - He took counsel with his princes, and his mighty men // to stop the waters of the fountains which were without the city // and they did help him He took counsel with his princes, and his mighty men,.... With his nobles, and the officers of his army, what steps should be taken to resist, retard,...

He took counsel with his princes, and his mighty men,.... With his nobles, and the officers of his army, what steps should be taken to resist, retard, and distress the enemy, and among the rest what follows was proposed:

to stop the waters of the fountains which were without the city; that so the Assyrian army would find it difficult to supply themselves with water, which was an article of great importance:

and they did help him; to stop the fountains, not only with their advice how to do it, but with their men, their servants, who assisted those that Hezekiah employed in this work.

Gill: 2Ch 32:4 - So there was gathered much people together // who stopped all the fountains // and the brook that ran through the midst of the land // saying, why should the kings of Assyria come and find much water So there was gathered much people together,.... At the instance of Hezekiah, his nobles and officers: who stopped all the fountains; perhaps by lay...

So there was gathered much people together,.... At the instance of Hezekiah, his nobles and officers:

who stopped all the fountains; perhaps by laying planks over them, and earth upon them, so that it could not be discerned there were any fountains there:

and the brook that ran through the midst of the land; which, according to Kimchi, was Gihon, 2Ch 32:30, which was near Jerusalem; the stream of this very probably they turned into channels under ground, whereby it was brought into the city into reservoirs there provided, that that might have a supply during the siege, while the enemy was distressed for want of it:

saying, why should the kings of Assyria come and find much water? by which means they would be able to carry on the siege to a great length, when otherwise they would be obliged to raise it quickly: mention is made of kings of Assyria, though there was but one, with whom there might be petty kings, or tributary ones; and, besides, as he boasted, his princes were altogether kings, Isa 10:8.

Gill: 2Ch 32:5 - Also he strengthened himself // and built up all the wall that was broken // and raised it up to the towers // and another wall without // and repaired Millo in the city of David // and made darts and shields in abundance Also he strengthened himself,.... In the Lord his God, and fortified his city, and put it in the best manner of defence he could: and built up all ...

Also he strengthened himself,.... In the Lord his God, and fortified his city, and put it in the best manner of defence he could:

and built up all the wall that was broken; which was broken from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate by Joash king of Israel; and though it might have been repaired by Uzziah, it might again be broken down in the times of Ahaz, by Pekah, king of Israel, or some other enemy, see 2Ch 25:3.

and raised it up to the towers; from the corner tower to the tower of the gate of Ephraim, which, as before observed, had been broken down:

and another wall without; a second wall, either all around the city, or at such a part of it which was weakest; Josephus z says the city of Jerusalem had three walls about it:

and repaired Millo in the city of David; a wall on the north side of the city:

and made darts and shields in abundance; darts to cast from the walls of the city, to annoy the enemy with, and shields to defend them from those of the enemy.

Gill: 2Ch 32:6 - And he set captains of war over the people // and gathered them together to him in the street of the gate of the city // and spake comfortably to them // saying And he set captains of war over the people,.... To teach them the exercises of war, to lead them on against the enemy, to direct them where to stand, ...

And he set captains of war over the people,.... To teach them the exercises of war, to lead them on against the enemy, to direct them where to stand, and what to do in defence of the city:

and gathered them together to him in the street of the gate of the city; the street which led to the gate, and was large and commodious to assemble the people in:

and spake comfortably to them; to animate and encourage them to hold out the siege, and do all they could to repel the enemy;

saying; as follows.

Gill: 2Ch 32:7 - Be strong and courageous // be not afraid nor dismayed for the king of Assyria, nor for all the multitude that is with him // for there be more with us than with him Be strong and courageous,.... Be of good heart and spirit, and quit yourselves like men: be not afraid nor dismayed for the king of Assyria, nor fo...

Be strong and courageous,.... Be of good heart and spirit, and quit yourselves like men:

be not afraid nor dismayed for the king of Assyria, nor for all the multitude that is with him; which was very large; for no less than 185,000 were slain of them by an angel in one night, 2Ki 19:35.

for there be more with us than with him; though not in number, yet in power and might; and if angels are meant, they are more in number; but it seems, by what follows, that Hezekiah had only the Lord his God in his thoughts and view.

Gill: 2Ch 32:8 - With him is an arm of flesh // but with us is the Lord our God, to help us, and to fight our battles // and the people rested themselves upon the words of Hezekiah king of Judah With him is an arm of flesh,.... Only weak, frail, mortal men, not at all to be feared; nothing in comparison of the Lord: but with us is the Lord ...

With him is an arm of flesh,.... Only weak, frail, mortal men, not at all to be feared; nothing in comparison of the Lord:

but with us is the Lord our God, to help us, and to fight our battles; who is the Lord God Almighty, who has the host of heaven at his command, and with whom all the inhabitants of the earth are as nothing; the Targum is,"the Word of the Lord our God is for us to help us, and fight our battles:"

and the people rested themselves upon the words of Hezekiah king of Judah; not upon his bare words, but on what was contained in them, on the strength and power of the Lord God he assured them was on their side; they believed what he said to be true, and trusted in the Lord that he would save them.

Gill: 2Ch 32:9 - After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem // but he himself laid siege against Lachish // unto Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that were at Jerusalem After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem,.... Who are mentioned by name, 2Ki 18:17 this was after Hezekiah had given ...

After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem,.... Who are mentioned by name, 2Ki 18:17 this was after Hezekiah had given him a large quantity of silver and gold to depart, and he did depart from him, 2Ki 18:14

but he himself laid siege against Lachish, and all his power with him; one of the cities of Judah, see Isa 36:2, from hence he dispatched them

unto Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that were at Jerusalem; who had retired thither for safety, upon the invasion of their country by the king of Assyria.

Gill: 2Ch 32:10 - Thus saith Sennacherib king of Assyria, whereon do ye trust // that ye abide in the siege in Jerusalem Thus saith Sennacherib king of Assyria, whereon do ye trust,.... On what power in heaven or on earth? that ye abide in the siege in Jerusalem? hold...

Thus saith Sennacherib king of Assyria, whereon do ye trust,.... On what power in heaven or on earth?

that ye abide in the siege in Jerusalem? hold out against the siege of it, and do not deliver it up.

Gill: 2Ch 32:11 - Doth not Hezekiah persuade you to give over yourselves to die by famine, and by thirst // saying, the Lord our God shall deliver us out of the hand of the king of Assyria Doth not Hezekiah persuade you to give over yourselves to die by famine, and by thirst,.... Suggesting that would be their case if they did not surren...

Doth not Hezekiah persuade you to give over yourselves to die by famine, and by thirst,.... Suggesting that would be their case if they did not surrender:

saying, the Lord our God shall deliver us out of the hand of the king of Assyria? See Gill on Isa 36:15.

Gill: 2Ch 32:12-15 - Hath not the same Hezekiah taken away his high places Hath not the same Hezekiah taken away his high places,.... For the sense of this and the three following verses, see the notes on Isa 36:17; see Gill ...

Hath not the same Hezekiah taken away his high places,.... For the sense of this and the three following verses, see the notes on Isa 36:17; see Gill on Isa 36:18, Isa 36:19, Isa 36:20

Gill: 2Ch 32:16 - And his servants spake yet more against the Lord God, and against his servant Hezekiah. And his servants spake yet more against the Lord God, and against his servant Hezekiah. Than what is here recorded, as may be read in 2Ki 18:1, and Is...

And his servants spake yet more against the Lord God, and against his servant Hezekiah. Than what is here recorded, as may be read in 2Ki 18:1, and Isa 36:1.

Gill: 2Ch 32:17 - He wrote also letters to rail on the Lord God of Israel He wrote also letters to rail on the Lord God of Israel,.... See 2Ki 19:9.

He wrote also letters to rail on the Lord God of Israel,.... See 2Ki 19:9.

Gill: 2Ch 32:18 - Then they cried with a loud voice in the Jews' speech unto the people of Jerusalem that were on the wall // but this they did to affright them, and to trouble them, that they might take the city Then they cried with a loud voice in the Jews' speech unto the people of Jerusalem that were on the wall,.... The messengers of Sennacherib, particula...

Then they cried with a loud voice in the Jews' speech unto the people of Jerusalem that were on the wall,.... The messengers of Sennacherib, particularly Rabshakeh the chief speaker; though they were desired to speak in the Syrian language, Isa 36:11,

but this they did to affright them, and to trouble them, that they might take the city; to throw them into terror and confusion, that they might prevail upon them to deliver up the city to them.

Gill: 2Ch 32:19 - And they spake against the God of Jerusalem // as against the gods of the people of the earth, which were the work of the hands of man And they spake against the God of Jerusalem,.... The only living and true God, whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem professed to be their God, and who wa...

And they spake against the God of Jerusalem,.... The only living and true God, whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem professed to be their God, and who was worshipped by them in the temple there:

as against the gods of the people of the earth, which were the work of the hands of man; they made no difference between the one and the other, but spoke as freely and as contemptibly of the one as of the other, see Isa 36:19.

Gill: 2Ch 32:20 - And for this cause Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah, the son of Amoz, prayed and cried to heaven. And for this cause Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah, the son of Amoz, prayed and cried to heaven. To God in heaven; of the prayer of Hezekiah...

And for this cause Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah, the son of Amoz, prayed and cried to heaven. To God in heaven; of the prayer of Hezekiah on this account, see Isa 37:15, and the notes there; See Gill on Isa 37:15, Isa 37:16, Isa 37:17, Isa 37:18, Isa 37:19, Isa 37:20 and though we read not of the prayer of Isaiah, no doubt he made one, as Hezekiah desired, and since he received a message from the Lord, which he sent to Hezekiah, Isa 37:4.

Gill: 2Ch 32:21 - And the Lord sent an angel // which cut off all the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria // so he returned with shame of face to his own land // and when he was come into the house of his god // they that came forth of his own bowels slew him there with the sword And the Lord sent an angel,.... The Targum is,"the Word of the Lord sent Gabriel;''Josephus a takes this angel, or messenger sent of God, to be the pe...

And the Lord sent an angel,.... The Targum is,"the Word of the Lord sent Gabriel;''Josephus a takes this angel, or messenger sent of God, to be the pestilence; and others suppose it to be a hot pestilential wind, common in the eastern countries, called "Samiel", or the poison wind, by which multitudes are sometimes destroyed at once; of which Thevenot and other travellers make mention; see Gill on Job 27:21; see Gill on Psa 91:6, but be it as it may, it was sent of God, was under his direction, and by his power and providence did the execution according to his prediction:

which cut off all the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria; the generals and officers of his army, with the common soldiers, to the number of 185,000, Isa 36:1, among these, no doubt, were the three generals sent with railing letters to Hezekiah, particularly Rabshakeh; see Gill on Isa 37:36.

so he returned with shame of face to his own land; Assyria, particularly to Nineveh, the metropolis of it, Isa 37:37.

and when he was come into the house of his god; the temple of his idol, whose name was Nisroch:

they that came forth of his own bowels slew him there with the sword; his sons Adrammelech and Sharezer, Isa 37:38.

Gill: 2Ch 32:22 - Thus the Lord saved Hezekiah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria // and from the hand of all other // and guided them on every side Thus the Lord saved Hezekiah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria,.... As most clearly appeared; for no...

Thus the Lord saved Hezekiah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria,.... As most clearly appeared; for no stroke was struck but by him:

and from the hand of all other; the Arabic version adds,"who were round about them;''who by this defeat were deterred from attacking them:

and guided them on every side: and guarded them all around, as a shepherd leads his flock, where they may be secure from all dangers.

Gill: 2Ch 32:23 - And many brought gifts unto the Lord to Jerusalem // and presents to Hezekiah king of Judah // so that he was magnified in the sight of all nations from thenceforth And many brought gifts unto the Lord to Jerusalem,.... Even out of neighbouring nations, things which they devoted to the service of God in the temple...

And many brought gifts unto the Lord to Jerusalem,.... Even out of neighbouring nations, things which they devoted to the service of God in the temple, being convinced that this wonderful deliverance was wrought by the Lord God of Israel, and by him only:

and presents to Hezekiah king of Judah; being desirous of living in friendship with him, who appeared to be the favourite of the God of heaven:

so that he was magnified in the sight of all nations from thenceforth; from the time of the destruction of the Assyrian army in such a wonderful manner, he was highly esteemed, and his name and fame spread abroad among all the neighbouring nations round about him.

Gill: 2Ch 32:24 - In those days Hezekiah was sick In those days Hezekiah was sick,.... Of which sickness, and of his prayer, and of the sign given him, see Isa 38:1 and the notes there.

In those days Hezekiah was sick,.... Of which sickness, and of his prayer, and of the sign given him, see Isa 38:1 and the notes there.

Gill: 2Ch 32:25 - But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him // for his heart was lifted up // therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him,.... Both in the deliverance of him and his people from the king of Assyria, an...

But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him,.... Both in the deliverance of him and his people from the king of Assyria, and the recovery of him from his sickness:

for his heart was lifted up; with pride, because of the wonderful defeat of the Assyrian army in his favour, the miracle wrought at his recovery from illness, the riches and honour conferred upon him, the presents brought him from his neighbours, and especially the embassy of the king of Babylon to him:

therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem; who, in imitation of him, fell into the same sin of pride, with many others; and therefore both he and they were threatened with some tokens of the divine displeasure.

Gill: 2Ch 32:26 - Notwithstanding, Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem // so that the wrath of the Lord came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah Notwithstanding, Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem,.... In what manner is not said; perhap...

Notwithstanding, Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem,.... In what manner is not said; perhaps by putting on sackcloth, and by fasting and prayer, and making confession of sin, and declaring repentance for it:

so that the wrath of the Lord came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah; but in the days of his son's sons, Isa 39:7.

Gill: 2Ch 32:27 - And Hezekiah had exceeding much riches // and honour // and he made himself treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all manner of pleasant jewels And Hezekiah had exceeding much riches,.... Increased by the spoil of the Assyrian camp, and the presents sent him after that by neighbouring nations,...

And Hezekiah had exceeding much riches,.... Increased by the spoil of the Assyrian camp, and the presents sent him after that by neighbouring nations, 2Ch 32:21.

and honour; both from his subjects, and the nations around him:

and he made himself treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all manner of pleasant jewels: which were houses both for rich and curious things, and for armour, he showed to the ambassadors of Babylon; see Gill on Isa 39:2.

Gill: 2Ch 32:28 - Storehouses also for the increase of corn, and wine, and oil // and stands for all manner of beasts // and cotes for flocks Storehouses also for the increase of corn, and wine, and oil,.... The produce of his fields, vineyards, and oliveyards, such as David had, with person...

Storehouses also for the increase of corn, and wine, and oil,.... The produce of his fields, vineyards, and oliveyards, such as David had, with persons over them, see 1Ch 27:25.

and stands for all manner of beasts; as oxen, horses, camels, and asses, see 2Ch 9:25.

and cotes for flocks; folds for sheep.

Gill: 2Ch 32:29 - Moreover, he provided him cities // and possessions of flocks and herds in abundance // for God had given him substance very much Moreover, he provided him cities,.... Where he had the above storehouses and stalls, and convenient dwellings for those that looked after them, and we...

Moreover, he provided him cities,.... Where he had the above storehouses and stalls, and convenient dwellings for those that looked after them, and were over his cattle, small and great, as follows; the Vulgate Latin version reads six cities in some copies b:

and possessions of flocks and herds in abundance; in which the riches of men, and even of kings, lay in those times:

for God had given him substance very much; for all was owing to his disposing providence, let it come which way it might.

Gill: 2Ch 32:30 - This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper water course of Gihon // and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David // and Hezekiah prospered in all his works This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper water course of Gihon,.... Which Procopius Gazeus says was the same with Siloam, and which it seems had two ...

This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper water course of Gihon,.... Which Procopius Gazeus says was the same with Siloam, and which it seems had two streams, and this was the upper one; Mr. Maundrell says c, the pool of Gihon"lies about two furlongs without Bethlehem gate westward; it is a stately pool, one hundred and six paces long, and sixty seven broad, and lined with wall and plaster, and was, when we were there, well stored with water:"

and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David; through canals under the plain of the city of David; as the Targum, by a subterraneous passage; and Siloam, as Dr. Lightfoot d observes from Josephus, was behind the west wall, not far from the corner that pointed toward the southwest:

and Hezekiah prospered in all his works; natural, civil, and religious, 2Ch 31:21.

Gill: 2Ch 32:31 - Howbeit, in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to inquire the wonder that was done in the land // God left him to try him // that he might know all that was in his heart Howbeit, in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to inquire the wonder that was done in the land,.... Not to...

Howbeit, in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to inquire the wonder that was done in the land,.... Not to see the two tables of stone which were in the ark, with the other two that were broken because of the sin of the calf, as the Targum; nor to ask about the destruction of the Assyrian army, and the manner of it, as Grotius; but to be informed of the miracle of the sun's going back ten degrees, when Hezekiah was recovered from his sickness; the Chaldeans being a people much given to astrology, and curious in their observations of that kind:

God left him to try him; by showing him all his treasures:

that he might know all that was in his heart; not that God might know, who knows all things, unless spoken of him after the manner of men; but rather that Hezekiah might know the pride lurking in his heart, and other sins which escaped his notice, Jer 17:9 or that it might be known by others; that the children of men might know it, as Kimchi; and take warning by it, and observe the frailty and infirmity of the best of men.

Gill: 2Ch 32:32 - Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his goodness // behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz // and in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his goodness,.... His acts of piety and liberality: behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the ...

Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his goodness,.... His acts of piety and liberality:

behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz; in the prophecy of Isaiah, Isa 36:1, whose book is called the Vision of Isaiah, Isa 1:1.

and in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel; in 2Ki 18:1.

Gill: 2Ch 32:33 - And Hezekiah slept with his fathers // and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David // and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death // and Manasseh his son reigned in his stead And Hezekiah slept with his fathers,.... Died, as they did: and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David; in the more...

And Hezekiah slept with his fathers,.... Died, as they did:

and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David; in the more honourable and principal of them; there are still to be seen, on the north of Jerusalem, some grottos, called the sepulchres of the kings, though it is certain none of the kings of Israel or Judah were buried there; unless it may be thought, as Mr. Maundrell e conjectures, that Hezekiah was here inferred, and that these are the sepulchres of the sons of David here mentioned; however, he observes, whoever was buried here, this is certain, that the place itself discovers so great an expense both of labour and treasure, that we may well suppose it to be the work of kings:

and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death; by attending his funeral in great numbers, by burning spices for him, and by mourning for him many days:

and Manasseh his son reigned in his stead; of whom a further account is given in the next chapter.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:1 Heb “and he said to break into them for himself.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:2 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:3 Heb “the waters of the springs.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:4 Heb “land, saying.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:5 The phrase the City of David refers here to the fortress of Zion in Jerusalem, not to Bethlehem. See 2 Sam 5:7.

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:6 Heb “he spoke to their heart[s].”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:7 Heb “for with us [is] a greater [one] than with him.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:8 Or “people.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:9 Heb “all Judah.” The words “the people of” are supplied in the translation for clarity. The Hebrew text uses the name “J...

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:10 Heb “On what are you trusting that [you] are living during the siege in Jerusalem.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:11 Heb “Is not Hezekiah misleading you to give you over to die by hunger and thirst, saying, ‘The Lord our God will rescue us from the hand o...

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:12 Heb “his”; the referent (the Lord) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:13 Heb “hand.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:14 Heb “hand.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:15 The verb is plural, suggesting that the preceding אֱלֹהֵיכֶם (’elohekhem) be transla...

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:16 Heb “spoke against.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:17 Heb “Like the gods of the nations of the lands who did not rescue their people from my hand, so the god of Hezekiah will not rescue his people f...

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:21 Heb “and some from those who went out from him, from his inward parts.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:22 The Hebrew text reads literally, “and he led him from all around.” However, the present translation assumes an emendation to וַ...

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:23 Heb “lifted up in the eyes of.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:24 Heb “and he spoke to him and a sign he gave to him.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:25 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:26 Heb “and Hezekiah humbled himself in the height of his heart, he and the residents of Jerusalem, and the anger of the Lord did not come upon the...

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:27 The Hebrew text reads literally, “and shields and all the desirable items.” The present translation assumes an emendation of מָ...

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:28 Heb “and stalls for all beasts and beasts, and flocks for the stalls.” The repetition of בְהֵמָה...

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:29 Heb “and cities he made for himself.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:30 The phrase the City of David refers here to the fortress of Zion in Jerusalem, not to Bethlehem. See 2 Sam 5:7.

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:31 Heb “to know all [that was] in his heart.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:32 Heb “and the rest of the deeds of Hezekiah and his faithful acts, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah son of Amoz the prophet upon ...

NET Notes: 2Ch 32:33 Heb “and honor they did to him in his death, all Judah and the residents of Jerusalem.”

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:5 Also he strengthened himself, and built up all the wall that was broken, and raised [it] up to the towers, and another wall without, and repaired ( a ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:8 With him [is] an ( d ) arm of flesh; but with us [is] the ( e ) LORD our God to help us, and to fight our battles. And the people rested themselves up...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:9 After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem, (but he [himself laid siege] ( f ) against Lachish, and all his power with ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:12 Hath not the same Hezekiah taken away his high places and his ( g ) altars, and commanded Judah and Jerusalem, saying, Ye shall worship before one alt...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:14 Who [was there] among all the ( h ) gods of those nations that my fathers utterly destroyed, that could deliver his people out of mine hand, that your...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:15 Now therefore let not Hezekiah deceive you, nor persuade you on this manner, neither yet believe him: for no god of any nation or kingdom was able to ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:16 And his servants spake yet [more] against the LORD God, and against his ( k ) servant Hezekiah. ( k ) In this we see that when the wicked speak evil ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:18 Then they ( l ) cried with a loud voice in the Jews' speech unto the people of Jerusalem that [were] on the wall, to affright them, and to trouble the...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:19 And they spake against the God of Jerusalem, as against the gods of the people of the earth, [which were] the ( m ) work of the hands of man. ( m ) W...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:20 And for this [cause] Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz, ( n ) prayed and cried to heaven. ( n ) This shows what the best refu...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:21 And the LORD sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and ( o ) captains in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he r...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:23 And many brought gifts unto the LORD to Jerusalem, and presents to Hezekiah king of Judah: so that he was ( q ) magnified in the sight of all nations ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:24 In those days Hezekiah was sick to the death, and prayed unto the LORD: and he spake unto him, and he gave him ( r ) a sign. ( r ) To confirm his fai...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:25 But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit [done] unto him; for his heart ( s ) was lifted up: therefore there was wrath upon him, and u...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:30 This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of ( t ) Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 32:31 Howbeit in [the business of] the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was [done] in the land, God le...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: 2Ch 32:1 - A Libation To Jehovah A Strange Reward For Faithfulness After these things, and the establishment thereof, Sennacherib, king of Assyria, came.'--2 Chron. 32:1. The Revised...

MHCC: 2Ch 32:1-23 - --Those who trust God with their safety, must use proper means, else they tempt him. God will provide, but so must we also. Hezekiah gathered his people...

MHCC: 2Ch 32:24-33 - --God left Hezekiah to himself, that, by this trial and his weakness in it, what was in his heart might be known; that he was not so perfect in grace as...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 32:1-8 - -- Here is, I. The formidable design of Sennacherib against Hezekiah's kingdom, and the vigorous attempt he made upon it. This Sennacherib was now, as ...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 32:9-23 - -- This story of the rage and blasphemy of Sennacherib, Hezekiah's prayer, and the deliverance of Jerusalem by the destruction of the Assyrian army, we...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 32:24-33 - -- Here we conclude the story of Hezekiah with an account of three things concerning him: - I. His sickness and his recovery from it, 2Ch 32:24. The a...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 32:1-8 - -- Sennacherib's campaign against Judah and Jerusalem, and the annihilation of his whole army by the angel of the Lord. In 2 Kings 18 and 19, and Isa 3...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 32:9-19 - -- The advance of an Assyrian army against Jerusalem , and the attempts of Sennacherib's generals to induce the population of the capital to submit by...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 32:20-23 - -- Prayer of King Hezekiah and of the prophet Isaiah for the help of the Lord . - 2Ch 32:20. The main contents of Hezekiah's prayer are communicated i...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 32:24-26 - -- Hezekiah's sickness and recovery; his pride and his humiliation . - 2Ch 32:24. As to the sickness of Hezekiah, and the miraculous sign by which the...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 32:27-33 - -- Hezekiah's riches; concluding estimate of his reign; his death and burial . - 2Ch 32:27. Like Jehoshaphat (2Ch 17:5; 2Ch 18:1), Solomon (2Ch 1:12),...

Constable: 2Ch 10:1--36:23 - --IV. THE REIGNS OF SOLOMON'S SUCCESSORS chs. 10--36 "With the close of Solomon's reign we embark upon a new phase...

Constable: 2Ch 29:1--32:33 - --M. Hezekiah chs. 29-32 In contrast to Ahaz, we can see Hezekiah's love for Yahweh in how he cared for th...

Constable: 2Ch 32:1-23 - --4. The invasion by Sennacherib 32:1-23 In a few details this account differs from the one in 2 K...

Constable: 2Ch 32:24-33 - --5. Hezekiah's humility and greatness 32:24-33 Hezekiah fell short to being the perfect Son of Da...

Guzik: 2Ch 32:1-33 - God Protects Jerusalem 2 Chronicles 32 - God Protects Jerusalem A. God protects Jerusalem from the Assyrians. 1. (1) Sennacherib's attack. After these deeds of faithfuln...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF CHRONICLES were also considered as one by the ancient Jews, who called them "words of days," that is, diaries or journal...

JFB: 2 Chronicles (Garis Besar) SOLEMN OFFERING OF SOLOMON AT GIBEON. (2Ch 1:1-6) HIS CHOICE OF WISDOM IS BLESSED BY GOD. (2Ch 1:7-13) HIS STRENGTH AND WEALTH. (2Ch 1:14-17) SOLOMON...

TSK: 2 Chronicles 32 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ch 32:1, Sennacherib invading Judah, Hezekiah fortifies himself, and encourages his people; 2Ch 32:9, Against the blasphemies of Sennach...

Poole: 2 Chronicles 32 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHRONICLES CHAPTER 32 Sennacherib invading Judah, Hezekiah fortifieth himself, 2Ch 32:1-8 ; and sendeth letters to Isaiah concerning the blasphemie...

MHCC: 2 Chronicles 32 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (v. 1-23) The invasion of Sennacherib, His defeat. (2Ch 32:24-33) Hezekiah's sickness, His prosperous reign, and death.

Matthew Henry: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Chronicles This book begins with the reign of Solomon and the building of the temple...

Matthew Henry: 2 Chronicles 32 (Pendahuluan Pasal) This chapter continues and concludes the history of the reign of Hezekiah. I. The descent which Sennacherib made upon him, and the care he took to...

Constable: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction For an explanation of the title, writer, date, scope, and purpose of this book, see my comments in my notes...

Constable: 2 Chronicles (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Chronicles) III. The reign of Solomon chs. 1-9 ...

Constable: 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE SECOND BOOK OF PARALIPOMENON. INTRODUCTION. As the former Book shews how David was chosen to rule over God's peculiar people, so this [Book]...

Gill: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES This, and the preceding, were but one book originally, but divided into two because of the size of it, so that this is...

Gill: 2 Chronicles 32 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES 32 This chapter relates Sennacherib's invasion of the land of Judah, the preparations Hezekiah made to resist him, and...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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