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Teks -- 2 Kings 9:1-37 (NET)

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Konteks
Jehu Becomes King
9:1 Now Elisha the prophet summoned a member of the prophetic guild and told him, “Tuck your robes into your belt, take this container of olive oil in your hand, and go to Ramoth Gilead. 9:2 When you arrive there, look for Jehu son of Jehoshaphat son of Nimshi and take him aside into an inner room. 9:3 Take the container of olive oil, pour it over his head, and say, ‘This is what the Lord says, “I have designated you as king over Israel.”’ Then open the door and run away quickly!” 9:4 So the young prophet went to Ramoth Gilead. 9:5 When he arrived, the officers of the army were sitting there. So he said, “I have a message for you, O officer.” Jehu asked, “For which one of us?” He replied, “For you, O officer.” 9:6 So Jehu got up and went inside. Then the prophet poured the olive oil on his head and said to him, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘I have designated you as king over the Lord’s people Israel. 9:7 You will destroy the family of your master Ahab. I will get revenge against Jezebel for the shed blood of my servants the prophets and for the shed blood of all the Lord’s servants. 9:8 Ahab’s entire family will die. I will cut off every last male belonging to Ahab in Israel, including even the weak and incapacitated. 9:9 I will make Ahab’s dynasty like those of Jeroboam son of Nebat and Baasha son of Ahijah. 9:10 Dogs will devour Jezebel on the plot of ground in Jezreel; she will not be buried.’” Then he opened the door and ran away. 9:11 When Jehu rejoined his master’s servants, they asked him, “Is everything all right? Why did this madman visit you?” He replied, “Ah, it’s not important. You know what kind of man he is and the kinds of things he says.” 9:12 But they said, “You’re lying! Tell us what he said.” So he told them what he had said. He also related how he had said, “This is what the Lord says, ‘I have designated you as king over Israel.’” 9:13 Each of them quickly took off his cloak and they spread them out at Jehu’s feet on the steps. The trumpet was blown and they shouted, “Jehu is king!”
Jehu the Assassin
9:14 Then Jehu son of Jehoshaphat son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. Now Joram had been in Ramoth Gilead with the whole Israelite army, guarding against an invasion by King Hazael of Syria. 9:15 But King Joram had returned to Jezreel to recover from the wounds he received from the Syrians when he fought against King Hazael of Syria. Jehu told his supporters, “If you really want me to be king, then don’t let anyone escape from the city to go and warn Jezreel.” 9:16 Jehu drove his chariot to Jezreel, for Joram was recuperating there. (Now King Ahaziah of Judah had come down to visit Joram.) 9:17 Now the watchman was standing on the tower in Jezreel and saw Jehu’s troops approaching. He said, “I see troops!” Jehoram ordered, “Send a rider out to meet them and have him ask, ‘Is everything all right?’” 9:18 So the horseman went to meet him and said, “This is what the king says, ‘Is everything all right?’” Jehu replied, “None of your business! Follow me.” The watchman reported, “The messenger reached them, but hasn’t started back.” 9:19 So he sent a second horseman out to them and he said, “This is what the king says, ‘Is everything all right?’” Jehu replied, “None of your business! Follow me.” 9:20 The watchman reported, “He reached them, but hasn’t started back. The one who drives the lead chariot drives like Jehu son of Nimshi; he drives recklessly.” 9:21 Jehoram ordered, “Hitch up my chariot.” When his chariot had been hitched up, King Jehoram of Israel and King Ahaziah of Judah went out in their respective chariots to meet Jehu. They met up with him in the plot of land that had once belonged to Naboth of Jezreel. 9:22 When Jehoram saw Jehu, he asked, “Is everything all right, Jehu?” He replied, “How can everything be all right as long as your mother Jezebel promotes idolatry and pagan practices?” 9:23 Jehoram turned his chariot around and took off. He said to Ahaziah, “It’s a trap, Ahaziah!” 9:24 Jehu aimed his bow and shot an arrow right between Jehoram’s shoulders. The arrow went through his heart and he fell to his knees in his chariot. 9:25 Jehu ordered his officer Bidkar, “Pick him up and throw him into the part of the field that once belonged to Naboth of Jezreel. Remember, you and I were riding together behind his father Ahab, when the Lord pronounced this judgment on him, 9:26 _’"Know for sure that I saw the shed blood of Naboth and his sons yesterday,” says the Lord, “and that I will give you what you deserve right here in this plot of land,” says the Lord.’ So now pick him up and throw him into this plot of land, just as the Lord said.” 9:27 When King Ahaziah of Judah saw what happened, he took off up the road to Beth Haggan. Jehu chased him and ordered, “Shoot him too.” They shot him while he was driving his chariot up the ascent of Gur near Ibleam. He fled to Megiddo and died there. 9:28 His servants took his body back to Jerusalem and buried him in his tomb with his ancestors in the city of David. 9:29 Ahaziah had become king over Judah in the eleventh year of Joram son of Ahab. 9:30 Jehu approached Jezreel. When Jezebel heard the news, she put on some eye liner, fixed up her hair, and leaned out the window. 9:31 When Jehu came through the gate, she said, “Is everything all right, Zimri, murderer of his master?” 9:32 He looked up at the window and said, “Who is on my side? Who?” Two or three eunuchs looked down at him. 9:33 He said, “Throw her down!” So they threw her down, and when she hit the ground, her blood splattered against the wall and the horses, and Jehu drove his chariot over her. 9:34 He went inside and had a meal. Then he said, “Dispose of this accursed woman’s corpse. Bury her, for after all, she was a king’s daughter.” 9:35 But when they went to bury her, they found nothing left but the skull, feet, and palms of the hands. 9:36 When they went back and told him, he said, “The Lord’s word through his servant, Elijah the Tishbite, has come to pass. He warned, ‘In the plot of land at Jezreel, dogs will devour Jezebel’s flesh. 9:37 Jezebel’s corpse will be like manure on the surface of the ground in the plot of land at Jezreel. People will not be able to even recognize her.’”
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ahab son and successor of Omri, king of Israel,son of Kolaiah; a false prophet in the time of King Zedekiah
 · Ahaziah son and successor of Jehu, King of Israel,son and successor of Josiah, King of Judah,youngest son and successor of King Jehoram of Judah
 · Ahijah great grandson of Eli; brother of Ahimelech,son of Shisha; secretary of King Solomon,prophet from Shiloh in Jeroboam's time,a man of Issachar; father of Baasha who killed Jeroboam,son of Jerahmeel of Judah,son of Ehud son of Gera of Benjamin,a man from Beth-Pelet; one of David's military elite,a Levite guard of the Temple treasure under David
 · Baasha the third king of Israel
 · Beth-Haggan a town of Issachar 12 km south of Jezreel
 · Beth-haggan a town of Issachar 12 km south of Jezreel
 · Bidkar a man who was King Jehu's assistant
 · City of David the capital of Israel, on the border of Benjamin and Judah
 · city of David the capital of Israel, on the border of Benjamin and Judah
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Elijah a prophet from the 9th century B.C.,a prophet from Tishbe in Gilead to Israel in King Ahab's time,son of Jeroham of Benjamin,a priest of the Harim clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani Elam clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Elisha a son of Shaphat; a prophet of the 9th century B.C. who succeeded the prophet Elijah,son of Shaphat of Abel-Meholah; successor of the prophet Elijah
 · Gur a hill or slope thought to be about 8 km NE of Samaria
 · Hazael a king of Syria
 · Ibleam a town on the border of Issachar and Manasseh
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jehoshaphat the son and successor of king Asa of Judah; the father of Jehoram; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ahilud; a recorder for King Solomon,an officer over collecting food supplies for King Solomon from Issachar; son of Paruah,son of Asa; King of Judah,son of Nimshi; father of King Jehu of Israel,a situation ("valley") of being judged (OS)
 · Jehu son of Hanani who prophesied against King Baasha of Israel,son of Nimshi who killed King Joram and took his place as king of Israel,son of Obed of Judah,son of Joshibiah; head of a large influential family of Simeon in King Hezekiah's time,a man of Anathoth; one of the Benjamites who defected to David at Ziklag
 · Jeroboam son of Nebat; first king of Israel after it split away from Judah; Jeroboam I,son and successor of Joash/Jehoash, King of Israel; Jeroboam II
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jezebel the wife of King Ahab of Israel,wife of Ahab and mother of Jehoram, kings of Israel; daughter of Ethbaal, the king of the Sidonians
 · Jezreel a resident of the town or region of Jezreel
 · Jezreelite a resident of the town or region of Jezreel
 · Joram a son of Jehoshaphat; the father of Uzziah; an ancestor of Jesus.,son of Toi or Tou, king of Hamath,son and successor of King Jehoshaphat of Judah,second son and second successor of King Ahab of Israel,son of Jeshaiah; a Levitical chief treasurer whose descendants returned from exile
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Megiddo a town and a plain of Manasseh
 · Naboth a man of Jezreel who had a vineyard near Ahab's palace
 · Nebat a man of Ephraim; father of king Jeroboam
 · Nimshi father of Jehu, king of Israel
 · Ramoth-Gilead a town in Gilead 50-60 km east of Beth-Shan
 · Ramoth-gilead a town in Gilead 50-60 km east of Beth-Shan


Topik/Tema Kamus: Jehu | Jezebel | Jezreel | JEHORAM | Zeal | Naboth | Elijah | Usurpation | Church and State | Ahaziah | Joram | Homicide | Enthusiasm | Conspiracy | Elisha | Ramoth-gilead | JEHORAM; JORAM | Decision | Wife | Women | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Ki 9:1 - Ramoth The kings of Israel and Judah were both absent, and Jehu, as it seems, was left in chief command.

The kings of Israel and Judah were both absent, and Jehu, as it seems, was left in chief command.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:7 - I may avenge,&c. _That they were idolaters was bad enough: yet that is not mentioned here: the controversy God has with them, is for being persecutors. Nothing fills t...

_That they were idolaters was bad enough: yet that is not mentioned here: the controversy God has with them, is for being persecutors. Nothing fills the measure of the iniquity of any prince so as this doth, nor brings a surer or sorer ruin.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:11 - Mad fellow They perceived him to be a prophet by his habit, and gestures, and manner of speech.

They perceived him to be a prophet by his habit, and gestures, and manner of speech.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:11 - And these prophane soldiers esteemed the prophets mad men. Those that have no religion, commonly speak of those that are religious with disdain, and look upon them as crack - brained. They said of our Lor...

men. Those that have no religion, commonly speak of those that are religious with disdain, and look upon them as crack - brained. They said of our Lord, He is beside himself; of St. Paul, that much learning had made him mad. The highest wisdom is thus represented as folly, and they that best understand themselves, as men beside themselves.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:13 - They hasted God putting it into their hearts thus readily to own him.

God putting it into their hearts thus readily to own him.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:13 - Under him Under Jehu. A ceremony used in the eastern parts towards superiors, in token of reverence to his person, that they would not have his feet to touch th...

Under Jehu. A ceremony used in the eastern parts towards superiors, in token of reverence to his person, that they would not have his feet to touch the ground, and that they put themselves and their concerns under his feet, and into his disposal.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:13 - The stairs In some high and eminent place, whence he might be seen and owned by all the soldiers, who were called together upon this great occasion.

In some high and eminent place, whence he might be seen and owned by all the soldiers, who were called together upon this great occasion.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:21 - Portion of Naboth The very sight of that ground was enough to make Jehu triumph and Joram tremble. The circumstances of events are sometimes so ordered by Divine provid...

The very sight of that ground was enough to make Jehu triumph and Joram tremble. The circumstances of events are sometimes so ordered by Divine providence, as to make the punishment answer the sin, as face answers face in a glass.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:22 - Whoredoms, &c. _This may be understood, either literally; spiritual whoredom, which is idolatry, being often punished with corporal: and witchcraft was often practis...

_This may be understood, either literally; spiritual whoredom, which is idolatry, being often punished with corporal: and witchcraft was often practised by idolaters: or spiritually, of her idolatry, which is often called whoredom, because it is a departing from God, to whom we are tied by many obligations; and witchcraft, because it doth so powerfully bewitch men's minds; and because it is a manifest entering into covenant with the devil. He mentions not Joram's, but his mother's sins; because they were more notorious and infamous: and because they were the principal cause why God inflicted, and he was come to execute these judgments. The way of sin can never be the way of peace.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:24 - The arrow It was one of God's arrows, which he ordained against the persecutor.

It was one of God's arrows, which he ordained against the persecutor.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:27 - He died The history is briefly and imperfectly described here, and the defects supplied in (the book of Chronicles, is great part written for that end, to sup...

The history is briefly and imperfectly described here, and the defects supplied in (the book of Chronicles, is great part written for that end, to supply things omitted in the book of Kings) out of both it may be thus compleated: he fled first to Megiddo, and thence to Samaria, where he was caught, and thence brought to Jehu, and by his sentence was put to death at Megiddo.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:31 - Had Zimri Remember thy brother traitor Zimri had but a very short enjoyment of the benefit of his treason.

Remember thy brother traitor Zimri had but a very short enjoyment of the benefit of his treason.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:34 - And said It seems he had forgot the charge given him above, 2Ki 9:10.

It seems he had forgot the charge given him above, 2Ki 9:10.

Wesley: 2Ki 9:34 - A king's daughter He doth not say, because she was a king's wife, lest he should seem to shew any respect to that wicked house of Ahab, which God had devoted to utter d...

He doth not say, because she was a king's wife, lest he should seem to shew any respect to that wicked house of Ahab, which God had devoted to utter destruction.

JFB: 2Ki 9:1 - Ramoth-gilead A city of great importance to the Hebrew people, east of Jordan, as a fortress of defense against the Syrians. Jehoram had regained it (2Ki 8:29). But...

A city of great importance to the Hebrew people, east of Jordan, as a fortress of defense against the Syrians. Jehoram had regained it (2Ki 8:29). But the Israelitish army was still encamped there, under the command of Jehu.

JFB: 2Ki 9:1 - Elisha . . . called one of the children of the prophets This errand referred to the last commission given to Elijah in Horeb (1Ki 19:16).

This errand referred to the last commission given to Elijah in Horeb (1Ki 19:16).

JFB: 2Ki 9:1 - box of oil (See 1Sa 10:1).

(See 1Sa 10:1).

JFB: 2Ki 9:2 - carry him to an inner chamber Both to ensure the safety of the messenger and to prevent all obstruction in the execution of the business.

Both to ensure the safety of the messenger and to prevent all obstruction in the execution of the business.

JFB: 2Ki 9:3 - I have anointed thee king over Israel This was only a part of the message; the full announcement of which is given (2Ki 9:7-10).

This was only a part of the message; the full announcement of which is given (2Ki 9:7-10).

JFB: 2Ki 9:3 - flee, and tarry not For fear of being surprised and overtaken by the spies or servants of the court.

For fear of being surprised and overtaken by the spies or servants of the court.

JFB: 2Ki 9:4-6 - So the young man . . . went to Ramoth-gilead His ready undertaking of this delicate and hazardous mission was an eminent proof of his piety and obedience. The act of anointing being done through ...

His ready undertaking of this delicate and hazardous mission was an eminent proof of his piety and obedience. The act of anointing being done through a commissioned prophet, was a divine intimation of his investiture with the sovereign power. But it was sometimes done long prior to the actual possession of the throne (1Sa 16:13); and, in like manner, the commission had, in this instance, been given also a long time before to Elijah [1Ki 19:16], who, for good reasons, left it in charge to Elisha; and he awaited God's time and command for executing it [POOLE].

JFB: 2Ki 9:10 - in the portion of Jezreel That is, that had formerly been the vineyard of Naboth.

That is, that had formerly been the vineyard of Naboth.

JFB: 2Ki 9:11 - Is all well? &c. Jehu's attendants knew that the stranger belonged to the order of the prophets by his garb, gestures, and form of address; and soldiers such as they v...

Jehu's attendants knew that the stranger belonged to the order of the prophets by his garb, gestures, and form of address; and soldiers such as they very readily concluded such persons to be crackbrained, not only from the sordid negligence of their personal appearance and their open contempt of the world, but from the religious pursuits in which their whole lives were spent, and the grotesque actions which they frequently performed (compare Jer 29:26).

JFB: 2Ki 9:13 - they hasted, and took every man his garment The upper cloak which they spread on the ground, as a token of their homage to their distinguished commander (Mat 21:7).

The upper cloak which they spread on the ground, as a token of their homage to their distinguished commander (Mat 21:7).

JFB: 2Ki 9:13 - top of the stairs From the room where the prophet had privately anointed Jehu. That general returned to join his brother officers in the public apartment, who, immediat...

From the room where the prophet had privately anointed Jehu. That general returned to join his brother officers in the public apartment, who, immediately on learning his destined elevation, conducted him to the top of the stairs leading to the roof. This was the most conspicuous place of an Oriental structure that could be chosen, being at the very top of the gate building, and fully in view of the people and military in the open ground in front of the building [KITTO]. The popularity of Jehu with the army thus favored the designs of Providence in procuring his immediate and enthusiastic proclamation as king, and the top of the stairs was taken as a most convenient substitute for a throne.

JFB: 2Ki 9:14-15 - Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead Rather, "was keeping," guarding, or besieging it, with the greater part of the military force of Israel. The king's wounds had compelled his retiremen...

Rather, "was keeping," guarding, or besieging it, with the greater part of the military force of Israel. The king's wounds had compelled his retirement from the scene of action, and so the troops were left in command of Jehu.

JFB: 2Ki 9:16 - So Jehu rode in a chariot, and went to Jezreel Full of ambitious designs, he immediately proceeded to cross the Jordan to execute his commission on the house of Ahab.

Full of ambitious designs, he immediately proceeded to cross the Jordan to execute his commission on the house of Ahab.

JFB: 2Ki 9:17-24 - there stood a watchman on the tower of Jezreel The Hebrew palaces, besides being situated on hills had usually towers attached to them, not only for the pleasure of a fine prospect, but as posts of...

The Hebrew palaces, besides being situated on hills had usually towers attached to them, not only for the pleasure of a fine prospect, but as posts of useful observation. The ancient watchtower of Jezreel must have commanded a view of the whole region eastward, nearly down to the Jordan. Beth-shan stands on a rising ground about six or seven miles below it, in a narrow part of the plain; and when Jehu and his retinue reached that point between Gilboa and Beth-shan, they could be fully descried by the watchman on the tower. A report was made to Joram in his palace below. A messenger on horseback was quickly despatched down into the plain to meet the ambiguous host and to question the object of their approach. "Is it peace?" We may safely assume that this messenger would meet Jehu at the distance of three miles or more. On the report made of his being detained and turned into the rear of the still advancing troops, a second messenger was in like manner despatched, who would naturally meet Jehu at the distance of a mile or a mile and a half down on the plain. He also being turned into the rear, the watchman now distinctly perceived "the driving to be like the driving of Jehu, the son of Nimshi; for he driveth furiously." The alarmed monarch, awakened to a sense of his impending danger, quickly summoned his forces to meet the crisis. Accompanied by Ahaziah, king of Judah, the two sovereigns ascended their chariots to make a feeble resistance to the impetuous onset of Jehu, who quickly from the plain ascended the steep northern sides of the site on which Jezreel stood, and the conflicting parties met "in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite," where Joram was quickly despatched by an arrow from the strong arm of Jehu. We were impressed with the obvious accuracy of the sacred historian; the localities and distances being such as seem naturally to be required by the incidents related, affording just time for the transactions to have occurred in the order in which they are recorded [HOWE].

JFB: 2Ki 9:25 - cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite, &c. According to the doom pronounced by divine authority on Ahab (1Ki 21:19), but which on his repentance was deferred to be executed on his son.

According to the doom pronounced by divine authority on Ahab (1Ki 21:19), but which on his repentance was deferred to be executed on his son.

JFB: 2Ki 9:26 - the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith the Lord Although their death is not expressly mentioned, it is plainly implied in the confiscation of his property (see 1Ki 21:16).

Although their death is not expressly mentioned, it is plainly implied in the confiscation of his property (see 1Ki 21:16).

JFB: 2Ki 9:27 - Ahaziah Was grandnephew to King Joram, and great-grandson to King Ahab.

Was grandnephew to King Joram, and great-grandson to King Ahab.

JFB: 2Ki 9:27 - Ibleam Near Megiddo, in the tribe of Issachar (Jos 17:11; Jdg 1:27); and Gur was an adjoining hill.

Near Megiddo, in the tribe of Issachar (Jos 17:11; Jdg 1:27); and Gur was an adjoining hill.

JFB: 2Ki 9:30 - Jezebel painted her face Literally, "her eyes," according to a custom universal in the East among women, of staining the eyelids with a black powder made of pulverized antimon...

Literally, "her eyes," according to a custom universal in the East among women, of staining the eyelids with a black powder made of pulverized antimony, or lead ore mixed with oil, and applied with a small brush on the border, so that by this dark ligament on the edge, the largeness as well as the luster of the eye itself was thought to be increased. Her object was, by her royal attire, not to captivate, but to overawe Jehu.

JFB: 2Ki 9:35 - found no more of her than the skull, and the palms of her hands, &c. The dog has a rooted aversion to prey on the human hands and feet.

The dog has a rooted aversion to prey on the human hands and feet.

JFB: 2Ki 9:36 - This is the word of the Lord (See 1Ki 21:23). Jehu's statement, however, was not a literal but a paraphrased quotation of Elijah's prophecy.

(See 1Ki 21:23). Jehu's statement, however, was not a literal but a paraphrased quotation of Elijah's prophecy.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:1 - One of the children of the prophets One of the children of the prophets - The Jews say that this was Jonah the prophet, the son of Amittai

One of the children of the prophets - The Jews say that this was Jonah the prophet, the son of Amittai

Clarke: 2Ki 9:1 - Gird up thy loins Gird up thy loins - What thou hast to do requires the utmost despatch.

Gird up thy loins - What thou hast to do requires the utmost despatch.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:4 - The young man the prophet The young man the prophet - This should be translated, The servant of the prophet; that is, the servant which Elisha now had in place of Gehazi.

The young man the prophet - This should be translated, The servant of the prophet; that is, the servant which Elisha now had in place of Gehazi.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:6 - King over the people of the Lord King over the people of the Lord - This pointed out to Jehu that he was to rule that people according to God’ s law; and consequently, that he ...

King over the people of the Lord - This pointed out to Jehu that he was to rule that people according to God’ s law; and consequently, that he was to restore the pure worship of the Most High in Israel.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:7 - Thou shalt smite the house of Ahab Thou shalt smite the house of Ahab - For their most cruel murders they have forfeited their own lives, according to that immutable law, "He that she...

Thou shalt smite the house of Ahab - For their most cruel murders they have forfeited their own lives, according to that immutable law, "He that sheddeth man’ s blood by man shall his blood be shed."This and the two following verses contain the commission which Jehu received from the Lord against the bloody house of Ahab.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:10 - The dogs shall eat Jezebel The dogs shall eat Jezebel - How most minutely was this prophecy fulfilled! See 2Ki 9:33, etc.

The dogs shall eat Jezebel - How most minutely was this prophecy fulfilled! See 2Ki 9:33, etc.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:11 - Wherefore came this mad fellow to thee? Wherefore came this mad fellow to thee? - Was it because he was a holy man of God that he was reputed by a club of irreligious officers to be a madm...

Wherefore came this mad fellow to thee? - Was it because he was a holy man of God that he was reputed by a club of irreligious officers to be a madman? In vain do such pretend that they fight for religion, and are the guardians of the public welfare and morals, if they persecute religion and scoff at holy men. But this has been an old custom with all the seed, the sons, of the serpent. As to religious soldiers, they are far to seek, and ill to find, according to the old proverb

Clarke: 2Ki 9:11 - Ye know the man, and his communication Ye know the man, and his communication - Ye know that he is a madman, and that his message must be a message of folly. Jehu did not appear willing t...

Ye know the man, and his communication - Ye know that he is a madman, and that his message must be a message of folly. Jehu did not appear willing to tell them what had been done, lest it should promote jealousy and envy.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:12 - They said, It is false They said, It is false - Or, as the Chaldee has it, Thou liest. Or, perhaps, it might be thus understood, "We know he has said nothing but folly and...

They said, It is false - Or, as the Chaldee has it, Thou liest. Or, perhaps, it might be thus understood, "We know he has said nothing but folly and lies, nevertheless, let us hear what he has said.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:13 - Took every man his garment Took every man his garment - This was a ceremony by which they acknowledged him as king; and it was by such a ceremony that the multitudes acknowled...

Took every man his garment - This was a ceremony by which they acknowledged him as king; and it was by such a ceremony that the multitudes acknowledged Jesus Christ for the Messiah and King of Israel, a little before his passion: see Mat 21:7 (note), and the note there. The ceremony was expressive: "As we put our garments under his feet, so we place every thing under his authority, and acknowledge ourselves his servants.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:13 - On the top of the stairs On the top of the stairs - The Chaldee, the rabbins, and several interpreters, understand this of the public sun-dial; which in those ancient times,...

On the top of the stairs - The Chaldee, the rabbins, and several interpreters, understand this of the public sun-dial; which in those ancient times, was formed of steps like stairs, each step serving to indicate, by its shadow, one hour, or such division of time as was commonly used in that country. This dial was, no doubt, in the most public place; and upon the top of it, or on the platform on the top, would be a very proper place to set Jehu, while they blew their trumpets, and proclaimed him king. The Hebrew מעלות maaloth is the same word which is used 2Ki 20:9-11, to signify the dial of Ahaz; and this was probably the very same dial on which that miracle was afterwards wrought: and this dial, מעלות maaloth , from עלה alah , to go up, ascend, was most evidently made of steps; the shadows projected on which, by a gnomon, at the different elevations of the sun, would serve to show the popular divisions of time. See the notes on 2Ki 20:9 (note), etc.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:14 - Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead - The confederate armies appear to have taken this city; but they were obliged to watch their conquests, as they percei...

Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead - The confederate armies appear to have taken this city; but they were obliged to watch their conquests, as they perceived that Hazael was determined to retake it if possible.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:16 - Jehu - went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there Jehu - went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there - From the preceding verse we learn, that Joram had been wounded in his attack on Ramoth-gilead, and had...

Jehu - went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there - From the preceding verse we learn, that Joram had been wounded in his attack on Ramoth-gilead, and had gone to Jezreel to be cured; and neither he nor Ahaziah knew any thing of the conspiracy in Ramoth-gilead, because Jehu and his captains took care to prevent any person from leaving the city; so that the two kings at Jezreel knew nothing of what had taken place.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:17 - A watchman on the tower A watchman on the tower - These watchmen, fixed on elevated places and generally within hearing of each other, served as a kind of telegraphs, to co...

A watchman on the tower - These watchmen, fixed on elevated places and generally within hearing of each other, served as a kind of telegraphs, to communicate intelligence through the whole country. But, in some cases, it appears that the intelligence was conveyed by a horseman to the next stage, as in the case before us. At this time, when the armies were at Ramoth-gilead, they were, no doubt, doubly watchful to observe the state of the country, and to notice every movement. See on 2Sa 13:34 (note).

Clarke: 2Ki 9:18 - What hast thou to do with peace? What hast thou to do with peace? - "What is it to thee whether there be peace or war? Join my company, and fall into the rear."

What hast thou to do with peace? - "What is it to thee whether there be peace or war? Join my company, and fall into the rear."

Clarke: 2Ki 9:20 - He driveth furiously He driveth furiously - Jehu was a bold, daring, prompt, and precipitate general. In his various military operations he had established his character...

He driveth furiously - Jehu was a bold, daring, prompt, and precipitate general. In his various military operations he had established his character; and now it was almost proverbial.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:21 - Joram - and Ahaziah - went out Joram - and Ahaziah - went out - They had no suspicion of what was done at Ramoth-gilead; else they would not have ventured their persons as they no...

Joram - and Ahaziah - went out - They had no suspicion of what was done at Ramoth-gilead; else they would not have ventured their persons as they now did.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:22 - What peace, so long as the whoredoms What peace, so long as the whoredoms - Though the words whoredom, adultery, and fornication, are frequently used to express idolatry, and false reli...

What peace, so long as the whoredoms - Though the words whoredom, adultery, and fornication, are frequently used to express idolatry, and false religion, in general; yet here they may be safely taken in their common and most obvious sense, as there is much reason to believe that Jezebel was the patroness and supporter of a very impure system of religion; and to this Jehu might refer, rather than to the calf-worship, to which himself was most favourably disposed.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:23 - There is treachery, O Ahaziah There is treachery, O Ahaziah - This was the first intimation he had of it: he feels for the safety of his friend Ahaziah, and now they fly for thei...

There is treachery, O Ahaziah - This was the first intimation he had of it: he feels for the safety of his friend Ahaziah, and now they fly for their lives.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:24 - Drew a bow with his full strength Drew a bow with his full strength - The marginal reading is correct: He filled his hand with a bow. That is, "He immediately took up his bow, set hi...

Drew a bow with his full strength - The marginal reading is correct: He filled his hand with a bow. That is, "He immediately took up his bow, set his arrow, and let fly."This is the only meaning of the passage

Clarke: 2Ki 9:24 - Between his arms Between his arms - That is, between his shoulders; for he was now turned, and was flying from Jehu.

Between his arms - That is, between his shoulders; for he was now turned, and was flying from Jehu.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:25 - Cast him in the portion of the field Cast him in the portion of the field - This was predicted, 1 Kings 21; and what now happened to the son of Ahab is foretold in 1Ki 21:29 of that cha...

Cast him in the portion of the field - This was predicted, 1 Kings 21; and what now happened to the son of Ahab is foretold in 1Ki 21:29 of that chapter.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:26 - The blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons The blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons - We are not informed in 1 Kings 21 that any of Naboth’ s family was slain but himself: but as t...

The blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons - We are not informed in 1 Kings 21 that any of Naboth’ s family was slain but himself: but as the object both of Ahab and Jezebel was to have Naboth’ s vineyard entirely, and for ever, it is not likely that they would leave any of his posterity, who might at a future time reclaim it as their inheritance. Again, to secure this point, Jezebel had Naboth convicted of treason and atheism; in order that his whole family might be involved in his ruin.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:27 - Fled by the way of the garden Fled by the way of the garden - The account of the death of Ahaziah, as given in 2Ch 22:8, 2Ch 22:9, is very different from that given here: When Je...

Fled by the way of the garden - The account of the death of Ahaziah, as given in 2Ch 22:8, 2Ch 22:9, is very different from that given here: When Jehu was executing judgment upon the house of Ahab - he sought Ahaziah; and they caught him, (for he was hid in Samaria), and brought him to Jehu; and when they had slain him, they buried him. "The current of the story at large is this,"says Dr. Lightfoot: "Jehu slayeth Joram in the field of Jezreel, as Ahaziah and Joram were together; Ahaziah, seeing this, flees, and gets into Samaria, and hides himself there. Jehu marcheth to Jezreel, and makes Jezebel dogs’ meat: from thence he sends to Samaria for the heads of Ahab’ s children and posterity: which are brought him by night, and showed to the people in the morning. Then he marcheth to Samaria, and by the way slayeth forty-two of Ahab’ s kinsmen; and findeth Jehonadab, the father of the Rechabites. Coming into Samaria, he maketh search for Ahaziah: they find him hid, bring him to Jehu, and he commands to carry him up towards Gur, by Ibleam, and there to slay him. It may be, his father Joram had slain his brethren there, as Ahab had done Naboth, in Jezreel. They do so; smite him there in his chariot; and his charioteer driveth away to Megiddo before he dies. The story in the book of Kings is short: but the book of Chronicles shows the order."Lightfoot’ s Works, vol. i., p. 88.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:29 - In the eleventh year of Joram In the eleventh year of Joram - The note in our margin contains as good an account of this chronological difficulty as can be reasonably required: T...

In the eleventh year of Joram - The note in our margin contains as good an account of this chronological difficulty as can be reasonably required: Then he began to reign as viceroy to his father in his sickness; 2Ch 21:18, 2Ch 21:19. But in Joram’ s twelfth year he began to reign alone; 2Ki 8:26.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:30 - She painted her face, and tired her head She painted her face, and tired her head - She endeavored to improve the appearance of her complexion by paint, and the general effect of her counte...

She painted her face, and tired her head - She endeavored to improve the appearance of her complexion by paint, and the general effect of her countenance by a tiara or turban head-dress. Jonathan, the Chaldee Targumist, so often quoted, translates this וכחלת בצדידא עינהא vechachalath bitsdida eynaha : "She stained her eyes with stibium or antimony."This is a custom in Astatic countries to the present day. From a late traveler in Persia, I borrow the following account: -

"The Persians differ as much from us in their notions of beauty as they do in those of taste. A large soft, and languishing black eye, with them constitutes the perfection of beauty. It is chiefly on this account that the women use the powder of antimony, which, although it adds to the vivacity of the eye, throws a kind of voluptuous languor over it, which makes it appear, (if I may use the expression), dissolving in bliss. The Persian women have a curious custom of making their eye-brows meet; and if this charm be denied them, they paint the forehead with a kind of preparation made for that purpose."E. S. Waring’ s Tour to Sheeraz, 4th., 1807, page 62

This casts light enough on Jezebel’ s painting, etc., and shows sufficiently with what design she did it, to conquer and disarm Jehu, and induce him to take her for wife, as Jarchi supposes. This staining of the eye with stibium and painting was a universal custom, not only in Asiatic countries, but also in all those that bordered on them, or had connections with them. The Prophet Ezekiel mentions the painting of the eyes, Eze 23:40

That the Romans painted their eyes we have the most positive evidence. Pliny says, Tanta est decoris affectatio, ut tinguantur oculi quoque . Hist. Nat. lib. xi., cap. 37. "Such is their affection of ornament, that they paint their eyes also."That this painting was with stibium or antimony, is plain from these words of St. Cyprian, De Opere et Eleemosynis, Inunge aculos tuos non stibio diaboli, sed collyrio Christi , "Anoint your eyes, not with the devil’ s antimony, but with the eye-salve of Christ."Juvenal is plain on the same subject. Men as well as women in Rome practiced it: -

Ille supercilium madida fuligine tactu

Obliqua producit acu pingitque tremente

Attollens oculos

Sat. ii., ver. 93

"With sooty moisture one his eye-brows dyes

And with a bodkin paints his trembling eyes.

The manner in which the women in Barbary do it Dr. Russel particularly describes: -

"Upon the principle of strengthening the sight, as well as an ornament, it is become a general practice among the women to black the middle of their eye-lids by applying a powder called ismed. Their method of doing it is by a cylindrical piece of silver, steel, or ivory, about two inches long, made very smooth, and about the size of a common probe. This they wet with water, in order that the powder may stick to it, and applying the middle part horizontally to the eye, they shut the eye-lids upon it, and so drawing it through between them, it blacks the inside, leaving a narrow black rim all round the edge. This is sometimes practiced by the men, but is then regarded as foppish."Russel’ s Nat. Hist. of Aleppo, page 102. See Parkhurst, sub voc. פך

Clarke: 2Ki 9:31 - Had Zimri peace, who slew his master? Had Zimri peace, who slew his master? - Jarchi paraphrases this place thus: "If thou hast slain thy master, it is no new thing; for Zimri also slew ...

Had Zimri peace, who slew his master? - Jarchi paraphrases this place thus: "If thou hast slain thy master, it is no new thing; for Zimri also slew Elah, the son of Baasha;"which words were rather intended to conciliate than to provoke. But the words are understood by most of the versions thus: Health to Zimri, the slayer of his master!

Clarke: 2Ki 9:33 - So they threw her down So they threw her down - What a terrible death! She was already, by the fall, almost dashed to pieces; and the brutal Jehu trampled her already mang...

So they threw her down - What a terrible death! She was already, by the fall, almost dashed to pieces; and the brutal Jehu trampled her already mangled body under his horse’ s feet!

Clarke: 2Ki 9:34 - She is a king’ s daughter She is a king’ s daughter - Jezebel was certainly a woman of a very high lineage. She was daughter of the king of Tyre; wife of Ahab, king of I...

She is a king’ s daughter - Jezebel was certainly a woman of a very high lineage. She was daughter of the king of Tyre; wife of Ahab, king of Israel; mother of Joram, king of Israel; mother-in-law of Joram, king of Judah; and grandmother of Ahaziah, king of Judah.

Clarke: 2Ki 9:35 - The skull - the feet, and the palms of her hands The skull - the feet, and the palms of her hands - The dogs did not eat those parts, say Jarchi and Kimchi, because in her festal dances she danced ...

The skull - the feet, and the palms of her hands - The dogs did not eat those parts, say Jarchi and Kimchi, because in her festal dances she danced like a dog, on her hands and feet, wantonly moving her head. What other meaning these rabbins had, I do not inquire. She was, no doubt, guilty of the foulest actions, and was almost too bad to be belied

How literally was the prediction delivered in the preceding book, (1Ki 21:23, The dogs shall eat Jezebel, by the wall of Jezreel), fulfilled! And how dearly did she and her husband Ahab pay for the murder of innocent Naboth!

Clarke: 2Ki 9:37 - And the carcass of Jezebel shall be as dung And the carcass of Jezebel shall be as dung - As it was not buried under the earth, but was eaten by the dogs, this saying was also literally fulfil...

And the carcass of Jezebel shall be as dung - As it was not buried under the earth, but was eaten by the dogs, this saying was also literally fulfilled

Clarke: 2Ki 9:37 - They shall not say, This is Jezebel They shall not say, This is Jezebel - As she could not be buried, she could have no funeral monument. Though so great a woman by her birth, connecti...

They shall not say, This is Jezebel - As she could not be buried, she could have no funeral monument. Though so great a woman by her birth, connections, and alliances, she had not the honor of a tomb! There was not even a solitary stone to say, Here lies Jezebel! not even a mound of earth to designate the place of her sepulture! Judgment is God’ s strange work; but when he contends, how terrible are his judgments! and when he ariseth to execute judgment, who shall stay his hand? How deep are his counsels, and how terrible are his workings!

Defender: 2Ki 9:8 - pisseth against the wall This pronouncement of coming doom on the descendants of Ahab uses language that sound vulgar to modern ears, and modern translations invariably use so...

This pronouncement of coming doom on the descendants of Ahab uses language that sound vulgar to modern ears, and modern translations invariably use some euphemism instead of the literal translation as in the Authorized Version. Nevertheless the actual words uttered by the prophet, quoting the words of the Lord Himself, were exactly as given in the King James, and it would seem there must be good reason why the Spirit-inspired Scriptures would use such explicit language - in this and several other instances - when it seems at first that "every adult male" would have done just as well. Wherever it is used (1Sa 25:22, 1Sa 25:34; 1Ki 14:10; 1Ki 16:11; 1Ki 21:21), it is used as a pejorative and in a context of judgment against evil. It was evidently a proverbial expression in Israel, probably applied to those men who were of such arrogant and evil temperament as to blatantly engage in public urination against the walls of those they disliked. Not only were such descendants of Ahab to be cut off, but even those who were "shut up" (too old or too young to engage in outside work or warfare, and thus kept at home) and "left in Israel.""

Defender: 2Ki 9:10 - portion of Jezreel Elijah had prophesied that dogs would lick the blood of King Ahab in the vineyard of Naboth, which Ahab had acquired by murdering Naboth (1Ki 21:19), ...

Elijah had prophesied that dogs would lick the blood of King Ahab in the vineyard of Naboth, which Ahab had acquired by murdering Naboth (1Ki 21:19), and that dogs would eat Queen Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel (1Ki 21:23). The first prophecy was partly fulfilled at the death of Ahab when dogs licked the blood spilled from his chariot and his armor (1Ki 22:38). It was completely fulfilled in the days of his son Joram, having been postponed by Ahab's slight repentance (1Ki 21:29; 2Ki 9:25, 2Ki 9:26). The prophecy against Jezebel was also literally fulfilled (2Ki 9:35-37)."

TSK: 2Ki 9:1 - one // the children // Gird up thy loins // box of oil // Ramothgilead 1Ki 20:35 one : The Jews say that this was Jonah, the prophet, the son of Amittai. the children : 2Ki 4:1, 2Ki 6:1-3 Gird up thy loins : As the upper ...

1Ki 20:35

one : The Jews say that this was Jonah, the prophet, the son of Amittai.

the children : 2Ki 4:1, 2Ki 6:1-3

Gird up thy loins : As the upper garments of the Orientals were long and flowing, it was indispensably necessary to tuck up the skirts with a girdle about their loins, in order to use any expedition in their work or on a journey. 2Ki 4:29; 1Ki 18:46; Jer 1:17; Luk 12:35-37; 1Pe 1:13

box of oil : 1Sa 10:1, 1Sa 16:1; 1Ki 1:39

Ramothgilead : 2Ki 8:28, 2Ki 8:29; Deu 4:1, Deu 4:3; 1Ki 22:4, 1Ki 22:20

TSK: 2Ki 9:2 - Jehu // among his brethren // inner chamber Jehu : Jehoram having retired from the army, Jehu seems to have been left first in command, having been long employed by Ahab’ s family. 2Ki 9:14...

Jehu : Jehoram having retired from the army, Jehu seems to have been left first in command, having been long employed by Ahab’ s family. 2Ki 9:14; 1Ki 19:16, 1Ki 19:17

among his brethren : 2Ki 9:5, 2Ki 9:11

inner chamber : Heb. chamber in a chamber, 1Ki 20:30, 1Ki 22:25 *marg.

TSK: 2Ki 9:3 - pour it // I have anointed // and flee pour it : Exo 29:7; Lev 8:12; 1Sa 16:13; 1Ki 19:16 I have anointed : 2Ki 8:13; 1Sa 9:16, 1Sa 15:1, 1Sa 15:17, 1Sa 16:12; Psa 75:6, Psa 75:7; Pro 8:15,...

TSK: 2Ki 9:4 - the young man the young man : Hannaâr hannavee , not as some would render, ""the servant of the prophet,""but, as correctly rendered by our venerable translato...

the young man : Hannaâr hannavee , not as some would render, ""the servant of the prophet,""but, as correctly rendered by our venerable translators, ""the young man, the prophet;""for הנער , hannaâr , ""the young man,""is not in regimine , but in appositione , with הנביא , hannavee , ""the prophet.""2Ki 9:4

TSK: 2Ki 9:5 - I have an errand I have an errand : Jdg 3:19

I have an errand : Jdg 3:19

TSK: 2Ki 9:6 - he arose // I have anointed // over the people he arose : Act 23:18, Act 23:19 I have anointed : 2Ki 9:3; 1Ki 1:34, 1Ki 19:16; 2Ch 22:7; Psa 2:6 *marg. Psa 75:6; Isa 45:1; Dan 2:21, Dan 4:17, Dan 4...

TSK: 2Ki 9:7 - I may avenge // at the hand I may avenge : Deu 32:35, Deu 32:43; Psa 94:1-7; Mat 23:35; Luk 18:7, Luk 18:8; Rom 12:19, Rom 13:4; Heb 10:30; Rev 6:9, Rev 6:10, Rev 18:20, Rev 19:2...

TSK: 2Ki 9:8 - I will cut off // him that pisseth // him that is shut up I will cut off : 1Ki 14:10, 1Ki 14:11, 1Ki 21:21, 1Ki 21:22 him that pisseth : 1Sa 25:22 him that is shut up : 2Ki 14:26; Deu 32:36

I will cut off : 1Ki 14:10, 1Ki 14:11, 1Ki 21:21, 1Ki 21:22

him that pisseth : 1Sa 25:22

him that is shut up : 2Ki 14:26; Deu 32:36

TSK: 2Ki 9:9 - like the house // and like the house like the house : 1Ki 14:10, 1Ki 14:11, 1Ki 15:29, 1Ki 21:22 and like the house : 1Ki 16:3-5, 1Ki 16:11, 1Ki 16:12

like the house : 1Ki 14:10, 1Ki 14:11, 1Ki 15:29, 1Ki 21:22

and like the house : 1Ki 16:3-5, 1Ki 16:11, 1Ki 16:12

TSK: 2Ki 9:10 - the dogs // he opened the dogs : 2Ki 9:35, 2Ki 9:36; 1Ki 21:23; Jer 22:19 he opened : 2Ki 9:3; Jdg 3:26

the dogs : 2Ki 9:35, 2Ki 9:36; 1Ki 21:23; Jer 22:19

he opened : 2Ki 9:3; Jdg 3:26

TSK: 2Ki 9:11 - Is all well // this mad fellow Is all well : 2Ki 9:17, 2Ki 9:19, 2Ki 9:22, 2Ki 4:26, 2Ki 5:21 this mad fellow : It is probable there was something peculiar in the young prophet̵...

Is all well : 2Ki 9:17, 2Ki 9:19, 2Ki 9:22, 2Ki 4:26, 2Ki 5:21

this mad fellow : It is probable there was something peculiar in the young prophet’ s manner and address, similar to the vehement actions sometimes used by the prophets when under the Divine influence, which caused the bystanders to use this contemptuous language. Isa 59:15 *marg. Jer 29:26; Hos 9:7; Mar 3:21; Joh 10:20; Act 17:18, Act 26:24; 1Co 4:10; 2Co 5:13

TSK: 2Ki 9:12 - Thus and thus Thus and thus : 2Ki 9:6-10

Thus and thus : 2Ki 9:6-10

TSK: 2Ki 9:13 - and took every // on the top // blew with trumpets // is king and took every : The spreading of garments in the street, before persons to whom it was intended to shew particular honour, was an ancient and very ge...

and took every : The spreading of garments in the street, before persons to whom it was intended to shew particular honour, was an ancient and very general custom; the garments in these cases being used for carpets. In the Agamemnon of Aschylus, the hypocritical Clytemnestra commands the maids to spread carpets before her returning husband, that on his descending from his chariot he may place his foot on ""a purple-covered path.""We also find this custom among the Romans. Plutarch relates, that when Cato of Utica left the Macedonian army, where he had become legionary tribune, the soldiers spread their clothes in the way. Mat 21:7, Mat 21:8; Mar 11:7, Mar 11:8

on the top : The ancient fortified cities were generally strengthened with a citadel (Jdg 9:46, Jdg 9:51), commonly built on an eminence, to which they ascended by a flight of stairs (Neh 3:15). It is extremely probable, therefore, that Ramoth-gilead, being a frontier town of Israel and Syria, had a tower of this nature; and that Jehu was proclaimed king on the top of the stairs by which they ascended the hill on which the tower stood, i.e., in the area before the door of the tower, and consequently the most public place in the city.

blew with trumpets : 2Sa 15:10; 1Ki 1:34, 1Ki 1:39; Psa 47:5-7, Psa 98:6

is king : Heb. reigneth

TSK: 2Ki 9:14 - conspired // kept Ramothgilead conspired : 2Ki 9:31, 2Ki 8:12-15, 2Ki 10:9, 2Ki 15:30; 1Ki 15:27, 1Ki 16:7, 1Ki 16:9, 1Ki 16:16 kept Ramothgilead : 2Ki 8:28; 1Ki 22:3

TSK: 2Ki 9:15 - Joram // returned // had given // none go forth Joram : Heb. Jehoram returned : 2Ki 8:29; 2Ch 22:6 had given : Heb. smote none go forth : Heb. no escaper go forth, 1Sa 27:9-11

Joram : Heb. Jehoram

returned : 2Ki 8:29; 2Ch 22:6

had given : Heb. smote

none go forth : Heb. no escaper go forth, 1Sa 27:9-11

TSK: 2Ki 9:16 - And Ahaziah And Ahaziah : 2Ki 8:28, 2Ki 8:29; 2Ch 22:6, 2Ch 22:7

And Ahaziah : 2Ki 8:28, 2Ki 8:29; 2Ch 22:6, 2Ch 22:7

TSK: 2Ki 9:17 - a watchman // Take an horseman // Is it peace a watchman : 2Sa 13:34, 2Sa 18:24; Isa 21:6-9, Isa 21:11, Isa 21:12, Isa 56:10, Isa 62:6; Eze 33:2-9; Act 20:26-31 Take an horseman : 2Ki 7:14 Is it p...

TSK: 2Ki 9:18 - What hast thou to do What hast thou to do : 2Ki 9:19, 2Ki 9:22; Isa 48:22, Isa 59:8; Jer 16:5; Rom 3:17

What hast thou to do : 2Ki 9:19, 2Ki 9:22; Isa 48:22, Isa 59:8; Jer 16:5; Rom 3:17

TSK: 2Ki 9:20 - driving // for he driveth // furiously driving : or, marching, Hab 1:6, Hab 3:12 for he driveth : 2Ki 10:16; Ecc 9:10; Isa 54:16; Dan 11:44 furiously : Heb. in madness

driving : or, marching, Hab 1:6, Hab 3:12

for he driveth : 2Ki 10:16; Ecc 9:10; Isa 54:16; Dan 11:44

furiously : Heb. in madness

TSK: 2Ki 9:21 - Make ready // Joram // met // the portion of Naboth Make ready : Heb. bind, 1Ki 20:14 *marg. Mic 1:13 Joram : 2Ch 22:7 met : Heb. found, Num 20:14 *marg. the portion of Naboth : 2Ki 9:25; 1Ki 21:1-7, 1K...

Make ready : Heb. bind, 1Ki 20:14 *marg. Mic 1:13

Joram : 2Ch 22:7

met : Heb. found, Num 20:14 *marg.

the portion of Naboth : 2Ki 9:25; 1Ki 21:1-7, 1Ki 21:15, 1Ki 21:18, 1Ki 21:19

TSK: 2Ki 9:22 - Is it peace // What peace // the whoredoms Is it peace : 2Ki 9:17 What peace : 2Ki 9:18; Isa 57:19-21 the whoredoms : 1Ki 16:30-33, 1Ki 18:4, 1Ki 19:1, 1Ki 19:2, 1Ki 21:8-10, 1Ki 21:25; Nah 3:4...

TSK: 2Ki 9:23 - There is treachery There is treachery : 2Ki 11:14; 2Ch 23:13

There is treachery : 2Ki 11:14; 2Ch 23:13

TSK: 2Ki 9:24 - drew a bow with his full strength // smote // sunk drew a bow with his full strength : Heb. filled his hand with a bow smote : 1Ki 22:34; Job 20:23-25; Psa 50:22; Pro 21:30; Ecc 8:12, Ecc 8:13; 1Th 5:3...

drew a bow with his full strength : Heb. filled his hand with a bow

smote : 1Ki 22:34; Job 20:23-25; Psa 50:22; Pro 21:30; Ecc 8:12, Ecc 8:13; 1Th 5:3

sunk : Heb. bowed

TSK: 2Ki 9:25 - the Lord the Lord : 1Ki 21:19, 1Ki 21:24-29; Isa 13:1; Jer 23:33-38; Nah 1:1; Mal 1:1; Mat 11:30

TSK: 2Ki 9:26 - blood of Naboth // of his sons // I will requite // plat blood of Naboth : Heb. bloods of Naboth of his sons : Deu 24:16; 2Ch 24:25, 2Ch 25:4 I will requite : Exo 20:5; Deu 5:9; Eze 18:19 plat : or, portion

blood of Naboth : Heb. bloods of Naboth

of his sons : Deu 24:16; 2Ch 24:25, 2Ch 25:4

I will requite : Exo 20:5; Deu 5:9; Eze 18:19

plat : or, portion

TSK: 2Ki 9:27 - Ahaziah // garden house // Ibleam // Megiddo Ahaziah : 2Ki 8:29; Num 16:26; 2Ch 22:7-9; Pro 13:20; 2Co 6:17 garden house : 1Ki 21:2 Ibleam : Jos 17:11; Jdg 1:27 Megiddo : ""In the kingdom of Sama...

Ahaziah : 2Ki 8:29; Num 16:26; 2Ch 22:7-9; Pro 13:20; 2Co 6:17

garden house : 1Ki 21:2

Ibleam : Jos 17:11; Jdg 1:27

Megiddo : ""In the kingdom of Samaria.""2Ki 23:29, 2Ki 23:30; Jdg 1:27, Jdg 5:19; 1Ki 4:12; 2Ch 22:9

TSK: 2Ki 9:28 - -- 2Ki 12:21, 2Ki 14:19, 2Ki 14:20, 2Ki 23:20; 2Ch 25:28, 2Ch 35:24

TSK: 2Ki 9:29 - in the eleventh // began Ahaziah in the eleventh : 2Ki 8:16, 2Ki 8:24; 2Ch 21:18, 2Ch 21:19, 2Ch 22:1, 2Ch 22:2 began Ahaziah : ""Then he began to reign as viceroy to his father in hi...

in the eleventh : 2Ki 8:16, 2Ki 8:24; 2Ch 21:18, 2Ch 21:19, 2Ch 22:1, 2Ch 22:2

began Ahaziah : ""Then he began to reign as viceroy to his father in his sickness.""2Ch 21:18, 2Ch 21:19 ""But in Joram’ s twelfth year, he began to reign alone. 2Ki 8:25.""

TSK: 2Ki 9:30 - Jezebel // painted her face // tired Jezebel : 1Ki 19:1, 1Ki 19:2 painted her face : Heb. put her eyes in painting, Jer 4:30; Eze 23:40 tired : Isa 3:18-24; Eze 24:17; 1Ti 2:9, 1Ti 2:10; ...

Jezebel : 1Ki 19:1, 1Ki 19:2

painted her face : Heb. put her eyes in painting, Jer 4:30; Eze 23:40

tired : Isa 3:18-24; Eze 24:17; 1Ti 2:9, 1Ti 2:10; 1Pe 3:3

TSK: 2Ki 9:31 - Zimri // peace Zimri : 1Ki 16:9-20 peace : 2Ki 9:18-22

Zimri : 1Ki 16:9-20

peace : 2Ki 9:18-22

TSK: 2Ki 9:32 - Who is on my side // eunuchs Who is on my side : Exo 32:26; 1Ch 12:18; 2Ch 11:12; Psa 118:6, Psa 124:1, Psa 124:2 eunuchs : or, chamberlains, Est 1:10, Est 2:15, Est 2:21; Act 12:...

Who is on my side : Exo 32:26; 1Ch 12:18; 2Ch 11:12; Psa 118:6, Psa 124:1, Psa 124:2

eunuchs : or, chamberlains, Est 1:10, Est 2:15, Est 2:21; Act 12:20

TSK: 2Ki 9:33 - Throw her down // and on the horses // and he trode Throw her down : 1Ki 21:11 and on the horses : This terrible mode of punishment appears to have been but rarely used, though we occasionally meet with...

Throw her down : 1Ki 21:11

and on the horses : This terrible mode of punishment appears to have been but rarely used, though we occasionally meet with it during this and subsequent periods. The same punishment, it is well known, obtained among the Romans, who used to throw certain malefactors from the Tarpeian rock. This practice obtains among the Moors at Constantia, a town of Barbary; and is also of frequent occurrence in Persia.

and he trode : 2Ki 9:26, 2Ki 7:20; Isa 25:10; Lam 1:15; Mic 7:10; Mal 4:3; Mat 5:13; Heb 10:29

TSK: 2Ki 9:34 - he did eat // this cursed woman // she is a king’ s he did eat : 1Ki 18:41; Est 3:15; Amo 6:4 this cursed woman : 1Ki 21:25; Pro 10:7; Isa 65:15; Mat 25:41 she is a king’ s : 1Ki 16:31

he did eat : 1Ki 18:41; Est 3:15; Amo 6:4

this cursed woman : 1Ki 21:25; Pro 10:7; Isa 65:15; Mat 25:41

she is a king’ s : 1Ki 16:31

TSK: 2Ki 9:35 - but they found but they found : Job 31:3; Ecc 6:3; Isa 14:18-20; Jer 22:19, Jer 36:30; Act 12:23

TSK: 2Ki 9:36 - This is // by his This is : 1Ki 21:23 by his : Heb. by the hand of his, 2Ki 14:25; Lev 8:36; 2Sa 12:25

This is : 1Ki 21:23

by his : Heb. by the hand of his, 2Ki 14:25; Lev 8:36; 2Sa 12:25

TSK: 2Ki 9:37 - the carcase the carcase : Psa 83:10; Ecc 6:3; Isa 14:18-20; Jer 8:2, Jer 16:4, Jer 22:19, Jer 36:20; Eze 32:23-30

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ki 9:1 - Gird up thy loins Gird up thy loins for haste, to take this opportunity when the kings of Israel and Judah were both absent, 2Ki 8:29 , and Jehu, as it seems, was lef...

Gird up thy loins for haste, to take this opportunity when the kings of Israel and Judah were both absent, 2Ki 8:29 , and Jehu, as it seems, was left in chief command. Partly that the work may not be hindered, and partly for the security of thy own person. See 2Ki 9:3 .

Poole: 2Ki 9:2 - -- Partly that the work may not be hindered, and partly for the security of thy own person. See 2Ki 9:3 .

Partly that the work may not be hindered, and partly for the security of thy own person. See 2Ki 9:3 .

Poole: 2Ki 9:3 - I have anointed thee king over Israel I have anointed thee king over Israel: this was not his whole message; but the rest of it is particularly declared 2Ki 9:7-10 , and is to be understo...

I have anointed thee king over Israel: this was not his whole message; but the rest of it is particularly declared 2Ki 9:7-10 , and is to be understood here.

Poole: 2Ki 9:4 - -- Which is here noted as an eminent act of obedience, whereby he run into a manifest hazard of his life.

Which is here noted as an eminent act of obedience, whereby he run into a manifest hazard of his life.

Poole: 2Ki 9:6 - Into the house // He poured the oil on his head Into the house i.e. into an inner chamber in the house, 2Ki 9:2 . He poured the oil on his head thereby in God’ s name letting him into the ac...

Into the house i.e. into an inner chamber in the house, 2Ki 9:2 .

He poured the oil on his head thereby in God’ s name letting him into the actual possession of the kingdom. For if Elijah did before this time anoint him, as some think, from 1Ki 19:16 , that unction did only confer a remote right to the kingdom, as Samuel’ s unction did to David, 1Sa 16:13 . Though others think Elijah did perform that command by Elisha, to whom he left it in charge, and Elisha waited God’ s time and command for the actual execution of it, which he received at this time.

Poole: 2Ki 9:7 - Smite // Thy master Smite i.e. kill and destroy, as that word is used, Gen 8:21 , and elsewhere. Thy master thy former lord and king.

Smite i.e. kill and destroy, as that word is used, Gen 8:21 , and elsewhere.

Thy master thy former lord and king.

Poole: 2Ki 9:10 - In the portion of Jezreel In the portion of Jezreel ; in that part of land in or near the city, which belonged to Naboth.

In the portion of Jezreel ; in that part of land in or near the city, which belonged to Naboth.

Poole: 2Ki 9:11 - To the servants of his lord // Is all well? // Wherefore came this mad fellow? // Ye know the man, and his communication To the servants of his lord to the rest of the commanders and officers there present. Is all well? is not this unlucky messenger come with some ill...

To the servants of his lord to the rest of the commanders and officers there present.

Is all well? is not this unlucky messenger come with some ill tidings?

Wherefore came this mad fellow? they perceived him to be a prophet by his habit, and gestures, and manner of speech. And these profane soldiers esteemed the Lord’ s prophets madmen; partly, because of their neglect of themselves, and contempt of all worldly wealth and honour, which the wise men of this world so greedily seek, and of their strange and uncouth manner of living; partly, because of their holy exercises to which they devoted themselves, which they esteemed nothing but a religious frenzy; and partly, because of those unusual and seemingly ridiculous gestures and actions which the prophets sometimes used in raptures of spirit, or in the fervours of devotion. Compare Jer 29:26 Joh 10:20 Act 26:24 .

Ye know the man, and his communication you rightly guess that he was a madman, and so it appears by his discourse with me, which was, after the manner of that sort of man, vain and impertinent, to tell me of my sins, or of my duty, or such things as are not worth my speaking, or your hearing.

Poole: 2Ki 9:12 - It is false // Tell us now It is false: there is something extraordinary and of great importance in his message, as we plainly perceive by his calling thee into an inner chambe...

It is false: there is something extraordinary and of great importance in his message, as we plainly perceive by his calling thee into an inner chamber, by his great expedition, and by his gesture and carriage.

Tell us now: his concealment of the thing made them more greedy to know it.

Poole: 2Ki 9:13 - Then they hasted // Took every man his garment // On the top of the stairs Then they hasted being well-pleased with the thing; partly, from the advantage which hereby they expected; partly, from that desire of change which i...

Then they hasted being well-pleased with the thing; partly, from the advantage which hereby they expected; partly, from that desire of change which is in most men’ s natures; and principally, by God’ s providence inclining their hearts to Jehu.

Took every man his garment and put it under him; a ceremony used in the eastern parts towards superiors, in token of great reverence to his person, that they would not have his feet to touch the ground, and that they put themselves and their concerns under his feet, and into his disposal. See Poole "Mat 21:7" .

On the top of the stairs in some high and eminent place, whence he might be seen and owned by all the soldiers, who were called together upon this great occasion.

Poole: 2Ki 9:14 - Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead // Joram had kept // Ramoth-gilead Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead which interpreters conclude to have been taken by Joram before this time, though the taking of it be not mentioned. This...

Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead which interpreters conclude to have been taken by Joram before this time, though the taking of it be not mentioned. This they gather, first, from the mention of the inner chamber, 2Ki 9:2 , and of the top of the stairs here; secondly, from 2Ki 9:15 , Let none go forth out of the city . But these arguments seem not to be cogent. Not the former, because there might be some suburbs or outbuildings belonging to the city, or not far from it, which the Israelite might have in their possession. Nor the latter, as we shall there see. And if it was taken, why should all Israel be there to keep it, for which a strong garrison was sufficient? The words therefore may be otherwise rendered, exactly according to the Hebrew,

Joram had kept or did keep , (to wit, by his army left there,) or put guards , or laid siege at , or to , (for so the particle beth is oft used,)

Ramoth-gilead And therefore he had all Israel, i.e. all the military force of Israel, with him, that he might both maintain the siege, and withal oppose Hazael, who sought to relieve it.

Poole: 2Ki 9:15 - When he fought with Hazael // To go to tell it in Jezreel When he fought with Hazael when he came with an army, either to retake the city taken by Joram, or to raise the siege. Out of the city ; or, from t...

When he fought with Hazael when he came with an army, either to retake the city taken by Joram, or to raise the siege. Out of the city ; or, from the city ; either from within the city, or from before it, from the siege or army.

To go to tell it in Jezreel that we may surprise him, and so more easily subdue him.

Poole: 2Ki 9:16 - Went to Jezreel Went to Jezreel accompanied with the horsemen of his army.

Went to Jezreel accompanied with the horsemen of his army.

Poole: 2Ki 9:17 - -- Inquire who it is comes, and if he come upon peaceable terms. For he feared, lest either the Syrians had prevailed there, or some sedition or rebell...

Inquire who it is comes, and if he come upon peaceable terms. For he feared, lest either the Syrians had prevailed there, or some sedition or rebellion was raised against him; which the example of Libnah, and his own guilty conscience, made him fear.

Poole: 2Ki 9:18 - What hast thou to do with peace? What hast thou to do with peace? what right hast thou, or thy master that sent thee, to peace?

What hast thou to do with peace? what right hast thou, or thy master that sent thee, to peace?

Poole: 2Ki 9:20 - -- As his temper is hasty and fierce, so is his march.

As his temper is hasty and fierce, so is his march.

Poole: 2Ki 9:21 - Against Jehu // In the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite Against Jehu or, to meet Jehu , to know his intentions, and by his presence to repress any seditious inclinations which might be in Jehu or his foll...

Against Jehu or, to meet Jehu , to know his intentions, and by his presence to repress any seditious inclinations which might be in Jehu or his followers.

In the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite in that field which formerly belonged to Naboth, part whereof was enclosed by Ahab, and made a garden.

Poole: 2Ki 9:22 - Is it peace? // What peace? // The whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel, and her witchcrafts // witchcraft Is it peace? dost thou come to me with a peaceable mind, or in a way of hostility? For now, when it was too late, he began to suspect some treachery;...

Is it peace? dost thou come to me with a peaceable mind, or in a way of hostility? For now, when it was too late, he began to suspect some treachery; which God hid from him before, to prepare him for destruction.

What peace? what cause hast thou to expect peace, when thou hast so long abetted, and dost still abet, and allow thy mother in her abominable practices?

The whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel, and her witchcrafts which are to be understood, either, literally; spiritual whoredom, which is idolatry, being oft punished with corporal; see 2Ki 9:30 ; and

witchcraft there was oft practised by idolaters. Or rather, mystically and spiritually of her idolatry, which is oft called whoredom , because it is a departing from God to whom we are all tied by many obligations; and witchcraft , either because it doth so powerfully bewitch and deceive men’ s minds, or because it is a manifest entering into covenant with the devil. For idolatry being her chief sin, and the cause of all the rest, it seems improbable that Jehu would omit that in the indictment which he drew against her. He mentions not Joram’ s, but his mother’ s sins; partly, because they were more notorious and infamous; partly, because they were the principal cause why God inflicted, and he was come to execute, these judgments; partly, because by his connivance he had made them his own; and partly, because he could find no gross and odious matter wherewith to charge him, except about the worship of the calves; which he forbore to mention, both lest it should lose his interest amongst his officers and soldiers, who were devoted to that worship; and because he himself intended to keep it up.

Poole: 2Ki 9:23 - Joram turned his hands Joram turned his hands either that therewith he might turn the reins of the chariot, or that by this motion he might direct his charioteer to turn it...

Joram turned his hands either that therewith he might turn the reins of the chariot, or that by this motion he might direct his charioteer to turn it from Jehu.

Poole: 2Ki 9:24 - Between his arms Between his arms between his shoulders, when he was turned or turning back, the chariot being probably open behind, as many times they were.

Between his arms between his shoulders, when he was turned or turning back, the chariot being probably open behind, as many times they were.

Poole: 2Ki 9:25 - When I and thou rode together after Ahab his father // This burden When I and thou rode together after Ahab his father which might be when Ahab went in his chariot, attended with his nobles or chief officers, (of whi...

When I and thou rode together after Ahab his father which might be when Ahab went in his chariot, attended with his nobles or chief officers, (of which these were two,) to take a formal and solemn possession of Naboth’ s land; for then the prophet Elijah met him, and denounced this judgment against him, 1Ki 21:17 , &c.

This burden i.e. this grievous prophecy; for such are oft and truly called burdens, as Isa 13:1 15:1 Jer 23:33,34 Na 1:1 .

Poole: 2Ki 9:26 - The blood of his sons // Cast him into the plat of ground The blood of his sons who, as it seems, were killed with their father by Jezebel’ s advice, to make the possession of the vineyard more sure to ...

The blood of his sons who, as it seems, were killed with their father by Jezebel’ s advice, to make the possession of the vineyard more sure to Ahab, though it be not mentioned in its proper place, 1Ki 21:13 ; for it is not unusual to bring in such fragments of history in succeeding writings which were neglected in the history of those matters. Thus we read of the earthquake in the days of Uzziah , Amo 1:1 , which was not recorded in his history, in the Books of the Kings or Chronicles. Although he might well be charged with taking away the lives of his sons, because he took away the necessary supports of their lives. I will requite thee in this plat ; of which See Poole "1Ki 21:19" .

Cast him into the plat of ground ; where he shall lie unburied, and be a prey to the dogs or fowls, according to the prediction, 1Ki 21:24 .

Poole: 2Ki 9:27 - By the way of the garden-house // Smite him also // They did so // He fled to Megiddo, and died there // Quest // Answ By the way of the garden-house by some secret way, hoping to escape whilst they were busy about Joram. Smite him also as you have done Joram; for h...

By the way of the garden-house by some secret way, hoping to escape whilst they were busy about Joram.

Smite him also as you have done Joram; for he also is of the house of Ahab, 2Ki 8:18 .

They did so they smote or wounded him, but not mortally; either supposing that the wound was mortal; or being more remiss in executing Jehu’ s sentence against him, because they were not so much concerned in his as in Joram’ s design; or because they had some kindness for him, either for his own or for Jehoshaphat’ s sake.

He fled to Megiddo, and died there

Quest. How doth this agree with 2Ch 22:9 , He sought Ahaziah: and they caught him , for he was hid in Samaria, and brought him to Jehu: and when they had slain him , &c.

Answ Either, first, Samaria is there to be understood, not of the city, but of the kingdom or territory so called, 1Ki 13:32 , and elsewhere, in which Megiddo was; and so that may be noted to show that he could not flee into his own kingdom, where he might have been safe; but was forced to take up in another part of the kingdom of Israel, in the territory of Samaria, and there to hide himself. Or, secondly, If Samaria be the city, then the history is briefly and imperfectly described here, and the defects supplied there; (the Book of Chronicles being in great part written for that end, to supply things omitted in the Book of Kings;) and out of both the history may be thus completed: He fled first to Megiddo, and thence to Samaria, where he was caught, and thence brought to Jehu, and by his sentence was put to death at Megiddo, either because Jehu was there at that time upon some occasion, or for some other reason, which at this distance of time we cannot understand.

Poole: 2Ki 9:28 - -- Which they did by Jehu’ s permission for Jehoshaphat’ s sake, 2Ch 22:9 .

Which they did by Jehu’ s permission for Jehoshaphat’ s sake, 2Ch 22:9 .

Poole: 2Ki 9:29 - -- Of this See Poole "2Ki 8:25" .

Of this See Poole "2Ki 8:25" .

Poole: 2Ki 9:30 - -- Either hoping that by her majestic dress and carriage she might strike Jehu or his followers with such an awe, that they should not offer any injury...

Either hoping that by her majestic dress and carriage she might strike Jehu or his followers with such an awe, that they should not offer any injury to her person; or rather, because perceiving her case to be desperate, and that she could not live, was resolved to die with honour and gallantry.

Poole: 2Ki 9:31 - At the gate // Had Zimri peace At the gate of the king’ s palace. Had Zimri peace who slew his master? remember that thy brother traitor Zimri had but a very short enjoyment...

At the gate of the king’ s palace.

Had Zimri peace who slew his master? remember that thy brother traitor Zimri had but a very short enjoyment of the benefit of his treason, and was speedily and severely punished for it by my grandfather, Omri, 1Ki 16:9,16 , and do thou expect the same from some of my posterity.

Poole: 2Ki 9:32 - -- For such used to attend upon queens in their chambers.

For such used to attend upon queens in their chambers.

Poole: 2Ki 9:33 - They threw her down They threw her down being mercenary creatures, they quickly comply with Jehu’ s command, sacrificing her life to save their own.

They threw her down being mercenary creatures, they quickly comply with Jehu’ s command, sacrificing her life to save their own.

Poole: 2Ki 9:34 - For she is a king’ s daughter This he suddenly commanded: either because he had forgot the charge given him above, 2Ki 9:10 , or because having done his own business, he was care...

This he suddenly commanded: either because he had forgot the charge given him above, 2Ki 9:10 , or because having done his own business, he was careless about God’ s work, and the fulfilling of his threatening.

For she is a king’ s daughter: see 1Ki 16:31 . He doth not say, because she was a king’ s wife, lest he should seem to show any respect to that wicked and cursed house of Ahab, which God had devoted to ignominy and utter destruction.

Poole: 2Ki 9:36 - This is the word of the Lord This is the word of the Lord: this strange providence brings that to his mind which he had forgotten, or did not regard.

This is the word of the Lord: this strange providence brings that to his mind which he had forgotten, or did not regard.

Poole: 2Ki 9:37 - -- These words are not extant in the place where this prophecy is first mentioned, 1Ki 21:23 , but are here added, either by Jehu, by way of explicatio...

These words are not extant in the place where this prophecy is first mentioned, 1Ki 21:23 , but are here added, either by Jehu, by way of explication and amplification; or rather, because Elijah spoke them, though they be not there recorded, as being for the substance of them contained in the former words; it being usual to insert some passages in following writings which had been omitted in the former.

Haydock: 2Ki 9:1 - One One. The Rabbins say Jonas; who at this rate, must have been very young, as he prophesied 50 years afterwards, under Jeroboam II. (Calmet) --- Eli...

One. The Rabbins say Jonas; who at this rate, must have been very young, as he prophesied 50 years afterwards, under Jeroboam II. (Calmet) ---

Eliseus did not go himself, to avoid giving umbrage, and in obedience to God's order. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:2 - Brethren Brethren. The captains, ver. 5.

Brethren. The captains, ver. 5.

Haydock: 2Ki 9:3 - Bottle // There Bottle. See 1 Kings x. 1. Elias had received orders to anoint Jehu, 3 Kings xix 16. (Calmet) --- There. The utmost expedition was necessary, th...

Bottle. See 1 Kings x. 1. Elias had received orders to anoint Jehu, 3 Kings xix 16. (Calmet) ---

There. The utmost expedition was necessary, that Joram might be surprised, as well as Ochozias, and their devoted families. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:7 - Jezabel Jezabel, who had persecuted the prophets unto death, 3 Kings xviii. 4.

Jezabel, who had persecuted the prophets unto death, 3 Kings xviii. 4.

Haydock: 2Ki 9:8 - Israel Israel. See Deuteronomy xxxii. 36., and 3 Kings xiv. 10., for an explanation of these expressions. (Calmet)

Israel. See Deuteronomy xxxii. 36., and 3 Kings xiv. 10., for an explanation of these expressions. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:10 - Field Field, between the inner and the outer wall. Her body shall be left exposed to be eaten by the dogs.

Field, between the inner and the outer wall. Her body shall be left exposed to be eaten by the dogs.

Haydock: 2Ki 9:11 - Madman // Ut primum cessit furor & rabida ora quierunt Madman. The extravagant motions of the false prophets caused even the true ones to be treated with contempt. Warriors are but too apt to give way t...

Madman. The extravagant motions of the false prophets caused even the true ones to be treated with contempt. Warriors are but too apt to give way to sentiments of irreligion, (Menochius) and to despise men who lead a retired and penitential life. (Haydock) ---

How often were Ezechiel and Jeremias treated as fools, (Ezechiel xxxiii. 30., and Jeremias xxix. 26.; Calmet) as well as our divine Saviour? The pagans looked upon those who were inspired by Apollo in the same light. (Haydock) ---

Ut primum cessit furor & rabida ora quierunt, Virgil, Æneid vi. "What authority has this fury, which you call divine, that the insane should behold what escapes the observation of the wise, and that he who has lost common (human) sense should possess divine?" ea videat insanus, & is qui humanos sensus amiserit, divinos assecutus sit? (Cicero, Divin. ii.)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:12 - False False. We know not who he was, or what he said; though, from his conduct, we judge that he was one of the prophets. Hence they so readily acquiesce...

False. We know not who he was, or what he said; though, from his conduct, we judge that he was one of the prophets. Hence they so readily acquiesced in saluting Jehu king. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:13 - Garment // Trumpet Garment, out of respect, as the multitude honoured Jesus Christ, Matthew xxi. 7. The pagans sometimes did the like when they carried their idols in ...

Garment, out of respect, as the multitude honoured Jesus Christ, Matthew xxi. 7. The pagans sometimes did the like when they carried their idols in procession. (Plutarch, in Alcib.) The king of Persia walked on carpets in the court of the guards, who were styled immortal. ( Atheneus 12.) ---

Trumpet, according to custom, 3 Kings i. 40. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:14 - Conspired Conspired, with the captains. (Menochius) -- Besieged, as it is observed above, chap. xxviii. 29. Hebrew, "had kept (Haydock) or observed;" watchin...

Conspired, with the captains. (Menochius) -- Besieged, as it is observed above, chap. xxviii. 29. Hebrew, "had kept (Haydock) or observed;" watching the motions of Hazael, lest he should return, or succour the citadel.

Haydock: 2Ki 9:17 - Watchman // Troop Watchman. Such were very common, (2 Kings xviii. 24., and 1 Machabees xii. 26.) and as the army was at Ramoth, the attention of the people would be ...

Watchman. Such were very common, (2 Kings xviii. 24., and 1 Machabees xii. 26.) and as the army was at Ramoth, the attention of the people would be drawn that way. (Calmet) ---

Troop. Septuagint, "the dust of the," &c. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:18 - Peace? Peace? As this expression sufficiently vindicated the designs of Jehu, he would not suffer the messenger to return before him. (Haydock)

Peace? As this expression sufficiently vindicated the designs of Jehu, he would not suffer the messenger to return before him. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:20 - Furiously Furiously. The Chaldean and Arabic say, "he marcheth slowly." But the whole conduct of Jehu was marked with eagerness and severity, like that of C...

Furiously. The Chaldean and Arabic say, "he marcheth slowly." But the whole conduct of Jehu was marked with eagerness and severity, like that of Cato of Utica, (Grotius) and the utmost expedition was requisite.

Haydock: 2Ki 9:22 - Jehu? // Vigour? Jehu? The king supposed that he had meet with some defeat, (Calmet) of that he wished to announce the good tidings in person. (Menochius) (Salien,...

Jehu? The king supposed that he had meet with some defeat, (Calmet) of that he wished to announce the good tidings in person. (Menochius) (Salien, the year before Christ 902.) ---

Vigour? How can Israel prosper? (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:23 - Hand Hand. Or ordered his charioteer to flee with all speed. (Menochius)

Hand. Or ordered his charioteer to flee with all speed. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:25 - Sitting // Burden Sitting. Hebrew, "rode together after," as if they were two abreast. (Calmet) --- Burden, or dreadful misfortune. (Menochius)

Sitting. Hebrew, "rode together after," as if they were two abreast. (Calmet) ---

Burden, or dreadful misfortune. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:26 - Children Children. We do not read these words before, or that the children of Naboth were slain; but it is very usual to supply in one place what has been om...

Children. We do not read these words before, or that the children of Naboth were slain; but it is very usual to supply in one place what has been omitted in another, and Achab was not required to make restitution, (Calmet) as there were no heirs probably left. (Menochius) (Worthington)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:27 - House // There House. Septuagint retain "Baithgan," the original term, as if it were the name of that road. (Menochius) --- Ochozias wanted to reach the palace b...

House. Septuagint retain "Baithgan," the original term, as if it were the name of that road. (Menochius) ---

Ochozias wanted to reach the palace by the garden, which was the source of the miseries of Achab's family. ---

There. Being brought back from Samaria, 2 Paralipomenon xxii. 9., (Calmet) or lurking in that kingdom, (Menochius) and slain by Jehu as being the grandson of Jezabel. Great troubles took place in Juda, in consequence of his death. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:29 - Eleventh Eleventh, or rather the twelfth, (chap. viii. 25.; Houbigant) unless he had been associated with his father on the throne a year before his death. ...

Eleventh, or rather the twelfth, (chap. viii. 25.; Houbigant) unless he had been associated with his father on the throne a year before his death. (Calmet) (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:30 - Stone Stone, or antimony, to make the eyes look black and large. If (Calmet) Jezabel thought that she would thus command respect or love, (Abulensis) she ...

Stone, or antimony, to make the eyes look black and large. If (Calmet) Jezabel thought that she would thus command respect or love, (Abulensis) she was extremely imprudent and rash, in her present condition. Pride might suggest that she ought not to appear unadorned. (Calmet) (Tirinus) ---

The women of the Eastern countries delight much in painting, (Pliny, [Natural History?] xi. 37., and xxxiii. 6.) and some men have not been ashamed to follow their example. (St. Cyprian) ---

Sardanapalus had his eyes and his eye-lids painted. ( Atheneus xii.) The Arabs, &c., think that this black colour protects the eyes against the sun-beams. (Valle ii. Ep. 17.) To express the affection of Jezabel, Hebrew has, "she placed her eyes in antimony," ( fuc, or puc, whence the Latin fucus is visibly derived) as if she plunged them in it. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:31 - Master Master. Being convinced that she could not gain the affections of Jehu, (Haydock) and thinking that he would not lay hands on a woman, (Menochius) s...

Master. Being convinced that she could not gain the affections of Jehu, (Haydock) and thinking that he would not lay hands on a woman, (Menochius) she insolently, or in despair, (Haydock) upbraids him as a new Zambri, who might expect a similar fate, 3 Kings xvi. (Calmet) ---

The name of Zambri was used proverbially to denote an ungrateful rebel; as with us Judas is used for a traitor. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:32 - This // Hoofs This. "Who dares address me with such provoking language?" Hebrew, "Who with me, who?" will punish the wretch? The eunuchs, who had hitherto wai...

This. "Who dares address me with such provoking language?" Hebrew, "Who with me, who?" will punish the wretch? The eunuchs, who had hitherto waited upon Jezabel, immediately shewed their readiness to take part with her enemy: so little dependence can be placed on servants in the hour of adversity, when they have long been witnesses of their masters' crimes. ---

Hoofs. Hebrew, "and the horses, and he trod her under foot." (Haydock) ---

Jehu shewed the example. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:34 - Bury // Daughter Bury. He had forgotten the prediction of Elias, ver. 36. (Salien) --- Daughter of Ethbaal, wife of Achab, mother of Joram king of Israel, and mot...

Bury. He had forgotten the prediction of Elias, ver. 36. (Salien) ---

Daughter of Ethbaal, wife of Achab, mother of Joram king of Israel, and mother-in-law of Joram king of Juda, and grandmother of his son Ochozias. (Calmet) ---

Her great connexions seemed to entitle her to the rights of sepulture. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:35 - Hands Hands. All the rest had been presently devoured, or carried off by dogs. (Haydock) --- Her precious jewels had been plundered by the soldiers. (M...

Hands. All the rest had been presently devoured, or carried off by dogs. (Haydock) ---

Her precious jewels had been plundered by the soldiers. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:36 - Field Field, or space between the walls, 3 Kings xxi. 23. (Calmet)

Field, or space between the walls, 3 Kings xxi. 23. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 9:37 - Jezabel? Jezabel? So fallen (Menochius) and degraded, though once possessed of so much power and beauty! sic transit gloria mundi. Hebrew and Septuagint,...

Jezabel? So fallen (Menochius) and degraded, though once possessed of so much power and beauty! sic transit gloria mundi. Hebrew and Septuagint, "that they shall not say, This is Jezabel!" (Haydock) ---

No monument shall recall her to the remembrance of men. (Calmet) ---

Her body cannot be recognized. This will be the fate of the greatest mortal beauties, a few days after their departure. St. Francis Borgia durst not take an oath that the corpse which he had to attend, was that of the late beautiful empress Isabella: so much was it already disfigured. This sight was the beginning of his conversion, and of that eminent sanctity to which he attained, by despising all that the world can give or take away. (Haydock) ---

The Spanish interpreters call Achab's widow, Isabella: and she seems to have been the sister, or relation, of Dido, who founded Carthage about this time; (Tirinus) Salien says in the 16th year of Jehu, the year before Christ 887. (Haydock)

Gill: 2Ki 9:1 - And Elisha the prophet called one of the children of the prophets // and said, gird up thy loins // and take this box of oil in thine hand // and go to Ramothgilead And Elisha the prophet called one of the children of the prophets,.... Who the Jews generally say k was Jonah the son of Amittai: and said, gird up...

And Elisha the prophet called one of the children of the prophets,.... Who the Jews generally say k was Jonah the son of Amittai:

and said, gird up thy loins; his loose and long garments about his loins, for quicker dispatch in travelling:

and take this box of oil in thine hand; for an use after directed to:

and go to Ramothgilead; where Joram had left his army with his captains, to keep the city from the Syrians.

Gill: 2Ki 9:2 - And when thou comest thither // look out there Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi // and go in, and make him arise up from among his brethren // and carry him into an inner chamber And when thou comest thither,.... To Ramothgilead; but from whence he went is uncertain, doubtless where there was a school of the prophets, perhaps t...

And when thou comest thither,.... To Ramothgilead; but from whence he went is uncertain, doubtless where there was a school of the prophets, perhaps that which was erected near Jordan, on the other side of which lay Ramothgilead, 2Ki 6:1,

look out there Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi; the same that Elijah was ordered to anoint, but it was deferred till now, a reprieve being granted to Ahab upon his humiliation, 1Ki 19:16,

and go in, and make him arise up from among his brethren; the captains of the army:

and carry him into an inner chamber; a chamber within a chamber, as in the original; this he was to do for secrecy, that it might not be seen what he did to Jehu; and lest he should be prevented doing it by the captains, or be exposed to danger for doing it; since that might be deemed treason to do what he was to do, and did, as follows.

Gill: 2Ki 9:3 - Then take the box of oil, and pour it on his head // and say, thus saith the Lord, I have anointed thee king over Israel // then open the door and flee, and tarry not Then take the box of oil, and pour it on his head,.... When in the chamber together alone: and say, thus saith the Lord, I have anointed thee king ...

Then take the box of oil, and pour it on his head,.... When in the chamber together alone:

and say, thus saith the Lord, I have anointed thee king over Israel; which was done, not with the anointing oil in the temple, which could not be come by; and with which, as Kimchi from their Rabbins says, only the kings of the house of David were anointed, and they only when there was a division, or the crown was translated to another family, as was the case now; but with common oil, or the oil of balsam, such as the prophet had in his house:

then open the door and flee, and tarry not; lest he should be examined by the captains, and come into danger; though before he went out he was to say what is recorded in 2Ki 9:7.

Gill: 2Ki 9:4 - So the young man, even the young man the prophet, went to Ramothgilead. So the young man, even the young man the prophet, went to Ramothgilead. It is repeated, that it might be observed that it was a young man that went, w...

So the young man, even the young man the prophet, went to Ramothgilead. It is repeated, that it might be observed that it was a young man that went, who was more fit for this service than Elisha, partly because of his age, and partly because he would be less known; as also his age is remarked, this being a bold and daring action in a young man to anoint a new king, as well as it was honourable; and moreover, he was not only one of the sons of the prophets, but was a prophet himself, though young, and still a more fit person for such a service; though the Targum is, a young man, a disciple of the prophets.

Gill: 2Ki 9:5 - And when he came, behold, the captains of the host were sitting // and he said, I have an errand unto thee, O captain // and Jehu said, unto which of all us // and he said, to thee, O captain And when he came, behold, the captains of the host were sitting,.... Either at a table, being at dinner, or at a council of war: and he said, I hav...

And when he came, behold, the captains of the host were sitting,.... Either at a table, being at dinner, or at a council of war:

and he said, I have an errand unto thee, O captain; looking and directing his speech to Jehu; or, "I have a word to thee" l; something to say to thee, intimating that he desired to speak to him alone:

and Jehu said, unto which of all us? not perhaps at first thoroughly understanding who he meant; or however was willing to have it repeated and explained, that it might be manifest to the whole company that he was intended:

and he said, to thee, O captain; and to him only.

Gill: 2Ki 9:6 - And he arose, and went into the house // and he poured the oil on his head, and said unto him, thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I have anointed thee king over the people of the Lord, even over Israel And he arose, and went into the house,.... Into the inner chamber in it: and he poured the oil on his head, and said unto him, thus saith the Lord ...

And he arose, and went into the house,.... Into the inner chamber in it:

and he poured the oil on his head, and said unto him, thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I have anointed thee king over the people of the Lord, even over Israel; for though they were fallen into idolatry, and from the pure worship of God, yet the Lord had still a right unto them, and as yet he had not wrote a "Loammi" Hos 1:9 upon them; and there were many among them which had not bowed the knee to Baal.

Gill: 2Ki 9:7 - And thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master // that I may avenge the blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the Lord, at the hand of Jezebel And thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master,.... For Jehu was one of Ahab's captains, as he was now one of his son's, as appears from 2Ki 9:25, ...

And thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master,.... For Jehu was one of Ahab's captains, as he was now one of his son's, as appears from 2Ki 9:25, but this was to be no objection with him to the destroying of his house, as being an act of high treason, since he had an order for it from the King of kings, and Lord of lords; which otherwise would have seemed unlawful and criminal, and what follows will sufficiently vindicate the justice of God in it:

that I may avenge the blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the Lord, at the hand of Jezebel; who killed the prophets of the Lord, and caused to be put to death Naboth the servant of the Lord, and now their blood was to be avenged on her and her son Joram, and all her family.

Gill: 2Ki 9:8 - For the whole house of Ahab shall perish // and I will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel For the whole house of Ahab shall perish,.... Be cut off by death, and that in a violent manner, not one should escape: and I will cut off from Aha...

For the whole house of Ahab shall perish,.... Be cut off by death, and that in a violent manner, not one should escape:

and I will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel; of these phrases; see Gill on 1Ki 14:10, 1Ki 21:21

Gill: 2Ki 9:9 - And I will make the house of Ahab And I will make the house of Ahab, The same is threatened; see Gill on 1Ki 21:22.

And I will make the house of Ahab, The same is threatened; see Gill on 1Ki 21:22.

Gill: 2Ki 9:10 - And the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the portion of Jezreel // and there shall be none to bury her // and he opened the door, and fled And the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the portion of Jezreel,.... Or in the field of Jezreel; the Targum is, the inheritance of Jezreel; this is also thre...

And the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the portion of Jezreel,.... Or in the field of Jezreel; the Targum is, the inheritance of Jezreel; this is also threatened, 1Ki 21:23.

and there shall be none to bury her; or nothing of her to bury, as Kimchi, all being eaten up but her skull, feet, and the palms of her hands, see 2Ki 9:35.

and he opened the door, and fled; that is, the young man of the sons of the prophets, as soon as he had said the above words, as he was ordered, lest he should be taken up for a traitor.

Gill: 2Ki 9:11 - Then Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord // and one said unto him, is all well // wherefore came this mad fellow to thee // and he said unto them, ye know the man, and his communication Then Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord,.... The rest of the captains of the army, who served under Joram as he did: and one said unto him...

Then Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord,.... The rest of the captains of the army, who served under Joram as he did:

and one said unto him, is all well? one of the captains, the greatest of them, as Kimchi; he inquired whether he brought any ill news, since he came and went in such haste:

wherefore came this mad fellow to thee? so profane men, especially the worshippers of Baal, as those captains might be, were wont to call the prophets of the Lord, because of their habit, their manner of living, and the gestures they sometimes used in prophesying, and especially because of the things they prophesied of; and even prophets were sometimes called so, because, in the time of their prophesying, they appeared as madmen m, and in a frenzy:

and he said unto them, ye know the man, and his communication; you saw by his habit of what profession he is, and you may easily guess what he talked of, as such men usually do, about religion, and one whimsical thing or another, reproving men for their sins, and telling them what they ought to do; and such like things you may well imagine he has been talking of to me; you rightly call him a mad fellow, and you may well suppose his discourse was agreeably to his character, and not worth relating and hearing; this he said, to put them off inquiring any further.

Gill: 2Ki 9:12 - And they said, it is false, tell us now // thus and thus spake he to me // saying, thus saith the Lord, I have anointed thee king over Israel And they said, it is false, tell us now,.... They did not believe he spoke truth, but concealed from them the real matter; which they concluded to be...

And they said, it is false, tell us now,.... They did not believe he spoke truth, but concealed from them the real matter; which they concluded to be of some importance, by the hastiness of the messenger, the privacy between them, the countenance of Jehu, which discovered thoughtfulness and concern, and the trifling answer he sought to put them off with; all which increased their curiosity, and made them urgent and importunate to know the truth of the matter: and he said:

thus and thus spake he to me; such and such words as above: and particularly

saying, thus saith the Lord, I have anointed thee king over Israel; and no doubt told them that he poured oil on his head, and anointed him, and he might show them the oil.

Gill: 2Ki 9:13 - Then they hasted, and took every man his garment, and put it under him on the top of the stairs // and blew with trumpets, saying, Jehu is king Then they hasted, and took every man his garment, and put it under him on the top of the stairs,.... That is, under Jehu, that he might be raised high...

Then they hasted, and took every man his garment, and put it under him on the top of the stairs,.... That is, under Jehu, that he might be raised higher, and put on an eminence above them, agreeably to the high rank and dignity he was raised unto, and which they hereby acknowledged; and that he might be conspicuous to others: and this was done upon the top of the stairs, the first and highest of them, which led up either to an upper room, or to a scaffold erected for this purpose; the Targum is, on the degree of hours, a sun dial, a stone on which were engraven the twelve hours of the day, and which, by the sun's shadow on it, it might be known what hour it was; and at, or upon this stone, they laid their clothes, for Jehu to sit upon; not their wearing apparel, but carpets, or pieces of tapestry, or such like things:

and blew with trumpets, saying, Jehu is king; and they might come the more easily into such an acknowledgment of him as such, though he was anointed by one whom they had just called a mad fellow; being not so well affected to Ahab's family, and having a great respect for Jehu, the chief commander of the army, and especially being under a particular influence of the divine Providence, which moved them to take such a step.

Gill: 2Ki 9:14 - So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram // now Joram had kept Ramothgilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael king of Syria So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram,.... He and the captains with him entered into a confederacy to depose Joram,...

So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram,.... He and the captains with him entered into a confederacy to depose Joram, and set him up as king:

now Joram had kept Ramothgilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael king of Syria; having taken it, he left his army in it, under the command of his captains, of which Jehu was the chief, to keep it from the king of Syria; which gave Jehu a fairer opportunity, having the army at his command, and at a distance from Joram, of forming a conspiracy against him.

Gill: 2Ki 9:15 - But King Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel // and Jehu said, if it be your minds // then let none go forth nor escape out of the city But King Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel,.... As is recorded, 2Ki 8:29 and here repeated for the reason above given: and Jehu said, if i...

But King Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel,.... As is recorded, 2Ki 8:29 and here repeated for the reason above given:

and Jehu said, if it be your minds; to engage one and all, and heartily, in this conspiracy, and to make me king:

then let none go forth nor escape out of the city, to go to tell it in Jezreel; that so Joram might be surprised unawares, and have no opportunity either of fleeing or of preparing for his defence.

Gill: 2Ki 9:16 - So Jehu rode in a chariot // and went to Jezreel // for Jordan lay there // and Ahaziah king of Judah was come down to see Joram So Jehu rode in a chariot,.... In great pomp and majesty as a king: and went to Jezreel: set forward on a march thither with his captains, and part...

So Jehu rode in a chariot,.... In great pomp and majesty as a king:

and went to Jezreel: set forward on a march thither with his captains, and part of his army at least, from Ramothgilead; which, according to Bunting n, was twenty four miles:

for Jordan lay there; to be cured of his wounds, as before observed:

and Ahaziah king of Judah was come down to see Joram; see 2Ki 8:29.

Gill: 2Ki 9:17 - And there stood a watchman on the tower of Jezreel // and he spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said, I see a company // and Joram said, take an horseman, and send to meet them, and let him say, is it peace And there stood a watchman on the tower of Jezreel,.... Who could see afar off when an enemy was coming, and his business was to give notice of it; an...

And there stood a watchman on the tower of Jezreel,.... Who could see afar off when an enemy was coming, and his business was to give notice of it; and especially he was now on his watch tower, because the king was there, and this was necessary for his safety:

and he spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said, I see a company; a troop of soldiers, though he did not know who they were, and to whom they belonged, whether they were Syrians or Israelites; which was reported to the king:

and Joram said, take an horseman, and send to meet them, and let him say, is it peace? he might fear some ill had befallen his army at Ramothgilead, and the Syrians had got the advantage of them; or they had made an irruption into his country, and were coming to attack him at Jezreel; or there was an insurrection among his own people.

Gill: 2Ki 9:18 - So there went one on horseback to meet him, and said, thus saith the king, is it peace // and Jehu said, what hast thou to do with peace // turn thee behind me // and the watchman told, saying, the messenger came to them, but he cometh not again So there went one on horseback to meet him, and said, thus saith the king, is it peace?.... Are things well in the army, or any disturbance in the kin...

So there went one on horseback to meet him, and said, thus saith the king, is it peace?.... Are things well in the army, or any disturbance in the kingdom? are you come as friends or enemies?

and Jehu said, what hast thou to do with peace? or to ask such a question:

turn thee behind me; which he was obliged to do, Jehu having such a company of soldiers with him; and this he did, that he might carry no tidings to Joram, that he might not know as yet who he and his company were:

and the watchman told, saying, the messenger came to them, but he cometh not again; of this he sent word to the king what he had observed.

Gill: 2Ki 9:19 - Then he sent out a second on horseback, which came to them, and said Then he sent out a second on horseback, which came to them, and said,.... The same as the first messenger did, and had the same answer, and was bid to...

Then he sent out a second on horseback, which came to them, and said,.... The same as the first messenger did, and had the same answer, and was bid to do the same as in the preceding verse.

Gill: 2Ki 9:20 - And the watchman told, saying, he came even unto them, and cometh not again // and the driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi // for he driveth furiously And the watchman told, saying, he came even unto them, and cometh not again,.... Was detained, as the other was: and the driving is like the drivin...

And the watchman told, saying, he came even unto them, and cometh not again,.... Was detained, as the other was:

and the driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi; for, coming nearer, the watchman could discern the manner of his driving:

for he driveth furiously; in great haste, making much speed, being a man of a very warm and active spirit; and now being eager to come up with Joram, and seize him unprepared, and ascend the throne; the Targum is the reverse,

"for he driveth quietly or slowly,''being desirous of drawing Joram out of the city, and get him into his hands, and slay him, that he might not have the trouble of besieging the place, which was able to hold out some time against him; and besides, he remembered the prophecy of Elisha, that Naboth's blood would be requited in the field of Jezreel, 2Ki 9:26, and therefore was desirous of drawing him out of the city, in order to slay him there.

Gill: 2Ki 9:21 - And Joram said, make ready // and his chariot was made ready // and Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot // and they went out against Jehu // and met him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite And Joram said, make ready,.... The chariot, put to the horses; bind them, as the word signifies, to the chariot: and his chariot was made ready; b...

And Joram said, make ready,.... The chariot, put to the horses; bind them, as the word signifies, to the chariot:

and his chariot was made ready; by his servants immediately:

and Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot; not both in the same chariot, but each in his own, for the sake of greater magnificence:

and they went out against Jehu; not in an hostile manner, for they had no notion of him as an enemy; though it is much they had no suspicion of him by his detaining the messengers; but Joram perhaps thought he was desirous of delivering his message himself; and in honour to him, and also being eager to know what it was, went out to meet him:

and met him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite; which had been his, and where, or near it, he was stoned, and his blood shed; a very inauspicious place to meet him in.

Gill: 2Ki 9:22 - And it came to pass, when Joram saw, Jehu, that he said, is it peace, Jehu // and he answered, what peace // so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many And it came to pass, when Joram saw, Jehu, that he said, is it peace, Jehu?.... Have things gone well at Ramothgilead? art thou come in triumph from t...

And it came to pass, when Joram saw, Jehu, that he said, is it peace, Jehu?.... Have things gone well at Ramothgilead? art thou come in triumph from thence? or obliged to fly from the Syrians? or art thou come in a peaceable, or in an hostile manner to me?

and he answered, what peace; canst thou expect at home or abroad, from me or others:

so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many? which may be understood both literally of corporeal whoredom, and diabolical arts she was addicted to, and figuratively of idolatry, often called whoredom in Scripture, and of the wicked arts and methods she made use of to inveigle and entice persons into it; and both these very often went together; see Nah 3:4 and of which Joram was guilty, at least in part; he connived at all in her, and did not attempt to restrain her, and therefore had no claim to peace, protection, and safety.

Gill: 2Ki 9:23 - And Joram turned his hand, and fled // and said to Ahaziah, there is treachery, O Ahaziah And Joram turned his hand, and fled,.... Taking hold of the horses' reins with it to turn them, or by the motion of it directing the charioteer to tur...

And Joram turned his hand, and fled,.... Taking hold of the horses' reins with it to turn them, or by the motion of it directing the charioteer to turn them back towards Jezreel, whither he fled:

and said to Ahaziah, there is treachery, O Ahaziah; a conspiracy formed, and rebellion raised by the captains, at the head of which he supposed Jehu was.

Gill: 2Ki 9:24 - And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength // and smote Jehoram between his arms // and the arrow went out at his heart // and he sunk down in his chariot And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength,.... To give the arrow all the force he could: and smote Jehoram between his arms; that is, between his ...

And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength,.... To give the arrow all the force he could:

and smote Jehoram between his arms; that is, between his shoulders, his back being turned to him, and the chariot an open one:

and the arrow went out at his heart: quite through him:

and he sunk down in his chariot; and died immediately.

Gill: 2Ki 9:25 - Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain // take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite // for remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father // the Lord laid this burden upon him Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain,.... Not Joram's, but Jehu's captain, though he had been the former's, and his father Ahab's also: take up, a...

Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain,.... Not Joram's, but Jehu's captain, though he had been the former's, and his father Ahab's also:

take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite; near to which they were:

for remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father; either in the same chariot, or on horseback side by side, his guards or retinue following him two and two:

the Lord laid this burden upon him; this heavy denunciation of vengeance by Elijah the prophet; and they being together, and pretty near, heard it, as he might remember, which follows.

Gill: 2Ki 9:26 - Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth // and the blood of his sons, said the Lord // and I will requite thee in this place // now therefore take and cast him into the plat of ground, according to the word of the Lord Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth,.... These are the words of the Lord to Elijah the day after Naboth was put to death: and the bloo...

Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth,.... These are the words of the Lord to Elijah the day after Naboth was put to death:

and the blood of his sons, said the Lord; who were put to death with him, that there might be no heirs to the estate:

and I will requite thee in this place: take vengeance here, as he now did on his son:

now therefore take and cast him into the plat of ground, according to the word of the Lord; whereby it would be fulfilled, see 1Ki 21:19, more is here recited than there, which Jehu well remembered.

Gill: 2Ki 9:27 - But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this // he fled by the way of the garden house // and Jehu followed after him // and said, smite him also in the chariot // at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam // and he fled to Megiddo // and died there But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this,.... That Joram was slain: he fled by the way of the garden house, which perhaps stood upon the spot wh...

But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this,.... That Joram was slain:

he fled by the way of the garden house, which perhaps stood upon the spot where Naboth's vineyard was, turned into a garden by Ahab:

and Jehu followed after him; as far as Samaria, where he was hid, 2Ch 22:9,

and said, smite him also in the chariot; this order he gave to his soldiers, to do to him as he had done to Joram: and they did so:

at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam; a city in the tribe of Manasseh, Jos 17:11,

and he fled to Megiddo; after he was wounded; another city in the same tribe, Jos 17:11,

and died there; at Megiddo; though some think that from thence he was had by his servants to Samaria, and there hid, and, being found, was brought from thence to Jezreel, where he was slain, and died. Jehu was ordered to destroy the whole house of Ahab, and Ahaziah was of that house by his mother's side, and walked in the way of it, and was in conjunction with it, and perished therewith; this, though here recorded, was after the death of Jezebel, and of the seventy sons of Ahab, and of the brethren of Ahaziah.

Gill: 2Ki 9:28 - And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem // and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem,.... With the leave of Jehu, because he was the grandson of Jehoshaphat, a sincere worshipper o...

And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem,.... With the leave of Jehu, because he was the grandson of Jehoshaphat, a sincere worshipper of God, 2Ch 22:9,

and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David; see 1Ki 22:50.

Gill: 2Ki 9:29 - And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah. And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah. In 2Ki 8:25, it is said to be in the twelfth year of his reign; i...

And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah. In 2Ki 8:25, it is said to be in the twelfth year of his reign; it was at the close of the eleventh, and the beginning of the twelfth; or he began to reign with his father in the eleventh as here, and in the twelfth as there, when his father was dead.

Gill: 2Ki 9:30 - And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it // and she painted her face // and tired her head // and looked out at a window And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it,.... And of what he had done to Joram: and she painted her face; or put "stibium" on her eye...

And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it,.... And of what he had done to Joram:

and she painted her face; or put "stibium" on her eyes; a sort of paint, to make them look beautiful perhaps the same with powder of lead ore, the Moors now use to tinge their eyebrows with, and make them look black, which they reckon graceful; see Gill on Eze 23:40, this custom now obtains among the white Indians, who, to heighten the lustre of their complexion, and render their eyes more languishing, put a little black about them n:

and tired her head; dressed her head in the most elegant manner; not with a view to tempt Jehu, which she could not expect, being an aged woman; but for grandeur and majesty, and in the pride and haughtiness of her spirit, which she retained to the last, and resolved to keep up and show in her extremity and calamity:

and looked out at a window; in a bravado, as fearless of Jehu, and to dash him out of countenance if she could; or she might hope, by such a graceful and majestic appearance she made, that he would be moved to spare her life; though this does not so well agree with what follows as the former.

Gill: 2Ki 9:31 - And as Jehu entered in at the gate // she said, had Zimri peace, who slew his master And as Jehu entered in at the gate,.... Either of the city of Jezreel, or of the king's palace: she said, had Zimri peace, who slew his master? El...

And as Jehu entered in at the gate,.... Either of the city of Jezreel, or of the king's palace:

she said, had Zimri peace, who slew his master? Elah the son of Baasha king of Israel; no, he had not; he reigned but seven days, and, being besieged, burnt the king's house over him, and died, 1Ki 16:10, suggesting that the like would be his fate, who had slain his master Joram; or the words may be rendered, "O Zimri, the slayer of his master"; calling Jehu so, because of his likeness to Zimri.

Gill: 2Ki 9:32 - And he lifted up his face to the window // and said, who is on my side, who // and there looked out to him two or three eunuchs And he lifted up his face to the window,.... On hearing the above words: and said, who is on my side, who? and will assist in taking vengeance on t...

And he lifted up his face to the window,.... On hearing the above words:

and said, who is on my side, who? and will assist in taking vengeance on this haughty, imperious, and abusive woman:

and there looked out to him two or three eunuchs; who used to wait on her, as such did on women of quality, and attend them in their bedchambers; these, by their looks, signified they were ready to do any thing Jehu should direct them, Jezebel having been, perhaps, a very cruel mistress to them, and so was hated by them; and they might hope, by pleasing Jehu, to be continued at court in their office.

Gill: 2Ki 9:33 - And he said, throw her down // so they threw her down // and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall // and on the horses // and he trod her underfoot And he said, throw her down,.... Out of the window upon the ground: so they threw her down; took her up, and cast her headlong, as they were bid: ...

And he said, throw her down,.... Out of the window upon the ground:

so they threw her down; took her up, and cast her headlong, as they were bid:

and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall; of the palace where she was:

and on the horses; which drew the chariot of Jehu:

and he trod her underfoot; with his horses; according to Kimchi, her sentence, and so her death, was stoning, as a retaliation of Naboth; for stoning was done two ways, both by casting down persons on stones, and by casting stones upon them; see Gill on Act 7:58.

Gill: 2Ki 9:34 - And when he was come in // he did eat and drink // and said, go see now this cursed woman // and bury her // for she is a king's daughter And when he was come in,.... To the palace: he did eat and drink; to refresh himself after so long a march, and doing such execution: and said, ...

And when he was come in,.... To the palace:

he did eat and drink; to refresh himself after so long a march, and doing such execution:

and said, go see now this cursed woman; who had been the means of bringing a curse on Israel through her idolatry, and upon Ahab and his family, and upon herself, body and soul, being cursed of God and of men:

and bury her; forgetting the prophecy concerning her, though afterwards he remembered it:

for she is a king's daughter: the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, 1Ki 16:31 and therefore, in honour to royal dignity, though a cursed woman, he ordered the interment of her; or "though" she is the daughter of one of the kings of the nations of the world, as Kimchi, yet honour must be given to whom it is due.

Gill: 2Ki 9:35 - And they went to bury her // but they found no more of her than the scull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands And they went to bury her,.... The servants of Jehu, according to his orders and instructions: but they found no more of her than the scull, and th...

And they went to bury her,.... The servants of Jehu, according to his orders and instructions:

but they found no more of her than the scull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands; the flesh, and even all the rest of her bones, being devoured by dogs, so that there was scarce anything of her to be buried, as in 2Ki 9:10, something similar to this happened to Ascletarion, a mathematician, as related by Suetonius o.

Gill: 2Ki 9:36 - Wherefore they came again, and told him // and he said, this is the word of the Lord // which he spake by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying Wherefore they came again, and told him,.... How things were, and what only could be found of Jezebel: and he said, this is the word of the Lord; o...

Wherefore they came again, and told him,.... How things were, and what only could be found of Jezebel:

and he said, this is the word of the Lord; or the fulfilment of it:

which he spake by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying; as in 1Ki 21:23.

Gill: 2Ki 9:37 - And the carcass of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel // so that they shall not say, this is Jezebel And the carcass of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel,.... For upon this spot her carcass fell when thrown ...

And the carcass of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel,.... For upon this spot her carcass fell when thrown out of the window of the king's palace, and here it was left; for the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which was in the portion of Jezreel, was next to the palace, 1Ki 21:1, there seems to be some allusion to her name Jezebel, which signifies "where is dung?"

so that they shall not say, this is Jezebel; there being nothing left of her to be seen or pointed to, nor any grave nor monument over it on which was such an inscription, here lies Jezebel; or that might lead posterity to say, this is Jezebel's grave. Now though the words of this verse are not recorded elsewhere, as the words of the Lord, by Elijah, yet as Jehu was present when they were spoken, and within the hearing of them, he now remembered them, and could repeat them, these circumstances bringing them fresh to his mind.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:1 Or “flask.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:2 Heb “and go and set him apart from his brothers and bring him into an inner room in an inner room.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:3 Heb “and open the door and run away and do not delay.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:4 Heb “the young man, the young man, the prophet.” The MT is probably dittographic, the phrase “the young man” being accidentall...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:5 Heb “To whom from all of us?”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:6 Heb “he”; the referent (the prophet) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:7 Heb “I will avenge the shed blood of my servants the prophets and the shed blood of all the servants of the Lord from the hand of Jezebel.”...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:8 Heb “and I will cut off from Ahab those who urinate against a wall, [including both those who are] restrained and let free [or, ‘abandoned...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:9 Heb “house.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:10 Note how the young prophet greatly expands the message Elisha had given to him. In addition to lengthening the introductory formula (by adding “...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:11 Heb “He said, ‘You, you know the man and his thoughts.’” Jehu tries to deflect their question by reminding them that the man i...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:12 Heb “So he said, ‘Like this and like this he said to me, saying.’” The words “like this and like this” are probabl...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:13 Or “has become.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:14 Heb “he and all Israel.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:15 Heb “If this is your desire.” נֶפֶשׁ (nefesh) refers here to the seat of the emotions and will. For ot...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:16 Heb “to see.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:17 Heb “Get a rider and send [him] to meet him and let him ask, ‘Is there peace?’”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:18 Heb “What concerning you and concerning peace?” That is, “What concern is that to you?”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:19 The MT has simply “peace,” omitting the prefixed interrogative particle. It is likely that the particle has been accidentally omitted; sev...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:20 Heb “and the driving is like the driving of Jehu son of Nimshi.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:21 Heb “they found him.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:22 Heb “How [can there be] peace as long as the adulterous acts of Jezebel your mother and her many acts of sorcery [continue]?” In this inst...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:23 Heb “Deceit, Ahaziah.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:24 Heb “went out from.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:25 Heb “said to.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:26 Heb “according to the word of the Lord.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:27 For location see Map1 D4; Map2 C1; Map4 C2; Map5 F2; Map7 B1.

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:28 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:30 Heb “she fixed her eyes with antimony.” Antimony (פּוּךְ, pukh) was used as a cosmetic. The narrator p...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:31 Jezebel associates Jehu with another assassin, Zimri, who approximately 44 years before had murdered King Elah, only to meet a violent death just a fe...

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:32 Heb “two, three.” The narrator may be intentionally vague or uncertain here, or the two numbers may represent alternate traditions.

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:33 Heb “and he trampled her.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:34 Heb “Attend to this accursed woman and bury her for she was the daughter of a king.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:35 Heb “they did not find her, except for.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:36 Heb “It is the word of the Lord, which he spoke by the hand of his servant, Elijah the Tishbite, saying.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 9:37 Heb “so that they will not say, ‘This is Jezebel.’”

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:1 And Elisha the prophet called one of the children of the prophets, and said unto him, ( a ) Gird up thy loins, and take this box of oil in thine hand,...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:6 And he arose, and went into the house; and he poured the oil on his head, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I have ( b ) anointed ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:11 Then Jehu came forth to the ( c ) servants of his lord: and [one] said unto him, [Is] all well? wherefore came this ( d ) mad [fellow] to thee? And he...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:16 So Jehu rode in a chariot, and went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there. And ( e ) Ahaziah king of Judah was come down to see Joram. ( e ) God had thus o...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:20 And the watchman told, saying, He came even unto them, and cometh not again: and the driving [is] like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi; for he d...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:22 And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, [Is it] ( g ) peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:26 Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his ( h ) sons, saith the LORD; and I will requite thee in this plat, saith the LOR...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw [this], he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the ch...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:29 And in the ( k ) eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah. ( k ) That is, eleven whole years: for in (2Ki 8:25) when ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:30 And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard [of it]; and she painted her face, and tired her head, and ( l ) looked out at a window. ( l ) Being...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:31 And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, [Had] ( m ) Zimri peace, who slew his master? ( m ) As if to say, "Can a traitor or anyone who rises ag...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:33 And he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down: ( n ) and [some] of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses: and he trode her unde...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:34 And when he was come in, he did eat and drink, and said, Go, see now this cursed [woman], and bury her: for she [is] a ( o ) king's daughter. ( o ) T...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 9:37 And the carcase of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; [so] that they shall not say, ( p ) This [is] Jezebe...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 2Ki 9:1-10 - --In these and the like events, we must acknowledge the secret working of God, disposing men to fulfil his purposes respecting them. Jehu was anointed k...

MHCC: 2Ki 9:11-15 - --Those who faithfully deliver the Lord's message to sinners, have in all ages been treated as madmen. Their judgment, speech, and conduct are contrary ...

MHCC: 2Ki 9:16-29 - --Jehu was a man of eager spirit. The wisdom of God is seen in the choice of those employed in his work. But it is not for any man's reputation to be kn...

MHCC: 2Ki 9:30-37 - --Instead of hiding herself, as one afraid of Divine vengeance, Jezebel mocked at fear. See how a heart, hardened against God, will brave it out to the ...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 9:1-10 - -- We have here the anointing of Jehu to be king, who was, at this time, a commander (probably commander-in-chief) of the forces employed at Ramoth-Gil...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 9:11-15 - -- Jehu, after some pause, returned to his place at the board, taking no notice of what had passed, but, as it should seem, designing, for the present,...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 9:16-29 - -- From Ramoth-Gilead to Jezreel was more than one day's march; about the mid-way between them the river Jordan must be crossed. We may suppose Jehu to...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 9:30-37 - -- The greatest delinquent in the house of Ahab was Jezebel: it was she that introduced Baal, slew the Lord's prophets, contrived the murder of Naboth,...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 9:1-10 - -- Anointing of Jehu by Command of Elisha. - While the Israelitish army was at Ramoth, Elisha executed the last of the commissions which Elijah had rec...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 9:11-15 - -- Jehu's Conspiracy against Joram. - 2Ki 9:11. When Jehu came out again to his comrades in arms, after the departure of the pupil of the prophets, the...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 9:16-29 - -- Slaying of the Two Kings, Joram of Israel and Ahaziah of Judah. - 2Ki 9:16. Jehu drove without delay to Jezreel, where Joram was lying sick, and Aha...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 9:30-31 - -- Death of Jezebel. - 2Ki 9:30. When Jehu came to Jezreel and Jezebel heard of it, "she put her eyes into lead polish (i.e., painted them with it), an...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 9:32-33 - -- But Jehu did not deign to answer the worthless woman; he simply looked up to the window and inquired: "Who is (holds) with me? who?"Then two, three ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 9:34 - -- Jehu thereupon entered the palace, ate and drank, and then said to his men: "Look for this cursed woman and bury her, for she is a king's daughter."...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 9:35-37 - -- But when they went to bury her, they found nothing but her skull, the two feet, and the two hollow hands. The rest had been eaten by the dogs and dr...

Constable: 2Ki 8:25--9:30 - --6. Ahaziah's evil reign in Judah 8:25-9:29 There were two King Ahaziahs as there were two King J...

Constable: 2Ki 9:1-13 - --God's preparation of Jehu 9:1-13 God had told Elijah that he would anoint Jehu (1 Kings ...

Constable: 2Ki 9:14-26 - --Jehu's assassination of Joram 9:14-26 Israel had evidently retaken Ramoth-gilead after B...

Constable: 2Ki 9:27-29 - --Jehu's assassination of Ahaziah 9:27-29 Jehu executed Ahaziah because he was a member of...

Constable: 2Ki 9:30--18:1 - --C. The Second Period of Antagonism 9:30-17:41 The kingdoms of Israel and Judah continued without an alli...

Constable: 2Ki 9:30--11:1 - --1. Jehu's evil reign in Israel 9:30-10:36 Since the writer did not record Jehu's coronation, we ...

Constable: 2Ki 9:30-37 - --Jehu's execution of Jezebel 9:30-37 Jezebel evidently painted her eyes and adorned her h...

Guzik: 2Ki 9:1-37 - Jehu Takes the Throne of Israel 2 Kings 9 - Jehu Takes the Throne of Israel It is indeed a terrible chapter in which the truth of the divine government is written no longer in the ge...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) MOAB REBELS. (2Ki 1:1) AHAZIAH'S JUDGMENT BY ELIJAH. (2Ki 1:2-8) ELIJAH BRINGS FIRE FROM HEAVEN ON AHAZIAH'S MESSENGERS. (2Ki 1:9-16) AHAZIAH DIES, A...

TSK: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The events detailed in these books (Kings) are highly interesting and important. The account of the wisdom, magnificence, and extended commerce of So...

TSK: 2 Kings 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ki 9:1, Elisha sends a young prophet with instructions to anoint Jehu at Ramoth-gilead; 2Ki 9:4, The prophet having done his message, fl...

Poole: 2 Kings 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) KINGS CHAPTER 9 Elisha sendeth a young prophet with instructions to anoint Jehu king over Israel; whom he chargeth to destroy the house of Ahab, an...

MHCC: 2 Kings 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Ki 9:1-10) Elisha sends to anoint Jehu. (2Ki 9:11-15) Jehu and the captains. (2Ki 9:16-29) Joram and Ahaziah slain by Jehu. (2Ki 9:30-37) Jezebel...

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Kings This second book of the Kings (which the Septuagint, numbering from Samuel, ca...

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Hazael and Jehu were the men that were designed to be the instruments of God's justice in punishing and destroying the house of Ahab. Elijah was to...

Constable: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Second Kings continues the narrative begun in 1 Kings. It opens with the translation of godly Elijah to hea...

Constable: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Kings) 3. Ahaziah's evil reign in Israel -1 Kings 22:51-2...

Constable: 2 Kings 2 Kings Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. "An Interpretation of the Babylonian Exile: A Study of 2 Kings 20, Isaia...

Haydock: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FOURTH BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This Book brings us to the conclusion of the kingdom of Israel, (chap. xvii.) and to the captivity of ...

Gill: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS This, and the preceding book, are properly but one book divided into two parts, because of the size of it, as the book of S...

Gill: 2 Kings 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 9 In this chapter we are told that one of the sons of the prophets was sent by Elisha to anoint Jehu king of Israel, and to...

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