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Teks -- 2 Kings 25:1-30 (NET)

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Konteks
25:1 So King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came against Jerusalem with his whole army and set up camp outside it. They built siege ramps all around it. He arrived on the tenth day of the tenth month in the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign. 25:2 The city remained under siege until King Zedekiah’s eleventh year. 25:3 By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine in the city was so severe the residents had no food. 25:4 The enemy broke through the city walls, and all the soldiers tried to escape. They left the city during the night. They went through the gate between the two walls that is near the king’s garden. (The Babylonians were all around the city.) Then they headed for the Jordan Valley. 25:5 But the Babylonian army chased after the king. They caught up with him in the plains of Jericho, and his entire army deserted him. 25:6 They captured the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah, where he passed sentence on him. 25:7 Zedekiah’s sons were executed while Zedekiah was forced to watch. The king of Babylon then had Zedekiah’s eyes put out, bound him in bronze chains, and carried him off to Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar Destroys Jerusalem
25:8 On the seventh day of the fifth month, in the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard who served the king of Babylon, arrived in Jerusalem. 25:9 He burned down the Lord’s temple, the royal palace, and all the houses in Jerusalem, including every large house. 25:10 The whole Babylonian army that came with the captain of the royal guard tore down the walls that surrounded Jerusalem. 25:11 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, deported the rest of the people who were left in the city, those who had deserted to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the craftsmen. 25:12 But he left behind some of the poor of the land and gave them fields and vineyards. 25:13 The Babylonians broke the two bronze pillars in the Lord’s temple, as well as the movable stands and the big bronze basin called the “The Sea.” They took the bronze to Babylon. 25:14 They also took the pots, shovels, trimming shears, pans, and all the bronze utensils used by the priests. 25:15 The captain of the royal guard took the golden and silver censers and basins. 25:16 The bronze of the items that King Solomon made for the Lord’s temple– including the two pillars, the big bronze basin called “The Sea,” the twelve bronze bulls under “The Sea,” and the movable stands– was too heavy to be weighed. 25:17 Each of the pillars was about twenty-seven feet high. The bronze top of one pillar was about four and a half feet high and had bronze latticework and pomegranate shaped ornaments all around it. The second pillar with its latticework was like it. 25:18 The captain of the royal guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah, the priest who was second in rank, and the three doorkeepers. 25:19 From the city he took a eunuch who was in charge of the soldiers, five of the king’s advisers who were discovered in the city, an official army secretary who drafted citizens for military service, and sixty citizens from the people of the land who were discovered in the city. 25:20 Nebuzaradan, captain of the royal guard, took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 25:21 The king of Babylon ordered them to be executed at Riblah in the territory of Hamath. So Judah was deported from its land.
Gedaliah Appointed Governor
25:22 Now King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam, son of Shaphan, as governor over the people whom he allowed to remain in the land of Judah. 25:23 All of the officers of the Judahite army and their troops heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah to govern. So they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. The officers who came were Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan son of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah son of the Maacathite. 25:24 Gedaliah took an oath so as to give them and their troops some assurance of safety. He said, “You don’t need to be afraid to submit to the Babylonian officials. Settle down in the land and submit to the king of Babylon. Then things will go well for you.” 25:25 But in the seventh month Ishmael son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, who was a member of the royal family, came with ten of his men and murdered Gedaliah, as well as the Judeans and Babylonians who were with him at Mizpah. 25:26 Then all the people, from the youngest to the oldest, as well as the army officers, left for Egypt, because they were afraid of what the Babylonians might do.
Jehoiachin in Babylon
25:27 In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of King Jehoiachin of Judah, on the twenty-seventh day of the twelfth month, King Evil-Merodach of Babylon, in the first year of his reign, pardoned King Jehoiachin of Judah and released him from prison. 25:28 He spoke kindly to him and gave him a more prestigious position than the other kings who were with him in Babylon. 25:29 Jehoiachin took off his prison clothes and ate daily in the king’s presence for the rest of his life. 25:30 He was given daily provisions by the king for the rest of his life until the day he died.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ahikam son of Shaphan; an official under King Josiah
 · Arabah a town of Judea west of Jerusalem on the border of Benjamin
 · Babylon a country of Babylon in lower Mesopotamia
 · Egypt descendants of Mizraim
 · Elishama son of Ammihud of Ephraim; Moses' deputy over Ephraim,Elishama I; son of David,son of David; Elishama II,son of Jekamiah of Judah,grandfather of Ishmael who killed Gedaliah; the father of Nethaniah,a man who was the secretary of King Jehoiakim,a priest whom King Jehoshaphat sent to teach the law in Judah
 · Evil-Merodach son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon
 · Evil-merodach son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon
 · Gedaliah son of Ahikam son of Shaphan,son of Jeduthun (Levi); worship leader under Jeduthun and David,a priest of the Jeshua clan who put away his heathen wife,son of Amariah (Hezekiah); grandfather of Zephaniah the prophet,son of Pashhur; a prince under King Zedekiah
 · hamath a town of Syria on the Orontes between Aleppo and Damascus (OS)
 · Hamath a town of unknown location
 · Ishmael son of Abraham and Hagar,father of Zebadiah, governor of Judah under Jehoshaphat,son of Azel of Benjamin,son of Jehohanan,a priest of the Pashur clan who put away his heathen wife,son of Nethaniah; a militia leader who assasinated Gedaliah
 · Jaazaniah son of "the Maacathite"; a militia leader under Gedaliah,the son of Jeremiah son of Habazziniah of the Rechabites,son of Shaphan; uncle to Gedaliah; an elder under Zedekiah,son of Azzur; leader of Jerusalem in Zedekiah's time
 · Jehoiachin son and successor of King Jehoiakim of Judah
 · Jericho a town five miles west of the Jordan and 15 miles northeast of Jerusalem,a town of Benjamin 11 km NW of the mouth of the Jordan River
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jew the people descended from Israel
 · Johanan son of Kareah; a militia leader who rallied to Gedaliah,son of King Josiah,son of Eli-O-Enai, a descendant of Hananiah, Zerubbabel and David,a high priest; son of Azariah I,a Benjamite man who defected to David at Ziklag,Gadite officer who defected to David in the wilderness,a man of Ephraim; father of Azariah, who opposed Israel's taking Judeans captive,son of Hakkatan; head of a family group descended from Azgad who returned from exile,a Levite leader during the time of Nehemiah,son of Eliashib; a chief priest
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Kareah father of Johanan, a militia leader in the time of Gedaliah
 · Maacathite member(s) of the clan of Maacah
 · Mizpah a town of Moab
 · Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon who took Judah into exile
 · Nebuzaradan a man of Babylon; captain of the guard for Nebuchadnezzar
 · Nethaniah father of Ishmael who killed Gedaliah; son of Elishama,son of Asaph the Levite; worship leader under Asaph & David,a Levite King Jehoshaphat sent to teach the law around Judah,son of Shelemiah; father of Jehudi in the days of Jehoiakim
 · Netophathite resident(s) of the town of Netophah
 · Riblah a town 80 km north of Damascus
 · Seraiah secretary of King David,a high priest; son of Azariah III,son of Tanhumeth; a militia leader who rallied to Gedaliah,son of Kenaz son of Jephunneh of Judah,son of Asiel; ancestor of a large influential family of Simeon,priest leader of some who returned from exile with Zerubbabel,son of Hilkiah; head of the priestly clan of Immer in Jerusalem,son of Azriel; a prince in the time of Jehoiakim,son of Neriah; quartermaster deported to Babylon with Zedekiah
 · Shaphan son of Azaliah; father of Gemariah;, a prince of Judah in the time of Jehoiakim,son of Azaliah son of Meshullam (OS); secretary to King Josiah,father of Jaazaniah, an idolatrous elder under Zedekiah
 · Solomon the tenth son of David; the father of Rehoboam; an ancestor of Jesus; the third king of Israel.,son of David and Bath-Sheba; successor of King David
 · Tanhumeth the Netophathite father of Seraiah who rallied to Gedaliah
 · Zedekiah son of Chenaanah; a false prophet in the kingdom of King Ahab,son of King Josiah; made king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar,son of King Jehoiachin,a signer of the covenant to obey the law with Nehemiah,son of Maaseiah; a false prophet in the time of King Jehoiachin,son of Hananiah; a prince of Judah in the time of Jehoiakim


Topik/Tema Kamus: Jerusalem | Captivity | Babylon | Fast | Nebuchadnezzar | Prophecy | ALLIANCE | Kings, The Books of | FEASTS AND FASTS | Assyria | Israel | Chaldees | Zedekiah | NEBUZARADAN | Nebuzar-adan | Judah, Kingdom of | Seraiah | JERUSALEM, 4 | Gedaliah | Riblah | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Ki 25:1 - Came To chastise Zedekiah for his rebellion and perjury.

To chastise Zedekiah for his rebellion and perjury.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:1 - Built To keep all supplies of men or provisions from entering into the city: and that from thence they might shoot darts, or arrows, or stones.

To keep all supplies of men or provisions from entering into the city: and that from thence they might shoot darts, or arrows, or stones.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:3 - The people For the common people, but only for the great men. Now they eat their own children for want of food, Lam 4:3, &c. Jeremiah in this extremity, earnestl...

For the common people, but only for the great men. Now they eat their own children for want of food, Lam 4:3, &c. Jeremiah in this extremity, earnestly persuaded the king to surrender; but his heart was hardened to his destruction.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:6 - Riblah Where Nebuchadnezzar staid, that he might both supply the besiegers with men, and military provisions, as their occasions required; and have an eye to...

Where Nebuchadnezzar staid, that he might both supply the besiegers with men, and military provisions, as their occasions required; and have an eye to Chaldea, to prevent or suppress any commotions which might happen there in his absence.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:6 - They The king's officers appointed thereunto, examined his cause, and passed the following sentence against him.

The king's officers appointed thereunto, examined his cause, and passed the following sentence against him.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:7 - Slew, &c. _Tho' they were but children, that this spectacle, the last he was to behold, might leave a remaining impression of grief and horror upon his spirit. ...

_Tho' they were but children, that this spectacle, the last he was to behold, might leave a remaining impression of grief and horror upon his spirit. And in slaying his sons they in effect declared, that the kingdom was no more, and that he nor any of his breed were fit to be trusted: therefore not fit to live.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:7 - Babylon Thus two prophecies were fulfilled, which seemed contrary one to the other, that he should go to Babylon, Jer 32:5, Jer 34:3, and that he should never...

Thus two prophecies were fulfilled, which seemed contrary one to the other, that he should go to Babylon, Jer 32:5, Jer 34:3, and that he should never see Babylon: which seeming contradiction, because Zedekiah the false prophet could not reconcile, he concluded both were false, and it seems Zedekiah the king might stumble at this difficulty.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:8 - Months, &c. _So the Chaldeans did not put all to fire and sword, as soon as they had taken the city: but about a month after, orders were sent, to compleat the de...

_So the Chaldeans did not put all to fire and sword, as soon as they had taken the city: but about a month after, orders were sent, to compleat the destruction of it. This space God gave them to repent after all the foregoing days of his patience. But in vain; they still hardened their hearts: and therefore execution is awarded to the utmost.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:9 - Burnt the house of the Lord One of the apocryphal writers tells us, that Jeremiah got the ark out of the temple, and conveyed it to a cave in mount Nebo, 2 Macc. 2:4-5. But this ...

One of the apocryphal writers tells us, that Jeremiah got the ark out of the temple, and conveyed it to a cave in mount Nebo, 2 Macc. 2:4-5. But this is like the other tales of that author, who has no regard either to truth or probability. For Jeremiah was at this time a close prisoner. By the burning of the temple God would shew, how little he cares for the outward pomp of his worship, when the life and power of religion are gone. About four hundred and thirty years the temple of Solomon had stood. And it is observed by Josephus, that the second temple was burnt by the Romans, the same month, and the same day of the month, that the first temple was burnt by the Chaldeans.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:11 - People Whom neither the sword nor famine had destroyed, who were eight hundred and thirty two persons, Jer 52:29, being members and traders of that city: for...

Whom neither the sword nor famine had destroyed, who were eight hundred and thirty two persons, Jer 52:29, being members and traders of that city: for it is likely, there were very many more of the country people fled thither, who were left with others of their brethren to manure the land.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:11 - Multitude Of the inhabitants of the country.

Of the inhabitants of the country.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:12 - Left of the poor So while the rich were prisoners in a strange land, the poor had liberty and peace in their own country! Thus providence sometimes humbles the proud, ...

So while the rich were prisoners in a strange land, the poor had liberty and peace in their own country! Thus providence sometimes humbles the proud, and favours them of low degree.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:21 - Out of the land This compleated their calamity, about eight hundred and sixty years after they were put in possession of it by Joshua.

This compleated their calamity, about eight hundred and sixty years after they were put in possession of it by Joshua.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:22 - Gedaliah A righteous and good man, and a friend to the prophet Jeremiah.

A righteous and good man, and a friend to the prophet Jeremiah.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:24 - Sware Assured them by his promise and oath, that they should be kept from the evils which they feared. This he might safely swear, because he had not only t...

Assured them by his promise and oath, that they should be kept from the evils which they feared. This he might safely swear, because he had not only the king of Babylon's promise but also God's promise deliver'd by Jeremiah. And it might seem, a fair prospect was opening again. But how soon was the scene changed! This hopeful settlement is quickly dashed in pieces, not by the Chaldeans, but by some of themselves.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:25 - Came Moved with envy to see so mean a person advanced into their place.

Moved with envy to see so mean a person advanced into their place.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:25 - Ten men Ten captains or officers, and under each of them many soldiers.

Ten captains or officers, and under each of them many soldiers.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:26 - Egypt And here they probably mixt with the Egyptians by degrees, and were heard of no more as Israelites.

And here they probably mixt with the Egyptians by degrees, and were heard of no more as Israelites.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:27 - Seven and twentieth Or, on the twenty fifth day, as it is, Jer 52:31. For then the decree was made, which was executed upon the twenty seventh day.

Or, on the twenty fifth day, as it is, Jer 52:31. For then the decree was made, which was executed upon the twenty seventh day.

Wesley: 2Ki 25:30 - All the days of his life Let none say, they shall never see good again, because they have long seen little but evil. The most afflicted know not what blessed turn providence m...

Let none say, they shall never see good again, because they have long seen little but evil. The most afflicted know not what blessed turn providence may yet give to their affairs.

JFB: 2Ki 25:1 - Nebuchadnezzar . . . came . . . against Jerusalem Incensed by the revolt of Zedekiah, the Assyrian despot determined to put an end to the perfidious and inconstant monarchy of Judea. This chapter narr...

Incensed by the revolt of Zedekiah, the Assyrian despot determined to put an end to the perfidious and inconstant monarchy of Judea. This chapter narrates his third and last invasion, which he conducted in person at the head of an immense army, levied out of all the tributary nations under his sway. Having overrun the northern parts of the country and taken almost all the fenced cities (Jer 34:7), he marched direct to Jerusalem to invest it. The date of the beginning as well as the end of the siege is here carefully marked (compare Eze 24:1; Jer 39:1; Jer 52:4-6); from which it appears, that, with a brief interruption caused by Nebuchadnezzar's marching to oppose the Egyptians who were coming to its relief but who retreated without fighting, the siege lasted a year and a half. So long a resistance was owing, not to the superior skill and valor of the Jewish soldiers, but to the strength of the city fortifications, on which the king too confidently relied (compare Jer 21:1-14; Jer. 37:1-38:28).

JFB: 2Ki 25:1 - pitched against it, and . . . built forts Rather, perhaps, drew lines of circumvallation, with a ditch to prevent any going out of the city. On this rampart were erected his military engines f...

Rather, perhaps, drew lines of circumvallation, with a ditch to prevent any going out of the city. On this rampart were erected his military engines for throwing missiles into the city.

JFB: 2Ki 25:3 - on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed In consequence of the close and protracted blockade, the inhabitants were reduced to dreadful extremities; and under the maddening influence of hunger...

In consequence of the close and protracted blockade, the inhabitants were reduced to dreadful extremities; and under the maddening influence of hunger, the most inhuman atrocities were perpetrated (Lam 2:20, Lam 2:22; Lam 4:9-10; Eze 5:10). This was a fulfilment of the prophetic denunciations threatened on the apostasy of the chosen people (Lev 26:29; Deu 28:53-57; Jer 15:2; Jer 27:13; Eze 4:16).

JFB: 2Ki 25:4 - the city was broken up That is, a breach was effected, as we are elsewhere informed, in a part of the wall belonging to the lower city (2Ch 32:5; 2Ch 33:14).

That is, a breach was effected, as we are elsewhere informed, in a part of the wall belonging to the lower city (2Ch 32:5; 2Ch 33:14).

JFB: 2Ki 25:4 - the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between two walls, which is by the king's garden The king's garden was (Neh 3:15) at the pool of Siloam, that is, at the mouth of the Tyropæon. A trace of the outermost of these walls appears to be ...

The king's garden was (Neh 3:15) at the pool of Siloam, that is, at the mouth of the Tyropæon. A trace of the outermost of these walls appears to be still extant in the rude pathway which crosses the mouth of the Tyropæon, on a mound hard by the old mulberry tree, which marks the traditional spot of Isaiah's martyrdom [ROBINSON]. It is probable that the besiegers had overlooked this pass.

JFB: 2Ki 25:4 - the king went . . . toward the plain That is, the Ghor, or valley of Jordan, estimated at five hours' distance from Jerusalem. The plain near Jericho is about eleven or twelve miles broad...

That is, the Ghor, or valley of Jordan, estimated at five hours' distance from Jerusalem. The plain near Jericho is about eleven or twelve miles broad.

JFB: 2Ki 25:6-7 - they took the king, and brought him . . . to Riblah Nebuchadnezzar, having gone from the siege to oppose the auxiliary forces of Pharaoh-hophra, left his generals to carry on the blockade, he himself no...

Nebuchadnezzar, having gone from the siege to oppose the auxiliary forces of Pharaoh-hophra, left his generals to carry on the blockade, he himself not returning to the scene of action, but taking up his station at Riblah in the land of Hamath (2Ki 23:33).

JFB: 2Ki 25:6-7 - they gave judgment upon him They, that is, the council (Jer 39:3, Jer 39:13; Dan 6:7-8, Dan 6:12), regarding him as a seditious and rebellious vassal, condemned him for violating...

They, that is, the council (Jer 39:3, Jer 39:13; Dan 6:7-8, Dan 6:12), regarding him as a seditious and rebellious vassal, condemned him for violating his oath and neglecting the announcement of the divine will as made known to him by Jeremiah (compare Jer 32:5; Jer 34:2; Jer 38:17). His sons and the nobles who had joined in his flight were slain before his eyes (Jer 39:6; Jer 52:10). In conformity with Eastern ideas, which consider a blind man incapable of ruling, his eyes were put out, and being put in chains, he was carried to perpetual imprisonment in Babylon (Jer 52:11), which, though he came to it, as Ezekiel had foretold, he did not see (Jer 32:5; Eze 12:13; Eze 17:16).|| 10231||1||11||0||@on the seventh day of the month . . . came Nebuzar-adan==--(compare Jer 52:12). In attempting to reconcile these two passages, it must be supposed either that, though he had set out on the seventh, he did not arrive in Jerusalem till the tenth, or that he did not put his orders in execution till that day. His office as captain of the guard (Gen 37:36; Gen 39:1) called him to execute the awards of justice on criminals; and hence, although not engaged in the siege of Jerusalem (Jer 39:13), Nebuzar-adan was despatched to rase the city, to plunder the temple, to lay both in ruins, demolish the fortifications, and transport the inhabitants to Babylon. The most eminent of these were taken to the king at Riblah (2Ki 25:27) and executed, as instigators and abettors of the rebellion, or otherwise obnoxious to the Assyrian government. In their number were Seraiah, the high priest, grandfather of Ezra (Ezr 7:1), his sagan or deputy, a priest of the second order (Jer 21:2; Jer 29:25, Jer 29:29; Jer 37:3).

JFB: 2Ki 25:18 - the three keepers of the door Not mere porters, but officers of high trust among the Levites (2Ki 22:4; 1Ch 9:26).

Not mere porters, but officers of high trust among the Levites (2Ki 22:4; 1Ch 9:26).

JFB: 2Ki 25:19 - five men of them that were in the king's presence That is, who belonged to the royal retinue. It is probable that there were five at first, and that other two were found afterwards (Jer 52:25).

That is, who belonged to the royal retinue. It is probable that there were five at first, and that other two were found afterwards (Jer 52:25).

JFB: 2Ki 25:22-26 - Nebuchadnezzar . . . made Gedaliah . . . ruler The people permitted to remain were, besides the king's daughters, a few court attendants and others (Jer 40:7) too insignificant to be removed, only ...

The people permitted to remain were, besides the king's daughters, a few court attendants and others (Jer 40:7) too insignificant to be removed, only the peasantry who could till the land and dress the vineyards. Gedaliah was Jeremiah's friend (Jer 26:24), and having, by the prophet's counsel, probably fled from the city as abandoned of God, he surrendered himself to the conqueror (Jer 38:2, Jer 38:17), and being promoted to the government of Judea, fixed his provincial court at Mizpeh. He was well qualified to surmount the difficulties of ruling at such a crisis. Many of the fugitive Jews, as well as the soldiers of Zedekiah who had accompanied the king in his flight to the plains of Jericho, left their retreats (Jer 40:11-12) and flocked around the governor; who having counselled them to submit, promised them on complying with this condition, security on oath that they would retain their possessions and enjoy the produce of their land (Jer 40:9).

JFB: 2Ki 25:25 - Ishmael . . . of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah He had found refuge with Baalis, king of the Ammonites, and he returned with a bad design, being either instigated by envy of a governor not descended...

He had found refuge with Baalis, king of the Ammonites, and he returned with a bad design, being either instigated by envy of a governor not descended from the house of David, or bribed by Baalis to murder Gedaliah. The generous governor, though apprised of his intentions, refused to credit the report, much less to sanction the proposal made by an attached friend to cut off Ishmael. The consequence was, that he was murdered by this same Ishmael, when entertaining him in his own house (Jer 41:1).

JFB: 2Ki 25:26 - and all the people . . . came to Egypt In spite of Jeremiah's dissuasions (Jer 43:7-8) they settled in various cities of that country (Jer 44:1).

In spite of Jeremiah's dissuasions (Jer 43:7-8) they settled in various cities of that country (Jer 44:1).

JFB: 2Ki 25:27 - seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin Corresponding with the year of Nebuchadnezzar's death, and his son Evil-merodach's ascension to the throne.

Corresponding with the year of Nebuchadnezzar's death, and his son Evil-merodach's ascension to the throne.

JFB: 2Ki 25:27 - Evil-merodach . . . did lift up the head of Jehoiachin . . . and spake kindly Gave him liberty upon parole. This kindly feeling is said to have originated in a familiar acquaintance formed in prison, in which Evil-merodach had l...

Gave him liberty upon parole. This kindly feeling is said to have originated in a familiar acquaintance formed in prison, in which Evil-merodach had lain till his father's death, on account of some malversation while acting as regent during Nebuchadnezzar's seven years' illness (Dan 4:32-33). But doubtless the improvement in Zedekiah's condition is to be traced to the overruling providence and grace of Him who still cherished purposes of love to the house of David (2Sa 7:14-15).

JFB: 2Ki 25:29 - Jehoiachin . . . did eat . . . continually before him According to an ancient usage in Eastern courts, had a seat at the royal table on great days, and had a stated provision granted him for the maintenan...

According to an ancient usage in Eastern courts, had a seat at the royal table on great days, and had a stated provision granted him for the maintenance of his exiled court.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:1 - In the ninth year of his reign In the ninth year of his reign - Zedekiah, having revolted against the Chaldeans, Nebuchadnezzar, wearied with his treachery, and the bad faith of t...

In the ninth year of his reign - Zedekiah, having revolted against the Chaldeans, Nebuchadnezzar, wearied with his treachery, and the bad faith of the Jews, determined the total subversion of the Jewish state. Having assembled a numerous army, he entered Judea on the tenth day of the tenth month of the ninth year of the reign of Zedekiah; this, according to the computation of Archbishop Usher, was on Thursday, January 30, A.M. 3414, which was a sabbatical year: whereon the men of Jerusalem hearing that the Chaldean army was approaching, proclaimed liberty to their servants; see Jer 34:8-10, according to the law, Exo 21:2; Deu 15:1, Deu 15:2, Deu 15:12 : for Nebuchadnezzar, marching with his army against Zedekiah, having wasted all the country, and taken their strong holds, except Lachish, Azekah, and Jerusalem, came against the latter with all his forces. See Jer 34:1-7. On the very day, as the same author computes, the siege and utter destruction of Jerusalem were revealed to Ezekiel the prophet, then in Chaldea, under the type of a seething pot; and his wife died in the evening, and he was charged not to mourn for her, because of the extraordinary calamity that had fallen upon the land. See Eze 24:1, Eze 24:2, etc

Jeremiah, having predicted the same calamities, Jer 34:1-7, was by the command of Zedekiah shut up in prison, Jeremiah 32:1-16

Pharaoh Hophra, or Vaphris, hearing how Zedekiah was pressed, and fearing for the safety of his own dominions should the Chaldeans succeed against Jerusalem, determined to succor Zedekiah. Finding this, the Chaldeans raised the siege of Jerusalem, and went to meet the Egyptian army, which they defeated and put to flight. Joseph. Antiq., lib. 10, cap. 10. In the interim the Jews, thinking their danger was passed, reclaimed their servants, and put them again under the yoke; Jer 34:8, etc.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:2-4 - And the city was besieged, etc. And the city was besieged, etc. - Nebuchadnezzar, having routed the Egyptian army, returned to Jerusalem, and besieged it so closely that, being red...

And the city was besieged, etc. - Nebuchadnezzar, having routed the Egyptian army, returned to Jerusalem, and besieged it so closely that, being reduced by famine, and a breach made in the wall, the Chaldeans entered it on the ninth day of the fourth month, (Wednesday, July 27), Zedekiah and many others endeavoring to make their escape by night.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:5 - The army of the Chaldeans pursued The army of the Chaldeans pursued - Zedekiah was taken, and brought captive to Riblah in Syria, where Nebuchadnezzar then lay, who ordered his sons ...

The army of the Chaldeans pursued - Zedekiah was taken, and brought captive to Riblah in Syria, where Nebuchadnezzar then lay, who ordered his sons to be slain before his face, and then put out his eyes; and having loaded him with chains, sent him to Babylon, (see Jer 39:4, Jer 39:7; Jer 52:7, Jer 52:11), thus fulfilling the prophetic declarations, that his eyes should see the eyes of the king of Babylon, Jer 32:4; Jer 34:3; but Babylon he should not see, though he was to die there; Eze 12:13.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:8 - In the fifth month In the fifth month - On the seventh day of the fifth month, (answering to Wednesday, Aug. 24), Nebuzar-adan made his entry into the city; and having...

In the fifth month - On the seventh day of the fifth month, (answering to Wednesday, Aug. 24), Nebuzar-adan made his entry into the city; and having spent two days in making provision, on the tenth day of the same month, (Saturday, Aug. 27), he set fire to the temple and the king’ s palace, and the houses of the nobility, and burnt them to the ground; Jer 52:13, compared with Jer 39:8. Thus the temple was destroyed in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, the nineteenth of Nebuchadnezzar, the first of the XLVIIIth Olympiad, in the one hundred and sixtieth current year of the era of Nabonassar, four hundred and twenty-four years three months and eight days from the time in which Solomon laid its foundation stone.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:10 - Brake down the walls Brake down the walls - In the same fifth month, Jer 1:3, the walls of Jerusalem being razed to the ground, all that were left in the city, and all t...

Brake down the walls - In the same fifth month, Jer 1:3, the walls of Jerusalem being razed to the ground, all that were left in the city, and all that had fled over formerly to Nebuchadnezzar, and all the common people of the city, with all the king’ s treasures, those of the nobles, and the whole furniture of the temple, did Nebuzar-adan carry off to Babylon. See Jer 39:8, Jer 39:9; Jer 52:14, Jer 52:23. And thus was Judah carried away out of her own land, four hundred and sixty-eight years after David began to reign over it; from the division of the ten tribes three hundred and eighty-eight years; and from the destruction of the kingdom of Israel, one hundred and thirty-four years; A.M. 3416, and before Christ five hundred and ninety. And thus ends what is called the fifth age of the world. See Usher’ s Annals.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:18 - Seraiah the chief priest - Zephaniah Seraiah the chief priest - Zephaniah - The person who is here called the second priest was what the Jews call sagan , a sort of deputy, who performe...

Seraiah the chief priest - Zephaniah - The person who is here called the second priest was what the Jews call sagan , a sort of deputy, who performed the functions of the high priest when he was prevented by any infirmity from attending the temple service. See on 2Ki 23:4 (note).

Clarke: 2Ki 25:19 - And five men of them that were in the king’ s presence And five men of them that were in the king’ s presence - These were principal counselors, and confidential officers In Jer 52:25, it is said he...

And five men of them that were in the king’ s presence - These were principal counselors, and confidential officers

In Jer 52:25, it is said he took seven men who were near the king’ s person, and the same number is found in the Arabic in this place; and the Chaldee has no less than fifty men; but in Jeremiah this, as well as all the rest of the versions, reads seven. Probably they were no more than five at first, or, perhaps Jeremiah reckoned with the five the officer that was set over the men of war, and the principal scribe of the host mentioned here, as two with the five; and thus made seven in the whole.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:21 - The king of Babylon smote them The king of Babylon smote them - He had, no doubt, found that these had counselled Zedekiah to revolt.

The king of Babylon smote them - He had, no doubt, found that these had counselled Zedekiah to revolt.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:22 - Made Gedaliah - ruler Made Gedaliah - ruler - This was no regal dignity; he was only a sort of hind or overseer, appointed to regulate the husbandmen.

Made Gedaliah - ruler - This was no regal dignity; he was only a sort of hind or overseer, appointed to regulate the husbandmen.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:23 - To Mizpah To Mizpah - This is said to have been situated on the east side of the river Jordan, and most contiguous to Babylon, and therefore the most proper f...

To Mizpah - This is said to have been situated on the east side of the river Jordan, and most contiguous to Babylon, and therefore the most proper for the residence of Gedaliah, because nearest to the place from which he was to receive his instructions. But there were several places of this name, and we do not exactly know where this was situated.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:24 - Gedaliah sware to them Gedaliah sware to them - He pledged himself in the most solemn manner to encourage and protect them.

Gedaliah sware to them - He pledged himself in the most solemn manner to encourage and protect them.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:25 - Smote Gedaliah Smote Gedaliah - This was at an entertainment which Gedaliah had made for them; see Jer 41:1, etc. He was not content with this murder, but slew fou...

Smote Gedaliah - This was at an entertainment which Gedaliah had made for them; see Jer 41:1, etc. He was not content with this murder, but slew fourscore more, who were coming with offerings to the temple, and took several as prisoners, among whom were some of the king’ s daughters; and set off to go to the Ammonites: but Johanan, the son of Careah, hearing of these outrages, raised a number of men, and pursued Ishmael upon which Ishmael’ s prisoners immediately turned and joined Johanan; so that he, and eight of his accomplices, with difficulty escaped to the Ammonites. See Jer 41:1, etc. Baalis, king of the Ammonites, had sent Ishmael to murder Gedaliah; and of this he was informed by Johanan, who offered to prevent it, by taking away the life of this murderer. But Gedaliah could not believe that he harbored such foul designs, and therefore took no precaution to save his life. See Jer 40:13-16.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:27 - And it came to pass And it came to pass - Nebuchadnezzar was just now dead; and Evil-merodach, his son, succeeded to the kingdom in the thirty-seventh year of the capti...

And it came to pass - Nebuchadnezzar was just now dead; and Evil-merodach, his son, succeeded to the kingdom in the thirty-seventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin: and on the seven and twentieth day [Jeremiah says five and twentieth] of the twelfth month of that year, (Tuesday, April 15, A.M. 3442), he brought the long captivated Jewish king out of prison; treated him kindly; and ever after, during his life, reckoned him among the king’ s friends. This is particularly related in the four last verses of the book of Jeremiah.

Clarke: 2Ki 25:30 - A continual allowance given him of the king A continual allowance given him of the king - He lived in a regal style, and had his court even in the city of Babylon, being supplied with every re...

A continual allowance given him of the king - He lived in a regal style, and had his court even in the city of Babylon, being supplied with every requisite by the munificence and friendship of the king. In about two years after this, Evil-merodach was slain in a conspiracy; and it is supposed that Jehoiachin, then about fifty-eight years of age, fell with his friend and protector. Thus terminates the catastrophe of the Jewish kings, people, and state; the consequence of unheard-of rebellions and provocations against the Majesty of heaven

TSK: 2Ki 25:1 - in the ninth // Nebuchadnezzar // pitched am 3414, bc 590 in the ninth : This according to the computation of Archbishop Usher, was on Thursday, January 30th, am 3414, which was a sabbatical y...

am 3414, bc 590

in the ninth : This according to the computation of Archbishop Usher, was on Thursday, January 30th, am 3414, which was a sabbatical year; wherein they proclaimed liberty to their servants, according to the law, but soon enthralled them again (see Jer 34:8-10). 2Ch 36:17-21; Jer 34:2, Jer 34:3-6, Jer 39:1-10, Jer 52:4, Jer 52:5-11; Eze 24:1, Eze 24:2-14

Nebuchadnezzar : 2Ki 24:1, 2Ki 24:10; 1Ch 6:15; Jer 27:8, Jer 32:28, Jer 43:10, Jer 51:34; Eze 26:7, Nebuchadrezzar, Dan. 4:1-18

pitched : Isa 29:3; Jer 32:24; Eze 4:1-8, Eze 21:22-24; Luk 19:43, Luk 19:44

TSK: 2Ki 25:3 - the ninth day // the famine // there was no am 3416, bc 588 the ninth day : Jer 39:2, Jer 52:6; Zec 8:19 the famine : Lev 26:26; Deu 28:52, Deu 28:53; Lam 4:4-10; Eze 4:9-17, Eze 5:10, Eze 5:12,...

am 3416, bc 588

the ninth day : Jer 39:2, Jer 52:6; Zec 8:19

the famine : Lev 26:26; Deu 28:52, Deu 28:53; Lam 4:4-10; Eze 4:9-17, Eze 5:10, Eze 5:12, Eze 7:15, Eze 14:21

there was no : Jer 37:21, Jer 38:2

TSK: 2Ki 25:4 - the city // fled // and the king the city : This being the ninth day of the fourth month, corresponded to Wednesday, July 27. Jer 5:10, Jer 39:2, Jer 39:3, Jer 52:6, Jer 52:7-11; Eze ...

the city : This being the ninth day of the fourth month, corresponded to Wednesday, July 27. Jer 5:10, Jer 39:2, Jer 39:3, Jer 52:6, Jer 52:7-11; Eze 33:21

fled : Lev 26:17, Lev 26:36; Deu 28:25, Deu 32:24, Deu 32:25, Deu 32:30; Jer 39:4-7

and the king : 2Ki 25:5; Eze 12:12

TSK: 2Ki 25:5 - and overtook and overtook : Isa 30:16; Jer 24:8, Jer 39:5, Jer 52:8; Amo 2:14-16

TSK: 2Ki 25:6 - they took // Riblah // gave judgment upon him they took : 2Ch 33:11; Jer 21:7, Jer 34:21, Jer 34:22, Jer 38:23; Lam 4:19, Lam 4:20; Eze 17:20, Eze 17:21; Eze 21:25-27 Riblah : 2Ki 23:33; Jer 52:9 ...

they took : 2Ch 33:11; Jer 21:7, Jer 34:21, Jer 34:22, Jer 38:23; Lam 4:19, Lam 4:20; Eze 17:20, Eze 17:21; Eze 21:25-27

Riblah : 2Ki 23:33; Jer 52:9

gave judgment upon him : Heb. spake judgment with him

TSK: 2Ki 25:7 - they slew // and put out // bound him they slew : Gen 21:16, Gen 44:34; Deu 28:34; Jer 22:30, Jer 39:6, Jer 39:7, Jer 52:10, Jer 52:11 and put out : Heb. and made blind, Thus were fulfille...

they slew : Gen 21:16, Gen 44:34; Deu 28:34; Jer 22:30, Jer 39:6, Jer 39:7, Jer 52:10, Jer 52:11

and put out : Heb. and made blind, Thus were fulfilled the apparently contradictory prophecies of Jeremiah and Ezekiel - that his eyes should see the king of Babylon, but Babylon he should not see, though he should die there. Jer 32:4, Jer 32:5, Jer 34:3; Eze 12:13-16

bound him : Jdg 16:21; 2Ch 33:11, 2Ch 36:6; Psa 107:10, Psa 107:11, Psa 149:8; Eze 7:27, Eze 17:16-20

TSK: 2Ki 25:8 - in the fifth month // the nineteenth // Nebuzaradan // captain in the fifth month : This answered to Wednesday, August 24; and three days after he reduced the temple to ashes, and carried Judah captive; in the 11t...

in the fifth month : This answered to Wednesday, August 24; and three days after he reduced the temple to ashes, and carried Judah captive; in the 11th year of Zedekiah; the 19th of Nebuchadnezzar; 424 years, 3 months, and 8 days from the foundation of the temple; 468 years from the beginning of the reign of David; 388 years from the division of the ten tribes; and 134 years from their captivity. Jer 52:12-14; Zec 8:19

the nineteenth : 2Ki 25:27, 2Ki 24:12

Nebuzaradan : Jer 39:9-14, Jer 40:1-4, Jer 52:12-16; Lam 4:12

captain : or, chief marshal

TSK: 2Ki 25:9 - he burnt // the king’ s he burnt : 1Ki 9:8; 2Ch 36:19; Psa 74:3-7, Psa 79:1; Isa 64:10, Isa 64:11; Jer 7:14, Jer 26:9; Lam 1:10, Lam 2:7; Mic 3:12; Luk 21:5, Luk 21:6; Act 6:...

TSK: 2Ki 25:10 - brake brake : Neh 1:3; Jer 5:10, Jer 39:8, Jer 52:14-23

TSK: 2Ki 25:11 - the rest // fugitives the rest : Jer 15:1, Jer 15:2, Jer 39:9, Jer 52:12; Eze 5:2, Eze 12:15, Eze 12:16, Eze 22:15, Eze 22:16 fugitives : Heb. fallen away

the rest : Jer 15:1, Jer 15:2, Jer 39:9, Jer 52:12; Eze 5:2, Eze 12:15, Eze 12:16, Eze 22:15, Eze 22:16

fugitives : Heb. fallen away

TSK: 2Ki 25:12 - left of the poor left of the poor : 2Ki 24:14; Jer 39:10, Jer 40:7, Jer 52:16; Eze 33:24

TSK: 2Ki 25:13 - the // pillars // bases the : 2Ki 20:17; 2Ch 36:18; Jer 27:19-22, Jer 52:17-20; Lam 1:10 pillars : Exo 27:3; 1Ki 7:15, 1Ki 7:27; 2Ch 4:12, 2Ch 4:13 bases : 1Kings 7:23-45; 2C...

TSK: 2Ki 25:14 - the pots the pots : Exo 27:3, Exo 38:3; 1Ki 7:47-50; 2Ch 4:20-22, 2Ch 24:14

TSK: 2Ki 25:15 - and such things and such things : Exo 37:23; Num 7:13, Num 7:14; 1Ki 7:48-51; 2Ch 24:14; Ezr 1:9-11; Dan 5:2, Dan 5:3

TSK: 2Ki 25:16 - one sea // the brass one sea : Heb. the one sea the brass : 1Ki 7:47

one sea : Heb. the one sea

the brass : 1Ki 7:47

TSK: 2Ki 25:17 - one pillar one pillar : 1Ki 7:15, 1Ki 7:16; Jer 52:21-23

one pillar : 1Ki 7:15, 1Ki 7:16; Jer 52:21-23

TSK: 2Ki 25:18 - captain // Seraiah // Zephaniah // the second priest // door captain : 2Ki 25:24, 2Ki 25:25, 2Ki 25:26 Seraiah : 1Ch 6:14; Ezr 7:1; Jer 52:24 Zephaniah : Jer 21:1, Jer 29:25, Jer 29:29 the second priest : Called...

captain : 2Ki 25:24, 2Ki 25:25, 2Ki 25:26

Seraiah : 1Ch 6:14; Ezr 7:1; Jer 52:24

Zephaniah : Jer 21:1, Jer 29:25, Jer 29:29

the second priest : Called by the Jews, sagan , who officiated for the high priest in case of any temporary incapacity.

door : Heb. threshold

TSK: 2Ki 25:19 - officer // were in the king’ s presence // principal officer : or, eunuch. were in the king’ s presence : Heb. saw the king’ s face, Est 1:14 principal : or, scribe of the captain of the host

officer : or, eunuch.

were in the king’ s presence : Heb. saw the king’ s face, Est 1:14

principal : or, scribe of the captain of the host

TSK: 2Ki 25:20 - and brought and brought : Jer 52:26, Jer 52:27; Lam 4:16

and brought : Jer 52:26, Jer 52:27; Lam 4:16

TSK: 2Ki 25:21 - the king // So Judah the king : These men were put to death as accessories to Zedekiah’ s rebellion; for the king of Babylon had no doubt found that they had counsell...

the king : These men were put to death as accessories to Zedekiah’ s rebellion; for the king of Babylon had no doubt found that they had counselled him to revolt.

So Judah : 2Ki 17:20, 2Ki 23:27; Lev 26:33-35; Deu 4:26, Deu 28:36, Deu 28:64; Jer 24:9, Jer 24:10, Jer 25:9-11; Eze 12:25-28, Eze 24:14; Amo 5:27

TSK: 2Ki 25:22 - the people // Gedaliah // Ahikam the people : Jer 40:5, Jer 40:6-12 Gedaliah : 2Ki 25:25; Jer 39:14, Jer 41:2 Ahikam : 2Ki 22:12; 2Ch 34:20; Jer 26:24

TSK: 2Ki 25:23 - And when // Mizpah And when : Jer 40:7-9, Jer 40:11, Jer 40:12 Mizpah : There were several places of the name of Mizpah, or Mizpeh, and we do not certainly know which of...

And when : Jer 40:7-9, Jer 40:11, Jer 40:12

Mizpah : There were several places of the name of Mizpah, or Mizpeh, and we do not certainly know which of them this was; but it is probable that it was that situated east of Jordan, in the mountains of Gilead (Gen 31:49), and most contiguous to Babylon; and therefore the most proper for the residence of Gedaliah.

TSK: 2Ki 25:24 - sware to them // and it shall be sware to them : 2Sa 14:11, 2Sa 19:23; Jer 40:9, Jer 40:10; Eze 33:24-29 and it shall be : Jer 40:9, Jer 43:6

sware to them : 2Sa 14:11, 2Sa 19:23; Jer 40:9, Jer 40:10; Eze 33:24-29

and it shall be : Jer 40:9, Jer 43:6

TSK: 2Ki 25:25 - seventh // Ishmael // royal seventh : Zec 7:5, Zec 8:19 Ishmael : Jer 40:15, Jer 40:16, Jer 41:1-15 royal : Heb. of the kingdom, 2Ki 11:1

seventh : Zec 7:5, Zec 8:19

Ishmael : Jer 40:15, Jer 40:16, Jer 41:1-15

royal : Heb. of the kingdom, 2Ki 11:1

TSK: 2Ki 25:26 - -- Jer 41:16-18, Jer 42:14-22, Jer 43:4-7

TSK: 2Ki 25:27 - it came to pass // king of Babylon // lift up the head am 3442, bc 562 it came to pass : Jer 24:5, Jer 24:6, Jer 52:31-34 king of Babylon : Pro 21:1 lift up the head : Gen 40:13, Gen 40:20

am 3442, bc 562

it came to pass : Jer 24:5, Jer 24:6, Jer 52:31-34

king of Babylon : Pro 21:1

lift up the head : Gen 40:13, Gen 40:20

TSK: 2Ki 25:28 - kindly to him // the throne kindly to him : Heb. good things with him the throne : Jer 27:6-11; Dan 2:37, Dan 5:18, Dan 5:19

kindly to him : Heb. good things with him

the throne : Jer 27:6-11; Dan 2:37, Dan 5:18, Dan 5:19

TSK: 2Ki 25:29 - changed // he did eat bread changed : 2Ki 24:12; Gen 41:14, Gen 41:42; Est 4:4, Est 8:15; Isa 61:3; Zec 3:4; Luk 15:22 he did eat bread : 2Sa 9:7

TSK: 2Ki 25:30 - a daily rate // all the days of his life a daily rate : Neh 11:23, Neh 12:47; Dan 1:5; Mat 6:11; Luk 11:3; Act 6:1 all the days of his life : Gen 48:15, Gen 48:16

a daily rate : Neh 11:23, Neh 12:47; Dan 1:5; Mat 6:11; Luk 11:3; Act 6:1

all the days of his life : Gen 48:15, Gen 48:16

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ki 25:3 - The fourth month // For the people of the land The fourth month which word is easily understood, by comparing this and the first verse, and Jer 39:2 52:6 , where it is expressed. For the people o...

The fourth month which word is easily understood, by comparing this and the first verse, and Jer 39:2 52:6 , where it is expressed.

For the people of the land i.e. for the common sort of people, who flocked thither from all parts, upon the approach of the Babylonian army; but only for the great men and soldiers. See of the grievousness of this famine, Lam 4:10 Eze 5:10,12 .

Poole: 2Ki 25:4 - The city was broken up // The men of war fled // Between two walls // Toward the plain of Jericho The city was broken up by the Chaldeans, who broke and entered the gate, Jer 39:3 . The men of war fled which word is fitly supplied out of the par...

The city was broken up by the Chaldeans, who broke and entered the gate, Jer 39:3 .

The men of war fled which word is fitly supplied out of the parallel place, Jer 39:4 , or out of the following verb, went away .

Between two walls between the outward and inward wall of the city, by a private way, having the advantage of the darkness of the night, and possibly of some vault under the ground. The king : this word also is necessarily to be understood; partly by its singular, which agrees not with the men of war ; and partly out of the next verse, where it is expressed.

Toward the plain of Jericho as it follows.

Poole: 2Ki 25:6 - To Riblah // They gave judgement upon him To Riblah of which See Poole "2Ki 23:33" , and See Poole "2Ki 25:21" , where Nebuchadnezzar staid, that he might both supply the besiegers with mor...

To Riblah of which See Poole "2Ki 23:33" , and See Poole "2Ki 25:21" , where Nebuchadnezzar staid, that he might both supply the besiegers with more men, and military provisions, as their occasions required; and have an eye to Chaldea, to prevent or suppress any commotions which might happen there in the time of his absence.

They gave judgement upon him the king’ s officers appointed thereunto examined his cause, and passed the following sentence against him.

Poole: 2Ki 25:7 - -- Thus two prophecies were fulfilled, which seemed contrary one to the other, that he should go to Babylon , Jer 32:5 34:3 , and that he should neve...

Thus two prophecies were fulfilled, which seemed contrary one to the other, that he should go to Babylon , Jer 32:5 34:3 , and that he should never see Babylon ; which seeming contradiction, because Zedekiah the false prophet could not reconcile, he concluded both were false, and that Jeremiah was a false prophet; and it seems Zedekiah the king might stumble at this difficulty.

Poole: 2Ki 25:8 - On the seventh day of the month // Quest // Answ On the seventh day of the month Quest. How doth this agree with Jer 52:12 , where he is said to come thither on the tenth day? Answ Either he ca...

On the seventh day of the month

Quest. How doth this agree with Jer 52:12 , where he is said to come thither on the tenth day?

Answ Either he came to Jerusalem on the seventh day, and burnt the temple on the tenth day; or this sacred writer speaks of the day of his departure from Riblah towards Jerusalem, and Jeremiah speaks of his coming to Jerusalem, which was about three days’ journey from Riblah.

Poole: 2Ki 25:9 - He burnt the house of the Lord He burnt the house of the Lord which had now stood about four hundred and fifty years.

He burnt the house of the Lord which had now stood about four hundred and fifty years.

Poole: 2Ki 25:11 - The people that were left in the city // The remnant of the multitude The people that were left in the city whom neither the sword nor famine had destroyed, who were eight hundred and thirty-two persons, Jer 52:29 , bei...

The people that were left in the city whom neither the sword nor famine had destroyed, who were eight hundred and thirty-two persons, Jer 52:29 , being members and traders of that city; for it is likely that there were very many more of the country people who were fled thither, who were left with others of their brethren to manure the land, as it here follows.

The remnant of the multitude to wit, of the inhabitants of the country.

Poole: 2Ki 25:13 - The pillars of brass The pillars of brass the carriage whereof to Babylon was foretold, Jer 27:19,22 .

The pillars of brass the carriage whereof to Babylon was foretold, Jer 27:19,22 .

Poole: 2Ki 25:14 - The shovels The shovels of these and the following words, See Poole "Exo 27:1" See 1Ki 6 1Ki 7 .

The shovels of these and the following words, See Poole "Exo 27:1" See 1Ki 6 1Ki 7 .

Poole: 2Ki 25:18 - Seraiah the chief priest // Zephaniah the second priest Seraiah the chief priest the high priest, grandson of that Hilkiah, of whom 2Ki 22:4 , and father of Jehozadak, who, as it seems, was taken with his ...

Seraiah the chief priest the high priest, grandson of that Hilkiah, of whom 2Ki 22:4 , and father of Jehozadak, who, as it seems, was taken with his father; and when his father was slain, 2Ki 25:21 , he was carried away to Babylon, as it is noted, 1Ch 6:14,15 .

Zephaniah the second priest who was the high priest’ s deputy, when he was hindered from the execution of his office: See Poole "Num 3:32" ; See Poole "2Sa 8:17"2Ki 23:4??? .

Poole: 2Ki 25:19 - Of them that were in the king’ s presence // Object // Answ // Threescore men of the people of the land Of them that were in the king’ s presence i.e. of them who constantly attended upon the king’ s person: see 1Ki 10:8 Est 1:14 . Object. ...

Of them that were in the king’ s presence i.e. of them who constantly attended upon the king’ s person: see 1Ki 10:8 Est 1:14 .

Object. These were seven , Jer 52:25 .

Answ Either five were first taken, and two after them; or two of the seven were of an inferior rank, who therefore are here omitted.

Threescore men of the people of the land who had been most forward or active in the rebellion.

Poole: 2Ki 25:22 - -- A righteous and good man, and a friend to the prophet Jeremiah, Jer 26:24 .

A righteous and good man, and a friend to the prophet Jeremiah, Jer 26:24 .

Poole: 2Ki 25:23 - The captains of the armies The captains of the armies which escaped away when Zedekiah was taken. See Poole "2Ki 25:4" , See Poole "2Ki 25:5" .

The captains of the armies which escaped away when Zedekiah was taken. See Poole "2Ki 25:4" , See Poole "2Ki 25:5" .

Poole: 2Ki 25:24 - Sware to them, and to their men Sware to them, and to their men assured them by his promise and oath, that they, doing what he required, should be kept from the evils which they fea...

Sware to them, and to their men assured them by his promise and oath, that they, doing what he required, should be kept from the evils which they feared. This he might safely swear, because he had not only the king of Babylon’ s promise and interest too, but also God’ s promise, for their indemnity, delivered by Jeremiah.

Poole: 2Ki 25:25 - The seed royal // Ten men The seed royal and therefore moved with envy, to see so mean a person advanced into their place. See this history more fully described, Jer 41 . Ten...

The seed royal and therefore moved with envy, to see so mean a person advanced into their place. See this history more fully described, Jer 41 .

Ten men to wit, ten captains or officers, and under each of them many soldiers; otherwise the attempt was ridiculous.

Poole: 2Ki 25:27 - On the seven and twentieth day On the seven and twentieth day or, on the twenty-fifth day, as it is Jer 52:31 ; for then the decree was made, which was executed upon the twenty-sev...

On the seven and twentieth day or, on the twenty-fifth day, as it is Jer 52:31 ; for then the decree was made, which was executed upon the twenty-seventh day.

Poole: 2Ki 25:28 - -- It seems, though the power of these kings was taken away, yet some honour and respect was given to them, even in the place of their captivity, and t...

It seems, though the power of these kings was taken away, yet some honour and respect was given to them, even in the place of their captivity, and to Jehoiachin more than to any of the rest.

Poole: 2Ki 25:29 - -- i.e. In his presence, and at his table, the following allowance being given to him for the maintenance of his family and royal dignity. Compare 2Sa ...

i.e. In his presence, and at his table, the following allowance being given to him for the maintenance of his family and royal dignity. Compare 2Sa 9:10 .

Haydock: 2Ki 25:1 - Day // It Day, the 30th of January, the year of the world 3414. (Usher) --- Some time after Nabuchodonosor left the siege, to attack the Egyptians; (Jeremias...

Day, the 30th of January, the year of the world 3414. (Usher) ---

Some time after Nabuchodonosor left the siege, to attack the Egyptians; (Jeremias xxxvii. 3.) and the people of Jerusalem, (Haydock) supposing that he would return no more, took back their slaves, whom Jeremias had prevailed on them to liberate, according to the law, during the sabbatical year, Jeremias xxxiv. 8. (Usher) ---

The prophet reproached them for it; and announced the destruction of the city so plainly, that he was thrown into prison, Jeremias xxi., and xxxiv., and xxxviii. ---

It. The Babylonians had already taken all the towns of Juda, except Azeca and Lachis, Jeremias xxxiv. 7. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:3 - Of the Of the. Protestants supply, " fourth month," as it is in the parallel passage, Jeremias lii. 6., And in the fourth month, the ninth day of the mon...

Of the. Protestants supply, " fourth month," as it is in the parallel passage, Jeremias lii. 6., And in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month. In Jeremias xxxix. 2., we read, in the fourth month, the fifth day of the month, the city was broken up, or a breach was made in the outer wall. In the course of a few days, the princes of Babylon seized the middle gate; and the famine became so intolerable, that, on the 9th, it was judged expedient to abandon the city. (Haydock) ---

During this siege it is thought, (Calmet) that mothers eat their children, (Lamentations iv. 10., and Baruch ii. 3.) and children their parents, Ezechiel v. 10. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:4 - Walls Walls, by a subterraneous passage, to the plains of Jericho; (Rabbins) or by the horse gate, which was the most private, and, it seems, had been wall...

Walls, by a subterraneous passage, to the plains of Jericho; (Rabbins) or by the horse gate, which was the most private, and, it seems, had been walled up, Ezechiel xii. 12. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:6 - Rablatha // Upon him Rablatha, the Antioch of Syria, (St. Jerome) which was styled also Ephiphania, (Tirinus) or more probably Apamea, where Nabuchodonosor was, when Jeru...

Rablatha, the Antioch of Syria, (St. Jerome) which was styled also Ephiphania, (Tirinus) or more probably Apamea, where Nabuchodonosor was, when Jerusalem was taken. ---

Upon him, by the advice of his council, Jeremias xxxix. 3, 13. Syriac, "they made him answer the charges brought against him," (Calmet) of ingratitude and rebellion, as he had been appointed by the king of Babylon, and had sworn to be faithful to him. (Menochius) ---

This repeated infidelity made Nabuchodonosor resolve to remove the people from their own country. (Calmet) ---

He sentenced the last of the kings of Juda to see his children slain, (Haydock) to have his eyes put out, and to remain in prison till his death, Jeremias lii. 11., &c. (Calmet) ---

Hebrew, he "spake judgments with him." Thus was accomplished the prediction of Jeremias, (xxxiv. 3.) "thine eyes shall behold the eyes of the king of Babylon, and he shall speak to thee." (Watson) ---

The same prophet had said the same (Jeremias xxxii. 4.) before he was throne into prison. The sight of an angry judge is no small punishment. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:7 - Eyes // Babylon Eyes; after they had been excruciated by the sight of his slaughtered children. He thus might be convinced, that there was no reason to despise the ...

Eyes; after they had been excruciated by the sight of his slaughtered children. He thus might be convinced, that there was no reason to despise the predictions of Jeremias and of Ezechiel, (xii. 13.) as contradictory, because the latter informed him that he should not see Babylon; though the other said that he should die there. ---

Babylon, where he was honourably buried, by order of Nabuchodonosor. (Josephus, [Antiquities?] x. 11.) ---

Seder (Olam xxviii.) records that his attendants sung, at his funeral, "Alas! king Sedecias is dead, having drunk the dregs of all ages;" as he suffered also for the crimes of his predecessors. (Genebrard) (Tirinus) ---

This is not indeed specified in Scripture: (Haydock) but it is highly probable that Nabuchodonosor would thus "revere royalty, even in its ruins," if Daniel and the other Jews in power, had not been careful to shew this mark of respect to their deceased monarch, conformably to the prediction of Jeremias; (xxxiv. 3.) who foretold that he should die, not by a violent death, the usual fate of captive kings, but in peace, or on his bed, though in a prison. (Watson, let. 6.)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:8 - Seventh // Army Seventh. Jeremias (lii. 12.) mentions the tenth; on which day Nabuzardan probably arrived, or begun to put his orders in execution. Yet the Jews ...

Seventh. Jeremias (lii. 12.) mentions the tenth; on which day Nabuzardan probably arrived, or begun to put his orders in execution. Yet the Jews keep the ninth as an annual fast, Zacharias vii. 3., and viii. 19. The temple was destroyed on Saturday, 27th August, the year of the world 3416, (Usher) after it had stood 424 years, 3 months, and 8 days. (Calmet) ---

Army. Hebrew, "of those who slay;" which may be fitly understood "of soldiers," as well as "of cooks," (Septuagint) "butchers." (Pagnin, &c.) (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:9 - Great Great. This word is supplied from Jeremias lii. 13., and Hebrew, "great man's house." (Protestants) But Jeremias xxxix. 8., we read, they burnt...

Great. This word is supplied from Jeremias lii. 13., and Hebrew, "great man's house." (Protestants) But Jeremias xxxix. 8., we read, they burnt the houses of the people, (Haydock) even the meanest, destroyed the walls, and took the people to Babylon, only leaving some countrymen to cultivate the land. Jeremias was set at liberty by Nabuzardan, (ibid. xi.[Jeremias xxxix. 9.?]) and chose to continue with this remnant of the people, for their comfort and direction. (Haydock) ---

They applied to him to know whether they should retire into Egypt; and after ten days, he gave them God's injunction to the contrary: but they despised it, Jeremias xlii. 7., and xliii. 1. The prophet, and his secretary, Baruch, followed them into Egypt. Thus was the country abandoned, and the monarchy at an end, after it had subsisted 468 years from the commencement of David's reign. (Calmet) ---

Yet some little power remained in the family of David, even at Babylon; (ver. 27.) and the Jewish affairs were re-established, after the captivity, though not in such splendour as formerly, nor always under princes of the same royal family. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:14 - Mazers Mazers. Hebrew yahim, "shovels." (Protestants) Septuagint retain the original word, which St. Jerome translates differently. See 3 Kings vii. ...

Mazers. Hebrew yahim, "shovels." (Protestants) Septuagint retain the original word, which St. Jerome translates differently. See 3 Kings vii. 50., (Menochius) and Exodus.

Haydock: 2Ki 25:18 - Saraias // Sophonias // Keepers Saraias, father of Esdras, and of Josedeck, who succeeded in the Pontificate, 1 Esdras vii. 1., and 1 Paralipomenon vi. 14. (Tirinus) --- Sophonias...

Saraias, father of Esdras, and of Josedeck, who succeeded in the Pontificate, 1 Esdras vii. 1., and 1 Paralipomenon vi. 14. (Tirinus) ---

Sophonias. He was perhaps chief of the fourth band of door-keepers, mentioned [in] 1 Paralipomenon ix. 17, 24., and vice-gerent of the High-priest, to supply his place, in case of any accident. We find no mention of such a priest in the law, but Eleazar possessed a similar power, Numbers iii. 32. (Calmet) ---

Keepers. These seem to have concealed themselves in the temple. (Menochius) ---

They were punished, as the counsellors of Sedecias, by being beheaded or crucified, Lamentations v. 12. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:19 - Eunuch // Five // Sopher Eunuch. Protestants, "officer." (Haydock) --- Five. Arabic and Jeremias lii. 25., read seven, as two were probably discovered afterwards, (Cal...

Eunuch. Protestants, "officer." (Haydock) ---

Five. Arabic and Jeremias lii. 25., read seven, as two were probably discovered afterwards, (Calmet) or had fled. (Du Hamel) ---

These were chief officers. ---

Sopher. Septuagint, "and the secretary of the general." Syriac, "the secretary and chiefs of the armies." (Calmet) ---

Protestants, "the principal scribe." (Haydock) ---

It is not clear whether the general have this title of sopher, "scribe," himself; or it rather designates his secretary, or scribe, Judges viii. 14. (Calmet) ---

Many date the 70 years captivity from the last year of Joachin. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:22 - Godolias Godolias. The Rabbins say that he had gone over to the Chaldeans: Jeremias (xxxvii. 2, 17.) had advised all to do so, and Godolias was of an easy co...

Godolias. The Rabbins say that he had gone over to the Chaldeans: Jeremias (xxxvii. 2, 17.) had advised all to do so, and Godolias was of an easy complying disposition. (Grotius) ---

But God did not suffer him to collect the remnants of his unhappy people, (Calmet) at least for any long time, as he was slain by Ismael, (Jeremias xl. 12., and xli. 1.; Haydock) who probably envied his dignity. (Josephus) (Salien)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:26 - Chaldees Chaldees. They went under the conduct of Johanan, in opposition to the declaration of Jeremias, xliii. 7., and xliv. 1. (Calmet)

Chaldees. They went under the conduct of Johanan, in opposition to the declaration of Jeremias, xliii. 7., and xliv. 1. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 25:27 - Twentieth // Evilmerodach Twentieth. Jeremias (lii. 31.) says the 25th, when Nabuchodonosor was buried, and (Du Hamel) the decree was made, though it was not put in executi...

Twentieth. Jeremias (lii. 31.) says the 25th, when Nabuchodonosor was buried, and (Du Hamel) the decree was made, though it was not put in execution till two days later. (Calmet) ---

Evilmerodach, whose proper name was Baltassar, (Daniel v. 1.; Tirinus) or the latter was his son. The Jews say that he had been confined in prison, with Joachin, because he had not administered the kingdom well, during the seven years' illness of his father Nabuchodonosor. Berosus (apud Josephus, contra Apion 1., and Eusebius, præp. ix. 40., who cites also Megasthenes) informs us that he reigned with insolence during two years, when he was treacherously murdered by his father-in-law, Neriglissor.

Haydock: 2Ki 25:28 - Kings Kings, who had been made captives. Adonibezec had 70, Judges i. 7. Alexander kept Porus and Taxilus at his court, as Cyrus and done Crœsus, whom h...

Kings, who had been made captives. Adonibezec had 70, Judges i. 7. Alexander kept Porus and Taxilus at his court, as Cyrus and done Crœsus, whom he treated with great distinction. The prosperity of Joachin does not seem to have been of long continuance, as his benefactor did not reign above two (ver. 27.) or three years, Daniel. viii. 1.

Haydock: 2Ki 25:30 - His life His life, may be referred to Evilmerodach, unless Joachin was involved in his disgrace, and perished at the same time. Perhaps the king of Juda did ...

His life, may be referred to Evilmerodach, unless Joachin was involved in his disgrace, and perished at the same time. Perhaps the king of Juda did not always eat at the table of Evilmerodach, but received his meat from it, as was customary. (Syriac, &c.) (Calmet) ---

He received all that was necessary to support his household, daily. (Grotius) ---

In Jeremias lii. 34., until the day of his death, seems to be an useless "tautology," which is omitted here, and in "our oldest manuscript," says Kennicott; who observes that whoever will compare these passages, "will find many variations, and some corruptions." But most of them may be easily explained, ver. 3, 8, 27, &c. (Haydock)

Gill: 2Ki 25:1-7 - And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign,.... Of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah. From hence to the end of 2Ki 25:7, the account exactly...

And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign,.... Of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah. From hence to the end of 2Ki 25:7, the account exactly agrees with Jer 52:4.

Gill: 2Ki 25:8-12 - And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month // which is the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month,.... In Jer 52:12 it is the tenth day of the month; which, how to be reconciled; see Gill on J...

And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month,.... In Jer 52:12 it is the tenth day of the month; which, how to be reconciled; see Gill on Jer 52:12.

which is the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar; who, according to Ptolemy's canon, reigned forty three years; Metasthenes u says forty five; and from hence, to the end of 2Ki 25:12 facts are related as in Jer 52:12 whither the reader is referred.

Gill: 2Ki 25:13-17 - And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the Lord And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the Lord,.... The two pillars in the temple, Jachin and Boaz. Benjamin of Tudela says w, that in th...

And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the Lord,.... The two pillars in the temple, Jachin and Boaz. Benjamin of Tudela says w, that in the church of St. Stephen in Rome these pillars now are with the name of Solomon engraved on each; and the Jews at Rome told him, when there, (in the twelfth century,) that on the ninth of Ab (the day the temple was destroyed) every year sweat was found upon them like water; the one, I suppose, will equally be believed as the other, since it is here expressly said that the Chaldeans broke them in pieces. From hence, to the end of 2Ki 25:17 is the same with Jer 52:7, where it is rather more largely and fully expressed; only there is this difference here in 2Ki 25:17 the height of the chapiter of a pillar is said to be three cubits, there five cubits; for the reconciliation of which; see Gill on Jer 52:22.

Gill: 2Ki 25:18-21 - And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest,.... The sagan, or deputy priest, who officiated for the h...

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest,.... The sagan, or deputy priest, who officiated for the high priest, when by any means he was rendered unfit and incapable; so Joseph, the son of Ellem, as Josephus x relates, officiated for Matthias, when defiled with a nocturnal pollution; and seven days before the day of atonement they always substituted one under the high priest, lest anything of this kind should happen to him y. From hence, to the end of 2Ki 25:21 the account is the same as in Jer 52:25, only here in 2Ki 25:19 it is said, that five men that were in the king's presence were taken, there seven men; to account for which; see Gill on Jer 52:25.

Gill: 2Ki 25:22-24 - And as for the people that remained And as for the people that remained,.... That were left in the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen; over these the king of Babylon made Gedaliah go...

And as for the people that remained,.... That were left in the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen; over these the king of Babylon made Gedaliah governor, to whom the captains, with their scattered troops, came, and submitted for a time; of whom; see Gill on Jer 40:7; see Gill on Jer 40:8; see Gill on Jer 40:9.

Gill: 2Ki 25:25 - And it came to pass in the seventh month And it came to pass in the seventh month,.... Not of Gedaliah's government, but of the year, the month Tisri or September, near two months after the d...

And it came to pass in the seventh month,.... Not of Gedaliah's government, but of the year, the month Tisri or September, near two months after the destruction of Jerusalem; the Jews say fifty two days after it; of the death of Gedaliah, and the man that slew him, as here related; see Gill on Jer 41:1, Jer 41:2, Jer 41:3.

Gill: 2Ki 25:26 - And all the people, both small and great // and the captains of the armies rose, and came to Egypt // for they were afraid of the Chaldees And all the people, both small and great,.... High and low, rich and poor, among whom were the king's daughters, committed to the care of Gedaliah, an...

And all the people, both small and great,.... High and low, rich and poor, among whom were the king's daughters, committed to the care of Gedaliah, and also the prophets Jeremiah and Baruch, see Jer 41:16.

and the captains of the armies rose, and came to Egypt; contrary to the express command of God; these were Johanan, and the captain of the forces with him, Jer 43:4.

for they were afraid of the Chaldees; lest they should come and avenge the death of Gedaliah, appointed governor of Judea, see Jer 41:17.

Gill: 2Ki 25:27-30 - And it came to pass in the thirty and seventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah // in the twelfth month, on the twenty and seventh day of the month // that Evilmerodach king of Babylon And it came to pass in the thirty and seventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah,.... Who must then be fifty five years of age: in t...

And it came to pass in the thirty and seventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah,.... Who must then be fifty five years of age:

in the twelfth month, on the twenty and seventh day of the month; in Jer 52:31 it is said to be the twenty fifth day; of the reason of which difference; see Gill on Jer 52:31,

that Evilmerodach king of Babylon; who is supposed, by some z", to be the same with Belshazzar, and his successor Neriglissar, the same with Darius the Mede in Daniel. From hence, to the end of the chapter, the same account is given of the kindness of this king to Jehoiachin, as in Jer 52:31. See Gill on Jer 52:31; see Gill on Jer 52:32; see Gill on Jer 52:33; see Gill on Jer 52:34.Metasthenes a calls him Amilinus Evilmerodach, and says he reigned thirty years, and makes Belshazzar, or Baltassar, as he calls him, his third son.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:1 This would have been Jan 15, 588 b.c. The reckoning is based on the calendar that begins the year in the spring (Nisan = March/April).

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:3 Heb “the people of the land.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:4 Heb “toward the Arabah.” The Arabah was the rift valley north and south of the Dead Sea. Here the intention was undoubtedly to escape acro...

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:5 For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:6 The Hebrew text has the plural form of the verb, but the parallel passage in Jer 52:9 has the singular.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:7 Heb “he”; the referent (the king of Babylon) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:8 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:9 Heb “and every large house he burned down with fire.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:11 The MT has “the multitude.” But הֶהָמוֹן (hehamon) should probably be emended to ה&#...

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:12 Heb “the captain of the royal guard.” However, the subject is clear from the preceding and contemporary English style would normally avoid...

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:13 See the note at 1 Kgs 7:23.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:14 Heb “with which they served [or, ‘fulfilled their duty’].”

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:15 These held the embers used for the incense offerings.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:16 The MT lacks “the twelve bronze bulls under ‘the Sea,’” but these words have probably been accidentally omitted by homoioarcto...

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:17 Heb “three cubits.” The parallel passage in Jer 52:22 has “five.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:19 Heb “the people of the land.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:21 Heb “land.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:22 Heb “And the people who were left in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon left, he appointed over them Gedaliah son of Ahikam,...

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:23 Heb “of the army.” The word “Judahite” has been supplied in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:24 The words “so as to give them…some assurance of safety” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:25 Heb “and they struck down Gedaliah and he died.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:26 Heb “arose and went to.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:27 The words “released him” are supplied in the translation on the basis of Jer 52:31.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:28 Heb “made his throne above the throne of.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:29 Heb “he”; the referent (Jehoiachin) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ki 25:30 The words “until the day he died” do not appear in the MT, but they are included in the parallel passage in Jer 52:34. Probably they have ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:1 And it came to pass in the ( a ) ninth year of his reign, in the ( b ) tenth month, in the tenth [day] of the month, [that] Nebuchadnezzar king of Bab...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:3 And on the ninth [day] of the [fourth] month the famine ( c ) prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land. ( c ) So much...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:4 And the city was broken up, and all the men of war [fled] by night by the way of the ( d ) gate between two walls, which [is] by the king's garden: (n...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:6 So they took the king, and brought him up to the king of Babylon to Riblah; and they ( e ) gave judgment upon him. ( e ) Or, condemned him for his pe...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:8 And in the fifth month, on the ( f ) seventh [day] of the month, which [is] the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzarad...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:11 Now the rest of the people [that were] left in the city, and the fugitives that ( g ) fell away to the king of Babylon, with the remnant of the multit...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:14 And the ( h ) pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away. ( h ) ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the ( i ) second priest, and the three keepers of the door: ( i ) That is, ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:19 And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and ( k ) five men of them that were in the king's presence, which were found...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:24 And Gedaliah ( l ) sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldees: dwell in the land, and serve the ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:26 And all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose, and came to ( m ) Egypt: for they were afraid of the Chaldees. ( m )...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:27 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of ( n ) Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and twentie...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 25:30 And his ( o ) allowance [was] a continual allowance given him of the king, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life. ( o ) Meaning, that ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 2Ki 25:1-7 - --Jerusalem was so fortified, that it could not be taken till famine rendered the besieged unable to resist. In the prophecy and Lamentations of Jeremia...

MHCC: 2Ki 25:8-21 - --The city and temple were burnt, and, it is probable, the ark in it. By this, God showed how little he cares for the outward pomp of his worship, when ...

MHCC: 2Ki 25:22-30 - --The king of Babylon appointed Gedaliah to be the governor and protector of the Jews left their land. But the things of their peace were so hidden from...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 25:1-7 - -- We left king Zedekiah in rebellion against the king of Babylon (2Ki 24:20), contriving and endeavouring to shake off his yoke, when he was no way ab...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 25:8-21 - -- Though we have reason to think that the army of the Chaldeans were much enraged against the city for holding out with so much stubbornness, yet they...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 25:22-30 - -- In these verses we have, I. The dispersion of the remaining people. The city of Jerusalem was quite laid waste. Some people there were in the land o...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 25:1-7 - -- Siege and conquest of Jerusalem; Zedekiah taken prisoner and led away to Babel (cf. Jer 52:4-11 and Jer 39:1-7). - 2Ki 25:1. In the ninth year of t...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 25:8-21 - -- Destruction of Jerusalem and the temple. The people carried away to Babel (cf. Jer 52:12-27, and Jer 39:8-10). - In this section we have first a ge...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 25:22-26 - -- Installation of Gedaliah the governor. His assassination, and the flight of the people to Egypt. - Much fuller accounts have been handed down to us...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 25:27-30 - -- Jehoiachin delivered from prison, and exalted to royal honours (cf. Jer. 42:31-34). - In the thirty-seventh year after his deportation Jehoiachin w...

Constable: 2Ki 18:1--25:30 - --III. THE SURVIVING KINGDOM chs. 18--25 In this third major section of 1 and 2 Kings the writer showed that the c...

Constable: 2Ki 24:18--25:8 - --H. Zedekiah's Evil Reign 24:18-25:7 Zedekiah (Mattaniah) was Josiah's third son to rule over Judah. He r...

Constable: 2Ki 25:8-30 - --I. The Captivity of the Southern Kingdom 25:8-30 Nebuzaradan, Nebuchadnezzar's commander-in-chief, retur...

Guzik: 2Ki 25:1-30 - The Fall of Jerusalem and the Captivity of Judah 2 Kings 25 - The Fall of Jerusalem and the Captivity of Judah A. Jerusalem is conquered. 1. (1-3) Jerusalem under siege. Now it came to pass in t...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) MOAB REBELS. (2Ki 1:1) AHAZIAH'S JUDGMENT BY ELIJAH. (2Ki 1:2-8) ELIJAH BRINGS FIRE FROM HEAVEN ON AHAZIAH'S MESSENGERS. (2Ki 1:9-16) AHAZIAH DIES, A...

TSK: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The events detailed in these books (Kings) are highly interesting and important. The account of the wisdom, magnificence, and extended commerce of So...

TSK: 2 Kings 25 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ki 25:1, Jerusalem is besieged; 2Ki 25:4, Zedekiah taken, his sons slain, his eyes put out; 2Ki 25:8, Nebuzar-adan defaces the city, car...

Poole: 2 Kings 25 (Pendahuluan Pasal) KINGS CHAPTER 25 Jerusalem is besieged: Zedekiah taken; his sons slain; and his eyes put out, 2Ki 25:1-7 . Nebuzar-adan burneth Jerusalem and the t...

MHCC: 2 Kings 25 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Ki 25:1-7) Jerusalem besieged, Zedekiah taken. (2Ki 25:8-21) The temple burnt, The people carried into captivity. (2Ki 25:22-30) The rest of the J...

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Kings This second book of the Kings (which the Septuagint, numbering from Samuel, ca...

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings 25 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Ever since David's time Jerusalem had been a celebrated place, beautiful for situation and the joy of the whole earth: while the book of psalms las...

Constable: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Second Kings continues the narrative begun in 1 Kings. It opens with the translation of godly Elijah to hea...

Constable: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Kings) 3. Ahaziah's evil reign in Israel -1 Kings 22:51-2...

Constable: 2 Kings 2 Kings Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. "An Interpretation of the Babylonian Exile: A Study of 2 Kings 20, Isaia...

Haydock: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FOURTH BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This Book brings us to the conclusion of the kingdom of Israel, (chap. xvii.) and to the captivity of ...

Gill: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS This, and the preceding book, are properly but one book divided into two parts, because of the size of it, as the book of S...

Gill: 2 Kings 25 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 25 In this chapter is an account of the siege, taking, and burning of the city of Jerusalem, and of the carrying captive th...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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