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Teks -- 1 Kings 5:1-18 (NET)

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Konteks
Solomon Gathers Building Materials for the Temple
5:1 King Hiram of Tyre sent messengers to Solomon when he heard that he had been anointed king in his father’s place. (Hiram had always been an ally of David.) 5:2 Solomon then sent this message to Hiram: 5:3 “You know that my father David was unable to build a temple to honor the Lord his God, for he was busy fighting battles on all fronts while the Lord subdued his enemies. 5:4 But now the Lord my God has made me secure on all fronts; there is no adversary or dangerous threat. 5:5 So I have decided to build a temple to honor the Lord my God, as the Lord instructed my father David, ‘Your son, whom I will put on your throne in your place, is the one who will build a temple to honor me.’ 5:6 So now order some cedars of Lebanon to be cut for me. My servants will work with your servants. I will pay your servants whatever you say is appropriate, for you know that we have no one among us who knows how to cut down trees like the Sidonians.” 5:7 When Hiram heard Solomon’s message, he was very happy. He said, “The Lord is worthy of praise today because he has given David a wise son to rule over this great nation.” 5:8 Hiram then sent this message to Solomon: “I received the message you sent to me. I will give you all the cedars and evergreens you need. 5:9 My servants will bring the timber down from Lebanon to the sea. I will send it by sea in raft-like bundles to the place you designate. There I will separate the logs and you can carry them away. In exchange you will supply the food I need for my royal court.” 5:10 So Hiram supplied the cedars and evergreens Solomon needed, 5:11 and Solomon supplied Hiram annually with 20,000 cors of wheat as provision for his royal court, as well as 20,000 baths of pure olive oil. 5:12 So the Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as he had promised him. And Hiram and Solomon were at peace and made a treaty. 5:13 King Solomon conscripted work crews from throughout Israel, 30,000 men in all. 5:14 He sent them to Lebanon in shifts of 10,000 men per month. They worked in Lebanon for one month, and then spent two months at home. Adoniram was supervisor of the work crews. 5:15 Solomon also had 70,000 common laborers and 80,000 stonecutters in the hills, 5:16 besides 3,300 officials who supervised the workers. 5:17 By royal order they supplied large valuable stones in order to build the temple’s foundation with chiseled stone. 5:18 Solomon’s and Hiram’s construction workers, along with men from Byblos, did the chiseling and prepared the wood and stones for the building of the temple.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Adoniram a man who was in charge of David's forced labor,a man who was in charge of Rehoboam's forced labor
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Gebal a nation of people who oppressed Israel,a town of Phoenicia 30 km north. of Beirut, later called Byblos
 · Gebalites residents of the town of Gebal
 · Hiram son of Bela son of Benjamin,king of Tyre in David and Solomon's time,son of a man of Tyre and a woman of Naphtali
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Lebanon a mountain range and the adjoining regions (IBD)
 · sea the Dead Sea, at the southern end of the Jordan River,the Mediterranean Sea,the Persian Gulf south east of Babylon,the Red Sea
 · Sidonians residents of the town of Sidon
 · Solomon the tenth son of David; the father of Rehoboam; an ancestor of Jesus; the third king of Israel.,son of David and Bath-Sheba; successor of King David
 · Tyre a resident of the town of Tyre


Topik/Tema Kamus: Solomon | Hiram | Church and State | Temple, Solomon's | Treaty | Cedar | Diplomacy | Alliances | Tyre | Temple | LEBANON | ALLIANCE | TAX; TAXING | Adoniram | FIR | Contracts | Commerce | TEMPLE, A1 | TEMPLE, B | Religion | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 1Ki 5:6 - They That is, thy servants. And this assistance which these Gentiles gave to the building of Solomon's temple, was a type of the calling of the Gentiles, a...

That is, thy servants. And this assistance which these Gentiles gave to the building of Solomon's temple, was a type of the calling of the Gentiles, and that they should be instrumental in building and constituting Christ's spiritual temple.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:6 - Cedar trees - Which for their soundness, and strength, and fragrancy, and durableness, were most proper for his design. Of these David had procured some, bu...

trees - Which for their soundness, and strength, and fragrancy, and durableness, were most proper for his design. Of these David had procured some, but not a sufficient number.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:6 - Lebanon Which was in Solomon's jurisdiction: and therefore he doth not desire that Hiram would give him the cedars, because they were his own already; but onl...

Which was in Solomon's jurisdiction: and therefore he doth not desire that Hiram would give him the cedars, because they were his own already; but only that his servants might hew them for him; which the ingenious Tyrians well understood.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:6 - With thy servants Either to be employed therein as they shall direct; or to receive the cedars, from their hands, and transmit them to me.

Either to be employed therein as they shall direct; or to receive the cedars, from their hands, and transmit them to me.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:6 - Hire Pay them for their labour and art.

Pay them for their labour and art.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:6 - Sidonians Or Tyrians: for these places and people being near, are promiscuously used one for another.

Or Tyrians: for these places and people being near, are promiscuously used one for another.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:7 - Rejoiced Being a faithful friend to David and his house, and tho' it is not probable he was a sincere proselyte, yet he had sufficient information concerning t...

Being a faithful friend to David and his house, and tho' it is not probable he was a sincere proselyte, yet he had sufficient information concerning the nature and excellency of the God of Israel, and had honourable thoughts of him.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:9 - The sea The mid - land sea.

The mid - land sea.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:9 - Floats Or, rafts. It is thought the timber were tied together in the water, as now is usual, and so by the help of boats or ships, conveyed to the appointed ...

Or, rafts. It is thought the timber were tied together in the water, as now is usual, and so by the help of boats or ships, conveyed to the appointed place, which was at no great distance.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:9 - Household My family and court, which most properly is called his house.

My family and court, which most properly is called his house.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:11 - Measures Heb. twenty cors pure oil; but in 2Ch 2:10, it is twenty thousand baths of oil. To which there is added twenty thousand measures of barley, and twenty...

Heb. twenty cors pure oil; but in 2Ch 2:10, it is twenty thousand baths of oil. To which there is added twenty thousand measures of barley, and twenty thousand baths of wine. Either therefore, first, he speaks of several things. Or, secondly, he speaks there of what Solomon offered: for it runs thus, I will give; and here of what Hiram accepted. Or, thirdly, the barley, and wine, and twenty thousand baths of common oil, mentioned 2Ch 2:10, must be added to the twenty thousand measures of wheat, and the twenty measures of pure oil here expressed, and the whole sum is to be made up from both places; that book of Chronicles being written to supply and compleat the histories of the books of Samuel, and of the Kings.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:11 - Gave Hiram Either, first, for sustenance to the workmen, during the years wherein they were employed in the cutting down and hewing of timber. Or, for the yearly...

Either, first, for sustenance to the workmen, during the years wherein they were employed in the cutting down and hewing of timber. Or, for the yearly support of the king's house, during the said time. Thus by the wise disposal of providence, one country has need of another, and is benefited by another, that there may be a mutual correspondence and dependence, to the glory of God our common Parent.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:13 - The levy Which were to be employed in the most honourable and easy parts of the work relating to the temple; and these were Israelites; but those fifteen hundr...

Which were to be employed in the most honourable and easy parts of the work relating to the temple; and these were Israelites; but those fifteen hundred thousand mentioned 1Ki 5:15, were strangers. If it seem strange, that so many thousands should be employed about so small a building as the temple was; it must be considered, that the temple, all its parts being considered, was far larger than men imagine; that it is probable, they were employed by turns, as the thirty thousand were, 1Ki 5:14, else they had been oppressed with hard and uninterrupted labours. that the timber and stone hewed and carried by them, was designed, not only for the temple, but also for Solomon's own houses, and buildings; because we read of no other levy of men, nor of any care and pains taken after the building of the temple, for the procurement, or preparation of materials for his own houses, or his other buildings; nay, that this very levy of men was made and employed for the building of the Lord's house, and Solomon's house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer, is expressed 1Ki 9:15.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:16 - Three thousand &c. _Whereof three thousand were set over the fifteen hundred thousand, expressed 1Ki 5:15, each of these, over fifty of them, and the odd three hundred w...

_Whereof three thousand were set over the fifteen hundred thousand, expressed 1Ki 5:15, each of these, over fifty of them, and the odd three hundred were set over these three thousand, each of these to have the oversight of ten of them, to take an account of the work for them. But in 2Ch 2:18, these overseers are said to be thirty - six hundred. The three thousand added in 2Ch 2:2, might be a reserve, to supply the places of the other three thousand: yea, or of the thirty - three hundred, as any of them should be taken off from the work by death, or sickness, or weakness, or necessary occasions; which was a prudent provision, and not unusual in like cases.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:16 - And so there were thirty six hundred commissioned for the work, but only thirty - three hundred employed at one time; and therefore both computations fairly stand together.

six hundred commissioned for the work, but only thirty - three hundred employed at one time; and therefore both computations fairly stand together.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:17 - Great and costly Marble and porphyry, or other stones of great size and value.

Marble and porphyry, or other stones of great size and value.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:17 - The foundation Where they could not afterward be seen: and therefore that this was done, is mentioned only as a point of magnificence, except it was intended for a t...

Where they could not afterward be seen: and therefore that this was done, is mentioned only as a point of magnificence, except it was intended for a type, or mystical signification of the preciousness of Christ, who is the foundation of the true temple, the church of God.

Wesley: 1Ki 5:18 - Stone squarers - Heb. the Giblites, the inhabitants of Gebel, a place near Zidon, famous for artificers and architects, Jos 13:5. These are here mentioned a...

squarers - Heb. the Giblites, the inhabitants of Gebel, a place near Zidon, famous for artificers and architects, Jos 13:5. These are here mentioned apart, distinct from the rest of Hiram's builders, as the most eminent of them.

JFB: 1Ki 5:1 - Hiram . . . sent his servants unto Solomon The grandson of David's contemporary [KITTO]; or the same Hiram [WINER and others]. The friendly relations which the king of Tyre had cultivated with ...

The grandson of David's contemporary [KITTO]; or the same Hiram [WINER and others]. The friendly relations which the king of Tyre had cultivated with David are here seen renewed with his son and successor, by a message of condolence as well as of congratulation on his accession to the throne of Israel. The alliance between the two nations had been mutually beneficial by the encouragement of useful traffic. Israel, being agricultural, furnished corn and oil, while the Tyrians, who were a commercial people, gave in exchange their Phœnician manufactures, as well as the produce of foreign lands. A special treaty was now entered into in furtherance of that undertaking which was the great work of Solomon's splendid and peaceful reign.

JFB: 1Ki 5:6 - command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon Nowhere else could Solomon have procured materials for the woodwork of his contemplated building. The forests of Lebanon, adjoining the seas in Solomo...

Nowhere else could Solomon have procured materials for the woodwork of his contemplated building. The forests of Lebanon, adjoining the seas in Solomon's time, belonged to the Phœnicians, and the timber being a lucrative branch of their exports, immense numbers of workmen were constantly employed in the felling of trees as well as the transportation and preparation of the wood. Hiram stipulated to furnish Solomon with as large a quantity of cedars and cypresses as he might require and it was a great additional obligation that he engaged to render the important service of having it brought down, probably by the Dog river, to the seaside, and conveyed along the coast in floats; that is, the logs being bound together, to the harbor of Joppa (2Ch 2:16), whence they could easily find the means of transport to Jerusalem.

JFB: 1Ki 5:6 - my servants shall be with thy servants The operations were to be on so extensive a scale that the Tyrians alone would be insufficient. A division of labor was necessary, and while the forme...

The operations were to be on so extensive a scale that the Tyrians alone would be insufficient. A division of labor was necessary, and while the former would do the work that required skilful artisans, Solomon engaged to supply the laborers.

JFB: 1Ki 5:7 - Blessed be the Lord This language is no decisive evidence that Hiram was a worshipper of the true God, as he might use it only on the polytheistic principle of acknowledg...

This language is no decisive evidence that Hiram was a worshipper of the true God, as he might use it only on the polytheistic principle of acknowledging Jehovah as the God of the Hebrews (see on 2Ch 2:11).

JFB: 1Ki 5:8 - Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things . . . and I will do The contract was drawn out formally in a written document (2Ch 2:11), which, according to JOSEPHUS, was preserved both in the Jewish and Tyrian record...

The contract was drawn out formally in a written document (2Ch 2:11), which, according to JOSEPHUS, was preserved both in the Jewish and Tyrian records.

JFB: 1Ki 5:10 - fir trees Rather, the cypress.

Rather, the cypress.

JFB: 1Ki 5:11 - food to his household This was an annual supply for the palace, different from that mentioned in 2Ch 2:10, which was for the workmen in the forests.

This was an annual supply for the palace, different from that mentioned in 2Ch 2:10, which was for the workmen in the forests.

JFB: 1Ki 5:13 - Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel The renewed notice of Solomon's divine gift of wisdom (1Ki 5:12) is evidently introduced to prepare for this record of the strong but prudent measures...

The renewed notice of Solomon's divine gift of wisdom (1Ki 5:12) is evidently introduced to prepare for this record of the strong but prudent measures he took towards the accomplishment of his work. So great a stretch of arbitrary power as is implied in this compulsory levy would have raised great discontent, if not opposition, had not his wise arrangement of letting the laborers remain at home two months out of three, added to the sacredness of the work, reconciled the people to this forced labor. The carrying of burdens and the irksome work of excavating the quarries was assigned to the remnant of the Canaanites (1Ki 9:20; 2Ch 8:7-9) and war prisoners made by David--amounting to 153,600. The employment of persons of that condition in Eastern countries for carrying on any public work, would make this part of the arrangements the less thought of.

JFB: 1Ki 5:17 - brought great stones The stone of Lebanon is "hard, calcareous, whitish and sonorous, like free stone" [SHAW]. The same white and beautiful stone can be obtained in every ...

The stone of Lebanon is "hard, calcareous, whitish and sonorous, like free stone" [SHAW]. The same white and beautiful stone can be obtained in every part of Syria and Palestine.

JFB: 1Ki 5:17 - hewed stones Or neatly polished, as the Hebrew word signifies (Exo 20:25). Both Jewish and Tyrian builders were employed in hewing these great stones.

Or neatly polished, as the Hebrew word signifies (Exo 20:25). Both Jewish and Tyrian builders were employed in hewing these great stones.

JFB: 1Ki 5:18 - and the stone squarers The Margin, which renders it "the Giblites" (Jos 13:5), has long been considered a preferable translation. This marginal translation also must yield t...

The Margin, which renders it "the Giblites" (Jos 13:5), has long been considered a preferable translation. This marginal translation also must yield to another which has lately been proposed, by a slight change in the Hebrew text, and which would be rendered thus: "Solomon's builders, and Hiram's builders, did hew them and bevel them" [THENIUS]. These great bevelled or grooved stones, measuring some twenty, others thirty feet in length, and from five to six feet in breadth, are still seen in the substructures about the ancient site of the temple; and, in the judgment of the most competent observers, were those originally employed "to lay the foundation of the house."

Clarke: 1Ki 5:1 - Hiram king of Tyre Hiram king of Tyre - It must have been at the beginning of Solomon’ s reign that these ambassadors were sent; and some suppose that the Hiram m...

Hiram king of Tyre - It must have been at the beginning of Solomon’ s reign that these ambassadors were sent; and some suppose that the Hiram mentioned here is different from him who was the friend of David; but there seems no very solid reason for this supposition. As Hiram had intimate alliance with David, and built his palace, 2Sa 5:11, he wished to maintain the same good understanding with his son, of whose wisdom he had no doubt heard the most advantageous accounts; and he loved the son because he always loved the father, for Hiram was ever a lover of David.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:2 - Solomon sent to Hiram Solomon sent to Hiram - Made an interchange of ambassadors and friendly greetings. Josephus tells us that the correspondence between Hiram and Solom...

Solomon sent to Hiram - Made an interchange of ambassadors and friendly greetings. Josephus tells us that the correspondence between Hiram and Solomon was preserved in the archives of the Tyrians even in his time. But this, like many other assertions of the same author, is worthy of little credit.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:4 - There is neither adversary There is neither adversary - אין שטן eyn satan , there is no satan - no opposer, nor any kind of evil; all is peace and quiet, both without a...

There is neither adversary - אין שטן eyn satan , there is no satan - no opposer, nor any kind of evil; all is peace and quiet, both without and within. God has given me this quiet that I may build his temple. Deus nobis haec otia fecit .

Clarke: 1Ki 5:5 - A house unto the name of the Lord A house unto the name of the Lord - The name of God is God himself. I purpose to build a house to that infinite and eternal Being called Jehovah.

A house unto the name of the Lord - The name of God is God himself. I purpose to build a house to that infinite and eternal Being called Jehovah.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:6 - Any that can skill to hew timber Any that can skill to hew timber - An obsolete and barbarous expression for any that know how to cut timber. They had neither sawyers, carpenters, j...

Any that can skill to hew timber - An obsolete and barbarous expression for any that know how to cut timber. They had neither sawyers, carpenters, joiners, nor builders among them, equal to the Sidonians. Sidon was a part of the territories of Hiram, and its inhabitants appear to have been the most expert workmen. It requires more skill to fell and prepare timber than is generally supposed. Vitruvius gives some rules relative to this, lib. ii., cap. 9, the sum of which is this

1.    Trees should be felled in autumn, or in the winter, and in the wane of the moon; for in this season the trees recover their vigor and solidity, which was dispersed among their leaves, and exhausted by their fruit, in spring and summer; they will then be free from a certain moisture, very apt to engender worms and rot them, which in autumn and winter is consumed and dried up

2.    Trees should not be cut down at once; they should be cut carefully round towards the pith, that the sap may drop down and distil away, and thus left till thoroughly dry, and then cut down entirely

3.    When fully dried, a tree should not be exposed to the south sun, high winds, and rain; and should be smeared over with cow-dung to prevent its splitting

4.    It should never be drawn through the dew, but be removed in the afternoon

5.    It is not fit for floors, doors, or windows, till it has been felled three years. Perhaps these directions attended to, would prevent the dry rot. And we see from them that there is considerable skill required to hew timber, and in this the Sidonians excelled. We do every thing in a hurry, and our building is good for nothing.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:7 - Blessed be the Lord this day Blessed be the Lord this day - From this, and indeed from every part of Hiram’ s conduct, it is evident that he was a worshipper of the true Go...

Blessed be the Lord this day - From this, and indeed from every part of Hiram’ s conduct, it is evident that he was a worshipper of the true God; unless, as was the case with many of the heathens, he supposed that every country had its own god, and every god his own country, and he thanked the God of Israel that he had given so wise a prince to govern those whom he considered his friends and allies: but the first opinion seems to be the most correct.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:9 - Shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea Shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea - As the river Adonis was in the vicinity of the forest of Lebanon, and emptied itself into the Medi...

Shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea - As the river Adonis was in the vicinity of the forest of Lebanon, and emptied itself into the Mediterranean sea, near Biblos, Hiram could transport the timber all squared, and not only cut to scantling, but cut so as to occupy the place it was intended for in the building, without any farther need of axe or saw. It might be readily sent down the coast on rafts and landed at Joppa, or Jamnia, just opposite to Jerusalem, at the distance of about twenty-five miles. See 2Ch 2:16. The carriage could not be great, as the timber was all fitted for the building where it was hewn down. The materials had only to be put together when they arrived at Jerusalem. See 1Ki 6:7.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:11 - And Solomon gave Hiram, etc. And Solomon gave Hiram, etc. - The information in this verse of the annual stipend paid to Hiram, is deficient, and must be supplied out of 2Ch 2:10...

And Solomon gave Hiram, etc. - The information in this verse of the annual stipend paid to Hiram, is deficient, and must be supplied out of 2Ch 2:10. Here twenty thousand measures of wheat, and twenty measures of pure oil, is all that is promised: there, twenty thousand measures of beaten wheat, twenty thousand measures of barley, twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil, is the stipulation; unless we suppose the first to be for Hiram’ s own family, the latter for his workmen. Instead of twenty measures of oil, the Syriac, Arabic, and Septuagint, have twenty thousand measures, as in Chronicles. In 2 Chron., instead of cors of oil, it is baths. The bath was a measure much less than the cor.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:13 - The levy was thirty thousand men The levy was thirty thousand men - We find from the following verse that only ten thousand were employed at once, and those only for one month at a ...

The levy was thirty thousand men - We find from the following verse that only ten thousand were employed at once, and those only for one month at a time; and having rested two months, they again resumed their labor. These were the persons over whom Adoniram was superintendent, and were all Israelites.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:15 - Threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens Threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens - These were all strangers, or proselytes, dwelling among the Israelites; as we learn from the paralle...

Threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens - These were all strangers, or proselytes, dwelling among the Israelites; as we learn from the parallel place, 2Ch 2:17, 2Ch 2:18.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:16 - Besides - three thousand and three hundred which ruled over the people Besides - three thousand and three hundred which ruled over the people - In the parallel place, 2Ch 2:18, it is three thousand six hundred. The Sept...

Besides - three thousand and three hundred which ruled over the people - In the parallel place, 2Ch 2:18, it is three thousand six hundred. The Septuagint has here the same number.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:17 - Great stones Great stones - Stones of very large dimensions

Great stones - Stones of very large dimensions

Clarke: 1Ki 5:17 - Costly stones Costly stones - Stones that cost much labor and time to cut them out of the rock

Costly stones - Stones that cost much labor and time to cut them out of the rock

Clarke: 1Ki 5:17 - Hewed stones Hewed stones - Everywhere squared and polished.

Hewed stones - Everywhere squared and polished.

Clarke: 1Ki 5:18 - And the stone-squarers And the stone-squarers - Instead of stone-squarers the margin very properly reads Giblites, הגבלים haggiblim ; and refers to Eze 27:9, where...

And the stone-squarers - Instead of stone-squarers the margin very properly reads Giblites, הגבלים haggiblim ; and refers to Eze 27:9, where we find the inhabitants of Gebal celebrated for their knowledge in ship-building. Some suppose that these Giblites were the inhabitants of Biblos, at the foot of Mount Libanus, northward of Sidon, on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea; famous for its wines; and now called Gaeta. Both Ptolemy and Stephanus Byzantinus speak of a town called Gebala, to the east of Tyre: but this was different from Gebal, or Biblos. It seems more natural to understand this of a people than of stone-squarers, though most of the versions have adopted this idea which we follow in the text.

Defender: 1Ki 5:17 - great stones These huge stones were cut out of an extensive quarry deep under the city, rediscovered in the mid-nineteenth century."

These huge stones were cut out of an extensive quarry deep under the city, rediscovered in the mid-nineteenth century."

TSK: 1Ki 5:1 - Hiram // sent // for Hiram am 2990, bc 1014, An, Ex, Is, 477 Hiram : 1Ki 5:10, 1Ki 5:13, 1Ki 9:12-14; 2Ch 2:3, Huram sent : 2Sa 8:10, 2Sa 10:1, 2Sa 10:2; Psa 45:12 for Hiram : 2...

am 2990, bc 1014, An, Ex, Is, 477

Hiram : 1Ki 5:10, 1Ki 5:13, 1Ki 9:12-14; 2Ch 2:3, Huram

sent : 2Sa 8:10, 2Sa 10:1, 2Sa 10:2; Psa 45:12

for Hiram : 2Sa 5:11; 1Ch 14:1; Amo 1:9

TSK: 1Ki 5:2 - -- 2Ch 2:3

TSK: 1Ki 5:3 - could not // the wars // put could not : 2Sa 7:5-11; 1Ch 22:4-6; 2Ch 6:6-8 the wars : 1Ch 22:8, 1Ch 28:3 put : Jos 10:24; Psa 8:6, Psa 110:1; Mal 4:3; 1Co 15:25; Eph 1:22

TSK: 1Ki 5:4 - hath given hath given : 1Ki 4:24; 1Ch 22:9; Psa 72:7; Isa 9:7; Act 9:31

TSK: 1Ki 5:5 - behold // purpose // as the Lord behold : 2Ch 2:1-4, 2Ch 2:5-8 purpose : Heb. say as the Lord : 2Sa 7:12, 2Sa 7:13; 1Ch 17:12, 1Ch 22:10, 1Ch 28:6, 1Ch 28:10; Zec 6:12, Zec 6:13

behold : 2Ch 2:1-4, 2Ch 2:5-8

purpose : Heb. say

as the Lord : 2Sa 7:12, 2Sa 7:13; 1Ch 17:12, 1Ch 22:10, 1Ch 28:6, 1Ch 28:10; Zec 6:12, Zec 6:13

TSK: 1Ki 5:6 - cedar trees // will I give hire // appoint // that there is not // Sidonians cedar trees : 1Ki 6:9, 1Ki 6:10, 1Ki 6:16, 1Ki 6:20; 2Ch 2:8, 2Ch 2:10; Psa 29:5 will I give hire : Rom 12:17; Phi 4:8 appoint : Heb. say that there i...

cedar trees : 1Ki 6:9, 1Ki 6:10, 1Ki 6:16, 1Ki 6:20; 2Ch 2:8, 2Ch 2:10; Psa 29:5

will I give hire : Rom 12:17; Phi 4:8

appoint : Heb. say

that there is not : 1Co 12:14-21; Eph 4:7

Sidonians : Gen 10:15; Ezr 3:7

TSK: 1Ki 5:7 - Blessed // which hath // a wise son Blessed : 1Ki 10:9; 2Ch 2:11, 2Ch 2:12, 2Ch 9:7, 2Ch 9:8; Psa 122:6, Psa 122:7, Psa 137:6 which hath : 1Ki 1:48; Gen 33:5; Isa 8:18, Isa 9:6 a wise so...

TSK: 1Ki 5:8 - considered // timber of fir considered : Heb. heard timber of fir : 1Ki 6:15, 1Ki 6:34; 2Sa 6:5; 2Ch 3:5

considered : Heb. heard

timber of fir : 1Ki 6:15, 1Ki 6:34; 2Sa 6:5; 2Ch 3:5

TSK: 1Ki 5:9 - Lebanon // and I will // appoint // in giving food Lebanon : Deu 3:25 and I will : 2Ch 2:16 appoint : Heb. send in giving food : 2Ch 1:15; Ezr 3:7; Eze 27:17; Act 12:20

Lebanon : Deu 3:25

and I will : 2Ch 2:16

appoint : Heb. send

in giving food : 2Ch 1:15; Ezr 3:7; Eze 27:17; Act 12:20

TSK: 1Ki 5:11 - measures // twenty measures measures : Heb. cors, 1Ki 4:22 *marg. 2Ch 2:10 twenty measures : ""Twenty thousand baths of oil""are mentioned in Chronicles; and the Syriac, Arabic, ...

measures : Heb. cors, 1Ki 4:22 *marg. 2Ch 2:10

twenty measures : ""Twenty thousand baths of oil""are mentioned in Chronicles; and the Syriac, Arabic, and Septuagint also have here ""twenty thousand measures.""But as barley and wine are also spoken of there, it is probable that the wheat mentioned here, and the small quantity of fine oil, were intended for the use of Hiram’ s own family, while that in Chronicles was for his workmen.

TSK: 1Ki 5:12 - as he promised him // they two as he promised him : 1Ki 3:12, 1Ki 4:29; 2Ch 1:12; Jam 1:5 they two : 1Ki 15:19; Gen 21:32; Amo 1:9

as he promised him : 1Ki 3:12, 1Ki 4:29; 2Ch 1:12; Jam 1:5

they two : 1Ki 15:19; Gen 21:32; Amo 1:9

TSK: 1Ki 5:13 - levy // the levy levy : Heb. tribute of men, 1Ki 4:6 the levy : 1Ki 9:15

levy : Heb. tribute of men, 1Ki 4:6

the levy : 1Ki 9:15

TSK: 1Ki 5:14 - a month // Adoniram a month : 1Ki 4:7-19; 1Ch 27:1-15 Adoniram : 1Ki 4:6

a month : 1Ki 4:7-19; 1Ch 27:1-15

Adoniram : 1Ki 4:6

TSK: 1Ki 5:15 - threescore threescore : These were all strangers, or proselytes, dwelling among the Israelites, as we learn from the paralled place in 2Chr. 1Ki 9:20-22; 2Ch 2:1...

threescore : These were all strangers, or proselytes, dwelling among the Israelites, as we learn from the paralled place in 2Chr. 1Ki 9:20-22; 2Ch 2:17, 2Ch 2:18, 2Ch 8:7-9; Ezr 2:58; Neh 7:57, Neh 7:60

TSK: 1Ki 5:16 - three thousand three thousand : In the parallel passage of Chronicles, it is ""three thousand six hundred,""which is also the reading of the Septuagint here. 1Ki 9:2...

three thousand : In the parallel passage of Chronicles, it is ""three thousand six hundred,""which is also the reading of the Septuagint here. 1Ki 9:23; 2Ch 2:2

TSK: 1Ki 5:17 - costly stones costly stones : 1Ki 6:7, 1Ki 7:9; 1Ch 22:2; Isa 28:16; 1Co 3:11, 1Co 3:12; 1Pe 2:6, 1Pe 2:7; Rev 21:14-21

TSK: 1Ki 5:18 - the stonesquarers the stonesquarers : or, Giblites, Jos 13:5; Psa 83:7; Eze 27:9

the stonesquarers : or, Giblites, Jos 13:5; Psa 83:7; Eze 27:9

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 1Ki 5:1 - Hiram sent his servants unto Solomon Hiram sent his servants unto Solomon to wit, as soon as he heard of his succession in the throne, as the following words show, he sent to congratula...

Hiram sent his servants unto Solomon to wit, as soon as he heard of his succession in the throne, as the following words show, he sent to congratulate with him, as the manner of princes is.

Poole: 1Ki 5:3 - Thou knowest // Could not build an house unto the name of the Lord his God // Which were about him on every side // Put them under the soles of his feet Thou knowest by common fame, and by particular information. Could not build an house unto the name of the Lord his God i.e. either, first, For the ...

Thou knowest by common fame, and by particular information.

Could not build an house unto the name of the Lord his God i.e. either, first, For the worship and service of God, 1Ki 3:2 . Or, secondly, For the Lord himself, as that phrase is used, Deu 28:58 Psa 20:1 52:9 .

Which were about him on every side which diverted his cares and thoughts to other things, and withal occasioned God’ s denial of the honour of that work to him.

Put them under the soles of his feet i.e. made them subject to him, that he might trample upon them at his pleasure. Compare Psa 8:6 1Co 15:27 .

Poole: 1Ki 5:6 - Command thou that they // Hew me cedar trees // Lebanon // My servants shall be with thy servants // Unto thee will I give hire for thy servants // The Sidonians Command thou that they i.e. thy servants, as appears both from the foregoing words, command , &c., and from the following opposition of my servants...

Command thou that they i.e. thy servants, as appears both from the foregoing words, command , &c., and from the following opposition of my servants And this assistance which these Gentiles gave to the building of Solomon’ s temple was a type of the calling of the Gentiles, and that they should be very instrumental in the building and constituting of Christ’ s spiritual temple, to wit, his church.

Hew me cedar trees which, for their soundness, and strength, and fragrancy, and durableness, were most excellent and proper for his design. Of these David had procured some, but not a sufficient number.

Lebanon was either wholly or in part in Solomon’ s jurisdiction; and therefore he doth not desire that Hiram would give him the cedars, because they were his own already; but only that his servants might hew them for him; which required art and skill in the time and manner of doing of it; all which the ingenious Tyrians well understood.

My servants shall be with thy servants either to be employed therein as they shall direct; or to receive the cedars, being cut down and hewed, from their hands, and to transmit them to me; although Hiram in his return eased him of that trouble.

Unto thee will I give hire for thy servants i.e. pay them for their labour and art.

The Sidonians or Tyrians; for these places and people being near, and subject to Hiram, are promiscuously used one for another.

Poole: 1Ki 5:7 - He rejoiced greatly // Blessed be the Lord He rejoiced greatly being an ingenuous prince, a lover of excellency, and a faithful friend to David and to his house. Blessed be the Lord for thou...

He rejoiced greatly being an ingenuous prince, a lover of excellency, and a faithful friend to David and to his house.

Blessed be the Lord for though it be not probable that he was a sincere proselyte, because he did not endeavour the instruction of his people, and the extirpation of their gross idolatry, which by God’ s blessing and Solomen’ s help he might easily have effected; yet he had sufficient information concerning the nature and excellency of the God of Israel, and had honourable thoughts of him, as also divers other heathens had, 1Sa 4:8 Dan 6:16; /APC 2Ma 3:3 .

Poole: 1Ki 5:8 - Hiram sent // Concerning timber of fir Hiram sent a letter, 2Ch 2:11 . Concerning timber of fir which formerly was, and still is, very useful in most buildings. Others render the Hebrew ...

Hiram sent a letter, 2Ch 2:11 .

Concerning timber of fir which formerly was, and still is, very useful in most buildings. Others render the Hebrew word, pitch trees , or ash trees , or pine trees . To others it was a particular sort of cedars, and therefore comes under the general name of cedars , in Solomon’ s message before related.

Poole: 1Ki 5:9 - Unto the sea // In floats // Unto the place that thou shalt appoint me // Discharged // Food for my household Unto the sea the midland sea. In floats or ships , or rafts . It is thought the timbers were tied together in the water, as now it is usual, and ...

Unto the sea the midland sea.

In floats or ships , or rafts . It is thought the timbers were tied together in the water, as now it is usual, and so by the help of boats or ships conveyed to the appointed place, which was at no great distance.

Unto the place that thou shalt appoint me which was Joppa, 2Ch 2:16 , a town upon the sea, Jos 19:46 Act 9:43 .

Discharged Heb. dispersed , or dissolved ; which implies that they were tied together.

Food for my household i.e. either, first, My kingdom or people; for the word house or family is sometimes used for a nation or people, as Jud 13:2 18:11 Zec 12:13 14:18 . The reason of this desire is, because the country belonging to Tyre and Sidon was very barren, and the people there being very numerous, depended upon Solomon’ s country for relief, as is manifest from Act 12:20 : compare Ezr 3:7 Eze 27:17 . And this relief or provisions Hiram doth not desire to be freely given to him, but to be sold to him and his people at a reasonable rate, as Josephus reports it. Or, secondly, My servants employed in the work, as it is expressed, 2Ch 2:15 ; though divers, both Jewish and Christian, interpreters conceive that this and that are differing accounts; and that here he speaks of the recompence which was given to Hiram himself, and to his house, for the materials which were taken out of his territories; and in 2Ch 2 of what was given to his servants for their labour. Or, thirdly, My royal family and court, which most properly is called his house.

Poole: 1Ki 5:11 - Twenty measures of pure oil // of pure oil // I will give // Solomon gave Hiram // Thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year Twenty measures of pure oil Heb. twenty cors of pure oil but in 2Ch 2:10 , it is twenty thousand baths of oil ; to which is there added twenty ...

Twenty measures of pure oil Heb. twenty cors

of pure oil but in 2Ch 2:10 , it is twenty thousand baths of oil ; to which is there added twenty thousand measures of barley , and twenty thousand baths of wine . Either therefore, first, He speaks of several things, as was now said on 1Ki 5:9 . Or, secondly, He speaks there of what Solomon offered; for it runs thus,

I will give and here of what Hiram accepted; and accordingly Solomon gave, for it is here said

Solomon gave Hiram Or, thirdly, The barley, and wine, and twenty thousand baths of common oil, mentioned 2Ch 2 , must be added to the twenty thousand measures of wheat, and the twenty measures of pure oil, here expressed , and the whole sum is to be made up from both places; that Book of Chronicles being written to supply and complete the histories of the Books of Samuel and of the Kings.

Thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year either, first, For sustenance to the workmen, during the years wherein they were employed in the cutting down and hewing of the timber. Or, secondly, For the yearly support of the king’ s house during the said time. And these words being left out in 2Ch 2 , may seem to favour their opinion, that these places speak of divers passages, and several recompences, the one given to the king’ s house, the other to the labourers, although the argument is not cogent; and this might be omitted there, either because it was sufficiently implied in the nature of the thing, or because it had been plainly expressed here.

Poole: 1Ki 5:12 - The Lord gave Solomon wisdom The Lord gave Solomon wisdom i.e. he increased in wisdom more and more; which is here mentioned, because he showed his wisdom in all his transactions...

The Lord gave Solomon wisdom i.e. he increased in wisdom more and more; which is here mentioned, because he showed his wisdom in all his transactions with Hiram.

Poole: 1Ki 5:13 - -- Which were to be employed in the most honourable and easy parts of the work relating to the temple, in manner expressed, 1Ki 5:14 . And these were I...

Which were to be employed in the most honourable and easy parts of the work relating to the temple, in manner expressed, 1Ki 5:14 . And these were Israelites; but those 150,000, mentioned 1Ki 5:15 , were strangers, by comparing this with 1Ki 9:21,22 . If it seem strange to any man that so many thousands should be employed about so small a building as the temple was, it must be considered,

1. That the temple, all its parts being considered, was far larger than men imagine, of which more hereafter.

2. That it is probable, that they were employed by turns, as the 30,000 were, 1Ki 5:14 , else they had been oppressed with hard and uninterrupted labours.

3. That the timber and stone hewed and carried by them was designed, not only (though principally) for the temple, but also for Solomon’ s own houses and buildings; because we read of no other levy of men, nor of any great care and pains taken, after the building of the temple, for the procurement or preparation of materials for his own houses, or his other buildings; which implies, that that work was done before; nay, that this very levy of men was made and employed for the building of the Lord’ s house , and Solomon’ s house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor and Megiddo, and Gezer , is expressed 1Ki 9:15 , which may fully satisfy that scruple.

Poole: 1Ki 5:15 - -- Either of timber, or rather of stones; for Hiram had taken care of the timber.

Either of timber, or rather of stones; for Hiram had taken care of the timber.

Poole: 1Ki 5:16 - Answ // chief of Solomon’ s officers Whereof 3000 were set over the 150,000, expressed 1Ki 5:15 , each of these over 50 of them, and the odd 300 were set ever these 3000, each of these ...

Whereof 3000 were set over the 150,000, expressed 1Ki 5:15 , each of these over 50 of them, and the odd 300 were set ever these 3000, each of these to have the oversight of ten of them, to take an account of the work from them. But in 2Ch 2:18 , these overseers are said to be 3600.

Answ The 300 added in 2Ch 2 might be a reserve, to supply the places of the other 3000; yea, or of the 3300; as any of them should be taken off from the work by death, or sickness, or weakness, or necessary occasions; which was a prudent provision, and not unusual in such-like cases. And so there were 3600 commissioned for the work, but only 3300 employed at one time; and therefore both computations may fairly stand together. Some learned men add, that those 3600 were strangers, which indeed is manifest from 2Ch 2:17 ; and that those 3330 were a distinct number of men, and Israelites, which were set over all the rest, both strangers and Israelites; who therefore are here called the

chief of Solomon’ s officers and are said to rule over the workmen ; whereas all that is said of those 3600, 2Ch 2:18 , is, that they were overseers to set the people a work ; which may deserve further consideration. Others say, that the 300 added in 2 Chron. were overseers of the Tyrian workmen in Mount Lebanon, and the rest in all other places; or that they were set over some particular and more curious and considerable parts of the work.

Poole: 1Ki 5:17 - Costly stones // To lay the foundation of the house Costly stones marble and porphyry, or other stones of great size and value. To lay the foundation of the house where they could not afterward be se...

Costly stones marble and porphyry, or other stones of great size and value.

To lay the foundation of the house where they could not afterward be seen; and therefore that this was done, is mentioned only as a point of magnificence, except it was intended for a type or mystical signification of the preciousness of Christ, who is the foundation of the true temple, the church of God, as he is called, Isa 28:16 1Co 3:11 .

Poole: 1Ki 5:18 - The stone-squarers The stone-squarers Heb. the Gibites ; the inhabitants of Gebel, a place near Zidon, named Psa 83:7 Eze 27:9 , famous for artificers and architects, ...

The stone-squarers Heb. the Gibites ; the inhabitants of Gebel, a place near Zidon, named Psa 83:7 Eze 27:9 , famous for artificers and architects, Jos 13:5 . These are here mentioned apart, as distinct from the rest of Hiram’ s builders, as the most eminent of them.

Haydock: 1Ki 5:1 - Hiram Hiram. Josephus says, that the temple was built in the 11th year of this prince. He must therefore have been the son of David's friend, as the form...

Hiram. Josephus says, that the temple was built in the 11th year of this prince. He must therefore have been the son of David's friend, as the former had sent artificers to build David's house, (2 Kings v. 11.; Calmet) above 30 years before. But there may be a mistake in the number, as the Scripture evidently speaks of the same king; and Josephus had said before, "Hiram rejoiced exceedingly that Solomon had succeeded to the throne; (for he had been the friend of David) and he sent ambassadors to congratulate with him on his present felicity, by whom Solomon wrote," &c. The mutual letters of these kings were still preserved in the archives of Tyre; and this author confidently appeals to them, as he deems it "impious to insert any fiction" in his history. (Josephus, Antiquities viii. 2.) He quotes Dius and Menander; who asserted, that these princes proposed enigmas to each other; and the Hiram was obliged to pay a large sum of money, as he could not explain that which Solomon had proposed, &c. (Josephus, contra Apion i.) (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 5:3 - Wars Wars. Many interpreters assert that this was the real impediment, (Tostat; Salien, &c.) rather than the blood, which David had already spilt, 2 King...

Wars. Many interpreters assert that this was the real impediment, (Tostat; Salien, &c.) rather than the blood, which David had already spilt, 2 Kings vii., and 1 Paralipomenon xxii. 8.

Haydock: 1Ki 5:4 - Adversary Adversary. Literally, "Satan." Adad of Idumea, and another of Syria, and Jeroboam, began to molest Solomon, only towards the end of his reign, chap...

Adversary. Literally, "Satan." Adad of Idumea, and another of Syria, and Jeroboam, began to molest Solomon, only towards the end of his reign, chap. xi. 25.

Haydock: 1Ki 5:6 - Libanus // Sidonians Libanus. It belonged to Israel, since the victory of David, 2 Kings x. 18. Solomon built some fortresses on the mountain, chap. ix. 19. The cedar-...

Libanus. It belonged to Israel, since the victory of David, 2 Kings x. 18. Solomon built some fortresses on the mountain, chap. ix. 19. The cedar-trees grow chiefly towards Phenicia, above Biblos. They bear a great resemblance with fir-trees, and grow in a pyramidical form. The wood is hard and bitter, so that worms will not molest it. Hence it was much used in the temple of Ephesus, and in other large buildings; lacunaria ex ea....propter æternitatem sunt facta. (Vitruvius ii. 9.) ---

Sidonians. It seems they were subject to the king of Tyre, or this was the common title of all the Phenicians. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 5:7 - Lord Lord (Jehova) God "of Israel," as it is expressed, 2 Paralipomenon ii. 12. (Haydock) --- This pagan prince adored and erected temples and altars ...

Lord (Jehova) God "of Israel," as it is expressed, 2 Paralipomenon ii. 12. (Haydock) ---

This pagan prince adored and erected temples and altars in honour of Baal, Astarte, and Hercules; (Josephus, &c.) yet he did not hesitate to acknowledge the God of Israel, as he supposed that there was a god for each nation. See chap. xx. 28., and 4 Kings xvii. 27. (Calemt) ---

Thus many think that they may serve the God of unity, by going to hear the sermons of men who preach a contradictory doctrine. The devil will be satisfied, if he can share the divine honours: but God will admit of no rival, nor can he sanction any but the true religion. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 5:8 - Fir-trees // Beroshim Fir-trees. Some take these to be another species of cedars, as they say fir is too slender and corruptible; (Martin, &c.) and Solomon had not asked ...

Fir-trees. Some take these to be another species of cedars, as they say fir is too slender and corruptible; (Martin, &c.) and Solomon had not asked for it, ver. 6.; though he does in 2 Paralipomenon ii. 8, where (Haydock) the word is translated archeuthina, "juniper-trees," by the Septuagint and St. Jerome. (Calmet) ---

Beroshim, is rendered fir-trees by Pagnin; box or cedars, &c., by others. The precise import of the Hebrew names of plants, animals, &c., is not sufficiently known. (Menochius) ---

Fir is use by the best architects. (Virtuvius, ii. 9.) (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 5:9 - There // Household There. Joppe was fixed upon, as the port nearest Jerusalem, 2 Paralipomenon ii. 16. The trees were squared and rolled, (Calmet) or dragged (Haydock...

There. Joppe was fixed upon, as the port nearest Jerusalem, 2 Paralipomenon ii. 16. The trees were squared and rolled, (Calmet) or dragged (Haydock) from the mountain-top to the river Adonis, or the plain of Biblos, and then sent in floats by sea. (Calmet) ---

Household, for the workmen employed in cutting the wood; (2 Paralipomenon; Menochius) and also for Hiram's other servants, as the kings of the East paid them not with money. (Calmet) ---

The Tyrians neglected agriculture. (Servius)

Haydock: 1Ki 5:11 - Wheat // Twenty Wheat, "ground or beaten." (Hebrew; Paralipomenon) (Haydock) --- By comparing this passage with chap. iv. 22, we may see how much the court of Sol...

Wheat, "ground or beaten." (Hebrew; Paralipomenon) (Haydock) ---

By comparing this passage with chap. iv. 22, we may see how much the court of Solomon surpassed that of Hiram. The former consumed 90 measures of flour a day; and 20,000 of wheat sufficed for the Tyrian prince's family a whole year. ---

Twenty. It is supposed by many commentators that thousand is to be supplied from the former sentence; as there seems otherwise to be no proportion between the wheat and the oil. (Piscator, &c.) ---

The Septuagint, Syriac, &c., read 20,000. (Calmet) ---

The Alexandrian copy has not core, but only beth, (Haydock) or "bath," which is a smaller measure, containing 29 pints and something more, (Calmet) or seven gallons, four pints, English wine measure; where the core, or chomer, consisted of 75 gallons, five pints. (Arbuthnot) (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 5:14 - Levy Levy, or tribute. The men had only to procure stones, as the Tyrians had engaged to do all which regarded the wood. (Calmet) --- These were Israel...

Levy, or tribute. The men had only to procure stones, as the Tyrians had engaged to do all which regarded the wood. (Calmet) ---

These were Israelites. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Ki 5:15 - Mountain Mountain of Libanus. (Calmet) --- Paralipomenon mountains: but the Hebrew is singular in both places. They were all proselytes or strangers.

Mountain of Libanus. (Calmet) ---

Paralipomenon mountains: but the Hebrew is singular in both places. They were all proselytes or strangers.

Haydock: 1Ki 5:16 - Three hundred Three hundred. In 2 Paralipomenon (ii. 2., and 18,) we read six hundred; (Haydock) as there are 300 superior officers included. (Calmet) (Menoch...

Three hundred. In 2 Paralipomenon (ii. 2., and 18,) we read six hundred; (Haydock) as there are 300 superior officers included. (Calmet) (Menochius) (Sa, &c.) ---

But these 3600 are all overseers. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 5:17 - Fountain Fountain, which did not appear. (Calmet) --- What sort would, therefore, be chosen for the most conspicuous parts of the temple? (Haydock)

Fountain, which did not appear. (Calmet) ---

What sort would, therefore, be chosen for the most conspicuous parts of the temple? (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 5:18 - Giblians Giblians. Ezechiel (xxvii. 9,) commends them for building ships. Giblos of Gebal is supposed to be the town, which profane authors style Biblos, at...

Giblians. Ezechiel (xxvii. 9,) commends them for building ships. Giblos of Gebal is supposed to be the town, which profane authors style Biblos, at the foot of Libanus. Ptolemy also mentions Gabala, to the east of Tyre. (Calmet)

Gill: 1Ki 5:1 - And Hiram king of Tyre sent servants unto Solomon // for he had heard that they had anointed him, king in the room of his father // for Hiram was ever a lover of David And Hiram king of Tyre sent servants unto Solomon,.... His ambassadors, to condole him on the death of his father, and congratulate him on his accessi...

And Hiram king of Tyre sent servants unto Solomon,.... His ambassadors, to condole him on the death of his father, and congratulate him on his accession to the throne; this king is called by the Phoenician historians s Hirom, and by Eupolemus t Suron, as he is Huram in 2Ch 2:3; and by Theophilus of Antioch u Hierom the son of Abelmalus, in the twelfth year of whose reign the temple was built:

for he had heard that they had anointed him, king in the room of his father; that the Israelites had anointed him king:

for Hiram was ever a lover of David; a friend and ally of his; and we never read of the Tyrians being at war with him, or assisting any of his enemies.

Gill: 1Ki 5:2 - And Solomon sent to Hiram // saying And Solomon sent to Hiram,.... A letter, either by the hand of his ambassadors when they returned, as Kimchi thinks, or by ambassadors Solomon sent on...

And Solomon sent to Hiram,.... A letter, either by the hand of his ambassadors when they returned, as Kimchi thinks, or by ambassadors Solomon sent on purpose. Josephus w appeals to the Tyrian archives for the genuineness of these letters that passed between Hiram and Solomon; and Eupolemus, an Heathen writer x has both this which Solomon sent to Hiram, and that which Hiram sent in answer to it, which agree with those in the sacred records:

saying: as follows.

Gill: 1Ki 5:3 - Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the Lord his God // for the wars which were about him on every side // until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the Lord his God,.... As he designed, and was desirous of; and which H...

Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the Lord his God,.... As he designed, and was desirous of; and which Hiram might know not only by common fame, but from David himself, between whom there was an intercourse, and that in relation to cedars for building, which David had of Hiram, 2Ch 2:3;

for the wars which were about him on every side; or warriors, as the Targum, the Philistines, Moabites, Edomites, and Syrians:

until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet; made them subject and tributary to him, as he did at length, see 2Sa 7:1, &c. so the "Cetib", or textual reading, is; but the "Keri", or marginal reading, is, "under the soles of my feet"; that is, Solomon's, which agrees with what follows; it was true of both.

Gill: 1Ki 5:4 - But now the Lord my God hath given me rest on every side // so that there is neither adversary // nor evil occurrent But now the Lord my God hath given me rest on every side,.... From foreign enemies; for Solomon had no wars with any: so that there is neither adv...

But now the Lord my God hath given me rest on every side,.... From foreign enemies; for Solomon had no wars with any:

so that there is neither adversary; or Satan, no internal enemy in his kingdom, as well as no external ones, Adonijah, Joab, and other ill-designing persons, being cut off:

nor evil occurrent; nothing that rose up, and met him, to discourage or hinder the prosecution of the good work he had in view.

Gill: 1Ki 5:5 - And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the Lord my God // as the Lord spake unto David my father // saying, thy son whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the Lord my God,.... For his worship, and for his honour and glory: as the Lord spake unt...

And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the Lord my God,.... For his worship, and for his honour and glory:

as the Lord spake unto David my father; by the prophet Nathan, 2Sa 7:12;

saying, thy son whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name; which was no small encouragement to Solomon to go about this work; in which he was a type of Christ, the builder of his temple, the church, see Zec 6:12.

Gill: 1Ki 5:6 - Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedars out of Lebanon // and my servants shall be with thy servants // and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants, according to all that thou shalt appoint // for thou knowest that there is not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedars out of Lebanon,.... That is, order his servants to cut them down there for him. Some think that Leb...

Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedars out of Lebanon,.... That is, order his servants to cut them down there for him. Some think that Lebanon belonged to the land of Israel, and therefore Solomon did not ask for the cedars upon it, but for his servants to hew them for him; but as it lay upon the borders of Israel, part of it might belong to them, and another part to Hiram, and on which the best cedars might grow, and so he furnished Solomon both with trees, and men to cut them, as it seems from 1Ki 5:10; see also 2Ch 2:3;

and my servants shall be with thy servants: to assist them, and to carry the timber from place to place, and to learn how to hew timber:

and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants, according to all that thou shalt appoint; pay them for their work and service, as Hiram himself should judge fit and reasonable for them; no mention being made of paying for the timber, seems to countenance the notion that the trees were Solomon's; but when the quantity of provisions sent yearly to Hiram for his household, besides what the servants had, is observed, it seems to have been sent as an equivalent to the timber received by Solomon, see 1Ki 5:10;

for thou knowest that there is not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians; it is not said Tyrians, the Sidonians, perhaps, being more skilful in this than they were; and the Sidonians are said by Homer y to be πολυδαιδαλοι, very ingenious: and they were both under the jurisdiction and at the command of Hiram; so Eupolemus z makes the inscription of Solomon's letter to him to run thus, to Suron (that is, Hiram) king of Tyre, Sidon, and Phoenicia. The Jews being chiefly employed in husbandry, and in feeding cattle, were very unskilful in mechanic arts, and in this of cutting down trees, and hewing timber; for there is skill to be exercised therein; the proper time of cutting down trees should be observed, the part in which they are to be cut, and the position in which they are to be put when cut down, as Vitruvius a directs, with other things, and Pliny b observes the same.

Gill: 1Ki 5:7 - And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon // that he rejoiced greatly // saying, blessed be the Lord this day // which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon,.... The letter read he sent him: that he rejoiced greatly; that the friendship which ha...

And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon,.... The letter read he sent him:

that he rejoiced greatly; that the friendship which had subsisted between him and David was like to be continued between him and his successor, but chiefly for what follows:

saying, blessed be the Lord this day; or Jehovah, by which he seems to have some knowledge of the true God, the God of Israel, and might worship him, though along with him other deities, as some Heathen princes did:

which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people; which he perceived by the letter he sent him, and by his solicitous concern to build an house for the worship and honour of God, and by various other things which his ambassadors reported to him they had seen and heard in Solomon's court.

Gill: 1Ki 5:8 - And Hiram sent to Solomon // saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for // and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir And Hiram sent to Solomon,.... A letter to him, to the following purpose: saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for; whethe...

And Hiram sent to Solomon,.... A letter to him, to the following purpose:

saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for; whether he could, and whether it was fitting he should grant his request; which was acting like a wise and prudent prince:

and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir; or of cypress, as in Josephus's copy of this letter, and which grew on Lebanon c; these were odorous, sound, and durable timber, especially the cedar, and therefore chosen by Solomon for building.

Gill: 1Ki 5:9 - My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea // and I will convey them by sea in floats // unto the place that thou shalt appoint me // and will cause them to be discharged there // and thou shalt receive them // and thou shalt accomplish my desire in giving food for my household My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea,.... The Mediterranean sea, on which Tyre stood: and I will convey them by sea in floa...

My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea,.... The Mediterranean sea, on which Tyre stood:

and I will convey them by sea in floats; which were either a sort of carriage for the timber the Tyrians and Sidonians had, being furnished with various navigable vessels; or these were the timber itself, and the planks of it, which being fastened together, were set afloat under the direction of some boats with oars, of which they had plenty:

unto the place that thou shalt appoint me; which was Joppa, as appears from 2Ch 2:16; belonging to the land of Israel, in the same sea:

and will cause them to be discharged there; either to be unloaded from the vessels, or to be unloosed and taken up separately:

and thou shalt receive them; by his servants appointed there to bring them to Jerusalem, which was forty miles from Joppa:

and thou shalt accomplish my desire in giving food for my household; signifying, that all that he desired in return was, that he would supply him with corn or wheat, which he stood in need of, and his letter in Josephus d expresses; and we find in later times this place was supplied with bread corn from Judea, see Ezr 3:7 Act 12:20.

Gill: 1Ki 5:10 - So Hiram, gave Solomon cedar trees, and fir trees // according to all his desire So Hiram, gave Solomon cedar trees, and fir trees,.... Ordered his servants to cut them down from Lebanon, and sent them to him in floats, which he re...

So Hiram, gave Solomon cedar trees, and fir trees,.... Ordered his servants to cut them down from Lebanon, and sent them to him in floats, which he received:

according to all his desire; he had as many as he requested, and what he wanted.

Gill: 1Ki 5:11 - And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat for food to his household // and twenty measures of pure oil // thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat for food to his household,.... This measure was the Hebrew measure "cor", or "corus", and, a...

And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat for food to his household,.... This measure was the Hebrew measure "cor", or "corus", and, according to Bishop Cumberland e, its contents were 17,477 solid inches; it was equal to ten ephahs, each of which held two gallons and an half, and the cor held seventy five wine gallons five pints, and somewhat more; according to some f, what it held was equal to six hundred forty eight Roman pounds; so that twenty thousand of them contained 12,960,000 pounds of wheat:

and twenty measures of pure oil; squeezed out of the olives without breaking them; the same kind of measure is here expressed as before, and the quantity answered to 12,960 Roman pounds; another writer g reckons a cor to contain 1080 Roman pounds; so that Hiram had every year 21,600 pounds of oil. In 2Ch 2:10, it is twenty thousand baths of oil now not to take notice that the measures are different, a bath was but the tenth part of a cor, reference is had to different things; here the writer relates what was given to Hiram for his own family, there what was given to the workmen, where several other things are mentioned besides these:

thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year: so long as the building lasted, and the workmen were employed; but Abarbinel thinks that he gave it to him as long as he lived, out of his great munificence and liberality.

Gill: 1Ki 5:12 - And the Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him // and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and they two made a league together And the Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him,.... Which, among other things, appeared in his preparations for building the temple, and in his ...

And the Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him,.... Which, among other things, appeared in his preparations for building the temple, and in his agreements with Hiram for timber and workmen for that purpose and by continuing and confirming friendship between himself and Hiram, who was so serviceable to him:

and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and they two made a league together; in order to continue and establish peace and friendship between them, which Solomon might lawfully do, the Tyrians being no part of the seven nations with whom alliances were forbidden.

Gill: 1Ki 5:13 - And King Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel // and the levy was thirty thousand men And King Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel,.... Not of money, but of men, as follows: and the levy was thirty thousand men; for what purpose,...

And King Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel,.... Not of money, but of men, as follows:

and the levy was thirty thousand men; for what purpose, and how they were employed, 1Ki 5:14 shows.

Gill: 1Ki 5:14 - And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses // a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home // and Adoniram was over the levy And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses,.... In their turns; these are the servants of his he proposed to be with Hiram's servant...

And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses,.... In their turns; these are the servants of his he proposed to be with Hiram's servants, assisting in cutting down the trees, and squaring the timber in Lebanon, 1Ki 5:6;

a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home; that they might not be overworked; for they wrought but four months in the year in the hard service in Lebanon, the rest of their time was spent in managing their domestic affairs; these were Israelites:

and Adoniram was over the levy: the same that was over the tribute or the collectors of the tax, 1Ki 4:6; and, according to the Targum, these were such persons.

Gill: 1Ki 5:15 - And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens // and fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens,.... Seventy thousand to carry the stones from the mountains out of which they were dug,...

And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens,.... Seventy thousand to carry the stones from the mountains out of which they were dug, and which were near Jerusalem, to the city; these were strangers in Israel, as were those that follow:

and fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains: eighty thousand that dug the stones out of the quarries, and squared them; these, with the others, made 150,000, see 2Ch 2:17; according to Jacob Leon g, the number of workmen at the temple for seven years was 163,600, and some make them more.

Gill: 1Ki 5:16 - Besides the chief of Solomon's officers which were over the work // three thousand and three hundred which ruled over the people that wrought in the work Besides the chief of Solomon's officers which were over the work,.... Over the whole work, preparatory for the building of the temple; though it seem...

Besides the chief of Solomon's officers which were over the work,.... Over the whole work, preparatory for the building of the temple; though it seems chiefly to have respect to that of hewing the stones, and bringing them to the city:

three thousand and three hundred which ruled over the people that wrought in the work; to keep them to their work, and to see that they performed it well: in 2Ch 2:18; they are said to be 3600, which is three hundred more than here; those three hundred are the chief officers mentioned in the former part of this verse, which were over the whole work, and even over the 3600 overseers, and with them made up the sum of 3600; so Jacob Leon h observes there were 3300 master workmen, and three hundred commanders over them all.

Gill: 1Ki 5:17 - And the king commanded, and they brought great stones // costly stones // and hewed stones // to lay the foundation of the house And the king commanded, and they brought great stones,.... Not in quality, but in quantity, large stones, fit to lay in the foundation; strong, and du...

And the king commanded, and they brought great stones,.... Not in quality, but in quantity, large stones, fit to lay in the foundation; strong, and durable against all the injuries of time, as Josephus says i:

costly stones; not what are commonly called precious stones, as gems, pearls, &c. but stones of value, as marble, porphyry, &c.

and hewed stones; not rough as they were taken out of the quarry, but hewed, and made smooth:

to lay the foundation of the house; which, though out of sight, was to be laid with goodly stones for the magnificence of the building; so the church of Christ, its foundation is said to be laid even with sapphires and other precious stones, see Isa 54:11.

Gill: 1Ki 5:18 - And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew them // and the stonesquarers // so they prepared timber and stones to build the house And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew them,.... The stones; for it seems Solomon had not only hewers of wood, but of stone, from Hiram:...

And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew them,.... The stones; for it seems Solomon had not only hewers of wood, but of stone, from Hiram:

and the stonesquarers; or rather the Giblites, the men of Gebal, which were under the jurisdiction of Tyre, and were skilful in this sort of work, as some of them were in others, see Eze 27:9;

so they prepared timber and stones to build the house; both Solomon's and Hiram's builders, and the large number of workmen, both Israelites and strangers; which latter were an emblem of the Gentiles concerned in the building of the spiritual temple, the church of Christ, Zec 6:15; and whereas the number of strangers that wrought for the building was far greater than that of the Israelites, it may denote the greater number of Gentiles in the Gospel church state mentioned besides these: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year: so long as the building lasted, and the workmen were employed; but Abarbinel thinks that he gave it to him as long as he lived, out of his great munificence and liberality.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:1 Heb “his servants.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:3 Heb “because of the battles which surrounded him until the Lord placed them under the soles of his feet.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:5 Heb “a house for my name.” The word “name” sometimes refers to one’s reputation or honor. The “name” of the ...

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:7 Or “Blessed be the Lord today, who….”

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:8 Heb “I will satisfy all your desire with respect to cedar wood and with respect to the wood of evergreens.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:9 Heb “as for you, you will satisfy my desire by giving food for my house.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:10 Heb “and Hiram gave to Solomon cedar wood and the wood of evergreens, all his desire.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:11 Heb “and Solomon supplied Hiram with twenty thousand cors of wheat…pure olive oil. So Solomon would give to Hiram year by year.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:12 Heb “a covenant,” referring to a formal peace treaty or alliance.

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:13 Work crews. This Hebrew word (מַס, mas) refers to a group of laborers conscripted for royal or public service.

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:14 Heb “was over.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:15 Heb “cutters” (probably of stones).

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:16 Heb “besides thirty-three hundred from the officials of Solomon’s governors who were over the work, the ones ruling over the people, the o...

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:17 Heb “and the king commanded.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 5:18 The LXX includes the words “for three years.”

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 5:4 But now the LORD my God hath given me ( a ) rest on every side, [so that there is] neither adversary nor evil occurrent. ( a ) He declares that he wa...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 5:6 Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give ( b ) hi...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 5:7 And it came to pass, when ( c ) Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed [be] the LORD this day, which hath given...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 5:9 My servants shall bring [them] down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 5:12 And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him: and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they ( e ) two made a league together. ( e )...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 5:18 And Solomon's builders and Hiram's ( f ) builders did hew [them], and the stonesquarers: so they prepared timber and stones to build the house. ( f )...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 1Ki 5:1-9 - --Here is Solomon's design to build a temple. There is no adversary, no Satan, so the word is; no instrument of Satan to oppose it, or to divert from it...

MHCC: 1Ki 5:10-18 - --The temple was chiefly built by the riches and labour of Gentiles, which typified their being called into the church. Solomon commanded, and they brou...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 5:1-9 - -- We have here an account of the amicable correspondence between Solomon and Hiram. Tyre was a famous trading city, that lay close upon the sea, in th...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 5:10-18 - -- Here is, I. The performance of the agreement between Solomon and Hiram. Each of the parties made good his engagement. 1. Hiram delivered Solomon the...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 5:1-12 - -- Solomon's negotiations with Hiram of Tyre . - 1Ki 5:1. When king Hiram of Tyre heard that Solomon had been anointed king in the place of David, he ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 5:13-14 - -- The tributary labourers out of Israel . - 1Ki 5:13, 1Ki 5:14. Solomon raised a tribute ( מס , tribute-labourers, as in 1Ki 4:6) out of all Israe...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 5:15 - -- And Solomon had 70,000 bearers of burdens and 80,000 hewers of stone on the mountains (of Lebanon). חצב is understood by the older translators a...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 5:16 - -- "Beside ( לבד ), i.e., without reckoning, the princes, Solomon's officers, who were over the work (i.e., the chiefs appointed by Solomon as over...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 5:17 - -- And the king had large, costly stones broken, "to lay the foundation of the house with hewn stones." יקרות does not mean heavy (Thenius), for ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 5:18 - -- With 1Ki 5:18 the account of the preparations for the building of the temple, which were the object of Solomon's negotiations with Hiram, is brought...

Constable: 1Ki 1:1--11:43 - --I. THE REIGN OF SOLOMON chs. 1--11 The Holy Spirit led the writer of Kings to give an interpretation of history,...

Constable: 1Ki 5:1--8:66 - --C. Solomon's Greatest Contribution chs. 5-8 Solomon's outstanding contribution to the nation of Israel, ...

Constable: 1Ki 5:1-6 - --Solomon's request of Hiram 5:1-6 Hiram probably reigned from about 980-947 B.C.64 Most s...

Constable: 1Ki 5:7-12 - --Solomon's treaty with Hiram 5:7-12 The fact that Hiram cooperated with and even blessed ...

Constable: 1Ki 5:13-18 - --Solomon's conscription of laborers 5:13-18 Solomon's forced laborers were non-Israelites...

Guzik: 1Ki 5:1-18 - Preparations to Build the Temple 1 Kings 5 - Preparations to Build the Temple A. Solomon's arrangements with Hiram of Tyre. 1. (1-6) Solomon's message to Hiram of Tyre. Now Hiram ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 1 Kings (Garis Besar) ABISHAG CHERISHES DAVID IN HIS EXTREME AGE. (1Ki 1:1-4) ADONIJAH USURPS THE KINGDOM. (1Ki. 1:5-31) SOLOMON, BY DAVID'S APPOINTMENT, IS ANOINTED KING....

TSK: 1 Kings 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 1Ki 5:1, Hiram, sending to congratulate Solomon, is desired to furnish him with timber to build the temple; 1Ki 5:7, Hiram, blessing God ...

Poole: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIRST BOOK OF KINGS COMMONLY CALLED THE THIRD BOOK OF THE KINGS THE ARGUMENT THESE two Books called Of the Kings, because they treat of the kings of...

Poole: 1 Kings 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) KINGS CHAPTER 5 Hiram sendeth to congratulate Solomon; who desireth of Hiram timber to build the temple, 1Ki 5:1-6 . Hiram blesseth God for Solomon...

MHCC: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The history now before us accounts for the affairs of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel, yet with special regard to the kingdom of God among them; for ...

MHCC: 1 Kings 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (1Ki 5:1-9) Solomon's agreement with Hiram. (1Ki 5:10-18) Solomon's workmen for the temple.

Matthew Henry: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The First Book of Kings Many histories are books of kings and their reigns, to which the affairs of the...

Matthew Henry: 1 Kings 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) The great work which Solomon was raised up to do was the building of the temple; his wealth and wisdom were given him to qualify him for that. In t...

Constable: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The Books of 1 and 2 Kings received their names because they docume...

Constable: 1 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline I. The reign of Solomon chs. 1-11 A. Solomon's succession to David's throne 1:1-2:12...

Constable: 1 Kings 1 Kings Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan. "The Building Activities of David and Solomon." Israel Exploration Journ...

Haydock: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE THIRD BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This and the following Book are called by the holy Fathers, The Third and Fourth Book of Kings; but b...

Gill: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 1 KINGS This, and the following book, properly are but one book, divided into two parts, and went with the Jews under the common na...

Gill: 1 Kings 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 1 KINGS 5 This chapter relates Solomon's preparation for building the temple: on Hiram, king of Tyre, sending a congratulatory lett...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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