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Teks -- 1 Kings 14:1-31 (NET)

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Konteks
14:1 At that time Jeroboam’s son Abijah became sick. 14:2 Jeroboam told his wife, “Disguise yourself so that people cannot recognize you are Jeroboam’s wife. Then go to Shiloh; Ahijah the prophet, who told me I would rule over this nation, lives there. 14:3 Take ten loaves of bread, some small cakes, and a container of honey and visit him. He will tell you what will happen to the boy.” 14:4 Jeroboam’s wife did as she was told. She went to Shiloh and visited Ahijah. Now Ahijah could not see; he had lost his eyesight in his old age. 14:5 But the Lord had told Ahijah, “Look, Jeroboam’s wife is coming to find out from you what will happen to her son, for he is sick. Tell her so-and-so. When she comes, she will be in a disguise.” 14:6 When Ahijah heard the sound of her footsteps as she came through the door, he said, “Come on in, wife of Jeroboam! Why are you pretending to be someone else? I have been commissioned to give you bad news. 14:7 Go, tell Jeroboam, ‘This is what the Lord God of Israel says: “I raised you up from among the people and made you ruler over my people Israel. 14:8 I tore the kingdom away from the Davidic dynasty and gave it to you. But you are not like my servant David, who kept my commandments and followed me wholeheartedly by doing only what I approve. 14:9 You have sinned more than all who came before you. You went and angered me by making other gods, formed out of metal; you have completely disregarded me. 14:10 So I am ready to bring disaster on the dynasty of Jeroboam. I will cut off every last male belonging to Jeroboam in Israel, including even the weak and incapacitated. I will burn up the dynasty of Jeroboam, just as one burns manure until it is completely consumed. 14:11 Dogs will eat the members of your family who die in the city, and the birds of the sky will eat the ones who die in the country.”’ Indeed, the Lord has announced it! 14:12 “As for you, get up and go home. When you set foot in the city, the boy will die. 14:13 All Israel will mourn him and bury him. He is the only one in Jeroboam’s family who will receive a decent burial, for he is the only one in whom the Lord God of Israel found anything good. 14:14 The Lord will raise up a king over Israel who will cut off Jeroboam’s dynasty. It is ready to happen! 14:15 The Lord will attack Israel, making it like a reed that sways in the water. He will remove Israel from this good land he gave to their ancestors and scatter them beyond the Euphrates River, because they angered the Lord by making Asherah poles. 14:16 He will hand Israel over to their enemies because of the sins which Jeroboam committed and which he made Israel commit.” 14:17 So Jeroboam’s wife got up and went back to Tirzah. As she crossed the threshold of the house, the boy died. 14:18 All Israel buried him and mourned for him, just as the Lord had predicted through his servant the prophet Ahijah.
Jeroboam’s Reign Ends
14:19 The rest of the events of Jeroboam’s reign, including the details of his battles and rule, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 14:20 Jeroboam ruled for twenty-two years; then he passed away. His son Nadab replaced him as king.
Rehoboam’s Reign over Judah
14:21 Now Rehoboam son of Solomon ruled in Judah. He was forty-one years old when he became king and he ruled for seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city the Lord chose from all the tribes of Israel to be his home. His mother was an Ammonite woman named Naamah. 14:22 Judah did evil in the sight of the Lord. They made him more jealous by their sins than their ancestors had done. 14:23 They even built for themselves high places, sacred pillars, and Asherah poles on every high hill and under every green tree. 14:24 There were also male cultic prostitutes in the land. They committed the same horrible sins as the nations that the Lord had driven out from before the Israelites. 14:25 In King Rehoboam’s fifth year, King Shishak of Egypt attacked Jerusalem. 14:26 He took away the treasures of the Lord’s temple and of the royal palace; he took everything, including all the golden shields that Solomon had made. 14:27 King Rehoboam made bronze shields to replace them and assigned them to the officers of the royal guard who protected the entrance to the royal palace. 14:28 Whenever the king visited the Lord’s temple, the royal guard carried them and then brought them back to the guardroom. 14:29 The rest of the events of Rehoboam’s reign, including his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 14:30 Rehoboam and Jeroboam were continually at war with each other. 14:31 Rehoboam passed away and was buried with his ancestors in the city of David. His mother was an Ammonite named Naamah. His son Abijah replaced him as king.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Abijah the son and successor of King Rehoboam
 · Abijam the son and successor of King Rehoboam
 · Ahijah great grandson of Eli; brother of Ahimelech,son of Shisha; secretary of King Solomon,prophet from Shiloh in Jeroboam's time,a man of Issachar; father of Baasha who killed Jeroboam,son of Jerahmeel of Judah,son of Ehud son of Gera of Benjamin,a man from Beth-Pelet; one of David's military elite,a Levite guard of the Temple treasure under David
 · Ammonite the tribe/nation of people descended from Ben-Ammi, Lot's son,Territory of the tribe/nation of Ammon
 · Ammonites the tribe/nation of people descended from Ben-Ammi, Lot's son,Territory of the tribe/nation of Ammon
 · Beyond the Euphrates the region of Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates
 · beyond the Euphrates the region of Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates
 · City of David the capital of Israel, on the border of Benjamin and Judah
 · city of David the capital of Israel, on the border of Benjamin and Judah
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Egypt descendants of Mizraim
 · Euphrates a large river which joins the Tigris river before flowing into the Persian Gulf,a river flowing from eastern Turkey to the Persian Gulf
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jeroboam son of Nebat; first king of Israel after it split away from Judah; Jeroboam I,son and successor of Joash/Jehoash, King of Israel; Jeroboam II
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Naamah daughter of Lamech; sister of Tubal-Cain,the Ammonitess wife of Solomon; mother of Rehoboam,a town in the western foothills of Judah
 · Nadab son of Aaron,son and successor of King Jeroboam,son of Shammai of Judah,son of Jeiel of Benjamin
 · Rehoboam a son of Solomon; the father of Abijah; an ancestor of Jesus,son and successor of King Solomon
 · Shiloh a town having the Tent of Meeting in the time of Judges (IBD)
 · Shishak the king of Egypt in the time of Solomon
 · Solomon the tenth son of David; the father of Rehoboam; an ancestor of Jesus; the third king of Israel.,son of David and Bath-Sheba; successor of King David
 · Tirzah daughter of Zelophehad,a town of Manasseh 10 km NE of Shechem


Topik/Tema Kamus: Abijah | AHIJAH | Jeroboam | Nadab | Rehoboam | Israel | AHIAH, OR AHIJAH | Prophecy | Government | Judgments | Naamah | Idolatry | Shishak | Tirzah | TEMPLE, A1 | Lies and Deceits | EGYPT | AMMONITESS | GOD, 2 | JERUSALEM, 4 | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 1Ki 14:1 - At that time Presently after the things described in the former chapter; which, though related in the beginning of his reign, yet might be done a good while after ...

Presently after the things described in the former chapter; which, though related in the beginning of his reign, yet might be done a good while after it, and so Ahijah the prophet might be very old, as he is described to be 1Ki 14:4. It is probable he was his eldest son.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:2 - His wife Because she might without suspicion enquire concerning her own child; and because she would enquire exactly, and diligently, and faithfully acquaint h...

Because she might without suspicion enquire concerning her own child; and because she would enquire exactly, and diligently, and faithfully acquaint him with the truth.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:2 - Disguise Change thy habit, and voice, and go like a private and obscure person. This caution proceeded: first, from the pride of his heart, which made him loth...

Change thy habit, and voice, and go like a private and obscure person. This caution proceeded: first, from the pride of his heart, which made him loth to confess his folly in worshipping such helpless idols, and to give glory to the God whom he had forsaken. Secondly, from jealousy and suspicion, lest the prophet knowing this, should either give her no answer, or make it worse than indeed it was. Thirdly, from policy, lest his people should by his example be drawn to forsake the calves, and to return to the God of Judah.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:3 - And take A present, after the manner, but mean, as became an ordinary country woman, which she personated. It had been more pious to enquire, why God contended...

A present, after the manner, but mean, as became an ordinary country woman, which she personated. It had been more pious to enquire, why God contended with him.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:6 - Thou wife By which discovery he both reproves their folly, who thought to conceal themselves from God, and withal gives her assurance of the truth, and certaint...

By which discovery he both reproves their folly, who thought to conceal themselves from God, and withal gives her assurance of the truth, and certainty of that message which he was to deliver.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:8 - David Who though he fell into some sins, yet, first, he constantly persevered in the true worship of God; from which thou art revolted. Secondly, he heartil...

Who though he fell into some sins, yet, first, he constantly persevered in the true worship of God; from which thou art revolted. Secondly, he heartily repented of, and turned from all his sins whereas thou art obstinate and incorrigible.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:9 - Above all Above all the former kings of my people, as Saul, and Solomon, and Rehoboam.

Above all the former kings of my people, as Saul, and Solomon, and Rehoboam.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:9 - Images Namely the golden calves: not as if they thought them to be other gods in a proper sense; for it is apparent they still pretended to worship the God o...

Namely the golden calves: not as if they thought them to be other gods in a proper sense; for it is apparent they still pretended to worship the God of their fathers, but because God rejected their whole worship, and, howsoever they accounted it, he reckoned it a manifest defection from him, and a betaking themselves to other gods, or devils, as they are called, 2Ch 11:15, whom alone they served and worshipped therein, whatsoever pretences they had to the contrary.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:9 - To provoke Whereby thou didst provoke me. For otherwise this was not Jeroboam's design in it, but only to establish himself in the throne.

Whereby thou didst provoke me. For otherwise this was not Jeroboam's design in it, but only to establish himself in the throne.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:9 - Hast cast Despised and forsaken me, and my commands, and my worship, as we do things which we cast behind our backs.

Despised and forsaken me, and my commands, and my worship, as we do things which we cast behind our backs.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:10 - Shut up Those who had escaped the fury of their enemies invading them, either because they were shut up in caves, or castles, or strong towns, or, because the...

Those who had escaped the fury of their enemies invading them, either because they were shut up in caves, or castles, or strong towns, or, because they were left, over - looked or neglected by them, or spared as poor, impotent, helpless creatures. But now, saith he, they shall be all searched out, and brought to destruction.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:10 - Dung Which they remove, as a loathsome thing, out of their houses, and that throughly and universally.

Which they remove, as a loathsome thing, out of their houses, and that throughly and universally.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:11 - Eat So both sorts shall die unburied.

So both sorts shall die unburied.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:12 - When, &c. _Presently upon thy entrance into the city; when thou art gone but a little way in it, even as far as to the threshold of the king's door, 1Ki 14:17, ...

_Presently upon thy entrance into the city; when thou art gone but a little way in it, even as far as to the threshold of the king's door, 1Ki 14:17, which possibly was near the gates of the city. And by this judge of the truth of the rest of my prophecy.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:13 - Shall mourn For the loss of so worthy and hopeful a person, and for the sad calamities which will follow his death, which possibly his moderation, and wisdom, and...

For the loss of so worthy and hopeful a person, and for the sad calamities which will follow his death, which possibly his moderation, and wisdom, and virtue, might have prevented. So they should mourn, not simply for him, but for their own loss in him.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:13 - Grave Shall have the honour of burial.

Shall have the honour of burial.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:13 - Some good Pious intentions of taking away the calves, and of permitting or obliging his people to go up to Jerusalem to worship, if God gave him life and author...

Pious intentions of taking away the calves, and of permitting or obliging his people to go up to Jerusalem to worship, if God gave him life and authority to do it, and of trusting God with his kingdom.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:13 - In the house Which is added for his greater commendation; he was good in the midst of so many temptations and wicked examples; a good branch of a bad flock.

Which is added for his greater commendation; he was good in the midst of so many temptations and wicked examples; a good branch of a bad flock.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:14 - A king Baasha, 1Ki 15:28.

Baasha, 1Ki 15:28.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:14 - That day When he is so raised; in the very beginning of his reign, 1Ki 15:29.

When he is so raised; in the very beginning of his reign, 1Ki 15:29.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:14 - But what? But what do I say, he shall raise, as it were a thing to be done at a great distance of time: the man is now in being if not in power, who shall do th...

But what do I say, he shall raise, as it were a thing to be done at a great distance of time: the man is now in being if not in power, who shall do this: this judgment shall be shortly executed. Sometimes God makes quick work with sinners. He did so with the house of Jeroboam. It was not twenty four years from his first elevation, to the final extirpation of his family.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:15 - Is shaken Hither and thither, with every wind. So shall the kingdom and people of Israel be always in an unquiet and unsettled posture, tossed to and fro by for...

Hither and thither, with every wind. So shall the kingdom and people of Israel be always in an unquiet and unsettled posture, tossed to and fro by foreign invasions and civil wars; by opposite kings and factions, and by the dissensions of the people.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:15 - The river Euphrates, so called by way of eminency, this was accomplished in part 2Ki 15:29, and more fully, 2Ki 17:6.

Euphrates, so called by way of eminency, this was accomplished in part 2Ki 15:29, and more fully, 2Ki 17:6.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:15 - Groves For the worship of their idols, God having before condemned the making and worshipping of the calves, by which they pretended to worship the true God;...

For the worship of their idols, God having before condemned the making and worshipping of the calves, by which they pretended to worship the true God; he now takes notice that they were not contented with the calves, but (as it is in the nature of idolatry, and all sin, to proceed from evil to worse) were many of them fallen into a worse kind of idolatry, even their worship of the heathenish Baals, which they commonly exercised in groves.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:16 - Who made, &c. _By his invention, and making the occasion of their sin, the calves; by his example, encouraging those and only those that worshipped the calves; and ...

_By his invention, and making the occasion of their sin, the calves; by his example, encouraging those and only those that worshipped the calves; and by his authority requiring and compelling them to do it. This is mentioned as a monstrous aggravation of his wickedness, that he was not content with his own sin, but was the great author of drawing others into sin, and of corrupting and undoing the whole kingdom, which therefore God would never forgive him, but upon all occasions mentions him with this eternal brand of infamy upon him.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:17 - Tirzah An ancient and royal city, in a pleasant place, where the kings of Israel had a palace, whither Jeroboam was now removed from Shechem, either for his ...

An ancient and royal city, in a pleasant place, where the kings of Israel had a palace, whither Jeroboam was now removed from Shechem, either for his pleasure, or for his son's recovery, by the healthfulness of the place.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:17 - The threshold Of the king's house, which probably was upon, or by the wall of the city, and near the gate.

Of the king's house, which probably was upon, or by the wall of the city, and near the gate.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:18 - Mourned And justly: not only for the loss of an hopeful prince, but because his death plucked up the floodgates, at which an inundation of judgments broke in.

And justly: not only for the loss of an hopeful prince, but because his death plucked up the floodgates, at which an inundation of judgments broke in.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:19 - The chronicles not that canonical book of chronicles; for that was written long after this book: but a book of civil records, the annals, wherein all remarkable pass...

not that canonical book of chronicles; for that was written long after this book: but a book of civil records, the annals, wherein all remarkable passages were recorded by the king's command from day to day; out of which the sacred penman by the direction of God's spirit, took those passages which were most useful for God's honour, and mens edification.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:21 - Forty one years Therefore he was born a year before Solomon was king, as appears from 1Ki 11:42, this is noted as an aggravation of Rehoboam's folly, that he was old ...

Therefore he was born a year before Solomon was king, as appears from 1Ki 11:42, this is noted as an aggravation of Rehoboam's folly, that he was old enough to have been wiser.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:21 - An Ammonitess A people cursed by God, and shut out of the congregation of his people for ever. This is observed as one cause both of God's displeasure in punishing ...

A people cursed by God, and shut out of the congregation of his people for ever. This is observed as one cause both of God's displeasure in punishing Solomon with such a son, and of Rehoboam's apostacy after his three first years, 2Ch 11:17. None can imagine how fatal and how lasting are the consequence of being unequally yoked with an unbeliever.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:22 - In the sight of the Lord In contempt and defiance of him, and the tokens of his special presence.

In contempt and defiance of him, and the tokens of his special presence.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:22 - Jealousy As the adulterous wife provokes her husband, by breaking the marriage covenant.

As the adulterous wife provokes her husband, by breaking the marriage covenant.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:23 - They also Followed the example of the Israelites, although they were better instructed, and had the temple in their kingdom, and liberty of access to it, and th...

Followed the example of the Israelites, although they were better instructed, and had the temple in their kingdom, and liberty of access to it, and the privilege of worshipping God in his own way, and the counsels, and sermons, and examples of the priests and Levites, and the dreadful example of Israel's horrid apostacy, to caution and terrify them.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:23 - High places Which was unlawful, and, now especially when the temple was built, and ready to receive them; unnecessary, and therefore expressed a greater contempt ...

Which was unlawful, and, now especially when the temple was built, and ready to receive them; unnecessary, and therefore expressed a greater contempt of God and his express command.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:23 - Groves Not only after the manner of the Heathens and Israelites, but against a direct and particular prohibition.

Not only after the manner of the Heathens and Israelites, but against a direct and particular prohibition.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:23 - Under every green tree The people were universally corrupted: which is prodigious, all things considered, and is a clear evidence of the greatness and depth of the original ...

The people were universally corrupted: which is prodigious, all things considered, and is a clear evidence of the greatness and depth of the original corruption of man's nature.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:24 - Abomination They dishonoured God by one sin, and then God left them to dishonour themselves by another.

They dishonoured God by one sin, and then God left them to dishonour themselves by another.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:25 - Fifth year Presently after his and his people's apostacy, which was not 'till his fourth year: while apostate, Israel enjoyed peace and some kind of prosperity, ...

Presently after his and his people's apostacy, which was not 'till his fourth year: while apostate, Israel enjoyed peace and some kind of prosperity, of which difference, two reasons may be given: first, Judah's sins were committed against clearer light, and more powerful means and remedies of all sorts, and therefore deserved more severe and speedy judgments. Secondly, God discovered more love to Judah in chastizing them speedily, that they might be humbled, reformed, and preserved, as it happened; and more anger against Israel, whom he spared to that total destruction which he intended to bring upon them.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:25 - Sishak He is thought to be Solomon's brother - in - law. But how little such relations signify among princes, when their interest is concerned, all histories...

He is thought to be Solomon's brother - in - law. But how little such relations signify among princes, when their interest is concerned, all histories witness. Besides Rehoboam was not Solomon's son by Pharaoh's daughter and so the relation was in a manner extinct.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:25 - Came up Either, from a desire to enlarge his empire: or, by Jeroboam's instigation: or from a covetous desire of possessing those great treasures which David ...

Either, from a desire to enlarge his empire: or, by Jeroboam's instigation: or from a covetous desire of possessing those great treasures which David and Solomon had left: and above all, by God's providence, disposing his heart to this expedition for Rehoboam's punishment.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:26 - He took First the city: which may seem strange, considering the great strength of it, and how much time it took Nebuchadnezzar and Titus to take it. But, firs...

First the city: which may seem strange, considering the great strength of it, and how much time it took Nebuchadnezzar and Titus to take it. But, first, it might cost Shishak also a long siege though that be not here related. Secondly, it is probable David and Solomon in their building and altering the city, had more respect to state and magnificence than to its defence, as having no great cause to fear the invasion of any enemies. And it is certain, that after the division between Judah and Israel, the kings of Judah added very much to the fortifications of it.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:27 - Brazen shields This was an emblem of the diminution of his glory. Sin makes the gold become dim, it changes the most fine gold and turns it into brass.

This was an emblem of the diminution of his glory. Sin makes the gold become dim, it changes the most fine gold and turns it into brass.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:28 - To the house, &c. _By which it seems the affliction had done him some good, and brought him back to the worship of God, which he had forsaken.

_By which it seems the affliction had done him some good, and brought him back to the worship of God, which he had forsaken.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:30 - Was war Not an invasive war with potent armies, which was forbidden, 1Ki 12:24, and not revived 'till Abijam's reign, 2Ch 13:1-3, but a defensive war from tho...

Not an invasive war with potent armies, which was forbidden, 1Ki 12:24, and not revived 'till Abijam's reign, 2Ch 13:1-3, but a defensive war from those hostilities which by small parties and skirmishes they did to one another.

Wesley: 1Ki 14:31 - An Ammonitess This is repeated as a thing very observable.

This is repeated as a thing very observable.

JFB: 1Ki 14:1 - At that time A phrase used often loosely and indefinitely in sacred history. This domestic incident in the family of Jeroboam probably occurred towards the end of ...

A phrase used often loosely and indefinitely in sacred history. This domestic incident in the family of Jeroboam probably occurred towards the end of his reign; his son Abijah was of age and considered by the people the heir to the throne.

JFB: 1Ki 14:2 - Jeroboam said to his wife, Arise, I pray thee, and disguise thyself His natural and intense anxiety as a parent is here seen, blended with the deep and artful policy of an apostate king. The reason of this extreme caut...

His natural and intense anxiety as a parent is here seen, blended with the deep and artful policy of an apostate king. The reason of this extreme caution was an unwillingness to acknowledge that he looked for information as to the future, not to his idols, but to the true God; and a fear that this step, if publicly known, might endanger the stability of his whole political system; and a strong impression that Ahijah, who was greatly offended with him, would, if consulted openly by his queen, either insult or refuse to receive her. For these reasons he selected his wife, as, in every view, the most proper for such a secret and confidential errand, but recommended her to assume the garb and manner of a peasant woman. Strange infatuation, to suppose that the God who could reveal futurity could not penetrate a flimsy disguise!

JFB: 1Ki 14:3-11 - And take with thee ten loaves, and cracknels, and a cruse of honey, and go to him This was a present in unison with the peasant character she assumed. Cracknels are a kind of sweet seed-cake. The prophet was blind, but having receiv...

This was a present in unison with the peasant character she assumed. Cracknels are a kind of sweet seed-cake. The prophet was blind, but having received divine premonition of the pretended countrywoman's coming, he addressed her as the queen the moment she appeared, apprised her of the calamities which, in consequence of the ingratitude of Jeroboam, his apostasy, and outrageous misgovernment of Israel, impended over their house, as well as over the nation which too readily followed his idolatrous innovations.

JFB: 1Ki 14:8 - thou hast not been as my servant David David, though he fell into grievous sins, repented and always maintained the pure worship of God as enjoined by the law.

David, though he fell into grievous sins, repented and always maintained the pure worship of God as enjoined by the law.

JFB: 1Ki 14:10-11 - I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam Strong expressions are here used to indicate the utter extirpation of his house;

Strong expressions are here used to indicate the utter extirpation of his house;

JFB: 1Ki 14:10-11 - him that is shut up and left in Israel Means those who were concealed with the greatest privacy, as the heirs of royalty often are where polygamy prevails; the other phrase, from the loose ...

Means those who were concealed with the greatest privacy, as the heirs of royalty often are where polygamy prevails; the other phrase, from the loose garments of the East having led to a different practice from what prevails in the West, cannot refer to men; it must signify either a very young boy, or rather, perhaps, a dog, so entire would be the destruction of Jeroboam's house that none, not even a dog, belonging to it should escape. This peculiar phrase occurs only in regard to the threatened extermination of a family (1Sa 25:22-34). See the manner of extermination (1Ki 16:4; 1Ki 21:24).

JFB: 1Ki 14:12 - the child shall die The death and general lamentation felt through the country at the loss of the prince were also predicted. The reason for the profound regret shown at ...

The death and general lamentation felt through the country at the loss of the prince were also predicted. The reason for the profound regret shown at his death arose, according to Jewish writers, from his being decidedly opposed to the erection of the golden calves, and using his influence with his father to allow his subjects the free privilege of going to worship in Jerusalem.

JFB: 1Ki 14:13 - all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him The only one of Jeroboam's family who should receive the rites of sepulture.

The only one of Jeroboam's family who should receive the rites of sepulture.

JFB: 1Ki 14:14 - the Lord shall raise him up a king . . . but what? even now Namely, Baasha (1Ki 15:27); he was already raised--he was in being, though not in power.

Namely, Baasha (1Ki 15:27); he was already raised--he was in being, though not in power.

JFB: 1Ki 14:17 - Tirzah A place of pre-eminent beauty (Son 6:4), three hours' travelling east of Samaria, chosen when Israel became a separate kingdom, by the first monarch, ...

A place of pre-eminent beauty (Son 6:4), three hours' travelling east of Samaria, chosen when Israel became a separate kingdom, by the first monarch, and used during three short reigns as a residence of the royal house. The fertile plains and wooded hills in that part of the territory of Ephraim gave an opening to the formation of parks and pleasure-grounds similar to those which were the "paradises" of Assyrian and Persian monarchs [STANLEY]. Its site is occupied by the large village of Taltise [ROBINSON]. As soon as the queen reached the gate of the palace, she received the intelligence that her son was dying, according to the prophet's prediction [1Ki 14:12].

JFB: 1Ki 14:19 - the rest of the acts of Jeroboam None of the threatenings denounced against this family produced any change in his policy or government.

None of the threatenings denounced against this family produced any change in his policy or government.

JFB: 1Ki 14:21 - he reigned . . . in Jerusalem Its particular designation as "the city which the Lord did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there," seems given here, both as a...

Its particular designation as "the city which the Lord did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there," seems given here, both as a reflection on the apostasy of the ten tribes, and as a proof of the aggravated wickedness of introducing idolatry and its attendant vices there.

JFB: 1Ki 14:21 - his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess Her heathen extraction and her influence as queen mother are stated to account for Rehoboam's tendency to depart from the true religion. Led by the wa...

Her heathen extraction and her influence as queen mother are stated to account for Rehoboam's tendency to depart from the true religion. Led by the warning of the prophet (1Ki 12:23), as well as by the large immigration of Israelites into his kingdom (1Ki 12:17; 2Ch 11:16), he continued for the first three years of his reign a faithful patron of true religion (2Ch 11:17). But afterwards he began and encouraged a general apostasy; idolatry became the prevailing form of worship, and the religious state of the kingdom in his reign is described by the high places, the idolatrous statues, the groves and impure rites that with unchecked license were observed in them. The description is suited to the character of the Canaanitish worship.

JFB: 1Ki 14:25-26 - Shishak king of Egypt came up He was the instrument in the hand of Providence for punishing the national defection. Even though this king had been Solomon's father-in-law, he was n...

He was the instrument in the hand of Providence for punishing the national defection. Even though this king had been Solomon's father-in-law, he was no relation of Rehoboam's; but there is a strong probability that he belonged to another dynasty (see on 2Ch 12:2). He was the Sheshonk of the Egyptian monuments, who is depicted on a bas-relief at Karnak, as dragging captives, who, from their peculiar physiognomy, are universally admitted to be Jews.

JFB: 1Ki 14:29 - Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam . . ., are they not written in the book of the chronicles? Not the book so called and comprehended in the sacred canon, but the national archives of Judah.

Not the book so called and comprehended in the sacred canon, but the national archives of Judah.

JFB: 1Ki 14:30 - there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam The former was prohibited from entering on an aggressive war; but as the two kingdoms kept up a jealous rivalry, he might be forced into vigilant meas...

The former was prohibited from entering on an aggressive war; but as the two kingdoms kept up a jealous rivalry, he might be forced into vigilant measures of defense, and frequent skirmishes would take place on the borders.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:1 - Abijah - fell sick Abijah - fell sick - This was but a prelude to the miseries which fell on the house of Jeroboam; but it was another merciful warning, intended to tu...

Abijah - fell sick - This was but a prelude to the miseries which fell on the house of Jeroboam; but it was another merciful warning, intended to turn him from his idolatry and wickedness.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:3 - Ten loaves Ten loaves - Probably common or household bread

Ten loaves - Probably common or household bread

Clarke: 1Ki 14:3 - Cracknels Cracknels - נקדים nikkuddim , spotted, or perforated bread; thin cakes, pierced through with many holes, the same as is called Jews’ bre...

Cracknels - נקדים nikkuddim , spotted, or perforated bread; thin cakes, pierced through with many holes, the same as is called Jews’ bread to the present day, and used by them at the passover. It was customary to give presents to all great personages; and no person consulted a prophet without bringing something in his hand.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:5 - Feign herself to be another woman Feign herself to be another woman - It would have been discreditable to Jeroboam’ s calves, if it had been known that he had consulted a prophe...

Feign herself to be another woman - It would have been discreditable to Jeroboam’ s calves, if it had been known that he had consulted a prophet of Jehovah.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:8 - And rent the kingdom away from the house of David And rent the kingdom away from the house of David - That is, permitted it to be rent, because of the folly and insolence of Rehoboam.

And rent the kingdom away from the house of David - That is, permitted it to be rent, because of the folly and insolence of Rehoboam.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:10 - Him that pisseth against the wall Him that pisseth against the wall - Every male. The phrase should be thus rendered wherever it occurs.

Him that pisseth against the wall - Every male. The phrase should be thus rendered wherever it occurs.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:11 - Shall the dogs eat Shall the dogs eat - They shall not have an honorable burial: and shall not come into the sepulchres of their fathers.

Shall the dogs eat - They shall not have an honorable burial: and shall not come into the sepulchres of their fathers.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:13 - In him there is found some good thing In him there is found some good thing - Far be it from God to destroy the righteous with the wicked; God respects even a little good, because it is ...

In him there is found some good thing - Far be it from God to destroy the righteous with the wicked; God respects even a little good, because it is a seed from himself. The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:15 - For the Lord shall smite Israel For the Lord shall smite Israel - See this prophecy fulfilled, 1Ki 15:28-30, when Baasha destroyed all the house and posterity of Jeroboam.

For the Lord shall smite Israel - See this prophecy fulfilled, 1Ki 15:28-30, when Baasha destroyed all the house and posterity of Jeroboam.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:19 - The rest of the acts of Jeroboam - are written in the - chronicles The rest of the acts of Jeroboam - are written in the - chronicles - For some important particulars relative to this reign, see 2 Chronicles 13:1-20...

The rest of the acts of Jeroboam - are written in the - chronicles - For some important particulars relative to this reign, see 2 Chronicles 13:1-20.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:24 - There were also sodomites in the land There were also sodomites in the land - קדשים kedeshim , consecrated persons; persons who had devoted themselves, in practices of the greatest...

There were also sodomites in the land - קדשים kedeshim , consecrated persons; persons who had devoted themselves, in practices of the greatest impurity, to the service of the most impure idols.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:26 - He took away the treasures He took away the treasures - All the treasures which Solomon had amassed, both in the temple and in his own houses; a booty the most immense ever ac...

He took away the treasures - All the treasures which Solomon had amassed, both in the temple and in his own houses; a booty the most immense ever acquired in one place

Clarke: 1Ki 14:26 - All the shields of gold which Solomon had made All the shields of gold which Solomon had made - These were three hundred in number, and were all made of beaten gold. See a computation of their va...

All the shields of gold which Solomon had made - These were three hundred in number, and were all made of beaten gold. See a computation of their value in the note on 1Ki 10:17 (note).

Clarke: 1Ki 14:28 - The guard bare them The guard bare them - The guard probably were just three hundred, answering to the number of the shields.

The guard bare them - The guard probably were just three hundred, answering to the number of the shields.

Clarke: 1Ki 14:31 - Naamah an Ammonitess Naamah an Ammonitess - He was born of a heathen mother, and begotten of an apostate father. From such an impure fountain could sweet water possibly ...

Naamah an Ammonitess - He was born of a heathen mother, and begotten of an apostate father. From such an impure fountain could sweet water possibly spring

Clarke: 1Ki 14:31 - Abijam his son reigned in his stead Abijam his son reigned in his stead - Though righteousness cannot be propagated, because it is supernatural, yet unrighteousness may, for that is a ...

Abijam his son reigned in his stead - Though righteousness cannot be propagated, because it is supernatural, yet unrighteousness may, for that is a genuine offspring of nature. Abijam was the wicked son of an apostate father and heathenish mother. Grace may be grafted on a crab stock; but let none do evil that good may come of it. A bad stock will produce bad fruit

Dr. Kennicott observes that the name of this king of Judah is now expressed three ways: here and in four other places it is Abijam or Abim; in two others it is Abihu, but in eleven other places it is Abiah, as it is expressed by St. Matthew, Mat 1:7, Ῥοβοαμ εγεννησε τον ΑΒΙΑ ; and this is the reading of thirteen of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s MSS., and of thirteen respectable editions of the Hebrew Bible. The Syriac is the same. The Septuagint in the London Polyglot has αβιου, Abihu; but in the Complutensian and Antwerp Polyglots, it is αβια, Abiah. Though the common printed Vulgate has Abiam, yet the Editio Princeps of the Vulgate, some MSS., and the text in the Complutensian and Antwerp Polyglots, have Abia; which without doubt is the reading that should in all cases be followed

The rabbins say, and particularly Rab. Sol. Jarchi, that the Shishak mentioned in this chapter is Pharaoh Necho, and that he invaded Israel in order to get the ivory throne of his son-in-law Solomon, which he had always coveted; and this throne he carried away. It appears however that he spoiled the temple, the king’ s palace, etc., and in short took every thing away without resistance which he chose to carry off. It is very likely that this had a good effect on Rehoboam; it probably caused him to frequent the temple, 1Ki 14:28, which it is likely he had before neglected. This history is more particularly told in 2 Chron. 12, to which the reader will do well to refer; and as to Rehoboam, though so much positive iniquity is not laid to his charge as to his father, yet little can be said for his piety; the idolatry introduced by Solomon does not appear to have been lessened in the days of Rehoboam.

Defender: 1Ki 14:13 - to the grave This phrase can also be translated as "shall be buried." 1Ki 14:11 indicates others of Jeroboam's line will not be buried.

This phrase can also be translated as "shall be buried." 1Ki 14:11 indicates others of Jeroboam's line will not be buried.

Defender: 1Ki 14:13 - some good thing This commendation at least suggests that this child, not having reached the age of conscious sin, is safe in Christ, who would eventually die for his ...

This commendation at least suggests that this child, not having reached the age of conscious sin, is safe in Christ, who would eventually die for his innate sin-nature (2Sa 12:23)."

Defender: 1Ki 14:16 - made Israel to sin No less than eighteen times in the two books of Kings are we reminded that it was Jeroboam who not only sinned, but "made Israel to sin." This is the ...

No less than eighteen times in the two books of Kings are we reminded that it was Jeroboam who not only sinned, but "made Israel to sin." This is the first reference; the last is 2Ki 17:21 where it is said that "Jeroboam drave Israel from following the Lord, and made them sin a great sin" until finally, "was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria" (2Ki 17:23). This is a terrifying memorial to a man who once showed such great promise that God specially called him as Israel's king (1Ki 11:28-31), reminding us even today of the deadly consequences of leading God's people into compromise with paganism."

Defender: 1Ki 14:24 - sodomites The sin of sodomy, or homosexuality, was considered normal behavior in the pagan nations of Canaan which the Lord had commanded the Israelites to dest...

The sin of sodomy, or homosexuality, was considered normal behavior in the pagan nations of Canaan which the Lord had commanded the Israelites to destroy. To God, however, it was one of the most grievous of their "abominations." Solomon had allowed it and other immoral practices to reenter the land as a result of his marrying wives from these nations. One of them, Naamah, was an Ammonitess, and she became the mother of Rehoboam (1Ki 14:21), who eventually succeeded Solomon as king and who caused the ten tribes of Israel finally to leave the kingdom."

Defender: 1Ki 14:26 - shields of gold The great king of Egypt had once given Solomon his own daughter, but he now plunders all the riches of the temple only five years after Solomon's deat...

The great king of Egypt had once given Solomon his own daughter, but he now plunders all the riches of the temple only five years after Solomon's death, taking the shields of gold in particular. Rehoboam made shields of brass in their stead. God would have allowed Pharaoh Shishak even to destroy Jerusalem because of Rehoboam's sin, but Rehoboam repented and God turned from his wrath (2Ch 12:1-12). It is noteworthy that the mummy of Pharaoh Shishak has been found by Egyptian archaeologists, encased in a golden sarcophagus, reminding us perhaps of the golden treasures of Solomon which he had taken from Rehoboam."

TSK: 1Ki 14:1 - that time // the son that time : 1Ki 13:33, 1Ki 13:34 the son : 1Ki 14:12, 1Ki 14:13; Exo 20:5; 1Sa 4:19, 1Sa 4:20, 1Sa 31:2; 2Sa 12:15

TSK: 1Ki 14:2 - disguise thyself // Ahijah disguise thyself : 1Ki 14:5, 1Ki 14:6, 1Ki 22:30; 1Sa 28:8; 2Sa 14:2; 2Ch 18:29; Luk 12:2 Ahijah : 1Ki 11:29-38

TSK: 1Ki 14:3 - And take // with thee // cracknels // cruse // he shall tell And take : 1Ki 13:7; 1Sa 9:7, 1Sa 9:8; 2Ki 4:42, 2Ki 5:5, 2Ki 5:15, 2Ki 8:7-9 with thee : Heb. in thine hand cracknels : or, cakes, Nikkoodim , spot...

And take : 1Ki 13:7; 1Sa 9:7, 1Sa 9:8; 2Ki 4:42, 2Ki 5:5, 2Ki 5:15, 2Ki 8:7-9

with thee : Heb. in thine hand

cracknels : or, cakes, Nikkoodim , spotted, or perforated cakes; either, as some suppose, thin cakes pierced through with holes, the same as is called Jews’ bread to the present day, and used by them at the passover; or, as Mr. Harmer imagines, cakes spotted with seeds, as with sesamum, Roman coriander, etc., such as he proves from Rauwolff, Russell, and Hanway, are still used in the East. This was certainly not a present that proclaimed royalty; but it does not appear to have been, in the estimation of the East, a present only fit for a country woman to have made, as Bp. Patrick supposescaps1 . fcaps0 or D’ Arvieux informs us, that when he waited on an Arab emir, his mother and sisters sent him a present of pastry, honey, and fresh butter, with a bason of sweetmeats of Damascus.

cruse : or, bottle

he shall tell : 2Ki 1:2, 2Ki 8:8; Luk 7:2, Luk 7:3; Joh 4:47, Joh 4:48, Joh 11:3

TSK: 1Ki 14:4 - Shiloh // for his eyes // were set by reason of his age Shiloh : 1Ki 11:29; Jos 18:1; 1Sa 4:3, 1Sa 4:4; Jer 7:12-14 for his eyes : Gen 27:1, Gen 48:10; Deu 34:7; 1Sa 3:2, 1Sa 4:15; Psa 90:10; Ecc 12:3 were ...

Shiloh : 1Ki 11:29; Jos 18:1; 1Sa 4:3, 1Sa 4:4; Jer 7:12-14

for his eyes : Gen 27:1, Gen 48:10; Deu 34:7; 1Sa 3:2, 1Sa 4:15; Psa 90:10; Ecc 12:3

were set by reason of his age : Heb. stood for his hoariness

TSK: 1Ki 14:5 - the Lord the Lord : 2Ki 4:27, 2Ki 6:8-12; Psa 139:1-4; Pro 21:30; Amo 3:7; Act 10:19, Act 10:20

TSK: 1Ki 14:6 - thou wife // why feignest // for I am // heavy tidings thou wife : Job 5:13; Psa 33:10 why feignest : 1Ki 14:2, 1Ki 14:5; Eze 14:3-5, Eze 14:7, Eze 14:8; Luk 20:20-23; Act 5:3-5, Act 5:9, Act 5:10; Heb 4:1...

TSK: 1Ki 14:7 - Forasmuch Forasmuch : 1Ki 12:24, 1Ki 16:2; 1Sa 2:27-30, 1Sa 15:16; 2Sa 12:7, 2Sa 12:8

TSK: 1Ki 14:8 - rent // my servant David rent : 1Ki 11:30, 1Ki 11:31 my servant David : 1Ki 3:14, 1Ki 11:33-38, 1Ki 15:5; 2Ch 17:3, 2Ch 28:1; Act 13:22, Act 13:36

TSK: 1Ki 14:9 - hast done // thou hast gone // to provoke // cast me hast done : 1Ki 14:16, 1Ki 12:28, 1Ki 13:33, 1Ki 13:34, 1Ki 15:34, 1Ki 16:31 thou hast gone : Deu 32:16, Deu 32:17, Deu 32:21; Jdg 5:8; 2Ch 11:15; Psa...

TSK: 1Ki 14:10 - I will bring // him that pisseth // him that is shut up // as a man taketh I will bring : 1Ki 15:25-30; Amo 3:6 him that pisseth : 1Ki 16:11, 1Ki 21:21; 1Sa 25:22, 1Sa 25:34; 2Ki 9:8, 2Ki 9:9 him that is shut up : Deu 32:36; ...

TSK: 1Ki 14:11 - that dieth that dieth : 1Ki 16:4, 1Ki 21:19, 1Ki 21:23, 1Ki 21:24; Isa 66:24; Jer 15:3; Eze 39:17-19; Rev 19:17, Rev 19:18

TSK: 1Ki 14:12 - when thy feet when thy feet : 1Ki 14:3, 1Ki 14:16, 1Ki 14:17; 2Ki 1:6, 2Ki 1:16; Joh 4:50-52

TSK: 1Ki 14:13 - shall mourn // there is found shall mourn : Num 20:29; Jer 22:10, Jer 22:18 there is found : 2Ch 12:12, 2Ch 19:3; Job 19:28; Ezek. 18:14-32; Phm 1:6; 2Pe 2:8, 2Pe 2:9

shall mourn : Num 20:29; Jer 22:10, Jer 22:18

there is found : 2Ch 12:12, 2Ch 19:3; Job 19:28; Ezek. 18:14-32; Phm 1:6; 2Pe 2:8, 2Pe 2:9

TSK: 1Ki 14:14 - the Lord // but what the Lord : 1Ki 15:27-29 but what : Ecc 8:11; Eze 7:2-7, Eze 12:22-28; Jam 5:9; 2Pe 2:3

TSK: 1Ki 14:15 - the Lord // as a reed // root up Israel // this good land // shall scatter // beyond the river // provoking the Lord : 1Sa 12:25; 2Ki 17:6, 2Ki 17:7 as a reed : Mat 11:7; Luk 7:24 root up Israel : Deu 29:28; Psa 52:5; Pro 2:22; Amo 2:9; Zep 2:4; Mat 15:13 th...

the Lord : 1Sa 12:25; 2Ki 17:6, 2Ki 17:7

as a reed : Mat 11:7; Luk 7:24

root up Israel : Deu 29:28; Psa 52:5; Pro 2:22; Amo 2:9; Zep 2:4; Mat 15:13

this good land : Lev 26:32-34, Lev 26:43; Deu 4:26, Deu 4:27, Deu 28:36, Deu 28:63-68, Deu 29:24-28; Jos 23:15, Jos 23:16

shall scatter : 2Ki 15:29, 2Ki 17:6, 2Ki 17:23, 2Ki 18:11, 2Ki 18:12; Amo 5:27; Act 7:43

beyond the river : i.e. Beyond the river Euphrates, because. Exo 34:13, Exo 34:14; Deu 12:3, Deu 12:4; Isa 1:28, Isa 1:29

provoking : 1Ki 14:9, 1Ki 14:23, 1Ki 14:24

TSK: 1Ki 14:16 - he shall give Israel // who did sin he shall give Israel : Psa 81:12; Isa 40:24; Hos 9:11, Hos 9:12, Hos 9:16, Hos 9:17 who did sin : 1Ki 12:30, 1Ki 13:34, 1Ki 15:30, 1Ki 15:34, 1Ki 16:2...

TSK: 1Ki 14:17 - Tirzah // when she came Tirzah : Tirzah was a city of Ephraim, to which tribe Jeroboam belonged; and appears to have been pleasantly situated, as it is said in Son 6:4, ""Tho...

Tirzah : Tirzah was a city of Ephraim, to which tribe Jeroboam belonged; and appears to have been pleasantly situated, as it is said in Son 6:4, ""Thou art beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah,""though its precise situation cannot now be ascertained. It seems to have been the royal city, and the seat of government for a long time after the revolt of the ten tribes, till Omri built Samaria. 1Ki 15:21, 1Ki 15:33, 1Ki 16:6, 1Ki 16:8, 1Ki 16:9, 1Ki 16:15, 1Ki 16:23; Jos 12:24; Son 6:4

when she came : 1Ki 14:12, 1Ki 14:13; 1Sa 2:20-34, 1Sa 4:18-20

TSK: 1Ki 14:19 - how he warred // book am 3029-3050, bc 975-954 how he warred : 1Ki 14:30; 2Chr. 13:2-20 book : 1Ki 14:29, 1Ki 15:31, 1Ki 16:5, 1Ki 16:14, 1Ki 16:20, 1Ki 16:27, 1Ki 22:39; 1...

am 3029-3050, bc 975-954

how he warred : 1Ki 14:30; 2Chr. 13:2-20

book : 1Ki 14:29, 1Ki 15:31, 1Ki 16:5, 1Ki 16:14, 1Ki 16:20, 1Ki 16:27, 1Ki 22:39; 1Ch 27:24; Est 6:1

TSK: 1Ki 14:20 - slept // Nadab slept : Heb. lay down, 1Ki 2:10, 1Ki 11:43; Job 14:12; Psa 3:5, Psa 4:8 Nadab : 1Ki 15:25-31

slept : Heb. lay down, 1Ki 2:10, 1Ki 11:43; Job 14:12; Psa 3:5, Psa 4:8

Nadab : 1Ki 15:25-31

TSK: 1Ki 14:21 - Rehoboam // the city // to put his name // Naamah Rehoboam : 1Ki 11:43; 2Ch 12:13, 2Ch 13:7 the city : 1Ki 8:16, 1Ki 8:44, 1Ki 11:36; Psa 78:68, Psa 78:69, Psa 87:1, Psa 87:2, Psa 132:13, Psa 132:14; ...

TSK: 1Ki 14:22 - Judah // they provoked // all Judah : Jdg 3:7, Jdg 3:12, Jdg 4:1; 2Ki 17:19; 2Ch 12:1; Jer 3:7-11 they provoked : 1Ki 14:9; Deu 4:24, Deu 29:28, Deu 32:16-21; Psa 78:58; Isa 65:3, ...

TSK: 1Ki 14:23 - built // images // groves // under every built : 1Ki 3:2; Deu 12:2; Isa 57:5; Eze 16:24, Eze 16:25, Eze 20:28, Eze 20:29 images : or, standing images, or statues, Lev 26:1 groves : Mic 5:14; ...

built : 1Ki 3:2; Deu 12:2; Isa 57:5; Eze 16:24, Eze 16:25, Eze 20:28, Eze 20:29

images : or, standing images, or statues, Lev 26:1

groves : Mic 5:14; Deu 12:2; 2Ki 17:9, 2Ki 17:10, 2Ki 21:3-7; 2Ch 28:4; Jer 17:2

under every : Isa 57:5; Jer 3:13

TSK: 1Ki 14:24 - And there And there : 1Ki 15:12, 1Ki 22:46; Gen 19:5; Deu 23:17; Jdg 19:22; 2Ki 23:7; Rom 1:24-27; 1Co 6:9

TSK: 1Ki 14:25 - Shishak am 3034, bc 970 Shishak : 1Ki 11:40; 2Ch 12:2-4

am 3034, bc 970

Shishak : 1Ki 11:40; 2Ch 12:2-4

TSK: 1Ki 14:26 - he took away // the shields of gold he took away : 1Ki 7:51, 1Ki 15:18; 2Ki 24:13; 2Ch 12:9-11; Psa 39:6, Psa 89:35-45 the shields of gold : 1Ki 10:16, 1Ki 10:17; 2Ch 9:15, 2Ch 9:16; Pro...

TSK: 1Ki 14:27 - made // guard made : Lam 4:1, Lam 4:2 guard : Heb. runners, 1Ki 14:1, 1Ki 14:5, 1Ki 18:46; 1Sa 8:11, 1Sa 22:17; 2Sa 15:1

made : Lam 4:1, Lam 4:2

guard : Heb. runners, 1Ki 14:1, 1Ki 14:5, 1Ki 18:46; 1Sa 8:11, 1Sa 22:17; 2Sa 15:1

TSK: 1Ki 14:28 - the guard chamber the guard chamber : 2Ch 12:11

the guard chamber : 2Ch 12:11

TSK: 1Ki 14:29 - are they not written am 3029-3046, bc 975-958 are they not written : 1Ki 14:19, 1Ki 11:41, 1Ki 15:23, 1Ki 22:45; 2Ch 12:15

am 3029-3046, bc 975-958

are they not written : 1Ki 14:19, 1Ki 11:41, 1Ki 15:23, 1Ki 22:45; 2Ch 12:15

TSK: 1Ki 14:30 - -- 1Ki 12:24, 1Ki 15:6, 1Ki 15:7; 2Ch 12:15

TSK: 1Ki 14:31 - Rehoboam // his mother’ s // Abijam am 3046, bc 958 Rehoboam : 1Ki 14:20, 1Ki 11:43, 1Ki 15:3, 1Ki 15:24, 1Ki 22:50; 2Ch 12:16 his mother’ s : 1Ki 14:21 Abijam : Dr. Kennicott obser...

am 3046, bc 958

Rehoboam : 1Ki 14:20, 1Ki 11:43, 1Ki 15:3, 1Ki 15:24, 1Ki 22:50; 2Ch 12:16

his mother’ s : 1Ki 14:21

Abijam : Dr. Kennicott observes, that the name of this king of Judah is now expressed three ways; here and in four other places, it is Abijam; in two others (2Ch 13:20, 2Ch 13:21) it is Abijahu; but in eleven others it is Abijah or Abiah, as it is expressed by St. Matthew (Mat 1:7), Αβια ; and this is the reading of thirteen of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s manuscripts, and of thirteen respectable editions of the Hebrew Bible. The Syriac is the same. The Septuagint in the London Polyglott has Αβιου , Abihu ; but in the Complutensian and Antwerp Polyglotts it has Αβια , Abiah ; and the Editio Princeps of the Vulgate , some manuscripts and the text in these two Polyglotts, instead of Abiam , have Abia . 1Ch 3:10, Abia, 2Ch 12:16, Abijah, Mat 1:7, Abia

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 1Ki 14:2 - Jeroboam said to his wife // Disguise thyself // That thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam Jeroboam said to his wife partly, because he would trust none else with this secret; partly, because she might, without suspicion, inquire concerning...

Jeroboam said to his wife partly, because he would trust none else with this secret; partly, because she might, without suspicion, inquire concerning her own child; and partly, because she would inquire most exactly and diligently, and faithfully acquaint him with the whole truth.

Disguise thyself change thy habit and voice, and go like a private and obscure person.

That thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam: this caution proceeded, first, From the pride of his heart, which made him loth to confess his folly in worshipping such ignorant and helpless idols, and to give glory to the God whom he had forsaken. Secondly, From jealousy and suspicion, lest the prophet knowing this, should either give her no answer, or make it worse than indeed it was. Thirdly, From policy, lest his people should by his example be drawn to forsake the senseless calves, and to return to the God of Judah, whom they had rashly forsaken.

Poole: 1Ki 14:3 - A cruse of honey // And go to him A cruse of honey a present, after the manner, Jud 13:17 1Sa 9:7,8 2Ki 5:15 8:8 ; but mean, as became an ordinary country woman, which she personated....

A cruse of honey a present, after the manner, Jud 13:17 1Sa 9:7,8 2Ki 5:15 8:8 ; but mean, as became an ordinary country woman, which she personated.

And go to him to inquire the event of this sickness, as the following words imply.

Poole: 1Ki 14:4 - -- Or, stood still , or were grown stiff ; the nerves, by which the eyes and eye-lids are moved, being contracted and withered.

Or, stood still , or were grown stiff ; the nerves, by which the eyes and eye-lids are moved, being contracted and withered.

Poole: 1Ki 14:6 - -- By this discovery he both reproves their folly, who thought to conceal themselves or their designs from that God from whom they expected and desired...

By this discovery he both reproves their folly, who thought to conceal themselves or their designs from that God from whom they expected and desired the discovery of the most secret things; and withal gives her assurance of the truth and certainty of that message which he was to deliver.

Poole: 1Ki 14:7 - -- They were God’ s people when Jeroboam was first set over them.

They were God’ s people when Jeroboam was first set over them.

Poole: 1Ki 14:8 - As my servant David As my servant David who though he fell into some sins, yet, first, he constantly persevered in the true worship of God, from which thou art revolted;...

As my servant David who though he fell into some sins, yet, first, he constantly persevered in the true worship of God, from which thou art revolted; secondly, he heartily repented of and turned from all his sins, whereas thou art obstinate and incorrigible.

Poole: 1Ki 14:9 - Above all that were before thee // Other gods, and molten images // molten images // other gods // To provoke me to anger // Cast me behind thy back Above all that were before thee above all the former kings of my people, as Saul, and Solomon, and Rehoboam. Other gods, and molten images or other...

Above all that were before thee above all the former kings of my people, as Saul, and Solomon, and Rehoboam.

Other gods, and molten images or other gods , to wit, (for so and oft signifies among the Hebrews, as hath been formerly noted,)

molten images namely, the golden calves; which he calls others gods, not as if the Israelites esteemed the calves made of their own gold to be gods indeed, which it is incredible should find belief with any man in his wits, especially with the whole body of the Israelites, who knew that the ark and cherubims, though made by God’ s special direction, were not gods, but only pledges of God’ s presence, &c.; nor as if they thought them to be

other gods in a strict and proper sense; for it is apparent that they still pretended to worship the God of their fathers, as the Jews at Jerusalem did, though in a differing manner: but only because God rejected their whole worship; and howsoever they called or accounted it, he reckoned it a manifest defection from him, and a betaking of themselves to other gods , or devils , as they are called, 2Ch 11:15 , by whose instigation they were led to such idolatrous practices, and whom alone they served and worshipped therein, whatsoever pretences they had to the contrary.

To provoke me to anger i.e. whereby thou didst provoke me; for otherwise this was not Jeroboam’ s design in it, but only to establish himself in the throne.

Cast me behind thy back despised, and disregarded, and forsaken me, and my commands, and my worship, as we do things which we cast behind our backs.

Poole: 1Ki 14:10 - See Poole "1Sa 25:22" // Him that is shut up and left // As a man taketh away dung See Poole "1Sa 25:22" . Him that is shut up and left those who had escaped the fury of their enemies invading them, either because they were shut u...

See Poole "1Sa 25:22" .

Him that is shut up and left those who had escaped the fury of their enemies invading them, either because they were shut up in caves, or castles, or strong towns; or because they were left, overlooked or neglected by them, or spared as poor, impotent, helpless creatures. But now, saith he, they shall be all searched out, and brought to destruction. See Poole "Deu 32:26" .

As a man taketh away dung which they remove as a loathsome thing out of their houses, and that thoroughly and universally.

Poole: 1Ki 14:11 - -- So both sorts shall die unburied.

So both sorts shall die unburied.

Poole: 1Ki 14:12 - -- Presently upon thy entrance into the city; when thou art gone but a little way in it, even as far as to the threshold of the king’ s door, 1Ki ...

Presently upon thy entrance into the city; when thou art gone but a little way in it, even as far as to the threshold of the king’ s door, 1Ki 14:17 , which possibly was near the gates of the city. And by the event of this branch judge of the truth of the rest of my prophecy.

Poole: 1Ki 14:13 - All Israel shall mourn for him // Shall come to the grave // Some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel // In the house of Jeroboam All Israel shall mourn for him either, first, for the loss of so worthy and hopeful a person; or, secondly, for the sad calamities which should follo...

All Israel shall mourn for him either, first, for the loss of so worthy and hopeful a person; or, secondly, for the sad calamities which should follow his death, which possibly his moderation, and wisdom, and virtue might have prevented, whereof his death was a certain presage and evidence. So they should mourn, not simply for him, but for their own loss in him.

Shall come to the grave shall have the honour of burial, denied to the rest, 1Ki 14:11 .

Some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel some pious inclinations and intentions of taking away the calves, or of permitting or obliging his people to go up to Jerusalem to worship, if God gave him life and authority to do it, and of trusting God with his kingdom in that case.

In the house of Jeroboam which is added for his greater commendation; he was good in the midst of so many temptations and wicked examples; a good branch of a bad stock.

Poole: 1Ki 14:14 - Who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day // But what? Baasha, 1Ki 15:28 . Who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day when he is so raised; in the very beginning of his reign, 1Ki 15:29 . But wh...

Baasha, 1Ki 15:28 .

Who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day when he is so raised; in the very beginning of his reign, 1Ki 15:29 .

But what? but what do I say, he shall raise , as it were a thing to be done at a great distance of time? he hath already raised him in some sort; the man is now in being, if not in power, who shall do this; this judgment shall be shortly executed.

Poole: 1Ki 14:15 - The Lord shall smite Israel // As a reed is shaken in the water // Beyond the river // Because they have made their groves The Lord shall smite Israel because they obeyed Jeroboam’ s wicked command of worshipping the calves, and that willingly, Hos 5:11 . As a reed ...

The Lord shall smite Israel because they obeyed Jeroboam’ s wicked command of worshipping the calves, and that willingly, Hos 5:11 .

As a reed is shaken in the water easily and variously, hither and thither, with every wind; so shall the kingdom and people of Israel be always in an unquiet and unsettled posture, tossed to and fro by foreign invasions and civil wars, by opposite kings and factions, and by the dissensions of the people. See 2Ki 17:18 .

Beyond the river to wit, Euphrates, oft so called by way of eminency, as Gen 15:18 31:21 1Ki 4:21,24 . This was accomplished in part, 2Ki 15:29 , and more fully 2Ki 17:6 .

Because they have made their groves for the worship of their idols, Exo 34:13 Deu 16:21 . God having before condemned the making and worshipping of the calves, by which they designed or pretended to worship the true God; he now takes notice that they were not contented with the calves, but (as it is the nature of idolatry, and all sin, to proceed from evil to worse) were many of them fallen into another and a worse kind of idolatry, even their worship of the heathenish Baals, which they commonly exercised in groves. See Poole "1Ki 18:19" .

Poole: 1Ki 14:16 - -- To wit, by his invention, and making of the occasion of their sin, the calves; by his example, by encouraging those, and only those, that worshipped...

To wit, by his invention, and making of the occasion of their sin, the calves; by his example, by encouraging those, and only those, that worshipped the calves; and by his authority, requiring and compelling them to do it. This is mentioned as a monstrous aggravation of his wickedness, that he was not content with his own sin, but was the great author and chief cause of drawing others into sin, and of corrupting and undoing the whole kingdom; which therefore God would never forgive him, nor forget him, but upon all occasions mentions him with this eternal brand of infamy upon him.

Poole: 1Ki 14:17 - Tirzah // To the threshold of the door Tirzah an ancient and royal city, Jos 12:24 , in a pleasant place, Son 6:4 , where the kings of Israel had a palace, 1Ki 15:33 16:6,8,15,23 ; whither...

Tirzah an ancient and royal city, Jos 12:24 , in a pleasant place, Son 6:4 , where the kings of Israel had a palace, 1Ki 15:33 16:6,8,15,23 ; whither Jeroboam was removed from Shechem, either for his pleasure, or for his son’ s recovery, by the healthfulness of the place.

To the threshold of the door to wit, of the king’ s house, which probably was upon or by the wall of the city, and near the gate, which was the place of judicature. See 1Ki 14:12 .

Poole: 1Ki 14:19 - -- Heb. in the book of the words or things of the days & c. By which you are not to understand that canonical book of the Chronicles, for that was writ...

Heb. in the book of the words or things of the days & c. By which you are not to understand that canonical book of the Chronicles, for that was written long after this book; but a book of civil records, the annals, wherein all remarkable passages were recorded by the king’ s command from day to day; out of which the sacred penman, by the direction of God’ s Spirit, took those passages which were most considerable and useful for God’ s honour, and men’ s edification.

Poole: 1Ki 14:20 - He slept with his fathers So he lived till Asa’ s second year, 1Ki 15:25 . He slept with his fathers either, first, He was buried with his ancestors. But their sepulch...

So he lived till Asa’ s second year, 1Ki 15:25 .

He slept with his fathers either, first, He was buried with his ancestors. But their sepulchre seems to be too mean and improper for a great king; and kings used to be buried in peculiar sepulchres. Or, secondly, He died, as his fathers did.

Poole: 1Ki 14:21 - Rehoboam was forty and one years old // An Ammonitess Rehoboam was forty and one years old therefore he was born a year before Solomon was king, as appears from 1Ki 11:42 . This is noted as an aggravatio...

Rehoboam was forty and one years old therefore he was born a year before Solomon was king, as appears from 1Ki 11:42 . This is noted as an aggravation of Rehoboam’ s folly, that he was old enough to have been wiser.

An Ammonitess a people cursed by God, and shut out of the congregation of his people for ever, Deu 23:3 Neh 13:1 . This is observed as one cause both of God’ s displeasure in punishing Solomon with such a son, and of Rehoboam’ s apostacy after his three first years, 2Ch 11:17 .

Poole: 1Ki 14:22 - Judah did evil Judah did evil after a little time, 2Ch 11:17 .

Judah did evil after a little time, 2Ch 11:17 .

Poole: 1Ki 14:23 - They also built them high places // Images and groves // Under every green tree They also built them high places they followed the example of the Israelites, although they were better instructed, and had the temple in their kingd...

They also built them high places they followed the example of the Israelites, although they were better instructed, and had the temple in their kingdom, and liberty of access to it, which was denied to the Israelites; and the privilege of worshipping God in his own way, and the counsels, and sermons, and examples of the priests and Levites to and stablish them, and the dreadful example of Israel’ s horrid apostacy to caution and terrify them. The building of high places was unlawful, and now especially when the temple was built, and ready to receive them; unnecessary, and therefore expressed a greater contempt of God and his express command to the contrary.

Images and groves not only after the manner of the heathens and Israelites, but against a direct and particular prohibition.

Under every green tree: the people were universally corrupted; which is a prodigious sin, all things considered, and is a clear evidence of the greatness and depth of the original corruption of man’ s nature, which without God’ s grace is ready to break forth into all sorts of wickedness.

Poole: 1Ki 14:24 - Sodomites Sodomites i.e. males, who prostituted their bodies to the filthy lusts of others; of whom See Poole "Deu 23:17" ; who also did this in the worship a...

Sodomites i.e. males, who prostituted their bodies to the filthy lusts of others; of whom See Poole "Deu 23:17" ; who also did this in the worship and to the honour of their idols as also the women did, Num 25:1,2 . And this might be one occasion of so great a spreading of idolatry among the lustful Israelites. And, on the other side, God doth frequently punish idolatry with corporeal uncleanness, Rom 1:21,28 . See 1Ki 15:12 22:46 2Ki 23:7 .

Poole: 1Ki 14:25 - In the fifth year of king Rehoboam // Shishak king of Egypt // Came up against Jerusalem In the fifth year of king Rehoboam presently after his and his people’ s apostacy, which was not till his fourth year; when the apostical Israel...

In the fifth year of king Rehoboam presently after his and his people’ s apostacy, which was not till his fourth year; when the apostical Israelites enjoyed peace and some kind of prosperity, at first, for many years together; of which difference two reasons may be given: first, That Judah’ s sins were committed against clearer light, and more powerful means and remedies of all sorts, and therefore deserved more severe and speed judgments. Secondly, that God discovered more love to Judah in chastising them speedily, that so they might be humbled, and reformed, and so graciously preserved, as it happened; and more anger against Israel, that he spared them, and by their impunity hardened and ripened them to that total destruction which he intend ed to bring upon them.

Shishak king of Egypt of whom see 1Ki 11:40 2Ch 12:2 , &c., where this history is more fully described. He is thought by many to be Solomon’ s brother-in-law. But how little such relations signify among princes, when their interest is concerned, all histories witness. Besides, Rehoboam was not Solomon’ s son by Pharaoh’ s daughter, and so the relation was in a manner extinct.

Came up against Jerusalem either from ambition, and a desire to enlarge his empire; or from jealousy of Rehoboam’ s growing greatness; of which see 2Ch 11 ; or by Jeroboam’ s instigation; or from a covetous desire of possessing these great treasures which David and Solomon had left; and, above all, by God’ s providence, disposing his heart to this expedition for Rehoboam’ s punishment.

Poole: 1Ki 14:26 - He took away the treasures He took away the treasures it is implied, that first he took the city; which may seem strange considering the great strength of that city, and how mu...

He took away the treasures it is implied, that first he took the city; which may seem strange considering the great strength of that city, and how much time it took Nebuchadnezzar and Titus to take it. But, first, It might cost Shishak also some time and a long siege ere he took it, though that be not here related. Secondly, It is probable that David and Solomon, in their building and altering of this city, had more respect to state and magnificence than to its defence, as having no great cause to fear the invasion of any enemies, and being too secure in reference to their posterity, because of God’ s promise of the kingdom to be continued to them and to their seed for ever. And it is probable and certain, that after the division between Judah and Israel, the kings of Judah did add very much to the fortifications of this city.

Poole: 1Ki 14:27 - -- Whereas the golden shields, as being more precious, were kept in a certain place.

Whereas the golden shields, as being more precious, were kept in a certain place.

Poole: 1Ki 14:28 - When the king went into the house of the Lord When the king went into the house of the Lord by which it seems the affliction had done him some good, and brought him back to the worship of God, wh...

When the king went into the house of the Lord by which it seems the affliction had done him some good, and brought him back to the worship of God, which he had forsaken.

Poole: 1Ki 14:29 - -- Such a book of chronicles as that mentioned above, 1Ki 14:19 .

Such a book of chronicles as that mentioned above, 1Ki 14:19 .

Poole: 1Ki 14:30 - -- Not an invasive war with potent armies, which was forbidden, 1Ki 12:24 , and not revived until Abijam’ s reign, 2Ch 13 ; but a defensive war fr...

Not an invasive war with potent armies, which was forbidden, 1Ki 12:24 , and not revived until Abijam’ s reign, 2Ch 13 ; but a defensive war from those hostilities which by small parties and skirmishes they did to one another.

Poole: 1Ki 14:31 - His mother’ s name was Naamah, an Ammonitess His mother’ s name was Naamah, an Ammonitess this is repeated as a thing very observable. See Poole "1Ki 14:21" .

His mother’ s name was Naamah, an Ammonitess this is repeated as a thing very observable. See Poole "1Ki 14:21" .

Haydock: 1Ki 14:1 - At // Time At. The Septuagint omit the 20 verses following. But Grabe's edition has them marked with asterisks, (Haydock) as being supplied from Theodotion, &...

At. The Septuagint omit the 20 verses following. But Grabe's edition has them marked with asterisks, (Haydock) as being supplied from Theodotion, &c. The Vatican copy gives a great part, with some circumstances which occur no where else, chap. xii. 24. (Calmet) ---

The wife of Jeroboam is there called Ano, (Menochius) the elder sister of the queen of Egypt, Thekemina. See chap. xi. 19; where Adad marries another sister. (Haydock) ---

Time. This expression does not determine the year. (St. Chrysostom, &c.) ---

The passage in the Vatican Septuagint seems to place this death before Jeroboam ascended the throne: but it took place rather at the end of his reign, ver. 14. Abia seems to have been his eldest son, and fit for command; so that the people mourn for him, which they would hardly have done for an infant. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:2 - Dress // Silo Dress. As if the prophet, who could dive into futurity, could be thus imposed upon. Jeroboam was aware that he would be full of indignation at the ...

Dress. As if the prophet, who could dive into futurity, could be thus imposed upon. Jeroboam was aware that he would be full of indignation at the changes which had been introduced. He might also fear, lest his wife might be exposed to danger in (Calmet) or near (Haydock) the enemy's country, (Calmet) and the people would have been more convinced of the vanity of their idols, if they had seen that it was necessary to have recourse to a prophet of the true God. (Menochius) ---

The mother might ask without the least suspicion, "Will my son recover?" ---

Silo might still be attached to the service of God, in consequence of the ark residing there so long, and the presence of the revered Ahias; so that, if it formed a part of the dominions of Israel, (Tirinus) as it was in the tribe of Ephraim, though nearer Jerusalem than Sichem, (Calmet) Jeroboam might reasonably fear lest his wife should be treated with indignity. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:3 - Cracknels Cracknels. Hebrew nikkudim, "cakes full of holes," &c., Josue ix. 12. (Calmet) --- Septuagint give a double translation, "cakes and raisins." A...

Cracknels. Hebrew nikkudim, "cakes full of holes," &c., Josue ix. 12. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint give a double translation, "cakes and raisins." Arabic, "fruits." Syriac adds "dried." It was customary to make presents to the prophets, 1 Kings ix. 7. (Calmet) ---

But these were mean, that the woman might not be known. (Du Hamel) ---

It is not said that Ahias deigned to receive them. (St. Jerome in Mic. iii.)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:4 - Dim Dim. Hebrew, "swelled," &c. (Calmet) --- Septuagint inform us that the prophet was 60 years old. (Haydock)

Dim. Hebrew, "swelled," &c. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint inform us that the prophet was 60 years old. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:6 - Tidings Tidings. Hebrew, "I am a hard messenger to thee." (Calmet)

Tidings. Hebrew, "I am a hard messenger to thee." (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:9 - Strange gods // Back Strange gods; that is, foreign gods: which expression destroys the opinion of those who imagine that Jeroboam designed by his calves to worship the...

Strange gods; that is, foreign gods: which expression destroys the opinion of those who imagine that Jeroboam designed by his calves to worship the Lord God of Israel. (Challoner) ---

Back. Literally, "body."

Haydock: 1Ki 14:10 - Wall // Israel // Clean Wall. Every male child, or every dog. See 1 Kings xxv. 22. (Haydock) --- The Hebrew word mashtin, in Spanish and French, signifies a "shepherd'...

Wall. Every male child, or every dog. See 1 Kings xxv. 22. (Haydock) ---

The Hebrew word mashtin, in Spanish and French, signifies a "shepherd's dog." ---

Israel. This proverbial expression signifies, that even those who keep at home, and meddle not with the affairs of war, will not escape; (Calmet) nor shall those who have run away from the field of battle, (Haydock) nor the most precious or contemptible things be spared, Deuteronomy xxxii. 36., and 4 Kings xiv. 26. (Menochius) ---

Clean. This family is compared to something most disgusting, (Haydock) because it had introduced idolatry, and the prediction against it was literally fulfilled by Baasa, (chap. xv. 29.; Tirinus) "as the vintner seeks in the vineyard even for the last grape." (Syriac and Arabic)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:11 - Devour Devour. They shall have the burial of asses, Jeremias xxii. 19.

Devour. They shall have the burial of asses, Jeremias xxii. 19.

Haydock: 1Ki 14:13 - Word from Word from. Hebrew or "thought towards." (Grotius) --- He has entertained sentiments of piety (Calmet) in the midst of a wicked court; therefore, Go...

Word from. Hebrew or "thought towards." (Grotius) ---

He has entertained sentiments of piety (Calmet) in the midst of a wicked court; therefore, God will hasten to draw him out of the midst of iniquity. (Haydock) ---

The Rabbins say that he had pulled down the walls, which his father had built, to prevent the people from going to Jerusalem. (Calmet) ---

God was please to shew mercy to him. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:14 - Time Time. Protestants, "But what? even now." The young prince, (Haydock) who was the firmest support of the family, was presently hurried away. Abia, ...

Time. Protestants, "But what? even now." The young prince, (Haydock) who was the firmest support of the family, was presently hurried away. Abia, king of Juda, slew above 500,000 of Jeroboam's subjects at once; and Baasa exterminated his family. (Calmet) ---

The latter had now begun his conspiracy. (Abulensis, q. 26.)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:15 - Water // River // To provoke Water. The kingdom of Israel was continually agitated with wars. --- River Euphrates, by degrees. The kings of Assyria verified these prediction...

Water. The kingdom of Israel was continually agitated with wars. ---

River Euphrates, by degrees. The kings of Assyria verified these predictions; and we know not what is become of these ten tribes. (Calmet) ---

To provoke. These people did not perhaps design (Haydock) to make God their enemy, no more than their king did, ver. 9. But their actions had that effect. Such expressions denote not the final cause, but the sequel of other facts, without direct intention. (Worthington) ---

Yet these sins might probably be called sins of malice. (Haydock) ---

They were all involved in ruin, and because they had been accomplices in wickedness. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:16 - Sin Sin. This is the common effect of evil example in kings. Plus exemplo quam peccato nocent. (Cicero, Leg. iii.) "As it is esteemed a sort of ser...

Sin. This is the common effect of evil example in kings. Plus exemplo quam peccato nocent. (Cicero, Leg. iii.) "As it is esteemed a sort of service to imitate the customs and vices of the king; they laid aside all piety, lest they might seem to upbraid the king with his impiety, if they should live in a virtuous manner." (Lactantius v. 6.) The crimes of kings are seldom confined to their own persons. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:17 - Thersa // House Thersa. Septuagint inform us that Jeroboam had built this place, which the call Sarira, while he was employed by Solomon. No wonder, therefore, t...

Thersa. Septuagint inform us that Jeroboam had built this place, which the call Sarira, while he was employed by Solomon. No wonder, therefore, that it is not mentioned by Josue. Its exact situation is not known, though it must have been very delightful, since Solomon compares the spouse to it. (Calmet) ---

Where we read sweet, (Canticle of Canticles vi. 3.) Hebrew has, "Thou art beautiful....as Thersa, and comely as Jerusalem." Hither Jeroboam had removed his court from Sichem. (Tirinus) ---

Some place Thersa in the tribe of Manasses; (Adrichomius) others, in that of Ephraim. (Bonfrere) ---

House. Hebrew, "door," or gate of the city, when the prophet had denounced that the child should die, (ver. 12.) unless the palace was contiguous to the walls. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:19 - The book of the words of the days of the kings of Israel The book of the words of the days of the kings of Israel. This book, which is often mentioned in the Book of Kings, is long since lost. For as to t...

The book of the words of the days of the kings of Israel. This book, which is often mentioned in the Book of Kings, is long since lost. For as to the books of Paralipomenon, or Chronicles, (which the Hebrews call the words of the days ) they were certainly written after the Book of Kings, since they frequently refer to them; (Challoner) and they also remit us to these journals for farther information. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:21 - Forty // Ammonitess Forty. Some suspect there is a mistake, and that it should be twenty-one. See 1 Paralipomenon xxii. 5. (Grotius) (Du Hamel) --- Hardouin dates f...

Forty. Some suspect there is a mistake, and that it should be twenty-one. See 1 Paralipomenon xxii. 5. (Grotius) (Du Hamel) ---

Hardouin dates from the ζra of Solomon. Roboam was young, in the Scripture style. But he might be forty-one years old, chap. xii. 10. (Calmet) ---

Ammonitess. She probably perverted her son; (Menochius) so that he only continued three years faithful to the Lord; (2 Paralipomenon xi. 17.) when his people readily imitated the idolatry of Israel, as they had been already staggered in their faith by the conduct of Solomon. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:23 - High hill High hill. Such places of devotion had been tolerated, before the temple was built: but now they were deemed profane. (Calmet)

High hill. Such places of devotion had been tolerated, before the temple was built: but now they were deemed profane. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:24 - The effeminate The effeminate. Catamites, or men addicted to unnatural lust. (Challoner) --- This crime had been punished in the Sodomites, and in the people of ...

The effeminate. Catamites, or men addicted to unnatural lust. (Challoner) ---

This crime had been punished in the Sodomites, and in the people of Chanaan, and of Benjamin. Yet they continued prevalent in the country, chap. xv. 12., and 4 Kings xxiii. 7., and Isaias ii. 6., and 2 Machabees iv. 12. (Calmet) ---

These were perpetrated in honour of Venus, Priapus, &c. (Menochius) See Deuteronomy xxiii. 17. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:25 - Sesac Sesac. See chap. xi. 40. He was allied to Jeroboam, (Calmet) so that he might come to his assistance, (Haydock) being attracted by the ivory throne...

Sesac. See chap. xi. 40. He was allied to Jeroboam, (Calmet) so that he might come to his assistance, (Haydock) being attracted by the ivory throne, (Rabbins) and immense riches of Jeroboam. (Calmet) ---

Roboam was informed by Semeias, that resistance would be fruitless; and being humbled, he repaired more frequently to the temple, ver. 18. But his piety was of short duration, as it was influenced only by fear, 2 Paralipomenon xii. 14.

Haydock: 1Ki 14:27 - Hand Hand. Symmachus, "the place where the courtiers" (guards) stood, (Haydock) in the hall; (Calmet) or he made the guards carry these shields before hi...

Hand. Symmachus, "the place where the courtiers" (guards) stood, (Haydock) in the hall; (Calmet) or he made the guards carry these shields before him, ver. 28. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 14:30 - Always Always. The two kingdoms were constantly divided, and did each other all the harm they could; though we know not that they ever came to a pitched ba...

Always. The two kingdoms were constantly divided, and did each other all the harm they could; though we know not that they ever came to a pitched battle. Roboam was too great a coward, 2 Paralipomenon xiii. 7.

Haydock: 1Ki 14:31 - Roboam Roboam. He deserved some commendation for procuring provisions, and fortifying his dominion; (2 Paralipomenon xi. 5, 12.) but was a prince devoid of...

Roboam. He deserved some commendation for procuring provisions, and fortifying his dominion; (2 Paralipomenon xi. 5, 12.) but was a prince devoid of wisdom and religion. He married 18 wives and 60 concubines. The son of Maacha, his most favourite queen, succeeded him, after he had reigned seventeen years, and lived fifty-eight. (Calmet) ---

Semeias and Addo wrote his history, 2 Paralipomenon xii. 15.

Gill: 1Ki 14:1 - At that time Abijah, the son of Jeroboam, fell sick. At that time Abijah, the son of Jeroboam, fell sick. Being smitten of God with some disease, as a punishment of Jeroboam's sin; how long this was afte...

At that time Abijah, the son of Jeroboam, fell sick. Being smitten of God with some disease, as a punishment of Jeroboam's sin; how long this was after the above things were done cannot be said.

Gill: 1Ki 14:2 - And Jeroboam said to his wife // arise, I pray thee, and disguise thyself // that thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam // and get thee to Shiloh // behold, there is Ahijah the prophet // which told me that I should be king over this people And Jeroboam said to his wife,.... Who she was is not known: arise, I pray thee, and disguise thyself; put off her royal apparel, and clothe hersel...

And Jeroboam said to his wife,.... Who she was is not known:

arise, I pray thee, and disguise thyself; put off her royal apparel, and clothe herself like a common person, mimic the dress and language of a country woman:

that thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam: by any that should see her on the road, or at the city she was to go to, or by the prophet to whom she would be sent:

and get thee to Shiloh; which, according to Bunting g, was twenty four miles, from Tirzah, where Jeroboam now lived, see 1Ki 14:17.

behold, there is Ahijah the prophet: called from thence the Shilonite, 1Ki 11:29,

which told me that I should be king over this people: and this coming to pass, proved him to be a true prophet, and to be credited in what he should say concerning their child. Jeroboam desired his wife to go on this errand, because he did not care it should be known that he applied to any of the prophets of the Lord; nor did he choose it should be known whose child was inquired about, which another must have told, whereas his wife could speak of it as her own; and she was the fittest person to give an account of the child's illness, and would ask the most proper and pertinent questions, and bring him back a faithful report; and he would have her be disguised, lest the prophet, who bore no good will to him because of his apostasy, should refuse to give any answer at all, or else give a very rough and disagreeable one.

Gill: 1Ki 14:3 - And take with thee ten loaves, and cracknels, and a cruse of honey, and go to him // he shall tell thee what shall become of the child And take with thee ten loaves, and cracknels, and a cruse of honey, and go to him,.... It being usual to carry a present to a prophet when he was inqu...

And take with thee ten loaves, and cracknels, and a cruse of honey, and go to him,.... It being usual to carry a present to a prophet when he was inquired of on any account, see 1Sa 9:7 and this being a plain present, and of such things as the country afforded, she might be taken for a plain countrywoman, and not for such a personage as she was: the ten loaves could not be large for a woman to carry, most probably made of wheat; the cracknels, according to the Greek version in Drusius, were for the prophet's children; they very likely were spiced, or were sweetened with honey, and might be somewhat like our simnels; they seem to have their name in Hebrew from having points and pricks in them for the sake of ornament; such as Plautus h calls "scribilitae", because as Turnebus i says, they were marked and pricked, and seemed as if they were written:

he shall tell thee what shall become of the child; whether it should live or die, for that was all he wanted to know; he did not desire to know what should be done to the child for its recovery, nor to request the prophet's prayers for it.

Gill: 1Ki 14:4 - And Jeroboam's wife did so, and went to Shiloh, and came to the house of Abijah // for his eyes were set by reason of his age And Jeroboam's wife did so, and went to Shiloh, and came to the house of Abijah,.... Disguised herself, and took this long journey, and found the prop...

And Jeroboam's wife did so, and went to Shiloh, and came to the house of Abijah,.... Disguised herself, and took this long journey, and found the prophet's house; which she did partly in obedience to her husband, and partly from affection to her child: but Abijah could not see; her or anybody else that came into the room to him:

for his eyes were set by reason of his age; or "stood" fixed and immovable, as the eyes of blind men are; or the nerves and muscles of his eyes stood within the holes thereof, so that he could not see objects.

Gill: 1Ki 14:5 - And the Lord said unto Abijah // behold, the wife of Jeroboam cometh to ask a thing of thee for her son, for he is sick // thus and thus shall thou say unto her // for it shall be, when she cometh in, that she shall feign herself another woman And the Lord said unto Abijah,.... Either in a dream, or by an impulse upon his mind, before Jeroboam's wife came in: behold, the wife of Jeroboam ...

And the Lord said unto Abijah,.... Either in a dream, or by an impulse upon his mind, before Jeroboam's wife came in:

behold, the wife of Jeroboam cometh to ask a thing of thee for her son, for he is sick; to know whether he will recover or not:

thus and thus shall thou say unto her; as after expressed in some following verses:

for it shall be, when she cometh in, that she shall feign herself another woman; to the people that let her in, and introduce her to the prophet, and to the prophet himself; pretend herself to be a countrywoman come to ask a question of the prophet concerning her son that was ill of a disease.

Gill: 1Ki 14:6 - And it was so, when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door // that he said, come in, thou wife of Jeroboam, why feignest thou thyself to be another // for I am sent to thee with heavy tidings And it was so, when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door,.... Of the room where the prophet was: that he said, come in, t...

And it was so, when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door,.... Of the room where the prophet was:

that he said, come in, thou wife of Jeroboam, why feignest thou thyself to be another? which must greatly surprise and confound her, as well as lay open to her the folly of her and her husband to imagine that she could be secreted from God, and a prophet of his; or that a prophet could tell her what was future, and yet not know her that was present; and this might serve to assure her, and so her husband, that what the prophet after delivered would certainly come to pass:

for I am sent to thee with heavy tidings; or hard things, such as would be very disagreeable to her and her husband.

Gill: 1Ki 14:7 - Go tell Jeroboam // thus saith the Lord God of Israel // forasmuch as I exalted thee from among the people // and made thee prince over my people Israel Go tell Jeroboam,.... Thy husband: thus saith the Lord God of Israel; so he continued to be, though they had revolted from him: forasmuch as I e...

Go tell Jeroboam,.... Thy husband:

thus saith the Lord God of Israel; so he continued to be, though they had revolted from him:

forasmuch as I exalted thee from among the people; the common people, from a low estate in which he was:

and made thee prince over my people Israel; so they were when he made them king over them; and there were some among them still that loved the Lord, served and feared him, of which the prophet himself, now speaking, was an instance.

Gill: 1Ki 14:8 - And rent the kingdom away from the house of David, and gave it thee // and yet thou hast not been as my servant David, who kept my commandments, and who followed me with all his heart, to do that only which was right in mine eyes And rent the kingdom away from the house of David, and gave it thee,.... Even ten parts out of twelve: and yet thou hast not been as my servant Dav...

And rent the kingdom away from the house of David, and gave it thee,.... Even ten parts out of twelve:

and yet thou hast not been as my servant David, who kept my commandments, and who followed me with all his heart, to do that only which was right in mine eyes; who never was guilty of idolatry, but always constantly and cordially attended the pure worship of God, and was careful to do everything in that according to the will of God, whatever else he might be deficient in.

Gill: 1Ki 14:9 - But hast done evil above all that were before thee // for thou hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger // and hast cast me behind thy back But hast done evil above all that were before thee,.... Not only above David, but above Saul, who never gave into idolatry, yea, even above Solomon, w...

But hast done evil above all that were before thee,.... Not only above David, but above Saul, who never gave into idolatry, yea, even above Solomon, who, though he connived at idolatry, and might be guilty of it in some instances, yet did not attempt to draw his people into it; and if this was the latter end of Jeroboam's reign, which is probable, Rehoboam and Abijam might be both dead; and though they were blameworthy in some things, yet not so bad as Jeroboam; though perhaps this may respect only such who had been kings of Israel before him:

for thou hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger; the two calves of gold; for however he might colour things over, and pretend he did not look upon these as gods, but as representations of God, and that he did not worship them, but God by them, yet the Lord considered it as idolatry, than which nothing is more provoking to him:

and hast cast me behind thy back; as unworthy of his regard; or my worship, as the Targum, which he neglected, and showed no concern for.

Gill: 1Ki 14:10 - Therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam // and will cut off from Jeroboam him that pisseth against the wall // and him that is shut up and left in Israel // and will take away the remnant of the house of Jeroboam, as a man taketh away dung, till it be all gone Therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam,.... Calamities, destruction, and ruin: and will cut off from Jeroboam him that pis...

Therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam,.... Calamities, destruction, and ruin:

and will cut off from Jeroboam him that pisseth against the wall; not leave a dog of his, or rather a male, see 1Sa 25:22.

and him that is shut up and left in Israel; in garrisons or in prisons, in cities or in fields, or in whatsoever situation or circumstances they may be. Some interpret it of wealth and substance; it signifies an entire destruction it may be of men and goods, see Deu 32:36.

and will take away the remnant of the house of Jeroboam, as a man taketh away dung, till it be all gone; signifying that Jeroboam's family was as loathsome and abominable to the Lord as dung is to men; and that he would make as clean a riddance of them as men do of dung when they sweep it out, and will not leave the least scrap behind.

Gill: 1Ki 14:11 - Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat, and him that dieth in the fields shall the fowls of the air eat // for the Lord hath spoken it Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat, and him that dieth in the fields shall the fowls of the air eat,.... The meaning is, that t...

Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat, and him that dieth in the fields shall the fowls of the air eat,.... The meaning is, that they should have no burial:

for the Lord hath spoken it; and therefore shall be fulfilled, for what he hath said he will do, Num 23:19.

Gill: 1Ki 14:12 - Arise thou therefore, get thee to thine own house // and when thy feet enter the city // the child shall die Arise thou therefore, get thee to thine own house,.... With all haste, as soon as she could: and when thy feet enter the city; the city of Tirzah, ...

Arise thou therefore, get thee to thine own house,.... With all haste, as soon as she could:

and when thy feet enter the city; the city of Tirzah, very probably the king's palace stood at the entry of it, see 1Ki 14:17,

the child shall die; this is an answer to the question she was to ask, and at the same time a token of the sure and certain fulfilment of all the prophet had spoken in the name of the Lord.

Gill: 1Ki 14:13 - And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him // for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave // because in him there is found some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him,.... Give him an honourable interment, and follow him to the grave with lamentation, because he was t...

And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him,.... Give him an honourable interment, and follow him to the grave with lamentation, because he was the heir apparent to the throne, and an hopeful prince, of whom they had raised expectations; that when he came to the throne things would take a different turn, especially in matters of religion, and they might fear, he being removed, things would grow worse instead of better:

for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave; or be buried, the rest should be devoured by dogs or fowls:

because in him there is found some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam; the principles of grace were implanted, and seeds of piety and religion sown in his heart; and there appeared a disposition of mind, and desires in him to the name of God, and the remembrance of it; or to his pure worship and service; it might be discerned that he had a dislike of idolatry, and a desire to have true religion restored. The Jews say k that this good thing in him was, that he was the means of removing the watch or guards that were placed in the way to hinder the Israelites from going up to the feasts of the Lord.

Gill: 1Ki 14:14 - Moreover the Lord shall raise up a king over Israel // who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day // but what? even now Moreover the Lord shall raise up a king over Israel,.... Baasha is meant, 1Ki 15:29. who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day; immediately,...

Moreover the Lord shall raise up a king over Israel,.... Baasha is meant, 1Ki 15:29.

who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day; immediately, as soon as on the throne, he should destroy his whole family, as he did, 1Ki 15:29,

but what? even now; shall it be that day? yes; even at that very time, and which will be very quickly from this time; for as it may be supposed this was said at the latter end of Jeroboam's reign, and his son and successor reigned but two years ere this prophecy was accomplished. The Targum is,

"who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam, him that is living today, and shall be from henceforward.''

Gill: 1Ki 14:15 - And the Lord shall smite Israel as a reed is shaken in the water // and he shall root up Israel out this good land he gave to their fathers // and shall scatter them beyond the river // because they have made their groves, provoking the Lord to anger And the Lord shall smite Israel as a reed is shaken in the water,.... Either by the wind or by the stream; and may signify the fluctuating and uncerta...

And the Lord shall smite Israel as a reed is shaken in the water,.... Either by the wind or by the stream; and may signify the fluctuating and uncertain condition Israel should be in future reigns, through civil wars, and the translation of the kingdom into different families; so that there was continually disquietude and uneasiness, and no settled peace and tranquillity:

and he shall root up Israel out this good land he gave to their fathers; which was brought about, first by Tiglathpileser, and then by Shalmaneser, kings of Assyria, that carried them captives from hence:

and shall scatter them beyond the river; the river Euphrates, as the Targum: or, as others, the river Gozan, 2Ki 17:6.

because they have made their groves, provoking the Lord to anger: in which groves they placed idols, and worshipped them, which was highly provoking to the Lord, and the cause of their dispersion.

Gill: 1Ki 14:16 - And he shall give Israel up // because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin And he shall give Israel up,.... Into the hands of their enemies: because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin; by his ...

And he shall give Israel up,.... Into the hands of their enemies:

because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin; by his devices and stratagems, by his example and edicts, and by the methods he took to prevent Israel from worshipping in the manner and place he directed to.

Gill: 1Ki 14:17 - And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed // and came to Tirzah // and when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, Upon this speech of the prophet's to her: and came to Tirzah; where Jeroboam now had his court, and where...

And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, Upon this speech of the prophet's to her:

and came to Tirzah; where Jeroboam now had his court, and where their son now was; it was a royal city in the time of the Canaanites, and is commonly placed in the tribe of Manasseh, and was a very pleasant one, as its name signifies, to which there is an allusion, Son 6:4; see Gill on Jos 12:24,

and when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died: just as she was about to step over the threshold of the royal palace, which seems to have been at the entering of the city of Tirzah, 1Ki 14:12.

Gill: 1Ki 14:18 - And they buried him // and all Israel mourned for him, according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by the hand of his servant Ahijah the prophet And they buried him,.... In an honourable manner, suitable to his rank and pedigree: and all Israel mourned for him, according to the word of the L...

And they buried him,.... In an honourable manner, suitable to his rank and pedigree:

and all Israel mourned for him, according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by the hand of his servant Ahijah the prophet, 1Ki 14:13.

Gill: 1Ki 14:19 - And the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he warred // and how he reigned // behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel And the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he warred,.... As he did with Rehoboam, 1Ki 14:30, and with Abijam his son, who was an more than a match for...

And the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he warred,.... As he did with Rehoboam, 1Ki 14:30, and with Abijam his son, who was an more than a match for him, see 2Ch 13:1.

and how he reigned; over the people of Israel, whether wisely, and justly, and in clemency, or not:

behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel; not in that canonical book of Scripture, so called, for in that there is very little account of the reign of Jeroboam; but in the annals and diaries of the kings of Israel, written by persons appointed for that purpose, and out of which it is generally thought that inspired writers, by divine direction, took what was thought proper to be transmitted to future times. So with the Romans, from their very beginning to the times of Mutius, all the events of every year were committed to writing by the order of the Pontifex Maximus, and lay open to be read by the people in common; and these, as Tully l says, were what are called annals.

Gill: 1Ki 14:20 - And the days which Jeroboam reigned were twenty two years // and he slept with his fathers // and Nadab his son reigned in his stead And the days which Jeroboam reigned were twenty two years,.... So that he outlived Rehoboam five years, and lived to the second year of the reign of h...

And the days which Jeroboam reigned were twenty two years,.... So that he outlived Rehoboam five years, and lived to the second year of the reign of his grandson Asa:

and he slept with his fathers; or died as they did:

and Nadab his son reigned in his stead; who perhaps was younger than Abijah, whose sickness and death are before related.

Gill: 1Ki 14:21 - And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah // Rehoboam was forty one years old when he began to reign // and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem // the city which the Lord did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there // and his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah,.... Over the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, when Jeroboam reigned over the other ten: Rehoboam...

And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah,.... Over the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, when Jeroboam reigned over the other ten:

Rehoboam was forty one years old when he began to reign; being born one year before his father Solomon began to reign, and so it might have been expected he would have begun his reign more wisely than he did:

and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem; not half so long as his father and grandfather, being neither so wise nor so good a prince as either of them:

the city which the Lord did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there; to have a temple built for him, and his worship carried on in it; which was an aggravation of the sin of Rehoboam, that he should reign in such a place, and yet be guilty of the crimes he was; the three first years he reigned well, but afterwards forsook the law of the Lord, 2Ch 11:17.

and his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess; and which is observed again, 1Ki 14:31, she being the instrument of drawing him into idolatry, which it is very probable she practised in the days of Solomon, 1Ki 11:5.

Gill: 1Ki 14:22 - And Judah did evil in the sight of the Lord // and they provoked him to jealousy, with their sins which they had committed, above all that their fathers had done And Judah did evil in the sight of the Lord,.... At the end of three years, from the beginning of the reign of Rehoboam: and they provoked him to j...

And Judah did evil in the sight of the Lord,.... At the end of three years, from the beginning of the reign of Rehoboam:

and they provoked him to jealousy, with their sins which they had committed, above all that their fathers had done; that is, with their idolatries; for they were the sins which moved the Lord to jealousy, and provoked the eyes of his glory; in which they had outdone not the ten tribes, but their fathers, in the times of Moses, Joshua, and the judges, and of their kings before their separation, Saul, David, and Solomon.

Gill: 1Ki 14:23 - For they also built them high places // and images // and groves on every high hill, and under every green tree For they also built them high places,.... Which, though allowed of, or at least connived at, before the temple was built, and when the tabernacle was ...

For they also built them high places,.... Which, though allowed of, or at least connived at, before the temple was built, and when the tabernacle was unfixed, yet afterwards unlawful; and the tribe of Judah could have no excuse for them, who had the temple in their tribe:

and images; contrary to the express command of God, Exo 20:4,

and groves on every high hill, and under every green tree; that is, set up idols, and temples for idols, amidst groves of trees, and under all green trees; as was the custom of the Heathens, who sacrificed on the heights of hills and tops of mountains, as was particularly the custom of the Persians, as both Herodotus m and Xenophon n relate; and with the Getae, a people in Thrace, was a mountain they reckoned sacred o.

Gill: 1Ki 14:24 - And there were also Sodomites in the land // and they did according to all the abominations of the nations which the Lord cast out before the children of Israel And there were also Sodomites in the land, Such as were addicted to unnatural lusts between men and men, which the men of Sodom were guilty of, from ...

And there were also Sodomites in the land, Such as were addicted to unnatural lusts between men and men, which the men of Sodom were guilty of, from whence they had their name: Jarchi interprets the word adultery and some versions render it whoremongers; and filthy actions of this nature, both by men and women, usually attended idolatrous practices among the heathens; in their temples and groves such wickednesses were privately perpetrated:

and they did according to all the abominations of the nations which the Lord cast out before the children of Israel; the Canaanites, of whose uncleannesses, incests, and bestialities, see Lev 18:1.

Gill: 1Ki 14:25 - And it came to pass in the fifth year of King Rehoboam // that Shishak, king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem And it came to pass in the fifth year of King Rehoboam,.... Two years after he and his people fell into the above wicked practices: that Shishak, k...

And it came to pass in the fifth year of King Rehoboam,.... Two years after he and his people fell into the above wicked practices:

that Shishak, king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem; of whom see 1Ki 11:40, this was suffered as a chastisement from the Lord for their abominations.

Gill: 1Ki 14:26 - And he took away the treasures of the house of the Lord // he even took away all // and he took away all the shields of gold which Solomon had made And he took away the treasures of the house of the Lord,.... Which perhaps Jeroboam had informed him of, and for the sake of which he came, as well as...

And he took away the treasures of the house of the Lord,.... Which perhaps Jeroboam had informed him of, and for the sake of which he came, as well as to make a diversion in favour of Jeroboam, who had contracted an intimacy with him when in Egypt; and who might have no regard for Rehoboam, who was not a son of Pharaoh's daughter, and so no relation to him: these were the treasures which David had left to his son Solomon, and had dedicated for the temple, even gold, silver, and vessels, which he put among the treasures of the house of the Lord, and perhaps added to them, 1Ki 7:51, and the treasures of the king's house; the riches, gold, silver, and jewels, whatever of worth and value he had in his chests and cabinets:

he even took away all: that he could find and come at; for that there were some left is plain from 1Ki 15:18,

and he took away all the shields of gold which Solomon had made; and which were put in the house of the forest of Lebanon, 1Ki 10:16.

Gill: 1Ki 14:27 - And King Rehoboam made in their stead brazen shields // and committed them into the hands of the chief of the guard // which kept the door of the king's house And King Rehoboam made in their stead brazen shields,.... For the king of Egypt had so stripped him of his gold, that he was not able to replace golde...

And King Rehoboam made in their stead brazen shields,.... For the king of Egypt had so stripped him of his gold, that he was not able to replace golden ones:

and committed them into the hands of the chief of the guard; or "runners" p, that went before the king, or attended him as his bodyguard when he went abroad:

which kept the door of the king's house; which kept guard night and day in their turns.

Gill: 1Ki 14:28 - And it was so, when the king went into the house of the Lord // that the guard bare them // and brought them back into the guard chamber And it was so, when the king went into the house of the Lord,.... The temple; for though he had fallen into idolatry, he had not wholly forsaken the w...

And it was so, when the king went into the house of the Lord,.... The temple; for though he had fallen into idolatry, he had not wholly forsaken the worship of God in the temple, and perhaps by the late humbling providence he might be stirred up to attend there more frequently:

that the guard bare them: before him, partly for pomp and grandeur, and partly to keep in awe such as were inclined to mutiny and sedition:

and brought them back into the guard chamber; when the king returned, the place where the guard lodged and slept by turns.

Gill: 1Ki 14:29 - Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam and all that he did // are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam and all that he did,.... In the course of his reign, that was memorable: are they not written in the book of t...

Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam and all that he did,.... In the course of his reign, that was memorable:

are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? who had annalists or historiographers to write for them, as the kings of Israel had, 1Ki 14:19, in the writing of which, especially with respect to genealogies, Shemaiah the prophet, and Iddo the seer, were concerned, 2Ch 12:15.

Gill: 1Ki 14:30 - And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days. And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days. For though Rehoboam did not enter into an offensive war, and attack the children of Is...

And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days. For though Rehoboam did not enter into an offensive war, and attack the children of Israel, being dissuaded from it by Shemaiah the prophet in the name of the Lord, yet he might maintain a defensive war; and though there were no pitched battles between them as afterwards, in his son's time, yet there might be skirmishes and bickerings on the borders of their countries.

Gill: 1Ki 14:31 - And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David // and Abijam his son reigned in his stead And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David,.... Where David and Solomon were buried, 1Ki 2:10 and his m...

And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David,.... Where David and Solomon were buried, 1Ki 2:10 and his mother's name was Naamah, an Ammonitess; which is repeated, that it might be observed as what was the leading step to his idolatry, and the means of his continuing in it:

and Abijam his son reigned in his stead; of whom there is a further account in the following chapter.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:1 Some mss of the Old Greek lack vv. 1-20.

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:2 Heb “look, Ahijah the prophet is there, he told me [I would be] king over this nation.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:3 Heb “take in your hand.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:4 Heb “his eyes were set because of his old age.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:5 Tell her so-and-so. Certainly the Lord gave Ahijah a specific message to give to Jeroboam’s wife (see vv. 6-16), but the author of Kings here co...

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:6 Heb “I am sent to you [with] a hard [message].”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:7 The Hebrew text has “because” at the beginning of the sentence. In the Hebrew text vv. 7-11 are one long sentence comprised of a causal cl...

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:8 Heb “what was right in my eyes.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:9 Heb “you went and you made for yourself other gods, metal [ones], angering me, and you threw me behind your back.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:10 The traditional view understands the verb בָּעַר (ba’ar) to mean “burn.” Manure was sometimes us...

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:11 The Hebrew text has “belonging to Jeroboam” here.

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:13 Heb “house.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:14 Heb “This is the day. What also now?” The precise meaning of the second half of the statement is uncertain.

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:15 Asherah was a leading deity of the Canaanite pantheon, wife/sister of El and goddess of fertility. She was commonly worshiped at shrines in or near gr...

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:16 Heb “and he will give [up] Israel.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:17 Heb “went and entered.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:18 Heb “according to the word of the Lord which he spoke.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:19 Heb “As for the rest of the events of Jeroboam, how he fought and how he ruled, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of ...

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:20 Heb “lay down with his fathers.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:21 Heb “an Ammonite”; the word “woman” is implied.

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:22 Heb “and they made him jealous more than all which their fathers had done by their sins which they sinned.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:24 Heb “they did according to all the abominable acts of the nations.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:27 Heb “runners.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:29 Heb “As for the rest of the events of Rehoboam, and all which he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings ...

NET Notes: 1Ki 14:31 In the Hebrew text the name is spelled “Abijam” here and in 1 Kgs 15:1-8.

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:2 And Jeroboam said to his wife, Arise, I pray thee, ( a ) and disguise thyself, that thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam; and get thee to Shil...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:3 And take with ( b ) thee ten loaves, and cracknels, and a cruse of honey, and go to him: he shall tell thee what shall become of the child. ( b ) Acc...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:5 And the LORD said unto Ahijah, Behold, the wife of Jeroboam cometh to ask a thing of thee for her son; for he [is] sick: thus and thus shalt thou say ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:6 And it was [so], when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door, that he said, Come in, thou ( d ) wife of Jeroboam; why feignest...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:7 Go, tell Jeroboam, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Forasmuch as I exalted ( e ) thee from among the people, and made thee prince over my people Isr...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:9 But hast done evil above all that were before thee: for thou hast gone and made thee other gods, and ( i ) molten images, to provoke me to anger, and ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:10 Therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam him that ( g ) pisseth against the wall, [and] him tha...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:11 Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat: ( i ) for the LORD hath spo...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:13 And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found ( k ) [some] good thi...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:14 Moreover the LORD shall raise him up a king over Israel, who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day: ( l ) but what? even now. ( l ) The Lord w...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:15 For the LORD shall smite Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water, and he shall root up Israel out of this good land, which he gave to their fathers, ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:16 And he shall give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who ( n ) made Israel to sin. ( n ) The people will not be excused when...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:20 And the days which Jeroboam reigned [were] two and twenty years: and he ( o ) slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his stead. ( o ) T...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:21 And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam [was] forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen ( p ) years ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:24 And there were also sodomites in the ( q ) land: [and] they did according to all the abominations of the nations which the LORD cast out before the ch...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:29 Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam, and all that he did, [are] they not written in ( r ) the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? ( r ) Wh...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:30 And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam ( s ) all [their] days. ( s ) That is, all the days of Rehoboam's life.

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 14:31 And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name [was] Naamah an ( t ) Ammonitess. And...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 1Ki 14:1-6 - --" At that time," when Jeroboam did evil, his child sickened. When sickness comes into our families, we should inquire whether there may not be some p...

MHCC: 1Ki 14:7-20 - --Whether we keep an account of God's mercies to us or not, he does; and he will set them in order before us, if we are ungrateful, to our greater confu...

MHCC: 1Ki 14:21-31 - --Here is no good said of Rehoboam, and much said to the disadvantage of his subjects. The abounding of the worst crimes, of the worst of the heathen, i...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 14:1-6 - -- How Jeroboam persisted in his contempt of God and religion we read in the close of the foregoing chapter. Here we are told how God proceeded in his ...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 14:7-20 - -- When those that set up idols, and keep them up, go to enquire of the Lord, he determines to answer them, not according to the pretensions of their e...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 14:21-31 - -- Judah's story and Israel's are intermixed in this book. Jeroboam out-lived Rehoboam, four or five years, yet his history is despatched first, that t...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 14:1-20 - -- Reign of Jeroboam. - Vv. 1-18. Ahijah's prophecy against Jeroboam and the kingdom of Israel . - As Jeroboam did not desist from his idolatry notwit...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 14:21-31 - -- Reign of Rehoboam in Judah (compare 2 Chron 11:5-12:16). - 1Ki 14:21. Rehoboam, who ascended the throne at the age of forty-one, was born a year bef...

Constable: 1Ki 12:25--14:21 - --2. Jeroboam's evil reign in Israel 12:25-14:20 Jeroboam was the first of 20 kings who ruled the ...

Constable: 1Ki 14:1-18 - --The prophecy of judgment on Jeroboam's dynasty 14:1-18 Whereas the prophecy of the young...

Constable: 1Ki 14:19-20 - --Jeroboam's death 14:19-20 The writer wrote that the reigns of 18 of Israel's 20 kings st...

Constable: 1Ki 14:21-31 - --3. Rehoboam's evil reign in Judah 14:21-31 "The narrator introduces a new format and style at th...

Guzik: 1Ki 14:1-31 - The End of Jeroboam and Rehoboam 1 Kings 14 - The End of Jeroboam and Rehoboam A. The end of Jeroboam, King of Israel. 1. (1-3) Jeroboam sends his wife on a mission. At that time ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 1 Kings (Garis Besar) ABISHAG CHERISHES DAVID IN HIS EXTREME AGE. (1Ki 1:1-4) ADONIJAH USURPS THE KINGDOM. (1Ki. 1:5-31) SOLOMON, BY DAVID'S APPOINTMENT, IS ANOINTED KING....

TSK: 1 Kings 14 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 1Ki 14:1, Abijah being sick, Jeroboam sends his wife, disguised, with presents to the prophet Ahijah at Shiloh; 1Ki 14:5, Ahijah, forewar...

Poole: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIRST BOOK OF KINGS COMMONLY CALLED THE THIRD BOOK OF THE KINGS THE ARGUMENT THESE two Books called Of the Kings, because they treat of the kings of...

Poole: 1 Kings 14 (Pendahuluan Pasal) KINGS CHAPTER 14 Jeroboam sendeth his wife disguised, and with presents, to the prophet Ahijah at Shiloh, to inquire concerning his son, who was si...

MHCC: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The history now before us accounts for the affairs of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel, yet with special regard to the kingdom of God among them; for ...

MHCC: 1 Kings 14 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (1Ki 14:1-6) Abijah being sick, his mother consults Ahijah. (1Ki 14:7-20) The destruction of Jeroboam's house. (1Ki 14:21-31) Rehoboam's wicked reig...

Matthew Henry: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The First Book of Kings Many histories are books of kings and their reigns, to which the affairs of the...

Matthew Henry: 1 Kings 14 (Pendahuluan Pasal) The kingdom being divided into that of Judah and that of Israel, we must henceforward, in these books of Kings, expect and attend their separate hi...

Constable: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The Books of 1 and 2 Kings received their names because they docume...

Constable: 1 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline I. The reign of Solomon chs. 1-11 A. Solomon's succession to David's throne 1:1-2:12...

Constable: 1 Kings 1 Kings Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan. "The Building Activities of David and Solomon." Israel Exploration Journ...

Haydock: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE THIRD BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This and the following Book are called by the holy Fathers, The Third and Fourth Book of Kings; but b...

Gill: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 1 KINGS This, and the following book, properly are but one book, divided into two parts, and went with the Jews under the common na...

Gill: 1 Kings 14 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 1 KINGS 14 This chapter relates the sickness of Jeroboam's son, the application of his wife, at his instance, to the prophet Ahijah...

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