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Teks -- 2 Kings 24:1-20 (NET)

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Konteks
24:1 During Jehoiakim’s reign, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon attacked. Jehoiakim was his subject for three years, but then he rebelled against him. 24:2 The Lord sent against him Babylonian, Syrian, Moabite, and Ammonite raiding bands; he sent them to destroy Judah, as he had warned he would do through his servants the prophets. 24:3 Just as the Lord had announced, he rejected Judah because of all the sins which Manasseh had committed. 24:4 Because he killed innocent people and stained Jerusalem with their blood, the Lord was unwilling to forgive them. 24:5 The rest of the events of Jehoiakim’s reign and all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 24:6 He passed away and his son Jehoiachin replaced him as king. 24:7 The king of Egypt did not march out from his land again, for the king of Babylon conquered all the territory that the king of Egypt had formerly controlled between the Brook of Egypt and the Euphrates River.
Jehoiachin’s Reign over Judah
24:8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan, from Jerusalem. 24:9 He did evil in the sight of the Lord as his ancestors had done. 24:10 At that time the generals of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon marched to Jerusalem and besieged the city. 24:11 King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came to the city while his generals were besieging it. 24:12 King Jehoiachin of Judah, along with his mother, his servants, his officials, and his eunuchs surrendered to the king of Babylon. The king of Babylon, in the eighth year of his reign, took Jehoiachin prisoner. 24:13 Nebuchadnezzar took from there all the riches in the treasuries of the Lord’s temple and of the royal palace. He removed all the gold items which King Solomon of Israel had made for the Lord’s temple, just as the Lord had warned. 24:14 He deported all the residents of Jerusalem, including all the officials and all the soldiers (10,000 people in all). This included all the craftsmen and those who worked with metal. No one was left except for the poorest among the people of the land. 24:15 He deported Jehoiachin from Jerusalem to Babylon, along with the king’s mother and wives, his eunuchs, and the high-ranking officials of the land. 24:16 The king of Babylon deported to Babylon all the soldiers (there were 7,000), as well as 1,000 craftsmen and metal workers. This included all the best warriors. 24:17 The king of Babylon made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’s uncle, king in Jehoiachin’s place. He renamed him Zedekiah.
Zedekiah’s Reign over Judah
24:18 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he ruled for eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah, from Libnah. 24:19 He did evil in the sight of the Lord, as Jehoiakim had done. 24:20 What follows is a record of what happened to Jerusalem and Judah because of the Lord’s anger; he finally threw them out of his presence. Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ammonites the tribe/nation of people descended from Ben-Ammi, Lot's son,Territory of the tribe/nation of Ammon
 · Babylon a country of Babylon in lower Mesopotamia
 · Egypt descendants of Mizraim
 · Elnathan son of Achbor (Judah); father of Nahushta, wife of Jehoiachin,one of the leaders Ezra sent to Iddo to ask for recruits
 · Euphrates a large river which joins the Tigris river before flowing into the Persian Gulf,a river flowing from eastern Turkey to the Persian Gulf
 · Hamutal mother of kings Jehoahaz and Zedekiah of Judah; daughter of Jeremiah
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jehoiachin son and successor of King Jehoiakim of Judah
 · Jehoiakim son of Josiah; made king of Judah by Pharaoh Neco
 · Jeremiah a prophet of Judah in 627 B.C., who wrote the book of Jeremiah,a man of Libnah; father of Hamutal, mother of Jehoahaz, king of Judah,head of an important clan in eastern Manasseh in the time of Jotham,a Benjamite man who defected to David at Ziklag,the fifth of Saul's Gadite officers who defected to David in the wilderness,the tenth of Saul's Gadite officers who defected to David in the wilderness,a man from Anathoth of Benjamin; son of Hilkiah the priest; a major prophet in the time of the exile,an influential priest who returned from exile with Zerubbabel, who later signed the covenant to obey the law, and who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,one of Saul's Gadite officers who defected to David in the wilderness
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Libnah a place where Israel encamped,a town in the western foothills of Judah 12 km SE of Gath & 23 km NE of Hebron
 · Manasseh the tribe of Manasseh.
 · Mattaniah son and secondary successor of King Josiah,son of Mica/Micaiah; a Levite of Asaph,son of Heman the Levite and worship leader under Heman & David,an Asaph Levite supervisor of temple restoration of Hezekiah's,a layman of the Elam Clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Zattu Clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Pahath-Moab Clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani Clan who put away his heathen wife,ancestor of Hanan, assistant treasurer under Nehemiah
 · Moabite a female descendant of Moab
 · Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon who took Judah into exile
 · Nehushta mother of Jehoiachin; daughter of Elnathan
 · Solomon the tenth son of David; the father of Rehoboam; an ancestor of Jesus; the third king of Israel.,son of David and Bath-Sheba; successor of King David
 · Syrian members of the nation of Syria
 · Zedekiah son of Chenaanah; a false prophet in the kingdom of King Ahab,son of King Josiah; made king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar,son of King Jehoiachin,a signer of the covenant to obey the law with Nehemiah,son of Maaseiah; a false prophet in the time of King Jehoiachin,son of Hananiah; a prince of Judah in the time of Jehoiakim


Topik/Tema Kamus: Jehoiachin | Nebuchadnezzar | BABYLONIANS | Captivity | JEREMIAH (2) | Assyria | Israel | TEMPLE, A1 | Babylon | Jehoiakim | Jerusalem | Zedekiah | TAX; TAXING | Prophecy | Nehushta | Mattaniah | Siege | Hamutal | QUEEN MOTHER | Sin | selebihnya
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Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

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Poole , Haydock , Gill

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NET Notes , Geneva Bible

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MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Wesley: 2Ki 24:2 - Bands For Nebuchadnezzar's army was made up of several nations, who were willing to fight under the banner of such a puissant and victorious emperor.

For Nebuchadnezzar's army was made up of several nations, who were willing to fight under the banner of such a puissant and victorious emperor.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:3 - The sins Properly and directly for their own sins, and occasionally for the sins of Manasseh, which had never been charged upon them, if they had not made them...

Properly and directly for their own sins, and occasionally for the sins of Manasseh, which had never been charged upon them, if they had not made them their own by their repetition of them.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:6 - With his fathers But it is not said, he was buried with them. No doubt the prophecy of Jeremiah was fulfilled, that he should not be lamented as his father was, but bu...

But it is not said, he was buried with them. No doubt the prophecy of Jeremiah was fulfilled, that he should not be lamented as his father was, but buried with the burial of an ass.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:7 - Came not In this king's days. He could not now come to protect the king of Judah, being scarce able to defend his own kingdom.

In this king's days. He could not now come to protect the king of Judah, being scarce able to defend his own kingdom.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:8 - To reign In his eighth year he began to reign with his father, who made him king with him as divers other kings of Israel and Judah had done in times of troubl...

In his eighth year he began to reign with his father, who made him king with him as divers other kings of Israel and Judah had done in times of trouble; and in his eighteenth year he reigned alone.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:12 - Went out Yielded up himself and the city into his hands; and this by the counsel of Jeremiah, and to his own good.

Yielded up himself and the city into his hands; and this by the counsel of Jeremiah, and to his own good.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:12 - His reign Of Nebuchadnezzar's reign; as appears by comparing this with 2Ki 25:8, and because Jehoiachin reigned not half a year. Had he made his peace with God,...

Of Nebuchadnezzar's reign; as appears by comparing this with 2Ki 25:8, and because Jehoiachin reigned not half a year. Had he made his peace with God, and taken the method that Hezekiah did in the like case, he needed not to have feared the king of Babylon, but might have held out with courage, honour and success. But wanting the faith and piety of an Israelite, he had not the resolution of a man.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:13 - Vessels The most and choicest of them, by comparing this with 2Ki 25:14-15.

The most and choicest of them, by comparing this with 2Ki 25:14-15.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:13 - Solomon made Though the city and temple had been rifled more than once both by the kings of Egypt and Israel, and by the wicked kings of Judah; yet these golden ve...

Though the city and temple had been rifled more than once both by the kings of Egypt and Israel, and by the wicked kings of Judah; yet these golden vessels were preserved from them, either by the case of the priests, who hid them; or by the clemency of the conquerors, or by the special providence of God, disposing their hearts to leave them. Or, if they had been taken away by any of these kings, they might afterwards be recovered good, at the cost of the kings of Judah.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:14 - All Not simply all, but the best and most considerable part, as the following words explain it.

Not simply all, but the best and most considerable part, as the following words explain it.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:14 - Captives Which are more particularly reckoned up, 2Ki 24:16, where there are seven thousand mighty men, and a thousand smiths; and those mentioned 2Ki 24:15, m...

Which are more particularly reckoned up, 2Ki 24:16, where there are seven thousand mighty men, and a thousand smiths; and those mentioned 2Ki 24:15, make up the other two thousand.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:14 - Craftsmen and smiths Who might furnish them with new arms, and thereby give him fresh trouble.

Who might furnish them with new arms, and thereby give him fresh trouble.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:17 - Zedekiah That he might admonish him of (what this name signifies) the justice of God, which had so severely punished Jehoiakim for his rebellion; and would no ...

That he might admonish him of (what this name signifies) the justice of God, which had so severely punished Jehoiakim for his rebellion; and would no less certainly overtake him, if he should be guilty of the same perfidiousness.

Wesley: 2Ki 24:20 - Came to pass Thus the peoples sins were the true cause why God gave them wicked kings, whom he suffered to do wickedly, that they might bring the long - deserved, ...

Thus the peoples sins were the true cause why God gave them wicked kings, whom he suffered to do wickedly, that they might bring the long - deserved, and threatened punishments upon themselves and their people.

JFB: 2Ki 24:1-2 - Nebuchadnezzar The son of Nabopolassar, the founder of the Chaldee monarchy. This invasion took place in the fourth year of Jehoiakim's, and the first of Nebuchadnez...

The son of Nabopolassar, the founder of the Chaldee monarchy. This invasion took place in the fourth year of Jehoiakim's, and the first of Nebuchadnezzar's reign (Jer 25:1; compare Jer 46:2). The young king of Assyria being probably detained at home on account of his father's demise, despatched, along with the Chaldean troops on his border, an army composed of the tributary nations that were contiguous to Judea, to chastise Jehoiakim's revolt from his yoke. But this hostile band was only an instrument in executing the divine judgment (2Ki 24:2) denounced by the prophets against Judah for the sins of the people; and hence, though marching by the orders of the Assyrian monarch, they are described as sent by the Lord (2Ki 24:3).

JFB: 2Ki 24:4 - the Lord would not pardon (see on 2Ki 23:26; Jer 15:1).

(see on 2Ki 23:26; Jer 15:1).

JFB: 2Ki 24:6 - Jehoiakim slept with his fathers This phraseology can mean nothing more than that he died; for he was not buried with his royal ancestors; and whether he fell in battle, or his body w...

This phraseology can mean nothing more than that he died; for he was not buried with his royal ancestors; and whether he fell in battle, or his body was subjected to posthumous insults, he was, according to the prediction (Jer 22:19), not honored with the rites of sepulture (Jer 36:30).

JFB: 2Ki 24:6 - Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead The very brief reign of this prince, which lasted only three months, during which he was a humble vassal of the Assyrians, is scarcely deserving to be...

The very brief reign of this prince, which lasted only three months, during which he was a humble vassal of the Assyrians, is scarcely deserving to be taken into account, and therefore is in no way contradictory to the prophetic menace denounced against his father (Jer 36:30).

JFB: 2Ki 24:7 - the king of Egypt That is, Pharaoh-nechoh.

That is, Pharaoh-nechoh.

JFB: 2Ki 24:8 - Jehoiachin That is, "God-appointed," contracted into Jeconiah and Coniah (Jer 22:24).

That is, "God-appointed," contracted into Jeconiah and Coniah (Jer 22:24).

JFB: 2Ki 24:8 - eighteen years old when he began to reign At the age of eight his father took him into partnership in the government (2Ch 36:9). He began to reign alone at eighteen.

At the age of eight his father took him into partnership in the government (2Ch 36:9). He began to reign alone at eighteen.

JFB: 2Ki 24:9 - he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord Untaught by experience, and deaf to the prophetic warnings, he pursued the evil courses which had brought so many disasters upon the royal family as w...

Untaught by experience, and deaf to the prophetic warnings, he pursued the evil courses which had brought so many disasters upon the royal family as well as the people of Judah. This bad character is figuratively but strongly depicted (Eze 19:5-7).

JFB: 2Ki 24:10-13 - At that time Within three months after his accession to the throne. It was the spring of the year (2Ch 36:10); so early did he indicate a feeling hostile to the in...

Within three months after his accession to the throne. It was the spring of the year (2Ch 36:10); so early did he indicate a feeling hostile to the interests of his Assyrian liege lord, by forming a league with Egypt. Nebuchadnezzar sent his generals to besiege Jerusalem, as Jeremiah had foretold (Jer 22:28; Jer 34:20), and soon after he followed in person. Convinced of the hopelessness of making any effectual resistance, Jehoiachin, going to the camp of the besiegers, surrendered (2Ki 24:12), in the expectation, probably, of being allowed to retain his throne as a vassal of the Assyrian empire. But Nebuchadnezzar's clemency towards the kings of Judah was now exhausted, so that Jehoiachin was sent as a captive to Babylon, according to Jeremiah's prediction (Jer 22:24), accompanied by the queen mother (the same who had held that dignity under Jehoahaz) (2Ki 23:31), his generals, and officers. This happened in the eighth year of Nebuchadnezzar's reign, computing from the time when he was associated with his father in the government. Those that were left consisted chiefly of the poorer sort of people and the unskilled workmen. The palace and the temple were ransacked. The smaller golden vessels had been taken on the first capture of Jerusalem and placed by Nebuchadnezzar in the temple of his god as tokens of victory. They were used by Belshazzar at his impious feast [Dan 5:2], for the purpose of rewarding his army with these trophies, among which were probably the golden candlesticks, the ark, &c. (compare 2Ch 36:7; Dan 1:2). Now the gold plating was torn off all the larger temple furniture.

JFB: 2Ki 24:13-16 - as the Lord had said (compare 2Ki 20:17; Isa 39:6; Jer 15:13; Jer 17:3). The elite of the nation for rank, usefulness, and moral worth, all who might be useful in Babylon ...

(compare 2Ki 20:17; Isa 39:6; Jer 15:13; Jer 17:3). The elite of the nation for rank, usefulness, and moral worth, all who might be useful in Babylon or dangerous in Palestine, were carried off to Babylon, to the number of ten thousand (2Ki 24:14). These are specified (2Ki 24:15-16), warriors, seven thousand; craftsmen and smiths, one thousand; king's wives, officers, and princes, also priests and prophets (Jer 29:1; Eze 1:1), two thousand; equal to ten thousand captives in all.

JFB: 2Ki 24:17-19 - the king of Babylon made Mattaniah, his father's brother, king in his stead Adhering to his former policy of maintaining a show of monarchy, Nebuchadnezzar appointed the third and youngest son of Josiah (1Ch 3:15), full brothe...

Adhering to his former policy of maintaining a show of monarchy, Nebuchadnezzar appointed the third and youngest son of Josiah (1Ch 3:15), full brother of Jehoahaz, and uncle of the captive Jehoiachin. But, according to the custom of conquerors, who changed the names of the great men they took captives in war, in token of their supremacy, he gave him the new name of

JFB: 2Ki 24:17-19 - Zedekiah That is, "The righteous of God." This being a purely Hebrew name, it seems that he allowed the puppet king to choose his own name, which was confirmed...

That is, "The righteous of God." This being a purely Hebrew name, it seems that he allowed the puppet king to choose his own name, which was confirmed. His heart towards God was the same as that of Jehoiakim, impenitent and heedless of God's word.

JFB: 2Ki 24:20 - through the anger of the Lord . . . he cast them out from his presence That is, in the course of God's righteous providence, his policy as king would prove ruinous to his country.

That is, in the course of God's righteous providence, his policy as king would prove ruinous to his country.

JFB: 2Ki 24:20 - Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon Instigated by ambassadors from the neighboring states who came to congratulate him on his ascension to the throne (compare Jer 17:3, with Jer 28:1), a...

Instigated by ambassadors from the neighboring states who came to congratulate him on his ascension to the throne (compare Jer 17:3, with Jer 28:1), and at the same time get him to join them in a common league to throw off the Assyrian yoke. Though warned by Jeremiah against this step, the infatuated and perjured (Eze 17:13) Zedekiah persisted in his revolt.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:1 - Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadnezzar - This man, so famous in the writings of the prophets, was son of Nabopolassar. He was sent by his father against the rulers of sever...

Nebuchadnezzar - This man, so famous in the writings of the prophets, was son of Nabopolassar. He was sent by his father against the rulers of several provinces that had revolted; and he took Carchemish, and all that belonged to the Egyptians, from the Euphrates to the Nile. Jehoiakim, who was tributary to Nechoh king of Egypt, he attacked and reduced; and obliged to become tributary to Babylon. At the end of three years he revolted; and then a mixed army, of Chaldeans, Syrians, Moabites, and Ammonites, was sent against him, who ravaged the country, and took three thousand and twenty-three prisoners, whom they brought to Babylon, Jer 52:28.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:2 - According to the word of the Lord According to the word of the Lord - See what Huldah predicted, 2Ki 22:16, and see chap. 14, 15, and 16 of Jeremiah.

According to the word of the Lord - See what Huldah predicted, 2Ki 22:16, and see chap. 14, 15, and 16 of Jeremiah.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:6 - Jehoiachin his son Jehoiachin his son - As this man reigned only three months and was a mere vassal to the Babylonians, his reign is scarcely to be reckoned; and there...

Jehoiachin his son - As this man reigned only three months and was a mere vassal to the Babylonians, his reign is scarcely to be reckoned; and therefore Jeremiah says of Jehoiakim, He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David, Jer 36:30, for at that time it belonged to the king of Babylon, and Jehoiachin was a mere viceroy or governor. Jehoiachin is called Jechonias in Mat 1:11.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:7 - The king of Egypt came not again The king of Egypt came not again - He was so crushed by the Babylonians that he was obliged to confine himself within the limits of his own states, ...

The king of Egypt came not again - He was so crushed by the Babylonians that he was obliged to confine himself within the limits of his own states, and could no more attempt any conquests. The text tells us how much he had lost by the Babylonians. See on 2Ki 24:1 (note).

Clarke: 2Ki 24:8 - Jehoiachin was eighteen years old Jehoiachin was eighteen years old - He is called Jeconiah, 1Ch 3:16, and Coniah, Jer 22:24. In 2Ch 36:9, be is said to be only eight years of age, b...

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old - He is called Jeconiah, 1Ch 3:16, and Coniah, Jer 22:24. In 2Ch 36:9, be is said to be only eight years of age, but this must be a mistake; for we find that, having reigned only three months, he was carried captive to Babylon, and there he had wives; and it is very improbable that a child between eight and nine years of age could have wives; and of such a tender age, it can scarcely be said that, as a king, he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord. The place in Chronicles must be corrupted

That he was a grievous offender against God, we learn from Jer 22:24, which the reader may consult; and in the man’ s punishment, see his crimes.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:12 - Jehoiachin - went out Jehoiachin - went out - He saw that it was useless to attempt to defend himself any longer; and he therefore surrendered himself, hoping to obtain b...

Jehoiachin - went out - He saw that it was useless to attempt to defend himself any longer; and he therefore surrendered himself, hoping to obtain better terms.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:13 - He carried out thence all the treasures He carried out thence all the treasures - It has been remarked that Nebuchadnezzar spoiled the temple three times. - 1.    He took aw...

He carried out thence all the treasures - It has been remarked that Nebuchadnezzar spoiled the temple three times. -

1.    He took away the greater part of those treasures when he took Jerusalem under Jehoiakim: and the vessels that he took then he placed in the temple of his god, Dan 1:2. And these were the vessels which Belshazzar profaned, Dan 5:2; and which Cyrus restored to Ezra, when he went up to Jerusalem, Ezr 1:2. It was at this time that he took Daniel and his companions

2.    He took the remaining part of those vessels, and broke them or cut them in pieces, when he came the second tine against Jerusalem under Jeconiah; as is mentioned here, 2Ki 24:13

3.    He pillaged the temple, took away all the brass, the brazen pillars, brazen vessels, and vessels of gold and silver, which he found there when he besieged Jerusalem under Zedekiah, 2Ki 25:13-17.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:14 - He carried away all Jerusalem He carried away all Jerusalem - That is, all the chief men, the nobles, and artificers. Among these there were of mighty men seven thousand; of craf...

He carried away all Jerusalem - That is, all the chief men, the nobles, and artificers. Among these there were of mighty men seven thousand; of craftsmen and smiths, one thousand.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:17 - Made Mattaniah his father’ s brother king in his stead Made Mattaniah his father’ s brother king in his stead - He was the son of Josiah, and brother to Jehoiakim

Made Mattaniah his father’ s brother king in his stead - He was the son of Josiah, and brother to Jehoiakim

Clarke: 2Ki 24:17 - Changed his name to Zedekiah Changed his name to Zedekiah - See the note on 2Ki 23:34.

Changed his name to Zedekiah - See the note on 2Ki 23:34.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:19 - He did - evil He did - evil - How astonishing is this! not one of them takes warning by the judgments of God, which fell on their sinful predecessors.

He did - evil - How astonishing is this! not one of them takes warning by the judgments of God, which fell on their sinful predecessors.

Clarke: 2Ki 24:20 - Zedekiah rebelled Zedekiah rebelled - This was in the eighth year of his reign: and he is strongly reproved for having violated the oath he took to the king of Babylo...

Zedekiah rebelled - This was in the eighth year of his reign: and he is strongly reproved for having violated the oath he took to the king of Babylon: see 2Ch 36:13. This was the filling up of the measure of iniquity; and now the wrath of God descends upon this devoted king, city, and people, to the uttermost. See the catastrophe in the next chapter.

Defender: 2Ki 24:14 - carried away all Jerusalem The Babylonian captivity fulfilled many prophecies (Isa 39:6; Mic 4:10)."

The Babylonian captivity fulfilled many prophecies (Isa 39:6; Mic 4:10)."

TSK: 2Ki 24:1 - his days // Nebuchadnezzar his days : 2Ki 17:5; 2Chr. 36:6-21; Jer 25:1, Jer 25:9, Jer 46:2; Dan 1:1 Nebuchadnezzar : This prince, so famous in the writings of the prophets, was...

his days : 2Ki 17:5; 2Chr. 36:6-21; Jer 25:1, Jer 25:9, Jer 46:2; Dan 1:1

Nebuchadnezzar : This prince, so famous in the writings of the prophets, was the son of Nabopollasar king of Babylon.

TSK: 2Ki 24:2 - the Lord // according // his the Lord : 2Ki 6:23, 2Ki 13:20, 2Ki 13:21; Deu 28:49, Deu 28:50; 2Ch 33:11; Job 1:17; Isa 7:17, Isa 13:5; Jer 35:11; Eze 19:8 according : 2Ki 20:17, 2...

TSK: 2Ki 24:3 - Surely // remove them // for the sins Surely : 2Ki 18:25; Gen 50:20; 2Ch 24:24, 2Ch 25:16; Isa 10:5, Isa 10:6, Isa 45:7, Isa 46:10, Isa 46:11; Amo 3:6 remove them : 2Ki 23:26, 2Ki 23:27; L...

TSK: 2Ki 24:4 - for the innocent // he filled // which for the innocent : 2Ki 21:16; Num 35:33; Deu 19:10; Jer 2:34, Jer 19:4 he filled : Psa 106:38 which : Jer 15:1, Jer 15:2; Lam 3:42; Eze 33:25

TSK: 2Ki 24:5 - the rest the rest : 2Ch 36:8; Jer 22:13-17, 26:1-36:32

the rest : 2Ch 36:8; Jer 22:13-17, 26:1-36:32

TSK: 2Ki 24:6 - slept // Jehoiachin am 3405. bc 599. slept : As Jehoiakim was ""buried with the burial of an ass,""by being ""drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem,""withou...

am 3405. bc 599.

slept : As Jehoiakim was ""buried with the burial of an ass,""by being ""drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem,""without internment, the expression ""slept with his fathers,""can only mean that the died, or slept the sleep of death. In the East, a body exposed during the night would be a prey to wild animals; if any of it were left till the morning, the carnivorous birds would devour it. 2Ch 36:6, 2Ch 36:8; Jer 22:18, Jer 22:19, Jer 36:30

Jehoiachin : As this man reigned only three months, and was a mere vassal of the king of Babylon, his reign is scarcely reckoned; and therefore Jeremiah (Jer 36:30) says of Jehoiakim, ""he shall have none to sit upon the throne of David.""

TSK: 2Ki 24:7 - the king // from the river the king : Jer 37:5-7, Jer 46:2 from the river : Gen 15:18; Num 34:5; Jos 15:4; 1Ki 4:21; Isa 27:12

the king : Jer 37:5-7, Jer 46:2

from the river : Gen 15:18; Num 34:5; Jos 15:4; 1Ki 4:21; Isa 27:12

TSK: 2Ki 24:8 - Jehoiachin // eighteen years Jehoiachin : 1Ch 3:16; Jer 24:1, Jeconiah, Jer 22:24, Jer 22:28, Jer 37:1, Coniah, Mat 1:11, Mat 1:12, Jechonias eighteen years : In the parallel plac...

Jehoiachin : 1Ch 3:16; Jer 24:1, Jeconiah, Jer 22:24, Jer 22:28, Jer 37:1, Coniah, Mat 1:11, Mat 1:12, Jechonias

eighteen years : In the parallel place, he is said to be only eight years old; but this must be a mistake, for we find that having reigned only three months, he was carried captive to Babylon, and there had wives; and had he been of such a tender age, it could scarcely have been said that, as a king, ""he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord.""2Ch 36:9

TSK: 2Ki 24:9 - evil // according evil : Young renders, ""the evil thing,""noting, ""that is, idolatry." according : 2Ki 24:19; 2Ch 36:12

evil : Young renders, ""the evil thing,""noting, ""that is, idolatry."

according : 2Ki 24:19; 2Ch 36:12

TSK: 2Ki 24:10 - At that time // was besieged At that time : Dan 1:1, Dan 1:2 was besieged : Heb. came into siege, 2Ki 25:2

At that time : Dan 1:1, Dan 1:2

was besieged : Heb. came into siege, 2Ki 25:2

TSK: 2Ki 24:12 - Jehoiachin // officers // took him // eighth year Jehoiachin : 2Ch 36:10; Jer 24:1, Jer 29:1, Jer 29:2, Jer 38:17, Jer 38:18; Eze 17:12 officers : or, eunuchs took him : 2Ki 25:27; Jer 52:28, Jer 52:3...

Jehoiachin : 2Ch 36:10; Jer 24:1, Jer 29:1, Jer 29:2, Jer 38:17, Jer 38:18; Eze 17:12

officers : or, eunuchs

took him : 2Ki 25:27; Jer 52:28, Jer 52:31

eighth year : ""Nebuchadnezzar’ s eighth year.""Jer 25:1, Jer 52:28

TSK: 2Ki 24:13 - he carried // and cut // which Solomon he carried : 2Ki 20:17; Isa 39:6; Jer 20:5 and cut : 2Ki 25:13-15; Ezr 1:7-11; Jer 27:16-21, Jer 28:3, Jer 28:4, Jer 28:6; Dan 5:2, Dan 5:3 which Solo...

he carried : 2Ki 20:17; Isa 39:6; Jer 20:5

and cut : 2Ki 25:13-15; Ezr 1:7-11; Jer 27:16-21, Jer 28:3, Jer 28:4, Jer 28:6; Dan 5:2, Dan 5:3

which Solomon : 1Ki 7:48-50; 2Chr. 4:7-22

TSK: 2Ki 24:14 - all // Jerusalem // craftsmen // the poorest sort all : That is, all the chief men, the nobles, and the artificers. Among these were 7,000 mighty men, and 1,000 craftsmen and smiths. Jerusalem : 2Ch 3...

all : That is, all the chief men, the nobles, and the artificers. Among these were 7,000 mighty men, and 1,000 craftsmen and smiths.

Jerusalem : 2Ch 36:9, 2Ch 36:10; Jer 24:1-5, Jer 52:28; Eze 1:1, Eze 1:2

craftsmen : So, 1Sa 23:19-22

the poorest sort : 2Ki 25:12; Jer 39:10, Jer 40:7, Jer 52:16; Eze 17:14

TSK: 2Ki 24:15 - he carried // officers he carried : 2Ki 24:8; 2Ch 36:10; Est 2:6; Jer 22:24-28 officers : or, eunuchs

he carried : 2Ki 24:8; 2Ch 36:10; Est 2:6; Jer 22:24-28

officers : or, eunuchs

TSK: 2Ki 24:16 - seven thousand seven thousand : Jer 29:2, Jer 52:28

seven thousand : Jer 29:2, Jer 52:28

TSK: 2Ki 24:17 - the king // his father’ s brother // changed the king : 2Ch 36:10, 2Ch 36:11; Jer 37:1, Jer 52:1 his father’ s brother : He was son of Josiah, brother to Jehoiakim, and uncle of Jehoiachin. ...

the king : 2Ch 36:10, 2Ch 36:11; Jer 37:1, Jer 52:1

his father’ s brother : He was son of Josiah, brother to Jehoiakim, and uncle of Jehoiachin. 1Ch 3:15, 1Ch 3:16; 2Ch 36:10

changed : The change of name was to shew Nebuchadnezzar’ s supremacy, and that Zedekiah was only his vassal or viceroy. The custom of changing names, we are assured by travellers, still exists in the East. 2Ki 23:34; 2Ch 36:4

TSK: 2Ki 24:18 - Zedekiah // Hamutal am 3405-3416, bc 599-588 Zedekiah : 2Ch 36:11; Jer 37:1, Jer 52:1-11 Hamutal : 2Ki 23:31

am 3405-3416, bc 599-588

Zedekiah : 2Ch 36:11; Jer 37:1, Jer 52:1-11

Hamutal : 2Ki 23:31

TSK: 2Ki 24:19 - And he did And he did : 2Ki 23:37; 2Ch 36:12; Jer 24:8, 37:1-38:28; Eze 21:25

And he did : 2Ki 23:37; 2Ch 36:12; Jer 24:8, 37:1-38:28; Eze 21:25

TSK: 2Ki 24:20 - through // Zedekiah through : 2Ki 22:17; Exo 9:14-17; Deu 2:30; Isa 19:11-14; 1Co 1:20; 2Th 2:9-11 Zedekiah : 2Ch 36:13; Jer 27:12-15, Jer 38:17-21; Eze 17:15-20

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ki 24:1 - In his days In his days i.e. in Jehoiakim’ s reign, in the end of his third year, Dan 1:1 , or the beginning of his fourth, Jer 25:1 , Nebuchadnezzar the ...

In his days i.e. in Jehoiakim’ s reign, in the end of his third year, Dan 1:1 , or the beginning of his fourth, Jer 25:1 , Nebuchadnezzar the son of Nabopolassar, who quite subdued the Assyrian, first his lord, and then his competitor, and made himself absolute monarch of all those parts of the world. Came up to wit, against Jehoiakim, as the friend and confederate of Pharaoh, whose forces he had lately conquered, Jer 46:2 . He turned and rebelled against him by the instigation of the Egyptian, who threatened him if he did not rebel, and promised him his utmost assistance if he did.

Poole: 2Ki 24:2 - -- Nebuchadnezzar’ s army was made up of several nations, who were willing to fight under the banner of such a puissant and victorious emperor.

Nebuchadnezzar’ s army was made up of several nations, who were willing to fight under the banner of such a puissant and victorious emperor.

Poole: 2Ki 24:3 - For the sins of Manasseh For the sins of Manasseh properly and directly for their own sins, and occasionally for the sins of Manasseh, which had never been charged upon them,...

For the sins of Manasseh properly and directly for their own sins, and occasionally for the sins of Manasseh, which had never been charged upon them, if they had not made them their own by their impenitency for them, and repetition of them.

Poole: 2Ki 24:4 - For the innocent blood For the innocent blood to wit, of those prophets and saints who either reproved or would not comply with his idolatrous worship.

For the innocent blood to wit, of those prophets and saints who either reproved or would not comply with his idolatrous worship.

Poole: 2Ki 24:6 - Jehoiachin // Coniah Jehoiachin called also Jeconiah , 1Ch 3:16 , (as Jehoiakim also was, by comparing this with Mat 1:11 ) and, in way of contempt, Coniah Jer 22:24 .

Jehoiachin called also Jeconiah , 1Ch 3:16 , (as Jehoiakim also was, by comparing this with Mat 1:11 ) and, in way of contempt,

Coniah Jer 22:24 .

Poole: 2Ki 24:7 - The king of Egypt came not again The king of Egypt came not again to wit, in this king’ s days; nor until Zedekiah’ s time, Jer 37:6,7 ; nor to any purpose. He could not no...

The king of Egypt came not again to wit, in this king’ s days; nor until Zedekiah’ s time, Jer 37:6,7 ; nor to any purpose. He could not now come out to protect the king of Judah, being scarce able to defend his own kingdom.

Poole: 2Ki 24:8 - Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign // Object // Answ Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign Object. He was then but eight years old, 2Ch 36:9 . Answ 1. Both are true; in his eight...

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign

Object. He was then but eight years old, 2Ch 36:9 .

Answ 1. Both are true; in his eighth year he began to reign with his father, who made him king with him, as divers other kings of Israel and Judah had done in the like times of trouble; and in his eighteenth year he reigned alone.

2. He is called a son of eight years when he began to reign , 2Ch 36:9 , because this was the eighth year, not of his age, but of the Babylonish captivity, or bondage; under which both he and his father had been just so long; for it began in the fourth year of Jehoiakim, as it is affirmed Jer 25:1 , and continued all his reign, which lasted eleven years, 2Ki 23:36 ; and so the first year of Jehoiachin was precisely the eighth year of that captivity. And this is certain, that the years of kings mentioned in Scripture are not always accounted from the beginning of their age, but from some other remarkable time or thing: thus Saul, when at man’ s estate, is called the son of one year , 1Sa 13:1 , of which See Poole "1Sa 13:1" and Ahaziah (whose father lived only forty years, 2Ch 21:20 ) is called a son of forty and two years when he began to reign, 2Ch 22:2 , because that was the forty and second year of the reign of Omri’ s family, as most think. And therefore it cannot seem strange if the years of this king be computed, not from his birth but from the beginning of so great and famous a change of the Jewish affairs, as this captivity made; this being the usual way of the Romans and Greeks, and other more ancient and eastern nations, to compute the times from the great changes and revolutions happening among them. And that this was the practice of the Jews in the computation of these very times, is evident from the use of it in the Prophecy of Ezekiel, Eze 1:2 , which was the fifth year of Jehoiachin’ s captivity ; and Eze 33:21 , in the twelfth year of our captivity ; and Eze 40:1 , in the twenty-fifth year of our captivity .

3. To all this might be added, that some here acknowledge an error of the scribe, and affirm, that in the first and best copies, in 2Ch 36:9 , it was not eight , but eighteen ; which they gather from hence, because those two ancient and venerable translators, the Syriac and Arabic, read there, as it is here, was eighteen years old ; which, they say, they would never have presumed to do, if they had not so read it in those Hebrew copies, out of which they drew their translation, or in some of them.

He reigned in Jerusalem three months, and ten days, which are added, 2Ch 36:9 . But such small sums are frequently omitted in great numbers. See Poole "Gen 15:13" ; See Poole "1Ki 16:8" .

Poole: 2Ki 24:10 - -- Either, 1. Because the people had made Jehoiachin king without his consent. Or, 2. Because he had some notice, or at least a suspicion, of his int...

Either,

1. Because the people had made Jehoiachin king without his consent. Or,

2. Because he had some notice, or at least a suspicion, of his intentions to rebel against him, and to join with Egypt against him, as Zedekiah his successor did. But whatsoever was the second and immediate cause of it, the chief cause was God’ s commandment, or the direction of his providence, as it was said, 2Ki 24:3 .

Poole: 2Ki 24:12 - Went out to the king of Babylon // Of his reign Went out to the king of Babylon i.e. yielded up himself and the city into his hands; and this by the counsel of Jeremiah, and to his own good. Of hi...

Went out to the king of Babylon i.e. yielded up himself and the city into his hands; and this by the counsel of Jeremiah, and to his own good.

Of his reign i.e. of Nebuchadnezzar’ s reign; as appears by comparing this with Jer 25:8 , and because Jehoiachin reigned not half a year.

Poole: 2Ki 24:13 - Cut in pieces // All the vessels of gold // Which Solomon king of Israel had made Cut in pieces or rather, took away, as this word elsewhere signifies; or cut off , to wit, from the temple. For why should they cut in pieces those ...

Cut in pieces or rather, took away, as this word elsewhere signifies; or cut off , to wit, from the temple. For why should they cut in pieces those vessels which might conveniently be carried away? And that they were not cut in pieces, but reserved whole, is manifest front Ezr 1:7 Dan 5:2,3 .

All the vessels of gold i.e. the most and choicest of them, by comparing this with 2Ki 25:14,15 .

Which Solomon king of Israel had made so he expresseth it, either, first, Because these vessels were made by the godly kings of Judah, instead of those which Solomon made, and so they go by his name; as the ship of the Argonauts was still reputed the same ship, though it was from time to time recruited with new materials, until nothing of the old was left. Or, secondly, Because though the city and temple had been rifled more than once, both by the kings of Egypt and Israel, and by the wicked kings of Judah, yet these golden vessels were preserved from them, either by the care of the priests, who hid them out of the way; or by the clemency of the conquerors, and the reverence which they bore to such sacred instruments; or by the special providence of God disposing their hearts to leave them. Or if they had been taken away by any of these kings, they might afterwards be recovered by the entreaty or at the cost of the godly kings of Judah.

Poole: 2Ki 24:14 - All Jerusalem // Ten thousand captives // All the craftsmen and smiths All Jerusalem i.e. the inhabitants of Jerusalem; not simply all , but the best and most considerable part, as the following words explain and restra...

All Jerusalem i.e. the inhabitants of Jerusalem; not simply all , but the best and most considerable part, as the following words explain and restrain it.

Ten thousand captives which are more particularly reckoned up, 2Ki 24:16 , where there are seven thousand mighty men, and a thousand smiths; and those mentioned 2Ki 24:15 make up the other two thousand.

All the craftsmen and smiths which might furnish them with new arms, and thereby give him fresh trouble.

Poole: 2Ki 24:17 - the justice of God That he might admonish him of (what this name signifies) the justice of God which had so severely punished Jehoiakim for his rebellion; and would ...

That he might admonish him of (what this name signifies)

the justice of God which had so severely punished Jehoiakim for his rebellion; and would no less certainly overtake him, if he should be guilty of the same rebellion and perfidiousness of which his predecessor was guilty.

Poole: 2Ki 24:20 - -- Thus the people’ s sins were the true cause why God gave them wicked kings, whom he suffered to do wickedly, that they might bring the long des...

Thus the people’ s sins were the true cause why God gave them wicked kings, whom he suffered to do wickedly, that they might bring the long deserved and threatened punishments upon themselves and their people.

Haydock: 2Ki 24:1 - Days // Then again Days. At the end of the third year, Daniel i. 1., and Jeremias xxv. 1. Nabuchadonosor, in the first year of his reign, (Jeremias xxv. 1.) being a...

Days. At the end of the third year, Daniel i. 1., and Jeremias xxv. 1. Nabuchadonosor, in the first year of his reign, (Jeremias xxv. 1.) being associated in the empire by his aged father Nabopolassar, came up to attack Carchemis, (Jeremias xlvi. 1.) and the other dominions of Egypt, (ver. 7.) and their ally or vassal Joakim. He took the city of Jerusalem, and carried off many of the sacred vessels, and captives, (Daniel i.; Calmet) conducting the king himself to prison, for a short time, when he set him at liberty, on condition that he should pay tribute, 2 Paralipomenon xxxvi. 6. (Tirinus) ---

Joakim obeyed for 3 years. ---

Then again. Hebrew, "he turned and rebelled." This was the first time, as he had before been subject to Egypt, and was attacked no that account. He probably took advantage of the absence of Nabuchodonosor, who was gone with haste to secure all the dominions of his deceased father. In the 7th year of his reign, he sent rovers to punish Joakim. When the latter had reigned near 11 years, they reduced the kingdom, and treated the king's corpse with the utmost indignity, Jeremias xxii. 19. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:2 - The rovers. Latrunculos // Prophets The rovers. Latrunculos. Bands or parties of men, who pillaged and plundered wherever they came. (Challoner) See chap. v. 2., and Judges xi. 3. --...

The rovers. Latrunculos. Bands or parties of men, who pillaged and plundered wherever they came. (Challoner) See chap. v. 2., and Judges xi. 3. ---

Nabuchodonosor could not come in person. ---

Prophets. Holda, supra chap. xxii. 16., and Isaias xx. 17., and Jeremias xiv., xv., xvi., &c.

Haydock: 2Ki 24:5 - Did Did. Paralipomenon, and his abominations which he wrought, and the things which were found in him. This St. Jerome, (Trad.) explains of certain ...

Did. Paralipomenon, and his abominations which he wrought, and the things which were found in him. This St. Jerome, (Trad.) explains of certain diabolical marks on his body, shewing him to be devoted to the fiend Codonasar. Suchar are often found on magicians. (Menochius) ---

Thus the priests of Baal cut themselves, 3 Kings xviii. 28. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:6 - Joachin Joachin, who is styled Jechonias, Matthew i., and Conias [in] Jeremias xxii. 24. The prophet counts his reign as nothing, because it was so limited ...

Joachin, who is styled Jechonias, Matthew i., and Conias [in] Jeremias xxii. 24. The prophet counts his reign as nothing, because it was so limited by the Chaldeans, and continued only three months, Jeremias xxxvi. 30.

Haydock: 2Ki 24:7 - Egypt // Again Egypt, at least from the eastern mouth of the Nile, at Damietta, to the Euphrates. Nechao had conquered all those countries: but now he was driven i...

Egypt, at least from the eastern mouth of the Nile, at Damietta, to the Euphrates. Nechao had conquered all those countries: but now he was driven into his ancient territories. After some time he attempted to relieve Sedecias, but war repulsed by Nabuchodonosor, who soon after took Jerusalem, Jeremias xxxvii. 6. (Calmet) ---

Again, during the reign of Joachin. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:8 - Eighteen Eighteen. One Hebrew manuscript reads "thirteen," (Haydock) or 3 instead of 8. (Kennicott) --- The number seems also (Haydock) to be incorrect in ...

Eighteen. One Hebrew manuscript reads "thirteen," (Haydock) or 3 instead of 8. (Kennicott) ---

The number seems also (Haydock) to be incorrect in Paralipomenon, where we find that Joachin was only eight years old, as the Syriac and Arabic have 18 in both places, and it could not well be said, that he did evil, &c., (ver. 9.) at the age of 8, much less that he had wives so soon, ver. 15. (Calmet) ---

Some attempt to reconcile both places, by saying that the eight years refer to the commencement of his father's reign; (Junius) which is very unusual: (Calmet) or to the servitude of Babylon, when Jerusalem was taken under Joakim. (Hardouin.) ---

Sanctius conjectures that Joachin was associated with his father when he was 10 years old, and after 8 years became sole king. (Kimchi, &c.) (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:9 - Done Done. Ezechiel xix. 5., and Jeremias xxii. 24., speak of this king under the name of (Haydock) Jechonias. (Calmet)

Done. Ezechiel xix. 5., and Jeremias xxii. 24., speak of this king under the name of (Haydock) Jechonias. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:10 - Came Came. Hebrew, "servants....he came." But several manuscripts are more accurate and grammatical, "they came." (Kennicott) (Haydock)

Came. Hebrew, "servants....he came." But several manuscripts are more accurate and grammatical, "they came." (Kennicott) (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:12 - Went out // Eighth Went out. Josephus (Jewish Wars vi. 8.) insinuates, to save the vessels of the temple. --- Jeremias had persuaded him to desist from making resista...

Went out. Josephus (Jewish Wars vi. 8.) insinuates, to save the vessels of the temple. ---

Jeremias had persuaded him to desist from making resistance. (Tirinus) ---

Nabuchodonosor did not comply with his promise, (Menochius) but took the king and all the artificers (ver. 14.) to Babylon, that the former might not attempt to revenge the injuries done to his father, nor the latter contribute to fortify the towns. The Philistines had deprived the Israelites of blacksmiths, with the same design, 1 Kings vii., and xiii. (Angelomus.) (Tirinus) ---

Eighth; commencing, or at the end of the seventh, Jeremias lii. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:13 - All // Which // Lord All, or a great part; for some were still left, 1 Esdras i. --- Which: or like unto those which Solomon had made. The identical vessels had been...

All, or a great part; for some were still left, 1 Esdras i. ---

Which: or like unto those which Solomon had made. The identical vessels had been perhaps (Du Hamel) plundered. (Menochius) ---

Nabuchodonosor took away the sacred vessels at three different times: 1. under Joakim. These he placed in the temple of his god; and they were afterwards profaned by Baltassar, and restored by Cyrus, Daniel i. 2., and v. 5., and 1 Esdras i. 7. 2. Many he now broke in pieces. 3. Under Sedecias, he took probably what that prince had made, chap. xxv. 13., and Baruch i. 7 ---

Lord, by Isaias (xxxix. 6.; supra chap. xx. 17.) and Jeremias, xv. 13.

Haydock: 2Ki 24:14 - All // Engraver All; the chief men, chap. xxv. 18. Ezechiel and Mardocheus were in the number. --- Engraver. The first term means a workman in wood, stone, &c.; ...

All; the chief men, chap. xxv. 18. Ezechiel and Mardocheus were in the number. ---

Engraver. The first term means a workman in wood, stone, &c.; the latter seems to designate a mason, smith, or garrison-soldier; (Calmet) or one expert in making camps; (Sa) an engineer. (Tirinus) ---

St. Jerome explains it of one who enchases jewels in gold. (Menochius) ---

Hecateus and Demetrius (ap. Jos.[Josephus?] and Clement of Alexandria) mention this transportation. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:15 - Judges Judges. Hebrew, "the rams." Chaldean, "the grandees." These are not included in the 10,000, (ver. 14.) nor more than (Calmet) the 8,000 who were t...

Judges. Hebrew, "the rams." Chaldean, "the grandees." These are not included in the 10,000, (ver. 14.) nor more than (Calmet) the 8,000 who were taken from the country (ver. 16.; Calmet) or 3,000 were taken from Jerusalem, and 7,000 from other places. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:17 - Uncle // Sedecias Uncle, the third son of Josias, who was placed on the throne. (Haydock) --- The eldest, (Menochius) called Johanan, seems to have died in his youth...

Uncle, the third son of Josias, who was placed on the throne. (Haydock) ---

The eldest, (Menochius) called Johanan, seems to have died in his youth. (Calmet) ---

Sedecias means, "the justice of God," (Tirinus) as Nabuchodonosor had adjured him, or made him swear by God; (2 Paralipomenon xxxvi. 15.; Haydock) and thus insinuated, that, if he proved faithless, he should feel the effects of God's justice, as it happened. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:19 - Done Done. He was not deterred by his punishment, nor by the admonition of Jeremias, xxxvii. 2., and 2 Paralipomenon xxxvi. 12. The prophet informs us, ...

Done. He was not deterred by his punishment, nor by the admonition of Jeremias, xxxvii. 2., and 2 Paralipomenon xxxvi. 12. The prophet informs us, that the priests and people defiled the temple of God. See Ezechiel viii., &c. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 24:20 - Revolted Revolted. Literally, "departed;" (Haydock) "broke his covenant;" (Septuagint) acting contrary to his oath, (Paralipomenon) and to the dictates of pr...

Revolted. Literally, "departed;" (Haydock) "broke his covenant;" (Septuagint) acting contrary to his oath, (Paralipomenon) and to the dictates of prudence. God permitted this to take place, in the 8th year of Sedecias. (Calmet)

Gill: 2Ki 24:1 - In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up // and Jehoiakim became his servant three years // then he turned and rebelled against him In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up,.... Against Jerusalem; this was in the latter end of the third, or the beginning of the fourth of ...

In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up,.... Against Jerusalem; this was in the latter end of the third, or the beginning of the fourth of Jehoiakim's reign, and the first of Nebuchadnezzar, Jer 25:1, when Jehoiakim was taken, but restored upon promise of subjection and obedience, and hostages given, at which time Daniel and his companions were carried captive, with some of the vessels of the temple; See Gill on Dan 1:1, Dan 1:2.

and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: which were the fifth, sixth, and seventh years of his reign:

then he turned and rebelled against him; being encouraged by the king of Egypt, who promised to assist him against the king of Babylon; Nebuchadnezzar is the Nabocolasser in Ptolemy's canon; and Berosus n testifies, that seventy years before the Persian monarchy he made war against the Phoenicians and Jews, and it is from this time the seventy years' captivity is to be dated.

Gill: 2Ki 24:2 - And the Lord sent against him // bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon // and sent them against Judah to destroy it // according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by his servants the prophets And the Lord sent against him,.... By Nebuchadnezzar, against whom he rebelled: bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the M...

And the Lord sent against him,.... By Nebuchadnezzar, against whom he rebelled:

bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon; who were all subject to the king of Babylon, or were voluntary troops in his service, and bore an hatred to the Jews: according to Eupolemus o, this army consisted of Medes and Babylonians, and, besides 10,000 chariots, there were in it 180,000 foot, and 120,000 horse:

and sent them against Judah to destroy it; this was not until the eleventh of Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar being diverted by the siege of Tyre, or other important business, from chastising the king of Judah until this time:

according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by his servants the prophets; Isaiah, Jeremiah, Zephaniah, and Huldah the prophetess.

Gill: 2Ki 24:3 - Surely at the commandment of the Lord came this upon Judah, to remove them out of his sight // for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he did Surely at the commandment of the Lord came this upon Judah, to remove them out of his sight,.... It was the sure and certain decree of God they should...

Surely at the commandment of the Lord came this upon Judah, to remove them out of his sight,.... It was the sure and certain decree of God they should be carried captive, and therefore he stirred up the spirit of Nebuchadnezzar, and gave him orders to go against it:

for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he did; which were still continued among the Jews, and committed by them, though repented of by Manasseh, and he returned from them.

Gill: 2Ki 24:4 - And also for the innocent blood that he shed, for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood // which the Lord would not pardon And also for the innocent blood that he shed, for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood,.... See 2Ki 21:16 which cruel usage of the prophets, and se...

And also for the innocent blood that he shed, for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood,.... See 2Ki 21:16 which cruel usage of the prophets, and servants of the Lord, was still continued; see Jer 26:21,

which the Lord would not pardon; he pardoned the sins of Manasseh, who repented, but not the sins of those persons who imitated him, but repented not; or though he personally pardoned the sins of Manasseh, so that he was saved everlastingly, yet the temporal punishment of the nation for those sins, in which they were involved with him, was not averted.

Gill: 2Ki 24:5 - Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim,.... In 2Ch 36:8, it is added, "his abominations, and that which was found in him": which besides his rebellion ...

Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim,.... In 2Ch 36:8, it is added, "his abominations, and that which was found in him": which besides his rebellion against the king of Babylon, and his shedding innocent blood, is interpreted of marks made in his body for superstitious and idolatrous purposes; so Lyra.

Gill: 2Ki 24:6 - So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers // and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers,.... He died as they did, but was not buried with them, and indeed had no burial at all, according to the prophecy...

So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers,.... He died as they did, but was not buried with them, and indeed had no burial at all, according to the prophecy of Jeremiah, Jer 22:18 for, falling into the hands of the king of Babylon, he was bound in chains, in order to be carried to Babylon, but died as soon as he came out of Jerusalem, at the gates of which he was cast, and had no burial, 2Ch 36:6. At this time also some of the vessels of the temple were carried away, and put in the idol's temple at Babylon, 2Ch 36:7, and Eupolemus p says, that whatever gold, silver, and brass, were in the temple, were carried away:

and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead; called sometimes Jeconiah, and by contempt Coniah, Jer 22:24.

Gill: 2Ki 24:7 - And the king of Egypt came not any more out of his land // for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates, all that pertained to the king of Egypt And the king of Egypt came not any more out of his land,.... To receive the tribute he imposed on the land of Judah, or to help the kings there of, Je...

And the king of Egypt came not any more out of his land,.... To receive the tribute he imposed on the land of Judah, or to help the kings there of, Jehoiakim and Jehoiachin; not till the times of Zedekiah, and then was obliged to retire, without giving any assistance, Jer 37:7 the reason follows:

for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates, all that pertained to the king of Egypt; all that lay between the river Nile, or the Rhinocolura, and the river Euphrates so that he could not stir out of his dominions, which lay beyond.

Gill: 2Ki 24:8 - Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign // he reigned in Jerusalem three months // and his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign,.... In 2Ch 36:9 he is said to be but eight years old; which may be reconciled by observing, ...

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign,.... In 2Ch 36:9 he is said to be but eight years old; which may be reconciled by observing, that he might be made and declared king by his father, in the first year of his reign, who reigned eleven years, so that he was eight years old when he began to reign with him, and eighteen when he began to reign alone q. Dr. Lightfoot r gives another solution of this difficulty, that properly speaking he was eighteen years old when he began to reign, but, in an improper sense, the son of eight years, or the eighth year, as the Hebrew phrase is; that is, he fell in the lot of the eighth year of the captivity of Judah, which was in the latter end of the third, or the beginning of the fourth of his father's reign, and the first of Nebuchadnezzar's, and it was now in the eighth of Nebuchadnezzar that he was king, see 2Ki 24:12, but very probably in 2Ch 36:9 there is a mistake in the copyist of eight for eighteen, since in the Arabic and Syriac versions it is there eighteen, as here:

he reigned in Jerusalem three months; the ten days besides are here omitted for shortness, 2Ch 36:9.

and his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem; a person no doubt well known in those times.

Gill: 2Ki 24:9 - And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his father had done. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his father had done. Being partner with him in his throne, he was in hi...

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his father had done. Being partner with him in his throne, he was in his sins, and continued therein, see 2Ki 23:37.

Gill: 2Ki 24:10 - At that time // when the year was expired // the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem // and the city was besieged At that time,.... When Jehoiachin reigned: when the year was expired; so it is in 2Ch 36:10 or at the revolution of the year; which some take to be...

At that time,.... When Jehoiachin reigned:

when the year was expired; so it is in 2Ch 36:10 or at the revolution of the year; which some take to be autumn, the beginning of the civil year with the Jews; but rather it was the spring, the time when kings went out to battle, 2Sa 11:1.

the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem; that is, his army, under proper generals and officers, and by his orders:

and the city was besieged; in form by the Chaldean army.

Gill: 2Ki 24:11 - And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city // and his servants did besiege it And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city,.... He came in person, following his army: and his servants did besiege it; very closely.

And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city,.... He came in person, following his army:

and his servants did besiege it; very closely.

Gill: 2Ki 24:12 - And Jehoiachin king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon // he and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers // and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign And Jehoiachin king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon,.... Not to fight with him, but to submit to him, and to surrender the city to him, and b...

And Jehoiachin king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon,.... Not to fight with him, but to submit to him, and to surrender the city to him, and be at his mercy:

he and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers; the royal family, courtiers, and nobles:

and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign; Of Nebuchadnezzar's reign, and which was the eighth of the first captivity, and from whence the seventy years' captivity were reckoned.

Gill: 2Ki 24:13 - And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house // and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the Lord, as the Lord had said And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house,.... The gates of the city being thrown op...

And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house,.... The gates of the city being thrown open to him, he entered and plundered the temple, and the royal palace, and took from thence all the riches thereof:

and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the Lord, as the Lord had said; 2Ki 20:17 and so the prophecy of Isaiah was fulfilled. No more is said of these vessels in 2Ch 36:10 than that they were brought to Babylon; and so Piscator renders the word here, "took", or "carried them away"; and certain it is that they were carried whole to Babylon, Dan 5:2 but as Hezekiah is said to cut off the doors of the temple, that is, strip or scrape off the gold of them, 2Ki 18:16 so Nebuchadnezzar cut off from the temple, or stripped it of the golden vessels in it; of great part of them, the greater part thereof; for that there were some left is plain from Jer 27:18.

Gill: 2Ki 24:14 - And he carried away all Jerusalem // and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives // and all the craftsmen and smiths // none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land And he carried away all Jerusalem,.... The inhabitants of it; not every individual of them, but the chief of them, the more honourable, rich, and usef...

And he carried away all Jerusalem,.... The inhabitants of it; not every individual of them, but the chief of them, the more honourable, rich, and useful; for the poorer sort were left, as afterwards expressed:

and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives; which was the number of them in the whole; the particulars are after delivered:

and all the craftsmen and smiths; besides the nobles and the soldiers, he took all the artificers that exercised any handicraft trade or business; carpenters and blacksmiths, as some interpret these two words; so that there were none left to make arms for them; the last word may be rendered "enclosers", and are by some interpreted of enclosers of jewels in metals, as gold and silver:

none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land; who were left to till it, and to dress the vines; see 2Ki 25:12.

Gill: 2Ki 24:15 - And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon // and the king's mother // and the king's wives // and his officers // those carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon,.... Where he continued at least thirty seven years, 2Ki 25:27. and the king's mother; whose name was Neh...

And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon,.... Where he continued at least thirty seven years, 2Ki 25:27.

and the king's mother; whose name was Nehushta, 2Ki 24:8.

and the king's wives; for though he was so young, it seems he had many wives, as was the custom of those times; or his "women", who were either his concubines, or servants in his family:

and his officers; in his court: and the mighty of the land; the princes and nobles thereof; or "the fools of the land", as the word is written; so the people generally were:

those carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon; which, according to Bunting s, were six hundred and eighty miles distant from each other.

Gill: 2Ki 24:16 - And all the men of might, even seven thousand // and craftsmen and smiths one thousand // all that were strong, and apt for war // even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon And all the men of might, even seven thousand,.... The particulars of the 10,000 carried captive are here given; 7000 of which were the principal men ...

And all the men of might, even seven thousand,.... The particulars of the 10,000 carried captive are here given; 7000 of which were the principal men of the land:

and craftsmen and smiths one thousand; which made 8000:

all that were strong, and apt for war; of these consisted the other 2000; so Abarbinel reckons them; but, according to the Jewish chronologer t, which Jarchi and other Jewish commentators follow, the 7000 were out of the tribe of Benjamin and the rest of the tribes, and the 3000 out of the tribe of Judah, which are supposed to be those Jeremiah speaks of, Jer 52:28,

even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon; among these were Ezekiel the prophet, and Mordecai, the uncle of Esther.

Gill: 2Ki 24:17 - And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead // and changed his name to Zedekiah And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead,.... The third son of Josiah, 1Ch 3:15. and changed his name to Zedek...

And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead,.... The third son of Josiah, 1Ch 3:15.

and changed his name to Zedekiah; for the same reason the king of Egypt changed the name of Eliakim, 2Ki 23:34 to signify his subjection to him; though some think it was to put him in mind of the justice of God, as the name signifies, that would overtake him, should he be treacherous to him, and rebel against him; so the Jewish Midrash.

Gill: 2Ki 24:18-20 - Zedekiah was twenty years old when he began to reign // and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah Zedekiah was twenty years old when he began to reign,.... So that he was but between nine and ten years of age when his father Josiah died; for Jehoah...

Zedekiah was twenty years old when he began to reign,.... So that he was but between nine and ten years of age when his father Josiah died; for Jehoahaz reigned three months, Jehoiakim eleven years, and his son three months and ten days:

and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah; by which it appears that he was the brother of Jehoahaz by father and mother's side, 2Ki 23:31. This and the two following verses are expressed in the same words as in Jer 52:1, (see Gill on Jer 52:1, Jer 52:2, Jer 52:3), in 2Ch 36:10, besides what is here said, is written, that he humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet of the Lord, that spoke in his name, but opposed him; and rebelling against the king of Babylon, broke his oath, and hardened his neck and heart against the Lord, and was obstinate, stubborn, and self-willed.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:1 The Hebrew text has “and he turned and rebelled against him.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:2 Heb “he sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the Lord which he spoke by the hand of his servants the prophets.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:3 Heb “Certainly according to the word of the Lord this happened against Judah, to remove [them] from his face because of the sins of Manasseh acc...

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:4 Heb “and also the blood of the innocent which he shed, and he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, and the Lord was not willing to forgive.R...

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:5 Heb “As for the rest of the events of Jehoiakim, and all which he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings...

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:6 Heb “lay down with his fathers.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:8 Heb “the name of his mother.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:9 Heb “in the eyes of.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:10 Heb “went up [to] Jerusalem and the city entered into siege.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:12 Heb “him”; the referent (Jehoiachin) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:13 Heb “he”; the referent (Nebuchadnezzar) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:15 Heb “and he deported Jehoiachin to Babylon; the mother of the king and the wives of the king and his eunuchs and the mighty of the land he led i...

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:16 Heb “the entire [group], mighty men, doers of war.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:17 Heb “his.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:18 Some textual witnesses support the consonantal text (Kethib) in reading “Hamital.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:19 Heb “according to all which Jehoiakim had done.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 24:20 Heb “Surely [or, ‘for’] because of the anger of the Lord this happened in Jerusalem and Judah until he threw them out from upon his ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 24:1 In his ( a ) days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him. ( a ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 24:3 Surely at the ( b ) commandment of the LORD came [this] upon Judah, to remove [them] out of his sight, for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 24:6 So Jehoiakim ( c ) slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead. ( c ) Not that he was buried with his fathers, but he died in...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 24:12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah ( d ) went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and t...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 24:20 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had cast them out from his ( f ) presence, that Zedekiah rebelled a...

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MHCC: 2Ki 24:1-7 - --If Jehoiakim had served the Lord, he had not been servant to Nebuchadnezzar. If he had been content with his servitude, and true to his word, his cond...

MHCC: 2Ki 24:8-20 - --Jehoiachin reigned but three months, yet long enough to show that he justly smarted for his fathers' sins, for he trod in their steps. His uncle was i...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 24:1-7 - -- We have here the first mention of a name which makes a great figure both in the histories and in the prophecies of the Old Testament; it is that of ...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 24:8-20 - -- This should have been the history of king Jehoiachin's reign, but, alas! it is only the history of king Jehoiachin's captivity, as it is called,...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:1 - -- "In his days Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babel, came up; and Jehoiakim became subject to him three years, then he revolted from him again." נבכ×...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:2-7 - -- To punish Jehoiakim's rebellion, Jehovah sent hosts of Chaldaeans, Aramaeans, Moabites, and Ammonites against him and against Judah to destroy it ( ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:8-9 - -- (cf. 2Ch 36:9 and 2Ch 36:10). Jehoiachin, יהויכין or יויכין (Eze 1:2), i.e., he whom Jehovah fortifies, called יכניהוּ in 1Ch ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:10 - -- "At that time,"i.e., when Jehoiachin had come to the throne, or, according to 2Ch 36:10, "at the turn of the year,"i.e., in the spring (see at 1Ki 2...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:11 - -- During the siege he came himself to punish Jehoiakim's revolt in the person of his successor.

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:12 - -- Then Jehoiachin went out to the king of Babylon to yield himself up to him, because he perceived the impossibility of holding the city any longer ag...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:13 - -- Nebuchadnezzar thereupon, that is to say, when he had forced his way into the city, plundered the treasures of the temple and palace, and broke the ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:14-16 - -- Beside these treasures, he carried away captive to Babylon the cream of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, not only the most affluent, but, as is evident...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:17 - -- Over the lower classes of the people who had been left behind Nebuchadnezzar placed the paternal uncle of the king, who had been led away, viz., Mat...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 24:18-20 - -- (Note: To this section the historical appendix to the book of Jeremiah (Jer 52) furnishes a parallel, which agrees with it for the most part word fo...

Constable: 2Ki 18:1--25:30 - --III. THE SURVIVING KINGDOM chs. 18--25 In this third major section of 1 and 2 Kings the writer showed that the c...

Constable: 2Ki 23:36--24:8 - --F. Jehoiakim's Evil Reign 23:36-24:7 Jehoiakim reigned as a puppet king for 11 years (609-598 B.C.). He ...

Constable: 2Ki 24:8-17 - --G. Jehoiachin's Evil Reign 24:8-17 Jehoiakim's son Jehoiachin, whose other names were Jeconiah and Conia...

Constable: 2Ki 24:18--25:8 - --H. Zedekiah's Evil Reign 24:18-25:7 Zedekiah (Mattaniah) was Josiah's third son to rule over Judah. He r...

Guzik: 2Ki 24:1-20 - Judah Subjected Under Babylon 2 Kings 24 - Judah Subjected Under Babylon A. The reign of King Jehoiakim of Judah. 1. (1) Nebuchadnezzar makes Judah a vassal kingdom. In his day...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) MOAB REBELS. (2Ki 1:1) AHAZIAH'S JUDGMENT BY ELIJAH. (2Ki 1:2-8) ELIJAH BRINGS FIRE FROM HEAVEN ON AHAZIAH'S MESSENGERS. (2Ki 1:9-16) AHAZIAH DIES, A...

TSK: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The events detailed in these books (Kings) are highly interesting and important. The account of the wisdom, magnificence, and extended commerce of So...

TSK: 2 Kings 24 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ki 24:1, Jehoiakim, first subdued by Nebuchadnezzar, then rebelling against him, procures his own ruin; 2Ki 24:5, Jehoiachin succeeds hi...

Poole: 2 Kings 24 (Pendahuluan Pasal) KINGS CHAPTER 24 Jehoiakim, first subdued by Nebuchadnezzar, rebelleth against him to his own ruin: Jehoiachin his son is king in his stead, 2Ki 24...

MHCC: 2 Kings 24 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Ki 24:1-7) Jehoiakim subdued by Nebuchadnezzar. (2Ki 24:8-20) Jehoiachin captive in Babylon.

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Kings This second book of the Kings (which the Septuagint, numbering from Samuel, ca...

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings 24 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Things are here ripening for, and hastening towards, the utter destruction of Jerusalem. We left Jehoiakim on the throne, placed there by the king ...

Constable: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Second Kings continues the narrative begun in 1 Kings. It opens with the translation of godly Elijah to hea...

Constable: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Kings) 3. Ahaziah's evil reign in Israel -1 Kings 22:51-2...

Constable: 2 Kings 2 Kings Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. "An Interpretation of the Babylonian Exile: A Study of 2 Kings 20, Isaia...

Haydock: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FOURTH BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This Book brings us to the conclusion of the kingdom of Israel, (chap. xvii.) and to the captivity of ...

Gill: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS This, and the preceding book, are properly but one book divided into two parts, because of the size of it, as the book of S...

Gill: 2 Kings 24 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 24 This chapter relates the rebellion of Jehoiakim against the king of Babylon, which prepared the way for the ruin of the ...

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