17:1 When David had settled into his palace, 1 he 2 said to Nathan the prophet, “Look, I am living in a palace 3 made from cedar, while the ark of the Lord’s covenant is under a tent.” 4 17:2 Nathan said to David, “You should do whatever you have in mind, 5 for God is with you.”
17:3 That night God told Nathan the prophet, 6 17:4 “Go, tell my servant David: ‘This is what the Lord says: “You must not build me a house in which to live. 17:5 For I have not lived in a house from the time I brought Israel up from Egypt 7 to the present day. I have lived in a tent that has been in various places. 8 17:6 Wherever I moved throughout Israel, I did not say 9 to any of the leaders whom I appointed to care for my people Israel, 10 ‘Why have you not built me a house made from cedar?’”’
17:7 “So now, say this to my servant David: ‘This is what the Lord who commands armies 11 says: “I took you from the pasture and from your work as a shepherd 12 to make you a leader of my people Israel. 17:8 I was with you wherever you went and I defeated 13 all your enemies before you. Now I will make you as famous as the great men of the earth. 14 17:9 I will establish a place for my people Israel and settle 15 them there; they will live there and not be disturbed 16 anymore. Violent men will not oppress them again, as they did in the beginning 17 17:10 and during the time when I appointed judges to lead my people Israel. I will subdue all your enemies.
“‘“I declare to you that the Lord will build a dynastic house 18 for you! 17:11 When the time comes for you to die, 19 I will raise up your descendant, 20 one of your own sons, to succeed you, and I will establish his kingdom. 17:12 He will build me a house, and I will make his dynasty permanent. 21 17:13 I will become his father and he will become my son. I will never withhold my loyal love from him, as I withheld it from the one who ruled before you. 22 17:14 I will put him in permanent charge of my house and my kingdom; his dynasty will be permanent.”’” 23 17:15 Nathan told David all these words that were revealed to him. 24
17:16 David went in, sat before the Lord, and said: “Who am I, O Lord God, and what is my family, 25 that you should have brought me to this point? 17:17 And you did not stop there, O God! You have also spoken about the future of your servant’s family. 26 You have revealed to me what men long to know, 27 O Lord God. 17:18 What more can David say 28 to you? You have honored your servant; you have given your servant special recognition. 29 17:19 O Lord, for the sake of your servant and according to your will, 30 you have done this great thing in order to reveal your greatness. 31 17:20 O Lord, there is none like you; there is no God besides you! What we heard is true! 32 17:21 And who is like your people, Israel, a unique nation 33 in the earth? Their God 34 went to claim 35 a nation for himself! You made a name for yourself by doing great and awesome deeds 36 when you drove out 37 nations before your people whom you had delivered from the Egyptian empire and its gods. 38 17:22 You made Israel your very own nation for all time. 39 You, O Lord, became their God. 17:23 So now, O Lord, may the promise you made about your servant and his family become a permanent reality! 40 Do as you promised, 41 17:24 so 42 it may become a reality 43 and you may gain lasting fame, 44 as people say, 45 ‘The Lord who commands armies is the God of Israel.’ 46 David’s dynasty 47 will be established before you, 17:25 for you, my God, have revealed to your servant that you will build a dynasty 48 for him. That is why your servant has had the courage to pray to you. 49 17:26 Now, O Lord, you are the true God; 50 you have made this good promise to your servant. 51 17:27 Now you are willing to bless your servant’s dynasty 52 so that it may stand permanently before you, for you, O Lord, have blessed it and it will be blessed from now on into the future.” 53
[17:5] 8 tc Heb “and I was from tent to tent and from tabernacle.” The words אֶל־מִשְּׁכָּן (’el-mishÿkan, “to tabernacle”) should probably be added at the end of the sentence to complete this prepositional phrase and produce symmetry with the preceding prepositional phrase. The words probably fell from the text by homoioteleuton.
[17:5] sn I have lived in a tent that has been in various places. The point here is that the Lord moved with the tabernacle as it moved from place to place; he did not confine himself to a particular location.
[17:10] 18 tn Here the word “house” is used in a metaphorical sense, referring to a royal dynasty. The
[17:17] 27 tn The translation “You have revealed to me what men long to know” is very tentative; the meaning of the Hebrew text is unclear. The text appears to read literally, “and you see me like the searching of man, that which is upward,” which is nonsensical. The translation above assumes the following: (1) The Qal verb translated “you see me” is repointed as a Hiphil, “you showed me,” (2) תּוֹר (tor) is understood in the sense of “searching, exploring,” and (3) הַמַּעֲלָה (hamma’alah) is taken in a temporal sense of “that which lies beyond.” Thus one could translate, “you have shown me what men search for, what lies beyond.”
[17:24] 44 tn Heb “and your name might be great permanently.” Following the imperative in v. 23b, the prefixed verbal form with vav conjunctive indicates purpose/result (parallel to the previous purpose/result clause): “[so]…you might gain lasting fame.”
[17:24] 46 tc Heb “the