kecilkan semua  

Teks -- 1 Samuel 9:1-27 (NET)

Tampilkan Strong
Konteks
Samuel Meets with Saul
9:1 There was a Benjaminite man named Kish son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Becorath, the son of Aphiah of Benjamin. He was a prominent person. 9:2 He had a son named Saul, a handsome young man. There was no one among the Israelites more handsome than he was; he stood head and shoulders above all the people. 9:3 The donkeys of Saul’s father Kish wandered off, so Kish said to his son Saul, “Take one of the servants with you and go look for the donkeys.” 9:4 So Saul crossed through the hill country of Ephraim, passing through the land of Shalisha, but they did not find them. So they crossed through the land of Shaalim, but they were not there. Then he crossed through the land of Benjamin, and still they did not find them. 9:5 When they came to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his servant who was with him, “Come on, let’s head back before my father quits worrying about the donkeys and becomes anxious about us!” 9:6 But the servant said to him, “Look, there is a man of God in this town. He is highly respected. Everything that he says really happens. Now let’s go there. Perhaps he will tell us where we should go from here.” 9:7 So Saul said to his servant, “All right, we can go. But what can we bring the man, since the food in our bags is used up? We have no gift to take to the man of God. What do we have?” 9:8 The servant went on to answer Saul, “Look, I happen to have in my hand a quarter shekel of silver. I will give it to the man of God and he will tell us where we should go.” 9:9 (Now it used to be in Israel that whenever someone went to inquire of God he would say, “Come on, let’s go to the seer.” For today’s prophet used to be called a seer.) 9:10 So Saul said to his servant, “That’s a good idea! Come on. Let’s go.” So they went to the town where the man of God was. 9:11 As they were going up the ascent to the town, they met some girls coming out to draw water. They said to them, “Is this where the seer is?” 9:12 They replied, “Yes, straight ahead! But hurry now, for he came to the town today, and the people are making a sacrifice at the high place. 9:13 When you enter the town, you can find him before he goes up to the high place to eat. The people won’t eat until he arrives, for he must bless the sacrifice. Once that happens, those who have been invited will eat. Now go on up, for this is the time when you can find him!” 9:14 So they went up to the town. As they were heading for the middle of the town, Samuel was coming in their direction to go up to the high place. 9:15 Now the day before Saul arrived, the Lord had told Samuel: 9:16 “At this time tomorrow I will send to you a man from the land of Benjamin. You must consecrate him as a leader over my people Israel. He will save my people from the hand of the Philistines. For I have looked with favor on my people. Their cry has reached me!” 9:17 When Samuel saw Saul, the Lord said, “Here is the man that I told you about! He will rule over my people.” 9:18 As Saul approached Samuel in the middle of the gate, he said, “Please tell me where the seer’s house is.” 9:19 Samuel replied to Saul, “I am the seer! Go up in front of me to the high place! Today you will eat with me and in the morning I will send you away. I will tell you everything that you are thinking. 9:20 Don’t be concerned about the donkeys that you lost three days ago, for they have been found. Whom does all Israel desire? Is it not you, and all your father’s family?” 9:21 Saul replied, “Am I not a Benjaminite, from the smallest of Israel’s tribes, and is not my family clan the smallest of all the tribes of Benjamin? Why do you speak to me in this way?” 9:22 Then Samuel brought Saul and his servant into the room and gave them a place at the head of those who had been invited. There were about thirty people present. 9:23 Samuel said to the cook, “Give me the portion of meat that I gave to you– the one I asked you to keep with you.” 9:24 So the cook picked up the leg and brought it and set it in front of Saul. Samuel said, “What was kept is now set before you! Eat, for it has been kept for you for this meeting time, from the time I said, ‘I have invited the people.’” So Saul ate with Samuel that day. 9:25 When they came down from the high place to the town, Samuel spoke with Saul on the roof. 9:26 They got up at dawn and Samuel called to Saul on the roof, “Get up, so I can send you on your way.” So Saul got up and the two of them– he and Samuel– went outside. 9:27 While they were going down to the edge of town, Samuel said to Saul, “Tell the servant to go on ahead of us.” So he did. Samuel then said, “You remain here awhile, so I can inform you of God’s message.”
Paralel   Ref. Silang (TSK)   ITL  

Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Abiel the grandfather of King Saul and Abner,a man who was one of David's military elite; an Arbathite
 · Aphiah a man of Benjamin who was an ancestor of King Saul
 · Becorath son of Aphiah, a Benjaminite; forefather of King Saul
 · Benjamin the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · Benjaminite the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · Benjaminites the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · Ephraim the tribe of Ephraim as a whole,the northern kingdom of Israel
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Kish the father of King Saul,son of Abiel of Benjamin; father of Saul,son of Jeiel of Benjamin; uncle of Kish the father of Saul,second son of Mahli (Merari Levi); recognized by King David as the only son through whom Mahli's clan was built,son of Abdi; one of the Levites of Merari that King Hezekiah assigned to supervise the cleansing of the temple,a man who was an ancestor of Mordecai; the father of Shimei
 · Philistines a sea people coming from Crete in 1200BC to the coast of Canaan
 · Samuel son of Ammihud; Moses' land distribution deputy for Simeon,son of Tola son of Issachar
 · Saul the sixth king of Edom,son of Simeon and a Canaanite woman,son of Uzziah of Kohath son of Levi
 · Shaalim a region; the highlands of Ephraim
 · Shalishah a highland region of Ephraim 20 km WSW of Shechem (OS)
 · Zeror son of Becorath of Benjamin; ancestor of Saul
 · Zuph son of Elkanah I (Kohath Levi); forefather of Samuel,a district of uncertain location


Topik/Tema Kamus: Saul | Samuel | Stray | Herdsman | HIGH PLACE | ISRAEL, HISTORY OF, 2 | Prophets | INTERCESSION | Kish | SLAVE; SLAVERY | SEER | House | PALESTINE, 2 | Government | Zuph | Anointing | Aphiah | Benjamin | Zeror | Abiel | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 1Sa 9:2 - Goodly Comely and personable.

Comely and personable.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:2 - Higher A tall stature was much valued in a king in ancient times, and in the eastern countries.

A tall stature was much valued in a king in ancient times, and in the eastern countries.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:3 - The asses Which were there of great price, because of the scarcity of horses, and therefore not held unworthy of Saul's seeking, at least in those ancient times...

Which were there of great price, because of the scarcity of horses, and therefore not held unworthy of Saul's seeking, at least in those ancient times, when simplicity, humility, and industry were in fashion among persons of quality.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:6 - Honourable men One of great reputation for his skill and faithfulness. Acquaintance with God and serviceableness to the kingdom of God, makes men truly honourable.

One of great reputation for his skill and faithfulness. Acquaintance with God and serviceableness to the kingdom of God, makes men truly honourable.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:6 - The way The course we should take to find the asses. He saith, peradventure, because he doubted whether so great a prophet would seek, or God would grant him ...

The course we should take to find the asses. He saith, peradventure, because he doubted whether so great a prophet would seek, or God would grant him a revelation concerning such mean matters: although sometimes God was pleased herein to condescend to his people, to cut off all pretence or occasion of seeking to heathenish divination.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:7 - A present Presents were then made to the prophets, either as a testimony of respect: or, as a grateful acknowledgement: or, for the support of the Prophets them...

Presents were then made to the prophets, either as a testimony of respect: or, as a grateful acknowledgement: or, for the support of the Prophets themselves: or, of the sons of the prophets: or, of other persons in want, known to them.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:9 - Seer Because he discerned and could discover things secret and unknown to others. And these are the words, either of some later sacred writer, who after Sa...

Because he discerned and could discover things secret and unknown to others. And these are the words, either of some later sacred writer, who after Samuel's death, inserted this verse. Or, of Samuel, who, being probably fifty or sixty years old at the writing of this book, and speaking of the state of things in his first days, might well call it before time.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:12 - Came to day to the city - He had been travelling abroad, and was now returned to his own house in Ramah.

day to the city - He had been travelling abroad, and was now returned to his own house in Ramah.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:12 - High place Upon the hill mentioned 1Sa 9:11, and near the altar which Samuel built for this use.

Upon the hill mentioned 1Sa 9:11, and near the altar which Samuel built for this use.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:13 - Find him At home and at leisure.

At home and at leisure.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:13 - To eat The relicks of the sacrifices.

The relicks of the sacrifices.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:13 - Doth bless The blessing of this sacrifice seems to have consisted both of thanksgiving, this being a thank-offering, and of prayer to God for its acceptance.

The blessing of this sacrifice seems to have consisted both of thanksgiving, this being a thank-offering, and of prayer to God for its acceptance.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:15 - His ear That is, secretly, perhaps by a still small voice.

That is, secretly, perhaps by a still small voice.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:16 - Philistines For though they were now most pressed with the Ammonites, yet they looked upon these as a land - flood, soon up, and soon down again: but the Philisti...

For though they were now most pressed with the Ammonites, yet they looked upon these as a land - flood, soon up, and soon down again: but the Philistines, their constant and nearest enemies, they most dreaded. And from these did Saul in some measure save them, and would have saved them much more, if his and the people's sins had not hindered.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:20 - On whom Who is he that shall be that, which all Israel desire to have, namely, a king.

Who is he that shall be that, which all Israel desire to have, namely, a king.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:20 - Father's house That honour is designed for thee, and, after thy death, for thy family or posterity, is by thy sin thou dost not cut off the entail.

That honour is designed for thee, and, after thy death, for thy family or posterity, is by thy sin thou dost not cut off the entail.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:21 - The smallest For so indeed this was, having been all cut off except six hundred, Jdg 20:46-48, which blow they never recovered, and therefore they were scarce reck...

For so indeed this was, having been all cut off except six hundred, Jdg 20:46-48, which blow they never recovered, and therefore they were scarce reckoned as an entire tribe, but only as a remnant of a tribe; and being ingrafted into Judah, in the division between the ten tribes and the two, they in some sort lost their name, and together with Judah were accounted but one tribe.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:22 - Chief place Thereby to raise their expectation, and to prepare them for giving that honour to Saul, which his approaching dignity required.

Thereby to raise their expectation, and to prepare them for giving that honour to Saul, which his approaching dignity required.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:24 - I said When I first spake that I had invited the people to join with me in my sacrifice, and then to partake with me of the feast, I then bade the cook reser...

When I first spake that I had invited the people to join with me in my sacrifice, and then to partake with me of the feast, I then bade the cook reserve this part for thy use.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:25 - Communed Concerning the kingdom designed for him by God.

Concerning the kingdom designed for him by God.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:27 - Pass on That thou and I may speak privately of the matter or the kingdom. Which Samuel hitherto endeavoured to conceal, lest he should be thought now to impos...

That thou and I may speak privately of the matter or the kingdom. Which Samuel hitherto endeavoured to conceal, lest he should be thought now to impose a king upon them, as before he denied one to them; and that it might appear by the lot mentioned in the next chapter, that the kingdom was given to Saul by God's destination, and not by Samuel's contrivance.

Wesley: 1Sa 9:27 - Word of God That is, a message delivered to me from God, which now I shall impart to thee.

That is, a message delivered to me from God, which now I shall impart to thee.

JFB: 1Sa 9:1 - a mighty man of power That is, of great wealth and substance. The family was of high consideration in the tribe of Benjamin, and therefore Saul's words must be set down amo...

That is, of great wealth and substance. The family was of high consideration in the tribe of Benjamin, and therefore Saul's words must be set down among the common forms of affected humility, which Oriental people are wont to use.

JFB: 1Sa 9:2 - Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly He had a fine appearance; for it is evident that he must have been only a little under seven feet tall. A gigantic stature and an athletic frame must ...

He had a fine appearance; for it is evident that he must have been only a little under seven feet tall. A gigantic stature and an athletic frame must have been a popular recommendation at that time in that country.

JFB: 1Sa 9:3 - the asses of Kish Saul's father were lost. And Kish said to Saul . . . arise, go seek the asses The probability is that the family of Kish, according to the immemorial usage of Oriental shepherds in the purely pastoral regions, had let the animal...

The probability is that the family of Kish, according to the immemorial usage of Oriental shepherds in the purely pastoral regions, had let the animals roam at large during the grazing season, at the close of which messengers were despatched in search of them. Such travelling searches are common; and, as each owner has his own stamp marked on his cattle, the mention of it to the shepherds he meets gradually leads to the discovery of the strayed animals. This ramble of Saul's had nothing extraordinary in it, except its superior directions and issue, which turned its uncertainty into certainty.

JFB: 1Sa 9:4-5 - he passed through mount Ephraim This being situated on the north of Benjamin, indicates the direction of Saul's journey. The district explored means the whole of the mountainous regi...

This being situated on the north of Benjamin, indicates the direction of Saul's journey. The district explored means the whole of the mountainous region, with its valleys and defiles, which belonged to Ephraim. Turning apparently southwards--probably through the verdant hills between Shiloh and the vales of Jordan (Shalisha and Shalim)--he approached again the borders of Benjamin, scoured the land of Zuph, and was proposing to return, when his servant recollected that they were in the immediate neighborhood of the man of God, who would give them counsel.

JFB: 1Sa 9:6 - there is in this city a man of God Ramah was the usual residence of Samuel, but several circumstances, especially the mention of Rachel's sepulchre, which lay in Saul's way homeward [1S...

Ramah was the usual residence of Samuel, but several circumstances, especially the mention of Rachel's sepulchre, which lay in Saul's way homeward [1Sa 10:2], lead to the conclusion that "this city" was not the Ramah where Samuel dwelt.

JFB: 1Sa 9:6 - peradventure he can show us our way that we should go It seems strange that a dignified prophet should be consulted in such an affair. But it is probable that at the introduction of the prophetic office, ...

It seems strange that a dignified prophet should be consulted in such an affair. But it is probable that at the introduction of the prophetic office, the seers had discovered things lost or stolen, and thus their power for higher revelations was gradually established.

JFB: 1Sa 9:7 - Saul said to his servant, But, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the man? According to Eastern notions, it would be considered a want of respect for any person to go into the presence of a superior man of rank or of official...

According to Eastern notions, it would be considered a want of respect for any person to go into the presence of a superior man of rank or of official station without a present of some kind in his hand, however trifling in value.

JFB: 1Sa 9:7 - the bread is spent in our vessels Shepherds, going in quest of their cattle, put up in a bag as much flour for making bread as will last sometimes for thirty days. It appears that Saul...

Shepherds, going in quest of their cattle, put up in a bag as much flour for making bread as will last sometimes for thirty days. It appears that Saul thought of giving the man of God a cake from his travelling bag, and this would have been sufficient to render the indispensable act of civility--the customary tribute to official dignity.

JFB: 1Sa 9:8 - the fourth part of a shekel of silver Rather more than sixpence. Contrary to our Western notions, money is in the East the most acceptable form in which a present can be made to a man of r...

Rather more than sixpence. Contrary to our Western notions, money is in the East the most acceptable form in which a present can be made to a man of rank.

JFB: 1Sa 9:9 - seer . . . Prophet The recognized distinction in latter times was, that a seer was one who was favored with visions of God--a view of things invisible to mortal sight; a...

The recognized distinction in latter times was, that a seer was one who was favored with visions of God--a view of things invisible to mortal sight; and a prophet foretold future events.

JFB: 1Sa 9:11-13 - as they went up the hill The modern village, Er-Rameh, lies on an eminence; and on their way they met a band of young maidens going out to the well, which, like all similar pl...

The modern village, Er-Rameh, lies on an eminence; and on their way they met a band of young maidens going out to the well, which, like all similar places in Palestine, was beyond the precincts of the town. From these damsels they learned that the day was devoted to a festival occasion, in honor of which Samuel had arrived in the city; that a sacrifice had been offered, which was done by prophets in extraordinary circumstances at a distance from the tabernacle, and that a feast was to follow--implying that it had been a peace offering; and that, according to the venerable practice of the Israelites, the man of God was expected to ask a special blessing on the food in a manner becoming the high occasion.

JFB: 1Sa 9:14 - Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the high place Such were the simple manners of the times that this prophet, the chief man in Israel, was seen going to preside at a high festival undistinguished eit...

Such were the simple manners of the times that this prophet, the chief man in Israel, was seen going to preside at a high festival undistinguished either by his dress or equipage from any ordinary citizen.

JFB: 1Sa 9:15-16 - Now the Lord had told Samuel in his ear a day before The description of Saul, the time of his arrival, and the high office to which he was destined, had been secretly intimated to Samuel from heaven. The...

The description of Saul, the time of his arrival, and the high office to which he was destined, had been secretly intimated to Samuel from heaven. The future king of Israel was to fight the battles of the Lord and protect His people. It would appear that they were at this time suffering great molestation from the Philistines, and that this was an additional reason of their urgent demands for the appointment of a king (see 1Sa 10:5; 1Sa 13:3).

JFB: 1Sa 9:18-20 - Tell me, I pray thee, where the seer's house is Satisfying the stranger's inquiry, Samuel invited him to the feast, as well as to sojourn till the morrow; and, in order to reconcile him to the delay...

Satisfying the stranger's inquiry, Samuel invited him to the feast, as well as to sojourn till the morrow; and, in order to reconcile him to the delay, he assured him that the strayed asses had been recovered.

JFB: 1Sa 9:20-21 - on whom is all the desire of Israel? Is it not on thee, and on all thy father's house? This was a covert and indirect premonition of the royal dignity that awaited him; and, though Saul's answer shows that he fully understood it, he affe...

This was a covert and indirect premonition of the royal dignity that awaited him; and, though Saul's answer shows that he fully understood it, he affected to doubt that the prophet was in earnest.

JFB: 1Sa 9:21 - And Saul answered and said, Am not I a Benjamite, of the smallest of the tribes of Israel, &c. By selecting a king from this least and nearly extinct tribe (Jdg 20:46-48), divine wisdom designed to remove all grounds of jealousy among the other ...

By selecting a king from this least and nearly extinct tribe (Jdg 20:46-48), divine wisdom designed to remove all grounds of jealousy among the other tribes.

JFB: 1Sa 9:22 - Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour The toil-worn but noble-looking traveller found himself suddenly seated among the principal men of the place and treated as the most distinguished gue...

The toil-worn but noble-looking traveller found himself suddenly seated among the principal men of the place and treated as the most distinguished guest.

JFB: 1Sa 9:24 - the cook took up the shoulder . . . and set it before Saul. And Samuel said, Behold that which is left; set it before thee, and eat That is, reserved (see on Gen 18:7; Gen 43:34). This was, most probably, the right shoulder; which, as the perquisite of the sacrifice, belonged to Sa...

That is, reserved (see on Gen 18:7; Gen 43:34). This was, most probably, the right shoulder; which, as the perquisite of the sacrifice, belonged to Samuel, and which he had set aside for his expected guest. In the sculptures of the Egyptian shambles, also, the first joint taken off was always the right shoulder for the priest. The meaning of those distinguished attentions must have been understood by the other guests.

JFB: 1Sa 9:25-27 - Samuel communed with Saul upon the top of the house Saul was taken to lodge with the prophet for that night. Before retiring to rest, they communed on the flat roof of the house, the couch being laid th...

Saul was taken to lodge with the prophet for that night. Before retiring to rest, they communed on the flat roof of the house, the couch being laid there (Jos 2:6), when, doubtless, Samuel revealed the secret and described the peculiar duties of a monarch in a nation so related to the Divine King as Israel. Next morning early, Samuel roused his guest, and conveying him on his way towards the skirts of the city, sought, before parting, a private interview--the object of which is narrated in the next chapter.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:1 - A mighty man of power A mighty man of power - Literally, a strong man; this appears to be the only power he possessed; and the physical strength of the father may account...

A mighty man of power - Literally, a strong man; this appears to be the only power he possessed; and the physical strength of the father may account for the extraordinary size of the son. See 1Sa 9:2.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:2 - From his shoulders and upwards From his shoulders and upwards - It was probably from this very circumstance that he was chosen for king; for, where kings were elective, in all anc...

From his shoulders and upwards - It was probably from this very circumstance that he was chosen for king; for, where kings were elective, in all ancient times great respect was paid to personal appearance.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:3 - The asses of Kish - were lost The asses of Kish - were lost - What a wonderful train of occurrences were connected in order to bring Saul to the throne of Israel! Every thing see...

The asses of Kish - were lost - What a wonderful train of occurrences were connected in order to bring Saul to the throne of Israel! Every thing seems to go on according to the common course of events, and yet all conspired to favor the election of a man to the kingdom who certainly did not come there by the approbation of God

Asses grow to great perfection in the East; and at this time, as there were no horses in Judea, they were very useful; and on them kings and princes rode.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:5 - Were come to the land of Zuph Were come to the land of Zuph - Calmet supposes that Saul and his servant went from Gibeah to Shalisha, in the tribe of Dan; from thence to Shalim, ...

Were come to the land of Zuph - Calmet supposes that Saul and his servant went from Gibeah to Shalisha, in the tribe of Dan; from thence to Shalim, near to Jerusalem; and thence, traversing the tribe of Benjamin, they purposed to return to Gibeah; but passing through the land of Zuph, in which Ramatha, the country of Samuel, was situated, they determined to call on this prophet to gain some directions from him; the whole of this circuit he supposes to have amounted to no more than about twenty-five leagues, or three days’ journey. We do not know where the places were situated which are here mentioned: the Targum translates thus: "And he passed through the mount of the house of Ephraim, and went into the southern land, but did not meet with them. And he passed through the land of Mathbera, but they were not there; and he passed through the land of the tribe of Benjamin, but did not find them; then they came into the land where the prophet of the Lord dwelt. And Saul said to his servant,"etc.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:7 - There is not a present to bring to the man of God There is not a present to bring to the man of God - We are not to suppose from this that the prophets took money to predict future events: Saul only...

There is not a present to bring to the man of God - We are not to suppose from this that the prophets took money to predict future events: Saul only refers to an invariable custom, that no man approached a superior without a present of some kind or other. We have often seen this before; even God, who needs nothing, would not that his people should approach him with empty hands. "It is very common in Bengal for a person, who is desirous of asking a favor from a superior, to take a present of fruits or sweetmeats in his hand. If not accepted, the feelings of the offerer are greatly wounded. The making of presents to appease a superior is also very common in Bengal."- Ward’ s Customs.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:8 - The fourth part of a shekel of silver The fourth part of a shekel of silver - We find from the preceding verse, that the bread or provisions which they had brought with them for their jo...

The fourth part of a shekel of silver - We find from the preceding verse, that the bread or provisions which they had brought with them for their journey was expended, else a part of that would have been thought a suitable present; and here the fourth part of a shekel of silver, about ninepence of our money, was deemed sufficient: therefore the present was intended more as a token of respect than as an emolument.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:9 - Beforetime in Israel Beforetime in Israel - This passage could not have been a part of this book originally: but we have already conjectured that Samuel, or some contemp...

Beforetime in Israel - This passage could not have been a part of this book originally: but we have already conjectured that Samuel, or some contemporary author, wrote the memoranda, out of which a later author compiled this book. This hypothesis, sufficiently reasonable in itself, solves all difficulties of this kind

Clarke: 1Sa 9:9 - Was beforetime called a seer Was beforetime called a seer - The word seer, ראה roeh , occurs for the first time in this place; it literally signifies a person who Sees; part...

Was beforetime called a seer - The word seer, ראה roeh , occurs for the first time in this place; it literally signifies a person who Sees; particularly preternatural sights. A seer and a prophet were the same in most cases; only with this difference, the seer was always a prophet, but the prophet was not always a seer. A seer seems to imply one who frequently met with, and saw, some symbolical representation of God. The term prophet was used a long time before this; Abraham is called a prophet, Gen 20:7, and the term frequently occurs in the law. Besides, the word seer does not occur before this time; but often occurs afterwards down through the prophets, for more than three hundred years. See Amo 7:12; Mic 3:7

All prophets, false and true, profess to see God; see the case of Balaam, Num 24:4, Num 24:16, and Jer 14:14. All diviners, in their enthusiastic flights, boasted that they had those things exhibited to their sight which should come to pass. There is a remarkable account in Virgil which may serve as a specimen of the whole; the Sibyl professes to be a seer: -

Bella, horrida bella

Et Tyberim molto spumantem sanguine

Cerno. Aen. lib. vi., ver. 86

Wars, horrid wars, I View; a field of blood

And Tyber rolling with a purple flood

I think the 9th verse comes more naturally in after the 11th.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:11 - Young maidens going out to draw water Young maidens going out to draw water - So far is it from being true, that young women were always kept closely shut up at home, that we find them o...

Young maidens going out to draw water - So far is it from being true, that young women were always kept closely shut up at home, that we find them often in the field, drawing and carrying water, as here.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:12 - He came to - day to the city He came to - day to the city - Though Samuel lived chiefly in Ramah, yet he had a dwelling in the country, at a place called Naioth, where it is pro...

He came to - day to the city - Though Samuel lived chiefly in Ramah, yet he had a dwelling in the country, at a place called Naioth, where it is probable there was a school of the prophets. See 1Sa 19:18-24

Clarke: 1Sa 9:12 - A sacrifice of the people A sacrifice of the people - A great feast. The animals used were first sacrificed to the Lord; that is, their blood was poured out before him; and t...

A sacrifice of the people - A great feast. The animals used were first sacrificed to the Lord; that is, their blood was poured out before him; and then all the people fed on the flesh. By high place probably Samuel’ s altar is alone meant; which no doubt was raised on an eminence.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:13 - He doth bless the sacrifice He doth bless the sacrifice - He alone can perform the religious rites which are used on this occasion

He doth bless the sacrifice - He alone can perform the religious rites which are used on this occasion

Clarke: 1Sa 9:13 - Afterwards they eat that be bidden Afterwards they eat that be bidden - Among the Arabs, often a large feast is made of sacrificed camels, etc., and then the people of the vicinity ar...

Afterwards they eat that be bidden - Among the Arabs, often a large feast is made of sacrificed camels, etc., and then the people of the vicinity are invited to come and partake of the sacrifice. This is the custom to which allusion is made here.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:14 - Come out against them Come out against them - Met them.

Come out against them - Met them.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:15 - Now the Lord had told Samuel Now the Lord had told Samuel - How this communication was made, we cannot tell.

Now the Lord had told Samuel - How this communication was made, we cannot tell.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:16 - Thou shalt anoint him to be captain Thou shalt anoint him to be captain - Not to be king, but to be נגיד nagid or captain of the Lord’ s host. But in ancient times no king ...

Thou shalt anoint him to be captain - Not to be king, but to be נגיד nagid or captain of the Lord’ s host. But in ancient times no king was esteemed who was not an able warrior. Plutarch informs us that Alexander the Great esteemed the following verse the most correct, as to its sentiment, of any in the whole Iliad of Homer: -

Ουτος γ Ατρειδης ευρυκρειων Αγαμεμνων,

Αμφοτερον βασιλευς τ αγαθος, κρατερος τ αιχμητης.

"The king of kings, Atrides, you survey

Great in the war, and great in acts of sway.

Pope.

||&&$

Clarke: 1Sa 9:17 - Behold the man whom I spake to thee of Behold the man whom I spake to thee of - What an intimate communion must Samuel have held with his God! A constant familiarity seems to have existed...

Behold the man whom I spake to thee of - What an intimate communion must Samuel have held with his God! A constant familiarity seems to have existed between them.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:19 - I am the seer I am the seer - This declaration would prepare Saul for the communications afterwards made.

I am the seer - This declaration would prepare Saul for the communications afterwards made.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:20 - As for thine asses As for thine asses - Thus he shows him that he knew what was in his heart, God having previously revealed these things to Samuel

As for thine asses - Thus he shows him that he knew what was in his heart, God having previously revealed these things to Samuel

Clarke: 1Sa 9:20 - And on whom is all the desire of Israel? And on whom is all the desire of Israel? - Saul understood this as implying that he was chosen to be king.

And on whom is all the desire of Israel? - Saul understood this as implying that he was chosen to be king.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:21 - Am not I a Benjamite Am not I a Benjamite - This speech of Saul is exceedingly modest; he was now becomingly humble; but who can bear elevation and prosperity? The tribe...

Am not I a Benjamite - This speech of Saul is exceedingly modest; he was now becomingly humble; but who can bear elevation and prosperity? The tribe of Benjamin had not yet recovered its strength, after the ruinous war it had with the other tribes, Judges 20:29-46.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:22 - Brought them into the parlour Brought them into the parlour - It might as well be called kitchen; it was the place where they sat down to feast.

Brought them into the parlour - It might as well be called kitchen; it was the place where they sat down to feast.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:23 - Said unto the cook Said unto the cook - טבח tabbach , here rendered cook; the singular of טבחות tabbachoth , female cooks, 1Sa 8:13, from the root tabach , t...

Said unto the cook - טבח tabbach , here rendered cook; the singular of טבחות tabbachoth , female cooks, 1Sa 8:13, from the root tabach , to slay or butcher. Probably the butcher is here meant.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:24 - The shoulder, and that which was upon it The shoulder, and that which was upon it - Probably the shoulder was covered with a part of the caul, that it might be the better roasted. The Targu...

The shoulder, and that which was upon it - Probably the shoulder was covered with a part of the caul, that it might be the better roasted. The Targum has it the shoulder and its thigh; not only the shoulder merely, but the fore-leg bone to the knee; perhaps the whole fore-quarter. Why was the shoulder set before Saul? Not because it was the best part, but because it was an emblem of the government to which he was now called. See Isa 9:6 : And the government shall be upon his Shoulder.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:25 - Upon the top of the house Upon the top of the house - All the houses in the East were flat-roofed; on these people walked, talked, and frequently slept, for the sake of fresh...

Upon the top of the house - All the houses in the East were flat-roofed; on these people walked, talked, and frequently slept, for the sake of fresh and cooling air.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:26 - Called Saul to the top of the house Called Saul to the top of the house - Saul had no doubt slept there all night; and now, it being the break of day, "Samuel called to Saul on the top...

Called Saul to the top of the house - Saul had no doubt slept there all night; and now, it being the break of day, "Samuel called to Saul on the top of the house, saying, Up, that I may send thee away."There was no calling him to the house-top a second time he was sleeping there, and Samuel called him up.

Clarke: 1Sa 9:27 - As they were going down As they were going down - So it appears that Saul arose immediately, and Samuel accompanied him out of the town, and sent the servant on that he mig...

As they were going down - So it appears that Saul arose immediately, and Samuel accompanied him out of the town, and sent the servant on that he might show Saul the word, the counsel or design, of the Lord. What this was we shall see in the following chapter, 1 Samuel 10 (note).

Defender: 1Sa 9:12 - the high place Evidently Samuel, in making his circuit, would officiate at sacrifices offered by the people in various locations. This was not the prescribed Mosaic ...

Evidently Samuel, in making his circuit, would officiate at sacrifices offered by the people in various locations. This was not the prescribed Mosaic order, but this was a time during which the ark was no longer in the tabernacle at Shiloh. In fact, after the death of Eli, there is no further mention of the tabernacle at all until David eventually brought the ark to Jerusalem, providing a tabernacle for it there (2Sa 6:17). It is possible that "high place" refers to Samuel's home, Ramah, which also means "high place." During this period in general, however, "the people sacrificed in high places, because there was no house built unto the name of the Lord, until those days" (1Ki 3:2). This high place was in "the land of Zuph" (1Sa 9:5), which was presumably the home region of Elkanah, Samuel's father (1Sa 1:1)."

TSK: 1Sa 9:1 - Kish // a Benjamite // power Kish : 1Sa 14:51; 1Ch 8:30-33, 1Ch 9:36-39; Act 13:21, Cis a Benjamite : or, the son of a man of Jemini power : or, substance. 1Sa 25:2; 2Sa 19:32; Jo...

Kish : 1Sa 14:51; 1Ch 8:30-33, 1Ch 9:36-39; Act 13:21, Cis

a Benjamite : or, the son of a man of Jemini

power : or, substance. 1Sa 25:2; 2Sa 19:32; Job 1:3

TSK: 1Sa 9:2 - choice // from his shoulders choice : 1Sa 16:7; Gen 6:2; 2Sa 14:25, 2Sa 14:26; Jer 9:23 from his shoulders : 1Sa 10:23, 1Sa 17:4; Num 13:33

choice : 1Sa 16:7; Gen 6:2; 2Sa 14:25, 2Sa 14:26; Jer 9:23

from his shoulders : 1Sa 10:23, 1Sa 17:4; Num 13:33

TSK: 1Sa 9:3 - -- 1Sa 10:2; Jdg 5:10, Jdg 10:4

TSK: 1Sa 9:4 - mount // Shalisha // Shalim mount : Jdg 17:1, Jdg 19:1 Shalisha : 2Ki 4:42 Shalim : Gen 33:18; Joh 3:23

mount : Jdg 17:1, Jdg 19:1

Shalisha : 2Ki 4:42

Shalim : Gen 33:18; Joh 3:23

TSK: 1Sa 9:5 - Zuph // take thought Zuph : 1Sa 1:1 take thought : 1Sa 10:2; Mat 6:25, Mat 6:28, Mat 6:34; Luk 12:11, Luk 12:22

TSK: 1Sa 9:6 - city // an honourable // all that he saith city : 1Sa 2:27; Deu 33:1; 1Ki 13:1; 2Ki 6:6; 1Ti 6:11 an honourable : 1Th 2:10, 1Th 5:13 all that he saith : 1Sa 3:19, 1Sa 3:20; Isa 44:26; Zec 1:5, ...

TSK: 1Sa 9:7 - what shall // spent in // there is not // have we what shall : Jdg 6:18, Jdg 13:15-17; 1Ki 14:3; 2Ki 4:42, 2Ki 5:5, 2Ki 8:8 spent in : Heb. gone out of, etc there is not : We are not to suppose from t...

what shall : Jdg 6:18, Jdg 13:15-17; 1Ki 14:3; 2Ki 4:42, 2Ki 5:5, 2Ki 8:8

spent in : Heb. gone out of, etc

there is not : We are not to suppose from this that the prophets took money to predict future events: Saul only refers to an invariable custom, that no man approached a superior without some present or another, however small in value. Dr. Pococke tells us of a present of fifty radishes! Other authors mention a flower, an orange, or similar trifles; and Mr. Bruce says, that one who wished to solicit a favour from him, presented him with about a score of dates! ""I mention this trifling circumstance,""says Mr. B. ""to shew how essential to human and civil intercourse presents are considered to be in the East; whether it be dates, or whether it be diamonds, they are so much a part of their manners, that without them, an inferior will never be at peace in his own mind, or think that he has hold of his superior for protection. But superiors give no presents to their inferiors.""Presents then are tokens of honour; not intended as offers of payment or enrichment.

have we : Heb. is with us

TSK: 1Sa 9:8 - I have here at hand I have here at hand : Heb. there is found in my hand, 1Sa 9:8

I have here at hand : Heb. there is found in my hand, 1Sa 9:8

TSK: 1Sa 9:9 - inquire // a Seer inquire : Gen 25:22; Jdg 1:1 a Seer : 2Sa 24:11; 2Ki 17:13; 1Ch 26:28, 1Ch 29:29; 2Ch 16:7, 2Ch 16:10; Isa 29:10; Isa 30:10; Amo 7:12

TSK: 1Sa 9:10 - Well said Well said : Heb. Thy word is good, 2Ki 5:13, 2Ki 5:14

Well said : Heb. Thy word is good, 2Ki 5:13, 2Ki 5:14

TSK: 1Sa 9:11 - the hill to the city the hill to the city : Heb. in the ascent of the city, found. Gen 24:11, Gen 24:18-20; Exo 2:16; Jdg 5:11

the hill to the city : Heb. in the ascent of the city, found. Gen 24:11, Gen 24:18-20; Exo 2:16; Jdg 5:11

TSK: 1Sa 9:12 - sacrifice // the high place sacrifice : or, feast, 1Sa 16:2; Gen 31:54; Deu 12:6, Deu 12:7; 1Co 5:7, 1Co 5:8 the high place : 1Ki 3:2-4; 1Ch 16:39

sacrifice : or, feast, 1Sa 16:2; Gen 31:54; Deu 12:6, Deu 12:7; 1Co 5:7, 1Co 5:8

the high place : 1Ki 3:2-4; 1Ch 16:39

TSK: 1Sa 9:13 - he doth bless // this time he doth bless : Mat 26:26; Mar 6:41; Luk 24:30; Joh 6:11, Joh 6:23; 1Co 10:30; 1Ti 4:4 this time : Heb. to-day

he doth bless : Mat 26:26; Mar 6:41; Luk 24:30; Joh 6:11, Joh 6:23; 1Co 10:30; 1Ti 4:4

this time : Heb. to-day

TSK: 1Sa 9:15 - the Lord // told Samuel in his ear the Lord : 1Sa 9:17, 1Sa 15:1; Psa 25:14; Amo 3:7; Mar 11:2-4, Mar 14:13-16; Act 13:21, Act 27:23 told Samuel in his ear : Heb. revealed the ear of Sa...

the Lord : 1Sa 9:17, 1Sa 15:1; Psa 25:14; Amo 3:7; Mar 11:2-4, Mar 14:13-16; Act 13:21, Act 27:23

told Samuel in his ear : Heb. revealed the ear of Samuel, 1Sa 20:2; 2Sa 7:27; Job 33:16 *marg.

TSK: 1Sa 9:16 - thou shalt // looked upon thou shalt : 1Sa 10:1, 1Sa 15:1, 1Sa 16:3; 1Ki 19:15, 1Ki 19:16; 2Ki 9:3-6 looked upon : Exo 2:23-25, Exo 3:7-9; Psa 25:18, Psa 106:44

TSK: 1Sa 9:17 - Behold // reign over Behold : 1Sa 16:6-12; Hos 13:11 reign over : Heb. restrain in, 1Sa 3:13; 2Sa 23:6, 2Sa 23:7; Neh 13:19, Neh 13:25; Act 13:21; Rom 13:3, Rom 13:4

Behold : 1Sa 16:6-12; Hos 13:11

reign over : Heb. restrain in, 1Sa 3:13; 2Sa 23:6, 2Sa 23:7; Neh 13:19, Neh 13:25; Act 13:21; Rom 13:3, Rom 13:4

TSK: 1Sa 9:19 - the seer // and will tell the seer : The word roaih literally signifies one who sees; particularly preternatural sights. A seer and a prophet were the same in most cases; o...

the seer : The word roaih literally signifies one who sees; particularly preternatural sights. A seer and a prophet were the same in most cases; only with this difference, the seer was always a prophet, but the prophet was not always a seer. A seer seems to imply one who frequently met with and saw some symbolical representation of God. All prophets, true or false, profess to see God (see Num 24:4, Num 24:16. Jer 14:4); and diviners, in their enthusiastic flights, boasted that they had those things exhibited to their sight which should come to pass.

and will tell : Joh 4:29; 1Co 14:25

TSK: 1Sa 9:20 - three days ago // set not // on whom three days ago : Heb. to-day three days, 1Sa 9:3 set not : 1Sa 4:20 *marg. 1Ch 29:3; Psa 62:10; Col 3:2 on whom : 1Sa 8:5, 1Sa 8:19, 1Sa 12:13, 1Sa 12...

three days ago : Heb. to-day three days, 1Sa 9:3

set not : 1Sa 4:20 *marg. 1Ch 29:3; Psa 62:10; Col 3:2

on whom : 1Sa 8:5, 1Sa 8:19, 1Sa 12:13, 1Sa 12:15

TSK: 1Sa 9:21 - a Benjamite // my family // so to me a Benjamite : Jdg 20:46-48; Psa 68:27 my family : 1Sa 10:27, 1Sa 15:17, 1Sa 18:18, 1Sa 18:23; Jdg 6:14, Jdg 6:15; Hos 13:1; Luk 14:11; Eph 3:8 so to m...

a Benjamite : Jdg 20:46-48; Psa 68:27

my family : 1Sa 10:27, 1Sa 15:17, 1Sa 18:18, 1Sa 18:23; Jdg 6:14, Jdg 6:15; Hos 13:1; Luk 14:11; Eph 3:8

so to me : Heb. according to this word

TSK: 1Sa 9:22 - in the chiefest in the chiefest : Gen 43:32; Luk 14:10

in the chiefest : Gen 43:32; Luk 14:10

TSK: 1Sa 9:23 - Bring Bring : 1Sa 1:5; Gen 43:34

Bring : 1Sa 1:5; Gen 43:34

TSK: 1Sa 9:24 - the shoulder // left the shoulder : Probably the shoulder was set before Saul, not because it was the best part, but because it was an emblem of the government to which he...

the shoulder : Probably the shoulder was set before Saul, not because it was the best part, but because it was an emblem of the government to which he was now called. (See note on Isa 9:6.) Lev 7:32, Lev 7:33; Eze 24:4

left : or, reserved

TSK: 1Sa 9:25 - And when // the top And when : 1Sa 9:13 the top : Deu 22:8; 2Sa 11:2; Neh 8:16; Jer 19:13; Mat 10:27; Act 10:9

TSK: 1Sa 9:26 - Samuel // Up Samuel : Saul had no doubt slept there all night, as is usual in the East; and now, being the break of day, ""Samuel called to Saul on the top of the ...

Samuel : Saul had no doubt slept there all night, as is usual in the East; and now, being the break of day, ""Samuel called to Saul on the top of the house:""there was no calling him to the top of the house a second time; he was sleeping there, and Samuel called him up.

Up : Gen 19:14, Gen 44:4; Jos 7:13; Jdg 19:28

TSK: 1Sa 9:27 - Bid the servant // a while // that I may Bid the servant : 1Sa 20:38, 1Sa 20:39; Joh 15:14, Joh 15:15 a while : Heb. to-day that I may : 1Sa 15:16; 2Ki 9:5, 2Ki 9:6

Bid the servant : 1Sa 20:38, 1Sa 20:39; Joh 15:14, Joh 15:15

a while : Heb. to-day

that I may : 1Sa 15:16; 2Ki 9:5, 2Ki 9:6

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 1Sa 9:1 - Whose name was Kish // Object // Answ // A Benjamite // A mighty man of power Whose name was Kish Object. His name was Ner , 1Ch 8:33 9:39 . Answ Either his father had two names, as was usual among the Hebrews; or Kish ...

Whose name was Kish

Object. His name was Ner , 1Ch 8:33 9:39 .

Answ Either his father had two names, as was usual among the Hebrews; or Kish was really his father that begot him; and Ner , the brother of Kish , 1Sa 14:51 1Ch 9:36 , is called his father, because, upon the death of Kish , he took the care of his education, and brought him up as his own son.

A Benjamite Heb. the son of a man of Jemini , i.e. either of Benjamin, or of a place, or of a man, called Jemini .

A mighty man of power i.e. a man of great courage and strength; which tends to Saul’ s commendation: otherwise, a man of great wealth. But that seems confuted by Saul’ s words below, 1Sa 9:21 , and the people’ s contempt of him, 1Sa 10:27 .

Poole: 1Sa 9:2 - And a goodly // He was higher than any of the people And a goodly Heb. good , i.e. comely and personable, as that word is used, Gen 6:2 ; as evil is put for deformed, Gen 41:19 . He was higher than ...

And a goodly Heb. good , i.e. comely and personable, as that word is used, Gen 6:2 ; as evil is put for deformed, Gen 41:19 .

He was higher than any of the people: a tall stature was much valued in a king in ancient times, and in the eastern countries.

Poole: 1Sa 9:3 - -- Which were there of great price and use, Jud 10:4 Jud 12:14 , because of the scarcity of horses, Deu 17:16 , and therefore not held unworthy of Saul...

Which were there of great price and use, Jud 10:4 Jud 12:14 , because of the scarcity of horses, Deu 17:16 , and therefore not held unworthy of Saul’ s seeking, at least in those ancient times, when simplicity, humility, and industry were in fashion among persons of quality.

Poole: 1Sa 9:4 - Mount Ephraim Mount Ephraim a part of the tribe of Ephraim, which bordered upon Benjamin; and therefore they could soon pass out of the one into the other, and bac...

Mount Ephraim a part of the tribe of Ephraim, which bordered upon Benjamin; and therefore they could soon pass out of the one into the other, and back again, as they saw cause.

Poole: 1Sa 9:5 - The land of Ziph // Ramah The land of Ziph in which was Ramah, called also Ramah or Ramathaim-zephim , the place of Samuel’ s birth and habitation, 1Sa 1:1 7:17 .

The land of Ziph in which was Ramah, called also

Ramah or Ramathaim-zephim , the place of Samuel’ s birth and habitation, 1Sa 1:1 7:17 .

Poole: 1Sa 9:6 - A man of God // An honourable man // All that he saith cometh surely to pass // Our way that we should go // peradventure A man of God a prophet, as that phrase is used, 1Sa 2:27 Jos 14:6 Jud 13:6 . An honourable man one of great reputation for his skill and faithfulne...

A man of God a prophet, as that phrase is used, 1Sa 2:27 Jos 14:6 Jud 13:6 .

An honourable man one of great reputation for his skill and faithfulness.

All that he saith cometh surely to pass his declaration of things secret or future are always certain, and confirmed by the event.

Our way that we should go the course we should take to find the asses. He saith

peradventure because be doubted whether so great a prophet, would seek, or God would grant him, a revelation concerning such mean matters; although sometimes God was pleased herein to condescend to his people, to cut off all pretence or occasion of seeking to witches or heathenish divination. See 1Ki 14:2 2Ki 1:3 .

Poole: 1Sa 9:7 - The bread is spent in our vessels // There is not a present The bread is spent in our vessels: this he saith, because bread was not unusually given by way of present, as we see, 1Sa 10:3,4 . Or bread is put ...

The bread is spent in our vessels: this he saith, because bread was not unusually given by way of present, as we see, 1Sa 10:3,4 . Or bread is put for all manner of provisions, as is frequent; and among these they might have something not unfit, in these plain times, to make a present of, as clusters of raisins, or cakes of figs, such as Abigail presented to David, 1Sa 25:18 . See also 1Ki 14:3 2Ki 4:42 .

There is not a present such presents were then made to the prophets, 1Ki 14:2,3 2Ki 4:42 8:8 ; either as a testimony of respect to him as their superior; upon which account subjects made presents to their kings, 1Sa 10:27 ; and the Persians never came to their king without some gift: or as a grateful acknowledgment of his favour; or for the support of the prophets themselves; or of the sons of the prophets; or of other persons in want, known to them.

Poole: 1Sa 9:8 - The fourth part of a shekel of silver The fourth part of a shekel of silver was near a groat; which, though now it may seem a contemptible gift, yet in those ancient times it was certainl...

The fourth part of a shekel of silver was near a groat; which, though now it may seem a contemptible gift, yet in those ancient times it was certainly of far more worth, and better accepted than now it would be, when the covetousness, and pride, and luxury of men have raised their expectations and desires to far greater things.

Poole: 1Sa 9:9 - Of God // Was called a seer // beforetime Of God or, a man of God, which signified the same thing. Was called a seer because he did discern and could discover things secret and unknown to o...

Of God or, a man of God, which signified the same thing.

Was called a seer because he did discern and could discover things secret and unknown to others. And these are the words, either, first, Of some later sacred writer, which, after Samuel’ s death, inserted this verse. Or, secondly, Of Samuel, who, being probably fifty or sixty years old at the writing of this book, and speaking of the state of things in his first days, might well call it

beforetime Or rather, thirdly, Of Saul’ s servant, who might be now stricken in years, and might speak this either by his knowledge of what was in his juvenile years, or upon the information of his father or ancestors. And so it is a fit argument to persuade Saul to go to the man of God, that he might show them their way, and where the asses were, because he was likely to inform them; for the prophets were anciently called seers, because they knew and could reveal hidden things. And the meaning is, that anciently they were not vulgarly called prophets, but seers only; whereas now, and afterwards, they were called seers , yet they were more commonly called prophets .

Poole: 1Sa 9:11 - Going out Going out i.e. out of the city, and down to the bottom of the hill, where the fountain or river was.

Going out i.e. out of the city, and down to the bottom of the hill, where the fountain or river was.

Poole: 1Sa 9:12 - He came today to the city // There is a sacrifice // In the high place He came today to the city: she so speaks, though this was his own constant habitation, because he had been travelling abroad, possibly in his circuit...

He came today to the city: she so speaks, though this was his own constant habitation, because he had been travelling abroad, possibly in his circuit, described 1Sa 7:16,17 , and was now returned to his own house in Ramah, as he used to do, and so she implies they come in a good and seasonable time to meet with him.

There is a sacrifice otherwise feast ; but it seems to be understood of a sacrifice. First, Because so the Hebrew word signifies most properly, and most frequently. Secondly, Because this eating was in the high place, which was the common place for sacrifices, but not for private feasts. Thirdly, The prophet’ s presence was not so necessary for a feast as for a sacrifice. Of the people ; so this sacrifice is called, because this was a public solemnity, and possibly the new moon, when the people brought several sacrifices, to wit, peace-offerings, whereof part fell to the offerer’ s share; and of those parts united together, they here made a common feast; not without Samuel’ s direction, who being forewarned the day before by God, of Saul’ s coming, made this feast more solemn for his entertainment, 1Sa 9:22-24 .

In the high place upon the hill mentioned 1Sa 9:11 , and near the altar which Samuel built for this kind of use, 1Sa 7:17 , by Divine dispensation, as was there noted; otherwise to sacrifice in high places was forbidden by the law, after the building of the tabernacle.

Poole: 1Sa 9:13 - Ye shall straightway find him // He doth bless the sacrifice // Now therefore get you up Ye shall straightway find him at home and at leisure. To eat the relics of the sacrifices, according to the manner. He doth bless the sacrifice i...

Ye shall straightway find him at home and at leisure. To eat the relics of the sacrifices, according to the manner.

He doth bless the sacrifice i.e. either, first, The meat left of the sacrifice, which is the matter of the following feast; as this is commonly understood. Or rather, secondly, The sacrifice itself. For what reason is there to depart from the proper signification of the word? For that the sacrifices under the law were accompanied with confession, or petition, or thanksgiving, may be gathered from divers places of Scripture, as Lev 5:5 16:21 Num 5:7 Luk 1:10 . And who so proper to perform this work as Samuel, an eminent prophet? And the blessing of this sacrifice seems to have consisted both of thanksgiving, this being a thank-offering, and of prayer to God for his acceptance, Psa 20:3 .

Now therefore get you up with speed, lest he be set down before you come.

Poole: 1Sa 9:14 - Samuel came out Samuel came out out of his own house, just as they passed by.

Samuel came out out of his own house, just as they passed by.

Poole: 1Sa 9:15 - In his ear In his ear i.e. secretly. A day before Saul came, that he might prepare himself for Saul’ s reception.

In his ear i.e. secretly. A day before Saul came, that he might prepare himself for Saul’ s reception.

Poole: 1Sa 9:16 - I will send thee a man // That he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines // I have looked on my people // Their cry I will send thee a man I will by my secret providence so dispose of matters, and of the hearts of Saul and his father, that Saul shall come to thee, ...

I will send thee a man I will by my secret providence so dispose of matters, and of the hearts of Saul and his father, that Saul shall come to thee, though with another design.

That he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines for though they were now most pressed with the Ammonites, as we read, 1Sa 12:12 , yet they looked upon these as a land-flood, which they hoped would be soon up, and soon down again; but the Philistines, their constant, inveterate, and nearest enemies, they most dreaded. And from these Saul did in some measure save them, and should have saved them much more, if his and the people’ s manifold sins had not hindered it.

I have looked on my people to wit, with compassion and resolution to help them; a usual synecdoche.

Their cry i.e. their earnest prayers to me for help.

Poole: 1Sa 9:17 - Unto him Unto him in his ear, as before 1Sa 9:15 , by secret instinct, so as none but he could hear it.

Unto him in his ear, as before 1Sa 9:15 , by secret instinct, so as none but he could hear it.

Poole: 1Sa 9:18 - In the gate In the gate the gate, either, first, Of Samuel’ s house. But he was come out thence before, 1Sa 9:14 . Or rather, secondly, Of the city; for the...

In the gate the gate, either, first, Of Samuel’ s house. But he was come out thence before, 1Sa 9:14 . Or rather, secondly, Of the city; for the word gate being put by itself, according to reason and common use, must be understood of the most eminent in its kind, which the gate of the city is. And through this gate Samuel seems now to have been passing to go to the high place, which probably was without the city; and there he makes a stand, to hear what these persons now approaching to him were about to speak.

Poole: 1Sa 9:19 - -- Either all that thou desirest to know, as concerning the asses; or rather, the secret thoughts of thy heart, or such actions as none know but God an...

Either all that thou desirest to know, as concerning the asses; or rather, the secret thoughts of thy heart, or such actions as none know but God and thy own heart; that so thou mayst be assured of the truth and certainty of that which I am to acquaint thee with. And this might be done, though it be not here particularly related.

Poole: 1Sa 9:20 - Set not thy mind on them // On whom is all the desire of Israel? // Is it not on thee, and on all thy father’ s house? Set not thy mind on them trouble not thy mind about them. On whom is all the desire of Israel? who is he that shall be that thing or person which a...

Set not thy mind on them trouble not thy mind about them.

On whom is all the desire of Israel? who is he that shall be that thing or person which all Israel desire to have, to wit, a king?

Is it not on thee, and on all thy father’ s house? that honour is designed for thee, and, after thy death, for thy family or posterity, if by thy sin thou dost not cut off the entail.

Poole: 1Sa 9:21 - The least of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin // Wherefore then speakest thou so to me? The smallest of the tribes; for so indeed this was, having been all cut off except six hundred, Jud 20 , which blow they never recovered, and theref...

The smallest of the tribes; for so indeed this was, having been all cut off except six hundred, Jud 20 , which blow they never recovered, and therefore they were scarce reckoned as an entire tribe, but only as a remnant or fragment of a tribe; and being ingrafted into Judah, in the division between the ten tribes and the two, they in some sort lost their name, and they, together with Judah, were accounted but one tribe, as 1Ki 11:32 , &c.

The least of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin i.e. one of the least; obscure and inconsiderable, in comparison of divers others; whence it may seem that Saul’ s family was not so noble and wealthy as some imagine: See Poole "1Sa 9:1" .

Wherefore then speakest thou so to me? why dost thou feed me with vain hopes of the kingdom?

Poole: 1Sa 9:22 - Made them sit in the chiefest place He honoured his servant for Saul’ s sake; thereby both giving all the guests occasion to think how great that person was, or should be, whose...

He honoured his servant for Saul’ s sake; thereby both giving all the guests occasion to think how great that person was, or should be, whose very servant was advanced above the chief persons of the city, who were doubtless present upon this occasion; and showing how far himself was from envying Saul that honour and power, which was to be translated from him to Saul.

Made them sit in the chiefest place thereby to raise all their expectation, and to prepare them for giving that honour to Saul which his approaching dignity required.

Poole: 1Sa 9:23 - -- Or, which I appointed or disposed to thee , i.e. which I bade the reserve for this use.

Or, which I appointed or disposed to thee , i.e. which I bade the reserve for this use.

Poole: 1Sa 9:24 - The shoulder // That which was upon it // That which is left // Unto this time // Since I said // I have invited the people The shoulder to wit, the left shoulder, for the right shoulder was the priest’ s, Lev 7:32,33 . This he gives him, either, first, As the best an...

The shoulder to wit, the left shoulder, for the right shoulder was the priest’ s, Lev 7:32,33 . This he gives him, either, first, As the best and noblest part of the remainders of the sacrifice; the best parts being usually given by the master of the feast to such guests as were most honourable, or best beloved, as Gen 43:34 . Or, secondly, As a secret symbol or sign of that burden which was to be laid upon Saul, and of that strength which was necessary for the bearing of it; the shoulder being both the seat of burdens, and the subject of strength.

That which was upon it something which the cook by Samuel’ s order was to put upon it when it was drest, either for ornament, or in the nature of a sauce.

That which is left to wit, left of the sacrifice; but so all or most of the rest of their provisions were left: or rather, reserved , or laid by , by my order, for thy eating, when the rest of the meat was sent up and disposed of as the cook pleased.

Unto this time till thou shouldst come hither, and sit down here; whereby thou mayst know that thy coming hither was not unknown to me, and was designed by God for a higher purpose.

Since I said to wit, to the cook, who was before mentioned, as the person to whose care this was committed.

I have invited the people i.e. I have invited or designed some persons, for whom I reserve this part. For since the word people is not here taken properly, but for some particular persons of the people, which were not in all above thirty, 1Sa 9:22 , why may not the same word be understood of two or three persons whom Samuel specially invited, to wit, Saul and his servant? So some learned men understand this word people of three men, 2Ki 18:36 . And they further note, that in the Arabic, and Ethiopic, and Persian languages, (all which are near akin, both to themselves and to the Hebrew, and do ofttimes communicate their signification each to other,) the word that signifies people , is oft used for some few particular persons. Or if the word people be meant of the chief of the people, mentioned above, 1Sa 9:22 , then Samuel was the principal author of this sacrifice and feast, and it was not a sacrifice of the people , as it is rendered, 1Sa 9:12 , but a sacrifice and feast made by Samuel for the people , as it should be rendered there; and the sense is, When I first spake or sent to the cook, that I had invited the people, first to join with me in my sacrifice, and then to partake with me of the feast, I then bade him reserve this part for thy use.

Poole: 1Sa 9:25 - Samuel communed with Saul // The top of the house Samuel communed with Saul concerning the kingdom designed to him by God, and his duty to expect it patiently, till God actually called him to it; and...

Samuel communed with Saul concerning the kingdom designed to him by God, and his duty to expect it patiently, till God actually called him to it; and to administer it piously, and justly, and valiantly.

The top of the house was flat, after the manner, Deu 22:8 ; and so fit for walking, and for secret prayers, Dan 6:10 Act 10:9 , or any private and familiar discourses among friends.

Poole: 1Sa 9:26 - Samuel called Saul to the top of the house // That I may send thee away // He and Samuel, abroad Samuel called Saul to the top of the house a second time, to impart something more to him. That I may send thee away prepare thyself for thy depart...

Samuel called Saul to the top of the house a second time, to impart something more to him.

That I may send thee away prepare thyself for thy departure and journey.

He and Samuel, abroad Samuel accompanying Saul part of his way.

Poole: 1Sa 9:27 - Bid the servant pass on before us // The word of God Bid the servant pass on before us that thou and I may speak privately of the matter of the kingdom; which Samuel hitherto endeavoured to conceal, les...

Bid the servant pass on before us that thou and I may speak privately of the matter of the kingdom; which Samuel hitherto endeavoured to conceal, lest he should be thought now to impose a king upon them as before he denied one to them; and that it might appear by the lot mentioned in the next chapter, that the kingdom was given to Saul by God’ s destination, and not by Samuel’ s contrivance.

The word of God i.e. a message delivered to me from God, which now I shall impart to thee.

Haydock: 1Sa 9:1 - Best Best. The regal power, which all desired. Hebrew, "to or on whom is all the desire of Israel?" Any great felicity is called a desire, as the Mes...

Best. The regal power, which all desired. Hebrew, "to or on whom is all the desire of Israel?" Any great felicity is called a desire, as the Messias, the spouse in the Canticle [of Canticles], v. 16. (Aggeus ii. 8.) Septuagint, "to whom the beautiful things of Israel?"

Haydock: 1Sa 9:1 - Abiel // Strong Abiel, who is also called Ner, 1 Paralipomenon viii. 33. (Cajetan) --- Strong. Hebrew, "a mighty man of power," either of body, or of riches.

Abiel, who is also called Ner, 1 Paralipomenon viii. 33. (Cajetan) ---

Strong. Hebrew, "a mighty man of power," either of body, or of riches.

Haydock: 1Sa 9:2 - Goodlier // Choice Goodlier, better proportioned, more handsome, (Haydock) as the daughters of men are styled good, or fair, Genesis vi. 1. People seek for corporal ...

Goodlier, better proportioned, more handsome, (Haydock) as the daughters of men are styled good, or fair, Genesis vi. 1. People seek for corporal advantages in those who command. The poets always represent their deities and heroes as taller than the rest of men. A king of Sparta was fined for marrying a little woman. (Aristotle, Polit. iv.) The Ethiopians give their highest offices to those who have the most engaging appearance. (Herodotus iii. 20.) (Calmet) ---

Little people may be elegant, but never majestic or perfectly beautiful. (Aristotle, Ethic. iv. 3.) (Menochius) ---

Choice, is taken in the same sense as goodly, and does not intimate that Saul was one of the elect. (Denis the Carthusian)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:3 - Asses Asses. The greatest noblemen rode upon such, Judges v. 10. A prince of Esau fed asses, Genesis xxx. 24. Agriculture, and keeping sheep, were the e...

Asses. The greatest noblemen rode upon such, Judges v. 10. A prince of Esau fed asses, Genesis xxx. 24. Agriculture, and keeping sheep, were the employment of men of the first eminence in the heroic ages, as hunting and other equally laborious exercises are now in fashion. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:4 - Salisa // Salim Salisa, the ancient Segor, (Menochius) or rather a place 15 miles from Diospolis. (Eusebius) --- Salim, or Sual, not far from Galgal, chap. xiii. ...

Salisa, the ancient Segor, (Menochius) or rather a place 15 miles from Diospolis. (Eusebius) ---

Salim, or Sual, not far from Galgal, chap. xiii. 17.

Haydock: 1Sa 9:5 - Suph Suph, where Ramatha, the birth-place of Samuel, was situated, chap. i. 1. (Calmet)

Suph, where Ramatha, the birth-place of Samuel, was situated, chap. i. 1. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:6 - Famous Famous. Chaldean, "honourable." Septuagint, "covered with glory." The observations of a servant may often claim attention. Saul seemed to be less...

Famous. Chaldean, "honourable." Septuagint, "covered with glory." The observations of a servant may often claim attention. Saul seemed to be less acquainted with this extraordinary personage than his servant. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:7 - What // Bread // Present What. Were they uninformed of the disinterestedness of Samuel? or did they think that he would sell his oracles? By no means. But the manners of t...

What. Were they uninformed of the disinterestedness of Samuel? or did they think that he would sell his oracles? By no means. But the manners of the ancients were very different from ours, and people chose to shew their respect for God, the king, prophets, &c., by making them some presents. People still never go to visit one another in Syria without something of the kind, as it would be deemed uncivil or cruel to act otherwise. See 3 Kings xiv. 1., and Micheas iii. 11. ---

Bread. They would have made a present of some. Saul received two loaves, chap. x. 4. See chap. xvi. 20. Hence we may form some idea of the beautiful simplicity of those ages. People were then forced to carry their own provisions, as there were no inns which supplied any. (Calmet) ---

Present. Sportula means a little basket. (Haydock) ---

But here it is taken for a present, as meat was commonly given. (Menochius) ---

Cyrus sent his friends geese half eaten, from his own table, for greater distinction. (Xenophon) (Haydock) ---

Hebrew, "what have we?" Syriac, "we have none of our provisions left." (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:8 - Silver // Stater Silver. About seven-pence English. --- Stater, (Haydock) is put instead of Hebrew, "sicle." (Menochius)

Silver. About seven-pence English. ---

Stater, (Haydock) is put instead of Hebrew, "sicle." (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:9 - A seer // Et Tiberim multo spumantem sanguine cerno A seer. Because of his seeing, by divine light, hidden things, and things to come, (Challoner) by inspiration. (Worthington) --- They had the th...

A seer. Because of his seeing, by divine light, hidden things, and things to come, (Challoner) by inspiration. (Worthington) ---

They had the things which they foretold so clearly in view. The Sybil cries out, Bella, horrida bella.

Et Tiberim multo spumantem sanguine cerno. (Virgil)

The Egyptians had their "seers of the gods." (Manetho.) ---

Balaam styles himself "the man seeing visions," Numbers xxiv. 4, 16. Some suppose that Samuel wrote this towards the close of his life, when the title of prophet was become more common, though the former was in use many years afterwards, 1 Paralipomenon xxi. 9., and 2 Paralipomenon xvi. 10. Others think that this verse was added by Esdras, &c.

Haydock: 1Sa 9:11 - Water Water, perhaps for the sacrifice. Thus Fab. Victor says, "Rhea, according to the established custom, by which young women went to draw water for the...

Water, perhaps for the sacrifice. Thus Fab. Victor says, "Rhea, according to the established custom, by which young women went to draw water for the sacrifices, proceeded to the fountain in the grove of Mars." (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:12 - A sacrifice // The high place. Excelsum A sacrifice. The law did not allow of sacrifices in any other place, but at the tabernacle, or temple, in which the ark of the covenant was kept; bu...

A sacrifice. The law did not allow of sacrifices in any other place, but at the tabernacle, or temple, in which the ark of the covenant was kept; but Samuel, by divine dispensation, offered sacrifices in other places. For which dispensation this reason may be alleged, that the house of God in Silo, having lost the ark, was now cast off; as a figure of the reprobation of the Jews, Psalm lxxvii. 60, 67. And in Cariathiarim, where the ark was, there was neither tabernacle, nor altar. (Challoner) ---

At least that of Moses was in the tabernacle. See chap. vi. 21. (Haydock) ---

Samuel was just come up to the city, from a place called Naiot, where he instructed some of the prophets, chap. xix. 19. The maids point him out to Saul; and God, at the same time, reveals to his prophet, that the person who addressed him should be king. (Calmet) ---

The high place. Excelsum. The excelsa, or high places, so often mentioned in Scripture, were places of worship, in which were altars for sacrifice. These were sometimes employed in the service of the true God, as in the present case: but more frequently in the service of idols, and were called Excelsa, which is commonly (though perhaps not so accurately) rendered high places; not because they were always upon hills, for the very worst of all, which was that of Topheth, or Geennom, (Jeremias xix.) was in a valley; but because of the high altars, and pillars, or monuments erected there, on which were set up the idols, or images of their deities; (Challoner) so that they might be called "the high things." (Haydock) ---

Before Solomon built the temple, from the time that the tabernacle was deprived of the honour of having the ark, people immolated on such heights, 3 Kings iii. 2. (Menochius) ---

On one of these, at Ramatha, Samuel was going to offer a peace-offering, and to feast with the heads of the city, (Calmet) or perhaps of the nation, who were expecting the result of his consultation of the Lord, respecting their petition of a king. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:13 - The victim The victim, begging the blessing, which was the office of the most honourable person at table, as he also gave thanks for all. (Calmet)

The victim, begging the blessing, which was the office of the most honourable person at table, as he also gave thanks for all. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:14 - Midst Midst. That is, simply in the city, or entering the gate, where Samuel met them, ver. 18.

Midst. That is, simply in the city, or entering the gate, where Samuel met them, ver. 18.

Haydock: 1Sa 9:15 - Ear Ear, privately. (Calmet) --- Thus Jonathan promised to give David private information, chap. xx. 13. (Haydock)

Ear, privately. (Calmet) ---

Thus Jonathan promised to give David private information, chap. xx. 13. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:16 - Ruler // Philistines // To me Ruler. Hebrew, Nagid, "Leader." Septuagint, "Archon." Chaldean, "King." The Israelites demanded a king, to lead them, and to fight for them; an...

Ruler. Hebrew, Nagid, "Leader." Septuagint, "Archon." Chaldean, "King." The Israelites demanded a king, to lead them, and to fight for them; and Homer (Iliad iii.) gives this idea of the chief magistrate, "a good king and stout warrior," which Alexander so much admired. ---

Philistines. They had been repressed by Samuel; but they had begun to gain the ascendancy, so as not to suffer the Israelites to have a blacksmith among them, &c. Saul gained some victories over them, and over the other enemies of his people, towards the beginning of his reign, chap. xiii., and xiv. (Calmet) ---

To me. God threatened that he would not hear them, when they should grow weary (Haydock) of their king, chap. viii. 18. But he protects his people against the efforts of their foreign enemies. (Menochius) ---

Oppression of the innocent cries to heaven for vengeance. (Worthington)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:18 - Gate Gate. Septuagint, "city." Chaldean, "within the gate," where business was transacted.

Gate. Septuagint, "city." Chaldean, "within the gate," where business was transacted.

Haydock: 1Sa 9:19 - Place // Heart Place, while Samuel retired, for a while, to his own house. He sends Saul to the assembly, (Calmet) where he would meet him to dine. (Haydock) --- ...

Place, while Samuel retired, for a while, to his own house. He sends Saul to the assembly, (Calmet) where he would meet him to dine. (Haydock) ---

Heart, or desirest to know. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:21 - Jemini // Last Jemini, or Benjamin, which was always one of the smallest tribes, and, since the unfortunate war, still more reduced; so that none of the other tribe...

Jemini, or Benjamin, which was always one of the smallest tribes, and, since the unfortunate war, still more reduced; so that none of the other tribes could well take umbrage, or be filled with jealousy, when they saw a king selected from it. ---

Last. Though all were equally noble, yet some families were more numerous, possessed greater riches, or had filled the posts of honour more frequently than others. Nothing can be more charming than the modesty of Saul on this occasion. (Calmet) ---

Happy would he have been, had he continued always to cherish the like sentiments. (Haydock) ---

He and his posterity might then have long enjoyed the regal dignity, chap. xiii. 13. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:22 - At the head At the head. Septuagint, "among the first of those....seventy men," which number Josephus also has instead of 30. Saul's servant was probably an Is...

At the head. Septuagint, "among the first of those....seventy men," which number Josephus also has instead of 30. Saul's servant was probably an Israelite, who had hired himself for a time. The first place, at the head of the table, was the most honourable, Luke xiv. 8. The king of Persia placed his most trusty friend at his left hand, and those of the highest dignity, in order at his right. (Cyropæd. vii., &c.) (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:24 - Shoulder // People Shoulder. It was the left, (Menochius) as the right shoulder belonged to the priest, and laymen were not allowed to taste of it after it had been of...

Shoulder. It was the left, (Menochius) as the right shoulder belonged to the priest, and laymen were not allowed to taste of it after it had been offered in sacrifice, Leviticus vii. 32. Some suppose that Samuel had this right shoulder for his portion. But he was not a priest. (Calmet) ---

This part was assigned to the most eminent man at table; and Josephus calls it "the royal portion." (Menochius) ---

Hebrew, "the shoulder, and what was upon it, ( or he held it up) and set it (the whole quarter) before Saul." Aquila, &c., translate "the thigh," left or reserved. Septuagint, "laid by." It was then the fashion to place large pieces of meat before those who were to be most honoured, Genesis xviii. 6. (Homer, &c.) ---

People. Hebrew, "till now it has been ket for thee, I said, I have invited the people." He insinuates that he knew of his coming, though it seemed so accidental, even when he invited the company. Septuagint, "eat, for it is placed before thee, as a memorial, by the people, cut it in pieces." (Haydock) ---

As the shoulder supports a burden, so the king was reminded to maintain the interests of the commonwealth. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:25 - House // As he House, probably giving him some instructions respecting his future dignity. --- As he, &c. This seems to be a second translation of the former sen...

House, probably giving him some instructions respecting his future dignity. ---

As he, &c. This seems to be a second translation of the former sentence, taken from the Septuagint. It is omitted in several Latin manuscripts. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "and he went down from the Bama (perhaps "the steps" or high places, where the sacrifice and feast had been celebrated) into the city; and they made a bed for Saul, on the house top; and he lay down, ( 26 ) and when the day dawned, Samuel," &c. The roofs are flat in those countries, and such an airy situation would be most agreeable in such hot climates. (Haydock) ---

The common people, generally, only spread a mat on the ground, and covered themselves with a sheet; to take their rest, either under a gallery, or in the open air. Homer places his strangers, with their upon the ground under the gallery, which was erected before the house. Aristophanes (in Vespis) mentions the custom of sleeping on the house top. See 2 Kings xvi. 22. (Calmet) ---

Saul had not been educated with the greatest delicacy. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Sa 9:27 - Before us, and Before us, and. Hebrew, ("and he passed on,") agreeably to his master's order. (Haydock)

Before us, and. Hebrew, ("and he passed on,") agreeably to his master's order. (Haydock)

Gill: 1Sa 9:1 - Now there was a man of Benjamin // whose name was Kish // the son of Abiel // the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite // a mighty man of power Now there was a man of Benjamin,.... Of the tribe of Benjamin, which had its name from the youngest son of Jacob, and one of this tribe was the first ...

Now there was a man of Benjamin,.... Of the tribe of Benjamin, which had its name from the youngest son of Jacob, and one of this tribe was the first king of Israel:

whose name was Kish: whom the apostle calls Cis, Act 13:21, and Josephus i Cises; his name, according to Hillerus k, signifies "ensnared"; for what reason it was given him is not certain:

the son of Abiel; in 1Ch 8:33, he is called Ner that begat Kish; and in this book, 1Sa 14:50 Ner and Kish are represented as brethren, the sons of Abiel: to reconcile this, it may be observed, that Ner being the elder brother, on the death of his father Abiel, had the care and bringing up of his younger brother Kish; and therefore when he is said to beget him, the meaning is, not that he was the parent of him, but the bringer up of him; or rather, as Kimchi thinks, Abiel had two sons, one of which was Ner; and that he had two sons, one that was called after his own name Ner, who was the father of Abner; and the other Kish, the father of Saul:

the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite; of these persons we nowhere else read:

a mighty man of power; not a man of riches, or of authority, neither a wealthy man, nor a magistrate, for his family was mean and contemptible, 1Sa 9:21 but a man of great strength, an able bodied man, and of great natural fortitude, and courage of mind.

Gill: 1Sa 9:2 - And he had a son whose name was Saul // a choice young man, and a goodly // and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he // from his shoulders and upwards he was higher than any of the people And he had a son whose name was Saul,.... Of this name was the great apostle of the Gentiles before his conversion, and was of the same tribe also; bu...

And he had a son whose name was Saul,.... Of this name was the great apostle of the Gentiles before his conversion, and was of the same tribe also; but very different in stature; he was a little man, this a large tall man, like his father perhaps:

a choice young man, and a goodly; 1Sa 2:1 of a goodly aspect, a comely man, tall and well shaped, in the prime of his age, a very agreeable person, one among a thousand:

and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he; meaning not for the endowments of his mind, or his moral character and behaviour. There might be as good, or better men than he, on such accounts, but for his outward appearance, his bodily shape, and the dignity of his person:

from his shoulders and upwards he was higher than any of the people; this description of him is enlarged upon and explained, to show that he was just such a person the people were desirous of having king over them, such an one as the nations about them had; and it was usual with the eastern people, and so with the Greeks and Romans, to choose persons to the highest offices of magistracy that made a personable appearance superior to others, and is what they often take notice of, as a recommendation of them as princes. Herodotus l reports of the Ethiopians, that they judged the largest of the people, and him who had strength according to his size, most worthy to be king. And the same writer observes m, that among the many thousands of men of the army of Xerxes, there was not one who for comeliness and largeness was so worthy of the empire as Xerxes himself; so Ulysses, because of his height, was the more acceptable to the people of Corfu n; so Alexander's captains, it is said o, might be thought to be kings for their beautiful form, height of body, and greatness of strength and wisdom. Julius Caesar is said to be of high stature; and so Domitian p; Virgil q represents Turnus as in body more excellent than others, and by the entire head above them; and Anchises as walking statelier and higher than the rest r; among the many encomiums Pliny s gives of Trajan, as to his outward form and appearance, this is one, "proceritas corporis", height of body, being higher than others; the Gentiles had a notion that such men came nearer to the deities, and looked more like them; so Diana is described as taller than any of the nymphs and goddesses t. Solomon, according to Josephus u, chose such young men to ride horses, and attend his person, when he himself rode, who were conspicuous for their height, and greatly above others.

Gill: 1Sa 9:3 - And the asses of Kish, Saul's father, were lost // and Kish said to Saul his son, take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses And the asses of Kish, Saul's father, were lost,.... Had got out of the stables or fields, in which they were kept, and strayed from thence: and Ki...

And the asses of Kish, Saul's father, were lost,.... Had got out of the stables or fields, in which they were kept, and strayed from thence:

and Kish said to Saul his son, take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses; he chose not to send his servants only, who might not be so careful and diligent in searching for them, but his son, and not him alone, but a servant with him to wait upon him, and assist him. And it was quite agreeable to the simplicity of those times for persons of equal or greater substance to be employed in such an affair; asses made a considerable part of the wealth and riches of men, were rode upon by persons of quality, and were fed and taken care of by the sons of dukes and princes; see Job 1:3. The Jews w have a tradition, that this servant was Doeg the Edomite.

Gill: 1Sa 9:4 - And they passed through Mount Ephraim // and passed through the land of Shalisha // but they found them not // then they passed through the land of Shalim // and there they were not // and he passed through the land of the Benjamites And they passed through Mount Ephraim,.... The mountainous part of that tribe, which lay contiguous to the tribe of Benjamin, where it might be suppos...

And they passed through Mount Ephraim,.... The mountainous part of that tribe, which lay contiguous to the tribe of Benjamin, where it might be supposed the asses had strayed to:

and passed through the land of Shalisha; a tract in the tribe of Benjamin, so called from some illustrious person, prince, and duke of it; in it very probably was the place called Baalshalisha; 2Ki 4:42 and which perhaps is the same Jerom calls x Bethshalisha; and says there was a village of this name in the borders of Diospolis, almost fifteen miles distance from it to the north, in the Tamnitic country; though Bunting y says it was situated in Mount Ephraim, eight miles from Jerusalem to the northwest:

but they found them not; the asses, neither in Mount Ephraim, nor in the land of Shalisha:

then they passed through the land of Shalim which some take to be the same with Salim, where John was baptizing, Joh 3:23 but Jerom says z it was a village on the borders of Eleutheropolis, to the west, seven miles distant from it:

and there they were not; the asses could not be found there:

and he passed through the land of the Benjamites; or rather of Jemini, which was in Benjamin, so called from a famous man of that name; for it cannot be thought they should pass through the whole tribe of Benjamin in one day. And, according to Bunting a, from Gibeah, the native place of Saul, through the mountain of Ephraim, and the land of Shalisha, to the borders of Shalim, were sixteen miles; and from thence to Jemini, in the tribe of Benjamin, sixteen more:

but they found them not; the asses.

Gill: 1Sa 9:5 - And when they were come to the land of Zuph // Saul said to the servant that was with him, come, and let us return // lest my father leave caring for the asses, and take thought for us And when they were come to the land of Zuph,.... In which was Ramathaimzophim, the native place of Samuel, 1Sa 1:1 and so the Targum here,"the land in...

And when they were come to the land of Zuph,.... In which was Ramathaimzophim, the native place of Samuel, 1Sa 1:1 and so the Targum here,"the land in which was the prophet"

Saul said to the servant that was with him, come, and let us return; home, despairing of finding the asses after so long a search in divers places:

lest my father leave caring for the asses, and take thought for us; fearing some evil should have befallen his son and his servant, in comparison of whom, and especially his son, the asses would be of no account, and so give himself no concern for them, but be in great care and uneasiness for his son and servant; wherefore Saul thought it most advisable to return home as soon as possible, lest his father should be overwhelmed with grief and trouble.

Gill: 1Sa 9:6 - And he said unto him // behold, now, there is in this city a man of God // and he is an honourable man // all that he saith cometh surely to pass // now let us go thither // peradventure he can show us our way that we should go And he said unto him,.... That is, the servant of Saul: behold, now, there is in this city a man of God; a prophet of the Lord, as the Targum; such...

And he said unto him,.... That is, the servant of Saul:

behold, now, there is in this city a man of God; a prophet of the Lord, as the Targum; such were called men of God, because not only partakers of the grace of God, but of extraordinary gifts, which qualified them for the office of prophets. The city near to which they now were was Ramah, the place where Samuel lived, and he is the man of God here meant:

and he is an honourable man; of great esteem among men for his wisdom and knowledge, integrity and faithfulness, and particularly for his gift of prophecy, being a true prophet of the Lord; so the Targum,"and he is a man that prophesies truth,''and that made him honourable, and gave him great credit:

all that he saith cometh surely to pass; as his prophecies concerning Eli's family, and other things, which were well known to have had their accomplishment, and this had gained him universal esteem, see 1Sa 3:19,

now let us go thither; being very near it, within sight of it, insomuch that the servant could point at it, and say "this city", as in the preceding part of the verse:

peradventure he can show us our way that we should go; to find the asses; he was not certain he could or would, but thought it possible and probable he might.

Gill: 1Sa 9:7 - Then Saul said to his servant, but behold, if we go // what shall we bring the man // for the bread is spent in our vessels // and there is not a present to bring to the man of God // what have we Then Saul said to his servant, but behold, if we go,.... The Targum is,"if he receives money,''which it seems Saul was not clear in; some sort of pers...

Then Saul said to his servant, but behold, if we go,.... The Targum is,"if he receives money,''which it seems Saul was not clear in; some sort of persons that set up for prophets, and a sort of diviners and fortune tellers, did; but he could not tell whether so eminent and honourable a person as Samuel was, did; in as much he was not better known by him, who had been so many years a judge in Israel:

what shall we bring the man? it being usual, when persons addressed great men for a favour, to carry a present with them; or a man of God, a prophet of the Lord, to inquire of the Lord by him concerning any thing, see 1Ki 14:2,

for the bread is spent in our vessels; the food they brought with them in their bags or scrips for their journey, this was all exhausted; not that he meant by it, that if they had had any quantity, they might present it to the man of God, though yet sometimes such things were done, as the instances before referred to show; but that since their stock of bread was gone, what money they had, if they had any, must be spent in recruiting themselves, and therefore could have none to spare to give to the man:

and there is not a present to bring to the man of God; neither bread nor money, without which he seems to intimate it would be to no purpose to go to him:

what have we? Saul knew he had none, he had spent what he brought out, with him for the journey, and he put this question to try what his servant had; unless it can be supposed it was the custom now, as afterwards among the Romans b, for servants to carry the purse, and as it was with the Jews in Christ's time, Joh 12:6 though this may have respect not to a price of divination, but to the common custom in eastern countries, and which continues to this day with the Turks, who reckon it uncivil to visit any person, whether in authority, or an inferior person, without a present; and even the latter are seldom visited without presenting a flower, or an orange, and some token of respect to the person visited c.

Gill: 1Sa 9:8 - And the servant answered Saul again, and said // behold, I have here at hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver // that will I give to the man of God to tell us our way And the servant answered Saul again, and said,.... As he had answered him before, when Saul proposed to return home, by telling him there was an honou...

And the servant answered Saul again, and said,.... As he had answered him before, when Saul proposed to return home, by telling him there was an honourable man of God in the city near at hand, that might possibly be able to direct them which way they should go to find the asses: so he answers him again with respect to the present it was proper to carry with them, and what he had in his hands to make:

behold, I have here at hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver: a "zuze" of silver, as the Targum, four of which made a shekel, about seven pence halfpenny of our money, and scarce so much:

that will I give to the man of God to tell us our way; that they should go to find the asses: which he would give him very freely for that purpose: both Saul and his servant must entertain a mean opinion of prophets, and men of God, and especially of so great a man as Samuel, that he should be employed at any time in directing persons in such cases, and take money for so doing, and so small a gratuity as this before mentioned; though it seems as if, at some times, something of this kind was done by prophets, and men of God, which might be permitted to keep the people from going to diviners and soothsayers.

Gill: 1Sa 9:9 - Before time in Israel, when a man went to inquire of God // thus he spake, come, and let us go to the seer // for he that is now called a prophet was before called a seer Before time in Israel, when a man went to inquire of God,.... To ask doctrine of him, as the Targum, to be taught by him, to have his mind and will in...

Before time in Israel, when a man went to inquire of God,.... To ask doctrine of him, as the Targum, to be taught by him, to have his mind and will in any affair of moment and importance; which was usually done by applying to some man of God, eminent for grace and piety, and a spirit of prophecy:

thus he spake, come, and let us go to the seer; a man used to say to his friend, when he wanted some instruction or direction, let us go together to such an one, the seer, and ask counsel of him what is proper to be done in such an affair:

for he that is now called a prophet was before called a seer; for though these names are used freely of the same persons, both before and after this time; yet now the more common appellation which obtained was that of a prophet; custom, and the use of language, varied at different times, though the same was meant by the one and the other; such men were called seers, because of the vision of prophecy, because they saw or foresaw things to come; and they were called prophets, because they foretold what they saw, or delivered out their predictions by word of mouth. This verse is put in a parenthesis, and is commonly supposed to be the words of the writer of this book: hence some draw an argument against Samuel being the writer of it, as Abarbinel does, who concludes from hence that it was written by Jeremiah, or some other person long after Samuel, or that this verse was added by Ezra; but as this book might be written by Samuel in the latter part of his life, he might with propriety observe this, that in his younger time, and quite down to the anointing of Saul king, both when there was no open vision, and afterwards when there was scarce any that had it but himself, he was used to be called the seer; but in his latter days, when there were many that had the vision of prophecy, and there were schools set up, it was more common to call them prophets; though perhaps these are the words of Saul's servant, spoken to encourage Saul to go to the man of God, and inquire of him, since in former times, as he could remember, being perhaps an old servant, or he had heard his parents so say, that such men used to be called seers, because they saw what others did not, and declared and made others to see what they did; and therefore there was a probability that this man of God, who was a seer, might show them the way they should go to find the asses.

Gill: 1Sa 9:10 - Then said Saul to his servant, well said // come, let us go // so they went unto the city where the man of God was Then said Saul to his servant, well said,.... Or "good is thy word" d, thou hast well spoken; it is a good proposal thou hast made, and thou art very ...

Then said Saul to his servant, well said,.... Or "good is thy word" d, thou hast well spoken; it is a good proposal thou hast made, and thou art very generous to give all thou hast to the man; and very promising it is, that since he is a seer he may inform us where the asses are, or which way we must take to find them. Things look feasible enough:

come, let us go: to the city, and to the man of God there, and hear what he will say to us, and what information he will give us:

so they went unto the city where the man of God was; to Ramah, where Samuel dwelt.

Gill: 1Sa 9:11 - And as they went up the hill to the city // they found young maidens going out to draw water // and said unto them, is the seer here And as they went up the hill to the city,.... For the city was built upon an hill, from whence it had the name of Ramah, which signifies high and lift...

And as they went up the hill to the city,.... For the city was built upon an hill, from whence it had the name of Ramah, which signifies high and lifted up:

they found young maidens going out to draw water: going out of the city, to a fountain which was at the bottom of the hill; and this was the usual business of maidens in those countries to fetch water for the service of the family; see Gill on Gen 24:11; see Gill on Gen 24:15; see Gill on Gen 24:16. R. Akiba e makes this observation, that whenever a man meets maidens coming out of a city before he goes into it, it is a token of prosperity to him; and instances in the cases of Abraham's servant, of Jacob, and of Moses, and here of Saul, who was informed of a kingdom, and anointed for it, see Gen 24:14 Exo 2:16,

and said unto them, is the seer here? meaning, is he in the city? or is he at home? or is he in the country?

Gill: 1Sa 9:12 - And they answered them, and said, he is // behold, he is before you // haste now, for he came today to the city // for there is a sacrifice of the people today in the high place And they answered them, and said, he is,.... That is, he is in the city, at home, and to be spoken with: behold, he is before you; his house is str...

And they answered them, and said, he is,.... That is, he is in the city, at home, and to be spoken with:

behold, he is before you; his house is straight before you as you go along, you cannot miss of it. Some Jewish writers say f they gave a token to know it by, that there was a cloud at the door, and when they saw that, they might know it was the seer's house:

haste now, for he came today to the city; from the suburbs to it, or from his country house, or from the other Ramah, for there were two of them, one over against the other, see 1Sa 1:1, for that he was just now come off a circuit, is not so probable, since he was now old, and past riding his circuits; and indeed the meaning may be no more than as it may be rendered, "today he comes into the city" g; that is, he comes out of his own house into the city, and was then just coming out; so that, if they made haste, they might meet him in the street before he got to the place of sacrifice and feasting:

for there is a sacrifice of the people today in the high place; whether it was the new moon, or some festival they observed, though the tabernacle was not there, is not certain; at which, besides the offerings required, freewill offerings and peace offerings were brought by the people, on part of which they feasted with their friends; and very probably, as Samuel was acquainted by the Lord that he who was to be king of Israel would be with him that day, he might add to the sacrifices of the people, to make the entertainment the more grand and liberal; since he had a principal concern in ordering the guests, and dividing the portions, as well as blessing the food, which indeed he might take upon him, as being judge, priest, and prophet: this was an high place where this sacrifice or feast was; for Shiloh being destroyed, and the tabernacle removed elsewhere, and that being in one place, and the ark in another, and they not together, no distinction of places was made, none being yet chosen, all were fit; and particularly high places, which were always reckoned the most proper for divine service and sacrifice.

Gill: 1Sa 9:13 - As soon as ye come into the city, ye shall straightway find him // before he go up to the high place to eat // for the people will not eat until he come // because he doth bless the sacrifice // Now therefore get ye up // for about this time ye shall find him As soon as ye come into the city, ye shall straightway find him,.... By which it seems that the house of Samuel was at that end of it at which they en...

As soon as ye come into the city, ye shall straightway find him,.... By which it seems that the house of Samuel was at that end of it at which they entered; and with which agrees what is observed in the preceding verse, that "he was before them", his house was in sight of them:

before he go up to the high place to eat; intimating they would, if they made haste, come up to him before he got thither to sit down and eat with the people; for if they did not, they would not be able to see him and speak with him for some time, if on that day:

for the people will not eat until he come; partly out of affection and veneration for him, being their chief magistrate, as well as seer or prophet, and partly for the reason following:

because he doth bless the sacrifice; ask a blessing upon it, upon the meat of the peace offerings before it was eaten; for as this was usually done at every common meal, then much more at such a solemn festival as this. Jarchi gives us the form of blessing used on such an occasion,"blessed art thou, O Lord our God, the King of the world, who hath sanctified us by his commandments, and hath commanded us to eat the sacrifice:''and "afterwards they eat that be bidden"; for when a man offered his peace offerings, he not only had his family with him, but invited his friends, and the poor, and the fatherless, the strangers, and the Levites, to partake with him, see Deu 12:18, the number of the guests at this time, see in 1Sa 9:22.

Now therefore get ye up; ascend the hill as fast as ye can:

for about this time ye shall find him; that is, by the time they could get up the hill into the city they would find him coming out of his house to go to the sacrifice: or "as this day" h; so sure as the day is, so sure shall ye find him.

Gill: 1Sa 9:14 - And they went up into the city // when they were come into the city // behold, Samuel came out against them // for to go up to the high place And they went up into the city,.... Saul and his servant went up the hill to the city of Ramah: and when they were come into the city; were within ...

And they went up into the city,.... Saul and his servant went up the hill to the city of Ramah: and

when they were come into the city; were within it, within the walls of it:

behold, Samuel came out against them; came out of a door of his house upon them, just as they came up: or "to meet them" i; his way to the high place lay where they were coming; unless it can be thought he went out purposely to meet them, having, as in the following verse, an intimation, that about that time one from the tribe of Benjamin, who should be king, would come to him, and so made this his way, knowing that one coming from that tribe must come that way; but it seems most likely that this was his readiest way:

for to go up to the high place; or place of sitting down, or feasting, as the Targum; see Gill on 1Sa 9:12.

Gill: 1Sa 9:15 - Now the Lord had told Samuel in his ear // a day before Saul came // saying Now the Lord had told Samuel in his ear,.... In a private manner, whispering in his ear, telling him in a free, familiar, friendly way, as a secret: ...

Now the Lord had told Samuel in his ear,.... In a private manner, whispering in his ear, telling him in a free, familiar, friendly way, as a secret:

a day before Saul came; that he might prepare for the entertainment of him, and not be surprised at his coming, as well as hereby be assured he was the person designed to be king of Israel, when he should come:

saying; as follows.

Gill: 1Sa 9:16 - Tomorrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin // and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel // that he may save my people out of the hands of the Philistines // for I have looked upon my people // because their cry is come unto me Tomorrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin,.... Who without any thought or design of his own, but merely directed by ...

Tomorrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin,.... Who without any thought or design of his own, but merely directed by the providence of God, should come to him, not expecting a kingdom; at most only to hear of his father's asses, and which way he should take to find them; missing the finding of which would and did bring him thither:

and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel; the leader, ruler, and governor of them; to which high office he was to be appointed by pouring oil upon him, and was the first king on whom this ceremony was performed, and from whence he was called the Lord's anointed:

that he may save my people out of the hands of the Philistines; who, since Samuel was grown old, made encroachments upon them, built garrisons on their borders, and made, it is very probable, incursions upon them, and ravages and oppressions of them:

for I have looked upon my people; with an eye of pity and compassion:

because their cry is come unto me; by reason of the oppressions of the Philistines, and the war they were threatened with by the Ammonites; though Abarbinel thinks this refers to their importunate cry, supplication, and request to have a king set over them.

Gill: 1Sa 9:17 - And when Samuel saw Saul // the Lord said unto him // behold the man whom I spake to thee of // this same shall reign over my people And when Samuel saw Saul,.... Who could not but take notice of him for his height, and which might give him a suspicion he was the man the Lord had sp...

And when Samuel saw Saul,.... Who could not but take notice of him for his height, and which might give him a suspicion he was the man the Lord had spoken of to him; and the rather, because this was the exact time in which he was to be sent to him, and therefore he fixed his eyes upon him: and that he might be assured it was he, and be left at no uncertainty about it:

the Lord said unto him; by a still small voice, or by an impulse upon his mind:

behold the man whom I spake to thee of; yesterday, this is he:

this same shall reign over my people; be their king, as they have desired: or "shall restrain" k them, keep them in due bounds, in the discharge of their duty to God and man; and keep them from doing that which is evil, or walking in evil ways, which is the business of a good king; or who shall restrain them from having their own will, but shall rule over them in an absolute manner, according to his own arbitrary will and pleasure.

Gill: 1Sa 9:18 - Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate // and said, tell me, I pray thee, where the seer's house is Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate,.... Either at the door of his own house, just as he was coming out of it, or within the gate of the city as...

Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate,.... Either at the door of his own house, just as he was coming out of it, or within the gate of the city as Saul entered that, Samuel came to it, in order to go through it to the high place, which it is probable was without the city; wherefore it is very properly said that Samuel came out to meet them, 1Sa 9:14.

and said, tell me, I pray thee, where the seer's house is; one knows not which to wonder at most, the simplicity and humility of Samuel to be in so plain an habit, unattended by servants, and yet going to a public festival, so that he seemed to be no other than a common man, to be inquired of whereabout his house was; or the ignorance of Saul, who had lived so long in the world, and so near Samuel, and yet had never seen and knew not the chief magistrate in the nation, so famous both for his civil and religious character.

Gill: 1Sa 9:19 - And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer // go up before me unto the high place // for ye shall eat with me today // and tomorrow I will let thee go // and will tell thee all that is in thine heart And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer,.... For he supposed, by inquiring for his house, that his business was with him; wherefore this he ...

And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer,.... For he supposed, by inquiring for his house, that his business was with him; wherefore this he said, not as boasting of his character and office, or in the pride and vanity of his mind, but merely for information sake:

go up before me unto the high place; instead of returning home with him, he invited him to go to the place of feasting, as the Targum, whither he was going to partake of the entertainment there; and he bids him go before him, either because he was an old man, and could not go his pace, or he had business to do by the way, or this was in honour to Saul, whom he knew was to be king of Israel:

for ye shall eat with me today; he and his servant, at the public feast: he insisted upon his dining, or it may be rather supping with him:

and tomorrow I will let thee go; for it being in the evening when this feast was, he could not depart that night, but must stay till morning, and then he promised to dismiss him:

and will tell thee all that is in thine heart; answer all questions he had in his mind to ask him, for which he came into the city, and inquired for his house. The Jews l have a tradition that it was in the heart of Saul that he should be a king, having in a vision seen himself placed on the top of a palm tree, which was a sign of royalty, and this Samuel told him.

Gill: 1Sa 9:20 - And as for thine asses that were lost three days ago // set not thy mind on them, for they are found // and on whom is all the desire of Israel // is it not on thee, and on all thy father's house And as for thine asses that were lost three days ago,.... Which, according to Kimchi, is to be understood not of the time from whence they were lost, ...

And as for thine asses that were lost three days ago,.... Which, according to Kimchi, is to be understood not of the time from whence they were lost, but to be reckoned from the time that Saul had been seeking of them; so the Targum,"as to the business of the asses, which are lost to thee, and thou art come to seek them today, these three days:''though it is probable enough that the same day they were lost Saul set out to seek them, Now Samuel telling him of the asses that were lost, and of the time of their being lost, or of his seeking them, so exactly, before ever he said a word to him about them, must at once convince him that he was a true prophet, and which must prepare him to give credit to all that he should hereafter say to him:

set not thy mind on them, for they are found; of the truth of which he could not doubt, after he had said the above words; and which he said to make his mind easy, that he might the more cheerfully attend the feast, and be the more willing to stay all night:

and on whom is all the desire of Israel? which was to have a king; in this they were unanimous, and who so fit and proper as Saul, it is intimated, whom Samuel knew God had chosen and appointed to be king over them?

is it not on thee, and on all thy father's house? not that the Israelites had their eye on Saul, and their desire after him to be their king, though he was such an one as they wished for; but that as this desire of theirs was granted, it would issue and terminate in him and his family; he should be advanced to the throne, which would be attended with the promotion of his father's house, as Abner particularly, who was his uncle's son, and was made the general of the army.

Gill: 1Sa 9:21 - And Saul answered and said, am not I a Benjamite // of the smallest of the tribes of Israel // and my family the least of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin // wherefore then speakest thou so to me And Saul answered and said, am not I a Benjamite,.... Or the son of Jemini, the name of one of his ancestors, see 1Sa 9:1 or rather, as the Targum, a ...

And Saul answered and said, am not I a Benjamite,.... Or the son of Jemini, the name of one of his ancestors, see 1Sa 9:1 or rather, as the Targum, a son of the tribe of Benjamin:

of the smallest of the tribes of Israel? having been greatly reduced, even to the number of six hundred men, by the fatal war between that tribe and the rest, on account of the Levite's concubine, and is called little Benjamin, Psa 68:27.

and my family the least of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin? the smallest in number, had the least share of authority in the tribe, and of land and cattle, wealth and substance:

wherefore then speakest thou so to me? Saul presently understood Samuel's meaning, that he should be chosen king of Israel, the affair of a king being at this time in everyone's mind and mouth; but could not believe that one of so small a tribe, and which sprung from the youngest son of Jacob, and of so mean a family, would be raised to such dignity, but that a person of great figure and character would be settled upon; and, therefore he took Samuel to be in joke, as Josephus m says, and not in earnest.

Gill: 1Sa 9:22 - And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour // and made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden // which were about thirty persons And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour,.... The dining room of the house, which belonged to the high place: and ma...

And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour,.... The dining room of the house, which belonged to the high place:

and made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden; and who very probably were the principal persons in the city; and yet Saul was placed at the head of them by Samuel, to convince him that what he had said to him was in earnest, and to do him honour before all the people; and for the sake of him, and to show his respect to him, he placed his servant; his minister, also in the chief place with him; what was reckoned the highest and most honourable places at table; see Gill on Mat 23:6. The guests were placed by the master of the feast according to their rank; and the dignity of the person, as Jarchi observes, was known by his manners and place of sitting:

which were about thirty persons; more or less; Josephus n says seventy, disagreeing with the text, the Targum, Syriac and Arabic versions, but agreeing with the Septuagint.

Gill: 1Sa 9:23 - And Samuel said unto the cook // bring the portion which I gave thee // of which I said unto thee, set it by thee And Samuel said unto the cook,.... That dressed and prepared the food for the entertainment of the guests: bring the portion which I gave thee; to ...

And Samuel said unto the cook,.... That dressed and prepared the food for the entertainment of the guests:

bring the portion which I gave thee; to dress; for part of the provisions of the feast was Samuel's, and the other part the people's that brought the peace offerings:

of which I said unto thee, set it by thee; do not bring it in with the rest, but keep it in the kitchen till called for.

Gill: 1Sa 9:24 - And the cook took up the shoulder, and that which was upon it // and set it before Saul // behold that which is left // set it before thee, and eat // for unto this time hath it been kept for thee // since I said I have invited the people // so Saul did eat with Samuel that day And the cook took up the shoulder, and that which was upon it,.... Meaning either, as some think, some sauce that was poured on it, or garnish about i...

And the cook took up the shoulder, and that which was upon it,.... Meaning either, as some think, some sauce that was poured on it, or garnish about it; or the thigh, as the Targum, and so Jarchi, Kimchi, and others; or rather the breast, as a more ancient Jew o; since this joined to the shoulder before separated, and in sacrifices went along with it; though most think this was the left shoulder and breast, because the right shoulder and breast of the peace offerings were given to the priest, to be eaten by him and his sons, Lev 7:34 but in those unsettled times, with respect to sacrifices, many things were dispensed with; and Samuel, though a Levite, might officiate as a priest, and so the right shoulder and breast belonged to him as such; and this best accounts for his having the disposal of it; and upon this extraordinary occasion, Saul, though not the son of a priest, might be admitted to eat of it, it being the choicest part, and fit to be set before one designed to be king; and to show that he was to live in friendship with the priests of the Lord, and to take care of and protect the ministerial function:

and set it before Saul; by the direction of Samuel no doubt, as a token of honour and respect unto him; it being usual in other countries to commend the best dishes, or best pieces of flesh, to the more excellent and worthy persons at table p; and this was, as Josephus q calls it, a royal portion: the arm or shoulder, especially the right arm, being a symbol of strength, may denote that strength which was necessary for him to bear the burden of government, to protect his people, and fight in defence of them; and the breast being the seat of wisdom and prudence, of affection and love, may signify how necessary such qualities were for kingly government, to know how to go in and out before the people, and be heartily concerned for their good: and Samuel said:

behold that which is left; not by the guests, and what they could not eat; for till Samuel came they did not begin to eat; and as for this part, it was but just brought in, and was never set before the guests, but it was left by Samuel in the hands of the cook, and reserved for the use of Saul:

set it before thee, and eat; it was already set before him, but he would have him keep it by him, and eat of it, and make his meal of it, it being the best dish at the table:

for unto this time hath it been kept for thee; by which he gave him to understand that he knew of his coming before hand, and therefore had made this provision for him; and which might serve to persuade him of the truth and certainty of what he had hinted to him:

since I said I have invited the people; not the thirty persons before mentioned, for it does not appear that they were invited by Samuel, but rather by those who brought the peace offerings, who had a right to invite any of their friends they thought fit; but by "the people" are meant Saul and his servant; for in the eastern languages two or three persons, and even one, are called a people; and this Samuel had said to his cook, when he bid him set by the shoulder, and what was on it, because he had invited some, for whom he had designed it:

so Saul did eat with Samuel that day: they dined together.

Gill: 1Sa 9:25 - And when they came down from the high place into the city // Samuel communed with Saul upon the top of the house And when they came down from the high place into the city,.... After the feast was ended; and though Ramah itself was situated on an eminence, yet it ...

And when they came down from the high place into the city,.... After the feast was ended; and though Ramah itself was situated on an eminence, yet it seems this high place was higher than that, being without the city upon an hill, and therefore they are said to come down from the one to the other; or they came down from the high place, and then ascended the hill to the city:

Samuel communed with Saul upon the top of the house: of Samuel's house; when they were come thither, Samuel took Saul up to the roof of his house, which was flat, as the roofs of houses in this country were; see Deu 22:8 on which they could walk to and fro, and converse together; hence you read of preaching and praying on housetops, Mat 10:27 what they communed about is not said, but may be guessed at, that it was about Saul's being made king; of the certainty of it, by divine designation; of the manner of executing that office wisely and justly; about the objections Saul had made of the smallness of his tribe and family; and of Samuel's willingness to resign the government to him, with other things of the like kind.

Gill: 1Sa 9:26 - And they arose early // and it came to pass about the spring of the day // that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house // saying, up, that I may send thee away // and Saul arose, and they went out both of them, he and Samuel, abroad And they arose early,.... Neither of them being able to sleep, as Abarbinel supposes; not Samuel for thinking what he was to do the next morning, anoi...

And they arose early,.... Neither of them being able to sleep, as Abarbinel supposes; not Samuel for thinking what he was to do the next morning, anoint Saul king over Israel; nor Saul for what Samuel had hinted to him about the desire of all Israel being upon him, and for the honour done him at the feast, and because of the conversation they had together afterwards:

and it came to pass about the spring of the day; or the "ascents of the morning" x, when day was about to break, before the sun was up:

that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house; where they had conversed together the evening before:

saying, up, that I may send thee away; meaning not rise from his bed, for he was risen; but that he would prepare to set out on his journey, that Samuel might take his leave of him for the present, when he had accompanied him some part of his way, as he intended; and he was the more urgent upon him, because there was something to be done before people were stirring:

and Saul arose, and they went out both of them, he and Samuel, abroad; out of Samuel's house, without doors, into the street.

Gill: 1Sa 9:27 - And as they were going down to the end of the city // Samuel said to Saul, bid the servant pass on before us // and he passed on // but stand thou still a while // that I may show thee the word of God And as they were going down to the end of the city,.... That end of it that led the way to the place where Saul was going. As this city was built on a...

And as they were going down to the end of the city,.... That end of it that led the way to the place where Saul was going. As this city was built on an hill, going to the end of it was a declivity, a descent:

Samuel said to Saul, bid the servant pass on before us; being another man's servant, he did not choose of himself to bid him go on, but desired his master to order him to go before them, that he might not hear what Samuel had to say to Saul, or see what he did unto him; for as the choice of Saul to be king was to be declared by lot, as coming from the Lord, all those precautions were taken of rising early, and going abroad, and sending the servant before them, that it might not be thought that Samuel did this of himself:

and he passed on; his master bidding him:

but stand thou still a while; that he might hear the better, and more attentively than in walking; such a posture was most fitting also for what was to be done, anointing him with oil:

that I may show thee the word of God: tell him more of the mind of God concerning his being king, and declare more fully the word, will, and decree of God about that matter, by an action which would put it out of all doubt that he was the man God designed to be king, as in the following chapter.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:3 The Syriac Peshitta includes the following words: “So Saul arose and went out. He took with him one of the boys and went out to look for his fat...

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:4 Heb “he”; the referent (Saul) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:6 Heb “our way on which we have gone.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:7 Heb “look.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:8 Heb “our way.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:10 Heb “your word is good.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:13 The MT has “him” (אֹתוֹ, ’oto) here, in addition to the “him” at the end of the verse. The...

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:14 Heb “to meet them.” This may indicate purpose on Samuel’s part. The next sentence indicates that the meeting was by design, not just...

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:15 Heb “uncovered the ear of.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:16 Heb “anoint.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:17 Heb “responded.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:19 Heb “all that is in your heart.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:20 Heb “and all the house of your father.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:22 Heb “took and brought.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:24 Heb “he” (also in v. 25); the referent (Samuel) has been specified in both places in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 1Sa 9:27 The words “Samuel then said” are supplied in the translation for clarification and for stylistic reasons.

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:1 Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name [was] Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a ( ...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:2 And he had a son, whose name [was] Saul, a ( b ) choice young man, and a goodly: and [there was] not among the children of Israel a goodlier person th...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:3 And the asses of Kish Saul's father were lost. And Kish said to Saul his son, Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go ( c ) seek the ass...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:5 [And] when they were come to the land of ( d ) Zuph, Saul said to his servant that [was] with him, Come, and let us return; lest my father leave [cari...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:8 And the servant answered Saul again, and said, Behold, I have here at hand the fourth part of a ( e ) shekel of silver: [that] will I give to the man ...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:9 (Beforetime in Israel, when a man went to enquire of God, thus he spake, Come, and let us go to the ( f ) seer: for [he that is] now [called] a Prophe...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:12 And they answered them, and said, He is; behold, [he is] before you: make haste now, for he came to day to the city; for [there is] a ( g ) sacrifice ...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:13 As soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not eat until he com...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:16 To morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him [to be] captain over my people Israel, that he...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:19 And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I [am] the seer: go up before me unto the high place; for ye shall eat with me to day, and to morrow I will let th...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:20 And as for thine asses that were lost three days ago, set not thy mind on them; for they are found. And ( l ) on whom [is] all the desire of Israel? [...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:22 And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the ( m ) parlour, and made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden, wh...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:24 And the cook took up the shoulder, and [that] which [was] ( n ) upon it, and set [it] before Saul. And [Samuel] said, Behold that which is left! set [...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:26 And they arose early: and it came to pass about the spring of the day, that Samuel called Saul to the ( p ) top of the house, saying, Up, that I may s...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 9:27 [And] as they were going down to the end of the city, Samuel said to Saul, Bid the servant pass on before us, (and he passed on,) but stand thou still...

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: 1Sa 9:15-27 - The Old Judge And The Young King 1 Samuel 9:15-27 Both the time and the place of the incidents here told are unknown. No note is given of the interval that had elapsed since the elder...

MHCC: 1Sa 9:1-10 - --Saul readily went to seek his father's asses. His obedience to his father was praise-worthy. His servant proposed, that since they were now at Ramah, ...

MHCC: 1Sa 9:11-17 - --The very maid-servants of the city could direct to the prophet. They had heard of the sacrifice, and could tell of the necessity for Samuel's presence...

MHCC: 1Sa 9:18-27 - --Samuel, that good prophet, was so far from envying Saul, or bearing him any ill-will, that he was the first and most forward to do him honour. Both th...

Matthew Henry: 1Sa 9:1-2 - -- We are here told, 1. What a good family Saul was of, 1Sa 9:1. He was of the tribe of Benjamin; so was the New Testament Saul, who also was called P...

Matthew Henry: 1Sa 9:3-10 - -- Here is, I. A great man rising from small beginnings. It does not appear that Saul had any preferment at all, or was in any post of honour or trust,...

Matthew Henry: 1Sa 9:11-17 - -- Here, I. Saul, by an ordinary enquiry, is directed to Samuel, 1Sa 9:11-14. Gibeah of Saul was not twenty miles from Ramah where Samuel dwelt, and wa...

Matthew Henry: 1Sa 9:18-27 - -- Providence having at length brought Samuel and Saul together, we have here an account of what passed between them in the gate, at the feast, and in ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 9:1-10 - -- When the Lord had instructed Samuel to appoint a king over the nation, inaccordance with its own desire, He very speedily proceeded to show himthe m...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 9:11-12 - -- As they were going up to the high place of the town, they met maidenscoming out of the town to draw water; and on asking them whether theseer was th...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 9:13 - -- "When ye come into the city, ye will find him directly before he goes upto the high place to eat." כּן not only introduces the apodosis, butcorre...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 9:14-16 - -- When they went into the town, Samuel met them on his way out to go tothe high place of sacrifice. Before the meeting itself is described, thestateme...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 9:17 - -- When Samuel saw Saul, the Lord answered him, sc., in reply to the tacitinquiry, 'Is this he? ' "Behold, this is the man of whom I spake to thee." ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 9:18-24 - -- The thread of the narrative, which was broken off in 1Sa 9:15, is resumed in 1Sa 9:18. Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate, and asked him for the s...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 9:25-27 - -- When the sacrificial meal was over, Samuel and Saul went down from thehigh place into the town, and he (Samuel) talked with him upon the roof(of the...

Constable: 1Sa 8:1--12:25 - --B. Kingship Given to Saul chs. 8-12 "Clearly these five chapters constitute a literary unit, for they ar...

Constable: 1Sa 9:1--10:17 - --2. The anointing of Saul 9:1-10:16 In chapters 9-11 the writer painted Saul as the ideal man to ...

Constable: 1Sa 9:1-2 - --Saul's background 9:1-2 Saul ("Asked [of God]," cf. 8:10) came from good Benjamite stock...

Constable: 1Sa 9:3-14 - --Saul's personal traits 9:3-14 Saul's concern for his father's peace of mind was commenda...

Constable: 1Sa 9:15-25 - --Saul's introduction to Samuel 9:15-25 Even though God had broken the Philistines' domina...

Constable: 1Sa 9:26--10:9 - --Saul's private anointing by Samuel 9:26-10:8 Anointing with oil was a symbolic act in Is...

Guzik: 1Sa 9:1-27 - God Leads Saul to Samuel 1 Samuel 9 - God Leads Saul to Samuel A. Saul searches for his father's donkeys. 1. (1-2) Kish, the father of Saul, and his son Saul. There was a ...

buka semua
Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF SAMUEL. The two were, by the ancient Jews, conjoined so as to make one book, and in that form could be called the Book o...

JFB: 1 Samuel (Garis Besar) OF ELKANAH AND HIS TWO WIVES. (1Sa 1:1-8) HANNAH'S PRAYER. (1Sa 1:9-18) SAMUEL BORN. (1Sa 1:20) HANNAH'S SONG IN THANKFULNESS TO GOD. (1Sa 2:1-11) TH...

TSK: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) The First Book of SAMUEL, otherwise called " The First Book of the KINGS."

TSK: 1 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 1Sa 9:1, Saul despairing to find his father’s asses, 1Sa 9:6, by the counsel of his servant, 1Sa 9:11, and direction of young maidens, ...

Poole: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL OTHERWISE CALLED THE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS. THE ARGUMENT. IT is not certainly known who was the penman of this Book, or whe...

Poole: 1 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) SAMUEL CHAPTER 9 The genealogy of Kish, 1Sa 9:1 . Saul’ s person, 1Sa 9:2 . He is sent to seek his father’ s asses, 1Sa 9:3 . He travels ...

MHCC: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) In this book we have an account of Eli, and the wickedness of his sons; also of Samuel, his character and actions. Then of the advancement of Saul to ...

MHCC: 1 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (1Sa 9:1-10) Saul is brought to Samuel. (1Sa 9:11-17) Samuel told concerning Saul. (1Sa 9:18-27) Samuel's treatment of Saul.

Matthew Henry: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The First Book of Samuel This book, and that which follows it, bear the name of Samuel in the title, ...

Matthew Henry: 1 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Samuel had promised Israel, from God, that they should have a king; it is strange that the next news is not of candidates setting up for the govern...

Constable: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title First and Second Samuel were originally one book called the Book of...

Constable: 1 Samuel (Garis Besar) Outline I. Eli and Samuel chs. 1-3 A. The change from barrenness to fertility 1:1-2:10 ...

Constable: 1 Samuel 1 Samuel Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. The First Book of Samuel. Cambridge Bible Commentary on the New English...

Haydock: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL; otherwise called, THE FIRST BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This and the following Book are called by the Hebrews, the...

Gill: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 1 SAMUEL This book, in the Hebrew copies, is commonly called Samuel, or the Book of Samuel; in the Syriac version, the Book of Samu...

Gill: 1 Samuel 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO FIRST SAMUEL 9 This chapter gives an account of Saul, the person the Lord had appointed to be king of Israel; it relates his descen...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #07: Klik ikon untuk mendengarkan pasal yang sedang Anda tampilkan. [SEMUA]
dibuat dalam 0.90 detik
dipersembahkan oleh
bible.org - YLSA