kecilkan semua  

Teks -- 2 Kings 4:1-44 (NET)

Tampilkan Strong
Konteks
Elisha Helps a Widow and Her Sons
4:1 Now a wife of one of the prophets appealed to Elisha for help, saying, “Your servant, my husband is dead. You know that your servant was a loyal follower of the Lord. Now the creditor is coming to take away my two boys to be his servants.” 4:2 Elisha said to her, “What can I do for you? Tell me, what do you have in the house?” She answered, “Your servant has nothing in the house except a small jar of olive oil.” 4:3 He said, “Go and ask all your neighbors for empty containers. Get as many as you can. 4:4 Go and close the door behind you and your sons. Pour the olive oil into all the containers; set aside each one when you have filled it.” 4:5 So she left him and closed the door behind her and her sons. As they were bringing the containers to her, she was pouring the olive oil. 4:6 When the containers were full, she said to one of her sons, “Bring me another container.” But he answered her, “There are no more.” Then the olive oil stopped flowing. 4:7 She went and told the prophet. He said, “Go, sell the olive oil. Repay your creditor, and then you and your sons can live off the rest of the profit.”
Elisha Gives Life to a Boy
4:8 One day Elisha traveled to Shunem, where a prominent woman lived. She insisted that he stop for a meal. So whenever he was passing through, he would stop in there for a meal. 4:9 She said to her husband, “Look, I’m sure that the man who regularly passes through here is a very special prophet. 4:10 Let’s make a small private upper room and furnish it with a bed, table, chair, and lamp. When he visits us, he can stay there.” 4:11 One day Elisha came for a visit; he went into the upper room and rested. 4:12 He told his servant Gehazi, “Ask the Shunammite woman to come here.” So he did so and she came to him. 4:13 Elisha said to Gehazi, “Tell her, ‘Look, you have treated us with such great respect. What can I do for you? Can I put in a good word for you with the king or the commander of the army?’” She replied, “I’m quite secure.” 4:14 So he asked Gehazi, “What can I do for her?” Gehazi replied, “She has no son, and her husband is old.” 4:15 Elisha told him, “Ask her to come here.” So he did so and she came and stood in the doorway. 4:16 He said, “About this time next year you will be holding a son.” She said, “No, my master! O prophet, do not lie to your servant!” 4:17 The woman did conceive, and at the specified time the next year she gave birth to a son, just as Elisha had told her. 4:18 The boy grew and one day he went out to see his father who was with the harvest workers. 4:19 He said to his father, “My head! My head!” His father told a servant, “Carry him to his mother.” 4:20 So he picked him up and took him to his mother. He sat on her lap until noon and then died. 4:21 She went up and laid him down on the prophet’s bed. She shut the door behind her and left. 4:22 She called to her husband, “Send me one of the servants and one of the donkeys, so I can go see the prophet quickly and then return.” 4:23 He said, “Why do you want to go see him today? It is not the new moon or the Sabbath.” She said, “Everything’s fine.” 4:24 She saddled the donkey and told her servant, “Lead on. Do not stop unless I say so.” 4:25 So she went to visit the prophet at Mount Carmel. When he saw her at a distance, he said to his servant Gehazi, “Look, it’s the Shunammite woman. 4:26 Now, run to meet her and ask her, ‘Are you well? Are your husband and the boy well?’” She told Gehazi, “Everything’s fine.” 4:27 But when she reached the prophet on the mountain, she grabbed hold of his feet. Gehazi came near to push her away, but the prophet said, “Leave her alone, for she is very upset. upset. The Lord has kept the matter hidden from me; he didn’t tell me about it.” 4:28 She said, “Did I ask my master for a son? Didn’t I say, ‘Don’t mislead me?’” 4:29 Elisha told Gehazi, “Tuck your robes into your belt, take my staff, and go! Don’t stop to exchange greetings with anyone! Place my staff on the child’s face.” 4:30 The mother of the child said, “As certainly as the Lord lives and as you live, I will not leave you.” So Elisha got up and followed her back. 4:31 Now Gehazi went on ahead of them. He placed the staff on the child’s face, but there was no sound or response. When he came back to Elisha he told him, “The child did not wake up.” 4:32 When Elisha arrived at the house, there was the child lying dead on his bed. 4:33 He went in by himself and closed the door. Then he prayed to the Lord. 4:34 He got up on the bed and spread his body out over the boy; he put his mouth on the boy’s mouth, his eyes over the boy’s eyes, and the palms of his hands against the boy’s palms. He bent down over him, and the boy’s skin grew warm. 4:35 Elisha went back and walked around in the house. Then he got up on the bed again and bent down over him. The child sneezed seven times and opened his eyes. 4:36 Elisha called to Gehazi and said, “Get the Shunammite woman.” So he did so and she came to him. He said to her, “Take your son.” 4:37 She came in, fell at his feet, and bowed down. Then she picked up her son and left.
Elisha Makes a Meal Edible
4:38 Now Elisha went back to Gilgal, while there was famine in the land. Some of the prophets were visiting him and he told his servant, “Put the big pot on the fire and boil some stew for the prophets.” 4:39 Someone went out to the field to gather some herbs and found a wild vine. He picked some of its fruit, enough to fill up the fold of his robe. He came back, cut it up, and threw the slices into the stew pot, not knowing they were harmful. 4:40 The stew was poured out for the men to eat. When they ate some of the stew, they cried out, “Death is in the pot, O prophet!” They could not eat it. 4:41 He said, “Get some flour.” Then he threw it into the pot and said, “Now pour some out for the men so they may eat.” There was no longer anything harmful in the pot.
Elisha Miraculously Feeds a Hundred People
4:42 Now a man from Baal Shalisha brought some food for the prophet– twenty loaves of bread made from the firstfruits of the barley harvest, as well as fresh ears of grain. Elisha said, “Set it before the people so they may eat.” 4:43 But his attendant said, “How can I feed a hundred men with this?” He replied, “Set it before the people so they may eat, for this is what the Lord says, ‘They will eat and have some left over.’” 4:44 So he set it before them; they ate and had some left over, just as the Lord predicted.
Paralel   Ref. Silang (TSK)   ITL  

Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Baal a pagan god,a title of a pagan god,a town in the Negeb on the border of Simeon and Judah,son of Reaiah son of Micah; a descendant of Reuben,the forth son of Jeiel, the Benjamite
 · Carmel a woman resident of the town of Carmel
 · Elisha a son of Shaphat; a prophet of the 9th century B.C. who succeeded the prophet Elijah,son of Shaphat of Abel-Meholah; successor of the prophet Elijah
 · Gehazi a man servant of the prophet Elishah
 · Gilgal a place where Israel encamped between Jericho and the Jordan,a town between Dor and Tirza in the territory of Ephraim (YC),a town just north of Joppa, originally a military base (YC),a place 12 miles south of Shechem now called Jiljiliah (YC)
 · Shunammite a resident of the town of Shunem
 · Shunem a town of Issachar 5 km NNE of Jezreel


Topik/Tema Kamus: Elisha | Shunem | IMAGES | DANIEL, BOOK OF | JEHOAHAZ | JEHORAM; JORAM | Gehazi | Miracles | Shunammite | Women | Children | Afflictions and Adversities | Carmel | Oil | Poor | Servant | Minister | DEBT; DEBTOR | Widow | Readings, Select | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Ki 4:1 - Prophets Who, though they were wholly devoted to sacred employment, were not excluded from marriage, any more than the priests and Levites.

Who, though they were wholly devoted to sacred employment, were not excluded from marriage, any more than the priests and Levites.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:1 - Fear the Lord His poverty therefore was not procured by his idleness, or prodigality; but by his piety, because he would not comply with the king's way of worship, ...

His poverty therefore was not procured by his idleness, or prodigality; but by his piety, because he would not comply with the king's way of worship, and therefore lost all worldly advantages.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:1 - Bondmen Either, to use them as his slaves, or to sell them to others, according to the law.

Either, to use them as his slaves, or to sell them to others, according to the law.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:2 - What shall I How shall I relieve thee, who am myself poor?

How shall I relieve thee, who am myself poor?

Wesley: 2Ki 4:7 - Unto her son To one of them: for she had two, 2Ki 4:1.

To one of them: for she had two, 2Ki 4:1.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:7 - The oil stayed To teach us, that we should not waste any of his good creatures; and that God would not work miracles unnecessarily. We are never straiten'd in God, a...

To teach us, that we should not waste any of his good creatures; and that God would not work miracles unnecessarily. We are never straiten'd in God, and in his power and bounty, and the riches of his grace. All our straitness is in ourselves. It is our faith that fails, not his promise. Were there more vessels, there is enough in God to fill them, enough for all, enough for each.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:8 - Great For estate, or birth and quality.

For estate, or birth and quality.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:9 - This is A prophet, and that of eminent holiness: by our kindness to whom, we shall procure a blessing to ourselves.

A prophet, and that of eminent holiness: by our kindness to whom, we shall procure a blessing to ourselves.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:10 - On the wall That he may be free from the noise of family business, and enjoy that privacy, which, I perceive, he desireth for his prayers and meditations.

That he may be free from the noise of family business, and enjoy that privacy, which, I perceive, he desireth for his prayers and meditations.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:10 - A bed, &c. He will not be troublesome or chargeable to us: he cares not for rich furniture or costly entertainment, and is content with bare necessaries.

He will not be troublesome or chargeable to us: he cares not for rich furniture or costly entertainment, and is content with bare necessaries.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:12 - She stood The relation seems to be a little perplexed, but may be thus conceived. It is in this verse recorded in the general, that the prophet sent Gehazi to c...

The relation seems to be a little perplexed, but may be thus conceived. It is in this verse recorded in the general, that the prophet sent Gehazi to call her, and that she came to him upon that call: then follows a particular description of the whole business, with all the circumstances, first, of the message with which Gehazi was sent when he went to call her, and of her answer to that message, 2Ki 4:13, and of Gehazi's conjecture thereupon, 2Ki 4:14, and then of her coming to the prophet at his call: which is there repeated to make way for the following passages.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:13 - I dwell I live among my kindred and friends; nor have I any cause to seek relief from higher powers.

I live among my kindred and friends; nor have I any cause to seek relief from higher powers.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:14 - He said Hast thou observed any thing which she wants or desires? For the prophet kept himself much in his chamber, whilst Gehazi went more freely about the ho...

Hast thou observed any thing which she wants or desires? For the prophet kept himself much in his chamber, whilst Gehazi went more freely about the house, as his occasions led him.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:16 - Do not lie Do not delude me with vain hopes. She could not believe it for joy.

Do not delude me with vain hopes. She could not believe it for joy.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:17 - Time of life See note on Gen 18:10.

See note on Gen 18:10.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:21 - Bed of the man of God Being apt to believe, he that so soon took away what he had given, would restore what he had taken away. By this faith women received their dead raise...

Being apt to believe, he that so soon took away what he had given, would restore what he had taken away. By this faith women received their dead raised to life. In this faith she makes no preparation for the burial of her child, but for his resurrection.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:23 - New moon, &c. _Which were the usual times in which they resorted to the prophets for instruction.

_Which were the usual times in which they resorted to the prophets for instruction.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:23 - It shall be well My going will not be troublesome to him, nor prejudicial to thee or me.

My going will not be troublesome to him, nor prejudicial to thee or me.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:26 - It is So it was in some respects, because it was the will of a wise and good God, and therefore best for her. When God calls away our dearest relations by d...

So it was in some respects, because it was the will of a wise and good God, and therefore best for her. When God calls away our dearest relations by death, it becomes us to say, it is well both with us and them. It is well, for all is well that God doth: all is well with them that are gone, if they are gone to heaven. And all is well with us that stay behind, if by the affliction we are furthered in our way thither.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:27 - The feet She fell at his feet and touched them, as a most humble and earnest supplicant. Withal, she intimated, what she durst not presume to express in words,...

She fell at his feet and touched them, as a most humble and earnest supplicant. Withal, she intimated, what she durst not presume to express in words, that she desired him to go along with her.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:27 - Let her alone Disturb her not, for this gesture is a sign of some extraordinary grief.

Disturb her not, for this gesture is a sign of some extraordinary grief.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:27 - Hid it Whereby he signifies, that what he knew or did, was not by any virtue inherent in himself, but from God, who revealed to him only what and when he ple...

Whereby he signifies, that what he knew or did, was not by any virtue inherent in himself, but from God, who revealed to him only what and when he pleased.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:28 - She said This child was not given to me upon my immoderate desire, for which I might have justly been thus chastised, but was freely promised by thee in God's ...

This child was not given to me upon my immoderate desire, for which I might have justly been thus chastised, but was freely promised by thee in God's name, and from his special favour.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:28 - Deceive me With vain hopes of a comfort that I should never have. And I had been much happier if I had never had it, than to lose it so quickly.

With vain hopes of a comfort that I should never have. And I had been much happier if I had never had it, than to lose it so quickly.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:29 - Gird up Tie up thy long garments about thy loins for expedition.

Tie up thy long garments about thy loins for expedition.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:29 - If thou meet, &c. Make no delay nor stop by the way, neither by words nor actions.

Make no delay nor stop by the way, neither by words nor actions.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:30 - Will not leave thee Until thou goest home with me. For she had no great confidence in Gehazi, nor was her faith so strong as to think that the prophet could work so great...

Until thou goest home with me. For she had no great confidence in Gehazi, nor was her faith so strong as to think that the prophet could work so great a miracle at this distance.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:31 - Neither voice Neither speech, nor sense, nor any sign of life, in the child. This disappointment might proceed from hence, that Elisha having changed his mind, and ...

Neither speech, nor sense, nor any sign of life, in the child. This disappointment might proceed from hence, that Elisha having changed his mind, and yielded to her importunity to go with her, did alter his course, and not join his fervent prayers with Gehazi's action.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:31 - Not awaked Not revived.

Not revived.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:33 - Shut the door Upon himself and the dead child, that he might pray to God without distraction, and might more freely use those means which he thought fit.

Upon himself and the dead child, that he might pray to God without distraction, and might more freely use those means which he thought fit.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:34 - And put One part upon another successively; for the disproportion of the bodies would not permit it to be done together.

One part upon another successively; for the disproportion of the bodies would not permit it to be done together.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:34 - Grew warm Not by any external heat, which could not be transmitted to the child's body by such slight touches of the prophet's body; but from a principle of lif...

Not by any external heat, which could not be transmitted to the child's body by such slight touches of the prophet's body; but from a principle of life, which was already infused into the child, and by degrees enlivened all the parts of his body.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:35 - He walked He changeth his postures for his own necessary refreshment, and walked to and fro, exercising his mind in prayer to God.

He changeth his postures for his own necessary refreshment, and walked to and fro, exercising his mind in prayer to God.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:35 - And went Repeating his former actions, to teach us not to be discouraged in our prayers, if we be not speedily answered.

Repeating his former actions, to teach us not to be discouraged in our prayers, if we be not speedily answered.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:35 - Opened his eyes So the work begun in the former verse is here perfected. Although miracles were for the most part done in an instant, yet sometimes they were done by ...

So the work begun in the former verse is here perfected. Although miracles were for the most part done in an instant, yet sometimes they were done by degrees.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:36 - Unto him To the door.

To the door.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:40 - Death That is, some deadly thing.

That is, some deadly thing.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:41 - Into the pot Together with the pottage which they had taken out of it.

Together with the pottage which they had taken out of it.

Wesley: 2Ki 4:42 - First fruits Which were the priests due, Num 18:12, but these, and probably the rest of the priests dues, were usually brought by the pious Israelites, according t...

Which were the priests due, Num 18:12, but these, and probably the rest of the priests dues, were usually brought by the pious Israelites, according to their ability and opportunity, to the Lord's prophets, because they were not permitted to carry them to Jerusalem.

JFB: 2Ki 4:1 - there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets They were allowed to marry as well as the priests and Levites. Her husband, not enjoying the lucrative profits of business, had nothing but a professi...

They were allowed to marry as well as the priests and Levites. Her husband, not enjoying the lucrative profits of business, had nothing but a professional income, which, in that irreligious age, would be precarious and very scanty, so that he was not in a condition to provide for his family.

JFB: 2Ki 4:1 - the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen By the enactment of the law, a creditor was entitled to claim the person and children of the insolvent debtor, and compel them to serve him as bondmen...

By the enactment of the law, a creditor was entitled to claim the person and children of the insolvent debtor, and compel them to serve him as bondmen till the year of jubilee should set them free.

JFB: 2Ki 4:2-4 - a pot Or cruet of oil. This comprising her whole stock of domestic utensils, he directs her to borrow empty vessels not a few; then, secluding herself with ...

Or cruet of oil. This comprising her whole stock of domestic utensils, he directs her to borrow empty vessels not a few; then, secluding herself with her children, [the widow] was to pour oil from her cruse into the borrowed vessels, and, selling the oil, discharge the debt, and then maintain herself and family with the remainder.

JFB: 2Ki 4:6 - the oil stayed That is, ceased to multiply; the benevolent object for which the miracle had been wrought having been accomplished.

That is, ceased to multiply; the benevolent object for which the miracle had been wrought having been accomplished.

JFB: 2Ki 4:8 - Elisha passed to Shunem Now Sulam, in the plain of Esdraelon, at the southwestern base of Little Hermon. The prophet, in his journey, was often entertained here by one of its...

Now Sulam, in the plain of Esdraelon, at the southwestern base of Little Hermon. The prophet, in his journey, was often entertained here by one of its pious and opulent inhabitants.

JFB: 2Ki 4:10 - Let us make a little chamber Not build, but prepare it. She meant a room in the oleah, the porch, or gateway (2Sa 18:33; 1Ki 17:19), attached to the front of the house, leading in...

Not build, but prepare it. She meant a room in the oleah, the porch, or gateway (2Sa 18:33; 1Ki 17:19), attached to the front of the house, leading into the court and inner apartments. The front of the house, excepting the door, is a dead wall, and hence this room is called a chamber in the wall. It is usually appropriated to the use of strangers, or lodgers for a night, and, from its seclusion, convenient for study or retirement.

JFB: 2Ki 4:13-16 - what is to be done for thee? Wishing to testify his gratitude for the hospitable attentions of this family, he announced to her the birth of a son "about this time next year." The...

Wishing to testify his gratitude for the hospitable attentions of this family, he announced to her the birth of a son "about this time next year." The interest and importance of such an intelligence can only be estimated by considering that Oriental women, and Jewish in particular, connect ideas of disgrace with barrenness, and cherish a more ardent desire for children than women in any other part of the world (Gen 18:10-15).

JFB: 2Ki 4:19 - My head, my head! The cries of the boy, the part affected, and the season of the year, make it probable that he had been overtaken by a stroke of the sun. Pain, stupor,...

The cries of the boy, the part affected, and the season of the year, make it probable that he had been overtaken by a stroke of the sun. Pain, stupor, and inflammatory fever are the symptoms of the disease, which is often fatal.

JFB: 2Ki 4:22 - she called unto her husband Her heroic concealment of the death from her husband is not the least interesting feature of the story.

Her heroic concealment of the death from her husband is not the least interesting feature of the story.

JFB: 2Ki 4:24 - Drive, and go forward It is usual for women to ride on asses, accompanied by a servant, who walks behind and drives the beast with his stick, goading the animal at the spee...

It is usual for women to ride on asses, accompanied by a servant, who walks behind and drives the beast with his stick, goading the animal at the speed required by his mistress. The Shunammite had to ride a journey of five or six hours to the top of Carmel.

JFB: 2Ki 4:26-28 - And she answered, It is well Her answer was purposely brief and vague to Gehazi, for she reserved a full disclosure of her loss for the ear of the prophet himself. She had met Geh...

Her answer was purposely brief and vague to Gehazi, for she reserved a full disclosure of her loss for the ear of the prophet himself. She had met Gehazi at the foot of the hill, and she stopped not in her ascent till she had disburdened her heavy-laden spirit at Elisha's feet. The violent paroxysm of grief into which she fell on approaching him, appeared to Gehazi an act of disrespect to his master; he was preparing to remove her when the prophet's observant eye perceived that she was overwhelmed with some unknown cause of distress. How great is a mother's love! how wondrous are the works of Providence! The Shunammite had not sought a son from the prophet--her child was, in every respect, the free gift of God. Was she then allowed to rejoice in the possession for a little, only to be pierced with sorrow by seeing the corpse of the cherished boy? Perish, doubt and unbelief! This event happened that "the works of God should be made manifest" in His prophet, "and for the glory of God."

JFB: 2Ki 4:29-31 - take my staff . . . and lay . . . upon the face of the child The staff was probably an official rod of a certain form and size. Necromancers used to send their staff with orders to the messengers to let it come ...

The staff was probably an official rod of a certain form and size. Necromancers used to send their staff with orders to the messengers to let it come in contact with nothing by the way that might dissipate or destroy the virtue imparted to it. Some have thought that Elisha himself entertained similar ideas, and was under an impression that the actual application of his staff would serve as well as the touch of his hand. But this is an imputation dishonorable to the character of the prophet. He wished to teach the Shunammite, who obviously placed too great dependence upon him, a memorable lesson to look to God. By sending his servant forward to lay his staff on the child, he raised [the Shunammite's] expectations, but, at the same time, taught her that his own help was unavailing--"there was neither voice, nor hearing." The command, to salute no man by the way, showed the urgency of the mission, not simply as requiring the avoidance of the tedious and unnecessary greetings so common in the East (Luk 10:1), but the exercise of faith and prayer. The act of Gehazi was allowed to fail, in order to free the Shunammite, and the people of Israel at large, of the superstitious notion of supposing a miraculous virtue resided in any person, or in any rod, and to prove that it was only through earnest prayer and faith in the power of God and for His glory that this and every miracle was to be performed.

JFB: 2Ki 4:34 - lay upon the child, &c. (see 1Ki 17:21; Act 20:10). Although this contact with a dead body would communicate ceremonial uncleanness, yet, in performing the great moral duties...

(see 1Ki 17:21; Act 20:10). Although this contact with a dead body would communicate ceremonial uncleanness, yet, in performing the great moral duties of piety and benevolence, positive laws were sometimes dispensed with, particularly by the prophets.

JFB: 2Ki 4:35 - the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes These were the first acts of restored respiration, and they are described as successive steps. Miracles were for the most part performed instantaneous...

These were the first acts of restored respiration, and they are described as successive steps. Miracles were for the most part performed instantaneously; but sometimes, also, they were advanced progressively towards completion (1Ki 18:44-45; Mar 8:24-25).

JFB: 2Ki 4:38 - there was a dearth in the land (see on 2Ki 8:1).

(see on 2Ki 8:1).

JFB: 2Ki 4:38 - the sons of the prophets were sitting before him When receiving instruction, the scholars sat under their masters. This refers to their being domiciled under the same roof (compare 2Ki 6:1).

When receiving instruction, the scholars sat under their masters. This refers to their being domiciled under the same roof (compare 2Ki 6:1).

JFB: 2Ki 4:38 - Set on the great pot As it is most likely that the Jewish would resemble the Egyptian "great pot," it is seen by the monumental paintings to have been a large goblet, with...

As it is most likely that the Jewish would resemble the Egyptian "great pot," it is seen by the monumental paintings to have been a large goblet, with two long legs, which stood over the fire on the floor. The seethed pottage consisted of meat cut into small pieces, mixed with rice or meal and vegetables.

JFB: 2Ki 4:39 - went out into the field to gather herbs Wild herbs are very extensively used by the people in the East, even by those who possess their own vegetable gardens. The fields are daily searched f...

Wild herbs are very extensively used by the people in the East, even by those who possess their own vegetable gardens. The fields are daily searched for mallow, asparagus, and other wild plants.

JFB: 2Ki 4:39 - wild vine Literally, "the vine of the field," supposed to be the colocynth, a cucumber, which, in its leaves, tendrils, and fruit, bears a strong resemblance to...

Literally, "the vine of the field," supposed to be the colocynth, a cucumber, which, in its leaves, tendrils, and fruit, bears a strong resemblance to the wild vine. The "gourds," or fruit, are of the color and size of an orange bitter to the taste, causing colic, and exciting the nerves, eaten freely they would occasion such a derangement of the stomach and bowels as to be followed by death. The meal which Elisha poured into the pot was a symbolic sign that the noxious quality of the herbs was removed.

JFB: 2Ki 4:39 - lap full The hyke, or large cloak, is thrown loosely over the left shoulder and fastened under the right arm, so as to form a lap or apron.

The hyke, or large cloak, is thrown loosely over the left shoulder and fastened under the right arm, so as to form a lap or apron.

JFB: 2Ki 4:43 - They shall eat, and shall leave thereof This was not a miracle of Elisha, but only a prediction of one by the word of the Lord. Thus it differed widely from those of Christ (Mat 15:37; Mar 8...

This was not a miracle of Elisha, but only a prediction of one by the word of the Lord. Thus it differed widely from those of Christ (Mat 15:37; Mar 8:8; Luk 9:17; Joh 6:12).

Clarke: 2Ki 4:1 - Now there cried a certain woman Now there cried a certain woman - This woman, according to the Chaldee, Jarchi, and the rabbins, was the wife of Obadiah

Now there cried a certain woman - This woman, according to the Chaldee, Jarchi, and the rabbins, was the wife of Obadiah

Clarke: 2Ki 4:1 - Sons of the prophets Sons of the prophets - תלמידי נבייא talmidey nebiyaiya , "disciples of the prophets:"so the Targum here, and in all other places where t...

Sons of the prophets - תלמידי נבייא talmidey nebiyaiya , "disciples of the prophets:"so the Targum here, and in all other places where the words occur, and properly too

Clarke: 2Ki 4:1 - The creditor is come The creditor is come - This, says Jarchi, was Jehoram son of Ahab, who lent money on usury to Obadiah, because he had in the days of Ahab fed the Lo...

The creditor is come - This, says Jarchi, was Jehoram son of Ahab, who lent money on usury to Obadiah, because he had in the days of Ahab fed the Lord’ s prophets. The Targum says he borrowed money to feed these prophets, because he would not support them out of the property of Ahab

Clarke: 2Ki 4:1 - To take unto him my two sons to be bondmen To take unto him my two sons to be bondmen - Children, according to the laws of the Hebrews, were considered the property of their parents, who had ...

To take unto him my two sons to be bondmen - Children, according to the laws of the Hebrews, were considered the property of their parents, who had a right to dispose of them for the payment of their debts. And in cases of poverty, the law permitted them, expressly, to sell both themselves and their children; Exo 21:7, and Lev 25:39. It was by an extension of this law, and by virtue of another, which authorized them to sell the thief who could not make restitution, Exo 22:3, that creditors were permitted to take the children of their debtors in payment. Although the law has not determined any thing precisely on this point, we see by this passage, and by several others, that this custom was common among the Hebrews. Isaiah refers to it very evidently, where he says, Which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves; Isa 50:1. And our Lord alludes to it, Mat 18:25, where he mentions the case of an insolvent debtor, Forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded Him to be Sold, and his Wife and Children, and all that he had; which shows that the custom continued among the Jews to the very end of their republic. The Romans, Athenians, and Asiatics in general had the same authority over their children as the Hebrews had: they sold them in time of poverty; and their creditors seized them as they would a sheep or an ox, or any household goods. Romulus gave the Romans an absolute power over their children which extended through the whole course of their lives, let them be in whatever situation they might. They could cast them into prison, beat, employ them as slaves in agriculture, sell them for slaves, or even take away their lives! - Dionys. Halicarn. lib. ii., pp. 96, 97

Numa Pompilius first moderated this law, by enacting, that if a son married with the consent of his father, he should no longer have power to sell him for debt

The emperors Diocletian and Maximilian forbade freemen to be sold on account of debt

Ob aes alienum servire liberos creditoribus, jura non patiuntur

- Vid. Lib. ob. aes C. de obligat

The ancient Athenians had the same right over their children as the Romans; but Solon reformed this barbarous custom. - Vid. Plutarch in Solone

The people of Asia had the same custom, which Lucullus endeavored to check, by moderating the laws respecting usury

The Georgians may alienate their children; and their creditors have a right to sell the wives and children of their debtors, and thus exact the uttermost farthing of their debt. - Tavernier, lib. iii., c. 9. And we have reason to believe that this custom long prevailed among the inhabitants of the British isles. See Calmet here

In short, it appears to have been the custom of all the inhabitants of the earth. We have some remains of it yet in this country, in the senseless and pernicious custom of throwing a man into prison for debt, though his own industry and labor be absolutely necessary to discharge it, and these cannot be exercised within the loathsome and contagious walls of a prison.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:2 - Save a pot of oil Save a pot of oil - Oil was used as aliment, for anointing the body after bathing, and to anoint the dead. Some think that this pot of oil was what ...

Save a pot of oil - Oil was used as aliment, for anointing the body after bathing, and to anoint the dead. Some think that this pot of oil was what this widow had kept for her burial: see Mat 26:12.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:6 - And the oil stayed And the oil stayed - While there was a vessel to fill, there was oil sufficient; and it only ceased to flow when there was no vessel to receive it. ...

And the oil stayed - While there was a vessel to fill, there was oil sufficient; and it only ceased to flow when there was no vessel to receive it. This is a good emblem of the grace of God. While there is an empty, longing heart, there is a continual overflowing fountain of salvation. If we find in any place or at any time that the oil ceases to flow, it is because there are no empty vessels there, no souls hungering and thirsting for righteousness. We find fault with the dispensations of God’ s mercy, and ask, Why were the former days better than these? Were we as much in earnest for our salvation as our forefathers were for theirs, we should have equal supplies, and as much reason to sing aloud of Divine mercy.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:7 - Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt - He does not inveigh against the cruelty of this creditor, because the law and custom of the country gave him th...

Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt - He does not inveigh against the cruelty of this creditor, because the law and custom of the country gave him the authority on which he acted; and rather than permit a poor honest widow to have her children sold, or that even a Philistine should suffer loss who had given credit to a genuine Israelite, he would work a miracle to pay a debt which, in the course of providence, it was out of her power to discharge.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:8 - Elisha passed to Shunem Elisha passed to Shunem - This city was in the tribe of Issachar, to the south of the brook Kishon, and at the foot of Mount Tabor

Elisha passed to Shunem - This city was in the tribe of Issachar, to the south of the brook Kishon, and at the foot of Mount Tabor

Clarke: 2Ki 4:8 - Where was a great woman Where was a great woman - In Pirkey Rab. Eliezer, this woman is said to have been the sister of Abishag, the Shunammite, well known in the history o...

Where was a great woman - In Pirkey Rab. Eliezer, this woman is said to have been the sister of Abishag, the Shunammite, well known in the history of David

Instead of great woman, the Chaldee has, a woman fearing sin; the Arabic, a woman eminent for piety before God. This made her truly great.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:9 - This is a holy man of God This is a holy man of God - That is, a prophet, as the Chaldee interprets it

This is a holy man of God - That is, a prophet, as the Chaldee interprets it

Clarke: 2Ki 4:9 - Which passeth by us continually Which passeth by us continually - It probably lay in his way to some school of the prophets that he usually attended.

Which passeth by us continually - It probably lay in his way to some school of the prophets that he usually attended.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:10 - Let us make a little chamber Let us make a little chamber - See the note upon Jdg 3:20 (note). As the woman was convinced that Elisha was a prophet, she knew that he must have n...

Let us make a little chamber - See the note upon Jdg 3:20 (note). As the woman was convinced that Elisha was a prophet, she knew that he must have need of more privacy than the general state of her house could afford; and therefore she proposes what she knew would be a great acquisition to him, as he could live in this little chamber in as much privacy as if he were in his own house. The bed, the table, the stool, and the candlestick, were really every thing he could need, by way of accommodation, in such circumstances.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:12 - Gehazi his servant Gehazi his servant - This is the first time we hear of this very indifferent character.

Gehazi his servant - This is the first time we hear of this very indifferent character.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:13 - Wouldest thou be spoken for to the king Wouldest thou be spoken for to the king - Elisha must have had considerable influence with the king, from the part he took in the late war with the ...

Wouldest thou be spoken for to the king - Elisha must have had considerable influence with the king, from the part he took in the late war with the Moabites. Jehoram had reason to believe that the prophet, under God, was the sole cause of his success, and therefore he could have no doubt that the king would grant him any reasonable request

Clarke: 2Ki 4:13 - Or to the captain of the host? Or to the captain of the host? - As if he had said, Wilt thou that I should procure thee and thy husband a place at court, or get any of thy friends...

Or to the captain of the host? - As if he had said, Wilt thou that I should procure thee and thy husband a place at court, or get any of thy friends a post in the army

Clarke: 2Ki 4:13 - I dwell among mine own people I dwell among mine own people - I am perfectly satisfied and contented with my lot in life; I live on the best terms with my neighbors, and am here ...

I dwell among mine own people - I am perfectly satisfied and contented with my lot in life; I live on the best terms with my neighbors, and am here encompassed with my kindred, and feel no disposition to change my connections or place of abode

How few are there like this woman on the earth! Who would not wish to be recommended to the king’ s notice, or get a post for a relative in the army, etc.? Who would not like to change the country for the town, and the rough manners of the inhabitants of the villages for the polished conversation and amusements of the court? Who is so contented with what he has as not to desire more? Who trembles at the prospect of riches; or believes there are any snares in an elevated state, or in the company and conversation of the great and honorable? How few are there that will not sacrifice every thing - peace, domestic comfort, their friends, their conscience, and their God - for money, honors, grandeur, and parade?

Clarke: 2Ki 4:14 - What then is to be done for her? What then is to be done for her? - It seems that the woman retired as soon as she had delivered the answer mentioned in the preceding verse.

What then is to be done for her? - It seems that the woman retired as soon as she had delivered the answer mentioned in the preceding verse.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:16 - Thou shalt embrace a son Thou shalt embrace a son - This promise, and the circumstances of the parties, are not very dissimilar to that relative to the birth of Isaac, and t...

Thou shalt embrace a son - This promise, and the circumstances of the parties, are not very dissimilar to that relative to the birth of Isaac, and those of Abraham and Sarah

Clarke: 2Ki 4:16 - Do not lie Do not lie - That is, Let thy words become true; or, as the rabbins understand it, Do not mock me by giving me a son that shall soon be removed by d...

Do not lie - That is, Let thy words become true; or, as the rabbins understand it, Do not mock me by giving me a son that shall soon be removed by death; but let me have one that shall survive me.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:18 - When the child was grown When the child was grown - We know not of what age he was, very likely four or six, if not more years; for he could go out to the reapers in the har...

When the child was grown - We know not of what age he was, very likely four or six, if not more years; for he could go out to the reapers in the harvest field, converse, etc.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:19 - My head, my head My head, my head - Probably affected by the coup de soleil , or sun stroke, which might, in so young a subject, soon occasion death, especially in t...

My head, my head - Probably affected by the coup de soleil , or sun stroke, which might, in so young a subject, soon occasion death, especially in that hot country.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:21 - Laid him on the bed of the man of God Laid him on the bed of the man of God - She had no doubt heard that Elijah had raised the widow’ s son of Zarephath to life; and she believed t...

Laid him on the bed of the man of God - She had no doubt heard that Elijah had raised the widow’ s son of Zarephath to life; and she believed that he who had obtained this gift from God for her, could obtain his restoration to life.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:23 - Wherefore wilt thou go Wherefore wilt thou go - She was a very prudent woman; she would not harass the feelings of her husband by informing him of the death of his son til...

Wherefore wilt thou go - She was a very prudent woman; she would not harass the feelings of her husband by informing him of the death of his son till she had tried the power of the prophet. Though the religion of the true God was not the religion of the state, yet there were no doubt multitudes of the people who continued to worship the true God alone, and were in the habit of going, as is here intimated, on new moons and Sabbaths, to consult the prophet.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:24 - Drive, and go forward Drive, and go forward - It is customary in the East for a servant to walk along side or drive the ass his master rides. Sometimes he walks behind, a...

Drive, and go forward - It is customary in the East for a servant to walk along side or drive the ass his master rides. Sometimes he walks behind, and goads on the beast; and when it is to turn, he directs its head with the long pole of the goad. It is probably to this custom that the wise man alludes when he says, "I have seen servants on horses, and princes walking as servants on the earth,"on the ground.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:26 - It is well It is well - How strong was her faith in God and submission to his authority! Though the heaviest family affliction that could befall her and her hu...

It is well - How strong was her faith in God and submission to his authority! Though the heaviest family affliction that could befall her and her husband had now taken place; yet, believing that it was a dispensation of Providence which was in itself neither unwise nor unkind, she said, It is well with me, with my husband, and with my child. We may farther remark that, in her days, the doctrine of reprobate infants had not disgraced the pure religion of the God of endless compassion. She had no doubts concerning the welfare of her child, even with respect to another world; and who but a pagan or a stoic can entertain a contrary doctrine?

Clarke: 2Ki 4:27 - The Lord hath hid it from me, and hath not told me The Lord hath hid it from me, and hath not told me - In reference to this point he had not now the discernment of spirits. This, and the gift of pro...

The Lord hath hid it from me, and hath not told me - In reference to this point he had not now the discernment of spirits. This, and the gift of prophecy, were influences which God gave and suspended as his infinite wisdom saw good.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:28 - Did I desire a son of my lord? Did I desire a son of my lord? - I expressed no such wish to thee; I was contented and happy; and when thou didst promise me a son, did I not say, D...

Did I desire a son of my lord? - I expressed no such wish to thee; I was contented and happy; and when thou didst promise me a son, did I not say, Do not deceive me? Do not mock me with a child which shall grow up to be attractive and engaging, but of whom I shall soon be deprived by death.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:29 - Salute him not Salute him not - Make all the haste thou possibly canst, and lay my staff on the face of the child; he probably thought that it might be a case of m...

Salute him not - Make all the haste thou possibly canst, and lay my staff on the face of the child; he probably thought that it might be a case of mere suspended animation or a swoon, and that laying the staff on the face of the child might act as a stimulus to excite the animal motions.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:30 - I will not leave thee I will not leave thee - The prophet it seems had no design to accompany her; he intended to wait for Gehazi’ s return; but as the woman was wel...

I will not leave thee - The prophet it seems had no design to accompany her; he intended to wait for Gehazi’ s return; but as the woman was well assured the child was dead, she was determined not to return till she brought the prophet with her.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:32 - Behold, the child was dead Behold, the child was dead - The prophet then saw that the body and spirit of the child were separated.

Behold, the child was dead - The prophet then saw that the body and spirit of the child were separated.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:33 - Prayed unto the Lord Prayed unto the Lord - He had no power of his own by which he could restore the child.

Prayed unto the Lord - He had no power of his own by which he could restore the child.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:34 - Lay upon the child Lay upon the child - Endeavored to convey a portion of his own natural warmth to the body of the child; and probably endeavored, by blowing into the...

Lay upon the child - Endeavored to convey a portion of his own natural warmth to the body of the child; and probably endeavored, by blowing into the child’ s mouth, to inflate the lungs, and restore respiration. He uses every natural means in his power to restore life, while praying to the Author of it to exert a miraculous influence. Natural means are in our power; those that are supernatural belong to God. We should always do our own work, and beg of God to do his.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:35 - The child sneezed seven times The child sneezed seven times - That is, it sneezed abundantly. When the nervous influence began to act on the muscular system, before the circulati...

The child sneezed seven times - That is, it sneezed abundantly. When the nervous influence began to act on the muscular system, before the circulation could be in every part restored, particular muscles, if not the whole body, would be thrown into strong contractions and shiverings, and sternutation or sneezing would be a natural consequence; particularly as obstructions must have taken place in the head and its vessels, because of the disorder of which the child died. Most people, as well as philosophers and physicians, have remarked how beneficial sneezings are to the removal of obstructions in the head. Sternutamenta , says Pliny, Hist. Nat., lib. xxviii., cap. 6, gravedinem capitis emendant ; "Sneezing relieves disorders of the head."

Clarke: 2Ki 4:37 - She went in and fell at his feet She went in and fell at his feet - Few can enter into the feelings of this noble woman. What suspense must she have felt during the time that the pr...

She went in and fell at his feet - Few can enter into the feelings of this noble woman. What suspense must she have felt during the time that the prophet was employed in the slow process referred to above! for slow in its own nature it must have been, and exceedingly exhausting to the prophet himself.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:38 - Came again to Gilgal Came again to Gilgal - He had been there before with his master, a short time prior to his translation

Came again to Gilgal - He had been there before with his master, a short time prior to his translation

Clarke: 2Ki 4:38 - Set on the great pot and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets Set on the great pot and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets - It was in a time of dearth, and all might now stand in need of refreshment; a...

Set on the great pot and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets - It was in a time of dearth, and all might now stand in need of refreshment; and it appears that the prophet was led to put forth the power he had from God to make a plentiful provision for those who were present. The father of the celebrated Dr. Young, author of the Night Thoughts, preaching a charity sermon for the benefit of the sons of the clergy, took the above words for his text; nor could they be said to be inappropriate.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:39 - Wild gourds Wild gourds - This is generally thought to be the coloquintida, the fruit of a plant of the same name, about the size of a large orange. It is broug...

Wild gourds - This is generally thought to be the coloquintida, the fruit of a plant of the same name, about the size of a large orange. It is brought hither from the Levant, and is often known by the name of the bitter apple; both the seeds and pulp are intensely bitter, and violently purgative. It ranks among vegetable poisons, as all intense bitters do; but, judiciously employed, it is of considerable use in medicine.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:40 - There is death in the pot There is death in the pot - As if they had said, "We have here a deadly mixture; if we eat of it, we shall all die."

There is death in the pot - As if they had said, "We have here a deadly mixture; if we eat of it, we shall all die."

Clarke: 2Ki 4:41 - Bring meal Bring meal - Though this might, in some measure, correct the strong acrid and purgative quality; yet it was only a miracle which could make a lapful...

Bring meal - Though this might, in some measure, correct the strong acrid and purgative quality; yet it was only a miracle which could make a lapful of this fruit shred into pottage salutary.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:42 - Bread of the first-fruits Bread of the first-fruits - This was an offering to the prophet, as the first-fruits themselves were an offering to God

Bread of the first-fruits - This was an offering to the prophet, as the first-fruits themselves were an offering to God

Clarke: 2Ki 4:42 - Corn in the husk Corn in the husk - Probably parched corn or corn to be parched, a very frequent food in the East; full ears, before they are ripe, parched on the fi...

Corn in the husk - Probably parched corn or corn to be parched, a very frequent food in the East; full ears, before they are ripe, parched on the fire.

Clarke: 2Ki 4:43 - Thus saith the Lord, They shall eat, and shall leave thereof Thus saith the Lord, They shall eat, and shall leave thereof - It was God, not the prophet, who fed one hundred men with these twenty loaves, etc. T...

Thus saith the Lord, They shall eat, and shall leave thereof - It was God, not the prophet, who fed one hundred men with these twenty loaves, etc. This is something like our Lord’ s feeding the multitude miraculously. Indeed, there are many things in this chapter similar to facts in our Lord’ s history: and this prophet might be more aptly considered a type of our Lord, than most of the other persons in the Scriptures who have been thus honored.

Defender: 2Ki 4:6 - vessels were full This was a miracle of creation, requiring the unique creative power of God Himself, superseding the universal physical law of mass conservation."

This was a miracle of creation, requiring the unique creative power of God Himself, superseding the universal physical law of mass conservation."

Defender: 2Ki 4:37 - took up he son This is the second example in the Scriptures of the dead being restored to life (see note on 1Ki 17:22)."

This is the second example in the Scriptures of the dead being restored to life (see note on 1Ki 17:22)."

TSK: 2Ki 4:1 - sons // thy servant did fear // the creditor am 3110, bc 894 sons : 2Ki 4:38, 2Ki 2:3, 2Ki 2:5; 1Ki 20:35 thy servant did fear : Gen 22:12; 1Ki 18:3; Neh 7:2; Psa 103:11, Psa 103:17, Psa 112:1, P...

TSK: 2Ki 4:2 - What shall I // save a pot of oil What shall I : 2Ki 2:9, 2Ki 6:26, 2Ki 6:27; Mat 15:34; Joh 6:5-7; Act 3:6; 2Co 6:10 save a pot of oil : 1Ki 17:12; Jam 2:5

What shall I : 2Ki 2:9, 2Ki 6:26, 2Ki 6:27; Mat 15:34; Joh 6:5-7; Act 3:6; 2Co 6:10

save a pot of oil : 1Ki 17:12; Jam 2:5

TSK: 2Ki 4:3 - empty vessels // borrow not a few empty vessels : 2Ki 3:16; Joh 2:7 borrow not a few : Heb. scant not, 2Ki 13:18, 2Ki 13:19; Psa 81:10; Joh 16:24

empty vessels : 2Ki 3:16; Joh 2:7

borrow not a few : Heb. scant not, 2Ki 13:18, 2Ki 13:19; Psa 81:10; Joh 16:24

TSK: 2Ki 4:4 - thou shalt shut // and shalt pour thou shalt shut : 2Ki 4:32, 2Ki 4:33; 1Ki 17:19, 1Ki 17:20; Isa 26:20; Mat 6:6; Mar 5:40; Act 9:40 and shalt pour : Mar 6:37-44, Mar 8:5-9; Joh 2:7-9,...

TSK: 2Ki 4:5 - she went she went : 2Ki 5:11; 1Ki 17:15, 1Ki 17:16; Luk 1:45; Heb 11:7, Heb 11:8

TSK: 2Ki 4:6 - when the vessels // And the oil when the vessels : 2Ki 4:43, 2Ki 4:44; Mat 9:29, Mat 13:58, Mat 14:20, Mat 15:37; Luk 6:19; 2Ch 6:12, 2Ch 6:13 And the oil : 2Ki 13:19; Jos 5:12; 1Ki ...

TSK: 2Ki 4:7 - pay // debt pay : Psa 37:21; Rom 12:17; Phi 4:8; 1Th 2:9, 1Th 2:10, 1Th 4:12; 2Th 3:7-12 debt : or, creditor

pay : Psa 37:21; Rom 12:17; Phi 4:8; 1Th 2:9, 1Th 2:10, 1Th 4:12; 2Th 3:7-12

debt : or, creditor

TSK: 2Ki 4:8 - it fell on // Shunem // a great woman // she constrained him it fell on : Heb. there was, 2Ki 4:11, 2Ki 4:18 Shunem : This city was situated in the tribe of Issachar, five miles south from mount Tabor, according...

it fell on : Heb. there was, 2Ki 4:11, 2Ki 4:18

Shunem : This city was situated in the tribe of Issachar, five miles south from mount Tabor, according to Eusebius; and is probably the place which he calls Sanim, in Acrabatene, in the neighbourhood of Samaria or Sebaste. 2Ki 4:12; Jos 19:18; 1Sa 28:4; 1Ki 1:3

a great woman : 2Sa 19:32; Job 1:3, Job 32:9; Luk 1:15

she constrained him : Heb. she laid hold on him, Gen 19:3; Jdg 19:20; Pro 7:21; Luk 14:23, Luk 24:29; Act 16:15

TSK: 2Ki 4:9 - she said // this is // man of God she said : Pro 31:10, Pro 31:11; 1Pe 3:1 this is : Mat 5:16; 1Th 2:10; Tit 1:8; 2Pe 1:21, 2Pe 3:2 man of God : Deu 33:1; 1Ki 13:1, 1Ki 17:18, 1Ki 17:2...

TSK: 2Ki 4:10 - Let us // a little chamber Let us : Isa 32:8; Mat 10:41, Mat 10:42, Mat 25:40; Mar 9:41; Luk 8:3; Rom 12:13; Heb 10:24; Heb 13:2; 1Pe 4:9, 1Pe 4:10 a little chamber : An aleeyah...

Let us : Isa 32:8; Mat 10:41, Mat 10:42, Mat 25:40; Mar 9:41; Luk 8:3; Rom 12:13; Heb 10:24; Heb 13:2; 1Pe 4:9, 1Pe 4:10

a little chamber : An aleeyah , or oleah , as the Arabs call it; a small back house annexed to the principal dwelling, in which the prophet could live in a great privacy as in his own house, and to which he could retire at pleasure, without breaking in upon the private affairs of the family, or being in his turn interrupted by them in his devotions. See note on Jdg 3:20, and see note on 1Ki 17:19

TSK: 2Ki 4:12 - Gehazi // servant Gehazi : 2Ki 4:29-31, 2Ki 5:20-27, 2Ki 8:4, 2Ki 8:5 servant : 2Ki 3:11; 1Ki 18:43, 1Ki 19:3; Act 13:5

TSK: 2Ki 4:13 - thou hast // to the king // to the captain // I dwell // among mine thou hast : Mat 10:40-42; Luk 9:3-5; Rom 16:2, Rom 16:6; Phi 4:18, Phi 4:19; 1Th 5:12, 1Th 5:13; 2Ti 1:16-18; Heb 6:10 to the king : 2Ki 3:15-18, 2Ki ...

TSK: 2Ki 4:14 - she hath no child she hath no child : Gen 15:2, Gen 15:3, Gen 17:17, Gen 18:10-14, Gen 25:21, Gen 30:1; Jdg 13:2; 1Sa 1:2, 1Sa 1:8; Luk 1:7

TSK: 2Ki 4:16 - About this // season // thou shalt // my lord // do not lie About this : Gen 17:21, Gen 18:10, Gen 18:14 season : Heb. set time thou shalt : Gen 17:16, Gen 17:17; Luk 1:13, Luk 1:30, Luk 1:31 my lord : 2Ki 2:19...

About this : Gen 17:21, Gen 18:10, Gen 18:14

season : Heb. set time

thou shalt : Gen 17:16, Gen 17:17; Luk 1:13, Luk 1:30, Luk 1:31

my lord : 2Ki 2:19

do not lie : 2Ki 4:28, 2Ki 5:10, 2Ki 5:11; Gen 18:12-15; 1Ki 17:18, 1Ki 18:9; Psa 116:11; Luk 1:18-20

TSK: 2Ki 4:17 - -- Gen 21:1; 1Sa 1:19, 1Sa 1:20; Psa 113:9; Luk 1:24, Luk 1:25, Luk 1:36; Heb 11:11

TSK: 2Ki 4:18 - to the reapers to the reapers : Rth 2:4

to the reapers : Rth 2:4

TSK: 2Ki 4:19 - My head My head : From this peculiar exclamation, and the season of the year, it is probable he was affected by the coup de soleil , or stroke of the sun, w...

My head : From this peculiar exclamation, and the season of the year, it is probable he was affected by the coup de soleil , or stroke of the sun, which is by no means uncommon in hot climates, and often proves fatal. Job 14:1, Job 14:2; Jer 4:19

TSK: 2Ki 4:20 - his mother // and then died his mother : Isa 49:15, Isa 66:13; Luk 7:12 and then died : Gen 22:2, Gen 37:3, Gen 37:5; 1Ki 17:17; Eze 24:16-18; Luk 2:35; Joh 11:3, Joh 11:5, Joh 1...

TSK: 2Ki 4:21 - the bed the bed : 2Ki 4:10; 1Ki 17:19

the bed : 2Ki 4:10; 1Ki 17:19

TSK: 2Ki 4:22 - I may run I may run : 2Ki 4:24, 2Ki 4:26; Joh 11:3; Act 9:38

TSK: 2Ki 4:23 - new moon // well new moon : Num 10:10, Num 28:11; 1Ch 23:31; Isa 1:13-15 well : Heb. peace, 2Ki 4:26

new moon : Num 10:10, Num 28:11; 1Ch 23:31; Isa 1:13-15

well : Heb. peace, 2Ki 4:26

TSK: 2Ki 4:24 - Then she // an ass // Drive // slack not thy riding for me Then she : Exo 4:20; 1Sa 25:20; 1Ki 13:13, 1Ki 13:23 an ass : These animals were not anciently, as now, used only by the lower classes, but were in ge...

Then she : Exo 4:20; 1Sa 25:20; 1Ki 13:13, 1Ki 13:23

an ass : These animals were not anciently, as now, used only by the lower classes, but were in general use among the noble and chief personages of the East, and it was not unusual for even the husband to walk by the side of his wife while thus riding; the driver, as was the custom, following. The Shunammite, when she went to the prophet, did not desire so much attendance; but only requested her husband to send her an ass and its driver.

Drive : 1Sa 25:19

slack not thy riding for me : Heb. restrain not for me to ride

TSK: 2Ki 4:25 - to mount to mount : 2Ki 2:25; 1Ki 18:19, 1Ki 18:42; Isa 35:2

TSK: 2Ki 4:26 - Run now // Is it well with thee // It is well Run now : Zec 2:4 Is it well with thee : Gen 29:6, Gen 37:14; 1Sa 17:18; Mat 10:12, Mat 10:13; Act 15:36 It is well : 2Ki 4:23; Lev 10:3; 1Sa 3:18; Jo...

TSK: 2Ki 4:27 - him by the feet // thrust // Let her alone // vexed // hid it from me him by the feet : Heb. by his feet, Mat 28:9; Luk 7:38 thrust : Mat 15:23, Mat 20:31; Mar 10:13; Joh 4:27, Joh 12:4-6 Let her alone : Mar 14:6; Joh 12...

him by the feet : Heb. by his feet, Mat 28:9; Luk 7:38

thrust : Mat 15:23, Mat 20:31; Mar 10:13; Joh 4:27, Joh 12:4-6

Let her alone : Mar 14:6; Joh 12:7

vexed : Heb. bitter, 1Sa 1:10; Job 10:1; Pro 14:10, Pro 18:14

hid it from me : 2Ki 6:12; Gen 18:17; 2Sa 7:3; Amo 3:7; Joh 15:15

TSK: 2Ki 4:28 - Did I desire // Do not Did I desire : Gen 30:1 Do not : 2Ki 4:16

Did I desire : Gen 30:1

Do not : 2Ki 4:16

TSK: 2Ki 4:29 - Gird up thy loins // take my // salute him not // lay my staff Gird up thy loins : 2Ki 9:1; 1Ki 18:46; Eph 6:14; 1Pe 1:13 take my : 2Ki 2:14; Exo 4:17 salute him not : Luk 10:4 lay my staff : 2Ki 2:8, 2Ki 2:14; Ex...

Gird up thy loins : 2Ki 9:1; 1Ki 18:46; Eph 6:14; 1Pe 1:13

take my : 2Ki 2:14; Exo 4:17

salute him not : Luk 10:4

lay my staff : 2Ki 2:8, 2Ki 2:14; Exo 7:19, Exo 7:20, Exo 14:16; Jos 6:4, Jos 6:5; Act 3:16, Act 19:12

TSK: 2Ki 4:30 - As the Lord // I will not As the Lord : 2Ki 2:2, 2Ki 2:4 I will not : Exo 33:12-16; Rth 1:16-18

As the Lord : 2Ki 2:2, 2Ki 2:4

I will not : Exo 33:12-16; Rth 1:16-18

TSK: 2Ki 4:31 - neither voice // hearing // not awaked neither voice : 1Sa 14:37, 1Sa 28:6; Eze 14:3; Mat 17:16-21; Mar 9:19-29; Act 19:13-17 hearing : Heb. attention, 1Ki 18:26, 1Ki 18:29 not awaked : Job...

TSK: 2Ki 4:32 - the child the child : 1Ki 17:17; Luk 8:52, Luk 8:53; Joh 11:17

TSK: 2Ki 4:33 - shut the door // prayed shut the door : 2Ki 4:4; Mat 6:6 prayed : 2Ki 5:11, 2Ki 6:17, 2Ki 6:18, 2Ki 6:20; 1Ki 17:20, 1Ki 17:21, 1Ki 18:26, 1Ki 18:27; Joh 11:41, Joh 11:42; Ac...

TSK: 2Ki 4:34 - -- 1Ki 17:21; Act 20:10

TSK: 2Ki 4:35 - to and fro // and the child opened to and fro : Heb. once hither and once thither and the child opened : 2Ki 8:1, 2Ki 8:5, 2Ki 13:21; 1Ki 17:22; Luk 7:14, Luk 7:15, Luk 8:55; Joh 11:43,...

to and fro : Heb. once hither and once thither

and the child opened : 2Ki 8:1, 2Ki 8:5, 2Ki 13:21; 1Ki 17:22; Luk 7:14, Luk 7:15, Luk 8:55; Joh 11:43, Joh 11:44; Act 9:40

TSK: 2Ki 4:36 - Call this Shunammite // Take up Call this Shunammite : 2Ki 4:12 Take up : 1Ki 17:23; Luk 7:15; Heb 11:35

Call this Shunammite : 2Ki 4:12

Take up : 1Ki 17:23; Luk 7:15; Heb 11:35

TSK: 2Ki 4:37 - fell at his feet fell at his feet : 2Ki 4:27, 2Ki 2:15; 1Ki 17:24

fell at his feet : 2Ki 4:27, 2Ki 2:15; 1Ki 17:24

TSK: 2Ki 4:38 - Elisha // a dearth // the sons // were sitting // Set on the great pot Elisha : 2Ki 2:1; 1Sa 7:16, 1Sa 7:17; Act 10:38, Act 15:36 a dearth : 2Ki 8:1; Lev 26:26; Deu 28:22-24, Deu 28:38-40; 2Sa 21:1; Jer 14:1-6; Eze 14:13;...

TSK: 2Ki 4:39 - a wild vine // wild gourds a wild vine : Isa 5:4; Jer 2:21; Mat 15:13; Heb 12:15 wild gourds : The word pakkuoth , from peka , in Chaldee, to burst, and in Syriac, to crack,...

a wild vine : Isa 5:4; Jer 2:21; Mat 15:13; Heb 12:15

wild gourds : The word pakkuoth , from peka , in Chaldee, to burst, and in Syriac, to crack, thunder, is generally supposed to be the fruits of the coloquintida, or colocynth; whose leaves are large, placed alternately, very much like those of the vine, whence it might be called a wild vinecaps1 . tcaps0 he flowers are white, and the fruit of the gourd kind, of the size of a large apple, and when ripe, of a yellow colour, and a pleasant and inviting appearance. It ranks among vegetable poisons, as all intense bitters do; but, judiciously employed, it is of considerable use in medicine. It is said that the fruit, when ripe, is so full of wind that it bursts, and throws its liquor and seeds to a great distance, and if touched, before it breaks of itself, it flies open with an explosion, and discharges its foetid contents in the face of him who touched it.

TSK: 2Ki 4:40 - O thou // death O thou : 2Ki 4:9, 2Ki 1:9, 2Ki 1:11, 2Ki 1:13; Deu 33:1; 1Ki 17:18 death : Exo 10:17, Exo 15:23; Mar 16:18

TSK: 2Ki 4:41 - he cast // there // harm he cast : 2Ki 2:21, 2Ki 5:10, 2Ki 6:6; Exo 15:25; Joh 9:6; 1Co 1:25 there : Act 28:5 harm : Heb. evil thing

he cast : 2Ki 2:21, 2Ki 5:10, 2Ki 6:6; Exo 15:25; Joh 9:6; 1Co 1:25

there : Act 28:5

harm : Heb. evil thing

TSK: 2Ki 4:42 - Baalshalisha // bread // of barley // the husk thereof Baalshalisha : 1Sa 9:4, 1Sa 9:7 bread : 2Ki 4:38; Exo 23:16; Deu 12:6, Deu 26:2-10; 1Sa 9:7; 2Ch 11:13, 2Ch 11:14; Pro 3:9, Pro 3:10; 1Co 9:11; Gal 6:...

Baalshalisha : 1Sa 9:4, 1Sa 9:7

bread : 2Ki 4:38; Exo 23:16; Deu 12:6, Deu 26:2-10; 1Sa 9:7; 2Ch 11:13, 2Ch 11:14; Pro 3:9, Pro 3:10; 1Co 9:11; Gal 6:6

of barley : 2Ki 7:1, 2Ki 7:16-18; Deu 8:8, Deu 32:14; Joh 6:9, Joh 6:13

the husk thereof : or, his scrip, or garment, Note: Parched corn, or corn to be parched; full ears before they are ripe, parched on the firecaps1 . acaps0 very frequent food in the East. The loaves were probably extremely small, as their loaves of bread still are in eastern countries. But small as this may appear, it would be a considerable present in the time of famine; though very inadequate to the number of persons. Baal-shalisha, of which the person who made this seasonable present was an inhabitant, was situated, according to Eusebius and Jerome, fifteen miles north of Diospolis, or Lydda.

TSK: 2Ki 4:43 - his servitor // What // They shall eat his servitor : 2Ki 4:12 What : Mat 14:16, Mat 14:17, Mat 15:33, Mat 15:34; Mar 6:37-39, Mar 8:4; Luk 9:13; Joh 6:9 They shall eat : Mat 14:20, Mat 15:...

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ki 4:1 - The sons of the prophets The sons of the prophets though they were wholly devoted to sacred employment, were not excluded from marriage, no more than the priests and Levites...

The sons of the prophets though they were wholly devoted to sacred employment, were not excluded from marriage, no more than the priests and Levites. Thy servant did fear the Lord his poverty therefore was not procured by his idleness, or prodigality, or rather, wickedness; but by his piety, because he would not comply with the king’ s way of worship, and therefore lost all worldly advantages. To be bond-men either to use them as his slaves, or to sell them to others, according to the law; of which see Exo 21:2 Lev 25:39 Isa 1:1 Mat 18:25 .

Poole: 2Ki 4:2 - What shall I do for thee? // What hast thou in the house // Save a pot of oil What shall I do for thee? how shall I relieve thee, who am myself poor? What hast thou in the house which may contribute to the payment of thy debt...

What shall I do for thee? how shall I relieve thee, who am myself poor?

What hast thou in the house which may contribute to the payment of thy debts, or, at least, to the satisfaction of thy creditors, who may perchance deal favourably with thee through my persuasion?

Save a pot of oil which was useful for divers things about the service of God, and health, or delight, or ornament, and other uses of men. See Jud 9:9 .

Poole: 2Ki 4:4 - Shut the door upon thee // Pour out Shut the door upon thee partly, that none may hinder thee from minding thy work of filling and removing the vessels, which will require attention and...

Shut the door upon thee partly, that none may hinder thee from minding thy work of filling and removing the vessels, which will require attention and diligence; partly, that thou alone mayest enjoy the benefit of it; partly, lest any of thy creditors should break in upon thee, and seize upon thy borrowed vessels before they are filled; partly, that thy mind being freed from distraction, may be wholly employed in prayer and praising of God; and partly, that it may be manifest that this is the work of God alone.

Pour out out of the pot, in which God multiplied the oil from time to time.

Poole: 2Ki 4:6 - Unto her son Unto her son to one of them, for she had two, 2Ki 4:1 . The oil stayed, to teach us, that we should not waste any of God’ s good creatures, and ...

Unto her son to one of them, for she had two, 2Ki 4:1 . The oil stayed, to teach us, that we should not waste any of God’ s good creatures, and that God would not work miracles unnecessarily.

Poole: 2Ki 4:7 - -- First do justice to others, and then take care of thyself and children.

First do justice to others, and then take care of thyself and children.

Poole: 2Ki 4:8 - To Shunnam // Was a great woman // She constrained him // To eat bread To Shunnam a city in Issachar, near Mount Carmel, Jos 19:17,18 , whither the prophet frequently went. Was a great woman for estate, or birth and qu...

To Shunnam a city in Issachar, near Mount Carmel, Jos 19:17,18 , whither the prophet frequently went.

Was a great woman for estate, or birth and quality. See Gen 24:35 1Sa 25:2 .

She constrained him by her importunate desire.

To eat bread to take his repast there.

Poole: 2Ki 4:9 - An holy man of God An holy man of God a prophet, as Jud 13:6 , and that of eminent holiness, by our kindness to whom we shall procure a blessing to ourselves.

An holy man of God a prophet, as Jud 13:6 , and that of eminent holiness, by our kindness to whom we shall procure a blessing to ourselves.

Poole: 2Ki 4:10 - Let us make a little chamber on the wall Let us make a little chamber on the wall that he may be free from the noise of family business, and enjoy that privacy which, I perceive, he desireth...

Let us make a little chamber on the wall that he may be free from the noise of family business, and enjoy that privacy which, I perceive, he desireth for his prayers and meditations. He will not be troublesome or chargeable to us; he cares not for rich furniture or costly entertainment, and is content with bare necessaries.

Poole: 2Ki 4:12 - -- i.e. Before the prophet, in the door of his chamber, as it is said, 2Ki 4:15 . The relation seems to be a little perplexed, but may be thus conceive...

i.e. Before the prophet, in the door of his chamber, as it is said, 2Ki 4:15 . The relation seems to be a little perplexed, but may be thus conceived. It is in this verse recorded, in the general, that the prophet sent Gehazi to call her, and that she came to him upon that call; then follows a particular description of the whole business, with all the circumstances, first, of the message with which Gehazi was sent when he went to call her, and of her answer to that message, 2Ki 4:13 , and of Gehazi’ s conjecture thereupon, 2Ki 4:14 , and then of her coming to the prophet at his call; which is there repeated to make way for the following passages.

Poole: 2Ki 4:13 - What is to be done for thee? // To the king, or to the captain of the host // I dwell among mine own people What is to be done for thee? wherewith shall I recompense all thy care and kindness to me and my servant? To the king, or to the captain of the host...

What is to be done for thee? wherewith shall I recompense all thy care and kindness to me and my servant?

To the king, or to the captain of the host with whom he justly had great power for his eminent service, 2Ki 3 .

I dwell among mine own people I live in love and peace among my kindred and friends; nor have I any cause to complain of them, or to seek relief from higher powers.

Poole: 2Ki 4:14 - What then is to be done for her? What then is to be done for her? hast thou observed any thing which she wants or desires? For the prophet kept himself much in his chamber, whilst Ge...

What then is to be done for her? hast thou observed any thing which she wants or desires? For the prophet kept himself much in his chamber, whilst Gehazi went more freely about the house, as his occasions led him.

Poole: 2Ki 4:15 - -- Out of reverence, humility, and modesty, waiting till he came to her, or called her further in to him.

Out of reverence, humility, and modesty, waiting till he came to her, or called her further in to him.

Poole: 2Ki 4:16 - According to the time of life // Do not lie unto thine handmaid According to the time of life of which phrase See Poole on "Gen 18:10" . Do not lie unto thine handmaid do not delude me with vain hopes. She coul...

According to the time of life of which phrase See Poole on "Gen 18:10" .

Do not lie unto thine handmaid do not delude me with vain hopes. She could not believe it for joy, and supposed the prophet might say thus either for her trial, or from his own private judgment and affection, and not by warrant from God.

Poole: 2Ki 4:19 - -- His head was grievously pained; which possibly came from the heat of the harvest season, to which he was exposed in the field.

His head was grievously pained; which possibly came from the heat of the harvest season, to which he was exposed in the field.

Poole: 2Ki 4:21 - Shut the door upon him Shut the door upon him partly in hopes that this might contribute something to the child’ s restitution to life, she having in all probability h...

Shut the door upon him partly in hopes that this might contribute something to the child’ s restitution to life, she having in all probability had an account of the like miracle done by Elijah, 1Ki 17:21 ; and partly that she might for the present conceal the death of the child; which if it had been known, would have filled her husband with grief, and hindered her journey, and opened the mouths of the enemies of God and his prophets to blaspheme; whereas she had a confidence put into her by God, that the prophet could and would restore her son.

Poole: 2Ki 4:23 - New moon and sabbath // It shall be well New moon and sabbath were the chief and usual times in which they resorted to the prophets for instruction, for which he supposed she now went, not s...

New moon and sabbath were the chief and usual times in which they resorted to the prophets for instruction, for which he supposed she now went, not suspecting but that the child was well by this time.

It shall be well my going will not be troublesome to him, nor prejudicial to thee or me. Heb. peace , i.e. peace be to thee, farewell; or, be contented, let me go.

Poole: 2Ki 4:26 - -- So it was in some respects, because it was the will of a wise and good God, and therefore best for her. Or, it shall be well: though the child be de...

So it was in some respects, because it was the will of a wise and good God, and therefore best for her. Or, it shall be well: though the child be dead, I doubt not by God’ s blessing upon thy endeavours it shall live again, and do well. But she answers ambiguously, and briefly too, that, she might sooner come to the prophet, and more fully open her mind to him.

Poole: 2Ki 4:27 - She caught him by the feet // Let her alone, for her soul is vexed within her // The Lord hath hid it from me, and hath not told me She caught him by the feet she fell at his feet, and touched them, as a most humble and earnest suppliant. Compare 1Sa 25:24 Mat 28:9 . Withal, she i...

She caught him by the feet she fell at his feet, and touched them, as a most humble and earnest suppliant. Compare 1Sa 25:24 Mat 28:9 . Withal, she intimated, what she durst not presume to express in words, that she desired him to go along with her. Gehazi came near to thrust her away; judging this posture indecent for her, and offensive to his master.

Let her alone, for her soul is vexed within her disturb her not, for this uncouth gesture is a sign of some extraordinary grief.

The Lord hath hid it from me, and hath not told me whereby he signifies that what he knew or did was not by any virtue inherent and abiding in himself, but only from God, who revealed to him only what and when he pleased. Compare 2Sa 7:3 .

Poole: 2Ki 4:28 - Do not deceive me This child was not given to me upon my immoderate desire, for which I might have justly been thus chastised, as Rachel was, Gen 30:1 , compared with...

This child was not given to me upon my immoderate desire, for which I might have justly been thus chastised, as Rachel was, Gen 30:1 , compared with Gen 35:18 ; but was freely promised to me by thee in God’ s name, and from his special grace and favour; and therefore I trust both thou didst pray for it, and God design it as a blessing, and not as an affliction, as now it proves, unless thou dost obtain the child for me a second time, which I know thou canst do, and I humbly beg thee to do.

Do not deceive me with vain hopes of a comfort that I should never have? And I had been much happier if I had never had it, than to lose it so quickly. Therefore thou art in some measure concerned to revive my dead hopes, and to continue to me the great blessing which thou hast procured.

Poole: 2Ki 4:29 - Gird up thy loins Gird up thy loins tie up thy long garments about thy loins for expedition. See 1Ki 18:46 . Make no delays nor stops by the way, neither by words nor ...

Gird up thy loins tie up thy long garments about thy loins for expedition. See 1Ki 18:46 . Make no delays nor stops by the way, neither by words nor actions, but go with all possible speed. Compare Luk 10:4 . He requires this haste, that the miracle might be done secretly and speedily, before the child’ s death was divulged, which might cause many inconveniences. See Poole "2Ki 4:21" . Lay my staff upon the face of the child; for God can work a miracle by the most unlikely and contemptible means, as he did by a rod, Exo 14:16 , and a mantle, 2Ki 2:8 .

Poole: 2Ki 4:30 - I will not leave thee I will not leave thee until thou goest home with me. For she had no great confidence in Gehazi, nor was her faith so strong as to think that the prop...

I will not leave thee until thou goest home with me. For she had no great confidence in Gehazi, nor was her faith so strong as to think that the prophet could work so great a miracle at this distance, and by his staff; which possibly was one reason why this did no good. Compare Mat 9:18 13:58 17:20 .

Poole: 2Ki 4:31 - Neither voice, nor hearing // Not awaked Neither voice, nor hearing i.e. neither speech nor sense, nor any sign of life, to wit, in the child; which disappointment might proceed from hence, ...

Neither voice, nor hearing i.e. neither speech nor sense, nor any sign of life, to wit, in the child; which disappointment might proceed from hence, that Elisha having changed his mind, and yielded to her importunity to go with her, did alter his course, and not join his fervent prayers with Gehazi’ s action, but reserved them till he came thither.

Not awaked i.e. not revived; death being oft and fitly compared to a sleep, as Psa 76:5 Dan 12:2 , because of the resurrection which will in due time follow it, and here followed speedily, which makes the expression most proper in this place.

Poole: 2Ki 4:33 - Upon them twain Upon them twain upon himself and the dead child, that he might pray to God without distraction, and might more freely use all those gestures and mean...

Upon them twain upon himself and the dead child, that he might pray to God without distraction, and might more freely use all those gestures and means which he thought fit.

Poole: 2Ki 4:34 - He went up, and lay upon the child // His mouth upon his mouth // The flesh of the child waxed warm He went up, and lay upon the child and although some ceremonial uncleanness might seem to be contracted by the touch of this dead body, yet that was ...

He went up, and lay upon the child and although some ceremonial uncleanness might seem to be contracted by the touch of this dead body, yet that was justly to give place to a moral duty, and to an action of so great piety and charity as this was, especially when done by a prophet, and by the instinct of God’ s Spirit, who can dispense with his own laws.

His mouth upon his mouth & c; one part upon another successively; for the disproportion of the bodies would not permit it to be done together. Compare 1Ki 17:21 Act 20:10 .

The flesh of the child waxed warm not by any external heat, which could not be transmitted to the child’ s body by such slight touches of the prophet’ s body; but by a natural heat, proceeding from a principle of life, which was already infused into the child, and by degrees enlivened all the parts of his body.

Poole: 2Ki 4:35 - Walked in the house to and fro // Went up, and stretched himself upon him // The child opened his eyes Walked in the house to and fro: he changeth his postures for his own necessary refreshment, and walked to and fro, exercising his mind in prayer to G...

Walked in the house to and fro: he changeth his postures for his own necessary refreshment, and walked to and fro, exercising his mind in prayer to God, and faith, for the accomplishment of this work.

Went up, and stretched himself upon him repeating his former actions, to teach us not to be discouraged in our prayers, if we be not speedily answered, but to wait with patience, and continue, and be instant in prayer, till we obtain what we seek for.

The child opened his eyes so the work begun in the former verse is here perfected. Although miracles were for the most part done in an instant, yet sometimes they were done by degrees, as here, and 1Ki 18:44,45 Mr 8:24,25 .

Poole: 2Ki 4:36 - Come in unto him Come in unto him Heb. come to him, to wit, to the door of his chamber; where probably he met her with this joyful message.

Come in unto him Heb. come to him, to wit, to the door of his chamber; where probably he met her with this joyful message.

Poole: 2Ki 4:37 - She went in She went in into his chamber, and, after she had done him honour, to the bed where the child lay, whence she took him, and went her way.

She went in into his chamber, and, after she had done him honour, to the bed where the child lay, whence she took him, and went her way.

Poole: 2Ki 4:38 - Elisha came again to Gilgal // Sitting before him // Seethe pottage Elisha came again to Gilgal where he came with Elijah, 2Ki 2:1 ; where was a school of the prophets, whom he designed to comfort concerning the prese...

Elisha came again to Gilgal where he came with Elijah, 2Ki 2:1 ; where was a school of the prophets, whom he designed to comfort concerning the present dearth and their other discouragements, and to confirm in the profession and practice of religion, and to instruct in the duties of the present season.

Sitting before him at his feet, as scholars to be taught by him. See 2Ki 2:3 Act 22:3 .

Seethe pottage: he provides no delicious meats, but mere necessaries, to teach them the contempt of worldly delights.

Poole: 2Ki 4:39 - A wild vine A wild vine a plant called coloquintida, whose gourds or leaves resemble the leaves of a vine, and are very bitter and pernicious to the eater.

A wild vine a plant called coloquintida, whose gourds or leaves resemble the leaves of a vine, and are very bitter and pernicious to the eater.

Poole: 2Ki 4:40 - There is death in the pot There is death in the pot i.e. some deadly thing; which they gathered from its excessive bitterness, by which possibly some of them might discern wha...

There is death in the pot i.e. some deadly thing; which they gathered from its excessive bitterness, by which possibly some of them might discern what it was.

Poole: 2Ki 4:41 - He cast it into the pot He cast it into the pot together with the pottage which they had taken out of it. There was no harm in the pot: the meal took away that hurtful quali...

He cast it into the pot together with the pottage which they had taken out of it. There was no harm in the pot: the meal took away that hurtful quality, not by its natural power, which could do little in so short a time, but by the supernatural blessing of God upon it.

Poole: 2Ki 4:42 - Bread of the first-fruits // Twenty loaves Bread of the first-fruits which were the priest’ s due, Num 18:12 ; but these, and probably the rest of the priest’ s dues, were usually br...

Bread of the first-fruits which were the priest’ s due, Num 18:12 ; but these, and probably the rest of the priest’ s dues, were usually brought by the pious Israelites, according to their ability and opportunity, to the Lord’ s prophets; partly because they did a great part of the priest’ s office, and partly because they were not permitted to carry them to Jerusalem; and they might reasonably think that their circumstances, being extraordinary, would warrant their giving of them to extraordinary persons; and that those ceremonial institutions ought to give place to the greater laws of necessity and mercy to the Lord’ s prophets. And this passage seems to be noted here, not only on occasion of the following miracle; but also that by this one instance we might understand how so many schools of the prophets were supported.

Twenty loaves small loaves, as appears, both because one man brought them all so far, and because otherwise there had been no miracle here. Give unto the people, to wit, the sons of the prophets, who were then present with him, 2Ki 4:38 .

Haydock: 2Ki 4:1 - Her // Told me Her. Being aware of the extreme circumspection and modesty of his master. --- Told me. Hence it appears that the prophets were not inspired at al...

Her. Being aware of the extreme circumspection and modesty of his master. ---

Told me. Hence it appears that the prophets were not inspired at all times, 2 Kings vii. 3, "that they might be sensible that what they had was a gift of God." (St. Gregory, hom. in 11 Ezech.)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:1 - Prophets // Serve him Prophets. Josephus ([Antiquities?] ix. 4.) intimates that this man was Abdias; (3 Kings xviii. 13.) and the Rabbins pretend that Joram was the credi...

Prophets. Josephus ([Antiquities?] ix. 4.) intimates that this man was Abdias; (3 Kings xviii. 13.) and the Rabbins pretend that Joram was the creditor. But these traditions are destitute of proof; and we know not that Abdias was a prophet. (Calmet) ---

Serve him, not as slaves, for the Hebrews were not thus to be sold, except they had commited some crime. (Salien, the year before Christ 913.) See Leviticus xxv. 39. ---

But the condition of mercenaries was perhaps little different; (Haydock) and we find that people were sold for debt, Exodus xxi. 7., and Isaias l. 1. The same practice seems to have continued till our Saviour's time, Matthew xviii. 25. Children were regarded as part of a person's property. (Halicar. ii. p. 96.; Plutarch, in Solon et Luculls.) The custom of selling children continued for a long time in our [British] islands.

Haydock: 2Ki 4:2 - Anoint me Anoint me, for delicacy or health, Matthew vi. 17. (Menochius) --- To abstain from this unction, in the East, was a great mortification, 2 Kings xi...

Anoint me, for delicacy or health, Matthew vi. 17. (Menochius) ---

To abstain from this unction, in the East, was a great mortification, 2 Kings xiv. 2., and Deuteronomy xxviii. 40. Sanctius supposes, that the woman intended the oil to anoint her body for interment, Matthew xxvi. 12. Hebrew asuc, occurs no where else, and my signify a pot, or "skin of oil." The woman had nothing else. The original does not say what she intended to do with it. (Calmet) ---

She might use it for food: (3 Kings xvii. 12.) but the Septuagint agree with the Vulgate. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:6 - Stood Stood. The grace of God ceases to flow, when the soul is full of vanity. (St. Bernard) --- Charity does not increase, when it bestows nothing. (S...

Stood. The grace of God ceases to flow, when the soul is full of vanity. (St. Bernard) ---

Charity does not increase, when it bestows nothing. (St. Augustine, ser. 206. de Temp.)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:8 - Sunam // Great woman Sunam, the birth-place of the beautiful virgin Abisag, (3 Kings i. 3.) at the foot of Thabor, (Calmet) and not above a mile from Carmel, ver. 23. (T...

Sunam, the birth-place of the beautiful virgin Abisag, (3 Kings i. 3.) at the foot of Thabor, (Calmet) and not above a mile from Carmel, ver. 23. (Tirinus) ---

Great woman, "renowned for piety" (Arabic) and riches, ver. 13. (Tirinus) (Menochius) ---

"Fearing sins." (Chaldean) This was true greatness! (Haydock) ---

Eliseus often passed by her house, when he went to visit the colleges [of prophets] at Bethel, Jericho, &c. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:10 - Chamber // Candlestick Chamber. Hebrew adds, "on the wall," (Haydock) or surrounded "with walls," at the top of the house, where strangers usually lodged. (Calmet) --- A...

Chamber. Hebrew adds, "on the wall," (Haydock) or surrounded "with walls," at the top of the house, where strangers usually lodged. (Calmet) ---

After being entertained the first day with the family, they might retire, and live, as if they were at home; some presents being sent to them daily, at least among the Greeks of rank. (Vitruv. vi. 10.) ---

The apartment of Eliseus might be separate from the house, that he might be less distracted in his meditations. (Menochius) (Vatable) ---

Candlestick, on which many lamps, or even wood, might burn, Exodus xxv. 27. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:13 - He said // Army // People He said, or "he had said;" (Junius and Piscator) so that we may include this and the following verse within a parenthesis, as alluding to what had pa...

He said, or "he had said;" (Junius and Piscator) so that we may include this and the following verse within a parenthesis, as alluding to what had passed before; (Calmet) unless the woman, out of modesty, did not come into the chamber of the prophet, who addressed her by an interpreter, (Menochius) or servant. (Haydock) ---

Army. Eliseus had acquired great influence with Joram, in the war with Moab. (Calmet) ---

The ancient canons exhort bishops to present the petitions of the poor to the prince. (Grotius) ---

People. I have nothing to fear, (Haydock) and am not in want. (Tirinus) ---

I have no quarrel with any person. (Calmet) ---

I am of too mean a condition to have anything to do at court. (Abulensis)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:14 - No son No son. The desire of one was very natural, particularly to people in good circumstances (Menochius) and of the Hebrew nation. (Haydock)

No son. The desire of one was very natural, particularly to people in good circumstances (Menochius) and of the Hebrew nation. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:16 - Womb // If // Lie Womb. Hebrew, "At this season, according to the time of life, (Haydock; or of a woman with child, Menochius) thou shalt embrace a son" in thy arms...

Womb. Hebrew, "At this season, according to the time of life, (Haydock; or of a woman with child, Menochius) thou shalt embrace a son" in thy arms. (Haydock) See Genesis xviii. 10. (Calmet) ---

If is added by St. Jerome, agreeably to an usual form of speaking. (Menochius) ---

The prophet assures the woman, that she will not only live, but also bear a son, and nurse him. ---

Lie, deceive, (ver. 28; Haydock) or flatter me with vain hopes. (Calmet) She might think that the prophet was not actually inspired. (Menochius) ---

Through joy, she could hardly believe. See Luke xxiv. 41. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:19 - Carry Carry. This interpretation suits with the occasion, and is conformable to the Septuagint and Chaldean. (Menochius) --- Literally, "conduct him," b...

Carry. This interpretation suits with the occasion, and is conformable to the Septuagint and Chaldean. (Menochius) ---

Literally, "conduct him," but he was sick and little. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:21 - Bed Bed, esteeming it as a relic, (Haydock) or wishing to excite the man of God to pray for her child, and to conceal its death from her husband. (Menoc...

Bed, esteeming it as a relic, (Haydock) or wishing to excite the man of God to pray for her child, and to conceal its death from her husband. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:23 - Moon // Go Moon, a day of devotion, (Numbers x. 10.; Calmet) or probably of obligation, like the sabbath, on which no long journey could be undertaken, (Tirin...

Moon, a day of devotion, (Numbers x. 10.; Calmet) or probably of obligation, like the sabbath, on which no long journey could be undertaken, (Tirinus; ver. 8.) unless for the sake of piety, (Exodus xxvi. 8.) as Sunam is a place six or seven leagues, (Calmet) or eight hours' walk from Carmel. (Adrichomius) (Menochius) ---

Piety was not so far decayed in Israel but many fervent souls still went to hear the prophets. (Calmet) It seems this woman had often made such journeys. (Menochius) ---

Go. Hebrew, "peace." Protestants, " it shall be well:" let me depart. She is unwilling to reveal the reason of her journey; but her husband was so well convinced of her virtue, that he placed no obstacle in her way. Perhaps he might partly guess what was the matter, as he had sent the child home sick, and saw his wife so desirous to visit the prophet. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:24 - And do And do. Hebrew, "unless I bid thee." Some translate, "urge me not to get up, unless," &c. (Chaldean; Arabic, &c.) They suppose that she went on f...

And do. Hebrew, "unless I bid thee." Some translate, "urge me not to get up, unless," &c. (Chaldean; Arabic, &c.) They suppose that she went on foot, and that the ass was designed for Eliseus. (Vatable)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:26 - Well Well. She declines mentioning what she wanted to the servant, in order that she might speak to the prophet in person. (Menochius) --- She might al...

Well. She declines mentioning what she wanted to the servant, in order that she might speak to the prophet in person. (Menochius) ---

She might also rationally hope that the child was well in another world. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:28 - A son A son. Better had it been for me not to have become a mother, than to be so soon delivered of my child. (Menochius)

A son. Better had it been for me not to have become a mother, than to be so soon delivered of my child. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:29 - Salute him not Salute him not. He that is sent to raise to life the sinner spiritually dead, must not suffer himself to be called off, or diverted from his enterpr...

Salute him not. He that is sent to raise to life the sinner spiritually dead, must not suffer himself to be called off, or diverted from his enterprise, by the salutations or ceremonies of the world. (Challoner) ---

So must the preachers of the gospel diligently fulfil their important office, Luke x. 4. (St. Gregory, hom. 17.) Urbanity is not reprehended; but no human transaction ought to impede what is divine. (St. Ambrose, ibid.[Luke x. 4.?]) In ancient comedies, slaves are always represented in a hurry. The Jews will not salute any person when they are going to their synagogues, for fear of being distracted in their devotions. (Calmet) ---

Eliseus requires the utmost expedition, that the favour might be the greater, Qui cito dat, bis dat. (Menochius) ---

He would also prevent his servant from telling any one what he was about, that he might not be touched with vanity, and thus hinder the miracle, which some think was nevertheless the case. (R. Salomon) (Theodoret, q. 17.) (Tirinus)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:31 - The child is not risen The child is not risen. By the staff of Eliseus is represented the rod of Moses, or the old law, which was incapable of restoring life to mankind, t...

The child is not risen. By the staff of Eliseus is represented the rod of Moses, or the old law, which was incapable of restoring life to mankind, then dead by sin. It was necessary that Christ himself should come in our flesh, to restore us to life again. In this, Eliseus, as a figure of Christ, behoved to go in person to restore the dead child to life. (Challoner) ---

St. Augustine (contra Faust. xii. 35.) shews that many like things recorded in the Old Testament are figures of the New. (Worthington) ---

Many of the fathers observe, that this miracle was intended to shew the necessity of the Incarnation to redeem lost man. The staff did not therefore restore life. Some lay the blame on Giezi; others on the woman, who required the prophet to come in person; and others suppose that Eliseus followed herein his own spirit. But all this is destitute of proof. (Calmet) ---

He might alter his mind (Tirinus) at the request of the woman, and to imitate Elias; (3 Kings xvii. 21.) all by God's direction. (Haydock) ---

He had before trusted that God would perform the miracle by means of the staff, as he did formerly by the rod of Moses, or by the mantle of Elias. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:34 - Warm Warm. Arabic adds, "by his breath," as when God breathed a soul into Adam. (Theodoret, q. 18.) --- Some Greek interpreters have, "he breathed upon...

Warm. Arabic adds, "by his breath," as when God breathed a soul into Adam. (Theodoret, q. 18.) ---

Some Greek interpreters have, "he breathed upon him," &c.

Haydock: 2Ki 4:35 - Upon him // Gaped Upon him. Septuagint, "he breathed," &c. (Calmet) --- Other copies, (Alexandrian and Vatican) "he bent down upon the child seven times, and the ch...

Upon him. Septuagint, "he breathed," &c. (Calmet) ---

Other copies, (Alexandrian and Vatican) "he bent down upon the child seven times, and the child opened his eyes." ---

Gaped. Protestants, "sneezed;" (Haydock) in which interpretation, Junius, Montanus, &c., agree. Arabic, "he turned his eyes about seven times." Others, "he trembled," (Calmet) or sighed; (Menochius) or Eliseus "clasped him in his arms," &c. The child died of a headache; (ver. 19.) and sneezing is accounted good for alleviating the pain. Sternutamenta capitis gravedinem emendant. (Pliny, [Natural History?] xxviii. 6.) (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:37 - Ground Ground. To honour the saint, who had done her such a kindness. (Menochius)

Ground. To honour the saint, who had done her such a kindness. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:38 - Galgal // Dwelt // To one Galgal, where he had been often before. --- Dwelt. Hebrew, "sat," like disciples attending to the instructions of their master, Acts xxii. 3. (Ca...

Galgal, where he had been often before. ---

Dwelt. Hebrew, "sat," like disciples attending to the instructions of their master, Acts xxii. 3. (Calmet) ---

To one, &c. Hebrew and Septuagint, "to his servant," Giezi. (Menochius) ---

Eliseus provided for the temporal as well as for the spiritual wants of his followers. (Haydock) ---

The famine had been sent by God, to punish the idolatry of the people, chap. viii. 1. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:39 - Wild herbs // Gourds: colocynthides Wild herbs. Hebrew oroth. Septuagint Greek: arioth, may denote any thing that could be "gathered." --- Gourds: colocynthides. They resembled...

Wild herbs. Hebrew oroth. Septuagint Greek: arioth, may denote any thing that could be "gathered." ---

Gourds: colocynthides. They resembled cucumbers; but were so bitter, that they were styled, "the gall of the earth." Vallesius, (Phil. c. 36.) who observes, that a small quantity may cause death, (c. 37.) and that the remedy used by the prophet was supernatural; though Lemnius (c. 7.) asserts, that the mixture of barley-flour would take away the bitterness. (Tirinus) ---

It has, in effect, that tendency; but the hand of God must still be acknowledged. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:40 - Death Death, poison, &c. Matthiole accounts this fruit poisonous.

Death, poison, &c. Matthiole accounts this fruit poisonous.

Haydock: 2Ki 4:42 - Baalsalisa // His scrip Baalsalisa, 15 miles south of Diospolis, and to the north of Jerusalem. (Calmet) --- His scrip. Hebrew bctsiklono. Protestants, "in the husk t...

Baalsalisa, 15 miles south of Diospolis, and to the north of Jerusalem. (Calmet) ---

His scrip. Hebrew bctsiklono. Protestants, "in the husk thereof." Carmel, means a greenish ear of corn, (Haydock) which might be rubbed in the hand, and so eaten. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 4:43 - Men Men. The disciples of Christ found the like difficulty, John vi. 9. (Menochius) --- God multiplied the provisions for these 100 men, (Calmet) livi...

Men. The disciples of Christ found the like difficulty, John vi. 9. (Menochius) ---

God multiplied the provisions for these 100 men, (Calmet) living in the community at Galgal. (Haydock)

Gill: 2Ki 4:1 - Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha // saying, thy servant my husband is dead // and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the Lord // and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha,.... This, according to the Targum, was the wife of Obadiah, who ...

Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha,.... This, according to the Targum, was the wife of Obadiah, who had hid the prophets by fifty in a cave in the times of Ahab; and so Josephus q, and it is the commonly received notion of the Jewish writers; though it does not appear that he was a prophet, or the son of a prophet, but the governor or steward of Ahab's house; she was more likely to be the wife of a meaner person; and from hence it is clear that the prophets and their disciples married:

saying, thy servant my husband is dead; which is the lot of prophets, as well as others, Zec 1:5.

and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the Lord; her husband was well known to the prophet, and known to be a good man, one of the 7000 who bowed not the knee to Baal, for the truth of which she appeals to Elisha; and this character she gives of her husband, lest it should be thought that his poverty, and leaving her in debt, were owing to any ill practices of his:

and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen; which it seems were allowed of when men became poor and insolvent, and died so, to which the allusion is in Isa 1:1; see Gill on Mat 18:25. Josephus r suggests, that the insolvency of this man was owing to his borrowing money to feed the prophets hid in the cave; and it is a common notion of the Jews that this creditor was Jehoram the son of Ahab; and in later times it was a law with the Athenians s, that if a father had not paid what he was fined in court, the son was obliged to pay it, and in the mean while to lie in bonds, as was the case of Cimon t, and others.

Gill: 2Ki 4:2 - And Elisha said unto her, what shall I do for thee // tell me what thou hast in thy house // and she said, thine handmaid hath not anything in the house, save a pot of oil And Elisha said unto her, what shall I do for thee?.... Or can I do, being poor himself, and unable to relieve her out of his substance, and not knowi...

And Elisha said unto her, what shall I do for thee?.... Or can I do, being poor himself, and unable to relieve her out of his substance, and not knowing where to get anything for her; and so what could she expect from him? signifying, that he pitied her case, but all that he could do was to give her his best advice, and pray for her:

tell me what thou hast in thy house? that she could part with and dispose of, in order to pay her debt; and satisfy her creditor:

and she said, thine handmaid hath not anything in the house, save a pot of oil; that is, nothing of any value; she might have some things, some sort of household goods, though perhaps she had parted with most of them in her poverty; this was the most valuable thing she had.

Gill: 2Ki 4:3 - Then he said, go, borrow thee vessels abroad of all thy neighbours // even empty vessels // borrow not a few Then he said, go, borrow thee vessels abroad of all thy neighbours,.... For he perceived that she had none: even empty vessels; which they might mo...

Then he said, go, borrow thee vessels abroad of all thy neighbours,.... For he perceived that she had none:

even empty vessels; which they might more readily lend her:

borrow not a few; but as many as she could get; the prophet, under a divine impulse, was directed to say this to her, foreseeing, by a spirit of prophecy, that a large quantity of oil would be given her.

Gill: 2Ki 4:4 - And when thou art come in // thou shall shut the door upon thee, and upon thy sons // and shalt pour out into all these vessels // and thou shalt set aside that which is full And when thou art come in,.... Into her house: thou shall shut the door upon thee, and upon thy sons; that they might be alone in the house while t...

And when thou art come in,.... Into her house:

thou shall shut the door upon thee, and upon thy sons; that they might be alone in the house while the miracle was working; that they might not be interrupted in what they were to do, by the creditor coming in upon them, or by neighbours, who would be for getting the oil from them in the vessels they had lent them: and that the miracle might appear the plainer, no oil being brought into the house by any:

and shalt pour out into all these vessels; out of the single pot of oil into all they borrowed:

and thou shalt set aside that which is full; by itself, and fill the rest of the empty ones.

Gill: 2Ki 4:5 - So she went from him // and shut the door upon her, and upon her sons // who brought the vessels to her So she went from him,.... And did as he advised her, borrowed many empty vessels of her neighbours, having faith in what the prophet had said to her: ...

So she went from him,.... And did as he advised her, borrowed many empty vessels of her neighbours, having faith in what the prophet had said to her:

and shut the door upon her, and upon her sons; and then went to work as she was directed, with her sons:

who brought the vessels to her; the empty ones she had borrowed: and she poured out; the oil out of her pot into them.

Gill: 2Ki 4:6 - And it came to pass when the vessels were full // that she said to her son, bring me yet a vessel // and he said unto her, there is not a vessel more // and the oil stayed And it came to pass when the vessels were full,.... For the oil being miraculously increased as it was poured forth, there was enough to fill all the ...

And it came to pass when the vessels were full,.... For the oil being miraculously increased as it was poured forth, there was enough to fill all the vessels; Ben Gersom and Abarbinel say, that when the pot was emptied, all the air that entered it was turned into oil:

that she said to her son, bring me yet a vessel; as she had two sons, one it is probable was employed in setting aside the full vessels, as she poured into them, and the other in bringing to her the empty vessels, and to whom she thus speaks:

and he said unto her, there is not a vessel more; not an empty one, they were all filled:

and the oil stayed; it ran no longer, it was no more multiplied; there was no necessity of continuing the miracle: this oil may be an emblem of the grace that flows from the fulness of it in Christ, to which it is compared, which will be always flowing, as long as there is a vessel of salvation, or faith in any to receive it; see Mat 25:3 1Jo 2:20.

Gill: 2Ki 4:7 - Then she came and told the man of God // and he said, go, sell thy oil, and pay thy debt // and live thou and thy children of the rest Then she came and told the man of God,.... Elisha the prophet, what had been done, what a quantity of oil she had, and advised with him what was to be...

Then she came and told the man of God,.... Elisha the prophet, what had been done, what a quantity of oil she had, and advised with him what was to be done with it:

and he said, go, sell thy oil, and pay thy debt; what was thus miraculously produced was no doubt very good and excellent, and would fetch a good price; and she is therefore bid to turn it into money, and pay her debts with it; she was not to keep it all for her own use, and indulge to luxury with it, but first pay her just debt, as everyone ought to do that is able:

and live thou and thy children of the rest; so that it seems there was enough to pay her debt with it, rid her of her troubles, and somewhat remaining for the support of herself and children.

Gill: 2Ki 4:8 - And it fell on a day // that Elisha passed to Shunem // where was a great woman // and she constrained him to eat bread // and so it was, that, as oft as he passed by, he turned in thither to eat bread And it fell on a day,.... Or so it was at a certain time: that Elisha passed to Shunem; a city in the tribe of Issachar; of which see Jos 19:18, ...

And it fell on a day,.... Or so it was at a certain time:

that Elisha passed to Shunem; a city in the tribe of Issachar; of which see Jos 19:18,

where was a great woman; of great wealth and riches, of great benevolence and hospitality, and of great grace and piety; that feared sin, as the Targum paraphrases it; a woman of great credit and reputation on all accounts. The Jews say u she was the sister of Abishag the Shunammite, and the mother of Iddo the prophet:

and she constrained him to eat bread; she had observed him at all times pass that way, and guessed by his habit and deportment that he was a religious man, and therefore took an opportunity to invite him into her house, and take a dinner with her; but he being modest and shy, she was obliged to use some pressing language, and be importunate with him, that he would accept of her invitation, which he did:

and so it was, that, as oft as he passed by, he turned in thither to eat bread; being made very welcome, and encouraged by the free and kind entertainment he met with, as often as he had occasion to come that way, he called and took a meal with her; and this it seems was pretty often, for Shunem was not far from Carmel, which he frequented, and lay in the way to Samaria, Bethel, and Jericho, places he often visited, the schools of the prophets being there.

Gill: 2Ki 4:9 - And she said unto her husband // behold now, I perceive that this is an holy man of God which passeth by us continually And she said unto her husband,.... Not being willing to do any thing without his leave and consent: behold now, I perceive that this is an holy man...

And she said unto her husband,.... Not being willing to do any thing without his leave and consent:

behold now, I perceive that this is an holy man of God which passeth by us continually: and calls here frequently: this she perceived by his discourse and conversation; and by his carriage and behaviour he appeared to be a prophet, and one very eminent for holiness and religion.

Gill: 2Ki 4:10 - Let us make a little chamber, I pray thee, on the wall // let us set for him there a bed // and a table // and a stool // and a candlestick // and it shall be, when he cometh to us, that he shall turn in thither Let us make a little chamber, I pray thee, on the wall,.... Either of the city, to which their house might join, or of their garden, a little distance...

Let us make a little chamber, I pray thee, on the wall,.... Either of the city, to which their house might join, or of their garden, a little distance from the house; though the Jewish writers commonly understand it of a little edifice built up of walls of stone or bricks, and not one with reeds, or stud and mud:

let us set for him there a bed; that he may stay all night when he pleases:

and a table; not only to eat his food, but to write on, and lay his books on he reads. Of the table of a scholar of the wise men, in later times, we are told t, that two thirds of it were covered with a cloth, and the other third was uncovered, on which stood the plates and the herbs:

and a stool; to sit upon at table:

and a candlestick; with a candle in it, to light him in the night to read by, and the like:

and it shall be, when he cometh to us, that he shall turn in thither; where he would be free from the noise of the house, and be more retired for prayer, reading, meditation, and study, and not be disturbed with the servants of the family, and be mixed with them; all this she contrived, both for his honour, and for his quietness and peace.

Gill: 2Ki 4:11 - And it fell on a day that he came thither // and he turned into the chamber // and lay there And it fell on a day that he came thither,.... As he had been wont to do: and he turned into the chamber; built for him, and to which he was direct...

And it fell on a day that he came thither,.... As he had been wont to do:

and he turned into the chamber; built for him, and to which he was directed:

and lay there; all night, and which no doubt was frequently repeated by him, he accepting of the kindness of his host.

Gill: 2Ki 4:12 - And he said to Gehazi his servant // call this Shunammite // and when he had called her, she stood before him And he said to Gehazi his servant,.... Who attended him wherever he went, and ministered to him, and lay very probably in the same chamber with him; h...

And he said to Gehazi his servant,.... Who attended him wherever he went, and ministered to him, and lay very probably in the same chamber with him; he might be one of the sons of the prophets:

call this Shunammite; tell her I desire to speak with her:

and when he had called her, she stood before him; at the door of the chamber, in great reverence of him, and with much humility, waiting to hear what he had to say to her: this must be understood after what had further passed between Elisha and Gehazi, and between Gehazi and the woman, who returned to his master, and acquainted him with what she had said to him, upon which he was sent to call her, and she came.

Gill: 2Ki 4:13 - And he said unto him // say now unto her, behold, thou hast been careful for us with all this care // what is to be done for thee // wouldest thou be spoken for to the king, or to the captain of the host // and she answered, I will dwell among my own people And he said unto him,...., To Gehazi, before he went to call her: say now unto her, behold, thou hast been careful for us with all this care; in bu...

And he said unto him,...., To Gehazi, before he went to call her:

say now unto her, behold, thou hast been careful for us with all this care; in building a chamber, and furnishing it with proper household goods, and providing food for them from time to time:

what is to be done for thee? can anything be thought of by thee that will be acceptable, and in my masters power to do for thee, or thy husband?

wouldest thou be spoken for to the king, or to the captain of the host? that her husband might be promoted to some post in the court, or in the camp; intimating, that if either of these was agreeable, Elisha would speak on his behalf, having interest in both through his services in Edom:

and she answered, I will dwell among my own people she was content and satisfied with her present state of life, and the situation she was in, and with her friends and neighbours she lived among, and did not care to remove, though it was to a higher rank of life, and to greater dignity and honour; and she had no suit to make to the king or general, nothing to complain of; and she had friends enough to speak for her, should she want any assistance.

Gill: 2Ki 4:14 - And he said // what then is to be done for her // and Gehazi answered, verily she hath no child, and her husband is old And he said,.... That is, Elisha to Gehazi, when he returned to him, and told him what the Shunammite said: what then is to be done for her? someth...

And he said,.... That is, Elisha to Gehazi, when he returned to him, and told him what the Shunammite said:

what then is to be done for her? something he thought should be done in gratitude, the favours they had received, and advises with his servant what could be thought of, he being one about the house:

and Gehazi answered, verily she hath no child, and her husband is old; and so not likely to have any by him; as children were always very desirable by women, and especially in those days, the servant suggests, that no doubt to have one would be very acceptable to her.

Gill: 2Ki 4:15 - And he said, call her // and when he had called her, she stood in the door And he said, call her,.... Perhaps finding an impulse on his own mind, from the Spirit of God, that this was the thing to be done for her: and when...

And he said, call her,.... Perhaps finding an impulse on his own mind, from the Spirit of God, that this was the thing to be done for her:

and when he had called her, she stood in the door; of his chamber: See Gill on 2Ki 4:12.

Gill: 2Ki 4:16 - And he said, about this season // according to the time of life // thou shalt embrace a son // and she said, nay, my lord, do not lie unto thine handmaid And he said, about this season,.... In the next year: according to the time of life; the usual time women go with child: thou shalt embrace a so...

And he said, about this season,.... In the next year:

according to the time of life; the usual time women go with child:

thou shalt embrace a son; in thine arms, that shall be born of thee, which she should have in her lap, and in her bosom:

and she said, nay, my lord, do not lie unto thine handmaid; or speak unto her what was not truth; it was so great, and so unaccountable, how it could be in her circumstances, that she could not believe it to be true, though she wished it might; or do not deceive me with vain and false words, or flatter me, jest with me, which would be unbecoming his character as a man of God, and prophet of the Lord; according to the Targum, she wished it might prove true, and she not deceived; see 2Ki 4:28.

Gill: 2Ki 4:17 - And the woman conceived, and bare a son at the season that Elisha said unto her // according to the time of life And the woman conceived, and bare a son at the season that Elisha said unto her,.... Quickly after this she conceived, and became pregnant, and by tha...

And the woman conceived, and bare a son at the season that Elisha said unto her,.... Quickly after this she conceived, and became pregnant, and by that time the year came round, she was brought to bed of a son:

according to the time of life: when she had gone her full time to have a son born alive, and live.

Gill: 2Ki 4:18 - And when the child was grown // it fell on a day that he went out to his father to the reapers And when the child was grown,.... Perhaps was six or seven years of age, or more: it fell on a day that he went out to his father to the reapers; i...

And when the child was grown,.... Perhaps was six or seven years of age, or more:

it fell on a day that he went out to his father to the reapers; it was harvest time, and the men were reaping the corn in the fields; and his father, though a wealthy man, was with them to direct them, and see they did their business well, as Boaz formerly; and the child went out from the house to the field, to see his father and the reapers, for his recreation and diversion.

Gill: 2Ki 4:19 - And he said unto his father, my head, my head // and he said to a lad, carry him home to his mother And he said unto his father, my head, my head,.... After he had been some time with him, he complained of a pain in his head, which might be owing, as...

And he said unto his father, my head, my head,.... After he had been some time with him, he complained of a pain in his head, which might be owing, as Abarbinel thinks, to the sun's beating upon it, being harvest time, and hot weather; and the pain being exceeding great and vehement, he repeated his complaint, see Jer 4:19.

and he said to a lad, carry him home to his mother; his father gave orders to a lad that attended the reapers to have him home to his mother, that she might give him something to ease him of his pain.

Gill: 2Ki 4:20 - And when he had taken him, and brought him to his mother // he sat on her knees till noon, and then died And when he had taken him, and brought him to his mother,.... The lad led him home, and delivered him to his mother: he sat on her knees till noon,...

And when he had taken him, and brought him to his mother,.... The lad led him home, and delivered him to his mother:

he sat on her knees till noon, and then died; out of her great affection, she took him on her knees, and laid his head in her bosom to sooth the pain, and in this posture he continued until the middle of the day, and then expired; by which it appears it was in the morning when he went into the field, and when the sun was pretty high, and beat strongly on him; which, it may be, produced a fever, and which issued in his death.

Gill: 2Ki 4:21 - And she went up // and laid him on the bed of the man of God // and shut the door upon him // and went out And she went up,.... Into the little chamber built for the prophet: and laid him on the bed of the man of God; not from any imagination of any virt...

And she went up,.... Into the little chamber built for the prophet:

and laid him on the bed of the man of God; not from any imagination of any virtue in it to bring her child to life; though she might think of the prophet, and have faith that he could raise it to life, as Elijah raised the widow of Zarephath's son laid on his bed, of which she might have heard; but this being a private room, and into which none went, she laid it here to conceal its death from her husband and family, and to prevent grief, and that they might not bury it until she returned:

and shut the door upon him; that no creature might enter, and, do any damage to his corpse:

and went out; not out of the chamber, that she did before she shut the door, but out of the house.

Gill: 2Ki 4:22 - And she called unto her husband // and said, send me, I pray thee, one of the young men, and one of the asses, that I may run to the man of God, and come again And she called unto her husband,.... In the field, who might be within call, or by a messenger she sent to him: and said, send me, I pray thee, one...

And she called unto her husband,.... In the field, who might be within call, or by a messenger she sent to him:

and said, send me, I pray thee, one of the young men, and one of the asses, that I may run to the man of God, and come again; intimating that she should not be long gone, but should return again presently; saying not a word of the death of the child, or of the occasion of her going.

Gill: 2Ki 4:23 - And he said, wherefore wilt thou go to him today // it is neither new moon nor sabbath // and she said, it shall be well And he said, wherefore wilt thou go to him today?.... What reason is there for it? what is the meaning of it? it is neither new moon nor sabbath; n...

And he said, wherefore wilt thou go to him today?.... What reason is there for it? what is the meaning of it?

it is neither new moon nor sabbath; neither the first day of the month, nor the seventh day of the week, times which were religiously observed; so with the Heathens the new moon and the seventh of the week, and so the fourth, were sacred u; which notions they borrowed from the Jews; see Gill on 1Sa 20:5 and when, it seems, it was usual to frequent the house of the prophet, to hear the word of God read and explained, and other religious exercises performed, as praying and singing praise, and receiving some good instructions and advice. Joseph Kimchi gives a different sense of these words:"there is not a month past, no, not a week, since thou sawest him;''why therefore shouldest thou be in such haste to go to him? so the words for new moon and sabbath may signify:

and she said, it shall be well; it was right for her to go, and it would be well for him and her, and the family; or, "peace" w, be easy and quiet, farewell: it is much he had no mistrust of the death of the child, or that it was worse, since it went from him ill.

Gill: 2Ki 4:24 - Then she saddled an ass // and said to her servant, drive, and go forward // slack not thy riding for me, except I bid thee Then she saddled an ass,.... Her servant did it by her order: and said to her servant, drive, and go forward; make all the haste he could: slack...

Then she saddled an ass,.... Her servant did it by her order:

and said to her servant, drive, and go forward; make all the haste he could:

slack not thy riding for me, except I bid thee; do not be afraid of riding too fast for me; if thou dost, I will tell thee; till then, keep on a good pace: Abarbinel says she walked afoot all the way, and ordered the man not to slacken his pace in riding for her, unless she called to him; and the Targum seems to favour this sense,"do not press me to ride unless I call to thee;''so that the ass was for Elijah to ride on; but one would think, that, as she was in haste, quicker dispatch would be made by her riding than by walking, see 2Ki 4:22.

Gill: 2Ki 4:25 - So she went and came unto the man of God at Mount Carmel // and it came to pass, when the man of God saw her afar off // that he said to Gehazi his servant, behold, yonder is that Shunammite So she went and came unto the man of God at Mount Carmel,.... Where Elijah used to be, and where, perhaps, was a school of the prophets; this, accordi...

So she went and came unto the man of God at Mount Carmel,.... Where Elijah used to be, and where, perhaps, was a school of the prophets; this, according to Bunting x, was sixteen miles from Shunem:

and it came to pass, when the man of God saw her afar off; as he might from the eminence of the mountain:

that he said to Gehazi his servant, behold, yonder is that Shunammite; that has so often and so hospitably entertained us at her house.

Gill: 2Ki 4:26 - Run now, I pray thee, to meet her // and say unto her, is it well with thee? is it well with thy husband? is it well with the child // and she answered, it is well Run now, I pray thee, to meet her,.... In respect to her, and to know the occasion of her coming; something is the cause of it: and say unto her, i...

Run now, I pray thee, to meet her,.... In respect to her, and to know the occasion of her coming; something is the cause of it:

and say unto her, is it well with thee? is it well with thy husband? is it well with the child? has any disaster befallen thee, thy husband, or the child? are all in good health? or does any disorder attend any of them?

and she answered, it is well; as in general they were, the greatest part, she and her husband; and though the child was dead, yet, if gone to heaven, as she might hope, it was well too; and it is right to judge and say, that all that the Lord does is well: she gives a short answer to the servant, not being willing to be detained, and being desirous of telling her case to the prophet himself.

Gill: 2Ki 4:27 - And when she came to the man of God to the hill // she caught him by the feet // but Gehazi came near to thrust her away // and the man of God said, let her alone, for her soul is vexed within her // and the Lord hath hid it from me, and hath not told me And when she came to the man of God to the hill,.... To the top of it: she caught him by the feet; in reverence to him, and as a supplicant, she pr...

And when she came to the man of God to the hill,.... To the top of it:

she caught him by the feet; in reverence to him, and as a supplicant, she prostrated herself at his feet, and, out of affection to him, caught hold on them, and held them fast, and determined not to leave him until he had promised to go with her, see Mat 28:9. It was usual with the Jews to lay hold on and kiss the feet or knees of those to whom they did homage, or made supplication, see Mat 28:9. See Gill on Luk 7:38, and so with the Greeks, as may be observed in various passages in Homer y and others:

but Gehazi came near to thrust her away; as being troublesome and disagreeable to his master, and not for her honour and credit:

and the man of God said, let her alone, for her soul is vexed within her; or "is bitter" z, full of trouble and distress, and knows not what to do, nor very well what she does:

and the Lord hath hid it from me, and hath not told me: what is the cause of this her trouble; for prophets did not know things of themselves, nor had they the vision of prophecy at their will and pleasure, but according to the will of God.

Gill: 2Ki 4:28 - Then she said, did I desire a son of my lord // did I not say, do not deceive me Then she said, did I desire a son of my lord?.... It was not at her request she had one, at least the first motion was not from her; the prophet first...

Then she said, did I desire a son of my lord?.... It was not at her request she had one, at least the first motion was not from her; the prophet first told her, and assured her she should have one, without her asking for it; she might be pleased with it, and desire the promise might be fulfilled; but it was not an inordinate, importunate, desire of one, in which she had exceeded, that so the taking it away from her might be a correction of her for it:

did I not say, do not deceive me; by giving hopes of a child, and yet have none; and now it was equally the same, or worse, to have one, and then to have it taken away again as soon as had almost; so the Targum,"did I not say unto thee, if a child is given me, let it live, if not, do not trouble or grieve me;''and then, no doubt, she told him plainly the child was dead, and where she had laid it, though not recorded.

Gill: 2Ki 4:29 - Then he said to Gehazi, gird up thy loins // and take my staff in thine hand, and go thy way // if thou meet any man, salute him not; and if any salute thee, answer him not again // and lay my staff upon the face of the child Then he said to Gehazi, gird up thy loins,.... His loose and long garments about him, that he might make quicker dispatch in travelling: and take m...

Then he said to Gehazi, gird up thy loins,.... His loose and long garments about him, that he might make quicker dispatch in travelling:

and take my staff in thine hand, and go thy way; not for the sake of travelling with it, but for an end after mentioned:

if thou meet any man, salute him not; and if any salute thee, answer him not again; that so no time may be lost:

and lay my staff upon the face of the child; he not intending when he said this to go himself, but at the time, as near as he could, when this action was performed, would pray to God to restore life to the child; for he could not imagine that by this bare action it could be done.

Gill: 2Ki 4:30 - And the mother of the child said // as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee // and he arose, and followed her And the mother of the child said,.... Having no faith in what the servant was to do, or could do: as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I wil...

And the mother of the child said,.... Having no faith in what the servant was to do, or could do:

as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee; signifying she would not go with his servant, but insisted upon it that he himself went with her, or she would not depart:

and he arose, and followed her; influenced by her importunity, and a sense of favours he had received from her, and more especially by the Spirit of God.

Gill: 2Ki 4:31 - And Gehazi passed on before them // and laid the staff upon the face of the child // but there was neither voice nor hearing // wherefore he went again to meet him // and told him, saying, the child is not awaked And Gehazi passed on before them,.... The prophet and the Shunammite: and laid the staff upon the face of the child; as he was ordered: but ther...

And Gehazi passed on before them,.... The prophet and the Shunammite:

and laid the staff upon the face of the child; as he was ordered:

but there was neither voice nor hearing: it seems as if he spoke when he laid the staff on the child, but it heard and answered him not, so that there was no sign of life in it:

wherefore he went again to meet him; upon the road between Carmel and Shunem:

and told him, saying, the child is not awaked; by which he expresses its being dead; or, if he knew nothing of its death, he supposed it fast asleep, which was the reason of its not hearing and answering, though the former seems best.

Gill: 2Ki 4:32 - And when Elisha was come into the house // behold, the child was dead, and laid upon the bed And when Elisha was come into the house,.... Of the Shunamite, and into the chamber built for him: behold, the child was dead, and laid upon the be...

And when Elisha was come into the house,.... Of the Shunamite, and into the chamber built for him:

behold, the child was dead, and laid upon the bed; upon his bed, and where he found it really dead.

Gill: 2Ki 4:33 - He went in therefore, and shut the door upon them twain // and prayed unto the Lord He went in therefore, and shut the door upon them twain,.... Himself and the dead child; that nobody might come in and interrupt him in his prayers fo...

He went in therefore, and shut the door upon them twain,.... Himself and the dead child; that nobody might come in and interrupt him in his prayers for the restoration of it to life, nor see the motions and gestures he used, and the postures he put himself in:

and prayed unto the Lord; that he would restore the child to life.

Gill: 2Ki 4:34 - And he went up // and put his mouth upon his mouth, and his eyes upon his eyes, and his hands upon his hands, and stretched himself upon the child // and the flesh of the child waxed warm And he went up,.... To the bed, which was on an ascent in the chamber; see Gill on 2Ki 1:4 and lay upon the child; as Elijah did on the widow's son of...

And he went up,.... To the bed, which was on an ascent in the chamber; see Gill on 2Ki 1:4 and lay upon the child; as Elijah did on the widow's son of Zarephath, 1Ki 17:21.

and put his mouth upon his mouth, and his eyes upon his eyes, and his hands upon his hands, and stretched himself upon the child; that is, he did each of these one after another, since the disproportion of their bodies would not admit of their being done together:

and the flesh of the child waxed warm; not from any virtue imparted to it by these motions and actions of the prophet, but from life being infused into it by the Lord, which caused an heat in the several parts of the body.

Gill: 2Ki 4:35 - Then he returned and walked in the house to and fro // and went up // and stretched himself upon him // and the child sneezed seven times // and the child opened his eyes Then he returned and walked in the house to and fro,.... Left the chamber, and came down to the house where the family chiefly resided, and walked to ...

Then he returned and walked in the house to and fro,.... Left the chamber, and came down to the house where the family chiefly resided, and walked to and fro in deep thought and meditation, and, no doubt, in fervent ejaculations for the wished for blessing to be completed:

and went up; to the chamber again, and up to the bed in it:

and stretched himself upon him; as before:

and the child sneezed seven times; which was a sign of life, and even of health; and hereby his head was cleared, as some observe, of those humours that had caused the pains in it a, and had issued in death:

and the child opened his eyes; upon the prophet, another sign of life.

Gill: 2Ki 4:36 - And he called Gehazi, and said, call this Shunammite // so he called her: and when she was come in unto him, he said, take up thy son And he called Gehazi, and said, call this Shunammite,.... To come up to the chamber to him: so he called her: and when she was come in unto him, he...

And he called Gehazi, and said, call this Shunammite,.... To come up to the chamber to him:

so he called her: and when she was come in unto him, he said, take up thy son; from off the bed, alive, safe, and sound.

Gill: 2Ki 4:37 - Then she went in, and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the ground // and took up her son, and went out Then she went in, and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the ground,.... In reverence of him, and with the most profound gratitude and thankfulnes...

Then she went in, and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the ground,.... In reverence of him, and with the most profound gratitude and thankfulness for the mercy received:

and took up her son, and went out; of the chamber into her house, with great joy and gladness.

Gill: 2Ki 4:38 - And Elisha came again to Gilgal // and there was a dearth in the land // and the sons of the prophets were sitting before him // and he said unto his servant // set on the great pot, and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets And Elisha came again to Gilgal,.... Where he was with Elijah a little before his assumption to heaven, 2Ki 2:1 and whither he went, there being a sch...

And Elisha came again to Gilgal,.... Where he was with Elijah a little before his assumption to heaven, 2Ki 2:1 and whither he went, there being a school of the prophets, as he did to all places where there were any, and where he had been before with Elijah; partly to instruct, encourage, and strengthen them, and partly to confirm his office as a prophet by miracles, which he did in several places he came to:

and there was a dearth in the land; a famine through drought:

and the sons of the prophets were sitting before him: as disciples before their master, see Act 22:3.

and he said unto his servant; very probably Gehazi:

set on the great pot, and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets; who seemed to have lived together in one house or college, and to be to the number of one hundred, see 2Ki 4:43 and therefore required to have a large pot set on to boil pottage for them all.

Gill: 2Ki 4:39 - And one went out into the fields to gather herbs // and found a wild vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds his lap full // and came and shred them into the pot of pottage // for they knew them not And one went out into the fields to gather herbs,.... To put into the pottage, the gardens affording none in this time of dearth; or, however, being s...

And one went out into the fields to gather herbs,.... To put into the pottage, the gardens affording none in this time of dearth; or, however, being scarce, were at too great a price for the sons of the prophets to purchase them; and therefore one of them went out into the field to gather what common herbs he could:

and found a wild vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds his lap full; thought to be the same with coloquintida, the leaves of which are very like to a vine, of a very bitter taste, and a very violent purgative, which, if not remedied, will produce ulcerations in the bowels, and issue in death; some think the white brier or white vine is meant, the colour of whose berries is very inviting to look at, but very bitter and ungrateful, and it vehemently purges b; the Arabs call a sort of mushroom that is white and soft by this name c, but cannot be meant here, because it has no likeness to a wild vine:

and came and shred them into the pot of pottage; cut or chopped them small, and put them into the pot:

for they knew them not; what they were, the nature and virtue of them, being unskilful in botany.

Gill: 2Ki 4:40 - So they poured out for the men to eat // and it came to pass, as they were eating of the pottage, that they cried out, and said, O thou man of God, there is death in the pot // and they could not eat thereof So they poured out for the men to eat,.... When the pottage was boiled, they poured it out into dishes or basins, for the sons of the prophets to eat:...

So they poured out for the men to eat,.... When the pottage was boiled, they poured it out into dishes or basins, for the sons of the prophets to eat:

and it came to pass, as they were eating of the pottage, that they cried out, and said, O thou man of God, there is death in the pot; poison, the cause of death; the pottage was so exceeding bitter, that they concluded there must be some poisonous herb in it; and coloquintida is so bitter, that it is called "the gall of the earth":

and they could not eat thereof: they stopped eating, it being so very disagreeable, and, as they supposed, dangerous.

Gill: 2Ki 4:41 - But he said, then bring meal: and he cast it into the pot // and he said, pour out for the people, that they may eat // and there was no harm in the pot But he said, then bring meal: and he cast it into the pot,.... And stirred it about in it: and he said, pour out for the people, that they may eat;...

But he said, then bring meal: and he cast it into the pot,.... And stirred it about in it:

and he said, pour out for the people, that they may eat; as they now might freely, and without any danger, as he intimated:

and there was no harm in the pot; or anything that could do any harm or mischief to the health of men: this was not owing to the natural virtue of meal, but to a miraculous power attending it, whereby the pottage was cured of its malignity, as the bad waters of Jericho were by salt, in a preceding miracle.

Gill: 2Ki 4:42 - And there came a man from Baalshalisha // and brought the man of God bread of the firstfruits, twenty loaves of barley // and full ears of corn in the husk thereof // and he said, give unto the people, that they may eat And there came a man from Baalshalisha,.... Of which place See Gill on 1Sa 9:4, the Targum is, from the south country: and brought the man of God b...

And there came a man from Baalshalisha,.... Of which place See Gill on 1Sa 9:4, the Targum is, from the south country:

and brought the man of God bread of the firstfruits, twenty loaves of barley; so that it was now barley harvest, and this the first fruits of it, which, according to the law, Lev 23:10, was to be brought to the priest; but being forbid in the land of Israel going up to Jerusalem, religious men brought their firstfruits to the prophets, and here to Elisha, the father of them; believing it would be dispensed with, and acceptable, since they were not allowed to carry them to the proper person; and in this time of famine was very agreeable to the man of God, supposing it only a present:

and full ears of corn in the husk thereof; these were green ears of corn, which they used to parch; but might not be eaten until the firstfruits were offered, and then they might, Lev 23:14, the Targum renders it, "in his garment", in the skirt of his clothes; and to the same purpose are the Syriac and Arabic versions; and so Jarchi interprets it; and Ben Gersom says, it signifies some vessel in which he brought them:

and he said, give unto the people, that they may eat; Elisha did not reserve this offering or present for himself, but, as he had freely received, he freely gave.

Gill: 2Ki 4:43 - And his servitor said // what, should I set this before one hundred men // he said again, give the people, that they may eat // for thus saith the Lord, they shall eat, and shall leave thereof And his servitor said,.... His servant Gehazi very probably: what, should I set this before one hundred men? for so many, it seems, the sons of the...

And his servitor said,.... His servant Gehazi very probably:

what, should I set this before one hundred men? for so many, it seems, the sons of the prophets were in this place; and these loaves being very small, no more, it is thought by some, than one man could eat, and the ears of corn but few, the servant suggests they would be nothing comparatively to such a company of men:

he said again, give the people, that they may eat; he insisted upon it that his orders should be obeyed:

for thus saith the Lord, they shall eat, and shall leave thereof; it was suggested to him by a spirit of prophecy, there would be enough for them, and to spare.

Gill: 2Ki 4:44 - So he set it before them // and they did eat, and left thereof, according to the word of the Lord So he set it before them,.... The twenty barley loaves, and the full ears of corn: and they did eat, and left thereof, according to the word of the...

So he set it before them,.... The twenty barley loaves, and the full ears of corn:

and they did eat, and left thereof, according to the word of the Lord; as the disciples did at the miracle of the loaves and fishes; though that must be allowed to be a greater miracle than this, Mat 14:17.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:1 Heb “your servant feared the Lord.” “Fear” refers here to obedience and allegiance, the products of healthy respect for the Lo...

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:3 Heb “Do not borrow just a few.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:4 Heb “all these vessels.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:6 Heb “to her son.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:7 Heb “man of God” (also in vv. 16, 22, 25, 27 [twice]).

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:8 Or “he would turn aside there to eat some food.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:9 Heb “holy man of God.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:10 Heb “and let’s put there for him.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:11 Or “slept there.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:12 Heb “and he called for her and she stood before him.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:13 Heb “Among my people I am living.” This answer suggests that she has security within the context of her family.

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:14 Heb “and he said.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:15 Heb “and he called for her and she stood in the door.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:16 Heb “at this appointed time, at the time [when it is] reviving.” For a discussion of the second phrase see M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II King...

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:18 Heb “to his father, to the harvesters.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:19 Heb “He”; the referent (the boy’s father) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:20 Heb “knees.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:21 Heb “man of God’s.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:23 Heb “peace.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:24 Heb “do not restrain for me the riding unless I say to you.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:25 Heb “the man of God.” The phrase has been replaced by the relative pronoun “he” in the translation for stylistic reasons.

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:26 Heb “she said.” The narrator streamlines the story at this point, omitting any reference to Gehazi running to meet her and asking her the ...

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:27 Heb “her soul [i.e., ‘disposition’] is bitter.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:29 Heb “If you meet a man, do not greet him with a blessing; if a man greets you with a blessing, do not answer.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:30 Heb “he”; the referent (Elisha) has been specified in the translation for clarity. The referent must be Elisha here, since the following v...

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:31 Heb “to meet him.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:32 Heb “look.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:33 Heb “and closed the door behind the two of them.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:34 Or perhaps, “body”; Heb “flesh.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:35 Heb “and he went up.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:36 Heb “and he called for her.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:38 Heb “sons of the prophets.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:39 The Hebrew text reads, “for they did not know” (יָדָעוּ, yada’u) but some emend the final ...

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:40 Heb “and they poured out [the stew].” The plural subject is probably indefinite.

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:41 Or “and let them eat.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:42 Heb “he”; the referent (Elisha) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:43 The verb forms are infinitives absolute (Heb “eating and leaving over”) and have to be translated in light of the context.

NET Notes: 2Ki 4:44 Heb “according to the word of the Lord.”

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:1 ( a ) Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead; and thou knowest t...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:2 And Elisha said unto her, What shall I do for thee? tell me, what hast thou in the house? And she said, Thine handmaid hath not any thing in the house...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:4 And when thou art come in, thou shalt shut the door upon thee and upon thy sons, and shalt pour out into ( e ) all those vessels, and thou shalt set a...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:6 And it came to pass, when the vessels were full, that she said unto her son, Bring me yet a vessel. And he said unto her, [There is] not a vessel more...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:7 Then she came and told the man of God. And he said, Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt, and live thou and thy children of the ( g ) rest. ( g ) God h...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:10 Let us make a ( h ) little chamber, I pray thee, on the wall; and let us set for him there a bed, and a table, and a stool, and a candlestick: and it ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:13 And he said unto him, Say now unto her, Behold, thou hast been careful for us with all this care; ( i ) what [is] to be done for thee? wouldest thou b...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:14 And he said, What then [is] to be done for her? And Gehazi answered, Verily she hath ( l ) no child, and her husband is old. ( l ) Which was shameful...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:19 And he said unto his father, ( m ) My head, my head. And he said to a lad, Carry him to his mother. ( m ) His head was hurt badly and therefore he cr...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:23 And he said, Wherefore wilt thou go to him to day? [it is] neither ( n ) new moon, nor sabbath. And she said, [It shall be] well. ( n ) For at such t...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:27 And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she ( o ) caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away. And the man of God said, L...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:29 Then he said to Gehazi, Gird up thy loins, and take my staff in thine hand, and go thy way: ( p ) if thou meet any man, salute him not; and if any sal...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:34 And he went up, and ( q ) lay upon the child, and put his mouth upon his mouth, and his eyes upon his eyes, and his hands upon his hands: and he stret...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:35 Then he returned, and walked in the house to and fro; and went up, and stretched himself upon him: and the child sneezed ( r ) seven times, and the ch...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:38 And Elisha came again to Gilgal: and [there was] a dearth in the ( s ) land; and the sons of the prophets [were] sitting before him: and he said unto ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:39 And one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a ( t ) wild vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds his lap full, and came and shred [them]...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:40 So they poured out for the men to eat. And it came to pass, as they were eating of the pottage, that they cried out, and said, O [thou] man of God, [t...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 4:43 And his servitor said, What, should I set this before an hundred men? He said again, Give the people, that they may eat: for thus saith the LORD, They...

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 2Ki 4:1-7 - --Elisha's miracles were acts of real charity: Christ's were so; not only great wonders, but great favours to those for whom they were wrought. God magn...

MHCC: 2Ki 4:8-17 - --Elisha was well thought of by the king of Israel for his late services; a good man can take as much pleasure in serving others, as in raising himself....

MHCC: 2Ki 4:18-37 - --Here is the sudden death of the child. All the mother's tenderness cannot keep alive a child of promise, a child of prayer, one given in love. But how...

MHCC: 2Ki 4:38-44 - --There was a famine of bread, but not of hearing the word of God, for Elisha had the sons of the prophets sitting before him, to hear his wisdom. Elish...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 4:1-7 - -- Elisha's miracles were for use, not for show; this recorded here was an act of real charity. Such also were the miracles of Christ, not only great w...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 4:8-17 - -- The giving of a son to such as were old, and had been long childless, was an ancient instance of the divine power and favour, in the case of Abraham...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 4:18-37 - -- We may well suppose that, after the birth of this son, the prophet was doubly welcome to the good Shunammite. He had thought himself indebted to her...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 4:38-44 - -- We have here Elisha in his place, in his element, among the sons of the prophets, teaching them, and, as a father, providing for them; and happy it ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 4:1-7 - -- From 2 Kings 4 through 2 Kings 8:6 there follows a series of miracles on the part of Elisha, which both proved this prophet to be the continuer of t...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 4:8-37 - -- The Shunammite and her Son. - 2Ki 4:8. When Elisha was going one day (lit., the day, i.e., at that time, then) to Shunem ( Solam , at the south-we...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 4:38-41 - -- Elisha Makes Uneatable Food Wholesome. - 2Ki 4:38. When Elisha had returned to Gilgal, the seat of a school of the prophets (see at 2Ki 2:1), i.e., ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 4:42-44 - -- Feeding of a Hundred Pupils of the Prophets with Twenty Barley Loaves. - A man of Baal-Shalisha (a place in the land of Shalisha , the country to ...

Constable: 2Ki 2:1--8:16 - --4. Jehoram's evil reign in Israel 2:1-8:15 Jehoram reigned 12 years in Israel (852-841 B.C.). Hi...

Constable: 2Ki 4:1-7 - --God's care of the faithful in need 4:1-7 It was common in the ancient Near East for cred...

Constable: 2Ki 4:8-37 - --God's blessing of those who honor Him 4:8-37 In contrast to the incident above, this one...

Constable: 2Ki 4:38-41 - --The deadly effects of apostasy 4:38-41 God again disciplined Israel by withholding ferti...

Constable: 2Ki 4:42-44 - --God's ability to multiply resources 4:42-44 Archaeologists debate the site of Baal-salis...

Guzik: 2Ki 4:1-44 - God Works Miracles Through Elisha 2 Kings 4 - God Works Miracles Through Elisha A. Miracles connected with a widow and a barren woman. 1. (1-7) Provision for a widow. A certain wom...

buka semua
Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) MOAB REBELS. (2Ki 1:1) AHAZIAH'S JUDGMENT BY ELIJAH. (2Ki 1:2-8) ELIJAH BRINGS FIRE FROM HEAVEN ON AHAZIAH'S MESSENGERS. (2Ki 1:9-16) AHAZIAH DIES, A...

TSK: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The events detailed in these books (Kings) are highly interesting and important. The account of the wisdom, magnificence, and extended commerce of So...

TSK: 2 Kings 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ki 4:1, Elisha multiplies the widow’s oil; 2Ki 4:8, He obtains a son for the good Shunammite; 2Ki 4:18, He restores her son when dead;...

Poole: 2 Kings 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) KINGS CHAPTER 4 Elisha multiplieth the widow’ s oil, 2Ki 4:1-7 . He is lodged by a Shunammite woman, who is barren: he promiseth her a son; wh...

MHCC: 2 Kings 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Ki 4:1-7) Elisha multiplies the widow's oil. (2Ki 4:8-17) The Shunammite obtains a son. (v. 18-37) The Shunammite's son restored to life. (2Ki 4:...

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Kings This second book of the Kings (which the Septuagint, numbering from Samuel, ca...

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Great service Elisha had done, in he foregoing chapter, for the three kings: to his prayers and prophecies they owed their lives and triumphs. One ...

Constable: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Second Kings continues the narrative begun in 1 Kings. It opens with the translation of godly Elijah to hea...

Constable: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Kings) 3. Ahaziah's evil reign in Israel -1 Kings 22:51-2...

Constable: 2 Kings 2 Kings Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. "An Interpretation of the Babylonian Exile: A Study of 2 Kings 20, Isaia...

Haydock: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FOURTH BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This Book brings us to the conclusion of the kingdom of Israel, (chap. xvii.) and to the captivity of ...

Gill: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS This, and the preceding book, are properly but one book divided into two parts, because of the size of it, as the book of S...

Gill: 2 Kings 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 4 This chapter treats of the miracles of Elisha, of his multiplying a poor widow's pot of oil for the payment of her husban...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #28: Arahkan mouse pada tautan catatan yang terdapat pada teks alkitab untuk melihat catatan ayat tersebut dalam popup. [SEMUA]
dibuat dalam 1.30 detik
dipersembahkan oleh
bible.org - YLSA