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Teks -- 2 Samuel 9:1-13 (NET)

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David Finds Mephibosheth
9:1 Then David asked, “Is anyone still left from the family of Saul, so that I may extend kindness to him for the sake of Jonathan?” 9:2 Now there was a servant from Saul’s house named Ziba, so he was summoned to David. The king asked him, “Are you Ziba?” He replied, “At your service.” 9:3 The king asked, “Is there not someone left from Saul’s family, that I may extend God’s kindness to him?” Ziba said to the king, “One of Jonathan’s sons is left; both of his feet are crippled.” 9:4 The king asked him, “Where is he?” Ziba told the king, “He is at the house of Makir son of Ammiel in Lo Debar. 9:5 So King David had him brought from the house of Makir son of Ammiel in Lo Debar. 9:6 When Mephibosheth son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, came to David, he bowed low with his face toward the ground. David said, “Mephibosheth?” He replied, “Yes, at your service.” 9:7 David said to him, “Don’t be afraid, because I will certainly extend kindness to you for the sake of Jonathan your father. You will be a regular guest at my table.” 9:8 Then Mephibosheth bowed and said, “Of what importance am I, your servant, that you show regard for a dead dog like me?” 9:9 Then the king summoned Ziba, Saul’s attendant, and said to him, “Everything that belonged to Saul and to his entire house I hereby give to your master’s grandson. 9:10 You will cultivate the land for him– you and your sons and your servants. You will bring its produce and it will be food for your master’s grandson to eat. But Mephibosheth, your master’s grandson, will be a regular guest at my table.” (Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants.) 9:11 Ziba said to the king, “Your servant will do everything that my lord the king has instructed his servant to do.” So Mephibosheth was a regular guest at David’s table, just as though he were one of the king’s sons. 9:12 Now Mephibosheth had a young son whose name was Mica. All the members of Ziba’s household were Mephibosheth’s servants. 9:13 Mephibosheth was living in Jerusalem, for he was a regular guest at the king’s table. But both his feet were crippled.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ammiel a man sent by Moses as a spy,father of Machir who sheltered Mephibosheth after Saul's death,father of Bathshua/Bathsheba, David's wife,a Levite gatekeeper whose descendants returned from exile
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jonathan a man who was a descendant of Gershom son of Moses,son of Saul of Benjamin,son of the high priest Abiathar in David's time,the son of Shime-i, David's brother,son of Shammah/Shagee; one of David's military elite,son of Jada of Judah,son of Uzziah; overseer of the country treasuries for King David,a man who was uncle and counselor of King David,father of Ebed who accompanied Ezra leading the clan of Adin back from exile,a man who opposed Ezra's reforms; son of Asahel,a chief priest; son of Joiada,priest and head of the house of Malluchi under High Priest Joiakim in the time of Nehemiah,son of Shemaiah of Asaph of Levi; father of Zechariah,a man who was secretary and dungeon keeper for King Zedekiah; son of Kareah
 · Lo-debar a town of Gad, probably 15 km NE of Beth-Shan, just across the Jordan
 · Lo-Debar a town of Gad, probably 15 km NE of Beth-Shan, just across the Jordan
 · Machir son of Manasseh (Joseph); father of Hezron's wife and of Gilead,son of Ammiel at Lo-Debar; Mephibosheth's friend
 · Mephibosheth the crippled son of Jonathan,son of Saul and Rizpah whom the Gibeonites killed
 · Mica son of Mephibosheth son of Jonathan son of Saul,son of Zichri; a Levite whose descendants returned from exile,son of Henadad, a Levite; a signer of the covenant,son of Zabdi in the time of the exiles' return
 · Saul the sixth king of Edom,son of Simeon and a Canaanite woman,son of Uzziah of Kohath son of Levi
 · Ziba the chief servant in the house of Saul


Topik/Tema Kamus: Mephibosheth | Ziba | Kindness | Jonathan | Friendship | Servant | Chronicles, Books of | Ammiel | Hospitality | Lo-debar | Machir | RELATIONSHIPS, FAMILY | Dog | MASTER | King | LODEBAR | MACHIR; MACHIRITE | David | MICHA | Humility | selebihnya
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NET Notes , Geneva Bible

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Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Wesley: 2Sa 9:1 - Of Saul He saith not of the house of Jonathan, for he knew not of any son he had left, and therefore thought his kindness and obligation was to pass to the ne...

He saith not of the house of Jonathan, for he knew not of any son he had left, and therefore thought his kindness and obligation was to pass to the next of his kindred. As for Mephibosheth, he was very young and obscure, and possibly concealed by his friends, lest David should cut him off, as hath been usual among princes.

Wesley: 2Sa 9:5 - Machir This Machir appears to have been a generous man, who entertained Mephibosheth out of mere compassion, not of disaffection to David: for afterwards we ...

This Machir appears to have been a generous man, who entertained Mephibosheth out of mere compassion, not of disaffection to David: for afterwards we find him kind to David himself, when he fled from Absalom. David now little thought, that the time would come, when he himself should need his assistance. Let us be forward to give, because we know not what we ourselves may sometime want.

Wesley: 2Sa 9:8 - Bowed himself It is good to have the heart humbled under humbling providences. If when divine providence brings our condition down, divine grace brings our spirits ...

It is good to have the heart humbled under humbling providences. If when divine providence brings our condition down, divine grace brings our spirits down, we shall be easy.

JFB: 2Sa 9:1-7 - David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul On inquiry, Saul's land steward was found, who gave information that there still survived Mephibosheth, a son of Jonathan who was five years old at hi...

On inquiry, Saul's land steward was found, who gave information that there still survived Mephibosheth, a son of Jonathan who was five years old at his father's death, and whom David, then wandering in exile, had never seen. His lameness (2Sa 4:4) had prevented him from taking any part in the public contests of the time. Besides, according to Oriental notions, the younger son of a crowned monarch has a preferable claim to the succession over the son of a mere heir-apparent; and hence his name was never heard of as the rival of his uncle Ish-bosheth. His insignificance had led to his being lost sight of, and it was only through Ziba that David learned of his existence, and the retired life he passed with one of the great families in trans-jordanic Canaan who remained attached to the fallen dynasty. Mephibosheth was invited to court, and a place at the royal table on public days was assigned him, as is still the custom with Eastern monarchs. Saul's family estate, which had fallen to David in right of his wife (Num 27:8), or been forfeited to the crown by Ish-bosheth's rebellion (2Sa 12:8), was provided (2Sa 9:11; also 2Sa 19:28), for enabling Mephibosheth to maintain an establishment suitable to his rank, and Ziba appointed steward to manage it, on the condition of receiving one-half of the produce in remuneration for his labor and expense, while the other moiety was to be paid as rent to the owner of the land (2Sa 19:29).

JFB: 2Sa 9:10 - Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants The mention of his sons and the slaves in his house was to show that Mephibosheth would be honored with an equipage "as one of the king's sons."

The mention of his sons and the slaves in his house was to show that Mephibosheth would be honored with an equipage "as one of the king's sons."

JFB: 2Sa 9:12 - Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micah Whether born before or after his residence in Jerusalem, cannot be ascertained. But through him the name and memory of the excellent Jonathan was pres...

Whether born before or after his residence in Jerusalem, cannot be ascertained. But through him the name and memory of the excellent Jonathan was preserved (see 1Ch 8:34-35; 1Ch 9:40-41).

Clarke: 2Sa 9:1 - Is there yet any that is left Is there yet any that is left - David recollecting the covenant made with his friend Jonathan, now inquires after his family. It is supposed that po...

Is there yet any that is left - David recollecting the covenant made with his friend Jonathan, now inquires after his family. It is supposed that political considerations prevented him from doing this sooner. Reasons of state often destroy all the charities of life.

Clarke: 2Sa 9:3 - That I may show the kindness of God unto him? That I may show the kindness of God unto him? - That is, the utmost, the highest degrees of kindness; as the hail of God, is very great hail, the mo...

That I may show the kindness of God unto him? - That is, the utmost, the highest degrees of kindness; as the hail of God, is very great hail, the mountains of God, exceeding high mountains: besides, this kindness was according to the covenant of God made between him and the family of Jonathan.

Clarke: 2Sa 9:4 - Lo-debar Lo-debar - Supposed to have been situated beyond Jordan; but there is nothing certain known concerning it.

Lo-debar - Supposed to have been situated beyond Jordan; but there is nothing certain known concerning it.

Clarke: 2Sa 9:7 - Will restore thee all the land Will restore thee all the land - I believe this means the mere family estate of the house of Kish, which David as king might have retained, but whic...

Will restore thee all the land - I believe this means the mere family estate of the house of Kish, which David as king might have retained, but which most certainly belonged, according to the Israelitish law, to the descendants of the family

Clarke: 2Sa 9:7 - And thou shalt eat bread at my table And thou shalt eat bread at my table - This was kindness, (the giving up the land was justice), and it was the highest honor that any subject could ...

And thou shalt eat bread at my table - This was kindness, (the giving up the land was justice), and it was the highest honor that any subject could enjoy, as we may see from the reference made to it by our Lord, Luk 22:30 (note): That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom. For such a person David could do no more. His lameness rendered him unfit for any public employment.

Clarke: 2Sa 9:9 - I have given unto thy master’ s son I have given unto thy master’ s son - Unless Ziba had been servant of Jonathan, this seems to refer to Micha, son of Mephibosheth, and so some ...

I have given unto thy master’ s son - Unless Ziba had been servant of Jonathan, this seems to refer to Micha, son of Mephibosheth, and so some understand it; but it is more likely that Mephibosheth is meant, who is called son of Saul instead of grandson. Yet it is evident enough that the produce of the land went to the support of Micha, (see 2Sa 9:10), for the father was provided for at the table of David; but all the patrimony belonged to Mephibosheth.

Clarke: 2Sa 9:10 - Thou therefore, and thy sons - shall till the land Thou therefore, and thy sons - shall till the land - It seems that Ziba and his family had the care of the whole estate, and cultivated it at their ...

Thou therefore, and thy sons - shall till the land - It seems that Ziba and his family had the care of the whole estate, and cultivated it at their own expense, yielding the half of the produce to the family of Mephibosheth. Ziba was properly the hind, whose duty and interest it was to take proper care of the ground, for the better it was cultivated the more it produced; and his half would consequently be the greater.

Clarke: 2Sa 9:11 - So shall thy servant do So shall thy servant do - The promises of Ziba were fair and specious, but he was a traitor in his heart, as we shall see in the rebellion of Absalo...

So shall thy servant do - The promises of Ziba were fair and specious, but he was a traitor in his heart, as we shall see in the rebellion of Absalom, and David’ s indulgence to this man is a blot in his character; at this time however he suspected no evil; circumstances alone can develope the human character. The internal villain can be known only when circumstances occur which can call his propensities into action; till then he may be reputed an honest man.

Clarke: 2Sa 9:13 - Did eat continually at the king’ s table Did eat continually at the king’ s table - He was fit for no public office, but was treated by the king with the utmost respect and affection.

Did eat continually at the king’ s table - He was fit for no public office, but was treated by the king with the utmost respect and affection.

Defender: 2Sa 9:13 - Mephibosheth Mephibosheth, in a sense, can be considered a type of the helpless sinner, saved by grace, and raised from his helpless condition to sup at the table ...

Mephibosheth, in a sense, can be considered a type of the helpless sinner, saved by grace, and raised from his helpless condition to sup at the table of the King."

TSK: 2Sa 9:1 - show him show him : 2Sa 1:26; 1Sa 18:1-4, 1Sa 20:14-17, 1Sa 20:42, 1Sa 23:16-18; 1Ki 2:7; Pro 27:10; Mat 10:42, Mat 25:40; Mar 9:41; Joh 19:26, Joh 19:27; Phm ...

TSK: 2Sa 9:2 - a servant // was Ziba a servant : Gen 15:2, Gen 15:3, Gen 24:2, Gen 39:6 was Ziba : 2Sa 16:1-4, 2Sa 19:17, 2Sa 19:27-29

TSK: 2Sa 9:3 - the kindness of God // yet a son the kindness of God : That is, the highest degree of kindness; as the hail of God is very great hail; the mountains of God exceeding high mountains; b...

the kindness of God : That is, the highest degree of kindness; as the hail of God is very great hail; the mountains of God exceeding high mountains; besides which, this kindness was according to the covenant of God made between him and Jonathan. Deu 4:37, Deu 10:15; 1Sa 20:14-17; Mat 5:44, Mat 5:45; Luk 6:36; Tit 3:3, Tit 3:4

yet a son : 2Sa 4:4, 2Sa 19:26

TSK: 2Sa 9:4 - Machir // Lodebar Machir : 2Sa 17:27-29 Lodebar : This place appears to have been situated beyond Jordan; and was probably, as Reland supposes, the same as Debir or Lid...

Machir : 2Sa 17:27-29

Lodebar : This place appears to have been situated beyond Jordan; and was probably, as Reland supposes, the same as Debir or Lidbir, Jos 13:26.

TSK: 2Sa 9:6 - Mephibosheth // he fell Mephibosheth : 1Ch 8:34, 1Ch 9:40, called Meribbaal he fell : Gen 18:2, Gen 33:3; 1Sa 20:41, 1Sa 25:23

Mephibosheth : 1Ch 8:34, 1Ch 9:40, called Meribbaal

he fell : Gen 18:2, Gen 33:3; 1Sa 20:41, 1Sa 25:23

TSK: 2Sa 9:7 - Fear not // for I will // eat bread Fear not : Gen 43:18, Gen 43:23, Gen 50:18-21; 1Sa 12:19, 1Sa 12:20, 1Sa 12:24; Isa 35:3, Isa 35:4; Mar 5:33, Mar 5:34; Luk 1:12, Luk 1:13, Luk 1:29, ...

TSK: 2Sa 9:8 - a dead dog a dead dog : 2Sa 3:8, 2Sa 16:9; 1Sa 24:14, 1Sa 24:15, 1Sa 26:20; Mat 15:26, Mat 15:27

TSK: 2Sa 9:9 - I have given I have given : 2Sa 16:4, 2Sa 19:29; 1Sa 9:1; Isa 32:8

I have given : 2Sa 16:4, 2Sa 19:29; 1Sa 9:1; Isa 32:8

TSK: 2Sa 9:10 - shall eat bread shall eat bread : The eating at courts was of two kinds; the one public and ceremonious, the other private. Sir John Chardin understands those passag...

shall eat bread : The eating at courts was of two kinds; the one public and ceremonious, the other private. Sir John Chardin understands those passages which speak of a right to eat at the royal table, as pointing out a right to a seat there, when the repast was public and solemn. So in a manuscript Note on 1Ki 2:7, he tells us that it was to be understood of the majilis , (the term for an assembly of lords, or a public feast), and not of the daily and ordinary repast. Hence, though Mephibosheth was to eat at all public times at the king’ s table, yet he would want the produce of his lands for food at other times, which it was necessary for Ziba to understand. 2Sa 9:7, 2Sa 9:11-13, 2Sa 19:28; 2Ki 25:29; Luk 14:15

TSK: 2Sa 9:11 - Ziba // According Ziba : 2Sa 19:17 According : 2Sa 16:1-4, 2Sa 19:26

Ziba : 2Sa 19:17

According : 2Sa 16:1-4, 2Sa 19:26

TSK: 2Sa 9:12 - son // servants son : 1Ch 8:8, 1Ch 8:34-40, 1Ch 9:40-44, Micah servants : Mic 7:5, Mic 7:6

son : 1Ch 8:8, 1Ch 8:34-40, 1Ch 9:40-44, Micah

servants : Mic 7:5, Mic 7:6

TSK: 2Sa 9:13 - he did eat // was lame he did eat : 2Sa 9:7, 2Sa 9:10, 2Sa 9:11 was lame : 2Sa 9:3

he did eat : 2Sa 9:7, 2Sa 9:10, 2Sa 9:11

was lame : 2Sa 9:3

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Poole: 2Sa 9:1 - Of the house of Saul Of the house of Saul he saith not of the house of Jonathan , for he knew not of any son which he had left, and therefore thought his kindness and ob...

Of the house of Saul he saith not of the house of Jonathan , for he knew not of any son which he had left, and therefore thought his kindness and obligation was to pass to the next of his kindred. As for Mephibosheth, he was very young and obscure, and possibly concealed by his friends, lest David should cut him off from jealousy of state, as hath been usual among princes in like cases, and therefore was unknown to David, as well he might be, especially when David’ s head and hands were full of war with divers and potent enemies, as they had hitherto been.

Poole: 2Sa 9:2 - A servant A servant one who had been a servant, and, as it may seem, a steward to Saul. See Poole "2Sa 9:10" .

A servant one who had been a servant, and, as it may seem, a steward to Saul. See Poole "2Sa 9:10" .

Poole: 2Sa 9:3 - The kindness of God The kindness of God either, first, That kindness which I owe him for God’ s sake, and by virtue of my oath given to him about it, 1Sa 20:14,15 ....

The kindness of God either, first, That kindness which I owe him for God’ s sake, and by virtue of my oath given to him about it, 1Sa 20:14,15 . But that oath seems only to oblige him to Jonathan’ s posterity, and not to any other of Saul’ s house. Or, secondly, Great and eminent kindness.

Poole: 2Sa 9:4 - -- In a place beyond Jordan, 2Sa 17:27 , where his friends thought he might be kept out of David’ s sight.

In a place beyond Jordan, 2Sa 17:27 , where his friends thought he might be kept out of David’ s sight.

Poole: 2Sa 9:7 - All the land of Saul All the land of Saul is now seized and possessed by David, as due to him, either in right of his wife, to whom the inheritance was devolved, SaulR...

All the land of Saul is now seized and possessed by David, as due to him, either in right of his wife, to whom the inheritance was devolved, Saul’ s sons by his wives being all dead; see Num 27:8 ; or by Divine donation, as belonging to the crown which God had now given him; or by forfeiture, because of Ish-bosheth’ s rebellion against his lord and king.

Poole: 2Sa 9:8 - -- So contemptible in my person and condition.

So contemptible in my person and condition.

Poole: 2Sa 9:10 - That thy master’ s son may have food to eat That thy master’ s son may have food to eat i.e. that he may have wherewith to buy food for all his family, and all manner of provisions (which ...

That thy master’ s son may have food to eat i.e. that he may have wherewith to buy food for all his family, and all manner of provisions (which oft come under the title of food and bread) necessary for himself and them.

It is probable he had been the chief steward to manage Saul’ s lands; whereby he had great opportunities to enrich himself, which also he was very intent and resolved upon, either directly or indirectly, as the following history of him shows; and therefore it is not strange that he was so rich.

Poole: 2Sa 9:11 - -- These are the words, either, first, Of David; the words said he , or said the king , being supplied out of the former and following verses. Or, se...

These are the words, either, first, Of David; the words said he , or said the king , being supplied out of the former and following verses. Or, secondly, Of Ziba, being thus rendered and understood. Also Mephibosheth , if the king so please,

shall eat at my table and shall be treated there according to his quality, as one of thy sons , as thou desirest; for the estate will suffice for that also.

Poole: 2Sa 9:12 - Mephibosheth had a young son // Micha Mephibosheth had a young son either, first, Before he was discovered and brought to the king; and then David seems guilty of a great error in forgett...

Mephibosheth had a young son either, first, Before he was discovered and brought to the king; and then David seems guilty of a great error in forgetting his dear Jonathan so long; although his long and continued wars, both civil and foreign, might afford him some excuse, as filling his mind and time with business of another nature. Or, secondly, After that time; for there is nothing here which determines when this son was born. Whose name was

Micha who also had other children and grandchildren, to keep up the name and memory of worthy and famous Jonathan. See 1Ch 8:34,35 9:40,41 .

Haydock: 2Sa 9:1 - Saul Saul. David was solicitous only about the descendants of Jonathan, who was the eldest son. The rest he afterwards gave up to be crucified, while he...

Saul. David was solicitous only about the descendants of Jonathan, who was the eldest son. The rest he afterwards gave up to be crucified, while he ordered the patrimony of Saul to be given to Miphiboseth, who was now about twenty years old. (Salien, the year before Christ 1058.) ---

It is rather wonderful that David had not thought of his old friend sooner. But we are not obliged to suppose that he had reigned fifteen years, without being mindful of his repeated promises to Jonathan, 1 Kings xx. 42. (Haydock) ---

This event took place towards the beginning of his reign. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 9:2 - Servant Servant, of free man of Saul, and a convert. (Josephus) (Menochius) --- Yet he might very well be a Hebrew, who refused to accept his liberty, and...

Servant, of free man of Saul, and a convert. (Josephus) (Menochius) ---

Yet he might very well be a Hebrew, who refused to accept his liberty, and continued as superintendent over the rest of his master's house, (ver. 10,) like Eleazar, Joseph, (Genesis xxiv., and xxxix.) or the servant of whom our Saviour speaks, Luke xii. 42. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 9:4 - Lodabar // Machir Lodabar, probably on the east side of the Jordan. (Calmet) --- Machir was a powerful man of the tribe of Manasses. (Menochius)

Lodabar, probably on the east side of the Jordan. (Calmet) ---

Machir was a powerful man of the tribe of Manasses. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 9:7 - Father // Always Father, or grandfather. (Haydock) --- It is thought that all his goods had been confiscated, in consequence of Isboseth's assuming the regal dignit...

Father, or grandfather. (Haydock) ---

It is thought that all his goods had been confiscated, in consequence of Isboseth's assuming the regal dignity. (Calmet) ---

David might give the property to whom he pleased. (Menochius) ---

Always. This was a mark of the greatest distinction, Luke xxii. 30. The Romans sometimes made their slaves free, in this manner, per mensam. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 9:9 - Son Son, Miphiboseth. Some understand less correctly, (Calmet) "I have given to Micha, the son of Miphiboseth, all that belonged to Saul; and, as for Mi...

Son, Miphiboseth. Some understand less correctly, (Calmet) "I have given to Micha, the son of Miphiboseth, all that belonged to Saul; and, as for Miphiboseth, I give him my table." (Munster; Vatable; Salien) (Menochius) ---

Saul's patrimony might be administered by Siba, to support Micha. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 2Sa 9:10 - Servants Servants under him, though all belonged to Miphiboseth. (Haydock)

Servants under him, though all belonged to Miphiboseth. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 9:11 - My table My table, if the king was pleased so to order. (Sanchez) --- It would seem that Siba did not properly understand the king. (Calmet) --- The Septu...

My table, if the king was pleased so to order. (Sanchez) ---

It would seem that Siba did not properly understand the king. (Calmet) ---

The Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic, read, perhaps more correctly u, "his," instead of i, "my table," in shulchani. "And Memphibosthai ate at David's table, as one," &c. (Haydock) ---

He did not merely eat of the king's table, (ver. 13,) but at it, super mensam, as the Hebrew, Chaldean, and Septuagint express. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 9:13 - Feet Feet, from five years of age, chap. iv. 4. If we add the seven years and a half of his uncle's reign, and suppose that David would take this notice ...

Feet, from five years of age, chap. iv. 4. If we add the seven years and a half of his uncle's reign, and suppose that David would take this notice of him, as soon as he had it in his power, after the taking of Jerusalem, we may conclude that he was about thirteen years old when he was presented to the king, and behaved with the most engaging modesty and respect. If he had already a son, (ver. 12,) we may allow a few years more. (Haydock)

Gill: 2Sa 9:1 - And David said // is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul // that I may show him kindness, for Jonathan's sake And David said,.... To some of his courtiers: is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul? which question was put by him, not in order to de...

And David said,.... To some of his courtiers:

is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul? which question was put by him, not in order to destroy them, lest they should disturb his government, as was usual with other princes, and especially such who got their crowns by usurpation; but to prevent any suspicion of that kind in the persons he inquired of, he adds:

that I may show him kindness, for Jonathan's sake? not for Saul's sake, who had been his implacable enemy, though he had sworn to him that he would not cut off his seed; but for Jonathan's sake, his dear friend, whose memory was precious to him. Some of the Jewish writers have thought, because this follows upon the account given of the officers of David, both in his camp and court, that this question was occasioned by a thought that came into his mind, while he was appointing officers, that if there were any of Saul's family, and especially any descendant of Jonathan, that was fit for any post or office, he would put him into one; but this seems to be a long time after David had settled men in his chief offices; for Mephibosheth, after an inquiry found out, was but five years of age when his father was slain, and so but twelve when David was made king over all Israel, and yet now he was married, and had a young son, 2Sa 9:12; so that it was a long time after David was established in the kingdom that he thought of this; which is to be imputed to his being engaged so much in war, and having such a multiplicity of business on his hands.

Gill: 2Sa 9:2 - And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba // and when they had called him unto David // the king said unto him, art thou Ziba // and he said, thy servant is he And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba,.... Or there was a servant that belonged to Saul's family; not that any of Saul's ...

And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba,.... Or there was a servant that belonged to Saul's family; not that any of Saul's family was a servant; and this servant the Jews commonly say was a Canaanitish servant, and who upon the death of his master was not made free, but became the inheritance and possession of his children after him, Lev 25:46; though Josephus n says he was made free by Saul:

and when they had called him unto David; who it seems was now at court, or in Jerusalem, on some account or another; or was in David's service, in some inferior post or another; however, having been a quondam servant of Saul, it was thought he could give the best intelligence of his family, and whether any were living, and therefore was sent for; and when he was come into the king's presence:

the king said unto him, art thou Ziba? for he had been told before by some of his courtiers what his name was:

and he said, thy servant is he; or my name is Ziba, and I am at thy command.

Gill: 2Sa 9:3 - And the king said, is there not yet any of the house of Saul // that I may show the kindness of God unto him // and Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son // which is lame on his feet And the king said, is there not yet any of the house of Saul; that is, remaining or living: that I may show the kindness of God unto him? great ki...

And the king said, is there not yet any of the house of Saul; that is, remaining or living:

that I may show the kindness of God unto him? great kindness, some large favour or benefit; for the word God added to things, as to trees, mountains, &c. serves to set forth the excellency of them; and this kindness is in imitation of God, or such as he had sworn in the presence of God to show; and that is expressed in the same language, 1Sa 20:14,

and Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son; a son still living:

which is lame on his feet; on both his feet, as the Targum; of which occasion; see Gill on 2Sa 4:4.

Gill: 2Sa 9:4 - And the king said unto him, where is he // and Ziba said unto the king, behold, he is in the house of Machir // the son of Ammiel // in Lodebar And the king said unto him, where is he?.... In what part of the land, city, or town, does he dwell? and Ziba said unto the king, behold, he is in...

And the king said unto him, where is he?.... In what part of the land, city, or town, does he dwell?

and Ziba said unto the king, behold, he is in the house of Machir,

the son of Ammiel; a descendant of Machir, the son of Manasseh, to whom the land of Gilead was given, which lay on the other side Jordan:

in Lodebar; a place in that country, perhaps the same with Debir in Jos 13:26. Here it may be his mother's relations lived, and here he might dwell in obscurity, and lie hid from the knowledge of David; who, it might be feared by his friends, would have dispatched him, had he known where he was. Some take it to be an appellative, and render it, as Abarbinel observes, "without anything"; as if he was so poor that he had not anything to support himself with. No mention as yet is made of his name, perhaps because the historian had given it before, 2Sa 4:4.

Gill: 2Sa 9:5 - Then King David sent // and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lodebar Then King David sent,.... Messengers; it may be Ziba, none being more proper than he that knew him, and where he was: and fetched him out of the ho...

Then King David sent,.... Messengers; it may be Ziba, none being more proper than he that knew him, and where he was:

and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lodebar; they demanded him in the king's name, and being delivered to them, they brought him from thence to Jerusalem.

Gill: 2Sa 9:6 - Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul // was come unto David // he fell on his face, and did reverence // and David said, Mephibosheth // he answered, behold thy servant Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul,.... For that was his name, though sometimes called Meribbaal, 1Ch 8:34; and this was his ...

Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul,.... For that was his name, though sometimes called Meribbaal, 1Ch 8:34; and this was his relation to Jonathan and Saul, the son of the one, and grandson of the other:

was come unto David; to his court and palace in Jerusalem, being thither brought; for he could not go of himself, being lame:

he fell on his face, and did reverence; to him as a king, in a civil way, and in the best manner he could, considering that he was lame on his feet:

and David said, Mephibosheth; is it he? having learnt what his name was, this he expressed with great vehemency and affection, as glad that he had found one of Jonathan's posterity: and

he answered, behold thy servant! he answered to his name, and owned his subjection to David, and was ready to take the oath of allegiance to him, and give him homage, and serve him in what way he could.

Gill: 2Sa 9:7 - And David said unto him, fear not // for I will surely show thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake // and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father // and thou shall eat bread at my table continually And David said unto him, fear not,.... He might observe a dejection in his countenance, a trembling in his limbs, and might discover signs of fear les...

And David said unto him, fear not,.... He might observe a dejection in his countenance, a trembling in his limbs, and might discover signs of fear lest David should cut him off, because he was of the seed royal:

for I will surely show thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake; whom he loved as his own soul, and to whom he had sworn that he would not cut off his kindness from his house for ever, and now remembering his oath was determined to observe it:

and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; his grandfather, such sometimes being called fathers; which David had taken to him, as crown lands, or in the right of his wife; or as being confiscated by Ishbosheth's rebellion:

and thou shall eat bread at my table continually; he gave him an apartment in the court, a place at his table, admitted him to be a guest with him as long as he should live; which was a very great favour and high honour, and showed what an unshaken friendship he had for his father, and would maintain with him. This was the kindness of God he meant to show to him.

Gill: 2Sa 9:8 - And he bowed himself // and said, what is thy servant, that thou shouldest look on such a dead dog as I am And he bowed himself,.... In token of gratitude, and as a sign of humility, and of the sense he had of his unworthiness to enjoy such a favour: and...

And he bowed himself,.... In token of gratitude, and as a sign of humility, and of the sense he had of his unworthiness to enjoy such a favour:

and said, what is thy servant, that thou shouldest look on such a dead dog as I am? one so mean, and base, and worthless; which he might say with respect to the infirmities of his body, the rejection of his family by the Lord, their attainder of high treason for rebellion against David, and the low circumstances he was brought into and now under; though one of the royal family, the son of a prince, and grandson of a king; such was his humility, and the sense he had of his being undeserving of any favour from the king, and says this with admiration and astonishment.

Gill: 2Sa 9:9 - Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant // and said unto him, I have given unto thy master's son // all that pertained to Saul, and to all his house Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant,.... Who had been his servant: and said unto him, I have given unto thy master's son; meaning either, ...

Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant,.... Who had been his servant:

and said unto him, I have given unto thy master's son; meaning either, as some, the son of Mephibosheth, Micha after mentioned; or rather Mephibosheth himself, the grandson of Saul, whose servant Ziba had been:

all that pertained to Saul, and to all his house; all his paternal estate, or what he had acquired, or in any wise belonged to him and his family; which David had in possession, and which he readily and cheerfully delivered up to Mephibosheth, having so great a regard to the memory of his father.

Gill: 2Sa 9:10 - Thou therefore, thy sons, and thy servants // shall till the land for him // and thou shall bring in the fruits // that thy master's son may have food to eat // but Mephibosheth thy master's son shall eat always at my table // now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants Thou therefore, thy sons, and thy servants,.... Which were many, and whose numbers are after given: shall till the land for him; manure it, plough ...

Thou therefore, thy sons, and thy servants,.... Which were many, and whose numbers are after given:

shall till the land for him; manure it, plough it, sow it, and reap it:

and thou shall bring in the fruits; the corn, and oil, and wine, the land produces:

that thy master's son may have food to eat; meaning either Micha, the son of Mephibosheth, since Mephibosheth seems to be distinguished from him, and opposed to him in the next clause: and who would stand in no need of food from any other quarter, being a guest at the king's table continually; or else Mephibosheth, who by this means would have a sufficiency for his son and servants, and in which Ziba's family and servants would have a share:

but Mephibosheth thy master's son shall eat always at my table; wherefore the land was to be tilled not for him personally, but for his family, and for what uses he should think fit to put the produce of it to:

now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants: who were enough to cultivate a considerable quantity of land.

Gill: 2Sa 9:11 - Then said Ziba unto the king, according to all the king hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do // as for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table, as one of the king's sons Then said Ziba unto the king, according to all the king hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do,.... Till the land, and bring the fruits o...

Then said Ziba unto the king, according to all the king hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do,.... Till the land, and bring the fruits of it to Mephibosheth, for the support of his family; he promised very fair, had he been as faithful to his trust:

as for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table, as one of the king's sons; which is repeated, for the confirmation of it, and to show that he should be treated with equal respect, and fare as the king's sons themselves did; though the clause "said the king" is not in the original text, and the words are thought by Abarbinel and others to be the words of Ziba continued; who promised to do what the king had ordered, though Mephibosheth had eaten at his table, as one of the king's sons, and needed not anything, and needed not to eat at the king's table; and if it was his pleasure, he would maintain him out of this estate like the son of a king; but the phrase "my table" seems to be too arrogant for Ziba to say, and rather fits the mouth of David the king.

Gill: 2Sa 9:12 - And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha // and all that dwelt in the house Ziba were servants to Mephibosheth And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha,.... What his age was is not said from him sprung a progeny of several generations, 1Ch 8:34, ...

And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha,.... What his age was is not said from him sprung a progeny of several generations, 1Ch 8:34,

and all that dwelt in the house Ziba were servants to Mephibosheth; his sons and his servants.

Gill: 2Sa 9:13 - So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem // for he did eat continually at the king's table // and was lame on both his feet So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem,.... Either in some apartments in the king's palace, or in some house in the city provided for him; for he returned...

So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem,.... Either in some apartments in the king's palace, or in some house in the city provided for him; for he returned not to Lodebar, nor to any mansion house upon the estate, of Saul restored unto him:

for he did eat continually at the king's table; to which he was invited, and he accepted of:

and was lame on both his feet; or "though" he was n, yet this was no objection to David, he admitted him notwithstanding his infirmity; nor any obstruction to Mephibosheth, who found ways and means to be carried to the king's table daily.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:1 Heb “house.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:2 Heb “your servant.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:3 Heb “house.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:5 Heb “from.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:6 Heb “Look, your servant.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:7 Heb “and you will eat food over my table continually.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:8 Heb “What is your servant, that you turn to a dead dog which is like me?”

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:10 Heb “and he will eat it.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:11 Heb “my table.” But the first person reference to David is awkward here since the quotation of David’s words has already been conclu...

NET Notes: 2Sa 9:13 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 9:1 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for ( a ) Jonathan's sake? ( a ) Because of my oath ...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 9:3 And the king said, [Is] there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may shew the ( b ) kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonat...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 9:5 Then king David sent, and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of ( c ) Ammiel, from Lodebar. ( c ) Who was also called Eliam the father o...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 9:8 And he bowed himself, and said, What [is] thy servant, that thou shouldest look upon such ( d ) a dead dog as I [am]? ( d ) Meaning, a despised perso...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 9:10 Thou therefore, and ( e ) thy sons, and thy servants, shall till the land for him, and thou shalt bring in [the fruits], that thy master's son may hav...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 9:11 Then said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do. ( f ) As for Mephibosheth, [...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: 2Sa 9:1-13 - David And Jonathan's Son 2 Samuel 9:1-13 This charming idyl of faithful love to a dead friend and generous kindness comes in amid stories of battle like a green oasis in a wil...

MHCC: 2Sa 9:1-8 - --Amidst numerous affairs we are apt to forget the gratitude we owe, and the engagements we are under, not only to our friends, but to God himself. Yet ...

MHCC: 2Sa 9:9-13 - --As David was a type of Christ, his Lord and Son, his Root and Offspring, let his kindness to Mephibosheth remind us of the kindness and love of God ou...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 9:1-8 - -- Here is, I. David's enquiry after the remains of the ruined house of Saul, 2Sa 9:1. This was a great while after his accession to the throne, for it...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 9:9-13 - -- The matter is here settled concerning Mephibosheth. 1. This grant of his father's estate is confirmed to him, and Ziba called to be a witness to it ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 9:1-8 - -- 2Sa 9:1-4 When David inquired whether there was any one left of the house of Saul to whom he could show favour for Jonathan's sake ( ישׁ־עו...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 9:9-10 - -- David then summoned Ziba the servant of Saul, told him of the restoration of Saul's possessions to his son Mephibosheth, and ordered him, with his s...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 9:11-13 - -- Ziba promised to obey the king's command. The last clause of this verse is a circumstantial clause in form, with which the writer passes over to the...

Constable: 2Sa 5:17--9:1 - --C. The Establishment of the Kingdom 5:17-8:18 "As the story of David's accession to kingship over Judah ...

Constable: 2Sa 9:1--20:26 - --VI. DAVID'S TROUBLES chs. 9--20 Chapters 9-20 contrast with chapters 2-8 in that this later section is negative ...

Constable: 2Sa 9:1-13 - --A. David's Faithfulness ch. 9 The story of David's kindness to Mephibosheth (ch. 9) helps to explain Dav...

Guzik: 2Sa 9:1-13 - David's Kindness to Mephibosheth 2 Samuel 9 - David's Kindness to Mephibosheth A. David's kind heart towards the house of Saul. 1. (1) David's kind question. Now David said, "...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF SAMUEL. The two were, by the ancient Jews, conjoined so as to make one book, and in that form could be called the Book o...

JFB: 2 Samuel (Garis Besar) AN AMALEKITE BRINGS TIDINGS OF SAUL'S DEATH. (2Sa. 1:1-16) DAVID LAMENTS SAUL AND JONATHAN. (2Sa 1:17-27) DAVID, BY GOD'S DIRECTION, GOES UP TO HEBRO...

TSK: 2 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Sa 9:1, David by Ziba sends for Mephibosheth; 2Sa 9:7, For Jonathan’s sake he entertains him at his table, and restores him all that w...

Poole: 2 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) SAMUEL CHAPTER 9 David, for Jonathan’ s sake, sendeth for his son Mephibosheth, 2Sa 9:1-6 ; entertaineth him at his table; and restoreth him a...

MHCC: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book is the history of the reign of king David. It relates his victories, the growth of the prosperity of Israel, and his reformation of the stat...

MHCC: 2 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Sa 9:1-8) David sends for Mephibosheth. (2Sa 9:9-13) And provides for him.

Matthew Henry: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Samuel This book is the history of the reign of king David. We had in the foregoing ...

Matthew Henry: 2 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) The only thing recorded in this chapter is the kindness David showed to Jonathan's seed for his sake. I. The kind enquiry he made after the remain...

Constable: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Second Samuel continues the history begun in 1 Samuel. Please see my comments regarding 2 Samuel's title, d...

Constable: 2 Samuel (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Samuel) V. David's triumphs chs. 1-8 ...

Constable: 2 Samuel 2 Samuel Bibliography Achtemeier, Paul J., and Elizabeth Achtemeier. The Old Testament Roots of Our Faith. Phil...

Haydock: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL; otherwise called, THE SECOND BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This Book contains the transactions of David till the end ...

Gill: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 SAMUEL This book, in many copies of the Hebrew Bible, is carried on without any new title put unto it; the reason of it is, becau...

Gill: 2 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO SECOND SAMUEL 9 This chapter relates David's inquiry after the posterity of Saul, whether any were living and where they were, 2Sa ...

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