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Teks -- 2 Chronicles 11:1-23 (NET)

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Konteks
11:1 When Rehoboam arrived in Jerusalem, he summoned 180,000 skilled warriors from Judah and Benjamin to attack Israel and restore the kingdom to Rehoboam. 11:2 But the Lord told Shemaiah the prophet, 11:3 “Say this to King Rehoboam son of Solomon of Judah and to all the Israelites in Judah and Benjamin, 11:4 ‘The Lord says this: “Do not attack and make war with your brothers. Each of you go home, for I have caused this to happen.”’” They obeyed the Lord and called off the attack against Jeroboam.
Rehoboam’s Reign
11:5 Rehoboam lived in Jerusalem; he built up these fortified cities throughout Judah: 11:6 Bethlehem, Etam, Tekoa, 11:7 Beth Zur, Soco, Adullam, 11:8 Gath, Mareshah, Ziph, 11:9 Adoraim, Lachish, Azekah, 11:10 Zorah, Aijalon, and Hebron. These were the fortified cities in Judah and Benjamin. 11:11 He fortified these cities and placed officers in them, as well as storehouses of food, olive oil, and wine. 11:12 In each city there were shields and spears; he strongly fortified them. Judah and Benjamin belonged to him. 11:13 The priests and Levites who lived throughout Israel supported him, no matter where they resided. 11:14 The Levites even left their pasturelands and their property behind and came to Judah and Jerusalem, for Jeroboam and his sons prohibited them from serving as the Lord’s priests. 11:15 Jeroboam appointed his own priests to serve at the worship centers and to lead in the worship of the goat idols and calf idols he had made. 11:16 Those among all the Israelite tribes who were determined to worship the Lord God of Israel followed them to Jerusalem to sacrifice to the Lord God of their ancestors. 11:17 They supported the kingdom of Judah and were loyal to Rehoboam son of Solomon for three years; they followed the edicts of David and Solomon for three years. 11:18 Rehoboam married Mahalath the daughter of David’s son Jerimoth and of Abihail, the daughter of Jesse’s son Eliab. 11:19 She bore him sons named Jeush, Shemariah, and Zaham. 11:20 He later married Maacah the daughter of Absalom. She bore to him Abijah, Attai, Ziza, and Shelomith. 11:21 Rehoboam loved Maacah daughter of Absalom more than his other wives and concubines. He had eighteen wives and sixty concubines; he fathered twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters. 11:22 Rehoboam appointed Abijah son of Maacah as the leader over his brothers, for he intended to name him his successor. 11:23 He wisely placed some of his many sons throughout the regions of Judah and Benjamin in the various fortified cities. He supplied them with abundant provisions and acquired many wives for them.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Abihail a Levite in Moses' time,wife of Abishur of the tribe of Judah;,the son of Huri of the tribe of Gad,a woman; King David's niece and Rehoboam's wife,the father of Queen Esther and Uncle of Mordecai, a Benjamite
 · Abijah the son and successor of King Rehoboam
 · Absalom the son of David and Maacah
 · Adoraim a town restored by Rehoboam 8 km west of Hebron
 · Adullam a resident of the town of Adullam
 · Aijalon a town 19 km WNW of Jerusalem,a town in the land of Zebulun some 90 km north of Jerusalem
 · Attai son of Jarha the Egyptian slave; grandson of Sheshan of Judah,a commander of Saul's from Gad who defected to David,son of Rehoboam and Maacah; grandson of Absalom and Solomon
 · Azekah a town in the western foothills of Judah
 · Benjamin the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · Beth-Zur a town & district in the hill country of Judah,son of Maon of Judah
 · Beth-zur a town & district in the hill country of Judah,son of Maon of Judah
 · Bethlehem a town 8 km south of Jerusalem,a town of Zebulun 10 km west of Nazareth and 15 km SW of Cana SMM,a town of Judah 8 km south. of Jerusalem
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Eliab son of Helon; Moses' officer over the tribe of Zebulun,son of Pallu of Reuben; father of Dathan and Abiram,son of Jesse; brother of David,a Levite worship leader in David's time,a Gadite officer of Saul's who defected to David,son of Nahath/Toah/Tohu of Levi; Samuel's great grandfather
 · Etam a place where the Israelites made an early encampment
 · Gath a town of the Anakim and Philistines in Judah 12 km south. of Ekron
 · Hebron a valley and town of Judah 25 km west of the dead sea,son of Kohath son of Levi,son of Mareshah of Judah
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jerimoth son of Bela son of Benjamin,one of the Benjamites who defected to David at Ziklag,son of Mushi son of Merari son of Levi,son of Heman the Levite and worship leader under Heman and King David,son of King David and father-in-law of King Rehoboam,an officer in charge of the temple store house under King Hezekiah
 · Jeroboam son of Nebat; first king of Israel after it split away from Judah; Jeroboam I,son and successor of Joash/Jehoash, King of Israel; Jeroboam II
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jesse a son of Obed; the father of David the king and ancestor of Jesus,son of Obed of Judah; father of David
 · Jeush son of Esau and Oholibamah,son of Bilhan, great grandson of Benjamin son of Israel,son of Eshek of Benjamin,a Levitical chief of the descendants of Shimei, son of Gershon, under King David,son of Rehoboam
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Lachish a town of Judah 23 km west of Hebron & 40 km north of Beersheba (SMM)
 · Levites relating to Levi and the priesthood given to him,a tribal name describing people and ceremonies as sacred
 · Maacah members of the clan of Maacah
 · Mahalath daughter of Ishmael; wife of her cousin Esau,grand-daughter of David; wife of Rehoboam,a musical term (perhaps 'a sad tone' NASB marg.)
 · Mareshah town in the western foothills of Judah,son of Caleb son of Hezron of Judah,son of Laadah; great grandson of Judah
 · Rehoboam a son of Solomon; the father of Abijah; an ancestor of Jesus,son and successor of King Solomon
 · Shelomith a Levitical chief of the clan of Ladan under King David; son of Shimei a Gershonite,a clan; the leading sub-clan of the Izhar clan of Kohath Levi,son of Zichri (Rehabiah Eliezer Moses Amram Kohath Levi)


Topik/Tema Kamus: Rehoboam | Israel | CHRONICLES, BOOKS OF | Maachah | JUDAH, TERRITORY OF | Shemaiah | Levites | Abihail | PALESTINE, 2 | Jeroboam | Polygamy | ABIJAH | Jeush | Zorah | Adullam | Etam | Lachish | Ziza | Mahalath | Aholah | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Ch 11:3 - Son of Solomon Intimating, that this was determined for the sin of Solomon, and therefore could not be reversed.

Intimating, that this was determined for the sin of Solomon, and therefore could not be reversed.

Wesley: 2Ch 11:5 - Built Repaired, enlarged, and fortified them. They were built before.

Repaired, enlarged, and fortified them. They were built before.

Wesley: 2Ch 11:14 - Cast them off They would not suffer them to instruct the Israelites in the worship of God, nor to go up to Jerusalem to worship in their courses: and these priests ...

They would not suffer them to instruct the Israelites in the worship of God, nor to go up to Jerusalem to worship in their courses: and these priests would not join with them in the worship of the calves, as they were commanded to do; and therefore they, willingly forsook all their patrimonies and possessions for God's sake. No secular advantages whatsoever should detain us there, where we are in danger of making shipwreck of faith and a good conscience.

Wesley: 2Ch 11:15 - High places Or, for the high places, both for the devils (the Baals, or false gods, which divers of his people worshipped, whom he encouraged to do so, giving the...

Or, for the high places, both for the devils (the Baals, or false gods, which divers of his people worshipped, whom he encouraged to do so, giving them liberty to do anything but to serve God at Jerusalem) and for the calves. So he erected two sorts of high places, some for Baal, and some for the true God, whom be pretended to worship, in and by the calves.

Wesley: 2Ch 11:16 - Set their heart Such as loved and feared God in truth.

Such as loved and feared God in truth.

Wesley: 2Ch 11:17 - So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah Not only by the addition of so many persons to it: but by their piety and prayers they procured a blessing upon the kingdom which was a sanctuary to t...

Not only by the addition of so many persons to it: but by their piety and prayers they procured a blessing upon the kingdom which was a sanctuary to them. They made him strong three years; for so long he served God; but when he forsook God, none could strengthen him. We retain our strength as long as we cleave to God and our duty, and no longer.

Wesley: 2Ch 11:17 - And Solomon This honourable mention of Solomon, as a pattern of piety, is a considerable evidence of his true repentance before his death.

This honourable mention of Solomon, as a pattern of piety, is a considerable evidence of his true repentance before his death.

Wesley: 2Ch 11:22 - Ruler He declared him his successor, and gave him the dominion over, his brethren.

He declared him his successor, and gave him the dominion over, his brethren.

Wesley: 2Ch 11:23 - Dispersed Lest his other sons should after his death unite together against Abijah, he wisely dispersed them into distant places.

Lest his other sons should after his death unite together against Abijah, he wisely dispersed them into distant places.

JFB: 2Ch 11:1-4 - Rehoboam . . . gathered of the house of Judah and Benjamin . . . to fight against Israel (See 1Ki 12:21-24).

(See 1Ki 12:21-24).

JFB: 2Ch 11:5-11 - built cities for defence in Judah This is evidently used as the name of the southern kingdom. Rehoboam, having now a bitter enemy in Israel, deemed it prudent to lose no time in fortif...

This is evidently used as the name of the southern kingdom. Rehoboam, having now a bitter enemy in Israel, deemed it prudent to lose no time in fortifying several cities that lay along the frontier of his kingdom. Jeroboam, on his side, took a similar precaution (1Ki 12:25). Of the fifteen cities named, Aijalon, now Yalo, and Zorah, now Surah, between Jerusalem and Jabneh [ROBINSON], lay within the province of Benjamin. Gath, though a Philistine city, had been subject to Solomon. And Etham, which was on the border of Simeon, now incorporated with the kingdom of Israel, was fortified to repel danger from that quarter. These fortresses Rehoboam placed under able commanders and stocked them with provisions and military stores, sufficient, if necessary, to stand a siege. In the crippled state of his kingdom, he seems to have been afraid lest it might be made the prey of some powerful neighbors.

JFB: 2Ch 11:13-17 - the priests and the Levites . . . resorted to him out of all their coasts This was an accession of moral power, for the maintenance of the true religion is the best support and safeguard of any nation; and as it was peculiar...

This was an accession of moral power, for the maintenance of the true religion is the best support and safeguard of any nation; and as it was peculiarly the grand source of the strength and prosperity of the Hebrew monarchy, the great numbers of good and pious people who sought an asylum within the territories of Judah contributed greatly to consolidate the throne of Rehoboam. The cause of so extensive an emigration from the kingdom of Israel was the deep and daring policy of Jeroboam, who set himself to break the national unity by entirely abolishing, within his dominions, the religious institutions of Judaism. He dreaded an eventual reunion of the tribes if the people continued to repair thrice a year to worship in Jerusalem as they were obliged by law to do. Accordingly, on pretense that the distance of that city was too great for multitudes of his subjects, he fixed upon two more convenient places, where he established a new mode of worshipping God under gross and prohibited symbols [1Ki 12:26-33]. The priests and Levites, refusing to take part in the idolatrous ceremonies, were ejected from their living [2Ch 11:13-14]. Along with them a large body of the people who faithfully adhered to the instituted worship of God, offended and shocked by the impious innovations, departed from the kingdom.

JFB: 2Ch 11:15 - he ordained him priests The persons he appointed to the priesthood were low and worthless creatures (1Ki 12:31; 1Ki 13:33); any were consecrated who brought a bullock and sev...

The persons he appointed to the priesthood were low and worthless creatures (1Ki 12:31; 1Ki 13:33); any were consecrated who brought a bullock and seven rams (2Ch 13:9; Exo 29:37).

JFB: 2Ch 11:15 - for the high places Those favorite places of religious worship were encouraged throughout the country.

Those favorite places of religious worship were encouraged throughout the country.

JFB: 2Ch 11:15 - for the devils A term sometimes used for idols in general (Lev 17:7). But here it is applied distinctively to the goat deities, which were probably worshipped chiefl...

A term sometimes used for idols in general (Lev 17:7). But here it is applied distinctively to the goat deities, which were probably worshipped chiefly in the northern parts of his kingdom, where the heathen Canaanites still abounded.

JFB: 2Ch 11:15 - for the calves which he had made Figures of the ox gods Apis and Mnevis, with which Jeroboam's residence in Egypt had familiarized him. (See on 1Ki 12:26).

Figures of the ox gods Apis and Mnevis, with which Jeroboam's residence in Egypt had familiarized him. (See on 1Ki 12:26).

JFB: 2Ch 11:17 - they strengthened the kingdom of Judah The innovating measures of Jeroboam were not introduced all at once. But as they were developed, the secession of the most excellent of his subjects b...

The innovating measures of Jeroboam were not introduced all at once. But as they were developed, the secession of the most excellent of his subjects began, and continuing to increase for three years, lowered the tone of religion in his kingdom, while it proportionally quickened its life and extended its influence in that of Judah.

JFB: 2Ch 11:18 - Rehoboam took Mahalath The names of her father and mother are given. Jerimoth, the father, must have been the son of one of David's concubines (1Ch 3:9). Abihail was, of cou...

The names of her father and mother are given. Jerimoth, the father, must have been the son of one of David's concubines (1Ch 3:9). Abihail was, of course, his cousin, previous to their marriage.

JFB: 2Ch 11:20 - after her he took Maachah . . . daughter That is, granddaughter (2Sa 14:27) of Absalom, Tamar being, according to JOSEPHUS, her mother. (Compare 2Sa 18:18).

That is, granddaughter (2Sa 14:27) of Absalom, Tamar being, according to JOSEPHUS, her mother. (Compare 2Sa 18:18).

JFB: 2Ch 11:21 - he took eighteen wives, and threescore concubines This royal harem, though far smaller than his father's, was equally in violation of the law, which forbade a king to "multiply wives unto himself" [De...

This royal harem, though far smaller than his father's, was equally in violation of the law, which forbade a king to "multiply wives unto himself" [Deu 17:17].

JFB: 2Ch 11:22 - made Abijah . . . chief . . . ruler among his brethren This preference seems to have been given to Abijah solely from the king's doting fondness for his mother and through her influence over him. It is pla...

This preference seems to have been given to Abijah solely from the king's doting fondness for his mother and through her influence over him. It is plainly implied that Abijah was not the oldest of the family. In destining a younger son for the kingdom, without a divine warrant, as in Solomon's case, Rehoboam acted in violation of the law (Deu 21:15).

JFB: 2Ch 11:23 - he dealt wisely That is, with deep and calculating policy (Exo 1:10).

That is, with deep and calculating policy (Exo 1:10).

JFB: 2Ch 11:23 - and dispersed of all his children . . . unto every fenced city The circumstance of twenty-eight sons of the king being made governors of fortresses would, in our quarter of the world, produce jealousy and dissatis...

The circumstance of twenty-eight sons of the king being made governors of fortresses would, in our quarter of the world, produce jealousy and dissatisfaction. But Eastern monarchs ensure peace and tranquillity to their kingdom by bestowing government offices on their sons and grandsons. They obtain an independent provision, and being kept apart, are not likely to cabal in their father's lifetime. Rehoboam acted thus, and his sagacity will appear still greater if the wives he desired for them belonged to the cities where each son was located. These connections would bind them more closely to their respective places. In the modern countries of the East, particularly Persia and Turkey, younger princes were, till very lately, shut up in the harem during their father's lifetime; and, to prevent competition, they were blinded or killed when their brother ascended the throne. In the former country the old practice of dispersing them through the country as Rehoboam did, has been again revived.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:1 - Gathered of the house of Judah Gathered of the house of Judah - See this account 1Ki 12:21-24 (note), and the notes there.

Gathered of the house of Judah - See this account 1Ki 12:21-24 (note), and the notes there.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:5 - And built cities for defense in Judah And built cities for defense in Judah - He was obliged to strengthen his frontiers against the encroachments of the men of Israel; and Jeroboam did ...

And built cities for defense in Judah - He was obliged to strengthen his frontiers against the encroachments of the men of Israel; and Jeroboam did the same thing on his part to prevent the inroads of Judah. See 1Ki 12:25.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:11 - Store of victual Store of victual - In these places he laid up stores of provisions, not only to enable them to endure a siege; but also that they might be able, fro...

Store of victual - In these places he laid up stores of provisions, not only to enable them to endure a siege; but also that they might be able, from their situation, to supply desolate places.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:14 - The Levites left their suburbs The Levites left their suburbs - They and the priests were expelled from their offices by Jeroboam, lest they should turn the hearts of the people t...

The Levites left their suburbs - They and the priests were expelled from their offices by Jeroboam, lest they should turn the hearts of the people to the true God, and then they would revolt to Judah, 1Ki 12:26; and therefore he established a new worship, and made new gods.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:15 - And he ordained him priests - for the devils And he ordained him priests - for the devils - שעירים seirim , the hairy ones; probably goats: for as the golden calves, or oxen, were in imi...

And he ordained him priests - for the devils - שעירים seirim , the hairy ones; probably goats: for as the golden calves, or oxen, were in imitation of the Egyptian ox-god, Apis; so they no doubt paid Divine honors to the goat, which we know was an object of religious veneration in Egypt.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:16 - Such as set their hearts to seek the Lord Such as set their hearts to seek the Lord - All the truly pious joined him out of every tribe, and the whole tribe of Levi, being deprived of their ...

Such as set their hearts to seek the Lord - All the truly pious joined him out of every tribe, and the whole tribe of Levi, being deprived of their functions, joined him also. Thus he had Judah, Benjamin, and Levi, and probably a part of Simeon; for he had Etam, which was in that tribe, and the truly religious out of all the other tribes, for they could not bear Jeroboam’ s idolatry.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:17 - For three years they walked in the way of David For three years they walked in the way of David - During this time he prospered; but for fourteen years after this he and the people were unfaithful...

For three years they walked in the way of David - During this time he prospered; but for fourteen years after this he and the people were unfaithful to the Lord, except at such intervals as the hand of God’ s judgments was upon them.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:18 - Took him Mahalath Took him Mahalath - By marrying thus in the family of David, he strengthened his right to the Jewish throne.

Took him Mahalath - By marrying thus in the family of David, he strengthened his right to the Jewish throne.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:20 - Maachah the daughter of Absalom Maachah the daughter of Absalom - See the note on 1Ki 15:10. She is called Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel, 2Ch 13:2. For this the Targum gives the ...

Maachah the daughter of Absalom - See the note on 1Ki 15:10. She is called Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel, 2Ch 13:2. For this the Targum gives the following reason: "Abijah reigned three years in Jerusalem; and his mother’ s name was Michaiah, daughter of Uriel of Gibeatha. She is the same as Michah, the daughter of Absalom; but, because she was an upright woman, her name was changed into the more excellent name Michaiah, and her fathers name into that of Uriel of Gibeatha, that the name of Absalom might not be remembered.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:21 - Eighteen wives and threescore concubines Eighteen wives and threescore concubines - Bad enough, but not so abandoned as his father. Of these marriages and concubinage the issue was twenty-e...

Eighteen wives and threescore concubines - Bad enough, but not so abandoned as his father. Of these marriages and concubinage the issue was twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters; eighty-eight children in the whole, to the education of the whole of whom he could pay but little attention. Numerous families are often neglected; and children by different women, must be yet in a worse state.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:22 - Made Abijah - the chief Made Abijah - the chief - Abijah certainly was not the first-born of Rehoboam; but as he loved Maachah more than any of his wives, so he preferred h...

Made Abijah - the chief - Abijah certainly was not the first-born of Rehoboam; but as he loved Maachah more than any of his wives, so he preferred her son, probably through his mother’ s influence. In Deu 21:16, this sort of preference is forbidden; but Rehoboam had a sort of precedent in the preference shown by David to Solomon.

Clarke: 2Ch 11:23 - He dealt wisely He dealt wisely - It was true policy to disperse his own sons through the different provinces who were not likely to form any league with Jeroboam a...

He dealt wisely - It was true policy to disperse his own sons through the different provinces who were not likely to form any league with Jeroboam against their father

Clarke: 2Ch 11:23 - He desired many wives He desired many wives - He was much addicted to women; yet we do not find that he formed any heathenish alliances of this nature. And as no particul...

He desired many wives - He was much addicted to women; yet we do not find that he formed any heathenish alliances of this nature. And as no particulars are given, we do not know how far he indulged himself in this propensity. He probably strengthened his political connections by these means.

Defender: 2Ch 11:5 - cities for defence Interestingly, the defense cities built at this time, were not in the north against Israel, but in the south against Egypt (2Ch 12:2)."

Interestingly, the defense cities built at this time, were not in the north against Israel, but in the south against Egypt (2Ch 12:2)."

Defender: 2Ch 11:20 - daughter of Absalom According to 2Sa 14:27, Absalom's only daughter was named Tamar. It is possible that Maachah was another name for Tamar. More likely, Maachah was the ...

According to 2Sa 14:27, Absalom's only daughter was named Tamar. It is possible that Maachah was another name for Tamar. More likely, Maachah was the granddaughter of Absalom (the Hebrew word "daughter," bath , is sufficiently flexible to allow this meaning)."

TSK: 2Ch 11:1 - when Rehoboam // an hundred when Rehoboam : 1Ki 12:21 an hundred : Psa 33:10, Psa 33:16; Pro 21:30, Pro 21:31

when Rehoboam : 1Ki 12:21

an hundred : Psa 33:10, Psa 33:16; Pro 21:30, Pro 21:31

TSK: 2Ch 11:2 - to Shemaiah // the man to Shemaiah : 2Ch 12:5, 2Ch 12:7, 2Ch 12:15; 1Ki 12:22-24 the man : 2Ch 8:14; Deu 33:1; 1Sa 2:27; 1Ti 6:11

TSK: 2Ch 11:3 - to all Israel to all Israel : Gen 49:28; Exo 24:4; 2Ki 17:34; Phi 3:5; Rev 7:4-8

TSK: 2Ch 11:4 - against // return // for this thing // they obeyed against : Gen 13:8; 2Sa 2:26; Act 7:26; 1Co 6:5-8; Heb 13:1; 1Pe 3:8; 1Jo 3:11-13 return : 2Ch 10:16; 1Ki 22:36 for this thing : 2Ch 10:15; Gen 50:20;...

TSK: 2Ch 11:5 - built am 3029-3032, bc 975-972 built : 2Ch 8:2-6, 2Ch 14:6, 2Ch 14:7, 2Ch 16:6, 2Ch 17:12, 2Ch 26:6, 2Ch 27:4; Isa 22:8-11

am 3029-3032, bc 975-972

built : 2Ch 8:2-6, 2Ch 14:6, 2Ch 14:7, 2Ch 16:6, 2Ch 17:12, 2Ch 26:6, 2Ch 27:4; Isa 22:8-11

TSK: 2Ch 11:6 - Bethlehem // Etam // Tekoa Bethlehem : Bethlehem, called Bethlehem Judah (Jdg 17:7), to distinguish it from another Bethlehem in Zebulun (Jos 19:15), and also Ephratah (i.e., fr...

Bethlehem : Bethlehem, called Bethlehem Judah (Jdg 17:7), to distinguish it from another Bethlehem in Zebulun (Jos 19:15), and also Ephratah (i.e., fruitful), and by the Arabs, Bait-el-lahm, is situated on a rising ground on the southern side of a deep and extensive valley, and reclining from e to w not quite six miles s of Jerusalem. Gen 35:19; 1Sa 17:12; Mat 2:5, Mat 2:6

Etam : Jdg 15:8; 1Ch 4:32

Tekoa : 2Ch 20:20; 2Sa 14:2; Neh 3:5, Neh 3:27; Jer 6:1; Amo 1:1

TSK: 2Ch 11:7 - Bethzur // Shoco // Adullam Bethzur : Jos 15:58 Shoco : Jos 15:35, Socoh Adullam : Jos 12:15, Jos 15:35; 1Sa 22:1; 2Sa 23:13; Mic 1:15

Bethzur : Jos 15:58

Shoco : Jos 15:35, Socoh

Adullam : Jos 12:15, Jos 15:35; 1Sa 22:1; 2Sa 23:13; Mic 1:15

TSK: 2Ch 11:8 - Gath // Mareshah // Ziph Gath : 1Ch 18:1 Mareshah : Jos 15:44 Ziph : Jos 15:24; 1Sa 23:14, 1Sa 23:19; Psa 54:1 *title

Gath : 1Ch 18:1

Mareshah : Jos 15:44

Ziph : Jos 15:24; 1Sa 23:14, 1Sa 23:19; Psa 54:1 *title

TSK: 2Ch 11:9 - Lachish Lachish : 2Ch 32:9; Jos 10:5, Jos 10:11, Jos 15:35, Jos 15:39

TSK: 2Ch 11:10 - Zorah // Hebron Zorah : Jos 15:33, Zoreah, Jos 19:41, Jos 19:42, Ajalon Hebron : Gen 23:2; Num 13:22; Jos 14:14, Jos 20:7; 2Sa 2:11

Zorah : Jos 15:33, Zoreah, Jos 19:41, Jos 19:42, Ajalon

Hebron : Gen 23:2; Num 13:22; Jos 14:14, Jos 20:7; 2Sa 2:11

TSK: 2Ch 11:11 - he fortified // captains he fortified : Isa 22:10, Isa 22:11 captains : 2Ch 11:23, 2Ch 17:19

he fortified : Isa 22:10, Isa 22:11

captains : 2Ch 11:23, 2Ch 17:19

TSK: 2Ch 11:12 - he put shields // having Judah he put shields : 2Ch 26:14, 2Ch 26:15, 2Ch 32:5; 2Sa 13:19, 2Sa 13:22 having Judah : 2Ch 11:1

he put shields : 2Ch 26:14, 2Ch 26:15, 2Ch 32:5; 2Sa 13:19, 2Sa 13:22

having Judah : 2Ch 11:1

TSK: 2Ch 11:13 - resorted to him am 3030, bc 974 resorted to him : Heb. presented themselves to him, 2Ch 11:13

am 3030, bc 974

resorted to him : Heb. presented themselves to him, 2Ch 11:13

TSK: 2Ch 11:14 - suburbs // their possession // Jeroboam suburbs : Num 35:2-5; Josh. 21:20-42; 1Chr. 6:66-81 their possession : Lev 27:30-34; Num 18:21-28 Jeroboam : 2Ch 13:9; 1Ki 12:28-33, 1Ki 13:33

suburbs : Num 35:2-5; Josh. 21:20-42; 1Chr. 6:66-81

their possession : Lev 27:30-34; Num 18:21-28

Jeroboam : 2Ch 13:9; 1Ki 12:28-33, 1Ki 13:33

TSK: 2Ch 11:15 - for the devils // for the calves for the devils : The word, seirim literally signifies hairy ones, or goats. See note on Lev 17:7. Deu 32:17; 1Co 10:20, 1Co 10:21; 1Ti 4:1; Rev 16:...

for the devils : The word, seirim literally signifies hairy ones, or goats. See note on Lev 17:7. Deu 32:17; 1Co 10:20, 1Co 10:21; 1Ti 4:1; Rev 16:14

for the calves : Exo 32:4-8, Exo 32:31; 1Ki 12:28, 1Ki 14:9; Psa 106:19, Psa 106:20; Hos 8:5, Hos 8:6, Hos 13:2

TSK: 2Ch 11:16 - And after // set // to sacrifice And after : 2Ch 15:9, 2Ch 30:11, 2Ch 30:18, 2Ch 30:19; Jos 22:19; Psa 84:5-7 set : Exo 9:21 *marg. Deu 32:46; 1Sa 7:3, 1Sa 7:4; 1Ch 22:19; Job 34:14; ...

TSK: 2Ch 11:17 - strengthened // three years am 3029-3032, bc 975-972 strengthened : 2Ch 12:1 three years : 2Ch 1:1-12, 2Ch 7:17-19, 2Ch 8:13-16; Hos 6:4; Mat 13:20, Mat 13:21

am 3029-3032, bc 975-972

strengthened : 2Ch 12:1

three years : 2Ch 1:1-12, 2Ch 7:17-19, 2Ch 8:13-16; Hos 6:4; Mat 13:20, Mat 13:21

TSK: 2Ch 11:18 - daughter // Eliab am 3029-3046, bc 975-958 daughter : Eliab was David’ s eldest brother; and more than eighty years had elapsed since David, at the age of thirty, ...

am 3029-3046, bc 975-958

daughter : Eliab was David’ s eldest brother; and more than eighty years had elapsed since David, at the age of thirty, began to reign: Abigail must therefore have been grand-daughter to Eliab; and this shows the latitude in which the words son and daughter are used in Scripture.

Eliab : 1Sa 16:6, 1Sa 17:13, 1Sa 17:28; 1Ch 2:13, 1Ch 27:18, Elihu

TSK: 2Ch 11:20 - Maachah // Absalom // Abijah Maachah : 2Ch 11:21, 2Ch 13:2, Michaiah the daughter of Uriel Absalom : 1Ki 15:2, Abishalom Abijah : 2Ch 12:16; 1Ki 15:1, Abijam, Mat 1:7, Abia

Maachah : 2Ch 11:21, 2Ch 13:2, Michaiah the daughter of Uriel

Absalom : 1Ki 15:2, Abishalom

Abijah : 2Ch 12:16; 1Ki 15:1, Abijam, Mat 1:7, Abia

TSK: 2Ch 11:21 - eighteen wives eighteen wives : 2Ch 11:23; Deu 17:17; Jdg 8:30; 2Sa 3:2-5, 2Sa 5:13; 1Ki 11:3; 1Ch 3:1-9; Son 6:8, Son 6:9

TSK: 2Ch 11:22 - made Abijah made Abijah : Deu 21:15-17; 1Ch 5:1, 1Ch 5:2, 1Ch 29:1

TSK: 2Ch 11:23 - he dealt // dispersed // every fenced city // many wives he dealt : 2Ch 10:8-15; Luk 16:8 dispersed : 2Ch 21:3; Gen 25:6; 1Ki 1:5, 1Ki 1:6 every fenced city : 2Ch 11:11 many wives : Heb. a multitude of wives...

he dealt : 2Ch 10:8-15; Luk 16:8

dispersed : 2Ch 21:3; Gen 25:6; 1Ki 1:5, 1Ki 1:6

every fenced city : 2Ch 11:11

many wives : Heb. a multitude of wives, 2Ch 11:21

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ch 11:5 - Built cities Built cities i.e. repaired, and enlarged, and fortified them; as building is oft used in Scripture, as hath been formerly proved; for these cities, o...

Built cities i.e. repaired, and enlarged, and fortified them; as building is oft used in Scripture, as hath been formerly proved; for these cities, or divers of them, were built before, as appears from Jos 10:10 12:15 15:21,33,35,58 19:42 .

Poole: 2Ch 11:12 - In every several city In every several city to wit, so fortified, as he said, 2Ch 11:11

In every several city to wit, so fortified, as he said, 2Ch 11:11

Poole: 2Ch 11:14 - -- They would not suffer them to instruct and assist the Israelites in the worship and service of God, nor to go up to Jerusalem to worship in their co...

They would not suffer them to instruct and assist the Israelites in the worship and service of God, nor to go up to Jerusalem to worship in their courses; and these priests would not join with them in the worship of the calves, as they were desired and commanded to do; and therefore they willingly forsook all their patrimonies and possessions for God’ s sake.

Poole: 2Ch 11:15 - and for the calves Or, for the high places, both for the devils (i.e. the Baals, or false gods, which divers of his people worshipped, whom he permitted and encourag...

Or,

for the high places, both for the devils (i.e. the Baals, or false gods, which divers of his people worshipped, whom he permitted and encouraged to do so, giving them liberty to do any thing but to serve God at Jerusalem)

and for the calves So he erected two sorts of high places, some for Baal, and some for the true God, whom he pretended and would be thought to worship in and by the calves.

Poole: 2Ch 11:16 - Such as set their hearts to seek the Lord God of Israel Such as set their hearts to seek the Lord God of Israel such as loved and feared God in truth, and with their whole heart.

Such as set their hearts to seek the Lord God of Israel such as loved and feared God in truth, and with their whole heart.

Poole: 2Ch 11:17 - -- This honourable mention of Solomon, as a pattern of piety, is a considerable evidence of his true repentance before his death; of which See Poole "...

This honourable mention of Solomon, as a pattern of piety, is a considerable evidence of his true repentance before his death; of which See Poole "1Ki 11:43" .

Poole: 2Ch 11:22 - To be ruler among his brethren To be ruler among his brethren he declared him his successor, and gave him the dominion over his brethren; wherein (if he was not the first-born, as ...

To be ruler among his brethren he declared him his successor, and gave him the dominion over his brethren; wherein (if he was not the first-born, as it seems to be implied, because this is mentioned as an effect of his superlative love to his mother) he transgressed that law, Deu 21:15,16 , unless God was pleased to dispense with it at this time.

Poole: 2Ch 11:23 - Dispersed of all his children // Unto every fenced city // Desired many wives Dispersed of all his children: lest his other sons should after his death unite their counsels and forces together against Abijah, he wisely disperse...

Dispersed of all his children: lest his other sons should after his death unite their counsels and forces together against Abijah, he wisely dispersed them into several and distant places, and under pretence of honouring them with the government of them, he made them prisoners in a sort, appointing several persons to observe their motions, and prevent their combinations.

Unto every fenced city agreeable to their quality, that their restraint might be more easy to them.

Desired many wives either,

1. For his children; or rather,

2. For himself, by comparing this with 2Ch 11:21 .

Haydock: 2Ch 11:1 - Chosen // His Chosen. Septuagint, "young," (Haydock) as the Hebrew term also signifies. (Tirinus) --- His. Hebrew, "the kingdom again to Roboam."

Chosen. Septuagint, "young," (Haydock) as the Hebrew term also signifies. (Tirinus) ---

His. Hebrew, "the kingdom again to Roboam."

Haydock: 2Ch 11:4 - Will Will, to punish the disorders of Solomon, &c. See 3 Kings xii. 24., and Genesis xlv. 8. God knows how to draw good out of evil, without approving t...

Will, to punish the disorders of Solomon, &c. See 3 Kings xii. 24., and Genesis xlv. 8. God knows how to draw good out of evil, without approving the misconduct of men. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ch 11:5 - Juda Juda. This was now become a frontier country, and both kings were forced to erect fortifications, 3 Kings xii. 25.

Juda. This was now become a frontier country, and both kings were forced to erect fortifications, 3 Kings xii. 25.

Haydock: 2Ch 11:6 - Etam Etam, famous for fine waters and gardens, (Josephus, [Antiquities?] viii. 2.) about ten miles from Jerusalem, on the road to Hebron. It was fortifie...

Etam, famous for fine waters and gardens, (Josephus, [Antiquities?] viii. 2.) about ten miles from Jerusalem, on the road to Hebron. It was fortified against the inroads of Simeon and Dan. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ch 11:11 - Governors Governors, of a military character. Hebrew, "captains, (Tirinus) and store of provisions, (wheat) and of oil," &c., such as would be requisite in a ...

Governors, of a military character. Hebrew, "captains, (Tirinus) and store of provisions, (wheat) and of oil," &c., such as would be requisite in a siege.

Haydock: 2Ch 11:14 - Off Off. This was done at different times; so that almost all the Levites took refuge in the dominions of Juda. Yet some prevaricated. Ezechiel (xliv....

Off. This was done at different times; so that almost all the Levites took refuge in the dominions of Juda. Yet some prevaricated. Ezechiel (xliv. 12.) only exempts the family of Sadoc. (Calmet) ---

The rest set before us a noble example to endure temporal loss, rather than to neglect the practice of religion, or to conform to a false one. (Worthington)

Haydock: 2Ch 11:15 - Devils Devils. Hebrew, "goats." (Calmet) --- Septuagint express this by two names, "for the idols, and for the fools." (Haydock) --- The Mendesians of ...

Devils. Hebrew, "goats." (Calmet) ---

Septuagint express this by two names, "for the idols, and for the fools." (Haydock) ---

The Mendesians of Egypt, solemnly worshipped the goat; and Pan was represented nearly in the same form. Yet it is probable that the Hebrews style the idols by this name out of derision, 3 Kings xv. 2. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ch 11:17 - They // Solomon // Only They, the pious refugees. (Tirinus) (Chap. xv. 9.) --- Solomon, while virtuous. --- Only is not expressed in Hebrew or Septuagint, but it is su...

They, the pious refugees. (Tirinus) (Chap. xv. 9.) ---

Solomon, while virtuous. ---

Only is not expressed in Hebrew or Septuagint, but it is sufficiently implied.

Haydock: 2Ch 11:18 - Daughter Daughter. Hebrew ban, "the son." But bath, "daughter," (Haydock) occurs properly in some manuscripts, as in the ancient versions. Leusden has ...

Daughter. Hebrew ban, "the son." But bath, "daughter," (Haydock) occurs properly in some manuscripts, as in the ancient versions. Leusden has here this very odd note: "perhaps by ban, (with a pathah) here both sexes may be understood." Forte per ban hic intelligitur uterque sexus. (Kennicott) ---

Protestants substitute, "daughter." (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ch 11:20 - Daughter Daughter, or grand-daughter, by Thamar, 3 Kings xv. 2. (Calmet)

Daughter, or grand-daughter, by Thamar, 3 Kings xv. 2. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ch 11:22 - Head // Meant Head. Septuagint, "prince." (Haydock) --- Grotius maintains that Abia was the eldest. But all others are of a contrary opinion, and believe that ...

Head. Septuagint, "prince." (Haydock) ---

Grotius maintains that Abia was the eldest. But all others are of a contrary opinion, and believe that Roboam derogated from the law, (Deuteronomy xxi. 16.; Calmet) as David had done, unless it was left to the option of the king to appoint whom he pleased for his successor. (Haydock) ---

Meant. Protestants supply, " he thought " which is found in the Septuagint.

Haydock: 2Ch 11:23 - Because Because. Septuagint, "And he was magnified above....and he gave them (cities, Greek: autais ) abundance," &c. This may be all understood of Abia. ...

Because. Septuagint, "And he was magnified above....and he gave them (cities, Greek: autais ) abundance," &c. This may be all understood of Abia. But Hebrew rather speaks of his father: "And he acted wisely, and dispersed all his other children, throughout the countries of Juda;" (Haydock) keeping them at a distance, to prevent any commotion, (Calmet) but making ample provision and procuring wives for them, perhaps at no small cost, as few might wish to be thus prisoners at large. (Tirinus) ---

It was probably then the custom to educate the royal children in the noblest families. See 4 Kings x. 1. (Calmet) ---

This would also tend to increase their father's influence, and to make them better acquainted with the country, that they might be able to communicate all necessary intelligence. (Haydock) ---

Pagnin and Vatable insinuate, that Roboam "caused to be educated and dispersed some of all his children, throughout all the lands of Juda." (Menochius)

Gill: 2Ch 11:1-4 - And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem,.... After he had been at Shechem, and had given his answer to the request of the men of Israel, upon which th...

And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem,.... After he had been at Shechem, and had given his answer to the request of the men of Israel, upon which they revolted from him: this and the three following verses are the same with 1Ki 12:21. See Gill on 1Ki 12:21.

Gill: 2Ch 11:5 - And Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem // and built cities for defence in Judah And Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem,.... The metropolis of Judah, and the capital city of his kingdom: and built cities for defence in Judah; that is, ...

And Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem,.... The metropolis of Judah, and the capital city of his kingdom:

and built cities for defence in Judah; that is, rebuilt, enlarged, and fortified them; for otherwise they were built before, though neglected before the revolt of the ten tribes; but now it became necessary to make them more capacious and strong, to protect his people, and defend himself against Israel; for though he was forbid to act offensively, and therefore contented himself to abide in Jerusalem, and not go forth to war; yet he might lawfully put himself into a condition of defence.

Gill: 2Ch 11:6 - He built even Bethlehem // and Etam // and Tekoah He built even Bethlehem,.... The place of our Lord's birth, about six miles from Jerusalem: and Etam; another city in the tribe of Judah; see 1Ch 4...

He built even Bethlehem,.... The place of our Lord's birth, about six miles from Jerusalem:

and Etam; another city in the tribe of Judah; see 1Ch 4:32, there was a rock of this name, Jdg 15:8 and a fountain from whence waters were conveyed into the pool at Jerusalem, spoken of in Jewish writings b:

and Tekoah; of which place Amos the prophet was, and which was about twelve miles from Jerusalem. Rauwolff c speaks of it as a fortified place now; he says it has a strong and mighty castle, built on a great and high hill.

Gill: 2Ch 11:7 - And Bethzur, and Shocho, and Adullam. And Bethzur, and Shocho, and Adullam. All in the tribe of Judah, of which see Jos 15:35.

And Bethzur, and Shocho, and Adullam. All in the tribe of Judah, of which see Jos 15:35.

Gill: 2Ch 11:8 - And Gath // and Mareshah // and Ziph And Gath,.... Which cannot be that Gath which was one of the principalities of the Philistines, but a city in the tribe of Judah; though of it we nowh...

And Gath,.... Which cannot be that Gath which was one of the principalities of the Philistines, but a city in the tribe of Judah; though of it we nowhere else read; unless this is the same with Moreshethgath, Mic 1:14, which is probable, since it follows:

and Mareshah; the birth place of Micah the prophet, Mic 1:1,

and Ziph; there were two cities of this name in the tribe of Judah, Jos 15:24.

Gill: 2Ch 11:9 - And Adoraim // and Lachish // and Azekah And Adoraim,.... Called by Josephus d Adora, which he mentions along with Mareshah, or Marissa: and Lachish: a royal city in the time of the Canaan...

And Adoraim,.... Called by Josephus d Adora, which he mentions along with Mareshah, or Marissa:

and Lachish: a royal city in the time of the Canaanites, and which fell to the lot of Judah, Jos 12:11,

and Azekah; a city situated in the plain of Judah, Jos 10:10.

Gill: 2Ch 11:10 - And Zorah // and Aijalon // and Hebron // which are in Judah and in Benjamin fenced cities And Zorah,.... The same with Zoreah, Jos 15:33, and Aijalon; there was a city of the tribe of Dan of this name, in the valley of which the moon sto...

And Zorah,.... The same with Zoreah, Jos 15:33,

and Aijalon; there was a city of the tribe of Dan of this name, in the valley of which the moon stood still in the times of Joshua, Jos 10:12, but whether the same with this, and now belonging to Judah, or another of the same name, is not certain:

and Hebron; a city in the mountainous part of Judah, and a city of refuge, about twenty miles from Jerusalem, Jos 15:54,

which are in Judah and in Benjamin fenced cities; as they were now made by Rehoboam.

Gill: 2Ch 11:11 - And he fortified the strong holds // and put captains in them // and store of victual, and of oil and wine And he fortified the strong holds,.... Of these and other cities: and put captains in them; garrisons of soldiers, with captains over them to defen...

And he fortified the strong holds,.... Of these and other cities:

and put captains in them; garrisons of soldiers, with captains over them to defend them:

and store of victual, and of oil and wine; that they might be able to hold out a siege, should they be attacked.

Gill: 2Ch 11:12 - And in every several city he put shields and spears // and made them exceeding strong // having Judah and Benjamin on his side And in every several city he put shields and spears,.... Furnished them with these and perhaps other pieces of armour, these being put for all, to def...

And in every several city he put shields and spears,.... Furnished them with these and perhaps other pieces of armour, these being put for all, to defend themselves with against an enemy, and to annoy them:

and made them exceeding strong; so that they could not be easily taken:

having Judah and Benjamin on his side: which tribes cleaved to one another, and to Rehoboam, and to the kings of the house of David, in later times, as well as to the true religion.

Gill: 2Ch 11:13 - And the priests and the Levites, that were in all Israel // resorted to him out of all their coasts And the priests and the Levites, that were in all Israel,.... In the ten tribes, in the cities assigned to them therein: resorted to him out of all...

And the priests and the Levites, that were in all Israel,.... In the ten tribes, in the cities assigned to them therein:

resorted to him out of all their coasts; as to their rightful sovereign, and chiefly for the sake of the service of the sanctuary at Jerusalem.

Gill: 2Ch 11:14 - For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession // for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from exercising the priest's office unto the Lord For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession,.... The cities and the fields adjacent to them, which were given them in the several tribes, ...

For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession,.... The cities and the fields adjacent to them, which were given them in the several tribes, and were in all forty eight; see Jos 21:1 and came to Judah and Jerusalem; to the cities of Judah, which belonged to the Levites; and to Jerusalem, where they exercised their functions:

for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from exercising the priest's office unto the Lord; neither suffering them to go to Jerusalem in their courses, as they used to do by turns, nor to perform their office in their own dwellings, according to the law of God, in teaching and instructing the people.

Gill: 2Ch 11:15 - And he ordained him priests for the high places // and for the devils // even for the calves which he had made And he ordained him priests for the high places,.... Of such who were not of the tribe of Levi, and family of Aaron; see 1Ki 12:31. and for the dev...

And he ordained him priests for the high places,.... Of such who were not of the tribe of Levi, and family of Aaron; see 1Ki 12:31.

and for the devils; demons in the shape of goats, as this word signifies, in which form many of the Heathen deities were worshipped; idols of whatsoever kind are so called; for whosoever worships them worships not God, but devils, 1Co 10:21 the images which Jeroboam set up may be meant, and the next clause may be rendered as explanative of them:

even for the calves which he had made; one of which he set up at Dan, and the other at Bethel, 1Ki 12:28.

Gill: 2Ch 11:16 - And after them out of all the tribes of Israel // such as set their hearts to seek the Lord God of Israel // came to Jerusalem to sacrifice to the Lord God of their fathers And after them out of all the tribes of Israel,.... Besides the priests and Levites, and after their example, many of the common people, out of all th...

And after them out of all the tribes of Israel,.... Besides the priests and Levites, and after their example, many of the common people, out of all the ten tribes:

such as set their hearts to seek the Lord God of Israel; to seek his face and favour, where he was to be found; to worship him according to his revealed will, and to receive doctrine or instruction from him, as the Targum:

came to Jerusalem to sacrifice to the Lord God of their fathers; to sacrifice where only sacrifices were to be offered up, and by the priests of the Lord, who were gone thither, and to their fathers' God, whom the ten tribes had revolted from.

Gill: 2Ch 11:17 - So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah // and made Rehoboam son of Solomon strong three years // for three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah,.... Made it more numerous, and in a better condition to defend itself: and made Rehoboam son of Solomon ...

So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah,.... Made it more numerous, and in a better condition to defend itself:

and made Rehoboam son of Solomon strong three years; established him on the throne, strengthened the government in his hands, and were the means of preserving him in the pure worship of God for the space of time mentioned, the reason of which follows:

for three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon; in their good ways, which were according to the rule of the divine word; and which, as they refer to the whole of David's life and reign, some particular actions excepted, so to the former part of Solomon's reign, before he fell into idolatry, and to the latter part of it after his repentance; for that he did repent is by some concluded from hence, and may be more strongly from the book of Ecclesiastes, written by him in his old age. This is to be understood both of Rehoboam and his people, who after three years forsook the law of the Lord, 2Ch 12:1.

Gill: 2Ch 11:18 - And Rehoboam took him Mahalath, the daughter of Jerimoth, the son of David, to wife // and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse And Rehoboam took him Mahalath, the daughter of Jerimoth, the son of David, to wife,.... Of which son of David we nowhere else read; perhaps he might ...

And Rehoboam took him Mahalath, the daughter of Jerimoth, the son of David, to wife,.... Of which son of David we nowhere else read; perhaps he might be the son of one of his concubines, or he might have two names:

and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; who was David's eldest brother. 1Sa 17:13. She must be a granddaughter or great-granddaughter of his.

Gill: 2Ch 11:19 - Which bare him children // Jeush, and Shamariah, and Zaham Which bare him children,.... Or, "and she bore him" d; for it is said only of one of them, the other perhaps died without children; this may refer to ...

Which bare him children,.... Or, "and she bore him" d; for it is said only of one of them, the other perhaps died without children; this may refer to the last mentioned, Abihail, whose children were

Jeush, and Shamariah, and Zaham; who perhaps all died in their father's lifetime, since the firstborn of a later wife succeeded him.

Gill: 2Ch 11:20 - And after he took Maacah the daughter of Absalom // and Uriel of Gibeah // which bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith And after he took Maacah the daughter of Absalom,.... Thought by some to be Absalom the son of David, his father's brother, and his uncle, and so marr...

And after he took Maacah the daughter of Absalom,.... Thought by some to be Absalom the son of David, his father's brother, and his uncle, and so married his cousin; but Absalom seems to have had but one daughter, whose name was Tamar, 2Sa 14:27, and the name of this man is different from his; he is called Abishalom, 1Ki 15:2.

and Uriel of Gibeah; 2Ch 13:2, of the tribe of Benjamin, whereas Absalom was of the tribe of Judah:

which bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith: Abijah the firstborn, and who was successor in the kingdom, is the same with Abijam, 1Ki 14:31 of the rest we nowhere else read.

Gill: 2Ch 11:21 - And Rehoboam loved Maacah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines // for he took eighteen wives and sixty concubines // and begat twenty eight sons and sixty daughters And Rehoboam loved Maacah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines, &c. Who is called Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel, 2Ch 13:2,...

And Rehoboam loved Maacah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines, &c. Who is called Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel, 2Ch 13:2,

for he took eighteen wives and sixty concubines; led thereunto by the example of his father Solomon, contrary to the command of God, Deu 17:17.

and begat twenty eight sons and sixty daughters; to have many children was reckoned a great blessing, but it was not honourable to have them in such a way.

Gill: 2Ch 11:22 - And Rehoboam made Abijah the son of Maacah the chief // to be ruler among his brethren // to make him king And Rehoboam made Abijah the son of Maacah the chief,.... The chief of all his sons, head over them, being the son of his most beloved wife, and her f...

And Rehoboam made Abijah the son of Maacah the chief,.... The chief of all his sons, head over them, being the son of his most beloved wife, and her firstborn however, and perhaps might be of a greater capacity than the rest of his children:

to be ruler among his brethren; or over them; gave him greater authority, and intrusted him with more power, set him above them, and treated him as heir apparent to the crown: for he thought

to make him king; either to take him into partnership in the throne with him in his lifetime, or to appoint and declare him to be his successor.

Gill: 2Ch 11:23 - And he dealt wisely // and disposed of all his children throughout all the countries of Judah and Benjamin, unto every fenced city // and he gave them victual in abundance // and he desired many wives And he dealt wisely,.... Acted a prudent part, in order to execute his scheme, and particularly by disposing of his other sons in different parts of h...

And he dealt wisely,.... Acted a prudent part, in order to execute his scheme, and particularly by disposing of his other sons in different parts of his kingdom, as follows: or "he made him his son Abijah to understand" e; he taught and instructed him in the art of government, took a particular care of his education, that he might be fitted for it; and he might instruct him how to behave towards his brethren, for the present and hereafter, as well as towards all the people in general: or "he (Abijah) understood" f; had more understanding and wisdom than all the children of Rehoboam; though it seems best to interpret it of Rehoboam himself, since it follows:

and disposed of all his children throughout all the countries of Judah and Benjamin, unto every fenced city; to be governors thereof, in whose hands he could better trust them than in any other; or else, by thus separating them, they would not be able to enter into combination against Abijah; but then he must at the same time appoint some persons to watch and observe them; or otherwise, having such, strong places in their possession, they might rebel against him; the Targum is,"he built and repaired the cities, and appointed of all his children throughout all the countries of the house of Judah, to all the fortified cities;''that is, to have the command of them:

and he gave them victual in abundance; that they might have no reason to complain, and might be able to hold out a siege against an enemy, should they be attacked:

and he desired many wives; either for himself, or rather for his son, since he himself had many; or "Abijah desired, or asked g many wives" of their parents, or of those who had the dispose of them, in imitation of his father.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:1 Heb “he summoned the house of Judah and Benjamin, 180,000 chosen men, accomplished in war.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:2 Heb “and the word of the Lord came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:4 Heb “and they heard the words of the Lord and returned from going against Jeroboam.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:5 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:6 For location see Map5 B1; Map7 E2; Map8 E2; Map10 B4.

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:12 Heb “he strengthened them greatly, very much.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:13 Heb “and the priests and the Levites who were in all Israel supported him from all their territory.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:15 Heb “and for the goats and for the calves he had made.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:16 Heb “fathers.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:17 Heb “they walked in the way of.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:18 The words “and of” are supplied in the translation for clarification and for stylistic reasons.

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:21 Concubines were slave women in ancient Near Eastern societies who were the legal property of their master, but who could have legitimate sexual relati...

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:22 Heb “and Rehoboam appointed for a head Abijah son of Maacah for ruler among his brothers, indeed to make him king.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 11:23 “and he asked for a multitude of wives.”

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 11:1 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he gathered of the house of Judah and ( a ) Benjamin an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen [men], which we...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 11:5 And Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem, and ( c ) built cities for defence in Judah. ( c ) Or, repaired them and made them strong to be more able to resist ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 11:15 And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the ( d ) devils, and for the calves which he had made. ( d ) Meaning idols, (Isa 44:15).

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 11:16 And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their ( e ) hearts to seek the LORD God of Israel came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto the ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 11:17 So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years: for three years they ( f ) walked in the way of D...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 11:22 And Rehoboam made ( g ) Abijah the son of Maachah the chief, [to be] ruler among his brethren: for [he thought] to make him king. ( g ) Called also A...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 11:23 And he dealt wisely, and dispersed of all his children throughout all the countries of Judah and Benjamin, unto every fenced city: and he gave them vi...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 2Ch 11:1-12 - --A few good words might have prevented the rebellion of Rehoboam's subjects; but all the force of his kingdom cannot bring them back. And it is in vain...

MHCC: 2Ch 11:13-23 - --When the priests and Levites came to Jerusalem, the devout, pious Israelites followed them. Such as set their hearts to seek the Lord God of Israel, l...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 11:1-12 - -- How the ten tribes deserted the house of David we read in the foregoing chapter. They had formerly sat loose to that family (2Sa 20:1, 2Sa 20:2), an...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 11:13-23 - -- See here, I. How Rehoboam was strengthened by the accession of the priests and Levites, and all the devout and pious Israelites, to him, even all th...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 11:1-4 - -- Rehoboam's attitude to the ten rebel tribes . Cf. 1Ki 12:21-24. - Rehoboam's purpose, to subdue these tribes by force of arms, and bring them again...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 11:5-12 - -- Rehoboam's measures for the fortifying of his kingdom . - To defend his kingdom against hostile attacks, Rehoboam built cities for defence in Judah...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 11:13-17 - -- 2Ch 11:13-17, the account of the internal spiritual strengthening of the kingdom of Judah by the migration of the priests and Levites, and many pio...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 11:18-19 - -- 2Ch 11:18-23, information as to Rehoboam's family relationships . - 2Ch 11:18. Instead of בּן we must read, with the Keri , many MSS, lxx, and ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 11:20 - -- Maachah the daughter, i.e., the granddaughter, of Absalom; for she cannot have been Absalom's daughter, because Absalom, according to 2Sa 14:27, had...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 11:21-22 - -- Only these wives with their children are mentioned by name, though besides these Rehoboam had a number of wives, 18 wives and 60 (according to Josep...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 11:23 - -- And he did wisely, and dispersed of all his sons in all the countries of Judah and Benjamin, i.e., dispersed all his sons so, that they were placed ...

Constable: 2Ch 10:1--36:23 - --IV. THE REIGNS OF SOLOMON'S SUCCESSORS chs. 10--36 "With the close of Solomon's reign we embark upon a new phase...

Constable: 2Ch 11:1-23 - --2. Rehoboam's kingdom ch. 11 This chapter is unique to Chronicles. It contains an evaluation of ...

Guzik: 2Ch 11:1-23 - The Defection of the Levites 2 Chronicles 11 - The Defection of the Levites A. The reign of Rehoboam, the son of Solomon. 1. (1-4) A prophet prevents a civil war, allowing the n...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF CHRONICLES were also considered as one by the ancient Jews, who called them "words of days," that is, diaries or journal...

JFB: 2 Chronicles (Garis Besar) SOLEMN OFFERING OF SOLOMON AT GIBEON. (2Ch 1:1-6) HIS CHOICE OF WISDOM IS BLESSED BY GOD. (2Ch 1:7-13) HIS STRENGTH AND WEALTH. (2Ch 1:14-17) SOLOMON...

TSK: 2 Chronicles 11 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ch 11:1, Rehoboam raising an army to subdue Israel, is forbidden by Shemaiah; 2Ch 11:5, He strengthens his kingdom with forts and provis...

Poole: 2 Chronicles 11 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHRONICLES CHAPTER 11 Rehoboam raising an army to subdue Israel, is forbidden by Shemaiah, 1Ch 11:1-4 . He strengtheneth his kingdom with forts and...

MHCC: 2 Chronicles 11 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Ch 11:1-12) Rehoboam forbidden to war against Israel. (2Ch 11:13-23) The priests and Levites find refuge in Judah.

Matthew Henry: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Chronicles This book begins with the reign of Solomon and the building of the temple...

Matthew Henry: 2 Chronicles 11 (Pendahuluan Pasal) We are here going on with the history of Rehoboam. I. His attempt to recover the ten tribes he has lost, and the letting fall of that attempt in o...

Constable: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction For an explanation of the title, writer, date, scope, and purpose of this book, see my comments in my notes...

Constable: 2 Chronicles (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Chronicles) III. The reign of Solomon chs. 1-9 ...

Constable: 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE SECOND BOOK OF PARALIPOMENON. INTRODUCTION. As the former Book shews how David was chosen to rule over God's peculiar people, so this [Book]...

Gill: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES This, and the preceding, were but one book originally, but divided into two because of the size of it, so that this is...

Gill: 2 Chronicles 11 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES 11 In this chapter are related the preparations Rehoboam made to regain the ten tribes that revolted from him, but was...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #26: Perkuat kehidupan spiritual harian Anda dengan Bacaan Alkitab Harian. [SEMUA]
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