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Teks -- 1 Chronicles 4:1-43 (NET)

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Konteks
Judah’s Descendants
4:1 The descendants of Judah: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. 4:2 Reaiah the son of Shobal was the father of Jahath, and Jahath was the father of Ahumai and Lahad. These were the clans of the Zorathites. 4:3 These were the sons of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash. Their sister was Hazzelelponi. 4:4 Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah and the father of Bethlehem. 4:5 Ashhur the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah and Naarah. 4:6 Naarah bore him Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah. 4:7 The sons of Helah: Zereth, Zohar, Ethnan, 4:8 and Koz, who was the father of Anub, Hazzobebah, and the clans of Aharhel the son of Harum. 4:9 Jabez was more respected than his brothers. His mother had named him Jabez, for she said, “I experienced pain when I gave birth to him.” 4:10 Jabez called out to the God of Israel, “If only you would greatly bless me and expand my territory! May your hand be with me! Keep me from harm so I might not endure pain!” God answered his prayer. 4:11 Kelub, the brother of Shuhah, was the father of Mehir, who was the father of Eshton. 4:12 Eshton was the father of Beth-Rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah, the father of Ir Nahash. These were the men of Recah. 4:13 The sons of Kenaz: Othniel and Seraiah. The sons of Othniel: Hathath and Meonothai. 4:14 Meonothai was the father of Ophrah. Seraiah was the father of Joab, the father of those who live in Ge Harashim, who were craftsmen. 4:15 The sons of Caleb son of Jephunneh: Iru, Elah, and Naam. The son of Elah: Kenaz. 4:16 The sons of Jehallelel: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel. 4:17 The sons of Ezrah: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. Mered’s wife Bithiah gave birth to Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah, the father of Eshtemoa. 4:18 (His Judahite wife gave birth to Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah.) These were the sons of Pharaoh’s daughter Bithiah, whom Mered married. 4:19 The sons of Hodiah’s wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite. 4:20 The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-Hanan, and Tilon. The descendants of Ishi: Zoheth and Ben Zoheth. 4:21 The sons of Shelah son of Judah: Er the father of Lecah, Laadah the father of Mareshah, the clans of the linen workers at Beth-Ashbea, 4:22 Jokim, the men of Cozeba, and Joash and Saraph, both of whom ruled in Moab and Jashubi Lehem. (This information is from ancient records.) 4:23 They were the potters who lived in Netaim and Gederah; they lived there and worked for the king.
Simeon’s Descendants
4:24 The descendants of Simeon: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, Shaul, 4:25 his son Shallum, his son Mibsam, and his son Mishma. 4:26 The descendants of Mishma: His son Hammuel, his son Zaccur, and his son Shimei. 4:27 Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters. But his brothers did not have many sons, so their whole clan was not as numerous as the sons of Judah. 4:28 They lived in Beer Sheba, Moladah, Hazar Shual, 4:29 Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, 4:30 Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, 4:31 Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susim, Beth Biri, and Shaaraim. These were their towns until the reign of David. 4:32 Their settlements also included Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan– five towns. 4:33 They also lived in all the settlements that surrounded these towns as far as Baal. These were their settlements; they kept genealogical records. 4:34 Their clan leaders were: Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah son of Amaziah, 4:35 Joel, Jehu son of Joshibiah (son of Seraiah, son of Asiel), 4:36 Eleoenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, 4:37 Ziza son of Shipi (son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah). 4:38 These who are named above were the leaders of their clans. Their extended families increased greatly in numbers. 4:39 They went to the entrance of Gedor, to the east of the valley, looking for pasture for their sheep. 4:40 They found fertile and rich pasture; the land was very broad, undisturbed and peaceful. Indeed some Hamites had been living there prior to that. 4:41 The men whose names are listed came during the time of King Hezekiah of Judah and attacked the Hamites’ settlements, as well as the Meunites they discovered there, and they wiped them out to this very day. They dispossessed them, for they found pasture for their sheep there. 4:42 Five hundred men of Simeon, led by Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi, went to the hill country of Seir 4:43 and defeated the rest of the Amalekite refugees; they live there to this very day.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Adiel the head of an influential family of Simeon in Hezekiah's time,son of Jahzerah; a priest whose descendants returned from exile,the father of Azmaveth, King David's treasurer
 · Aharhel son of Harum of Judah
 · Ahumai son of Jahath of Judah
 · Ahuzzam son of Ashhur and his wife Naarah in Moses time
 · Ain a place marking part of the north-eastern boarder of Israel,a town of Simeon in the western foothills of Judah
 · Allon son of Jedaiah (Simeon)
 · Amalekites members of the nation of Amalek
 · Amaziah son of Joash; king of Judah,a prince of Simeon under Hezekiah,son of Hilkiah (Merari Levi),pagan priest of Bethel under Jeroboam who opposed Amos
 · Amnon son of King David and Ahinoam,the son of Shimon of Judah
 · Anub son of Koz of Judah
 · Asaiah King Josiah's servant,head of a large influential family of Simeon in Hezekiah's time,son of Haggiah the Levite,a man (Shelah Judah) who returned from exile with his family,chief of the sons of Merari the Levite under David
 · Asarel son of Jehallelel a descendant of Judah
 · Ashan a town of Simeon in the western foothills of Judah
 · Ashhur son of Caleb (Judah) and Ephrathah; uncle to Bezalel
 · Asiel forefather of a large influential family of Simeon
 · Baal a pagan god,a title of a pagan god,a town in the Negeb on the border of Simeon and Judah,son of Reaiah son of Micah; a descendant of Reuben,the forth son of Jeiel, the Benjamite
 · Beer-Sheba a famous well, its town and district in southern Judah
 · Beer-sheba a famous well, its town and district in southern Judah
 · Ben-hanan son of Shimon of Judah
 · Ben-Hanan son of Shimon of Judah
 · Ben-Zoheth son of Ishi of Judah
 · Ben-zoheth son of Ishi of Judah
 · Benaiah son of Jehoiada; commander of King Solomon's army,son of Jehoiada of Pirathon in Ephraim; one of David's elite,head of a large influential family of Simeon in Hezekiah's time,a Levite worship leader in David's time,a priest in David's time,father of Jehoiada, one of king David's counselors,son of Jeiel; a priest under Jehoshaphat,a man who was a temple helper in the time of Hezekiah,a layman of the Parosh clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Pahath-Moab clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Nebo clan who put away his heathen wife,the father of Pelatiah, a wicked counselor exposed by Ezekiel
 · Beth-Ashbea a town; home of the descendants of Laadah of Judah
 · Beth-ashbea a town; home of the descendants of Laadah of Judah
 · Beth-biri a town; early home of the descendants of Shime-i of Simeon
 · Beth-Biri a town; early home of the descendants of Shime-i of Simeon
 · Beth-Maacah a town; early home of the descendants of Shime-i of Simeon
 · Beth-rapha son of Eshton; a descendant of Caleb of Judah (DC)
 · Beth-Rapha son of Eshton; a descendant of Caleb of Judah (DC)
 · Bethlehem a town 8 km south of Jerusalem,a town of Zebulun 10 km west of Nazareth and 15 km SW of Cana SMM,a town of Judah 8 km south. of Jerusalem


Topik/Tema Kamus: Israel | Genealogy | Jacob | Polygamy | GENEALOGY, 8 part 2 | Simeon | Simeon, The tribe of | CHRONICLES, BOOKS OF | Seraiah | Ziza | Shimei | Joshah | Jabez | Mered | Uzziel | Shobal | Pelatiah | Naarah | Mishma | NEGEB | selebihnya
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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 1Ch 4:1 - The sons The posterity: for only Pharez was his immediate son. But they are all mentioned here only to shew Shobal's descent from Judah.

The posterity: for only Pharez was his immediate son. But they are all mentioned here only to shew Shobal's descent from Judah.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:9 - Honourably For courage, and for fervent piety. She records this, that it might be a memorandum to herself, to be thankful to God as long as she lived, for bringi...

For courage, and for fervent piety. She records this, that it might be a memorandum to herself, to be thankful to God as long as she lived, for bringing her through that sorrow: and a memorandum to him, that she bore him into a vale of tears, in which he might expect few days and full of trouble. And the sorrow in his name might serve to put a seriousness upon his spirit.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:10 - Called When he was undertaking some great and dangerous service.

When he was undertaking some great and dangerous service.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:10 - Enlarge Drive out these Canaanites, whom thou hast commanded us to root out.

Drive out these Canaanites, whom thou hast commanded us to root out.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:10 - Grieve That it may not oppress and overcome me: more is understood than is expressed. He useth this expression in allusion to his name, which signifies grief...

That it may not oppress and overcome me: more is understood than is expressed. He useth this expression in allusion to his name, which signifies grief.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:10 - And God granted, &c. Prospered him remarkably in his undertakings, in his studies, in his worldly business, and in his conflicts with the Canaanites.

Prospered him remarkably in his undertakings, in his studies, in his worldly business, and in his conflicts with the Canaanites.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:12 - Rechab From these are sprung the present inhabitants of Rechab, a town not elsewhere mentioned.

From these are sprung the present inhabitants of Rechab, a town not elsewhere mentioned.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:14 - Father Of the inhabitants of the valley.

Of the inhabitants of the valley.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:21 - Shelah Having treated of the posterity of Judah by Pharez, and by Zara, he now comes to his progeny by Shelah.

Having treated of the posterity of Judah by Pharez, and by Zara, he now comes to his progeny by Shelah.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:22 - Had dominion Which they ruled in the name and for the use of the kings of Judah, to whom Moab was subject from David's time.

Which they ruled in the name and for the use of the kings of Judah, to whom Moab was subject from David's time.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:22 - Ancient things The sense is those blessed times are long since past. Our ancestors had the dominion over the Heathen, but their degenerate posterity are slaves in Ch...

The sense is those blessed times are long since past. Our ancestors had the dominion over the Heathen, but their degenerate posterity are slaves in Chaldea, were they are employed as potters or gardeners, or in other servile works.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:23 - There are He seems to oppose their present servitude to their former glory, and to shew their mean spirits that had rather tarry among the Heathen to do their d...

He seems to oppose their present servitude to their former glory, and to shew their mean spirits that had rather tarry among the Heathen to do their drudgery, than return to Jerusalem to serve God and enjoy their freedom.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:23 - The king Of Babylon: esteeming it a greater honour to serve that earthly monarch in the meanest employments, than to serve the king of kings in his temple.

Of Babylon: esteeming it a greater honour to serve that earthly monarch in the meanest employments, than to serve the king of kings in his temple.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:27 - Of Judah The tribe of Simeon did not increase proportionably to the tribe of Judah in which they dwelt; as appears by those two catalogues, Num 1:22, Num 26:14...

The tribe of Simeon did not increase proportionably to the tribe of Judah in which they dwelt; as appears by those two catalogues, Num 1:22, Num 26:14, which is to be ascribed to God's curse upon them, delivered by the mouth of holy Jacob, Gen 49:5-7, and signified by Moses's neglect of them when he blessed all the other tribes.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:31 - Their cities Several of these cities though given to Simeon by Joshua, yet through the sloth or cowardice of that tribe, were not taken from the Philistines, until...

Several of these cities though given to Simeon by Joshua, yet through the sloth or cowardice of that tribe, were not taken from the Philistines, until David's time, who took some of them; and, the Simeonites having justly forfeited their right to them by their neglect, gave them to his own tribe. For it is evident concerning Ziklag, one of them, that it was in the Philistines hands in David's time, and by them given to him, and by him annexed to the tribe of Judah, 1Sa 27:6.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:40 - Fat pasture, &c. _Those who thus dwelt (as we do) in a fruitful country, and whose land is wide and quiet and peaceable, have reason to own themselves indebted to that...

_Those who thus dwelt (as we do) in a fruitful country, and whose land is wide and quiet and peaceable, have reason to own themselves indebted to that God, who appoints the bounds of our habitation.

Wesley: 1Ch 4:40 - Of Ham The Canaanites, who descended from Ham. And accordingly these words contain a reason, why they went and possessed this place, because it was not in th...

The Canaanites, who descended from Ham. And accordingly these words contain a reason, why they went and possessed this place, because it was not in the hands of their brethren of Judah, but in the possession of that people which they had authority to expel.

JFB: 1Ch 4:1 - the sons of Judah That is, "the descendants," for with the exception of Pharez, none of those here mentioned were his immediate sons. Indeed, the others are mentioned s...

That is, "the descendants," for with the exception of Pharez, none of those here mentioned were his immediate sons. Indeed, the others are mentioned solely to introduce the name of Shobal, whose genealogy the historian intended to trace (1Ch 2:52).

JFB: 1Ch 4:9-10 - Jabez Was, as many think, the son of Coz, or Kenaz, and is here eulogized for his sincere and fervent piety, as well, perhaps, as for some public and patrio...

Was, as many think, the son of Coz, or Kenaz, and is here eulogized for his sincere and fervent piety, as well, perhaps, as for some public and patriotic works which he performed. The Jewish writers affirm that he was an eminent doctor in the law, whose reputation drew so many scribes around him that a town was called by his name (1Ch 2:55); and to the piety of his character this passage bears ample testimony. The memory of the critical circumstances which marked his birth was perpetuated in his name (compare Gen 35:15); and yet, in the development of his high talents or distinguished worth in later life, his mother must have found a satisfaction and delight that amply compensated for all her early trials. His prayer which is here recorded, and which, like Jacob's, is in the form of a vow (Gen 28:20), seems to have been uttered when he was entering on an important or critical service, for the successful execution of which he placed confidence neither on his own nor his people's prowess, but looked anxiously for the aid and blessing of God. The enterprise was in all probability the expulsion of the Canaanites from the territory he occupied; and as this was a war of extermination, which God Himself had commanded, His blessing could be the more reasonably asked and expected in preserving them from all the evils to which the undertaking might expose him. In these words, "that it may not grieve me," and which might be more literally rendered, "that I may have no more sorrow," there is an allusion to the meaning of his name, Jabez, signifying "grief"; and the import of this petition is, Let me not experience the grief which my name implies, and which my sins may well produce.

JFB: 1Ch 4:10 - God granted him that which he requested Whatever was the kind of undertaking which roused his anxieties, Jabez enjoyed a remarkable degree of prosperity, and God, in this instance, proved th...

Whatever was the kind of undertaking which roused his anxieties, Jabez enjoyed a remarkable degree of prosperity, and God, in this instance, proved that He was not only the hearer, but the answerer of prayer.

JFB: 1Ch 4:13 - the sons of Kenaz The grandfather of Caleb, who from that relationship is called a Kenezite (Num 32:12).

The grandfather of Caleb, who from that relationship is called a Kenezite (Num 32:12).

JFB: 1Ch 4:14 - Joab, the father of the valley of Carashim Literally, "the father of the inhabitants of the valley"--"the valley of craftsmen," as the word denotes. They dwelt together, according to a custom w...

Literally, "the father of the inhabitants of the valley"--"the valley of craftsmen," as the word denotes. They dwelt together, according to a custom which, independently of any law, extensively prevails in Eastern countries for persons of the same trade to inhabit the same street or the same quarter, and to follow the same occupation from father to son, through many generations. Their occupation was probably that of carpenters, and the valley where they lived seems to have been in the neighborhood of Jerusalem (Neh 11:35).

JFB: 1Ch 4:17-18 - she bare Miriam It is difficult, as the verses stand at present, to see who is meant. The following readjustment of the text clears away the obscurity: "These are the...

It is difficult, as the verses stand at present, to see who is meant. The following readjustment of the text clears away the obscurity: "These are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took, and she bare Miriam, and his wife Jehudijah bare Jezreel," &c.

JFB: 1Ch 4:18 - Jehudijah "the Jewess," to distinguish her from his other wife, who was an Egyptian. This passage records a very interesting fact--the marriage of an Egyptian p...

"the Jewess," to distinguish her from his other wife, who was an Egyptian. This passage records a very interesting fact--the marriage of an Egyptian princess to a descendant of Caleb. The marriage must have taken place in the wilderness. The barriers of a different national language and national religion kept the Hebrews separate from the Egyptians; but they did not wholly prevent intimacies, and even occasional intermarriages between private individuals of the two nations. Before such unions, however, could be sanctioned, the Egyptian party must have renounced idolatry, and this daughter of Pharaoh, as appears from her name, had become a convert to the worship of the God of Israel.

JFB: 1Ch 4:21 - Laadah . . . the father . . . of the house of them that wrought fine linen Here, again, is another incidental evidence that in very early times certain trades were followed by particular families among the Hebrews, apparently...

Here, again, is another incidental evidence that in very early times certain trades were followed by particular families among the Hebrews, apparently in hereditary succession. Their knowledge of the art of linen manufacture had been, most probably, acquired in Egypt, where the duty of bringing up families to the occupations of their forefathers was a compulsory obligation, whereas in Israel, as in many parts of Asia to this day, it was optional, though common.

JFB: 1Ch 4:22-23 - had the dominion in Moab, and Jashubi-lehem "And these are ancient things" seems a strange rendering of a proper name; and, besides, it conveys a meaning that has no bearing on the record. The f...

"And these are ancient things" seems a strange rendering of a proper name; and, besides, it conveys a meaning that has no bearing on the record. The following improved translation has been suggested: "Sojourned in Moab, but returned to Beth-lehem and Adaberim-athekim. These and the inhabitants of Netaim and Gedera were potters employed by the king in his own work." Gedera or Gederoth, and Netaim, belonged to the tribe of Judah, and lay on the southeast border of the Philistines' territory (Jos 15:36; 2Ch 28:18).

JFB: 1Ch 4:24 - The sons of Simeon They are classed along with those of Judah, as their possession was partly taken out of the extensive territory of the latter (Jos 19:1). The differen...

They are classed along with those of Judah, as their possession was partly taken out of the extensive territory of the latter (Jos 19:1). The difference in several particulars of the genealogy given here from that given in other passages is occasioned by some of the persons mentioned having more than one name [compare Gen 46:10; Exo 6:15; Num 26:12].

JFB: 1Ch 4:27 - his brethren had not many children (see Num 1:22; Num 26:14).|| 10417||1||13||0||@These were their cities unto the reign of David==--In consequence of the sloth or cowardice of the Sime...

(see Num 1:22; Num 26:14).|| 10417||1||13||0||@These were their cities unto the reign of David==--In consequence of the sloth or cowardice of the Simeonites, some of the cities within their allotted territory were only nominally theirs. They were never taken from the Philistines until David's time, when, the Simeonites having forfeited all claim to them, he assigned them to his own tribe of Judah (1Sa 27:6).

JFB: 1Ch 4:38-39 - increased greatly, and they went to the entrance of Gedor Simeon having only a part of the land of Judah, they were forced to seek accommodation elsewhere; but their establishment in the new and fertile pastu...

Simeon having only a part of the land of Judah, they were forced to seek accommodation elsewhere; but their establishment in the new and fertile pastures of Gederah was soon broken up; for, being attacked by a band of nomad plunderers, they were driven from place to place till some of them effected by force a settlement on Mount Seir.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:1 - The sons of Judah The sons of Judah - A genealogy of this tribe has already been given in the second chapter. It is here introduced again, with some variations. Proba...

The sons of Judah - A genealogy of this tribe has already been given in the second chapter. It is here introduced again, with some variations. Probably there were different copies in the public registers; and the writer of this book, finding that this second one contained some remarkable particulars, thought proper to insert it in this place: and no reader will regret the insertion, when he carefully considers the matter.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:3 - These were of the father of Etam These were of the father of Etam - "And these are the rabbins (doctors) living at Etam, Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash."- T.

These were of the father of Etam - "And these are the rabbins (doctors) living at Etam, Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash."- T.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:7 - And Ethnan And Ethnan - After this word we should, with the Targum, read Coz, whose posterity is mentioned in the next verse. Coz was probably the same as Kena...

And Ethnan - After this word we should, with the Targum, read Coz, whose posterity is mentioned in the next verse. Coz was probably the same as Kenaz.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:8 - The son of Harum The son of Harum - Jabez should be mentioned at the end of this verse, else he is as a consequent without an antecedent.

The son of Harum - Jabez should be mentioned at the end of this verse, else he is as a consequent without an antecedent.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:9 - And Jabez was more honorable And Jabez was more honorable - This whole account is variously understood by some of the principal versions. I shall subjoin a translation of each S...

And Jabez was more honorable - This whole account is variously understood by some of the principal versions. I shall subjoin a translation of each

Septuagint. -

"And Igabes was more glorious than his brethren; and his mother called his name Igabes, saying, I have brought thee forth as Gabes. And Igabes invoked the God of Israel, saying, If in blessing thou wilt bless me, and enlarge my borders, and thy hand be with me, and wilt give me understanding not to depress me: and God brought about all that he requested.

Syriac. -

"And one of these was dear to his father and to his mother; and he called his name ainai , My Eye. And he said to him, In blessing may the Lord bless thee, and enlarge thy boundary; and may his hand be with thee; and may he preserve thee from evil, that it may not rule over thee; and may he give to thee whatsoever thou shalt request of him!

Arabic. -

"And this one (Hastahar or Harum) was beloved of his father and his mother: and they called his name aina , My Eye; and they said unto him, May the Lord bless thee, and multiply thy people, and may his hand be present with thee, because thou wast born in Beth-lehem!

These two latter versions seem to have copied each other, and the Vulgate is nearly, like ours, a literal rendering of the Hebrew; but the Chaldee is widely different from all the rest: -

Chaldee. -

"And Jabets also, he is Othniel, honorable and skilled in the law beyond his brethren, whose mother called his name Jabets, because she had borne him with sorrow. And Jabets prayed to the God of Israel, saying, O that in blessing thou wouldest bless me with children, and enlarge my borders with disciples; and that thy hand may be with me in business, that thou mayest make me like to my companions, that evil concupiscence may the less grieve me! And the Lord granted that which he prayed for.

Of this honorable person we know nothing but what is here mentioned, nor does the name occur in any other part of Scripture except in 1Ch 2:55, where it appears to be the name of a place, but is understood by the Chaldee to be the name of a person, as here. Though I have noticed this particularly in the note on that place, yet I think it right to add the Chaldee here, that all that concerns this worthy person may be seen at one view: -

1Ch 2:55 : "The families of the Rechabites, the son of Eliezer, the son of Moses, the disciples of Jabets; he was Othniel, the son of Kenaz. And he was called Jabets, יעבץ Yabets , because in his counsel [ בעיצתיה beqtsatih , from יעץ yaats , he counselled, advised, etc.] he instituted a school for disciples. They were called Tirathim, תרעתים, because in their hymns their voices were like trumpets, [from רע ra , to sound like a trumpet; see Num 10:9; 2Ch 13:12], and Shimathim, שמעתים, because in hearing, they lifted up their faces, i.e. in prayer, [from שמע shama , he heard, hearkened], and Suchathim, שוכתים, because they were overshadowed with the spirit of prophecy, [from שך sach , a tabernacle, or extended covering]."For farther particulars, see at the end of this chapter, 1Ch 4:43 (note).

Clarke: 1Ch 4:12 - These are the men of Rechah These are the men of Rechah - "These are the men of the great Sanhedrin."- T.

These are the men of Rechah - "These are the men of the great Sanhedrin."- T.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:15 - Caleb the son of Jephunneh Caleb the son of Jephunneh - We have already met with this eminent person in Num 13:6, Num 13:30; Num 14:24, and elsewhere; and seen his courageous ...

Caleb the son of Jephunneh - We have already met with this eminent person in Num 13:6, Num 13:30; Num 14:24, and elsewhere; and seen his courageous piety and inflexible integrity. The Targum says here, "They called him Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, because he had purged his soul from the counsel of the spies.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:18 - And his wife Jehudijah And his wife Jehudijah - The Targum considers the names in this verse as epithets of Moses "And his wife Jehuditha educated Moses after she had draw...

And his wife Jehudijah - The Targum considers the names in this verse as epithets of Moses

"And his wife Jehuditha educated Moses after she had drawn him out of the water: and she called his name Jered, because he caused the manna to descend upon Israel; and Prince Gedor, because he restored the desolations of Israel; Heber also, because he joined Israel to their heavenly Father; and Prince Socho, because he overshadowed Israel with his righteousness, and Jekuthiel, because the Israelites waited on the God of heaven in his time, forty years in the desert; and prince Zanoah, because God, on his account, had passed by the sins of Israel. These names Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh, called him by the spirit of prophecy, for she became a proselyte; and Mered took her to himself to wife: he is Caleb, and was so called because he opposed the counsel of the spies."- T. A similar explanation is given by Jarchi.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:21 - That wrought fine linen That wrought fine linen - "Of the family of those who worked in fine flax to make garments for kings and priests."- T.

That wrought fine linen - "Of the family of those who worked in fine flax to make garments for kings and priests."- T.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:22 - And Joash, and Saraph And Joash, and Saraph - "And the prophets and scribes which sprang from the seed of Joshua, and the Gibeonites, whose office it was to serve in the ...

And Joash, and Saraph - "And the prophets and scribes which sprang from the seed of Joshua, and the Gibeonites, whose office it was to serve in the house of the sanctuary, because they had lied to the princes of Israel; also Joash, who is the same as Mahlon; and Saraph, who is the same as Chilion, who took wives of the daughters of Moab and Boaz, the chief of the wise men of the college of Bethlehem, and of those who existed in former days."- T.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:23 - These were the potters These were the potters - "These are the disciples of the law, for whose sake the world was created; who preside in judgment, and establish the world...

These were the potters - "These are the disciples of the law, for whose sake the world was created; who preside in judgment, and establish the world; and they build and perfect the fallen down house of Israel: they dwelt there with the Shechinah of the King of the world, in the study of the law and the intercalation or months, and determining the commencement of years and festivals: and they computed the times from heaven in the days of Ruth, the mother of kingdoms, to the days of Solomon the king."- T. I am afraid this paraphrase gives us as little light as the text itself, which speaks of potters, and those who dwelt among plants and hedges. They were probably brickmakers; perhaps potters also, who had their dwelling in low grounds, and fabricated the clay into pots and bricks that was digged up in forming fences in the king’ s domains.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:24 - The sons of Simeon The sons of Simeon - This genealogy is very different from that given in Gen 46:10, and Num 26:12. This may be occasioned by the same person having ...

The sons of Simeon - This genealogy is very different from that given in Gen 46:10, and Num 26:12. This may be occasioned by the same person having several names, one list taking one name, another list some other, and so on: to reconcile is impossible; to attempt it, useless.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:27 - Neither did all their family multiply Neither did all their family multiply - In Num 1:23 the number of all the families of Simeon was fifty-nine thousand three hundred; and that of Juda...

Neither did all their family multiply - In Num 1:23 the number of all the families of Simeon was fifty-nine thousand three hundred; and that of Judah was, Num 1:27, not less than seventy-four thousand six hundred. When the next census was made, Num. 26, the tribe of Judah amounted to seventy-six thousand five hundred, an increase of one thousand nine hundred; while the tribe of Simeon amounted only to twenty-two thousand two hundred, a decrease of thirty-seven thousand one hundred. It was at that time the smallest tribe in Israel.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:31 - These were their cities unto the reign of David These were their cities unto the reign of David - It appears that David took some of the cities of the Simeonites, and added them to Judah; Ziklag f...

These were their cities unto the reign of David - It appears that David took some of the cities of the Simeonites, and added them to Judah; Ziklag for instance, 1Sa 27:6

As the tribe of Simeon had withdrawn their allegiance from the house of David, the kings of Judah extended their domination as far as possible into the territories of that tribe, so that they were obliged to seek pasture for their flocks at Gedor, and in the mountains of Seir, as we find 1Ch 4:39-42.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:40 - They of Ham had dwelt there of old They of Ham had dwelt there of old - These were probably either Philistines or Egyptians, who dwelt at Gedor, which was situated in the environs of ...

They of Ham had dwelt there of old - These were probably either Philistines or Egyptians, who dwelt at Gedor, which was situated in the environs of Joppa and Samnia

Those whom the five hundred Simeonites expelled from Seir were Amalekites, 1Ch 4:43.

Clarke: 1Ch 4:43 - They smote the rest of the Amalekites They smote the rest of the Amalekites - Those who had escaped in the war which Saul made against them, (see 1Sa 14:48), and from David, who had atta...

They smote the rest of the Amalekites - Those who had escaped in the war which Saul made against them, (see 1Sa 14:48), and from David, who had attacked them afterwards, 2Sa 8:12

The expedition of the Simeonites mentioned here, against Gedor and Seir, was in the days of Hezekiah; and, as Calmet conjectures, near about the time of the captivity of the ten tribes, when the remnant of Simeon would feel themselves obliged to retire more southward, into Arabia Petraea, for fear of the Jews. These may be probable conjectures. - See Calmet

There are several things in the account of Jabez that are very instructive: -

1.    He appears to have been a child brought into the world with great difficulty, at the risk of his own life and that of his mother. So much seems to be implied in, she bare him with sorrow, i.e., with peculiar sorrow and danger

2.    To perpetuate the merciful interposition of God in her own and her son’ s behalf, she gave him a name that must have recalled to her and his remembrance the danger to which both their lives were exposed, and from which they could not have been extricated but by the especial help of God. She called his name Jabez, etc

3.    He was brought up in the fear of God; he was no idolater; he worshipped the God of Israel, and he showed the sincerity of his faith by frequent and earnest prayer

4.    His prayer was at once both enlightened and pious. He had piety towards God, and therefore he trusted in him: he knew that he was the fountain of all good, and therefore he sought all necessaries both for body and soul from him. He prayed to the God of Israel

5.    Both the matter and manner of his prayer were excellent. His heart was deeply impressed with its wants, and therefore he was earnest and fervent; O that thou wouldest bless me indeed; אם ברך תברכני im barech tebarecheni ; "O that in blessing thou wouldest bless me!"Let me live under thy benediction! Do thou diligently and frequently bless me

6.    He prays for the things necessary for the body as well as for the soul: And enlarge my coasts - grant me as much territory as may support my family. Let the means of living be adequate to the demands of life; let me have the necessaries, conveniences, and, as far as they may be safely intrusted with me, the comforts of life! O that thou wouldest enlarge my coasts

7.    He is conscious that without the continual support of God he must fail; and therefore he prays to be upheld by his power: That thy hand might be with me! May I ever walk with thee, and ever feel the hand of thy power to support and cover me in all the trials, dangers, and difficulties of life; and the hand of thy providence to supply all my wants in reference to both worlds

8.    He dreads both sin and suffering, and therefore prays against both: O that thou wouldest keep me from evil, that it may not grieve me! Sin and misery are in every step of the journey of life; keep me from sin, that I grieve thee not; and keep me from sin, that I render not myself miserable! We can never offend God without injuring ourselves; he that sins must suffer. Thorns and scorpions are everywhere in the way to perdition; and he that walks in it must be torn and stung. He alone is happy who walks in the ways of God. Keep me from evil, that it may not grieve me

9.    Prayers that have a right aim will have a right answer; Jabez did not pray in vain, for God granted him that which he requested. He was continually blessed; his family was increased; the hand of God was upon him for good. He was saved from sin, and saved from the pangs and sufferings of a guilty conscience

10.    If we take up the character and conduct of Jabez in the view given by the Chaldee, we shall not only see him as a pious and careful man, deeply interested in behalf of himself and his family, but we shall see him as a benevolent man, laboring for the welfare of others, and especially for the religious instruction of youth. He founded schools, in which the young and rising generation were taught useful knowledge, and especially the knowledge of God. He had disciples, which were divided into three classes, who distinguished themselves by their fervor in the worship of God, by their docility in obediently hearing and treasuring up the advices and instructions of their teachers, and by their deep piety to God in bringing forth the fruits of the Spirit. The spirit of prophecy, that is, of prayer and supplication, rested upon them

11.    He did not do these things merely as a duty he owed to God and his fellows, but from the abundance of a generous and loving heart: In his counsel he erected a school of disciples. God had blessed him with temporal things, and he secures their continuance by devoting them to his service; he honors God with his substance, and God honors him with his especial blessing and approbation

12.    On these accounts he was more honorable than his brethren. He was of the same stock and the same lineage; he had neither nobility of birth, nor was distinguished by earthly titles; in all these respects he was on a level with his brethren: but God tells us that he was more honorable than them all; and why? because he prayed, because he served his Maker, and because he lived to do good among men; therefore he received the honor that cometh from God. Reader, imitate the conduct of this worthy Israelite, that thou mayest be a partaker of his blessings

The things added by the Targumist might have been derived from authentic tradition.

Defender: 1Ch 4:1 - sons of Judah The descendants of Judah (chapters 2-4) and Levi (chapters 6, 9) are given in more detail than those from the other ten tribes. This correlates with t...

The descendants of Judah (chapters 2-4) and Levi (chapters 6, 9) are given in more detail than those from the other ten tribes. This correlates with the fact that one was the kingly tribe (Gen 49:10) and the other the priestly tribe (Deu 33:8-10). All of these genealogies seem superficially incomplete, sometimes even contradictory and unorganized. No doubt most of the problems could be solved if they had been preserved in complete form. Many different men had identical names in ancient Israel, just as in modern America. These lists were apparently compiled by Ezra the scribe (or at least someone from his time) after the return from the Babylonian captivity, using all the available records he could find still preserved. It was important for him to establish the inheritance of the various families as accurately as possible, since they had originally been given by God in perpetuity (Leviticus 25:23-55). As incomplete as these may have been on the human level, they do give us assurance that God does not forget His promises and that He has kept these genealogies in complete form on the divine level. Furthermore, their inclusion in the divinely inspired Scriptures of the Old Testament (note Paul's testimony in 2Ti 3:16, 2Ti 3:17) assures us that these lists of names are "profitable" to the "man of God." If nothing else, they show us that God does care about all individuals - not just nations or leaders of nations - and these Old Testament records are not just myths or allegories but are real historical records of real people and real events."

TSK: 1Ch 4:1 - Pharez // Carmi am 2283, etc. bc 1721, etc Pharez : 1Ch 2:5; Gen 38:29, Gen 46:12; Num 26:20, Num 26:21; Rth 4:18; Mat 1:3; Luk 3:33, Phares, Esrom Carmi : 1Ch 2:9, C...

am 2283, etc. bc 1721, etc

Pharez : 1Ch 2:5; Gen 38:29, Gen 46:12; Num 26:20, Num 26:21; Rth 4:18; Mat 1:3; Luk 3:33, Phares, Esrom

Carmi : 1Ch 2:9, Chelubai, 1Ch 2:18, Caleb

TSK: 1Ch 4:2 - Reaiah // Zorathites Reaiah : 1Ch 2:52, Haroeh Zorathites : 1Ch 2:53, 1Ch 2:54; Jos 15:33; Jdg 13:25

Reaiah : 1Ch 2:52, Haroeh

Zorathites : 1Ch 2:53, 1Ch 2:54; Jos 15:33; Jdg 13:25

TSK: 1Ch 4:3 - Etam Etam : Jdg 15:11; 2Ch 11:6

TSK: 1Ch 4:4 - Gedor // Hur Gedor : 1Ch 4:18, 1Ch 4:39; Jos 15:36 Hur : 1Ch 2:19, 1Ch 2:50

TSK: 1Ch 4:5 - -- 1Ch 2:24

TSK: 1Ch 4:8 - -- Probably Jabez should be mentioned here; as otherwise he is as a consequent without an antecedent.

Probably Jabez should be mentioned here; as otherwise he is as a consequent without an antecedent.

TSK: 1Ch 4:9 - more // Jabez // I bare him more : Gen 34:19; Isa 43:4; Act 17:11 Jabez : i.e. Sorrowful I bare him : 1Ch 7:23; Gen 3:16, Gen 35:18; 1Sa 4:21

more : Gen 34:19; Isa 43:4; Act 17:11

Jabez : i.e. Sorrowful

I bare him : 1Ch 7:23; Gen 3:16, Gen 35:18; 1Sa 4:21

TSK: 1Ch 4:10 - called // the God // Oh that // bless me // enlarge // thine hand // that thou // keep me // that it may // God granted called : 1Ch 16:8; Gen 12:8; Job 12:4; Psa 55:16, Psa 99:6, Psa 116:2-4; Jer 33:3; Rom 10:12-14; 1Co 1:2 the God : Gen 32:28, Gen 33:20; 1Sa 1:17; Isa...

TSK: 1Ch 4:12 - Irnahash Irnahash : or, the city of Nahash, 1Ch 4:12

Irnahash : or, the city of Nahash, 1Ch 4:12

TSK: 1Ch 4:13 - Kenaz // Hathath Kenaz : Jos 15:17; Jdg 1:13, Jdg 3:9-11 Hathath : or, Hathath and Meonathai, who begat, etc

Kenaz : Jos 15:17; Jdg 1:13, Jdg 3:9-11

Hathath : or, Hathath and Meonathai, who begat, etc

TSK: 1Ch 4:14 - valley // Charashim valley : or, inhabitants of the valley Charashim : that is, craftsmen. 2Ki 24:14; Neh 11:35

valley : or, inhabitants of the valley

Charashim : that is, craftsmen. 2Ki 24:14; Neh 11:35

TSK: 1Ch 4:15 - Caleb // Kenaz Caleb : Num 13:6, Num 13:30, Num 14:6-10, Num 14:24, Num 14:30; Jos 14:6-14, Jos 15:13-20; Jdg 1:12-14 Kenaz : or, Uknaz

TSK: 1Ch 4:17 - Ezra // and she bare Miriam // Eshtemoa Ezra : Ezra seems to be the person before called Asareel in 1Ch 4:16. and she bare Miriam : It is probable that the latter part of 1Ch 4:18 should be ...

Ezra : Ezra seems to be the person before called Asareel in 1Ch 4:16.

and she bare Miriam : It is probable that the latter part of 1Ch 4:18 should be transposed before this passage, which Michaelis thinks is its right place; for otherwise we have the pronoun she without an antecedent, and children born without their father’ s being mentioned.

Eshtemoa : 1Ch 4:19, 1Ch 6:57; Jos 15:50, Eshtemoh, 1Ch 21:24; 1Sa 30:28

TSK: 1Ch 4:18 - Jehudijah // Jered // the father of // Gedor // Heber // Socho // Bithiah // Mered Jehudijah : i.e. Jewess, [Strong’ s H3057], 1Ch 4:19 Jered : 1Ch 1:2 the father of : 1Ch 4:4, 1Ch 4:39, 1Ch 2:42; Jos 15:58 Gedor : Gedor was a c...

Jehudijah : i.e. Jewess, [Strong’ s H3057], 1Ch 4:19

Jered : 1Ch 1:2

the father of : 1Ch 4:4, 1Ch 4:39, 1Ch 2:42; Jos 15:58

Gedor : Gedor was a city in the tribe of Judah; and probably the same which Eusebius calls Κεδους , and Jerome Gedrus , ten miles from Diospolis, or Lydda, towards Eleutheropolis.

Heber : Gen 46:17

Socho : i.e. inclosure; his branch, [Strong’ s H7755]. 1Ch 4:18; 2Ch 11:7, Shocho, 1Ch 28:18, Also, Jos 15:35, Jos 15:48; 1Sa 17:1; 1Ki 4:10

Socho
Personal CharacteristicsReferences
1.A city of JudahJos 15:35; 1Sa 17:1; 1Ki 4:10; 2Ch 11:7
2.Another city of JudahJos 15:48
Jekuthiel : i.e. the fear or veneration or preservation of God; God is almightiness, [Strong’ s H3354], Jos 15:34

Bithiah : i.e. worshiper of Jah; daughter of Jah, [Strong’ s H1332]. daughter of Pharaoh. 1Ki 3:1, 1Ki 3:6, 1Ki 7:8, 1Ki 9:16, 1Ki 9:24; 2Ch 8:11

Mered : 1Ch 4:17

TSK: 1Ch 4:19 - Hodiah // Keilah Hodiah : or, Jehudijah, mentioned before, 1Ch 4:18 Keilah : Jos 15:44; 1Sa 23:1-13

Hodiah : or, Jehudijah, mentioned before, 1Ch 4:18

Keilah : Jos 15:44; 1Sa 23:1-13

TSK: 1Ch 4:20 - Shimon Shimon : Shimon is supposed to have been another son of Mered, by Jehudijah. As this latter name signifies a Jewess, it rather favours the opinion th...

Shimon : Shimon is supposed to have been another son of Mered, by Jehudijah. As this latter name signifies a Jewess, it rather favours the opinion that Bithiah was not a Jewess, but an Egyptian.

TSK: 1Ch 4:21 - Shelah Shelah : 1Ch 2:3, 1Ch 9:5; Gen 38:5, Gen 46:12; Num 26:20; Neh 11:5, Shiloni

TSK: 1Ch 4:23 - -- 1Ch 4:14; Psa 81:6

TSK: 1Ch 4:24 - The sons of Simeon // Nemuel // Jarib // Zerah The sons of Simeon : This genealogy differs in many particulars from those in the parallel places; probably being occasioned by the same person’ ...

The sons of Simeon : This genealogy differs in many particulars from those in the parallel places; probably being occasioned by the same person’ s having several names.

Nemuel : Gen 46:10; Exo 6:15, Jemuel

Jarib : Num 26:12-14, Jachin

Zerah : Gen 46:10, Zohar

TSK: 1Ch 4:27 - like to like to : Heb. unto, Num 2:4, Num 2:13, Num 26:14, Num 26:22

like to : Heb. unto, Num 2:4, Num 2:13, Num 26:14, Num 26:22

TSK: 1Ch 4:28 - Beersheba // Moladah Beersheba : Beer-sheba was situated twenty miles south of Hebron, according to Eusebius and Jerome, in whose time it was occupied by a Roman garrison....

Beersheba : Beer-sheba was situated twenty miles south of Hebron, according to Eusebius and Jerome, in whose time it was occupied by a Roman garrison. Jos 15:28, Jos 15:29, Jos 19:2, Jos 19:3, Jos 19:9

Moladah : Probably the same as Malatha, so often mentioned by Eusebius; from whom it appears it was situated about twenty miles from Hebron.

TSK: 1Ch 4:29 - Bilhah // Tolad Bilhah : Jos 19:3, Balah-Azem Tolad : Jos 19:4, Eltolad

Bilhah : Jos 19:3, Balah-Azem

Tolad : Jos 19:4, Eltolad

TSK: 1Ch 4:30 - Bethuel // Ziklag Bethuel : Jos 19:4, Bethul Ziklag : 1Ch 12:1; Jos 15:31, Jos 19:5; 1Sa 27:6, 1Sa 30:1; Neh 11:28

Bethuel : Jos 19:4, Bethul

Ziklag : 1Ch 12:1; Jos 15:31, Jos 19:5; 1Sa 27:6, 1Sa 30:1; Neh 11:28

TSK: 1Ch 4:31 - and Hazarsusim and Hazarsusim : Jos 19:5, Jos 19:6, Hazar-susah, Beth-lebaoth, Sharuhen

and Hazarsusim : Jos 19:5, Jos 19:6, Hazar-susah, Beth-lebaoth, Sharuhen

TSK: 1Ch 4:32 - Etam // Ashan Etam : Ether, or Etham, was situated near Malatha, according to Eusebius. Jos 19:7, Ether, Remmon Ashan : Eusebius say Beth-ashan was sixteen miles we...

Etam : Ether, or Etham, was situated near Malatha, according to Eusebius. Jos 19:7, Ether, Remmon

Ashan : Eusebius say Beth-ashan was sixteen miles west of Jerusalem.

TSK: 1Ch 4:33 - Baal // their genealogy Baal : Jos 19:8, Baalath-beer their genealogy : or, as they divided themselves by nations among them

Baal : Jos 19:8, Baalath-beer

their genealogy : or, as they divided themselves by nations among them

TSK: 1Ch 4:38 - mentioned by their names mentioned by their names : Heb. coming by names, 1Ch 5:24; Gen 6:4

mentioned by their names : Heb. coming by names, 1Ch 5:24; Gen 6:4

TSK: 1Ch 4:39 - they went // Gedor they went : This expedition of the Simeonites took place in the days of Hezekiah, and, as Calmet conjectures, near the time of the captivity of the te...

they went : This expedition of the Simeonites took place in the days of Hezekiah, and, as Calmet conjectures, near the time of the captivity of the ten tribes; when the remnant of Simeon would feel themselves obliged to retire more southward into Arabia Petrea, for fear of the Jews, and to seek pasture for their flocks.

Gedor : 1Ch 4:4, 1Ch 4:18; Jos 12:13, Geder, Jos 15:58

TSK: 1Ch 4:40 - the land // Ham the land : Jdg 18:7-10 Ham : These were probably either Philistines or Egyptians, who dwelt at Gedor. Gen 9:22-29, Gen 10:6; Psa 78:51, Psa 105:23

the land : Jdg 18:7-10

Ham : These were probably either Philistines or Egyptians, who dwelt at Gedor. Gen 9:22-29, Gen 10:6; Psa 78:51, Psa 105:23

TSK: 1Ch 4:41 - these written // Hezekiah // the habitations // pasture these written : 1Ch 4:33-38 Hezekiah : 2Ki 18:8-12; Isa 14:28-32 the habitations : Or, the Meunnim, or Maonites. Jdg 10:12; Jer 49:20; Act 17:26 pastu...

these written : 1Ch 4:33-38

Hezekiah : 2Ki 18:8-12; Isa 14:28-32

the habitations : Or, the Meunnim, or Maonites. Jdg 10:12; Jer 49:20; Act 17:26

pasture : Num 32:1-4

TSK: 1Ch 4:42 - mount Seir mount Seir : Gen 36:8, Gen 36:9; Deu 1:2

mount Seir : Gen 36:8, Gen 36:9; Deu 1:2

TSK: 1Ch 4:43 - the rest // unto this day the rest : That is, those who escaped in the war which Saul, and afterwards David, made against them. Exo 17:14-16; Deu 25:17-19; 1Sa 15:7, 1Sa 15:8, ...

the rest : That is, those who escaped in the war which Saul, and afterwards David, made against them. Exo 17:14-16; Deu 25:17-19; 1Sa 15:7, 1Sa 15:8, 1Sa 30:17; 2Sa 8:12

unto this day : Deu 34:6; Jdg 1:26; 2Ch 5:9; Jer 44:6; Mat 27:8, Mat 28:15

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 1Ch 4:1 - The sons of Judah The sons of Judah i.e. the posterity; for only Pharez was his immediate son. But they are all mentioned here only to show Shobal’ s descent fro...

The sons of Judah i.e. the posterity; for only Pharez was his immediate son. But they are all mentioned here only to show Shobal’ s descent from Judah, of whom he intended to speak more particularly.

Poole: 1Ch 4:2 - Reaiah // The families of the Zorathites Reaiah called Haroeh , 1Ch 2:52 ; of whom see there. The families of the Zorathites of whom see on 1Ch 2:53 .

Reaiah called Haroeh , 1Ch 2:52 ; of whom see there.

The families of the Zorathites of whom see on 1Ch 2:53 .

Poole: 1Ch 4:3 - Etam Etam is the name either of a man, or of a place; of which see below, 1Ch 4:32 2Ch 11:6 ; whose inhabitants descended from him. The name of his father...

Etam is the name either of a man, or of a place; of which see below, 1Ch 4:32 2Ch 11:6 ; whose inhabitants descended from him. The name of his father is not here expressed.

Poole: 1Ch 4:4 - The father of Beth-lehem Either they are other sons besides those mentioned 1Ch 2 , or there is some variation in their names, which is most frequent among the Hebrews, as h...

Either they are other sons besides those mentioned 1Ch 2 , or there is some variation in their names, which is most frequent among the Hebrews, as hath been oft proved.

The father of Beth-lehem: this title is here given to the father, and 1Ch 2:51 , to Salma, his son, who had it either with or after his father. See Poole "1Ch 2:51" , See Poole "1Ch 2:52" .

Poole: 1Ch 4:7 - and Coz Understand here, and Coz , out of the beginning of the following verse. The like ellipses we have in the end of 2Ch 4:13 , and of 2Ch 7:18 .

Understand here,

and Coz , out of the beginning of the following verse. The like ellipses we have in the end of 2Ch 4:13 , and of 2Ch 7:18 .

Poole: 1Ch 4:9 - Jabez // More honourable than his brethren Jabez one of the fathers of the families of Aharhel last mentioned. More honourable than his brethren for courage, and especially for true and fe...

Jabez one of the fathers of the families of Aharhel last mentioned.

More honourable than his brethren for courage, and especially for true and fervent piety, expressed in the following petition.

Poole: 1Ch 4:10 - Jabez called on the God of Israel // Oh that thou wouldst bless me indeed // Enlarge my coast // That thine hand might be with me // That thou wouldst keep me from evil // That it may not grieve me Jabez called on the God of Israel when he was undertaking some great and dangerous service. Oh that thou wouldst bless me indeed I trust not to my ...

Jabez called on the God of Israel when he was undertaking some great and dangerous service.

Oh that thou wouldst bless me indeed I trust not to my own or people’ s valour, but only to thy blessing and help.

Enlarge my coast drive out these wicked and cursed Canaanites, whom thou hast commanded us to root out, and therefore I justly beg and expect thy blessing in the execution of thy command.

That thine hand might be with me to protect and strengthen me against my adversaries.

That thou wouldst keep me from evil or work with (for so the Hebrew prefix mem is sometimes used, as Son 1:2 3:9 Isa 5:7,8 ), i.e. so-restrain and govern it.

That it may not grieve me that it may not oppress and overcome me, which will be very grievous to me. The consequent put for the antecedent; and more is understood than is expressed. He useth this expression in allusion to his name, which signifies grief : q.d. Lord, let me not have that grief which my name implies, and which my sin deserves.

Poole: 1Ch 4:12 - -- From these are sprung the present inhabitants of Rechah, a town not elsewhere mentioned.

From these are sprung the present inhabitants of Rechah, a town not elsewhere mentioned.

Poole: 1Ch 4:13 - Kenaz // Hathath Kenaz the son either of Chelub, 1Ch 4:11 , or of his son Eshton, 1Ch 4:12 , and the father of Jephunneh, and consequently Caleb’ s grandfather, ...

Kenaz the son either of Chelub, 1Ch 4:11 , or of his son Eshton, 1Ch 4:12 , and the father of Jephunneh, and consequently Caleb’ s grandfather, 1Ch 4:15 ; whence Caleb is called a Kenezite , Num 32:12 .

Hathath understand, and Meonothai , out of 1Ch 4:14 . See Poole "1Ch 4:7" .

Poole: 1Ch 4:14 - The father of the valley The father of the valley i.e. of the inhabitants of the valley.

The father of the valley i.e. of the inhabitants of the valley.

Poole: 1Ch 4:15 - -- Another Kenaz, differing from that Kenaz 1Ch 4:13 . Or his name might be Uknaz.

Another Kenaz, differing from that Kenaz 1Ch 4:13 . Or his name might be Uknaz.

Poole: 1Ch 4:16 - Jehaleleel Jehaleleel the son of Kenaz, or Uknaz, last mentioned.

Jehaleleel the son of Kenaz, or Uknaz, last mentioned.

Poole: 1Ch 4:17 - Ezra // She bare Ezra the son of Ashriel last named. She bare she, i.e. Bithiah, bare unto Mered, as may seem by comparing this with 1Ch 4:18 .

Ezra the son of Ashriel last named.

She bare she, i.e. Bithiah, bare unto Mered, as may seem by comparing this with 1Ch 4:18 .

Poole: 1Ch 4:18 - His wife // These are the sons // The daughter of Pharaoh His wife either Ezra’ s wife, or rather, another wife of Mered. Jehudijah ; or, the Jewess ; so called to distinguish her from his Egyptian wi...

His wife either Ezra’ s wife, or rather, another wife of Mered. Jehudijah ; or, the Jewess ; so called to distinguish her from his Egyptian wife here following.

These are the sons to wit, Miriam, and the rest following, 1Ch 4:17 .

The daughter of Pharaoh either

1. Of Pharaoh king of Egypt for Mered might be a person of great estate and quality; or this might be only Pharaoh’ s illegitimate daughter. Or,

2. Of some other Egyptian or Israelite called by that name; which might easily happen upon divers occasions.

Poole: 1Ch 4:19 - Hodiah Hodiah his third wife.

Hodiah his third wife.

Poole: 1Ch 4:20 - Shimon // Ishi Shimon another son of the father of Keilah, mentioned 1Ch 4:19 . Ishi son of Tilon last mentioned.

Shimon another son of the father of Keilah, mentioned 1Ch 4:19 .

Ishi son of Tilon last mentioned.

Poole: 1Ch 4:21 - Shelah Having treated of the posterity of Judah by Pharez, and by Zerah, he now comes to his progeny by Shelah of whom see Ge 38 .

Having treated of the posterity of Judah by Pharez, and by Zerah, he now comes to his progeny by

Shelah of whom see Ge 38 .

Poole: 1Ch 4:22 - Who had the dominion in Moab Who had the dominion in Moab which they ruled in the name and for the use and service of the kings of Judah, to whom Moab was subject from David̵...

Who had the dominion in Moab which they ruled in the name and for the use and service of the kings of Judah, to whom Moab was subject from David’ s time. Or, who had possessions in Moab ; or, who married wives in Moab . These are ancient things : the sense is either,

1. These persons and things were in ancient times, and therefore it is not strange if now they be so little known. But that might have been with equal truth said of divers other parts of this account. Or rather,

2. But those blessed times and things are long since past and gone. Our ancestors then had the dominion over the heathen, but their degenerate posterity are now slaves to them in Chaldea, Persia, &c., where they are employed as potters or gardeners, or in other servile works.

Poole: 1Ch 4:23 - These were the potters // There they dwelt // With the king These were the potters or rather, these are; for he seems to oppose their present servitude to their former glory and to show their low and mean spir...

These were the potters or rather, these are; for he seems to oppose their present servitude to their former glory and to show their low and mean spirits, that had rather tarry among the heathen to do their drudgery, than return to Jerusalem to serve God and enjoy their freedom.

There they dwelt or tarried or now dwell , when their brethren are returned.

With the king of Babylon or Persia; esteeming it a greater honour and happiness to serve that earthly monarch in the meanest employments, than to serve the King of kings in his temple, and in his most noble and heavenly work.

Poole: 1Ch 4:24 - The sons of Simeon The sons of Simeon: these are here joined with Judah, because their possession was taken out of Judah’ s portion, Jos 19:1 . This account seems ...

The sons of Simeon: these are here joined with Judah, because their possession was taken out of Judah’ s portion, Jos 19:1 . This account seems to differ from that Ge 46 , both in the number and names of the persons, which is not strange, considering how customary it was amongst the Hebrews for one person to have two or three names given to him upon several occasions. And for Ohad, Gen 46:10 , he may be omitted here, because he left no posterity or family after him, as the rest did.

Poole: 1Ch 4:25 - Shallum his son Shallum his son i.e. son of Saul last mentioned.

Shallum his son i.e. son of Saul last mentioned.

Poole: 1Ch 4:27 - -- The tribe of Simeon did not increase proportionably to the tribe of Judah, in which they dwelt; as appears by those two catalogues, Num 1:22 26:14 ;...

The tribe of Simeon did not increase proportionably to the tribe of Judah, in which they dwelt; as appears by those two catalogues, Num 1:22 26:14 ; which is to be ascribed to God’ s curse upon them delivered by the mouth of holy Jacob, Ge 49 , and signified by Moses’ s neglect of them, when he blessed all the other tribes.

Poole: 1Ch 4:28 - -- These and the following cities are mentioned Jos 19:2 , &c., with no great alterations.

These and the following cities are mentioned Jos 19:2 , &c., with no great alterations.

Poole: 1Ch 4:31 - -- Either, 1. Of David’ s posterity, i.e. as long as the kingdom of Judah lasted, or until the captivity of Babylon. But this seems not to be tru...

Either,

1. Of David’ s posterity, i.e. as long as the kingdom of Judah lasted, or until the captivity of Babylon. But this seems not to be true, for Simeon was gone into captivity with the rest of the ten tribes long before that time. Or rather,

2. Of David himself. And this may seem to be added, because some of these cities, though given to Simeon by Joshua, yet through the sloth or cowardice of that tribe were not taken from the Philistines until David’ s time, who took some of them, and, the Simeonites having justly forfeited their right to them by their neglect, gave them to his own tribe. For it is evident concerning Ziklag, one of them, that it was in the Philistines’ hands in David’ s time, and by them given to him, and by him annexed to the tribe of Judah, 1Sa 27:6 .

Poole: 1Ch 4:34 - -- These and the rest here following are particularly mentioned for their valiant and successful achievements, related 1Ch 4:39 , &c.

These and the rest here following are particularly mentioned for their valiant and successful achievements, related 1Ch 4:39 , &c.

Poole: 1Ch 4:38 - The house of their fathers increased greatly These named 1Ch 4:34-37 . The house of their fathers increased greatly which forced them to seek for new and larger habitations.

These named 1Ch 4:34-37 .

The house of their fathers increased greatly which forced them to seek for new and larger habitations.

Poole: 1Ch 4:39 - To the entrance of Gedor // Unto the east side of the valley To the entrance of Gedor to that country that belongs to Gedor, or borders upon it; either that Gedor, Jos 15:58 , or that called Gederah , Jos 15:3...

To the entrance of Gedor to that country that belongs to Gedor, or borders upon it; either that Gedor, Jos 15:58 , or that called Gederah , Jos 15:36 .

Unto the east side of the valley of which See Poole "1Sa 17:2,52" .

Poole: 1Ch 4:40 - They of Ham // Had dwelt there of old They of Ham i.e. the posterity of that cursed Ham; either the Arabians; or the Canaanites or Philistines, who descended from Ham, Gen 10:6 . And acco...

They of Ham i.e. the posterity of that cursed Ham; either the Arabians; or the Canaanites or Philistines, who descended from Ham, Gen 10:6 . And accordingly these words contain a reason, either,

1. To prove that the land was good; because the Arabians, who, being wholly given to pasturage, used to find out the choicest grounds, had formerly pitched their tents there. Or,

2. Why they went and possessed this place, because it was not in the hands of their brethren of Judah, but in the possession of that people which they had authority and command to expel.

Had dwelt there of old i.e. had possessed it of old and hitherto. Or, dwelt there before , i.e. before they came and cast them out of their possessions.

Poole: 1Ch 4:41 - In the days of Hezekiah king of Judah // Smote their tents // Destroyed them utterly unto this day In the days of Hezekiah king of Judah but a little before their captivity, which was in the sixth year of Hezekiah, 2Ki 17 . So their joy in their ne...

In the days of Hezekiah king of Judah but a little before their captivity, which was in the sixth year of Hezekiah, 2Ki 17 . So their joy in their new, and pleasant, and fruitful possessions lasted but for a very little while.

Smote their tents i.e. the people dwelling in tents; for so it seems these still did for the conveniency of pasturage.

Destroyed them utterly unto this day i.e. so as they could never after recover themselves.

Poole: 1Ch 4:42 - Some went to Mount Seir Some went to Mount Seir probably about the same time.

Some went to Mount Seir probably about the same time.

Poole: 1Ch 4:43 - The rest of the Amalekites // Unto this day The rest of the Amalekites not destroyed by Saul, or David, or his successors. Unto this day either, 1. Until the captivity of the ten tribes. But...

The rest of the Amalekites not destroyed by Saul, or David, or his successors.

Unto this day either,

1. Until the captivity of the ten tribes. But that happening so speedily after this time, this expression may seem to be very improper and insignificant here. Or rather,

2. Until the Babylonish captivity, or the time next after it, when these books were written. For although the main body of that tribe dwelling in Canaan were carried into captivity, yet this small remnant of them having removed their dwellings, and being planted in Mount Seir, which lay southward from Judah, might possibly be continued and preserved in those parts, when their brethren were gone into captivity.

PBC: 1Ch 4:10 - -- See Philpot: THE PRAYER OF JABEZ 

See Philpot: THE PRAYER OF JABEZ 

Haydock: 1Ch 4:1 - Namuel // Jarib Namuel, or Jamuel, Genesis xlvi. 10. --- Jarib; perhaps the same with Sohar, (Menochius) unless the latter be Zara, or Zare, Numbers xxvi. 12. The...

Namuel, or Jamuel, Genesis xlvi. 10. ---

Jarib; perhaps the same with Sohar, (Menochius) unless the latter be Zara, or Zare, Numbers xxvi. 12. These genealogies seem different; but the same person (Calmet) might have many names. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:1 - Charmi Charmi, the great-grandson of Juda, by Zara and Zamri, Josue vii. 1. --- Junius takes him to be the same with Calubi, (chap. ii.) father of Sobal. ...

Charmi, the great-grandson of Juda, by Zara and Zamri, Josue vii. 1. ---

Junius takes him to be the same with Calubi, (chap. ii.) father of Sobal. This seems to be transcribed from another ancient register of the family of Juda, and designed to shew where the principal men had resided. (Calmet) ---

Only the chiefs are specified. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:2 - Sarathi Sarathi, who peopled Saraa. (Calmet)

Sarathi, who peopled Saraa. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:3 - Posterity Posterity. So all the ancient versions seem to have read boni, instead of the present Hebrew abi, which literally means, "and these are the fath...

Posterity. So all the ancient versions seem to have read boni, instead of the present Hebrew abi, which literally means, "and these are the father of Etam." If words ever wanted sense, they do so here. (Kennicott) ---

Etham is perhaps the name of a town. (Malvenda)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:7 - Ethnan Ethnan. Some would insert "and Cos," to connect this with the following.

Ethnan. Some would insert "and Cos," to connect this with the following.

Haydock: 1Ch 4:8 - Cos Cos. Perhaps (Calmet) the same with Cenez, ver. 13. (Tirinus)

Cos. Perhaps (Calmet) the same with Cenez, ver. 13. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:9 - Jabes Jabes. That is, sorrowful. (Challoner) --- There seems to be something wanting, as we are not informed who were the brethren of Jabes. (Calmet)...

Jabes. That is, sorrowful. (Challoner) ---

There seems to be something wanting, as we are not informed who were the brethren of Jabes. (Calmet) ---

This name he received from his mother, while his father Cos, called him Othoniel. (Estius)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:10 - For For. To reward his piety and vow. Othoniel obtained Cariath-sepher, and Axa, the daugher of Caleb, Josue xv. 17. (Calmet) --- Jabes imitated holy...

For. To reward his piety and vow. Othoniel obtained Cariath-sepher, and Axa, the daugher of Caleb, Josue xv. 17. (Calmet) ---

Jabes imitated holy Jacob, (Genesis xxviii.) and both desired temporal blessings, for their advancement in virtue. (Worthington)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:11 - Caleb // Brother Caleb. Hebrew, "Celub," different bother from Calubi and the son of Jephone, ver. 15. (Calmet) --- Brother, &c. Septuagint, "father of Ascha," w...

Caleb. Hebrew, "Celub," different bother from Calubi and the son of Jephone, ver. 15. (Calmet) ---

Brother, &c. Septuagint, "father of Ascha," which would seem to make him the same with the latter.

Haydock: 1Ch 4:12 - City City. Hebrew, "Hir-Nachash." (Haydock) --- The latter term denotes "copper of a serpent." We know not where this city was situated, no more than ...

City. Hebrew, "Hir-Nachash." (Haydock) ---

The latter term denotes "copper of a serpent." We know not where this city was situated, no more than Recha. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:13 - Othoniel Othoniel, first judge. (Haydock) --- He was brother, or rather cousin, of Caleb. See Josue xv. 17.

Othoniel, first judge. (Haydock) ---

He was brother, or rather cousin, of Caleb. See Josue xv. 17.

Haydock: 1Ch 4:14 - Artificers Artificers. Hebrew Charashim, which means various sorts of "workmen," (Calmet) or "father (prince.; Menochius) of Ge-Harasim, for," &c. (Calmet) ...

Artificers. Hebrew Charashim, which means various sorts of "workmen," (Calmet) or "father (prince.; Menochius) of Ge-Harasim, for," &c. (Calmet) ---

Under this lord the artificers dwelt who built the temple. (Worthington)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:15 - Caleb Caleb, so memorable (Calmet) for this fidelity, Numbers xii. 30., and xxxii. 12. (Haydock)

Caleb, so memorable (Calmet) for this fidelity, Numbers xii. 30., and xxxii. 12. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:18 - Judaia Judaia, a second wife, of his own nation. By the first, from Egypt, Mered had Miriam, &c. Some words seem to be lost, which render it doubtful to w...

Judaia, a second wife, of his own nation. By the first, from Egypt, Mered had Miriam, &c. Some words seem to be lost, which render it doubtful to whom Judaia was married.

Haydock: 1Ch 4:19 - Odaia // Who was Odaia, perhaps the same with Judaia, (Calmet) as the Septuagint read. --- Who was. Hebrew and Septuagint, "Machatha," (Haydock) a place to the nor...

Odaia, perhaps the same with Judaia, (Calmet) as the Septuagint read. ---

Who was. Hebrew and Septuagint, "Machatha," (Haydock) a place to the north of Basan, far from the limits of Juda, whence we should, perhaps, read Menuchat, as chap. ii. 52, 54.

Haydock: 1Ch 4:21 - Her // That wrought // Oath Her. Hitherto we have seem the possessions of the descendants of Phares. Those of Her inhabited the country rendered famous by the exploits of Sams...

Her. Hitherto we have seem the possessions of the descendants of Phares. Those of Her inhabited the country rendered famous by the exploits of Samson with the jaw bone, Judges xv. 9. (Calmet) ---

The first-born of Sela was called Her, after his unfortunate uncle, Genesis xxxviii. 7. (Haydock) ---

That wrought. Septuagint take it for a proper name, "Ebdath." Hebrew, Beth-habodath habuts, "the house of the byssus, or fine linen manufacturers in Beth-Ashbaah, " (Haydock) which is, perhaps, the same with Beersabee, "the well of swearing," Genesis xxi. 31. (Calmet) ---

Oath. The Latin word juramenti, might be retained here, as well as Calor, chap. ii. 55. See 2 Kings xxi. 19. Septuagint read, "Esoba," as the proper name of a place. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:22 - He, that made // Lahem // Who returned // Old He, that made, &c. viz., Joazim, the meaning of whose name in Hebrew, is, he that made the sun to stand. In like manner the following names, L...

He, that made, &c. viz., Joazim, the meaning of whose name in Hebrew, is, he that made the sun to stand. In like manner the following names, Lying, (Cozeba) Secure, (Joash) and Burning, (Saraph) are substituted in place of the Hebrew names of the same signification. (Challoner) ---

The first etymology is not perfectly accurate, as Jokim means simply, "he made to stand;" Jachin, the pillar which Solomon erected, has the same import. (Haydock) ---

Some injudicious person seems to have placed the sun in the margin, whence it has crept into the text. (Tirinus) ---

It might be occasioned by the fable of the Rabbins, who assert (Haydock) that Elimelech wrought the like miracle as Josue, to convince the people of Bethlehem of the necessity of being converted; but, finding them incorrigible, denounced a famine, which forced him to retire with his family into the country of Moab. (St. Jerome, Trad., &c.) ---

Elimelech died in that country; but these four descendants of Sela retired, probably, along with him, and returned afterwards to Lehem, or Bethlehem, as it is customary to omit a part of a word. (Tirinus) ---

This town was peopled by different branches of Juda's family, ver. 4., and chap. ii. 54. (Calmet) ---

Lahem, &c. Septuagint seem to leave the original terms: "he made them return to Abedderim Athoukiim." ---

Who returned, is also left as a proper name by the Protestants, (Haydock) &c. "And Jasubi Lehem." (Vatable) (Menochius) ---

It is not easy to decide, when the Hebrew words should be translated. ---

Old. Hebrew, "and ancient words;" (Haydock) records, shewing where these families resided, (Calmet) unless this be also the name (Haydock) of a place. (Septuagint)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:23 - Potters // Hedges // King Potters. Hebrew yotserim, may also designate some family, as it seems improbable that the princes, in Moab, should be reduced to so mean a condi...

Potters. Hebrew yotserim, may also designate some family, as it seems improbable that the princes, in Moab, should be reduced to so mean a condition. But we have many examples of such a fall; (Haydock) and it is supposed, that these descendants of Sela were employed by the king of Babylon, at Nethaim and Gadera. (Calmet) ---

Hedges. These are the proper names of the places where they dwelt. In Hebrew, Netahim and Gedera. (Challoner) ---

Septuagint, "Ataim and Gadera." (Haydock) ---

The correct Roman edition of the Vulgate prints these words, plantationibus et Sepibus, with large letters, to imply as much. (Menochius) ---

King; David. (Sa) (Menochius) ---

Many of the tribe of Juda attended David, while he was forced to flee before Saul, and to hide himself in unfrequented places. Some of them might be these Yotserim, or they might follow the profession of potters. (Haydock) ---

"With the king they were powerful in his kingdom, and dwelt there." (Septuagint) (Haydock) ---

The Vulgate often give the meaning of proper names. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:27 - Juda Juda, probably, not even in the following cities, which they inhabited along with them. This tribe of Simeon was always the weakest, and kept close ...

Juda, probably, not even in the following cities, which they inhabited along with them. This tribe of Simeon was always the weakest, and kept close to Juda. See Numbers xxvi. 14.

Haydock: 1Ch 4:30 - Bathuel Bathuel appears to be the same with Bethulia, Judith vi. 7. (Calmet)

Bathuel appears to be the same with Bethulia, Judith vi. 7. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:31 - David David, who had Siceleg given to him, 1 Kings xxvii. 6. (Haydock) --- After the schism, Juda straitened the tribe of Simeon; so that it was forced t...

David, who had Siceleg given to him, 1 Kings xxvii. 6. (Haydock) ---

After the schism, Juda straitened the tribe of Simeon; so that it was forced to seek for other habitations in Gador, under Ezechias, ver. 39., &c. (Calmet) ---

It could no longer reside among those of the tribe of Juda, (Du Hamel) and acknowledge another king. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:33 - Baal // Distribution // Greek: Katalogismos Baal, or Ballath, Josue xix. 1. --- Distribution. Hebrew and Septuagint, "and their genealogy." (Menochius) --- Greek: Katalogismos, may as wel...

Baal, or Ballath, Josue xix. 1. ---

Distribution. Hebrew and Septuagint, "and their genealogy." (Menochius) ---

Greek: Katalogismos, may as well have the former signification, "their class;" (Haydock) though the sequel seems to determine it in the latter sense. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:34 - Mosabab Mosabab. This and the following princes joined their forces, to conquer fresh territories from Gador, (Haydock) or Gadara, near Joppe, (Strabo xvi.)...

Mosabab. This and the following princes joined their forces, to conquer fresh territories from Gador, (Haydock) or Gadara, near Joppe, (Strabo xvi.) which had been long in the possession (Haydock) of the Egyptians, (ver. 40.; Calmet) or Philistines. (Malvenda)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:40 - Cham Cham. It is not certain that the Philistines, who came from the country of the Casluim, were descendants of Mezraim, Genesis x. 14. But it is very ...

Cham. It is not certain that the Philistines, who came from the country of the Casluim, were descendants of Mezraim, Genesis x. 14. But it is very clear that the Egyptians sprung from Cham, Psalm lxxvii. 51.

Haydock: 1Ch 4:41 - Inhabitants Inhabitants. Septuagint, "and the Mineans." Hebrew meyenim, "the inhabitants of Maon," in Arabia. See Judges x. 11. Syriac and Arabic, "the fou...

Inhabitants. Septuagint, "and the Mineans." Hebrew meyenim, "the inhabitants of Maon," in Arabia. See Judges x. 11. Syriac and Arabic, "the fountains."

Haydock: 1Ch 4:42 - Jesi Jesi; perhaps Asaia, by the transposition of one letter; (ver. 36.; Calmet) or these chiefs were remote descendants of Jesi, ver. 20. (Haydock) --- ...

Jesi; perhaps Asaia, by the transposition of one letter; (ver. 36.; Calmet) or these chiefs were remote descendants of Jesi, ver. 20. (Haydock) ---

The expedition probably took place about the same time as the preceding, to avoid the attack of the Assyrians, or of Juda, by retiring farther into Arabia. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ch 4:43 - Escape // Day Escape the arms of Saul, or of David. (Du Hamel) --- Day. It seems, therefore, that they escaped captivity, having abandoned their own country; o...

Escape the arms of Saul, or of David. (Du Hamel) ---

Day. It seems, therefore, that they escaped captivity, having abandoned their own country; or this was taken from a record, which had been made before that event, and is here inserted by Esdras; though, when he wrote, these Simeonites might have experienced the fate of their brethren, who were led captives in the 6th year of Ezechias. (Haydock)

Gill: 1Ch 4:1 - The sons of Judah: Pharez // Hezron, and Carmi, and Hur, and Shobal The sons of Judah: Pharez,.... The posterity of Judah in the line of Pharez, for he only is mentioned: Hezron, and Carmi, and Hur, and Shobal. Hezr...

The sons of Judah: Pharez,.... The posterity of Judah in the line of Pharez, for he only is mentioned:

Hezron, and Carmi, and Hur, and Shobal. Hezron was the son of Pharez, and Carmi is supposed to be Chelubai, or Caleb, the son of Hezron; and Hur the son of Caleb; and Shobal was the son of the second Caleb the son of Hur; see 1Ch 2:5.

Gill: 1Ch 4:2 - And Reaiah the son of Shobal begat Jahath // and Jahath begat Ahumai, and Lahad. These are the families of the Zorathites And Reaiah the son of Shobal begat Jahath,.... Reaiah is the same with Haroeh, 1Ch 2:52 the names are of the same signification: and Jahath begat A...

And Reaiah the son of Shobal begat Jahath,.... Reaiah is the same with Haroeh, 1Ch 2:52 the names are of the same signification:

and Jahath begat Ahumai, and Lahad. These are the families of the Zorathites; who inhabited Zoreah, as the Targum, at least part of it; see 1Ch 2:53.

Gill: 1Ch 4:3 - And these were of the father of Etam // Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash // and the name of their sister was Hazelelponi And these were of the father of Etam,.... Or of the prince of Etam: or, as the Targum, these are princes that dwelt in Etam, a place not far from Zora...

And these were of the father of Etam,.... Or of the prince of Etam: or, as the Targum, these are princes that dwelt in Etam, a place not far from Zorah, Jdg 15:8 and is mentioned with Bethlehem and Tekoa in the tribe of Judah, 2Ch 11:6, namely, which follow:

Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash; these were the sons of the governor of Etam:

and the name of their sister was Hazelelponi; who, perhaps, was a person of great note in those days, though now unknown; indeed, a Jewish chronologer w tells us, that the mother of Samson was Hazalelponith, of the tribe of Judah.

Gill: 1Ch 4:4 - And Penuel the father of Gedor // and Ezer the father of Hushah // these are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah // who was the father of Bethlehem And Penuel the father of Gedor,.... The prince of that place, according to some, and the same with Hareph, 1Ch 2:51, and Ezer the father of Hushah:...

And Penuel the father of Gedor,.... The prince of that place, according to some, and the same with Hareph, 1Ch 2:51,

and Ezer the father of Hushah: thought to be the same with Shuah, 1Ch 4:11,

these are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah: Caleb's wife, 1Ch 2:19 the Targum adds, the same with Miriam; and so other Jewish writers x say, Miriam had two names, and one was Ephratah; though Josephus makes y Hur to be her husband, and not her son, as here:

who was the father of Bethlehem; of the inhabitants of that city, at least part of them, or prince of that place, as his grandson Salma also was, 1Ch 2:51.

Gill: 1Ch 4:5 - And Ashur the father of Tekoa // had two wives, Helah and Naarah And Ashur the father of Tekoa,.... A son of Hezron by Abiah, 1Ch 2:24. had two wives, Helah and Naarah; as Lamech had, polygamy not being reckoned ...

And Ashur the father of Tekoa,.... A son of Hezron by Abiah, 1Ch 2:24.

had two wives, Helah and Naarah; as Lamech had, polygamy not being reckoned unlawful in those times.

Gill: 1Ch 4:6 - And Naarah bare him Ahuzam, and Hepher, and Temeni, and Haahashtari // these were the sons of Naarah And Naarah bare him Ahuzam, and Hepher, and Temeni, and Haahashtari,.... Of whom we have no account elsewhere: these were the sons of Naarah; the s...

And Naarah bare him Ahuzam, and Hepher, and Temeni, and Haahashtari,.... Of whom we have no account elsewhere:

these were the sons of Naarah; the second wife of Ashur.

Gill: 1Ch 4:7 - And the sons of Helah // were Zereth, and Zoar, and Ethnan And the sons of Helah,.... The other wife: were Zereth, and Zoar, and Ethnan: nowhere else mentioned.

And the sons of Helah,.... The other wife:

were Zereth, and Zoar, and Ethnan: nowhere else mentioned.

Gill: 1Ch 4:8 - And Coz // begat Anub, and Zobebah // and the families of Aharhel, the son of Harum And Coz,.... Another son of Helah, and brother of the before mentioned: begat Anub, and Zobebah; of whom we nowhere else read: and the families ...

And Coz,.... Another son of Helah, and brother of the before mentioned:

begat Anub, and Zobebah; of whom we nowhere else read:

and the families of Aharhel, the son of Harum; these were of the posterity of Coz; the Targum is,

"and the family of Aharhel, this is Hur, the firstborn of Miriam;''which is not at all probable.

Gill: 1Ch 4:9 - And Jabez was more honourable than his brethren // and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, because I bare him with sorrow And Jabez was more honourable than his brethren,.... The Targum adds,"and wiser in the law than his brethren;''or he might be a man of great wealth an...

And Jabez was more honourable than his brethren,.... The Targum adds,"and wiser in the law than his brethren;''or he might be a man of great wealth and riches, or of great strength and courage, all which make a man honourable; or he may be so called, because a praying man, as follows, a man of devotion and religion, a man of God, see 1Sa 9:6, but who he was is not easy to say, probably a son or brother of Harum, or however that belonged to one of the families of Aharhel, mentioned in the preceding verse; for that he was Othniel, as say the Targumist and other Jewish writers z, is not probable, and besides is after spoken of distinct from him, 1Ch 4:13.

and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, because I bare him with sorrow; either with sorrow for her husband, being dead, or by reason of very sharp pains she endured at the birth of him; he was another Benoni.

Gill: 1Ch 4:10 - And Jabez called on the God of Israel // let him bless thee // saying, oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed // and enlarge my coast // and that thine hand might be with me // and that thou wouldest keep me from evil // and God granted him that which he requested And Jabez called on the God of Israel,.... Or prayed to him, as the Targum; though some understand it as a vow, promising what he would do if God woul...

And Jabez called on the God of Israel,.... Or prayed to him, as the Targum; though some understand it as a vow, promising what he would do if God would do thus and thus for him; the Syriac and Arabic versions read in the third person, taking it to be what others, his parents and friends, wished for him:

let him bless thee,.... but they are doubtless his own words, and a supplication of his to the Lord:

saying, oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed; the Targum adds, with children; but he no doubt prayed for greater blessings than any outward or temporal ones are, even spiritual blessings, covenant blessings, the sure mercies of David, which are solid, substantial, durable, and irreversible:

and enlarge my coast; the Targum is,"multiply my borders with disciples.''It may be understood of an enlargement of the borders of his country, by expelling the Canaanites that might dwell in it, and of an increase of his worldly substance for good ends and purposes; or rather of a spiritual enlargement by deliverance from spiritual enemies, and of grace as to exercise; and particularly of spiritual light and knowledge, and of the affections and desires of the soul after divine things, see Psa 4:1.

and that thine hand might be with me; the Targum adds, in business, prospering and succeeding him; the sense may be, that his hand of providence might be with him to protect him, of grace and love to comfort and help him in every time of need, of wisdom to direct him, and of power to keep him:

and that thou wouldest keep me from evil; from the evil of affliction, and especially from the evil of sin, and from the evil one, Satan, and from all evil men and evil company; the Targum is,"and make me companions such as I am:''that it may not grieve me; alluding to his name Jabez, which he had from the sorrow and grief of his mother; and nothing is more grieving to a good man than the evil of sin, so contrary to the nature and will of God, being committed against a God of infinite love, grace, and mercy, whereby the name, ways, and truths of Christ are dishonoured, and the Spirit of God grieved, and saints are bereaved of much comfort; and therefore desire to be kept from it, knowing they cannot keep themselves, but the Lord can and will, at least from the tyranny of it, and destruction by it: the Targum is,"lest the evil figment (or corruption of nature) should move or provoke me:"

and God granted him that which he requested; as he does whatever is asked in faith, according to his will, and will make for his glory, and the good of his people; see 1Jo 5:14.

Gill: 1Ch 4:11 - And Chelub the brother of Shuah begat Mehir // which was the father of Eshton And Chelub the brother of Shuah begat Mehir,.... If Shuah is the same with Hushah, 1Ch 4:4, then Chelub was the son of Ezer: which was the father o...

And Chelub the brother of Shuah begat Mehir,.... If Shuah is the same with Hushah, 1Ch 4:4, then Chelub was the son of Ezer:

which was the father of Eshton; not the prince of a place called Eshton, as Vatablus; for it is the name of a man, the son of Mehir, and who in the next verse is said to beget sons.

Gill: 1Ch 4:12 - And Eshton begat Bethrapha // and Paseah, and Tehinnah the father of Irnahash // these are the men of Rechah And Eshton begat Bethrapha,.... Or the family of Rapha: and Paseah, and Tehinnah the father of Irnahash; or the city of Nahash; Tehinnah seems to h...

And Eshton begat Bethrapha,.... Or the family of Rapha:

and Paseah, and Tehinnah the father of Irnahash; or the city of Nahash; Tehinnah seems to have been the prince or governor of a city, so called:

these are the men of Rechah; these sons of Eshton dwelt in a place called Rechah; the Targum, without any reason, says, these are the men of the great sanhedrim.

Gill: 1Ch 4:13 - And the sons of Kenaz // Othniel, and Seraiah // and the son of Othniel, Hathath And the sons of Kenaz,.... Who was either the son of Chelub, or of Eshton: Othniel, and Seraiah; the first of these is he who is mentioned, Jos 15:...

And the sons of Kenaz,.... Who was either the son of Chelub, or of Eshton:

Othniel, and Seraiah; the first of these is he who is mentioned, Jos 15:17 and was the first judge in Israel:

and the son of Othniel, Hathath; and the next mentioned.

Gill: 1Ch 4:14 - And Meonothai // begat Ophrah; and Seraiah, the brother of Othniel, begat Joab // the father of the valley of Charashim // for they were craftsmen And Meonothai,.... Another son of Othniel: begat Ophrah; and Seraiah, the brother of Othniel, begat Joab; not David's general, but another of the s...

And Meonothai,.... Another son of Othniel:

begat Ophrah; and Seraiah, the brother of Othniel, begat Joab; not David's general, but another of the same name, who lived long before him, see 1Ch 2:54.

the father of the valley of Charashim: of the inhabitants of the valley, or the prince of them, called the valley of craftsmen, Neh 11:35 the reason of which is here given:

for they were craftsmen; that dwelt in it, carpenters and smiths, both which the word signifies, men that wrought in stone, wood, and iron.

Gill: 1Ch 4:15 - And the sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh // his sons were Iru, Elah, and Naam // and the sons of Elah, even Kenaz And the sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh,.... Jephunneh is not the same with Hezron, as the Targum, but another son of Kenaz, hence called the Kenez...

And the sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh,.... Jephunneh is not the same with Hezron, as the Targum, but another son of Kenaz, hence called the Kenezite, Jos 14:6 and brother of Othniel; and Caleb his son is the same that was sent one of the spies of the land of Canaan by Moses, see Num 13:6.

his sons were Iru, Elah, and Naam; of whom we nowhere else read:

and the sons of Elah, even Kenaz; another Kenaz, or rather it should be read Uknaz; so Jarchi and Kimchi.

Gill: 1Ch 4:16 - And the sons of Jehaleleel // Ziph, and Ziphah, Tiria, and Asareel And the sons of Jehaleleel,.... Who probably was the son of Uknaz: Ziph, and Ziphah, Tiria, and Asareel; there were two cities in the tribe of Juda...

And the sons of Jehaleleel,.... Who probably was the son of Uknaz:

Ziph, and Ziphah, Tiria, and Asareel; there were two cities in the tribe of Judah of the name of Ziph, Jos 15:24, which might be called from these men, or from Ziph in 1Ch 2:42.

Gill: 1Ch 4:17 - And the sons of Ezra // Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon // and she bare Miriam // and Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa And the sons of Ezra,.... Who was perhaps the son of Asareel, last mentioned: Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon; only one of them, Mered, is ...

And the sons of Ezra,.... Who was perhaps the son of Asareel, last mentioned:

Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon; only one of them, Mered, is after mentioned:

and she bare Miriam; which is not the name of a woman, but of a man, as Kimchi observes; and, according to him, his mother was the wife of Mered, which he gathers from the next verse; though she seems to be the wife of Ezra, who bare him other sons:

and Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa; a prince of a city in the tribe of Judah, so called, Jos 15:50.

Gill: 1Ch 4:18 - And his wife Jehudijah // bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah // and these are the sons of Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took And his wife Jehudijah,.... Another wife of Ezra; or, according to Kimchi, of Mered; a Jewess, as the word is by some rendered, to distinguish her fro...

And his wife Jehudijah,.... Another wife of Ezra; or, according to Kimchi, of Mered; a Jewess, as the word is by some rendered, to distinguish her from another wife, an Egyptian, in the latter part of the verse:

bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah; who were princes, as Jarchi seems rightly to observe; of several cities of these names in the tribe of Judah, as of Gedor, see Jos 15:58, of Socoh, Jos 15:35, of Zanoah, Jos 15:34, the Targum interprets the names of all these men of Moses, whom Pharaoh's daughter brought up; and so other Jewish writers a, into which mistake they were led by what follows:

and these are the sons of Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took; that is, to wife; this Mered was one of the sons of Ezra, 1Ch 4:17 the Targum, and other Jewish writers b, say this was Caleb, called Mered, because he rebelled against the counsel of the spies; but this contradicts their other notion of Jehudijah, or Bithiah, Pharaoh's daughter, whom he married, the one who brought up Moses, since Moses was elder than Caleb; but Bithiah, whom Mered married, was not a daughter of Pharaoh king of Egypt, but of an Israelite of this name; her sons are supposed to be those in the latter part of 1Ch 4:17.

Gill: 1Ch 4:19 - And the sons of his wife Hodiah // the sister of Naham // the father of Keilah the Garmite // and Eshtemoa the Maachathite And the sons of his wife Hodiah,.... Another wife of Mered. Hillerus c takes her to be the same with Jehudijah, 1Ch 4:18, though some d take Hodiah to...

And the sons of his wife Hodiah,.... Another wife of Mered. Hillerus c takes her to be the same with Jehudijah, 1Ch 4:18, though some d take Hodiah to be the name of a man, and read the words, "and the sons of the wife of Hodiah"; which wife of Hodiah was

the sister of Naham; or rather Achotnaham, we render the sister of Naham, is the name of the first son of Hodiah, as some think e:

the father of Keilah the Garmite; prince of the city of Keilah, in the tribe of Judah, Jos 15:44 who sprung from the family of Garmi:

and Eshtemoa the Maachathite; the father or prince of the inhabitants of Eshtemoa, another city in the same tribe, see 1Ch 4:17 who sprung from Maachah, see 1Ch 2:48.

Gill: 1Ch 4:20 - And the sons of Shimon // Amnon, and Rinnah, Benhanan, and Tilon // and the sons of Ishi // Zoheth, and Benzoheth And the sons of Shimon,.... Perhaps another son of Mered by his last wife, or the same with Shammai, 1Ch 4:17 were Amnon, and Rinnah, Benhanan, and...

And the sons of Shimon,.... Perhaps another son of Mered by his last wife, or the same with Shammai, 1Ch 4:17 were

Amnon, and Rinnah, Benhanan, and Tilon; nowhere else mentioned:

and the sons of Ishi: who it may be was the brother of Shimon or Tilon: were

Zoheth, and Benzoheth; of whom we know no more than their names.

Gill: 1Ch 4:21 - The sons of Shelah, the son of Judah, were // Er the father of Lecah // and Laadah the father of Mareshah // and the families of the house of them that wrought fine linen, of the house of Ashbea The sons of Shelah, the son of Judah, were,.... The genealogy of the posterity of Judah, in the lines of Pharez and Zerah, being given, and very large...

The sons of Shelah, the son of Judah, were,.... The genealogy of the posterity of Judah, in the lines of Pharez and Zerah, being given, and very largely in that of the former, because of the honour of David, and his kingdom, which sprang from thence, as Jarchi observes, and also the King Messiah, the writer returns to give an account of his posterity by Shelah, a son he had by the daughter of Shuah, Gen 38:2 and the only one that had children: which were as follow:

Er the father of Lecah: prince of a city of this name in the tribe of Judah; Shelah gave him the name of Er, in memory of his brother, Gen 38:3,

and Laadah the father of Mareshah; prince of a city of this name in the same tribe, Jos 15:44.

and the families of the house of them that wrought fine linen, of the house of Ashbea; which last clause explains what house these families were of, which sprang from Shelah, and were employed in making fine linen; the Targum adds, for the garments of kings and priests, or for the curtains of the tabernacle, as Jarchi; for not with the Egyptians and Greeks only fine linen was made, but among the Hebrews, as Pausanias f testifies.

Gill: 1Ch 4:22 - And Jokim // and he that made the sun to stand // and the men of Chozeba // and Joash and Saraph, who had the dominion in Moab // and Jashubilehem // and these are ancient things And Jokim,.... The Vulgate Latin version is: and he that made the sun to stand: as if Joshua was meant; and in the Talmud it is g said Jokim, this ...

And Jokim,.... The Vulgate Latin version is:

and he that made the sun to stand: as if Joshua was meant; and in the Talmud it is g said Jokim, this is Joshua, who confirmed the oath to the Gibeonites; and the Targum here is,

"and the prophets of the scribes that sprang from the posterity of Joshua;''but Joshua was of the tribe of Ephraim, and not of Judah; though some interpret it of Elimelech, as Lyra observes h, of whom the fable is, that the sun stood still at his prayers, as it did in Joshua's time, to convert the men of Bethlehem; but Jokim is no doubt the proper name of some famous man or family that descended from Shelah:

and the men of Chozeba: which signifies a lie; and the Targum interprets it of the Gibeonites, who lied to Joshua; but those were Canaanites, and not of the posterity of Shelah, and tribe of Judah; Chezib, or Achzib, a city in the tribe of Judah, very probably is meant, as Kimchi, the very place where Shelah was born, Gen 38:5 and where dwelt some of his posterity:

and Joash and Saraph, who had the dominion in Moab; some render the word, "which married in Moab"; and so the Targum interprets it of Mahlon and Chilion, who took wives of the daughters of Moab; but rather it is to be understood of some who were governors in Moab in the times of David, when Moab was subdued by him, 2Sa 8:2 or however were such, who, at one time or another, made war with Moab, and overcame them:

and Jashubilehem: which the Targumist understands of Boaz, prince of the wise men of the school of Bethlehem, and the Talmudists i of Ruth, that dwelt in Bethlehem; and may be interpreted of some of the inhabitants of that place which sprang from Shelah; or rather is the name of a single man, famous in his time, though not now known:

and these are ancient things; an account of persons that lived in ancient times, and which the writer of this book gives not on his own knowledge, but by tradition, or rather by inspiration.

Gill: 1Ch 4:23 - These were the potters // dwelt among plants and hedges // there they dwelt with the king for his work These were the potters,.... Or are the potters; the posterity of those men, who were so famous in their day, are now of mean employments: some of them...

These were the potters,.... Or are the potters; the posterity of those men, who were so famous in their day, are now of mean employments: some of them made earthen pots; and some of them

dwelt among plants and hedges; or were employed in planting gardens and orchards, and making fences for them; or, as others think, "dwelt in Netaim and Gadara", cities in the tribe of Judah:

there they dwelt with the king for his work; to make pots, plant gardens, and set hedges for him; either for the king of Judah, or it may be for the king of Babylon, where they were carried captive, and now chose to remain, doing those servile works for the king, without the city, in the fields.

Gill: 1Ch 4:24 - The sons of Simeon // and Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul The sons of Simeon,.... The account of whom, next to the tribe of Judah, is given before Reuben, because its inheritance lay in the tribe of Judah, Jo...

The sons of Simeon,.... The account of whom, next to the tribe of Judah, is given before Reuben, because its inheritance lay in the tribe of Judah, Jos 19:1 his sons were Nemuel, the same with Jemuel, Gen 46:10.

and Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul; who, in the place referred to, is said to be the son of a Canaanitish woman; and Jarib and Zerah are the same with Jachin and Zohar there: and Obed is here omitted, it may be because he died without issue; see Num 26:12.

Gill: 1Ch 4:25 - Shallum his son Shallum his son,.... The son of Shaul, and Mibsam was the son of Shallum, and Mishma the son of Mibsam.

Shallum his son,.... The son of Shaul, and Mibsam was the son of Shallum, and Mishma the son of Mibsam.

Gill: 1Ch 4:26 - And the sons of Mishma And the sons of Mishma,.... These were Hamuel, Zacchur, and Shimei.

And the sons of Mishma,.... These were Hamuel, Zacchur, and Shimei.

Gill: 1Ch 4:27 - And Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters // but his brethren had not many children // neither did all their family multiply like to the children of Judah And Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters,.... None of which are mentioned by name: but his brethren had not many children: Hamuel and Zacchur:...

And Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters,.... None of which are mentioned by name:

but his brethren had not many children: Hamuel and Zacchur:

neither did all their family multiply like to the children of Judah: to show the fruitfulness and great increase of which tribe, the genealogical account of it, in this and the two preceding chapters, is given.

Gill: 1Ch 4:28-31 - And they dwelt at Beersheba // these were their cities unto the reign of David And they dwelt at Beersheba,.... posterity of Simeon; and this and the other places of their habitation are mentioned in the same order, and with very...

And they dwelt at Beersheba,.... posterity of Simeon; and this and the other places of their habitation are mentioned in the same order, and with very little variation of names to the end of 1Ch 4:31, as in Jos 19:2 and here, at 1Ch 4:31 it is added:

these were their cities unto the reign of David; when, according to Kimchi, and other Jewish writers, he expelled them from thence, and restored them to the tribe of Judah.

Gill: 1Ch 4:32 - And their villages were Etam, and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Ashan, five cities. And their villages were Etam, and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Ashan, five cities. There are but four mentioned in Jos 19:7 one might be added since, ...

And their villages were Etam, and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Ashan, five cities. There are but four mentioned in Jos 19:7 one might be added since, or new built, namely, Tochen; these, according to Kimchi, were all that remained for them to dwell in, in the times of David; and therefore they were obliged to seek out for new settlements for themselves and flocks, as in 1Ch 4:39, &c.

Gill: 1Ch 4:33 - And all their villages that were round about the same cities, unto Baal // these were their habitations, and their genealogy And all their villages that were round about the same cities, unto Baal,.... The same with Baalathbeer, Jos 19:8. these were their habitations, and...

And all their villages that were round about the same cities, unto Baal,.... The same with Baalathbeer, Jos 19:8.

these were their habitations, and their genealogy; as before described, until the times of David.

Gill: 1Ch 4:34-37 - And Meshobab, and Jamlech And Meshobab, and Jamlech,.... These, with those that follow to the end of 1Ch 4:37 were famous men in the tribe of Simeon, of rank and dignity, and e...

And Meshobab, and Jamlech,.... These, with those that follow to the end of 1Ch 4:37 were famous men in the tribe of Simeon, of rank and dignity, and eminent for courage and valour, as the latter part of the chapter testifies, though they are nowhere else taken notice of. Jamlech, as Fabritius k observes, is not very different from Jamblichus, the name of a famous Platonic philosopher.

Gill: 1Ch 4:38 - These mentioned by their names were princes in their families // and the house of their fathers increased greatly These mentioned by their names were princes in their families,.... The principal men of them, heads of their fathers' houses: and the house of th...

These mentioned by their names were princes in their families,.... The principal men of them, heads of their fathers' houses:

and the house of their fathers increased greatly; by them, so that they were obliged to seek out for new habitations, as follows.

Gill: 1Ch 4:39 - And they went to the entrance of Gedor // even unto the east side of the valley // to seek pasture for their flocks And they went to the entrance of Gedor,.... There was a city of this name in the tribe of Judah, 1Ch 4:18 but this seems to be further off, and perhap...

And they went to the entrance of Gedor,.... There was a city of this name in the tribe of Judah, 1Ch 4:18 but this seems to be further off, and perhaps is the same with Gedaris, mentioned by Strabo l along with Azotus and Askelon, cities that belonged to the Philistines; since it was inhabited by the posterity of Ham, of whom the Philistines were, as in the following verse:

even unto the east side of the valley; which was near to Gedor, and a suitable place:

to seek pasture for their flocks; their sheep and goats.

Gill: 1Ch 4:40 - And they found fat pasture and good // and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable // for they of Ham had dwelt there of old And they found fat pasture and good,.... In or near the valley of Gedor: and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable; there was room enough for...

And they found fat pasture and good,.... In or near the valley of Gedor:

and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable; there was room enough for them and their flocks, and they had no enemies on either side to disturb them:

for they of Ham had dwelt there of old; either the Canaanites who descended from Canaan the son of Ham, and had never been expelled from thence; or the Philistines, who were a colony of the Egyptians, the posterity of Ham; and these inhabitants being of this cursed race, the Simeonites scrupled not to dispossess them.

Gill: 1Ch 4:41 - And these written by name // came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah // and smote their tents // and the habitations that were found there // and destroyed them utterly unto this day // and dwelt in their room, because there was pasture there for their flocks And these written by name,.... Before in 1Ch 4:34, came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah; as Dr. Lightfoot m thinks, not within the first four...

And these written by name,.... Before in 1Ch 4:34,

came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah; as Dr. Lightfoot m thinks, not within the first fourteen years of his reign, when the Syrian army was abroad, and none dost peep out, but in his last fifteen years, when the army was destroyed and gone:

and smote their tents; the tents of those who dwelt there for the sake of feeding their flocks, and whose pasturage the Simeonites wanted:

and the habitations that were found there; or the Meunaim or Maonites, which the Septuagint Version here calls Mineans, a people sometimes mentioned along with the Philistines, and others: see Jdg 10:11.

and destroyed them utterly unto this day: to the writing of this book; they had not then recovered their possessions:

and dwelt in their room, because there was pasture there for their flocks; which was the thing they were in search of.

Gill: 1Ch 4:42 - And some of them, even of the sons of Simeon, five hundred men went to Mount Seir // having for their captains Pelatiah, and Neariah, and Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi And some of them, even of the sons of Simeon, five hundred men went to Mount Seir,.... In the land of Edom: having for their captains Pelatiah, and...

And some of them, even of the sons of Simeon, five hundred men went to Mount Seir,.... In the land of Edom:

having for their captains Pelatiah, and Neariah, and Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi; these four captains are said, by the ancient Rabbins, to be of the tribe of Manasseh, as Kimchi observes; see 1Ch 5:24 but as the five hundred they were at the head of were of the sons of Simeon, the captains, no doubt, were of the same race.

Gill: 1Ch 4:43 - And they smote the rest of the Amalekites that were escaped // and dwelt there unto this day And they smote the rest of the Amalekites that were escaped,.... That escaped the sword of Saul; though, according to the Jews n, 100,000 of them were...

And they smote the rest of the Amalekites that were escaped,.... That escaped the sword of Saul; though, according to the Jews n, 100,000 of them were slain by him in one day; and of the sword of David, though he is said not to leave man or woman alive, 1Sa 27:8.

and dwelt there unto this day; in the cities of the Amalekites, even of the posterity of the above; who were some of the remnant of Israel, that were not carried away by the king of Assyria, and who dwelt here after the return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity, even in the times of Ezra, the writer of this book; see 2Ch 34:9.

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NET Notes: 1Ch 4:9 In Hebrew the name יַעְבֵּץ (ya’bets, “Jabez”) sounds like the noun עֹ&#...

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:10 Heb “and God brought about what he had asked.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:12 Or “of the city of Nahash.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:13 “Meonothai” is read here by some mss of the LXX, along with the Vulgate. The name apparently was dropped from the Hebrew text by haplograp...

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:14 Heb “the father of Ge Harashim, for they were craftsmen.” The name “Ge Harashim” means “valley of craftsmen.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:15 Heb “and the sons of Elah and Kenaz.” Kenaz was actually the son of Elah.

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:17 The Hebrew text has simply, “and she gave birth to,” without identifying the subject. The words “Mered’s wife Bithiah” a...

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:18 Heb “took,” referring to taking in marriage.

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:20 Or “and the son of Zoheth” (NAB). The word בֶּן (ben) in Hebrew means “son [of].”

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:22 Heb “and the words are old.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:23 Heb “and those who lived in Netaim and Gederah; with the king in his work they lived there.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:33 Some LXX mss read “Baalath” (cf. Josh 19:8). This is followed by some English versions (e.g., NIV, NCV, TEV, NLT).

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:34 The words “their clan leaders were” are added in the translation for clarification. See v. 38a, which makes this clear.

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:41 Heb “and they lived in place of them.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 4:43 Heb “and struck down the remnant that had escaped belonging to Amalek.”

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:1 The ( a ) sons of Judah; Pharez, Hezron, and Carmi, and Hur, and Shobal. ( a ) Meaning, they came from Judah, as nephews and kinsmen: for only Pharez...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:4 And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These [are] the sons of Hur, the ( b ) firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem. ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:9 And Jabez was more honourable than his brethren: and his mother called his name ( c ) Jabez, saying, Because I bare him with sorrow. ( c ) Otherwise ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:10 And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and ( d ) that thine hand might be with me...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:14 And Meonothai begat Ophrah: and Seraiah begat Joab, the ( e ) father of the valley of Charashim; for they were craftsmen. ( e ) The Lord of the valle...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:15 And the sons of Caleb the son of ( f ) Jephunneh; Iru, Elah, and Naam: and the sons of Elah, even Kenaz. ( f ) Called also Esrom.

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:23 These [were] the potters, and those that dwelt among plants and hedges: ( g ) there they dwelt with the king for his work. ( g ) They were David's ga...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:24 The sons of Simeon [were], Nemuel, and Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, [and] ( h ) Shaul: ( h ) His son Obed is omitted here.

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:28 And they dwelt at ( i ) Beersheba, and Moladah, and Hazarshual, ( i ) These cities belonged to Judah, (Jos 19:2), and were given to the tribe of Sime...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:31 And at Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusim, and at Bethbirei, and at Shaaraim. These [were] their cities unto the reign of ( k ) David. ( k ) Then David re...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:39 And they ( l ) went to the entrance of Gedor, [even] unto the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks. ( l ) For the tribe of Simeo...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 4:43 And they smote the rest of the Amalekites that were ( m ) escaped, and dwelt there unto this day. ( m ) And were not slain by Saul and David.

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Maclaren: 1Ch 4:23 - A Libation To Jehovah The King's Potters There They Dwelt With The King For His Work.'--1 Chron. 4:23. IN these dry lists of names which abound in Chronicles, we now and t...

MHCC: 1Ch 4:1-43 - --In this chapter we have a further account of Judah, the most numerous and most famous of all the tribes; also an account of Simeon. The most remarkabl...

Matthew Henry: 1Ch 4:1-10 - -- One reason, no doubt, why Ezra is here most particular in the register of the tribe of Judah is because it was that tribe which, with its appendages...

Matthew Henry: 1Ch 4:11-23 - -- We may observe in these verses, 1. That here is a whole family of craftsmen, handicraft tradesmen, that applied themselves to all sorts of manufactu...

Matthew Henry: 1Ch 4:24-43 - -- We have here some of the genealogies of the tribe of Simeon (though it was not a tribe of great note), especially the princes of that tribe, 1Ch 4:3...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:1 - -- 1Ch 4:1 is evidently intended to be a superscription to the genealogical fragments which follow. Five names are mentioned as sons of Judah, of whom ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:2 - -- 1Ch 4:2, with the descendants of Shobal . As to Reaiah the son of Shobal, see 1Ch 2:52. He begat Jahath, a name often occurring in Levite families,...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:3-4 - -- 1Ch 4:3 and 1Ch 4:4 contain notices of the descendants of Hur. The first words of the third verse, "these, father of Etam, Jezreel,"have no meaning;...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:5-6 - -- Sons of Ashur , the father of Tekoa, who, according to 1Ch 2:24, was a posthumous son of Hezron. Ashur had two wives, Helah and Naarah. Of the latt...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:7 - -- The first wife, Helah, bore three sons, Zereth, Jezoar, and Ethnan, who are not elsewhere met with. For the Kethibh יצחר there is in the Keri ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:8-10 - -- 1Ch 4:8-10 contain a fragment, the connection of which with the sons of Judah mentioned in 1 Chron 2 is not clear. Coz begat Anub, etc. The name ק...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:11-12 - -- The genealogy of the men of Rechah. - As to their connection with the larger families of Judah, nothing has been handed down to us. Chelub, another ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:13-14 - -- Descendants of Kenaz. - קנז is a descendant of Hezron the son of Pharez, as may be inferred from the fact that Caleb the son of Jephunneh, a de...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:15 - -- Of Iru, Elah, and Naam, the sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh (cf. on 1Ch 4:13), nothing more is known. To connect Elah with the Edomite chief of t...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:16-20 - -- Descendants of various men , whose genealogical connection with the sons and grandsons of Judah, mentioned in 1Ch 4:1, is not given in the text as ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:21-22 - -- Descendants of Shelah , the third son of Judah, 1Ch 2:3, and Gen 38:5. - All the families of Judah enumerated in vv. 2-20 are connected together by...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:23 - -- "These are the potters and the inhabitants of Netaim and Gedera."It is doubtful whether המּה refers to all the descendants of Shelah, or only to...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:24-27 - -- The families of Simeon. - Of the six sons of Simeon, Gen 46:10 and Exo 6:15, only the five are here named who, according to Num 26:12-14, founded th...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:28-31 - -- The ancient dwelling-places of the Simeonites , which they received within the tribal domain of Judah at the division of the land by Joshua; cf. Jo...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:32 - -- Instead of the five cities, Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, only four are mentioned in Jos 19:7, viz., Ain, Rimmon, Ether, and Ashan; עתר ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:33 - -- Concerning the villages belonging to these cities, cf. on Jos 19:8, where for בּעל we have the more accurate בּאר בּעלת , and Ramah of ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:34-37 - -- Emigrations of Simeonite families into other districts. - 1Ch 4:34-41 record an expedition of the Simeonites, in the time of Hezekiah, undertaken f...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:38 - -- "These mentioned by their names were princes in their families; whose fathers'-houses had increased to a multitude. And they went,"etc. בשׁמות...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:39-40 - -- The princes named "went westward from Gedor to the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks." גדר מבוא does not mean the e...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:41 - -- The above-mentioned Simeonite princes, with their people, fell upon the peaceful little people of the Hamites in the days of Hezekiah, and smote, i....

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 4:42-43 - -- A part of the Simeonites undertook a second war of conquest against Mount Seir. Led by four chiefs of the sons of Shimei (cf. 1Ch 4:27), 500 men mar...

Constable: 1Ch 1:1--9:44 - --I. ISRAEL'S HISTORICAL ROOTS chs. 1--9 "The fact that the author of 1 and 2 Chronicles devoted nine chapters out...

Constable: 1Ch 4:1--7:40 - --B. The House of Israel chs. 4-7 The writer's next concern was to trace the line of people to whom and th...

Constable: 1Ch 4:1-23 - --1. The family of Judah 4:1-23 Jacob prophesied that his third son, Judah, would become the leade...

Constable: 1Ch 4:24-43 - --2. The family of Simeon 4:24-43 The writer may have listed Simeon's descendants next because the...

Guzik: 1Ch 4:1-43 - The Tribes of Israel and their Descendents 1 Chronicles 4 through 8 - The Tribes of Israel and their Descendents "How barren to us is this register, both of incident and interest! And yet,...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF CHRONICLES were also considered as one by the ancient Jews, who called them "words of days," that is, diaries or journal...

JFB: 1 Chronicles (Garis Besar) ADAM'S LINE TO NOAH. (1Ch. 1:1-23) SHEM'S LINE TO ABRAHAM. (1Ch 1:24-28) SONS OF ISHMAEL. (1Ch 1:29-31) SONS OF KETURAH. (1Ch 1:32-33) POSTERITY OF A...

TSK: 1 Chronicles 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 1Ch 4:1, The posterity of Judah by Caleb, the son of Hur; 1Ch 4:5, Of Ashur, the posthumous son Hezron; 1Ch 4:9, Of Jabez, and his prayer...

Poole: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIRST BOOK OF THE CHRONICLES THE ARGUMENT THESE Books of the CHRONICLES are not the same which are so called, 1Ki 14:19 , and elsewhere, (because...

Poole: 1 Chronicles 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHRONICLES Chapter 4 The posterity of Judah by Caleb the son of Hur, 1Ch 4:1-4 . By Ashur, 1Ch 4:5-8 . By Jabez: his prayer, 1Ch 4:9-20 . The poste...

MHCC: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) The books of Chronicles are, in a great measure, repetitions of what is in the books of Samuel and of the Kings, yet there are some excellent useful t...

MHCC: 1 Chronicles 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Genealogies.

Matthew Henry: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The First Book of Chronicles In common things repetition is thought needless and nauseous; but, in sacr...

Matthew Henry: 1 Chronicles 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In this chapter we have, I. A further account of the genealogies of the tribe of Judah, the most numerous and most famous of all the tribes. The p...

Constable: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The earliest Hebrew title for the Books of Chronicles translates as...

Constable: 1 Chronicles (Garis Besar) Outline I. Israel's historical roots chs. 1-9 A. The lineage of David chs. 1-3 ...

Constable: 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST BOOK OF PARALIPOMENON. INTRODUCTION. These Books are called by the Greek Interpreters, Paralipomenon; ( Greek: Paraleipomenon, ) tha...

Gill: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES This and the following book were reckoned by the Jews as one book, as appears by the Masoretic note at the end of the ...

Gill: 1 Chronicles 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES 4 In this chapter is a further account of the tribe of Judah, and of some principal families in it, 1Ch 4:1 and of the...

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